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r??AYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
Arrival of the Arctic. Xo War Between Austria and Prussia. RIME IN COTTON. The Coiiins steamer Arctic, Capt. Luce, arrivod at tlii? port about o'clock last evening, after a j passage of above fourteen days from Liverpool the longest yet made by any vessel of the Collins line. This was caused by the boisterous weather usual at this season. The most important intelligence brought by this steamer is that Prussia has finally acceded to the demands of Austria. The Frankfort Diet is to be allowed to act as de. facto the organ of the old Confederation, in return for which Austria can seels not to compel Prussia to recognize that Con? federation as existing de jure, the whole question being thus resolved into a difference of words.? Accordingly, the troops of the Confederation are to be allowed to "pacify" Hesse Cassci and Schleswig Holstein. In the Electorate, the Prus? sian army, being reduced to the strictly legal num? ber as provided by the old Convention, are to oc? cupy nothing b'it the military road, to which they have always had a right, leaving the Bavarians and Austrians to restore the Elector and suppress the Constitution of Hesse Cassel, without opposi? tion. This conclusion of the comedy has created great discontent in the army as well as among the people. Gen. Von Groben, who commanded the forces in the Electorate, resigned on being ordered to retreat, and it is reported that other prominent Generals have followed his example. The people just called under arms, animated as they have been by the keenest desire for war breathe any feeling but. submission to the decree of the Cabinet at Berlin. The Constitutionalist press, including such papers as the K?lhisclie Zeitung and the Constitutiotielle Zeitung of Ber. lin, comment on the upshot of the matter with a rnge whose bitterness we have never seen sur" passed. A military revolution against the Gov. ernment is ?poken of as more than possible.? Should such n thing happen the King and his Min isters would have to ask for an Austrian Inter vention t'ikeep them in their places. That would be only a legitimate sequence to what has already taken place. Such an intervention has already been implor? ed by Wurtomberg. The Government of that Kingdom says, it cannot make good its position without nid. At lirst there wits some difficulty at Vienna in meeting their rcqueBt, owing to want ol money, and the fact that all the troops of tho empire were elsewhere employed, looking after the Prussians. But uow that all trouble is disposed of, Wurtembergcan doubtless be favored with a few regiments of Croats who will soon re? store " order," without mercy. The heir apparent of this Country, that is of its throne, is, it should be remembered, son-in-law of Emperor Nicholas. With regard to the " pacification " of Schleswig Holstein some difficulty is anticipated. Hanover llatly refuses to allow tho troops of the Confedera? tion to cross her territory, and as they have no right to do so, no way is left for them to get into the Duchies except over Prussian ground. Some papers think Prussia will refuse as well as Hano? ver, but that is absurd, after what has happened, Prusf '-1 will refuse nothing. Or if she should exhibit a restive disposition, a word from Cmzar, to the effect that he shall not tolerate auy shyness. Will ring her to her duty. Austria, though triumphant in Germany, is not, it aeems, no triumphant at home. We cut the following from The Tana i A spirit of opposition is abroad in Croatia, and the regiments which have of late Rrrivod from that province exhibit a disgust, which almost merged into resistance, when compelled to pro? ceed bv rail lo Bohemia. Up to that moment they were deluded by n vain belief that their ?ervices were again .required against the wealthy citizens of Vienna. The war against the German countries is unpopular, even among the popula? tion of the Austrian Empire, ami the news of the warlike enthusiasm which prevails in Prussia has made a profound impression. It was stated that in the last Cabinet Councils Gen. Radetzkywas so violent in Iiis opposition against the measures which Prince Schwarzenberg proposed that the Premier left the Council with evident disgust, and a rumor (though a totally unfounded one) went abroad of his impending abdication. It is said that the General silenced his protestations by ex? claiming : " You may be a diplomatist; ;?ir, but I am sure you are not a politician !" The critical position id' the Austrian Govern? ment, on tho cvo of what may still turn into an European war, has induced the Bmperorto proceed 1 toward the conciliation of the Hungarian people by at least one measure of grace and forgiveness. A general pardon has been published for those Hungarian insurgents who alter the Revolution Were pressed into the army, and who have since deserted from its ranks. The pardon is condition? al on their voluntary return to their duty on or be? fore the 1st of March, 1851. It extends to those de? serters who have already been captured, and those, who are on their trial for desertion, and even those who havo already been punished as deserters are in so far benefited that, by virtue of the Emperor's decree, they shall be freed from tho remainder and the consequences of their punishment. From tho tenor of this pardon it would appear that the num? ber of insurgent deserters is very large, and that, besides the desire to conciliate tho Hungarians, the Government were prompted by the wish to reinforce their army by large numbers of able bodied and well drilled Hungarian deserters. The principal news from FRANCE is that the condition of Germany has caused the govcrnnieut to increase the army by calling out -10,000 con? scripts who would else have staid at home. M JjKCHEVALlEH writes us from London: " As tor Changarnier and Napoleon a reconcil? iation has been brought about, but it is a mere tinkering of tho quarrel. The important fact in the whole is that the President's Ministers threat? ened to resign in a body in case Gen. Changarnier should be dismissed. We may regard Napoleon as being henceforth shut up in a prison with his own Ministers for jailors.'' A terrible explosion took place on the Sth ult. on board the man of-w;ir