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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, December 23, 1842, Image 2

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THE TRIBUNE.
FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23.
FOR PRESIDENT,
HENRY CLAY,
or KE.-TCCKY.
ET Democratic WhigGratr'-l Committee.
?A special me*.ine of this Cu.nmittee will be beld at ih*
Broadway IIoos** on Friday Evening. Dw*emiw*r 23, at 7
o-eloek. ELLIS POTTER, Chairnwn.
1; 5* "0KA*T HaW*- i Secretaries. ._, a
K.E Cowlm. )_ <S222t
XT Our friend? w bo design to favor us with their adver
vlsements wl.'f please bear in mind that our terras are CASH
and however unpleasant it may be for us to rcfu?-, vc ?**r"
not liert-afler permit tiiis rule lo be infringed. Our Ledger
_ full, and we have no Collector.
OT A further supply of Wing-and-Wing andI Tfce-Spy,
by Cooper, are received and for sale at tiie Tribune otnce
_io,TheTwoAdmiraU-allumform edition*. Price for
each complete iu two vols., Wcerru.
S3- The second No. of BiufDt'* Encyclopedia is ready
this morning. Price 25 ceo?*?
XT The New World Annual, done up In wrappers ready
fcir ma" g t?Ty be had at the office of The Tribune 16?
N_*? tS_?3f?_e the City Hall. Postage to any place
In the United States only three cents.
fry? For a Notice of Macaulay's Miscel?
lanies, City News, Leuer frem Philadel?
phia, -fee?, see First Page.
(?/?* For a Ghost at Noon, Political His?
tory, and Artesian Wells, see Last Page.
iitit'-r from Europe.
The B ritan ma arrived at Boston on Wednes?
day afternoon, bringin? Liverpool dates to the
4th inst. The most ira jiortant intelligence is that
of the End of the War in China, the conclusion of
a treaty of peace and the establishment of com?
mercial intercourse between the two nations. The
following embraces an outline of proceedings in
ihe East :
IMPORTANT FROM CHINA.
By the over-land mail, which brings dates from
Bombay to Oct. 15th, th*? important news of the
final close of the Chinese War has been received.
It appears that Nasking >ielded in consteraiion
to the British without striking a blow. A circu?
lar of Sir Henry Pottinger dated July 24th give?
the part'culars of the storming of Keangfoo and
the lubt-equent operations against Nanking. From
this it appear* that on the 6th of July the rquad
Ton left Woosung, and on ihe 14th destro}ed son.o
batteries which command the river. On the 20th
the vessels anchored off Keang-foo, the key to the
grand canal, and on the fullowing morn.Dg the
troops disembarked, and proceeded to attack the
city, and a neighboring camp of the enemy. The
latter wan carried at once, tho Chinese flying
in all directions ; but the city, which waa strong.)
fortified, was defended with devoted gallantry :
one-third of the garrison of 300? Tartar soldiers
laying down their live? in the hopeless struggle.
Amont- the killed were forty Mandarins ; and the
general, when all was lost, repaired to his house,
seated himself in a chair in calm and brave de
?pair, and making the servants set tho building on
fire, was consumed to a?hes. On the part of the
Britinh there were killed four officers and 11
?wounded, and 134 men were killed and wounded.
The fleet the nproceeded towards Nanking.took up
its position there on the 6th of August, and imme?
diately prepared for an assault on the city. A
Strong force was lunded, and operations were about
to commence, when suddenly the Chinese solicited
a truce, intimating the approach of a d??le*-ation
from the Emperor. Throe Commissioners, one of
whom was of the royal house, arrived on the 15th.
8nd on the 29th of August a treaty was Bigned on
board H. M. S. Cornwallis, by them and Sir Hen?
ry Pottinger, of which the following are the arti?
cles t
" 1. Lasting peac? and friendship between ti;s two Em?
pires.
"*_ China to pay $21,000,000 In the course of tiie present
and three succedii'*; years.
"8 The ports of Canton, Amoy; Poo-chow-fno, Ninp:
poo, anil.Shanghai to he thrown open to Briti-h merchants;
cou?, jlur -. flieers to be appointed to reside at ihem ; and r?*-.
ular and*}v??t tariiT-? of import and export (as well as inland
traniit) ?lutie?to be pstablished ;md pub?Mied.
*?? 4. The i?liind of Hong-Kong to be ceded in pr-rpetuity
to Her Britnnnic Majest**, her befrs nt.d *.ucres?ors.
**5. All subjects oi' Her Britannic Majesty (whether na?
tives of Europe or India) who may be confined in any part
of ihe Chinese Empire to be unconditionally released.
?' 8. An net of foil and entire amnesty In be pablish?il by
the Emperor, under his l?iperlal Sign. Manual and Seal,
to nil Chinese suhjeel?, on account of their having held ser?
vice or intercourse with, or resided under, the British G-av?
ernment or ils olhc.'ts.
?*7. Corre?pon dence to be conducted ?n terms of perfect
equality an.i.n<*st IheofBcrsof both Governments.
?* 8. On the Kniperor'sas.eot being ie?*eiv?-d to this trenty
and the payment of the rirsi instalment, $6.000,000, Her
Brltann'c .V-?j?*sty's forces in retire from Nanking awd th?
Grasxl Canal, and the military posts at Chinhai to be also
-withdrawn, but the islands of Cbusnn and KalangKOO are to
be held until the mo.**** payments and the arrangements for
openiu-r the port?? be completed."
A postscript to Wiirner'a American News-Let
tor announces that the Empei or of China has given
his adhesion to the treaty, but refuses to sign it un?
til Her Majesty's signature is received. This,
however, is merely a matter of etiquette, and half
of the first instalment agreed to by the treaty has
been paid. The English fleet will winter at
Chusan.
The payment of the money due by the Chinese
is, it is stated, to bo effected in the following man?
ner: immediate payment, $6.000,000; in 1843,
$6,000,000 ; in 1844, $5,000.000 ; in 18 45,
?4,000,000. It is said that of the $21,000,000
to We paid by the Chinese, $3,000 are for Hong
merchants' debts, $6.000 for the opium, and the
remaining $12,000,000 for tho expenses of the
war.
