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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, January 28, 1851, Image 4

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?IW ADVEST!!*?*?*? will IC popkd CffDCB THE1B
? ?irtCTIvt head*. a* rOLLOWt :
riftjT PAGE. (SECOND paoe 8p.COND page
Lafert .V?_*??.... Rf? Estate. U/Uar Own.
Pi Sotmtm.... ' FW s_?.. ^Wr,.
tVmt.i.: hftnctton. M*4vU S>.
Co-parmuwmk4?.... Pimm.1 THIRD eAUE.
?SSM P?M?. MdsA*s_.. .VfoyaW*- Fowder..
tine PmUtcatitfu.. ' Bunnem Card?_' Td*V'?t*.
Valtntm*?.. P+tenle. Clt?umf.
Amtuement?.Huutm. Ar To IaL Z*'?/*^*/- ?.
JBMrdu?. fju?<_i*. L?y_.V?4w?? ....
Salab* A*c*v>*... rtaraW-?.. C*rm*r?ti.m\otu-m
Lernt, Irr. MW.*? HXadm... 0?if~+*<>.
EIGHTH paoe Dr?f7??*v. Zir jmTQp\L
Wimameial. Qeml. Trarmtm?, &r.
Knafp's Health Restorative Bit
tebs -The prtprlrisri uf tais jSSfSfSjISSl which If now
doing-good .emre for the Ssk. wherever it UaSSM, ire
extremely ?nxiou* that invalid? who think of o?tnf It
sbov.d iau?fy tbeoi*eive? of it? wonderful effect* in ner?
vous and general debility, and a.I complaint! appertaining
to or proceeding from the siomarh. and the secretive or
rani They therefore invite a ceil from the afnVted, either
apon themselves or upon thoee to whom their testimonials
and reference* refer, ?* having heen cored by the prepara
tjoe. OeoeraJ depot, S? ? Hudson-it Kor aale !*i Kanon
ml sod by the ?niggut? generally 50 ceoia per ho'tie.
rF? Mrs. Mittler, the distinguished
Clairvoyant, whose tame in relieving the alck and ?affering
I* fast iprnadtng throughoat the world, ran be consulted
and examination* had at her reelden -ein Bridgeport Conn.
Those who are able to come will find it a very pleasant ride.
jn at*_
13^ Thos? who desire the Spring Trade
of the South snd West will beer in mind that th?e t? the
season for inviting It by advertising In the newspaper* of
the respective districts Palmss, whose office is in the
Tribune Uuildmga, Is the Agent.
BT Business Letters, Business B_tries),
fall Buatneaa Writing should be as clear and unifjrm as
print Beer this In mind yr.unir clerk* and young mer?
chants, and bear in mind also that the rrqulalte style of writ
Ins; may be acquired in a courae of leaaon* at Goldsmith's,
289 Broadway, for $2 AO, or in a aerie* of private le**ons,
tf preferred, for a reasonable sum
Whitehorst's Daguerreotypes.?
Every body like* s truly good likeness, snd every body
knows where io get one. WH!Tr.Hrt?fs splendid estab?
lishment, corner of Broadway ana Leonara-st. is open all
day, and superior !ikene**e* are taken with lightning *peed
during all kind* of weather. Call and judge of hicmaaterly
skill by examining the many fine specimens that decorate
I ? gallery.
Valentines I Valentines .'? Tittle
has Just opened s splendid assortment of Valentine? at the
Emportain. S4-S Broadway.
Kotier ?Every person purchasing a ticket for Tcttli's
Orand Kane* Dre??, Civic and Military Ball will be enti?
tled to It* fUU value f $3| In Valen Ines, or In fancy or useful
article* of every description, from .he Immense alock at the
Emporium. Tickets should t>e called for sooa. k? tliey are
sailing rapidly._
BP* We invite public attention to the
large tale of valuable Real Eatate at Auetlim, by A*tiio*y
J. Bi.racsra. This Day. the ,rnib Inst st I.' o'clock, at the
Real Estate Sale* Room*, 7 Kroad at comidtng of the
koaxBSS snd lots known a? 4". Se, 52 and M Grand-it ; 122
B leer k er at near Wooster ?t.; i" and 12 Greene-st. near
C anal-si ; the house snd lot 414 Cherry at, | and three build?
ing lot* on Lewieet near Blithat. Also, the houses and
lots UTwenty-fourth si | 17.5 Eleventh-st and the lesie
I old property 96 Third avenue, in the City of New York
Also, irr* house and lot 7 Willoughby-st snd stx building
lots oh Clinton and Atlantic *ta in the Cliy of Brooklyn.
Bale positive and terms liberal. Maps ear be had at ihe
Vales Rooms as above H.'-'l
Watches and Hold Pens.?A word of
ad vie 4 ?If you want a Aral-rate Watch, either gold or sil?
ver, ope that I? sure lo give perfect satisfaction, lake our
ad vir f and call ou John Y. Bava<;x. U2 Kulton at The
Richelieu Ever pointed Sold Pen*, celebrated for their
greai.durabtllliv and superior finUh, can be obtained only
at 98 Fulton st_
H?T Now is the time to secure yours-'lt a
xsulldingLotat ther.ew village of College Polut.about H mile*
from New-York. It haibeen laid out into ?lX?lot*,fh by 11*
each lot. The tint ?11? are selling at the low price of *v>.a:.d
JOof them remaining yet unaoM. Thoaewhoapply thliday
save #25. There will be 2 steamhoats running to and from
the above village, from the fir?t of^March, every half hour j
fare only >-i cents. Only part of the money will be re?
quired down, and the balance in easy monthly i natal i men t*.
