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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, March 16, 1844, Image 3

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THE VR1BUNE.
for the New-Vov Tri hone
J have just seen, in the Ne^York Weekly Tri
11 um?of?ebruary tW? e8Sb-'s on the subject
? ^rrency, Coins, $c. by a wrr*r who takes
q i?k??ture of P. His opinions, ani.his " pre
it r Jjj CXplicit" definitions, I leave to faC crili
t I . 0f the Folitic?l Economist. Let me, horev
? bewre he commits any more errors of fact, call
!e i * auction to the following in essay No. II. 1
it j . fa own language in marks of quotation.
u? t'* hvIt* itcogaized.ai a leader to the amount of
IQ i t-.rfStl-^ , .
-d ^ffcis is a law of the writer's own enactment.
e. js none such in the statute-book.
C vundi*d c-ut-s as to nutter of f*ct, contain in value
a 'informed, on the contrary, that the mint
a- cents for a pound of copper planchcts,
L contained, therefore, 123| grains pure gold;
j,'ch at $20. (;7 2-10 per ounce is $5 33.
if
. ?TS ?* ov"?? ? - * * *
Jyjj^iil make but 41 ? when coined.
8' \?L A?'jica" ha^**'K'e' l,r'',r'o 1834. contains a fraction
B- j * grains stand irJ gold, and 123 grains pure gold; these
c **-^or ^ 1834, the half-eagle contained 135
'l .-ffliknd was ofthe fineness of 916? thousandths.
"8
7
* * ^cii
>f ^ statements rct-pecting the " half-eagle by
y jjjgjawof 1834" are slightly erroneous, but not
d jjgeieutly so to require notice. By that law the
7 ^rjard for gold was 890.225 thousandths, which
L j go near the present standard that the difference
jvalue becomes appreciable only in large amounts,
f iV? seems to have written, however, in entire
t irnoraace of the fact that the -law of 1834
'* ^5 been repealed. The Act of January 18,1837.
fjgsuur standard, both for gold and silver, at 900
* ibocsasdths. Again
n Mjfce aUuiUartl weighc of the English BOT-rcitn is 123.J
? _ [reoDtaiai of pure sold 113.1 grains" these at 4 31-100
'i The standard weight here given is not exact,
i lie legal standard being not quite 123.3. If the
<* j^al standards of weight and fineness actually
a jjjjted in the sovereign it would be worth ?4 87.
Jot, although remarkably uniform in fineness,
fay fell short ofthe standard ; being only 915?,
' jjteadof 91 G? thousandths. They also fall short
] in weight. Upon inquiry I learn that in a deposite
r atthe mint of above 100,000 so vereigns,the average
1 nei^ht of the single piece was found to be 122.88
grains. This weight at the fineness of 915 5 gives
5 U2$ grains pure gold ; which at .$20 G7 2-10 per
t ounce is a little above $4 84. This corresponds
to the valuation given to the sovereign by the Act
?of March 3, 1843, which makes it a legal tender,
( if915.5 thousandths fincA at 94.G cents per dwt.
"Saudard weight of the American silver dollar is 39S grains.
Jtcoouirs of jure silver 36S-3 grains; these at 2 72 mills give
ifiattjoiioverSl."
Worse and worse ! The standard weight of the
dollar is 412.5, and never was less. It contains
efpure silver 371.25 grains, which, at .$1 29.29
per ounce, is of course exactly $1. How can a
tiling be worth more than itself ?
"The Spanish dollar contains of standard silver 400 grains.
It contains of nure silver 2*0 grain*; these at 2.72 mills are
Tbc average weight of Spanish and Mexican
dollars is about 41 (i grains, and their fineness from
897 to900 thousandths. Consequently they con?
tain of pure silver 373 or 374.5 grains, which at
1 $129.29 per ounce, is $1 00* or $1 01.
- It may be well enough to add that the half-ea?
gle prior to 1834 contains 7 G5 grains more than
j the coins of the present standard, and is worth
nore by 33 cents. " P" states the excess to be
on weight 7 grains, and in value 30 cents.
It is a very loose way of ascertaining larger
Tallies to adopt so minute a measure as the single
grain, unless its value be exactly given. Now
431 cents is not the exact value of a grain of
pare gold, nor is 2.72 mills the exact value of a
pain of pure silver, as assumed by " P": both
\ ire a trifle in error. But this trifle, by being mul?
tiplied a few thousand times, amounts to some?
thing. " Many a mickle makes a ?nuckle" as
the Scotch have it. Q. of Philadelphia.
For The Tribune.
' Public Slaughter House/
Ma. Editor: Right glad was I to sec the rc
eomniendation of the Common Council's Com?
mittee on this subject, and your decided endorse?
ment of the same. The slaughter-houses now
existing in densely populated portions of the city
?on the Eastern side, especially?must be dis?
pensed with. They are, in many respects, an
evil?a nuisance most intolerable?a disgrace to
the people and the government of this great
Metropolis. It is one of the wonders of our
city?in which, it is believed, it has n? parallel
on the globe?that they should have stood so
long. Some English poet?Coleridge, I think?
did, indeed, say of a certain continental city:
* In-, a town of monks and bones.
At:d paveineiit* faug'd with murderous ?tone?,
Of lags, and hags, nod hideous wenches,
I coin.ted tiznc mid ftriy stenches?
But had he passed through the slaughter-house
sections of our Gotham, his " nine and forty
stenches" would have seemed to him as a whiff
of air to a hurricane.
Yet let inc utter a word of caution here. The
whole matter should be managed with due re?
gard to the rights, convenience, and even feelings,
ofthe butchers. I am, myself, neither a butcher,
nor the son, brother,uncle, father, or grandfather,
of a butcher. But somehow I have got into the
habit or using their commodities, and have had
Dot a little acquaintance with many of them.
