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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, December 24, 1850, Image 6

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bs.*.crio<?e Knppiw*." in Provirfrnc*- nnrf
B onion.
We cut the following from the Washing?
ton Kepuhi'tc, a paper not likely to lie the
victim of any new \\>z\w humbug :
" We learn from the letter of a private corres?
pondent that the " mysterious tappings" arc again
exciting no little attention among the citizens of
Horton and Providence. This letter was not in.
tended for publication, but, ns it comes Irom n
stiurtc on which wo can rely, and touches some
matters of curious speculation, we take the lib?
erty of presenting a portion of it to our readers:
" ! have nothing new to tell you touching the
Tappings . I am as mnch in the dark as ever us to
the mode of" their production. Sounds are made,
and furniture is made to move, and electric sensa?
tions communicated. This I have heard, seen and
fi lt. and [ do not believe the manifestations are
the result of collusiorj or trickery. My own opinion,
so far as I have 1.n able to form any on the sub?
ject, is that the w< Hum (so called] producos un?
consciously all these phenomena; but my notions
are as vet crude on this point, and 1 must investi
gale the matter much further before resting in
them 6atisiied. The subject is beginning to create
? good deal of attention both here and in Provi?
dence ; ami almost every one who is satisfied as
to the absence of trickery accepts the Spiritual
solutioo. When 1 saw the table move, it moved the
length of my hand, so that my hand, which was
resting on it, fell. This was repeated several
times. There were nt> castors on the table, and
it required considerable effort to move it. The
room was light. Four persons were present, no
one of whom, I am confident, had anything to do
(knowingly) with the motion. It was considered
an unsuccessful experiment; as a few nights he
fore the table had been earned across the room
and back, and upset and restored to its legs. The
same thing whs done in Providence in a very re?
spectable and intelligent family. Very curious
ell this, but I am indisposed to believe that spirits
onf of the flesh do it, although j am fully satis
?ed that there is no human collusion in the
matter."
BALTIMORE.
???
The Alcltonogli Will and lite Locob?Uefbrni
Convention?Hon. James Hrookh- Slgnorl
nn I'nroill-Hinlftrants to Africa?New I.o
ro 1'nper?Acquittal of Stump.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
As 1 anticipated some time since, the MdJo
uogh legacy to the city of Baltimore has already
become n subject for party strife, even before it
is obtained. The will requires that the city of
Baltimore shall appoint three agents to act con?
jointly with a similar number appointed by the
city of New-< Means. Our Councils are controlled
bj a laru'c Loco-Foco majority, and wo have a
Whig Mayor. The rule and custom has been, and
the chatter of the city provides, that all ollicere,
with few exceptions, (which are enumerated,)
shall be appointed by the Mayor an 7 City Council
?the Mayor nominates, and the Councils confirm
or reject. Well, the Locos in the two branches
of the Couni il have pass*.*! it bill giving the ap?
pointment oi the three Agents (with a salary ol
?3,000 each, per annum) to themselves, in v iola?
tion of all decency and the chartered rights of tho
Mayor. The Whigs in the Councils offered a mi?
nority bill, with the same provisions, giving, how?
ever, the appointment of paid Agents to the
Mayor and Councils. Disinterested Loco-Foco
ism would consent to no such honest, equitable
arrangement, and they have passed the bill to
suit themselves. The Mayor, however, lias a ve?
to, and I know will exercise it?and the bill will
be returned with his objoctions. As neither
branch hits two-thirds Locos in it, the iiiil will fail,
and 1 have no doubt that the Councils will adjourn
without making any provision for carrying out the
conditions of the bill. For the sake of three offi?
ces they will permit the property to go where it
list, even if there were a prospect of obtaining
the rich gratuity within the next year Let the
city obtain il whenever it may, there w ill always
be a bitter strueglein reference to its disposition,
which will perchance result in more harm than
the good that may he cfTcctCil through its means.
(Jen. Chaplin, it is said, baf been released from*
tail in Rockvilloon Sl?.ooo bail, lie will now
have an opportunity of roturning to the Free
States, and as ho vnlucs liij liboit-y itn Hie re?
mainder of his life, he had better never come
back. Let his friends pay the bail bond ami thus
secure his escape, for rest assured that all the in?
genuity and talent of counsel can never save him
from conviction by a Maryland'Jury.
Our Reform Convention having adjourned till
the 30th inst. the members have severally gone
home to spend the holidays, in conversation with
several of them, I leftrn that there is little pros?
pect of anything being done. The majority of the
members are procrastinating and delaying the
business with the sole view of defeating the ob?
jects for which they were elected. Some of them
will have a fearful account to settle with their
constituents hereafter.
The Hon. .lames Brooks, of your city, delivers
the sixth lecture of the course before the Mary?
land Institute lor tho Promotion of tho Mechauio
Arts, to-morrow evening. The subject he has
chosen?"Mechanism the best defense of a Na?
tion"? is one that will doubtless prove instructive
rs well as entertaining ; and as a great desire is
manifested to see him, there wilt be a very largo
audience on the occasion.
Bignorina Parodj is expected here iu the
course of two weeks, and quite an excitement is
already getting up iu anticipation. It she be the
great rival of Jenny Lino that has been repre?
sented, she will reap a golden harvest, for ours is
decidedly a musical community, and never tails
to appreciate that kind of talent.
The bark Liberia Packet sailed yesterday on
her tenth voyage to Liberia, Africa, with upward
of eighty emigrant passengers, including live
from New-York. This vessel has proved a most
profitable speculation, the stockholders (who are
nearly all colored men) reaping a large income
from their capital invested.
