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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, October 31, 1842, Image 6

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Relcaoe of Prisoners to Tote*
The City i? already familiar with the fact that
at the last Spring Election a great number of pris?
oners were released by Loco-Foco Magis?
trates from Blackwell's Inland for the express
purpose of voting Ote Loco-Foco ticket. We
-jik attention to the following extracts from the af?
fidavits of men examined before Justice TaTLoR
who, for his active agency in exposing these out?
rageous frauds, was soon after ejected from the
office the dutie. of which he had long discharged
with eminent ability and integrity. The following
i? from the testimony of John Bc.ert, Deputy
Keeper of Blackwell's Island :
^ELyX* 0f\ ?? JOB.? BO--.T-? the City o. New
York, Deputy-K?epe> Of -lack-ell's I.ta?I, ressdmBTd ?
Thoi_pW-.?ybe:?erfuly i-orn. de|x??-thand saj ? ibaU?
knows Bentley ?___ Wnf ^^y^kfr^^^e\T
know J-???nh Diarkerv nod John Baker ; t?a** Kiio^n cent
le? a t____r*e-..fei- tnonliis. First became acquamted
wub\?m on' Blackweirr. Island; he ?* ?h? . pr^ner
__? re ? he was there as a vaprnnt ; I do not know when ???
SSUmS9E-? ? the term or which he was ?*nl. 1
%?^? left the Is?
and 'be states! ? I decline answering that question.' It befa?
??mi-lined be answered ' .*tor???ii?/i?j?rert/)?_ to the Election?
it mav have been a day or two before.' The male primers
are principally taken charge ot by -Mr. Buckley and Mr.
Brovrn. ?nd io their absence 1 take care of the who1- 01 the
prisoners. My business is principally lo lake charge of the
female prisoners. 1 did not see b?a leave tbere. I cannot
state POSITIVKLY whether I knew of his discharge before he
left or not.
(?. Did yoa go the Eighth Ward thai night wilb any pris?
oners from Blackwell's Island .'
A. ?o ; I wott with no prisoner.
Q. Did yon go to the Eighth Ward that night with any
persons who had then lately been prisoners on Blackwell's
island and hat? been tlischatged t
A. I DECLINE ANSWERING THAT QUESTION. | Hf then
proceeded alter conversation with counsel.] I had business
on tbe Island. When I got iher. I found these men ; tbey
?were anxious to get to the City, and I gare them privilege to
come dovm with me,anddrove down with them to the Eighth
Ward, where It Ive. It was after 11 o'clock at night. These
persins were Hart, John William?, Thomas Neary, Richard
Thornton and Jonathan Trower?thai is all 1 think of just
now. There were others whose names I cannot thinlc of.
There were a number of them; their limes had expired a
long time before, and some had received discharges. Then
were 16 ta all that came l?ram that night.
John BaYLEY testifies before Mayor MORRIS
as follows concerning one of these released con?
victs named Br*ntley:
"I ?av.? Bentley the day after the late Spring
Election at the corner of Barrow and Hudson
streets, Mr. Shoat'ft grocery. He then said htr
had been _et out of the Penitentiary at
Blackwell's Island the day before the
Election, ?is?, had two or three shillings given
to him by the Sentinel and a lettrr of introduc?
tion to one Mr. Davis of the Eighth Ward; (hat
he got lodgings at Davis1 s, and that he voted
in the Eighth Ward the next morning. He
does not say where he was residing then ; be did
not mention the sentinel's name; be was then a
little touched with liquor; last I knew of him ho
was at Ackerman's ; he then left, as he tolri mo,
and went to live near the Sixth Avenue. He said
he walked down from the Island.''
The following, sworn to by Henry West, shows
what preparations had been made for securing the
votes of these convicts, by procuring their hoard
in those Wards where they were wanted:
"? Deponent further says that about, one week
before tk-e Charter Election which was held in said
City on Tuesday the 12th dny of April inst., he
was standing with Win. B. Kinney in Spring-st.,
near Clinton Market, and said Kinney then and
there asked deponent if he would o-o to the Porter
House of Joseph Diackery, No. 479 Washington
street and hoard at said house until Wednesday
the- loth inst., the day after the Election, and
?aid Kinney then said that twelve or fourteen
men were going t_ board at the house of said
Diackery until the day after said Election,
and that said men were going to stay at said
house that they might rote at the Eighth District
Poll of the Eighth Ward at said Election ; and
said Kinney then said that John Orser, St-ephon
Harris, and the other members of the. Democrati.*
Committee of the Eighth Ward were to pay said
Diackery for boarding said men who were to gc
to said house for the express purpose of being
able to vvte at said Election."
Lawrence ?Austin testifies a? follows :
" Deponent further says that on Saturday the
?tb of April inst. he saw at the house of Joseph
Diackery, No. 479 Washington-street, five) men
whom Mr. B. Kinney said he had brought /
said house that they might rote at the Eighth
District of the Eighth Ward at the Charter
Election on the 12th inst., and some of said tuen
said the same. Deponent further says that on the
lOih and 11th inst. four other men came to DiacL
ery's house, who said Kinney told this deponent
were going to stop there to vote at said Election.
Deponont further ?ays, the Ave men who first came
to Diackery's were allowed as much spirituoii
liquors as they would drink, without paying for it ;
but, as they became intoxicatetl, said Kinney and
said Diackery agreed that said nine men should
have but three glasses of liquor per day.
" Deponent further says that on Tuesday tbe
12th inst., in the morning, said Kinney went out
of said house with six of said men?going with
two of them at a time?and said Kinn??y told this
deponent that said men voted at said Poll * and
deponent says that he wont with the ihree remain?
ing men to said Foil and saw tiro of thern -rate at
said Poll: that said two men were challenged
andsicorn; but the other man, who said bis name
was John Bentley, declined voting at first, but
finally voted at said Poll and was challenged and
sworn. Said Bentley told this deponent that lit?
had been committed to Blackwell's Island for six
months, and was sent from said Island with a
letter to John Davis of lfj8?$ Spring-street, on
the llth inst., and that said Davis gave him di?
rections to go to Piackcry's to board."
