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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, January 21, 1851, Image 4

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BUSINESS NOTICES.
ADTIRTISIlf (i DIRECTOR!*.
new advertisement! will. BE ?OfBD UNDER tkbi
BBSTECTIVR HEAD!, a! eollow! :
first taue. 18econd page. BECOND PAOE.
Lecture Set cm.... Real Kttate... Hardware.
M^ee+UNotute*.btmmramee. Msdtasiss
Want Pttvee.| Hcmeet To Lei .... Wate* Omt
Vrw P+Uicattcme.. Kor 8ale. Windrm gkaAm...
.... TdryapA.. Hut neu Cardt...
.... }?>:? .:. I -, ? Notiere.
Rflls?s% 'Ateetion. tex !F??si. Corpora tn tiotvn
EIGHTH PAOE nutrwetiea. THIRD PAOE.
Co-partnerthtp.. Bey Goods.. Oali/ornta.
J-MbrinbI.\Clotkmt._
Fine Gold Patent Levers.?A. T.
Cochrake, 2?a Oreenwich-st baa Just completed a large
and Tailed assortment In pattern of toe gold Raming
and open-fared English, Kreuch and Serial Lever! of the
most celebrated makers, which be orten at mach leas
prices thai! they can be purehaeed elsewhere; and for ac?
curacy of time, quality of gold and finish, be fear! no com?
petition from any of lie trade._
Mr.Goldsmith's Penmanship Classes,
at 289 Bboadwav ?Tbe advantages of Mr. Goldsmith's
iritem of leacfclrg penmanship, a* regard! the ibortneei of
the Um? necessary to perfect tbe band writing, and the
atyls of rbirography taught, seem to be universally ac?
knowledged He la at this time receiving a larger number
of application! for tauten than ever before, even at tbe most
favorable seasons. HM Ralf price classes will not be open
much loafer._
17* Gouraul's Liquid Hair Dte
Chances, a* It were by magic, '.a a few minutes, red or
gray ii sir to a brown or black. The useful discoveries of
Dr OotiRAi d, and his known eminence aa a chemical phi?
losopher, is a aure guarantee that this la tbe ne pros ultra of
Hair Dyes, and great caution should be taken to avoid vile
counterfeits Tbegenuine Is found only at Dr. Felix Ooi>
baud"! Depot,67 WaisersL near Broadway. j?l tfeod
A Studio Wanted for a Sculptor.?
Any person who haw such a room can find a tenant, by ap
plytof before 2 o'clock at Brady's Gallery, 2A5 Broad way.
t3T Ladies, if you wish Quilted Shoes,
Buskins, or Gaiter Bouts for cold weather. If yon wlah
white Linen (Jailers or Satin flippen for balls and partiea,
or India Rabber Boots and Shoes for stormy weather, tn
(act any article In the Boot and Shoe line for Ladies, Misses
and Children, go direct to J. B. Milleb's, ISt Canai-su
?T Mrs. Mettler, the Clairvoyant,
will remain In this City daring this week. Inquire of Menn.
fowlera A Wells, Canton Hall._
fcaV" A Complete List, alphabetically ar?
ranged, of ail the cities and principal towni of all the States
In which newspepora are published, may be had gratis at
the Ageucv In the Trlbuue Buildings, directly over the pub?
lication office of this paper. It also contains the term! of
advertising. From this list sucb sections of country can be
selected as are best suited to extend the various kinds of
business depending in any manner upon the custom of the
country, far and near, wholesale or retail.
tW Dr. Trafton's Buckthorn Berry
Pills are mild and effeciaal, and now die acknowledged
best remedy for Bilbeas attacks, Liver Complaint, Head?
ache, Oout, Giddiness, aabitual Cosiiveneas, Loss of Appe?
tite and Indigestion. Depot, \Mj Willierti-st For aale by
the principal city druggists and chemists
drftwTuWTbAa? _
Improved Ironing Machine or Man?
dls, roa Smoothing Clothes.?No Hotel, Laundry,
Boardlng-bouae or private family should ho without one,
as they perform tbe labor ?f six persons, without fuel. For
aale by Duncan a West, 4 Liberty-place, near Liberty
sl _.180 41*
I if Ladies and Gentlemen who are
troubled with chapped or rough bands should procure a
pair of light Rubber Gloves, which In wearing will render
the bands soft aa velvet and very white. To the ladiea they
are Invaluable tn protecting the hands while engaged in
domestic aflalra. Th'-v are almost as handsome aa black
aid. For sale low by Hitchcock k Lbaubeateb, 347
Broalway._J16 lw?
Watches and Gold Pens?The Rich?
elieu Ever Pointed Gold Pens are the moat durable and
highly finished of any In the market. They are recom?
mended by most of tbe best writers in the City. a great
assortment of Sue Gold and Sliver Watches are at J. y.
SavauE?, 93 Ftillon-at. where you should purchase If you
want a good article.
Sellino Out and Selling Off.?The
peat week has been a great week for the ladiea of this City,
Brooklyn and Wlllianiaburgh to buy Dry Goods, and they
have improved tbe opportunity. Never nave we seen such
SiiantlUea of goods sold so eh?ap. or so quickly. Shawl.
Ilka, Velvet!, Merinos, Delaines, Paramattas, Popllna
Broadcloths, Caasituerrs, Baiineis. Vesting!, Flannels
Blaukeia. Ac aoJd at a perfect rusk. aad the ensuing week
wepredlct greater bargains than ever. Mr. Bui.ins Is de
termlred to dispose or the whole of his slock this month,
and It will be sold cheap. 333 Oread, Ber. Orchard. J20 2iA
fear" Fowlers & Wells, Phrenologists
and Publisher!, Clinton Hall, 131 Nasaau-al. near the Park
Mexican Item*.
