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ENNl'i ... -for Tb? Tribune
?v sinxiis h COOS* wwoo god, or goddess, or tho listless feature, 8killed only in tho weary ort to bore .' ?/byname vu coined in sunny France, thy nature Pervades each human haunt the wi 1c wor'd o'er i But, for tho Render, let no critic wary laaputrn the Mo.se?she keeps no dictionary I fancy tbou'rt a goddeas, for tly beauty Ia languid in its etatue like repose i And thine the feminine but thankless duty To eigh regret o'er many a withering rose, Fold thy soft hands, and breathe thy wea* complaining , ? From faded lips, no hopeful utterance deign Too oft the gentle bride her features sunny Turns toward the subject of her queenly power, Whom four short weeks have surfeited with honey, As Adam tired of Eden's rosy bower, And whispers," Let the tirm of self and thee Receive an added partner?Ennui.' The man whose hoarded wealth has given him leisure, And the loved right to do no earthly good, Steers his light bark to where the syren Pleasure Lares with soft music o'er the Summer fl >od, Till.on life's sea becalmed, th> fingers leaden Close o'er his heart and all its puls* s deaden. The stagnant pool, whoso green and siumhoring Are only by unsoemly reptiles stirred, [waters Symbols the life of all thy sons and daughters Whose helpless croakings every esr hath heard; And few the faithful hearts and spirits daring That never ahrank beneath thy touch un aparing. Thy votariea leave their aweeteat draught untasted, Their finest gold growa dim with gathering rust, And half the vigor of their years is wasted By yielding prematurely dust to dust. But ah! what shadow falls across my door? Thine, monster, thiue! I yield, and write no more. Wendell, Man. Saturday, Jan. \h. for Tbe Tribune. The Duties at the I nlied State* toward the Asaerlean Kepubllc* -Ac,-~ a and ( lav. The Tribune of the 1 Ith inst, gave expression to tbe well-established public sentiment of the United States, when it said that the United States being " by position and sympathy the natural ally S)f the younger Republics of this continent, it be somes this country to manifest a cordial interest in their welfare, and an earnest desire to ?erve them to tho extent of her power. Tho present crisis manifestly calls for a revival of that policy inaugerated in MM-S7. by Messrs. Adsms and Clay, and ao unworthily, virulently assailed by the opposition of that day " There are passages in the article in The Tri? bune equally grateful to the sound American sen. timent of the country, to which I propose to refer fully in another connection. My preaent object la to ahow the nature of that glorious policy in? augerated by Messrs. Adams an I Clay, aud to this end 1 shall quote their own language, from the public documents and speeches of that period. The people at large cannot keep this policy too steadily in view, nor bo too rigid in requiring exact conformity to it on the part ol the American SJovernmeht. The following psssages. presenting an outline of this policy, need no comment i Hi trad from the litl rucl?SSM if John OjJVK I Adams to Mr. A >i>r.i:sox, mpp$mmmm Minister to Columbia, Mai/ 17, IM 1i " We have constantly favored the standard of independence in America. Disinterested? ness must be its own reward . but in the ustah tishment of our fature political and commercial relations with the now Bopwblios of America.it will be necessary to recur oft OB to tho principles in which they originated j they will serve t > mark the t>oundaries of the rights which wo may justly claim in our future relations with them. counteract the ej/ortt tvhuk, U cann 't to douotmi, European negotiation* tri ' sswAmssn to steal the furtherance of then ??'ietl and tuitiopo itztng contemjdations. To promote these events (tho security of their im! ipendooco, and the permanence of civil and religious freedom) by all the moral influence win. h we cm exercise, whether of example, of friendly counsel and per? suasion, ia among the duties which devolve upon is, in tho fonnstion of our future relations with our Southern neighbors. It is highly im Eirtant that the tirst foundations of the permanent ture intercourse between the two OQUBtrloi should belaid in principles benevolent and liberal in themselves, congenial with the spirit of our in? stitutions, and consistent with the duties of am TerssJ philanthropy. The emancipation of the South American Continent opens to the wholo race of man prospects of futurity, IN which this tVnson vtli be called, in the discharge oi it* duties to posterity, to take a eotmpicuous and leading port. It involves all that is precious in hope, MM Sill that is desirablo in existence, to the countless millions of our fellow creatures which, in tho pro? gressive revolution of time, this hemisphere is destined to rear and maintain. "That the fabric of ourse>cial connections with oar Southern neighbors may rise, iu the lapse ol years, with a grandeur and harmony of propor tioas corresponding with the magnificence of the means placed by Providence in our power, and in that of our descendants, its foundations must be laid in principles of polities and morals new aud distasteful to the thrones and dominions of the older world, but coextensive with the surface of tbe globe, and lasting as the changes of time Such were the principles which President Ad? justs, in a message to Congress | March 15, IBM) ou the subject