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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, November 15, 1850, Image 7

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??-" i ?. . < ,, h a supply must bo
I ^ady ^IZjol tl.e moiit important facilitie?
I retarded as ;tv jjr,, r,l)ndon presents fur top
? vhich s 8?" -(|pt-taking like tliis. A n fn jeni
|eX?0,K>,: ?*? rheck? bv means of variously
I au* sysu?! c" g0CI1 introduced, to de
1 . ?n hrsas toKens. n." u , ? -?i,
I ibspeo rjomber ol hours per day lor which
j each m'!^i8,S|lc'is"rititled. The whole business
I Subcontractors ???.wJj Cw?VveVVre
I prat systematic manne. . . ^
I .rksh1'-. is the little nojs*. mi -
I ?'i.roceeds, VVhen the ?^^^??
' baitdin^ are cbietly composed n , ... ^ ;
5 KMoe the more ess'O' -m'^-rs.o00. ?e*"y
. r;enf..;:.S ? brought on toe ,??..- ?' '> ' u
I Sup. w"1 tbe 'cudest sound that i eacbest the ear ]
I Tine occasional Wink 01 a wimnicr, . -
I i,bor is ioft, and the uu ;J" = r,8es aU' )sl a>
i >Btly8sdidftolomon s tci pie.
i The contractors win spin., ?im ^tiic? wnu
P ieflce of their ability to wmsir^nd^oot in us
I *bn!e before New wars my in.v na-e
within tbe last month <lone a goou.mai, out tnj;ne
m that still remai.. to them tftej win iiuu tneir
eaergies fully taxed to . o aU^at ?tilf rema is to
? j* accomplished. Ut late years man., firium
itsoeei bsve occurred u, shake toe ^Mcnm
Wlkhir??? hrst reposed in iron "futures ?US
pesste bridges and railway termini have been
*?>' and falhri- 111 from comparatively
^Wes-the smallest defect in a part, the
?Jppincof a rod, or the slinking of a pillar, by
3jj&Sing the distribution of forces, often brings
/jtrothe whole fabric. The new building in Hyde
Pirk is a novelty in architecture?and a novelty
Ipon a grand scale. It is to be provided with
,,?y galleries, where specimens of industry Will
? exhibited, and where, therefore, crowds of visi?
on, will assemble to inspect. Considering the
, materials used, therefore, it is most important
I that every care should be taken to insure the
> 'rf-ty ol 'these galleries. Messrs. Fox & Hen
e'ereon say that they have adopted every precau
.joa in tin's respect, and that their calculations of
?rrenptli are such as to render an accident from
the crowding of spectators impossible.
Woman'* Kiglit? nnd Dullen.
Lowell, Monday, Nov. 11,1830.
flfa?i?trtf tM Tribtmtl
In looking through your paper of October 30,
ny eyes were arrested by the signature of Eliz?
abeth Qf Stanton appended to a letter addressed
to the ' Woman's Rights' Convention, recently
held st Worcester, in this State. The sunny, in
' tetligent face oftbat lady?whom I had the pleas.
u/eof meeting several times in company during
I tier residence in New-England some years since?
: rose before me. as a pleasant memory. The roeol
lsction, too, that that same good natured face ex
; pressed a character strongly spiced with mirth,
'-? made me fancy, while reading the first part of her
letter, that she wrote it ju?t for fun, as the child?
ren say. 1 was convinced, however, by the tone
. of earnestness and sincerity in the remainder,
i that she wrote as she felt and believed. 1 thus
j became interested, and read through the report.
' correspondence and all. Then, thought I to ray
?elf, what a pity it is that these well-meaning
Ipersons?as most of them seem to be?should, in
their Quixotic philanthropy, so forsake the re?
gion of facts and expend their strength in vigor?
ous battle against imaginary evils, when time is
jo short and thero is so much real good they
I might accomplish. It would seem they regard
j men as heartless tyrants, whose principal object
? in life is the gratification of their selfish propensi?
ties, and are leagued together to commit and per?
petuate ?rongs upon their mothers, wives, sisters
and daughters And these feminines, thus out?
raged and abused, present to us a stramre com?
pound ol all the oppositOS in nature; pure, noble,
angelir, free from all propensity to evil, clear
sighted and wise, fully competent to hold the reins
of Government nnd guide the most unmanageable
steeds, and yet they have ever been and con?
tinue to be "drudges in the kitcten, or puppets in
tbe parlor;" always the slave of their enemy,
ihn. And, oh! most wonderful of all, they will
twirise in their strength and take emancipation;
j they trill not see the.r wretched condition, or bo
' convinced by these their friends of their misery,
liut contentedly "employ their time mtrifling
duties.'' Could she be u wife and mother who
"thus wrote of the home acts of woman 7 never
doubting hut that they till the place designed
fur them by their Creator. Surely these per?
sons must be deficient in the common facul
perception and observation not to sec
tlie strong controlling influence ihm woman
liiiS in all the affairs of man's life, even from
f.'ie cradle to the grave. I nm sure if either
party should seek for cause lor murmuring on ac?
count of subjection to the other, man could gather
much the larger bundle. Only look at man at the
commencement of bin existence and through his
early boyhood, and think what unlimited power
woman fins over his mental, moral, nnd physical
condition, in preparing him for future life. And
then of bis schoolboy days; ami recollect, if you
can, an) more powerful inducement for him to
strive to excel in his studies than the approbation
of 'Mother, >ir elder sister. And is there anything
that will so soon arouse the tiger within him as
Insult or slight shown toward n younger sister ?