All precautlona will be ua?-<i to prevent the e*lahll*hmenl
of any business Hist will prove detrimental to the growth
and presperity of said v'llage. This place will unJou')te I?
ly lncree*e very fast in value as many ot those who have)
already purchased are going lo build immediately and a
liberal dscount Will be paid lo tbo*e who are diiposed to
purchase ss above; from 4 to 2b lots will he sold lo com?
panies and located Immediately. Call at the office of Lokg
LEV a Plammeb, 227 Woo*ter *t. from ?AM to !i IV M
There will be a Railroad made to run from Wtlliamaburgli
to Flushing, and also a Plankcoad. and ihen the merchant
and mechanic can be in the City before 7 o'clock in the
morning. This is eneof the beet chance* yet ottered. It
is better than Morruania, Kord hem or Mouticellu (now
called Mount Vemon )
l_r Watts'i Nervoui Antidote has ac
?ulred more celebrity than any otber'medlcltie tu ils lime
t has been less spoken of upon psper and more t>v those
taking II than any MBCS medicine. In notoriety I? prover?
bial among all peraona who havo bean cured bv it of all
nervous affliction*, neuralgia tic doloreux, sn'a*m* and
Meurtxls It I* the only po*ln\e cure i, r all such SM?
eases $1 a l.ollle Uto be hal at all respectable drug
Stores and Di2 Na*?ati-?t.
ri^TtHith-ache Cured without pain or
extraction, by Dr Bbodhcao, Dentist, I Ana *L N.y. Price
91. After the nerve is destroyed the tooth ran be tilled and
made good to chew en Al*o all other dental operationa
performed from the sinipleai (removalof tarter) te ibemoai
com plea, (putting In artlticial palates )
A. Dodworth's D\mci.nu Academy,
No. 441 Broom iat ? a uew cla** will connnnnce about the
first of February, for a short leras of iwo months, during
Which lime the Quadrille, Wal./, Polka. Asc Ac. will be
taugbt._J218iTuThA Sal*
R*JAt Home, A! I'hurt h. lnvitntion
and Visiting Caan- elegantly Engraved anil rrtntod in Ihe
latest atyle* at Evrapl t.l^ ' Broalwav. cor. I> inne-st.
Also.elegant EBvatopes. WsJxsre, Bi>x.-* tor Cake ant Btl
TerCord. Mr BlSSSjatl ha* a branch StOTS at i Wall it.
for the rcconimodetUm o' hi* down town customers.
JT7 41 MTuTBAS*_
fJkT l>h. Trafthn's lJuckllMrn (Jerry
Fills are ndld and efTectual. and now ihe ackm?wle.lged
beat remedy for Billlwut attack*, LUer f1iSBMI_M Head?
ache, Ouui. Giddlnes*. balatual Cosiivenee*, le>?* of Appe
tlle and Indlgealion. DApAl, I4t"> Wlllietn-?t For *ale by
the principal cilv druggtti* and chemi*is
?_) AwTaSkTbAB"_
Kim iKK - vV WellBi PhrsjnolosjHs
and Publisher*. Clinton Hall, 131 Nassau si near the Park
fW Gocraui.'s LitgUiD Hair Dye
Chanuks, salt were by magic, in a few mlnntea, red or
aray Hair lo a brown or black Thetise'ul discoveries of
Dr. GovBAt o, and bl* known SSBBssaca as a cnemical phi
Ittaopher, i* a cure guarantee that Ihi* I* the lie plus ultra of
Hair Dyea, and great caution ahould be taken lo avoid vile
coui letfelu The getmine i?foundotiiy at Dr. Kki.ix Got'
BAt'O'i da|>ot,67 \\ alkersi near Rroad way jtl tfeod
New-York Bay Cemetery.?This
Company M III hold their sejond tale of Lou by auction on
Wuweeday Evening, 2B.b of January, at Ihe American
Hall, corner of Grandel and Broadway, the proceed* of
the aale to be applied to the further embellishment of the
OroanAt. Terms of asJe. $1 to be paid on each lot the night
of sale, the balance within LSdays Person* who purchase
at title sale wilt have the privilege of locating their Lots In
any part of the Grounds which remain uueold. A single
lot will be put up with the privilege of any number.
Churches and Borletie* are respectfully invited lo attend
this tale. No postponement on account of ihe weather.
Pot further particulars apply at the office 2<S Broadway.
Ba'e ?I 7| o'clock._,|*7 31?
Ml earner* to l.tt ri pool Vb.luctlon Mitrket*
Correspondence of The Trtbuae.
Phii.aoki thIa, Mon.lsy, Jan. 27.
I believe oar business men have I little more
energy and liberality than I gave them credit for
The sum necessary to complete the stock of the
Philadelphia line of Earopean steamers has been
subscribed, and the prospect is that before the end
of the present year we shall have four steamships
runnttis; regularly betweeu this port and Liverpool
The names are the " City ol'Glasgow." now run
Bing . the ? City of Philadelphia," building in the
Clyde, the "Pennsylvania^ ' on the stocks in
your city. and the fourth not yet contraoted for,
tat which it is thought will be built here. So the
line is, at last, established.
ilary Gilbert, or Buck, aged 13 years, has been
missing from her house in this city since Friday
last. It is feared that she has been abducted bv
some rascal or decoyed into some improper place
by the depraved of her own sex.
The rawket ha? been quiet to-day Cotton i* in mode
%U ?S| A* bet,but there ia mile or no export demand. The
d??and for rlty conmmplkw I? limited at 4 Sya s j?* for
SJSSJHBoa sad extra brand*, aad ? ?*?<fx> V> for fancy West
rate reojeeet, wluVutit change in price* The Fl oca mar
kM kes aadsssoBe so ck_ra. fiandard brands ire held at
_*, as
saa aad New-York, la Rvs Flovb and Cosh Mxal we
bear of no operat??m We quote the former at 3 it and
the latter SJ 2 ?| B bhl. There t* rather more insatry for
Wea?t, and prices are Mee>ly. Sales of 2,<a>(> bu?hprtme
reanayiram*, in More, ai I w\ and aome at #1 s*i 07 for or
'J aad lair uoa'ily Coat ia fair demand for ship,
???t. bei the receipts conUnae ?mal! Sales of 1000 bush
new ya?ow at b?te, afloat and Soar. In atoce. Oats are
*CMT* ?. faatuHTi there is not muck doing. Someaa
aat^Va, _3 *?*__*'? b*?# mM si is 3d p bbi. and
i_U fir.?????? CoLiisas are scarce aid in demand
?-rI_M5_!H We q-wte to Boston *0. Rhode
ktare iM^^ ^ W?,?KvUduX
?Sffi ? ri*!"* a* 7*_"*T*-*?fr*0 H A Coal, 19|: ISO
Seres- Hoard-b Ky Bk, 10S 5 Florence City Co.Ml
AC Morris Canal. I N a Ba. 140; SMI Heading RR
**{ , 14,900 City 6s, rS4, 101, to Oirard Bk. IS. . iM' | a
CjejL M. eSSlf a Ins. 16, iai Bearer Meadow Ba. is
fVOC Sprkf Gard-H <fA\ 10H
pt7-.44rrrrlfiliif|.-v B PAl,MER,eonrerTBlrdand
CrVfUiui Philadelphia, snd at 8eoll?y's suiidtn*;,
Boston, U the authorized trrai 10 rry-ssr- advertisements
? those etues for The New-York Tribune
W Deneocratle Whig Gewerml Cemnalttee.
