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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, December 02, 1850, Image 7

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0f women and children
?online!? to obtain access
pital. Young women w
bands, mother* fer their s
ried ashore seemed to be
Jons relative?.
No official list of the Ipsi
yet appeared, but it if
3oubt that the most galinn
aavy have been lost, v
di-nth of six captains, wh,
miral's ship m conference
it also of the aide de cam
.of fourteen lieutenants wh
animation ol several pupa
a\'twenty live scholars o! :
The list of casualties t
lows I roraniO(li,rt' :\
.pschiii; ! superior officer,
,j,mop. 6 captains, inch
tic Noiri Sbeviie;; :i lieu
Us midshipmen, includini
Icadeinj , 640 saiion am:
sent for repair? ; 45 ham
the anchors; 7.r> sailors
ships, and in attendant:
visitors. '. i passengers in
passing near the ship at t
Italian broker. Total 'J~'J
Deducting from this t
lived] there remains up
lives lost. The number c
been accurately aseertai
occurred on hoard of the
re fighting with the
to the temporary bus
i cry ing for their bus
!, and everybody car
?cognised by the anic
men and r?fTi. ers has
?ertained beyond all
'Hcers of the Turk'th
have to deplore the
vere on board the ad
a point of etiquette,
f.ttae Grand Admiral,
vere invited t>. an ex
ain Pacha's aide
ate ti nt hut a small quantity of powder was on
hoard, ay, if the explosion had taken place t wo
ityn before, the disaster would have been incalcu?
lable, owing to the vicinity of the dock and timber
yards, anil to the other men-of-war, which most in
evitably have been burnt. The wreck is complete,
and the whole port is covered with fragments of
masts, bulwarks, and timber belonging to the Nein
?bevket. The shock was felt all over the city. In
tbe subu: bs of Kassim Pacha, Djoobali, and Panar,
not a pane of glass was whole, and even at Pera,
which is at a considerable dictance, glass was
smashed, and the effect was similar to a shock of
Earthquake. The first ministers who arrived at
the scene of desolation were Suleyman Pacha,
Mehemet Pacha, and Mehemet Alf Pacha. The
first, who is the great admiral, was so affected at
the occurrence, that he swooned several times.
It was agreed that Mehemet Ali Pacha, who is the
Sultan's brothor-in law, should inform his highness
of the sad disaster, who immediately ordered a
mm of ?l,000 to be distributed among the wid?
ows, as also that pensions should be settled on the
nearest relatives of the deceased.
The complement of the Neiri ?bevket was 740
men, and but 100have answered the muster. The
ibip itself was built and launched at Jzmit, in the
month of June, 1832, and had most magnificent
fittings. It was among the ships delivered over to
Mehemet Ali Pacha by Aiimct Ferari Pacha,
doting the Sultan's brother-in-law, Mehemet Ali
FacltH'H, administration of the Admiralty. She
was placed in the dock and underwent thorough
repairs, and ever since she has borne the Grand
Admiral's flag. She was a last sailer, served as
8 mode! to the Nusretie and others built recently.
The guns were of bronze, and the ornamental
gildings were so profuse and of Buch a magnificent
character that it was fixed upon to convey the
Sultan to Varna some years back.
The choicest men and officers of the fleet were
on hoard of this Bhip, but what ia more to be de
ENpred is, that on the 24th the Sultan was to have
visited the fleet in its present moorings in the Ar?
senal, and a number of pupils of the first class
were to have been admitted as midshipmen. The
poor fellows have been lost. Several of these
young men had been some short time on board the
British fleet, and had practiced naval tactics un?
der the most learned mariners. The officers were
all well educated men, and to replace them will
require some time. In line, it is one of the most
appalling and distressing disasters that has ever
occurred in time of peace, ns, joined to the im?
mense pecuniary loss the State has sustained, it
lias to mourn over its very best men Since the
occurrence the whole of the city is on the stir,
nothing else is spoken of. Every man has a rela?
tive or friend to care for, and hundreds of carts
With anxious parties, as well as thousands of
pedestrians, nre seen sadly and hurriedly to wend
their way to the scene ol the disaster; and tho
Wailing o! the women, and silent Badness of the
men, make even a heart of iron feel the dreadful
disaster which hug suddenly overcometliis country.
ftomli I'nroliim?tJovcrnor ^cnhrooli'u Men
sage.
Gov. Whitemarsh B. Seabrook's Annual
Message was delivered to the Legislature of
South Carolina on the 26th instant. It is of mo?
derate length, and furnishes a rcmnrkablo display
of pugnacious talent. Opening with an expres?
sion of tliPnks to the Almighty for bis manifold
blessings, the Message proceeds to pass in review
the financial condition of the State. The Public
Debt is $2,061,292.; the only part of which to be
provided for at an early date is the Six Per Cents,
mounting to $175,426, payable in January, 1852.
The South Carolina College is then represented
U being in a flourishing condition, having 195
students in attendance.
The Governor, in view of tbe present and future
tspcet of our public affairs, feels warranted to re?
commend the establishment of depots for military
stores and instruments of war. nt Anderson Court
House. Spartauburg nml Marion?and that each
fcpot be placed under the charge of a limited
number of young men, commanded by a graduate
? the Citadel Academy, whose business it shall
be to instruct the guard in all the practical bran?
ches of the art of war. This plan he considers,
havingu,two foldobject in view, -'would, independ?
ent of it's intellectual and moral advantages, give
security at all times to the largest section of the
State, and ensure to our entire community politi?
cal benefits of no ordinary magnitude.'' His Ex
fUency also expresses the conviction that suffi
cieut attention has not been paid to the instruction
? the Cadets at the Military Academy in the art
efwar. The want of a proper Pyrotechnic labora?
tory, and engineering instruments and battery ol
artillery is keenly felt, ami the Message recom
?tends their purchase by the State. The State
being much in need of field-pieces, ho recommends
that the Governor be authorized to purchase, with
Iview to be deposited in the Arsenal, six brass 12
pounder.-, six 6 pounders and six 4 pounders.