Certainly woman has much nun c to do in molding
the character of man than man that of woman.
And if she has used that mighty influence as she
should do and impressed his mind with those truly
Whig principles--1 beg pardon of the other par?
ties?to wrong no man, nnd ever act for the great?
est good to the greatest number; when he goes
out into the world to take his part among men, to
cast his vote in the ballot box as a representative
ol the little household band, to assist in making
Jaws for the government of the whole, would it
not be very absurd in woman to say she had noth?
ing to do in the making of tin.so laws, Ac ? Sup?
posing each of those women shouldjjgo in proprio
vertona to cast a vote, think von tho result would
be widely different I
These persons insinuate that in the present
state of tilings there is but very little real domes
tic happiness. " Look around among your whole
circle of f riends, ' says Mrs. S-, "and tell me,
jou who know what transpires behind the cur?
tain, how many truly harmonious households have
We now. Quiet households we may hav e, but
submission and harmony produce very different
states of quietness. There is no true happiness
Where there is subordination." True. Hut with
those who see no beauty in music, save in tho
deep lull bass, the harmony of the Hutchinson
band would bo greatly enhanced by each member
performing that important part in melody. 1 won?
der if it never occurred to the mind of Sister
Abby that her "nxhts" were trampled upon?
that her brothers and the public had entered into
a league to keep her in subjection, and make her
occupy a subordinate place, because good taste,
custom and adaptation had irrevocably fixed her
true relative position in that harmonious circle.
-Pitibnhlv tho ludy can nad and understand one
part oi music quite as well as another. I suppose
aoone will question her RIGHT to siu^ hiss, tenor
or alto. Possibly there may be persons with strange
lancies, who really und honestly thin!, she submits
to degradation by continuing to perform that part
?harmony, for which nature so admirably adapt?
ed her. la tho myriads of little household bands
scattered over our happy land, there is more real
harmony than a certain class of flippant writers
Ee them credit for. Tbe father goeth out from
home in the morning to pursue his daily avo?
cations, provide comforts and luxuries for his fam
}\v?l to perform his part in the business of life.
?nXSS*?** mutivo guiding his head and influ
wionag hi, heart, is the love he benreth that family.
ti ,. VeVhi!liro:' at "?nio <!''art'r to him than
;"\Kof>?-\ve. Does his feeUng of safety
or them m hu absence depend upon the weak
tiess, ignoring or 0?Drices of -i ?? Plavthii ??"
"To\, or"Slave'" Lm ,?nfi?W?^B
hath in the discretion, 22 <cn<e I i l ro *
atlectuui ot las f(JV' ? ? T ,\ h
mother of l?scbddren l ? W?r 'h?
should she for an??? } W"e' - S"e*
not as elevated as Ww,"U>,rl u** '10s:tK"1 ,ls
appreciate!!, becaS ?S P/that she 1S, UOt JUa#
V-Llhecareofno^
>\ dl uot the majority ?S ^? ^ 1
in the assertion that &-v. , readers support me
of the little baud ??v*8 $mnnt membera
close ol the dav notwif , together at the
lies of Inmuig ?ft a" 'he infirma
ia more true harmonySyfeS EUbje-C!' tl,,er?
than ,? any other8ttfci?SgW Wlt1,'
Once , pon a time, in ff M ? ' ,
was a dove-eyed, auassumiu^HM t!u>1'('
tractedthe attention aiul w^1 \?r at"
young man. quite a thoughtless unW.?l"i0U 01 *
,., a"a sue became his wife tr. , 0
?hjle ttey left Lowell; the ySg BWe
*? beard oi as a writer of some %?$j^jg
\ cars he became
enable and profits
upwai
his tij>.
er? tor woman's rights might have imagined sue
had quietly snnk into a nonentity, " slave in the
kitchen or pupnet in the parlor." It was not so.
-die had performed Iit part in beauty and harmo?
ny aiid when she was taken from earth to occupy
her place in a bisher, more glorious sphere the
following tribute from the pen of her husband told
that she was appreciated: .
" Pardon us them if there be any short coming
wlrfwthTn^
the support which it received from the dearest of
hood. Think of the vacant chair, to the occupant
of which?now in the silent grave?the_ writer
bad many years been in the [habit ol retering his
dilemma's lor solution?his difficulties for enlight?
enment?bis course for approval; and in all this
time, it is his honest tribute to say, that he never
did wrong when he followed her counsel; while
her entreaties when he was obstinate, and her
tears when he persisted in contumacy, have often
checked him in foily or won him from ill-advised
purposes."
The laws of our land touching property, imper?
fect no doubt, as they are ths work of imperfect
mortals, seem to me can be made to fall with much
heavier weight upon man than woman, for, if a
wife be so disposed can she not contract debts, or
even come to him with debts already contracted,
of which he knew nothing and will he not be
obliged to pay them ? even if his homestead must
be sold to du it ; and then if the wife ideas. ? to
withhold her name from the deed, can she not re?
tain a pottion of the property for herself should
she become a widow i And in some of the States
after she has given her signature for the sale of
property she is not dispossessed of an interest in
it until she chooses to assert before a magistrate
or some authorised person that it was her own
free ami voluntary act. To be sure, when a wo?
man marries, her husband has a right in all that
she hath : the law recognizing them us one. Vet
if for good and sufficient cause she forsake his bed
and board, will not the laws protect her ami com?
pel him to give her support in a style commensu?
rate with his means ?
