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Aril:ni 's Illustrated Sketches and Tales. I ILLUSTRATED TEMPERANCE TALKS ByT.S. Akthi k Philadelphiai j. W. Bradley, vvo pp. -J2i. II SKETCHES OK T. IKK AND CHARACTER By ' t. S. Arthur. Philadelphia: J. W. Bradley. ?vo. pp. 410 I. Tin- great ami well-deserved popularity of Mr. Arthur's Temperance Tales has induced the publisher to collect them in this elegant volume, which is no less attractive in its external appear. at in it is valuable for its wholesome and in e contents. In a few forcible and pathetic narratives, the nuthor illustrates tbe beauty ol Temperance, the perils ofself-ihdalgence, and tlio safety of total abstinence. His incidents are ap? parently drawn from real life, or, at all events, are BO true to Nature aa to produce tbe elfer-t of actual experience. The style is simple and expressive, not overcharged with superfluous ornament, but appealing to the best feelings of the heart witli great power and success. As an efficient aid to the Temperance movement, this volume cannot be too highly recommended. Its interest is in? creased by an autobiographical sketch, in which Mr. Arthur gives a modest account of his early history, and the gradual steps by which lie has at? tended his present position as a popular writer. II. The collection of Sketches and Stories con? sists of productions of the author which have already appeared in different periodicals, and which have helped to give him a high reputa? tion as a plensing and instructive story writer. They are adapted to the popular taste by their selection of incidents from common, every-day life,' the freedom and naturalness of their lan? guage, and their frequent touches of true pathos. The moral tone of these sketches is always favor? able to the dumcstie virtues, and to the highest religious aspirations. No library for family read? ing should be considered complete without this volume, which is as lively and entertaining in its character as it is salutary in its influence. THE WORKS OF JOHN ADAMS, Second Prf.siof.ni or the United Status, with a Life of the Author, Noics and Illustrations, by bis Grandson, Charles Francis Adams. Vol.II. Boston: Littlei. Brown. New-York : C. S. Francis !. Co. 3vo. pp. 5U. A fund ol interesting reminiscences pertaining to Massachusetts and the other American colonies prior to the War of the it evolution, is presented in this volume, which consists of the Diary of John Adams, to February, 1778, the period of his first departure for Europe, a portion of his An. t?biography, and notes of debates in the Conti? nental Congress. Tbe Diary commencing with the writer's entrance into responsible life, and ex? tending through a large part of his varied career abounds with personal details and anecdotes' descriptions of Massachusetts society in its prim! itive state, graphic sketches of the most cele? brated political and professional characters, and shrewd commentaries on the aspect of all'airs, as they gradually ripened to the decisive straggle with Great Britain. The volume is got up in the elegant and substantial style of the best Boston typography, and is embellished with a portrait of the writer, and tin excellent view of the o family domicil in Utiincy. BP" Thk Gem of thk Western World," is the title of a new (rift-Hook for 1851, edited by the favorite American poetess, Mrs. Mary E. Hewitt, and containing contributions from sev? eral of our most popular writers. We notice two or three pleasing articles from the pens of writers whose names have not hitherto been familiar to the public, Mrs. D.M.Osgood, Miss A. IS. Rus? sell, and others, beside tho well-known si^na tares of Grace Greenwood, E. Oakcs Smith, Mrs. Mary S. Pease, and the accomplished Editress. Tho volume, which is issued in a style of liberal embellishment, ami prepared, it is unnecessary to say. with excellent taste, will be found an attract? ive and welcome addition to the already rich stores of Christmas literature. (Cornish. Lam? port A Co.) 13s'"Thk Method op the Divine Govern mem', Puysicae and Moral," by Rev. James IlcCoSH, is a reprint of a learned and profound work by a Scotch Divine, discussing the great re? ligious questions which have been started by the spirit of model n scepticism. It is spoken of in high terms by the best critical authorities in Great Britain, and will no doubt attract the attention of students in this country, who are grappling with the formidable spiritual problems of the age.? (Robert Carter A Brothers. 8vo. pp. 511.) J iiion of itiooklvu mid WtlliauiMburgli with New-York. The Committees' of tho Common Councils of New-York and Brooklyn, having the annexation project in hand, have already conferred amicably on the subject, aud find no difficulty in agreeing to tho general expediency of it. The plan and terms will be arranged at future joint meetings. ? The five Senators from New-York and Kings County, who are a Committee to report on the. subject at the next session of the Legislature, meet with them. The President and Trustees of the Village of Williatnsburgh have accepted an Invitation to join in the conferences, aud are favor? ably inclined to the proposed metropolitan union. Let us hope that they will give themselves vigor? ously to the noble enterprizo, that the union may be speedily consummated?