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THE TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 23. FOR PRESIDENT, HENRY CLAY, a? kentucky. CT The Editor of The Tritium: is obliged to request those who wi?l) to se? him personally to call between tbe houm 12 and 9 A. M. or 5and fi P. W. if they can conveniently do so. The absolute necessity of devoting some hours un? interruptedly to bis duties corstraios him to mak>' diis re? quest. _ TT Persons wishing The Tribunr left at tbeir residen? ces or places of business in the city at an early hour in the morning, will r lease leave their name?, or send tiieni in by rote through the Po? Office, at tbe puhlicatw? office, 160 Nassau-street, opposite the Park. Terms, nine cents ? uxei, to be paid to the Carrier. Diatren? in ?real Britain. DSV-The Kettling Post-?Weh has never a tear to shed for American manufacturers and arti? san-, thrown utterly out of employment by the pressure of unequal Koruign competition?which never raises its voice aguinst the depression of American production (especial'} Agricultural) In Foreign restrictions, or at least professes or favors no efficient opposition to them?i:; greatly dis? tressed at the depre?sio:i of British Manufactures consequent on our new Protective TarilT. To its wailings on this head we reply : 1. For every spindle or loom stopped in Great Britain or elsewhere by our Tnritr one is set in motion here. Now we iiuvc no objection to giv? ing employment to British Laborers if our own were well omployed, well paid and well fed. But such is notoriously not the fact. \Ye have thou? sands of honest, capable, deserving; workmen ami women who have even yet no employment, although the Tariff has set to work two bundled tbousund who but for it would now be famishing in con? strained idleness. IF we wish to be charitable to other Nations in this inspect, wc must first so ad? just our policy u3 to give ample and advantageous employment tu all our own people, and then we shall be able to buy liberally from others and will buy of their products. ?. It is cheaper jot us to ynake our Car? pets, Src. here than to have them made in Eng? land, no matter what the relative money price ma) be. It will take no more men to vvwave our Car? pets, Cloths, Sec. here than in England, while here it wili be far easier for us to feed and pay them There were lately thousands of men manufacturing for the American market in Europe whose whoh recompense tbervfor did not amount to a peck of wheat for a day's, labor, (many worked for les. tban half a peck.) Under a good Protective Ta? riff, these men will be attracted here to do this same work, and will here iecei\e from hall ?, bushel to a bushel and a half of wheat for even day's labor, because our priceo of labor, under t; steady Tariff, will command so much. Here these laborers und their families receive not merely bread enough to keep the breath of life in their bodies, DHt good clothing, houses, schooling, Sec. for theii labor, with a .share in the enjoymenl-i and turn forta of life. At tbe same time we ?ball get oui Cloths, ccc. cheaper than be tote?possibly not foi fewer dollars, but for less produce, because the eost of transporting and shipping it tu anothei continent will be saved, and divided between tin producers of Cloths and Food respectively. Thon our Fruits, Vegetables, &.c. &c which out Farm? ers can now haidly soil at any price, and our Eng? lish cloth-makers cannot afford to eat. w ill bear a good price, rinding a ready market with our man? ufacturers, who now in England must go w ithout them. Protection to American Manufactures is thus the cause of universal beneficence. It bene? fits directly our uwn people, and ultimately those who now manufacture for us in foreign Countries, though these may for a time suffer inconvenience from it, while the graduul transfer of Manufac? tures from Europe to this Country is in progress The British Landed Aristocracy. Church F.stab lishment and other non-producer.-' may suffer some diminution of incomes from this policy, but not the mass of the People. Kj* Mr. Martin Van Buren has written a letter to Mr. Henry Horn of Philadelphia, (said Horn having been a great advocate for the rechar tcr of the U. S. Bunk until vetoed, and then * fur Andrew Jackson, Bank or No Bunk,') in which, amid 6ome remarkably rich blarney, written in rather better English than he usually musters, he lets ' the party ' know that he ha* not declined to run again for President, ' but on the contrary quite the reverse.' So wo always supposed. This cor? respondence took place a year ago. hut was not deemed proper ' for the public eye ' till now! B3" The Madisonian settles the coftco of those who have been so confident that Mr. curtis would We removed from the Collectorship of this Port. " No change in this office has been made, and wc have no reason to believe any is contem? plated," >u)s ?lohn Jenes semiofficially.?We thought ay much when l'a\toH Hallett declared ?bat he would not take the Gollectorship?for the reason, doubtlc*.;.. that Jack would n't cut his supper. 03" The Standard is blustering from day to day about the U. S. Senator that its party mean to elect, and calls him Tillingham D. Howard. Hisnatneis. Tilghmnn A. Howard. Ho isn't Sen? ator yet. either. 03* The Northern Light, a vets excellent Lit? erary monthly, published at Albany, has passed into the Editorial charge of Alfred B. Street, one of our young Poets whose w orks givp fairest promise of future eminence. We copy an article from his pen, w hich appears >n the current num? ber. (Israel Post and Dayton & Newman arc tbe agents for the Light in this City- Price $1.) From Rio Jani;ir*>.?By the baik Globe, from Rio Janeiro, 21>t Sept.. wc learn thai all disturb? ances were quelled in the provinces of Minas? Gaeres and St. Paulo. Business was very dull in Rvo; nothing had occurred there worth mentioning. 