There are many worthy women in our country
who have no domestic duties to perform, no hus?
band or children to love, or on whom to exercise
the purest, noblest sympathies of their nature;
lor them I would drop the tear of pity; in their
holier moments they must feel a yearning of spi?
rit for that which they have not. Surely no be?
nevolent minded person would wish to deny them
entrance to any field of usefulness for which they
are qualified ; although they may sometimes ques?
tion their cood taste m the selection.
ELIZABETH W. I'lLLSBCRY.
mixed Diet.For the Tribune.
A LETTER Ttj WILLIAM A. ALCOTT.
Dear Sir: Having noticed in The Daily Tri?
bune of Wednesday, November (i, two articles
from your pen advocating the claims of abstinence
from animal food, I am induced to send }-ou this,
p.s the result of difference in opinion. 1 believe
man requires a mixed diet, in part consisting of
the ficsh of animals.
The argument tor anatomy, based upon the for?
mation of the teeth and structure of the alimen?
t?r}' canal, 1 notice with a3 little interest as your?
self. There are arguments sustaining the ground
1 take, and need not the assistance of the above.
First, man is nn organized being, and endowed
with life, a great mysterious principle that seems
linked with (iod. Intimately connected with this
great principle, and peculiar to nil animals, is a
feasting of the structure of the body, a process
materially affected by heat and cold, physical and
mental exercise. Thus this wasting is small and
the consequent need of reparation diminished in
inaotiva uud cold blooded animals; with tempera?
ture scarcely above the atmosphere, Says Car?
penter, "the waste requires to be supplied by
fibrinous substances. Fibrin is a substance pro?
cured in its most characteristic state from animal
matter. It exists in chyle; it enters into the
composition of the blood; of it the chief part of
annual flesh is formed; and hence it may be con?
sidered the most abundant constituent of the soft
solids of animals. And now, .Mr Alcott, if the
wasting is confined to the soft solids, which is a
fact in emaciation, and the soft solids consist prin?
cipally of fibrin, why is it not phylosophical to sup?
ply the waste by substances turnisbing the article
in its most characteristic state 1
By physical exercise the heat of the body is
augmented, the wasting furthered, an.! the- natu?
ral result, a greater call for nutriment. Reptiles
and bybernatiiig animals may subsist for a long
period upon nn amount of fibrinous substance that
would cot sustain mure active ones an eighth ol
the time. An individual of active habits requires
more food than one w hose life is sedentary, and
also the individual that is growing rapidly more
than the one w hose physical system bus found its
acme in development.
As connected w ith these facts we nro brought
to the consideration of the appetite. Hunger and
thirst come under this head, the former said to
originate in the stomach, the latter in the throat.
Suns Andrew Combe, " it the relation between
waste nnd appetite be real, it is the safest guide
we can follow in determining when and how
much we ought to eat." I sav nothing of the re?
lation of taste and waste, the former of which
seems so confounded in your letters to the Tri
bitne, with appetite. A person ol sedentary habits
and body full grown, for instance, sitting down to
table three times in a day ami partaking heartily
at two of these sittings of animal food, with con.
diments in profusion, and with nil the stimuli
possible tobe obtained, changes the dish daily, he
may be said to exercise his taste, but the man
who labors mentally nnd physically, and only
when forcibly reminded that the system wants
sustaining, that the waste needs reparation, finds
time to attend to such calls, ami then makes use
oi plain fare, is doubtless guided by his appetite.
Mr. Alcott, 1 believe it our duty to preach up
this to mankind that "six days shah thou labor,"
mid if by so doing the race be made to see clearer
that labor is the great end and object of existence,
in that " the sleep of the laboring man is sweet,
whether he eat little or numb,'' and health, wealth,
ami happiness are their possessions, 1 think vege?
tarians would not be so zealous to find shelter lor
tho transgressor of natural laws.
\ ou say '? the necessity oi Carbon is the argu?
ment generally thrust in lront of the battle field"
in latter days, by sticklers for animal food ; but
if our present theory of animal heat be correct,
may not the Carbon be for its support, and fibrin
best serving the purpose of nutrition, the best
substance for repairing the waste of the soft
solids ' Carbon exists in abundance both in
vegetables ami the Hesh ol animals, nnd who pro?
nounces that of either the best adapted to tho
sj stem, if so we get the necessary supply ?
Let the habits of life and the climate in which
we live speak ; they will tell?as sure as the iaws
pi God are just, through the natura! demands of
the combined economy?any person whether it be
best to partake of vegetable or animal food.?
Were it not so, would "not the person requiring a
considerable amount o{fibrin, and having predi?
lection lor vegetable diet, be so freighting tho
stomach with " potatoes and chestnuts' as to kill
him in a twelve-month from the stimulus of
quantity, and, on the contrary, the grand speci?
mens of cogitating inactivity, with inkling to
mutton chop, be so dUproportions fibrinous in
gesta to the waste of the body, a?s to generate
As it strikes me, the corps of Vegetarians
seem nnntmg down, with inquiry and " philoso?
phy, a principle that?like Religion?to be
hen.thy must e xist unconscious?I moan the ap
;? itc?tuid, as it were, diving tor the first cause
that, in the laws oi Nature, inclines men to
hunger and thirst differently. Would it not be as
well for all to be engaged in such vehement chase
for the definition oi health; and if told that the
condition ol the body in which each organ per
forms its function unconsciously, unheeded ; and
that derangement existed tke moment one of
these organs proclaimed it separate existence?
ban on the sixtn,
the seventh, nnd
nothing occur to
end." This looks
von mav be right.
in the month nrgnawintr and craving," proof that
animal food is the cause of such sensations in the
opposite party? To use the language of " The
Letter for Philosophy," are there not other things
that tend to impair or promote health beside food ?