A ?pertiJ meetitf of this Committee will be held oiTCES
DAV EVENING, Jen M, at *, o'clock, ri ihn Br<>ed way
House By order. SYLVANl'S 8 WARD,
Jo*. M Prick. { *_~h?h_ Cb'a pro t?rn.
Benedict Lewis, Jr. S J27 2i
Per Barop?.
The next number of 7ft< Tribune for European
orcit?ru>? will be iiioed TO MO H ROW MORN?
ING at 9 o'clock. It will contain all the latest
news np to the time of going to press. The Asia
sails from this port To Morrow at 12 o'clock.
In < onjrrr??, Yesterday.
The first topic of interest in the Senate
was the bill to pay Missouri the amount of
a certain reserved fand, for which it is
claimed that the United States is indebted
to that State. Mr. Clay said that the
United States owe no such debt, and that
he would prove it on some day when his
health was better. The bill was according?
ly postponed. The California land bill
was then discussed, a little passage be?
tween Messrs. i'.enton and Berricn enliven?
ing the dullness, after which there was no
quorum, which resulted of course in ad?
The Hoase was mainly engaged on the
bill to supply deficiencies in the appropria?
tions of the current year, but did not arrive
at any other result than an early adjourn?
Coaxing an Appetite.
?Boy !' said a harsh, miserly master to
his apprentice who had grown tired of bean
soup for dinner perpetually, and begun to
mutter that it was not exactly the thing?
if you'll say that soup is good I'll give
you a cent, and if you don't, I'll give you
a hammering?now is it good or not?"?
"Ye-e-es," whined the boy with rueful
reluctance, reaching out at the same time
for the cent; "it's good; but I don't like
it." It is hard to like a thing on compul?
The more we see of the famous Congres?
sional Pledge not to vote for any man, even
f?r a member of the Legislature, who is
not an advocate and upholder in a lump of
the measures of the last Session, the surer
is our conviction that the move was an un?
fortunate one. Aside from the natural re?
pugnance of human nature to approve and
Support on compulsion, the moral power of
the document is much less than we had
supposed. Only forty-four out of the two
hundred and ninety Members of Congress
have signed it?hardly more than a sev?
enth of the whole number. The great
name of Henrt Clay heads the list and
shields it from ridicule; Mr. Speaker Cobb's
signature is also of some account; the rest
are not weighty. Only fire Members in
nil of the great party which controls both
Houses, and just at present rules three
fourths of the States, have signed it; and
every one of these five are Southern men,
though one of them just at present hails
from ('alifornia. New- Kngland furnishes
but one signer to the Pledge of any party ;
ami he voted for the Fugitive Slave Law
and is not reclectetl: New-York is commit?
ted by eight?less than one-fourth of her
Delegation, of whom but two are elected
to the next Congress ; Pennsylvania has
one good name ihere. (Senator Ct?oper's,)
but never another of any sort; New-lersey
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wiscon?
sin, Iowa, have no signer. There are
eleven signers in all from the Free States,
which have more than one hundred and
sixty Members; and of these New-York
supplies tight. Such a demonstration cer?
tainly falls considerably short of appalling.
?We place the names on record for
reference and reflection. We copy from The
Ejr]>rc>*. which would gladly hare the
public believe that * there are a few more
left of the same sort,' but that is idle. The
signer who communicates this list for pub?
lication would be very unlikely to keep
back a part of the names. They are not so
abundant that half a dozen can be lightly
spared. Here is the roll I
Samuel a. Eliot,Mass. Howell Cobs, Ga.
James Bbook*. N. Y. Alex 11 Stephens, do
David A. Bokes, do. Robert Toomr*. do.
J. Phillips Pho-nix, do. Willi am C. Dawson, do.
Roust L. Rose. do. Allen P Owes, do.
Gso.R. Amdbbw*,do. Henrv W Hilliabo. Ala.
John R.t11ibman, do. Jeremiah Clemens, do.
A M. 81 hermkbhobn, do. HenBV clay. Ky.
William Di es. do. Hi mphrev Marshall, do.
Jame* CoOfBB, Peon. James L. Johnson, do.
William M. Os is, CaL Daniel Bee . k, to
Thomas G, Pratt. Md. John B. Thompson, do.
Richabo J. Bowie, do. Cms 8. Moiieiiead. do.
J B. Rees, do Finis E MoLean, do.
Alexandre E?an>.do. Meredith P Gentry, Ten
Jrremimi Morion. Vr Chris H. Williams, do.
Thom is 8. Ho Moan. do. Josiah M Ander>on, do.
Willie P M<nuim N.C. Albert G. WATXiaa do.
AM H Shepherd, do. Edward C. Ca?i.i_. Pia.
Edmi *ti> Dsserrv. do. Henrv & Psora, Ml**.
Daud Oiti.aw, do. H A Bu i aed, Lou.
J. P Calo*ell, do. Thomas J.Rue, Texas
Importations under the Tarltl* of lS4'i and
The Whig Almanac saTltO contains a tabu?
lar statement of the value of the Articles 1m
Ported into the t'nited States during the years
ending on the 30th June, 1044, '48, '41 and %%
(after deducting the reexportationu,! snd the
Amount of Dltt which accrued in each, daring
the same periods respectively?forming a striking
comparative view of the operations of the Tarilfs
of 1-4v and 1846.
Covnbvtici t.?Two calls have been issued by
the Democracies of this State, one for a "Free
Democratic'' Convention at Hartford on the 1-th
ol February, and another for a " Democratic '
State Convention at the same place on the 19th J
February. The Whig State Convention has
already met and made Horn nations.