Tho Locos ure endavoring to start it new organ
here?a morning paper?and have subscription
lists in circulation in this city, Annapolis and
Washington, to obtain the necessary funds. 1
understand that it is to be. a stock concern, and
may possibly succeed, the Argus only being tol?
erated in the absence of any substitute.
The trial of John W. Stump, at Bell Air, Md.
for the murder of Henry Hammond, by shooting
him while in his garden, rostiltod yesterday in
a verdict of "not guilty." Hammond was ac?
cused of seducing Mary Stump, sister of tho
prisoner, while sho was on a visit to his family,
and Stump was charged with shooting hint f>>r the
act. The voting lady was brought upon the stand
and twice fainted while giving her testimony
She staled that while she was up stairs at Ham
mocd's house, last Summer, he came into her
room) Sei/.ed her. threw her on the bed, and
violated her person. The wife and children of
Hammond came in the parlor at tho time. Stamp,
no doubt, had a hand in the deed, but no jury in
Herford Co. under the circumstances, will ever
convict him ol it. Tho verdict was received by
the people at the Court House, with loud cheers
I a(ju.
I.nbor Statistics Straw-Sewers.
To <A? Edit, r o/ The 7> .!?/.<?.
My attention was called to a notice in your pa?
per of tho 19th relative to the Straw and Patnilla
Sewers' prices. Those prices were not correctly
given. Allow mo to give you the correct pricos,
and J bopo you will oblige us by publishing them.
They are:
For fine braid PamlUs Bonnets.51 "0
Medium. 75
< lours*. M
Ail kinds Of SOUCM braids, per piece Of 60 yards. I?
All biuda of Lue brai,.?. fi"
Kur La?! Bom eis. 80
Yours. rcspoctrVtllv', r.
ILelkask ok Mr. Chaplin.?Mr. Chaplin was
on Thursday iRst released from the jail of Mont?
gomery Co. Maryland, $19,000 bail having been
entered for his appearance at Howard District
Court to stand his trial on tho charge of having
resisted the Washington slave-hunters who
tracked him across the Maryland line. Ho had
jireviously given bail in tho stun of $b',000 to ap?
pear for trii! in the District of Columbia, on charge
of aiding ii, tho escape of a|Rvcs. Mr. C was in
Philadelphia on Saturday evening, on his way
From Texn*.
From the New Orleans Picayune, 15th.
By the arrival of the Steamship (Jalvcston we
l uve received papers from the city of Ga'vcston
to the 10th inst.
The weather in Galveston daring the few days
previous was the coldi st known since 1MB. The
mrrenry fell as low ns i"i .
The Galveston papers announce the arrival of
C< I. Todd and Col. U. P. Temple, two of the Com?
missioners appointed by the President to make
tteaties with tho various Indian tribes on the bor?
ders of the United States and Mexico.
Ken. Campbell, the other Commissioner, was to
arrive in the nest steamship from New-Orleans
The Commissioners will proceed to Austin
thence to San Antonio, and thence to El Paso. It
is not impossible that their visit to Austin, an 1 a
conference with the Governor of the State, may
lead to some interesting results with the Caman
ches.
A revenue cutter is daily expected at Galveston
with a view to making some surveys for the loca
I ion of three life-boats, or rather three light-houses.
The three life-boats have already been ordered to
the points we named, and the patentee, Mr. Fran?
cis, will soon have them properly stationed.
The light-houses are to be placed, one oil'Gal?
veston Mar, one oil Pass Cavallo, and one at Bra?
zos Santiago. They are to be built at the en?
trances of the above passes, so that vessels can
come in nt night when necessary; They will have
nti elevat ion of sixty feet, and can be seen by ves?
sels at the distance of fourteen miles at sea in or?
dinary weather. They will he constructed on iron
screw piles, which will extend through the water
and sand until they reach a solid foundation.
TheLavaca Commercial contains the following
paragraph: "Mr. Harris, of the firm of Harris At
Morgaa, of New-Orleans, killed a lino, hu ge pan?
ther one day last week, over on Sand Point, about
seven miles from this place. This is the first ani?
mal of the kind we have heard of being in this
section ol country for a long time."
We learn by Capt. J. D. Brower that on Mon?
day night, the 2d inst. the Government steamer
Anson, (.'apt. King, tram Brazos to New-Orleans,
run ashore opposite Matagordu in a sinking condi?
tion, the crew barely escaping with their lives.
The Senate made a provision in the bill accept?
ing the proposition from Congress, for electing by
the Legislature a messenger to carry the bill to
Washington. This provision wasstneken out by
the House. A joint resolution was afterward
offered, giving the appointment of this special
messenger to the Governor, which was expected
to pass.
All the members appear to be i:i favor of paying
the debt Of the State ns soon as possible, and to
accomplish this desirable object.
This Legislature will, therefore, take no action
relative to any surplus that may accrue. Most of
the members are, however, of opinion that seven
millions w ill nay our debt as it has been sealed.
A bill has been offered authorizing the Texan
Members in Congress to receive the IT. S. Bonds
that will be due that State.
A bill has passed the House requiring the Su?
preme Court of the State to hold its sessions
alternately at Austin, Galveston, and Tyler, in
Smith County.
The Senate amended this bill by striking out
Galveston and iuserting Corpus Christi, and the
bill passed the Senate as thus amended. There
is no probability that the ilo^se will agree to this
amendment. The question was expected to
awaken a pretty warm debate, and elicit some
feeling. All the Eastern .Members are strongly
in favor oi (Jalvcston.
A bill passed the House on the 8,'id ult. author?
izing the Galveston Canal Company to open a
Canal between Galveston and Sabine Pass. This
bill will pass the Senate without doubt.
Jenny Lind nt Richmond.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
IticiiMu.Nu. Va., Kr.day. Dec. 20.
