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Relcaoe of Prisoners to Tote* The City i? already familiar with the fact that at the last Spring Election a great number of pris? oners were released by Loco-Foco Magis? trates from Blackwell's Inland for the express purpose of voting Ote Loco-Foco ticket. We -jik attention to the following extracts from the af? fidavits of men examined before Justice TaTLoR who, for his active agency in exposing these out? rageous frauds, was soon after ejected from the office the dutie. of which he had long discharged with eminent ability and integrity. The following i? from the testimony of John Bc.ert, Deputy Keeper of Blackwell's Island : ^ELyX* 0f\ ?? JOB.? BO--.T-? the City o. New York, Deputy-K?epe> Of -lack-ell's I.ta?I, ressdmBTd ? Thoi_pW-.?ybe:?erfuly i-orn. de|x??-thand saj ? ibaU? knows Bentley ?___ Wnf ^^y^kfr^^^e\T know J-???nh Diarkerv nod John Baker ; t?a** Kiio^n cent le? a t____r*e-..fei- tnonliis. First became acquamted wub\?m on' Blackweirr. Island; he ?* ?h? . pr^ner __? re ? he was there as a vaprnnt ; I do not know when ??? SSUmS9E-? ? the term or which he was ?*nl. 1 %?^? left the Is? and 'be states! ? I decline answering that question.' It befa? ??mi-lined be answered ' .*tor???ii?/i?j?rert/)?_ to the Election? it mav have been a day or two before.' The male primers are principally taken charge ot by -Mr. Buckley and Mr. Brovrn. ?nd io their absence 1 take care of the who1- 01 the prisoners. My business is principally lo lake charge of the female prisoners. 1 did not see b?a leave tbere. I cannot state POSITIVKLY whether I knew of his discharge before he left or not. (?. Did yoa go the Eighth Ward thai night wilb any pris? oners from Blackwell's Island .' A. ?o ; I wott with no prisoner. Q. Did yon go to the Eighth Ward that night with any persons who had then lately been prisoners on Blackwell's island and hat? been tlischatged t A. I DECLINE ANSWERING THAT QUESTION. | Hf then proceeded alter conversation with counsel.] I had business on tbe Island. When I got iher. I found these men ; tbey ?were anxious to get to the City, and I gare them privilege to come dovm with me,anddrove down with them to the Eighth Ward, where It Ive. It was after 11 o'clock at night. These persins were Hart, John William?, Thomas Neary, Richard Thornton and Jonathan Trower?thai is all 1 think of just now. There were others whose names I cannot thinlc of. There were a number of them; their limes had expired a long time before, and some had received discharges. Then were 16 ta all that came l?ram that night. John BaYLEY testifies before Mayor MORRIS as follows concerning one of these released con? victs named Br*ntley: "I ?av.? Bentley the day after the late Spring Election at the corner of Barrow and Hudson streets, Mr. Shoat'ft grocery. He then said htr had been _et out of the Penitentiary at Blackwell's Island the day before the Election, ?is?, had two or three shillings given to him by the Sentinel and a lettrr of introduc? tion to one Mr. Davis of the Eighth Ward; (hat he got lodgings at Davis1 s, and that he voted in the Eighth Ward the next morning. He does not say where he was residing then ; be did not mention the sentinel's name; be was then a little touched with liquor; last I knew of him ho was at Ackerman's ; he then left, as he tolri mo, and went to live near the Sixth Avenue. He said he walked down from the Island.'' The following, sworn to by Henry West, shows what preparations had been made for securing the votes of these convicts, by procuring their hoard in those Wards where they were wanted: "? Deponent further says that about, one week before tk-e Charter Election which was held in said City on Tuesday the 12th dny of April inst., he was standing with Win. B. Kinney in Spring-st., near Clinton Market, and said Kinney then and there asked deponent if he would o-o to the Porter House of Joseph Diackery, No. 479 Washington street and hoard at said house until Wednesday the- loth inst., the day after the Election, and ?aid Kinney then said that twelve or fourteen men were going t_ board at the house of said Diackery until the day after said Election, and that said men were going to stay at said house that they might rote at the Eighth District Poll of the Eighth Ward at said Election ; and said Kinney then said that John Orser, St-ephon Harris, and the other members of the. Democrati.* Committee of the Eighth Ward were to pay said Diackery for boarding said men who were to gc to said house for the express purpose of being able to vvte at said Election." Lawrence ?Austin testifies a? follows : " Deponent further says that on Saturday the ?tb of April inst. he saw at the house of Joseph Diackery, No. 479 Washington-street, five) men whom Mr. B. Kinney said he had brought / said house that they might rote at the Eighth District of the Eighth Ward at the Charter Election on the 12th inst., and some of said tuen said the same. Deponent further says that on the lOih and 11th inst. four other men came to DiacL ery's house, who said Kinney told this deponent were going to stop there to vote at said Election. Deponont further ?ays, the Ave men who first came to Diackery's were allowed as much spirituoii liquors as they would drink, without paying for it ; but, as they became intoxicatetl, said Kinney and said Diackery agreed that said nine men should have but three glasses of liquor per day. " Deponent further says that on Tuesday tbe 12th inst., in the morning, said Kinney went out of said house with six of said men?going with two of them at a time?and said Kinn??y told this deponent that said men voted at said Poll * and deponent says that he wont with the ihree remain? ing men to said Foil and saw tiro of thern -rate at said Poll: that said two men were challenged andsicorn; but the other man, who said bis name was John Bentley, declined voting at first, but finally voted at said Poll and was challenged and sworn. Said Bentley told this deponent that lit? had been committed to Blackwell's Island for six months, and was sent from said Island with a letter to John Davis of lfj8?