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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, December 04, 1850, Image 6

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?pport of ?oneraJ-ln-Cblef referred to, and
acooinjmnylng Report of Secretary of War.
Headquarters of the Armv. 1
Washington, Saturday, Nov. ?>,' 1e50. J
BiR: The organization, actual nnrnbcrs on the
veils and distribution of the Army, will be shown
*y the returns from the Adjutant General's office
appended to this report, viz :
1. Organization of the Army of too United
Btatea, as established by law, marked. A.
?. General Return of the Army. B.
3. Position and Distribution of the Troops in the
Po*? Distribution of the Troops in the
^??DU^butionof the Troops in the
^Mi^&^to* IleCruit8 Enli8ted
Adiutant^eneral's Report thereon.
In ay last annual report to the War Depart?
ment, dated November 3, 1649,1 represented the
argent necessity of the increase of the Military
Establishment, created mainly by the large ac?
cession of Territory acquired by the late Treaty of
Peace with Mexico, and the express stipulation,
ob our part, to protect that Republic from the In?
dian tribes within our limits. Congress, by the
act of June 17, 1800, recognized this necessity,
bat the additional force authorized was both in?
adequate in numbers and description. The act
empowered the President, whenever in his opinion
axy exigency required it, to increase to seventy
four the nmnber of privates in companies serving
en the Western frontier and at remote stations, and
to mount such portions of the toot companies so
employed r.s he might deem necessary. The great
extent of our frontiers and the pecaliar character
Of tbe service devolving on the troops, re?der it
indispensable that the Cavalry element should
enter iargelv into the composition of the Army.
Two additional regiments of horse (dragoon or
mounted riflemen) are deemed absolutely neces?
sary. The service is suffering greatly in Texas,
JKew Mexico and on the Pacific, owing to the in?
sufficiency of the force now authorised by law.?
For the want of reeular cavalry, the commanding
General in Texas has been compelled to cali out,
Bt great expense, a considerable bodv of volun?
teer horse. The Commander in New-Mexico has
also made repeated and pressing applications for
cavalry, but not a company could be spared from
ether quarters to reinforce him. No other descrip?
tion of troops will answer for the protection of our
immense lines of emigration and frontier settle?
ments through, and bordering on, Indian tribes.
Mounted infantry, as a substitute, is wholly in?
adequate; and the experiment of employing foot
regiments in this way can only result in disorgan?
izing them, as infantry, and converting them into
extremely different horsemen. Beside, from their
inexperience, aud the temporary character of
their new duties, the wear and tear of horses and
equipments, in the hands of infantry, would be
cnoruious?probably three-fold greater than with
regular cavalry?(dragoons or mounted riflemen'
?thus making this nondescript force the most ex
pensive and the least efficient ever known to our
service.
I beg, therefore, to recommend, for the reasons
fiven in my former report, that three regiments
e added to the establishment, two of light dra
goons or mounted riflemen, and one of infantry ;
that two companies he added to the present forty
eight companies of artillery, and that the fifty be
organized into live regiments of artillery?one
With its field and staff officers, for the Pacific
coast;?and that the President be authorized ac?
cording to the exigencies of the service, to cause
to be extended by regular enlistments, the num?
ber of privates in every company, old and new,
throughout the army, from forty-two, fifty and six?
ty-four, respectively, to any number not exceeding
Beventy-four privates per company.
Another year's experience has confirmed me
in the opinion that it is only by such augmenta?
tions the army can be enabled to preserve our
fortifications alonur the British, the Atlantic, and
Gulf of Mexico frontiers ;?to guard the immense
lines of emigration across the Rocky mountains,
and defend our numerous settlements bordering
on as many ill-affected Indian tribes.
In the same report, Nov. 3,1849?(Executive
Document No. ,r>, pp. !'S?103?) 1 presented the
equitable claims Ot the decayed or worn out sol?
diers?regulars and volunteers?discharged, or
who may be discharged, to an Asylum, and showed^
that one might bo established out of funds already
lodged in the Treasury by the Army, and by other
means, without original or subsequent charge
opon tho country. I again beg leave to commend
this most interesting subject to the attention of
the higher authorities.
A bill providing for a retired lint of disabled aud
Worn out officers, passed the Senate at the last
session, aud will, 1 hope, soon be taken up by the
House and made a law.
The 3d section of tho act of June 17, 1850, de?
signed to encourage enlistments hi the vicinity of
tho remote frontier posts, by giving as a bounty to
each recruit the expense of subsisting and trans?
porting one from the principal depot in the East,
to such post, has proved a failure, and ought to be
repealed. The inducement it presents is not suf?
ficient to accomplish its object. Indeed, the main,
if not the sole reliance, for filling the ranks of the
army is by recruiting in the old Stntes.
The Act making appropriations for the support
of tho Army, approved Sept. 98, lt>.">t), Sec. 1st
doubles the pay proper of enlisted men serving in
Oregon and California. This is a just provision,
and ought to be extended to New-Mexico, where,
it is believed, the expenses of living are nearly as
Srcat as on the Pacific, and the service more ar
uous. The Act limits the payment of this ad?
ditional compensation in March, 1852, bat it will
no doubt be found necessary to prolong the time.
It is also directed that the gratuity be not paid to
the soldier till the end of bis enlistment. This
will certainly serve as a check to desertions, but
it is apprehended it may also prevent reenlist
lnentB. A soldier receiving so largo un amount of
back pay at his discharge, would not be likely to
reenter for n second term. Perhaps both objects
?the prevention of desertions and encouraging
enlistments?-might be secured by retaining till
tho expiration of service one-half instead of the
whole of the additional pay, granted by the Act
referred to, and it is recommended that the law
be modified accordingly.
I have the honor to remain, Sir,
with high respect, vour oh'i servM,
., . winfield scott.
Itm. O. Af. Conrad, Scc'y of li'.ir.
Approttrlntiouu naked for bv tho Secretary
of Wur.
Staikmcnt./ LV Hirer and llirbor. Roads and l.iaht
Home Appropriations, atked for 't.u the Secretary of
nor, und accompanying hit Annual j{eivrt.