Jenny Lind and party left Washington at 9 J
o'clock yesterday morning, per U. S. Mail Steam?
boat Baltimore, (Capt. MeCansland,) and arrived
nt Acquia Creek at 1 o'clock. The car provided
for her on the Railroad thence to Richmond was
a new and elegant one, tastefully decorated mid
surmounted with the Hags of Sweden and tho
United Stotes. In passing down the river Poto?
mac, we observed the Swedish flag flying to the
breeze in the town of Alexandria. Also in differ- I
etit places along the banks groups of persons I
were collected, who cheered the distinguished J
stranger on her wuy. Jenny's intelligent blue eye, j
ci, r:.,.?.i .... ...? tujUd i, uuUu wai, De?
frayed decj) emotion at these manifestations of j
kindness. She remained on deck almost the i
whole way. engrossed in the admiration of the |
country on cither side, which was truly worthy j
the contemplation of an appreciating mind.
She was met at the cars by a large crowd of
persons who warmly greeted her. Along the
road ami nt the respective stages she was re- ?
ceived by crowds of villagers in a manner which I
appeored to have deeply affected her. It was not !
unfrequcnt to sec the farmer running nt the top J
of his speed, and leaving his field operations, to j
meet her at the next stage. Bouquets innumera- i
ble had been presented to her on the road. She
avoided observation as best she could. On her i
arrival at Richmond she stole away from the
anxious crowd in a private carriage, which was
in waiting to receive her at some distance from
the town, nnd ell'ecied an entrance at her Hotel, j
At ll o'clock P. M., she was serenaded by the j
Armory Bund of the State Guards (Capt. Him- ?
mock,) who performed some beautiful appropriate j
airs. The stillness of the night, added to the or- .
der ntid respect observed among the immense j
crowd, gave the scene n truly grand effect. Jenny j
bersell was deeply grateful for the extreme mani- j
festation o! admiration extended toward her.
The auction of tickets for her first and only |
concert in Richmond came oft' yesterday, the
proceeds of which must appear incredulous, but j
a reference to the press of the city will confirm
the truth of the following :
The minimum price of the seats all round was
fixed at sr> each. The first ticket was knocked
down to the linn of:Stringer & Morton, City Ex- <
press, at $105. The bidding throughout was, per
haps, the most remarkably spirited ever known
on an auction occasion. Every seat within the
house was sold tit ?> o'clock nt an average price of
Ski all round. The house will accommodate 1,100 |
persons, which returns to one P. T. Bornum, a
gentleman well known in your city, no less an
Item than ?18,COO, good and true bills. Now, ho
it remembered that the city of Richmond can
onlv boast of a population of 40,000persons, (near?
ly half black) and, when considering that fact, it
I is unnecessary to detail tho thriving state ol the
, town, its enterprise, <Vc. Every precaution has
' been adopted to insure the most perfect order at
I the concert to night. The Mayor bus ordered an
I efficient Police to he in attendance.
I tcUrnoron,tbgingS
j villo and the University. As the trait, passed
J through Hanover, on the way to Richmond, it
was cheered by the people along the route with
shouts of joy. ".Much has been doing herein the
shape sf improvement Buildings, Canals, Rail
roads', renders the position of the laboring popula?
tion enviable to that of your Northerners. The
average pay of an able-bodied (white) laborer is
about SI 85 per day. Yours, ,,.
FxT The Medical Profession
nate nt the drawing of the An
The following physicians obta
Augel,Waddoll, Carlan, Shurb,
Knight, Robinson, and L. Heat
Lais' d Warrants vs. LanuSai es.?Daring the
whole term set apart for the laud sales at Fair
Bold I ast month, not. st single bidder appeared.?
All tht' entries are now made with Land War?
rants. Some of the speculators find no difficulty
in Betting rid of their warrants. They do it in
this wa\ : They enter a quarter section for a fur?
nier with one of their warrants, and then rive
him a bond lor a deed, tho deed to bo oxeontod
in one year from date, on the payment of two
hundrcd'dollnrs in each. The farmer fools satis
filed, because ho gtts a year's credit, atttl pays no
more for his Isind at tho end ol that ti.no than tlu
Govcrnmcnt asks lor it. The speculator is satis
Ii. d because ho makes sixty or seventy per cent,
by the transaction ntid nobody seems dtssatisiied
but the I.ami Officers, who have to do ton ti ues
more work and receive less than a tittle of the 1
rfay than was formerly rde?R'Cd before Land
Warrants became r legal tondi r iu the p troh iso
ol land. [Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeyc. '
fortu
nion.
Tribune's Special Oispatchea.
Hal
Fugitive Csmc.
Sptcial Ditpakh to Tht Tiiuune.
Wm. S. Knight'ThTow?ei
potpi! runaway) Emory Rice
to have young Adam Gibs
carried off' in place of Rice
Samuel L. Halzell, U. S. De|
The Anstrian Mission.
the Austrian Minister unu win soon De
called fur in the Senate.
Mr. jVIcCurdy, Charge appointed to Aus?
tria, has gone home without his commis?
sion. Diplomatic relations between the
two countries are thus in a state of sus?
pense.
Mr. Webster left for New-York last
By Telegraph lo Hie New-York Tribune.
Washington Item?
Convention scheine, and the Union gives it but
feeble support.
1.x Secretary Mason s testimony will be taken
before the Naval <'ourt Martial to-day, and Com.
Jones's friends rely greatly upon it for a 'till ex?
culpation of his official conduct.
.Storm in Boston.
Boston. Monday, Dec. 33.
The North-Ettst Snow Storm ol last night was
very severe here, turning to rain toward morning;
to vessels off the coast. Thj sloop Avon, Pltmer,
from Gloucester, with 355 bids, oi Mackerel, sunk
oil the end of India Wharf, and another small ves?
sel between Howe and India Wharfs also sunk.