$ Spring-street, on the llth inst., and that said Davis gave him di? rections to go to Piackcry's to board." These extraordinary proceedings were made:ht* subject of investigation by the Grand Jury of the County, and they presented charges against the Magistrates implicated, which were referred to M. C. Patterson. He made a close inquiry into tbe facts, and mad?* a report of which the follow? ing is an extract: '?The undersigned lias, however, labored under considerable embarrassment in the performance of his duty, inasmuch as he had no authority to :n> minister an oath, or summon any person* as wit? nesses before him. In lite course of his investi? gation, many startling facts intimately connected with the freedom and puritv of elections, were elicited, implicating GKORGE W. MATSELL, MILN PARKER, and EPHRAIM STEVENS, Special Justices aforesaid?the said Justices ap? pear t_ have discharged from the Penitentiary on Blackwell's Island, a veiy large number of per? sons, before iheir respective term* of imprison ment had expired; and this apparently from time to time t?>r abou*. three- weeks previous "to the Char? ter Election last, ihough the ?aid persons appear to have been retainesl on the Island till thanfeht previa to said election, when ihev weie trans ?H-W lTKC,t>T VOte'^dwl^nianvofthem did >ote. The undersigned has therefore con.id ered it his duty, under tho otder passed by VOur Honors, to r?-?;>ort the accompanying charges against GEORG- W. MA.TSELL, MILN PARK ER and EPHRAIM STEVENS, Special j?tice* for preserving the peace in the city of Now-York leaving the same to tho judgement "of your Honors! who, under the sanction of an oath and the so.?-mn iti-ts of a trial, will have a better opportunity of ascertaining their truth" These Loco-Koco Magistrates are now on trial on the above charges ; and the aiders ai id abettors of this outrage upon the purity of elections are ?paring no effort to secure their acquittal eeen trithut a (rial. _ tX_P Hon. Mt-LARD Fillmore has take? the -?.d. He was to speak at Aurora ye-terday, and thence from town to town through the County of Erie. AW we begin to feel a confidence that Erie will do her duty. Who speaks for Washington? I Who is waking up St. Lawrence. ?.oco-Focoi.m ????i ?*? Tariff. The following brief extracts from accr?diter Loco-Foco oreaos will show clearly which of th. the two great parties of the day advocate thi Protection or American Labor against thi Pauper Labor of Europe : From the Albany Argus. *? We ar?* not the adroca.es of a TARIFF FOR PRO TECTION." " I staid a ?Jar with Mr. Van Buren. He i? iVarty an<_ cheertal HE SPOKE AGAINST THE TARIFF ANE COMMENTED UPON THE FOLLY OF THE WHIG? IN PASSING SUCH A MEASURE.'' [Corres, of the Richmond Enquirer, Sept. li>. 1842. Fiom the Richmond Enquirer. We shall oever rest satisfied until this 'bill of abomina tions' is expunged from the statute-book, or completelj changed in its enactments; and we shall count upon Mes.r?. Buchanan, Stunreon, Wright and Williams io co-operat? with us and tak?' the cross upon th**ir own shoulders. Re peal : Repeal! is now the -j-ord. We must get back to lb? (?pint arid principles of the Compromise Act?to which th? ?Public Faith ' i5pledged?and which wasin '33the 'Treatv for Amity and Peace'?of the South v.<ill never be satisfied? NEVER! From the Mobile Register. (Loco-F/jca) The bil? is a short lived one. Nothing but an overpower ing nece-_it*f could have ?-nabled it to pas* at all, anti th? first duty of eren/ Republican viil be to malee if.? duration a: kr:ei as possiule. Hear Mr. James J. Ror-s.-velt. o?,e of ihe Looo-Foco Re pr?sentai ?ves from the City of New-York : " 1 predict thai th? next Congress will be a Loco-Foco Free Trade Con gress and will repeal any Protective Tariff that the pre: eut Congres^ may enact." Hear Mr. Eastman, one of the Loco-Foct. members o? Congress from New Hampshire : " Opposition to the Pro tective Policy is clearly and unequizocallv a J^oco-Foco doc? trine. The PROTECTIVE System is ec-entially d??* WHIG System." ?.o? o-f-'o? o Economy. The following items are copied from the run ning account of a Company of Alabama Militifi calietl into the Service of the l" ni ted States in the war against the Semin?les. Is it any wonder thai when such '" Economy " i?* practiced it shoulc have cost more than Ten Thousand Dollars t head for every Indiun, man, woman or child kille< or captured in Florida ? 1 basket of Cl)Bmpa_ne Wine.$36 W 4box??sof Champagne Cider, at ?JG. 24 (x 1 keg Newark Cider. 10* I bl?l. Cognac Brandy, 40 gallon?, at $2, and obi.. 81 7.: 1 bbl. Malaga Wine, 32 galleos, at $1 25.40 0( 6 quarter boxet best Cigars, at $G.36 Oi i box honey-dew Tobacco, ?34 lbs. at $1.G4 m 120 iKjltle*. of Poner, al 40 cenLs. 48 0? 1 bbl. Claret Wine.3? (X ? do?en Cologne Water. 3> ?H Daniel **?, DickinNon'M Opin.ou of _?*>?? Voli I.o? :o-Fo.oii?nt. In lB'-iT, when the genuine Loco-Foco?, wer? somewhat at loggerheads with the old Sachems ii Iammany, the Evening I'ost proposed a separa ?on between tho two faction*. On lh?3 propos*! tien, Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, the presen Regency candidate for Lieutenant Governor, mad? the following humorous commentary. We batet. publish it, for fear it may induce some Whigs t< vote for this comical fellow, who likes real Loc?> Focoi_m just about as well as any of us. How ever, here goes for the Lieut. Governor expectani depicting those who are about to vote for him : ?? SAPA RATION OF THE LOCO FOCO FROM THF REPUBLICAN PARTY." "The Evening Post recommends a separation ol the * Equal Rights1 from the Republican party? that each may pursue its own course and ' agree, to differ.' It is a timely and judicious sugges? tion, an event we hnve long desired to see; an event had it htvppened three years since, we should not have seen the proud Democracy of our Com? mercial Emporium humbled undor the dominion of modern Whiggery. But there has been an Achan in the camp, and we need not expect to prosper there, until he is cast out. We repeat, we rejoice in the prospect, and when it is fairly accomplish? ed, in the language of the Tost, we will not only proclaim a ' good riddance, hut in the sincerit;, ?