Ashtabula, Ohio?Improvement of Harbor 315000
Atlantic Coast?Repairs ami preservation oi the '
Harbor, works, &c. tiooo
Bunalo Harbor?Repair of the sea wall..,"!!" 14000
Blaek River, Ohio?Rentoval of obstructions,lo'ooo
Burlington. Vermont?Breakwater at. 1&000
Big Sodus Buy, New-York?Improvement of..., 10000
Caltiiragus Creek, New \ork?Improvement of.. t\ivo
Ccnueaut Harbor, Ohio? Works at. t\?i 0
Cleveland Harbor, Ohio- Works at.. 20,000
Cbamplaln Lake?Steam Dredge on. ;i,000
Chicago, Illinois?Improvement of Harbor. 15000
Chicago. Illinois?Repairs of Dredge, its. 7,167
Delaware Breakwater- Continuing the same.... 30,000
Dunkirk, Now-fork?Continuing the works at... I">,000
Dubuquo Harbor, Iowa?Improvement of.. 20,000
Erie Harbor, I'il- -Continuing tho works at. 30,000
trie hake?Steam Dredge, ?vc , and Scows. 20,0 0
lirand River, Ohio-1 mproveraent ot. 15,000
lienetvc River. New-York?Removal of obstruc?
tions . 20.000
Huron Harbor. Uke Erie?ReraovitnV obstruc?
tions.,. 6m
Hudson River, New-York?Improvement ol Nav?
igation. v 000
Indian River and Mruwulto Lagoon' Iii 'the Ha';':'
over. Florida. 5 000
Michigan City, Indiana?Improvement'of Harbor 30,000
Milwaukee Harbor, Wisconsin?Works at..
Michigan hake?Steam Dredge, Scows, Jtc. 20000
Oswego. bake Ontario?Works at. 4o'o00
Oak Orchard Creek, New-York. Lake Ontario
Works at. 10,500
Ontario Lake?Steam Dredge, Scows, &c.. 20 000
Ohio River?Improvement between Pittsburgh
and Louisville Vails.
Ohio River, below ihe Falls ut Louisville : und of
the Mississippi and tributaries ; :;nd tho Mis?
souri and Arkunsns Rivers. Jfl (poo
riaitsburgh, New-Y'ort?Break water structure.. 15,000
Port Ontario. Lake Ontario. N. Y'.?Works al.... - 15,000
River Raisin Hurbor. Michigan?Improvement of 11,000
Jtacine, Town of?ConslrucUOQ of Harbor at tho
ruouih of Rool River. 30,000
Raft In Red River, removal of, and Improvement
of Red River. 50.000
Savaunah Harbor?Improvement of, and remov?
ing ihe wrecks. so.ooo
Saudusky?Preservation 0? tho Harbor at. 12,000
St. Joseph, Michigan-^Improvement ol. JO,000
thmthport, Wisconsin?Improvement of. 15,000
Sl Louis Harbor?Removal of obstructions.MkOOQ
V ermillion River? Improvement of navigation ai
Me mouth. 10,0*0
Total.$lrCC32,07t;
r0?d3,
From Point Douglas*, on the Mlssissipl, to the St
houls River ot Lake Superior. S.m' 00
From Point Douglas* to Fori Galnes. 00.000
From Swan River to the. Wtnueuagu Agency, .- I %W
?from \\ abashaw to Menduta. 1 y too
.FffOMO
000
ware Bay._
Total. S33-*02
atcirrTfLATiof..
! imoo-l of Estimates for Rivers and Harbors.. ..Sl,WC.67'r.
1 Amonrtof Estimates for Roads. 70,000
Amount ot .Estimates for Lighl-Uouscs. 33,101
Total.?1,155.778
The Condition and ProaiMM-t* of Liberi?,
The following letter from President Rob?
ert.?, of Liberia, to a gentleman in Phila?
delphia, by whom it has been kindly fur?
nished us for publication, gives a cheering
account of the growth, progress and future
prospects of Liberia :
Government House. Monrovia, Sept Ti, 1850.
Mr Dear 6m: I thank you for your esteemed
favors of the CCth nnd 2Pth June; I assure you
that I fully appreciate all you say with respect to
the energy and enterprise which should charac?
terize the people of Liberia to insure them com?
plete success. I am aware that many of our best
friends in the L'nited States have long entertained
and some still entertain, fears that the great
work in which we arc engaged, after all the won?
derful success which has hitherto attended oar
efforts, and the encouraging prospects now before
us, may possibly, for the want of industry and
energy, and a determination on the part of the
people here to succeed, prove a failar e. I, too
have had fears in this respect.
But I am happy to be able to say that within
the last few years these fears have altogether
subsided. The time was, when the people here
gave too much of their tine and attention to
petty trading with the natives, neglecting al?
most totally the more certain and safe means of
acquiring permanent happiness and independense
?I mean the cultivation of the soil. This, how?
ever, was an evil which has happily cured itself'
and at present an altogether different state of
things prevails. Agriculture everywhere through"
out the Commonwealth is receiving more atten?
tion. Really, there is an air of comfort, content?
ment and happiness among the people settled
along the banks of the river and in the interior
vi'lages that is truly pleasing to witness. Our
prospects were never more flattering ami en?
couraging than they are at present. In addition
to the attention which is now given to agriculture,
it is gratifying to know that the public^are more
than ever concerned about education, and the
means of securing it to their children, and this
feeling is rapidly extending itself among our abo?
riginal inhabitants. They tire daily sending in
their children "to be taught book and learn Mer
ico man fash and Gcd paflaver." All this is ex?
ceedingly gratifying. Liberia is certainly going
ahead, and if a good Providence will continue to
guide and direct us, we may reasonably hope that
Liberia will attain what you look forward to?a
powerful Republican Government that will in all
that constitutes true glory, rival the United States
of America?and that both nations, either acting
together or in ft generous rivalry of good works,
may be the means of civilizing and chrfstianizinrr
tho world, especially benighted Africa.
1 rejoice to notice that Colonization is rapidly
gaining favor in the United States, and that Liberia
is more and more attracting attention. I have,
indeed, been interested in perusing the papers
you were good enough to send me. In " The Neu'.
York Tribune' I notice several articles on the
subject of Colonization]that please me very much.
1 am pleased totind that Judse Bryan's "scheme
to establish , a line of steamships between the
United States and Liberia finds favor at Wash?
ington ; and that the Committee on Naval Affairs,
of the House of Representatives, have agreed to
report in favor of it. Such a line of steamships
will unquestionably give a new and mighty im?
pulse to colonization, and will greatly increase
the commercial interests of both countries.
The Liberia educational movement in Massa?
chusetts I consider equally, if not more, import?
ant. 1 assure you, Sir, 1 am truly delighted at the
prospect of having permanently established in
Liberia the means of Education. This subject,
more than any other, has given me deep concern
for manv years. I have looked forward to the
time, which will surely come, when, annually,
thousands from the United States will be thrown
into Liberia, without education or much experi?
ence in matters of government ; and such a mass
of ignorance tlowing in upon us, without a suffi?
cient restraining power?which power can only
be created by the education of tho youth of
Liberia?would most assuredly endanger the
Government, and tho perpetuity of our institu?
tions. Education is our safety valve, and must
keep pace with immigration. I thank you very
much for the pictures you were so kind as to send
me. The engraving of both is remarkably fine.?
That of Wasliington is a good likeness : his por
trait, however, can never be mistaken. The
" Trial of Eilio Deans" is an interesting picture.
