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THE TRIBUNE.
SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 16.
FOR PRESIDENT,
HE5RT CLAY.
FOR MAYOR:
mORRlS FRANKLIN.
f?7" meeting at National Haii.-Ti.* Demo
cntic Whig Elector* cf the City ?nd Coaoty of New York
are re.jue?tfd to atteud a Mass Meeting to be h? h! at Na?
tional Hall. Canal meet, on TUESDAY EVENING,
March 19th. at half past 7 o'clock to receive the report of the
Conuty Convention appointed to select a candidate lor Mayor.
Bv order of the Democratic Whig Convention.
ELLIS POTTER, Chairman.
NatHL G. PRaPraBD, ) Secretaries.
Cvrvs Che*?**. j imm mI4
tt" ' K ' writes at lprgih to show that we made a blander
in saving 'he price of Sail w*s reduced ' 1h0 per Cent ' in Indi?
ana, meaning one-half. Of course we dld-what need of us
ing ore* five noids to show what evviy body must have seen
at onCc7 _ _
Contents cf Tile Tribune-This Day.
PJ1GE T. .Ireland?By the celebrated Dr. Drennan.
Tbc Zoll Vrrein, and the Effects of Protection
?(Ed tonal.)
Association and its Def\mers?(Original.)
GlimpsesofEuaorK, Nos. 23 and 24?riacenza to Par?
ma; Corregio'a P*iiitii?gs; Guastallo; Mantua; Villa
Franca.?(Foreign Correspondence of The Tribune.)
PAGE II. ? lowell?Manufactures, Stc .-(Correspondence.)
Stock Transfer Books.?(Communication.)
' What is this Association?'?Mar Yohann 1.
PAGE HI. .The Currency, &c?(Communication.)
VVaRM. Christianity?(From the Christian World.)
Adrtrtisemtnts?Lit'rary,&c. Stc.
PAGE IPV.Editorials,Correspondence, Ntws.&c.
PAGE, V. .New Advertisements?Literary, Goods, Stc.
PAGE VI. .An Agricultural Visit to Ashland, by A.
B Al!ec.
The Protection of Shipping, by A Sailor. '?^.^>'\. ...
A Story of a Pair of Boots, by T. Weed.
Advertisements?Business, Law, Goods, Sic.
PAGE VII. .Story of a Bear; Legislative Eloquence.
Advertisements?Steamboats, Kailroads, Heal Estate,
Ships, Legal, Stc. Stc.
PAGE VIII. .So.no of the Whius?Suggested by Hood's
' Song of a Shirt.'j?(Original )
Letter from Gen. Hamilton of S. C. in favor of
Henry Clay.
Advertisements, St. Stc.
The Tariff is In Danger!
So sajT letters from Washington, yet we can?
not believe it. It seems to us impossible that it
should be so, but, on a matter of such vital im?
portance, we dare not rest on our opinion alone.
The following extract from a private letter from
a well informed friend in Congress is corroborated
by many other advices :?
Hoi se of Representatives,)
March li, 1844. $
My Dear Sir?I perceive from The Tribune that
you express the opinion and encourage the people
to believe that there i.s no probability of the passage
of the Tariff bill pending before the House. My
own belief is that the bill will be arrested in the Se?
nate, but many of our friends apprehend more dan?
ger than you seem to suppose. In the first place,
there is no doubt the bill will pass the House. Ii
is ingeniously drawn as u party measure, and Mr.
Van Buren's men are committed to go for it. In
framing the bill, McKay was in constant consulta
lion with Wright, Benton and others; and one of ?
the Committee informs me there is no doubt that
Mr. Wright is ihe principal author of the Report.
Its passage is the price stipulated to the South for !
the support of Van Buren. The specific Duties on -t
unmanufactured Iron and Sugar are intended to
propitiute Pennsylvania and Louisiana. '
We will suppose the bill to have passed the s
House and reached the Senate. Mr. \\ risht will ,
vote for it, and possibly the Senators from Pennsyl?
vania. Suppose three or four Southern Whigs ?
should desert us in this extremity?what would Be <
the result ? 1 declare to you my belief that the ma- i
jority in the Senate will stand united mid compact
in oppo.-ition to the bill. At the same time, the '
possibility of danger is sufficient to justify some j
alarm : and instead of encouraging a sense of secu?
rity, you should call upon the people to rally, re?
monstrate and avert the danger. '
We have never intended to favor the impres?
sion that the Tariff would be saved without effort
on the part of the People?we have believed that
it would be saved because the People would rally
around and preserve it. True, it seems to us in?
credible that the Pennsylvania Senators should
vote for this bill, but what will not some men do
for the sake of Party ? And Silas Wright, too,
whose vote was claimed as having passed this
Tariff, which vote was specially approved by one
of Mr. Van Buren's Syracuse Conventions, is now
the grand contriver of destruction to the manu?
factures of Iron, Woolen, Cotton, Salt, &.c. of
our State! What madness of party ! what reck?
lessness of public interest and of National Pros?
perity !
Freemen ! Laborers! Farmers 1 Artisans !
Your vital interests are at stake ! awake 1 arise !
assemble 1 and from every quarter pour in your
petitions to the Senate for the stoppage of this
destructive measure 1 Prepare a petition at once,
ask your neighbors and townsmen to sign, and
despatch it to some Senator at Washington as
soon as it can be got ready! Call on your Van
Buren neighbors who say they arc Tariff men,
and ask them to sign, or remonstrate separately
if they prefer it. The form of the memorial is
not at all material?we throw out the following
as a sample, which you can alter as you think
proper :
To the Senate of the United States :
The undersigned, citizens of -, respect?
fully represent?that since the enactment of the
existing Tariff, the condition of the country has
been steadily and visibly improving, and is now
far better than for some time before the passage
ofthat law?that Labor finds readier employment
and in the average a bett c reward, while there is
on the whole a quicker demand and larger mar?
ket for nearly all the productions of our Home
Industry. This state of things your memorialists
apprehend would be disastrously changed by the
passage of the bill to reduce and transform the
Tariff proposed by the Committee of Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives?where?
fore we earnestly entreat you to arrest and prevent
the passage of the same, or any similar measure,
into a law.