>t ?>ur henrt?? we will carry out the lignre by add? ing ' to had rubbish.' Since the arrival of that modern-of Babylon, Fanny Wright, upon our shorea, &ir party, more especially in the City of N_ V. has been infested with Patent Democrats, impotent in numbers, but noisy and consequential in pretensions. Their Democracy ia Agranianiaro, and their liberty lawlessness. With all their holy horror of monopolies, they have uniformly warmly supported the most ultra Bank Whigs in the na? tion, whenever there was a prospect of defeat? ing the Democratic Cnntlidates by so doing. By attempting to temporize and conciliate, wo have given them a consequence to which their positive insignificance never entitled them, and the sooner they turn to their own empty resources ihe belter. We haves regarded them from the beginning as an incubus upon the party, and politically redemption less. ?*'?** Nothing is tolerable with thorn unies* it comes up to their standard, which isa vis? ionary and senseless vagary, made u[> of the odds and ?Mids of faction, the chief ingredient of which h. conceit and stupidity?a phantom of a distem? pered brain, without form and void, and upon which no two of them can agree. Let them wheel off. The order of the procession will probably be ?As follows : 1. (Reverend Clergy) JOE SMITH, 2. F ANN I' WRIGHT, X O" JOB HA SKELL, 4. TJ'JLEX. A//AG, 5. UOrLF.rt U. SLJMBL We will leave it to the Post to fill up the list of the precenflion and 'arrange the moitrriers' who, we pri?dict, will be 'few and far between.." A a the decree of separation has gun?: forth from the I'ost, ire hope, it will be like the laws of the Medes and Persians?let it alter net?and try would neld our wish, that tJieir return might be prohibited by a gulf as impassable as that lehirh, separated the rich man and Lazarus.'" The foregoing is a true copy of fin article which originally appeared in the ** Broome County ^Cou? rier,"' the Loco-Foco organ of that village, and was written by D. S. Dickinson. OiVLY 19 I-? Cent?. O" The Whig Ai.manal and United States Rlciitek FOR THE year 134S, contain?, a table showins. tbe popula? tion ??! tbe United States, by States and total ; also the popu? lation oi the Cities and larcer towns in tin* United Stat?"-; aim the populationr?f the State ot New-York, by Counties; Eclips??*. Planet-, i.e. i.e.; Calendar of the month? in lf_3, wiih calculations for each s??ction of the Union: Diary ol Remarkable Events, ..c; L'stot Orticersof the Government of the I.'. S., Execuiiv?, Judicial an?! Diplomatic; Senate and House of Repres?ntate-?-s till March 4th, 1S43: an arti? cle t?n the Protection of Home Industry, lieing a careful summary of the coii.iderations which impel us to cheri-l? the policy of Protection, with a brief review of the rea .n; usually opposed th.reio. by Horace Greeley ; Genen?! Jack? son's Lct.er in support <? l" Protection ; Extracts from the Messages of Washington, Je_er-.ii, Madison, Mourof, J. Q. Adams, Jackson and Tyler, in (a. or of ditto: Fa.cts for Farmers; Manufactures of the U.S.; the Elements cad Names of Parties; Votes for President and Vice President at all tbe elections under the Federal Constitution ; Votes for Governors, _c. awl for President in the State of New York : Use Grounds of Difference between die contending parties; Memoirs of Henry Clay; the new Apportionment of Congress; complete Election Returns of ibe Union, by States and Counties; total Votes for Pr?s?denl in 18S6 and 1840. bv States and aggregate ; Times of Holding El??ctions in ??ach State; Anecdotes. Epigrams, and HaiHors ol the Times. IT" This Almanac forms a very complete Register for tbe year, an?! will be found very convenient i'i the counting room, th,. workshop, or at the fireside of the farmer. Tbe r?aihu? matter aluue is worth double the price of the work. ?Ahile the statistics conia?n?_d in u cannot be purchase?! in anyoUier shape tor five times the monev. , tTnc<> pcr s*nifie c?Py? l-? cents : $7 per lO?. cr $63 per 1,000. h u for Mle in lfae cuiw of Ujtf VmQa by tue .Vents ol The Tribune, and may be p.uchased. ^r?.^0^"''1' ?r0ni ""O**0"" ?*-*-. Booksellers in the l ailed .sutes. GREELET S_ McELKATH TnbnneBailHings. 160 Nassau-street. G33 The Life akd Sw.*ch? of Henry Clay. No. \., bringing down the Life to the era of Mr. Adams'? Administration, i? published. No XT is delayed for a few days at the request of ?e cn! graver, who desires to make the Portra?t of Mr. Cj.ay which will accompanv it a little better than any ever yet issued. It will probably appear by Wednesday, and will complete the First Vol? ume of this noble work. All the numbers are for ??ale at this office. _TH ET RIBUNEJL__ TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER l, 18-1--. WHIG- STATE NOMINATIONS. FOR PRESIDENT, HENRY CLAY, OP KEI-rTtJCKT. FOR GOVERNOR, LUTHER BRADISH, OF F?l.tXLIN ?JO. FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR, GABRIEL FURMAN. OF KINGS. District. FOR SENATORS. I..INRAEL OA__LS_r.of Richnion 11..JOSEPH rJAffSEIfi of Ulster. 1II..A-EX. C. fim*ON, o? Schenec-dy. ... (JOH*H PBOTH-NG_A*fI, Fall?n Co. 1 I AHA IIASCAl.I?. Franklin Co. [Two Years.) V..CHESTEB Bl'CK of Lewis Coanty. VI..THO.TIAS? A. JOHNSON, of Sienben. V'n..\VI_?_-_AJ"*I K. 9TRO?YC;..Sene?-_Co. VI1I..HAKVEV PC:TIVA?*tI, Wyoming: Comity. City Congressional Nominations. Third District.... J. PHEi.I.IP.-? PH?NIX. Fifth District.... JOHN B. ?COLES. Sixth District.HA.WILTOX FISH. COUNTY TICKET. FOR REGISTER, GEORGE EICH ELL. FOR ASSEMBLY, ROBERT SMITH, JOSEPH BLUNT, E. G. BALDWIN. JACOB ACKER, HORACE ?ST. JOHN, SMITH DUNNING, A. A. ALVORD, JA'S B. BRINSMADE. HARVEY A. WEED, FLOYD SMITH. SAMUEL WEBSTER. CYRUS CHENERY. STEPHEN SA MMONS. Election Thiesday, Nor. 8?