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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, February 17, 1844, Image 1

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?-YOKK TttililiN:
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*\ ?tirt? REL-K^lofsaud FCWKRAL NOTICK-, U<
?&???-***":_
-THENEVY-YORK WEEKLY TRIBUNE
. v/-y Large Paper, for th.? Cniint
* ,. ?l-FLUHKl? ?VI IU IATUHDA.T MORNlNii
..". pnce ol TWO DOLLAKS i??.rauu:im.iuad''
ffK T R j_B U jpg
?limpses of lEurope.
njnaE** S*'-? Bv a TRAVRi.iNr. New-Yob
foreign Correspond? nee of the New-York Tribun?.
c0MO?DILIGENCE TO MILAN'?DUOMO.
The La?& of Como, with its uncqualed r?<
tjes of water, carlh and sky was at length qui
?withslow, reluctant, amorous delay,'as At
and Eve might have left Paradise; though i
doubtful whether any of the hikes of the
Eden was disturbed by steamboats, while ll
of these unromantic but convenient i.iventi
daily traverse the Lago di Como, and are aln
rood enough to be American. One of these c
veyed us down the Lake, past the Villas, whl
along its shores, both give ?md re?oive bcai
and which have been favorite resorts fur twoth
gand years, from the time of Pliny ('Jic fri.gi.-ic
of whose colonnades are now half buried in
Jike) down to Caroline, Princess of Wales, ?
Madame Pasta.
Como is a fine old city, which lies so chai
ingiy at the foot of the lake to which it gives
name, that Ugo Fose?lo used to say that it v
impossible to study in its neighborhood, for
natural beauties which surround.it for ever <
the attention away from dry books. The inh:
itaiitsscem to appreciate this, and live aim
wholly in the open air. The shridy sides of 1
streets arc lined with workmen at all tradi
shoemakers, seamstresses, and blacksmiths j
their tools in friendly neighborhood, exposing
the mysteries of their arts to every passer-by.
Families dine in front of their houses instead
inside, and all seem to look upon their rooms
mere Seeping placc3 for the night. The bro
arcades of stone, the high buildings, and the g
colored curtains which hang before the shops a:
cafes, instead of doors, indicate how important
is in this region to exclude the sun and admit t
air. Figs, Grapes, Olives and Pomegranates a
piled up in the streets as farther indications oft.
warmth of the climat.c.
Another curious circumstance, assimilating tl
tropical oasis to the era when mammoths liv
in frozen Siberia, is the existence among the coi
mon people of a tradition that in the ncighborii
hills lives an enormous lizard, more than six fc
long, which may be a lineal descendant of tl
Saurian reptiles (the Mcgalosaurus, Ichthy
saurus, &.C.) found by geologists in the co.
mincs of England, and which also prove tl
former prevalence there of a tropical temperatui
Our own Yankee ? sea-serpent' is also parallel!
by an enormous ?sh, much larger than a mai
which browses at the bottom of the lake, and on;
occasionally vouchsafes to show himself, like ?
sea-serpent off Nahant.
Quaint old Churches abound in Como, and <
these the most remarkable is the Cathedral. Tl:
richly colored marble of which it is built, is dec
rated with fantastic carvings, and with perper
dicular rows of statues on si?.net?, risinjr in ihr"
niches, one above another, to the very top.
Arouncl the doors are delicate and graceful seul]
tares of fanciful arabesques, entwining birds an
beasts, serpents and children, internally a din
religious light prevails, barely sufficient to sho*
the statues and paintings of the altars, and the bin
and gold of the ceiling. But tlie Church is mof
identified with the locality by two statues of th
elder and younger Pliny, which arc attached t
its front, and protected by marble canopies. Th
inscription announces that they were erected i
the 16th century by the inhabitants of Como I
'their fellow-citizens.* It is well that even sue!
a slight connection between the dwellers here no*.
and then can be established, for it would be har
to trace any resemblance between tlie ancient Ital
ntns and their -*e?j-cncr-itc descendants.
In the Austrian dominions, to take a place in ;
diligence, it is necessary to show your passport
and at Como, a new instance of their suspiciou
watchfulness occurred. On presenting mine a
the office, the clerk said, " Your passport is ou
of order; it is six days since it was endorsed a
the other end of the lake, and you have just ar
nved by the steamboat. How do you explaii
that?" '* Very easily," I answered. "By m)
having passed that time at Cadenabbia, half wa*,
<Wn the lake." ?? Ah yes, yes." said he, as i
the possibility of that had never before occurrcc
to him, and then apologized for his over-careful
t-ets, saying that being so near the frontier, thej
were oblifTcd to exercise a very strict scrutiny o
-*1* arrivals.
The regulations for passengers by the Austria!
?diligences show still farther the minuteness wit!;
which that government directs the smallest ac
tions of its subjects. The receipt for the fare
^ntains no less than nineteen long rules, putting
the passengers under a sort of military discipline
They must be at the office half an hour before the
time of starting, and have their luggage there
two hours previously. No sick persons can travel
hy the diligence, unless their friends engage all
the seats for the whole distance, lest they should
mcommode the other passengers. The same ru'c
applies to children u&dcr four years of age, and
this part of it all bachelor travelers in coaches will
heartily approve. If a passenger is taken sick on
tae road he cannot go on in the diligence. This
seems rather cruel, but probably is not very rigidly
enforced. After luggage is brought to the office,
its owner is not allowed to go to it again except
With the Conductor. Dogs are not allowed in
the carriages, but pipes, * well closed,' arc permit
ted, in kind consideration of tiicir being necessar?
ies of life to the Ucrman subjects of Austria.?
Thus the rules run on, reg.-iating the minutest
Points, and finishing by * severely ordering all the
Postillions, &.c., to conduct themselves toward
i>assengers with gentility, moderation and deco?
rum, and expecting that passengers will also treat
these persans with suitable regard and courtesy.'
These directions for traveling in Italy arc signed
y the * Imperial Royal Aulic supreme direction
?fthe Posts at Vienna, 1836.' It is a part ofthat
8ystem of centralization of Government, which is
the characteristic, of Austria, and which is so di?
ametrically opposed to the spirit of all our Araeri
^an tristitutiuns. How would one of our sturdy
kack woodsmen, who has gone to the outskirts of
the country to escape the trunnnels and fonnali
BY GREELEY & McELRATH.
voi.. m, uro. 208.
ties of the older settlements, like to have thrust in
his hand, when he takes passage, from Chicago
to Milwaukie for example, a long list of rules,
made out by an officerat Washington, five years
before, and ordering him what to do and what to
avoid, and scarcely allowing him to sneeze with?
out special license ?