FnoM ArFGHANiST-i** the news is equally im?
portant and favorable. The report that Gen. Not!
had been attacked by the Governor of Ghuznee.
appears to hav? been true; but Sumuoodeen was
repulsed, and finally routed on the 30th of August.
The British los*? was 36 killed and 68 woundod.
On the 5th of September Ghuznee was invested,
but the enemy evacuated it without striking a blow,
when this stronghold of the Affghans was entered
by tho British, and in a few days became a hf-np
of ruin?. Gen Pollock, in his advance to Cabu!,
was opposed at tiie Te zee n Pass, on the 13 th of
September, by 1C 000 of the en-my, whom he re?
puted with great slaughter. The next dav he ad?
vanced to Boodkhak; on the 15th he enca-nped on
the race-eourso of Cabul; and on the 16th tb?
-Bntwri color? waved over the Bala Htssar. Ali
the pmoners were rescued, with only one exception.
Tiie Governor General has issued a Proclamation.
declaring that the British army will now be with?
drawn, and the A8ghao3 feft t0 u creat0 % _
ment amidst the ??ch, which is the consequence
of their crimes. W? doubt if the Affghans will
refuse to be comforted becaU$e of the5r ?c ?
From E.n-ol.nt* there U ?_ot rauch ^ of .^
portance. Anti-Corn-Law meeting,? continue, to
be held and fully attended, and it is conSdcntlv ex?
pected in many quarter?-? that tho Corn-Laws will
be abolished. Two gentlemen, proprietor? of
land near Kilkenny, named Scully and Mortimer,
were recently assassinated, as is supposed, by
tenants whom they had ejected. Manufacturing
interests are decidedly improving, and there is a
great degree of activity in the Liverpool Cotton
market. A mili in that city which cost ? 120,000,
and has bean standing still three or four years, has
been retaken and will immediately go to work. At ?
London business is net as brisk?tboagh better ?
ihan heretofore. At Manchester, Rochdale and |
Leeds a marked improvement is manifest, though
prices have not advanced.
Three captives have been made of slavers by the
croiser Water-Witch?a amall vessel on the 29th ;
of August, with 63 slaves; on tho 28ib, a schooner
and on the 21st September a large brigantine at
anchor in Elephant Bay, ready to embark 400 J
- laves, who were waiting oh shore. What will be J
done with the negroes is not known, unless, like j
others, they should be sent as apprentices to the
British W. I. Islands.
Accounts have been recerved in London of the
massacre by the natives of the Treasury Islands in
the South Seas, of part of the crew of the Cffley,
whaler, consisting of sixteen person*. Some in?
tercourse with the natives had been held and two
of the crew had deserted. Soon after a chief
came to the vessel and stole a razor with which he
i'ndeavored to escape by swimming, but was shot
through the back by the mate. Tho next day a
number of the crew were fishing in the small boat
when an immense body of natives ru-ihed upon
them, shot four with arrows and otherwise killed
jwelve?the rest escaping to the ship.
Spain.?There ?seems to have been a very seri?
ous insurrection at Barcelona against the Regent
espartero. The troops, under Zurbano, were first
insulted, and on resisting, were assailed by the
people from every side?hurling bricks and mis
?iles from the house-tops?and led on by Durando.
The government leader, after having a horse killed
under him by a chest of drawers, retreated to the
citadel. Hostilities were soon after suspended.?
The junta of Barcelona issued a proclamation sta
:ing the demands of the people to be 1. Esparte?
ro'? dethronement; 2. Constitutional Cortes, and
:>. Justice and Protection for National Industry.
The Cortes promised aid to Espartero, who pre?
pared for bombarding Barcelona, and issued his
proclamation against the insurgents. His pr?par?
ation had the desired effect, and his power was
thus greatly strengthened by the outbreak.
-??*?
[CF" The Union mistakes us entirely. We found
fault with it neither fur saying that Com. Macken?
zie ' would be acquitted by a naval court martial,'
?or for calling the navy the ' aristocratic branch of
the service ;' but for intimating that he would of
course bo acquitted by that tribunal?no matter
what might be bis guilt?because that was the
:u istocratic branch of the service. This was the
spirit of its remarks, and conveys, we think, a re?
proach as unjust to the impeached tribunal as it is
injurious to the efficiency of this right arm of the
..utional defence. The Editor's suggestion that
? h? rules and regulations of the Naval and Militar)'
Courts ought to be modeled upon those of our civil
'ribunala, seem9 to us quite as novel as bis'd?fini
i ir?n of the word aristocracy, by which he " means
ho power and the will todo as they please." Noi
<an we see what the Sun's gas about ' upstart boys'
>:nd 'crouching slaves' has io do with this case of
Com. Mackenzie. The following article from the
?ladisonian strikes us as peculiarly ju.it and wcll
'ined; and we shall most cheerfully comply with
?ta recommendation :
The L;. S. Brig Somers.?Tho melancholy
'?rcurrence on board this ship, and the conse?
quences of good or of evil to those concerned, re
'?lire the greatest caution and deliberation befare
l'le public mind arrives at any conclusion concern
'?>% it. The facts cau only be truly nnd fully ex
iibited before the constituted tribunals of the
country, and it becomes therefore the duty, as we
!>.*lieve, of the conductors of the public press, to
abstain, as far as practicable, from giving expres?
sion to opinions, until a full and fair investigation
ii made into the matter. Tho Government has
ordered that inquiry. A Court, composed of men
? if the highest character, and whose names are
most endeared to the country, has already been de
**ii!ed. Justice will V?e done?full justice. We
therefore deem it improper to admit into our col?
umns any further remarks or comments upon the
? iibject, except such as the Department ??hall au
horize. Nothing has yet been published under its
lUtbority. Justice to the dead and to the living,
?i!ike require that we should do nothing to pr?*ju
?ice the case in the mind of the court or of the
.-?iiintry. Tho honor of the service, und the in
!'*-rrity uf the law?, are safe in the hands of the
public tribunals. Let us abide their decision.
UUP Upon our last page is another number of
" Political History." It will be feuud to contain
many ver)' interesting particulars concerning the
Pilgrims who first landed upon the Shores of New
England. Their original Charter with the names
i if its signers is given.