(one day only.) FT The November number of the American Labcrer will contain the entire Speech of Mr. Colfiy, delivered be lore the American Institute at the Broadway Tabernacle. That which ha1" heretofore appeared ?n the papers is im? perfect, strveral pages of tbe manuscript bein?**- entirely omitted. _ The Erie I-ailron.,.. Arc. The Albany Argus, in a flaggy sort of dialogue, intended to ??how that the State Works of New York will never pay their cost, give* us the fol? lowing : Dem?1 suppose yon count upon the Erie Railroad ? Whig.?No, NOT for revenue. You know well enough we use that for electioneering purposes. Such, friends of the Erie Railroad ! is the way your great work is treated by the L?*?co-Foco State organ. While the Massachusetts Western Rail? road in paying over $500,000 per annum, the Al? bany Argus coolly asserts that ihe Erie Railroad would produce no Revenue at all, and is only used " for electioneering purposes.1' If that Road does not pay $1,000,000 the first year it 3hall be opened throughout, and net $1,000,000 within five years, then ail analogeus experience is false and delusive. But ?ays ' Dem ' in this i-ame article : " There is one other question I wish to ask. Is noi the loll paid on the Erie Cnnal a tax , antl much more onerous upon the prior and working classes than a direct tax upon properiyi I have heard much sait! about tolls, as il they fell into the Stale Treasury ?ike manna to the I?raelites, but it always npp'-ared to nit? that they were produceil by labor, and paid by acias.? least able to bear them, and that i he ti ue policy for us hard-handed men who labor, would o? to have ihe State get out of debt, atul have the tolls on dour, pork, beef,and salt reduced." Let us test ihe soundness of this ' tax ' proposi? tion. Jonathan Holdfast lives in Allegany County, nnrl even, odd year comes down to see his father in Old Connecticut. Before there were any Rail? roads it took him five days to reach New-York by stage, at a cost of $.0. Bui ihe Erie Railroad is built; and now he runs down in twenty-four hour direct, or two da?,s' sunshine if he chooses to take it easy?no racking of bones nor dislocating of shoulders?no prying out the stage from quagmires ?no mud. no dust, no disappointments ; and the cost is $8 to $10 at most. '** Why, Holdfast," ??ays ex-Comptroller Flagg, meeting him in New York, " do n't you see that the infernal Whig pol? icy has taxed you eight dollars for your passage? " "Why, no." says Jonathan, feeling the balance of his usual $*.'() in his pocket., "it don't exactly strike me in that light."?Just so of the consumers of *' flour, pork, beef and salt." The true way to secure a re?luciion of the cost of transportation is by enlarging the Canal so that a two-horse boat can ca'rrv 70 tons where she now carries 25. Then u boat can pay more toll per ton than now, yet carry- at half the present price rVew-Yor? and Erie Railroad. We took a trip to Orange County on Monday evening, to look in at the Whig Convention at Go? shen next day, leaving our City at 3 P. M. ami ar? riving ut Goshen (6G miles?22 by Steamboat, 44 by Railroad) in a little over fi hours. The num? ber of passengers up imm have exceeded 100? nine-tenths of them for Goshen and points this side oi it. From this fact an approximation may be made to the probable number of passengeis when this greut work ?.?mil have been completed. [f 06 miles of it give '.00 passengers per dav, ISO could not certainly give less than 1,000, taking into account those who come from Lake Erie and beyond. We cannot doubt, considering the num? ber now carried on the Massachusetts Western antl other new Railroads ihat the New-York and Erie, starling a passage train every twelve hours from N. York and another from Lake Erie, would rectdveal least $0.000 per day or $2,000.000 per year from passengers alone, one-half of which would defray all current expenses and leave $1,000,000 per annum for dividends on the stock. From Freight a large but probably not eq*_al amount woultl be realized?say half as much, or $1.000,000 per annum. This would give a divi dend of over 1\) per cent, on the stock, after a liberal allowance for repairs antl renewals, taking the highest estimate of the cost of the work. At this moment nearly oii?*-half of the entire work has been constructed, jet only one-eighth part of it has been brought into operation. That pait ot it. laboring under every disadvantage, and at a time of general depression, is doing better than its warmest friends anticipated. There is no doubt that the whole wiii do a? well as this part. Then why shall it not be constructed ? Why should the timber be left to rot, the grade to waste away, and the whole work to sink annuallv to ruin ? Why should we lose Halt" a Million a year in in? terest on the portion already done? Why Half a Million a year more in the dilapidation of thi?? work ? What is the reason for this ? Is New York bankrupt or insane ? Have we not abun? dance of Labor anxiously seeking employment at rates low enough for any man of conscience??? Have we not storehouses of Grain, Wheat. Goods, every thing which this Labor requires in payment for its exertion, which can find no market abroad, or anv otheiwise than by settingoui Public Works as well as Factories in motion? Then why do we now stand idle and. despondent, *? Leltintr ? 