With deep respect and confidence.
Wc remain your fellow citizens.
(LT The Van Buren men held a grand frolic
at the Tabernacle last evening?our friend Ganse
voort Melville being the orator. Wc understand
he demolished Henry Clay, Joe Hoxie and seve?
ral more of 'cm, was specially sweet on the Irish,
and fairly skinned the 1 Natives' alive. Great
country tins.
U* The Albany Argus objects to our phrase
1 The Locos were fighting away,' in reference to
their late Pennsylvania Convention at Harns.
burg. The term had reference, not to their bal?
loting for Governor, as the Argus assumes, but
to their contesting each other's seats as Delegates,
which was done not very amicably. No matter:
we arc satisfied with our friends' candidate for
Governor, and the Argus with its friends'. Let
us sec which ' pole knocks down the persimmon.'
New-Hampshire.?Returns come in quite tar?
dily from this citadel of Loco-Focoism. Enough
have been received, however, to make it quite
certain that the 1 Dutch have taken Holland.'
COURT CALENDAK.This Day.
Circuit Court.?Nos. 119, 371, 373, 37G.
Connecticut.
The Plebeian tells a pretty good story about
a recent visit of the Editor of The Tribune to
Connecticut, and the anxiety of his friends that
j he should not come there to speak any more.
; The point of it, however, is rather duilcd by the
' fact that, while the Plebeian man was writing
! his quiz, the Editor of this paper was in Conncc
! ticut on a second visit, at the urgent request of
j his Political friends, and addressed a lar^e con
course of both parties on the Tariff question at
Watcrbury on Thursday uight. He has now ur?
gent requests to visit other sections as soon as
possible, and hopes to comply with some of them
before Aprii.
Now for a story from our side, which shall
match The Plebeian's fairly, and have the ad
vantage of being true :
We learned yesterday and the day before in
Connecticut that the most effective electioneering
weapons our friends could lind?decidedly better
than our Tariff Speeches?were the Anti-Tariff
Tracts issued Inj The Plebeian. They had been
for sonic time buying up all they could find to
circulate in that State, to unmask the Loco-Foco
professions of half-and-half friendship for Protec?
tion?till they were all at once brought up by
the supply being cut off at the fountain-head?no
more of 1 Plebeian Tract No. 1.' could be got at
the office for love or money ! They tried their
best, but were informed that the edition had run
out, and they didn't think they should print any
more at present!?As the Tract is copyrighted,
our folks could not reprint it, and so a most
flourishing trade was brought to a dead halt!?
We cite the following corroboration from yester?
day's Ne w-Haven Pa IIa d i u m :
As Incident.?While .Michael was at the steam?
boat wharf this morning, selling " Plebeian Tracts
to make young Whi<:s of," a Loco-Foco passenger
got out ofthe ears and inquired the prit e ofthe Jot.
Michael named the sum, when a bargain was struck
lor the whole. The purchaser had no sooner got
possession of them than he stepped to the side of
the wharf and threw them all. into thewa/er, saying,
"They are not just the things to circulate in Con?
necticut" ! We had those facts from a person who
witnessed the whole proceeding. When will our
opponents learn in politics, as well as in every thing
else, "honesty is the best policy"? How con?
temptible do they appear in trying to conceal, until
after the election, their real principles!
Hon. N. I?. TaUmadge.
We have been asked by several friends why
we did^iot take some notice of a recent savage at?
tack on Senator Tallmadge by ? J. W. W.' in
the Courier ij- Enquirer. Our answer has uni?
formly been that wc dislike, extremely to appear
in constant collision with any journal which sails
under the Whig banner, and that we have an abi?
ding conviction that such attacks as this on Mr.
Tullmadgc can do no possible harm except to
the assailants. Wc have differed with Mr. T. as
to the propriety of some of his votes to confirm
what wc regarded as exceptionable nominations
for important offices by Mr. Tyler, but wc never
thought of assailing him therefor as a traitor to
the Whig party. These Tyler appointments pre
sent questions of extreme difficulty, and the cer?
tainty that the rejecting any one will not give us
i better man, but only enable the Executive to
strengthen himself by extending the evidences of
his disposition to reward adhesion, should ever be
considered. Wc can very well see how a good Whig
may say, " Let him have whom he pleases; it is
'hut a few months, and then all can be made
[ right; meantime, the first nomination is proba
'bly quite as good as any future one would be."
We should have voted against some of Mr. Tyler's
appointments, but on grounds very different from
any party consideration.
Mr. Tallmadge has been for six years a Whig
U. S. Senator, and the only representative ofthe
225,000 Whigs of New-York in the most digni?
fied Legislative body in the world. During all
that time, he has been a most able and efficient
advocate of Whig Measures in Congress and
(whenever needed) of Whig Principles before the
People. An ardent personal and political friend
of Henry Clav, he is able and willing to do
as much toward his election as any other man.
Is it wise, is it just, in any journal laboring to se?
cure a Whig triumph to assail such a man ??to
attempt to weaken his influence and excite dis?
trust of his integrity ? Wc think not. Mr. Tall?
madge, wc arc sure, cannot be repelled from do?
ing all within his power for the Good Cause and
its Champion, but the efficiency of his efforts may
be greatly impaired by attacks on him from any
Whig quarter.
[LTThc Worcester Spy contains a long letter
from Mr. Wehster, on the subject of the Annex?
ation of Texas, written in reply to a request front
many citizens of Worcester county, requesting
his views in relation to the matter. He takes
strong ground against the measure.