I think there are, Mr. Alcott, and the grand secret
of. better health in Vegetarians is not owing to
the exclusion of meat, but to the rigidity prac?
ticed in ,; other things" by these self denying
geniuses, together, perhaps, with rejection of
condiments, which by no means are necessary to
Vegetarians, is no more the sequence of a vegeta?
ble diet alone, than any derangement in others, is
the effect of flesh in a mixed diet. It may depend
upon the exclusion of high seasoned soups and
sauces, spices, vinegar, anil also, tobacco and spir?
ituous liquors, all of which are generally rejected
with the flesh, and which have a direct medicinal
action up the system. We should take food for
the nutriment alone, enough of disease is produced
bv taking medicines as such.
"It has been stated that persons rejecting flesh
have better general health than others, nnd the
ground taken that the individual senses are im?
proved, among which that partake bountifully of
this improvement, are "sight, smell and taste."
I believe, Mr. Alcott, that all impressions made
upon the healthy system of a man tending to im?
pair it, must be made upon the nervous portion of
that system: so likewise, nn impression made
upon a system diseased, tending to restore health,
must be made upon the nerves.
Now 1 believe it is true in the economy of man,
tiiat parts the most susceptible ol pain or pleasure
have nerves supplying those parts more minutely
ramified, ns weii as beim: more abundantly
Eupp?ed. By the proper irritant, is not the eye
the seat of excruciating pain, and again the gus?
tatory or lingual nerve the source of great pleas?
ure to the epicure, proving that the function of
organs thus highly supplied with nerves is subtile,
easily affected to intensity by trivial causes, and
that the nerves themselves are highly susceptible.
These individual senses depend altogether upon
the state of the general nervous system, and as the
standard of the latter is elevated or depressed, so
\ou have the sense, in greater or less perfection.
I think, therefore, if true that these senses are so
much improved in vegetarians, it is whollyjjattrib
u table to the better general health of these persons,
and not as you suppose, to tho exclusion of meat.
Genau, Aw. 11. 1S'.Q. _ CHARLES BELL.
Tlie ICleolIon In t'lienantro?Anoninllcn Ac?
counted for.
Correspondence ofThe Tribune.
OxFoan, .Monday. Nov. 11.
H. GREELEY : Dear Sir.- The great difference
in the vote on the State, Congressional and County
Tickets in Chenango County, is easily accounted
for. Bennett (Whig) has ?7.'l majority over Tay?
lor (Hunker Loco-Foco) The Convention that
nominated Bennett adopted resolutions indorsing
Seward nnd condemning the Fugitive Slave Law,
while the one that nominated Taylor adjourned
without passing any resolutions. Bennett made
n speech in Congress against the Compromise
bill and voted against the Texas Boundary and
Fugitive Slave bills. He is a Radical Whig, and
occupies Seward ground, and was warmly sup?
ported by the rank ami file of the Harnburners,
and bitterly opposed by the " .Silver Grays," alias
Hunker Whigs: hence his large majority.
Harris and Ingersoll, w ho are elected to the
Assembly, are both Radical Whigs. Their op?
ponents were < Md Hunker Loco-Foeos, and re?
ceived the votes of the "Silver Grays" ami the
warm support ol the Dickinson Democracy, but
the Harnburners generally voted for Harris and
Ingersol). With such aid, no wonder the former
received 606 majority and the latter 12.1, in a
County usually Loco-Foco by about 400 majority.
Seymour has 300 majority in the County over
Washington Hunt. Why has Seymour received
this majority, when Bennett has 873 majority in
the County .' 1 answer: First, Because Mr. Hunt
didnot (Old Zack fashion) unconditionally accept
the Syracuse nomination without "regrets" for
anything that had occurred. Second, Because he
wrote the Gramrer Letter. And lastly, Because
the Utica Convention indorsed the Ticket and
daubed it all over with Hunkerisrn. Mr. Hunt's
position was thus rendered equivocal. Many
Whigs gave him a cold support because they
feared he might be of the Uuer and Ketchum
stripe; and the Harnburners would not vote for
him because they were not fully satisfied that he
was a Radical Whig. They said they preferred
an Old Hunker like Seymour to a Hunker Whig
o! the Granger school. "The Oranger Letter did
Und the Utica Convention put up a separate
ticket and the Granger letter never been heard
of, Washington Hunt would have had as large a
majority in the county ns Bennett, instead of be
ing run under to the tune of 300. The Barnburn?
ers were rendv to support the ticket as lone as
they believed it stood on the Syracuse Platform;
Hunkerism at I ticn thev turner] their.biickiToniT
The Whigs elected Dwigbt H. Clarke, Esq.
District Attorney by 72 majority, over a Barn?
burner. Mr. Clarke "is personally-popular, but he
The Netc- York Express was powerful for mis?
chief during the canvass. It convinced the Barn?
burners that the Whig ticket was made up of
Hunkers ; and its readers generally voted for Sey?
mour aiul against Bennett, and for the old Hunker
candidates for the Assembly. If The Express
bad taken open ground against the Whig candi?
dates it could not have induced more of its read
Its open opposition would have given the Whig?
two Barnburners for every -'Silver Gray" it drew
from us.
1 must be allowed to add that The Express is
ns poisonous to genuine Whig principles as Tom
Paine's Age ol Reason is to pure Religion. All
good Whigs should eschew it. I believe it will
have a Dickinson Hunker flag at its head before
the end of the next Presidential canvass.