They are not unreasonable men. Nay, as a body,
if my observation may guide me, they are kind,
generous, public-spirited. Let them be properly
wtft with, and they will accede cheerfully to any
Wise, liberal arrangement, the Common Council
^ay be disposed to make. They will see that
fhc comfort, the health, not to say the pecuniary
interests, of a considerable portion of our popula?
tion, would be greatly promoted by the proposed
change. Many of their own number have Real
Estate in the region of the existing slaughter?
houses, which woidd, at once rise in value. Let
a? , sIau8htcr-house, or houses, be established
*oove the inhabited p;vrt of the city, on the bank
m one of the rivers, ariH opened to them in a kind
jgnt, and on fair terms, and they will not, I
"Nnk. cither murmur or object.
An East-side Sufferer.
T (LTLAFITTE.XI
auEODORE, Or, the child of the sea.
n; . BY PROF. IN (SH AHAM,
for th ''V1 ??'iat''uily written Tale, and from the detain?*
tatW Vston Vinkee" will ly-the most saleable woik ofthe
Eni ,n A*eut?: Jo you hear this. 12. cents. For sile at all
**?*?tores. mh7 2w?
]?1RTH & HALL, No. 1 Franklin Square, hare
tad C\n?'*.Rt.!2' ?u h*n?l.*u exteimTe avortmeut of MUSIC
PObt^SICAl INSTRUMENTS oT all Mod*. PIANO
tfcWTc ?'- i,e"Mil '?"1 ?uish ; GUITARS, from
Jahian-v *?i P*tt*rn,i fo* which they hive received pre
*fid ?il ?m "lr American Institute over all oth*r makers,
Of ?!U ? i *ry ?"e^nor cone and style of finish ; FLUTES,
pp*f^4 aud ?nish, for which th-v have also recntreJ rt
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faetnr j8' TKO.MJBO.SES. Etc., ait ot their own manu
JEjs Wi*.*"*31*?!! importer! of MUSICaad all kinds ef
Hum*, it- 1N8TBUMENT8. NEW MUSIC received as
flL^?1*1- JU*r PUBLISHED, all the songs ej-rhe
Srr?. Pf ?8J?N FAMILY: also, liEKTiM'S METHOD
a eolW ?-; ttxr OilPJREUB GLEE BOOK, being
EgfrrO* Ofgleei tor four m de voices, with piano accom
ISa?^ ??meted and compiled trom thu beat German and
8og? authors, by AUSTIN PHILLIPS. Price One
ieaifn1** Mtt* Mere hints, and the Musical Community
?<*?*&u7| ^ i^pe^tXajiy jUf itwi to call. xch6 tf
From the Boston Christian World.
War Vertu? Christianity.
Believing in the entire and irreconcilable con?
trast between the battle-field and the altar of
Christ, I would endeavor to make good this unu?
sual position. In doing it, I must condense a
volume which the subject would require into
three brief statements,?regarding first, the prin?
ciples, secondly, the conduct, thirdly, the results,
of the several warfares of Moloch and Christ.
First, then, the Pkinciples of our warfare, and
that of military life,?are they the same ? Can
\yc possibly unite them any more than we can
light and darkness, liberty and slavery, heaven
a*ia hell ? The maxim of Christ is 1 Love your
enemy Gf every military hero, 'Harm him all
you can: 4 Forgive those who injure you,' says
the Gospel: 4 You are a coward, a slave, and
a fool, if you do,' replies the war-code. 4 Do
good to those who despitcfully use you,' cries the
Captain of our salvation : 1 Send them to hell,' a
Nelson would shout in one of his 4 glorious' strug?
gles. 4 Dless them that curse you,' is the sweet
music of our Lord's, entire lile: the discordant
yell of the battle-field is, 'Mangle, butcher, ex?
terminate every sh ido.v o!" a foe I'
But enough of this. Until some one shall be
Quixotic enough to question the fact; we may
leave it as settled about principles; and review,
secondly, the Conduct of these two leaders. I
take it, every person in this community will ac?
knowledge that Christianity goes on by peace,
order, industry, general virtue, the quiet safety
of our homes, the entire absence of every excite?
ment of those lusts which war against the soul.
1 believe that, poor as our present civilization is,
every atom of its advance, every new sod it
covers with verdure, every fresh sail it spreads to
the breezes of heaven, every quickening pulse it
gives the social life of man, is so much gain for
Christianity. On the other hand, I am confidtnt
that the less of all these things a community
possesses, the better fitted is it for war; the less
property, the less industry, the" less temperance,
the less intelligence, the less virtue of every sort.
And to prove this, I will quote at random a few
military maxims. A foreign officer of high rank,
traveling not long ago in New-England, re?
marked, ' This people can never be strong in war.
They are too much educated, too independent,
too happy, io be run into good soldiers.' It was
Napoleon who said, 4 The worse the man, the
better the soldier;' and his great antagonist
echoed it, 1 Men with nice notions of religion
have no business to be soldiers !' In fact, the
necessity of this is obvious, when we remember
that in the army there must ever be the most
rigid despotism, the most slavish subserviency,
the most reckless hazard of life, the most unhesi?
tating violation of every law save that of honor.
Robhery, murcier, profanity, licentiousness, and
every thing else that is savage and monstrous,
have hitherto traced the history of great camps
in firc-letters of condemnation.
Thirdly, the Results of the Christian and
military warfare are as wide asunder as Christ
is from Barabbas. The purpose, spirit, natural
effect, earthly end of Christianity, is to multiply
every sort ol public blessing,?plenty, prosperity,
reverence for law, the safety of life, the estima?
tion of female character, the appreciation of duty,
and the hope of Heaven. The natural effect of
war reverses all this; and gives us, as I cannot
show at length, poverty in place of wealth, ruin
in room of prosperity, intemperance instead of
self-denial, a general contempt for law and life,
for female intercourse and spiritual improvement,
for the commonplace round of social engage?
ments, for the gentle restraints of Christian
principle.