Leaving Como for Milan, you enter upon the
great plain of Lombardy, soon after losing sight
of the Lake. The roads are broad and well Mac
Adamized, and generally raised by a causeway
above the level of the surrounding country, which
i?; very rich and fertile, and therefore, like Flan.
ders, gener.lly flat an?! uninteresting. On such
roads an English coach would whirl over the 30
miles to Milan in three hours, but the diligence
takes twice that time, though often changin_- its
big horses, which never go fasler or slower than
their regular pace, and would no more think of
running away than would tlie oxen who move
houses on rollers in America. A dragoon lides
beside the diligence as a guard, but with his mus?
ket s?) securely strapped to his saddle, that he
might be knocked down a dozen times before he
could gel it ready for use. At each little villa-re
through which we pass, the Postillions snap their
whips to a regular tune,p!.aying a scientific duetto
to astonish the natives, who congregate in tlie
streets in dense masses with an air of comfortable
do-nothing. At length the villas grow more fre?
quent, and soon after passing that of Mr.nbello,
where Napoleon established himself after the fall
of Venice, and where Josephine held her brilliant
Court, you reach Milan entering under the mag?
nificent Triumphal Arch, first erected in honor
of the Victories of Napoleon, but now dedicated
to his Conquerors, the Allied Sovereigns, il is a
still more imposing copy of tlie Arch of Constan?
tino, (which yet stands beside the Coliseum.) and
is of brilliant white marble, adorned with sculp?
tures, and surmounted by a bronze chariot and
horses.
Milan is the least picturesque in outward ap?
pearance of any of the great cities of Italy. Built
in a plain, none of its Churches or Palaces rise
prominently above the general level and though all
its houses arc lofty and massive, few are striking
or beautiful. All look like modern and every-day
affairs, and they arc indeed comparatively new,
all older ones having been destroyed when the
city was utterly razed to the ground in the twelfth
century, by the neighboring rival towns, and the
inhabitants dispersed in the surrounding villages.
But though the buildings are not picturesque they
look comfortable, which is much better. There
seem to be no mean suburbs to the city, but all
the streets arc lined with uniform ranges of lofty
and solid houses, apparently of stone, of a light
yellow, all with balconies to each of their numer?
ous stories, but with no other ornament exter?
nally. There is none of the rich carving so pro?
fusely lavished in other cities, but all the labor
seems to have been more profitably applied to the
production of substantial wealth. The same
shrcwdnct-s has also led the inhabitants to turn
all their streets into railroads, by Jayin-*- down
wheel-tracks of smooth slabs of granite through?
out all the thoroughfares. On these carriages roll
smoothly and cosily, while the horses have a firm
footing upon the small rough stones between. A
similar experiment would be worth trying in the
Broadway of New-York, if that can be called an
experiment, which has been here practised so long
and so succcssfullv.
Of all Churches in the world, not even except?
ing St. Peter's, the Cathedral of Milan is the
Queen. Imagine a marble pyramid miraculously
sprouting and shooting up from every part of its
surface, spires, pinnacles and statues, ?and you
will have a better idea of this most glorious Da?
mno, than by comparing it with any other Church.
' None but itself can be its parallel." ' Facile
princeps.' The Cathedral of Coloeric is indeed
inspired by the same feeling and akin in some of
its details, but it is only the bare single rose, while
here in the more luxuriant soil and more balmy
sk\* of Italy th?*? flower puts forth so many new
leaves and so doubles and redoubles its petals,
that the luxuriant double rose of Milan can
scarcely recognize its prototypein the single wild
flower of Cologne.
This mountain of marble sends out flying but?
tresses on both sides, and arched bridges connect
them with the main mass. From the front also,
six buttresses project and rise above the sloping
summit of the body of the Church. All these are
filled with statues, each with a niche of its own,
and from each buttress rise pinnacle!? on pinnacles,
and spire branching from spire, each crowned
with statues, so that the whole church is cov?
ered with a marble population of Saints and An?
gels. The whole front is also embossed with
sculptures in high relief wherever the statues
have left room, and these pictures carved in stone
record the various scenes and events in sacred
history with more distinctness and expression than
could any words. Between them arc fantastic
heads, smiling and frowning on you like mischiev?
ous sprites ; and among other whims of the sculp?
tor is a female head, covered with a marble veil,
through which you seem to see features, which
in reality have never been chiseled out. Days
might be given to the study of all these devices,
and at every visit much would be found both new
and beautiful.
But, great as is your admiration while you aro
below, you find when you mount to the roof, that
you had not yet seen the tithe of its splendors.??
A winding staircase conducts you up, and you
find that the same lavish and tasteful labor is
given to the most secluded and seldom-scen por?
tions, as to the most conspicuous. The artists
seem to have been deeply impressed with the feel?
ing that nothing was too good for the service of
the Divinity, to whom their labors were conse?
crated. The slabs which cover the roof, and on
which you walk, are of fine marble. The backs
ol" the statues, which can be seen only with par?
ticular pains, are found to be as highly finished
as the fronts. The richest ornaments arc in the
most out-ol"-t_hc-%vay corners, and every thing
shows that the workmen felt themselves engagea
in a labor of love.
Every part of the roof seems perfectly alive
with statues. Each of the spires and pinnacles,
and each of their branches bears a colossal sta?
tue. Among the rest is placed one by Cano va,
and the fact that this passes unnoticed among the
rest is a sufficient proof of the great merit of all.
I The inhabitants of tjtis city of marble Saints are
?__2 *.___ ??S
OFFICE NO. 160
now nearly seven thousand in number. Thirty
five additional ones were raised to their places on
the day of my last visit, and when the designs are
fully carried out. ten thousand marble statues,
each different and each of itself a model, will peo?
ple this noblest of Cathedrals. The readers of
Wordsworth will remember his fine allusion, in
his poem ou - The Eclipse of the Sun on Lake
Lugano," to the darkness shading, as with sor?
row, the faces of these Saints antf Cherubs.