Yolmy. on her passage from Forbay to Brest. The following account is given of the disaster: On the Sth, that is four days before the squadron reached Brest, at in the morning, a loud explo siou wa? heard, followed by cries of pain. Drums were beaten and signals of distress tired. It was Supposed the powder magazine had caught tire. All light were put out: utter darkness prevailed, and in the midst of the thick smoke all hands turned to get the tire under. Between decks were heard the groans of the wounded, some of whom lay crushed under the gun-carriages, which had been torn from their places by the shock. Twenty sailors, scarcely recognisable, were ex? tricated from the ruins, of whom '.0 died im? mediately, and there is little hppe of preserving any of the rest. The accident occurred about ten leaugues to the north of the lie de Bas, the squadron then sailing in line of battle. The Valmy had occasion to make a night sig? nal, which is managed by means of a rock- j et. The gunner appointed to prepare these fireworks bad had the imprudence, no doubt With the object of speeding Iiis work, to keep a chest of powder and other firework materials in the cabin of the orlop dock on the la board bow whore he had not only stowed a chest of rockets, but two other copper chests tilled with cannon cartridges?all which was clean against the rules ol the service, which forbid powder to be kept out ol the magazine. The gunner entered the cabin, followed by a sailor carrying a light, from which some spark must have fallen. The cheat exploded; both the men were killed on the spot, as well as the carpenter and clerk in the next cabin ; live ? secoud gunners, sleeping alongside in the deck, shared the same fate, a common sailor was killed bythe jump of a gun-carriuge, which broke his skull, end fifteen others were dreadfully wonud^'1 After great exertions at the pumps the lire waj cot under. The Valmy, notwithstanding the shat? tered state ofherdecas, waaenabled to reach Brest with the rest of the squadron, which hoisted colors lull mast high, in memory of the victims. Of the Election in Switzerland, we have returns only from Geneva, where the radical ticket hai been triumphantly successful. From Italy nothing special. The Pope has treated M. MootaJembert with special distinction and made a Roman Citizen of hirn, an honor just? ly earner]. The portfolio of Education in the Picdmontcse Cabinet has been given to i?ig. Gioia, a pr od appointment as the liberals say. From England our Liverpool correspondent sends us the following : The furore created by the recent rescript of the Pope, has not subsided. Meetings are still being held in almost every parish in London, and in many of the provincial towns. At the Bedford meeting held on Friday, Lord Charles Russell (brother to the Premier) was most extravagant in his denunciations of '? Papal aggression." A great meeting is to be held in Liverpool today, on the same subject. In London circles it it is confidently asserted that Lord John Mussel's Let? ter was but a mere pnrty ruse, and that he never intended 'hat it should be otherwise regarded.? The Catholics bear all this tirade with extreme meekness and becoming moderation. In Ireland there have been some ebulitions of feeling; but nothing to notice; and meantime Catholicity seems to be progressing steadily in its course, as what doctrine when persecuted does not ? We learn that a new convent is ab'.ut to be established near Liverpool, and that three new Catholic churches are to be built in the course of the ensuing Sum? mer. The very temperate speech of the Ameri? can Ministes at the Guildhall banquet, where the Lord Chancellor "heaped coals upon the lire," has beeri :he theme of general commendation. In matters of general news we have nothing of mo? ment. The port charsres of the town of Hull have been materially reduced, with the view, it is said, of calling in American trade. A Government commission has been appointed to report upon the desirability of removing the transatlantic mail sta? tion from Liverpool to some point on the west? ern coast of Ireland. The American and Liver? pool Chamber of Commerce oppose the project, and are strenuously engaged in endeavoring to cause the Dock Trustees of Liverpool to give greater facilities to the American trade and ship? ping of the port. The United Service Gazette says of Captain Collinson's Artie Expedition: Further official intelligence has been received from the expedition under the command of Capt. Collinson, 0. B. consisting of the Enterprise com? manded by himself, and the Investigator by Com? mander M'Clure. Capt. Collinson, in the'Entcr prise, arrived at Woahoo, Sandwich Islands, June 24, and sailed on the 'iOth for Kotzebue Sound.? The Investigator arrived thereon the first of July, r.nd was to sail in a few days to follow her consort. These ships had received Supplies and dispatches sent by the Swift, C, Commander Aldham, which arrived at Woahoo on the <Uh of June; and the Cockatrice, tender, Master Commander Bundle, sent by Rear-Admiral Hornby, C. B. with dis patches, Ac. from the Admirality, had arrived at Woahoo on the 3d of Juiy, in time to catch the In? vestigator. The expedition was all well, in good spirits, and full of hope. From Turkey we have the subjoined, which is taken from the Berlin Staat* Anzeiger: The siege of Mostar was to commence on the 1st inst. The insurgents of Vognizza have re? ceived a mortal blow from the .Seraskier. In con? sequence of this defeat the inhabitants of Mostar petitioned for an amnesty, and declared themselves ready to accept the conditions proposed by tiie Porte, immediately after the ratification of the a<t of subjection, the Seraskier will proceed to Travnick to quell the insurrection which has broken out at Carinthia. Accounts from Bulgaria state that the Christian population are in the actual enjoyment of all the privileges promised them by the Porte ; that the concessions guaranteed by the Porto are not, as usual, paper promises, but carried cut to the let? ter. The rayabs now enjoy precisely the same privileges as the Turks. This state of things is said to be entirely owing to the justice and hu? manity of Eleschid Pacha. The" Overland Mail from the East arrrived on Nov. It*. No event of political importance had oc? curred in India Proper since the