Christmas Presents.?Mr. Winchester, of
(he New World, has just published an octavo
pamphlet of nearly 70 puges, double columns, con?
fining ?elections from the best English Annuals.
. riginal Talcs, ?.te.?the whole illustrated by some
lorty engravings.
?
CP A communication in the Newark Adverti
-er, which the Editor says comes from a perfectly
responsible source, confirms the rumor that a great
number of Bibles were recently burned by the
Catholic priest near Chuzy, in Clinton Co., N. Y.,
?is stated from the Journal of Commerce. It states
?hat efforts have been made within the last year
to introduce the Bible extensively among the Ca?
tholic population, and that they have been success?
ful. Quite a number, in consequence, have left
ihat church, and this so enraged the resident priest
'.hat he resorted to the outrage alluded to. The
people generally of Chazy condemn it strongly,
and are engaged in making up ihe loss to those
who suffered.
Virginia.?In order to meet deficiencies now
existing, or soon to occur, in the State Treasury.
h?? Legislature has just passed an Act authorizing
ihe Treasury to borrow the sum of $350,000 from
the Banks.
Death or a Consul.?Charles Lukens, Esq ,
uf Philadelphia, acting Consul of the United States
at Guayaquil, "died suddenly of a fever, on the 11th
of October last.
????i
XT Dr Robert Neuson-"? L-cture at the Mechanic's In
stl'ute Rooms will commence this evening at *"> o'clock.?
Sre advertisement.
XT Now is the ?ion? to bay Oil cheap, and the place,
Luc?EY'i, 76 Front street, corner of Old Slip, where you
ein gtl a first-rate article, and no mhtake. There Li no
used to complain of poor oil. (See adveni-ement )
XT The- Weekly Tribune for the present week
?nay be* obiainea at oar ae?k this ferencon, p ice Gi Centn,
una in w?8ppers reai'y for mailing to thcKewbo wiih tosend
It to tbeir triend*. *in the country. This paper contains
lbs fall particular? of the Sor.iers Mutiny ns publbbed du?
ring the werk In the daily papers; Bai-croft'i Lectore on
the Caad'tion of Europe, al?> on ibe Early Hbtory of Am-r
icaj Corregponconce from Piiilndelphia.'?aitimore, Wash*
'?n-*.on. Icdi-na. Stc ; Proceriii?.--? in Contrreiv?; Blut and
?i-anoerhas^t; EDITORIALS on ??e Repeal of the Bank
"pi Uw, and a variety of other subject?; Political History,
To?-^u4lhel:t5t0- lbeni CODUins an accotintofihe
u,\nLi ?' AiatT'can Revoludoo?tbeir condition and Po
Cumberland ft? ' UlcnT? -N<**"-?* Review?, kc, the
? ?ssapssssss sir-?" *-?
GRSELEY _ McELRATH,
Tribun, Bu?tliDj-*, 160 N_5sau-?ireet.
Mr. Chee-rer"? _>Uc*ar?e.
The AdtL-eaa of Rev. Gro. B. Che_vkr bet
the New-England Society at its anniversary c?
bration yesterday, differed widely from the
travagant and unqualified eulogiums usually deen
exclutdvely suited to such occasions by holic
orators. It was a clear and lucid presentation
the true element-? of national greatness, embrac
a lofty and pointed rebuke of our national vie
and a solemn warning against errors and sins d
gerou9 to the health and prosperity of Socie
He insisr.ed strongly upon the neceisity of build:
up those stern and austere virtues which made
Puritans marked men in their time, and at wh
the vanity and laxity of moral feeling of the p
sent day are inclined to carp and sneer. Th
recognition, in all their affairs ef State and Socie
of the overruling presence of God, their full
hanc** upon the divinity of the Bible, their sacr
observance of the Sabbath, their all-pervading fa
?were each referred to as having contributed
makeup that strength and lofty integrity of charac
which made the institutions they founded amo
the wisest and best ever established in any age.
we at this day would infuse into the society a
the nation any of that lofty spiritwhicb distingu?'
ed their time we must, instead of uttering ?!
casm-j upon the virtues of our^ Fathers, cher
with more love their memories and build our Inl?
and our hope upon the same principles wbi
gave them strength. The vices of the time ***
displayed in bold and burning language. Repud
tion came in most justly for its -hare (and tl
no small one,) of the scorching invctive of t
orator, who pointed out the tend<*:.cy of its inf
ence upon private corporations ard then upon
dividuals, thus plunging society into a depth
ignominy and degradation lower and blacker th
Juvenal found in the hideous carcase of decayi
Rome. Mr. Cheevf.r spoke most eloquently
the influence of a proper observance of the Chr
r.ian Sabbath, and declared that, though he h
beheld its desecration in other lands and und
circumstances of aggravated guilt, he had nev
seen it r?o wantonly and horribly polluted as in tl
verv ci?v?where week after week and under t
very eye of tho public authorities, Sabbath sal
are made tbrouf-hout our streets of the vilest 6het
of obscenity and filth. [His remarks upon tr
point were received with a tempest of applau
which must have convinced the Aldermen preso
i hat a deep and most righteous feeling among i
our respectable citizens demands the immedia
abatement of thiB outrageous nuisance.]
Slaver*,- was spoken of by Mr. Cbeever as tl
dreadful growth of a seed sown in this land in i
infancy, threatening terrible danger to our nation
prosperity. On the progress of Romanism, to
the orator confessed he could not look without fe?
and apprehension. The power of thePublicPre
wag also referred to?as almost unlimited ; ar
th?? fact that many of our public journal??Pome
them possessing a wide influence, are in the hanc
of men utterly destitute of moral principle, r
?ardless of the requirements of truth and the i
terests ef society, and ready at any moment t
sacrifice justice, principle, and even* thing wort
possessing, for some paltry gain, was cited as fea
fully hostile to the progress of morality and th
fKtablishment of a lofty social character. Abs?
late freedom of private judgement in all matters i
religion?the unfettered right to read and interpn
ihe Holy Sciiptures?the possession of the Bibl
i>y our Common Schools, and the recognition an
-ibservance, in all departments of society, of tin
universal principles of morality and religion wer
insisted on as essential to our national prosper^'
The Discourse was exceedingly able, written i
a style of great strength and beauty, and delivere
with eloquence and effect. It was heard by
very large audience with repeated manifestation
of the deepest pleasure. We tru?t it will be pul
lished and widely read.