Frost our tiles ot El Monitor R<publicano to
Dec. 14, we translate the following:
Don Pedro Garcia Conde, and the officers of the
Mexican Bouudary Commission left Chihuahuaon
the '.?3d of November, for Paso del Norte. The
point where the lino strike? aU *^"-c ?
, , . .v sNfawtssflMCt, and the line running; from
that river to the Gila will bo determined in the
Spring. Afterward the Commission will survey
the course of the Ilio del Xorte to its mouth.
Letters from Tehuantepec to the 1st of Decem?
ber, state that the cbo.era was very violent at
that place. The General-in-Chief and the Major
Qeneral of the forces of Oaxaca fell ill, and being
bled by the physician who atteuded them, both
died. Two hundred men, from the batallion Guer?
rero had deserted,carrying with them the greater
part of the arms and ammunition. In Tehuante?
pec, there were only ISO men, including soldiers
and citizens. Melendex, knowing the condition
of the city, was on his way to attack it. His
forces amounted to 1.000 men.
Several returning Califomiana had reached the
little port of San Francisco, having loat their ves
ael in the lagoons of Marquex, where they had
put ia for water. They bad set out for Coatzo
ooalcos), to return thence to the I'nited States.
Two other vessels had touched at Tehuantepec
aad landed several passengers, among whom were
a general and a colonel?all bound for the Coatzo
ooalcoa.
Whk. Uknkral Committee.?The senior
Whig General Committee meet this evening, at
the Broadway House, to perfect their Organiza?
tion. We presume that what we might say would
have little weight with some of those who have
made arrangement to do aa they please. If a
majority of tbe Committee have made up their
mind* to commit political suicide, we bare no
right, nor will we pretend to interfere with their
mode of doing it. Bogus Delegations will present
themselves from the Sixth, Ninth, Sixteenth, and
Eighteenth Wards. The Young Men s General
Committee have already received the wrong dele?
gations, and think that they can compel the Old
Men's General Committee to follow them. In
this we believe they will be mistaken. We have
hopes that there are some high-miudeJ, honorable
men, who will act m defiance of previously held
eaucasea, and of younger men s mass judgments
open what is right. Complaints were made of the
unfairness ot the officers of the Young Men s
Committee, in refusing to give tbe record of the
Yeas and Nays. We need not remind tbe mem?
bers of tbe Committee that minorities have rights.
That one of these isthatone fifth of the body, ac?
cording to tbe custom in Congress, have tbe right
to demand tbe Yeas and Nays. That this one
fifth have the right to bave tbe Yeas and Naya re?
corded for the open inspection of all the members.
Tbat after tbe liat is called over tbe clerk is bound
to read over again the names of those voting Yea
and of those voting Nay, after which any correc?
tions can be made before the announcement is
made by tbe Chair, and that if thia form is not
complied with by the officers, tbe Yea* and Nays
are not legally taken. We have made arrange?
ment by which we ahall publish the Yeas and
Nays on contested seats to morrow.
Arrival of ths Alabama.?The new and
splendid steamship Alabama made ber first ap?
pearance in oar waters yesterday afternoon. She
made her trip oat ia M hours from wharf to wharf.
She encountered strong head winds nearly all the
way [Savannah Republican, Jan. 15.
Steamship Georgi a.?This ship arrived at our
Bar yesterday afternoon, at half past S o'clock,
and tbe mails from this place for Havanna, Ac,
were pnt on board by tbe steamboat Tybee. This
is a good run, as tbe Georgia left New-York at <
P. ?f on Saturday, and had touched at Charleston
bar. [Savannah Republican, Jan. 15. i
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE.
NEW-YORK, TI LSDAY, JAN. tL
BT AslTertiatsug.-V. B PALM ER, comer YMrd and
Chestnut im Philadelphia, and at feoUaya Saild-.ng,
Boston, u the authorized agent to receive aiTertlaemenu
tat those dues for Tbe New-York Tribune.
tV I?em?frmrtc W-t* (.eajeral Comtaltt**.
Ar adjourned meetinr of this Committee will be held oa
TUESDAY EVENING, the 21st last, at ?| o'clock at the
Broadway House, By order,
srlAANL'd 3 WARD. Chairman.
Joseph M Peice, j aw?awftea
BsNEDrcT Ltw.s. Jr. { ??cretar1"
Far Kerepe.
Tbe next number of The Tribtmr for European
nmlatton will be issued TO-MORROW
MORN I NO at 9 o'clock. It will contain all tbe
latest news up to tin '.Lme of going to press.?
The Pacife sails from this port To Morrow at 12
o'clock.
Ta < orres pendent*.
'? One irAe drier, a pinnt "?Yon are entirely rlfht, but the
publicaooa of soar article would do no good Tbe sensi
Us already think as you do, and the fools woald not be eon
rlnced by yon.
" A mbtrnbtr"?wants to know what Is Die legal seine
and d* bullion of tbe term " Chambers." In a lease We
don't know?that is a question for lawyers
la Congress Yesterday.
In tbe Senate, after the presentation of
several report*, Mr. Clay submitted a
Resolution instructing the Committee on
Commerce to inquire into the expediency
of adopting more effectual means to pre?
vent American vessels and seamen from
engaging in the African Slave Trade. The
correspondence with the American Minis?
ter at Brazil in regard to the Slave Trade
was referred to the Committee on Com?
merce. The House Postage BDI was re?
ceived and referred to the Post Office Com?
mittee. The French Spoliation Bill was
taken up and Mr. Hotfr made a speech
against it.