of the Panama Mission, expressly de? clared it was hia intention to further and capry into effect, in accepting the proposition for that Convention of Republican States. " That Con? gress,' he said, "sprung from the urgent, imme? diate, aud momcutous common interests of great communities struggling for independence, aud, as it were, quickening iuto life.'' Extracts tnm President Adam*'s Message to t Vi frre*t on the subject of the Panama aawstaos*. " The late President of the United States, in his Messsge to Congress of the M of December. I - while announcing the negotiation then ponding with Russia, relating to the north west coast of . this comment, observed that tho occasion of the discussions to which thst incident hai given rii-\ had been taken for asserting as n principle iu which the rights and interests of the I uitei states were involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they had assumed and maintained, were thenceforward net to be considered as sutce. ts for future oaaoal 1 aation by any European t>ower. The principle , had first "been assumed in that negotiation with Russia. It reated upon a course of reasoning equally simple and conclusive. With tbs si (op? tion of tho existing European colonies, which it was iu no wise inteinU .1 to ...slurb, the two continents consisted of several sovereign and in? dependent nations, whose konltotios covered its whole surface. By this their independent coadi tion, tho United States enjoyed the right of com- 1 mercial intercourse with every part of their pos? sessions. To attempt the establishment of a et k> ny in those possessions would be to usurp, to the exclusion of others, a commercial intercourse ' which was the common posaeaaiou of all Itooold jsot bo done without encroaching upon tho exist? ing rights of the United States. The Government of Russia haa never disputed these positions nor manifesrted tbe slightest dissatisfsction at ti.eir tisvmg been taken. Most oi the new Amenoau 1 Republics have declared their entire assent to them, aad they sow propo*. amoait the aubiecU of consultation at Panama, to take into considers tion the means of Ms*Bf Sassau. the mntt\M ?f that principle, aa well as the means of resisting < interterenco from abroad with the domeatic con? cerns of tbe American Government-'' The same Messsge refers to the advice given by Washington as a rule for oar Qovermant in con- ; ducting its foreign affairs, and continues. " While adheriog faithfully to tbe spirit of that 1 administration, I cannot overlook tho rerbctioo, that the council of Washington in that instance wai band spefl the cir-omtttDfM in which ; our country und the world around n? were i allotted at the time " wat gi.cn. /Inat toe reason assicned hy hini for his advice Wore, that Enrope had a aort of primary interest, which to ua had cone or a very remote relation.? That hence ihe moit be ensteed in froqaotrt con? troversies, the cause* of which were estentitlly I foreign to our eotkcerni That onr detached and isolated situation enabled as to pursuer* different course That by our union and ra;n 1 g-o vth, with ' an efficient Government, the period was not far distant, when we might defy material iajeWy from external annoyance ; when we m'gi.t take such an attitude as shou'd cause our neutrality t> be respected ; and, with reference bo belUg*reot na? tions, might choose peace or war, as oar interests guided byjustice, sbouid counsel." Amorg the articles of agreement fixed upon at Panama, waa one (see letter of Mr. Halazan to Mr. Clay) for the common defense of the Ameri? can Kepublice on substantially the basis laid down by Mr. Adams. This Mission and its ob? jects, it is well known, were defended and sup? ported by Mr. Clay with all hia pswer and elo I quence. Extract from Mr. Ci.av'i Utter of In*tr<tr'>on% to Mestrs.P"i?5f.tt and Sekok am, De It f I from the United St ilts to the l'anarn. i Con /tress. "From the northeastern limits of the United States in North America, to Cape Horn in Booth America, on the Atlantb ()cean, with one or two inconsiderable exceptiona \ and from the same Cape to the 51 st degree of north latitude in North America, on the Pacific I tcean. without asy ex? ception, the whole coasts and countries belong to sovereign reaident American powers^ There is, therefore, no chasm within the prescribed iiuiits, in which a new European colony could now be in? troduced without violating the territorial rights of acme American State. An attempt to acquire such a colony, and by its estaVtishnii.-.t to acquire sovereign rights for mv Earapoai power, must be regarded as an inadmissible eacroachniant" This was in accordance with the sWOlitBOsstl early put forward by this ditfnguisl.ad American, b 1M8, at whatev.