The Ft >e School system is reviewed, and the
Bpointment of a General Superintendent recom
Ended. Governor S. also recommends a revis
m of the Criminal Code; thinks that public whip
ptt)g should be abolished and a Penitentiary es
Hbushed?recommends a reduction of the present
legal rate of interest?speaks of the growing Man
ttotores; and recommends the removal from the
State of every free colored person not possessed
of real or slave property.
En relation to tbe latter question the Message,
ialdsthc following language:
In every Community, where the institution ol
?vevy is interwoven with its] social system, the
jfcblic tranquilliu and sal;:: v demand the tolera
hdn of only two , lasses?whib men and colored
*Jtt\os. The existence of a third e.,:ss, with ma?
ny of the most valuable rights of the former, 011
s level with the latter in repugnance to labor,and
possts.>in? all their menial trutts of character, un?
checked 1>\ the restraints of plantation -.i is. ipline,
4ccolored freeman lives a degraded and unpitied
Delng, u foe to public progress, and unconcerned
in all that relates to the welfare of his follow ere a
tares History attests, in every servile war, or
Sttempt at insurrection, in our country, his uufor
tanate race have been the chief actors or trtstiga
tew. Tin; dark and blood] scenes 1:1 St. Domin
?|owould have occurred, even if the famous De?
rne of the National Assembl) of Prance, of the
W?h ot May, 1791, bad never become a law.
* In South Carolina, free negroos, mulattoes,
S?d mestizoes, posses', ail the fights ,.f property
and protection to which the white inhabitants are
?Btitled. They may purchase, hold, and transmit
If descent real estate. In despite of these and
<$er inestimable rights, wl 61 they nndisturbed
SJ-enjoy, t'uroare Aw of the i\000$a}>ur limits
*to own property beyond a very limned amount.
Mn viewot their early removal from the State,
XKConunend that the Tax OoUectors be instruct
*4 to ascertain the number of tree negroes, mulat
and mestizoes in the several ii;-tri ts ami
wishes, and how many of eiofi who own real es?
se or slave property, and that they report to the
fin&lotare, at its next session.''
. Alluding1 to the troubles of tbe times upon the
4wsti?u of Slavery, the Governor proceeds to re
Jvtuicud joint State action if possible, but says
jw no conjuncture of events ought to induce us
Blbandon the right of deciding ultimately on
j*"owu destiny?declares the rnjlit of the State
Htfcede. and that it is the duty of the State to
*4->one her sovereignty to protect her citizens?
S5>** cooperation with our sister Statej to aid in
fating the doom impending the civil institu
w*? of the South.?and, in conclusion, recom
mend* a day of fastsng and prayer, to invoke
God'? protection and guidance in tbis oar day of
trouble and affliction, that he would graciously
viiuchsafe to enlighten the minds of our federal
rulers, the North and its citizens, and direct them
in the way of truth, of reason and of justice, and
preserve a once happy political family from the
unspeakable horrors of civil strife.
in accordance with reoommen lation, the LegiJ
iature appointed Friday, Dec. 6, to be observed
as a day of fasting and prayer, on account of the
manifold transgressions of South Carolina
NEW PUBLICATIONS.
?*>?
NEW ELEM BNTS OX ?EOMETKY. By Seba 3>jii h.
Bvo.pp.HOO. Nevr-York: George P. Putnam.
The attempt to present tue elements of Geom?
etry under a new aspect?applying the principles
ol modern free inquiry to a science, whose claims
to rigorous exactness have stood the test of aevs
the imposing structure has been erected, as on a
basis of primeval granite?may be regarded as a
signal proof of intellectual boldness, or in the opin?
ion of many, of scientific audacity. Indeed, so
firmly have the established doctrines of Geometry
ever, is not liable to either of these charges.?
Judging from the intrinsic character of the work,
he is not a person of a crotchety mind, but a firm
and cautious thinker: with no love of paradox, or
of novelty, for its own sake ; devoted to the pur?
suit of truth with an uncommon degree of mental
honesty j and arriving at his convictions by the
sheer force of inquiry and evidence. Whatever
opinion may be formed as to the justness of his
conclusions?and this is a question which should
be submitted to a jury of experts?no fair-minded
reader can fail to recognize in this treatise a high
degree of ability, a devoted study of the subject,
and a facility in the expression of mathematicel
results, which should bespeak attention to his
claims and insure them the chance of an unpreju?
diced examination.
Whether the views of practical geometry which
he advances are founded in the nature of things,
or are merely the fruits of ingenious speculation,?
a point which we acknowledge our incompeteacy
to decide,?he certainly has presented a striking
collection of the harmonies of quantity, of the pro?
portions and relations of various geometrical fig?
ures, which have escaped the notice of previous
Students', and which afford a curious subject of
mathematical inquiry.
Tho main principle of the " New Elements of
Geometry," is that in the measurement of exten?
sion, the unit of reference is invariably a CUBE.
Rejecting the usual division of quantity into lines,
surfaces and solids, incapable of measuring each
other, the author maiutains that there is but one
kind of geometrical quantity, and that lines, sur
faces and solids, being identical in their nature
are always referred to the same unit, and are
hence petfect measures of each other. A mathe?
matical line accordingly is not a filmy, airy thread,
or a pure ideal conception, reduced, in the last
analysis, to zero, but a real magnitude, a positive
quantity, used to measure and. compare positive
quantities. Hence, the unit employed in geo?
metrical measurement not only represents a mag?
nitude, but a magnitude of a definite form, a mag?
nitude with an extension in every direction from
its center, not only ono in length, but also one in
breadth and one in thickness.