The HOUSE refuped to make five ol the
(ienerul Appropriation bills the special or?
der for to-day and until disposed of. The
House also refused to suspend the rules to
introduce a bill giving land to the landless.
The bill to secure the prompt execution of
the Bounty Land Law of the last Session
was taken up and discussed till the ad?
journment.
fdF Mr. Clay's Remakes on present?
ing to the Senate memorials in favor Colo?
nizing the Free Colored People of this coun?
try along the w estern coast of Africa, so as
promptly, thoroughly and finally to sup?
press the African Slave-Trade, and at the
same time pave the way for the civiliza?
tion and Christianization of the most de?
graded and abused quarter of the globe,
w e earnestly commend to general and pro?
found consideration. We do not see as Mr.
Clay does the practicability of suppressing
agitation respecting Slavery while Slavery
shall continue among us?we do not con?
cur with him in believing that the North
has no part in nor no responsibility for the
evils of Slavery?but we do most earnest?
ly agree with him in esteeming the Colo?
nization of Africa by her descendants on
this Continent as the only feasible means
of suppressing the Slave-Trade. We be?
lieve that infernal traffic may be forever
abolished within ten years from this date
if our Government will bat embark ear
ii( -tly in the work, and that it need not
cost more to suppress that dreadful traffic
than we are now paying to sustain a sys?
tem of ostensible prevention which only
aggravates the miseries of the victims of
the kidnapper and often consigns him tj an
untimely and violent death. Shall not
Mr. Clay's humane and most impressive
suggestions be heeded ?
'In?ni haieetu Kloctiosa.
A special election was held in Massa?
chusetts yesterday for the choice of Con?
gressmen in the lid, Hid, I Vth. Vth, Vlth,
\ 11th and Xth Districts. The following
dispatches announce the result as far as
received :
?rsssjajs m i,, (Republican Office,) t
Monday evening, Jan. 2?. 1
Returns from 14 towns in this (Vlth) District
show a Whig gain of M since the last trial, when
tbe Whig candidate, Mr. Gao. T. 1 > t > is, of Green?
field, lacked a trifle over 600 votes to secure an
election. If the 30 towns to come in do no worse
than at tbe last trial Mr. Davis is chosen by about
60 majority. The probabilities are that be is
elected by a much larger majority.
From the Berkshire (VHtb) District we have
but few returns?probably no choice again.
second dispatch | Boston. Monday. Jan. 20.
In the Fourth District, the returns, so far, ahow
a large gain for Thompson, Whig, over Palfrey
and the Oppoction candidate; tbe result will be
close, and the probabilities are in favor of Tnomp
aon. In the Third District, Lowell shows a
large gain for Duncan, Whig, who is doubt?
less elected, as tbe majority against him at the
last election was small. In" the Tenth District,
New-Bedford gives Scudder, Whig, 343 gain; he
is no doubt elected, as the majority against him at
tbe last election was less than 2O0. The vote is
very small.
miss dispatch] Bosion. Monday. Jan. 29.
Fot'rth District?Charleatowngives Thomp?
son, Whig, a gain of over 100. Cambridge also
gives a large Vv bigjgain. Probably no choice in tbe
District, but Thompson will come very near elec?
tion.
Skcokd District?Salem gives I'pham, Whig,
1,188; ltantoul, Opp. 206; Sewell, 252; Scatter
ing, 30. A Whig toss of b-~. Other towns give a
V\ his gain, but there is probably oo choice in this
District
In the Third District, Lowell gives Duncan,
Whig, nearly 500 majority, a gain sufficient to
elect him.
No choice probably in the Fifth District
Tbe Free S?ders in the Fourth District seem
to have deserted Palfrey on account ol his letter
against tbe Coalition.
11? Tbe Whig Almanac for 1131 ?barrtag aa ocraatooa
Urclurv of Sewarelam?contains a vut amount of useful
informal loa. Price Kf cents or |l per doiea : Oreeiey a
McE-raib, New-York. (Cooperstown Freeman's Jouraal.
CP* We will thank tbe Journal to specify that
"tincture of Sewardism." We believe Qov
Seward a name does not appear in the Whig AI.
manac, save in tbe Hat of V. S. Senators, while
no act, no speech of his is alluded to, so far as we
can remember. The President, on tbe contrary,
is spoken of fully and ia a spirit of sincere esteem
If any Sewardism bas crept into a work so purely
statistical as the Whig Almanac we ?ball be
thankful to whomsoever will point it out so that
we may avoid offense in future We claim the
right to publish Win. articles ia the Almanac
whenever we please, though we have hardly done
ao.this year, but we do not mean that any section,
class, or port on of the Whig party shall bo
assailed tbro igh that MCiallM Will th? Journal
explait?
" Ave? Clark? was elected Mtyrtr of tfcto city, and far
n'shed funds to establish the New-York TnMmr. ? * * The
Tnbt 'f cewipeper, Aaron Clarke's meral engine, made
money at ones, by decrying the very boilneaa that had
yielded tu pel reo a fortune And 10 wagt the morality of
this precious age and generation."
X3T We find the Above as Editorial in
the Sunday ./Mau?and presume we are
indebted for it to the fertile geaius of a cer?
tain "John Smith, Jr. of Arkansas," who
long since burst upon the public vision as
the printer and original publisher of a let?
ter from Thomas JetTerson in praise of
Henry C lay, which no man had ever seen
before, so far as the most persevering in?
quiry could determine. Since then, Mr.
m Smith " aforesaid has transferred his in?
ventive genius to the Sunday Atlas, very
much to the benefit of that paper. He is
never at a loss for facts, and can spin you
two columns of anecdotes of his private
and confidential intercourse with John
Randolph. John Quincy Adams. John
Holmes. Daniel Webster. Henry Clay, ar
any other celebrity, though, with a tact
which speaks well fer his discretion, he
generally prefers the departed as the sub?
jects of his reminiscences. These have
largely contributed to make The Atlas an
original and entertaining paper, which we
often read with pleasure, and sometime*,
find a fact in that was n<A manufactured for
the occasion.