These extraordinary proceedings were made:ht*
subject of investigation by the Grand Jury of the
County, and they presented charges against the
Magistrates implicated, which were referred to
M. C. Patterson. He made a close inquiry into
tbe facts, and mad?* a report of which the follow?
ing is an extract:
'?The undersigned lias, however, labored under
considerable embarrassment in the performance of
his duty, inasmuch as he had no authority to :n>
minister an oath, or summon any person* as wit?
nesses before him. In lite course of his investi?
gation, many startling facts intimately connected
with the freedom and puritv of elections, were
elicited, implicating GKORGE W. MATSELL,
MILN PARKER, and EPHRAIM STEVENS,
Special Justices aforesaid?the said Justices ap?
pear t_ have discharged from the Penitentiary on
Blackwell's Island, a veiy large number of per?
sons, before iheir respective term* of imprison
ment had expired; and this apparently from time
to time t?>r abou*. three- weeks previous "to the Char?
ter Election last, ihough the ?aid persons appear
to have been retainesl on the Island till thanfeht
previa to said election, when ihev weie trans
?H-W lTKC,t>T VOte'^dwl^nianvofthem
did >ote. The undersigned has therefore con.id
ered it his duty, under tho otder passed by VOur
Honors, to r?-?;>ort the accompanying charges
against GEORG- W. MA.TSELL, MILN PARK
ER and EPHRAIM STEVENS, Special j?tice*
for preserving the peace in the city of Now-York
leaving the same to tho judgement "of your Honors!
who, under the sanction of an oath and the so.?-mn
iti-ts of a trial, will have a better opportunity of
ascertaining their truth"
These Loco-Koco Magistrates are now on trial
on the above charges ; and the aiders ai id abettors
of this outrage upon the purity of elections are
?paring no effort to secure their acquittal eeen
trithut a (rial. _
tX_P Hon. Mt-LARD Fillmore has take? the
-?.d. He was to speak at Aurora ye-terday, and
thence from town to town through the County of
Erie. AW we begin to feel a confidence that Erie
will do her duty. Who speaks for Washington? I
Who is waking up St. Lawrence.
?.oco-Focoi.m ????i ?*? Tariff.
The following brief extracts from accr?diter
Loco-Foco oreaos will show clearly which of th.
the two great parties of the day advocate thi
Protection or American Labor against thi
Pauper Labor of Europe :
From the Albany Argus.
*? We ar?* not the adroca.es of a TARIFF FOR PRO
TECTION."
" I staid a ?Jar with Mr. Van Buren. He i? iVarty an<_
cheertal HE SPOKE AGAINST THE TARIFF ANE
COMMENTED UPON THE FOLLY OF THE WHIG?
IN PASSING SUCH A MEASURE.''
[Corres, of the Richmond Enquirer, Sept. li>. 1842.
Fiom the Richmond Enquirer.
We shall oever rest satisfied until this 'bill of abomina
tions' is expunged from the statute-book, or completelj
changed in its enactments; and we shall count upon Mes.r?.
Buchanan, Stunreon, Wright and Williams io co-operat?
with us and tak?' the cross upon th**ir own shoulders. Re
peal : Repeal! is now the -j-ord. We must get back to lb?
(?pint arid principles of the Compromise Act?to which th?
?Public Faith ' i5pledged?and which wasin '33the 'Treatv
for Amity and Peace'?of the South v.<ill never be satisfied?
NEVER!
From the Mobile Register. (Loco-F/jca)
The bil? is a short lived one. Nothing but an overpower
ing nece-_it*f could have ?-nabled it to pas* at all, anti th?
first duty of eren/ Republican viil be to malee if.? duration a:
kr:ei as possiule.
Hear Mr. James J. Ror-s.-velt. o?,e of ihe Looo-Foco Re
pr?sentai ?ves from the City of New-York : " 1 predict thai
th? next Congress will be a Loco-Foco Free Trade Con
gress and will repeal any Protective Tariff that the pre:
eut Congres^ may enact."
Hear Mr. Eastman, one of the Loco-Foct. members o?
Congress from New Hampshire : " Opposition to the Pro
tective Policy is clearly and unequizocallv a J^oco-Foco doc?
trine. The PROTECTIVE System is ec-entially d??*
WHIG System."
?.o? o-f-'o? o Economy.
The following items are copied from the run
ning account of a Company of Alabama Militifi
calietl into the Service of the l" ni ted States in the
war against the Semin?les. Is it any wonder thai
when such '" Economy " i?* practiced it shoulc
have cost more than Ten Thousand Dollars t
head for every Indiun, man, woman or child kille<
or captured in Florida ?
1 basket of Cl)Bmpa_ne Wine.$36 W
4box??sof Champagne Cider, at ?JG. 24 (x
1 keg Newark Cider. 10*
I bl?l. Cognac Brandy, 40 gallon?, at $2, and obi.. 81 7.:
1 bbl. Malaga Wine, 32 galleos, at $1 25.40 0(
6 quarter boxet best Cigars, at $G.36 Oi
i box honey-dew Tobacco, ?34 lbs. at $1.G4 m
120 iKjltle*. of Poner, al 40 cenLs. 48 0?
1 bbl. Claret Wine.3? (X
? do?en Cologne Water. 3> ?H
Daniel **?, DickinNon'M Opin.ou of _?*>??
Voli I.o? :o-Fo.oii?nt.
In lB'-iT, when the genuine Loco-Foco?, wer?
somewhat at loggerheads with the old Sachems ii
Iammany, the Evening I'ost proposed a separa
?on between tho two faction*. On lh?3 propos*!
tien, Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, the presen
Regency candidate for Lieutenant Governor, mad?
the following humorous commentary. We batet.
publish it, for fear it may induce some Whigs t<
vote for this comical fellow, who likes real Loc?>
Focoi_m just about as well as any of us. How
ever, here goes for the Lieut. Governor expectani
depicting those who are about to vote for him :
?? SAPA RATION OF THE LOCO FOCO FROM THF
REPUBLICAN PARTY."
