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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, January 28, 1843, Image 2

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THE TRIBUNE.
SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23. 1243.
FOR PRE SID EXT,
HENRY CLAY,
or jtrjrrocKT.
The Somem Mctinv.?A Pamphlet containing all the
Testimony, Document*. Narratives and Particular* of the
Tragedy on board the ?. S. Brig Somers.with the Por?
trait of Commander Mackenrie, a fac simile of Spencer's
Cjreek Programme, an accurate Drawing ol the Soroers as
.(.e tits on the water, with interior views, descriptions, fcc
ate. Price 12$ cents. TT Po*truaslers remitting one dollar
will receive twelve copies.
TT London and Liverpool Newspapers, received by
the Caledonia, for sale at this office. Among them are the
Illustrated London Naws-?ell's Weekly Messenger?
W??klv Dispatch?Liverpool Mail?Tom Spring's Life in
London-Family Herald?Squib? Warner's American News
Letter, hue., ox. <>| _
ET Advertisers will bear in mind'that advertisements in?
tended for Monday's paper must *<? sent in by 10 o'clock
this evening, as onr publication office is not open on Sun?
days. The rates for advertisiag, in view of the extensive
circulation of this paper, are very reasonable, and in all
cases are payable hi advance.
TT Kor a notice of The Pioneer, with extracts from Haw
tho&ne, Lowell, Whittier aod J. S. Dwi?ht, an article.
In defence of Mackenzie, kc See First Page.
D* Per Punishments in the Navy, Boz'i New Work, Coif,
mzatlon Meeting, Temperance at Blackweil'? island, L<
See Last Page. _
State Repudiation.
Of all knaves, the canting hypocrite is the basest
Ycur told,open, da?hing highwayman, who frankly
avows he getfl bis living the easiest way he knows,
and risks the consequences*, has oftpn ' a good
streak ' in him; he may he kind to his horse, tender
to his wife, and faithful to his comrades ; but the
demure, sneaking knave who moralizes and preach?
es with one hand in your pocket?one eye rolled
up to Heaven and the other fixed on your watch
guard, look out for! Even though he be foiled in
bis purpose of robbery, he will spoil your appetite
by loathing, and rufH.? your temper by impatient
diagnst. Avoid him !
This contrast, essentially, runs through the con?
duct of the delinquent States with regard to their
Public Debts. First came forward Mississippi
and Michigan, and. in no mincing phrase, with no
contemptible affectation of honesty, say?" Mes
* sieurs Creditor", we won't pay you ! True, you
' hold our Bonds, issued and signed by our Gov
* ernors, under authority of successive Legislatures;
* but then our agents either cheated us or were
' cheated in selling them, took less than our limit
* for them, or sold on credit for bad paper; and
' though you knew nothing at all of this, and have
* paid a aad sight more than their worth for every
* bond ?f oura you hold, that makes no difference?
* we decide that we won't pay you, and you can't
' compel us, bo help yourselves !" This is bold,
cool, and pertinent; you understand exactly what
it means. Barrington or Augustus Tomiinsen
might have been proud of the conclusion, though
a little ?heepish with regard to the logic. Its force
lies in its directness. The master of this school is
Wordsworth's Rob Roy:
'For why.' because the good old rule,
- Sufficeth them?the simple plan,
That they should take who have the power,
And they should keep who can.'
But behind these crouch and creep another class
of timorous imitators, with, knavish hearts, but
serai-tender consciences, \ ho are. robbera without
the manhood ef the profession, and incur the guilt
of crime without enjoying its intoxication; lily
livered cheats,
Letting ' I dare not' wait upon ' 1 would,'
and swindling so cowardly as never to feel the re?
lief of having done, but dooming themselves to ex
perienco the sensation and the fear of a crime nut
quite perpetrated for ever.
This class begin with a solemn
JSResolved, That our Public Debt is solemnly binding upon
oar State and its People until its uttermost fraction be paid."
Very well; every body knew this before; you
are going on of course to make provision for its
payment.?0 no! the next word is the knave's,
the felon's entering-wedge tonn apology?" But."
?But what7 You acknowledge you owe; ynur
creditors are in pressing need of the interest on
the amount of their dues, and this is all they ask
of you at present. Why do you hc-sitat? ? Stam?
mer out your apology!
M But we cannot pay even a part of this interest now,
though we mean to do so whenever it is convenient" !!!
Out on your craven treachery to all honor and
faith!?Your lew filching of the contents of widow's
reticules and children's dinner-haskeLs! If you
owe and won't pay, say so, and not be frightened
at your own shivering shadows ! Knavery is not
a thing so unh?ard-of that yon need fumble over it
so falteringly. There were rogues before you,
atnd probably will be after you. But this pleading
abject poverty to evade the payment of the bare
interest on your debt is a disgrace even to knavery
itself.
Just look at this: Here is the State of Indiana,
with a Population of over Seven Hundred Thou?
sand Inhabitants?nil free, and embracing n very
large proportion of Young Men, in the vigor and
prime of life. Probably there is no other community
on the face of the earth which contains so large a
proportional population of Free Males between the
age of20 and 40. We.'; this young, vigorous,
thrifty community, nearly all producers of wealth
?for few are above tho necessity, still fewer lack
the ability to labor?owe a Public Debt of Fifteen
Millions, on which there accrues an annual interest
erf Eight Hundred Thousand Dollars. And. this
they say, they are unable to pay! With Property
worth Two Hundred Millions, they cannot pa\
even the interest on a Debt of Fifteen Millions!
If paid entirely by Direct Tax, their total State
Taxes need not exceed One Million per annum ;
while this City with less than half the Population,
in a time of great Commercial depression, pays
Two Millions of Dollars in Taxes this year .'
Thia whole subterfuge of inability is nonsense.
Indiana spends every year in Intoxicating Liquors
aad in Tobacco?articles which are an unmitigated
curte to her?far more than the interest of her
D*bt. In costly fripperies of drew, and gewgaws
of fashion and luxury, her outlay is still heavier.