The interior of the Duomo presents a vast ex?
panse, paved with mosaics of varied colors, roofed
with elaborate fret-work, and divided by Gothic
columns and arches into five ' lon^-drawn' aisles.
? he massive and lofty columns are surrounded at
their tops by statues of holy men in harmony with
those outside. At the farther end, pulpits of dark
bronze embrace two of the pillars, and are sup?
ported by gigantic bronze figures of the four Evan?
gelists and the four Doctors of the Church, lean
ing forward and bearing upon tbeir reverend
shoulders the superstructure. At the extreme
end arc three immense windows of painted glass,
each, containing a hundred and fifty panes, and
each pane being a picture or some sacred story.
When the morning sun strikes through them, the
colors glow and glitter as if the artist had melted
in the glass all the rubies, emeralds and sapphires
of Golconda.
Like every other beautiful object which excites
the imagination, the Duomo of Milan is finest by
moonlight. While viewing it thus illuminated,
with its buttresses and pinnacles of white marble
half shadowed, half shining, like stalacties, half
ioc and half rock?, and when all the details were
melted in the general effect, the idea flashed across
me that the Duomo was an imitation of an ai?
guille, or {? needle-rock,') of the Alps. The
Aiguille de Dru at the side of Mont Blanc, as
seen by the spectator looking up at it from the
source of the Arveiron, is almost a perfect model
of the front of the Duomo. It has the same gen?
eral shape and outline ; the needles of rock which
shoot up from every part of it are facsimiles of
the pinnacles of the Church, and the snow on
these peaks may well represent the crowning
statues.
If this theory have any plausibility (and it is
iu?ne the less true because never before suggest?
ed) all our admiration of the Duomo is fully jus?
tified, for its beauty is an imitation of Nature.?
All analogy is in favor of the probability of the
suggestion. Gothic arches are generally sup?
posed to be at first imitations of avenues of trees,
and the similarity is very striking in Rosamond's
bower at Hampton Court, and Voltaire's grave at
Ferney. Church spires were doubtless first sug?
gested by the tall and tapering cypress tree. The
Edd3'stonc Light House was constructed by Smea
ton in exact imitation of the trunk of an old oak
tree, spreading at the bottom and swelling out at
the top, and it has stood, while all previous ones
disappeared. Sea-walls for resisting the waves of
violent storms arc now shaped in exact imita?
tion of the form given to sea-shores by the wa?
ters. It is thus that all the most perfect and most
beautiful works of Art have been exact imitations
of natural objects : and why then may not the
-?loriou?- Duomo.of Milan be a copy of an
Aigti?U of Mont'Blanc ' \V. M. G.
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NASSAU-STREET.
Ri\I\G, FEBRUARY 17, ??S44.
Fm The Tribun-.
Ban?s Paper, or the Clrculatini? Medium.
NO. HI.
In precise, and explicit lansruacfc, what const.?
tutes the C mo-latin?.. Medium of the United
States, and of what does it consist ?
I assume that it consists of Bank paper, and
of nothing else; and for the simple reason that
there is no other medium that circulates.
Coin, or money, is in no sense a medium of ex?
change ; but when paid, the actual giving of real
property for a consideration.
When a half eagle is given fora barrel of flour,
no medium is nude use of, but one description of j
property, ?s by the transaction given for another.
It is just as much a matter of barter or exchange,
as giving a barrel of flour for a ton of coal is. A
medium implies something midway between, in
the transaction.
A person who purchases a ton of coal, and gives
his check on the Bank fur the amount, makes use
of a medium in payment?the check is the
medium by which the transfer of money to the
amount specified, is made by the purchaser to the
seller of the article.
A bill of exchange ?s the medium by which an
individual living in New.York, makes a transfer
of property in London, oral some other foreign
place.
A deed :s the medium by which a house and
lot is conveyed to the purchaser.
A transfer on the books of an incorporation, is
the medium by which the capital stock of the In?
stitution passes from one individual to another.
The Pot-ash Inspector's bill of Inspection, is
the medium by which the barrel?- of ashes speci?
fied in it, are transferred from one individual to
another, without removing them in the ware
house. But none of these mediums circulate,
because they ilo not possess the neccssarv re?
quisites.
Bank bills arc the medium by which the spe?
cie, specified in them, is transferred from one
individual to another, and by which it may pass
t? a thousand individuals without counting and
without being once withdrawn from the Bank.
A thousand dollar note may pass through one
hundred hands during the day, and earh holder
of it be as actually in possession of the money
on deposit, as if in his own house.
Without such facilities the thousand dollars
must necessarily be counted at each transfer, by
the payer, and by the receiver, and were this in
all cases done, there arc not clerks enough in
Wall-street to make and receive the payments
of some day's transactions at the Custom House.
Banks arc a description of warehouse, for the
storage of specie, the deposit of notes, slocks and
other securities, and are uniformly used in the
United States : and when judiciously managed
are the safest depositories for this description of
property, and afford facilities, indespcnsablc to a
well-organized state of civil society, and are la?
bor-saving to an incalulable extent.
The fact that they arc the depositories of mo?
ney and the lenders of it brings the whole com?
munity, in their immediate neighborhood, in con?
tact with them ; thus rendering them uniformly
known, and the ronmiunity froni the nature of
these transactions bestow on the Banks their con
fldencc; for this reason, Bank paper passes from
hand t*> hand, and being uniformly known, from
a medium of transfer (which a check is only) it
becomes n medium which circulates, and is for
this reason called ''the tirci'lating medium,"
taking its name from the office it performs.
By the use of Bunk paper the quantity of spe?
cie for the transaction of business is much re?
duced and the wear of coins, which is considera?
ble, avoided. Losses to the community in trans?
portation, and by fire, arc to a great extent pre?
vented ; the loss of a bill by water may damage
the individual possessed of it to the amount ; but
the specie specified in the bill remains safe in the
institution by which it which was issued.
The question has frequently been asked within
the last few 3'cars, how a Bank can be safe that
issues three hundred thousand dollars of bills, /
when she has but one hundred thousand dollars
of specie in her vaults:' andas often affirmed,
that if the bills were all presented at once she
must inevitably fail. This is unquestionably true.