departure of the last mail. The hill tribes on the Kohat frontior were again manifesting a hostile disposition, and the passage through their defiles was interrupted. Disaffection and mutinies among the Nizam na? tive regiments stili continued. From Hong Kong we learn thot the Insurgents were getting the better of the Imperial troops. Numerous bands of robbers were plundering. Intel'igence had reach? ed Singapore of a victory gained by the Dutch over the Chinese in the Sombas river. The com? mercial news from India and China is very satis? factory. __ Commercial. The following summary of Commercial Intelli? gence is sent us by our Liverpool correspondent: Since the ssiline of the Europa vre have bad very lively markets. We quote the following summary from llie Messrs, Pearsons und Dare, and which 1ms been expressly written for the Associated Press of New-V urk. CoTTON?Our Market opened on Saturday with a con? tinuance of the Unproved feeling noticed In our circular par Europa. ui;d the sales reached K'.iXH) bales. Including -i,?oo bales for speculation and export. On Monday morning tiio letters per Asia were delivered confirming the accounts 01 general frost, and :>,n n bales were sold at full prices, yes? terday being Manchester market-day, only 3,0 it) biles were told."and prices n:uv be considered f lb higher than Friday last. Advices'from India were received yesterday, per telegraph, Informing us that the Calcutta and China markt is are In a very healthy state. Manc hester, 'i'uesdav.?Owing to the improved feeling in our Cotton market, arid the favorable advices received Ir?m the Continent, the business transacted in Manchester on Saturdav was satisfactory. This improvement has con? tinued ; ar d yesterdav (markei-dayi there was a large busi? ness done at improved prices. Havre, Monday?The Cotton market was more active. The sales up to two o'clock were 1,230 b iles. Prices were firm and on the rise: very ordinary New-Orleans. U7<T 117.50, being an advance of If to ifjoupon the late quota? tions. Corn?The attendance a: yesterday's market was large. ai;d the butmess done was to u full average extent. Wheat was In moderate request, but holders were firm, la Klour there were large transactions without change in prices. Indian Com was in active demand, at an improvement of t'd ?' quarter. Oar quotations are: Wheat. Caoadiau and the United States, while (is ?d U>6s5d, red 5s Sd to 5? lOd P' 70 lbs; Klour? Canadiun. sweet, ^s to 23s, Western Canal .'Is lid to 22s, Baltimore and Philadelphia 23s Sd to 24s, (>h:o ij-ls to 2-ls lid. sour Klour 18s to 19s |> i."S0 lbs : Indian Corn ?American vellow 3f s 6d to 31s, mixed 29s Od to 30s. white 3('i to Sis V 48010s. American Provisions.?Bacon?Market rather quiet, from want of assortment, but prices ::r:u. Lard qu'.et; at minion, on Saturday, the advance was refused, and since little has been done ; 38? the lop price, and only nominal. Beef veiy dull; one or two forced sales have been made ex ship at very low rates, say about GSs'dtils p tiorce. Cheese?The demand limited: alauctien. to-day. out of871 boies. only 224 t oxes found buyers, a: 3.">s to STs 6i. about previous prices. Ashes? The demand continues very lim? ited, and prices are unchanged. lt::e?The market for Carolina has continued tame; fine has met a slow sale at ills; low middling Savannah selling at Iiis 6d. Sogar?We continue to experience a fair toquiry for Su? gar; and 1,850 bags East India have been sold, chiefly at 6d to41 a per cwi for Dates. No transactions have transpired in Molasses or R im. Coffee?The public sales of Jamaica Coffee yesterday morning went off vt itli a fair spirit. 100 tierces being sold at very full prices for middling'descriptions. Tea?The market continues very firm, the advance re i,;;ired by holders alet.e checking business: common Con? gou is current at Is lj.l lo is 1 jd per lb. 330 bales Jute have been sold by private at ?11 ICs for low. to ?1210s for cood common quality. Naval Stores?Dull, except for common Retin, which is in demund. The Monev Market is unchanged since Saturday, ar.d in Foreign Stock we have no material alteration. Kri ich1 is al:-o withou'. change. iVludlson University, For Tho Tribune. Mr. Editor: Many ot your readers have taken a deep interest in this Institution, ami will be glad to learn that it is once more in a flourishing con? dition. The effort to remove it from Hamilton to Rochester having failed, its oldest and truest friends are rallying around it with the vigor of a new life. The Winter Term opened under aus pices more favorable than any one had anticipa? ted, tt?d the prospects have been growing bright? er with every successive week. The number of students, considering how much has been done to persuade and hire them to leave for another Institution, and how determined have been the efforts of some to ruin the University itself, is tru Iv encouraging. There are over fifty students on the ground, and others applying for admission.? The subscription for endowment has reached fifty thousand dollars, ami is steadily progressing. Not only the existence, but the prosperity of Madison University, is now regarded by its Board of Trust as above all contingency, so far as any human cal? culation can be relied on; aud it is hoped the en? dowment will be made sufficient to admit all stu dei.ts free of any charge for tuition. Let the blessings of education be given to all who will re- j ceive them, and then Society will be freer from the j curses of ignorance and vice. o. B. Judd. FROM WASHINGTON. ppenloR of the Second Session of tho TXXIal C'ongrr?????The ?'Ictsngr, It* ?en^-th. St* Tone and It* Reception? State of Pnblj " *eel,DK In Wa>ihin?roa?Aspects of the cit7--*,rt"pan5,'OD* *?r Je"11? J''nd. Washington. Tuesday, Dec. 3. i did not write yesteTJav' although on hand at tbe opening of the ball, not &*?inS in condition to do ao, eon amore, and there being nothing calcu? lated to stimulate a relnctant i'eu. Tb" "e werc n0 outside movements worthy of particular colice' while everything inside of Congress is very (julev dull, J may say, compared with tho opening ol thfl last session. The whole city, indeed, presented at: air of dullness. The business of the first day is before you. The presentation of the Messase yesterday, instead of waiting until to-day?a course which