FROM WASHINGTON.
Congress nnd Its Present nnd Prospective Do?
ings -Uill> that hid talc to ims*?The Patent
Laws> and the attempt to niter them in cer?
tain cases.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
Washington, Saturday. Dec. 21.
Congress will not work much until after the
holidays. The prospect, nt present, seems to be
decidedly fair for the passage of hills for amend?
ing the Tariff, improving [Livers and Harbors, es?
tablishing Cheap Hates of Postage, erecting a
Branch Mint in New-York, securing Indemnity for
French Spoliations, increasing tite Rank and File
of the Army, increasing the Steam Wing of the
Navy, establishing a Steam Mail Route to Chinn,
and establishing a Commission to examine and
adjust Claims against the Government.
Great efforts will bo made to alter, and also to
prevent the altering, of the existing Patent Laws.
There is no process nowbywhi ha Patent proved
and established to be fraudulent maybe repealed.
There should be. It <ould do no harm. If the
Patentee's invention is not a fraudulent oae, let
him have the full benefit of it. If it be fraudulent,
then the quicker it can he exposed, and the Pa?
tent repealed, the better will it be for ail concern,
ed, ''and the rest of mankind.''
The law should he altered also cn the subject,
of extending Patents which have run fourteen
years, whether fraudulent or not. Uutil a few
years ngo, it required the joint consent of the
Secretary of the State, the Solicitor of the Trea?
sury, and the Commissioner of Patents, to ext. nd
a rntcnt. But in an unguarde*! hour Congress
was induced to change that wholesome and safe
feature of the law so as to rest the whole power
to continue oxcxtend a Patent in the Commissioner
of Patents.
Ktnvm? rotouin for -r.l,;^li c.\U'i!aiuu io aoltcd are
worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. How
necessary and proper it should be then that this
dangerous power should be so guarded as to put
its exercise beyond the reach of any one man.
however hcuiest he may be supposed tobe.
HONE3TU5.
Awful Sieniiiltoitt Disaster?Explosion of tho
Anglo-Norman and Loss of Life.
The Telegraph has already announced tho ex?
plosion ot this boat nt New Orleans on the 1 Ith
inst. Mr. Lumsden, oue of the Editors ol the
N. O. Picayune, was on board the bout at tite'
time of the explosion, and publishes an interesting
account ol the disaster, from which we make the
following extract;
At about 1 o'clock P.M. n portion ofthe guests,
among whom were live ladies and a little girl, sat
down to n sumptuous collation in the cabin. For?
tunately the number o! ladies and children on
board was so small. Everything passed oil' mer?
rily. A second table was arranged for those who
had not been able to obtain a place at the first,
and, as the company became mure nnd more so
cialiy disposed, a number of those who had al?
ready lunched crowded into the cabin to partake
of the general enjoyment. This saved a great
many from the ell'ecrs of the explosion.
At ~\ o'clock, while this festivity was at its
bight, and the boat was coming down stream un?
der full headway, at the rate often or twelve miles
an hour, when opposite the lower line of Carroll
ton, the explosion took place. We were standing
at the moment on the boiler deck, near the front
door ofthe cabin. We noticed a shower of water
failing on the deck around the small escape-pipe,
which in low pressure boats runs up by the smoke
pipe. In a second or two a sharp, crashing noise
followed, and the whole deck forward, within a
few feet of us, rose in the air.
A thick, blinding, impenetrable cioud of hot
smoke and cinders enveloped the whole scene in
an instant, and for a short space of time the dark?
ness around was like night. We will not speak
of our own feelings at the moment. The smoke
cleared away and the awful character of the terri?
ble accident was revealed. Tho cries and groans
ofthe wounded, the screams of affrighted women,
the confused mass of ruins in the front ofthe boat,
the surface of the river covered with jagzed tim- j
ber and humnn beings struggli ig for life, and the
next instant the=alarmingcryot'"fu-e" in the hold,
presented a swift succession ol incidents sufficient
to nppal the stoutest heart. Fo. a momentortwo
it was not known whether the boat would float or
be saved irom lire. The flames were quickly ex?
tinguished, however, by the crew; it was ?scer
tnincd that the hull was uninjured, ami then all on
board went coolly and quickly to work to rescue
such of the sufferers as were entangled in the fallen
sndbroken beams an i planks, to soothe the agonies
ol the dying or to give all possible aid ro those who
were more or less bruised, scalded or burned. Of
the lnn.es among whom were Mrs. Junius Becbe,
nust of them scalded
ad been blown ovcr
al knowledge, not more "ban 135 mvUed
guests were on board, it indeed as many,
several others were invited, and were hoard
during the day, to express their regret that they
had been unable to get to the boat in time before
she started, or were prevented by other causes
The single, monstrous boiler, perhaps the lar?
gest ever constructed in this country, the immense
snmke pipe. the two small engines, the "doctor"
and tho " blower." were blown clear out of the
oont, atid.no traces left of their whereabouts Tne
entire^ lorward dock, n.s far nfc as the cylinder,
waa blown to atoms. The vessel forward is a
the explosion. The second engineer, Mr. Doyle,
wns in his room and escaped uninjured. All the
stewards and most of the deck hands were saved.
The following persons were taken to the Marine
Hospital: Mr. Alfred Stillman, of the linn of Al?
len A Stillmanof the New-York Novelty Works;
James M Dado, one of the crew of the"boat, who
Porter and '
the so flerers.
tain, the folio
pheaS. Bib\fir
?1ssinc, ? Ju
C. C. Williams, sltgbtly; Capt. John P. 'Burnett, tea; frac?
tured; Nathan J arvig, severely; Stephen Jarvis, his
brother, severely; J. AV. Andrews, severely, bat not dan?
gerously, scalded; Jss. J. Day, ofSlark, Day. Staufferk
Co Sliebtly; Mr. Bignny, ?f the Delta, slightly; Mr.