33? Hie presentation of a pair of colors l?v the Young Ladies' Hope Temperance Societx to the Seventh Company of National Cadet*, took place last evening at Waabingtoo Hall. They were pre? sented by Mis* Isabella Cook in a neat and appro? priate addrcs.. which ?ej responded to. on 'their acceptance, by Col. Slippe,. 9m Reghmmt. m R spirited and felicitous Utanuer. The singin- was excellent and the attendance full and respectable 03* We understand that ou the ?1st instant there were transported over the New-York and Erie Railroad, and brought to this city, 1500 kegs of butter, weighing upwards of 50 vm*. On the same day the freight YVcstwurd was the largest evtr carried over the road. A Suicide.?We regret to learn that Mr. "Hency Purvianee, of Butler, Pa., committed sui cide, by shooting himself through the head with a rille. Mr. P. was aged about ">0 years, and u bachelor. He was supposed to labor under some j aberration of mind. Dr. Smith's Lectures oa Geology. No. iv. In opening fatt Lecture last evening, Dr. Smith said a few word* in explanation of tbe manner in which tbe strata of th?* Earth came to have their present position. The great difficulty, he said, consisted in conceiving, not where sufficient force to produce the result should be obtained, fur that was easy enough, but how it should have been ap? plied according to the law which we find did ac? tually govern it. After some brief remarks upon this point, he said he would farther digress from the main subject to state, that geological facts, taken collectively, explain a phenomenon which has engaged the attention of philosophers for many years?namely, the extraordinary power and in? fluence which England has so long exerted upon the globe. Different persons ascribe her over? shadowing supremacy to different causes: the shipping interests ascribe it to the navigation laws; the manufacturers to the manufacturing sys? tem ; the lawyers to the advamagesof the common iaw over the civil iaw. The 6rst two causes had beer, refuted by Adam Smith : the latter had pro? bably had some influence. b'Jt it must have been comparatively slight. Others ascribe it to ibe con? nection which existed betweca Church and State. But Bishop Holt art thought that this union did the Church no good, and probably, said Dr. S., ! be Oxford Theologians think so too. Some iscribe it again to the superiority of tbe Anglo Saxon blood ; yet this blood exists on the Conti? nent likewise, for it came thence. Some of these causes, without doubt, have had their influence; but the great cause, in Dr. Smith's judgement, lies D her physical advantages, and mainly in her geo? logical structure. Sho has. in this resspect, a uost decided advantage over all other nations of he earth. The only country that can compare with Iht is New-Zealand; for this island i? said to jo in the Pacific Ocean what England is in the German. It is an established fact that her sav iges surpass all the other -.avages of tbe earth in 'bysical strength. The physical advantage* which England enjoys iver othet nations consist, first, hi her being an ,land, and an island, too. of considerable size.? Ireland is not large enough tobe independent, and s yet too largo to lie quiet, as a dependent power. There is, to be sure, some luck in the history and greatness of England, which lias greatly aided her ?rogress. The folly of John and the stuj idity of James the >econd have doubtless contributed not a little to ?er advance ; but these causes arc onh partial nnd secondary. But, being an island, she is not obliged ?) keep in standing, for purposes of self-defence ?o large an army as are the Continental nations, ? ince nature ha? already furnished her a defence, then the harbors of England are very fine, much upeiioi to the French, and this will account for be great importance that has been attached tu the possession ot Antwerp. The soil too i;, ad mi ra? le? not yielding spontaneously, but atiil very pro? active, provided it is laboriously and industrious V cultivated. Then the climate predisposes her -.ituena to the laborious exertions rendered neces ?ary by her soil and also sustains them in it. Her minentraeh take mure violent exercise in the air hau in other countries, and the climate fortifies heir constitutions. It is found thus that the Ehg ish are physically the strongest men on the globe. Finally, it is this very upheaval of the strata of vbich we ha\e spoken that gives England the de? fied advantage over other powers. Coal and ther minerals, iron, clay, lime and the materials for manufactures are brought close to the surface >y these convulsions, and are moreover brought lose together and easily available. It is the min sral wealth of England, then, with these, other cir? cumstances ulrcady mentioned, that enables her to ?arry un her manufactures mure easily than uther :iations; and therefore to sell her productions heaper than tbey and thus to drain them of their ?vealih and build up her power upon it; for the nost powerful nations, as well as individuals, ate 'tose thai 1mso tiio must money. bacon in his lay said that knowledge was power, butnow-a-days uoney is the main element of itillucnce. Revelling to the tegular subject, Dr. S. said bat in ordor that the grunite of tbe earth should ? >ol. the chemical changes already noticeil must ike place. Calcium mu>l unite with oxygen, and >rm lime ; and so of other substances. The len? iency to combination is so strong tbul tins must iave taken place at an early day- After a while ? ator, which is the result of the combustion of ?xygen and hydrogen, would be formed. Whether Iiis was done suddenly, or slow ly by a grudual pro ;ess, it is not very easy to say. Dr. S. thought it ?.as done in both ways. The atmosphere being at but day very impute, its combustion would be -low. The next step was probably the combustion of lie immense quantity of carbon, to which rcfer ?nce has already been made, to form carbonic acid. > he dreary condition of the globe at that time may be readily imagined. When tbe earth cooled, t either formed large cavities, or it did not. If :ot, as the surface of