But is there the least probability or possibility of
such an event? A certain amount of specie for
every day's transaction is required by every Bank ;
and this amount is known with as much certainly
as the quantity of Crot?n water required for the
daily consumption of the city is known; and
there is the same danger of the Reservoir failing
in the one case as the other. Tii6 water runs into
the Reservoir on one side and runs out at the
other, as the money is paid in by one set of men
at the Bank and pai*4 out to another. Banking
and exchanges are governed by laws?as fixed
and certain as those that govern the tides, or as
the laws of gravitation : they may be impeded in
their operation by the acts of communities, or by
Legislative enactments?so may the Crot?n Wa?
terworks fail to supply the city with water, be?
cause the high dam on the Crot?n river has been
destroyed, or the Crot?n Aqueduct broken up.?
Under such circumstances, the Reservoir must
necessarily fail ; but the mistaken enactments of
legislators, or the acts of vicious men, or the mis?
taken policy of individuals, cannot be urged
against the utility of the work ; neither can they
be urged against the utility of well regulated
Banking institutions.
If all the Banks were to be simultaneously
closed up, there is not specie enough in their
vaults to pay the demands against them is an ex?
ulting declaration. This is true not only in refer
enceto Banks in general, but In reference to any
one of them ; and it is as true in reference to the
long established profitable business of individuals,
that if their business were suddenly closed up,
they would not have specie enough to pay the de?
mands against them.
But Banks were not established to be closed up
every year, or suddenly at any time ; any more
than the Crot?n Aqueduct or the great Western
Canal was built to be filled up. F?l up either of
them and it will not pay the debt contracted in j
making it. It was for use they were put in their
present shape, not for destniction, and it is for ;
use that Banks are organized.
A Bank with a capital of 300,000 dollars
with 100,000 dollars in specie in its vaults and
300,000 dollars of circulation, has more than,
FIVE DOLLARS A YEAR. *
WHOLE IVO. S?9.
700,000 to meet the demand against it. It has
l-r. [tsCapital.300,000
2d. rts Sjjecie.?. ?.100,000
3d. The Securities received for the loan of
its notes in circulation.300,000
Total.:-.:i>'..0<H)
4th. The Interest that has accrued on its
.capital and circulation, say at the rute
of 6 nr. ct. per annum on 600,00. 18,000
Total.7 IS.000
But what certainty is there that these securi?
ties in the Bank will be paid ' it is again demand?
ed. What security is there that the City will
not be burned up or overflown ' The stron?*
probability is that neither of these disasters will
occur?and we act accordingly: and the strong
probability is that the securities received by the
Bank will be met?and the Bank acts accord
ingly.
Suppose all of the securities of the Bank con
slst of six per rent. Stock of the ?State of Xew.
York : would not the certainty of the Bank real,
izing the amount of her loans be as certain as any
thing human could make it ! and there is an
abundance of individual paper that is as ample
security as the Stocks of the State of Xew-Vork
?>r the Stocks of the United State?-. P.
CONCLUSIVE PROOF
OF THE EXTRAORDINARV EFFICACY OF
WISTAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY.
Hm-ii.im-iki.p. LVew-Jersey, April '20. 1843
On orabopt the 13th -lay o I" October, nut. I was taken with
i violent pain in the side '.;<'?- the liv.-r. which continue- for
?bom fire days, tml was followed by the breaking of an ulcer,
or something in- irdly, ?huh r*-li-?f-.| the pain * lutl<-, but
caused me to throw up a ?Treat quantity ol offensive nutter
?and also much blood. Being great I ) llarmed at thb. 1 ?:
plied to a physician, but he s;inl h.? though he could .lo bur
littletot me except givi hi,.. *!>m.? Mercury Pills, which 1 *?
fused to take, re* ling tatis?ed they could do me no ?.->.<.i ;?
m.-tiiy oti-r remedies were then procured by my wit'?* and
-???ml?, tint n.?r,?' -knie in?* nu v (rood, and the discharge of
?-^u anticorruption still continueil e?,r\- few days, and al
last be* ime jo offensive I could scarcely I.the. I ?*??.?- tlso
'^ .'.n,V. lv,?\T'r V ,?*???? wh,rh ? ??me- caused *...- to
raise much mote blood than I had done before, ind iny dise ise
.?:;ilnn..-'.!,:!,lu?,w,.,.;in ,*.lWlll, worse ?mil vlbrnlrj,
i 7\,} ",TS M "?>,'*"'''"IV r'"-1*-'" -?Kandmy friends
ill thought! would dieol agallopingconsni?intion. At this
i.ioinent. ?In Dmi 111;- ?as :?i.p.,rr?tly dr.i?A,i-ur.,-ir itaclose,
I heir, loi I), .Winter's Balsam ol Wild Chen y and got a bot?
tle, which relieved me immediately, and by the use of only
three bottles oi tin* mediciue, ?II my ?unis were tcmoved.my
couch -in?, splitting nt blood ??id corruption entirely stopped
and in a i?*w weeks inv health was so far n'st-.r. .1 as t.. enable
me tu work it my trade (which i.? a car-wnterl *ud no io this
tima I hare enjoyed good health. THOMAS COZENS.
Kern-Jersey, Gloucester County, as.?Personally c ?me be?
fore me, the subscriber, one of the Justice* of the Peace Inand
lor the said county, Thomas Cozens, and beiug duly iffirrned
iccordint* to law, saiththe above statement u ?nail ihings
tru... Affinn-d before me .?u the -i>th day of April, I8i3'
J. i'li \r?*?r. J. P.
Another of 10 years standing is cured by tin? Balsam?so
Axe all diseases of the I uni:? and liver. No medicin* nm qu il
it. We can refer to scores t.? prove this whose authority will
not be question-**!. /.'< waren/ the counterfeits und imitations
which ir.? Offered on the reputation of this liais im. Sold only
l'y Isaac Unit.;, 125 Fulton street, corner of S?assau, New
York: Dexter, Atbauy; Y.. W. bull, Hartford; (iorham,
N- W-H i? -il. te'.i Im
SANDS'S S AUS A PARILLA
FOR THE REMOVAL AND PERMANENT CURE
OF ALL DISEASES ARISING FROM AN
IMPURE STATE OF THF. BLOOD.