IVhat absurdity, then, to talk of her inability to
bear taxation! Suppose it retrenched the con?
sumption of some of these pernicious *upertluilies.
what harm ? Any truly honest man must prefer to
eat one moal less per day through the year, rather
thaa see his State proclaim herself a swindling
bankrupt. Depend upon it, it would be far cheaper
to pay than to neglect payment, even as a matter
-of selfish policy. Where one man would hesitate
to purchase property in a heavily taxed State, ten
upright men will shrink, from casting in their lot
with the People of a dishonest one.
'Ah, but the hardship!' say the shuttling repu
diators; 'think of the hardship of taxing our
People to pay theso foreign bondholders !' Sirs,
the time to think of that was before you ran in
?ebt! Now tho only thing to be- honeatly thought
joi in bow lo levy the needful tax so as to burthen
jjflfcily l^'Iaber and least retard the growth of the
?f?ap> li mifkl be to Iaid>-taxing tbs sale of
uie5e?s and pernicious products?as to actually
benefit the People and accelerate the improvement
and progress of the corn rnuaity.
' But the hardship of the case I' Ay, sirs, it is
that vre are thinking of! Your swindling bank?
ruptcy has reduced thousands of delicate woraen
and helpless orphans from opulence to beggary !
Their all was invested in your Stocks by well
meaning friends, who could no: imagine that an
American State would repudiate her solemn obli?
gations. You have falsified your pledges?you
have plunged them in despair?you have robbed
them of bread?you might make amends to them,
but will not?and yet you can have the audacity
to censure villainy in other men?to talk of Bank
swindling and Biddle'f rascality ! Your hypocrisv
' smells to heaven.' Undo this great wrong quicklv,
or release the felons from your prisons, the murder?
ers from your gibbets. It is enough that they bear
the punishment of their own sins, without tainting
them with the blasting infamy of Repudiation !
The new Poatage Bill.
The National Intelligencer states the ?ubstance
of Mr. MerricVs bill as follows :
"The bill provides the following scale: For any letter
not exceeding thirty miles, five cents, and for all distances
exceeding thirty miles, ten cents; doable and triple letters,
three times that rate, and all packages of one oonce qua?
druple; and in that proportion for all greater weights,
AiJ drop letters, or letters placed in the post orhce in any
town or city for delivery within the same town or city,
shall be charged with five cent? postage whenever the same
is not pre-paid; and in cases of pre-payment the charge
shall be three cents only.
From and after the first of April next, on all periodicals
and papers of 1,350 jqnare inches, the same rate fixed by
the act of 3d March, 1225; on all above 1,300 square inches,
an advance ot one cent for every five square incoes over and
above the said number."
A great deal of this is absurd. The exorbitant
charge on 4 drop' letters will only annihilate all
revenue therefrom by inviting competition. If the
five cent limit were extended from :50 to 300
miles, we do not doubt that the Revenue would be
essentially increased. Very many of the letters
between Coston and New-York, Albany and New
York. New-York and Philadelphia, Philadelphia
and Baltimore, &c, Sec., are now transmitted
otherwise than by Mail, and would be under a ten
but not usder a five cent Postage. Three cents
under 30 miles and five under 300 would be far
better, and in the long run more profitable than
the rates proposed. Then the mammoth news
sheets should be smartly (axed, not prohibited.
The Government should derive revenue from them,
not set a dog on its customers. Why this eternal
effort to drive some things into the Mails and others
out? Better invite all communications, by car?
rying them lower than they can be sent otherwise,
and then let people consult their own convenience.
Yet this bill, just as itjs, is a great deal better
than nothing. Friends o;!' the People in Congress !
we entreat you to give iTs Post-Office Reform be?
fore your adjournment!
KP The Debate on Capital Punishment
was opened at the Tabernacle last evening in an
able extemporaneous argument in review of the
Theological argument for such Punishment and a
brief presentment of the facts and consideration*
which call for its Abolition by Mr. O'SULLITAW,
and continued in a carefully ptepared and most
eloquently effective oration in defence and advo?
cacy of such Punishment by Rev. Ggo. B. Chee
ver. Probably the Theological argument for
Death was never more forcibly set forth. Un ac?
count of Mr. Cheever's pressing engagements,
Monday has been assigned to Rev. Dr. Cox and
H. GrCELRT for a conclusion of their discussion
on this subject; and Messrs. O'SuLLlVJtN and
Chester will resume and conclude th**ir debate on
Friday evening.
A very large audience gave earnest und grati?
fied attention to the discussion through the even?
ing, and we nre confident that much light was dif?
fused to many minds on a subject of deep impor?
tance to the well-being of the Human Race. We
trust this Course of Debates will be so approved
and sustained as to lead to public, abla and even?
tually free discussions of all topics of vital interest
on which the community is divided. So shall
truth be vindicated and knowledgo diffused.
Correction.?In our account yesterday nf the
less of the sloop General Lewis, of North Port,
we stated that there was reason to believe that
the passenger who was lost, and who gave his
name to the Captain as Onderdonk. was a son of
Bishop Onderdonk, of this city. This we are in?
formed is not the case, he being a nephew and not
a son of that gentleman. His name was Andrew
Onderdonk and he was on his way to this city.?
We hope that any paper which may hare copied
our account will also give publicity to this correc?
tion. _
The River.?The boat which came down the
river on Thursday night cut through ice three in?
ches thick all the way from Albany to Poughkeep
sie. The Advertiser says that the weather on
Wednesday night was intensely cold?the coldest
of the season, and that the river was full of ice.
The bridges and mill-dams on Lime Stone
Creek in Manlius, Onondaga county, suffered
great damage from the recent fteshet.
Massachusetts.?The new Governor and
Council of Massachusetts have appointed Monday,
the 13th of February, as the day of second trial t?
olect Mombars of Congress from the six Districts
wherein no choice was made at the regular State
election. Gov. Davis and the Whig Council bad
coacluded not to hold any extra Election, but have
the choice made at the time of choosing Town
Officers in March, but the new Loco-Foco authori?
ties understand very well that their chance is bet?
ter on a light vote than a heavy one.