Some British oflicers called to see me a day or
two ago, and admired it very much ; one, who
had never been in the United States, thought it
too rich for American. I am happy to inform you
they arrived in good order, as did also the two
von sent by the last packet. You have but little
idea of the amusement the pictures sometimes
afford me. Natives come from a considerable
distance to seo them, and frequently we cannot
got them to approach within six or eight steps of
them on the first, or sometimes second, visit. It
is difficult te make some of them believe that the
ligures are not actually flesh aud blood, or, at any
rate, superhuman beings.
I have also to thank you for remembering me in
the way of books and newspapers. Von are
bringing me largely indebted to you, without any
means at command to repay it. 1 was aware that
Mr. Tcago had a copy of the " Federalist." 1
however mentioned to him your wish that he
would accept the copy you sent, ami the volume
of "Arnold's Sermons." He accoptod the hitter,
and resigned the "Federalist" tome, as I was
without a copy. The other books 1 have not dis?
tributed, but shall do so soon. 1 think of present?
ing, in your name, to the "Ladies' Literary In?
stitute'' all but one or two of them, which 1 shall
read, and then hand them over, in like manner, to
cither the " Liberia" or " Young Men's Lyceum."
Books are much more prized and sought niter now
than in former times, and will be taken care of.
Yours, very respectfully, J. j. ROBERTS.
Slave Trade on tho African Const.
Tho Philadelphia North American has a letter
from a correspondent on board the U. S. ship John
Adams at Hampton Roads, from which we take
the following items:
The Cape Verde Islands were visited with a
hurricane in September, which caused great de?
struction of property. In San Antonio alone m re
than ?10 houses are stated to have been destroyed
by the wind and rain combined. Several Ameri
, can vessels were either wrecked or damaged at
j Boa Vista and Sal. The English ship Sir Robert
! Peel was entirely lost, and the crew were saved
I by taking to their boats, when distant more than
1?? miles from St. Antonio.
Tho squadron on the coast of Africa is acti\ alv
engaged in performing the duties'for which it is
kept out there. The Qag-sliip Portsmouth with
Commodore Gregory ou board, was at Porto Pr iv a
when we left. The brigs Perry and Porpoise are
both down the coast, ami the former has been
quite successful, Officers and men enjoyed ex-*
cellent health.. *J ?
The slave trade, I regret to say, is Hourishing
as briskly as ever. American ships and the Ame?
rican flag are still extensively used for the prose?
cution of this iniquitous traffic. This species of
abuse has exposed our legitimate trade to many
interruptions and much embarrassment from the
British cruisers, which, practically, exercise the
'right of search as freely upon our vessels as
? upon their own. To such an extent is their inter
I ference with the dignity ami integrityof our;flas
! carried, that the stars and stripes may be said to
j afford no protection to American commerce in
I those seas. American vessels engaged in the
j honest pursuit of a lawful traffic are chased, i.rvd
I into, visited, searched, aud captured, ail under
j the most specious and abominable pretexts.
Proof on those and many other points which
1 have not time to allude to now, is brought by
the John Adams for tho information of the hono?
rable the Secretary of theJNavy, ami will, I trust,
ho communicated by tho President to Congress
and the nation. v^'WOt the Press, ever sjftfl 'Q
the honor and interests of the country, ronse itself
to brinp the matter, by a concerted action, before
the notice of Congress, and induce that august
body to take steps for the vindication of a prin?
ciple every American should hold deai?
Cfnens Return*.
(Carefully Collected and Arranged for Tbe Tribune.)
Cortland Co
Cayufra Co..
En-1 Co...
Hamilton Co
Lewis Co. ...
Madiion Co..
Ningara Co. .
Oneida Co...
Orleans Co
NEW-YORK.
JN50. 1S45. 1840.
Co . -N.Y. 40.313
.N.Y. 15,058
.. N.Y. 55,418
..N.Y. 31.203
..NY. 2,lf8
..N.Y. 242570
...N.Y. 43.081
...N.Y. 42.321
...N.Y. 90,543
..N.Y. 28.464
?rbececta/ly Co.N.Y. 20.057
Yale." Co. ..? N.Y. 8.429
35.102
25,843
16,630
24,607
40,032
31,122
85,310
7.171
Broome Co. N. Y.by Towns?Complete.
Baker. M?
Chenango. 8.748
Conklin. 2.232
Colesvffle. s.oot
Lisle. l.?86
Nanticoke. 1570
Saniord. 2.fi45
Trler.t
Unl
1.728
Maine. Irff3
Vesta! ,
Windsor .
2.0.?
:23C8
1,379
6,602 -
1,869 -,
2,829 -
1,657 -.
479 -
1,618 -
1,743 -
1.017^ .
2.408 _
Total Broome Co.. 30,880 25.126 -
Cbantauque Co. H. Y. by Towns?in pan.
Busti. 1.993 1-923 -
Clymer. 1,128 979 -
Carroll. 1.847 1,725 -
KlliCOtt. 3.696 3,176 -
Kreuel) Creek. 730 614 -
Harmony. 3,759 3,431 -
Poland. 1,276 1,015 -
Sherman. 1,292 1,131 -
Total. 15,721 14,021 -
Franklin Co. N. Y'. by Towns?Complete
Bangor. 2,160
Bellmont. 662
Bombay. 1,563
Brandon. 592
Burke. 2,477
Chateaugav. 3,723
Constable. 1,450
Dickinson. 1,119
Duane. 222
Fort Covington. 2.642
Franklin. 724
Harriets town
Mm ? ?.
Moira.
Weslvilie....
Total Franklin Co..25,110
Addison,Sieuben N.Y. 3,723
Cameron, ?? N.Y.
Greenwood. N.Y.
Jasper, ?? N.Y
Thurston, ?? N.Y'. 726 575 - Inc
Troupsburgh" N.Y. 1,656 1,498 - inc
West Union,*- N.Y. S50 530 - Inc
Woodbuil, ?? N.Y. 1,769 1,122 - inc
Argvle.N.Y. 3.274 3,241 - Inc.
Avoii.N.Y. 2/(6 2..|6<) - inc.
Depeyster,.N.Y'. 906 1438 - Dec
Ea6lhampton,...H.Y. 2,125 - 2,076 Inc
Fort Ann.NY. 3.383 3.330 - Inc.
Fort Edward,.. .N.Y'. 2.328 1,71.1 - Inc.
Geneseo.N.Y. 2,965 2,613 - Inc.
Greenwich,.. . N.Y'. 3,8(0 3.881 - Dec
Hammond.N.Y. l.Riy 1,911 - Dec
Morriruown,..,. N.Y. 2,2>A 2,328 - Dec
Macomb,.N.Y. 1,198 1,113 - lie.
Stockholm, .... N.Y. 3,669 3.293 - Inc.