Olt HABIT OK THE 8YSTEM;
NAMELY:
iCROn'll.OIl K life's EVIL, RHKl Mit ISM. OBSTINAT- CUTA
N?.*.0fl ERUPTIONS, eiMPl.l-'.t.OR 1?L*8TULES ON 1 HV. FACE,
BLOTCHES, BtT.ES, CHRONIC SORE EYES, IHN-? WORM
OR TETTER, SCALD HEAP, ENLARORMBNT OF
THE BONES AND JOINTS, STOBBORN ULCERS,
SYPHILITIC ?\ MI-TOMS, -<< IATICa OK LUM?
BAGO, ami diseases arising from an in?
judicious use of Mercury, Aseitics,
or Drop .y,exposure <ir imprudent e
in life. A!.?;i> Chronic Constitu?
tional Disorders will be r?
moved bv this preparation.
The attention of the reader *s respectfully called to the fol?
lowing certificates. However great achievements hare here?
tofore bet-n made by the use of this invaluable m**dicin?, yet
daily experience show, results still more remarkable. The
proprietors here .?vail themselves of the opportunity ofsayiug
it is a source of constant satisla* ttou th it they .we made the
means of relieving such an amount of suffering.
Elizabeth Town, December, 2. lit 13.
Mes;r*. Sands.gent.?It is with heartfelt gratitude for your
klC'J..-?? *?> UN) tli.il. 1 in.ik.' .. public Ji?-.ki]tiwl-?lj_f lu-iit Ol the
benefit 1 hnve received from your Sarsaparilta. lli.oer-.eeu
for manyycars afflicted with a cancer in the breast, an?l for
foury* irs it was as 1 thought incurable; it spread ~eryfaat,so
that h hul nearly Covered the whole breast, ami fur many
wt-rki I .vas so reduced with th?- loss ?>( I.|.>.<?1 and the pain ?.l
tbe wound, that 1 was unable to turn mystifia bed. and my
sufferings during th?- whole winter wet? more than I can tell.
\V itli the eiti ice of my friends 1 called two ?>f the most i-mi
uen t physicians of th?- ??lace who recommended youi prepara?
tion <?l Saraaparilla, kuowing pi nothing thax^would be as
likilyto h"lp me; which advice I readily received,and be?
fore I had taken one bottle I found a chance iu my feelings
which induced me to r ike more, and when I had taken the third
bottle 1 was like another person both in health and strength.
I h iv? taken your preparation since last March, and although
the wound is not entirely healed it i? in a very favorable staff,
ami I believe it will be the means, ultimately, of my entire
cure; and tint the afflicted may all find the relief which it
aloue C3il give is the wish of their and your friend.
EUNICE WOODRUFF.
? am the niece of F.unic** Woodruff, have iV****i brought u|>
by her, and know* what sh- states to be true, lor 1 have had
all the eyre of her through her sickness. _..,_,_,.- ?,
THERESA DENT?N.
I am well acquainted with Mi?s Woodiuff and knew her
situation prei ions to the u?e of Sands's Saoaparilla.au?! have
witnessed t!.K* surprising eftect produced by it, and can there?
fore endorse fully th- above statement.
MOSES M. CHANE.
Baltimore, Feb. (th, 1843.
A. f?. Sajto? & Co.?Gentlemen: I luve used your Ex?
tract of S-TsapaiilU since ?ta introduction into this city. Jc
rrlves me pienso re to state I h<\- found ir to answer my most
sanguine ?s-cp^ctACton?. 1 believ?- ?ctobeth? b??c preparation
of th it V lluabl?article now in ns-. With mo* h respect,you?,
JOHN' WHITBIDOE, M. I) . 16 (?ay.fr.-et.
Prepare?! and sold wholesale Mil r??--?il, and foi rxi>o-tatiou,
by A.B.SAJNDS i_ CO. Druggists and Chemists. Granite
Bnililings, ?o 2'i BroHdwav.c.rner oft ih unbei i-street. New
Vork Sold abo by A. B. it I). SANDS, Druggists, No. 79
Fulton sti-eet; David Sands 8tCo.,.No..77 Easi Broadway,
corner of Market str-et; and by Druggists nenerallv throutii
the Unit-d Sratei. Trice SI p-*r bottle: sit b..nl*-. lor S.'i. I I?
TLT?*?;' pl^lJ?^h?Tu hewi?t*_ oPlknuji -
J LY IL.-USTHATED EDITION OK THE BOOK
OF cow -ION PHAYER?Edited by the Rer. J. M.
Wainwrighe. D. D. and embellished with upwards ol 7(r0 en*
gravings. Th. - work has been got up at an e.pen.?- ol aoout
SI"* COO and Is COW offered n the low price of $a iO per copy,
superbly bountJ wi*1' -Ut edzes, ?n An elegantly ?-mbos??*?!
Turkey Morocco' cover, reprftsentitts the iotenprand merior
ofTrinity ChorcLL -New-Vork. II. W . hr U K I,
,) .j- 23! liro.niw.y.
r\^(> PAl-ENT-"?.?The subi-ono?*--, ?it present
X teaching School ?o the pleasant lud healthy villi_e.,i
Stratford, Conn.. S wife? distant from Bridgeport, to which
place steamboats ply da ily, would take a !i..Mte,i number of
\11!- Boarding Scholar.?, ?it th? small charge ?<* 21 dollars p?*r
w-rrk, for whiebstun ti?--V will l>- provided with board, wa*h.
ing. schooling and c-v-ry thing necessary lor Lheii comiortaud
he?Jth. , _ . . ? ?
The Hammer term to c*vameneKWthMgthAml^<na.
tinue 21 w-eks. I rlLODOKE LEW IS.
Stratford. Jan. 27th' I8t4. .
For further information uiqnjf- of Henry L. Scott, 2a r__i*t
Broadway. ....,.? , , ?.
Inference to Hon. W .;!iam Johnson > Stralford,
Lewis H. Ku???-I1. >?.jq. i
?lev. >' E. CoTuwall, Souuiport.
William Benjamin, Ksq ) -?? Yq,^
ja27 lin* Lewis Curros, Ksq. S"
? "-HE C< )y? A* ? i*-' ?IAL A ? D ? ?OLLK( ? I ATE
1 SCHOOL. 4jWestWaabingtoD Place. .
Theundeoigiied. Jthankf?! for the ?le_ree?,l distmguish'-d
favor which has already attend, d '...?ir net? euttrpo .??? md bt -
lievingthatdieirgeuf_-aIprtneipleaca instruction and au?ip
line ax- s-ich as to ?ecu re tie- approbation of the community.