KP The Editor of the Detroit Daily Advertiser
was obliged t*> report, and so to hear, the debate
of the Loco-Foco Legislature of that State on their
new Exemption Law. In the evening he dropped
in at the African Debating Club, and heard the
same question discessed there, and remarks on the
two discussions:
" We certainly intend no disrespect either to the colored
people, or Iba .Members of the l.rgisiatuie, but we wou.d
auvise the taller to attenu the debates of Ute former, during
tbe Session, Their logic and elocution would boin be tnt
pioved."
It is well for this critic that our friend Fenimore
Cooper did not happen to be a member of either of
these deliberative bodies. He would have had a
deputy en his track in short order.
KP Mr. Ausubok, the celebrated Ornitholo?
gist, intends in a few weeks, starting on an expe?
dition to the Rocky Mountains for the purpose of
collecting specimens.
KP Gen. Cass arrived at Wheeling on theQStb
iasL, on his way to Detroit.
03* Professor Gouracd will conclude his .As?
tronomical Lectures this evening, antt give some
new experiments in his wonderful system or power
af Memory, which experiments will render this
Lecture more than usually attractive. Indeed
this Phrenotecnic art is one of the mo*: wonder?
ful discoveries of any age, and those who hare not
witnessed any of the experirceats of Professor G.
will do well to attend a; an early hour,
The Rival Dir Docke. '
[ We were waited upon yesterday by an intelli
1 gent and principal shipwright of cur City who,
I premising that he had no fraction of interest in
either of the Docks now struggling for the prefer?
ence of the Government in regard to the Brooklyn
' Navy Yard, informed us that we had done injus
| tice to the Sectional Dock bv referring to and en
dcrsing the statement* of Mr. Wood's Report to
Congress, which were glaringly inconsistent with
the facts, viz:
1. The Rpport States that vessels of 1000 to
1500 tons have bee.n taken up and repaired on the
Balance Dock. He states tliat the largest vessel
ever repaired there did not reach 400 tons ; that
in one case he attempted to repair there one of
350 tons, and was obliged to unship her rudder,
cut away the gate of tbe Dock, and finally the ves?
sel stuck fast, and was with difficulty docked at all.
2. He says Mr. Wood's statement that a Bal?
ance Dock is in operation at Amsterdam for ves?
sels of 4,000 tons, is entirely erroneous. He saw
yesterday a ship captain direct from Amsterdam,
who informed him that no Dock of the kind is or
has been in operation there, though one is build?
ing, wholly as an individual enterprise.
3. He state, that the difference in convenience
of working is very greatly in favor the Sectional
Doek?beyond all oomparison?and that every dis?
interested shipwright is strongly of that opinion.
Sylvasaia Association.
Tin.? Association, now composed of fifty sub?
scribers io its capital stock, having elected its offi?
cers and taken the preparatory steps in view of
its great object, will, in die ensuing spring, detach
its first er pioneer division of the Industrial Pha?
lanx. It will be composed of Agriculturists, Gar?
deners, Woodmen, Machinists, Carpenters, and
Workers in Metals, with the necessary supply of
food and raiment for one year. The following
year the whole Association will take up its perma?
nent residence on the Domain. To the end thar.
the public may understand what are the intentions
of Association, it is only necessary here to observe
that its object is to organise Industry, and to con?
centrate on its Domain as much talent, power and
variety of occupation as is possible t to enable
those who are members of it to find at all times
constant and, as far as possible, agreeable occu?
pations; to realize just dividends; to institute the
best possible system of Education for their youth ;
and ro ensure for the aged and sick as quiet and
peaceful an abode as possible. As an evidence
oi the care taken fcy members that no improper*
person shall become an associate, they have re?
solved that habits of intemperance and profanity
are incompatible with the character they have re?
solved to maintain, the objects they have combined
to effect, and the progress they hope to achieve
and to manifest.
LCF" Some newspapers are trouncing the Captain
and Clerk of the steamboat Globe for refu-ing a
seat at their breakfast table to Haalilio, Ambassa?
dor from the King of the Hawaaian or Sandwich
[lianas to ihis Government?the said Envoy labor?
ing under the original sin of being copper-c?lored.
Of course, the steamboat men were wrong?but was
ii indeed their fault, or that of a diseased public
opinion?a ridiculous and disgraceful popular pre?
judice ? Suppose this Haalilio had been a mulatto
native of the United States?a freo voter and
' sovereign' of this Country?the son, for instance,
of oar late Vice President?these same papers
would probably have abused the Captain if he had
given him a seat at the common table, and even
stigmatized the passengers for consenting to eat
with him! And why is not a cleanly and well
bred American freeman as good'as u Sandwich
Island dignitary I?There is no Country on earth
where Social Aristocracy is more exclusive and
absurd than here, and the less manhood a person
bus the more he plumes himself on his external
and factitious advantages over some one whom he
tries hard to look down upon.
D'AUBlGffE's Reformation.?Robert Csrter,
53 Cnnal-st. has just published an edition of the
great History of the Reformation by D'Aubigne of
Geneva, which has created a deep interest and ex?
citement throughout the Christian world, in three
neatly bound volumes of nearly 400 pages each at
the barely nominal price of One Dollar. At this
price no one should be without this work, for it is
one of wonderful ability and ranks among the best
histories ever written of the great event which it
commemorates. The Publisher states that this is
the only genuine edition published in this country?
others omitting the Notes which are of decided
value. This is decidedly thus far the greatest
achievement of the cheap system of publication.
It seems to us that the force of reduction ' can no
further go.'
The London Lancet.?Wilson & Co., 162
Nassau-street, have commenced the publication of
an American Edition of this celebrated English
medical work, which holds the first rank among
works of its class in Europe. It is edited by Mr.
Wakley, a Member of Parliament, and contains
the contributions of the most eminent medical
practitioners in Great Britain. The medical men
of our own country will find it well worthy their
attention, and the neat, cheap edition of Mr. Wil?
son places it within the reach of all.
The Book of Common Prayer.?K. W. Hewet
of tliis city has just issued the first number of a
new edition of the Book of Common Prayer, the
Administration ot the Sacraments, and all other
rites and ceremonies in use in the Episcopal
Church. The work is to be completed in tweaiy
one numbers, and will contain upward of seven
hundred line illustrations. Ic is printed on tine
white paper, in large type, and will form one of
the most beautiful volumes of the season. It is
edited by Dr. Wainwright, and is sold at the
low price of thirty-one cents each number.