1 parted company with you in 1848 when you
faltered on the nomination of Gen. Taylor; but
j our paper has been so straight-forward and re?
freshing during this campaign that 1 am compelled
to rutuni to my first love and again go hand in
hand with you in politics.
1 trust the Barnburners will be with the Whigs
nt the next election in this county. The sighs in?
dicate their Union with the Whigs.
Yours resrecifullv, R. B.
Illinois Politics?Col. Hither,
Corrtvpi
dida
Hen
and
the
the
the iuteres
County several days before the election and dm
nil he could to subserve 1 be interests of Mr. Camp?
beil. The resuir is that we are beaten some three
fours, kc ' ILLINOIS.
How a " I'nioii'j Cotwcrvndve Democrat grit
are, that Mr. Joseph Rus
ress iu this District, (the
lor the Abolition of Slavery in the District of Co?
lumbia, and for the Wilmot Proviso, which Mr.
Taber, the Whig Candidate, would not do. Rus?
sell's letter on this subject was in this town on
election day. together with Taber"s refusing to
pledge himself; consequently many WTiigs voted
for Russell. I have no confidence in Russell's
pledges, but it is astonishing that Taber should re?
fuse to do so. since be was represented to us as a
Skwakd \\ Hio! Tabors course in that respect. I
hai
this
ITALY.
???
Thins* In Piedmont.
To the Editor of the S'ew- York Tribune.
Turin, Monday. Oct. 21.
Signor Pinelli with his legal adviser Signor
Tonello. Professor of the Juris Canonici, has
come back. His mission, which was not officially
acknowledged by tne Pope, has come to nothing.
The Press is shouting huzzahs at this result, and
the Government, by its apparent submission, or
rather by its good will toward the Uomnn Court,
has given satisfaction to whom ? Alas, it is not
easy to tell! but it may be, perhaps, to the diplo?
matists.
In order to receive Pinelli in his official capacity
ns an Envoy Extraordinary, or as an Ambassador
ad hoc, the Court of Rome demanded that the Sic
cardilaw should be nullified or considered as not
having existed and not existing, also the restora?
tion of the old laws. It would then have consented
to enter into the matter and discuss whether a re
form ofeccelsiastical privileges ought to be granted
by the Pope. The Court of Rome would thus still
continue to hold the absurd exclusive arbitrary
right of commanding out of its own dominions, a
preposterous pretension which in these times of
progress is nowhere admissible. From ail that
has transpired, Cardinal Antonelli's intention
seems to be to continue and so far animate the
religious controversy as to create a pretext for a
regular flare up between the two Governments.
Then, withjthe usaistanee of his natural, intimate
friends, the Anstrians and the republican French?
men, Pius IX. of course full of sorrow and grief in
his paternal heart, will cause nn intervention in
Piedmont to settle the dissension and reconquer
his lost influence and power. Skillful as is this
plafi, the Government is thoroughly acquainted
with it. At the next sitting of Parliament all the
documents referring tnthe question will be brought
forward, and the Chambers will have to judge and
pronounce not on questions relating to individuals,
but on the vital principles of the State: that is to
sav, whether we can regulate our own business
for ourselves or not. That decision will he of im?
mense importance. The energy shown by the
Ministry and the good sense of the nation leave
no doub't as to what the decision of Parliament
will be.
Count favour has been nominated Minister of
Agriculture and Commerce in [dace of the late
Santa Hosa. Annexed to that department he will
have to administer the affairs of the Marine, which,
nt the request of Minister Lamarmora, have been
detached from the War Department, favour is
n man of talent, but [perhaps better fitted for the
Finances. He is a liberal man in politics and
strongly opposed to the abuses of the Roman
Church; therefore he is an acquisition among tho
Ministers. It is expected he will introduce many
reforms.
The inhabitants of the island of Sardinia have
been highly pleased with the expulsion of the
Archbiship Marongiu, and the provincial and div?
isional Councils will propose, through their repre?
sentatives at tho next sitting oi Parliament,
among other bills, one for the abolition of every
Convent in the island, and the reduction ol the
revenues of the Clergy as well as of the Bishoprics.
It is said that a large number of the Serviti
Fathers lately expelled from Turin, on account of
their chief, Father Pittavino, having refused tho
sacraments to Minister Santa Rosa, in obedience
to the orders of MonsignorFranzoni, have come
bach secretly to this citv and are distributing a
little pamphlet against trio Government, the title
of which is " The Month of August in Turin." If
this report is true, energetic an -! prompt measures
will be taken against tliein.
In the Opinione of the 17th there is published a
statistical statement of the religious associations
existing in Piedmont and Sardinia, whose total is
384. A reduction, if a total abolition cannot bo
obtained, would prove beneficial to the State.
How many idle persons there are now to provide
for in these establishments !
The Risorgimcnto, speaking of the success and
triumphs of Jenny bind in Boston, where the re
.snin of S*20,000, and reporting, according to some
of the Boston papers, that the Mayor nnd several
of the Aldermen went to pay a visit to the fair
Swede, says; "Let us say in honor to the Italians,
nnd with all respect to that classic land of liberty,
tail lv not now be committed." I think the Editor
luses are ouilt roi
!' strangers is ii
prove substantial and per
jf which will be beneficial
ncommon energy. The baritone, Fioro, dis
more force, and" sometimes made mo recol
engaged for
freshness ol
FROM HAVANA
To the Editors of the New-York Tribune:
The steamer Ohio, Capt Schern
usual regularity, arrived early yestet
5ery Yankee is allowed to straggle through
larrow path ways of Havana. After some
KniSiteh California
for that purpose.
i exertions
fish Consul,
of Justice. '
an Ameri
?d on shore,
vai
ex
If tho Nightingale of tho North ?hoold r.iat
here there will he an a:: attempt to decry he
style, as not adapted to the exalted taste of tin
Habeneros. Hon Panr-ho Morti de Torrens is no
nnxious for her advent here, as
loons out of his pocket, and he
party to sustain him.