The statement above quoted, however,
belongs to the usual order of Mr. Smith's
political narratives. There is no fact, no
shadow of fact, to justify it. We cannot re?
member that we ever had a pecuniary trans?
action of any kind with Mr. Aaron Clarke,
(unless possibly to buy a lottery ticket at his
?hop in our greener days.) and we surely
w ere never indebted to him for any loan of
any kind or amount. That he had nothing
whatever to do with the establishment of
The Tribuvewe well know, and our impres?
sion is that we did not see him from a year
before f<> a year after that event. Nor did
any man in any way connected with lotte?
ries, or who (so far as wc know) ever had
teen connected with lotteries, lend us one
shilling to start or to sustain this paper.?
So much for a fabrication which we
thought already nailed, but the genius of
?John Smith" aforesaid seems cjual to
the feat of restoring to life Joice Hetli
herself.
fdf~ The Er press emphasizes the fact
that Cov. Seward lately presented to the
Senate some petitions from his constituents
relating to Slavery in the District and the
Fugitive Sla\e Law. (which petitions were
laid on the table.) and says:
" While these things are done by our Senator in Wash?
ington, we bfar frsm Albany that every friend of the A4
rmi,:?iratlon is told to keep still, and to ilo nothing showing
that ti.is great State acquiesces in the Compromise Bills,
aiid wishes tlieir representatives to cease from further agi?
tation. * * * * *
" It is no wrong for Mr Be ward to be presenting these
eutiona in Wushiiigton?certainly not?but a voice from Al
any. echoing use President's Message, is denouacel as
somtihing terrible."
? Without stopping to ask what The Ex?
press (which once pretended to uphold the
Kigbt of Petition) means by reflecting on
Cov. Seward for merely presenting memo?
rials from his constituents and moving their
appropriate reference, we beg the Silver
Ciays, once for all. to pass their resolves
approving and promising to sustain the Fu?
gitive Slave Law if they can. Do stop your
whining and call for the Yeas and Nays.
The only obstacle to the passage of your
Resolves is the want of affirmative votes.
You can get a majority of the Loco-Focos
to vote for M echoing the President's Mes?
sage." if you like that soft phrase better
than blunt 'approving the Fugitive Slave
Lawand if you only had a majority of the
Whigs in the same humor, you need not
write anymore wheedling and whining Edi?
torials to achieve your end. So just trot
out you Silver Cray pony and put him
through his paces. We say he is spavined,
has the spring-halt, and can't make head?
way. If such is the fact, no amount of horse
chantiiig will cure his distempers. But jast
understand that there is nothing "terrible"
in all the "echoing" you are likely to get
out of the present Legislature. Nobody i^
likely to be terrified unless it is your Mem?
bers at the aspect of their constituents.
Michk.an?I". 8. Sisator.?Mach of the space
of the Opposition papers of the Peninsular State
is devoted to the discussion of an appropriate suc?
cessor to Gen. Cass in the I . 8. Senate. The
ultra Cass journals are strenuous for the re-elec?
tion of the present incumbent, and denounce all
opposition, but whether all the Loco members of
the Western part of the State, with all their ani?
mosity to the Cass clique of the East, will support
him, is yet difficult to say We see that the
County paper of Ionia The Gazette, calls upon
the Legislature (which meets on the first Wed?
nesday in February to defeat the re election of
Cass, as that journal, from the course Gen C. has
pursued while in Congress, considers that he has
shown himself anything but a 1 Democrat,' advo?
cating liberty in Europe, and opposing it in nearly
every form of its manifestation in America. A
few other Loco papers dissent to Cass s election
again. After the present year, the Legislature
meets on the first Wednesday of January. Be?
side Gen. Cass quite a number of leading Locos
have been named as candidates.
California In ls.511.
The history of California during the past
\ tar. with accvants of the successive conflagra?
tions which visited the City of San Francisco | the
overflow of the Sacramento Kiver; expeditions
from San Francisco for the exploration of the
Coastof TriLidati Bay . new discoveries | the first
meeting of the Legislature, the reception ol Cali?
fornia into the Union the Immigration, and the
) ield and prospects of the Gold-Mines?are con?
tained in the Whig Aimjuiac for USL This state
ment comprises a large amount of valuable infor
matioD, prepared from the latest sources express
ly for this work. It will be found a convenient
manual fur reference
Pittsii'r'h.Elictios.?The following is the
official result of the recent election for Mayor of
Pittsburgh. Koggen, Whig, :,i:i. Guthrie, Op?
position. l?tH Barker, Ineependant. 1,17s. J. B.
Gvtmrii elected.
Tbo Wkiga have a iarge maj-rty in both the
branches ot the City CoaacL
('hnristss* aad the Free*.
T* Ou Kmtor ?/ Tn* Trmmu.