O* The Whigs of Indiana will have a great
gathering at Logansport, Cass Co. on the 12th of
April, being the Birth-Day of Henry Clay. We
hope to send them good news from Connecticut
to fill the measure of their ardor and confidence.
Town Kleef ions
Wc have a few further returns from the West
which look encouraging. Allegany has elected
6 Whig and 5 Loco-Foco Supervisors, as far as
heard from?1 Independent Loco.
Whig. loco. Loco.
Angelica, Nuuda, Allen, Almond,
Granger, Birdsall, West Almond. Amity,
Belfast, Friendship??. Caueadea, Portage,{I.)?C.
Our friends in Allegany assure us of 800 ma?
jority in the County for Clay.
Ciiautauque Co. is right side up. The follow?
ing is the result as far as heard from.
Whig. Whig. Uhg. Loco.
hdlicoit, l ha.lotte. ArLwu^h:, Carroll,
Bnsti, Ellington. Portland. I'.dand,
Harmony, Pomfret, Stockton. Clymrr.
tilery, Hanover, Chautaoqne, *Vestfi?ldt<
(Jerry. Sheridan, Sheiuui:?17. Kiplty?5.
Portsmouth, Villenova,
Clymer is a Whig town, but a I'nion Ticket
was run, which gave the Supervisor to the Locos.
O* Clinton County has chosen but one Whig
Supervisor to eight Loco and one Abolition!
Political Abolition has done great mischief there,
but the Loco-Foco Tariff bill will electrify the
Whigs of that Iron region and add hundreds to
their numbers. We look for a Clay majority in
Clinton this Fall. Meantime the Supervisors
stand?
Lcc-y? Ausalde, Beekmantoa n. Black Brook, Champlain,
Chaxy, Ellenburg, Peru, Plattsbnns? S.
tl'.Sii;?Sarau tc?i. .1 Volition?Moores?-1.
Stei des.?The new town of Hartsville has
elected a Whig Supervisor. The Board now
stands 14 Whigs to 15 Locos. The new town of
Thurston will, it is expected, elect a Whig and
tie the Board.
Confirmed.?We learn that the appointment
of Mr. Towle as Naval Officer at this Port lets
been confirmed by the Senate.?Eve. Post.
Our advices from Washington last night say
nothing of it.
Importation and Manufacture uf Salt.
The advocates of Free Trade have dwelt, at
different time?, on the subject of the tariff on Salt,
as affecting an article of daily and extensive con?
sumption. To their arguments, attempting to
show that the protective duties to encourage the
manufacture of this important article have en?
hanced the price of Salt brought from foreign
countries, wc have on former occasions replied
that the price has not been increased in conse?
quence of the duties.
Wc arc now enabled to present the following
important statements, relative to the importation
and manufacture of Salt, and the effect produced
on prices, by the increased supply arising from
the competition of our Domestic Manufactured
Salt, which from the inconsiderable quantity made
previous to the last War with Great Britain, has
increased so that it now furnishes one half the
supply for the consumption of the United States.
Comparative prices of Turks' Island Salt for
29 years.?The first table which we give below,
shows the cargo pries of Turk's Island Salt, per
measured bushel (of about 70 lbs.) in the New
York market, on the 1st of December of each
year since the last war?being 29 years.
Year. Price. Yew. ?? ice, Y?^r. Price.
Deel, l8l5...9Qcts. 1824...50cts.l835...35 cts.
1816...60 1S2R. .-19 1836..45
18 IT.. 60 1S27...62 1837..37
1818...70 1823...52 1838..47
1819.. 70 1829.. 45 1839..32
1820..62 1830...55 1840...35
1821. .60 1831. .62 1841. . 28
1822.. b'O 1832.. 52 1842.. 28
1823..52 1S33...42 1843..30
18-25.. 58 1834.. 37
The average of the above prices from 1315 to
1825, in which latter year the Erie Canal was
opened from Lake Erie to the Hudson River, was
03 cents per bushel, and the duty on importation
20 cents per 5b' lbs. From 182G to 1S30, when
the market for Domestic Salt, in consequence of
our Canals, became greatly extended, the average
price of Turks' Island was 53 cents, although the
duty remained at 2" cents, the same as in the
former period. In 1831, when the duty was re?
duced to 15 cents, the price advanced to 62
cents, when, according to the Free Trade theory,
it should have declined. It is worthy of remark,
that in the same year there was a great falling
off in the previous annual increase of Salt manu
facturcd at the Onondaga Salt Springs in this
State, and the amount paid into the Canal Fund
from the State Duties on Salt was little more
than in 1830. By the Tariff of 1S32, the duty
was reduced to 10 cents per 5b lbs., and by the
Compromise Tariff of 1833 there was a pros?
pective reduction from that rate, until it reached
7 cents and 0 mills per 5G lbs. in 1841, and last?
ly, 20 per cent on Home valuation in July, 1842.
As the present Tariff, which fixes the duty at 8
cents per 5G lbs. went into operation on the 1st
September, L842, the 20 per cent duty lasted only
two months, during which the price of Salt de?
clined to 23? cents per bushel. From 18.32 to
1841, the average price was 39 cents, and the
average duty about 9 cents per 5G lbs. Finally,
ourlast quotations, for December, 16-13, show the
price to have been 30 cents per bushel, a small
advance on the previous year, and the duty was
8 cents per 5G lbs. in both years.
If the price is controlled by the duty levied
on the article, as contended for by the free tra?
ders, wc ask them to compare the price in 1815
With that of 1629, the latter being one half that
of the former while the duty remained the same.
How do the free traders account, fur this ? We
know very well that prices arc affected by the
supply of the article in market, and the latter by
competition, but this does not accord with the
free trade theory. Again, does any one believe
that the price of Salt would have been as low as
it is at present if the article had been admitted
free of duty from 1815 to the present time, and
if the Erie Canal had not. been constructed, as it
would not have been, if Loco-Foco counsels had
prevailed in this State, thus leaving our people
to depend entirely on foreigners for a supply
of this necessary article ? Now, our Onondaga
Salt Springs supply about one-fourth of all the
s ilt consumed in the United States, while nearly
another fourth of the consumption is supplied by
the Salt-Works west of the Alleghany mountains.