OCr" Mr. BroadmeaT/ow's Lecture last evenin
ar. Clinton Hall was on tho subject of the Mant
facture of Iron and Steel. According to his state
ments, which appear to have been made from a;
i.ititriate and practical acquaintance with the sub
??.?et, Iron can be manufactured in this country wit]
uriihracito coal at about the following rate-? :
Coal fiirsmelti*?* ore, lime, _c. per ton.$12 0
Co?l of refining.? H '
Total...jig P
Recastinf* ibe Iron and forming Spring Steel, pir ton. $10 u
But to make the very best qualify of Steel?bucl
as is called Cast Steel?the cost is about five an<
a half cents per pound, while this very article i
constantly imported from England at about sixteei
conts per pound. The Lecturer very clearly ex
plained the process of making Steel, and depre
cated the dependence upon a foreign nation for ai
article in universal use, which abounds in our moun
tains, and w inch our people have the ability to man
ufneture for themselves. We have no room for tht
report of the Lecture this morning, but atafuturt
lime we may possibly give a more extended sketch
Musical Concert.?This evening, the m?sica
public must not forget Mr. Horn's Concert at th?
Tabernacle. His new Cantata?" ThcChristma;
Bells," beautifully appropri?t? to the season and
we understand from those who ought to know, ex
ceedingly brilliant in its effect. We trust it wil
be well attended.
Collect io*** of Minerals.?Baron Lederer
the Consul General'of Austria, intending to leave
the country, early next summer, on account of hi
health, offers for sale his collection of North Amer?
ican Minerals, consisting of upwards of 3000 spe?
cimen?.
For The Tribune.
Mr. Editor : I like to live in South Brooklyn
?I iike the air and the water?I like to go to our
new Church?I like to cross the Ferry, and I like
to r-ad The Tribune ? but I do not like to see the
gentlemen occupy all the cushion seats in the ferry?
boats when laeies are present. Emha.
Brooklyn, Dec. 20._^
O* A petition to Congres-, against the repeal of
the Bankrupt Law has been left at this office for
signatures
D3** The Halifax Marring Pos: ?ays, on the
"best authority," that it is in contemplation to es?
tablish a line of steam communication between
Boston and Quebec by the Great Western Steam
Navigation Company, whose object will be to run
the Great Western on the projected new line, so
soon as the mammoth iron ?teamer, the Great
Britain, is fini'be-d and ready to commence her
trips between England and New-Yurk.
Rcsseli-'s Planetarich.?Dy an advertisement in an
other co lnmn, oar readers will see that this magnificent re?
presentation of tiie Solar System is exl ibiiing at the Amer?
ican IiiStiiute in the Park. Not a more appropriate location
coa Id Ij?v? been selected in the whole city for ?uch an ex?
hibition, nor a more cu-venient Ucture room for the illus?
tra: Ion oi ibe Lecture- with ?ach a ??ello*?il losini-oer.t ?
Th? price, too, is so low thai ail may w.toeis. before it is
taken to Europe, this i-describable and, no question aboat
...anparalelleti piece of American skliland genius.'
XT Dowstxe's oys'ct-j. advertised in another colaxna,
are universally kno-vn to be of the finest quality : if they
were not ibe most fastidi?os would be satisfied by the as
?arance that tiey are loudly prai-jfd by CoL Stout,
?__?_??*???-* ?
Worthy or ArrEWTios.?The following table
exhibits the profita of various Railroads :
MASSACHUSETTS.
L'gth High'st
___??_ in grade Ann. dividends?-per ct
rail?_. prm- Cost. 15371858 18331840 1841
Bost-Lowell, _*} 10 $1,-M,893 7 7 3 8 8
Bo?t._ Prov...4t S7i 1,-82000 8 8 8 7 7
B?___ w'orr*-..*-i 42 2-S74-347 7J 7j 6 6 7
Low.-Nashua. 14 1? SS0.000 6?. ._* 3
Ea_fn(tn_>rap.)6> 2?S7fiW ? 5 ?
Tannt'n Br'nct II _>0,_0 7 o ?
N. Bed.kTaur.t2l 4<J0,?-?i 6 b
Norw. k Wore. SS* 1,777,471 6 6
?rew-voi-K. _?
?Camd._Am-_? 2^91 &2 18?j per cen?- per ann.
1t has earned its __
in 7 y*-ar?.
Mohmwk_Hnd.!5?> ?-00 (_? 7 per cenL in 1340.
Svra_ _ U?c__; S93,S39 Hays 10 to 12 p*r nenu
annually,and rew-rves
a large, ond by which
it u CO?.trucung a
secun?l track.
U. it Schewec. .78 1,900.000 pays 11 per ct- pr arnu
"^_.'hTU_nd?n and Amboy bas to pay good dividends to
the owners of a canal which co?t $2,S-_,-?, and which ??ees
not earn five-eigbtbs of one per cent- per annum, ?-team
boats at both end? or tbe line are also sustained oy that
rond at great expeinse._
Assessed Value of Bs.sl asd Personal
Estate is New-York and Boston,1S41-2.
NEW-YORK..
Real I?Ute. Persemal Estate.
1841.$1S6,350.94S $64,S*.3,97-2
1342_. 17o.4S9,042 6l,?294,559
Decrease.9,861,906 3,049,413
BOSTON.
Real Es-.ate. Per-vinal Estate.
1841.$61,963,000 -$36.043,600
1842.65.509,500 41,223,800
Increase.3,546,500 5,180.200
Bonon has increased 14 per cent, in it-? personal
property ; New-York has decreased 5 per cent.?
Boston has increased 6 per cent, in its real e_ate
New-York decreased 5 per cent. Here we see;
the efTecc of the BostoD and Albany Railroad, al?
though it had been in operation only ten months
when these facts were demonstrated by the autumn
a.?essmenta of 1842, mode by the two cities.
The Citt and Coi;ntt.?The Report of the
General Inq-iest of the County presents the num?
ber of persons in the Alms House at Bellevtie at
1,614 ; 366 is Hospital, 340 in Lunatic Asylum
and 823 at Long Island Fnrms and Nurseries.?