Our weather sttil continues rude and wet, and
Whip ItuildiRg In Oregon.
From a private letter, received at this office,
ander date of " Milwaukee. Oregon, Oct. 1, we
steamboat builders, Mr. \\ ilham L. Hanscom, who,
within a few years past, h.as built several tine
steamboats and ships in Newburyport, this State,
and Portsmouth. X. H is no w constructing a steam?
boat, 1?'0 feet long, ~4 feet wide, and '.>{ feet deep,
in Oregon,for Lett Whitcomb& Co. to run on the
Columbia River. The ship yard is established on
the Willeme? River, at Milwaukee, a small, but
enteqirisingand rapidly srowim: town at the head
of ship navigation on that river, and eight miles
from Oregon City.
The facilities for ship-building at Milwaukee nre
port in the United States.
The kee' of the steamer now building there is
ail in one piece. The tree from which it was taken
was cut within a few rods of the yard, and mea?
sured 121 feet to the first limb, arid at 1 ?">."> feet 3
inches it was cutoff, and hewn out 9 by i I inches.
constantly employed in getting out timber for the
ship-builders. The land at Milwaukee, and in its
vicinity, is excellent, as may be seen by the heavy
growth of pine. iir. oak, cedar, and hemlock tim?
ber, standing thereon. The climate is delightful,
being, for the most of the time, like our "Indian
i )regon is fast becoming populated with a hardy,
active, ami enterprising people, who will ere long
supply California, and most of the inhabitants of
the Pacific ocean, with ships and vegetable pro?
duce. Her timber land, fertile soil, and the cha?
racter ot her citizens, bespeak for her an enviable
reputation among the civilized nations of the
world. [Itoston Chronotvne.
CITY ITEMS.
Mil iTARY.?The Commander-in-Cliief has or?
dered and directed that the Company commanded
by Garrett Dyckman, be organized as a company
of Infantry, and attached to the Second Regiment,
Col. Charles B. Spicer, in the First Brigade New
York State Militia, in this City. Capt. Dyckman
distinguished himself in the late war in Mexico.
llead Quarters. Firs! Brlktude N. Y. Militia. 1
New-York,Nov.8,1850. I
Brigade Order.?To keep in lively remem?
brance that joyous day on w hich our exiled fore?
fathers were allowed to return to their happy
homes, and the Cross of St. George, with their
hirelings and mercenaries, was compelled by a
6mall but heroic band of patriots to leave this our
native city, which they had held for several years,
and give place to that commander of command?
ers, George Washington, and his care-wornfol
lowers, who on that day, (November 25, I7?:i) was
escorted in by the remnants of the cavalry of
Westchester county, the forefathers of the found?
ers of this brigade.
The veteran corps of artillery, Captain Ray
nor, will lire a "Continental" salute on the Rat?
tere at sun rise, at which time Captain Raynor
will also cause the national Hag to be displayed
from the flag staff, where the Royal Cross of St.
lieorgewns left Hying In Sir Guy Carleton seven?
ty three years atro, since which time this com?
mand has customarily kept alive this historical
event.
HFIN'i! Y STORMS. Brigadier General, 1st Brigade.
A. V. V'osburc, A. Aid-de-Cainp,
Blei tion.?An election for the Majority of the
second regiment is ordered by Col. Spicer on the
lilh inst.
Second Lieutenant David Haig of the Scottish
Guards, was elected and promoted to the first
Lieutenancy, vice McLeod, resigned. We un?
derstand that Captain A. C. Castle contemplates
tendering bis resignation of the command of the
Scottish (luards, a post he has held Heven years.
Fasting.?Yesterday (Thursday! was observed
by the Baptists of this City, as a day of fasting
ni.'l prayer. The pastors held religious services
by themselves, at Oliver Street Church, in the
morning ; ami in the evening there was n public
meeting.
[ or The petition for a New Market House in
the neighborhood of Avenue C and Fourteenth st
has received the signatures of many thousand vo.
ters in the upper Wards. There must be a Mar?
ket there ere long, to accommodate the rapidly
increasing population.
??
Board of Supervisors.?In relation to tax of
the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, the
return made by them to the Tax Commissioners
showed their capital to be $6,000,000, and the
amount invested, Ac , something over 85,000,000,
by which the Commissioners placed their capital
hero liable to be taxed, at ?035,000. Tho com?
pany objected to the taxation, and presented an
amended or corrected return, showing said amount
to he nearly 85,700,000, and that their capital
liable to be taxed here was only $310,000, to which
nmt tint the Committee recommended it should be
reduced. The report of the Committee, as stated
yesterday; was laid for the present on the table.
A card:?I with to statu that the account con?
necting me with the nlfair at the Tabernacle is
untrue, except that I w as then1, having called in
as 1 passed by. I did not get upon the platform,
nor did i approve of the course pursued by those
who seemed to have charge of the platform. I
tiid not even know the object of the meeting
?.?heu I went there, but learned it from a Reporter
who was standing in the doorway.
I^AiAH RVNDERS.