"The Evening Post recommends a separation ol
the * Equal Rights1 from the Republican party?
that each may pursue its own course and ' agree,
to differ.' It is a timely and judicious sugges?
tion, an event we hnve long desired to see; an
event had it htvppened three years since, we should
not have seen the proud Democracy of our Com?
mercial Emporium humbled undor the dominion of
modern Whiggery. But there has been an Achan
in the camp, and we need not expect to prosper
there, until he is cast out. We repeat, we rejoice
in the prospect, and when it is fairly accomplish?
ed, in the language of the Tost, we will not only
proclaim a ' good riddance, hut in the sincerit;,
?>t ?>ur henrt?? we will carry out the lignre by add?
ing ' to had rubbish.' Since the arrival of that
modern-of Babylon, Fanny Wright, upon our
shorea, &ir party, more especially in the City of
N_ V. has been infested with Patent Democrats,
impotent in numbers, but noisy and consequential
in pretensions. Their Democracy ia Agranianiaro,
and their liberty lawlessness. With all their holy
horror of monopolies, they have uniformly warmly
supported the most ultra Bank Whigs in the na?
tion, whenever there was a prospect of defeat?
ing the Democratic Cnntlidates by so doing. By
attempting to temporize and conciliate, wo have
given them a consequence to which their positive
insignificance never entitled them, and the sooner
they turn to their own empty resources ihe belter.
We haves regarded them from the beginning as an
incubus upon the party, and politically redemption
less. ?*'?** Nothing is tolerable with thorn
unies* it comes up to their standard, which isa vis?
ionary and senseless vagary, made u[> of the odds
and ?Mids of faction, the chief ingredient of which
h. conceit and stupidity?a phantom of a distem?
pered brain, without form and void, and upon
which no two of them can agree. Let them wheel
off. The order of the procession will probably be
?As follows :
1. (Reverend Clergy) JOE SMITH,
2. F ANN I' WRIGHT,
X O" JOB HA SKELL,
4. TJ'JLEX. A//AG,
5. UOrLF.rt U. SLJMBL
We will leave it to the Post to fill up the list of
the precenflion and 'arrange the moitrriers' who,
we pri?dict, will be 'few and far between.."
A a the decree of separation has gun?: forth from
the I'ost, ire hope, it will be like the laws of the
Medes and Persians?let it alter net?and try
would neld our wish, that tJieir return might be
prohibited by a gulf as impassable as that lehirh,
separated the rich man and Lazarus.'"
The foregoing is a true copy of fin article which
originally appeared in the ** Broome County ^Cou?
rier,"' the Loco-Foco organ of that village, and
was written by D. S. Dickinson.
OiVLY 19 I-? Cent?.
O" The Whig Ai.manal and United States Rlciitek
FOR THE year 134S, contain?, a table showins. tbe popula?
tion ??! tbe United States, by States and total ; also the popu?
lation oi the Cities and larcer towns in tin* United Stat?"-;
aim the populationr?f the State ot New-York, by Counties;
Eclips??*. Planet-, i.e. i.e.; Calendar of the month? in lf_3,
wiih calculations for each s??ction of the Union: Diary ol
Remarkable Events, ..c; L'stot Orticersof the Government
of the I.'. S., Execuiiv?, Judicial an?! Diplomatic; Senate
and House of Repres?ntate-?-s till March 4th, 1S43: an arti?
cle t?n the Protection of Home Industry, lieing a careful
summary of the coii.iderations which impel us to cheri-l?
the policy of Protection, with a brief review of the rea .n;
usually opposed th.reio. by Horace Greeley ; Genen?! Jack?
son's Lct.er in support <? l" Protection ; Extracts from the
Messages of Washington, Je_er-.ii, Madison, Mourof, J. Q.
Adams, Jackson and Tyler, in (a. or of ditto: Fa.cts for
Farmers; Manufactures of the U.S.; the Elements cad
Names of Parties; Votes for President and Vice President
at all tbe elections under the Federal Constitution ; Votes
for Governors, _c. awl for President in the State of New
York : Use Grounds of Difference between die contending
parties; Memoirs of Henry Clay; the new Apportionment
of Congress; complete Election Returns of ibe Union, by
States and Counties; total Votes for Pr?s?denl in 18S6 and
1840. bv States and aggregate ; Times of Holding El??ctions
in ??ach State; Anecdotes. Epigrams, and HaiHors ol the
Times.
IT" This Almanac forms a very complete Register for tbe
year, an?! will be found very convenient i'i the counting
room, th,. workshop, or at the fireside of the farmer. Tbe
r?aihu? matter aluue is worth double the price of the work.
?Ahile the statistics conia?n?_d in u cannot be purchase?! in
anyoUier shape tor five times the monev.
, tTnc<> pcr s*nifie c?Py? l-? cents : $7 per lO?. cr $63
per 1,000. h u for Mle in lfae cuiw of Ujtf VmQa
by tue .Vents ol The Tribune, and may be p.uchased.
^r?.^0^"''1' ?r0ni ""O**0"" ?*-*-. Booksellers
in the l ailed .sutes. GREELET S_ McELKATH
TnbnneBailHings. 160 Nassau-street.
G33 The Life akd Sw.*ch? of Henry Clay.
No. \., bringing down the Life to the era of Mr.
Adams'? Administration, i? published. No XT
is delayed for a few days at the request of ?e cn!
graver, who desires to make the Portra?t of
Mr. Cj.ay which will accompanv it a little better
than any ever yet issued. It will probably appear
by Wednesday, and will complete the First Vol?
ume of this noble work. All the numbers are for
??ale at this office.
_TH ET RIBUNEJL__
TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER l, 18-1--.
WHIG- STATE NOMINATIONS.
FOR PRESIDENT,
HENRY CLAY,
OP KEI-rTtJCKT.
FOR GOVERNOR,
LUTHER BRADISH,
OF F?l.tXLIN ?JO.
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
GABRIEL FURMAN.
OF KINGS.
District. FOR SENATORS.
I..INRAEL OA__LS_r.of Richnion
11..JOSEPH rJAffSEIfi of Ulster.
1II..A-EX. C. fim*ON, o? Schenec-dy.
... (JOH*H PBOTH-NG_A*fI, Fall?n Co.
1 I AHA IIASCAl.I?. Franklin Co. [Two Years.)
V..CHESTEB Bl'CK of Lewis Coanty.
VI..THO.TIAS? A. JOHNSON, of Sienben.
V'n..\VI_?_-_AJ"*I K. 9TRO?YC;..Sene?-_Co.
VI1I..HAKVEV PC:TIVA?*tI, Wyoming: Comity.
City Congressional Nominations.
Third District.... J. PHEi.I.IP.-? PH?NIX.
Fifth District.... JOHN B. ?COLES.