could plead nothing but " ancient custom" in its favor?was an innovation for which the country owes its p.c kowledeements :o President Fii.i.moRE. It is au improvement, second in desirableness, only to the comparritive brevity of the document and its ac? companiments. These characteristics of new ar rangemeiits, taken in connection with thai for the simultaneous distribution of the Message to dis? tant presses, may be said to have marked an era in administrative management. The .Message occupied two or three minutes less than an hour in the readinsr. thus coming within the " hour rule.'' That this was a special com? mendation to the listeners. I doubt not, and cer? tainly it was listened to with a degree of attention not risually uiven to the Messages of oar Presi- | dents, who have, for the most part, seemed anxious to spin out rather than to condense?as though lenrth were an indispensable feature ot "State papers." This was n fault particularly noticeable in the messages of President Polk. But expecta? tion was somewhat tiptoed, with reference to the great topic of the day, the Fugitive Slave Hill. It was, doubtless, not gratified, the document allud? ing to that question in only general terms as you will have noticed. But why speak, even to this slight extent, of the contents of that which is be? fore the reader. The reception of the Message has been very quiet. It has created very'little talk?Icbs than perhaps any of its predecessors for several years past. If its ouiet and cautious tone was design? ed to avoid " excitement," the purpose has assu? redly been fully accomplished. In this respect, at least, it will not be liable to the charge of neg aiiveness. In fact, it has seemed to act positively, and put a complete loll to ripples upon the waters of public feeling?at any rate, such an eil'ect of some cause is apparent, .fudging by this condi? tion of the political atmosphere, and all the usual siens. n spectator would jump at the conclusion that the whole three months allotted to Congress will pass as quietly as a breezeless summer's day. Particularly would a novice in observation have so concluded, as he witnessed the greetings in the Halls of Congress yesterday. They were those apparently, of men who came together from the remote points of a widespread common coun? try, with a common purpose?the public good; of men who regarded each other as indeed members of a great national family, bound together by the silken ties of fraternal sympathy and love. And yet, unless a wonderfui chancre has come over the " servants of the people" since they parted two months ago, I shall not be surprised to lind cer? tain of them ready to "tear each other's eyes," the exhortation of the primer rhyme to children of a smaller growth to the contrary notwithstand? ing ! I venture to say this, in the face of the gen? eral expression of the opinion that there will be a quiet session, " comparatively"?which might so turn out, and yet a good deal of commotion pre? vail, the superlative degree alone being express? ive of the temper of the last session. The preparations for Mdlle. Lind here, as in Baltimore, are going on spiritedly, ami hundreds are almost nervously impatient for her advent.? An unusual number of the Senators and Repre? sentatives have brought their wives and daugh? ters with them this season. These join in this restive anxiety to welcome tho great Songstress, and will contribute an important addition to the audiences that will tlock to drink in the melodv of the Swedish Bird of Sonu'. so opportunely to" be conducted hither by Mb." Barnum. By the way, tho Temperance folks are preparing to put tho' oratorical aid of this gentleman to good account during Ids visit here. Matters are pretty quiet in the Department? just now. The only removal that I have heard of since my arrival yesterday was that of tho Mes? senger in Secretary Clark's oilice?the last lin? gering Opposition man in the same. Sio.ma. CITY_ITEMS~ Iti^ The clouds were wrung out ou Tuesday and wo had yesterday one of the sad skyed, chilly days that symbolize the sulkiness of the dying year. No wonder that Summer memories madden December, and that as the thought of June days glides across the failing Twelvemonth a sharp and bitter frown should freeze upon it's " frosty pow." But "there's a good time coming" even in the very last struggles of the season. We honor the year that it dies so jovially at merry Christmas tide like a brave old Teuton scattering royal gol? den gilts to the last. The " wild bells " that the Poet adjures to " ring out to the wild sky" chime cheerily as well, and do not all toll dirges. Christ? mas is coming, and we defy the gloomy heavens and the leafless trees. EF* Reports of Dr. Sehroeder's Lecture on " Mok-a nimedanism, ' of Dr. Lord on " Gustavus Adolphus," of Rev. Leon Pilatte on "Protestant? ism in France, ' of Rev. W. W. Lord on " Spen ser" and on " Bunyan," of the "National Con? vention of Journeymen Printers," of " Colored Orphan Society's Anniversary," of Mr. Morton on " England-Political," beside a swarm of" Items," are crowded out by Public Documents and For? eign News. For. El-rote.?The royal Mail steamship Si. (tcara left this port at noon yesterday, for Liver? pool. She had 01 passengors, and takes oat $252,500 in specie in the following proportion, viz: $160,000 in American halves. $50,000 Mexican do. $190,000 English silver, 6'-\000 English gold. Her cargo consists of 0u0 bbls. of apples, 100 boxes do. 100 cases India rubber shoes, and 1C0 bxs cheese. Tin: BrtA.vm-wiNE.?The V. S. frigate Brandy, wine Charles Boardinan. captain, bearing the broad penant of Commodore Geo. M. Storer sailed from Norfolk for the Brazil station on the -th of September. IS47, and sailed from Rio do Janeiro, Oct. 1?, 1350, arrived yesterday. Her officers are as follows: Charles lioardnian, Captain; Luther Stoddard, Samuel Larkin, J. R. M. Mullany, J- J. Gudrie, Lieuts.; Edmond Fitzgerald, Purser; Benjamin F. Bache, Fleet Surgeon; Philip Lans dale, Assist. Surgeon: John L. Lenhan, Chap? lin; Richard L. Law, Acting Master: John C. Gravson, 1st Lieut, of Marines ; Jacob J. Storer, Com. Secretary; John T. Banand, Theo. S. Walker, Passed Midshipmen; John G. Sproston, Randolph K. Breese, Jvhn C. Baker. Wit GiviD, Bayard E. Hand, Robert T. Chapman. Midship? men; Joseph