Having established the unit of comparison, the
author pursues his expositions in regard to the
proportion between the circumference, diameter
and area of plane figures. The urea of a plane
figure is determined by its diameter, a line pass?
ing through the center of the figure, ami its cir?
cumference, a line outside of the figure, and en?
closing it. The law which, is set forth by the
author as universally controlling the relation in
question, is that the diameter being one, the area
equals one fourth of the circumference, the diatne.
ter being two, the area equals two-fourths of the
circumference, and so on, until when the diameter
is four, the area and the circumference become
equal. This law applies to all regular plane fig?
ures, the circle, equilateral triangle, square, pen?
tagon, hexagon, and all regular polygons of any
number of sides. The diameter, in these cases,
is always understood to be the diameter of the
inscribed circle.
A similar law exists, it is maintained, in the
measurement of nil solid figures with plane sur?
faces, the diameter in this ease being that of an
inscribed sphere. The difference in the two kinds
of figures is that while in plane figures the point
of equality is four, the corresponding point in solid
figures is six.
From these principles Mr. Smith develops a
system of geometry, which cohering in all its
parts, presents the whole subject of magnitude in
a new light, evolving relations of beautiful and
unexpected harmony, and suggesting views of the
most curious interest to the lover of mathemati?
cal investigation. The originality of the work
will commend it to the attention of those who are
in quest of intellectual novelties, while its bold?
ness and freedom are adapted to pique the pro?
fessors of the established science to a diligent en?
deavor lor the detection of its fallacies.
13JROOKLYN ITEMS.
-4)
PROMOTED.?CllAKLLS B. STUART, Esq. for
sometime past employed as Chief Engineer of
the Dry Dock, Brooklyn, has, we understand,
been appointed Engineer-iu-Chiel of the United
States Navy, in place of Mr. Haswell. He left
this City yesterday for Washington, to make ar?
rangements for his permanent residence in that
city. Mr. Stuart is a man of energy, and has
worked Iiis way from one post of responsibility to
another to this high station. We hope that this
appointment will be mutually advantageous to
the Navy and the Engineer-in-Chief. As work
will generally be suspended on the Brooklyn Dry
Dock during the winter, we presume the present
gentlemanly secretary, Thkophilus E. Sickels,
Esq. will have the chi
Early Closing A
lee appointed to conf
Brooklyn Institute r<
eminently successful,
readincroom will si
.ssociatiok.?The Comtnit
er with the Directors of the
eport that they have been
and the probability is a
jon be established" The
inKsenvins
They
im H.
E5r Mayor Smith has issued tt proclamation
recommending the usual observance of Thanks
HlGIIWAI R.orbery.-?-A man named Henry
Bums was arrested yesterday morning on a
tharge of having snat- bed a purse from the hands
of a young lady who was star, ling in Fii.oa st
conversing with a friend, with the intention of
making off wish it. The accused was arrested
and compelled to disgorge.
Compliment art Notice.?Tiie Cnmrnsraal
Advertiser very soberly informs " the many
readers who are interested in the matter that a
petition for the establishment of a new ferry is
lying for signatures at the Fuitoa and South
Ferries."
Partorif.ni Montes, Jcc.-The protracted
labors of the Grand Jury are ended ; behold the
presentment:
King*. pre?ODl the loose and Imperfect .nicnerm which
u.e members of the frand Jury are notified by t'.-e officers
to attend to the meetings of the said Jury,asan evfl that
calls for an imnedia'e remedy.
XXXIat CONGRESS.
Au??.(iTo I?w,(Mo??ri Die?, f?50..Eim-l Mai;, 3, 1841.
l853..Steph?
1855.. James
iowa.
.(ieo. Wash. Joi
.Aug Casar De
.Jahn 11. Clark.
south CAROLIN.
.Roher) Buniw?
1 15".. Hannibal Hm
1853..Jaines W. Bn
1855..James A.Peare
MISSISSIPPI!
1351..Jefferson Dto.ie
.. Henry Dodgi\*T
..Isaac P. Waliter.
SMALL
note Iii
Free S.
?,35;
House of Kcpioscntntlves?Z.V.l .Hembcifi.
HOWELL COBB.ol' Ga., Speaker.
Rli HAkt) M. JfoUNC, Clerk.
a. J. OlossbrenNER, Sergeant at-Armi.
Philip Williams; Librarian.
Rohem E, Hoknek, Doorkeeper.
AI.AUA MA.
1.. William J. Altton,
2..Henry W. H?liard*
3..Samson W. Harri-,,
4..Samuel W. Inge,'
5..David Hubbard.
6.. Williamson R.W.Cobb,
7..Krank. W. Buwdon.*
ARKANSAS,
Robert \V. Johnson.*
t'ONNEt TltUT.
l.. Loren P; Waldo,
2..Walter I'.ootu,
3..Chauncey F. Cleveland,
4.. Thomas II. Butler.
california.
1..Edward Gliben,
2..0co. W. Wright.
delaware.
John IV. Houston.
florida.
I..Edward ('. OabeU.*
georgia.
1 ..Joseph W. Jacki.on,
.Mmsiiiili j, Welborn,
3..Allen F. Owen,
4..Hugh A. II .!.......
5..Thomas C. Hacken.
6.. Ho well Cobb,'
7..Alexander II. Stephens,*
'..Robert Toombt.
illinois.