During the last War, Salt was sold in the interior
for four dollars a bushel?a heavy burthen on
the consumer, which early and efficient Protec?
tion would have prevented.
Quantity of Suit manufactured in the Uni?
ted States ?The next table wc present, is com?
piled from the Census, and shows the quantity of
salt manufactured in the United States in the
year 1S39, as follows:
On the Atlantic. Interior, from Sul! Springs.
STATES. BUSHELS STATES. BlsHKLS.
New-York... 2.Mi7,884
Pennsylvania. 549,478
W. Virginia. 1,74(1.550
Kentucky.219,695
I Oiio. 297,350
Indiana.6,400
Illinois.20.0(11)
Missouri.13,150 !
Arkansas.8.700 i
5,723,207
Maine.50,000
New-Hampshire. 1,200
Massachusetts 376.59ti
Connecticut.1,500
New-Jersey.500
Delaware.1,160
Maryland.1,200
E. Virginia.5,068
North Carolina....1,493
South Carolina...2.250
Florida, (Ter.).. 12.000
From Sen Wat-r, 452,967
" Salt Springs 5,723,207
Total.6,176,174
Imported same year, 6,061,608, making the an?
nual consumption of the United States about
12 millions of bushels.
Imports of Salt fkom Foreign Countries.?Statement
Of the quantity and value of Satt imported into the
L'i:i:ea states fur the y rr ending Stj't. JO 1K12:
Whence Tmported. Quantity?Jiushcls. Total Value. \
West Indies.1,557.708 $ 121,517
Great Britain and Ireland.3,401,284 620,994
France.61,636 5.062
Spain.499.004 43,905
Portugal.429.567 32,572
Italy... 46,620 1,804
Sicily.148,188 5.090 j
Other places.34.67 6 4,626
Total (bushels 56 lbs.).... Ou 7>,743 $841^570
Average cost 13 cents 7 mills per 5G lbs. ;
Quantity of Salt imported into the United
States from foreign countries during a period of ?
11 years, and the rate of import duties per 56 lbs :
Year. Q tanti'y. Du'y i Fear. Qicnti'y Du?v. j
msHMS C. M BU?H?CLS. C 51.
1832 5,041,326 10.0 1838 7.103.147 8.2
1833 G.>22.672 10.0 1839 6.061.G08 8.2'
1834 6,058,076 9.4 1840 8,183,202 7.6'
1 835 5,375,364 9.4 1841 6,823.944 7.6
1836 5.37.').tili?*) 8.81342 6,178,843 S.O
L837 6,343,706 S.S|Xot&lj 69,367,455 bush.!
of 56 lbs.
The amount of duties paid on the above into
the United States Treasury, exceeded six millions
of dollars.
Onondaga Salt Springs.?The salt manufac?
tured at these Springs, pays a duty to the State
of six cents per bushel, (formerly 12^ cents,) be?
sides a large amount of tolls to the State for
transportation on the Canal. The amount of Salt
Dulles paid into the Canal Fund, from 1517 to
July 18, 1^3o\ was ?2,055,453. Since that
time, and up to January, 1844, there has been
paid into the General Fund of the State, from
this source, (instead of the Canal Fund) about
5875,000 over and above all expenses, which
added to the above, makes .$2,930,458 as the
amount derived by the State from the Salt Duties.
The millions which have been received bv the
State and the United States from duties on salt,
the Free Traders would hive thrown away,
leaving prices probably with little if any reduction
from the old rates, when we were dependent on
foreign countries for supplies of this indispensa?
ble article.
There were manufactured and inspected in
1843 in the town of Sahna, Onondacra Countv,
Bushels.
Common or Fine Salt.2,732,864
Coarse or Solar Salt. 318,105
Ground or Dairy Salt. 76,531
Total.3,127,500
being an increase of ?27,597 bushels over the pre?
ceding year.
By an Act passed in April, 1543, the State
gives a bounty on Salt when delivered at Tide?
water on the Hudson, or on the Lakes, at Buf?
falo, Oswego, Sec. or on the Ohio and Indiana
Canals. In consequence of this act, 908 943
bushels were delivered at different points last year
entitled to a bounty of ?47,304, but still produc?
ing a gain to the State Revenues of about ?50,
000. Of this quantity of Salt, 536,954 bushels
carne to Tide-Water, against 156,500 bushels last
ye-.r, while in 1334, only 56,890 bushels came to
Tide-Water. The Superintendent of the Salt
Springs says, inhts report, that the system of boun?
ties adopted "has had a most salutary inlluence,
not only in reviving an important branch of in?
dustry, and adding largely to the internal trade of
the State, but has increased its revenues. Na?
ture has been profuse in providing at this point
all the elements for the production of an unlimi?
ted quantity of Salt, and in fact, it would be diffi.
cult to locate these Springs more favorably for
cheapness of production, and where the conven?
iences of transportation to every desirable point,
arc so great as those selected by nature."
"Several establishments (the Superintendent
and Inspector say) have been erected 'or the ex
elusive purpose of drying and grinding Salt ?
From the extensive preparations that are making
for supplj ing this article, which competes so suc?
cessfully in the Eastern markets with the Liver?
pool Sack Salt, wc entertain no doubt that from
one million to one and a quarter million bushels
of Onondaga Salt will be sent to Tide-Water the
corning season/'
Qunrtity of s.\ lt Manufactured and In*pect*d at (he Own
dn'j/i s<ii' Springs, town of Saliria, A". Fl, from iS'io.to
1843 inclusive
Years Bushels. Years. Bushels.