1 dare not' w_it upon ? I would **" Surely, if there be judgement, foresight, or even the narrowest sense of self-interest in the Coun? try, the Internal Improvement policy and parts will l?e sustained, and our Pubiic Work? pushed vigorously to completion. CIRCULAR. To the Whigs of the Slate of Neu- York : The result, disastrous as unexpected, of the r cent Election in Ohio, impels us at this time ta a dress you. In trhat State and New-Jersey alon of all those recently holding Elections, did 01 brethren deem it expedient ?o make a determin? effort this Fall. New-Jerset has done all th could be wished, but Ohio has faltered. By a ge erous effort to save their State from a most iniqui ous and shameful Apportionment, and the l ni? from its consequences in a gross misrepresent lion in the House, such as has so long been exhi ited in the Senate, the Whigs have subjected then ?elves, however unjustly, to the charge of anarch and lhat has sufficed for their temporary pro*tr tion. By a majority of barely 3;000 in 220,00 votes?or less than one in seventy?they are ove borne. The manner of this defeat is as evidei as the cause. While there has been an iuerease i votes in the strong Loco-Foco Counties, the Whi strong-holds have been but. partially drawn oui and enough Whig votes remain tin pol led in fi'> Counties to have changed entirely the result of tl contest. Shall the warning be lost upon our F.Rii Chat-t-c-?ue. Washington and Old GenesF.e 1 We would not underrate the magnitude of th disaster. Doubtless in 1844, when the name i HENRY CLAY is directly before the People. tF Whig voters whose apathy has caused this mischte will come out, and Ohio be fourni on the side of hi principles and her interests. No man c&ncorop? the vote of the several Counties and not s,>_ tbi the State would at this lime have given a decido majority for the Whig candidate for P resident. But the deplorable consequences of this reverse ai more imminent and at the same time more endi ring than those of a wrong vote in 1S-U. The extend through the whole of the ensuing ten year By this result the Loco-Focos are empowered l consummate their villainous plan of Apportioi ment, which piles up all the decidedly Whig Com ties in six Districts, ami distributes the Lmco-Fi co strong-holds so as to cover and bind down a the debateable ground, giving to that party fiftee on the present vote, and fourteen (or two-thin of the entire delegation) in defiance of a popuh Whig majority of thousands. Throughout the ei suing ten years, then, we must, surely expect l encounter, no matter what may be the verdict ( her People, the two Senators and two-thirds < the Representatives of Ohio arrayed in deadly an unceasing hostility to the Restoration of a U.?< form National Currknct, to the 1'rotectio of our Home Labor, to the Land Distribute: and to all the great measures essential to a rebuilt ing of our National Prosperity. Here is the point o( danger on which we ha-, been impelled at this time to address you. Tl Loco-Focos of Ohio, though they have triumphe at this time on the strength of their deafenir clamor of ' Treason !' against the resigning Whi Members of the late Legislature, and by maskii for the moment their deadly hostility to any for of Banking or Paper Money, are yet decided at frank upon all questions of National Policy. Th? are Destructives of the lehst equivocal stamp; o] posed not merely to all measures looking to a N tional Currency, but openly, bitterly hostile to tl Protection of American Industry. TheirGoverni elect is understood to ben Cnlhonn man ; theyai all, with rare exceptions, supporters of. the Ca houn doctrines. There is no 'incidental' m 'horizontal' juggle about them. In hostility I Protection and hatred of its advocates, they ai not exceeded by their brethren of New-Hampshii or South Carolina. And such will inevitably 1 the large mnjority of their Representatives in tl next Congress, no matter what may be the vote i the People. Thus, Freemen of New-York! the great issue i Protection or No Protection comes down to yoi Ohio, though still Whig at heart, and safe to voi with US for President, ?brows her giant weight f< years into the scale of British Free Trade. A ne Congress is now to be elected, in which a desperal snuggle will be made to repeal all the Protectiv features of the ?New Tnrilf. and reduce it to a sv tern of low horizontal duties for Revenue mereh NEW-YORK is the first State to elect legally Men hers of that Congress. Shall they be consisten hearty advocates, or disguised nnd ireacherou enemies of 1'roteciion ' Your votes and your cxei ertion. must speedily determine. For more tban fifty years, down ti> last w'mtei the State of New-York has maintained one un form position on this question. Her voice has bee spontaneously, earnest)** raised in favor of th principle and policy of Protection. Her ?Hustriou Governor. Georse Clinton, urged its adoptlo even before the Federal Constitution was formet as well as repeatedly afterward. Protection i Home Industry was one of the chief inducement to the fotmation of thai Constitution, ond of he assent to it. Her far-seeing and eloquent Ham a,ton early and ably illustrated uml defended th policy of Protection, in a Report which bas neve vet been Controverted. Her patriotic Tompkin repeatedly and zealously urged in bis several Mes sages the most efficient Protection of our Homi Industry by the repression of Foreign rivalry. Si did her great De Witt Clinton, as well as mos of his successors. Her Legislature in each casi -responded to the sentiment, nor only with alacrit? but with icmarkable unanimity, as the Journal: abundantly show. On no important question ha there been such eniireandcordial unanimityamon** the People of New-York, through half a centurj of agitation, as on this topic of Protection, dowr: to the era of Loco-Focoism. If the question of Protection or No Protection could now be submitted directly and simply to the People of New-York, we cannot doubt lhat the cause of Protection would triumph by an over? whelming majority. How. then, is it in danger of subversion ? By indirection and fraud?by de? ception and concealment?by jugglery ami trick? bv a skulking silence and words which 'palter with us in a double sense.' Witness the vote of Silas Wright for his constituents accompanied by his Speech against them: witness the Delphic oracles of the Loco-Foco Slate Convention and their echoes from the Albany Argus; witness the response of a prominent Van Buren candidate for Congress, when questioned as to his views of tho Tarin, that he had not yet read the act. and did know whether he should be for it <rr against it ! Can such a man. can such men.be fit Representa? tives of the Producing Interests of New-York in the crisis which the first session of the next Con? gress must present ? Can men so ignorant or so deceitful on the very highest and most imminent question o?" National Policy, be proper guardians of our Agricultural ar.d Mechanical inter?s- in the straggle so rapidly approaching .' Fellow-Citizens ! the course of our opponents out of the city of New-York, evinces a deliberate intention it? hood-wink and deceive the people on this vital question. If our Farmer, and Mechanics can by smooth, holiow words be lulled to sleep on tbis topic, and a Recency delegation to Con elected", then will Van Buren be ready to openly bis game of rivalry with Calhoun fc ?apport of the Anti-TarirT States, by decisiv unequivocal hostility to Protection. Then wi dish.mesr cavils against the insufficient duti. Wool, by that party which resisted even ti crease of duty that was effected, and the delib falsifications of many items of the New now resorted to by our opponents, be change that Hne<-juivc?