the ocean is to that of the tnd as 3 to 1, and as the depth of the sea is found to vary from 3 to 10 miles?generally fixed at ??it could readily bo perceived that when the water was forming, the whole of the earth must have been covered by water a mile or two deep. If thai had been the fact, we should have no means if determining it. because thcie were then no -bells ui other materials tu perpetuate to us the ovidence cf the fact. All the proof wo have tends to show that there were large basins in which the vatcr tested; <t> is shown to some extent by the district of Auvergne, in which are now found plu t.mic pebbles, formed by the abrasion of the rocks by the water, as mentioned the other evening. Then" were five miles, then, ef sea, and the >ressure upon the bottom, ns will be seen, must have teen enormous. Salt water in weight i* to iron neatly as 8 to 1 ; the result, then, would be list we should have h pressure equal to that of a solid column of iron more than half a mile in light. If wc suppose the shells, then, at the k>ttotn to have had heat applied to them, and hen to have been subjected to this prodigious pressure, we should see bow shell? cuh? be con? sorted to marl, and all traces of them would be de? stroyed. I'his is confirmed by observations of marble, especially of the Carrara matblc. Tins proves to be merely dolomite, subjected to a heat and pressure sufficient to convert it to statuary .narble. When. then, we say that the Primary rocks .vre destitute ot fossils, we only indicate a fact, ;ol a theory : for if they had ever contained them, -vthou^li it is believed they never did,) all traces of them would have been lost. The causes which have produced these ureut chance- iu the condition of the Earth aie several. First, we have tbe action of the atmosphere ; sec? ond, that of water: third, of volcanoes; fourth, '.be agency of earthquakes ; fifth, the elevation and subsidence of large portions of the globe; and lastl,y i he effect produced by vegetables and ani? mals. As lo the first, the action of the atmosphere.thete is scarcely any substance which can long stand the action ef the air, especially added to that of wa? ter in the form of rain. Marble withstands it bet? ter than granite, because n can take no more car? bonic acid from the air; it is therefore much better lor building. Glass, even, cannot withstand this ictior. of the atmosphere. At West Point it is ?^'urid that the polished surfaces of instruments gradually wear away and require repolishing_ the great effect of tiie atmosphere and its watery particles results from its alternations of tempera? ture. When water falls into arissure of a rock, and ;reeves its force becomes immense. An English omeer at Quebec once filled a bomb-shell with wa ?rund then freie it; the bomb was burst, so pro? digious was the force. When you have a large quantity then in the fissure of a rock, the rock is rent asunder. In the Himroelaya Mountain* this result is often produced : and in summer we axe told the tumbling down of these loosened fragments renders a passage through them extremely hazard? ous. For this reason too the Southern exposure of a mountain is more sloping than the other. The winds also modify the surface of the globe. Upon the i-urface of the sea shore the wind throw? up sand, sometimes heaping it up 1 10 feet high. Then it becomes hard and forms freestone : under it is commonly found coal. The coal was first formed and then the sand was accu? mulated over it COYIZR and Brocniart, prosecuting their dis? coveries in the basin? of I'aris, came to the conclu? sion that the basin there had been elevated and depressed?at successive periods?-with every change of temperature?because very different classes of fossil remains were found. But we, now know jbetter. The basin was an estuary of a; wide river: and this river was stopped up by a sand bauk iike the one described. Being formed by tioods it would be fresh, and would contain shells of a peculiar character. Soon Dy action of the sea it would become salt, and so it would al? ternate from one to the other. But the flood also would brine d'>wn animals. Sec; so that we should nave land animals, sea animals, ..Vc. all existing in the same stratum. 'I bis undoubtedly explains the whole phenomenon. The force of tt.e wind in raising waves is not io gr at as is supposed: 10 or 15 feet are stated by Aknott as the greatest hight to which waves rise above the level. This is far ?hon of what people generally imagine. There must be a maxiinum for the hight of waves, a point beyond which, if the wind be increased the swell will be diminished. This is a necessary result. Still the swells have had ereat power, coming fr im the Western Ocean, striking upon the Hebrides and upon the coast of England, the granite rocks must be washed away. Dr. S.. -.aid he had once calculated how long it would take for England to be thus washed away, though it proved to be so long a time that he gave it up. Dr. BtJCKUAND thinks the coal of England will last only 1100 years ; others calculate 1700. I he process is going on at any rate, the debris being carried into the North Sea. Thersis sometimes an apparent accumulation, hut this is onlv tem? porary. Sand batiks thus formed block up bays, and oftentimes the space between that and the shores i; filled up so that land is formed; but the main process of abrasion is constantly though slow? ly going on. The next agent of which Dr. S. had to speak was Water. Rivers were the result of the up ucaval of t he Continent, for that this Continent had been upheaved there was no doubt. Then, and not till then, could rivers be formed. Now su|e uose this to have taken place; the water nearest the edge would flow oti first?and finally the whole would be drained. The val'ey would thus be eroded backward ; and this accounts for the fjet that tho dividing ridge is net the highest land, as is seen in the case of the Alleghanies. There is a cutioU3 citcumstaiice connected with the Mississippi. It runs