\S3* Joseph Maso.v has already republisbed
the London Quarterly Review for December. It
is a valuable and interesting number, containing
articles on 4 Bee*,' * Children's Books,' 1 Medical
Quackery,' and several others which are able and
important
[Jj3 The State Banner informs us that on the
19th inst. the store of W. L. Peck of Benniagton,
Yt., was burned, with nearly all its contents. Loss
$4,000; insured $3,000.
7T We observe several ships advertise that Iber carry
the ' Life Boat-' We ihink this is right, as the pabtic ought
to know bv what vessels they may travel safely. If passen?
gers wou?l only attend to their own mtere?to, and see for
themselves where these boats are carried, we should not
nave so ofieu to deplore the taelancboly catastrophes that
are coastandy occurring.
French Language,?Manesca's Deal and Practical
System.?A lew more gentlemen ean jain the new eveoiag
das.*, which wdi commence on Wednesday tbe 1st Februa?
ry. A marning class for lad.es will commence also on the
1st Feb. Immediate application is requested.
Persons who bava stndiod on the system can entar classes
at any per .od of the study.
.128 St L. MANJCSCA D?sUNP, 73 Franklin.
BY THIS MORNING'S MAIL.
Relief of the States? Warehonainj? System,
6cc.-Exchc qner.
Correspoodence of Tbe Trlbaae.
? A5HISGT05, Tbnrsday, Jan. 23,K-4s.
In the House ok Representatives, te-day.
the Committee ordered some time since, (and its
appointment deterred on account of the inability
of the Speaker to select members disposed to con?
sider the matter with favor) on W. Cost Johnson s
plan for the reiief of the States, (by the issue and
distribution of $200,000,000 Government stock)
was appointed, to consist of the following mem?
bers: Messrs. Wm. Cost Johnson, (Chairman.)
Gentrt. Adams, Caset of III., Cooper of Pa.,
Marshall of Ky., Morris of Ohio, Howard,
and Cravens of la.
Mr. Underwood, from the Select Committee
on the improvement of steamboat navigation, re?
ported amendments to the bill now under consid?
eration of the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. KENNEDY of Md.. from the Committee on
Commerce, reported a bill '.making prevision for
the warehousing of imported goods/ He stated
that the bill met the unanimous concurrence of the
members of the Committee, although this was not
the case with some of the arguments of the ac?
companying report. A motion to print 5,000 ex?
tra copies of the report, which is understood to
be one of much ability, lies over.
Mr. Wise presented several memorials from
Buffalo and other parts of F.rie County in favor of
the Exchequer.
The fln.'i-Exchequer resolution from the Com?
mittee of Ways and Means was taken up at the
instance of Mr. Fillmore, who expressed the
hope that the question would be taken to-day.
Mr. PhNDLETON made a sensible speech in op?
position to the Exchequer scheme.
Mr. Wise replied t? Mr. Marsbali, in defence
of Mr. Webster from Mr. M's. charge of inconsis?
tency, in having long and uniformly directed his
mighty powers of intellect and argument in oppo?
sition to a Government Bank, and then when in
power, of recommending the very thing which he
had thus condemned. He attempted to prove that
the Exchequer was not a Government Bank?that
it partook no more of the qualities of such a bank
than the Treasury- itself, or than the present sys?
tem of Government financial operations under the
control of the Treasurer of the United States, ac?
cording to the law of 17S9, Sec.
Mr. Atherton, (the author with Mr. Pickens
of the minority report in favor of the Sub-Treasury.)
occupied his hour in an exhibition of the beauties
of that system, so signally repudiated by the peo?
ple in 1810.
Mr. Profkit advocated the adoption of the
Excbequei scheme.
Without action the House adjourned.
In Senate, Hon. Arthur P. Bagby of Ala
bama made his first appearance for the session.
Petitions for and a*ainst the repeal of the Bank?
rupt Law, for the Exchequer, i&c, were pre?
sented.
A variety of private business was disposed of,
by adverse reports, indefinite postponements, &c.
Mr. Bayard, from the Committee on Naval
Affairs, reported a bill-to. amend the Act reorgan?
izing the Navy Department.
The consideration of the Oregon bill was re?
sumed, and Mr. Linn, (the introducer, as will be
reeollected, of the bill,) at some length advocated
its passago, and replied to various arguments of
gentlemen preceding him. He referred to the
delays of Congress from time to time in action on
this subject ; to the fact that through the encroach?
ments of Great Britain by her Hudson's Bay Com?
pany and in other ways the annual value of our fur
ttade there hail diminished sinco 1820 from four
or five hundred thousand dollars to the compara?
tively insignificant amount of tiro or three thous?
and,?te various evidences of the great produc?
tiveness, fertility and value of the country and
urged tho policy of encouraging settlements by
grant* of land, protection, &0. He denounced the
course of Great Britain in reference to the Mc
Leod ca?e, the question ol the search of vessels,
and other questions, considering her pacific dispo?
sition subordinate to her selfishness and rapacity,
and arguing thence thut we should not hesitate in
boldly asserting and maintaining our rights, Sec.
<tc. The Senate adjourned. Argus.
The * Coast BKartial.1
The paragraph going the rounds of the newspa?
pers in relation to the 4 Court Martial' is utterly
devoid of all foundation. It is believed to have
originated with the Courier & Enquirer, and has
found its way into the Intelligencer, New-York
Standard, and other papers. The paragraph states
thit the President of the United States, without
?vaiting to learn the decision ?f the recent Court of
Inquiry, has ordered a Court Martial to convene
fur the trial of Captain Mackenzie and others in
the case of the alleged mutiny on board the So
mers; and the Standard adds that this has been
done to save Mackenzie and others from suits at
law.