Tbe total number in tbe prisons, comprising 778
in Male and Female Penitentiary, Blackweli'*>
Island ; 94 in Female Penitentiary, Beliovue, and
181 in Ciry Prison, 1.053. Total number sup?
ported 1,096- Great order and cleanliness was
fiund to exist ar the Long I?and Farms, but the
accommodations are far too limited. The present
narrow system it is believed is the chief cause of
tho opthalmia go prevalent. For the inmates of
the Lunatic Asylum the accommodations are also
too small. More extensive enlargement is needed
for the inmates of our prisons. The Inquest no?
tice the neglected state of the sidewalks, and again
present as a grievous nuisance the continued cir?
culation of infamous publications.
Large Fire Engine.?A large and powerful
Fire Engine, built by Mr. Waterman of Hudson for
the Northern Liberty Co. was tested last werk
opposite the Exchange in the presence of the
members of the Common Council and different In?
surance officers, with perfect success. The hose
nnd pipe were elevated to the top of tho Exchange,
near a hundred feet high, and thence a stream 1_?
inches in diameter, was thrown across Wall street
sweeping the entire depth of the buildings oppo?
site, a feat pronounced by all who saw it to be un
tivaled. This machine will be a great acquisition
to our fire apparatus.
State Military Convention.?The Albany
Evening Journal of Tuesday publishes the call for
a military convention to be held at the Capitol in
Albany, on the 25th of January. It earnestly re?
quests tho attendance of all general officers of tho
states?of five or more delegates, appointed by the
Colonel from each r?3giment or separate battalion?
and all other persons who may desire an improve?
ment in out* military system. The call cituimtes
from the committee appointed for this purpose by
the convention which assembled in the Capitol in
January last.
__* Preparations have been made for giving Mr.
Cl?Y a magnificent reception on his arrival at
New Orleans, which was expected on the 12th.
In all tho towns which he has visited he has been
received in the most enthusiastic manner?at Ev
ansville. Memphis, Vicksburg, Natchez, ?_.; The
people have turned out en masse to welcome him
?imong them.
0?-3 A man near Concord, N. H., having become
firmlv convinced that Miller's theory of the earth's
speedy destruction is true, came 37 miles on one
of the colde-t days of the season to conf%?*a :hut
13 years ago he stole $13 from a gentleman there.
lX?_* "A Consum??r of Anthracite" complains
that from 10 to 20 per cent, of his coal is not coal,
but slate or stone, and thc.-e he declares fr?m ex?
perience are incombustible.
K- Mr. N. B. Sturgeon was killed on the 1st
insr., at Delaware, O., by the careless discharge
of a pistol in the hands of a young man named
Smith.
Mr. J. W. Cuitiss and two friends were hunt?
ing deer in the woods in Huron county, O., on the
30th ult., fvhea Mr. C. was instantly killed by the
accidental discharge of a ri?e in the hands of his
brother-in-law, Mr. R. Maes.
CCP Elder Knapp has made a full publ'c retrac?
tion of charges he once uttered at Providence, R.
I., against Mis. Andy, for which he was sued for
slander. He also paid the costs, amounting to
$200. _
Sands's Sarsaparilla. ?Thii preparation is a combina?
tion her?*tofor- unknown in the hi?tt?ry pf medicine, differ
in?; entire y in its character and orra linns trom the various
pr?-paraiinn? "f Snrs?p?'Uia which have been ai different
times offered io tbe public- It acts specifically upon ihe
whole system thereby bringing it under il? direct and im
nvdiate influence. Although p??essfd of powerful and
controlling ? Sects, ye? il 1* entirely harmless, so that it can?
not i jure tbe mo?t deli.-ate ceuumdtxi. It ha? been _io
n>n? <iy te*tet1 in num-roos in?anr:?--?, r.oth in healtk ami in
di>e??e. When id perfect t_alih no et?'ect is produced by its
use ??- epi nu inore??-* ff app.*?-lie: but wb?-n ?li-ease Ii
tented in _e trame, and barrying lit. it? victim? alonu ihe
ztaih ol lile, liten its m>?ier? c? infj.jence is fell and seen ;
it enkindiis new life and vigor and brings be_lb and
sL-en-ilh hack lu tbe ?utTenrg mid ?Ii?-a??1.
Read the ca es of Mdru.rCorJun and Thomas Lloyd In
anatticie adi.'re*?? ri to *? Tbe Am' ricaui Public." ar.?i nil
doubt of its efficiency runs'. ba?ii.h it? cbnrr bet?re the wind.
Pr**pa-ed a ?l s??W, at wholesale and retail, and for ex?
portation, bv A. B SANDS _ CO., No. 27a ?roa?'**ay,
(Granite BaiMin ?*,) comer of Chumber**-?treet. New-York.
Al?o w>ld by A. B. i. D. Sands Drjsrs'i?'*? No?. 79 and 100
Fulton-?*?? t; David Sands _ Co , No. 77 East Broadway.
Price $1 per bottle ; ?-ix t-ottles for $5.
?ETThe Popchb. Remedy tor all loose forms of disease
which, w_n neglected, end in Co*-*nraption,??ch astuje^b
from any caor-e, sore throau boar?en?*_, and tbe likt?'he
Hy-.ei?e Horehiuod Candy?is tiie most popular and sue
ce:?!? remedy, and Is not?1essly supplartinjr all ihe other
pretended (?mpounds vaunt??I so impudently by ftelition?j
end manufactured certifica- makers. Sold wholesale and
ret?il at 432 Broadway.
XT CoNSCMPT-io!?, ScaorcLA A**P Dyspc?s? can be
cureii-?Call at Doct T_:n*__'*, 3-13 Bi?_?r_?> treat, and
he sati.fi-f of tne ?ct by ocular demonstraiion Cali, rt
the paiieni? will soon leave ibr hocae. (See advertisement,
Report No. 7, on the 3d pii_*__ d23 4t* (2)
XT A ??re (">r chapt Heats, awl any ernnt-en or disfigare
mentofthe -kin, may be found in the Italian Chemical
Scap, ?tld by Mr. Jones of 82 Chn_2__ree?_ It makes the
sklu ?mootb. s?ft and white; cores pimples freckles, and
sa?i-rbeam- Try ? Sold al? a: 133 Fulton-street, Bre*ok
lyn ; 87 state-.trter, Albany ; a Siaie-str?--, Boston. ?