-a union by which all parties will gain, and none can lose?a union which will place New-York in its due rank as one of the three greatest cities of tho civilized world, only London and Paris competing with it in population, and London alone in commerce and wealth. The reasonableness and wisdom of this measure are so manifest, that the only wonder about it is, that it has not been accomplished before. The quiet indifference of tho great majority of this community to the proposition has hitherto consti? tuted a passive obstacle to it, but that will, of course, yield to the first vigorous elt'ort to arouse tho public mind on the subject. We do not know that any objections of a public nature have been offered to the proposed consolidation. We can? not imagine what objections can be made to it, except from individuals very much mistaking their own interests. , It is said that owners of real estate on this Island, above Fortieth-st. im? agine that the value of it will be depressed by the annexation of Brooklyn, Williamsburgh, &c. It is difficult to imagine a rational ground for sue 1; a notion. If, by refusing to receive these East? ern suburbs into the corporation of New-York, their future growth could be prevented, or the migration of citizens into them he rendered less rapid than now or hitherto, this selfish suggestion might st't iu to have a. certain craft or low policy in it- But, let New-Yorkers do what they will, Brooklyn, in 1SC0, will have at least 809,000 peo? ple in it, Williamsburgh 100,000, and Green Point r.0,000. These are moderate estimates, and can be sustained by survey and computation as well as analogy. Some are even claiming that, in the course of two or three decades, tho majority of the population of this metropolis will be resident on the west end of Long Island. Be that as it may. people will go there no faster after annex? ation than they do now. Such a thing is hardly possible. Since the Stb of .June last, (the date of tbe census,) WilJiamsburgb has increased its pop? ulation from less than 31,000"to noarly 34,000; and j how are we to prevent it ? What sort of citizen or patriot is the New-Yorker who would prevent it. if he could ? If one man entertains such a (ion. He ander n fe Who dc iy ol Uns it nature Innrer N\ becomes run! the more it spreads over the sur rounding country though it take the whoie west cinslK>re of Long island a mile m width Iron Flushing Bay to Coney Island, as it probably will before the close of this century.; the higher must and will be the value of lots on this island particularly the northern outskirts of the well built portion of this city. Is the inclusion of tin Long Island suburbs in the same municipality with the original City of New-York to have thr effect of altering the eenter of metropolitan popu lation or of diverting the course of fashion and self-styled nristocraey from its tendency north? ward on the island 1 Will it transfer the resi? liences of " the Upper Ten " from Union Square, Fourtcenth-st. Fifth-av, Madison-square and the. streets and places adjacent to the remoter parts of Brooklyn ami Williamsburgh, or, in an age to tome, to Green Point or Jlavcnswood ? Whateve may be done for the eastern suburbs, however convenient and economical a residence may be made in them, however they may abound in pleasant streets and elegant houses, they will al? ways he to this metropolis what Russell square, Bedford-square, Tavistock-squaro and all the Duke of Bedford's section of London are to tho Brit? ish capital. The finest parts of Brooklyn and Williamsburgh will bear the same relations to the north end of this city that the above-named por? tion of London (north of Hoiborn) does to "the West End." The Long Island section of this metropolis may be a "St. Pancrais," but the Wards north of Fourteenth st. must always be the New-York "Westminster," " Marylebone," ami " Pimlico." (ieoIoRlcnl und Topographical View of .\eiv Jcrucy.No. f. To the Editor of The Tribune. As you are well aware the study of our own coun. try's geology is adeeply interesting one,and when accompanied with actual observation,calculated to impart a great deal of valuable information in re? gard to the mineral wealth of the United States According to agreement, I herewith commence my series of letters, beginning with the Geologi? cal and Agricultural aspect of the State of New .1 ersey. That portion (d our country called by Geograph? ers, New-Jersey, lies between latitude 38 ? ?S' and 419 21' north, and contains an area of 4,656,330 acres, or 7,27ii square miles. The geological fea? tures of this State may be properly classed in three general divisions?the alluvial and southern, the secondary, hilly and middle ; and the northern and mountainous, comprising the primitive and transition formations. The southern Division, which is bordered on the South and East by the Delaware Bay and the Ocean, on the South mid West by l!io Delaware river, about 110 miles in length and 7."> in breadth, is, with a small excep? tion, almost entirely of an alluvial formation. On the South side of tho Novisink hills, it is very sel? dom that the surface rises above the level of the Ocean CO feet; but those ridges adjacent to the sea, rise in some places nearly 310 feet. It is ev? ident from their geological organization, that they now stand w here the waters of the Ocean former? ly rolled, in ninny places resting on large beds of oyster shells and other marine relics, intermingled with clay and a vast quantity of sea mud. The soil in tbis section is very sandy, highly colored with oxide of iron. The strata contains a reddish sand ami pudding stone, cemented by iron. Large rocks and beds oi ferruginous sand Stone, seeming? ly more iii place, of a more recent formation than the alluvial below, containing sufficient metal to be called an ore of iron, are frequently discovered. Tbe sands ol the sea shore are pretty strongly blended with particles of iron; and the water of sonic of tho si reams which descend from tho top of the strata, arc red with oxide of iron. EfHor esences of the sulphates id" iron and alumine are sometimes observed; and spontaneous combus? tion is frequently noticed here, generated in the beds of stilph uret of iron. The strata of the eastern declivity which is very steep, and exposed to frequent land slides. Few agricultural improvements have been mtule on the hills as they are rough, broken, and covered wih thick forest, in which deer are still discovered. A most grand and picturesque view of the Ocean s disclosed from their summit, and the seaboard presents an unequaled panorama, as far ns the eye cab reach. Though not so extensive, the prospect on land is no less interesting. In this hill, on the side of the Nevisink