It is ieldom that I ever notice newspaper
opinion! upon Medical aabjects, bat tbe com.
menu headed "Suppression of liaackery." '?
this mornings Tribune, surely demand a notice,
and I would that I conld do them justice. Your
correspondent, it ia atatcd, suggests " legislation
and legal inquisition to protect the simple and
unwary from the brazen ana of medical charla
tana," to which yon demur, on the ground that
"braying in a mortar will not prevent some
people's acting like geese, and go on to aay that
"the real evil baa ita seat in popalar ignorance
and credulity, and that " the leant grain of com
men aense should aufflce to convince any one that
a man who advertise! ' Resurrection Pills to
cure an) thing from a cancer to whooping cough,
or boasts of his immense success in some other
city, writ* s himself down an unequivocal ham
bug." Now, inasmuch as we have heard those
who have an abundance of good sense upon most
subjects, and possess varied attainments, stand up
for tbe worst forms of Charlatanism, we are
convinced that it is not ' common sense
nor intelligence alone that guides to truth
in this matter. Would the Editor of Tke
Ttibune be understood to say that there are
none who possess the " least grain of common
sense that patronize nostrum-venders and charla
tans ' Would he maintain that the immense
patronage which sustains the quackery of tbe day
is entirely from fools ? Certainly not | tbe thing
is impossible. The conclusion is, then, that com?
mon-sense people who should know better, are by
some influence made to play the part of fools.
What then ia that mighty influence which so
debasea the human mind, which draws so free
ly upon the hard earninge of the poor, and often
takes the last shilling from the atllicted and sor?
rowing, whose poverty is most conspicuous?in?
curring hunger, perhaps, from the delusive hope
of alleviating other ills?which in the aggregate
destroys more constitutions, ripens prematurely
tbe harvest for death, and in short does more to
swell the catalogue of human ills, physically, than
war or pestilence than famine or even intemper
ance ? For in all these, the etfects are visible and
all learn to shun them, while the ertects of nos?
trums and the pill swallowing propensities of the
American People, are imj>ercej>tible, often giving
no signs even in their deadliest work. 1 ask
again, What is it which thus holds the human
mind in bondage to the shallowest pretense,
i makes victims to the greedy avarice of money
j catchers and brings all this misery upon the ha
! man race, and mostly where it is least ably borne I
There is but one answer, for there is but one pow
j er sufficient for this irreat work of evil, and that
ia the Newspaper Pren. Most blindly, moat igno
i rantly, or most wickedly, is this mighty engine
. made to work out this great work of human mis
I ery, equs.1 to any one of the host of evils which it
j is its province to correct This is a grave sabject,
: upon which the public mind is not awakeued,
I and upon which the Press is silent, and will proba
l bly remain so, for interest and custom and power
1 are combined to that end | yet what 1 have said is
; true, though there m?y be* bat few prepared to
\ believe it, and a iess number who care about it,
j while the interest of many will make it a jest,
j and the remainder will regard no council, it being
democratic to do as they please
The Tribune could never be made to serve the
interest of the lottery ticket vender, or dram sell?
er; why need it support this greater evil, which
takes not only the people s money, but their lives,
and which is fast become a masked form of In?
temperance ? Is it right \ C. d. 0.
Nrtc Yotk.Jan. 4, 1851
Remarks.
We very gladly give place to our corres?
pondent'- strictures, because they enable
as to state some truth which the public
ought to comprehend, but seems not to.
It seems to be understood by a great many
that a Newspaper Kditor is a sort of Moral
Autocrat, authorized to decide magisterial?
ly on the pursuits and purposes of citizens,
and to shut out from access to the public
all whose business does not square with his
crude ideas and hasty judgments. We
scout the doctrine and its defenders. An
Kditor should exclude from his columns all
indecent advertisements, all that clearly
pander to immorality or tend to provoke a
breach of the peace ; but he has no moral
right to exclude from his columns announce?
ments which are uneondemncd by the gen?
eral sen-e of the community whenever
they fail to square with his ideas of pro?
priety and public interest. That the line
between what be should and what be
should not exclude is often obscure and un?
certain we know; but we think the moral
sen-e of the community should have weight
in determining its precise location. The
Advertising columns of a Newspaper are
open to the public under certain general
regulations, as the rooms of a hotel are.
An Editor may believe the Catholic or the
Unitarian Church exceedingly prejudicial
to the public morals and welfare, but he is
not therefore authorized to exclude an?
nouncements ot the services of said Church
from his advertising columns. So of Medi?
cine and Quackery. It i? very clear that
Quackery is a bad thing; but it is not quite
6o easy to determine what is and what is
not Quackery. We confess our utter in?
capacity for the task. If we are to offi?
ciate as arbiter, we must say that much
Medical inculcation and practice which
appears to emanate from the 'regular' Fac?
ulty seems to us Quackery, while very
many of the most valuable contributions to
the Healing Art have been made by men
stigmatized as Quacks. The Circulation
of the Blood was once Quackery, as Vac?
cination to avert the Small Pox has since
been; while many preparations now in
common use among and highly esteemed
by the ? regulars' have been'quack medi?
cines' in their day. We have no doubt
that some of those now termed 'quack
medicines' are excellent preparations, while
others (probably more) are exceedingly
hurtful and mischievous. And we say
again that Common Sense is to be the com?
munity's main reliance for distinguishing
wholesome from hurtful medical prepara?
tions and prescriptions. Law can do noth?
ing : the Press can do very little, for want
of adequate and discriminating knowledge;
we do not believe its efficacy in this re?
spect would be improved even if ' c. d. g.'
wielded its thunders. He may know a
great deal without knowing in all cases
w bat is true Medication and what is Quack?
ery. ^ And w e take issue with him entirely
on his fundamental assumption that there
is more Quackery extant than there would
be in the absence of Newspapers. On the
contrary, we believe there is less, aad what
there is is less absurd and pernicious.?