Sixth District.HA.WILTOX FISH.
COUNTY TICKET.
FOR REGISTER,
GEORGE EICH ELL.
FOR ASSEMBLY,
ROBERT SMITH, JOSEPH BLUNT,
E. G. BALDWIN. JACOB ACKER,
HORACE ?ST. JOHN, SMITH DUNNING,
A. A. ALVORD, JA'S B. BRINSMADE.
HARVEY A. WEED, FLOYD SMITH.
SAMUEL WEBSTER. CYRUS CHENERY.
STEPHEN SA MMONS.
Election Thiesday, Nor. 8?(one day only.)
FT The November number of the American Labcrer
will contain the entire Speech of Mr. Colfiy, delivered be
lore the American Institute at the Broadway Tabernacle.
That which ha1" heretofore appeared ?n the papers is im?
perfect, strveral pages of tbe manuscript bein?**- entirely
omitted. _
The Erie I-ailron.,.. Arc.
The Albany Argus, in a flaggy sort of dialogue,
intended to ??how that the State Works of New
York will never pay their cost, give* us the fol?
lowing :
Dem?1 suppose yon count upon the Erie Railroad ?
Whig.?No, NOT for revenue. You know well enough
we use that for electioneering purposes.
Such, friends of the Erie Railroad ! is the way
your great work is treated by the L?*?co-Foco State
organ. While the Massachusetts Western Rail?
road in paying over $500,000 per annum, the Al?
bany Argus coolly asserts that ihe Erie Railroad
would produce no Revenue at all, and is only used
" for electioneering purposes.1' If that Road
does not pay $1,000,000 the first year it 3hall be
opened throughout, and net $1,000,000 within five
years, then ail analogeus experience is false and
delusive.
But ?ays ' Dem ' in this i-ame article :
" There is one other question I wish to ask. Is noi the
loll paid on the Erie Cnnal a tax , antl much more onerous
upon the prior and working classes than a direct tax upon
properiyi I have heard much sait! about tolls, as il they
fell into the Stale Treasury ?ike manna to the I?raelites, but
it always npp'-ared to nit? that they were produceil by
labor, and paid by acias.? least able to bear them, and that
i he ti ue policy for us hard-handed men who labor, would
o? to have ihe State get out of debt, atul have the tolls on
dour, pork, beef,and salt reduced."
Let us test ihe soundness of this ' tax ' proposi?
tion. Jonathan Holdfast lives in Allegany County,
nnrl even, odd year comes down to see his father in
Old Connecticut. Before there were any Rail?
roads it took him five days to reach New-York by
stage, at a cost of $.0. Bui ihe Erie Railroad is
built; and now he runs down in twenty-four hour
direct, or two da?,s' sunshine if he chooses to take
it easy?no racking of bones nor dislocating of
shoulders?no prying out the stage from quagmires
?no mud. no dust, no disappointments ; and the
cost is $8 to $10 at most. '** Why, Holdfast,"
??ays ex-Comptroller Flagg, meeting him in New
York, " do n't you see that the infernal Whig pol?
icy has taxed you eight dollars for your passage? "
"Why, no." says Jonathan, feeling the balance of
his usual $*.'() in his pocket., "it don't exactly
strike me in that light."?Just so of the consumers
of *' flour, pork, beef and salt." The true way to
secure a re?luciion of the cost of transportation is
by enlarging the Canal so that a two-horse boat
can ca'rrv 70 tons where she now carries 25. Then
u boat can pay more toll per ton than now, yet
carry- at half the present price
rVew-Yor? and Erie Railroad.
We took a trip to Orange County on Monday
evening, to look in at the Whig Convention at Go?
shen next day, leaving our City at 3 P. M. ami ar?
riving ut Goshen (6G miles?22 by Steamboat, 44
by Railroad) in a little over fi hours. The num?
ber of passengers up imm have exceeded 100?
nine-tenths of them for Goshen and points this
side oi it. From this fact an approximation may
be made to the probable number of passengeis
when this greut work ?.?mil have been completed.
[f 06 miles of it give '.00 passengers per dav, ISO
could not certainly give less than 1,000, taking
into account those who come from Lake Erie and
beyond. We cannot doubt, considering the num?
ber now carried on the Massachusetts Western
antl other new Railroads ihat the New-York and
Erie, starling a passage train every twelve hours
from N. York and another from Lake Erie, would
rectdveal least $0.000 per day or $2,000.000 per
year from passengers alone, one-half of which
would defray all current expenses and leave
$1,000,000 per annum for dividends on the stock.
From Freight a large but probably not eq*_al
amount woultl be realized?say half as much, or
$1.000,000 per annum. This would give a divi
dend of over 1\) per cent, on the stock, after a
liberal allowance for repairs antl renewals, taking
the highest estimate of the cost of the work.
At this moment nearly oii?*-half of the entire
work has been constructed, jet only one-eighth
part of it has been brought into operation. That
pait ot it. laboring under every disadvantage, and
at a time of general depression, is doing better
than its warmest friends anticipated. There is no
doubt that the whole wiii do a? well as this part.
Then why shall it not be constructed ? Why
should the timber be left to rot, the grade to waste
away, and the whole work to sink annuallv to ruin ?
Why should we lose Halt" a Million a year in in?
terest on the portion already done? Why Half a
Million a year more in the dilapidation of thi??
work ? What is the reason for this ? Is New
York bankrupt or insane ? Have we not abun?
dance of Labor anxiously seeking employment at
rates low enough for any man of conscience???
Have we not storehouses of Grain, Wheat. Goods,
every thing which this Labor requires in payment
for its exertion, which can find no market abroad,
or anv otheiwise than by settingoui Public Works
as well as Factories in motion? Then why do we
now stand idle and. despondent,
*? Leltintr ? 1 dare not' w_it upon ? I would **"
Surely, if there be judgement, foresight, or even
the narrowest sense of self-interest in the Coun?
try, the Internal Improvement policy and parts
will l?e sustained, and our Pubiic Work? pushed
vigorously to completion.
CIRCULAR.