Salem.NY. 2,9"4 2,.5?8 - Inc.
Shelter Island,..N.Y. S86 - 379 Inc.
Vienna,.N.Y*. 3,456 2,867 - Inc.
I' ENNSYLVANIA.
Juniata Co.Tu. 12.973 - 11,085 Inc.
Monroe Co.Pa. 13.2C6 - 9,879 Inc.
Pike Co.Pa. 5.F76 - 3.S32 Inc.
Wayne Co.Pa. 21,911 - 11,84? Inc.
Alien Co.Ohio. 12,103 -? 9,079 Inc.
Augiaize (new) Ohio. 11.414 - - -
Adams Co.Ohio. 18.9)3 - 12.775 lac.
Brown Co.Ohio. 27,350 - 22.715 Inc.
Clark Co.Ohio. 22,136 - 16,882 Inc.
Clinton Co ....Ohio. 18.977 - 15.719 Inc.
Carroll Co.Ohio. 17.686 - 18.!"3 Dec.
Defiance (new) Ohio. 6,985
Fayette Co .... Ohio. 12,728
Ftuton (new)...Ohio. 7,780 - - -
Geauga Co....Ohio. 17,757 - 16,297 Inc.
HighIaiidCo...Ohio. 25,725 - 22,269 Inc,
Hardin Co.Ohio. 8,251 - 4,593 Inc.
Holmes Co.Ohio. 20,381 - 18,083 Inc.
Juckson Co....Ohio. 12.12.5 - 9,744 Inc.
Lake Co.Ohio. 14,646 - 13.717 inc.
Medina Co.Ohio. 24,457 - 19,353 Inc. 5.104
Mercer Co.Ohio. 7,712 - 8,277 Dec 5t 5
Morgan Co_Ohio. 28,326 - 20,852 Ice. 8,474
Morrow (new) Ohio. 20.280 - - - -
Paulding Co...Ohio. 1,766 - 1,034 Inc. 732
Sandusky Co...Ohio. 14,600 - 10.182 inc. 4.318
I nion Co.Ohio. 12,205 - 8,422 Inc. 3,783
Van Wen Co..Ohio. 4,794 - 1,577 Inc 3,217
Vinton (new)..Ohii
4.635
5,254
3,258
422
10,934 Inc. 1,744
1.461
3,456
3,6?
2,133
3.081
929
Wayne C<
Wood Co
Washing!
..Old
?Obi
33,1.;
124
fiiishCo.Ind. 16,445
lippecanoe Co. .Ind. 19,558
MIC1
Cess Co.Mich. 10,919
Eaton Co..Mich. 7,0.58
ingl.am Co. ..Mich. 8,604
WISCi
Brown Co.Wig. 9,153
Columbia Co. ..Wis. 9,559
Kenosha Co. .. Wis. 10,778
I.a Pointe Co... Wis. 496
La Fayette Co.. Wis. 11.605
Milwaukee Co. Wis. 81.071
Marquette Co... W is. 8,658
Hock Co.Wis. 20,879
Sunk Co."'is. 4,390
NEW-J
- 2.433
E.7; St*
367*
9,335*
ERSEY
Pa*?aic Co, .
Salem Co,..
Warren Co.
Allegheny Co
Cecil Co'.Md
Frederick Co.. .Md
Washington Co. Md.
.N.J. 22.576
N.J. 19,501 -
.N.J. 22,161 -
MARY LAND.
..Md. 25,000 -
13.P41 -
l!e.71t> -
VIRGINIA.
Botetourt Co...
Berkly Co.V?, 11,773
Greenville Co.... Va, 5,646
Hardy Co.Va. 9,546
Lewis Co.......Vs. 10,028
London Co.Va. 21,550
Lynchburg.Va. 8,071
Nottoway Co,.,,Va. 15,St9
16,784
16,091
20,366
6. !"1
8,151
Camden Co.N.c. 6,049
Cadciet Co ....N.C. 7.001
Duplin Co.N.C. 13,482
Dsvie Co.NC. 7,950
Franklin Cov ..N.C. 11,713
Guiifoiit Co_N.C. 19,731
Heilford Co....N.C. S.312
Halifax Co.N.C. 16,597
Henderson Co. N.C. 7.105
MontgomeryCo.N.C. 6,s83
Ptisi.iiatauk" Co.N C. 9,033
Richmond Co. .N.C. 10,012
Staulv Co.N C 6 68 >
Tvrrell Co.N.C 5J28
Wake Co.N.c 26)468
Wayne Co.N C. 13.487
Clarke Co...
Coosa Co.
Chambers C(
Mad.sou Co.
Marengo Co..
Pickens Co...
NORTH-CAROLINA.
.Ala 25,971
,-AIa. 27.7
..Ala. 17292
Inc. 2,912
Inc. 2.435
Inc. 0,106
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc.
Inc
0,7b9
129
2,270
8.280
6,377
6,157
2,212
Inc. 9.310
Inc. 1.809
Inc. 4.900
Itc 1,954
Inc.
Inc.
Dec.
Inc.
Inl?
ine.
Inc
Inc.
717
1,924
1,877
1,119
1.676
5,530
3S?
410
2.30"
376
733
885
2S6
526
1,500
1.274
519
1.103
12512
471
.5,350
2.596
1J>*0
62507
270
Wal
Boom
R. hi
351
,767
s.avt
men
thel
and
Arkansas ..
Ashley.
Carroll_
Bradley.
Bentori.
Chicot.
Clark.
Conway.
Crawlbrd...
Crittenden.,
Dallas.,
Desha.
l>r<w.
ira:..,:;::....
Kutten.
(Ire.:,..
Rempatead .
Mel >;?:::.k- .
I: dependent
Uard.
Jackson_
,??,.,,,55 Ma'g"?5.laag
,V '?'.-r?-J *?.M|\an Bureu... 71 2,063
J?aMon. ,(o 0,1.551 Washington.. 1,090 9)587
i-airayene...3,U3 4.SJ7 White. 2S3 ?484
Laurence... X>: 4.172 Yell. 2? 2.716
Madison. Hfi 4,js!-| _
?oul"?;.45.242 198)796
ine white population of the State numbers
158,91?, of whom 59,817 are males, and 70,701 fa
males. Of the males, SfJ,612 are under 10 years
of sge , 10,413 are over 10 and under if, 4,7'3 are
over IS and under 21 j 25,6*2S aro over 21 and un?
der 45, and t7,S*21 are over 45 years of age. Of the
females, 38,901 are under 16 and 32,508 arc ovct
lb years of ago. There aro 15,949 slaves in the
i?*a,,t5' wt w''om 13,887 are under S years of age;
The population of Arkansas in 1P45 was 143,000.
in 1^40, 97,574, of whom 19,935 were slaves; in
lr'30, 30,3(-^, of whom 4,576 were slaves; in 1820,
14.073, of whom 1,817 were slaves.