You with Ccccns ??a Cclds. Ahoy '.? There is an anide
in this city that of?rx to enre yon for one shilling or retnrn
the money. It must be gosid when sold on such -rms S-*
all with airy pnti;i??nary complaLat Ret a sfciil-n?r's worth ot
Prof???or Jon? s's Cough Candv, at the sign of "ibe Arneri
can Eagle, _: Chathain--, or 1SS Falt?n-?-. Brooklyn. *
BY THIS MORNING'S MAIL.
XT *' Manhattan's " letter from Wn-hlngien ih_ m?
ing is written on both ?des and t-t-ft-forc emitted.
The Somera .H-itisiy?
CoiTespoialeBce of The Triboae.
Washist.to*-, Dec 2?, IS42
The first impression here, which was ?troof
in favor of Capt. Mackenzie, is yielding to a I
lief that he will not make a case which will just
him in the eyes of the nation or the Governmei
It is certain that the testimony submitted to t
Navy Department does not sustain him in the hi
assumption of power.
The letters from young Spencer's mother, i
proving and admonishing him, which were fou
in his trunk, were copied andient to the Secreta
i of the Navy, to make up what is now supposed
be a week case. This use of the private letters
a mother is spoken of here with universal disa
probation.
The Court of Inquiry, which is to assemble i
tiie 28th inst. consists of Commodores Stuab
Joans and Dallas.
It is now believed that G. n. Saunderj will 1
elected Senator from North Carolina.
-?- ?
Thing? in Philadelphia.
Correspondence of the Sow York Tribune.
Philadelphia, Dec. 22?P. M.
The weather ot to-day Is still unsettled, and builu??? cc
tinues pretty much the same as yesterday. The highly ii
portant news from the Old World, by the Britannia, will
doubt enect a material change in a cnnuuercisl point
view. Already it has created a great sensation in our bu
ness community.
Thomas S. Nicholson, convii-ted some months since
forgery, and ?.-nt**uced to three j ears' imprisonment in ?J
Eastern Penitentiary? died last evening Iron) the eflectv
?loubt of close confinemeiiL The case o I Nicholson, at ?
time of sentence, exciied much attention, and a feelh
of deep sorrow was manifested by many at his onhapj
fate. There was something that ?aiacked of persecution
the prosecution, and Judge Doran differed from hi? c<
leagues upon the bench in many important points. Tl
???-ceased ba? left an interesting wife and family, who ?
reside in his splendid mansion at the south east corner
Eleventh and Shippen-sts. Where are Hassinger, Wrigl
Dyott, Cbauncey, Sbusler, and others who have receiv?
Executive clemency, which poor N icbolson was re fusee
Were their crimes of less magnitude, or their friends mo
wea Ithy 1
The ' Inquirer' of this morning contains a painful artic
headed 'The Commonwealth an?! the Widow,' in whit
are related the misery and ruin of an entire German fami
in consequence of investing, at a time when all was brtgi
and prosperous, their loriune of upwards of $20,060 lo Pen
sylvania State Five per Cents, which then was commandir
a prmnum. Alas! *?? hit blighting circumstances bave sine
en*ued ! Tiie family In que?iion are now reduced to almo
fcbsolute poverty ; and the gifted pen of the inestimable Ei
?tor of ihe ' Inquirer,' Robert Morris tells us this is bi
one ol numerous instances with which he is acquainte?
Yet there are those to be found in onr community ev<
ready to prate of the ' honor ' and 'character' of Peni
sylvania! Let her, in the name of common justice, first n
piy the widow and the orphan that which they, in a m<
ment of honest confidence, loaned her, and rescue thei? froi
the depths of ruin into which they now fintl themselves ui
fortunately plunged, before the friends of the present At
ministration talk of the honor, justice and patriotism of th
Keystone Slate.
Tha sentence of Alexander will, it Is now saiM positively
lake place on Saturday next. We shall see. By the by?
wh>t has become of Cleavcland and Hal-iey, two notorio?
Chesnut-ftreet gamblers, convicted some weeks since, bu
?vho have managed, by some unaccountable means, lo c
lar escape the just penalties ofthe law t Justice here seen
most favorably administered in numerous instances!
But liule business was trans-.cted in our various Cour
lo-day, and tho case of the murderer, Ake, was not pri
ceed?d with.
Domestic exchanges still vary to such a degree that
seems impossible to give any ?ie?nite rates : Boston { lo
discount; New-York par and jdisc; Mobile 11 a 11-fe dis?
New-Orleans i prem-, Nashville *l disc; Cincinnati 3J dis
Americau Gold ? prem; Spanish Dollars 2 a 2i prcn
Mexican do. par; Tr.a-ury Noies, beiiu; 6 per cent, int
rest, p-ir a ? prem ; ' Relief Notes from 7 to 15 per cen
dUcoDot
The following transactions took place at the board i
lirokers today, which are toa very limited extent indeed
10 ?hares Wilmington Railroad. C? ; 15 do. Schaylkiil Nav
iratio.-i, 24 ; $500 Pennsylvania 5'.?, 1856, 4SL
Up to -1 o'clock P.M. the following arrivals and cleai
anees had taken place:
Arrived.?Sehr. Vulcan. Maxwell, 2 days fni Egg Hat
bor.
"Cleared.?Ship Talbot,Storey,Montevideo and Cantor
Brig Caui**.?sia*i, Sprngue, Barhadoe?. Brutus.
Kepeal of Bankrupt Law, ?ire.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
Washington, Dec. 21, 1842.
In Senate, to-day, various petitions were pre
sented. Mr. Beston presented a petition of citi
/..*ns of Washington County, Vt., for the repeal oi
the Bankrupt Law, and he accompanied the pre*
.?ontation of it with his usual violent denunciation?
of the law in its every aspect, and demanded its
immediate and unconditional repeal.
Mr. Link from the Select Committee on tiie
subject, reported the bill to authorize measures f>i
the oecupatiwn and seulement of Oregon, ??to. ?fee.
and expressed the hope of its early passage.