from north to south, nnd its month is actually four miles higher than :t$ source?a resalt due to the centrifugal motion of the earth. Thirteen mile.', is the difterence be? tween the equatorial and the polar radius; and ihe river in Mowing 2000 miles has to rise one third of this distance?it being the. height of the equator above the pole. If this centrifugal force then were not continued, the rivers would flow back and the ocean would overflow the land. The rivers are finally supplied by Springs; and this brings us to the nature of Springs, and especially of the Artesian W:ells. Dr. S. exhib'ted a diagram representing the ba? sin of London, and essentially thatof Paris. Some of the strata are pervious to water ; but the chalk ii the first which is not. so that water does not percoiatebelow that stratum. The ordinary wells, then, go no deeper than that : but tho strata make h carve at a certain distance from London, the chalk then cropping out. Beyond that point, then, the water that falls runs l/clotc the chalk, and thus communicates to the strata bcueuth the basin of London?lying there also below the chalk. Then in digging through die chalk, we may thus reach water. Five sheets of water have thus been foun.l 1 .?foro tlio Icot wutor bcai-injj citatum Traa-rcaoliCtL There is no diffiulty, then, in understanding under what circumstances the.se Artesian wells will an? swer, only when the water is thus introduced from higher lands, running beneath the water-bearing strata. This renders perfectly intelligible tho Artesian wells of Paris?which have been sunk to the depth of 1800 feet. Ordinary springs are formed by water passing down to the first water-bearing stratum through the superincumbent soil which is pervious. Occa? sionally, however, the soil is washed away down to the water-hearing stratum and then we have a spring. Sometimes springs are formed by faults, which were explained the other evening. The Manhattan well Dr. S. said he could never quite understand; The well, he had understood, was never exhausted ; and to explain this he must suppose that it communicated with some reservoir. When water rushes along it carries with it allu? vium which it tieposites?depositing the gruatest quantity at the edge of the stream?the edge of the river being thus higher Uium the land at some little distance from it; thus in the main the Levee of New Orleans was formed?though somewhat raised by artificial means. This occasions ponds to bo formed behind the tidge sometimes, and this is one reason of the sick? ness of the Southern country. The formation and tilling up of lakes is worthy of attention. Oc a geological map of the United States, to the North lakes both great and small, may be seen to be abundant, while at the South they are very rare. This is a fact of which Dr. S. said he did not know the reason. A stream running through a lake gradually tills it up?fiist fillirig those nearest to its source. When they will receive nj more it is carried on,and so thayore all gradually filled. The lake of Geneva is undergo? ing this'process. At first the sand is coarse : a little further on, it is finer until at last it becomes mere mud. The Lake of Geneva, Dr. S. said, tills not quite a yard a year; die ratebeing inverse)) as the depth of the lake. The lakes of Scotland arc found to (ill up at the rate of six inches a century. There are also many small shell fish which have an influ? ence in filling up lakes. These are von,1 small, and shed their shells ; and tnese help to fill the lake. Mr. LTELt discovered that they attach themselves to o>iers, which float out and thus deposite them on the bottom. There is a little insect which attaches to itself Shell?, or oven, when they are not to be found, pebbles?forming indusial limestone : the *-hel!s remaining at the bottom connected together. In these several ways these lakes aie gradually filled UP The Recession ol the Fads of Niagara. Dr. S. s.^id would be the subject of his next Lecture. Historical Society's Lectures.?It will be seen by an advertisement in this paper that the Lectures of the Historical Society arc to commence jii Wednesday next, the 30th inst. Some change has been made in the arrangements on account of the recent iiluess of the Rev. Dr. Hawks, who will deliver the introductory Lecture. Ntw-YoRK Lyceum.?Mr. Perry, who Lect? ures on Texas before the Lyceum this evening, at tho Tabernacle, was formerly a resident of Texas und is personally acquainted with much that he describes. Besides, wc learn that he is an agreea? ble lecturer, and will not fail to gratify an audi? ence. We trust, therefore, that the Tabernacle will be well filled. OCP New-Haves, Conn, elected her Town offi? cers on Monday. The whole Whig Ticket prc ! vailed of course, by some 300 majority. [CP Mr. P. W. Chandler's Lecture on ' The Jurisrmidence of the Pilgrimsr before the Mercan? tile Library Association iast evening., was one of j much Historical interest. A few of it? striking facts, which may not be generally known, we may I here notice: In the first place, the Charter of the Province of Massachusetts Bay was strictly that of a Land or Emigration Company, having its ex? istence in England : but. after going on accordingly for a brief period, it was found not to prosper, and ! the bold resolution was taken of transferring the Company and Charter at once to the distant tract which the former had undertaken to settle under the guidance and protection of the latter. Ihis bold resolve was promptly executed? the Charter was made the basis of a Provincial Government; ! and. though the complete perversion of its powers from their original purpose was afterward re? marked by the Crown, and its surrender thereupon demanded, the demand was evaded, and. not being pressed with much resolution, wes successfully withdrawn. Such was the slender and equivocal j foundation of a framework of Government, under which th-i most extreme powers. Legislative and Judicial, were claimed and exercised for many years, being