I..WilUam H. Bissell,
2..Jno, a. McClernand,'
3..Timothy It. Voting,*
'...lohn VVentworth,*
j..\\'iii a. Ilicliardson,'
6..Edicard I). Baker,
7..Thomas L. I larris.
(..Nathaniel Alberlson.
2.. Gj ms L. Dunham,
3..John L. Robinson,'
4..0E0RCE W.Julian,
5.. William J. Brown,
fi.. Willis A Gorman,
L.Kdw. W. McGaughey,
8..Joseph E. McDonald,
9..Graham N. Kitch,
10..Andrew J. Harlan.
IOWA.
{..Daniel F. Miller,
2..Shepherd Leffler.*
KENTUCKY?
l..Llnn lioyd.*
2. .James /.. Johnson,
?..Finis F.. MciAan,
4..George A. CaldweU,
5..John II. Thompson,*
6..Daniii V.reik.
1.. Humphrey Marshall,
8.. Charles S. Morehead,*
9.. John C. Mason,
10..Riebard Ii. Stantoii.
LOUISIANA.
1.. Emile La Sore,"
2. .Henry A. Bullard,
. Vacancy,
E. Morse
L.Elhridee deny,
2..Nathaniel S. Little
Ii...lohn Otis,
4.. Ruf in K. Coodenox
5..( ulier. Sawtelle,
6..Charles Stetson,
7..Thomas .I.D. Fallt
MARYLAND.
]..Richard 1. Jtou-.e,
2..WlliiamT, Hamflt
3.. Ed ward Hainn.oDi
4..Hubert M. McLani
5..Alexander Evans*
6..Jehn R. Kerr.
]3...!oha /.. Schooler aft.
14.. George R. Andrews.
15..John R. Thurman,
IG.. Hugh White,'
11..Hrnrg P. Alcrmder,
18.. Pres ton Kim;,
19..Charles E. C'Lirkc,
20.. Ortamu* B. Mattesor,
21. .Hirajii Wuiden,
22. .Henry Rennett,
2J.. Il m. Ducr,'
24..Daniel Gott.'
'2').. Harmon .S'. Conger'
2i'i.. ll'i liam T. Jackson,
27.. William A. Sackett,
28...-Ii. 31. Sehcrmerhom,
23..Robert I.. Rose,"
30.. David Iiumsey*
31. , Elijah Rislcy,
32..Etbridge G. Spauldiny.
33,. Harrey Putnam,*
'o|.. Lorenzo Burroui.
NORTH CAROLINA.
I.. Thot. I.. CUngman,*
2. .Joseph P. CaldweU,
3..Edmund lleberry,
4..August. 11. Shcf.perd*
5..AI,ru"m \V. Venal,le,"
G.. William 3. Asho,
-..John It. J. Dante!,
E.. Edward Slanlu.
V..Dartd Outlaw."
onto.
1.. David T. Dluiev,
2../.. 1). Can:pbcll'[v\S.],
3.. Robert C. Schenck,"
4. .Moses II. Corwin,
s,. Emory D. Potter,
6.. Vacancy,
7..Jonathan ?. Moiris,*
8.. John L. Taylor,"
[9..Edson B. Ubis,
10..Charles Sweetser,
11..John K Miller.?
12.. Stimucl F. Fission,*
13..Wm. A. Whittlesey,
14..Nathan t'.cant,"
15.. W. F. Hunter [F.S.],
16..Moses Hoagland,
17..Joseph Cable,
18..David K. Carter,
19.. John Crowd!" [ H.S],
20..JOSH. K. GlDDINCS,"
21..Joseph M. Root.*
PENNSYLVANIA.
1..Lewis C.Levin,* f Nat.j
2..Joseph R. Chandler.
Ii..Henry 1). Moore,
4..John Robblnsjr.
5.. Joh n Freed!ey, *
6. .Thomas Roes
7. .Jesse C. Dtrkey,
8.. Thaddeus Stevens,
9. .William Strong,'
IO..M1I0M. Dimmick,
11.. Vacancy,
12..Dav. Wuaioi* [F. &'.],
lo. .Joseph Casey.
14.. Charles tV. Pitman,
15..Joel B. Dunnor.
16..Jas: X. McLanahan,
17..Samuel Calvin;
18..Andrew Jackson Ogle]
19. .Job Mann,'
20.. Robt.R. Reed.
21..Mosel Hampton,'
22..JOHN W Howe,
23. ..lame* Thompson,'
21.. Alfred Gilmore.
rhode island.
1..George G. King,
2..Xathan F. /hit../..
SOUTH CAROLINA.
1..Daniel Wallace*
.Vacant, t:..I.>aar E. Holmes,*
.Charles Allen, 7..William f. Colcock
MICHIGAN. 5..Geori;eW
. Alexander W. ltuel, 6..James H. 1
. Wm. Spraye. [K. S.J 7. .Meredith P
.Kinsley S. Biugham. 8..Andrew Ewiug
MISSISSIPPI
1..Jacob Thump-t
i..W m. S. Feather
??.. William McWil
4..Albert G. Brow
Isham G. Harns
.James Meaeh
. Lucius B. l'e
.James McDowell,*
. Heurv A. Edmundse
S..J Phsllipt Phoenix, 14..James A
4.. Walttr UnderkiH, 13. .Thomas
5.. George Briggs, WIS
t>..James Brooks, 1..Cii\ri.k
7,.IM?..?m Neison,* 2..0rtsmui
B..Rantom Halloway. 3. .James C
9.. Thomas McKinock, DEl
10;. Herman 1>. Gould. Oregon?S. I
11 ..Piter Ii. Silvester, Utttnesota?