river, some years ago, a somewhat strange snd remarkable cave was discovered, which is 110 feet long and 13 in breadth, and contains three different and distinct apartments. The roof is very low and the en? trance is difficult. The upper part or roof, is formed in an arch of soft rock, through which there is a constant filtration of water which percolates through the pores, and keeps the sandy bottom always damp. The soil of tbis alluvial district is composed of sand and clay, someties one overlaying the other: but very often intimately blended, the union of which forms a tolerably fertile loam, which is fre? quently found on its northern and western border of a considerably varying breadth. At one point north of Salem, it is about eight miles wide ; but south of that town it is some times found to be less than a mile. On the east ol this strip of loamy soil, and west of the marsh which girds the shore of the sea, lies an unusually large sandy plain, scarcely broken by any inequality, and originally covered by a shrub-oak and pine forest?but the wood from a great portion of which has been cut oil'two or three times. In this section there are many square miles of territory on which there dwells not a human being, and where still the deer may be found, and occasionally the wolf and bear are discovered. In this sandy desert, however, there are found strips of fertile soil which yield a compensatory crop of com and rye to the labors of the husbandman; and, in many places the deep silence of the forests are awakened by the sound of the woodman's axe, and the din of the forge hammer; and the gloom of the forest is broken by the light of the furnace and glass manufactory.? Four-fifths of the alluvial district is covered by this immense forest, and scarcely half a century ago the general value of the land was not more than ten cents per acre. At that time there was but a limited demand for the timber, the more substan? tial, such as oak and hickory, beiDg preferred for architectural purposes, and the land was thought to bo too worthless to pay the expense of clear? ing. But, when furnaces and glass manufactories were established, the woodlands ju their locations beenme ^Vjite Valuable ; and, when the increased htirnber of steamboats tirst, lined the Delaware, the wood from the interior of New-Jersey 1>e^an to increase in value, and in a few more years, its price was quadrupled. The demand for "such fuel steadily increased ; the former almost worthless pine lands rapidly advanced in value, and the once idle inhabitants of the seaboard, availed them selves of the moment, and found abundant and profitable employment in ?upplying the growing demand. Since then, anthracite coal has been in? troduced, which is far superior as a fuel, and the consumption of oak wood has been great! v diminished inconsequence; but, a larger amount of pine wood has been called for, for the purpose ol igniting the fossil. The portable culinary fur? nace enhanced tbe demand to a greater degree, as thousands of these usetul articles are, during tbe Summer, fed by charcoal. All these circumstances combined, have produced an entire revolution in the value of pne lands. The former price of ten cents an acre, has been increased to ten dollars ? anp where the land is conveniently situated to the markets, it is now worth from thirty to fifty dol? lars an acre. Stripped of every particle of timber, the soil itself, in many places, is now bringing thirty dollars per acre. 1: requires a space vary? ing from HO to 40 vsars for the young oak trees to grow large enough ffer wood j and it is interesting to mark the peculiar adaptation of tbe differeut ?oils to the different species of vegetation. (<pon in the sand trahle swm iiilance of nty ; but, sell :e of mal blue >oint a manure is lime, and its vn minished in proportion to tli ous matter it contains. The nature than any which can ar are urer unfrequently happens tli land animals and shells ar stich as the benes of tin ?1 h teeth, sn<l entire skeletons graphites, belemnites, card fish. The clay marl derivi ipiantity of clay in union wi res. This kind of marl v blue brown nnd yellowish longer than others. In tl combined with calcareous a which gives a hardness in r tity j but where it is of a t ture, it is known as slate m from the clay they contain, and if exposed to the actio soon crumble to a powder. Some authors olnss the Jersey with the ferruginous United States. So far as it gated, it may, perhaps, be 1 lines, one running from Trei tan Bay, the other from 1 through Cumberland Conn Store Creek, on tbe Delawa mm! in the State marls beim: known as marls. The shell marl s matter, in various imbination ; and it not t bones of marine and found imbedded in it, rhinoceros, elephants of the whale, sharks of fish, together with ites, and various shell ;s its name from the tb calcareous substan ai'ies in color?being , and retain moisture te stone marl sand is nd argillaceous matter iroportion to its qtian Inn and liminar struc arl. All these marls, are softened by water, n of the atmosphere, marl region of New sand formation of the las yet been investi? gated between two :on toAmboyor Rnri eal, on tho Atlantic, jr, to the mouth of e River. pebbles varying from le and two inches in by oxide and pbos ie; fossils similar to MullicaHill. in Gk in some parts of calcareous he remainder iard, suhcrvs :.A11 those di sible degrees idless variety tes are found pits tb nnd In description of the alluvial division of the geologi? cal formation of the State of New-Jersey; and as the quality of marl, which forms the most valu? able portion of this division varies greatly in its character. 