The amonctof land ander cultivation is returned
at 570,123 acres, of which 139,229 are devoted to
the growing of cotton and 430,594 to grain. The
produce of the State for the past year is returned
as follows: Bales of Cotton, C6,942; bushels of
Cora, P.27*,731; bushels of Oats, 1,229,831; bush?
els of Wheat, 289,536.
KENTUCKY. .
We have nothing by which to compare the fol
owing figures:
f??liu. Free. Sii?e?. Tout I Cnmlitl. Free. Sri???. Total
ASra.7.4? 1.318 8,747 Lewa. S.S79 ?14 7,803
CuirUerlud. I.SSO 1,486 7.006 Mercer.10,sio 3.3S4 14,091
Cuey. ?..?? 661 Mmpii. 7,436 187 7,6-W
Fuller. 3,607 913 4,480 Manon.8.675 3,065 11.7W
G?rnrd .... 7,069 1.1<*i 10,2651 Monroe.. 6.9M 831 7,754
Greece. 6,453 J.618 9.C70 Ohio.8,633 1,189 *,7*?
G.-eeanp ... 8,618 696 9.384 Own.8,948 1,514 10,45?
Gray?on..... 9,817 380 ?,?37 Spencer.4,691 8,149 6.S40
H?ni?on.... 9,878 3,1? 13,063 Shelby.10.47S 6,617 17.096
Hickrcan.... .1^0 841 4.791 Unicori. ?,780 8,809 8,9iS
Kenten.16^5 830 I7.06M -
ALABAMA.
We have no means of comparing the following
Counties:
Dallas Co.27.939 Macon Co.,,,, ,25,8S7
PerrvCo.24,053 Plckens Co.21,006
Total.151.JI9 37.371 198,683
There are 101 Counties in the State, and returns
from 53 Counties show a population of 518,461,
MINNESOTA TERRITORY.
The population of Minnesota on the 1st of June
last was 6.193, by the U. 8. Census. It is supposed
to be over 10,000 at present. The following is the
enumeration by Counties:
Ramicy.2.227.Mahkato. 521
wabasha. 243 iPembtna.1,135
u ashlngton and Itasca. 1.263, Dakota. 5&S
Becton. 4181 _
Total.#3,193
?f he population of Georgia, it is believed, from |
partial returns, will exceed 1,000,000?about
000,000 whites and 400,000 blacks.
Maine is supposed to have a population of
012,000, being an increase of about 22 per cent.
POFCLATION OF CITIES AND TOWNS.
LS50. IS45. JstO.
Boston.Mass.lja.783 114,366 93,383 Inc. 45.405
New buryport. .Mass. 9.534 - 7,112 Inc. 2,410
New-Bt"uibrd..Mass. 16.464 - 12,087 Inc. 4 377
Buffalo.N.Y. 42,2G6 29,773 18.213 Inc. 24,053
Oswegatckie, ..N.T. 7.769 6,414 - Inc. 1,355
Potsdam.N.Y. 5,353 4,856 - Inc. 497
Southampton. ..NT. 6.5".") - 6,205 Inc. 300
Whitehall.N.Y. 4,724 3,951 - Inc. 770
Newburgb.N.Y. 7,6.3 - 4,840 Inc. 2.783
Newark.N. .1.58.885 - 28.290 Inc. 10,595
Baltimore.Md.169,125 about 100,000 Inc. 69.125
Annapolis..Md. 4,198 - 2.792 Inc. L406
Richmond.Va. 30,280 - 2i>,153 Inc. 10,127
PortHiicmth.Va. 8,456 - 6,477 Inc. 1,979
Alexandria.Va. 8.70O - 9,967 Inc. 1,267
Milwaukee ....Wis. 20,026 9,508 1.700 Inc. 18,326
Chicago.111. 28,269 12,088 4,179 Inc. 23,730
Newport.K. I. 9.343 - 8.333 Inc. 1,015
Cleveland.Ohio. 17.6<?0 10,135? 6,c71 inc. 11,529
Columbus.Ohio. 17,656 10,610* 6.018 Inc. 11,608
Cincinnati.Ohio 116,103 - 46,332 Inc. 69,728
Washington ...D. C. 43.266 - 18,213 Inc. 25,053
Georgetown...D.C. 7,900 - 7,312 Inc. 588
Indianapolis ....Ind. r,034 - 2.692 Inc. 5,512
j Yurk.Pa. 6.l>76 - 6,776 Inc. 100
I Lancaster.Ps. 12,582 - 8,417 Inc. 3,965
Harrisi'iirg.Pa. 8,000 - 5.930 Inc. 2,070
Ch8mber?r'urg,..l'a. 4.272 - 8.239 Inc. 933
Columbia.Pa. 4,310 - 2,719 lue. 1,621
Carlisle.Pa. 4.579 - 4.351 Inc. 228
Erie,.Pa. 5,850 - 3,412 Inc. 2.138
Norri?town.Pa. 6.13" - 2.937 Inc. 3,693
PottsviDe.Pa. 7.41-6 - 4.337 Inc. 3.159
Allentown.Pa. 3.7S0 - 2,489 Inc. 1.291
Reaui?ir.Pa, 15,821 - 8,410 Inc 7,411
Bridgeport ....Conn. 7,558 - 4.570 Inc. 2..1S3
New-London.Ct. 9,006 - 5,519 Inc. 3.487
New-Haven.Ct; 22.539 - 14,390 Inc. 8.149
Danburv.Ct. 5,962 - 4,504 Inc. 1,458
Lilchfieid.Ct. 3,957 - 4.038 Dec. 81
Seybrook,.Ct. 3.841' - 3.417 Inc. 423
Hartford.Ct. 17.851 - 12,795 Inc. 5,058
Detroit.Mich. 21,057 13,508 - Inc. 7,549
Covinptor..Ky. 9.667 6.388 5,086 Inc. 7,651
Newport.Ky. 6,026 1,710 1,016 Inc. 3,'UO
MaysvUJe.Kv. 4,255 - 2,755 Inc. 1.500
St. Louis...Mo.about 80.000 - 16,169 Inc. 63,531
' Pupuiation la 1846.