U..Grdeon 0. Reynold*,'
I Whigs in fr.iO.-t. lO*;Opp in Roman. U
mall caps, 9i ? acar 'ies. o. Aue ?L-rw
names indicate the Congryssioria. L>:jtn
(*) i? added to the name of earn Memoer
XXX111 Com-ress. tSeat contested.
?e SoLers in
sed to the
An asterisk
sat in th*
13?" A very good idea was started at the last
meeting of the Industrial Congress by Mr. Com
merford, It was that a delegation from the work?
ing mechanics of this Country should be sent tu the
World's Fair at London, to confer with the work
ingmen of other countries, who will be there as?
sembled, on matters relating to the interests of
Labor eenerallv. We can conceive of nothing
more appropriate to the spirit of the occasion
than such a **e?nion of the representatives of In?
dustry. Only good results can be produced by
tween the producers of uiaeraa; nations.
Anrtvernnry of the St, Andrew's Society.
The Anniversary Dinner of the St. Andrews
Society of this city was iieid on Saturday n;.:ht
last at the Irvine House. The company met about
tV. o'clock, in tbe splendid dining-saloon, which
was appropriately decorated for the occasion.
Rkhakd Lim?, Esq., President of the Society,
sat at the head of the cross table, supported on
each side by Sir Henry Bu'.wer, Mr Bunch, acting
British Consul at this port, the Presidents of the
various Benevolent Societies in this city, and
d by
nils where the bold eagle d:es,
? the ?'He and the ptarmigan ns'
Wi' weapons bright glancing a::d plumes eavly d
Ench cloti w:tl) its pipers proud marching before.
Loli Frazers, Macfarlares, and Grants of tho Spej
All ^allant'y marching In warlike array ;
Through wud torrent plssbing?thro' deep ravlned.
Their triumph is swelling in Iis' and low dwelling.
Where groups of gay dancers spring light on the nV;
Like roses in sunshine, when summer winds blow.
So gracefully bending, so brightly the glo w.
Drink a' wi' full tasne, the sweet Highland lassie.
Then 's none like to her, on the earth here below.
Great Britain in the United Stales. '
[Sir Henry Bulwer's speech in response to this
toast, a full report of which we have in type, is
deferred on account of a press of matter. It w
'appear to-morrow.]
?. The Parish Schoo!? of Scotland.
?; The City of New. Vurk.
1". Ramsay, Burns and Scott ?glorioint representati ves of
Scottish story and Scottish song
11. Utir Sister Societies and their worthy representative?.
To this toast responses were made by Dr. Beaie,
on behalf of the St. George's Society: the Presi?
dent of the German Society; J. De Peyster Og
den. Esq., President of the St. Nicholas Society,
end Simeon Draper, Esq., President of the New
England Society.
Mr. Schouler, President of the New England
Soeietv, was then introduced to the company,
when he gave an account of the "Scotch Charita?
ble Society " of Boston. He was speaking of the
Scotch character, when the President suddenly in?
terrupted him by giving the twelfth regular toast.
Many of tbe company loudly hissed his gross vio?
lation of courtesy, and Mr. Schouler, who had im
medioti fy ceased speaking, left the room. Severnl
of his friends followed ami induced him to return;
but although he was urged by Sir Henry Bulwer
and ethers 10 conclude his remarks, he contented
himself with simply giving a sentiment. The
com pan v soon afterward adjourned.
CITY ITEMS.
\Y a7kk Ta.s.?See " I.aw Courts " for a decis?
ion of mncli importance to tenants
Free Titjuut-League.?An initial meeting for
the organization of a Free Trade League was
held at the Irving House on Thursday evening
last. The call originating it was signed by the
following gentlemen :
.lames Lee, H Fuller, R ft Morris,
J L II McCrackan, C Edwards Lester, I T Brady,
M Livingston, L B Chase, .1 1'attison,
W C Bryant. C H Marshall, God i'litlison Jc Co.
F.dwil K Collins; Parke Godwin; .1 it Whitimt,
.1 D Van Buren, TheoSedgewick, U Bovd,
Moses Taylor, II .I Walker. T J Gerald,
A C Flagg, John McKeon, O P Putnam,
Freeman Hunt, T P K'eiiell. F B Cutting,
N M Beckwill:, .1 Bieelow, C F Brigs-,
HC Murphy, Chas O'Conor, Saml Beman.
The meeting was organized by appointing N. M.
Bei kwith, Esq. Chairman, and Sam!. Bernau
Secretary. A letter from Hon. Robert J; Walker,
expressing his sympathy with the movement, was
read, and an address made by Mr. Lee, advocating
a system of Free Trade am! Direct Taxation for
the support of the General Government. After
some discussion, the formation of a Free Tradi
Leugne, for the purpose ol furthering these prin?
ciples, was resolved upon, ami Messrs. James
Lee, John McKeon, H. Fuller, W. C. Bryant and
Mr. Butterworth appointed a Committee to draft
-a Constitution and By-laws. Messrs. Robert J.
Walker, Jas Lee, T. P. Kettell, Afred Pell and
Wright Hawkes were also appointed a Commit,
tee to draft for publication a declaration of the
prn
nie. Theotli
?ach Commit
led, to meet
n the Consti
again at the call ol tue Committee c
ration. m
Fire,?Not-29, 10 P. M.?A fire broke out in
the attic of Wilson's shade factory, I'.O Chatham
st. The goods in that story wEre nearly all de?
stroyed befoee the flames were subdued; and the
lower part of the building was m ich injured by
water. Jarvis A Tryon, boot and shoe dealers,
occupied the lower tloor. Their s'.eck sustained
considerable damage.