Whoever has read the history of the Lon?
don Plague, or any season of pestilence,
knows that Quackery is far older and more
universal than Newspapers. We are con?
fident that the habitual readers of News?
papers swallow ie*s 'Quack Medicine'
than the opposite class?less than they
would do if they were no. readers. In
short, we think 'c. d. o.' has driven a
large trade of Assertion on a small capital
of Knowledge and Consideration.
[Ed Tn*.
By Telerraph to the lev-Tori Tribune,
17 For additional Telegraphic Dis?
patches, see Seventh Page.
Missouri Rleetleaj.
Sr. Louis. Mooday, Jen. 2$.
On the 31st ballot for U. 8. Senator, the vote
stoo?l for t icy er >>?? Hough (nominated by an
Anti Bentonite vote on the 26th ballot; 59; Benton
3.r>; Strongfellow 3.
Waahlactea ItesB?.
Washinc.ton, Monday. Jan. 2u.
The Colombia Engine House was fired last
night by incendiaries and the building was nea-lv
consumed. Early this morning three frame build?
ings adjoining toe U. 8-Hotel were also con?
sumed?supposed the work of an incendiary.
Camper's trial for murdering Began is still pro?
gressing, and a number of witnesses have yet to
be examined. The Jury are not allowed to sep?
arate, but are entertained nightly with quarters
at Copp's Pavilion.
a
Frowj toe south.
Bai.timoki, Moaday. Jan. 3D.
No Mail South of Richmond to night
A series of resolutions presented to the Vir?
ginia Legislature on Saturday, declaring the de?
termination of the State to abide by the Compro?
mise, and to insist on the faithful observance of
its parts, was postponed indefinitely.
Richard J. Turner, who has been in jail 4 years
for defrauding tho Mechanics Bank of 950,000,
was to-day pardoned by Governor Lowe, after
having served about half his sentence.
Fire In BaJtlanere.
Baltimore, Mooday. Jan. 20.
About a dozen fires have occurred in oar city
since Friday evening. They were? however, of
trifling consequence. Last night the dwelling of
B.B. Small and W. EL Richardson, on Exeterst.
were partially consumed.
Fire at Baitaio.
Pet i si o, Monday, Jan. 20.
A tire broke out in the lower part ot this city
on Sunday morning, which consumed three or
nur dwellings. The loss of property is not much,
but several poor families were turned out in the
cold.
???
The Uecent .Harder at Detroit.
Albany, Monday, Jan. 20.
Joaeph Rabideaux, who was arreatod in Cana?
da, has plead guilty to an indictment charging
him with the murder, a short time ago, in Wood
wardav. Detroit, of a man named Charboneau.?
He says he murdered him in broad daylight with
an ax. He assigns very trivial causes, and says
that among a large quantity of bills he carried ot!
there wereonly 91,200 in good money.
Conrt of Appeals.
Albany. Monday, Jan. 20.
The argument. ia case No. II was concluded
this afternoon.
Pennsylvania Legislature.
BaaaiStt'BO, Monday, Jan. 20.
Senate.?Numerous petitions were presented
for free basking.
Joint resolutions instructing Senators and Mem
bers in Congress to vote in tavor of a law requir?
ing prepayment of letters, and to establish tho
Post Otfice money order system, as in Kngland,
were laid on tho table for the present.
In the House, many petitions for free banking,
etc were presented. The proceedings were un?
interesting
Gen. John IL Bickel, of Scbuylkill Co. State
Treasurer for the past year, was reflected by th>'
I Legislature to the same otfice this morning.
Mlo.ular Allnlr In Hob ton.
Boston, Monday, Jan. 10.
Some astounding developments, relative to the
recent disappearance of a young girl, named
Brown, the daughter of a highly respectable Abo?
litionist have been made.
It appears the father had expressed himself in?
different as to whether his daughter married a
white man or negro.
She took him at his word, and a few weeks
since eloped with a black man, married him, and
in his company went to the different dens of A Mi?
st, in one of which she was discovered by an oA
cer, and carried to her father.
She is now in the Lunatic Asylum. The affair
has been hushed up here, on account of the respec?
tability of the parties
fly Mor$*'i Bsm I Ti-.e Weather.
Ul i > alo. Monday, Jaii. 20?S F.M.
The weather is quite cloudy here, with some
symptoms of snow . wind wes: thermometer
34; barometer 19.35.
Roi Hi.tt.a, Monday. Jan. 20?8 P.M.
About B o'clock the wind changed from south
to north west, cloudy, and has been snowing
sl'gbtly growing colder; thermometer 32.
Syracuse, Mooday, Jan. J0-: P M.
Thawing considerable all day and cloudy.?
Wind has been blowing from South all day, now
changed to west Ther. 34.
O.wi ms. Mundiv, Jan an?8 r M
Mild, but growing colder. Wind fresh from
south-west.
I'tica, Monday, Jan. 2u-8 p.m.
We have bad a cloudy but not stormy day.
This evening the weather is hazy. Thermometer
35. Barometer unchanged since morning.
Albakv. Monday, Jan. IS?I P. M.
We have had a beautiful day with occasional
sprinkling of snow, slight thaw this afternoon
thermometer 85.
Taov, Monday, Jaa 2o?a P M.
Snowed little this afternoon and has been cloudy
all day?thermometer 35.
Montbsai, Monday, Jan.30?8P M.
Weather fine and clear. Has been snowing
most of the day. Wind south?thermometer ffl
barometer 29.90.
Burlington, Monday, Jan. 20?| p. M.
Cloudy. Looks like snowing soon?therm mi?
ster 38.
|Whitei...ll, Monday. Jan 2S?8 P. M
Weather very mild, but looks like snowing.