_al and deadly hostility to Frote now displayed by the Loco-Fccos of New city. Then will be revived the old plan of 'c ing the North by party macbinnry, and the 5 bv falling in with it ??measures.' Be not dece we entreat you, Fellow-Citizens ! A result ad' to the Whig party now is virtually a dec against the principle of Protfvtion.'and will pi blv seal its downfall. Will you not arouse toi so deplorable a disaster ? On the subject of our Internal Improveme we would fain ?peak at some length, but it ha ready been faithfully present?:-.! in our Whig : Addresses and the Circular of ?>ur Senior ? Committee. It seems to us impossible tha People should deliberately vote to arrest al unfinish?-?! Public Work3 for twenty years, an sort to Direct Taxes to supply the deficient Revenu??. In these twenty years we shall Twenty-Five Millions of Dollars in interest a on these unsightly, useless and ruinous V. c when they might pay their own interest wi live years if spee?lily completed, ami nearly e: finish their emir? cost within the twenty years Loco-Focoism dooms the people to groan ui the burthen of grinding Taxation to pay the o( shapeless piles of stone and thriftless fan in the earth. Are we wrong. Fellow Citizens expressing our belief that this Stop an?! Tax pc will soon set our People against all Internal provement, by causing them to feel keenly its thcns and lightly its b]e?--.ngs?and that it designed by its authors to have this effect ? we wrong in avowing our fears that a perseverf in this policy will raise tip in our midst open vocates of the abhorred doctrine of R?pudi?t such as have already arisen in Illinois. Michij and other States under similar circumstances ? assur?*<l that these advocate?* will not be toun? the ranks of tho Whig patty; but when we sei th.* head of our Councils a Secretary of State *. boldly declares and publishes that one genera: cannot bind the succueding, aad who scouts Internal Improvement as delusion and robbery, feel that tho patience of his purtisass and di pies under incessant Taxation for no sensibly Ik Scent purpose must not be too s?iverely te?* ted. Whatever shall be tho issue of this contest. 1 low Citi/.eni, we cherish the proud conviction! it has beea prosecuted by the Whig party i manner worthy of upright men appealing with ??learest convictions of Right to the intellige and patriotism of Freemen. Our course has b? manly, ingenuous and candid throughout, with tear and scorning disguise. We have set fully hef you our measures, ami for their sake appealed you for support. You know, and the whole St clearly and consistently understands, the princij both of National and Slate policy on which we ??ire that ihe Government shall be administer? you know what we propose to do if the Peo -.hall confide to the Whigs the power. But h is it with our opponents .' On the great ijucst of Protection to our Home Labor where aro "th. when* on that, of Internal Improvement? Vi ness their anti-Tariff Culminations Crom New-Yi city?th .ir Protective Tariff resolutions in Wa ington County?and their point-no-point, 'incid tai' dodges and guilty silence in most othei Co ties. ' Witness their Erie Railroad resolution! the ?Southern Tier, vociferously ??reclaiming t ? this Rail mail shall be ma?le a Statte Work, siran ly coupled with abuse of Whig e.xtragav schemes und a 'Fifty Million Debt.' Wim ? their Senator's vote fur coupled with his spe< against th?* New Tariff, ami Mr. Van Buren's lence to our own citizens, gently broken by a ' Tariff whispers to his Southern allies. That p ty can only obtain power by deluding and betray ? some portion of those who, ?It^ceived by its I phic oracles, shall contribute to its triumph. could not bear sway a year without grossly wro infx at least one pr-rtion of its supporters. Ir r?1 with you, Fellow-Citizens! to say whether a p ty which on the most vital ??uestions ??volved ihe r?"-ult of our Flection, either has no comrr principles or dar??' not avow them, shall be ca! to rule overusi lTo avert stich a public misfortt our sternest efforts are unceasingly pnt forth; let hop?? that YOUR?; will not be wanting to rentier tin effectual and triumphant. Wings of New-Voik; the eyes of the Union f fixed anxiou-ly, but hopefully, upon you. V? brethren in other States appreciate tbe difficult and discouragements under which you labor, 1 they know that in strength of numbers und streng ! of soul yo?! are equal to your arduous, your glorio po.itirin. Again; as in 1838. you are called breast and roll back the tide of Loco-Foco st. 1 restos?to reanimale the hopes and thrill with j? the breasts of th?? friends of Prosperity througho tho land. Your energies are adeipiate to this gre work of National beneficei.?*?? if you will but p iliem forth?am! you \vii_r. do it. The memory a ?lorious Pastis the assurance of a joyous Futur Rally, then, in your might, brother Whigs! pe feet immediately your Organization by Countie Towns awl Districts : diffuse information, aroti? the Inactive, and he read, on ih?? 8th of Novemb. to give an overwhelming majority for the pre-e vation of tho Tariff, th?' prosecution of oar I.