For the following Cities aiid Towns we have no
comparisons at hand:
Lowell.Mass.32,964 Williamatmrch ..N. Y.sn.ooo
Wilmington.Del. 13.931 iSvracuse... .7....N. Y.22,235
Marietta.Ohio. 6,253
Zanesville.Ohio. 10.355
Chlllicothe.Ohio.7l,ron
Ta;. rson.N. J. 11.329
L tica.N. Y. 17.240
O?weto.N. Y. 12.199
Pougiikeepsie ...N. Y. 11,080
I.ockport.N. Y. 12.312
Cun.ilcn.N.J. 9.585jAuburn.N.Y. 9,518
Burlineton.N.J. 4,536'Scheiiectadv.N.Y. ?,922
Trtnlon .N. J.10.766|Newburgh "..N.Y. 7,623
New-Brunswick..N.J. 7.893 Plattaburg.N.Y. 5.590
Louisville....Ky nlu.nt .VU'W Elmira.N.Y. .5.019
rrw? nmite.Ind. 4,051 {Portland .Me.26,819
Ma.ii?..li.Ind. 8.037.Auauila.II?. i.Sl
New-Albany.Ind. 9,785 BmigMr.Me.14.441
Rochester..N. Y.36,6001Bath.Me. 8,002
.Arctic Region!*.
The following is an extract of a letter
from Mr. Snow, second in command of
Latly Franklin's exploring vessel, the
Prince Albert:
8 Clifton Terrace, West Brompion. /
Lo.vno.v, Monday, Nov. 11,1350. 5
DiarSiR: I have received your kind letter,
and bt g to return a few lines in reply. With regard
to your having no communication from Lieut. De
Haven, it is as I suspect, owing to his not being
aware of our returning to England this year. Wo
did not tell them we were about to return, as I be?
lieve our commander was uncertain then whether
to do so or not?and the only reason why they
gave us letters was the probability of our falling
in with whalers who could convey them home. At
least this is what I suppose to be the case.?
When I boarded the Advance at Cape ttiley,
Capt. l)e Haven and all his officers were exceed?
ingly busy, and I had no time to lose. Had they
been aware, or had I been sure of our return?
ing, I should have asked for letters home.?
However, of this rest assured, that a ve3sel
more qualified, in my humble opinion, to do
the service she is engaged upon than the Ad?
vance could not be found, nor a tiner set of offi?
ccrs. Of Capt. De Haven I feel confident Mrs.
De Huven may be well proud?ho was precisely
one after my own heart, the very lout ensemble of
a bold, gallant and chivalrous seaman, as well as
n gentlemanly oflicer, and as such I could not help
speaking of him in my Journal now printing, and
to be published in the course of a fortnight. It will
contain a few plates and has otherwise been care,
fully attended to. I shall feel great pleasure in
letting you know of anything connected with Arc?
tic ailai'rs that comes within my own knowledge, |
and 1 shall assuredly inform you in time, when, as
I hope and believe, I go out early next year. I j
hope that yon, Mrs. De Haven, or any one having .
a connection with those brave and noble spirits |
who are now battling their way in the Arctic Seas j
wiil not hesitate in communicating with and get- j
ting from me any information I may possess that i
is wanted. My heart is so deeply seated ia this af
fair that every "thing connected with it has a pecu- (
liar interest t? me. All and every vessel, whether j
English or American, American or English, has j
the same earnest wishes on my pan for its sue
cess as I should have for my own self. That your
two vessels will be successful in accomplishing 1
the N. West passage as well as getting traces ot |
the fate of Sir John Franklin, I have hardly once
had a doubt. I have long known and admired tho j
fearless energy and dauntless enterprising char
acter of the Americans, and have always openly
expressed it I assure yon, Sir, it has, and always .
wiil have, my highest respect and esteem?more
especially since f have seen the bvM ana a.irt.,
manner "in which the Advance was handled by j
her gallant Captain and officers. As tor her tie
ins aground as I have before said, I do not think
it was a matter of any moment. I believe she
lust touched and was bounding oil when I left
her It would probably have never been men?
tioned by me had it not appeared in my Captain's
The ?iiinlllebuin ' Crt*i?.
The Columbia (S- C.) Telegraph closes
an article announcing the assembling oi the
South Carolina Legislature in that place in
the following characteristic terms:
"Seldom have we seen as much solemnity and
deep sense of awful responsibility resting oil any
asembly, as are manifested in the circumstances
surrounding our present Legislature. The Legis?
lative Halls are draped 111 the sable emblems of
mourning, and the very wails tell the stranger
Carolina weeps for her Calhoun. This, however,
is not all. Carolina, weeps for her sister States
and forherself. gloom and doubt, arid uncertainty,
lower over the future iu same points of view aud
while we think of Calhoun, or behold the monly
form oj Cl.ev<s. his e\ temporary, yet spared us,
wo asdt what wiil he the destiny of the Sate
whose history is blazoned by stich names ? This
who are bow ?>??. ?.">???.) to deliberate in oar rap1'
tol, and we rejoice m tbe evidence afforded us,
that its importance and solemnity is not otdy un?
derstood but felt.''
Thing* In Albany-Marder TrtrU-Prlntsra'
l'n!on, -Ste.
Correepondenee of Tbe Tribune.
Albany, Sunday, Dec. 1.1830.
In this city, fur the post week, the citizens have
been much interested in the trial of the young
man named Kcubcn Dunbar, charged with the
murder of two children, of the age of six and eight
years, in the town of Westerlo, in the month of
September last. The crime is one of the most
atrocious in the criminal annals of the State, and
certainly in horror exceeds that butchery of Dr.
Farkmnu of Boston. That a young man of about
CO years of age, in the broad day, with the swingle
of a flail, should knock a child of sis years old on
the head, and conceal tbe body by throwing stones
on its breast heavy enough to break in its ribs:
then strangle the elder one and hang him when
dead among the branches of a hemlock tree, and
with the intention of creating the opinion that the
elder one had first killed his brother and then
hung himself out of fear of discovery, is one of
the most horrible charges that a civilized com?
munity was ever called upon to investigate. That
this was done out of mercenary motives, after cool
deliberation, for the chance of becoming the heir
of the uncle of the murdered children, is tbe
charge acainst the prisoner. The ablest criminal
counsel in the city is employed in the case. H. G.
"Wheaton conducting tlie defense and the District
Attorney, S. H. Hammond assisted by Rufus
I'eckban the prosecution.
The Hon. J. L. Schoolcraft left for Washington
on Friday evening, under very Mattering circum?
stances, very nneariy three hundred of the Young
Whigs of the city, with a band of music, being at
the wharf, when he went on board the boat to
give him a parting salute, and which they did very
heartily. Speakine of Schoolcraft, suggests a toast
which was given at the dinner of the Schoolcraft
Light Horse on Monday last: The toast was,
"The ' Xntionals'?The withered and wilted fallen
leaves of the Whig part." Not a bad illustration
of the position of the Syracuse seceders.
At their meeting on Saturday evening the Prin?
ters' Union appointed three delegates to the Prin?
ters' Convention to be held in New-York: their
j names are G. K. Minne, John S. Mnfew and Thos.