Moulobis, Captain's Clerk; Elijah Goodridge, Jr., Purser's Clerk; Wm.Smith. Boat? swain ; T. 1'. Venable. Gunner; J. Cox, Carpenter" Passengers from other vessels, on account of ill health: Mr. Charles Woodland, four seamen from the U. S* ship St. Louis, and six seaman from the U. S. Frigate Congress, eight seamen sent by Mr. Kent, the American Consul at Rio de Janeiro, as mutineers, belonging to the ship Henry, of BostoD, bound to San Francisco. The ship eot as far South as 4-i -, and had to return to Rio on account of the motiny; shipped a new crew, and proceeded on the voyage to San Fran? cisco. The mate, Lewis E. Jackson, and Henry Taylor (boy) are on board of the Brandywine as witnesses.' Major Thomas, S. Morgan, late Sec? retary of Legation at Rio Janeiro, and sou, are passengers on board the Brandywine. The Bran? dywine crossed the Eqantor on the 4th of Novem? ber, 1847, 52 days from Lynn Haven Bay, and re crossed it on the tth of November, 1850, in IT days from Rio do Janeiro. The following is the list of deaths on board the Brandywine since her departure from the United Stotel i On Dec. 07, 1847,Thomas Hammond, seaman, at Rio; Nor. 8, 1848, Charles M. Woodhonse, C. A. j G. at do.; Jan. 30, 18-59, Peter Johnson, boat? swains mate, at sea; June 10, 1343, Elisha Ly man, seaman, at Rio ; June 12, 1840, Benj. Cham? bers, do. do.; Der. 16, 1? !?, Philip Robinson, do. at Sea; Jan. 9,1850, James Ritchie, landsman, at Montevideo ; Feb. 15, 1*50, Richard Walker, I quarter gunner, at do.; March 17, 1350, Simon Ayres, surgeon's steward, nt Sea; March 21, 1*50, Thos. L. Dane,?, Acting Master, at do.; March -20, J lt-'O, Haiford W. Ives, Midshipman, at do.; March i5, 1850, James C. Usher, Captain's Clerk, at do.: April 12, Ir.'O, James S. Tibbies, landsman, at Montevideo, May 19, 1*50, Edward Reid, seaman, at do. ; June 24, 1S50 James H. Goodwin, do. do.; Thomas Veeny, Captain a cook,, supernumerary, transferred from the ?. S. ship St. Louis. Bf.ttim ?We predict the most distinguished success for the Havana Tenor, who gives us an evening or two en pattar.t. Vesterdcy morning we had the pleasure of hearing htm in a rehearsa of Lucia, and aithongh it may be pardoned to an artist just across the sea to deliver his part in the rehearsal socio race?yet as the criti-s who then hear him for the first time are obliged to make up their minds upon what they hear, and not upon what is implied, it is all the more praise to Bet tini that in the "Bill 'alma," the only song in which he developed his power?he did so with a boldness and beauty that justifies our confidence in his signal success. He is of tine figure and ap? pearance for Edzai do, and his voice, which is of remarkable volume, truthfulness and richness, is well seconded by the dramatic power of the fine character. We are anticipating this evening a musical festival such as is rarely offered in any Opera House, for the really good Tenors in the world may be told upon one hand. We most cor? dially exhort all music-lovers and Amateurs not to fail in their places?even were it only to acknow? ledge the indefatigable energy of Mr. Maretzek in providing for the musical taste of the City al' that is feasible and worthy of admiration. Miss Jetty Treffz is a new musical ce? lebrity of the last year. She rose and her posi tion has been determined, where most musical fames are now settled, in England. Her name has a brief beauty, like Jenny Lind's. She is also a northern woman. Are these signs.' Is the North, so long silent, now to have its artistic de? velopment, and as Kaulbach ami Lessing and Couture, and a Frenchman or two more, head co temporary painting?are Jenny and Jetty har? bingers of a new day as beautiful as their dawn? ing? Jetty Treffz sings northern music. Meyer? beer and Mendelssohn (and very high praise of the latter respecting her is quoted in tho English journals) are her more favorite authors. Where arc the musical managers! New-York wants t< hear Jetty Trefl'z as well as London. We can't sit at the side-tables any longer. Jenny Lind in New-Ohleans.?The N. O. Picayune of the 2Cth announces that the prelimi? nary contracts have been entered into for Jenny Lind's Concerts in that city during the present Winter. The St. Charles Theater is engaged for the purpose. _ Physiognomy.?Dr. Redfield gives a free Lee tnre on Physiognomy, or face reading, at his rooms, 41 Barciay-st. this evening. Those who feel an interest in this new and pleasing science, wonld do well to drop in. See advertisement on the first page. Dkaf asp Dumb.?The regulnr quarterly ex. amination of the pupils of this noble Institution was held yesterday in presence of the Board of Managers and many citizens. We wore unable to attend, but we are assured that tho occasion Was one of much interest, creditable alike to tho pu^vlb^fnd to tlieir indefatigablo teachers. NlBLO'S.?We are glad to perceive that the magnificent pantomime of the " Night Owl " is to be represented at this favorite establishment, al though the extensive preparations for bringing it out render necessary the closing of the Theater for the remainder of this week. The Reading Clud Harmonie will give their first Annual Bnl! on Wednesday, thelith inst, at the Saloon of the Coliseum, 410 Broadway, Thesaloon,whichhas been enlarged and decorated, is one of the best in the city for the enjoyment of danring and other festivities. Froin the respects, bility of the members of the abovementioned As? sociation, we may safely judge that their Ball will be one of the most recherche of the season, and will satisfy, in every respect, any one who will have a ehance of visiting it. Chamber of Commerce.?The regular monthly meeting of the Chamber of Commerce was held at the Merchants' Bank on Tuesday afternoon. Messrs. Theo. Snltus and Riehard Burlew were unanimously elected members of the Chamber, and Mr. C. H. Raberg a member of the Arbitra? tion Committee, in place of Mr. R. C Goodhue, whose term had expired. A Memorial in favor of the formation of a Bureau by the General Gov? ernment for the settlement of private claims, as reremmended by the President in his late Mes? sage, was referred to a Committee for considera? tion. ^ Frederika Bremer.?This distinguished au? thoress was at Mr. Stetson's in Cincinnati on the 29tb. Numerous citizens called on her, and