Now, we ate authorized to say that there is net
one word of truth in the above. No Court was
ordered till the 2?th in*t., four day* after the ad?
journment of the Court of Inquiry, and more than
two days after the receipt of the record at the De?
partment. The President has done nothing in the
matter, and the Secretary of the Navy has treated
i: exactly as he has done every other case. He
ordered a Court Martial as soon as he made up
his mind to do so, neither waiting for the civil au?
thority to act, nor hurrying in order to prevent its
action. If the civil authority has desired to take
the case from the Navy Department, it has had
ample time te do so. At least one week will
have elapsed between the adjournment of the
Court of Inquiry and the arrest of Commander
Mackenzie for trial before a Court Martial.
The idea that a Court Martial has been ordered,
or that the parties desired one, 44 as the only means
of saving themselves from suits at law," is merely
ridiculous. The sentence of a Court Martial
might, indeed, be a bar to a prosecution for the
same offence in the civil courts J but that it can
prevent " suits at law" is a new idea. The sim?
ple truth is, that the Secretary of the Navy has not
made the least distinction, in any respect, between
this and any other case; and the President has not
interfered with him in any manner whatever.
The whole responsibility rests on the Secretary
of the Navy alone, aad he is perfectly willing that
his whole proceedings in the matter shall be laid
before the country. A Court Martial is necessary,
under every possible view of the case. If Macken?
zie be guilty, it is necessary in order to try him; if
he be innocent, it is necessary in order lo try the
mutineers. It was not necessary, therefore, to I
postpone it even till the rising of tie Court of In?
quiry. The fact that it has been postponed till
several days after that event, is proof enough that
it ii not now called with any view to take the case
from the civil authority. [Madisonian.
Natal Court Martial.?We learn that the
Secretary of the Navy has appointed William H.
Norris, Esq. of this city, Judge Advocate of the
Court Martial which has been ordered in the case
of Commander Mackenzie. It will consist of ten
Captains and three Commanders. [Bait. Pat,
The Great Law Suit for a Million of Dol
dars.??We are gratified to learn from Annapolis
that the Court of Appeals has decided, unani?
mously, in favor cf the Baltimore and Ohio Rail?
road Company, the suit which had been brought
against the Company by Washington County, to
recover the penalty of one million of dollars claimed
to have been forfeited te the County because the
road was not constructed through "certain points
within its limits. [ Bait Pat
I ID" The barns of two brothers named Black in
Dickinson, Pa. were burned a few nights since
with their contents. The barn of Mr. Bryson, in
Ailea township, was also burned with five mules
and two horse?.
The C??* of Mackenzie, Ac.
Correspondence of Tbe Tribone.
Philaditxphi*.. Jan. 27, P. M.
Orders were received last evening from Waabtegtoo. by
CanLJobo G* inn. of ibe U. S. Navy, oox.rajerWe*o<
Sfcdv, to convene, ? .tb Others, ? General Coort Mg
Hat lo'beheld in year city, w the 1st o. Ftbraary t**L tor
Spurpose of trying UeaU M.cke^e. as well a, the al
leged mutineers of the Somers, who are now m caalody on
board the North Carolina
There was a much be.ter feeling manifested at the Stock
Board UKiav,accompanied wHh an increase ? the amount
of business/and a slight advance in Schuylkill Navigaiioa
Sixes. Mechanic*' Bank shares were arm al*U,?u?da ?u?
of State Fires was made ?t
The news bv the Caledonia has produced a si ghi ?ri
prorement in our Cotton Market, but r? effect b?. been had
either upon Flour or Grain. They both continue dull, and
,be stock on hand is uneqsal to the demand. In other mat?
ters tbe intelligence from the Old World has exercised but
littl? indceace. , ? _. ,
The meeting in behalf of the ? persecuted ?nara?e men
of Rhode Isbmd took place iast evenin*. as per announce?
ment. It was a miserable affair irom b^ginn.ng to end, and
the speeches of Messrs. Atthony and Parmeoter, the'dis?
tinguished and persecuted Rhode Islanders' were a com?
pound of lies and nonsense. To know the character ol the
meetic". it isoniv necessary to state that James II. Hutch?
inson, "proprietor of the 'Van Baren' Tavern in Locust
Ward, was its Chairman!
A new bill districting the State has been ictrc*iaced into
the House of Representatives, by .Mr. Defoid, a Loco-Foco,
which certainly has some claim for its justice and impar?
tiality. It gives to the Whijs eight districts, and leaves four
for the two parlies to contend for.
The Senate of Pennsylvania, on Wednesday afternoon,
passed unanimously the bill \bolishtn<; tbe Court of General
Sessions lor the County of Philadelphia. Justice, at last,has
been done the people of Ibis community!
A letter was shown ms last evening, direct fram Wash
iagton, which states from authority undoubted, if not4 offi?
cial,' thu Hon. James M. Porter, brother of Gov. Porter,
will unquestionably be tendered the ornce of Secretary of
War, and that he has signified in such an event, bis readi?
ness to accept the same! What is lo be done with Mr. Spen?
cer the letter in question does not state.
Tbe libel case which has been ?;oing on for several day s
pa*t between the publishers of the Daily Chronicle and
Public Ledger, in me Court of General Sessions, will pro?
bably to the Jury on Monday. J. Clarkson, Esq.; for the
prosecution, concluded his speech at noon to day, when
William F. Small, Fsq., opened for the defence, and fiaisbed
at two o'clock?when the Court adjourned. David Paul
Brown, Esq , addresses the Jury en Monday.] v?~*
Thomas C. Hooper, formerly a respectable citizen, has
been arrested and held to bail, oa a charge of forcing a note
for $5Co upon a dour merchant. Brutus.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT.
By and a-i h the odvice ami consent of the Senate.
Custom-House Officers?Collectors.
Hcch Nelson, Petersburg, Virginia, vice J.
YV. Campbell, deceased.
Gkoroe Rotster, Teche, Louisiana, vice John
W. Dough, deceased.
Surveyors.
Daniel Foster, Boverly, Massachusetts, vice
S. D. Turner, who did not qualify.
Wm. P. Porter, Richmond and Petersburg,
Virginia, vice J. H. Battie. resigned.
Oliver Harris, St. Louis, Missouri, vice E.
R. Hopkins, deceased.
Naval Officer.
Joel B. Sutherland, Philadelphia, vice Alex?
ander Ferguson.
Appraiser.
Ernest Murphy, New-Orleans, vice A. H.