enforced with a high hand, and utterly unchecked by any kingly Veto or even revision ; Legislation not having entered into the original in? tent of the Charter. It was in like manner held that the power of the British Parliament, omnipo? tent as it proverbially is. did no: extend to this Province. The Charter contemplating a Governor, Assist? ants and Freemen, (synonimous with the Presi? dent, Directors and Stockholders of our present Corporations.) the Freemen or Stockholders were required to assemble four times a year to consider the affairs of the Company. After the transfer, the growth of the Colony rendering a quarterly as? semblage of the ' Freemen,' as now understood, burthensome rif net impossible, each Township was, by a mere act or by-law, authorized to depute two of its Freemen to attend in place of the whole number?and this w as the origin of the llspresent. ativc system in New-England. These Represents, tives, with the Governor and Assistants,formed the ' General Court,' which was at once Legislative. Court of Equity ar:d Chancery, and in good pair. Bench of Bishops and Controller of Manners also, since it prescribed tbe Religion which should be believed and obeyed, punishing infidel*, blasphe? mers, witches, and heretics with whipping, banish? ment and death, fined 01 Hogged those who did not regularly attend Church and have their children baptized, and went the whole hug against profane i and gaudy fashions, wearing costly and gay appa j rel, gteat breeches, long hair, or using tobacco, as sober and decent people should. There was a goud deal of merriment in ihe citations from these early enactment.-, and the Lecturer was careful not to increase it by any jokes of his ow n. The Governor, Assistants and Fteemen for a lime all sat together, forming but one house. At length, in their omnivorous vocation of law-makers and judges uf law and high resort, a case came beforo them respecting a pig, which was claimed bv a widow and counterclairaed by a wealthy citi zen. The Freemen sided with the widow; the Governor and Assistants w ith her opponent. As the Freemen were n;o&t numerous, they were about to v ote the pig to the w idow witbout'eeremouy, but the Governor and Assistants resisted by clearing out and breaking up the sitting. A compromise was finally effected, by which the Governor and As? sistants were allowed to form one House, the Free? men another, each to have a negative on ail acts of the other. In Judicial cases, however, all were to sit and voto together. Thus a pig became the fatlro, <>f lLo Coiiatt wf Jr-InssaiAjusttto. ?We have not room to follow the lecturer far? ther. A discourse less literally Historical, and more inbuedWith tho spirit and philosophy of the Puritan Legislation and Jurisprudence, would have more strictly answered the expectation we had formed from the announcement of the Lecture; but it was well written, concise, and beard with interest throughuut. Thomas McCuv.?A pamphlet containing a Memoir of the Life and Character of Thomas Mc? Coy, with an account of the horrid Prize-Fight at Hastings in which he was beaten to death by Chris? topher Lilly, closing with appropriate reflections suggested thereby, has been written by a benevo? lent Lady of this City, and printed for the benefit of the bereaved und destitute Mother of the vic? tim. It is calculated to exert a m?st salutary in? fluence un our thoughtless and giddy Youth, who are too easily drawn into the associations and im? pulses which have sent the generous and affection? ate McCoy to a premature and urihonored grave. Price $1 per hundred; 12.3 cents single. It may be obtained at this office. Correspondence ot" The Tribune. Trial of the Prize-lighter* nearly rertched. Wmrt Plains, Tuesday Nov. 22. >ir .? Tbe Grand Jury came into Courl last night wilb a new bill of indictment against ihe parlies implicated in the 1 riot, which ended in the death of Thomas McCoy. This, imlict.'iieut ? hartes Christopher Lilly; William Fonl.Jobu McCleester, James Stanford; Henry sbanlroid, J?s. Sulhvau John Winchester, George Keaseu, Richard Fagan, Juhn( Austen, John 31c Gee, John Han is, Chat tea Kiley, Sawyer ! itymes, Sam'l bearsley, Joseph .Murphy ai;d Jacob Somer. iwdyke; with manslaughter, it is understood t?at ibis addi? tional bill was necessary, in consequence o! '.here being sotnr technic*! flaw i-j the other two, which the ingenuity o' Uif prisoner'- Coun-tl could pUee in such a light as to bring about an acquittal. Tlie Attorney General with D. Graham and Wm. M. Price artiscd this morning, and there is little doubt at pre? sent but that ail the parties mil be put on their trial at the i same lime. The District Attorney has told me he shall prb | ceed to-night. The irial of the negro Watsbn Simmons was taken up I last night and resumed this tnorniag at the earl) hour of nine o'clock. The testimony is entirely unfit lor publication. The Jury foundbim irmltyoi' the assault o !> . The laial prire-right bids fair 10 furnish plenty 01 work lor the lawyers. This morning on the arrival of the mail, a man named Kuward Sprague, who is in attendance here as a witness, took ofleace at some complimentary account of hi> doings, which appeared in the Herald of the same morn iog. He met Mr. Camp?who is also a witness here?appo? site the Court Room end indicted a severe blow on Camp's face. Further proceedings of the same kind were evidently contemplated ay ihv panics when the bystanders inter? posed and had them sepiralrd Mr. Camp has siuce gone before the Gram! Jury- oo*' in session, and Master Sprague stands indicted for Uie affray. Th- Court has heen occupied ties morning in trying rauier a singular case, beim: nothing less than the indict nienl of a Justice o! the Peace for a niisdem?