To the Whigs of the Slate of Neu- York :
The result, disastrous as unexpected, of the r
cent Election in Ohio, impels us at this time ta a
dress you. In trhat State and New-Jersey alon
of all those recently holding Elections, did 01
brethren deem it expedient ?o make a determin?
effort this Fall. New-Jerset has done all th
could be wished, but Ohio has faltered. By a ge
erous effort to save their State from a most iniqui
ous and shameful Apportionment, and the l ni?
from its consequences in a gross misrepresent
lion in the House, such as has so long been exhi
ited in the Senate, the Whigs have subjected then
?elves, however unjustly, to the charge of anarch
and lhat has sufficed for their temporary pro*tr
tion. By a majority of barely 3;000 in 220,00
votes?or less than one in seventy?they are ove
borne. The manner of this defeat is as evidei
as the cause. While there has been an iuerease i
votes in the strong Loco-Foco Counties, the Whi
strong-holds have been but. partially drawn oui
and enough Whig votes remain tin pol led in fi'>
Counties to have changed entirely the result of tl
contest. Shall the warning be lost upon our F.Rii
Chat-t-c-?ue. Washington and Old GenesF.e 1
We would not underrate the magnitude of th
disaster. Doubtless in 1844, when the name i
HENRY CLAY is directly before the People. tF
Whig voters whose apathy has caused this mischte
will come out, and Ohio be fourni on the side of hi
principles and her interests. No man c&ncorop?
the vote of the several Counties and not s,>_ tbi
the State would at this lime have given a decido
majority for the Whig candidate for P resident.
But the deplorable consequences of this reverse ai
more imminent and at the same time more endi
ring than those of a wrong vote in 1S-U. The
extend through the whole of the ensuing ten year
By this result the Loco-Focos are empowered l
consummate their villainous plan of Apportioi
ment, which piles up all the decidedly Whig Com
ties in six Districts, ami distributes the Lmco-Fi
co strong-holds so as to cover and bind down a
the debateable ground, giving to that party fiftee
on the present vote, and fourteen (or two-thin
of the entire delegation) in defiance of a popuh
Whig majority of thousands. Throughout the ei
suing ten years, then, we must, surely expect l
encounter, no matter what may be the verdict (
her People, the two Senators and two-thirds <
the Representatives of Ohio arrayed in deadly an
unceasing hostility to the Restoration of a U.?<
form National Currknct, to the 1'rotectio
of our Home Labor, to the Land Distribute:
and to all the great measures essential to a rebuilt
ing of our National Prosperity.
Here is the point o( danger on which we ha-,
been impelled at this time to address you. Tl
Loco-Focos of Ohio, though they have triumphe
at this time on the strength of their deafenir
clamor of ' Treason !' against the resigning Whi
Members of the late Legislature, and by maskii
for the moment their deadly hostility to any for
of Banking or Paper Money, are yet decided at
frank upon all questions of National Policy. Th?
are Destructives of the lehst equivocal stamp; o]
posed not merely to all measures looking to a N
tional Currency, but openly, bitterly hostile to tl
Protection of American Industry. TheirGoverni
elect is understood to ben Cnlhonn man ; theyai
all, with rare exceptions, supporters of. the Ca
houn doctrines. There is no 'incidental' m
'horizontal' juggle about them. In hostility I
Protection and hatred of its advocates, they ai
not exceeded by their brethren of New-Hampshii
or South Carolina. And such will inevitably 1
the large mnjority of their Representatives in tl
next Congress, no matter what may be the vote i
the People.
Thus, Freemen of New-York! the great issue i
Protection or No Protection comes down to yoi
Ohio, though still Whig at heart, and safe to voi
with US for President, ?brows her giant weight f<
years into the scale of British Free Trade. A ne
Congress is now to be elected, in which a desperal
snuggle will be made to repeal all the Protectiv
features of the ?New Tnrilf. and reduce it to a sv
tern of low horizontal duties for Revenue mereh
NEW-YORK is the first State to elect legally Men
hers of that Congress. Shall they be consisten
hearty advocates, or disguised nnd ireacherou
enemies of 1'roteciion ' Your votes and your cxei
ertion. must speedily determine.
For more tban fifty years, down ti> last w'mtei
the State of New-York has maintained one un
form position on this question. Her voice has bee
spontaneously, earnest)** raised in favor of th
principle and policy of Protection. Her ?Hustriou
Governor. Georse Clinton, urged its adoptlo
even before the Federal Constitution was formet
as well as repeatedly afterward. Protection i
Home Industry was one of the chief inducement
to the fotmation of thai Constitution, ond of he
assent to it. Her far-seeing and eloquent Ham
a,ton early and ably illustrated uml defended th
policy of Protection, in a Report which bas neve
vet been Controverted. Her patriotic Tompkin
repeatedly and zealously urged in bis several Mes
sages the most efficient Protection of our Homi
Industry by the repression of Foreign rivalry. Si
did her great De Witt Clinton, as well as mos
of his successors. Her Legislature in each casi
-responded to the sentiment, nor only with alacrit?
but with icmarkable unanimity, as the Journal:
abundantly show. On no important question ha
there been such eniireandcordial unanimityamon**
the People of New-York, through half a centurj
of agitation, as on this topic of Protection, dowr:
to the era of Loco-Focoism.
If the question of Protection or No Protection
could now be submitted directly and simply to the
People of New-York, we cannot doubt lhat the
cause of Protection would triumph by an over?
whelming majority. How. then, is it in danger
of subversion ? By indirection and fraud?by de?
ception and concealment?by jugglery ami trick?
bv a skulking silence and words which 'palter
with us in a double sense.' Witness the vote of
Silas Wright for his constituents accompanied by
his Speech against them: witness the Delphic
oracles of the Loco-Foco Slate Convention and
their echoes from the Albany Argus; witness the
response of a prominent Van Buren candidate for
Congress, when questioned as to his views of tho
Tarin, that he had not yet read the act. and did
know whether he should be for it <rr against it !
Can such a man. can such men.be fit Representa?
tives of the Producing Interests of New-York in
the crisis which the first session of the next Con?
gress must present ? Can men so ignorant or so
deceitful on the very highest and most imminent
question o?" National Policy, be proper guardians
of our Agricultural ar.d Mechanical inter?s- in
the straggle so rapidly approaching .'
Fellow-Citizens ! the course of our opponents
out of the city of New-York, evinces a deliberate
intention it? hood-wink and deceive the people on
this vital question. If our Farmer, and Mechanics
can by smooth, holiow words be lulled to sleep on
tbis topic, and a Recency delegation to Con
elected", then will Van Buren be ready to
openly bis game of rivalry with Calhoun fc
?apport of the Anti-TarirT States, by decisiv
unequivocal hostility to Protection. Then wi
dish.mesr cavils against the insufficient duti.