1826. S27.508 1835.2,209,867
1827. 983,410 1836.1,012,858
1823.1,160,888 1837.2.101,2-7
1820.1,291.280 1833.2,575,032
1830.1,435.446 lr*39.2,864,718
1831.1,514,037 1840.2,022,305
1832.1.052,985 1841.3,340,7 G9
1833.1,838,646 1842.2,291,903
1831.1,912,252 1843.3.127,500
Total.35,752,691
Th's Salt would have cost in foreign countries
at least five millions of dollars.
New-York State duty from 1317 to 1833, per bushel, 12i oats.
do. do. 1UJ-1 to 1813, do. 6
The amount of State duties pud in !S!7, w is Si 9'6
do, do. do. 1S3J. " 227 860
We have not at hand any returns of inspec?
tions previous to 1820 ; but the amount of State
duties paid on Salt inspected from 1817 to 1^25
(nine years) was ?557,577, or $90,000 less than
the amount paid in the succeeding five years,
when the Erie Canal was completed.
The Journeymen Cabin et-Makers.?We are
assured by a committee of this body that their
demand of wages is ?10 per week or (by the
p'.ccc) seven-eighths of the old Book of Prices.
The present rate is ?7 per week. They assure
us, moreover, that there were no members of
other trades in their procession on Thursday.
Two American Vessels taken by Pirates.?
Extract from a letter received by a gentleman of
Boston, per ship Robert Pulsford, from Manilla:
411 have just heard of the loss of the schooners
Zephyr, arid Anglona, both late of Boston. The
Zephyr was bound to Bombay from Canton for a
cargo of opium, and had 5000,000 in specie on
board.
She was taken in the China Sea by pirates and
all hands murdered. I have not heard the parti?
culars about the Anglona, but understand that
all her crew were murdered."
The Z. was sold to an American in Canton,
and the A. to a foreigner.
(O" Advices from Havana state that on the
1st March some 20 individuals were to be ban?
ished to Spain for participating in the late trou?
bles. This decision was marie by the Captain
General. The decrees of his Excellency arc said
to be despotic and arbitrary,but are tolerated with
exemplary resignation.
p3 Read the advertisement in another column
of a Grand Exhibition of Nitrous Oxide or Ex
hilarating Gas, to be given by J. Q. Colton in
the Broadway Tabernacle on Tuesday evening
next. This is in truth a scientific entertainment,
although wc have our doubts whether the use
made of it will serve to advance the cause of sci?
ence. People generally prefer to laugh rather
than to learn. But here is an opportunity where
tht?y can lannh and learn too, if they will. It
will unquestionably be an amusing entertainment.
We wish the exhibitor success.
^"p3 Dr. Lambert proposes to lecture in our City
next week on Physiology, illustrated by a perfect
model of the Human Frame. His purpose is of
course to teach people how to live right, live well,
and live long. We are unacquainted with his sys?
tem, and therefore shall not now commend ir, but
we are heartily favorable to the general diffusion of
information in regard to it, and we have observed
warm commendations ot Dr. L.?s lectures in the
Boston and other New-England journals.
We are informed that Appleton & Co. of this
city will have their new edition of D'Israeli's Curi?
osities of Literature, with the American additions,
ready lorthe trade on the 25th ofthe present month.
See their advertisement in another column.
The Hutchinsons will give their Farewell Con?
cert at the Tabernacle on Thursday eveKinc next.
The building will no doubt be crowded to its utmost
capacity.
Columbia College.?An Address by the Presi?
dent, will be delivered to the Alumni in the Chapel
ofthe College this evening.
?TJp The citizens of the Greenwich part of the
city are informed that Prof. Bronson gives another
Lecture this evening in St. Luke's Room, comer of
Hudson and Grove, at half past 7 o'clock, on Elocu?
tion and .Music. Magnetism, its uses and abuses.
?&.c., and ilissect ihe Manikin, even to the little toe
and the little finger. There will be several songs by
Mr. Nash, and recitations by himself. Admission
25 cents, for it lady aud gentleman.
By This Morning's Mail.
From .m Occaji .mi Correspondent.
Washington, March I?, 1844..
Dear Sir : At last the Wolf is come. To-day
the Texas question was broached. Holmes, of
South Carolina, in opposing a proposition to abol?
ish the Military Academy and dismiss the super?
numerary officers heretofore educated at that in?
stitution, warned the House that we might soon be
involved in a war for the Annexation of Texas. He
said that the British government was watching
our relations with Mexico with a keen eye,
and that we could not effect the annexation
winch he took to be the settled policy of this
' o-ovcrmnent;. without fighting steel to steel. He
adverted also to the great imp utance of having an
efficient force capable of doing the business quick,
before all the pirates of South America could take
' Mexican commissions, and prey upon our com
! merce. He said much more, but it is too late at
j night to enter into further detail Mr. Winthrop of
I Massachusetts, said he couM not suffer th;s
! amazing avowal to pass without notice. He was
called to order by Black, nf Georgia, who you will
recollect moved some weeks ago to tack the ad?
mission of Texas to the Oregon bill. The Speak?
er, of course, decided that Mr. W. was in order.
He then said that in view of the rumors which
were abroad, the declaration of the gentleman
from South Carolina assumed the most serious
character. How did he know that the annexa?
tion of another nation to this Union " was the
settled policy of this Government ?" The peo
pie of the United States did not know it, nor did
this House. But there was too much reason to
believe that a secret and stealthy negotiation was
actually going on. He did not rise to enter into
an argument, but simply to declare that the
scheme referred-to was utterly abhorrent to the
feelings of the people he represented, and big with
danger to this Union. Friendly as he was to the
Military Academy, if it could be made subservi?
ent to such a scheme he would go with its ene?
mies and level it to the ground. The House was
in great commotion, and Holmes and Payne of
Alabama, declared, aside, that the South wanted
the union with Texas,\n\t if they could not have
that, then Texas without the Union. Tiiis, you
may rely upon it, is the determination of the
former nullifying party.