Sikoclar Fraud?Prompt in'D Lmportaxt
?RREiT.-Somefewdays since.amanby the name
of James W. Bums, did a job of painting for S.
J. Davis, of No. 12 New-st. for which his bill was
(sir. On the 25th November inst. Burns called
upon Davis for payment, and Mr. D. took oat big
cheek book and drew a check on the Union Bank
for the amount, as he supposed. But it appears
Bums engaged him in some interesting conversa?
tion, and that Mr. Davis so wrote the check that it
read S1SO0 {eighteenhundred dollars.) Burns took
the check to the Bank and obtained the money
without question. Yesterday Mr. Davis had some
business .it t;.e Bank, and while there, discovered
the mistake, and found that he was minus 61,732
by the operation. He forthwith called upon offi
.bers Duflon and Cain, at the Seventh Ward sta?
tion house, and laid the matter before them _Ot
borhood of Wall st, and set to work to catch the
lucky painter, while officer Cain started for Burns s
place of business with the same intention. Late
iu the afternoon Duflon espied his man, arrested
him and took him to the union Bank, where he
was recognized as the man who had received the
81,800. Mr. Duflon then took Barns before Justice
Simpson, where he was regularly committed for
examination. Owing to the lateness of the hour,
it being near sundown, the magistrate declined to
grantTt search warrant. But the officers deemed
the case too important to be neglected, and pro?
ceeded to the Seventh Ward station house, where
they held a council with Assistant Capt. Merritt.
Under the charge of Capt. Merritt. they proceeded
to Burns's house, No. 165 Cherry-st. where the
Captain succeeded without difficulty in netting pos?
session of the two Bank Books?one on tbe Sea?
man's Savings Bank, recording a deposit of $720
made by James W. Barns on the 27thinstant, and
the other on the Bowery Savings Bank for a depo
sitof Si,POO.on the 28th,(day before yesterday.;?
With tins conclusive evidence, the captain and
the two officers retired. On the part of officers
Duflon and Cain, and Assistant Capt. Merritt, this
is an important and csost- excellently managed
operation, for which' tbPejfafi'serve great credit.
The fortunate Mr. Davis Is indebted to them for
at least *M,7ifl of hid money.
Tu; Courts.?Tbe Superior Coart Trial Terra
will commence1 to-dsy. The Court rooms in the
City Hall, whi^h hare been for severs! weeks in
the workmen's hands, not being yet completed,
th? trials will be held in the General Term rooms,
being in the long room called the New City Hall,
north side of the Park, entrance at the door near?
est to Broadway. There will be two branches of
the Trial Term. Tlie Calendar contains upward
of 600 causes. The branch of the transferred
Calendar will hold its'term in the Special Term
room of the Supreme Court, middle door of the
long building. The General Term of the Supreme
Court, and the Circuit, will also commence their
December Terms. The Trial Term of the Com?
mon Pleas has again fallen through, owing to the
delay in getting ready the Court axtms.
)ke out in
xth-st. and
estroyed.
e received
is its*.- puouaner. oomeoi our cotemporartes nave
expended considerable wit upon this new child of
the Press; but we confess that our acquaintance
with the Welsh language extends only to speech?
less astonishment at its formidable array of double
ranks of consonants. However, we perceive
much that is ys in " Y Drych," and should jadge
that its morals are unexceptionable, since, though
we see no Reverends, nearly every other word is
pushed ahead or backed up by a D.D.
Testimonial to Mr. Cii irles Bl rdktt.?Mr.
Charles Burdett. Assistant Postmaster of New.
York, resigned Ids office on Saturday, chiefly on
account of ili health. He is to he Mayor's Clerk
and goes into oifice on the 1st of January. The
clerks in the Post-Olliee presented him with a
magnificent watch, value $23o, and the carriers a
splendid tea service, value ?I00.
Musical.?J. F. Warner gives the first Lesson
to a new Class for ladies and gentlemen this
(Monday; evening at 8 o'clock, at 413 llroadwav
Our readers will find this an excellent opportu?
nity to gain musical information as well as to
learn to sing.
Fkstivaj .?The E. L. Snow Social Union No.
? will give a grand Festival and Ball at the Colis.
eum, December ~i. The friends of Temperance
and the public are invited.
|^ The Temperance Meeting at Knicker?
bocker Hall, corner of Twenty-third st. and
Eighth-av. this (Monday) evening, is one of a se
ries of meetings to be held by the Chelsea Be
ncvolent Temperance Society for tbe purpose Of
ndvancing the cause of Temperauco generally, and
for the especial purpose of providing for the tem?
poral and spiritual welfare of the families of the
poor inebriates who take the pledge, and also of
other destitute poor who need our sympathy and
kind offices. It is proposed to take up a collec?
tion this evening for the purpose of providing a
suitable place for worship?in short, aTempcrance
Church, for the unfortunate poor. A missionary
agent or Temperance Missionary is to be em
ployed, who shall preach every Sabbath after
noon and evening at Chelsea Hall, for the benefit*
of the poor. It shall also be the duty of the Mis?
sionary to visit from house to house?that he may
reach nil the poor? seeking to do them good. This
is a long-needed and praiseworthy movement, ami
we hope the Committee may have the means put
into their hands to carry out their benevolent un?
dertaking. Let all classes unite heartily in this
good work and much good will grow out of it.
Eminent speakers will be in attendance to ad.
dress (we hope) the largest and most enthusiastic
meeting ever held in old Knickerbocker Hall.