Kicd. ofthe Creteent,slightlv; Mr. Rvan. ofthe Orleaniaa,
slightly: 1 lenry Latbrop; slightly; .lames McDade. deck
haid, slightly; - Had, slightly; Apprentice of Mr.
Leeds, slightly; Capt. Aonabte, leg liadly broken, since
reported amputated ; J. L. Warner, tirtn of .1. W*r ;jr
fc Co. badly injured; - .Stillman. brother of Alfred
S'iliman, slightly: William Elliot, badly, Julia Taylor,
slightly; ? Whit?more, sllghUy; ? Thaver, sen',-,
slightly ; Capt. Thompson, of the ship Lexington, badly ;
cook tnd ihree colored firemen, badly; John Wilson,
deck hand, at ike Charitv Hospital, badly? will recover;
J. O. Pierson, slightly; Mr. Ganaud, Second Municipality
Tieasnrer, slightly.
"Spirit nnd Power of the Pilgrims."
Last evening Rev. Geo. B. Cheever, D.D. de
' livered a discourse on the above theme, on the
oc< asion of the J-'Oth Anniversary of the Landing
of the Pilgrims. His discourse was founded on
Malaclii iv. C: "And he shall tum the heart of
the fathers to the children, and the heart of the
of principle!
the beams
and smite
?, " Princi
erows out
Divine Providence and
nd law of progress, as j
principles continue."
1 a momentum from the
sill! onward. Onward they will go, over all ob?
stacles, if we are but faithful to our fathers and
our fathers' GuD.
The first ami greatest point in the character of
our Pilgrim Fathers, was their unquestioned and
remarkable piety. Out of this piety grew their
devotion and faithfulness to Goo. Out of this
faithlulnes.- grew their resistance to merely hu?
man law which conflicted with conscience, and
led them in their subsequent career. Ttie early
Puritan Church in London, in 1592, which was de?
nounced by Queen Elizabeth, contained this ele
ment in a highdegree. The Church formed on the
borders of Lincolnshire in 1602, formed a covenant
j which declared these principles in the strongest
' terms. Out of that Covenant grew the civil and
j religious Constitution framed twenty years after
; wards on board the May Flower,?framed onGoD's
highway, under no human jurisdiction, within no
! human empire?neither the outgrowth, nor append
! nge, nor codicil, nor consequence of any other
I Constitution on earth. This Church Covenant,
: out of which. God has caused to spring the freest
j Constitution, the most religious .-States, and tuo_
I mightiest growing Empire in the world, was itself
! the direct product of disobedience to unrighteous
! human law. It grew out of the conviction that
! the things proscribed by human laws were right,
! and those laws were against conscience and the
: law ol God.
I The speaker proceeded to speak of our obliga?
tions to our Pilgrim Fathers for the legacy of their
principles, spirit, intelligence and independence,
? and of their moral and religious institutions. He
' dwelt iin the Puritan sabbath?earnestly warned
; his hearers against the dangers resulting from a
evening Concerts.
inseparably connected with the Sabbath is the
faithfulness and independence of the Ministry.?
No where under the Heavens is the pulpit so free,
remarked the speaker, as in this country. Tiie
Pulpit is a sacred, free, exalted enshrinemont of
all God's messages to our fallen race. All in?
stitutions are beneath it. It is above all earthly
things. It should guide public opinion, not follow
it. A time-serving pulpit is one of the greatest j
evils God ever suffers to fall upon a people. In j
our day the pulpit is too apt to pay a regard to
what the merchants and the newspaper press may
say. Popularity is the element which the pulpit |
is in danger of, instead of a bold, elevated, fear?
less faithfulness to God and his Word ami the j
But:Is of men.
The Tress, its power, its energy, its irrespon?
sibility, waschen forcibly discussed. Referring to
the circulation of a popular journal, the speaker re- |
marked, that when grown to a wide circulation it
is irresponsible except to the great wealth ofthe
owner, and the means of increasing it. A journal
of 10,000 or ?JO.OOO circulation may speak every
-lay or every week to 50,000 or 60,000 readers. If
this power become unprincipled, immoral or infi
del, how tremendous are its facilities for the cir?
culation of pernicious sentiments and teachings!
The very subscribers, from being its patrons, as
they were called when it first started, become in
some sense its dependants, because by multitude
they have given it an irresponsible power. For
j'ou might as well expect a combination and
agreement among all the rain drops that feed a
torrent to stop descending, when they see their
brook running to the ocean, as may the subscri?
bers of a journal which has become wealthy and
feared and of great influence by a circulation of
? Co,ooo or HO,UU0, to cripple its energies when they
see it going wrong. Hence in cities its means of
proscription are so vast?it may single out a mer
chl ' and proscribe his goods by proscribing his
principles or it may single out a minister an 1 deal
its :' arts at 'aim?but no newspaper, not a combi?
ned ol all the newspapers in the world can
touch the minister of Christ who is faithful to Ida
God.