>aRor, id r^tus ins lorx-uuineinioarliirge which had been preferred before him. It appeared that one James Purdy went to Justice Timothy ?. Burgher, aad made a complaint against Mr. Alex. W ells, the Surrogate of the County, on which cora plaiBt a warrant wi< issued and Mr. Wells arrested and carried Iviorc tbe Justice. Mr. W. then demanded ihatthe Justice should proceed to examine inio the truth or falsity ofthe charge forthwith. This course tbe Justice refused to pursue, or even t? examine the Statutes where his duties as a Justice are explicitly definoL The Justice insisted that the arhdarit of Purdy was enough without any examina? tion, and held Mr. W. to bail to appear at the Sessious. Tbe latter was quite indignant at the conduct of Squire Burgber, and as sooo as the Grand Jury met, he got the Squire indicted. Mr. Tompkins, as counsel for the Squire, coateuded ihat his clieuibad erred in his knowledge of tbe law, and could not be punished for his judicial errors, for if Judges were to be hela liable for such errors, this County would not con? tain thejurors necessary 10 try the Justices of Peace and Judges that wonld be indictable. Tbe case will, in all probability, go to the jury in about ao bour, asd then an attempt will be made to emparel a jury' to try the Pme Fighters and their adherents. There are jo many well known characters dnn-a here from lb* city, ihn it is ditncalt to hebere ones self oat of one rd yocr ciiy Courts The jurors, however, have a very diilen-m appearance, being composed if the substantial yeomanry and mechanics of the County, and there is little doubt that an example will be made of some of your rowdies. ?*reat Gale ob Lake JBrie. A furious gale look place on Lake Erie on Fri? day last and tho night following, accompanied by a driving fall of snow, which rendered the atmoa phere so thick as to obstruct the vision at a few yards* distance. The weather was v ery cold withal, and we fear the damage done on the Lake was very great. The Buffalo Commercial of Saturday evening recounts the following disasters within a few miles of that port : The schooner Jefferson. Capt. Dougall. went ashore at 6 o'clock last night, about three miles above Buffalo light-house, and is a total wreck,at? tended with a melancholy loss of life?one eatire family, husband, wife and rive children, together with a young woman, and one of the men belong? ing to the vessel, having perished 1 Capt. Dou gali, from whom we have the painful recital, says that about two hours after his vessel beached, the companion-way was washed off, and the children and voun? woman, drowned in the cabin nnd foic eastle. A portion of the crew had got ashore, in quest of help, and were endeavoring to rescue the tanr.lv. The mate wrapped his overcoat around tho woman, und tried to keep her warm by walk? ing her to and fro on the beach, but she soon be? came exhausted and incapable of motion, and was ?laced in the boat which had washed up, where she died in a short time. Her husband was de? lirious on reaching shore, and attempted to escape into the swamp near by, but perished within a short distance. One of the hands belonging to ; the vessel, named James Bruce, got into the swamp and was likewise lost. The family were from Hartford. Cr.?names unknown?tho children aged from li years downwards. The Jetierson was owned by J. W. Ransom, of Chicago, and was bound for nut port, with a cargo of 500 bar? rels salt, 10 tons iron, and some merchandise, which will be mostly lost?shipped by J. Murray & Co. of this city. The crew succeeded, about midnight, in setting on board the brig Olive Rich? mond, beached below them, in a greatly exhausted state. When our reporter reached the vessel this fore? noon, the figure of the young woman above men? tioned was discovered standing in an upright pos? ture, in the forecastle companion-way, frozen stark ind -'iff. with hands partly raised in an in.ploring po?tu'o, and her eyes fixed with a cold and stony Zuie upon the sfcoie. The brig Olive Richmond, a new vessel. Capt. Dorchester, went ashore about a mile below the Jefferson, earlv yesterday afternoon. She was bound up in ballast, and will be got off without ?iamagc. The schooner Walter Joy. Capt. Lacy, went ashore about the same time, near the Olive Rich? mond, with a deck load of Hour, which will bo partly lost, 'out. the vessel will be got off with tri timg injury. Th- brig Fiance1* Mills, Capt. Langley, went ashore on the Canada side, three miles below Point Abino, at 2 o'clock, P. M. vesterduy. She lies [tartly filled with water, by which the lower tier of bei cargo, consisting of merchandise, w ill be in? jured. She was bound for Chicago and Sr.. Jo? sephs ; will probably be got off. The schooner Edwin Jenny, Capt. DavUou, dragged her unchors nnd went ashore below Point Abino. a iittle above the Frances Mills. She was loaded with stone for some port up the Lake. We have been furnished w ith the following fur? ther particulars by Pomeroy *tCo. of the package F.xpress to Buffalo, dated Saturday, Nov. 19th : So far as information has been received, out worst apprehensions have been realized of the diu astrous effects of the gale. The following addi? tional vessels are reported as wrecked : Sehr. Indiana, loaded with salt for Chicago, to ta] wreck. Sehr. Mississippi, Capt. Raymond, for Kingston, loaded with flour and pork, total wreck. Sehr. Ohio, Capt. Robertson, light. Sehr. M. Kinginan, freight not known, lies high and dry, and is supposed will bo got off without much damage. The above vessels ate all on Gravely Bay. Sehr. Florida, loaded with llotir, pork and whiskey, ashore a little above Point Abino, total wreck. Sehr. Henry Roop, Captain Fisk, 2000 bushels corn, at Silver Creek. Of the vessels heard from, eleven in number, all have been wrecked, in a distance of some twenty miles from Buffalo, which is thoextent of die coast beard from; what the effect has been beyond is unknown, but it is apprehended will prove most fearful. The steamers Great Western and Wisconsin, from the upper lakes, and due at Buffalo on Thurs? day, had not arrived. The canal is closed at Ro? chester and Westwatd. [Post. Gale on Lark Ontario.?A letter just received from Oswego, dated Nov. 19, says: " We ure in the midst of one of