To-morrow a resolution will be offered, calling
upon the President for any correspondence which
has passed on this subject between this and the
Texan Government. It is expected that this
will test, in some degree, if not decisively, the
sense of the House on the whole project.?
.My own opinion is, that this question is to be
carried to the polls in the coming Presidential
Flection. The opponents of Annexation say,
li Let it come in any shape: the sooner the bet?
ter."' Yours, Ajiicus.
From a Special Correspondent.
WASHi x gtoni Thursday.
The Senate have confirmed
Mr. John Y. Mason of Virginia as Secretary
of the Navy.
They have rejected Rokert Rantoul as Col?
lector of the Port of Boston, and confirmed
Mr. James S. Green as U. S. District Attorney
for New.Jersey.
Weston as Post-Master at Augusta, Me. and
Chandler as Collector at Passamaquoddy, Me.
have both been rcj -ctcd.
confirmations.
J. A. S. Acklin, D. Attorney, N. D. of Alabama,
R. M. Gaines, " S. D. of Mississinpi,
EL W. McCorry, l< W. D. of Tennessee,
R. J. Chester, Marshal for West Tennessee.
Mr. Benton is still very sick.
New-Jersey.?The Compromise Conventions
of the two parties, for Essex Co. met on Thurs?
day, and appointed their respective Delegates, Sec.
according to the terms of the Compromise. The
following is the joint ticket of Delegates to the
Convention for forming a new Constitution :
Democrats?Elias Van Arsdale. David Naar.
WhiSS-?ilas condit, JoShTH 0 horn blower, wil?
liam >TiLK3, Oliver S. Halsted, Isaac Li. Williamson.
We hear (says the Newark Advertiser) of no
dissent from the Compromise from any part of
the State, except Monmouth?where we learn
by the Inquirer that the Tyler and Johnson dem?
ocrats prevail. At their Convention Mr. Ryall,
it is said, advocated the Compromise, but was
opposed by .Messrs. Ilartshornc. Parker and
Thomas E. Combs. Whereupon the Convention
repudiated the Compromise and selected a whole
party ticket. The Whigs, desirous of avoiding
any party feeling or acts in reference to this im?
portant matter, have wisely abstained from any
party selection of a ticket.
The Election for the Convention will be held
throughout the State on Monday.
CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS.
by the reporter of the new-york tribune.
Vv*A*HiNGTo?f, Thursday, March 11.
In the House of Representatives, to-day, the
Rhode Island question was further discussed dur?
ing the morning hour by Mr. Caleb S.mitii of in.
in a sensible speech in opposition to action upon
the memorial and unqualified condemnation of
Dorrisrn both in principle and in practical opera?
tion. He alluded to the oft-repeatcd outcry
against the old Charter of Rhode Island?of its
being a grant of kingly powers, referring in reply
thereto to the simple historical fact of the charter
. having been drawn up in Rhode Island when a
coloHy, and after having been sent to England
and returned with the sanction of Charles II., of
being adopted by a deliberate vote of the people,
by virtue of which since the Revolution it has re?
mained of binding force as the Constitution adopt?
ed by the people?which there was no evidence
had been repealed or superseded by any Constitu?
tion of a legal majority.
He replied to various arguments of Messrs.
Rathbun and Kennedy, of la., and exhibited
quite to the discomposure of the Locos, Mr. Van
Buren's recorded speeches and votes in the Con?
vention for revising the Constitution of New
York in decided hostility to the principles of uni?
versal suffrage, and to the election by the People
of Justices of the Peace, and in favor of establish?
ing as a requisite qualification for a voter not only
. the working on the highway but his being a house?
holder?the glaring inconsistency of all which,
and the principles now professed by those who
were soon to go into the Presidential contest un
. der his banner, he commented on.
Mr. Harden moved to suspend the rules to of?
fer a resolution calling for a report from the Sec?
retary of the Treasury of the amount of revenue
collected during the present fiscal year, and that
estimated for the remainder of it?distinguishing
the receipts from the lands and customs. Re?
fused, Yeas SI, Nays 69?the Locos almost in a
body voting against the information.
Mr. Kennedy of Md., on leave, introduced a
bill to regulate the mode of admeasuring the ton?
nage of ships employed in the merchant service
of the United States.
Mr. Catlin attempted unsuccessfully to sus?
pend the rules to introduce a resolution granting
the use of the Hall for Friday to the Congres?
sional Temperance Society.
The Mditary Academy bill was debated in
Committee of the Whole on the Union during the
remainder of the day.
In Senate, a message was received from the
I President relative to the abuse of the American
i thg in the slave trade ; also, enclosing a report
; from the Secretary of State in reference to the
I number and compensation of American Consuls.
! Mr. Bagijy presented a petition from Messrs.
j Levf> II- Dodge, and A. C. Dodge in favor of the
appointment of a Senate lfmttee on tcrrito
rics; and offered a resolut;'?1 therefor, which lies
over.
Mr. Berrien, from lne Committee on the Ju.
diciary, reported a* amendatory hill to the Trea.
sury act of 17??? for the sale keeping of the pub.
he moneys.
The bUl <0 appropriate hmds for the improve?
ment of-'ox and Wisconsin rivers after debate
was recommitted to the Committee on Public
Ldr^s on motionof Mr. Taxlmadcr
The Senate went into Executive Sessi a.
_A rg VS.
BT? Old Iro-vsioes,'it eeems, after all, has
been discovered to be unseawonhy, and was
taken into dry dock at Gosport on Wednesday
for repairs.
Tilings In Philadelphia.
C? riespoudei.ee of the New-York Tribune.
THiLAOKLrHtA, March lj?> p. M.
The Pennsylvania and Tide-Water Canals
open to-day for the season.