*? TKRNAT. Improvement?, for Clay, Bradish an Firman, and the complete restoration of our Ne tional prosperity. RUFUS KING, I VISSCHKR TEN KYCK. Young Men' CHRISTOPHER w. BENDER, >State Centn ROBERT 8. crsilMAN, Uommiuee WILLIAM N.STRONG, The Locos and Protection.?A great Wbi, meeting was recently held at Lowell at whic, Hon. Charles Hcdson, one of the most valua b!e members of Congress, simply because he is ? plain, straightforward, well-informed and patriori man, made a speech of two hours in length?ii which he took occasion to prove that notwitb standing the abuse heaped up.n the last Congres* by the minions of Tyler, it did more work am passed more important bills than any preceding Congress since the adoption of the Constitution, He spoke also of the reasons which induced som?j of the LocoFocos to vote for a Protective Tarif! which finally passed, for which they are so loudly lauded bv tho_e whose rule of action is hostility to the Whigs. He says :? " Ten of thase Loco-Foco vot?.*s came from Penn? sylvania, and some of them fr?-m Free Trade men. They argued thus : We shall have the power in the next Congress: the country is in debt; a Pro? tective Tariff is unpopular. We will vole to pass this Tariff under a protest, (and most of those who voted for it stale?! expressly that they disliked the bill, ami votod for it against their own feel? ing?,) and when we come into power ice trill lake from it its protective character. These were the arguments used and the? motives which'promp? ted many of those twenty-five L?:*co-Focx__ to vote for that bill. I know it, said Mr. Hudson, for I HEARD THEM SAY SO !" The cry of Repeal was thus raised even before the Bill was passed?and has been repeatedly echoed since. What then has Protection to hope ' from a Loco-Foco Congress ? THJB NEW-YORK DAILY 'TRIBUTE, (CircalatiO- lO.'x^o. THE EXPERIMENT of ?g^i, ,aB ca_h pap-;elevated in eharacte: r.-^ _ __ ,.? devote?l to the true principle* of the ?? '.>?,-,.. g- ?. _? taining the great Producing ?nter-es*. *? <- - . ,/U _M commenced on the l?t? of April, 1841. ?*J_tas.j lev _ j year and * half bas ?nee elapsed, |tfae -,_,.- -;__.' of The New-York Tribune is now em . t(. . ^ copies, reaching every quarter of the r.W- ? f?f--_w scriplioa list number- many of the ter. ?b, ^, .^ ,_* distinguished ni?*n in the fJoantry, ir'-'u?m,? : vmrorj Senators Members of Congress, kc kc T.-ei. ??%?tsu? staled only to dispel the cot?non pr?s__tp?oa ihai _ _-.llV paper afforded at so low a price as i>.- ."?t.?, per en nut? mu? n??ce?irily cater lor lite taste. ?abte ? lo ib? prejudices of the ignorant and the trida The Daily Tribune is conducted by ; a Gi celiy, (.formerly Editor of ' The New-Yorker,' ?ni??,? and ' The l<og Cabin,') ably assisted in '. end depart? ment- of Commercial, City. Literary t?od G?n?ral Intelli gence. Although the sheet on which it is printed Is of mo? d?rale size, yet t_e amount of trrsh reading matter given daily (averaging twelve close columns) can bardiy be en c*?e?ied by that of any Daily paper in America. By the aid of stated correspondents at Washington and the iru?st im? portant points throughout the Union, as well as private ad. vices from friends ptreatessinj. superior facilities ?>r impart?g information, the Editor hopes to render his paper the chao. nel of the earliest and most authentic accounts of all impon, am Political .Movements in progresa or in contemplai??. Federal and State Legislation, with full and accurate re? turns of all transpiring Election*?. The earliest accounts oi Crops, Business, Prices, kc with the eventsot the day, will also l?e thus given ; while the Commercial Department of The Tribune is the special char$?re of an Assistaut of ability ami experience, who will give fresh ami accurate reports at" all doings in Produce,G<-?ods,Stocks, Exchange,--. _c. not only in this City, but at important pointsUiroughout the L ;: ion. The Daily Tribune is puhlislieit every morning (Son riavs excepted) ors a fair royal sheet, neatly printed on dear and ?ood tvpe, and afforded to subscribers at the exceed inglv low price 0? Four Dollars per annum _ advance. FT Office, from Sept. 1st, near th- Oily and Tamnmnv Halls. Address, GREELEY ic McELRATH, Publishers. New York. August, 1842._ TH_ New-York Weekly Tribune, By 11. Greelev and T." McElratu, S PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING in New-York City, but mailed to distant subscribers on the Thursday preceding, and contains all the News received in New-York up to and including that mom, ing. It is a Family and Business Newspaper, printed oa a very large sheet of Rood paper in Quarto form (eight page? per number.) and embodies a greater amount and variety et Political and General Intelligence thaa any other Weekly Journal, ?-\ruong its contents will be found? ORIGINAL AND SELECT LITERATURE . Consisting mainly of the best Tales, Peems, Narratives and Reviews, selected from the current Americas and Foreign Reviews Magazines and New Publications. Original articles of the same cla-*s will more sparingly be given, with brief Edito? rial Notices of all New Books of general interest; POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE : Proceedings of Coa gress, reporte?! daily for The Tribune by our own R??. porter, who is constantly in attendance on the Session ; Doings <>l ih? New-York ami ?ther State Legislatures Political Movements, Convention?, Demonstrations, kc with early ami full returns of all transpiring Elections throughout the Union. In this department, The Tribune will not be excelled : GENERAL INTELLIGENCE : Foreign and Domestic : full and varied ; COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE: Daily and Weekly Reports of the Markets, base?! on actual sales of Good?, Produce, Stocks, kc. with accounts of the state of Busi? ness and of all matters pertaining to Banking and Cur? rency. A full Bank Note Table and Price Current will be given on alternat- week. The Editorial conduct of litis paper rests with Horace Greelev, ably assisted in the Departments of Literary, Commercial and MisC-llatieous Intelligence. In ils Political course. The Tribune is ardently, Inflexibly Whi?, and ad. vocales, with ?is DOnosi energies, the Protection ok Home Inovstry, the restoration of a Sound and Uniform Cur. rency, the rigorous prosBCiainti of Lsternal Improve. MENT, and the election of HENRY CLAY as next President o? the United States. Being sent only for cash in advance, the Publishers are enabled to afford it, notwithstanding ?is great size ami the cost of its publication, at the low price of Two Dollar*, a year, Six Conies for Ten Dollars, or Ten Copies for Fifteen Dollars. Vol. II. commences will. over 9,1)01) subscribers on ihe 17th of September. Subscrip? tions are respectfully solicited bv GR?ELEY k McELRATH, Publishers. item-York, August, 1842. THE AMERICAN LABORER, (COMPLETE IN ONE VOLUME,) A MONTHLY PERIODICAL deret.d ciusively to ibe advocacy antl ill.