My limits suffer me to illustrate only one or
two of these tendencies. Comde's 4 Constitution
of Man' shows that all the over labor and pau?
perism of England at the present hour aie caused
by her successful and unsuccessful wars. "We
ourselves have squandered in the same costly
pastime more than eight hundred millions of
dollars; and it is an estimate below the truth that
fourteen thousand millions of human beings
have been swept from the earth by this single
scourge of mankind. At the capture of Magde?
burg, according to Schiller, 4 neither the inno.
cence of childhood, nor the helplessness of old
age, at all disarmed the conqueror's fury. Wives
were dishonored in their husbands' arms; daugh?
ters at their parents' feet. Some of the soldiers
found their fun in pitching children into the
flames ; others, in stabbing infants at their moth?
ers' breasts.' The great good accomplished at
so vast a sacrifice was that one of the finest
cities of Europe was left a heap of smoking ruins.
On the famous retreat of the French from
Moscow, many and many were they who cried,
4 Fire on us! lire on us! At the head! dont
miss!'
After the execution of a man at Grecnbush, in
1814, whose crime was the going home to sec
his wife and little children, the soldiers, after
marching around the blackened corpse, singing
Yankee Doodle, went home to exult over the
cold-blooded murder in a treat of grog 1 And the
common punishments of soldiers, flogging, the
wooden-horse, the gauntlet, the picket, have a
direct tendency to brutalize their subjects, and
leave them fit only for the penitentiary and the
gallows. As a camp is a community where the
moral code of civil life is suspended, where vir?
tue is a jest, and murder a pastime, the disband,
ing its hordes must be, I conclude, to scatter fire?
brands, arrows and death over an entire land.
f. w. ii.
ASHLAND TEXT-BOOK.
[CP" JUST PUBLISHfclD?The Ashland Text-Book, be
in;; a compendium of Mr Clay's Seeches on various public
measures, and of the principles of the Whig party. Neatly
printed in one volume of 72 pages, embellished* with a portrail
of Mr. Clay.
This work has been rtcommended by all the Whig Journal:
throughout the United States. Upward of six thousand co
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To ensure its wide circulation, the publishers have agreed
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Agents are solicited from all n^rts of the ct untry.
Address N. HICKMAN, Baltimore, or
mhll Sis* SAX 1UX & MILES, .New York.
LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES
of
HENRY CJLAY.
The uudetsigued have in press, and will publish somf
time during the present month cnew and greatly unproTeo
^ti0n?THE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES
of
H E N R Y C L A Y:
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lillblELEY ? McELRATH.
f^24 ? Tribnrw Saildioc*. 160 Vu*au rtreHt. _
THE JUx\5U^TK?CTS.
No. I. The Test ; oi rVtie* Tried by th-ir Acts.
No. II. Thc Cmr.kvnct.
No. HI. The Tahi>t.
No. IV. Like ok Hknrt Ct_srr.
No. v. Political AbolitIW?
No. VI. Ui-.vocrtscT.
Ne-. VII. Labok a no Capital.
" These little pamphlets are working h:5c:Ce food to the
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rr~M- 0 ? rr, w .[Lexington K.xpress, Missouri
?7"" This SenesofPorlticii Tracts, from the we!', known
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Publtthera for tb* Aathox.
ILTWi ! return our thanks to Messrs. Greelev
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i This Day Published,
APPLIED CHEMISTRY
f ix arts, mamtactl'res, and domestic economy.
I EDITED BY E A. PARNELL.
Contents?1. Pjvlimtniry Observations. U, Gas IHamma
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Printing.
Illustrated with numerous En?-avings and Sp^ciuxns ot
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Important to Parents.
FACTS AND ARGUMENTS ON THE TRANS?
MISSION OF INTELLECTUAL AND MORAL
QUALITIES FROM PARENTS TO OFFSPRING:
A most carious and interesting Collection of Facts
illustrating the primary causes which determine th?
Character. Constitution, and $ex of every Child. <uid
the tiwns ol" directing aud coutrol iug them: By a
Ladv of New-York, who has devoted many years to the
patient observation and study of this important subject,
with citations of the testimony of eminent Authors, Phy
iici-uii, and many ct-rs of Maternity within the circle of
the author's acquaintance.
The wh ?le i>riru oneof the most important aud interesting
work' ever c11 -.i to the public, embodyiug facts which no
Mother or one likely to becotn-? ?uch can retniiu ignorant of
without irnmin* ut peril to herselfand serious it not fatal injury
to her offs ro;g
The worfc will be publ'shed on the 1st of March in a hand
some volume of over 200 pa^rs. by
26f iiwDvU'ct J. \eJ si II - STKit. 30 Ann it. _
Important to Mothers.
CHILDBIRTH \YITHOUT TAIN: Being an Account of
an Experiment, with the Principles a;;d Reasoning on
which it is founded: showing that the agonies of Child?
birth may b-ureatlv modified if not entirely obviated by
a simple avoidance of improper (though common) articles
of Di->t, and a strict adherence to the Regimen prescribed
by ,Na'iir*to Women in a state ol pregnancy,
This work will Reprinted in a ne.t pocket volume. Pub?
lished for the Author by
26f 2taw D&.Vtf J. WINCHESTER. 33 Ann street.
rPHK PI!HI.ISKINtr ANL) IM P< HiTlNG OF
I BOOK*1.?Pafk BvnjaMI* and William Yo?WC
hive tili* day fonn-d a CoiiaOuership for the publishing and
importing of Books?the former having withdrawn lrom the
" New World"establishments 'I h* Kusinen will he carried
onunderthestyleof BEMWUS it YOUNG,
at 62 John-street, New-York.
March 12. mil._mhl3 lw...,?