1 have particularized more minutely, perhaps, than 1 should under other circumstances. In Monmouth county, a little below the^Shrews londs the acre are sufficient to spread over tbe land advantageously, while in other places it is so weak ns to require from twenty to one hundred to answer the same purpose. So beneficial has it been in some places that it has been the means of snving some districts from depopulation, and of increasing the number of inhabitants in others, and bids fair, at no distant day, to convert the sandy pine deserts into rich agricultural districts. Occupations.?Among a vast proportion of the inhabitants of the Southern division of this State their occupations are Agriculture: and in survey? ing it we find that the "soil best adapted to the cultivation of grass and grnin, particularly corn, oats nnd rye, is loam, though the sandy soils over which a good supply of marl is spread, yield good ",,"],c of (jrain nnd grass. Whoro the iVirmci? have tolerably good facilities for sending their produce to market, they avail themselves of ex? tensively cultivating truck farms, anil of raising potatoes, fruit, melons, Ac. In the interior of tbe country, where the inhabitants have no direct com? munication with the city of New-York or Philadel? phia, they feed all tbeir grain to cattle, and by this means raise some of the best beef ami pork in South and West Jersey. The great inducements to enterprise nnd industry constantly operating in the markets upon tbe borders of this section, have already produced wonderful effects, and cannot fail to excite the inhabitants to still g-eater ef? forts to improve the advantages they possess. Throughout this region extensive beds of the variety of argillaceous oxide of iron, or bog ore, are common, which, when mixed with due propor? tion of mountain ore, in the furnace, makes good iron for castings and the foive. From these fur? naces, and those of the glass houses, fed by the wood of the forests, a considerable portion of the annually growing wealth of the District is de? rived. And if we add to these, the cord woo I, lumber, and vessels built upon its southern waters, we slinll have enumerated the chief sources of tho prosperity of this section of the country. The | whole district is quite well watered, and may, in time, with an impetus to industry, develop rich fields for all departments of enterprise. My next letter will contain a description of the | secondaryformation of the State, and the second j division ol its geology. Yours, iVic. D. W. u. NO. 11. To the Editor of The Tribune: In my first communication 1 made three geolog? ical divisions of this State, of the tirst of which I gave you a full description. I will confine this let? ter to an account of the Second Division. That portion of the State of New-Jersey included in the Second Geological Division is embraced be? tween a line drawn from Trenton and extending north past New-Brunswick to Hobo-ken, aud one extending from the Ramapo Mountain, curving by the Highlands to the Delaware, between Milford and Alexandria. This area embraces about 75 miles in length, and a breadth of between 25 and 30 miles. The soil is exceedingly variable, the surface quite rough and broken, and the only re? markable characteristic of its features is its geo? logical formation. It is composed of secondary, or old red sandstone, which rises into hills of consid? erable elevation, and which are covered with greenstone or trap rock. A large portion of Ber? gen County, nearly the whole of Essex, a cor.sid. erable part of Morris, two-thirds of Somerset, about one-half of Middlesex, and three-fourths of Hunterdon Counties are included in its area, while the sandstone base is found in various states of induration and aggregation. From the Palisades on the Hudson River in a westerly direction to Hunterdon County, it is exceedingly compact and hard, and in many places affords an excellent quality of building stone ; but in other parts it no1 um'rrcue,ill?v assUuie.3 tho sbane and property of pudding-stone fend wacke, and in some instances famishes organic remains in considerable quanti? ties. Underlying these h?ls and valleys is found a red rock, which assumes the form of shale or slate. This rock, taken from whatever depth of surface, disintegrates into a rich loam, and ad'onls a surface more valuable than that formed by hard? er stone, in consequence of the clayey constituents it contains. From every indication this whole section would have been, and in all probability was, .at svmc distant day, a rich and vast plain, had it not *-'een *?r lne traP thrown upon it. and the onlv ^ruken surface would have been char? acterized by ttx? meandering courses of the streams, as they pur?,uc tbeir tortuous channels to the sea. A few exceptions, howeve,,* from this aenera! formation may here be observed- T!ie ilfSt trap ridge, known as the Newark Mountain. wnd "hkh lies in a southeasterly direction from r3prins>'.tie,li to Boundhrook. is bordered by the alluvial forma tion. Ti.is is also to the Hai itan, be the be<i of that wherever exenvn gravel, sand and :mls westward vhere it forms alluvial tract, undo, strata of discovered in alitv of white secondary has been 1 and Hack, ules in en the which 'assaic s tract and is of lumber found in cavated Crom the soil, tion. There is an ish railed Secancus, situau miles north-east of .Ter ict tion on the south end, which name of " Snake Hill," assi and is composed of trap rock stoue, which rises into mm musses ol trap piled at its resents ; eleva by the il form, t sand i. with s in cu. The lover of the romantic, as he stands upon its verdure-clad summit, nan survey, almost at its base, the sparkling waters of the I'assaie and Hackensack Rivers, as they - drag their slow length along - through, as it were, a sea of ver? dure. He can also see on the western side beau? tiful ranges of mountains and populous towns j on the east the dingy, noisy ami bustling City of New York, and hear its bells tremble on the sur? rounding atmosphere, as their sounds reverberate from hill to hill and min the south, the broad bo: stretches away in all its can reach. The first range of mot gins on the Hudson 11 from Bergen Point, and this State and the State thirty State, ther. ttteur, iar as tne eye is in this district be? am! gradually rises B boundary between few-York for about ?lies into the latter t same