Growing out of these considerations follows the
conservative influence of all free and true educa?
tion. The speaker forcibly dwelt on the destiny
of the nation with its prospective population of
lCti.000,000 of people?the power, energy and
resources of the great empire to be held and
wielded by the young of to-day. These must be
and Board of Commissioners for vagrint
Cnu.ores, to educate, superintend, instruct and
train them. Build SCHOOL8 for them now and i
support them there and you will not have to j
build Prisons for them hereafter, and support j
them there. You Lave power to do what you will j
with the nation if you will but oatheu ci* the
children, but if you let the children go, you let ;
the nation go. Take care of the children in the
helplessness nn 1 destitution of their infancy and j
childhood, and the vagrant children will take care
of your country when you yourselves are buried !
er to the meansnfpreservmgthe AmericanTJmon
? and no one who heard ms remarks could fail to
be convinced that he is any thing else but a dis- j
unionist. He entreated men to pause and think; 1
Tbe Union ttill continue-it mu.it continue?it
shall continue. The dismemberment of the '
American Union would be the halleluiah cf all ty |
rtittts?it would be. tne triumph ol wicked men all
over tbe world. But the spirii of Lnion must
live. All the railroads winch could be laid down
Jn m the Sea of Mexico to the North Pole, aud
from Maine and Caltlornin to the R tcky Moun?
tains, und all the telegraphs that could follow along
the same nnes. would not bind this i 'nion together,
ii tbe ."7"r lol I lion were dead, any more than an
iron bolt driven through the diameter ofthe globe
could elamp it together, were the law of the at
Dr. Cheever proceeded with a forcible argument
on the power ol Christianity, and the necessity of
a true devotion to th? I igbest interests of tbe ha
t -.tt. and l ealoic faithfulness ro God, on the part
of all na n, sh the only means of preserving the
I ion, and gl sv*u4uiug those ?re? institutions to
which the oppressed ut every cume now I <ok for
hope, as a pledge
unite in a universi
n shall
:ur the
adt
Dr. Tndd's Address before ?lie HronUlyn
rVew'EiiptlHud Nuclei v.
Pittsfield, Mass, .
He remarked, in
sary ol" the landing
set apart lor the 001
am! virtues, and t
sons appeared to
might be pardor
com:: together I
tributed to the impi
the pressure of circi
habits ofpxnoaiirp n
them what they were. Beside this, the unity of
counsel which prevailed for a long time among
thtm, making all their acts as the arts of one man,
gave them great power; but in addition to ail
these influences some other causes must have op.
era ted to have produced the suet-ess ofthe I'uritans
in forming the char actor of this great people. As
the traveler in viewing the outlet of Lake George
feels that there must be some supply of water far
greater than the scanty rivulets which feed the lake,
so we are conscious that these men must have
iiad some hidden spring of power ami influence.
They might be considered rs sowing three
seeds?Religion, Education, and Industry. They
made an atmosphere of conscience about them,
which pervaded nil tbeir acts. It was net new
for nations to profess to be governed, by religious
motives, but it was a principle new and untried,
that labor?labor ol tne head, the heart, and tho
hand,?was to be held in honor. This principle
they drew from the Bible. God himself worked,
Ids angels worked, man before his fall worked,
and work was one of the duties enjoined
upon ull the race. The speaker rebuked the
notion that work could only be performed by
the hands, in an eloquent manner.
New-England was given to our forefathers in
the rough.. Labor was necessary to all its inhabit?
ants and of course became honorable. The
speaker proposed to examine the results of the i
adoption of that fundamental principle.
The rough hill sides are now covered with cul- j
tivated Heids, the valleys teem with, villa-res and I
cities, the little stream leaping down the luoun
tain hush.es its latitth and be:omes sober as it is I
made to work. The little pond is made to per- j
form lighter labor and produce more delicate fa
brics, and the mountain lake is dammed up and :
made to hold within its aching sides a supply for |
the streams in the time of drouth.
Even the granite of the hills is coined and when
the Winter's trusts bind the earth the very ponds
are made to yield a fruitful crop of luxuries for
the Indies.
The sons of New-England will have the com?
forts of life, and they will work for them. The man?
ufactures of Massachusetts alone are $ 120,000,000, !
equal in value to all the cotton raised south ofthe
Potomac; and this is done, though nearly all the
provisions consumed are produced elsewhere,and
under a burden of emigration from her borders,
not only of her sons bu; of the very land, for
which those who leave most frequently receive
the pay. Hut it is as natural for the Yankee to
work as tu breathe. If one ia heard of in a dis?
tant place the lirst question is, " What is he do
in? there 1" If a new acquaintance is made?
" What is his business V he is at once asked.
This idea that all labor is equally honorable pro?
duces a versatility of character peculiar to the
Yankee. He can change his business as often as
be finds another more promising than tho oue he
is pursuing, and when nothing better oilers, said
the speaker, we are ull willing to turn to und j
save the Union?Labor ceasing to be drudgery, j
amusements are rendered unnecessary, but for
recreation a young man jumps into the cars and
takes a journey ot a thousand miles or twj to
transact a little business.
The inventive genius of the Yankees was allud?
ed to as the result of this constant activity of
mind.
The objection is sometimes raised that New
Englanders are not gentlemen. They are not
such gentlemen as a French dancing muster
would make, but the prevalence of the idea that
labor is honorable will make men.
The sons of New-England numbering iJ,000,000,
carry marks of their origin wherever they go.
Accustomed to labor, as the Roman soldier was
to drill with heavy arms, they seldom meet hard
ships of greater magnitude than the affairs of
every-day life. It is the glory of New-England
that her wealth was worked for.
The general distribution of property is one of
its most manifest results. The necessity of labor
tends greatly to the preservation of morality. It
has produced an universal development of mind.
The speaker urged upon his hearers the duty to
work out this principle, that all labor is to be held
in eipual honor, charging them to make their child?
ren leel that the New-Engl?nder who despises
labor, is unworthy of Iiis name , and that it is the
tluty of everyone to work in some way: that
great and good ends must also be associated with
all that they did, and impressed upon them the
importance of working from motives, benevolence
and patriotism, rather than seltishuess and ava?
rice. He closed with a commendation of those
sons of New-England who have become merchants
beyond her borders.
This address was interspersed with many apt
illustrations, and was well received. The dinner j
is to be at Montague Hall this (Mondavi evening.
iuijioi taut reuiiMjlvnnia Law.