Curiosities of Literature,
A\D THE LITERARY CHARACTER ILLUSTRA
TfcD By I- DMSRAELt, Eiij D.C. L., F. S. A. First
and Second Serief.
THE LITERARY CHARACTER. Illustrated by^the
Hi?l okv of M k> of Gejuos?Drawn from theii own Feel
lues and CoufeS.ions. liv I. D'ISRAELI, Ksq.
CURIOSITIES OF AMERICAN LITERATURE ?
Compiled: Lined and Arranged by Rev. RUFU3 W.
GRlS WOLD.
'? The design of this work isto stimulate th? literary curios
ity of those who, w ith a taste lor its tranquil pursuits, are im?
peded in their acquirements. The characters, the events, and
the siii4vi! irities ol modern literature, are not always familiar
even to those who excel in classical studies. But a more nu?
merous par; of mankind, by their occupations, or their indo?
lence, both unfavorable causes to literary improvents, require
to obtain the materials for thinking, by the easiest and readiest
means."?[.Extract from the Authors Preface to tfie First
Series.
" These Researches offer authentio knowledge for evanes?
cent topics; they attempt to demonstrate some general princi?
ple, by iuduction from a variety of principles?to develope
those imperfect t.uths which float obscurely in the mind?and
to suggest subjects, winch, by their singularity, are new to
iuquii v, -ind w Inch may le id to new trains of ideas. In accus*
tomingourselves to discoveries of this nature, every research
seem* to yield the lgreeable feeling of invention?it is a pleas*
ur>- peculiar to itself?something which we ourselves have
found out?and w hich, whenever it imparts novelty *r inter?
est to another, communicates to him the delight of the first
discoverer."?Extractfrom the Preface to ttie Second Series.
" Nor do I presume t? be any thing more th in the historian
of geuius; whose liumile office is only to tell the virtues and
the infirmities of his heroes. It is the fashion of the present
day to nise up dazzling theories of genfus; to reason a jtriorii
to piomulgate abstract paradoxes; to treat with levity the
man of geuius, because he i? only a man of genius I have
sought lor facts, ?111 have often drawn results uusutpected by
myself. I have looked int.* literary history for the literary
character."?[Extractjrom the Author's Preface to the Lit?
erary Character.
The Curiosities of American Literature, which will be
published inconnectiot with the w orks above mentioned, will j
prove to be among the most interesting collections of literary
anecdote ever made, it is the first work of the kind ever un?
dertaken in this counuy,though our literature offers to the dil?
igent inquirer a vast amount of the most attractive material.?
Mr. Griswold, who v ill compile the work, has betu collect?
ing matter for it for a great number of years; and no one this
side the Atlantic is better fitted for the task than he. He has
a literary acquaintance embracin.- almosterery literary person
in America, and a collection of American Literatur??stand?
ard and periodical?probably unsurpassed in the United States.
This department of the work will be of rare interest and vdue.
These three works will be published in a single volume, iai
peri?l8vo. _ .
The above work will le published some time tu the month
of March or April, 1&U, by the under-ijiied, aud will be sold
at a very K>w price. No Library, public or private, will De
complete without a copy.
_D. A PPL FTP Sk.ro. , 200 Broadway.
IRELAND! IRELAND!
SECOND EDITION.
A MEMOIR ON IRELAND. NATIVE AND SAXON
Bv Danik.l O'Coxnf.ll, M. P.
With a Likeness of the Author. Price 25 Cents.
This is a most extraordinary book, and will, doubtless, pro
duce a most profound impression. We talk uot of what may
be called the Reading Public, nor even the misses in Ireland,
for whom, do doubt, a cheaper edition will be prepared, with
a view to general circulation. The impression we speak of is
tint which must be felt bv Statesmen?by Sir Robert Peel, by
Lord John Russell, bv ? Guizot and At Thier s. That the
volume will have an European and an American circulation,
may be taken, considering the Author and the subject, as a
matter of course. Nest week, if not already published, it will
be printed in English at Pans anil at Brussels, arid in a mooth
there will he a translation, perhaps, ton. into Freaci.. We
caunot douht tluvt German versions will appeal in Berlin,
Dresden, and in Munich: for the King of Bavaria*, though a
Legitimist, is 1 thorough Catholic. It will pass cHe Alps, too,
ami the English in Italy" will have the satisfaction ofread?
ing O'Connell's History of Ireland in " choice Italian."' We
sh^ld not be surprised if the E?perorof Russia would com
maud a Sclavonics translation, if Only to show the Poles that
there have been uoi- hornd. raore persevering, and more
bloody persecutors-of the Catholic Church than he has been.
As to its circulation in America? we need not speak ; there will
be tweuCT editions in twenty w?ks, i::d. no doubt the Mexi?
cans will'speedily read the work-in Spanish.
This, then, is a took univenal; it will be read by al! mec,
and ta all literary hunruai;es, in the oourseot twelve months.
[Dnblin Post.
OrJrrs mnst be ?(jl.'resse'l. j.ost-paid. accompanieil by the
Cash.to GREELE V McELRATH. ICO Na^sau-sr., N. Y.
N?W CLAY MINSTREL.
rr/7- The Clay Minstrel: or, National Songster. :o
which is prehx^.l a Sketrn of the Lite, Public Services, and
Character of He-ary Clay- By John S- LitUrl, President ofthe
Clav Club of Uvrmmtown. Pa.