distance fur ent from its western y ; but on its eastern xceedingly precipit ol Jer.sev City, at a elevation of r presents the (>n tin- eastc crosses the 1 ?watt ant this poi verdun vegetation may be seen crevices ol these basaltic ;e of the water to the base p declination covered with jpidote, with which radiated and ded. tl. It ?oliitionary red, which apposition ar the pre? sume, is of a sandstone, tu feldspar am! compact preh At the cot war a tnetalli was subsequ that it contui sent sile of Fort Lee. Investisatutn, however, has proved it to be nothing more than a pyrite and green carbonate of copper, with the matrix quartz dipping under the greenstone. There are two other mountain ranges which intersect this coun? try, that assume unite an important feature to this part of toy description. They take their rise about two miles north from the town of Pompton, near the primitive Highlands, running iti a semi-circu? lar course a distance ol some 70 or 80 miles. The iirst ridge rises about --.'? miles east from the Pali? sades; and, south ol" Paterson, it is not more than twelve from the Hudson River. The most eleva? ted point of these mountains is northwest from Patoroon o...?o tlirco or four miles, where il sud? denly rises into a conical peak,resembling a sugar loaf, and is called by the inhabitants "Sugar Loaf IYnk.' Its extreme elevation tit this place is 1,200 feet nbove the sen. The trap rock on this peak is covered with a thin vegetable mold, on which groves ol walnut grow in rich and luxuriant profusion. From the summit of this elevated knob, a little West of North, the green tops of the Preakness ridges are plainly soon. These ridges extend for a number of miles in length, ami on their summits are several natural ponds or lakes, of considerable depth and magnitude. Another semi-circular ridge rises a little north of this hill and terminates near the Hudson. It is detached from all the other ridges, and presents a magni? ficent view uf the great secondary valley, lying be? tween the Preakness ridge, the Highlands and the Hudson. There is another section of this trap rock called the Totowoy Mountain, which rises near the Preakness ridge, not far from Paterson, and at the Great Fulls it connects the Newark chain. This ridge, in some places, is quite destitute of rock; but, on the east side there are a number of steep ledges, with denticulated mural faces, in the form of the basaltic columns of the Palisades. A very interesting portion of this ridge is observed in the shape of a semicircular wall, composed of greenstone, with columns slightly projecting, strongly resembling a fortification in ruins. Band stone of a very line and superior quality, of the red and gray classes, interspersed with mica, al? ternates with argillaceous slrata, dipping under the greenstone, with an inclination of twelve de? grees west, is found in this mountain; and, in some places, layers of bituminous coal, two inches been discovered. in thk kness. have frequent!; No valuable beds of coal, hov found: but, it is supposed that cate richer and more extensiv substance. The whole surface abundantly covered with gneisi and sandstone, in masses, ind have been washed and rolled irreenstone of this ridge ther found chaleedoin:, airate, prellt; jver. have been tese seams indt depositsot' this )f this section is grumte, pudding ating that they ugether. In the are sometimes e. ana a mineral somewhat analogous to, or resembling cachelong. Perpendicular mural precipices formed of green? stone, with wide vertical fissures and amorphous masses at their base, are found at the Falls of the Passaic. Much argillaceous matter is contained in the lower strata of this rock, which, to a great extent, supplies the places occasioned by the ab? sence and deficiency of hornblende. The base of tbo ledge is a porous rock, posited in almost a horizontal line, and resembles the toadstone found at Derbyshire. Afthe "Little Fall" of the Passaic there is found a fine grained fissile sandstone, which rises up in beautiful mural precipices, in which seams or ver? tical fissures cross each other at various angles, "giving to detached pieces a regular prismatic form, with three or four sides, often truncated in one or more of the lateral edges." In other parts of the Preakness ridge, similar rocks have been found, and various marine organic remains of the madrepores, tubipores, pectenites, terebratulas, encrinttes, balabitvs, serpuiites, and orthoeerites have likewise been discovered. These, however, are generally found in an argillaceous base. These trap ridges, between Springfield and Pat? terson, have been designated as the first and |CCO?3 Newark mountains, arid, Caldwelj njotjiv tain. They extend vVith great uniformity of bight, in a southerly direction. The declivities on the eastern side are quite precipitous, but their wes? tern sides assume a more gradual slope, Mural precipices in these hills are very rare?the only cues of anv notoriety are at Springfield and Pat? terson ; still, wherever there are ledges the sides of the mountains are covered with small amor? phous stones. In the valley between these hills, hne red and gray freestone alternates with shale. Bituminous coal is also associated with argil? laceous shale, in thin layers, and sometimes it is found in the freestone quarries, in the vicinity of the Passaic. At Springfield, near the termination of the Newark mountain, it frequently happens that smoke and flame are seen issuing out of the apertures in the trap ranges, causedjno doubt, by carbonated hydrogen gas ; and, in all probability, it is strongly indicative of seams or beds of coal below. There have also been discovered in these hills, animal and vegetable organic remains in the freestone, and at, or near, Belleville, a tooth of some animal whose race is now extinct, almost two incises in length, abuut fifteen years since, was Jug up from a depth of 15 feet below the sar DlscoTcrics In the Ancient Copper Diggings We were sliown last week, by Charles Whit teuer, fc, sq, of ti.