Wool, by that party which resisted even ti
crease of duty that was effected, and the delib
falsifications of many items of the New
now resorted to by our opponents, be change
that Hne<-juivc?_al and deadly hostility to Frote
now displayed by the Loco-Fccos of New
city. Then will be revived the old plan of 'c
ing the North by party macbinnry, and the 5
bv falling in with it ??measures.' Be not dece
we entreat you, Fellow-Citizens ! A result ad'
to the Whig party now is virtually a dec
against the principle of Protfvtion.'and will pi
blv seal its downfall. Will you not arouse toi
so deplorable a disaster ?
On the subject of our Internal Improveme
we would fain ?peak at some length, but it ha
ready been faithfully present?:-.! in our Whig :
Addresses and the Circular of ?>ur Senior ?
Committee. It seems to us impossible tha
People should deliberately vote to arrest al
unfinish?-?! Public Work3 for twenty years, an
sort to Direct Taxes to supply the deficient
Revenu??. In these twenty years we shall
Twenty-Five Millions of Dollars in interest a
on these unsightly, useless and ruinous V. c
when they might pay their own interest wi
live years if spee?lily completed, ami nearly e:
finish their emir? cost within the twenty years
Loco-Focoism dooms the people to groan ui
the burthen of grinding Taxation to pay the
o( shapeless piles of stone and thriftless fan
in the earth. Are we wrong. Fellow Citizens
expressing our belief that this Stop an?! Tax pc
will soon set our People against all Internal
provement, by causing them to feel keenly its
thcns and lightly its b]e?--.ngs?and that it
designed by its authors to have this effect ?
we wrong in avowing our fears that a perseverf
in this policy will raise tip in our midst open
vocates of the abhorred doctrine of R?pudi?t
such as have already arisen in Illinois. Michij
and other States under similar circumstances ?
assur?*<l that these advocate?* will not be toun?
the ranks of tho Whig patty; but when we sei
th.* head of our Councils a Secretary of State *.
boldly declares and publishes that one genera:
cannot bind the succueding, aad who scouts
Internal Improvement as delusion and robbery,
feel that tho patience of his purtisass and di
pies under incessant Taxation for no sensibly Ik
Scent purpose must not be too s?iverely te?* ted.
Whatever shall be tho issue of this contest. 1
low Citi/.eni, we cherish the proud conviction!
it has beea prosecuted by the Whig party i
manner worthy of upright men appealing with
??learest convictions of Right to the intellige
and patriotism of Freemen. Our course has b?
manly, ingenuous and candid throughout, with
tear and scorning disguise. We have set fully hef
you our measures, ami for their sake appealed
you for support. You know, and the whole St
clearly and consistently understands, the princij
both of National and Slate policy on which we
??ire that ihe Government shall be administer?
you know what we propose to do if the Peo
-.hall confide to the Whigs the power. But h
is it with our opponents .' On the great ijucst
of Protection to our Home Labor where aro "th.
when* on that, of Internal Improvement? Vi
ness their anti-Tariff Culminations Crom New-Yi
city?th .ir Protective Tariff resolutions in Wa
ington County?and their point-no-point, 'incid
tai' dodges and guilty silence in most othei Co
ties. ' Witness their Erie Railroad resolution!
the ?Southern Tier, vociferously ??reclaiming t
? this Rail mail shall be ma?le a Statte Work, siran
ly coupled with abuse of Whig e.xtragav
schemes und a 'Fifty Million Debt.' Wim
? their Senator's vote fur coupled with his spe<
against th?* New Tariff, ami Mr. Van Buren's
lence to our own citizens, gently broken by a
' Tariff whispers to his Southern allies. That p
ty can only obtain power by deluding and betray
? some portion of those who, ?It^ceived by its I
phic oracles, shall contribute to its triumph.
could not bear sway a year without grossly wro
infx at least one pr-rtion of its supporters. Ir r?1
with you, Fellow-Citizens! to say whether a p
ty which on the most vital ??uestions ??volved
ihe r?"-ult of our Flection, either has no comrr
principles or dar??' not avow them, shall be ca!
to rule overusi lTo avert stich a public misfortt
our sternest efforts are unceasingly pnt forth; let
hop?? that YOUR?; will not be wanting to rentier tin
effectual and triumphant.
Wings of New-Voik; the eyes of the Union f
fixed anxiou-ly, but hopefully, upon you. V?
brethren in other States appreciate tbe difficult
and discouragements under which you labor, 1
they know that in strength of numbers und streng
! of soul yo?! are equal to your arduous, your glorio
po.itirin. Again; as in 1838. you are called
breast and roll back the tide of Loco-Foco st.
1 restos?to reanimale the hopes and thrill with j?
the breasts of th?? friends of Prosperity througho
tho land. Your energies are adeipiate to this gre
work of National beneficei.?*?? if you will but p
iliem forth?am! you \vii_r. do it. The memory
a ?lorious Pastis the assurance of a joyous Futur
Rally, then, in your might, brother Whigs! pe
feet immediately your Organization by Countie
Towns awl Districts : diffuse information, aroti?
the Inactive, and he read, on ih?? 8th of Novemb.
to give an overwhelming majority for the pre-e
vation of tho Tariff, th?' prosecution of oar I.*?
TKRNAT. Improvement?, for Clay, Bradish an
Firman, and the complete restoration of our Ne
tional prosperity.
RUFUS KING, I
VISSCHKR TEN KYCK. Young Men'
CHRISTOPHER w. BENDER, >State Centn
ROBERT 8. crsilMAN, Uommiuee
WILLIAM N.STRONG,
The Locos and Protection.?A great Wbi,
meeting was recently held at Lowell at whic,
Hon. Charles Hcdson, one of the most valua
b!e members of Congress, simply because he is ?
plain, straightforward, well-informed and patriori
man, made a speech of two hours in length?ii
which he took occasion to prove that notwitb
standing the abuse heaped up.n the last Congres*
by the minions of Tyler, it did more work am
passed more important bills than any preceding
Congress since the adoption of the Constitution,
He spoke also of the reasons which induced som?j
of the LocoFocos to vote for a Protective Tarif!
which finally passed, for which they are so loudly
lauded bv tho_e whose rule of action is hostility
to the Whigs. He says :?