AttserHscnnti to the Fi) it EsU'ion.
h accQTini to 'he K iif^r of the ilinstrtl, ihat a publica
tio^ upon the plan ofthat now offered to tike pub'ie weald b?
acc*-itati!e. a::i BMgbtbe usaful at the pre?eut juuetme; and
fiading that : * d-jigj wa> apt roved by {Heads whose POliti
cal exr*rwnre gave incr-ased value to their c^isi^cs, he pre?
pared rie brief md unpretending SkeXcJtxhtt t-Jiow^ ot the
Uf- of N'r. Clay. He takes ; le-nare in siating '.hat ismnch
laiebted to thr researches ol Mr. Prentice and of Mr. E. Sar?
gent, wh-'ie coinpr-hei.sive and lnte/rstmg biog:apuies are
alike creditnb.r to tiwir tdents and worthy of tiveir ?ubject;
and all who?ecariosity may br shirpeued and excited by the
imperfect .-/x'nn/ves of die ltlnstrwus Sutesaac, afforded
throurn the following pages, will Sind, in then: more full aaid
circumstantial information than could be e a braced within
th-narrow limits and unarnbiticas design of mi* poblicaiion
From their worsts, and from sach other public sonrees as
were immt JiaHv at hand, the ^)rch of the Editor has re?
ceived its ftebl- luht, and he kol<i? it alofi in the hope that it
also ma> be iu?trumeataLjLitao*?eh in humide degree, in scat?
tering th? mists of pr-jaaflfc with which ignorance vid party
rage ru.? so lone enve.yrvl the subject but winch, even low.
are gradually rising and ro-iiug ?*?? beneath the influence of
revealing iignt, and of that " frutA ur.UcA is mighty and vnll
jrreccil*
The S"r.gs are bv various authors. Some of them hav?
been writltdt expressly for the Minstrel; others have brec
gleaned t*:om the public journiis, and other pnblica?ons ol
the day. J- S. L.
GirmzrJoicn, Oct. 1W2.
For sale at the Tnbune ?ffice. Price 25 cen? single copy
or t2 per dox-i? ?_W
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Elements of Natural Philosophy:
Embracing the general principles of Mechanics. HrWro*rat?
io*. Hydraaltrs, rneumarics, Acoustics, Optics, Electricity,
i Saf* inism, M tgnetism, and Astronomy*, l?ustrated bv seve?
ral hundred eaagiavuigs. By.Lto*aus D GsLC, M.D", Pro?
fessor oi Geelotyaod Mineralogy in "he University of the
City of New-Y"o?k, and Lecture'on Chemistry xnd Na:nr*l
P itlosopl y.. . The ab ive work i* ex>nsi?e!y introduod in
the best SchooLand Serninaries throughout .1 a", rent iuris oi
:h- United ?:i'es. tod i* considered the but Book extant for
piivav learners. Dr. Gale b-ing hirn^tf a practical t bemist,
and his professional duties as Lecturer requiring him to m ike
constantAand repeated experiments in all branches of Natural
Fhi .?$??:? v. v? is emi::e..:ly >;u ?Si.'icd for trie l.\sk of "oi.'iini
such a work. Moat of the other publications oc the popular
brai.-che* of Philosophy and Chemistry arejrtere com- lUrioas
m nie by book m .k-rs; hence the frequent fail ores of stud.uts
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Lectures on Geology.
Doctor Lvell's Lec:n-es -a Geologyt(,Second Edition.) It
contains an engraved Froutispie exhibiting an ideal section
of part ol the Earth's Crust, with explanations It also coo
ta:ns a imei al Introduction toGrology uot before published.
I^n-.rt i, e:.brj( e* the following subjects: Auveriree. Lacus
M::e Period, Volcanic Period, Eru tionof Cosegtuna, Mount
Dor. Lecture II, The Earth's >tra:a, Mxrice Strata, Periods.
Auvrgne District. Sub-Appenines, Mount JE:i:a Lecture
III. Upheaval and Snbsidence of 'he Earth, Naples. Temple
of Serapis. Moute N'uovo. Lecture IV, Coral Keels, ? oral
Islands. Lecture V, Origin of Coal. Lecture VI. Fossil
Foot-prints. Lecture VII, Recession of the Kalis of N iaxi
ra. Lectwt VIII, Boulders and Icebergs.
To the store is also added tr. this edition, a Sketch of the
Lecru.-eofDr J. ACGCSTtJt? Smith, de trend before the
Lyceum s?f Natural Hisrory on the 9th ol December last on
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OTonnell's Ireland!
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by Da m el O't osskll, M. P. with a likeness of the Anther.
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Useful Books for tlie People.
Farnham's Travels.
No. 1. .Travels iu the Great Western Prairies, the An lhuac
and Rocky Motu.tains, and Oregon Territory ; bv Thomas
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really refreshing to rise from the perusal of such a valuable
and iuteresn-iic work. There is such a fountain of freshuess
and originalit) pushing through every page, such a continual
stream of wit and anecdote, that one never cecomes weary of
drinking from its sparkling fount " [I'hila. paper.
" In these days ot ( heap Literature, when every kind of
namt>y-p.-an.t>y trash is flooded weekly from the press it is
real!;, refreshing to rise, from the perusal of such a ?alaabl*
and interesting work. The writer appears to have struck out
lorhimseil an entirely new path, and n.-y so entertained and
interspersed it with the preen leaves of instruction, and the
bright flowers of beautitu] imagery and stimm; incident, that
to a lover of nature in its w?hlest and most sublime teachings,
presents attractions such as, in our opinion, very few works
of the kind |>ossess. There is such a fountain of freshness and
originality gushing through every paare, such a continual
stream of Wit and anecdote, that oue never become.* weary of
drinking from its sparkliug fount."
[Philadelphia Citizen Soldier.
Ellsworth's Report.
No. II.?Th? Improvements in Agriculture, the Arts, Sic.
in the United Sutes; beim; nn account of recent und impor?
tant discoveries and improvements iu the mode of building
Houses, making Feuca-s, raising Grain, making Pork, dispo?
sing of nogs, ra iktukt Lard Oil, raising Silk, with engravings
of improved Ploughs and other Agricultural Implements, Stc.