speak in the highest terms of her. New-York Female Assistance Society.? The Thirty-seventh Annual Report of this excel? lent charity notices the death of its late First Di? rectress, the excellent Isabella Scctt, who for up? ward of thirty years served faithfully the interests of the Society. The receipts during the year, in eluding a balance of S140 at the close of the pre* vious year, were 82,850. In addition to this, the New-York Dorcas Society have placed at the dis posal of the Society 1,125 garments and 107 com? fortables, all of which have been distributed to the sick poor of this City, by which truly the hearts of many have been made glad. Obsequies.?The Tammany Society will honor the memory of the late Col. Richard M. Johnson at Tammany Hall, to-morrow evening at 7J o'clock, by a Voluntary on the Organ, (Geo. Loder ) Prayer; Address, (M. M. Noah;) Re? quiem, words by Geo. P. Morris ; music by Geo. Loder:' Eulogy, (John C. Mather:) Hymn and Benediction. Casualty.?A man was knocked down and run over on Tuesday afternoan bv a stage at the corner of Broadway and CortlanJ-st. and carried off in a dying condition by the Police. Charge of Seduction.?-Charles E. Miller, a German Teacher residing at the corner of Sixth :?.-.? and Fifteenth-st. wa3 vesterday arrested by officer Trefi'engo, of the Tenth Ward, charged with the seduction, under promise of marriage, of Julia Richmerm, a German woman 35 years of age, residing at 047 Grand-st. who. in her alflda vit, sets fort); that Miller hired her as housekeeper und assistant teacher in his school in January last. An intimacy soon sprung up between them,which increased amazingly on his part, and he shortly after offered himself in marriage, and his propo? sals received the approbation and consent ot Miss Julia. No time, however, was set for the fulfilling of the engagement, and daring their courtship the base design of Miller was effected, after which he utterly refused to fulfill his engagement, and was tibout'.as she alleges) to leave the City. He was taken before Justice Timpson, and committed to prison to await examination. I Stopping Tr*'" bi Elkctbicitt.?Messrs. H. Freemsn and .1'. Patterson, st the Commercial Exchange. Cortiand %% hare invented a means of stopping Railroad Tratr.t by Electricity, so as to dispense entirely with the services ot Brakemen snd thus enable the Engineer to St<?P the train himself by a motion of the hand, and thus obviate the delay, irretrularity and misunderstanding dow encountered or hazarded, as well as the disagree, able and dangerous motion cow encountered irf the process of ' breaking up' a train, part of the enrs being held more tightly than others. The plan contemplates the arraugement of a Galvanic Battery on the Locomotive, under the eye and hand of the Kngineer, with a rod running thenje to each wheel in the train, connected with the differ? ent clogs or brakes, and to be connected with the battery by a touch, so as to apply simultaneously ami instantly any desirable amount of pressure to even- ciog. It is computed that a train may be stopped in half the time now required, ar.d with far less jarring, jerking or wrenching of the cars. Scientific men who have examined the plan have certified that it is entirely feasible. Those inter? ested in Railroads are invited to examine it. Fires.?Dec. 4, 1J A. M.?Grocery store 139 Pitt st. Quickly extinguished. Damage mostly by water. Dec. 4, U A.M.?Tomlinson's block and pump shop, corner of Lewis and Fifth st. Damage trifling. Dec. 4, TL A. M.?Fire discovered m the store of Chamberlain, Hobinson A Co. 103 Front-st. Extinguished, with very little damage. Dec. 4, \ \ P. M.?A lire was discovered in tho basement of the extensive wholesale Drug Store of Corl ier. Haydock iV Co. 12a Pearl-st. Extiu- I guished before any material damage had been done. I. 0. 0. F.?The Grand Lodge of Southern New York is now in session. Two Lodges were chartered on Tuesday night, viz: Spring Valley Lodge, No. 41-, Hastings, Westchester Connty: New Lebanon Lodde, No. 419; New Lebanon, Columbia County. Nothing else of im? portance ilone. The Report of James W. Hale, Esq., R. W. G. H to R. W. G. L.U. 8., de? velops a very prosperous condition of the Order. Dr. A. B. Elliott, formeny of Ohio, who has spoken for Temperance in most of the Free States for ten years past, and has recently spent two mouths on duty in Northern Wisconsin, passed through our City Tuesday on his way to Pittsburgh, Pn. whence he will probably speak his way into Ohio. The friends of Temperance on that route will find him ready and able to render a reason lor his faith. Drondful Steamboat Disaster?Tweuty-flve or Thirty Lives i.n.i: From the Mobile Herald, Nov. 27. The steamboat Arkansas No. i>, which arrived last evening from Montgomery, brought the sad intel? ligence of the explosion of the boiler of the steam? boat Antoinette Douglass, at Tate's Shoals, yes? terday morning, between 1 and 5 o'clock. Pre? vious to the occurrence the Douglass was lying aground on Tate's Shoals, and, while her Captain was making every effort to get her over it, she burst one of her boilers with a terrific explosion. At the time the irreater part of the passengers (numberingsome 125) were asloep. The noise in? stantly woke them, and those who were unhurt fled to the deck in the greatest terror. The scald? ing steam rushed through and enveloped all parts of the boat. With great difficulty a number of the passengers, with several of the wounded, fled in their night clothes to a barge laden with cotton, which the Douglass had in tow. This was cut loose from the wreck and went drifting down the stream. Fortunately, the steamboat Arkansas No. 5 wus Ij ing about :i mile above the scene of the disaster, tihe soon reached the burning ruin ...id took ort' those of the passengers who were on it ? thus, in all probability, saving numbers of them from a watery gave, or a more terrible death by lire. She lay alongside till the hurricane-roof of the Douglass was enveloped in Humes, at the im? minent hazard, it is said, of her own sniety. Sho then drifted down ami took oil those who were on the barge which was cut loose. Shortly after the steamboat Wni. Br ads tree t came alongside and offered, every assistance in aiii of the survivors, many of whom took passage on board of ber. It is stated that liiere were about one hundred and twenty live passengers on board of the Dou? glass. 