Plot ot the New Opera.?We givo tho fol?
lowing outline of the plot of Gemma di Vergy,
which may be a new opera to many of our read?
ers :
The Count of Vergy, one of the noblemen of Kratice,
fighting against England for tho sako of King Charles the
\ I tii, under the command of the Maid of Orleans, made
himself conspicuous in battle, and w as honored with the
King's friendship. Ills wife Gemma, a,'oy,.|y woman,
whom he married several years before, bn towns with
out offspring, the Count resolved repud-i 7. and obtain
another wife, not wishing to lie without ?ii to its name
He had chosen lor b:s new bride Ida dtVtMilvUle. whom
he saw at the Tournament at Aries. This new marriage is
about to take place; die bride Is coming to meet her lord at
the Castle of vergy, and Guido, the Count's attendant, has
been sent to Gemma In order to make know n to her that
Vergy has obtained a divorce from her. The giief, sorrow
and despair of that unfortunate lady are horrible) her
friends snare i.er atllicllon ; and with them a young Arabian
named Tamss, who loved Gemma In secret, and endeav?
ored to protect her. This Saracen bad been taken prisoner
by Rolando, the Count's squire, whom lie cordially bates:
thus, believing that the Count de Vergy had been advised
bj Rolando to repudiate Gemma. Tamas stabs him, and,
being brought before the Lord of Vergy, Is about to be pun?
ished for his murder, when Gumma asks his pardon und ob?
tains It,
Ida of Cre-.i.ie, the new bride, arrives at the Castle : sur?
prise d alone to tbe room by Gemma, she Is about to bemur.
tiered by that desperate woman; in vain tho Countol Vergy
ine? to save her: with one band Gemma holds on to Ida,
and with the other threatens h^r bosom, when Tamas
rushes iu and disarms her Ma. therefore, is sRfe. The
nuptials take place, and Gemma wishes to retire to a con?
vent: when Tamss, in order to revenge her, stabs the
Count. This terrible death is horrible to Gemma; she
curst*Tamas, wbd, Instead of l),':"- ,oved for his deed, is
abhorred by the one whom he adores. Tamas employs
against himself the same .iagg-r with which Rolando and
the Count bad been murdered, and the pluy terminates
Suicide bi Shooting.?Un Saturday morning
about eight o clock, a Frenchman by the name of
John Ponseul, aged fifty two years, by trade a
boot crimper, who resided in the rear of No. 100
Reade street, was discovered in the cellar of the
premises, dead, having taken his own life by blow?
ing his brains cut with a loaded pistoi. The sou
ol the deceased was the lirsc person who discov
father. The son stated to the Coroner that he
could not account for the rash step taken by his
father, any more than for the last few days the
old man had been on a spree, attd drank liquor
freely. A short rime before the act was consum?
mated, he saw his father in the grocery store near
by, evidently taking a drink, and almost immedi?
ately he must have retained to the house, and de
i tn yed himself by shooting himself through the
head with a pistol. The deceased has two sons
in the I nited States' armv, in Texas. His wife
... d about six years since. Coroner Geer held
Park Fountain?Thursday evening, between 5
ai.d ti o'clock, a large number of persons were at
tracted to the Park Fountain in consequence of
a German, by tbe name of A. C. Huguenin,
watch importer, residing at 19 Beekmanst.
having jumped over the iron railing around the
Park Fountain, and plunged himself into the
basin of water, endeavoring to drown himself.
Officers Be'i and Whigrtm, two of the Chiefs
aids, proceeded forthwith to the spot. Mr. Bell
waded into the water, and by main force
dragged the deranged man out, and conveyed
bimlo his residence in Beekmanst. It seems
that Huguenin, for the last three days, has been
laboring under a deranged state of mind, and,
last evening, he endeavored to take his own lite
bv drowning himself in the Park Fountain. At
ai'iy rate, if nothing more, he got very wet, arid so
di ! the officer. _ [Herald.
D*v Nurseries.?These establishments, ru
thev c-;st in Paris are about to he made the sub.
Ef official mquirv. The Consul-General ol the
department of the Seine has taken up the whole
question, with a view to ascertain the true menu
of tlie system, as it has been tried -bere since
H44.
The Opern.
On Saturday evening Doflisetti's Gmma d*
Vergy vu performed to a most appreciating
audience. It afforded Signora Parodi tho
opportunity of achieving another signal
triumph?for we havo never witnessed ia that
bouse more constant or enthusiastic applause
She seemed in better voice than we lure yet
heard her, and with genuine artistic feeling de?
voted herself as carefully to her part as if tho
house had been crowded. We notice this fact
with especial pleasure?for it indicates the proper
pride of an artist. Did we not observe a want of
this in Trujji's Donna Anw on the previous eve?
ning?or was her langor and indifference and ex
t re roe unwillingness to respond to the encore 04*
the Trio the result of illness ? We will hope the
latter. For an artist deserves and secures failure
by nothing as much as by personal chagrin at ausy
want of public interest or enthusiasm. The pub?
lic never tlags in.its admiration if? as it Ls only
fair to require?its favorite does not become mo?
notonous. Every artist should reflect that no one
has a right to public favor. If that is once secur
j ed and continued success is deserved by continual
improvement, there will he no occasion of com?
plaint. This we say without tin- slightest per?
sonal reference, but from a somewhat extended
observation of the fact.