The following section ol an act passed April 26,
1850, exempts monies at interest from taxation
for township and borough purposes:
?' That hereafter no law of this Commonwealth
rendering monies owing by solvent debtors liable
to be assessed and taxed for any purpose, s.iall
be construed and held to make the same liable to
be assessed and taxed for borough purposes; but
the same'shall be exempt from any charge, tax, or
assessment, for any such purpose : Provided, that
nothing in this act contained shall be held toi ap?
ply to any case in which such taxes have been
heretofore actually assessed and paid."
Woman he it ows Physician? "An Appeal to
the Medical Society of Rhode Island in behalf of
Woman to be restored to her natural right as
Midwife, ami elevated by Education to be the
Physician of her own sex," is a very small, but
very forcible and truthful pamphlet, just pub?
lished at Newport, R. I. We have no doubt of
the correctness of its leading proposition that
Woman ought to be educated for the Medical
profession, arid should especially be consulted and
trusted in all diseases peculiar to her own consti?
tution. Hut we do not perceive that there is any
obstacle in the wav now. Only let one hundred
.ad they will encoun
i so many youtig men
instruction in any of
s by simply uniting
? as whs proper, they
cures with the male
as a sepsrute class
, it is only necessary
ical instruction, and
that they "U-'IU to
ieu as Medical attendant
ured.
E
no
Medical profession :n tahtomia. During the
fortnight preceding the sailing of the last steam?
er, the following physicians were swept off by
cv,,lerat? Dri. Cbbb, Whitlock, Noble, Mason,
The l'nlou Meeting In UaunrangniT'
From tU C*tUr?oi,w Whij, p^, ljSi
The great "Union Meeting" in Cutaraagoj
so long w progress and so widely heralded and
applauded by the Hunker press, has come and
gone. The Union end Constitution still stand,
so lar as any visible signu can indicate, as ?n?
\\ ?r i?i?"f.as thV did ^efore the meeting was
caller,. On tne ) 1th of December, now rendered
lorever memorable in the annals of Cattaraugus,
assemblage of tbe Union, Constitution
ami aw aim Order .'oving c'tizens, assembled at
the Court House in this vi!lnfe. The meeting was
ceiled to assemble ? 2 1'. M. At that hour the
, it.; our best citizens, who came.
; w&>' tuo active leaders, who
n* meeting, intended to strengthen the
cores ol the Union. 1 ne meeting remained qui?
etly seated tor rear an hour before the wirc
woikt.-s, the Hunkers ana Silver Greys, made
their appearance. At length they came in a body,
cumbering dorn thirty to forty. The leaders wem
evidently dissatisfied to find there assembled,
Alter a short pause to revive their drooping
courage, Mr. Samnel Ewing rose and called tho
meeting to order, ami read from a paper a list of
the onicers that he s..nl had been agreed upon by
them. The list contained a President and some
Bfteen \ ice Presidents, oi which ten cr eleven
were not in attendance, with Secretaries, all of
whom were quietly voted i.t, without opposition.
Judge Wheeler, u Hunker L'vo-Foco, was the
presiding oflicer. He wis no doubt selected on
account of his knowledge ol Parliamentary rules.
On taking tho Chair, the Judge commenced an
address to the meeting by saying he would not
make a speech, and then went on with a speech
of seme half hour, pretty evidently thought over
for the occasion, in which he violently assailed
Mi Seward and Mr. Nan Buren, sharing his ani?
madversions about equally between them. Ho
also denounced agitation tin the subject ol Slavery,
nun ire pence measures el the Jas t session of Con?
gress :.s dangerous to the I nion. On these sub?
jects, the learned Ju V- broadly intimated that
the right or petition and freedom of speech must
be denied us. To i istrate the dangers and din
asters of discussion on these subjects, he alluded
to the condition ol several ol the churches whose
national relations were now sundered by these
On taking his seat, the Chair called upon Mr.
Wood to read some resolutions, which he said
hud been prepared. Before rending the llcsolu
tions, Mr. Wood read several letters from distin?
guished orators who had b< en invited to address the
meeting, but declined. These letters were from
Judge Chamberlain, of Cattaraugus, <j W. Clinton
and 11. K. Smith, ol Buffalo, Hiram Ketohum, of
New-York, undone or two ethers. The resolutions
were then read by Mr. Wood, who after reading
them sat down. Tho chair then called on Mr.
Washburn lo make n speeuh in support of the re?
solutions. Hut Mr. W ashburn, from maiden coy?
ness, perhaps desiring to be in some degree (breed
into the lield, or some other cause, did not appear
on the lloor.
Mr. A. O. Rich rose and said that he desirod to
propose a part of " the pluy ' that did uot appear
"in the bill." He siiiii he wanted to olli-r a set
ol resolutions which he held in his hand, as a sub?
stitute lor those read by Mr. Wood. The chair
suggested that the substitute was not in order,
and that the debate must first be had upon the
resolutions offered by Mr. Wood. The.chair as?
signed as a reason for this course that Mr Wash
burn was prepared to speak upon Mr. Wood's re?
solutions, am! that the introduction of others might
embarrass him.
Mr. Hice insisted that he wns in order, and pro
ceeded to read his resolutions. They are as fol?
lows : ,
1. Retolted, That we cherish an abiding and ima'terable
attachment to the Union of the Stales and the Institutions
under which we live, and ihai we will nt ull limes and un?
der nil i'ii cumstances i ve inn'. xi i loos and render mir aid
for ibe preservation of the Union ai tl the perpetuity of the
General Government
2. Root veil. That wo are, without exception, a law-lov?
ing ami law-abiding ;>?-.*f.i.?Ulal h HI . c;a;i-.ti tbu Uwa
and yield to their authority so long us Ihevremain nr>?>?
the Statute Books, and wodo not regard it the right of the
citizen to vloluuUy resist them or pievent tln-ir execution.