-trftlion of Pro tection to Home Industry. . The American Laborer is designed lo pr?.sent, m -? ?-?? pact, cheap, reatlable form, and in a familiar and pra-tic-l manner, ibe most direct and convincing facts and argu? ments in support and enforcement of the policy of Protest? ing the linlustrv of our own People as a measure noi mere? ly oi political wisdom but of indispensable necessity. To this end it will embody the very ablest Speeches, Report.?, Statistics and ether Documents Mi'lainiiig the Cause of Pro? tection, will? briefer extracts from those of less cogency or greater length, antl a variety of Editorials, exhibiting th. ?late ami progress of the Cause. Among the contents of the six numbers already published will be found the Proc-edrics ash Reports ok the Home Industry Convention, held in New-York, April 5, 6, 7, 8, 1842, including Reports On Acrjcolturr*. by Hon. Har mar Denny of Pa. ; uu Ikon by l>. O. Kellnggof Troy ; on Manufactures OF Iron, by Philip Ripley of Conn. ; on Wool and Woolens, by Hon. Henry Shaw of ?Mass.; on Coal, by J. C. Fisber of Va.and on Cottons, Fisheries, Pius, Buttons, Combs, Brushes, ami all oilier branches ot Domestic Industry, with the Statistin of each ami Um rea Mins for Protecting them against depressing foreign riv_i ry. Also Reports on the Currency by G. Bacon; on Pro tection Generally, by C. C. Haven; on the Preambl? to a .arifF, by Joseph Blunt, and on the Principleof Protection, ??y H.Greeley : the whole forming a full errain of argume.l and fact in favor of Protection, covering about 100 pages.? The numbers of The I?borer already published have also contained ihe Speeches of Horn William SlaDE of Vl embodying ?he arguments of Presidents Washin-ton, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe. J. Q. Adams and Andrew Jacksos in favor of Protection. Also the Speech of Hon. Jacks W. I"!l'.ntin<;ton ?if Cl in ireaei.il advocacy of Pro teciion. Also, U.?Official testimonials of Gov?-r_ors Gcoaer Clinton, u. D. Tom_n?s, Dr. Witt Clinton, I. C. ?ates, K. T. Tiikoop, William I- .Marc y in favor of Pru tection. Also,a History ay Pitorr.cTiON and Non-Pro tection, written for The Laborer by an ex-Secretary Of the Navy, ice Ac. Also, the Speeches of Hon. A. IL H. Stuart,of Virginia, and Hon. c. Hudson, of Massacltu setts, on ihe subject of American Protection and the Taritl Tiik American Laborer is published on the 1st ol evi-ry month on a mammoth sheet of it. double-.olumn part? ant! atlortleil to subscritxT? at Ihe low price of Seventy-nie Cents fot ihe volume, tliree copies fi,r $2, nine copies for .5, or twenty copies tor $lo. It will he completed in n -.li? gle volume. The back honthers prompiiy TOpp?ed. Order? encl-sing cash wiil be promptly obeyed by GREELEYit McELRATH. New-York, August, 12 ? The American f-nborer for October. The October number of du work is now published and ready for delivery to subscribers. CONTENTS. Tittc Present State or the Question of Protect!-!? to La.bor. The Silk Culture.?Report of Mr. Bliss to the Legisla? ture of Ohio, wherein die whole subject is fully disco-w-d ; and the following f-uestions ruked and answered: Is our Country a.lapted lo die produce ot Silk.' Can it be do.e prolilably ? Is mere a sudicieni market f Ls it oecessar/ Kive a Bouaty on it?, prodnclion.' Instructions to Silk Growers, by J. B. TillinghasL Letter- on th_ subject of Silk Culture, from J. A Farquar.of Cincinnati, from J. W. Gill, Mo.nt Plea?-,*< W. Bcbb, Ei?j., Hamilton, E. Wood, ef AsliUbula Count/' J. Fox, Superintendent ol Silk Manufacture, JetlersOi? Coi B. Welt?, Esq., Steobenville, V. Ilaiulm, LorainCouatJ' ami J. Meyer, of Perry. Ten Years of FreeTrade. Speech of Mr. ?v ans of Maine on the Tariff. Appendix, from anoiher Speed? of Mr. Evans on ihe?aic<* subject. Wool and its Manufacture. Brtef Editorial.--, Extracts, iic The American Laborer is devoted exclusively to titft-* ?ocacy an- illustration of the Protection ef Home lnao?Tt It is designed to pre.eat in a compact, cheap, readafk form, and io a familiar and practical manner, die ru???11' reel and convinciii?? facts and ?n-umem? in support of ft?* policy of Protecting the Industry of our own People. To this end it embodi? the ablest Speeches, Reports, OtS?tif* an?! other document- on lie subject. FT 'The whole -work is to comprise a large octavo voio?** of near 400 pages, and is published m parts every mood5-"" Seven numbers are already out and ready for delivery-" Price for the wt?ole tweive numbers only 75 ceno, beiai ??* ch^pest publicatioo of the kind ever published in u>e United Slates. . GREELEY _ McELRATH. ^ oil Tribune Buildings, ltjONf-W??" **? FT Ductor *Lsu?d_eT*a I.e?-n"reN.-T_e _t**J edition of Doctor Lardner**? complete Course of L^T deliveretf in the City of New-York is published and ?or?"4? ai ihis ofhee. Price 25 cents The subjects embraced i? lite Lectnna? are : Electricity-The S_a-Galva_isir_--T'?- , Fixed Siars?Magnetic Neetlle?Latitude and LongU_o**-"" Bleacb'ing, Tanning-Popular Falla?e%-U%ht-Fmi^? Siar-f-Temporary Surs?Historical Sketch of A*aro*"~-*?*J**j Dew?Science aided by Art?Sciemi?- Discoyeriet?Soaeo --Vibratiens of the Retina; Vchaic Battery?S?*?*3 ^?4VS* of Great Britain and America.