Signer Novellt never acquitted himself so muck
to our satisfaction as on Saturday evening, The
character of Guido gives him a Hoger Aschatu
gravity of demeanor and deportment, which seems
the natural gift of bassos. Throughout the first
scene . specially, he did remarkably well, and bia
voice was never so ringing ami clear as in tha
"Nellastanza." OfSignor Lorinft singing wa
have nothing pleasant to say. We shall present?
ly hear him going on independently of the Orches?
tra, and in quite another key,?which, wo admit,
is a defect in the*pit mo tenore. Nor can we in?
dulge much enthusiasm in the remembrance of
Signor Avignon?i efforts on Saturday. He sinjjs
with care, and with a finical nicety in the com?
mon-place final phrases of his airs. Hut he is th<?
very Conde Tremolo. He delivers no round, full
notes, but minces the substance of the aouuJ,
and gives it to us in a very swift succession of
very small pieces?producing, of course, a very
small effect. We wish to protest most earnestly
against this unpardonable extravagance of Italian
method. In any operatic company, one exauipla
of every kind of vocal peculiarity and excess is
sufficient, and the Astor Place troupe, at present,
possesses a specimen. Signorina PaUi had littit
to iio, but did that little well.
Space does not permit us to speak of 1',nodi's
performance more in detail. We should be glaJ
upon some occasion to follow her singing and act?
ing, scene by scene, through an opera, but the
Hemma dt Vergy does not deserve the ollbrt. It
is one of the poor of the sixty nine operas of Don
izctti. The characteristic of the music Is that it
reminds you of something much better of the same*
composer somewhere else. He seems to have
tried uot to make the airs, for they are certainly
not melodies, the same as in other works;. Tits
mind is fatigued with tho constant effort to reoaM
what this air and that so much resembled. The
music passes impalpable, tensingly through trh<t
mind, but does not linger, and is quite extruded
by the lively dances of Paquita. Tho story of the
opera is one of those monotonous horrors, in which
the morbid, melo-dramatic Italinn ill-agination de?
lights. Hut there ia tine material in the character
of Tatnai?an Arabian Captive?mal gemo del
Descrlo, from which to develop a moro various
and delicate romantic action than ia done In the
opera.
It was carefully put upon the stage, and one or
two of the chorusses were rendered with much
spirit. We longed, however, for a little tuoru
womanliness ami tender repose than tho 1'rima
Donna allotted to her role. Does not our artist
overlook the essential artistic difference between
the representation of characters purely dornest!?
nnd that of the stately figures of fame 1 Medea,
Phedre, Cleopatra, may well bo treated in a large,
perhaps even grandiose manner, ami not fail of
their effect ; while the same manner applied to
characters of pure romance or of simply individ?
ual interest, will result' in extravagance. Para
di's passionate action is precisely the same,
even to the identical restores and postures, to
Lucrezia, Normo, Elvira and Gemma. Yet we
doubt if we should praise the painter who exuib
ited the portrait of anyone of these for any other
among them._
WILLIAMSBURGH ITEMS.
?
Tax for 1850.?The County Tax, we under?
stand, will be t)l hi on each $100 of valuation in
the First District, *1 7-i in the Second District,
and $1 50 in the Third. To this will bo added
the Village tax of 82 cents on each ?Ji00?making
in all, 82 13 in the First District, t2 58 in the
Second, and 83 32 in the Third. The difference
in the Districts is cRused by the greater amount
of property in the First District on which to aj?
portion. The cost of the new School bouses in
the Firat and Second Districts arc included in the
County tax. Last year the cost of tiie new
Si hool "house in the Third Distri< t was paid by
that District. _
LYCEUM.?Charles E. Lester ha.ing been pre?
vented from lullilling his engagement, last Thurs?
day, Caleb Lyon tilled his place, and gave a lec?
ture on California.
Heal Kstate.?The following property was
sold on Friday at the rooms of A. .1. Bleecker, ia
ir Leonard ul. $4d-i each.|I.-J*
.t,ear First-til. 25x75. i.W*
t,xT->. ijm
in.i-si.arid South Thtrd-sUSxTfi 4,00?
ix75~?3 each.. 7,5C*
. 1,?)?
Igbtfa and .Seventh su.*,40*
.\.if&t
ick. I. I. 1,41?
Destbcctios oi Sheep.?Two or three nights
ago some dogs got into the inclosure of the
slaughter-house of Mr. Harnes, north end of
Fifth-st. and so maimed and wounded about 4')
sheep that they all had to be immediately killed.
Next night a watch was kept, and some of the
gentlemen made their appearance to resume their
work, when three ot them were shot.
Act ? ent.?Two Irishmen, named John Awlor
son am'. Patrick Cash, were injured about 7 o'clock
Thursday morning, by the falling of an immense
bank of earth, mingled with holders, near Narth
Eiiihti) and Second sts. which they were engaged
in excavating. Anderson had his left arm broken
rast befov, the shoulder and was otherwise
hmico.1 anA i'-.-l. ?iismined a severe blow in the
AvOTHEK AcciDEjlT.?A man named Sawyer,
a workman in the blind and sash factory of Isaa?
"tmore on the premises of Lockwood i. Keith,
wss in hired in the riabt hand so badly by a circu
:V'v^''J.e'two' middle lingers had U be
itated bv Dr. Olcott. The fl.-sh on the baud
was terribly lacerated, and a small portion of the
little linger was also cut oil.
The O-vsom Fa milt.?The recent report of the
discover.' of the bodies of this family, whose mel?
ancholy fate last Summer is fresh in the memory
of ail, is of course, iLcorrect. No trace of the. pa?
rents has yet been discovered, but in a quiet spot
of our beautiful Cemetery is a small grave rest
ine upon which is a slab bearing the following in?
scription : '.Mancbe.-ter (N. IL, Dem.
in mzmorv op
ANGELD EUGENE PHILLIP OSSOLI,
who was born in Kieli, Italy, Septfcub'i'r .*>, 13 48. and
Perished by Shipwreck off fire Isiand, wuh butii hu
Parents, Giovanni Angp.lg, and S. Ma act it a? Ful?
ler GiSKLi, on the 18th of July, 18.v,.

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