TO THE EU/TOR UP TUE TRI HI .v/1.'.
The suggestions of a grocery clerk, in the Tri?
bune of Tuesday morning, are worthy of special
attention, not only for the reasons he mentions,
hut ttlso fur others and more important. In this
city there are nearly as many grocery as dry
goods i lerks, and in my opinion they have quite
as large claims upon our sympathies. A very
large proportion ot these clerks are boys and
young men, whose education is yet incomplete,
many of whem would gladly avail themselves of
any opportunity for educational and intellectual
improvement, were they not effectually secluded
from all such privileges by the " insuperable bar
tier' ol which a "grocery clerk"complains.
But this "barrier of nightly duty at the grocery
bar does other and worse things than to deprive
the Grocery Clerk of intellectual privileges, such
as Dry Goods Clerks are beginning to enjoy; for
this duty at the bar destroys, morally and physi?
cally, a very large proportion of the Clerks engaged
in dram-selling Groceries. 1 speak of what I
know to be the fact. A careful observation of the
facts that have come under my observation has
convinced me that a majority of the dram-selling
Clerks become intemperate, immoral and degrad?
ed. There is scarcely a day that 1 am not called
upon as a physician to see some case of "human?
ity wrecked' in the duties and under the influence
ot our Grocery grog-shops. 1 could relate scores
of cases of ruined young men, whose moral sense
was blunted, soul and body defiled in the nightly
revels of the dram-shop Grocery, in which they
were compelled to do dutv and deal out the poi?
soned cup to vile and drunken men, while they lis?
tened to their wicked conversation until the mid?
night hour. Many and many a pure-minded youth
has, amid such duties and such scenes, become in?
itiated into the vile and hurtful practices, by
which he has been quickly ruined, and by which
have been blighted the font' hopes of friends, who
perhaps rejoiced at the young man's fortune in
obtaining a situation as Clerk in a Provision store
But there are other and greater evils than these
resi Iting from Grocery dram-selling, and with
which we, as citizens and Christians, have more
intoxicating drinks are retailed in nearly all
? ar n eery and provision stores, by which means
averj large proportion of our whole population I
are directly exposed to the temptations of inebri- |
ht , . temptations that ore exceedingly strong- to
- - r classes ami to which they veld. Again,
tis inotable fact that liquor-selling, ??e^Jl
are the s. urcea and centers of nearh all the'tree
brawls and disturbance, that occulthe c?y
And further, we .kD?wtt^eat^/ R'Ed on the Sab
! bo'li There is t arcoly a street in the city that
?i not disturbed during these hours, which should
i hn^-i^ \7 in 1?,etn?" by the city authorities,
but which cannot bo so long as these drinkeries
I arc permitted to exist.
! .. ^n'^rir '"' rf?w>eed.7 Tl:o>' ??*" be; and
speedflv and effectuaUvonahtthey tobeibated by
; our city authorities. The Goiniooa Council have
the. requisite i-owcr. and should they put into exe?
cution measures lor the suppression' of dram sell
| ing, they would thereby accomplish a greater
amount of good to this vast community, than is
now accomplished by all the charitable institutions
in the city. Ay and more than charity en*
nc lomplisb, tor this would prevent more suite-ring
than benevolence can relieve. Until such meas?
ures are put into execution, let us remember that
it is our duty to withdraw our patronage from ail
dram-selling establishments; ami let every good
citizen know that it is in cur potcer to secure the
suppression of this nefarious traffic. H
Rcffi im>m Abroad.?On Saturday afternoon,
as Mrs. Wheeler, the lady of Dr. Wheeler tbe
distinguished Oculist, with a friend, while return?
ing home, when near the corner of White st, wero
grossly assaulted by a ruffian,who first ran violent?
ly against them, nearly knocking them into tbe
gutter; he then, with a heavy ax which he had in
his possession, struck one of the ladies a violent
blew with the deadly instrument upon the hip.?
Several gentlemen were witnesses to this out?
rageous piece of ruffianism, yet they did not ar?
rest the cowardly ruffian, but allowed him to es
Grand LaRCKNT.?A colored man named John
Morris, was yesterday arrested on a charge of
having at different times stolen gold to the value
of several thousand dollars, from the office of Mr.
Ebbitt, gold case manufacturer of 17 .lohn st.
The accused has for 8 years past been employed
by Mr. Ebbitt, and filled the office of assayers as?
sistant. Within that time he has assisted iu
melting up great numbers of sovereigns for manu?
facturing purposes. He is now charged with steal
iug n large number of them. On his arrest he
confessed having Stolen <>0 at one time. He had
deposited to his credit in the Chambers-st. Savings
Hank $800, ami a woman with whom he was inti?
mate had 82,100 there deposited to her credit,
which she says the accused gave her to deposit.
This money was taken outof the hank a few days
since and has not, as yet, been found. The ac?
cused was taken before Justice Osborne and held
for examination.
Distressing Abcidknt.?On Wednesday even?
ing, about il o'clock, a distressing ascident tiefe I a
man named Thomas Walker, who was one of tho
employees of the Laeknwana Ice Company, foot
ol Duane-sl. It seems he was engaged upon tho
deck of one of tho ice boats and was suddenly
precipitated down the hatchway which dreadfully
fractured his legs and thigh. He suffered intense?
ly, and upon being conveyed to the Hospital the
bones were replaced ami he appeared somewhat
easier.
LAW COT UTS.
-?
Court Calendar?This Day? Circuit Court.?