Ami that t-veryiliiriti in the ea 1 i?n this meeting, or any de
nioiieiraiii n upon this subject, which naaiimea or charges
that there isin Catniraiigus C.iiiiiy a party or a portion of
the people who are Dleuuionisls, or wnn are dUloyiil, 14, in
our opinion, a libel upon the County ami an Insult to the
Integrity und patriotism after people,nod shall receivoour
uni|UHli"ili'il (?nwlnnniiiii.il.
U. Retolted, That we cherish the freedom ol Debate and
the Press, and that we claim mid intend to exercise the
right to discuss the justice and propiiety of me, law that
may bo passed, w ith or wit., nit our concurrence, and that
" l? aemnesre in a law which is evidently wrong, through
the fear that discussion will arouse controversy, and en
danger the Union of the Slates, in unworthy a nation itbo
havi i.iitli in the Government of the People.''
4. Retained, That we considi r SI ivi rj a moral, soda! sad
political evil, and while we will use do uocoutitutlonsl or
ihegnl ineasuies for Itsabolltien in Hie SI lies, in wl.nJi it is
established by law we feel bouud to use such political pow?
er bu the Constitution gl . c? u?, to proven! Its Increase and
extension.
5. Retolted, That we regard the Knuitlvc Slave Law,
passed hi the recent Session ..f Congress, as unnecessarily
stringent In i:? provisions?as not furnishing suilicient and
pruper safeguards to the citizens ol iho Kruu St ilus, and
in many respects opposed not on v to the Kemna ol our
Government but to ihn dictates of justice and humanity,
and that we desire, and will endeavor to procure, its essen?
tial modilicailon and it p. al.
e. Retolted, That we will ebsorvo *?U the compromises
of the Constitution, so fur as it is in mir power, yieldlrrg to
the Southern Slates ull thai ill. , have a fust nod legal right
to require ?t as; but while conceding io them wlmtiscieai
ly theirs, we sbull, for no consideration, surrender our own
Interests, or submit to any aggressions upon our rights, and
that we w ill never give up the privilege of discussing any
law that muy be obnoxious, or of petitioning Congress for
its aiterution or repeal.
7. Recited, That we appro re of the action and political
conduct of that Senator and those Representatives In Con?
gress, fiom this S;ale. who havo lalIhfully obeyed the will
ol the People ol the Stale as expressed In the instructions
ami requests of the Legislature thereof, und that so far as
We l ave the power, we will support and sustain them. ?
8. Retolted, That we only doalroto express our views
and opinions here as citizens, and that we disclaim all In?
tention of disturbing the present political organizations or
founding anv new party oi coniliinntfon, wlih ru/ir fence W
the subject of Slavety, or the policy of our Government in
regard lo it
Here a question of or ler arose, which was dis
cussed in short speeches bs Messrs. Rice, Crook
er, C. J. Fox and Hawley, on one side, and by
Mr. Harmon in two long speeches, that eunsumed
the time until candle-light, on the other.
It was evident that the Hunkers and Silver
Grojs were determined to prevent discussion
and to conduct the meeting in their own way,
without regard to the mass of men assembled
there. During the discussion, it became perfect?
ly apparci-t to the disorganizing conspirators
that the sense of the r.ssewblage was over?
whelmingly against them, and mat they consti?
tuted bu'~-t miserable avl meager faction ol the
meeting. At a remark "made by Mr. Croojter to
the Chair, the audience made some demonstra?
tions of applause. This was sternly charged by
Mr. Harmon as an ait of rowdyism on tho part oi
thesober citizens there assembled While Air.
Harmon was indulging his spleen at the audience
Mr. T. Smith moved to lay the substitute upon
lhTptal'haVDUt the question, and about fifty voices
answered in tb* affirmative and the residue of the
fnnr nr iive hunured answered in the negative.
The choir said he was unable to decide tbe rote!
At this stage, Mr. Wood arose and moved that
tbemeetinB adjourn, and that those who agreed
with bin fhonld repair to Clark's Tavern, where
' ,,.,'i.u their business in their own way
1?-1 wit', ut Dotting tbe question, the chau* said
h rl so who choose lo go had bettor go without
takLt ft vote. ' Thereupon about thirty-five or
r P.. ii, . l ,.,-? n?d some ten or a dozen Sliver
forty liu..l.t.s -no tome
tremendous cheering as made ti>*?ld court boose
shake to its very foundal ons
Al
[i.UIe i. ons- T
as restored, Hon. ClUtJUOBt J.
ir,.v was aDDointed PresidM and Alonzo Haw
ley LepbeKwrich aJprnnab W?d, Wee
',, -?' ?, - r ,j jfekay and A. O. Hice,
8l??llaU^
vr V it -.- (,.;i r^ th-i ^olutions previous.y
Mr. A G. R ain reRd. Thereupon,
ofiereoV by Jf ^Xmeetbg, Geo- A S Crooker,
upon the call ol ? usemk?ltlgfi for more thaa ao
.hs,i- Zf.l l ~mity and eloquence of which the
" W; ?3fe as well a. those who heard him,
pU " j! Ve^'-11 Publish llis >peech entire. Suffloe
^JJgaJ?t it convinced ail who listened toit.o'
!, s''iotous designs of the wire-workers in this
? !%iovemeut.' At tbe close of Mr. Crooker"?
,'' i'h. the resolutions were unanimously adopt
s^Resolntions to publish the proceedings w?r*
^jed, niid the meeting adjourned. j
a is understood that the band <.f Hunkers an?
Grevs attempted . gel into the Pr^sbyte

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