01 these we have accounts of some nine? ty live. ' The cotton destroyed is reported at about too hales. _ Pbospect oi a War between Brazil a:,d Bi enos Atbes,?A Rio Grande Correspondent of the Courier and Enquirer says: "Troops are arri? ving in large numbers from the Northern Provin? ces, ami everything denotes a preparation for war, which it is thought will soon be declared against Buenos A_\ res. The Brazilians have live vessels of war in readiness, lying in the harbor of Mon? tevideo. "The Baron de Jacqui, who, a few months since, at the head of an armed force, committed many depredations in the Banda Oriental, and carried off many horses and cattle, has just re? turned from Hio de Janeiro, whither be had gone to present himself to the Government. He now comes loaded with honors, having received the appointment of Commander-in Chief of the " Guar da Nacional'' of the Province of Rio Grande.? Many are ol the opinion that Brazil will lose this Province, as nothing can prevent the troops of Ro? sas from coming in on the frontiers; and he will commence by declarin-' the freedom of the slaves, and thus enlist them in his cause. Brazil doubt? less expects assistance from Paraguay and per? haps from the French, who now occupy and gar? rison Montevideo.' OT Butter and Cheese will not be received for exhibition at the Worlds' Fair at London, be cause they are considered perishable articles. Great State Convention dponthe Fugitive Slave Bill vr Syracuse.?There will be aStato i '(invention at the city of Syracuse, on the 7th, tth and !Hb of January next, to consider the Fugitive Slave Bill, recently enacted by Congress. Let there be previous meetings in all the Assembly districts in the State, anrf let at least as many delegates be sent, to the proposed Convention, as there are members sent to the Assembly. Simi? lar Conventions are to be held in other States, and we trust before the close of January, there will be a Convention of the Free States, to with? stand this whelming tide of oppression. Florida.? The Legislature?The Floridian ar.d Journal says : " In the Senate there is a Loco-Foco majority of one?the House, asthings now stand, is tied?there being twenty from each political party returned. Several seats are con? tested Mr. Hardee, Whig, contests the seat from Levy, on the ground of illegal votes for his oppo? nent, Judge Steele. The seat from Ben ton is con? tested by Mr. Bradley, Loco-Foco. The Whig candidate received the certificate from the Judge of Probate, by the rejection of the vote of one pre? cinct by the Judge,on account, we understand, of informality in the returns, the poll book having the Signatare of two Inspectors instead of three, as the law specifies. The seat from Hiilsboro is contested by Dr. Rogers. Mr. Magbee has the certificate of election. Fire is New-Marlborough.?Distressing Death.?The barns of Dr. Daniel z. Harmon, of New-Marlborough, were discovered to be on fire about 10 o'clock on Wednesday night of last week, and with their contents?hay and trrain to a large amount?were consumed. Mr. Harmon rescued what stock there was in his barns, with the exception of one cow. His clothes caught fire while rescuing a horse, and before they could be torn from him, his head, arms, breast and back were Bhcckingly burned?some parts to a com? plete crisp. He lived until Friday when death put an end to his Bu?'erincs. IGreat Barrington (Mass.) Courier. Potatoes.?We learn from farmers in Central and Western Massachusetts, that the potato rot has. in many localities, proved quite de? structive. The potatoes, generally, had the ap? pearance of health when first dug, and the fetid odor arising from the cellar has often been the first ii iication of the presence of the disease. Considerable quantities have in consequence been rendered worthless. Opinions of the Pres?. The New-York Tribune.? The Provi Va I 1 ' MorriiV M*?- ??y? : We think no candid person wtU fail to recognize a true likeness fro?? *? ?^ "At the head and front of the Journal? of New ^ork we at onee, without reservation, place Tke iSewiork Jribune. This may. perhaps, bo thouxht a strong assertion, bnt we sincerely think it a true one. The Tribune \? a paper that presents many sterling merits, which 00 one of the least discern? ment iao tail to diaeOTer, iior ot the le&jit c&ndor who will bnt acknowledge. We are well aware that it sometimes takes grounds and expresses opinions not at once always indorsed by the great public, nor perhaps by its own friends? butyet its nistcry end the times has hitherto proved, tor the most part, those grounds ami those opinions to be correct. I? has shown that it has remarkable judgment a.-vl sagacity, and that, while its senti? ments and doctrines may sometimes, for the hour, appear as unsound and visionary, ihey are only so because in advance and slightly above the general opinion. " Among the chief characteristics of Tke Tri? bune are judgment, reliability, power, honesty, candor and great common sense. " The editorials of The Tribune are marked by good sense, strength of position, transparancy, good temper, and, as a general fact, good logtc.? They always read like tho productions of men of experience, of strong common sense?and inva? riably are possessed of a manly tone. Politically, they are courteous, though "sometimes almost fearfully severe ; and, if an opponent is to bo exe? cuted, it is done with as much consideration and leniency as the occasion and person will admit.