Oration by W. E. ISBIBBIsjsj. TTs find the
following announcement in the PasTal Herald of
tbe 16th inst.:
Hamilton Coilh;i.?Mr. Wm E. Robinson,
the well known "Richeliea" correspondent ol
The Tnbssne, will deliver an Oration, and Rev.
Henry W. Parker of Ithaca, a Poem, before the
Convention of tbe Psi I'psilon Fraternity, to be
held at Hamilton College, Clinton, at the next
Tut Paris CoitRtsroifDinT of Ths Tribvwi
akd Ho.*. Abt.ott LAWRiwci.?A London cor.
respondent of the Buffalo Commercial Advertiter
say ? that a "miserable tramp," who writes let?
ters from Paria for the Sete-York Trtbum; in
London on hia way to Paria, and wrote to Hon.
Abbott Lawrence, requeuing the loan of 1100, to
which Mr. L. replied by requesting the applicant
to call upon him, in order that be might become
better acquainted with the circumstances of the
caae. To thia the "?camp " answered that Mr.
L. should hear from him when he got to Pans ?
Accordingly, says the writer in the Commercial,
Mr. Lawrence has heard from him through the
Mbjs>jTM Tribune, in two or three of the moat
false ?nd dastardly letters which could have been
?We undertake to say that thia story is a
humbug of a verv base and calumnious sort.
We have published several letters from our
regular correspondent in Paris, W. H. Fry, Esq
commenting in a pretty keen tone on speeches
made by Mr. Lawrence on various occasions in
England. Those letters could not be called false
or dastardly, for they did nothing more than criti?
cize what Mr Lawrence himself had said. Tbey
may have been mistaken or unjust in their stric
tares, but that is the worst that could be said of
We believe that Mr. Fry has not been in Eng?
land since 1?!* ; wo are certain that he has not
since Mr Lawrence went there Moreover, we
presume ho has not been in want of money, his
salary as correspondent of The Tribun* having
remained undrawn for aix or eight months at a
time. Had he been in need, he would probably
have collected this debt instead of trying to bor?
row of snybody.
We doubt whether any person authorized to
call himself a correspondent of this paper ever
made such an application to Mr Lawrence or any
other American Minister What iniposters may
have assumed that title we have no meana of
?It is perhaps too much to expect that such
papers as the UltCm Gazette, which have made
thia story an occasion for airing their peculiar
vocabulariea upon The Tribune, should take any
notice of the above refutation of the falsehood.
They will do as they lind acrreeable, and we ahall
not presume to blame them for atickinp to what
is most congenial to their tastes and habits.
Reciprocity of Tr ade with Canada.
The bill for the establishment of Reciprocal
Free Trade between the United Statea and the
British Provinces hae been made the special order
of the day in the Houae of Representatives for
next Tuesday. As thia measure has already been
adopted by Canada, and has been agitated for the
last three years in Congress, we deem this a fit
ting occasion to offer our reasons against ita adop?
tion by this country in its present shape. Before
doing so, it will be proper |o preface our remarks
by a sketch of the origin and history of the pro?
posed measure | and it mutt bo borne in mind that
it is limited to only a few of the products of the
soil of the two countries, with their lumber and
minerals. The two great items arc Wheat and
80 long as the Wheat and Lumber of the Colo?
nies ol Fngland were received on more favorable
terms in the British msrkets than thoto of Foreign
Countries, we heard nothing about proposals for
Reciprocity from oar Canadian neighbors. The
necessity for obtaining from our Government a
Treaty whereby the Markets of the Union would
become available to the Canadians, was first co
gently set before the British Authorities by an
Address of the Provincial Assembly, adopted du?
ring its8ession at Montreal in 1616, when the cer?
tainty that Sir Robert Peel's Free Trade bill
would become a law was established beyond
doubt. We have been informed on pood author?
ity that Mr. Hamilton Merritt, one of the ablest
members ol the Canada Legislature, and the pro?
jector of tho Wollaixl Canal, was the originator
of the Address referred to. We msy mention in
passing, ou the authority of Canadian papers, that
this gentleman's late resignation of his seat in the
Ministry at Toronto was caused by tho adoption
of a Retaliatory Tarif.' by hit colleagues, to be
submitted to Parliament in case Congress shall
refuse at this Session to pass the Reciprocity Bill.
Rut to proceed i
The address referred to was couched in such
urgent terms that the British Government lost no
time in giving instructions to Mr. Pakenham, their
Minister at Washington, to open negotiationa for
a Treaty with our Government, by which the
markets ot tho Lnion would be opened to her
Colonies aa a set otTfor the loss of the advantages
formerly ei joyed by them in those of the Mother
Country. The Imperial authorities had discern?
ment enough to perceive that, if this were not
speedily effected, there would abortiv be a ary
throughout all her North American Colonies for
axt.exation to the States. I pon this point the
delay of one or two years in obtaining the action
of ( ongreas on the subject has fully verified the
anticipations of tho British Government | and it
was only by the most emphatic assurances of the
Canadian Ministry, 'given by Mr. Hincks, their
Inspector General, to the peopieof Canada,; that
that tbey had adopted such measures as would
rtt'i/W the American Government to concede re?
ciprocity, that the Annexation Movement was
arrested last Winter.
Mr. Pakenham, in accordance with the instruc?
tions of his Government, opened negotiations with
our authorities at Washington, in the autumn of
1846, and the matter was favorably entertained
by them. President Polk, being of opinion that
the beat and speediest way of carrying it into ef?
fect would be by the passage of a bill by Con?
gress, and the adoption of a similar course by the
Canadian Legislature, instead of by Treaty, which
would require to be ratified by the Senate, direct?
ed Mr. Walker, Secretary of the Treasury, to
make a Report thereon to Congress. Gov. Hunt,
the Chairman of the Committee of Commerce, in
the House, reported a Bill which had been previ?
ously agreed upon by Messrs. Walker andPaken
ham, and it passed that branch of Congress in the
spring of 1840, without opposition, and almost
without remark. We can only explain the facili?
ty with which it passed the House by the suppo?
sition that its bearings, both commercially and po?
litically, and its general importance, were not un?
derstood. Congress was not aware at the timo
that the ?reat anxiety of England to obtain the
measure arose wholly from the fear that the with?
drawal ot the incidental Protection, which her
now defunct Corn Laws had afforded to Colonial
industry and enterprise, would lead to revolution?
ary measures on their part. Members seem to
have acted upon the belief that the measure was
fair and equitable?that we should receive as
much advantage from it as it would confer on our
Colonial neighbors.