[nskeep.
Land Officers?Register.
Albert W. Parris, Muscoday, WUkonsan,
vice J. D. Wcston, resigned.
Receivers
Robert B. Semple, Tallahassee, Florida, vice
Henry Washington, resigned.
Moses H. Kirby, Lima, Ohio, vice Wm. Black?
burn, whose commission expires.
John H. McRak. Grenada, Mississippi, vice
James A. Girault, resigned.
The Naval Court Martial ?-The Court to
inquire iuto the late affair of the Somers will, it is
believed, assemble here in the course of a few days.
Com. Downes will, it is now stated, preside; and
among the members will be Commodore Read,
Captains Bolron, Skinner, Turner, Aulick and Wy
man, Commanders McKean, Shubrick and Ogden.
Mr. Samuel Rush, of Philadelphia, is to be the
Judqe Advocate. The sitting of the Court will no
doubt be a protracted one. [American.
SUPREME COrjTtT.?TUUBSDAY, Jan. :Cth, 1013.?No.
20. Morris, app. vs. Nixon, el al. continued by Mr. S?rj{eanl
;or appellees.
Alarmiso.?Some of our exchanges notice with
expressions of concern ami anxiety the alarming
fact that the Earth, since last June, has been rap?
idly approaching the Hun. There is something
terrible in this beyond all doubt. To quiet their
nerves, however, it might be well for those who are
so sadly frightened to look into a spelling-book
and ascertain tho shape of the Earth's orbit round
the Sun. Perhaps we shall not run into tiiat lum?
inary after all.
Joe Smith.?The Springfield, (111.) Journal of
the 12th inst. says that another requisition will be
made upon the Governor of that State for Joseph
Smith, under the former indictments, which charge
him with lobbery, arson, treason and murder.??
For this purpose the indictments referred to are to
be reinstated. The affidavit under tho last requi?
sition was defective; but, in this case, those con?
cerned do not believe that any legal objection
against the requisition can be made.
CCJ3 It is stated in the Baltimore Republican,
thai Captain Joseph Owens, whose residence is a
few miles from Annapolis, shot Iiis son on Wednes?
day morning?the wound causing almost immerii
diate death. This shocking deed, it is said, was
occasioned by an ill-feeling growing out of a luw
suit.
D3" Three men, named Kirby, Carroll and Payne,
are i*> be hung at .Nashville on the 10th of Febru?
ary next, for murder.
O" Tbe Burning oI Moscow, at an aflern<*on exhibition,
.s ic-r the thai Uu.c giren tuuuy *| Uie An*encan Muaeum,
>tl ine c'osc oi au auuiirable iisi ui pertornniucc?. t hai uis
UAiguiaueu foreigner, General ToruTnamU, baa accepitrd an
iL.v,utuon 10 be preaenlou ibis occasion.
. JZT Messrs. Wiaiaey u. Jcukms, numbers, No. li John-sL,
n*?c n.icti u,< our *?ew buii^Uj^a *i?j pipea uua hxiure? :oi
in.: Cioiun water. Tuooe c.uzcn? wno intend to muouuee
lie same in U;eir houses, woum uo wed tu pAirouiae ibe
Above hriu aa iLe.r worst baa given ua enure buuatac.iu.1.
TJT Ou Saturday vs.i: be puoi^bed, enure and complete,
Roberta's caeap American tte-yrmi of Beulley'? i?.?cci
un>, lur Jaumuy, lij-W, received by me steamer Caieoonu.
tnia reprint wil. be in a couveuicm Uaijuaoiue .wrui, and
sola a* uie aatouuaiug io* price'ot ii\ cents per copy. a?o.
?ctipuon price *i So pet annum.
Newianeu anu au omers wiio sell again will be supplied
al lue r?iie oi >;9 per Louure?. For ?a.e wholesale anu re
lail alNo. 4 Ann sire, u J5. JS, TUT'A'ldB. it
ANU1'H?R DULBL? Jfc.XTKA N?W WORLD.
BLACKW UOD'i EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.
? New ifcpriuU-XWO DOLLARS A x"CaK.?
aiMULt. Ccpils Iii ceuis.?Tue Pubhiaer uf the New
VYoil? ?unouuees Jiat be haa cuuiUieijcea Uie Kepubac<iuon
of ibis mo*i ceiebralecl of the Magaxmes, ai a price which
*ui insure :t a very .arge circulation. Tbe Jaauaiy uum
oer received by Uie 2.earner C^uedoma, wid be puhns-eO
illib DAY AT TW?LVK O'CLOCK!
and be lor ?die al me Orbce, d) Ana a ire el, aad by the New
?Voriu Agents inrou^bou; uie coouiry. Blackwooo" haa
long swod at ibe heaa ol the periodical literature of the
worm, aad it continues to maiDiain that ?isunciiun, without
a nvaL Prol. Wdson, us editor, (Old ?'Christopher North,")
is unnvaied as a p;o-.>? writer aad a poet, and his coatribu.
tors are among the hrsl livuig author* of Great Biilain.
CONTENTS OF THE JANUARY NUMBER.
I..Great ?niamal in* commencement of the ye^r 1843.
(A ?pleodi? atucie.;
li..Leauiqac? . or uie Vuium ot Jadicial Error,
lit.. Caleb oiukely? Pax i.V.
IV. .Imaginary Conversation; by Waller Savage Lan
dur.?Taaso and Corneha
V. .The World ct Loodou. Second Series? Pan L
VI. .Tbe Dream of Loid Niuxsdate.
VU..Two Huurs of Mysiery ; a ihniling Tale.
VHL.The East and South uf Europe,
IX..The Cux?e of Glencoe; by li. Simmons.
X..The Martyr'* MonomeU; a Monologue.
Xl..Tasta and Music in England.
Terms?l>o Dollars a year?tbrae copies lor $?-hve
copies for $*?leu copies for EIS, ST Subject to newspa?
per postag? only. Address
?8 It J. WINCHESTER, Pabuaber, ?0 Aaa-tf.