By Hon. 11. L. Ellsworth, Commissioner of Patents. And
a Tre itise on Agricultural Geology Price 25 cents; rive co?
pies lor $1. "I; is one of the most valuable and iuierestiug
documents wehaveever perused."
The above valuable work contains a vast amount of the
most important information to Farmers w hich lus ever be?
fore be.-n present? d at so cheap a rate. The contents of the
wotk, iu part, are as follows:
Tabular Estim ?te of the ('rops in each State of the Union,
showing the iiitmbers of bushels raised in ?ach State of Wheat,
Barlev, (lata, Rye, Buckwheat. Com, Potatoes, pounds of
Hay, Flax and Hemp, Tobacco, Cotton, Rice, Silk, Cocoons,
Sugar, gallons of V\ ine.^c.
lie marks on the foregoing, and a Review of the Oops of
each of the above named articles, w ich important suggestions
Progress of Improvement?Causes of Improvement.
Corn-Stalk Sugar?Lard Oil, Sic. Foreign Markets.
Improved Mode of Fencing?Mode of constructing Houses.
Railroads.
Future Surplus?Comparison of Exports and Imports.
Markets at Home or Abroad.
Prospect of a Foreign Market
Success of Competition.
Corn Laws of England.
[TJ7" The work also contains the following valuable Docu?
ments:
L. Letter from Htm. J<*hn Taliaferro of Virginia, to Mr.
Ellsworth on the Culture of Wheat.
2. L-tter from Willi im Webb of Wilmington. Del. and Ex?
tended Remarks by the same gentleman on the Manufacture of
Corn Stalk. Si-o ik.
3. Extract from Annales de la Societa Polytecljt'qne
Practi.ju-, translated at the Patent ?lfice and highly confirma?
tory ?il Mr. Webb's Essay.
4. Method of erystalizing Corn Sirup?Utensils, Process,
Sic. Sic. By J. J. Mapes, Esq.
5. BROOMCOKN-?Method of Planting;, Cultivation, Har?
vesting, Scraping, Machinery, Product, Value, Manufacture
of Brooms, Miscellaneous.
6. Pot and Pearl Ashes. By W. A. Otis, of Cleavelaud
Ohio.
7. do. do. By H. Work of Fort Wayne.
8. LARD OIL.?Converting Lard into Oil. and also into
concrete formi for the manfacture of Caudles?Result of Ex
it-riments. By Harris, StanVfOOd St Co. ol Boston. With
Remarks on the same subject. By ; vmi-uki.i. MoRFIl of.
Philadelphia.
9 and 10. Same subject diacussed bv W. Milford and J. R
Stafford of Cleavelaud, Ohio.
11. Mode of Manufacturing Elaine and Stearine from Lard,
Stc. Bv John 11. Smith of New-York.
12. Letter from A. Scott, Esij. of Erie, Pa. on the uses and
value of Rape Seed.
13. Mode of Fencing and Ditching, See, with cuts or dia?
grams representing?I. The Fence; 2. Rails sharpened; 3. Au?
gur with Cutters: I. Hides bored; 5. Post, Ditch and Embank?
ment; 6 and 7. Views of the Scrai>er; 8 and 9. Views of the
Plough: 10. Surlace of the ground; 11. Cheap Wood Mill;
12 and 13. End and Front viesvs; II. Post-boring Machine.
U. Letter from H. W. Ellsworth of Lafayette, Indiana, on
the same subject.
1j. Plan of Cheap Cottages.
ICand 17. Duties on Imports into the Port of St. John's. L
C, from the United States.
18. On the subject of Kxportius: Beef, Pork, Hams, Lard,
Cheese, Sec. from the United Sutes to England, and the piopei
mode of preparing th? s^me.
QXJ- In addition to the foregoing, which was prepared by
the Hon. II. L. Ellsworth, and presented to Congress at its
last Session, and ten thousand conies ordered to be printed,
the Publishers have Connected w ith it a valuable Treatise on
Raising Sw ine, and the best Methods of Fattening Pork; by
Henry Colmin of Miss.
And to render the work still more worthy the attention ol
Farnurs, they have also added an invaluable Treatise on
Geology as Connected with Agriculture, by Willis Oay
lord, of OnOndaga Co., N. Y. This Treatise alone is consi?
dered by many practical farmers as worth twice the cost of the
whole work.
Dr. Lardner's Lectures.
No. III.?Lardner's complete Course of Lectures, delivered
at NiMo's Saloon, in the Lity of New-York. The subjects
embraced in the Lectures, are: Electricity?The Sun?Oal
vauism?The Fixed Stars? Magnetic Needi'?Latitude and
Lougitudi?Bleaching?fanning?Popular Fallacies?Light
?Failing Stars?Temporary Stars?Historical Sketch of As?
tronomy? UeW?Science aided bv Art?Scientific L)i?cov?
ries?So'ind?Vibrations of the Retina?Voltaic B iitery?
Steam Engines of England and America. This edition of
Doctor Lardner's Lectures is introduced by a bst^tch of the
Progrejs of Physical Science. Price for the whol-, including
Lardner's Lecturrs. 26 cuts per single copy. Postmasters
and others will receiv- fiv? copies lor $1.
Chemistry and Philosophy.
j>*o. IV... Chemistry of the lour Ancient Elements?Fire.
~iir. Eai th and H'ater? Founded upon Lectures delivered
be/ore. Her Majesty the Queen; bv Thomas (?rifj ith, Lec?
turer on Chemistry at St Bartholomew'^ Hospital. Illustrat?
ed by upwards of seventy engravings... .The Book of Philo?
sophical Experiments, iUustrating the principal farts and cu?
rious phenomena ol* Electricity, Galvanism, Magnetism,
Chemistry, Optics, Heat, fiic with Introductory Observations
on each Science, and upwards of 300 Experiments. By J, S.
Dai/to* %
This E?<wy on the Chemistry of the Four Ancient Elements
is chiedy intended for those who h ave not studied the science.