Philadelphia, Monday, Jan 20.
foggy ; Wind SWS ; Thermometer 3d \ Baro?
meter 19,
Wilmington, Monday, Jan. 30
Soft, very Foggy, Wind WSW j Thermome?
ter 40.
Baltimore, Moaday, Jan. 20,
Foggy; Thermometer41.
Washington, Monday, Jan. 30
Clear; Wind 88W, Thermometer 37.
By Hi. i N. Y. Statt /.m#-39 Wail tt.
Bum si o, Monlay, Jan. 31?8 P. If.
A pleasant day , clear, wind south, thermom?
eter 35.
&ochk>tlr, Monday, Jan. 20?8 P M
Warm; slightly stormy, both snowing and rain
ing i wind west thermometer 40.
?. ,. . , Aubcbn, Monday, Jan. 20-8 P.M.
V\ arm. slightly stormy, both snowing and rain?
ing ; wind west | thermometer 40.
Syracuse, Monday, Jan. 30?3 P M
Weather more moderate \ appearance of rain,
wind west. thermometer 42.
L'ricA, Monday, Jan. 20?I P.M.
Moderate , appearance of storm; wind south
west thermometer 30.
Fobt Plain, Mooday. Jan.20-8 PM
Mild , wind south-west thermometer 39.
X1,. , . Troy. Monday, Jan. 30-8 P M.
Mild thawing wind west, thermometer 29.
Albany, Monday, Jan.31?3 p M
Unite cold last eight. thaws to day.
Ocdensbur .h, Monday. Jan. 20 -8 P M
Cloudy river again frozen over thermome?
ter 25.
ff'KW ***** y *B#J ime o/Ttttyr+ph-Omct
*2j h jU i*
vir , l . , Chic ago, Monday, Jan. 20-7 P M.
Weather bright and beautiful j a little colder.
?- 4. Toledo, Monday, Jan. 30?13 M
V\ eatber lair, sun shines brightly , thawing,
but cloudy, indicating snow storm.
Maumee River frozen sufficiently hard for teams
to cross on ice.
No news ot importance.
Michigan City, Monday. Jan. 39?12 M
Clear and mild; sun shines beautifully.
i*r .i DsTaoIT, Moaday, Jaa 30-12 M
Weather very cold; blowing very bard; rirer
frozen nearly across.
... ? Boston, Monday, Jaa. 30
v\ et, disagreeable night; thermometer 38.
.... . PaoviDENCE, Monday, Jaa.30.
W ind north-west | wet; thermometer 39.
BaiDonrcRT. Monday. Jan. 20.
Cloudy, thermometer30.
Markets... .Cincinnati, Jaa. 20.
Three thousand stock fatted Hogs sold to day
?JP9*J9|jWf Iota corn-failed, all In market, bald at
ma*i\}, M?HWns new In Provisions Erbi-hts to
New-Orleans 4 ts)| Pork 90. The weather Is moderating.
Markets....Neu -Orleans, Jan. 20.
Cotiii advanced, and was quoted at 119111.
Btj .ai and sl'i ttisi a/9 6rm Holders are asking here
ibr^quartera "
XXXI? C?W??BlM....B>c>M mrm Tt*
IWIWI iTlMIMIM. MooAjt*. m
Meters. John Davii, Di< ainson and Wmri r ?*
Eretented petitions in favor of and against at
Ul to amend tbe Patent Laws Mr. Haulm 3
tented a petition for the repeal of the FofU.,_
Slave Law, which *u laid on the table
Mr. Downs moved to print 5,000 extra co?iM r
tbe Report of the Board of Engineers on the caaj?
of the innndatiouj of the lower Mississippi. After
debate tbe motion waa agreed to.
A report from tbe Secretary of the Interior, with
a statement of tbe number of persons employed
in the Indian Department, was received aa/tn
ferred.
A report from the Treasury Department. |saam
i: g reports of Drs. Edwards and Loring of B
Marine Hospitals, wa* received and referred.,
Mr. Pkakci from the Library Committee re?
ported a joint resolution for the purchase of ejjt
works of Alex. Hamilton.
3 Mr Cl IT submitted a resolution that the 0*aj.
mittee on Commerce be instructed to iaqaira mm
the expediency of making more effectual arevw
ions by law to prevent tbe employment of Aateh
can vessels ana American seamen in tke Afritea
Slave Trade, and especially as to tbe expediency
of granting sea letters or other letters evidence af
national character, to American vessels cletritg
out of the ports of the Empire of Brasil fortk?
Western Coast of Africa.
Mr C: vr asked the consideration of the reach,
tion now.
Mr. Hai ? objected and the resolution wubui
over.
Mr. 8i?ari> introduced a joint Retnlatits,
directing that in the purchase of manufactured
steel by Government, the American manu facts, red
eh all be preferred.
Mr. Hahi in moved and the correspoodence af
the American Minister at Brazil relating to tke
Slave Trade was referred to the Committee ssj
Commerce.
Mr. Skwarh offered a Resolution which was
adopted, directing tke Military Committee to in?
quire into tbe expediency of increasing the salary
of the Drawing Professor at West Point.
Mr. E\v mo offered a resolution directing tke
Finance Committee to inquire whether the law
for constructing a Balance Dry Dock on the Pa?
cific Coast might not be amended so as to sava a
considerable sum oUmoney without impairing tat
utility of the work. Adopted.
Subsequently Mr. Gvvis moved and the v Ha
adopting the reaolution wat reconaidered, and tat)
resolution laid over.
The Poatage Bill waa received from the Uoase
and referred to the Post Office Committee
Mr. Cam moved to take up the bill grantiag
a pention to Gen. Armstrong. After debate tat
motion was lost.