our most tre? mendous westerly gnlc*. A schoener, from mis? management, has just been driven on the East bar, within the piers, and must be lost. I never saw a more prodigious sea running. Farther advices we fear will swell the tide of suffering for days yet. No steamboats had arrived down the Lake for twenty-four hours. We lenrn verbally that the Erie Canal as far East as Roch? ester closed with ice on Saturday night?doubtless from the effect of the snow-fall. We fear that bv this time the Canal is nearly closed throughout, greatly to the disappointment and loss of the mer? cantile community, who have now millions' worth of Produce embarked on it or awaiting tran?por tation the wrong side of Albany. The water rose live feet in Buffalo Harbor, and the Rochester packet of Friday night had not reached Buffalo on Satttduy at 2 P. M. CCP A man named Reis has been arrested at WormleysLurg.Tir charged with the perpetration of recent heavy robberies at Hancock, Md. In his bureau was found several bags of silver and a note for $1,000 known to have been oee of the stolen notes. The officers are on the lookout for a sus suspected accomplice. Mb rder.?A most brutal murder was commit? ted in the town of Keesville, Essex County, on the :;;,'ht of the 12th inst. David Bishop, a me? chanic, returned to his home late at night, and beat his w ife until he caused her death. It is sup? posed that the brute threw her from a bank upon tbe rocks of a small stream near the hou.-e. He was found perfectly unconcerned in the morning, with the body of his murdeied wife, horribly man? gled, lying on the bed. He pretended she bad fallen and fainted. The villain was committed for trial [AlbanyDaily Adv. Melancholy Accident.?We learn that Capt. Jonathan Dodge late of Salem, Mass., while com? ing up to this city yesterday forenoon in the sloop Lapwing, commanded by Capt. Jonathan B. Dodge i of Sedgwick, waa knocked overboard, and after swimming a short distance towards the shore sunk. He was about sixty-live years of age, and was well acquainted with a seaman's life. [Bangor Whig. Steamboat Accident?The Fair Play was f nagged and sunk in live feet of water on Wednes? day, just above our city. The losses on the river still continue. We hardly open a mail without having to record to some such accident upon oar western waters, and yet. comparatively speaking, ' western men say little, and do less to prevent t-hem. [Cincinnati Gazette. tXF We learn from the Quincy Patriot, that Rev. John Gregory, elected Representative ftom that town in the Massachusetts General Court, was, on Friday last, on the complaint of Thomas Drake brought before John J. Clark, Esq. of Roxburv^ charged with the crime of Polygamy. Several wintnesses were examined, the result of which was to place the nccused under bonds of one thou? sand dollars for his appearance at the December term of the Court of Common Pleas at Dedbam. Tbe Alabama Outrage We mentioned a few day* since the horrible murder of Geo. W. Lore in Glenville, Ala. p^. petrated with great deliberation by one hundred j and thirty citizens of that town. We fiad tbe fbi j lowing additional particulars ef the affair in ^ j Hartford Times?derived from E. R. Green Esq. of that City?a near relation of the unfortunate victim:? " Mr. Lore was a native of Cumberland County, N. J.; his father and his young widow with two children, now reside in the State of Delaware. ISO'S Mr. Lore went to Irwinton?a town ?hici had been built and established by his uncle a few years previous, on the Chatahooche river, sad which now contains a population of aboat four thousand inhabitants. During his residence then? he married a young lady of wealth. beiuugiag to 4 family between whom and a family by tbe name ot' Mitchell, there had existed an eternal enmity! Soon after the marriage Mr. Lore went to reside on his plantation, a few miles from Irwinton. Ic the <prinj of 1340. the body of a man, afterward, recognized as that of Henry Blake, was found dead is a hollow tree about two miles from his planta? tion. A jury was summoned, Mr. Lore being one of them, and a verdict of' wilful murder and high? way robbery' was given against some person or persons, unknown. Mr. Blake was the nephew of Mr. Lore's nearest neighbor and bitterest enemy, one of fne Mitchell family, at whoso instigation, without a solitary circumstance to justify it. Mr. Lore was arrested by a posse ot Blake's friends, dragged to Glenville, Blake's native place, treated most inhumanly and confined in a prison which was constructed for that purpose. Meamime, to quell the excitement that existed, legal proceedings had been instituted, and the pri? soner admitted to bail of $10,000. No sooner bad he been set at liberty and returned to his plants tien, than these same arch-fiends who have now consummated their outrages by murdering him. again seized him and dragged him back to prison. An order was then made by Judge Booth, of the Circuit Court, for the release of Loie?the mob tore tho order into fragments, and compelled the Sheriff who served ic, to retreat from the town.? At length, however, Mr. Lore was released by giving bail of $20,000 to the satisfaction of hii persecutors. He returned to hi* home fearing that he should be assassinated, he left the country and returned to his father's residence, where he remain, ed until tho time of his trial. He w ent back, hs was put upon his trial, making no defence, asther? was no proof against him except that an old lady, the aunt ef Blake, swore she saw them ride by her house together about a month before tho body was ? found, although they were wholly unacquainted with and had never seen each othct?and as no precise time was fixed when the murder was alleged to have been committed, he hud no oppui tunity t o prove an alibi. No verdict w as tendered against him. ami he was admitted to bail to under? go another trial. Me underwent three trials, mak? ing no defence at either of them?and having spent bis time during the successive intervals at