- t Intonagon Mine, a copper ar row head ?ud a piece of tinman skull anil othe bones, which have lately been found in the An? cient Indian Diggings an the Ontbnatron direr_ ally era! i IV . common carpenter's chisel, and lies have also been found at the lately taken out id one o! the ancient " pits" or shafts at the Minnesota Mine, 27 feet below the shaft and around and over this stick were s and earth, and large trees were growing 'it; and many centuries must have elapsed e that ancient ladder was placed there. small piece of the same, that when taken out of the mine it could easily be pulled in pieces by the hands, hut by carefully drying it in the sun it became strong and hard, and very much " season-cracked'' by the exposure to the air and sun. How long would oak timber probably remain in this state of preservation under such circum? stances ? And would the presence of copper around it have any effect in the preservation of it ! Those are questions to which we should bo glad to have more satisfactory answers than we are able to give them. [bake Superior Journal, Sept. 25. WATER CURE. DR. T. L. NICHOLS, and Mrs. GOVE NICHOLS, 87 West-Twenty second -st. third bouse from Sixth-av. Patients taken for full board or day treat? ment, or treated at their residences. Consultations from to to 2. n5 1i!iT DR. SHEWS WATER-CURE INSTI TUTION, corner TwelfUi-st. and University-place. my3ti"_ ^ATER-CURE INSTITUTE?CITY and COUNTRY.?Dr. TRALL receive* Patients at the commodious City establishment. 1.5 Laight-st. and at Oyster Bav. L. I. Communication duilv between these places by steamboat and railroad. General Practice attend? ed to. Consultations $?. o71m* OGRANGE MOUNTAIN WATER cure.?Dr. CAUL LORENZ has succeeded Or. Sleeker in the Medical Direction of this Institution. The establishment is situated in South-Orange, Essex County, New-Jersey, one hour's ride from the city, by Morris and Essex Railway. Visitors take the Ferry-boat at the toot of Cortland st. ai 8 A.M. and at J] P.M. Private Baths are attached to most of the Patients' rooms. si'Ttf INSTOUCTION. a 7" L EGA N T AO !(i M PL IS 11M K NT.? II-? .MKS. SAUNDERS, from Reyonl-st. London, has opened her DRAWING ACADEMY tor the Winter, in New. York, to give lessons in tier newly-invented style of Painting, for which she has been presented with a Gold Medal, and has had the honor of teaching the Duke and Duchess of Cleveland, the Countess Clarendon. Countess i ombemere, Cmntess Stadhrook. Lord Aukland. Lady John and William Kussel, l.ady Baring, Lady Wood, Lady Seymour, Ladv Ashley, Bishop of London and Gxeters daughters, Lady Peel. Lady-Powlett, Durv. Moreton. and most of the nobility or taste in London, wfioio letters may he seen. Specimens on view at j6'S Broadway. N. B.?Likenesses taken. us It* 1TEACHERS WANTED and Schools - FOR SALE.?At the U S. School Agency, 2U Broad? way, some of the most popular and lucrative SCHOOLS In ibis country, boih male and female, with tine houses, !a:.ds. furniture, kc . most beautifully situated, may now be obtained by purchase Teachers ol character and capital will do well to apply soon, post paid, anil learn all thu par? ticulars?also the pleasing results of similar negotiations heretofore n63i WVkS E. H. W1LCOX, Proprietor. MUSIC TEACHER WANTED?A Lady Teacher, competent to Instruct upon the Piano :md Guitar and in Vocal .Music. An excellent Pian? ist, and one well recommended as to capability and char? acter, may hear of a desirable situation in a neighboring State, by applying, between 31 and ti o'clock, to n-)2t__' FIRTH. I'tlN'll k CO. I l-ratiklin s.pnire. MRS. NICHOLAS CARROLL'S BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL lor YOUNG LA? DIES. 218 West Fourteenth-st, between Eighth and Ninth avenues. The course of study in this Insti'.dtinn embraces English In all its branches, Riid French a* h spoken ns well as a written Language. Music, Drawing, Latin, Herman, lial lan and Spanish taught by competent professors. fcThe French department is under the charge of a Parisian Lady, experienced as a Teacher in Paris and in this city. Dancing Classes, under the charge of an approved teach? er, will be formed earl}- in November. The next term commences Nov. 21. nl |f>l* ] 3R1VA'J'E INSTRI rCTION.?A grad )f a New-England College, who has for twelve i engaged in teaching, is desirous of giving pri jilt and up. ALADY DESIRES employment as a Teacher, either in schools or private families in this city, or she will t'o North, South, East, or West. She will teach the English" branches, and Drawing, Perspective, i.e. ami Oil Painting. Apply to MINERVA, by note, Tribune Office._nl Jteod' PORTLANDT INSTITUTE?A SE V/LECT BOARDING SCHOOL for BOYS, ai PEEK SKILL. N.Y.?This institution ia situated on the Hudson, -15 miles from New-York, and is accessible by cars or boats.? The sessions commence May 1 and Nov. i. Circulars may be obtained of S. Raynor, 76 Bowery; j. Miller, 111 Broad? way; or by addressing the Principals. Rev. GEO. PHlPPEN.jp . 016 lmeod* A. R. PHIPPEN, J mnctpais. MANSION-SQUARE E EM ALE SE.M INARY, in Poughkeepsie, N. Y.-The Winter terra will commence on Thursday. Nov. 7. For catalogues or particular information apply to the Principal or to any of iho Trustees. W. P. GIBBON'S, M.D. Principal. TRUSTEES?M j. Myers, G. R. Hendrickson, vi Cort land-st.; G. Stuyvesont, Second-av.; j. S. Gibbons, Ocean Bank: R. A. Vu'rick, M.D.; E. Trlvett, M.D.; A. j. Coffin, olti Jweod* rpEACHERS and GOVERNESSES are X wanted to-day at the U. S. SCHOOL AGENCY, 233 Broadway, for Music, French and German. ONE DOL? LAR procures negotiations with ihe best Schools and Fami? lies until suited. Correspondence throughout the Union,? Established 1847. [nl if) E. H. W1LC0X, Proprietor. BOARDING SCHOOL for BOYS~at NEW-CANAAN. Conn.?1-5 miles by Railroad from New-York: DAVID S. ROCKWELL. Principal. This Is one of the oldest Boarding Schools In the Stale. Particular Information may be itained by reference to his Circulars, which mav be hud hi die bookstore of Clarke i. Austin, 