D.'.Mnlsh. The object of the Convention is not
very generally known ; but if it aids in bringing
the Craftsmen more into connection and inter?
course with one another, and thereby rendering
more efficient their efforts to protect their own
interests ami promote the claims id' tiie working
men to a fair enumeration for their labor, it is
hoped they will succeed. This Convention, how?
ever, it is "thought, ought to confine themselves to
a preliminary organization for future combined
efforts, when the printers of the whole union
would be prepared to join in supporting such well
considered measures as it would be found easy to
carry into practice.
It is impossible to calculate the importance of
the results of such an organization if it should bo
adopted by the various crafts throughout the
Unicn. The relation between men of the same
trade in the several states would be much more
intimate: the prices for all kinds of work would
be equalized, tor then intercourse by means of the
telecraph and railroads would be such that the
surplus labor of our locality could be quickly fur?
nished to tlie places where'the demand was great?
er than the'supply. Beside, with the intelligent
working classes thus organized and in communion
by the ties of annual or biennial contentions, it
would be vain for ambitious demagogues to cry
out periodically disunion or secession; it would
be a quiet stroke at slavery that would defy all
outcry under the title ol " abolition ; " and while
doing" this the {various interests of the several
states would be cemented together by bonds
stronger than the compromises of the Constitution,
and by the benefits accruing from obeying the
"highestof nil laws.'' Demos.
Slander Heuteic?Mr. IT. Rilev, who is a
candidate for some small post in the South Caro?
lina Legislature, has feit called upon to 'define
his position ' by a Card in the Columbia Tele
graph. It opens as follows :
A Ca un? The undersigned has understood
that a report has been circulated from high quar?
ters, and manifestly for the purpose of prejudicing
him, that he is a Northern man by birth, and
thereby raising the implication that he is so in
sentiment. The statement is entirely untrue. He
was born of Irish parents in Maryland, and served
hi.-= apprenticeship as a printer in Delaware. He
married in South Carolina, and is the father of a
large family, born in this State, where he has re?
sided for the last M years ; during which period
he has never been beyond the limits of South
Carolina but once, and then only to. Augusta, Ga.
as a delegate to the Baptist Convention, called
especially for the purpose of seceding from their
Northern connection, which was accordingly done.
The undersigned confidently asserts that no one,
not even those who would seek to defeat him in
tlie humble office he seeks, by raising an unfound?
ed prejudice against him, has been more uniform
in fidelity to South Carolina in her hours of trial
than himself.
Popular JLectnrcs.
Cassius M. Clav lately lectured in Cincinnati
on 1 The Theory of Morals.'
Henry ,1. Raymond of our City has been
lecturing acceptably in Rochester and Buifalo on
' Literature.'
Edwin P. Whittle of Boston has been lec?
turing acceptably in Albany, Troy, \c , on ' The
American Mind.'
Park Benjamin has been and is fulfiilling a
Series of engagements as a Lecturer in several
of the principal towns of New-England.
Ralph Waldo Emerson is also lecturing
there with his accustomed originality and rare
elocution.
HENity Giles is lecturing at the West.
? Lectures that are Lectures were never in re
lullv attended than this winter.
El uah Alexander, aged 90 years, de?
parted this life at the residence of his son-in law,
James Osborn, Esq. in the town of Coraersnhe,
Tenn. on the 11th Nov. 1850. He was born unl
raised in Mecklenburg, If. C. At the age ot Ifi or
17 years he entered the Revolutionary Army as
a volunteer, and served for several months, endur
inc many of the trials and toils incident to " too
times that tried men's souls.' He was a living
witness, until his death, oi the authenticity of the
Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, audit
was his glory and boast, that although he was but
a mere boy when it was made, it was signed by
six Alexanders, all ot whom were his kindred, and
true to its sacred p.ei.ges. The author ot this
sketch has often heard him say that he knew per?
sonally every signer of the Mecklenburg Declara?
tion, n'nd that said Declaration was written by Al?
exander Brevard. Although he had never seen a
copy of the Declaration or the names of its signers,
he could name each individual who was promi?
nently connected with that celebrated document,
whose authenticity was doubted by Jefferson and
Adams, but which has been recently established
by the files of official documents, in London by
Mr. Bancroft. It was from this document Mr. Je!
fersoneopied the thrilling words "for the maintain
ance of ?kich'Independence) tee mutually pledge
our Itres. our fortunes and o\tr sacred honors."
He was a good scholar, and while yet a youth
attached himself to the good oid Presbyterian
Church at a time, when a patriot and Presbterian
a Rebei and a Whig, were synonimous terms.
During his whole life, reaching nearly a century,
he was a man of rerrular habits, in ail tilings. Not
long before his death he said to a friend who met
him in the street and inquired for his health, that
?? he was wonderful well?I never was sick in my
life?I neverhad a headache?never missed a meal
on account of sickness, and never took a dose of
medicine." He was just to all men. He follow?
ed the golden rule, and sought to do uuto others,
as he w:ould that others should do unto him. He
was never known to violate private or public du?
ty. He considered it as much his duty to go to
the polls and vote, as he did the duty ot observing
the babbath and attending the Church. He voted
.:. i-v, ry 1' ? s. :? ..;:a, <: ? ? :.- ? :-: v...jir.g i ?*
Gen. Washington, and last for Gen. Taylor- He
was probably tlie only man in Giles County who
had voted in even- election since our glorious
Union was established.
He married Sarah Garrison in-, ITei, wr.o
LAW i'OURTS. >
Sctkime Co?rt.-Thd QmmS^ **l
yesterday before CbJei Justice E,W
in Eleventh, it u i ?*?crof somehosZ
?. ?65 50 for Urne tarnished in ba?din* ,7?
bouse, h ,s iverred that the lime.'to tR M
! of 130 load., wasserved byorderofj?SS
the contractor, but the latter not makS
? payments, plaintitls refusedtode^si^S^S
when Dr. flogan told them to ?, I!
, he would nay for w],, ?had alroadv V'** 3
and that L?l
, more, making the amount U claimed ThecS
| was tried some time aso and a verdict ?wS
? plaintiff but set aside by the Wa Verm ^
new trial ordered, on the no'nt rV, t.u ,tti
been shewn that plauUift c? S ilw hC*d **
I tractor liable. Tife Jurya^
; piamtifl in amount and interest w
U. S. CIRCUIT Court -The suit for aliped in?
fringement of patent for making brick is still|J
Circuit Court.?Before Judire Willard.-S^
n?t (mm vs. Columbian Insurance Company,(
Philadelphia.?VlnintiW claims to have obtai^
insurance from the company in 1848, through th*
agent in this city, Mr. B t. Whitney, to theansonji
ot 82,000, on the machinery and stock of tin
Empire Mill, iu Brooklon, which was subse?ni?jt.
ly destroyed by lire. The mill was situated" ij
Furman-street, near Todd'a storage warehouse
and was occupied lor the manufacture of eotljB.
twine.