-? Its political columns are characterized by the most signal ability, and today, probably, carry more weight aud confidence throughout the country than any other journal in America." New-York TRIBUNE.?This paper, edi? ted by Horace Greeley, will commence its tentli volume on the 7th of this month. It has been consid? erably enlarged and otherwise improved the last year, without increase in its terms, making it now the cheapest of the class of city journals The Tribune is devoted to the protection of home labor, the freedom of the public lands to the land? less, the devotion of the public revenue less to war, navies, Sec., and more to education and inter? nal improvement. Besides being an able advo? cate ot these and all kindred social reforms, the Trihane has an ample domestic and foreign cor? respondence, enabling it to give the latest news from every quarrer of the globe. Those who wish the greatest varetv of knowledge in the cheapest form cannot do Letter than subscribe for the New-York Tribune. This tact is sufficiently at? tested by its present list of subscribers, theangre eate of the Daily, Semi-Weekly and Weekly being about 65,000?the tirst at 85, the second at 83, and the last at Si! per aniuim in advance. (Anubury (Vi.) Villager. tW' The New-York Tribune com? mences its 10th volume (Weekly) this month, if The Tribune's principles were as attractive as the; stylo in which they are proposed, it would not lind men so hnrd to bo made proselytes of. It is the best medium of intelligence this side of the Atlantic. [Warrentown (Va.) Flag. New-York Tribune.?The 10th vol? ume of this able and fearless Whig journal com? menced on tho 7th inst. presenting a favorable period for subscribing by those who wish to pos? sess themselves of the best conducted political journal of the day. The Tribune possesses a rep? utation so wide spread and undisputed for ability, and fidelity to the great principles of Freedom and Humanity, that it is hardly necessary to urge its claims to support. Although it is but ten years since the tirst number was issued, its sub? scription list now amounts in tho aggregate to 65,000! The Daily Tribune, which contains a larger amount of resiling matter than any other daily in the world, is furnished at 85 per annum. [Carlisle (Pa.) Herald ami Expositor. The Tribune for 1851.?-The 10th vol? ume commenced on Saturday, the 7th inst. The Weekly Tribune contains the principal portion of the contents of The Daily, during the preceding week, and as a cheap and useful newspaper has acquired a support ami influence among all classes and parties throughout the Union, unequalled by any other journal. In science, letters, progress, politics, foreign news, and domestic intelligence. The Tribune holds an exalted position. |OvH (N. y.) Hoe. The New-York Tribune.?The Ncw York Tribune is now in its tenth year. It has a corps of V2 Editor* und Reporters, thirty-seven Printers, two Proofreaders, thirteen Pressmen, Engineer, and other laborers in the Press-rooin, four permanent Correspondents in Europe, threa at Washington, two in Canada, two in California, one in Mexico, one in Havana, one in Contra! America, besides others in the various cities of tho United States. Its entire force, including car? riers, iVc i;i0 persons. The issues of the papor are 18,600 daily, 41,400 weekly, 1,700 semi week? ly, 11,5100 for California, 500 for Europe, making in all 160,200 sheets weekly, ami 3,330,400 annually. It consumes seven tuns and a half of paper weekly mid 150 lbs. of ink. Among its editors are several names familiar in tho republic of let? ters, such as Horace Greeley, C. A. Dana,.I. P. Cleveland, Bayard Taylor nod George Itipley. [Georgetown <Ky.) Herald. New-York Tribune.?Tliia valuable weekly commenced its 10th volumMOn the 7tli inst. Here, where more than twenty copies of The Tribune are distributed weekly, it would be supererogation to speak of its character as a newspaper. It is already known to every body. No other paper, with which we are acquainted, furnishes its readers with as great an amount of reading. Neither does it belong to the bigoted partisan class. It is decidedly progressive?re? formatory. Though we cannot always agree with it, we know that the Editor, Mr- Greeley, is liberal enough to tolerate an honest difference of opinion ; ?what all Iiis partisans will not do. [Rii hmond (O.) Clipper. New-York Tribune.?The Tribune club in this place will bear in mind we trust, that their year will expire on the 20th of Nov. Wo presume that the 20 who have been favored with the perusual of this most excellent journal the past year, will renew their subscription, but there i?* room for any number over this. IWabash 'Ind.) Gazette. The New-York Tribune.? The New York Semi Weekly Triburw, is received by us regulary, and is one of the most valuable and to us advantageous exchanges, we believe that wo could have from any part of the United States ? The Tribune is a paper too well known and ap? preciated in the west, to need any commendation from us. Its Editor, Horace Greeley, with tho warm impulse of a most philanthropic heart if perhaps exerting a wirier and greater influence than any other man in the United States, upon its future destiny. But The Tribune and its Editor are known, and many copies aro taken in this vicinity, and more should. [Pekin (111.) Mirror. The NewYork Tribune.?-Th? pub? lishers of this popular and widely circulated paper have commenced the tenth volume of The Tribune on the 7th inst. This paper should be in tho hands of every American. I People's (York, Peon ) Advocate. New-York Weekly Tribune.?Th.it leading Whig journal has just entered upon its tenth volume. Although we are deadly opposed to its politics, still we are free to recognize its paramount excellence as a weekly journal cf gen? eral news and literature. It is printed on beauti? ful paper, in a convenient form for binding or pres? ervation. If any of our Whig neighbors wish for a paper, in addition to their County organ, they can't do better than to subscribe for the Weekly Tribune, always excepting^ they conclude to re? pent and take the " Rock." [Plymouth (Mass ) Roc It. The New-York Tribune.? The Tri? bune is on its tenth volume. It is a paper adapted to any meridian, and is a useful and valuable one, containing news from all parts of the world, and ofthat character which makes i: almost indispen? sable. It ranks among the first of newspapers in the United States, and as an instance ot its popu? larity, it has a circulation of 65.000 copies. [KaneCo (III ) Democrat. The New-York Tribune has sev? en Editors and live pablishers, and gives employ? ment to as many printers as all the printing offices in East Tennessee combined. It seems to require a great many men to carry on a printing establish? ment in the City of New-York, but here in the City of Uogersville, (we heard a preacher call our town a City, last Saturday evenmg) one editor can do all himself. We are editor, proprietor, manager, book-keeper, clerk, foreman,|printer,'proof-reaaer, and almost the devil. Well, Horace Greeley