It was represented to them by the British and
Canadian authorities that, hitherto, tbo Cauadian
market had been, at least four out of every live
years, better than that of the Union for Wheat
and moat other articles (Lumberexseptedj com?
prised in the ML In proof of thia, official returns
were quoted to ahow that very large quantities of
Ohio and other Western Wheat had nearly every
year for a lone period been imported into Canada
and sold for exportation to England, where it was
received on the same terms as Canadian. This
concession had been made by the Imperial Au?
thorities to Canada, in order to throw the carry?
ing trade of the Western States through her Ca?
nals, and. by allowing the wheat to be ground la
trantUu, to favor the Canadian miller. Tbe ef?
fect which Sir Robert Peel's Free Trade mea
sures would be likely to produce upon the Cana?
dian market, does not seem to have been duly
considered at Washington. Fortunately for this
country, the House bill did not reach the Senate
in time to be taken up that session.
During the snort session of 1849-9, the bill, as it
bad passed the House the previous year, was
brought before the Senate by Gen. Dix. and
would probably have passed but for tho spirited
! opposition of Mr Pearee, of Maryland, whose
1 vicwa were favored t>y tbe beginning of tbe Cali?
fornia excitement, which finally crowded it oat.
Ab that Congress terminated with tbe short ses?
sion, the bill died with it, which rendered it ne?
cessary that It should again pass the House.
The Is it memorable session was so wholly oc?
cupied i tbe all absorbing measures of Compro
mise, thst the Reciprocity bill made no progress,
although every effort was made in its behalf by
the British Minister and the Canadian Govern
tnent, which kept a special agent at Washington
to lobby for it.
The delay thus afforded has Briden us four years
of experience of the working of the Free Trade
laws of England in reference to the markets of
her North American Colonies These four years
have seemed to prove to s demonstration that the
measure now before Congress is altogether one?
sided, and if passed will confer great benefits on
Canada, without giving any countervailing advan?
tage to this country. It can no longer be doubted
that the markets of the Union are, and must ,'from
our great facilities for transport as compared with
those of the St. Lawrence) continue permanently
t*> be, better for all the articles enumerated in tbe
Reciprocity Bill than those of Canada. England
herself saw this, and saw clearly, if the measure
could not be passed thronen Congress before it
was understood at Washington, that it would
surely be rejected on the ground that it was a
one sided compact, unless some equivalent
were offered. The British Charge, (Mr. Cramp
ton,) was therefore instructed to offer the
Free Navigation of the St. Lawrence as
that equivalent. On principle, CongTeas, we have
no doubt, will instantly reject this proposal when
it comes up tor consideration. To offer as the
Free Navigation of the St- Lawrence as an equiv?
alent tor opening our markets to her Oolonies, can
only be regarded as an attempt to sell to us what
is already our own according to the usages of na?
tions and the natural and indefeasible rights of
. mankind. That a nation inhabiting or occupying
' a region of country traversed by navigable rivers
j and estusries of the sea, lias a nataral right to
navigate such waters through adjacent and friend?
ly countries, is so clear as to require no comment
from us. As a matter of justice, too long with?
held, cur Government should at once, and before
\ consenting even to consider what would be a fair
' equivalent for opening our markets totheCanadi
diai.s, require the navigation of the St. Lawrence
to be opened to our citizens.
But there is another view to be taken of this
' subject Tbe Canadian Government went to
great e?pense to improve th>" navigation of their
! river under the old Colonial System, which, as we
have shown, drew a largo quantity of Western
produce through their waters. These expensive
: works cannot be sustained or kept in repair by
local trntlic, and the Canadian authorities, eveu if
Britain had a right to shut us out of the river, will
be compelled to pray to have it opened in order to
I increase the business and support the public
j works. To continue to keep tbe river closed
i against us. now that there is no longer a premium
' offered in England in favor of the Canadian route,
would be like cutting one's own nose off to spite
a neighbor's fare
Hut the value of the St. Lawrence to us has
! been greatly overrated. 8ince the adoption of
i the Bonding System in this Country, the great
bulk ot Canadian produce finds its way through
, the Erie Canal via Rochester and Oswego to this
City, and by the Ogdensburgh Railway to Boston
I If the St Lawrence were opened to-morrow to
I our shippers, it is doubtful whether it would he
! used for any other purpose than for taking down
j an occasional Lake vessel to be employed in the
] coasting trade, or to go to California. The Cana
i dians themselves seldom send a vessel out of their
j River to any distant or trans-Atlantic port. As
! competition for freights on the seaboard is quite
j as great as, if not greater than, it is on tho Lakes,
it would not be worth contending for, except as
a matter of right and principle. With reduced
Tolls on the Erie Canal and an amendment of the
Bonding Warehouse law, so as to facilitate the
transit of goods and produce to and from Canada,
we have nothing to fear from the Retaliatory
Taritt threatened by our neighbors to punish us
for the refusal of a boon they have no just grounds
for demanding.
But we do not believe that such a Tariff would
stand tho scrutiny of public opinion in the Pro?
vinces. If one Parliament should adopt it, the
next would be sure to repeal it The Canadian
people are too intelligent to submit to be heavily
taxed merely to favcr the route of the St
Lawrence, which is open only half tbe yoar, in
preference to the speedier and cheaper one
tbrouu'h the 8tates.
We think we have now stated the case in such
a manner as to show that the measure before
Congress is an) thing but calculated to confer re?
ciprocal bewefitS ob the two countries It will
be seen that it does not propose to give a* a sinirle
ad vantage which we do net already possess, by
our Bonding System, superior skill and facilities
for transport, both internal and marine. If Bbsj
lsnd desires to obtain concessions from us to keop
her Colonies quiet and to prevent them from
clamoring for Annexation, ahe muat bring forward
some more alluring scheme than tho present Re?
ciprocity Bill, which (we feel eoalident) can never
become a law.