Phila? delphia. At the third trial, as we stated, he. was found guilty on the testimony of Blake's aunt. Judge Booth granted an appeal to the Supieme Court, which reversed the whole proceedings, declaring the testimony to be " ucfit to be received by anj I Court of Justice recognized among civilized na- I lions." Previous to this, by the advice of his un- i cle, Mr. Lore left the prison in which he was con : fined at Abbeville, the keeper opening the door ? and aiding his escape, and returned to his family ? in Delaware, where he has spent his time ever \ since until a few days ago. whim he returned | ? among his enemies to look after and secure hit j property. Before he had returned, however, , Mitchell, the man at whose iujtigation? he was tirst anested, had been charged with the murde jf Blake, and arrested as his murderer.' Thii i fact greatly incensed the friends of Mitcnell against the unfortunate and innocent Lore, who arrived a, his plantation on the 2d inst., was surrounded by; them, dragged to Glennvilie, and, in defiance of] his repeated oaths and protestations ef innocence 1 I hung him! Mr. Lore has several fu'ends in this cily and large number in Massachusetts, having spent *oiu chree years at the Wesleyan Academy at Wiibra hum, previous to his going South. By all he will be remembered us a high-minded, virtuous and honorable young man, who never had an enemy before ho fell into the hands of the lawless gang who murdered him ; but who was universally be ioved and respected. He has fallen a victim to ihe most hellish passion that can dwell within the human breast, and the country, the people and the iaws of Alabama are disgraced, most foully dis graced, in the horrible transaction which has rob bed him of his life. New Arrangement.?The winter arrangement of the Stonihgton Railroad and the Transportation Company commenced yesterday. The boats leava Stonington for New-York Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, and will leave New-York for Ston? ington, Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Boats will run from Norwich on the intermediate days. The Mabch of Intellect.?Our advertising colaros? announce the delivery of a series of Lectures on the Pecu? liarities of the English Language, by Mr. Wright, author of Philosophical English Grammar. During thfse Lec? tures, Mr. W. proposes to expose certain defects in the use . of the English verb, as b itherto understood. The impor? tant particulars which he professes to develope must to gage gen? ral attention, inasmuch as it concents all, espe? cially gentlemen of (belegal profession. TT To-day i*; appointed for" tbe benefit of the Hogh? family at the New-York Museum. The atttrnctians pre seated will be very powerful. There will he a perfonnauc? at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, and also in the evening. We expect ? great number of children will patronize thrir little benefictares. There is a beautiful live n-Mte deer with pink ^yeJ, a great curiosity, at the Museum. TT Mr BoHai?t's Concert on Monday evening was ver/ fully attended, and seemed to give universal nnd entbot? astic na'ist'action We had no conception of ihe capabili? ties, the power or the sweetness of the violincrllo till me heard the wonderful effects which am produced upon it b* the magic touch of Mr. Bohrer. With the compass aiA flexibility of the violin, it has much greater dep.h and rieb nevi of tone, and seems equally sui able, in the hands of M :nasier io interpret die brilliant and gay fiourishc-i ol Rot aim, or the lender and mournful thoughts of Bellini, hi imitative powers are very remarkable, and can be aopr ciaied by tbe most unlearned in music, while ti,e taste t?A execution of Mr. Bohrer command the applause of UV most discriminating connoisseur. NEW TEMPERANCE NOVEL TT To- ?Iorrow TOoming will be issued in iff EXTRA NEW WORLD, an original and beautifully wit ten Novel, by a popular American author, entitled FRANKLIN EV ANS, or THE INEBRIATE. A Tale or the Times, dedicated to the frienWsof Tem? perance in this Cily and throughout iL? L'uien. It **> written with a vjvw to aid the great work of reform, aid rescue young men from the Demon of Intemperance. Tf incidents o! the plot are wrought out wi?i great effect, and the excellence of iis moral, and the beneficial innceuce it will have, should interest the friends of the TempersiiC Reformation in giving this Tale die widest possible circu? lation. TT Single copies m certs; $3 per hundred. Kor nie ?< tbe office of die New World, 30 Ann-street, and by ioa^ttu m every cily and village in America. TT Also for sale, Cooper's New Novel, ? WING AM WiNG,' at 30 Ann-street, and -139 Broadway, corner o* Grand-street, where may be had all thecbeap b*?k>ln iv Iras, at 12? to25 cents each. ?22 2t (2)_WINCHESTER, Publisher. O'The Popular Remedy lor all those forms of which, when neglected, end in Consumption,such from any cause, sore throat. hoar?ene?s, and the l?tt-*-? Hygein? Ho rebound Candjr?is the moot popular and j*" cessfdl remedy, and is noiselessly supplanting all ^'frj: pretended compounds vaunted so impudently by ficoUW and manufactured certificate makers. Sold wholesale Sa? retail at 432 Broadway. TT G. Sac* dc as, In vector" aod Manufacturer of u* ,i Metalic Tablet Razor Htrop. 163 Broadway. o? Its IC* Public attention"? particularly called to tbe extrKf dinary cuse of cure from (he use of that inestimable reraeiT* Parr's Lire Pills. _ "7" All should read this.?v>in;er has now wwatiaeanjajj Coughs cured for One Shilling.? Such are tbe ^''^Z, properties of Professor Jones's Cough Candy, oi Ccrjpoa-* Extract of Tolu and Spanish Moss, dial if person* sre *S satisfied with the benefits received from il, the money be returned io them. This is fair dealing. Surely ?? try this who have Coughs, Cold*, Consume'ion, Spitt?? a Biooo, A.-Uima, Whooping Cough, b.c. Jfrld f?r j ? lh>2 a package liy T. J?r.et, of th? American *??*?'" Chatham-street.Ne-v-York, or 1C9 Follon-sireel, Brces'7* Try it ouce.