205 Broadway.aud of Mr. j. P. Ridner, Art Union Bailding, ?137 Broadway. The Circulars also contain the names of some of las uumeruus patrons and tiieir places of business and residences. o25 2w* ?ST BROADWAY CLASSICAL -INSTITUTE.?Tbe subscriber having succeeded Mr. TRACY in bis SCHOOL, offers to the old patrons and to others that may favor him with their nairoMage, most de? cidedly increased EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES, inferi? or to noue enjoyed in this city. For terms and other par? ticulars inquire'at Ihe Institute, 13d East Broadway. Rev. H. j. DAVID. Principal, o30 3w* Successor of C. Tracy. jVEW-YORK UNIVERSITY .?Classes rot isir . i join. Applications may be made at liio UNIVERSITY E A ' in GERMAN are now forming under tlie direction of Prof. ADLER, and such gentlemen from the city as are desirous of studying that language, are respectfully invited to join. Applications may be made at the UNTVEB BL ILLINGS, No. 3. at 9j o'clock A.M. ol? 2mw3w* LADY is desirous of obtaining a few '-PUPILS, either young Indies or adults, whom she will j attend at their own residences, and Instruct In the higher ; ENGLISH BRANCHES. Undoubted references, and j terms made kuown on application tyt3? Prospoct-st. Brook? lyn, olti tltWtS* EN G L IS H AN D CL ASS IC AL SCHOOL.?The subscriber having opened a School j in Tarrvtuwn. on the Hudson Reer, wishes to take a few j boys into Iiis family in addition to those already engaged. TJie School commences cm the first Monday in November. Terms made known on applicauon, by mail or Otherwise, to o29 2w' CLARENCE C. COOK. FRENClITAUliHT^fr.-HANSEN, late student with Prof. Ampere ia Paris, continues his i PRIVATE INSTRUCTION in the French Language and I Literature. EVENING CLASSES for YOUNG MER ; CHANTS, at his lodgings, Broadway. Aihomabe I tween5 and 6 o'clock, P. M. o28 Ira* j A YOUNG LADY (a German) who i x\j-an produce the best of references as a TEACHER, Is I desirous of engaging her services In some School, to teach her native language, and would like to increase the number I of her private pupils. Her terms are very moderate, in? quire of the Rev. Mr. NEANDER, 165 Bowery, nl Iw* TO PARENTS AND OTHERS.?A a gentleman, professor of the PIANO FORTE, lately arrived from Paris, (France) is desirous of obtaining a situ? ation as TEACHER in a private family, or in an insdiute In New-York, or in anv other Stale. Satisfactory references given. Address E. H. at this office._o2S 2w' P~R0FESS0R A. BASSET'S PRI VATE CLASSES in FRENCH and SPANISH are OPENED at his residence, 364 Broadway, corner Franklin D^TCIi\G, DAN( IL?<r A( ADKMy.^f^T^ AUGUSTA S f I AM ES bat tfie hor-r J, 105? k?r^^ ST JAM ES, wboae very refined m^CT^'t^* 01 the ail eminently qualify her tor th- task JZ;,S., "J* Madame r ERIif'.RD. U h,r ktiowtt abiUlItaof Madame '. --^ ?* >f Madame A?GI STA. is mo*t baWtl?,*** mi'iid her lo ail ber wa pupil* and ptUrons, and a, ^WB" solicits for her a continuance of that favor and .vT0"* ratnmage which the (Madame KERluiRojha^,!^*/4,*? tt at v rear*, as*unng them, that If can- tad s'nct?''* * to the imparting of heran to others be an a'r^fiJ.7?1"** Madame AUGUSTA, she is persuaded satisfaction. ' s 1 JcssrJ Madame AUGUSTA has made arrangement ?i,K . correspondents at Tarts. Messrs. IVrrot Com?, vr . Celariu*, Mabilte and Sei... to receive ?J1 lie^LvlJSS^ . \c. i.e. and has already referred ?^?r-** Dm ..,. led MoffroD also the K ffi? driljes. She will also leach the Spanish and Regular Classes for Mlsaes and Master* or virtnv?. PAYS a;:d SATURDAYS at 8 o'c'ock P \! V ,?-N? men on MONDAYS and FRIDAYS at 7f p.M Classes ot eight can be formed ut auv hour to auil rL?? venier.ee of ladies and gentlemen. ? ??Ur ? \ DODWORTH'S PRIVATE Luf ^?CING ACADEMY, No. 148 Broonm^treeV ? Broadway.?T he classes for the season an- bow osm iv? b, and tt I?. M. on Tuesday, Wednesday. fM&Sfit? day lor Gentlemen, on Tuesday and Saturday at J P jtf'.' Ladies, and Ht I for children. On Saturday*at 2 for Aom ? ho can attend but once a week Private Lessos? ?ylS when not occupied by the classes. Soiree dasaaffvjl! I? o w eeks lor adults, and every month for children ?4p,; Great care will he exorcised with regard to th* rnwoai and conduct of children. Ail the fashionable 4ances vruji taught, and in addition to them I shall have the p!e*ttn>3 introducing the Boltro, an entirely new dance,Doth and dance composed by myself?having some resmb^, lo the Schollesch, my pupils insist upon calling itlh??3s worth Schollesch." 'It is now in course of publktatisi Messrs. Hall & Son. ?39 Broadway, and will be ntadfa: few days. ' Just published, DodWOruVs Quadrille Dancer, cortsiai?. all the figure* that are danced In New-York, Witajy Other useful mailers. Any one desiring a copy cube hp. nlahed gratuitously by cal ing atthe Academy. a2j*< tIMMANUEL BRANDiKSautcViiiw *iPROFESSOR of PIANO and SINGING, uioiwte familiar W ith the English. French, Italian and Osrmta ui. guages, pos.-es.-ing a very expeditious method of.Viufesj Instruction, respectfully offers bis services to the Pui^ and Schools of Sew-York and vicinity He is ready tors, ceive Pupils either at hit residence, 280 11<>us:on-sLorthebr own. Terms moderate. Apply al 280 IIoustor-sLoehrtta 1 and3 ort> mid 7 o'clock, or at O. E. GOULD k CO* formerly Riley & Co.'s Music Store, it!7 Bro.-Jtrir. erences, if required. o5 im' CM ?THING. WHAT NEXT.' .'?The J0URN8Y. V f JIKN TAILOR'S CO-OPERATIVE UNION Tp. LORING ESTABLISHMENT, KM Nassau-tt, 1 doorS*tj of Beekman, is now open for business and public iiuwtcoa They invite their fellow artisans and duzenttodtoeii garment from a SPLENDID STUCK of FALL sad W? TER GOODS. Every garment is WARRANTED to fir, and made In the moat fashionable, durable style. Wear, In a word, come and sue what working mechanic! tri done, can and will do. _olila* T^T?TTiTnU and TA ILO RING.