Ws axo not, however, opposed to a fair and
just measure of reciprocity in trade with the Brit,
ish Colonies, which, sooner or later, must become
members of this Confederacy. But it must be a
much more comprehensive measure, and must ex?
tend to Manufactured fabrics as well as to tho
products of the Soil, tbe Forest and the Mine.
If we consent to take these from the Provinces
free of duty, it is only right that the Provinces
should take from us such articles in return as we
have to dispose of snd which they do not produce
or manufacture. If Congress wish to pass a bill
this Session, let them inserts clause to include all
kinds of Domestic Fabrics of both countries, and
, also Sugar and Tobacco, both of which are the
products of the Union.
We will now briefly point out the benefits
that such a liberal snd equitable measure of Re?
ciprocity would confer on the People of both coun?
tries. To tbe United States, it would open a new
and extended market for our Manufactures. The
North American Colonies of England contain, at
present, about the same amount of population as
the Old Thirteen Colonies at the commence?
ment of the Revolution, less their black inhabi?
tants?that is to say, between Two and a Half
and Three Millions, of which Canada contains
about One Million and a Half. To confine oar
selves to this Colony, as the most important, we
will show in figures the result of the reciprocity
we advocate
In 1649, according to official returns, Canada
imported from other countries aboit $12,000,000
worth of merchandize, dutiable and free. Of this
amount about ?',000,000 were from this country,
about S6,t;o,000 from Great Britain, and the
balance from other Colonies and foreign countries.
We have not in our possession statatements
showing the amount of Canadian importations for
1 sco, but we understand, from a reliable quarter,
that tbey greatly exceed those of 1-49, and, from
the large increase of Customs Duties, cannot be
less than 4l6,00o,ooo. of which at least sVr.ooo.ooo
are from tbe United States. Of this latter sum,
we have not at hand the means of stating what
proportion is made up of English and other foreign
goods entitled to receive the American drawback
upon exportation. Bat this we know, from mer
chants engaged in the Canada trade, that s very
considerable portion of American Manufactares
are sold in that market, where they are brought
into direct competition with British Manufactures
of a similar kind, paying exactly the same doty.
These goods consist chiefly of Unbleached Cot?
tons, Satinets, Edge Tools of almost every kind.
Hardware, Ac. Ac We have mentioned these
figures to show the growing importance of the
British Provinces as consumers of Foreign Manu
factored goods, and we wish it to be clearly un?
derstood that our views of reciprocal Free Trade
only extend to and include articles actually man
ufactured by the Province and the United States.
If such a broad and liberal measure were passed
by Congress, the present Canadian administra?
tion, acting ander British instructions, might re?
ject it on the ground that it would be giving an
advantage to American over British interests.
*Vny one, howaver, who knows anything of the
temper and growing aipiration? of the Canadian
people, will eee at a glance that the rejection of
so advantageous an arrangement by their minis
try would be the signal for its speedy overthrow.
If Kngland refute her consent, the vast majority
of the people in the Coloniea would raise their
voices for Anneaation, and it would then be peace,
fully consummated in due season. The advantage
to Canada, in the event of refusal by England to
allow her to consult her own true interests, be?
cause they happened to conflict with those of
British manufacturers, would be to hasten her
emancipation from a foreign and injurious domin?
ion, and the incorporation of all British North
America with this great and prosperous Union.
11 If not* - Natural Kmoarcea - Paa>?latl?B -
Hanking-1mpravetaeate-Debl, A.c.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
SrsiNGi iekp, Illinois, Tuesday. Jan. 7, ism.
Horace Grkemt?Dear Sir - The Legislature
of this Qfate is now in full operation. The Mes?
sage of Got. French was read to-day, and exhi?
bits the present condition and future prospects of
Illinois in s hopeful aspect. In fact, this i< R
great State, as the census of UN will show.
The present population is about *50,ooo and yet
the vast prairies are comparatively unsettled.
You may ride through dozens of them and ba
completely at sea. The distant Timber looms
up like a far oft shore, and the scattered log-cabins
are as scarce as ships in mid ocean. Still, hero
snd there the adventurous pioneers are dotting
tho prairies with small settlements, and farms
are gradually stretching out from the timber, feel?
ing their way, as it were, into the water. In a
few years this State will shoot ahead of Indiana,
and run a race with Ohio. The California Fever,
which has partially depopulated it, has cooled off
under the chilling influence of hundreds who have
returned with empty pockets and ruined consti?
tutions from the lsnd of Ophir. Thousands and
thousands of acres of glorious land are ready to
receive the seed and brine forth trait in abund?
ance. Almost every part of tho State south of
the Illinois Hiver is one great bituminous coal
bed, and fuel will be aa plenty in the prairsVs as
in the woods The only ditlictilty is to get fenc?
ing, but where there is m clearing bo be dme the
expense of hsuling fencing can be afforded. De?
pend upon it, Illinois is a State of vut capabili?
ties, and is only beginning to be known. When
her internal improvements are completed, there
is no telling how fast she will grow. Chicago ia
already a great city; her population exceeds
Di) 0u0, and she is growing rapidly. The Tremont
House in that city is the best arranged and the
best furnished hotel I ever met with. It is re
plate with every luxury and convenience, and ad?
mirably kept by the celebrated Ira Couch, who is
his own landlord. The house is called "Tremont
in honor of the three mountains upon which Chi?
cago in not built? lutii* a uon luct-iulo.
The people of this -t?te are anxious to have a
aafe Banking System. They are sick of the rag
currency which other States pour upon them, and
desire sound domestic institutions which will not
only afford a circulation hut also facilities to
Commerce and Agriculture But Gov. French
proceeds upon the old idea that Hanks are so
many volc anoes, and tells the Legislature a tale
of woe and ruin which would be ol absorbing in- j
terest to the famous Mr. Gouge. Still, I think
the present Legislature has enough bank men in
it to disregard the Governor s fear and establish
a Harking System which will be safe and pro?
ductive of great good to Illinois. A maiority of
the members elected can veto the Governor's
veto, and as a proposition to create Hanks must
be submitted to the people before it can become
a law, I think a Geueral banking law will be
submitted to the sovereigns Aside from his an?
tiquated ideas of Kauks, Gov. French's Message
is very creditable to him. Ho seems to have the
good of the State at heart, and gives mm h good
advise to the Legislature.