Abstrus*- d-tai!s and theories are avoided, useful and mtereat.
ing information supplied,and instruction united with enter
ainmeut. Explicit directions are given respecting the per?
formance of the Experiments.
" A jTrson who Performs an Experiment and thoroughly
understands the nature of it. will hardly ever forget she prin>
ciple it illustrates. It has been the object of the writer to in?
troduce only su< h experiments as may be psrrformed wit'isim?
ple apparatus, and <uch as maybe easily aud cheaply pro
cured.-' Extracts from the Preface.
The two books above named have met with a rapid
arid extensive sale in Knglaud.aud continue to be v?,fy pop?
ular and in great demand, notwithstanding each one iisofd al
about fourtimes the puce of the co<si of both Work* togethei
in the edition printed in the " Series of Uieful Bneka for thi
P topic."
The above works are n-atly printed on clear new iype with,
about lyo engraviogs, and together are sold at die exceedingly
low price i f 26 cents: tire copies for $1.
Political Economy.
No. V. .-Principles of Political Economy, or the Laws ol
the Formation of National Wealth, developed by means oi
the Christian Law of Oovernmeut; being the substance of a
case delivered to the Hand-loom Weavers'Commission, by
William At ki.sso.n. H ith an Intrnduericn, Ti eating ol
tlw present state ot the Science of Political Fcocomv, and rjw
Adaptation of iu Principles to the Condition of our owe
Country, and the upbuilding of its Prosperity, by H ....us
lini.rLEv. Price 26 r^nts: live copies for $L
History ol the Silk Culture:
No. VI. ..The Silk Culture in the United States: Em?
bracing complfte accounts of th? latest and moii approver
modes of lUtchiug, Rearing and Feeding the Silkworm
Managing a Cocoonery, Reeling, Spmniiur and .Manufactar
ing t_ne Silk. Stc Stc; with vrry intersstiug History Sketch?
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The New-York Daily Tribune
I? PabHsbed every jncxniag (Sundays eseepfcd) a: Th*
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, w hie. v ?1 its amount ol leading matter LOl 4tM ti,.? the asei
ageol the'rs.
j The e?i-enmeur of issuing a cheap ca>t, ..,r,.rt elrvted m
charirtrr and dignified in tbae.deeoted torJtetrueprmripfo of
j the Government, and sustaining the great Producing Lterrsts
of the Country, vat eeirmiei ?.?? d oa the Mdk of April, isti,
and in less than a vear am a half at'er its comas noet.?rnt the
daiiv circulation of THE NEW-YORK TRIBUNE *as
nearly or quite 10.0OO cO| i-s, reaching every .juart.r ol the Un?
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and rapidly iiicrrasiug.
The Editorial conduct of this paper r?-s'swi:h Horack
Grkkl? t ibly .vs.si>teii in the Departments of Literary, Com
merci-il and Miscetlaueous Intelligence, by the aid of stated
Correspondents sr. WiijM^^m -.no the mo-st important jvints
throughout trie Union. ? ?. well as private sdnoe* from lneads
-ossessing superior facilities for imparting in form all on, the
Publishers hope to rendei th? ir papet the th mnsd of the earliest
and most authentic accounts ot all important Politic*! Move
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Elections. Thee.uiiest accounts ol Crops. Business, Puces,
itc, w ith the events ol the day, w i i also be thus s,iveU, while
the Commercial Deputmrnt of The'Pribune is the special
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fresh, lull aud accurate reports of all doings tu Produce,
Goods, Stocks. Exchange. St>-, not only in this City, bat
at important points throughout the Uni#u.
,'X"/f An E'emug Edition is published every afternoon in
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Please address G R E E I. E V St M c 1- L HATH.
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Weekly Review of th-? Markets In its Political sua General
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eveiy generous idea, however novel or unpopular; which h.u
for its end the uprising ofthe oppress A ind the lowly. While
it prort'ers no (I aim ro the abuied ri.?rne of Democracy, so long
the cloak of political Pharisees, the cant of designing dema
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Word, truly IVmocra ic? die rtilvrrs.Ary olrseiv wron?r, lh?>
expoier Of hollow profession and scheming knavery, ami th*?
advocate of every movement tending to the diunsiou ol true
Freed m and the UpW.xid Progress ofthe Human User_
The \V\eklv Tribune is published in this city every Saturday
morning, but despatched by the Mails of Thursday nti<i Fri?
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about the average sue of two common newspapers. Suhm-rip
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its utmost energies, the Protection or Hoauc Lmoosthv,
the restoration of a Souxo amp I'mkorm COMUCMCV. the
rigorous presecurinn ol Imikmi. Improve m*m , ami the
election of HENRY CLAY as the next President of the Uni?
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GREELEY St McELRATII. Publishers.
The Life and Speeches of Henry Clay,
2 volumes octavo. 11?4 pages, with Steel Portrait and Engn
viiik's. This edition comprises?L A M EMOIR OF HENRY
CLAY?Clear and slowing, written expressly for this work;
2 THE SPEECHES UF MR. CLAY, from tut? to lg|2 in?
clusive, carefully collected from various soarces for this work,
compared and corrected, and all restored to the lir-t persou?
many of them having been ouly lenorted in the thud person?
'* Mr. Clay said,"so aud so. and he ur>;ed," Stc. instead of
giving his own vigorous and graceful diction, without iufr
po'ation or dilution. No collection of Mr. CLAY'S
SPEECHES at all comparable weh this, in completeness or
coirectuess, has ever before appeared. Each Speech is prefa?
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stances which c died it fotth, and whenever it is desirable and
not otherwise indicated, a note at the end gives the fate ol the
measure under discussion.