The French Spoliation bill was taken up
Mr. Hi RTIR said be was the only member af
the Committee who was opposed to the ML
This bill proposed to pay these claimants rivt
millions to this he was opposed. By granting
this sum the I nited States would acknowledge
its liability for the claims, und as five millions was
by no means ? ?.fhYient to ay all, how could the
I nited Stales hereafter re!use to pay every etat
of them? It this tum waa a mere gratuity It
claimants this, he contended, was no time to giva
gratuities. Tbe debt of the United States, it this
bill passed, would amount according .o the Secre?
tary of the Treasury, to seventy nine milliosjt
and that too at a time when nothing is expects!
from the sales of public lands. If the claim
is good he admitted this was no ant war,
but the United States were not in any way
responsible for the spoalitiona and this bit
intended to demonstrate. He examined in
detail several treaties and writings of Jeftersos
and Washington, deducing from them arguments
against the lustice of these claims against tke
I nited 8tates, and pointed out the great difficulty
at this time, if the claims were Just, in paying to
those who were actually entitled. He considered
this as no more than throwing five millions into a
crowd that a dollar might possibly strike a right?
ful claimant. He urged the condition of tat
Treasury at this time, and estimated that if the
debt waa increase I some provision should be
made for an increase of revenue. This increase
of revenue, be thought, could only be effected by
a reduction of the Tariff.
Mr Slavakd got the Moor and the Seuate ad?
journed.
HOI sr. OK REPRESENT ATI VK8.
On motion of Mr. Inoe, the second Tuesday is
February was set apart for the consideration of
business relating to tho District of Oolua?ki*.
On motion ot Mr. Bokef the Secretary of the
Navy is requested to inform tbe House what ac?
tion has been taken by bim on the law of last
session making appropriation for constructing a
Dry Dock at San Francisco, and whether a Dry
Dock sufficient for all purposes cannot be cea
ttructed for mach less than the amount appropri
ated, and that he suspend farther proceedings
thereon.
Mr. Dukr atked, but did not obtain content, to
introduce a reaolution directing the Committee aa
Military Affaira to inquire into tbe expediency of
increasing the number of Cadets at the West
Point Military Academy.
The House refused to make the special order
for to morrow, and until diapoaed of, five of tat
General Appropriation bills.
Mr. Grinnkll asked, but did not obtain leara,
to introduce a reaolution inttrunting the Commit?
tee o'i Naval Affaira to inquire into the propriety
of continuing in commission for sea service tat
Frigate Constitution or rebuild her whenever it
be found necessary.
Mr. Johnson of Tenn. moved the suspension1 of
Roles to make a special order the bill giving faraU
to the landless on certain conditions. Motion
dissgreed to?Ayes 92, Nays 100.
Mr. McClernand asked bat did not obtait cos
sent to introduce a resolution calling on the Pr?si?
dent, if not incompatible with the public interest,
to communicate whether he has received any in?
formation relative to a difference of opinion be?
tween the United States aid Great Britain con?
cerning the Nicaraagua Treaty, and whether an?
hat any communication relative to difficultiesoa
the Coaat of Central America
Mr. Robinson moved a suspension of tbe raits
to proceed to the consideration of the bill to ta
sure prompt execution of the Bounty Land Law'
of last session. Decided in the affirmative? IM
to IL
Mr. Jones, after saying the bill did not alto?
gether please him, but was as good as it could bs
made by further action of the House, moved tit
Previous Question, which was not seconded
Mr. Morton spoke a few worda In reply to Mr
i'.obinion, and attested to the efficiency aad coat
tety of the Commissioner of Pensions.
Mr M.ti -ifAt.L said tbe bill proposed the SaV
ployment of sixty-one additional clerks, law
would not facilitate business. The muster naife
for information of all should be published iutR*
newspapers.
Mr. Gorman advocated tbe bill, and said s?
learned that bat one hundred and sixty-four war?
rants have been issued op to this morning.
Mr. Robinson moved that the bill be madsi
special order , if it ahould go over to day it at,
not be got up again.
The House refuted, and adjourned.
NEW.YOBK M'1.1?! tllKK.
SENATE....At.banv,Monday. Jan. at
notices Ul hills.
To amend the Code of Practice to prohibit ia#
yiduaJa interpoaing the plea of usury ia ml
action.
To extend Mechanics Lien to Westcheaaf
CouDty.
A discussion arose on a resolution retpectaf
tbe circulation of Legislative Documents, whid
run into a debate as to that part of the Governor1*
Message relating to bribing in elections, in wat*
a Select Committee waa proposed to inquire at*
facts.
A88EMBLT.
PETITIONS PRESENTED.
To reduce the fare on Railroads ; to re-chart*'
Bodua Canal Company; to abolish the Ft*
School Law, State and County Superintends**
and for the suspension of the District School J?f
nal, for amending tbe Attica and Hornellartw
Railroad Charter . to change the route of Sw*
cuse and Rochester Railroad through Aubors,*
remonstrate with Syracuae and Utics Batlrsas
Company agaimt redaction of their fart.(?l /
The Governor transmitted the resolution*
the Legislature of Vermont, relative to tbtf
motion of Peace throughout the Union; **\
the resolutions of Constitutional Conv tntioat ?'
New Hampshire, Indiana and Maryland, reis***
to Compromise Peace measures of Comp**
Referred to the Judiciary Committee. ?
The President of the Seaman's Savings W
of New-York transmitted Annual statement ^
The bill repealing tbe Charter of tbe 0t**
Turnpike Company was passed. ^
Billa introduced Incorporating the Will'**1
burgh Savings Bank, amending the Act sisaT*
fyiag aad abridging Legal Proceedings, Ucwo""*

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