The subject of Internal Improvements will oc?
cupy much of the timo of the present Legislature.
It is to be hoped that the great Central Railroad,
in aid of which Congress lately granted between
two and three million acres of land, will be given
to the Company best able to build it. It ought
not to be made a political trading affair, but be
placed in strong and competent hands.
There is a warm contention between the
Michigan Central aud Michigan Southern Roads
for the right of way from Northern Indiana into
Chicago. The Southern lias tho moat influence in
Indiana, but is puzzled to find its way from the
Iniliana State line into Chicago, a distance of
some 18 or 90 miles. The Central is still more
puzzled how to budge an inch west of Michigan
City. It lately roped in with the Chicago and Ga?
lena Koad, and obtained that Company'a right to
build a road from the Indiana line to Chicago,
with the understanding that the Southern Riad
should have a right to use the track. I do not
think the Galena Company was over wise in
making that bargain. It ia for the interest of
Chicago and of the public that both roads should
go into Chicago on independent tracks, and it is
to be hoped thst Indiana will grant the right of
way to the Central, and that Illinois will dir the
same for the Southern. A direct line from La
porte in Indiana to Chicago, would bo the best
course for the Southern, and I trust that finally
the three roads will have separate depots, on the
north, sonth and west side of Chicago.
1 found the members of the Legislature reading
the Circular ot James Holford, Esq. which has ap?
peared in the papers. They call him, out here,
" Doctor Holford, and in truth ho has adminis?
tered a pill to the body politic which is likely to
operate; but I doubt if it will euro the patient.
The tendency will rather be to aggravate the
symptoms. The People and Legislature of Illi?
nois may be knaves, but they do not find it pleas?
ant to have the fact made public The People
here are not rich, and they are bcavily taxed.
Eventually they will pay every dollar they owe,
principal ?and interest, but it does not sharpen
their consciences to be abused and vilified. Let
creditors be forbearing, courteous and polite, re?
membering the peculiar hardships of the case.
Illinois owes over sixteen millions, and has noth?
ing of practical utility to show for it except a ca?
nal reduced from its intended dimensions, and a
shabby, halt finished State House The People
out this way are easier to coax than to drive, and
there is no sort of use in coming the Sy dney Smith
over them. Yours, truly, OCClDSsTT.
fear" Perhaps not; hut cheating is
cheating, anyhow yon can fix it; and
the way Illinois and other Western States
have treated their creditors would disgrace
a broken gambler. We never had a penny's
interest in their Stocks, and so can aflord to
tell them the truth. [Ed. Trib.
Florida?Defeat o) Yulee ?The election of U.
S. Senator in Florida took place on the 1 Kb inst,
three ballots having been taken on the 13th with
out effecting a choice. By the laws of Florida,
thirty votes in Joint Ballot (or a majority of all
the Members elect) are required to choose, and
Mr. Yulee bad 2i on the first two ballots, but we
presume 'the thing was set' from the beginning
that he should have as many votes as could be
given him without electing him and then be
dropped. He had 20 Members (a majority) of the
House on the firat ballot, but only ? Senators, in
cloding Mr. Moseley, Whig. The four ballots re?
sulted as follows i
TX J T V . ?????>???? U<*. MO ?ja4v>.
David L. tulee.j9 29 28 23
8tejihen R Mallory..? ? ? 31
Blanks.29 29 30 4
The Tallahassee Floridian, though confessing
mortification at the defeat of Mr. Yulee, claims
Mr. Mallory as equally hostile to the Compromise
measures. Of his LocoFocoiam generally, there
is no doubt. His home is on Key West, farther
South than that of any man who ever sat in Con"
?The Legislature bas chosen Hon. Walksr
Amisrjos of Pensacola Chief Justice, and Col.
A. A. Semmes Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court. One Associate to be chosen. District
Judges, Joseph B. Lancaster, Thomas Douglas,
Gen. J. Wales Baker and Geo. S. Hawkins?all
incumbents but Baker. Judge Semmes it a Whig
Maj John Beard (Opp ) and Dr. Wm it. Hay ward
(Whig) were choseu Controller and Treasurer
Daun, Liverpool Jaa. 11.; LeaeJea |?ta
Paria Di*.
The Artie irriTed at this port at a o'clock la**
arening, making a quick pasesge from Halifax
We are indebted to her officers for the ptosiajt
delivery of English and French papers, fo,,
which, and from the despat besof our correspond
ents, the following summary of news is maetta
ft lacellaw+eus.
The revenue returns for the quarter ending tkt
the 5th Jan. IM? have just been published, 1*4
they are most satisfactory, as, notwithstanding
the repeal of the brick duty, the modi6catioa of
the stamp duties, and the further reduction of (&*
sugar duties in October last, the falling of u ooij
?Ms\4b?b, ss compared with tka correapor.d;ag
period of last year. The returns for the year
snow an increase receipt of A 161,921, in ,pjt, ^
ail reductions; and, as the expenditure will, it is
expected, be able to show in April next a tarplej
equal to that of last year. The last monthly re?
turn of the Board of Trade, also exhibits a very
healthy sign.
Our Exports for the month of November amooat
to to X5,30-2,319 against t t.M.'i.Kii in the corras
ponding month of 1*4 thus showing an incrstai
in favor of tfSO of A671.15?. Our total iBaaj
for the eleven months of I9w%\ were tlO, lou.j*^
against ?51.069,801 in the corresponding penof
of It? 19, being an increase of iu,7Ut., and a
comparedwith 1448, ef *-1 < ? j. ? i i The aatsj
annual traf?c returns of the railways now h
operation has been published, and exhibits thtnv.
lowing result. It appears that the ?rosa trait
receipts of railways in the ? nited Kingdom (or
the year 185f, amounted to X 13,1 l%23$ on 6,7^
miles of railway The returns published week*
show that A.l2,755,?3.> was received on the rsjj.