(^"7* Price, neatly bound iu boards, with eilt titles, $135p?r
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Life and Public Services of Henry Clay,
Published iu a neat Octavo Pamphlet, with an engraved
Likeness. * new edition rrvised ami improved; and brought
down to the year istl. By Epes Sargent, Esq.. of the City
of New-York. This is the best biography of Mr.,Clay cu
taut. Prioe 121 cents, ot $8 |?ei 100 copies.
The Whig Almanac for the year 1844.
This valu >ble Register of Political events has rapidly pass?
ed through Sixteen editions, and the demand for it suit con?
tinues. Many of the articles contained in it aie of permanent
value, aud all of them will continue tobe sought after and
read throughout the entire year 1811. Country Merchant*
comiug to the City this Spring will alHud a lavorable oppor?
tunity to those who may wish to purchase.
It contains the umal Caleudars aud Astronomical calcula?
tions, made foreveiy meridian from Maine fo Louisiana. A
List of the Government Eiecu live officers of the United States,
Judges ef the Supreme Court, Sic. with iheir4Salari**; a com?
plete List ofthl Members ol the present United States Senate
and House of Representatives arranged according to their re?
spective States, and the politics of eacli.member designated ;
History of the Tariff; Past and Present Tariffs; Comparative
Statement of the most important articles bearing specific du?
ties, as imposed bv the nets ol 1816. 1621. 1828, 1832 and 1012;
Thk Prxsknt Tanirr Law ok thk UmtKD States, be?
ing tlie entile- law On that subject. A National Bank with
Extracts from Mr. Me Duffle's Report; Pbotksti?N io Ami:
niCA> Iwdlsibt?It? ExPEDiKncY ano NsxitsaiTY, ?v the
Herr. Charles Hi oso.n ok Mass. Tins valuable and useful
Essay oeucpies U pages. Its faits, illustrations aud doctrines
ought to be understood by every citi/.eu who takes an interest
in the cause of American Industry and the prosperity of the
people of the United States; Extracts from Mr. ( lay's Speech
oil trie Public Lands. These extracts occupy several pages,
and are sufficient to givea general view ofihis interesting sub?
ject. Anecdotes of Politics and Politicians, Pf ?er before pub?
lished. ELECTION RETURNS, by States. Cougres
?ional Districts and Counties. These Returns are the fullest
and most complete which have ever been i ublished. They were
nre|>ared at grea' labor and at considerable ex|>ense expressly
for the Whig Almanac. They will be constantly referred to
during the coming year, as they show not only the returns for
the present year but a'jo those of MO; Times of holding Elec?
tions iu each of the States; Popular Vote for Mr. Van Buien
ami Gen Harrison in 11136 and in 1818; The number of Electors
of each State in IStO and the number to which each State is
entitled iu 1811 j Tables of the Population, Debts, Governors
and Chief Ju?tices ofthe several States; Anecdotes of Mr.
Clay, John Quincy Adams, Col. Johnson, Stc. Sic.
The price of the Whig Almaiiac is the same as last
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The American Laborer.
An Important Work for Manufacturers. Mechanics, Farmers
aud Politicians-The AMERICAN LABORER; devoted
to the cause of Protection to Home Industry, i-mbraciuc the
Arguments. Reports and Si*eechei of the anlest Civilians of
the United Stales in favorol the Policy of Protection to Amer?
ican Labor, wich the Statistics of Production in the United
States, Sic Sic. 1 vol octavo. This is a highly Baefnl work
to all who desire correct and accurate information in reference
to the Labor, Productions ami iUsources of the United States.
It contains many of the ablest Si^ethes^ajRepoits and Disser?
tations oil Manufacturing and Agricultural subjects which
have ever been made. Every Clay Club in the United
? States ought to see that one or more copies is placed in some*
public Library or Reading Room lor the use of the public -
Price SI CO, or 88 i>er dozen.
Reason* for Preferring Mr. Clay
to Mr, Van Bar^n for next President. By Hon. William
C. Rivks. U. S. Seaator from Virginia.
The Tariff Question in Germany.
\ This masterly Essay was called forth by a Henortof Dr.
Bownsrso. a prominent' Free Trade* Member of trie Britiik
Parliament, on the Commercial Relations of Great BnUin
with Germauy. intended to iuduce the Germans to abandon
th?Mr Piotecttve policy, and concur in a free interchange of
I their lespeetive productions. Th* fallacy of its assumptions
and the delusiveness of i's calculations, so far as they were
mteuded to show that it is w is* in a nation to suffer the de
' StTUCtiyc paralysis by Foreign rivalry of its Home Manufac?
tures, in the nictation of supplying it,- ii more *
; geously from ahto id, is ably set forth iu this Tract. Its prin?
ciples and truths apply equally well to this country.
' The above named Letter o! Mr. Rives and the Discussion
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It is hoped that this Tract may receive a very extensive cir?
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[ Commercial Intereonrse with Great Britain.
This is a Phmpnlet or Tract of 3 pa;t>s showing the precise,
f operation of the present British Tariff on the Produce %nd
. Mannfictures of the United States whenever the people of
\ this connrry undertake to export to England. A knowledge
of the lact of an average duty ol 330 per cent, on Ar/>ericau
Products when shipped to England, against an average duty
of some VJ ;> r cent en English eoo^s imported iuto the Uni?
ted auteSjWili probably show ihe fallacy of the anti-Tariff
- party. K7" Price SI 26 per 100 or $10 per 1900 copies.
! The Janins Tracts.
No- L The Test, or Parties tried by their sets. No. 2. Ths
1 Currency. No. 3. The Tariff. No. i Life of Henry Clay.
1 No. 5. Political Abolition. No. 6. Democracy... LC^l f'i?
' Series of Political Tracts, Iroro the well-known author of
" " Crtjt't ofthe Ojuntru." in W0, aunnrm in size and prid?. is
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GREELEY k McELRATH hare also lottAe?
8 A Defence oftlie W?H{ja-By ? Member of the
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