Mr. Allen re-introduced his resolution to re
-cind tha rule of the Semite requiring the transac
?u>n of Executivf* business with closed doots, pio
viding however for its ?'niitinuariee with reference
to the consideration of treaties. Laid over.
Mr. BkNToN i?troi?uced a resolution inquiring
?>f the President of the United States whether anv
proposition had been made by the British Minister
to tiie United States in regard to tho assumption
?if State Debts. Laid over.
Mr. Linn offered a lesolurion calling on the
Secretary of War for tha report of Lieut. Tremont,
commander of the Exploring Expedition beyond
the Rocky Mountains ;?adopted.
The bill authorising the relinquishment ?f the
Kith section, granted for the use of schools and
the entry of oilier lands in lisu thereof, after some
discussion, was engrossed for a third reading, as
was also the bill making donations of lands to per?
sons residing in the State of Arkansas.
The Senate adjourned.
In the House, Reports from Committees were
received during the morning hour. Mr. Cow en
reported from the Committee on Claims a resolu?
tion for the meeting of the House on Friday and
Saturday of this week at ten o'clock for the con?
sideration of private business: adopted?Aye? 77,
Noes 68.
A resolution of Mr. Giddings from the same
Committee, authorising it to employ a clerk, after
some discussion was adopted.
Some other unimportant reports were made.
The bill for the repeal of the Bankrupt act was
then again taken up. Mr. Picket's pending
motion for the previon-i question failed of a sec?
ond: Ayes 66; Nays 9*1.
Mr. Barnard then withdrew his motion to
commit rhe bill, (carrying with it the amendment
of Mr. C. J. Ingersoll.) and moved an amend?
ment to the bill io provide for the repeal of the
voluntary provisions of the law, and that the re?
peal fhall not affect applications made before the
4th March next.
Mr. U.sderwoud brieflly advocated the amend?
ment, urging the propriety of continuing the law
in force in reference to its involuntary provision?
as a mea-ure of security and justice to creditors.
Mr. Hopkins went for the entire repeal of the
law, as iniquitous in its effects and unconstitu?
tional.
Mr. Briggs renewed the morion to commit the
bill to the Committee on the Judiciary, with in?
structions to report a bill excluding voluntary ap?
plicants, and including corporations issuing paper
; money.
Mr. Cave Johnson moved to amend Mr.
I Briggs's morion by instructing the Committee to
1 report a bill for the entire repeal of the law.
? Mr. Wise advocated this amendment, and con
| demned the existing iaw in toto as a mere party
| measure passed in hot baste to secure the votes of
| the 500,000 bankrupts in the country and as the
; cause ofthe present distress pervading the land.
Mr Charles Brown desired the modification of
: the bill so a? to include banking corporations. He
I thought much of the popular objections to the bill
had now passed away, and that iu future pros?
pective operation?, if modified a? be wished, would
be beneficial.
Mr. Arnold opposed the repeal and ?ustasned
the policy of the law as a great relief measure to
the thousands in bondage throughout the land.
He said this law was not the cause of the preiect
distress, but it was the result of the mal-admit?s?
tration of the Government and the system of favor*
iris m and corruption with which tha offices a*?-*
benefits of Government were dispensed by a trej-ch
erous Executive, wbose cours? was far more dis?
astrous and despicable titan that of Mr. Van B?
ren, ?Sec.
Without taking the question the Hou?e ad?
journed. _ _ _ Arcvs.
The Universal Manval : Edward Danigan, Na *"r*
Fultoo--?t*eet.
Th- most beautiful and complete collection of
spiritual exercises for the Roman Catholic Chatch
we have ever seen has been just published ?*.**_
this title. The volume also contains a very copi?
ous exposition of doctrinal tenets, which pos?
sesses much interest for others than tho Catholic
reader. This combination of instruction on con?
troverted points, with its other usual contents, ?.p.
pears to us as rendering the* work vory valuable to
those for whom it has been more especially corn
piled. The manner in which it is published is
very splendid, and the numerous illustrations ?_*-,
appiopriate and highly finished. A tasteful pre?
sentation plate ?9 prefixed, to suit it for presenta?
tion as a Holyday Gift, than which none of i ta class
is more beautiful. It might be necessary to men?
tion that it has been revised by the Very Rev.
John Power, an erudite scholar and theologian.
<?
Encyclopedia or Sciksce, Literature, and art. By
Dr. Bmnde, a?sist*?'d by distinguish*?! Literary and $->
entic Genllenien. Part 11. Harper k Brothers.
This celebrated wotk is a library ?f information
condensed into a single volume, and nooneshould
be without it. Its publication in number?, at only
twenty-five cents each, or three dollars for ike
entire work, places it within the reach uf all.?
Considering the character of the paper, typ?, ?Sic.
it is a miraclo of cheapness. It may be had at
this office,
Capt. Conner.?The announcement of the
death of this gentleman is incorrect. His rela?
tives in this city have received no such informa?
tion. _[Phil. Gai.
0_P Capt. Bagley, of bark Wm. Schroeder,
which has arrived at Newburyport in nine days
from Mayaguez, Porto Rico, reports that the coffee
crop of the Island will fall short nearly one half of
the average crop. [American.
XT Cart-loids of roammoth boxe? containing Banner?,
new exbibition for the Hoiydnys, were nrriviog at the
Amerienn Museum throughout the day yesterday. General
Tom Thuthb, tin- least of all Dwarf?, ren.ai.is two day?
l?neer.
???in
XT The New York Museum preoent* powerful atirtc*
rions, Nellw born without arms, Jenkins. Diamond. Wright,
Jr. all for one ?killing. Great preparation? are making for
the Holydays. _
XT Persons wishing The Tribune left at their residen?
ces or places of business In the city at an early hour lo th?
morning, will please leave their names, or send them In by
note through the Post Office, at the publication office, 186
Nassau-street, opposite the Park. Terms, nine cents ?
meek, to be paid to the Carrier.
XT The Whig Almanac and United States RegisKr for
\?4S, for sale at this office. Single cop ios 1-i cents, $1 per
Joieu, ?7 per 100,
The New World Annual for 1843.
Embellished with over
FORTY BEAUTIFUL ENGRAVINGS.