ways during the past year.on iMI miles, laclai
ing about >00 miles of canal, being an increase of
jL 1,7 41,41t? in the receipts o* er the preceding >eir
on 5161 miles of railway, and also an increase of
l,09t> miles in operation. Independent of these
railways, there are about seventeen new lines is
operation, of an aggregate length oftTf miles, tat
trsllir returns on whicii are not published weekly,
but may be estimated st Alur.ooo for vsrioss
periods during the past yesr
The no Popery cry is now nearly extinct ia
England, but an attempt has been made to per?
petuate it in Ireland. A meeting for that purposs
was held this week in Belfast under the presi
der i y of l ord Hoden, but in point of numbers
ami influence it proved a decided failure. Absas
of Lord Clarendon and denunciation of the \V'ok
Government for grafting money for educational
purposes in Ireland were the chief themes of tat
speakers, snd on liotli subjects they met with as
applauding audience. The Time$ is fast veering
aoout on the Papal question, and as this psper
may now be said to represent the Government,
any indication of its feelings may lie regarded sj
semiofficial. The stsfswrlissr is of opinion, frosj
the formidable array that will bo brought against
tho Government on the meeting of Parliament
that the Kussel! Administration will be dissolves;
and that a great political crisis is at band LosJ
Stanley, it is rumored, would then be called to tat
headoi the Government. Strenuous efforts in
being made by the Reformers to obtain a ropes'
of the window tax and the duty on psper in tat
next aesston of Parliament, and with that visa
many of the corporate bodies of the Kingdoa
have presented addresses to the Uueen.
The ZWy Artr? advocates in very strong tern
the adoption of Ualway as a packet station k
American steamers, upon the grouuds ol safety,
economy and saving of time.
Preparations for the World's Fair are progrea
ing on a most extensive scale. It is ssid Its
lircat Britain steamship will bo reedy to sail kv
New York in April, to bring over a " host " of
visitors. This noble vessel is being refitted by
the Messrs Gibbs, Bright A Co. of Liverpool.
A great tire occurred on 8unday morning last
In Dublin, by which property to the amount ol'
i.:il),tl(.0 was destroyed.
Great ellorts are now being made in Dublin a
revive the Irish manufacture movement
The general aspect of the country is peaceabk
John O'Connell still continues to hold forth n
Conciliation Hall. Tho reut for tho past west
was jCM.
Keelanatton al the .Ministry.
The long impending crisis has at length tr
rived. The Ministry have resigned. Varies
reuses have led to this result. Sums attributes'
to the quarrel betweon tho Assembly snd as
Executive in reference to the case of M af.tr
guire; while others attribure it to the more ssri
ous cause of a quarrel between the ['resident
Gen. Chaugarnier. Whatever motive may bin
led indirectly to the crisis, there can be no dosbt
that the immediate cause of it was the colliaos
between the Executive and tho Assembly ia tat
case referred to. When the Assembly decre*
the liberation of its arrested member, some dots
waa entertained whether the director of thepns*
Would obey the mandate of M Dupin, and srs
port was speedily circulated to the effect thstf
any resistance were offered, the President of as
Assembly would call in troops to execute thert
solution of the Chamber.
Then arose tho question whether the military
would be permitted to obey an order of tho As?
sembly upsetting a decision of the Jodgta
Doubts were expressed on this point; and U
I'uti s, a semi-ministerial paper, joined in tbsdis?
cussion and published some extracts from so *
der of the day by the Command er-in Chief to tke
troops under his command, in which the follotnnt
instructions occarred : "Not to obey or ; ?>
attention to any request until alter having taia
or received the orders of the Lieutenant Genst*
Not to listen to Representatives of the poof*
To shoot all traitors instantly. Every order wbia
does not come from the Commander-in Chief >
??iL" An immense sensation was created *]
the publication of the extracts, and M. Nepol*?
Bonaparte gave notice in the Assembly of his b>
tention to interpolate the Minister of War out*
subject. Gen. Schramm and M. Maro he, wbs)
the subject was brought forward on Friday, ftf
gested that the interpellations should be poS
poncd until Monday, statin*..- that they wished >
the mesn time to complete their inquiries into tb
authencity ot the document. Tho majority ofa>
Assembly, knowing that the questions were resil
intended to be directed to Gen. Changarnier, n
fused to accede to the ministerial request. t>
subject was introduced, Gen. Changarnier e>
Claim- I that no auch instructions of a paramosi
ii < had ever been issued, and that he had noil
tention to question the constitutional rigbt of I*
Assembly to dispose of its troops for its prots
tion. The result was that the conduct of Geaer
Chscgsrnier was ratified and approved of by *
almost unanimous vote?much to the cbsgna.
is said, ot the Cabinet.
This hostile manifestation of the majority, h
lowing so speedily on other defeats, rosvinc*d
Ministry that they had no chance of going on tra
any prospect of success, and they therefore t*
signed. As yet no other Ministry has bsss*
ganized, nor ia there any party now in Frs*1
sufficiently strong to form an Administration.*
that there is now a Ministerial interregnum T*
President has made several attempts to for*1
Cabinet, but without success.
It is reported that could the President b#*
sured that his dotation of 3,000,000 franos ?**?
be quietly voted, and that Gen. Changs**"
wouid be stripped of his present almost anlise*^
authority, all would yet go on well. The Assst
bly, however, knows that if the Preside-, os*
get his dotation be would be independent of *
Assembly \ and that if he could got rid of m
Changarnier he would have an almost satis**
control over the army. Any protest again* P
prolongation of his powers would theo bests*'
unavailing. Hence lite determination on tbe P*
ot the Assembly to adhere to Changarnier, **
aert its own power, and tc thwart the P
in his policy.
It was stated on Tuesday that one of we ?
cutties had been got rid of by the retsjBSfl*'!
Gen. Chaugarnier, but it turned oot?bl*l
founded, and matters remain just as tbey ***
The general opinion seems to be, that tks "
will eventuate in the retention of the Bs/ochs^",
inet, with modifications. Meantime Paris * ?
fectly tranquil | there is not tke slightest
tioo of riot or outrage ; but many assert tbst"^
apparent tranquillity is but the quiessonSt'y
volcsno resdy to break out, Our Paris b*?*"j
the 9th contain nothing new. The ati****,
crisis stiH continued. The President **,y|
deavoring to increase his popularity wa*
troops by the distribution of tbe ribbo*
Legion of Honor to a number of old solsaW'
the Republic aad the Empire

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