I Firm in Tennessee ?The Bowling G-eec
Gazette gives an account of the burning of a ^ars
?table and fifteen horses and mules, belonguxg?
j Mr. Henry Mitchell, of that County. Alsooft?
burning of a barn, seven head o: horses >-,'
a large quantity of wheat, corn, iVc belonging
n Mr. Cutter, of the same County. On the lo^
inat. a tobacco bar?, with 6,000 lbs. tobacco, bs
longing to Major H. L. Barton, of Gibson CJocatt
Teen, w as destroyed by lira.
I Sldden Death.? We are pained at learning tin
Mr. William Cunningham, for twenty years ia
iron merchant in extensive business, well and fav^
ably known in this city, died suddenly this rsor*.
ing, just alter rising. Tina cause of his death "a
supposed to have been apoplexy. Mr. Conniu*.
hatti was about 4j \eats of age. [Com. Adr.
Fare Reduced.?Tbe rate of passage in
R: \al Mail Steamships from Boston to Liverpoo;
is to be reduced, commencing with the Caledaei^
to one hundred and twenty dollars.
Detarturf of Missionaiues.?We leans ti^.
the Rev. Justin 1'erkins and Bishop Mar Yaha*.
nan are soon to return to the country of the Xsjfc.
rians. and are to be accompanied by Mr. Dtty
Stoddard, of Northampton, Mas*. [Com. .y.
Fire in Winchester, Va.?-W* learn troa ,
note written yesterday morning by the I'cimiastR
at Winchester, that the jail in that town had W
been destroyed, and that other buildings wered*,
an lire. [Baltimore Patriot.
KJ* The Whig* of Norfolk. Va. held a ta^
meeting, to appoint Delegates to tko State CWe*.
tion, (to be held at Richmond on thw 024 of
ruary next,) one the evening of the ID:K ins:. ^
adopted a preamble and resolutions, dechri?
their preference for Henry Clay as the Whig cm
diJate for the Presidency, and instructed tbeix
Delegates to sustain his nomination. [U. S.Ga:.
(CF* A sail-boat from Bristol foundered in the
midst of the heavy ble>w on Thursday aftemcoo,
about 4 o'clock, in the Delaware, near Moon',
Point, below Lambeitoh. Two men were ia h?f>
David and Flam Parvih, of Bristol. Elam *j,
saved through the venturous courage of two boy>.
but David sunk, and was drowned before the ?j.
sistance came. [L\ S. Gat.
?Uxns's Sarsaparilla?Scrofula.?Other diseases fa?(
s!ain their thousands, but Scrofula has slain its tea ?
thousands. This very alartuiug affection appears
a grjat variety of forms Irom the slightest deviate
from health to tbe most fatal of local ar.tl genera! (I?hm,
One of its most eomnion forms as tubercular; phthisis pjt.
rior.il!?. or consumption of the lungs; diseases cf the tip"
and knee joint, and while swelling; abo theglacdssfSj
neck ami other parts of the body. Experience ha? sbowBtlit
Sands/S Sarsaparilla is a cure for the most inveterate eg*,
plaint, and in numerous instances it has brought rrtnnur
health and life where the vital spark had alm< ?t Bed, from
its preparation and pecular combination with i.?ier vrttu.
ble substances, it operates by removing, in the first p'att,
unhealthy actiou trom diseased organs, substituting unity
action in Us place, givi;:g tone to the general ?oenret?
'he system. For particulars Of its curative poweis,?e?di(.
ferent advertisements in tbe daily papers.
For certiScates of cures, and other testimonials, set aj.
vcrtiseinerl In the different daily papers.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, aud for eipor
union, by A. B. SANDS k CO., Druggis s and Chemist
Gran'te Buildings-, No. 273 Broadway, corner of Cliaube*
?ireH. ,Vew-York. Sold also by A. B. i. D. s>- Is.Dfi
gists, Nns. 79 and 100 Fultou-un-et; David SanHsk Co.,Ko.
77 East Broadwav, corner of .Market street; aad by Dr
nisi* generally throughout the United States. Price $1 ?,
bottle, six bottles for $5. _ ?
XT Mr. John Brown, Builder, 61 Ann?treet, was rim!
of an inveterate rain and soreness ot the chest by one hot,
tie of W istai'? Balsam of Wild Cherry, Every day idfi
to the wondeis performed by thi* medicine. Cocrb,
Colds, Consumption, kc. yield to its nilghty powsr. w
skeptics read tue following, irom A. Williams, LV., ?
William.street:
I have been afflicted with spasmodic Asthma forlwtttj
four years; sometimes so severely as to be confined to my
room for weeks; aud although visited by various medial
advisers of the highest reputat on aod skill in the rouarr,
die relief was hut partial and temporary, till the di?t*
proved nearly latal to tuv life.
Some few weeks ago I commenced taking Wislar1*Bal?
sam of Wild Cherry, which gave me instant relief, aad i
single botile produced whnt I believ? to be a rarttesl tat
perfect cure. A. WILLIAMS, Counsellor at Lar,
New-York, Jan 2'., 7512 .r>8 Wllium-tt
Beware of similar preparations. Price $1. Sold odIt it
125 Fulton, cornerof Nassau street; Mrs, Hayes,Brookljt,
Dexter, Albany._
Li vs:a Complaint?The follow ine article is Irom the pa
of that distinguished jihyxician Professor Anderson of Id
College.
Having used Dr. Taylor's Balsim of Liverwort ia a;
practice, and also among my hospital patients for nearly for
years in very many cases of d.seased hver, I can assart ik
public bv my experience, that there Is no known renwy
lor Ibis disease deserving so much confidence. Itdommj
with the use of mercury, und speedily n-sioresa beilir
action to diseased livrr. All should u** it.
Bleeding raoM tub Limes and Night Sweats?"TV
very first night after taking it my sweat, ceased, sad I
rai.ed no more after the tbirtl day, and have bianco uv
recovery every dsy since. Keeling n desire to hf Ipotiim
I publish ibis statement, earnestly hoping it may belli* is
direct means ol curing many, tor it ii indeed horribka
wiuiesssuch diseases." D. M. HOYT, rear of 91 t>ref?it
Consumption t'URru.?' I gradually bteume wnivA
feeble, and the symptoms grew more bg?rnvatiug, *br?l
*rul to 1175 ? iwery, torn bottle ot' Dr. Ta- Im's BahsSW
Liverwori; this mediaiae lest^red me to health."