!~ tpectfully nr. ice th-attention ot pare?is and guardians to
the location, the pi in, and tiie t-?c--?lent ctiaracter of the lasu
tutioa under their caxe. ... , . ?,:_,_
In th? absence.>f iay School ol a very hteh otaer, nniung
the several depart ment? of English.F?*-*rh and Ua?ical learu
ing together with the advantages of public aod prij at? .-ujica
tioa. t?iey hare located their Sch?^'contiguous io Q?*?jW
?and bbe?sea,and yet so ntat ro Washtntton 89??. ?*#*
commodate th-it iiatroos of that tmniedx?&nesghbotuood.
Terras of taltiou vary from M ? f? P**' ^^ w?., be
A Juator Luis, of boys u?'-,.''r **ia '-"'tls of **' W,il M
fcrm-rdearly in trieenauins ??'^rinz,^^, ? UUBBS.
1 if M WkS3.? (^()- W- 'CLARK ?'_
DA y a \U K V fciN IS O ?VlATHb.iMA'J'lUA L
SCHOOL -t 231 P-.vl-stre*?r, (Fiana ni S*iuare)-i.ou
-,.. VVe 1 ?'POWERS. Civil Engineer. (Author ol
M?Sema?cli Tables for Suneyors, Engineers, and xNariga
tois. etc etc) cU?iiAaUimt nf studie*.
1st Class.?Arn or C?_xo_atiao Mk>-tali.y?(an unpro
T*d syst'-m.) . ,.
?id CU** -Arithmetic. Az-opa*, 0-co?t?r?r.
3,i L'Z-ai.?Taioo.*?o*-CT?r. Mt>u'R-tio.**, Lomc-SEc
r\'l Class.?Mkchasici, Hydho?tatics, HyDRODTi?a
m5th Class.?Sf?TEVirr?, Nitigatio?t, CiriL-Effr.i-.EER
'^Ctais*- meet at 10 o'clock A. M. and at 2 and 7 P. M.
A thorrju?.*h knovrledse of mon of th? abore branches u
guirant?*ed in about on-*-half the tim*? usually r-Kjul-ite. P-J
reot?, Mechanics and Students are respectfnlfy ui.tt-:d to call.
Terms moderare. n w
Rr?reucei? Prof. Jam?*s J. M apes, Wm. A- i'?rt.',vl,
Prof. Finh?-r. and numerou.? oth?*rs_ l*?-W
" (TVER COATS*
XXTM. T. JENNINGS & CO. 231 Br?-*_gJ-%
W American Hotel, (opposite Park Fuuntaiu.) w?? ?T"
off the remainder of their stock of ready-ma-.* \>]' '
COATS, consisting of B-ver. ^^J^%?___\
Surtouu, at very r-duced pnces. Als^ the lew ?*?- j?
Winver Frock*.
WANTED?A place by ?Girl who lived 2 years
?-?w.n-1" s^':','-c<\.*Vf chambermaid, washing or plain
.* --?Vgj?*_a? Z?2 Molt s?. No. < ?*??-?*._ fel.li*
\\ ^^?-.rHni^lovnient by a thorou_i??_rrt17r
at ITS Br*ia?_VK; __! ''V*"* 3 ycd,s *? hu li5t *****??? A*'lr
B^irof1^.^5^*1^^1- -wcl his wie, from the
of Bleeckerstand *?^-??t-*-b!t'rn"Mt*' f-?m,?>"ia ??? Ve,B**"
.???I bedroom will he ~.^. _"*"-'**? Anuolurn?sh*d parlo
?.See ?^?'?'**--!. Add.*?? W. W. L.. ? thi
thi?
?? ?SObt " ""S<K>1 -^-?- -aiBrt
w.attnisoBmt-._f?t6 siu??
Abi?ie^rV.^- W,th thf ^ Ba"U^ ***&&??
\.\ ANlli?.?A young man to learn the jewel
?" * ry a?.-.::e?>. One who h is had some knowledicr of the
5"*"*"iJ_? "?"?"?M te. prefer--.). Those who cannot hnn? un?
?-onb:?-?d tc.tiinoni-i's ??pectai*.' hi? rnvr-b-txl iut?*g'*ity.n?_ed
notappty- '?'K.?-'.MAN Si WALLIS".
?' - * : ' USCh.sih.imu.
"TA-NTED?A "-.team iMigme ol 15 to SU Howe
V.
POW er. Address M. L. K. at the office of thi? paper,
jot lw*
PK.OF.: GOU?AU-D-? SYSTEM OF MM_
MOTEC CSV.?Having eaioyed the personal acquaint*
ince of VroC Goortad tor some .eagthof um. bv bem_a re?
sident member of the familj where he board?, find beinj- one
.?I the first of th-? purare members of hi? clas.? whom he inn
te?l to examine the men** of hi? discovexy for the i urposeof
-1-1 at their public testimony in favor of its value, as was
done in rhe Tabernacle at his Iiitr?.uctorv Lecture,?having
-Iso intr?du? i to Prof. G? Mi Hoyt, one of my teachers,
aii.i three ol my pupils, whose r\?u >iii<su_ wtjre so satisftcto*
rj aiMin th?t occasion, f nO?r have the ple.-sun? to direct th?
attention of Patents .im! Guardias? oi youth to tte Commer?
cial and Collegiate School, i. \Ve?i Washington I'lace. under
the trap? ol \l.?sr_. Hn!.'..? & Clarke, where it i? our intention,
(with thsuonsrnt of Prof. U.) in th? course of a i?-w ?>eek?,
to introduce his system of Muemotechnv n. *<.n?eofit$ in
portant applications to the acquisition of know-ledae.
'??'* 3t_GKO. W. CLxRKE.
T ADIES, DON'T USE COMMOJN CHALK, it
A-i looks b*td, ?i ??.jures the ?kin. and makes it !-*ok yellow.
Try Jones's Spanish Lily VVhifc , it gives the face or neck a
pure lifelike alabaster whiteness. S?>!?l at th? .?ru of the
Amen. t;i Eagle, S" ?,'hatham street. New-Y?>rk; an.l at 130
Fulton-street, .???1 'oi Atlantic ?'re,t, Brnoklvn ill 1m
V0? WHO USE SARSAPAKJLLA?Try
X Jones's Extract of SatsanaiiUa Candy; 'tis etcel'aat,
p >wi*rfui, A!-.:l i pure extract ol thetoot Sold at 2$ cents a
package, .?? ..tor $'?, at th? si.n o( the American Ka?:le. S-t
Chath m? ?r. N. V. or 13-1 Fulton and .vii Atlantic ?t. Urook
Ivor? f*\l 1m
DOCT. HOUSEIttAN'S
GERMAN COUGH DROPS.