Dreadful Affair.?A man turned Henry
Taylor, who was wrested on Monday last for p.ekim; trie
pocket of * gentlemin 01 the StateR u,e Yard, was tins
morning folly committed by Mayor Scott, on a charge of
havius it'''in,ted to rob and inutder Mr. J,.se.:i R?'.;lt.r
a few week* since in Tenth-street, near Spruce, at alue hoar
at nieht. as Mr. it. was proceeding home. Taylor knocked
him down with a shoemakers hammer, striking hm on :he
nead ibove ti e temple, cutting through Mr It '? cap, and in?
flicting a dreadful wound in ih- head. The prisouei ukuowa
to the police a> a daring and desj-ernte clnraor.
Shocking Accident.?A young man residing
in Ninth street, abote Spruce, named \lt>tr; KnowlesTtVu
from the Ourd ttoryof ine Union buildings, comer of Chei
nut and Eighth stieets, last evening, breaking his spine and
several ofhrs ribs. He ? w immediately conveyed home, but
uo hope is < uiert lined ol his itcovery.
The Grand Jury have found a true bill Hcraijyt
Samn -I Braiuerd. for the mutder of Cutfy Tood, t shor. :iq?
tint - it Hoi id iv&bii ,
The Ward Elections.?Every thinsris g, Qa
on quietly to day at the polls, which *r-M;..t v-r\ felly utrcd
ed, owing, perh ips, to the unfavo ible st ue of th ? weathei ?
The Wmgs are sang line of mccess?and I doubl not but we
shall triumph.
Sands's Sarsapakilla ?Dise is es aiTectioe the blond and
fluids generally a>e rery numerous, and comj aratieelj but lit?
tle understood. The blood is a tlm i tut generis, sna erters
every organ through the circntation, alloiding uourishtneot
to every textine and th.- souice of each secretion. When
therefore, n is impure, diii-a^e is carried to the remotest riS,>j
of the animal frame, iu one instance c lusiuit ossification of the
arteries or turniug hem into bone in another, white swelling
or disease f the joints; its <, scroful i or s? ellins of the el inds
\:i various parts of the body: rheumatism, atteudid with pal.
pitation of the heart: gouty affect ions, ilso from the unit
cause, md a variety ol other mal idies, which s >on humesthe
\ icnm to his grave. S,:u Vv Sarsaparilla, a \ e.:et ible med*
icine. which is the result of yvars of labor and chemical re?
search, in bringing it t? its pn s- i.t .,t -.i? of perfection, u ill ar
rest, and, if timely administered, perfect!) cure the,- diseases,
by purifying ?ie vital fluids, regenerating the constitution,
dispeilii - diseased action, Riving tone to t'ie general ei ergies
ol the system,and enabling the blood to course > u f>evly, md
bringing w Ith ir health md renewed vigor By its use the pal
Itd cheek will lo>e its paleuets, and tne sunken eye regain its
brightness; th* skiu will r- same its natural functions, and the
limbs theiraccusti m-d rl uti< ity,
Kor c-rtific ites md uum tons testimonials, see pamphlets'
and v trious papers.
Prepared and sold wholesale and retail by A. B Sc D. Sauds,
Wholes-'de Druggists ,79 Fulton street, New York s,>M ilso
at 273 Broadway, 77 East Broadway, and by Diuggisugene
rally throughout the United Slates.
Sebring's Cosdui. is sold at No.ti Murray st, o3ltf
K7* Ninth Ward.?The Democratic Clay Club of
the Ninth Ward arc requested to assemble ou Monday tree*
im; next 1st i inst-, at "i o'clock, at Head Qu uter*, Kentucky
Hall, No. 90 Perry street, between Hudson am) Bleecker-sts.
The full attendance of M?mbets is particul uly rt-ijuesti-d on
business of importance.
Certificates of Membership will be distributed, and the
Meeting addressed bv Mr. J-<. Thaver, Hy oider of
MARSHALL 0. ROBE UTS, Treiidtnt.
Rob't. Peterson, ) v:, p,?,:a^?,.
Charles Crass, \ % PresidenU.
Wm. K. Smith, < q,,?^?
Alfred Skiuum;. ) ^L-ru-' ^-_mhiGJi"
XJ" Seventeenth Ward.?CHARTER NOMI?
NATIONS?Democratic WhICS?You ate r^piested to
assemble at '.he Henty Clay Home, corner of Avenue A ami
First street, ou MONDAY EVENING, 18th March, athalf
past 7 o'clock. The Nominating Committee will theu sub?
mit for your approval and adoption the following ticket,
to wit:
ROBERT J. MURRAY.fer Alderman.
THEODORE E. TOMLINSON, for Assistant Aldtrtnan.
JOSEPH SHAROT. Sr.) f ,
RICHARD OAKLEY. J for Assessors.
JOt&^.HirFMANj^^^'
By order of the Committee.
JOSEHH SHAROT, Sr., Chairman.
J. K. Patterson, Secretary.
N. B. You ate also requested to meet in your respective
distiicts on Friday t vening, 22d M-trch, tomak? arriugemenis
for the rlection.
The First Uijtnct at!Losee's, Bowery and Itm'n^ton.
The Second District at the Heury Clay House.
The Third Disti icf di. do.
The Fourth District at Browning's, Bull's Head, Cth st.
The Fifth District do. do. ml6 2t?
[Cr* At a meeting of the JOINT EXECUTIVE COM
Ml rTEE held at tue Broadway House, on Tuesday, March
5th, 1814, the following resolution was adopted:
Resolved, That the FI NANC E I JOM.M ITTEE consist of
seven members to be selected bv >--.cii rd th- Executive Com
mittees, according io the rul.-s of each General Committee.
At a meeting of the said Committee held at the Broadway
House. M jrch 8.1844, th- following Preamble and Resolutions
were adopted unanimously:
RICHARD fi. AT WELL, DENNING DUER.