" Ten of thase Loco-Foco vot?.*s came from Penn?
sylvania, and some of them fr?-m Free Trade men.
They argued thus : We shall have the power in
the next Congress: the country is in debt; a Pro?
tective Tariff is unpopular. We will vole to pass
this Tariff under a protest, (and most of those
who voted for it stale?! expressly that they disliked
the bill, ami votod for it against their own feel?
ing?,) and when we come into power ice trill lake
from it its protective character. These were
the arguments used and the? motives which'promp?
ted many of those twenty-five L?:*co-Focx__ to vote
for that bill. I know it, said Mr. Hudson, for I
HEARD THEM SAY SO !"
The cry of Repeal was thus raised even before
the Bill was passed?and has been repeatedly
echoed since. What then has Protection to hope
' from a Loco-Foco Congress ?
THJB
NEW-YORK DAILY 'TRIBUTE,
(CircalatiO- lO.'x^o.
THE EXPERIMENT of ?g^i, ,aB
ca_h pap-;elevated in eharacte: r.-^ _ __ ,.?
devote?l to the true principle* of the ?? '.>?,-,.. g- ?. _?
taining the great Producing ?nter-es*. *? <- - . ,/U _M
commenced on the l?t? of April, 1841. ?*J_tas.j lev _
j year and * half bas ?nee elapsed, |tfae -,_,.- -;__.'
of The New-York Tribune is now em . t(. . ^
copies, reaching every quarter of the r.W- ? f?f--_w
scriplioa list number- many of the ter. ?b, ^, .^ ,_*
distinguished ni?*n in the fJoantry, ir'-'u?m,? : vmrorj
Senators Members of Congress, kc kc T.-ei. ??%?tsu?
staled only to dispel the cot?non pr?s__tp?oa ihai _ _-.llV
paper afforded at so low a price as i>.- ."?t.?, per en
nut? mu? n??ce?irily cater lor lite taste. ?abte ? lo ib?
prejudices of the ignorant and the trida
The Daily Tribune is conducted by ; a Gi celiy,
(.formerly Editor of ' The New-Yorker,' ?ni??,?
and ' The l<og Cabin,') ably assisted in '. end depart?
ment- of Commercial, City. Literary t?od G?n?ral Intelli
gence. Although the sheet on which it is printed Is of mo?
d?rale size, yet t_e amount of trrsh reading matter given
daily (averaging twelve close columns) can bardiy be en
c*?e?ied by that of any Daily paper in America. By the aid
of stated correspondents at Washington and the iru?st im?
portant points throughout the Union, as well as private ad.
vices from friends ptreatessinj. superior facilities ?>r impart?g
information, the Editor hopes to render his paper the chao.
nel of the earliest and most authentic accounts of all impon,
am Political .Movements in progresa or in contemplai??.
Federal and State Legislation, with full and accurate re?
turns of all transpiring Election*?. The earliest accounts oi
Crops, Business, Prices, kc with the eventsot the day, will
also l?e thus given ; while the Commercial Department of
The Tribune is the special char$?re of an Assistaut of ability
ami experience, who will give fresh ami accurate reports at"
all doings in Produce,G<-?ods,Stocks, Exchange,--. _c. not
only in this City, but at important pointsUiroughout the L ;:
ion.
The Daily Tribune is puhlislieit every morning (Son
riavs excepted) ors a fair royal sheet, neatly printed on dear
and ?ood tvpe, and afforded to subscribers at the exceed
inglv low price 0? Four Dollars per annum _ advance.
FT Office, from Sept. 1st, near th- Oily and Tamnmnv
Halls. Address, GREELEY ic McELRATH, Publishers.
New York. August, 1842._
TH_
New-York Weekly Tribune,
By 11. Greelev and T." McElratu,
S PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
MORNING in New-York City, but mailed to distant
subscribers on the Thursday preceding, and contains all the
News received in New-York up to and including that mom,
ing. It is a Family and Business Newspaper, printed oa a
very large sheet of Rood paper in Quarto form (eight page?
per number.) and embodies a greater amount and variety et
Political and General Intelligence thaa any other Weekly
Journal, ?-\ruong its contents will be found?
ORIGINAL AND SELECT LITERATURE . Consisting
mainly of the best Tales, Peems, Narratives and Reviews,
selected from the current Americas and Foreign Reviews
Magazines and New Publications. Original articles of the
same cla-*s will more sparingly be given, with brief Edito?
rial Notices of all New Books of general interest;
POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE : Proceedings of Coa
gress, reporte?! daily for The Tribune by our own R??.
porter, who is constantly in attendance on the Session ;
Doings <>l ih? New-York ami ?ther State Legislatures
Political Movements, Convention?, Demonstrations, kc
with early ami full returns of all transpiring Elections
throughout the Union. In this department, The Tribune
will not be excelled :
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE : Foreign and Domestic :
full and varied ;
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE: Daily and Weekly
Reports of the Markets, base?! on actual sales of Good?,
Produce, Stocks, kc. with accounts of the state of Busi?
ness and of all matters pertaining to Banking and Cur?
rency. A full Bank Note Table and Price Current will
be given on alternat- week.
The Editorial conduct of litis paper rests with Horace
Greelev, ably assisted in the Departments of Literary,
Commercial and MisC-llatieous Intelligence. In ils Political
course. The Tribune is ardently, Inflexibly Whi?, and ad.
vocales, with ?is DOnosi energies, the Protection ok Home
Inovstry, the restoration of a Sound and Uniform Cur.
rency, the rigorous prosBCiainti of Lsternal Improve.
MENT, and the election of HENRY CLAY as next President
o? the United States. Being sent only for cash in advance,
the Publishers are enabled to afford it, notwithstanding ?is
great size ami the cost of its publication, at the low price
of Two Dollar*, a year, Six Conies for Ten Dollars, or
Ten Copies for Fifteen Dollars. Vol. II. commences will.
over 9,1)01) subscribers on ihe 17th of September. Subscrip?
tions are respectfully solicited bv
GR?ELEY k McELRATH, Publishers.
item-York, August, 1842.