PREPARED and sold wholcsaie by JOHN J.
JL DA VIS, city of Hudson, Columbia county, N. Y.; and
for sale hi this city at wholesale and n*uil by
J.vMv.1 S. Asrtmvau..
86 Willi.un-strrt t, General Agent tor this citv;
.n?l bv most ?af the principal retail draggista ?i New "_ ork and
Brooklyn.
This >? not i neu* nifdiciue. It has heen known for yeas?,
and its healing influences have been felt by thousands in the
vicinity Ifheie it ha* been sold. But no ert'ort has ev?r befow
bo- si mad-! to intr.-ilii? ?? ir to the public at l ii-?e bv niraus of
the pn-it It has btea l-ft t?> work its wav silently by its own
intrinsit wenTf.*,and to depend f->r its celebrity ii|??in actual
ienct Ti?</ the trondeijul cures it ha, effected. Th*?
extent ..i these, indth* high and ju?i reputation whjehithts
thus .??-.?iiii..|, u?* manifest from huudreda of testimonials,
loluntarily lurnishedito the proprietor by gentlemen of the
medical pro&ssion *nd other? wno have tried it. It is now,
for the tint tune, idvertised in the public journals, m or?let
that its iirn-K'.e?s penelit.?? maybe made known, and enjoyed
I m.>ie widely by ihe alllicted who an. suiTv-riug without s
knowledge of itz h.'.'.ir.c powers.
tColds, Couchs, Asthma, Influenza, Whooping Cough,
Lroup, VVoriu?, 'a.-m.?'. .-- (,,T rai.?inic -*?' blood), und the
whole ?-lass of diseases affecting th* breast and longs, lading
to cousiimivtion, and oth?r kmdre.l ?li*,-.?...--, are coutiolled by
ir as by a clnrni. These complaints ar-oTanioit insidious
character. They commence with a -?lutht cold, or with some
tritluig ailment, which, being at first uegtected, leads to m
uammation-and ?lowly advance step by step until the cou
(titution gives way, aud the victim is brousht to thejvery
verte of th<- era??.
No Person who has anyrecard forth? inestimable blessing
of health should be without this mild, pleasant, safe, and ret
powerful Balsam. In tin-.climate, wIih(i. ;haugea of wealnei
are so sudden, and their effect? .??> injurious, it iaunmensely
important. A timely u?e ?>( it has saved -ml will ,_\e thou
sauds from the pains of protracted iflness, frombe?is of lan?
guishing, from w?sr?-.l frainn. debilitatedcoostiturions, and
ev-ii from death itself. The tiiuiag sum paid fot a bottle of this
eitraonlinary curative, has often saved vast nuns of money
which must have been paid for medical attendance during a
TOOK c??ni-!?e of painful ?ickne??.
Willi ill their wonderful andeffieacioni powers Db. Iloutx
UXX'i l-KUMaN ('?*?i ?;h Dbon are free from every ingredient
of a dehilifatins or dangerous nature. They are a purely
vegetable compound, ami .nay be taken with entire safety in
all kind.? of weatherand under all circumstances. Th?? use of
this ?nvalnabla medicine has also caused ur?*at improvement in
th* health of pencils constitutionally fewde, as its effect it to
imiwrttOue and vigor to the sy.item, while ?tin no instance
weakens the patient. It acts as a mild healing expectorant,
and at the same tune as a very gentle tontC It I? in short the
H ka Li *.'? BALM which restore* health, ?trviinth, vi?*.-, e'as
ticity, and cheerfulness t?i tlie weakened frame and the ?les
ponding mind. It is the -.i.-n of triumph over sickness and
pain in their most oppressive form?. This i? proved by the
infallible testimony of thousands who hive tried ; it may te
proved by nil who chose to try it. Price M cenia a bottle of 4
O'ln?'?.. u2l 3tawly lm#
RhAi) What Sherman's lozenges
IIAVK DONE.?Mr. DAY. boot m.ker, No. 20 Til
laryrtreet, Brooklyn,^?uflered ??really for eighteen months
with emaciation, debility, sickn?-?- of the ttomach.loss of ?i>
[?-tite, ihootius pains in the bowels, his itomach negUc?ed al
most ? very kind o( food, except suirar. He had beeu attend??d
by rarious physicians and for two months by the professor?
oi the University, n??l .?II to n?> purpose.
On reading Dr. Sherman's Book descriptive of the ?ymp^
tom? of worms he thoaght they met lus es--; s i he purchased
i box of Sherman's Worm Lozenges. A lew ?loses brought
?.? i,-. is hejudged, ?bout two .jua/ts of w>>.uu, and intimly
cur?I him. A multitud? of similar eases might l>?* meution
r?l where children and adults ha?l luffeied all but death from
worms, and nothing ?ave relief but Sherman'? Lozenges.
Congru, < ?ids. Asthma, Whooping Cough, and evt-u Con
snmptaon, are a.I sooner cored by Sh>rman*s Cough Lown
ges than any other known remedy. They allay the tickling
in a few ?ecnud-, in?! enable those afflicted with the most har
rassinr coughs t?> ,l?-p whole myiits The Rev, Dr. Dnnbar,
llev. Mr. DeForest.PfeV. Dr. Eastmoo?! and hundreds of thou
?ai.il.cn UtesttO tlieir happy virtue* as others cm to the
efficac. of Sherman's Cough Lozenges, for headache, palpi?
tation. l?)Wiies-i of spirit.?, sea sicklies* anil las*ltude>, from
bod 11.- or mental e-eiMons. and for the wonderful properties
oi Sherman's l'o??r M m'a Piaster, which costs but i_i cents,
an?! i? a warranted enrv for rheumatism and lutnhaito pnin or
weakness in the breast. ??I?-, back, or any part of tlie body.??
Ask for S?iermau*s Foot Man'? Plaster, and se?? that hi* name
lud his facsimile with directions for use are on the back.