KMMA mWU/BWA*
Be sure and ge,t the ONLY Tit UK, at the old ofllce.ft
Bowery, between 4iu and 5.h-Ms.
Agents?Dr. Leeds, 127 Maiden-lane; Mr*. Hayes, lil
Fulton-?treet, Brooklyn; K.F.Jacobs and J. O. HilJ,D*
troit. _
" You should be warnen,
And yet y.iur beards i<?bi.| me to interpret
That you are ho."?Shakspeare.
XT Thus spoke the great bard, of le.nales with hiirty
on their upper lips. Ad such frighilul excresc?-uc*i B?f _
be permanently emdicated, as well as sup* iliuonshairtrtn t
the sides ol the tare, back of the neck, the braw, or H
more stubborn beard of man, by n?,ng (louraurt's r>c<t*
Ing Powders for uprooting hair. To be had ?167 wall*?,
" door irom Broadway. $1 per boi?e. j?ft'
THE NEW WORLD TRIUMPHANT'
FIVE NEW WORKS FOR l^i CTS. M?NTHLV.
XT The Fubliaii? r of the New World, liariajiif
termined to exclude all continued ?tori?s in lie repiia*
weekly issue, anaooaces his intention ot giving the ?">???'
seeiks of <he new works?by ideir popuUr authons?**?
ens, Lever, Ainswortn and Lover?in one Kxtsa Ntam,
immediately on the arrival ?f the English Steamer, ted
continue to do the same each month, bereaiur-unaif?
ISU?sg tlie latest productions of ttiese auti.or? inad-joMK1
every other aUUtluhmaU m this country, and ala prwaa*3
cannot tail U meet tbe public appiovaL 'i'i?eioU0?Ti,4,,t
the utles of the Novels, Uie first numbers of whicti dyptf*
ia London on Uie 1st oi Januury, lii4J, and are re-U?sriaa?
EX IRA NEW WORLD IHIS DAY,
and for sale at die office, No. 3o Aunsircet, anUtr/artP
men thiougnoui Uie country :
THK L1VKS AND ADVENTURES OF MARTLS
CllLZZLtWlf, u iaie of Engtisn Lile aud iUtWV
Cnarles uickens, author oi ? Ainerican Notes,' ?n<n*i/
Hu^ge,' ? Nicholas Nickleby,' *tc
TuAl BUttKJE OF ? OL KS,' toroiingtbe second vob*
t Oca Mess; t>y Charles l^.ver, Ktq., uaU^s of ?
tyMalley,' ? Jac?. Uutumf kc.
Mr. L.jvcr'?New Vtoik, L. S. D., or ACCOC.VTS 09
1U1S11 Ueika?; lurn^heil to the pub ic MooUdy, ?>
ucl Lover, Accoumaut lor Irian ljueriuin ti.
WINDSOR CAS ILK, an liulorical Roaisscej^
ti. Aiuawordi, auuior ol ? Tbe Miser's Daubster,' *w'
Fawkes,' ? Tower wl Loudon,' kc.
TlLai LOU jfc.Kl.Nijs OF ARTHUR O^EABV;'/
Chdilcs Lever, fc?q , auiiior of ' Our Mcs?,' *Co*rK?
Maiiey,' kc. kc
iLV A3 uns euition will be issued in a besutifsl ??w
form, at one-fourth the cb?t ot any oUier, we jusliy
pate a very l*rge sale^ therefore we solicit of oar At8*
-md others, immediate ordert. This wdl be the b"1
best American EdiLon of diese popular works.
Tkrms? 124 cents single?eight uollar* per handrei
j37 'A (J) J. WINCHES1 ER,
XT Appeal for h?und? for ilie ?1?*ntUrt:S>
Mion.? j^euers have l>ceu rece-ved trwoi tbeuev.
?aymontl unto October31st, 1342,dated Ywra,"te"?'S I
Western Ali tea. 1 bu teen of ine Aoiutaa Airtfsns ??-^ .
ed won hiui. Two ?t Uie giru Margru and ti^3^t s
betm luipeiuJly converted, i'he men were %
farm, wlmcu ha* been placed under die cu?trcl ca ^ ?&
mood, by Mr. Hughes, U:e ujau-ger. Dr. uoi^f ^
Metno?ist Episcopal Lnurch, wbo u*s lately ^'SJ^S* ?
country trom Africa, saw Mr. Kayuioud aud U* ? ^ ^
He Uiuiks Uiat Murgiu ax?u Ken>en ?iiv? satianra"^ a
deace of having i>een couvcrir.i. Mr. liaymci-i <jiS .
lastauviCiS aoout suriuur lor Uie Sner^ro (x^f}' &S :
the Rev. ibomas Kastouran Jti.glisb U\tuoMfJ> ytr
out tor a permanent location Wi?eie Uie bji^s^1 vsr
lablubed. J: was expecteJ, Usa: alter their rrinw ^
ilr. Kaston would :e*uine Iii? uUm Iber-, ?"X*^^?^
Mrs. tuymocd would leave ineco^ny t-r the ?no-^e
try witti iLt Menaiacs. _ ., .-argitf?
The orlg Wasp, Cape Leaviu, expects .0 n,/
Leone in a tew iLa>i. 11 u very desirable to ls*4
mand auppiies.^ he Executive Commntee um? ^
Alissiu%r> a?cietv useret'ore earnesUy aPP*aVdajiB?^** 7
Uan comaitu- iv to contribute loriLe WP^*iT?, ft*
Donatxias . 1 be received hy i.Kwio *A'rJ*0#
surer,corner h\xcnaoK? and Hanovcr-strect*. r
Post Orrice, New-York, ^f/grs^ |
I7F.n8!Uh inall.-Letter.Bag.
per R^yal Mail steamer Calad>?ma, 7l?fjl*.
of February neat, wUI be clc-ed at the J-RW^sst'' L
Post Offices on Tuesday,^ S?ffi^* fc
o'clock, F. Sir j28Si JOHN LORIMER OR*?**? ^

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