The principal points of defense are that tin
terms of the policy (being a part of the printed pc?.
tion .i require that where insurance is effected!!
another office on the same property, that notice
shall be given to the company, the amount of sail
! other policy or pollen s indorsed on the poh'cyof
this, and the loss to be apportioned pro ratal*).
tWeen them : thai in this case ?2,000 were alio
insured in the insurance Company of the Statoot
Pennsylvania, ot winch no notice was given, aod
that the endorsement of said amount was made
subsequently, by plaintiff which was not valued;
also that Mr. Whittle;, was not authorized to take
special risks without lirst notifying the company,
which was not done. Motion for nonsuit was
made. In respect to the punts it was shown tha;
Mr. Whitney was also agent for tho other cost,
pany, and gave that policy live days before this.
This fact the Court considered to be sufficient &>?
tice, as Mr. Whitney being the one to notify of
course was aware of it- Placing the indorsement
subsequently, on the policy, was a very foolish
thine, but does not vitiate the policy, as the notice
was the condition. It was stated by a witness
that Mr. Whitney appeared to hare full powori
from the company, having policies signed inbla?
and tilling them up, and d >:ng so at times on es&a
hazardous risks. Verdict for plaintiff in amount
and interest. The question whether the cause of
action was sufficiently s.-t out in the .n plaint
(which the Court thinks it was.i to be argued tail
forenoon.
Thomas vs. Roberts.?Action on a Note, already
referred to. Verdict for defendant.
Marine Court,?In the suit in this Court to r*
cover for services performed for the N. A. Timba
Preserving Co. the Court gave judgment fa
plaintitl's of s10o. _
Court of Common Pleas,?The Trial Term ii
announced for Monday next.
Court of Cejerai. Sessions.?Monday,*
Before the Recorder and Aid. Franklin and
Conckhn.?The December term of this Cosrt
commenced this day with tho following cnlcndv,
viz: Murder, I; Robbery, 1 ; Burglary, 7; Per?
jury, Ij Grand Larceny,20; Illegal Voting, 1;
Soliciting Emigrants without License, 1; Total,
33. Indicted, 27 ; witness, 1; abandonment, 1;
Total, 62. The following persons were sworn is
as Grand Jurors; Wm. Connelly, (Foreman,)
John Altired, Sam'l. 0, Baker, Benjamin If
Clark, Andrew ClRrk, Win. Duraont, Sidney
Ketchum, Bernard McGuire, Chas. M. Manner*-,
Henry O'Keefe, Sam'l. ftaynor, Chas. Sandfon,
Joshua Underbill, Ed. Windust, John Whitt*
more. John D. Welch.
Jurors fneJ.?Ten Orainl Jurors and -6 petit
Jurors were fined $25 each for non attendance tt
Court.
Recognizance Forfeited.?Marcus C. Stanley,
indicted for receiving stolen goods, bailed by John
Greene, not appearing, hit rucognizaneo was for?
feited, and judgment ordered to be issued against
his bail instanter.
Trials for Grand Larceny.?drei Armstrong
was tried for stealing on the 31th of < Ictober last,
clothing and money to the value of $33, the prop?
erty of Edward Deniekson. It appeared, in evi?
dence, that the property was tak.m from tho
room of compainant, in Catherine street, and on
the following day the prisoner was arrested with
it in his possession. He was convicted, and sen?
tenced to the State prison for2yenrsand?! months.
John Smith alias Bergen Jack, and Peter Arm
strong, were tried for stealing a trunk containing
clothing, valued at 8100, the property of Joseph
D. Allen, a boarder at the Irving House. Thf
prisoners were found bv the police in the act of
Breaking open the trunk in Stewart's new bolld
intr, and were at once arrested. The jury found
them guilty, and Smith was sentenced to the
State prison for 4 years and 10 months, and
Thompson for I years und 6 months. James Bar?
ber was tried for stealing a gold watch, A.c., valued
in all at $68, the property of Charles Hill. Tho
watch was taken Brom the trunk of the accused ia
a room occupied by the prisoner and complainant;
it was soon after found in possession oi a watch
maker, to whom the prisoner had sold it. He Wis
convicted, and sentenced to the State prison fcf
1 2 years and 3 months.
! Trial for Burglary.? Nathaniel Lowe, abas
I London Jack, was tried for having, on the 2d of
I September last, broken open the store of W. 0>
i Birdsail, No. 58 Chathani-at. and stolen there?
from 815 and 180 knives, valued at *?>?>? A ??all
portion of the property was found in possession of
the prisoner, wiio was sonvjeted oi petit larceny
only, and sentenced to the Penitentiary form
months.
NEW-JERSEY ITEMS.
pps Among the applications to the e/isning
Legislature for charters, is one for a Hotel at the
Highlands of Neviaink, which we understand ii
to oe the largest of the kind in the world, being
adapted to a summer retreat for citizens of Xc?;
Ycrk, Philadelphia and elsewhere, as well as of
this State. Persons residing in this State aid
New-York are the projectors.
We have stated that this Hotel will be in the
form of a castle of the Norman period, and that it
was proposed to name it " Castle Kenilwortb
We trust that no such name will be given; ffO
have a nomenclature indigenous, the sonorous ltd
hidbiy poetic aboriginal technology, which, if not
so classic, is more characteristic, and can furnish
a better name than stale pedantry or ancestral
conceit can import fron, the too often ransacked
store house of chivalry.
Applications to the next Legislature are
noticed, for the Ocean <?'o. Mutual Marine an!
Fire Insurance Company; to incorporate the
New-York and Barr.egat Bay Steamboat Com?
pany ; for a new county to be formed out of parts
of Ocean, Burliugton and Mbmnouth Counties;
for a new county on the seaboard, out of Ocean
and Burlin-ton. to be called Uion County .for ?
new township out of the townsnips of Stafford, a
Ocean Co. and Little Egg Harbor in Burlington
Co. including the towns ot West Crees sjW
Parkerstown; for a new township out of tw
township of Little Egg Harbor, including the.
town of Tuokerton; tor a new township out w
such part of the township ot Wsshmgton m Bar
linsrton Co. as may be included in the new coaaty
of union
Jeksxi City Continental,;.?At a MlffJ
a..r the purpose of electing their officers, thaw
lowice were chosen: Wm. A. Pollard, CaptaJ.
T EL Bndgewood, ist LieuU; W- Sanderson, ??
Lieut.; K.C. Dewut, Orderly. The Comp?**
rapidlv tiliimr up and thev expect to maJWJ?,,?
?irst parade oa the 22d of February, l?5?- x 7
already number over ^0 muskets.
CF-The village ..f'Bordentown, with a pjjpo
Istko of 2.650, blasts of seven places o
Baptist, Episcopal. M thr dist, ?<y**?5U&
msn Catholic. Friend., and a Metnoduu Cbarcn
for fv-lored persons.

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