There are a great many worthless imitation* hawked about
anH sold by unprincipled ?Iru^uists. Kemembei t?> Ret Sher
inan'i Lo7eni4es au?l Plasters an?l Tnus?none others, or you
will be deceived.
Dr. Sherman 's Warehouse m 106 Nassau street. Agent*?
227 Hudson street cof?ier Si.rni-t ; IW Bowery corner Spring ;
7" Kn?t Broad wav corn? Vlark.r; Wl William street; I Id 173,
IV)and ?dl Broad-way. In Brooklyn, Mre. Havs, IW Fulton,
and Mountain's tima si?>re ?J33 Fulton. Simsou corner from
pect and .lackao?! srre*ts. In Jersey City, K. K.iriilall, iiro?er.
In NuwaiU, J.K. Trippe, Broad street. I'hilldeli.hia, Zelber
8cCo.,-3 Ledger Buildings. Boston','Redding krCo.. 8 Sute
sTreet. Albanv, A. Outhrie, 1 Stanwn Hall. Dr. James A.
Kee.l corner (Jav and SarMf/.^a streets. Baltimore. Jones He
l.'lnli, Wuhinatnn City. A. Head, Charleston, S. C. O.K.
Thomas. li7M.nn street, Cineiunati. L. M. Boye?*, Clnca
go. Ao?lrfw 01#?er St C?>., .N.-w Orleans. D'Antignac At
li i r? v ._A u tru ? ta l>. tl..?.i-.o.i. lUrrinbiifir. \aT1 Imp St W
Uli INTER? AND ?lJHm'.HJ vv/uvr.KOO?v??
1 .*?l?S. 2*3 and Jl Oold-str.-er New-York.?The " HOf. '
Printing H-es-, Machine and Saw M in o factory, beiiiif un
-the management and dire tion of Jtn:h.r?l M. He?
ads, .
paperwork. A\ cou*nlerable number of these machine? aie
now in ilailyoperation in this city and elsewhere, doing th?
work very rapidly an?l in a tuperioi manner.
',.j . : _._ ..... :.. .!..._ M_11- /-..i._J_n..._-. -._?_
and Smith Pi -s?e;, which -ire so extensively u-e.l by printers
throughout the ITiute.J Sraten and Canadas. They call the at*
;.-n?i..i?f I'riritt-ni to tfceir New Machine Canf: Press, with
whicii one bo-, c in print 1500 car ils i?-r houi in the be^t style.
This machine i* very ?imple, and not liable to ?et out of order.
It; inking appartusis sell-acting.
The " HOK"' Co. a!*?? mannlactnrea t-ylinder Job Press,
of large foolscap *n-, which requires two hoy* to attend it,
who at the ?ame time drive the machine with their feet. It
will pri?t from ? v.u to '-??')') impressions ?.?-r hour, and do good
work.
T!.e " IIOK" Co. asfure their friends and Printers generally
that no pain* slmll be .pared to maintain the r?putation of their
esUbiistunent,and that all orders en-mated to them will re?
ceive prompt and carefnlattentiott.
KditOTSAbd publishers will b?* supplied with estimate? in
detad fir Printing Office? or Binderies, by in form in* us of the
style and quantity of work winch they ?lesir?fo do.
Ho?& Co. also manufacture Cast Steel, Mill. Pit, Cross?
cut, Circular, and other Sjws, a supply of which tliey keep
constantly 00 hand.
Jobbing ami Machin? work in general.
N.B. Publi?h*?r? of NeWfpapers in the United States or
Canada, who >viil insert thi.? a?lvertisemetit three time? before
th* 1st of next July, and send one copy of their paper to us
eoncainiag it. will be eutitie.i lothe payment of their bills on
puxclusing four times the amount thereof.
New-York. J->... ?7th. I?wi. ?7. 2mS_StDitW_
DAILY f-.XPjK.ESS.?The Sutwcribcr?
run their Express rejfularly ev?ry day (Sunday?
ercepted) via Honsalonic Railroad, to and faom
? New-York, Albany, Buffalo and the intermediate
pliu.?-, lor the Tran.ixirta i?>n of Sjw-cie. Bank Not?. Buodl??s
itr-d Pfluges of Goo?Ss, Collecting Bill*. Notes, Draft* and
Account., with despatch. . ... .
From ih;* City at 6 o'clock A. M. arriving in Alb.n7 tha
i^roe ?.vening and in advance of the ?LLS. Mail,
ft5 1 m 1..-, i YOMK'AOY k CO. 3 Wall-it.
CM' EOONlTyWl??D~b'Av?DON.?Thesubscn
L3. ber h-s r.-?io-?-d his s?p?*rior imitation M?.l*?*kinHaM oD
*&*?f-jr bodies to theextreme lowpn? ? ?2 23 The above
areaneWanf DressHat, tad will comp-re advantageo.asly
?y.Iw'Tmd atS2 5 a. d S3. Also .orsraotly ?"??*??'?????'
b'g vlti?a Silk it the tent quality, lat-sipaite/ns, and at the
^-^S^Htoi ?PPlW b? *? ???? tow. if BW
low.,, than any ^^Y?lLoGO, 132 Canal street,
corner qfTkompsOD-fnteL
?127 3m?
"HULL'?TitU??i;a.??N?tice to Kup
|-nr<d Persoi..?Persons afflicted with ruprur'B
i; -, ..\y apon the best instrumental aid the
_r ??+%*? world affords, ou application at the office. No.
7TT' mi^lZt or to either of the agents in tTrs principal town a
* u'r r??f?.l '-?rates. Be CArefal to erarmu? the b-ick pad ?f
?S l^ 4??^ wsee ?f thev are endorsed ?y Dr. Hull ?n wri?
ting. Noneaii ?.enuine, o; to be re.ied upon as good, wilb I
^mssfSSShJOt undertaken to vend imitations of Hull's
e-LV.raiedfra.-JO-and thousands are imposed or <>n in eons?.
'feAiVve. These iiniutiotu canmu be .?died apon; they are
mad**by nnskilfal mech?Uii.:s, and are no twtter tixtxn ti\c ord?n
M*y } rtt *Vti'*****^ - i i^
ftcoms hav. Iven fitted op at No. . V-*?y street, exclusively
for Indies, having a separate entrance Irom the basine? ?letwn
oient, where a female u in CousWJJt ?ttetldajic? to wut ^fA*
?Hit pitventt. m* w

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