Nbs. 1,000, 833, 1,007,1,017, 1,000, 121, 1,022, 1,024
to 1,01)0.
U. S. District Court?Nos. 12, 10r>, 21, 28, JJ
to in. _
I . S. District Court?Before Judge. Judson?
Abraham B. Holden et ol. vs. Steamboat Oneida
? By the owners of the sehr Dolphin against the
new Williamsburgh Ferry Co. to recover 5200,
alleged amount of damages sustained by said
sehr on tbe morning of Sunday, 9th Dec. last iu
being run into by the Oneida, one of the Grand
st. boats. It is avowed that the Dolphin lay at
anchor a little below the New York Grand St.
slip, nnd at a proper distance from the shore,
where she had a right to lay, when she was
struck amidship by the ferry boat and damaged as
above.
In defense, the jurisdiction of the Court in the
case is denied. To the merits it is alleged tho
fault lies with the schooner, she being anchored
within 10 feet id" the shore, and directly in tbu
mouth or opening of the ship. This was deniod
by libollants.
The Pilot of the Oneida testified to the schoon?
er being anchored directly in the way?he did
everything possible to avoid her, but without ef?
fect.
It appeared that in going into the slip the Onei?
da went clear of the Schooner and under her stern,
and it is averred she was still further out of the
way when the boat came out in consequence of
having swung round with the tide.
The Court considered the steamboat to blame,
and made a decree in favor of libollants, case to
bo referred to ascertain amount. For plaintiffs,
Messrs. E. C. and C. I.. Benedict. For defend?
ants, Mr. Prime.
The case between owners of schooners Indus?
try nnd Thomas Martin, for value of former vessel
and cargo, sunk by a collision, already referred to,
is still on.
CiR< 1/it Coi in? Before Judge Edmonds.? W
Burger und Miehael La Cow vs. Columbia Fire
Insurance Co. of Philadelphia.?To recover $2,
119 29, alleged loss by fire at tho burning of the
match factory of plaintiffs, situated in Second av.
between Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth sts. in June,
1818. The Company had an ollico in New-York,
Mr. Benj. S. Whitney being their agent. Plain
tills never were furnished with a policy, but they
aver they made an agreement with Mr. Whitney
in .Inn. lril- to insure ?-00 on the building, $1,200
on the steam engine and machinery, ami 93,000 ou
the stock; paid 9150 for premium, and Mr. B. sub?
scribed for five shares of the stock, giving his
bond for i7."S0.
In defense it is averred that Mr. Whitney was
agent only to a limited degree, having no power
except on ordinary risks, ami that where there
was extra hazard nc was previously to have tho
asset of the Company?that Mr. W. wrote the
Company of an application to insure nn the brick
and tin building and machinery of plaintiffs, and
perfectly fire proof, but said nothing as to insur?
ance on the stock ; that they never received inti?
mation from him of such insurance, or a request
for a policy?and that they would have rejected
altogether the proposition to insure so combusti?
ble a stock as that of u match factory, or required
a much higher premium than alleged to have been
charged.
Mr. Whitney removed to the West, and a com?
mission was sent to take his testimony in relation
to the (nutter. He stated that the insurance was
made, but as to the question whether in the ap?
plication the stock was mentioned, it is said he
fins not made any reply. Mr. Whitney died a
few weeks since, so that the omission, it there is
any, cannot be supplied, and defense contend that
the omission was no fault of theirs, as they gave
full notice in regard to the point. To be continued
this forenoon.?For plaintiffs, Messrs. Mulock Sc
Evans: for defendant, Messrs. I.'pton and W
Dodge.
Court of Common Pleas?Special Term?Be?
fore Judge Daly.?Conner C. Flood vs. Mary
Jane 1'loud.?Suit for divorce, on the ground of in?
fidelity as relates to a party named, but which
Mrs. F. on her oath fully denies. The present is
a motion, on her behalf, for alimony, and allow
once for counsel fee to enable her to defend tbe
suit. The motion was opposed, and argument
heard.
Tbe applications, on habeas corpus, for tbe dis
charge of Messrs. Ford and Whitney, from Cali?
fornia, arrested as to alleged counterfeit money,
but the arrest averred to be invalid, were post?
poned till this forenoon.
???
Court of General Sessions:? Thursday?
Before the Recorder and Aid. Britten and Dole
mater.? C. De I.ozado.?The attendance of this
person is required at tbe office of the District At?
torney, without delay. ,.
Trial for Grand Aaro ny.?Geo. Boy/an alias
Billy Barlow was tried on an indictment W?S
bim with having, on 18th lastBepfcijtolentomtM
store of Beckham, p-ft*^ Kp^'&
a gold curb chain valued at *^p^/?jth ano
evidence that the "*^3Sffik* ?**>
ther individual on that"* curD chainr
and requested t? ,^ *?d wbi)e they were in bis
They were *??b??? ?,;them'off from tho
hands be mana=ftdt' Dis packet. His movements
rir.g ami convey by one of tbe firm who
were however, ol*. ^ ^ ^ ^
The Jury, without leaving their seats foundI hm
Ttv and the Court sentenced him to the State
tt.An (, r three years and ?> months.
i ZXry ^ the First Degree.-?**** Williams
? lias Henry Lawler was tried for tbe above crime,
in having on the night of the 30th of .September
last broken into the house of Frederick Bone
meycr, No. 2156 Mott st, and stolen money and
clothing to the value of $78. The evidence did
not sustain the cbarge of burglary, and be was
convicted of Petit larueny only, aud sentenced t'?
tbe Penitentiary for 6 months.

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