THE AMERICAN LABORER,
(COMPLETE IN ONE VOLUME,)
A MONTHLY PERIODICAL deret.d
ciusively to ibe advocacy antl ill.-trftlion of Pro
tection to Home Industry.
. The American Laborer is designed lo pr?.sent, m -? ?-??
pact, cheap, reatlable form, and in a familiar and pra-tic-l
manner, ibe most direct and convincing facts and argu?
ments in support and enforcement of the policy of Protest?
ing the linlustrv of our own People as a measure noi mere?
ly oi political wisdom but of indispensable necessity. To
this end it will embody the very ablest Speeches, Report.?,
Statistics and ether Documents Mi'lainiiig the Cause of Pro?
tection, will? briefer extracts from those of less cogency or
greater length, antl a variety of Editorials, exhibiting th.
?late ami progress of the Cause.
Among the contents of the six numbers already published
will be found the Proc-edrics ash Reports ok the Home
Industry Convention, held in New-York, April 5, 6, 7,
8, 1842, including Reports On Acrjcolturr*. by Hon. Har
mar Denny of Pa. ; uu Ikon by l>. O. Kellnggof Troy ; on
Manufactures OF Iron, by Philip Ripley of Conn. ; on
Wool and Woolens, by Hon. Henry Shaw of ?Mass.; on
Coal, by J. C. Fisber of Va.and on Cottons, Fisheries,
Pius, Buttons, Combs, Brushes, ami all oilier branches ot
Domestic Industry, with the Statistin of each ami Um rea
Mins for Protecting them against depressing foreign riv_i
ry. Also Reports on the Currency by G. Bacon; on Pro
tection Generally, by C. C. Haven; on the Preambl? to a
.arifF, by Joseph Blunt, and on the Principleof Protection,
??y H.Greeley : the whole forming a full errain of argume.l
and fact in favor of Protection, covering about 100 pages.?
The numbers of The I?borer already published have also
contained ihe Speeches of Horn William SlaDE of Vl
embodying ?he arguments of Presidents Washin-ton,
Jefferson, Madison, Monroe. J. Q. Adams and Andrew
Jacksos in favor of Protection. Also the Speech of Hon.
Jacks W. I"!l'.ntin<;ton ?if Cl in ireaei.il advocacy of Pro
teciion. Also, U.?Official testimonials of Gov?-r_ors Gcoaer
Clinton, u. D. Tom_n?s, Dr. Witt Clinton, I. C.
?ates, K. T. Tiikoop, William I- .Marc y in favor of Pru
tection. Also,a History ay Pitorr.cTiON and Non-Pro
tection, written for The Laborer by an ex-Secretary Of
the Navy, ice Ac. Also, the Speeches of Hon. A. IL H.
Stuart,of Virginia, and Hon. c. Hudson, of Massacltu
setts, on ihe subject of American Protection and the Taritl
Tiik American Laborer is published on the 1st ol evi-ry
month on a mammoth sheet of it. double-.olumn part?
ant! atlortleil to subscritxT? at Ihe low price of Seventy-nie
Cents fot ihe volume, tliree copies fi,r $2, nine copies for
.5, or twenty copies tor $lo. It will he completed in n -.li?
gle volume. The back honthers prompiiy TOpp?ed. Order?
encl-sing cash wiil be promptly obeyed by
GREELEYit McELRATH.
New-York, August, 12 ?
The American f-nborer for October.
The October number of du work is now published and
ready for delivery to subscribers.
CONTENTS.
Tittc Present State or the Question of Protect!-!?
to La.bor.
The Silk Culture.?Report of Mr. Bliss to the Legisla?
ture of Ohio, wherein die whole subject is fully disco-w-d ;
and the following f-uestions ruked and answered: Is our
Country a.lapted lo die produce ot Silk.' Can it be do.e
prolilably ? Is mere a sudicieni market f Ls it oecessar/
Kive a Bouaty on it?, prodnclion.'
Instructions to Silk Growers, by J. B. TillinghasL
Letter- on th_ subject of Silk Culture, from J. A
Farquar.of Cincinnati, from J. W. Gill, Mo.nt Plea?-,*<
W. Bcbb, Ei?j., Hamilton, E. Wood, ef AsliUbula Count/'
J. Fox, Superintendent ol Silk Manufacture, JetlersOi? Coi
B. Welt?, Esq., Steobenville, V. Ilaiulm, LorainCouatJ'
ami J. Meyer, of Perry.
Ten Years of FreeTrade.
Speech of Mr. ?v ans of Maine on the Tariff.
Appendix, from anoiher Speed? of Mr. Evans on ihe?aic<*
subject.
Wool and its Manufacture.
Brtef Editorial.--, Extracts, iic
The American Laborer is devoted exclusively to titft-*
?ocacy an- illustration of the Protection ef Home lnao?Tt
It is designed to pre.eat in a compact, cheap, readafk
form, and io a familiar and practical manner, die ru???11'
reel and convinciii?? facts and ?n-umem? in support of ft?*
policy of Protecting the Industry of our own People. To
this end it embodi? the ablest Speeches, Reports, OtS?tif*
an?! other document- on lie subject.
FT 'The whole -work is to comprise a large octavo voio?**
of near 400 pages, and is published m parts every mood5-""
Seven numbers are already out and ready for delivery-"
Price for the wt?ole tweive numbers only 75 ceno, beiai ??*
ch^pest publicatioo of the kind ever published in u>e
United Slates. . GREELEY _ McELRATH. ^
oil Tribune Buildings, ltjONf-W??" **?
FT Ductor *Lsu?d_eT*a I.e?-n"reN.-T_e _t**J
edition of Doctor Lardner**? complete Course of L^T
deliveretf in the City of New-York is published and ?or?"4?
ai ihis ofhee. Price 25 cents The subjects embraced i?
lite Lectnna? are : Electricity-The S_a-Galva_isir_--T'?- ,
Fixed Siars?Magnetic Neetlle?Latitude and LongU_o**-""
Bleacb'ing, Tanning-Popular Falla?e%-U%ht-Fmi^?
Siar-f-Temporary Surs?Historical Sketch of A*aro*"~-*?*J**j
Dew?Science aided by Art?Sciemi?- Discoyeriet?Soaeo
--Vibratiens of the Retina; Vchaic Battery?S?*?*3 ^?4VS*
of Great Britain and America.

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