-Ia. \J mens* stock of fashioaable ready-made CI.OTW.Y) of every description?1,000 Coals, from $1 to IA; it* Vests, from #1 to #4; 5,oo0 Pants, from 91 to $.">, tonMHn Cloths. Caadmere* and Vesting*, embracing ewrriM new and fashionable. A first-rate fit always guarnnt/wl. J ghigle trial will convince aiL Twenty per cent, fa Aa anv bouse in the city, for cash. Remember the nsiatuj number. MICHAEL CONWAY, s3 3rueod* 143 Fultou-st. near Rro*fw;. r^ONTS TRAVELING, SHAVlX? ^Jand DRESSING CASES.?The Latest StvlestsM variety. Also, Ladies DRESSING und TOILETTI ?? STEWART'S Pl.ANTAOE.NET GUARD RAZ0?, An entirely new article, being tlirnished witht riigi Which effectually protects the luce from being cut.maaj be used by any person With perfect safety. Sold ?bot? sale, oiilv by FRANCIS TOMES i. SONS, fi Maidsn-lan*, JySl eodtf Importers of Cutlery and Fancy llardwsi*. I CARPETING. MPORTED CAllPETIN?S for tht FALL TRADE.?SMITH it LOl'NSBERY art no* receiving their supplies lor the Full Tradu, co.uuiiM of ROYAL TAPESTRIES, BRUSSELS, IMPKklAU I THREE-ply, INGRAIN and other CARPETLNOS.coa prising one of the largest, most complete and dftimble?? sortmeuts ever ofihred in this market. Their purchases being made entirely for CASH, afordi them advantages in making selections that but fcw p-otssis, and enables them to sell al lite lowest possihiiinnrs* English Tapestry Carpets, from lie lo 119 pttryari English Brussels Carpets, trom Us to l"s per yard. English 'l Bree-ply Carpets, from 7s to IDs per yard. A merfcan Three-ply Carpets, from 7s lo tfs per yard English mill American Supertino Ingrain Carpeti, (ran 6s to 7s per yard. English and American fine Ingrain Carpet*, from UV)5J per yard. Common Ingrain Carpets, from 2s to Is per yard. Also h large stock of English and American FLO0& OIL CLOTUS, from 2 feel to 24 feel wide. DRUGGETINGS, 6-4, 8-4, 12-4 and lti-l wi.|8,wttll choice HSiiorttnent of ail other goods connected wtth m trade, equally low. SMITH It LOl/NSBERRY, I o82.2w" 418 Pearl-st. 6?i Carpel Store from Chatlaa-*| (^OAL.?A fine assortment of AN-I ZtHRACITE COAL, of n SUPERIOR OVAUfir ?uitahlu for furnaces, ranges, grales, Aec. Cnns'itnendiaiL rous of procuring their COAL at a VERY LOW Bifll wiM do well to give the subscriber an early call. 08 Im* OEOROE A. SPARKS, 205 and 2OT C~0AL.?RED or WHIT ASH at lor eat marot prices ; small Nut, $.r, largo Nut,l?; Slovj or Egg. $6 2f>. Less If taken from boats. At y?ra, Vm Brcome-at. near Wooster, and 313 Bowery, sllUm' J. WEEKS, Jr. i NEPHEWS COAL.?I am selling COAL, as twoaW of the BEST QUALITY cheaper than anvotbiwdseU er in the city, from my yard, comer of King and Oresnwioi ?t*. (O10?W*) PETER CLINTON. CLARENDON HOTEL.?The umler signed having leased Ibe NEW HOTEL which S?j been in course of erection for the past year by Hon. Sotnua B. Ruggles, respectfully informs the public that he hasb?? superintending the completion of the same for the 'ut '* months, and being aware that the citizens of New "4" and strangers require a Hotel that combine* comfort, Al ury und elegance, he has so endeavored to arranrt, it* will furnish this hotel In such a manner thattaml?ei?^ have the real comfort* which so many requireaaf w w* get In Public Houses. ? The location cannot be surpassed, being situitso tit* Union-place, corner of Foiirth-av. mid Eighteenth-it. ?? io the vicinity of Union Park, Madlson-iquare, square, and (iramercy Purk, and among the molttledlf and fashionable private residences In the city. Iiis convenient to the railroads, and on the lias of M New-York und New-Haven and Harlem Railroad'. It '* also surrounded with the best schools In thecit/. Tt* building is in the Eiizabethian style, having I front of I j> feet on Eighieenth-st. ami 63 feet on Fourtli-ar. oren1??; ing L'nion Park, arid for beauty of exterior excels mf*** in the city. The interior is finished In a style equal to tbeti?t?r1?*1 residences and with all the latest and most i!' rangtments for the free use of the Croton w'"er""'Khxfi!j vided into suites of apartmeats for families, with 6?J rooms connecting, and brilliantly lighted thrOBHO? gas, and it will be furnished In a style far superior??? hotel in the city. , lk._(s, I beg leave to inform the public that I shall tMWfir cipal part of this hotel on the 6th of Novemier, MJ" remaining part about the middle of December, mi IjfB by devoting all my time and energies to the ccnW ? irues's, to meet a share of their patronage. O. C. PCTNAM,Propr!eW Formerly one of the Proprietors of Union iw? New-York, Oct. 1'J, 1850. DISSOLL'TION.-The Copanr.ership heretofore*^ fcig between the subscribers in the Union Place H??<w" dissolved on the ?lh inst, by mutual consent. ?? (Signed) J. C. VYEBD** New-York, May, VM._ RUBBER (JOODS, .SPECIALLY AND GENERALLY.?DAY. 23 CortIsnd-*tf ??? factories running as fast us uteain and -Aater V" drive them, making more and better ?djrtM *aa*^ t> concern ; prices never SO low. It the Count - * Cide that Ooodyear's reissued Patent is v?UL ? great benefit to DAY, who has a legal rfgntto *2gi#t' the 7th section of the act of Congress pj "f*>',?iZmt (d?> ing eminent Lawyers, have given wnurn W'^n*! ions,) that this same reissued Patent, I? tra-w"; ?? a g^c EJgarS. Van Winkl-, Ksq. F. B. Cutting.^.i^A Esq. R. H. Oillett. Oeo. Griscom, C o "P". trfsfX. Ames,A;Payne, Esqa. and c. F. wring,?? W. Loring, fcsqs Now as this is the only legal decls.on ever ing its validUy?afraid the formnes mu.t W mx%&M ing mills night and day, while other ??*52?s?g keep oiil. Great country ??d gr-nt P?eoi.?- gamV* great, pntat business, and we are san..:oL ?monsribecombination, can t help tt. aji l% rortis5d-*. Day s Packing. Warehouse 5 story store, a t^xrawbuck's^^P^^ If ? HOUSE and SHIP-FLrBNI?^?M ROOMS. VA GRAND-ST. N. Y. ^sg55 *fj complete assortment of Feather*. also. Beds, Mattresses and Cush.ons, sis''. p? everV description, vizi Patent Svew lr'? yj*? Join?. Iron Screw, Cottage ?jid Trur^ie.l-^. g^^ft a splendid variety of \\ ?h>" Vs**.?2 Borders;. tc. Mr. C would call f^^t^WZ new style, of Hair and Spring ??"^^r equal V*? and Maoresses Renovated and^.ad*OtiS* ul Im- W. CRA>v at^-<pj mo MASONS^HAIR, it^fflS? EnMieid and Patent Le.taer of every de*vnpU?