This splfudid Christmas and New.Ycar's Gift will
ciceed in beauty and cheapness any thin** ever got op fir
the Holydays. It contains all the choice?! Tales from ibe
ENGLISH ANNUALS FOR 18?3, toguther withseteral
jr?>*iu.il arti-leu? the who!? illustrated with
FORTY MOST SUPERB ENGRAVINGS,
such as have never before been givea in any periodical ia
?his country. This trulv splendid HOLYDAY GIFT wiii
be published
ON FRIDAY MORNING, DEC. 23.
The di'inaml for the NEW WORLD ANNUAL keaor
mou?, and constantly increasing ?s the d.i. of puMiciiion
draws near. It w<ll^)? the richest in Pictorial Embelli??
nient.? which has ever bei*n issued, ?nd more than surttin
the promise of Hie announceaient.
XT In lividuw!? wishing to send copies to their friend? in
the country in t.m? U> r?*ac!i liieni before N? w Year Day,
will hav- iheru forwarded by leaving the order at the < t
fice, us we arc now mailing the country edition to all ; :...
ofthe Union. Five copie? for $1, #r 23 cents ??:.,; .-.
OFFICE 30 ANN-STREET.
For sale als?.? ai the TRIBUNE OFFICE, lfll1-Nassau .t
XT Copies ready for mailing wiihoot extra ei*arge.j_"
d:i 3t ( ) _
KING'S MEDIGaXED; CANDY.
LO" Thi.? well known and vatuab1?- m<*'liciiial preparation
ha?enjoyed a high degree* <i public coi,?dence foroTer
ih: ce *, ears, ami, unlike ephemeral iiietlicines which ?re
c-.niinj- before the cominuniiy with eiir?tvant claims, Ring's
Candy is nuw niiir?* soughi after and u?e?l ihan ?.ver before.
Wc submit the following leuer from a highly respectable
physician, without further comment :
New?York, December lotb, lUii ?
273 Pearl??.ireel. J
Mr. C. II. Ring: Dear Sir,?I have great pleasure in cum*
plying with yo?r rer-utsi desiring my opinion of your
Medicated Ca dy, and as my experi? nee has het-n very ex*
tended, the public may he besefttted by its publicity.?
Although I cannot go mj far as to suy that p.ni.-.-t? inti..*
last *>lage of consumption have been cured, yet I can cos
?cieniiously aver lhat not only has your candy prolooj-ed
their Urea but ensured them ease, sleep a*jd appetite, which
no other remedies that I know of could effect, and can only
attribute ii to the scientific conibinatii*n of medical iri-freoi*
ents m iu manalacture.
It is over three years since I first employed Ring*? Medi?
cated Candy at the suggestion of l?verai of ray me-4fc-l
friends, and ?iocerely say that its virtues have worn well
as my opinion, and that of hundreds of phy-ocmns lathe
city cf New York is still the san?*. I (ully "believe tb?t if
this extraordinary remedy were timely employed, thatccc?
sumption would bebaui-bed from our country : for there h
not a single ca-e of Inflammation of ihe che?* in which I
iinvr been ?...suited that after bleeding I did notrmploy
Ring's Candy, or?! in every case was succr-ssfol, wherrsJ
formerly such dlw.*a-?t-s??y 1 patient oat of 3?would be?
come consumptive in spite of bleeding, blisters, and the
usual parapbaraiid of remedies.
I am, dear sir, yours very respectfully,
J. B. WEAVER, M. D.
Sold, wholesale ani retail, by J. C. Wadlziqh, 453 Rioni
way, N. Y., who has been appointed sole Agent for the Uni?
ted States. Sold wholesale at SO Ann street, and 69? Full*?
street, Brooklyn.
IT Order? from country Agents will be promptly ?up*
plied, en the most liberal term*". (2) d!91w
XT Ward's Bakery.?The ?ubscriber inform? til
old customer*, anritt,?- public In general, lhat he has removed
hi* well known Baking Establishment from No. 179 Gre**?
wich ?L to the commodious situation No. 219 Fol ton st. es*
door above Greenwich ft.
Having enlarged hi* Bakery he is now enabled to rappi?
all orders sent t" him for his celebrated Cakes an-l Cnc_-ri,
which are so well known as to -eqaire no puffing. Hi" to*
tends te balte for the Holidays Cakes of every dwcrlp'iM,
ihe qnal-tv and cheapness of which shall he unsurpaneil?
The ft "lowing U a list of prices of some ot his articles:
Plumb Cake.U. 9d. perprmiict
Do. ?<o.plain iced.2s. Od. "
Do. do.ota-unented, best sly le.. 2?. 6d. ?*
Almond Cake.Is. 6<L "
Citron do.In. 6?L **
Currant do.ls.6'. "
.Ma?-aronies.,.2?. Od. "
Scotch Cake.Is. 4d. *'
New-Yliar's Caaes, first quality.0*.10d. -
Some may think the above pnces too low for a good ?ni?
cle : to ?roch he would sav call and judge for yonrsehet,
at No. 219 Fulton sL one door above Greenwich it.
N. B. All ord?rs tb^nkfuliy received, and pare.*?**?? *?*
to tiny part of the city. (2) dl3 til
,?CrParley>* Perennial Pre??a?--Tr*e ?-clss*
of Parley's Magazine for ih?. year 1842 is now csmpvv,
and mav be had ot the pobliihers, bound in neat cl?t??i*
one dollar. It contains ? great variety of inier?li-?f ?**
instructive reading for young people, among which *re
Seven original Poem?, by Mua H. F. Got?d- , ?.
The Perilom Adventures of Qnintio Ha-ewcod ?*? **
Brother Brian.
A new History of Ensland, for Children.
Breakfast Table Science for Boys and Girls.
The Royal Brothers, by Miss Ag-e? Strickland.
Hieroglyphic A ansement. t?L.
Stories from Natnral History; Icter??fiilg AdiettW-* >
Anecdotes; Moral Tales, &c?kc.
lllusirated by more than two hundred Eogra*!fl^
With the January No. a new rolante cxtmmetxet,?*^
?_ Invited tosnbicribe for their cbihlren. aud ?ha*1^1^
d20Steod* _(2)_
rrGood Itoar?laad pleasaat Kocm? cm oe^f
atNo.?Cliffitreet. (S) t?*B

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