DAVID GRAHAM, ALEX. LAWRENCE,
JOHN RIDLEY, EDiiAR KKTCUUM,
and JAMF.S R. WOOD,
have been report'd by the Chairman of the Yonng Men's Ex?
ecutive < ommitt'-e ai m-mbeis Ol th* Fin mce Committee of
the Joint fc xecunve Committee: and, Wheieas no names of
lersons have been reported .is members of such Finance Com?
mittee* ri the put of the Snior Executive Committee?
Therefore Unsolved, That no peison except those named as
aforesaid are authorized to collect moneys iu behalf of this
Joint Executive Committee and of die Whig Party in the city
of Si w-Yoik.
Resolved, 'J hat warrants, signed by the Chairman and Sec?
retary oi the J >int Executive Committee, he fuiuished to the
aforesaid immbtrs of the Finance Committee, aud that these
resolutions lie published.
By onler of the Joint Executive ''ommirt.e.
A. W. BRADFORD, Chairman.
(Jeo. Row und. Srr'v pro tern. inll2v
BOARDING (SCHOOL FOR BOYS.?Morris-?
town, New Jeisey, under the care of the Rev. Alfred
Chester TERMS:
Tuition in Latin, Greek, or English;Board; Washing, rial,
Lights, Bedding, be per Session.SI?? 00
EXTRA CHARGES:
Frent Ii, per Se3siou. 11 00
Spanish. 14 00
Italian. It CO
Board iu eac^ vacation. 16 00
Instructions will be given in the French, Spanish and Ital?
ian Languages, by Mr. Luna, who has been associated wan
he Principalseyeial years.
There will be two Sessions iu each y?a'. of Twei.ty-Two
Weeks, commencing the First Monday in May, and the First
Mondavin Novembers .
Payment iu advance to be made at the commencement 0*
each ae-sioi., and no deduction lor voluntary absmce.
Boarders entering for the first time will be received in any
pait of the Session, and.charged propoxtionnbly from that time
to the close of the S- ssion- . .
It is re<j!u-ted chat every article of Clothing he distinctly
marked with the namk in full.
MorristOWn is pleasantly situated and very Accessible, be?
ing connected with New York by a safe and well connected
Rail Road, arhich makes two trips daily. .
The Printipal intends to devote himself to the interests ct
his Pupils, and while a strict regard w ill be paid to their lan?
guage, deportment aud morals, it will be his endeavor to pro?
mote their htnpi ess; so to cultivate i heir intellectual powers
as to lay a sdid foundation lor their future improvement,ana
ttiey may- be well prepared to enter College, or tn^'age with
ho: es of success iu Mechanical or Commercial business.
Kefeience.,? Wrn. G Bull, Esq.276 Ninth street, and W>
W. Chester, Esq. 191 Broadway, New-York.
mh 16 lawd 4tw ._
TTOBACCO AND SM FFS-J?llN* ANObK
SON&CO. Tobacco and Snuff Manufacturers, No*. 2
Wall. 213 and 215 Duane st eets, would respectfully inform
their friends aud th- public, that the very liberal pttronage
bestowed on them for the last year, has encouraged theffl ?
greater txer'ions in bringing to perfection the articles of their
manufacture. , , , ?
Every improvement that experience has suggested, has txea
adopted, and our success is proved, both by the award of the
highest premium riveu by the American Institute, at their
late Annual t'dir iu this City Jur the best Tobacco ana
Snuff:?m v.ell as the approy*! ol a discriminating public-"
1 he cause of this success Li in fact of the purity, as well as th*'
manufacture of our/J'obac:o, for the tiuth of which, see the
annexed c-rtificate of one of our most eminent ch-m sts, ViX!
I have analyzed a sample of Mr. John Anderson's" tm*
Cut Honey Dew Ti^bacco." and f?ud it to be j ure Tobacco,
without auy mixture of those substances with w Inch much of
the ordinary Chewing Tobacco is contaminated.
JAMES R CHILTON, M. JJ., Chemist, Sic
New-York, April 9'h, 1812. ,
Such test-s warrant us in the asaurance that the finality of
our manufauu-'e?particularly our Honey JJcW Fine C~
Cheicins and Smoking Tobacco, can by no possioitify,oe
surpassed, aad we do not fear any competition in its nucuUC*
ure.
We pledge ourselves to spare none of the exertion, or the ex?
pense that jierfected it, to keep it in trie high estimation i3
which it is already htld. .
The ntnioit care and attention is given to the packing of ca?
ses aud Darrels for shipping, and promt.t de!patch will begjV'
en to all ord-srs. Country merchants (particularly the &outn
eru) will no: fail to see at once the decided ad vantage l.aV~7
chasing the goods of our manufacture, wherfthey aie inlorme?
that we guarantee our Tobicco and Snuffs fo keep tn anucfr
mate, or in plain terms, not to become mouldy or mus'y-"
thereby worthless. In all ca?es where die articles are not ap?
proved, they can be returned and the money ufuaded. ,
, Sold upon our usual terms, and at uniform prices, mm
areas Iowa- any goods tu the above line, of a goodquaiuji
inauufacturt-d in the United States
t. Our ScafcrhiUi Tutkisk SMOKING Tobicco we WOnJO?
COmmendas bemg a very superior article,and one Uiat naiJ: r
the apj)rova; of all who have tried it and iud-ilge in the use
a fine Forei'-m Tobacco. It is packed in sm ill cases ol si*
ten dozen esch, convenient for trausporutiou. J*uA
Always ou hand, a large and varied assortment of Inff'^Z
Cigars, together with a great variety of ciAuufectureu w
Sole'agenti in this City for H Leftw ichV' celebrated Cavgj
dish Tobacco, of the four aces brand, which stands nnrivaii?
m excellence. JOHN ANDERSON Si CO.
mhl6 im No. 2 Wall, 213 aid 215 DoanesueeU

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