-r hnzar-J, b? wfl the recog? nition of the independence of the Spanish Ameri ean Colonies. In one of his speeches he said i " In the establishment of the independence of South America, the Inited States have the deep? est interest. I have no hesitation in asserting my lirm belief that there is no question in the foreign policy of this OewflslMt which has ever arisen, or which I can conceive as ever OOUUlilug, in ti e decision of which we have had, or ean have, to much at atake. This interest concerns our politico, our commerce, our navigation." In another number I shall ahoW, from document I ary evidence, what haa thus far been done to carry thcao principlea into practical etlect, and what re? mains yet to be done to the fulfillment of the obli? gations which we owe to our sister American He publics. _ _ PAaTAMA. The Atlnntlr Hterunet*. Tv the K?lten cj The Tribune: As you have ao liberally appropriated your coluima to tlie publication of a long artiele over the signrture of Filopanti, professing to be a highly scientific and mathematical exposition of the Col? lins and L'unerd steamers, which article commune inL' in error and endine in wrong conclusions, is we'l calculated to deceive many of your patrons on a subject they feel a deep and national interest in, will you please to give place to the following \ simple facts 1 First, I will give you the dinici:siona of each steamer, and then show that instead of the Atlan? tic and Pacil'.c having ",000 nominal horse-power, and the Asia only -e>< , that the Asia with less tuncnge, and less diip'at ement, has actually got the neatest engines. Atlas) i rasst Mt? Asm LeogIS on deck. 2<t'?feet 9 1 KMl 1 feet SMtkSi Ureauih afheoaa. IN ?? 4> ? ?<> ? M ?? PO| th ot hold. S2 " M - it " t/M - Toiii sgelcustuin housej.'7'i ? BJtaj - ;;|R ?? 2<Vi " Load draught. 1 SO " ? " tfi " Diameter of cylinders... 80 Inch. IS lach. S3 Inch. yti Inch. I .* ' 11 ri of stroke. -'feel I teol in feel 9 feel Mondnal horse power (t>olli ermines). Klii Dl?me''r ol wheel. Ifi " Bl " " 3o " Length ot hurkels. l-'J " 11," lljj " y| " The term tiominal horse power has become a mere conventional unit lor expressing a certain size of trj linder without reference to the power nested, and the actual horse port er exerted by either the Amerif an or English engines greatly exceeds the nominal. This is owing to the in creased pressure of steam which has been adopt? ed in botli eoutitiiea since the rule* for calculating nominal horse power were ftajtabliahed by Watt. The English designate the sixe of their cylin? ders by 'horao power,' the Am er tans by ' diatne ter of cylinder and length of Stroke As will be seen by tho table above, the Asia has cylinders one inch larger in diameter than the* Atlan? tic* or Pacific a, and same length of stroke. Es? timating the nominal horse powerof eaih by rules established in the English practice, j,,,; Ac ;iave for the Asia Mb horse power, lor the Atlantic and Pacific MM horsepower. lnorderthat your readers ataj fig ire r them? selves, I give both rules En st i The square ot the diameter ot cylinder in inches, multiplied by t' e cube rootof thc'lentrth of stroke in feet, and divided by 4", will give the nominal horae power, thus i a*X\''S -?nom. norsepower, as . a being the diameter of cylinder in inches, S the length of stroke in feet. isxond: The square of the diameter of cylinder in hiebet, multiplied by the velocity of ,i tton in feet per minute, and divided by 0 000, will give the nominal horte power, thui? * a-XLS . ,, ~tJw~~-"omlut'h>r,e ',ower a being the diameter o cylinder in inches, b the number of etrokea per minute. 6* the length of stroke in feet. It it a mistaken notion rjiat thi C-nardors carry but aeven pounds of tteam per square inch, and tl Americans twenty live orthirtv The average ' pressureof the Cuttarders is about thirtetTa poands, and the average pressure of tue Oolfms steamers j has been lets thai tixteea pounds It ia seen that t.'io eajglima uf the Asia exceed \ in power thote ot the Atlantic and PACific From the above statistics we rind that the imrneraed midahip eection ot the Ana * N s pare >eet Jess than than tho fttdJe or Baltic, and N s -nare .*tJet |esttfctnthe Atlantic giving para a are foot of immersed midship lection, t) the An time. 1 i*-H">hvrs-p r. Pactvi . in : i I ^.,epow r, B?at,Tii.ltl-100bors?'pow?r,!A>:?. 1 t-l" tsv power. giving to the Alia an important aJvaata?? over cither of the OttaTS. I nder this view of the ?-t.to it zuiy be' atktjd how can the Collins steamers expect t.i equal the speed of the Alia I The a kSWOT it, by their iu periority of mtsilel, which unquestionably ^ea the Collins steamers great aii.a-'.trtges. an'd when they, l.ke the new Cunarders. can oomaiaotl a I picked crew, who have dtstiiig-i shci tlhemielrttj :j by yean of t nremitting and eitieient tervKe, t'iey I will equal aid lurpait their nva s. Wiiyoothe I Kngiish cngineera boasting!/ aai.-r:. "ftpt km I tht Collins steamers st ithe tl n*el ? ' dot,*' nH are admitted good j idgos tod it i. aa be 1 flattering to the frieada of tho C dlias itoameri to know that the new Cunaid ships Arabia v.?l r*..-.-- I tit, tow o:.it.-? l g to t- . e ...i iteamert, are OODViasj thota troth M -egardt in- I created letgtl. tud susVpotsat of mjOdtsl, and To- I buitr boilert. '1 he English runniiig'y kuaslsvatst ?| e power of their engines, giving the impiosiiou, ;aat witu.eas dimensions, the y are mere peilect a-.-i more ef? fective, while the Amenctm have* foo'.nilf overrated the j>ower of them, and given the lie*, that notwithttandmg groat eagicca. great cxpoa diture, and great effort, their engines are impor' I feet, and do not work up to their power. Hence comei the frequent expression, ?' You can build Ike skips, but i/o* must fro to England for >tonr en ftMt>* The miaforture It, the frten l* of too American Steamen have done them the greatest injury, and illustrated the philosophy of the com? mon ex pretaion, " kslled man Iness: Hy over e-atimtting, and premature boasting,?thereby cre? ating onreaaonabie anticipations,?they havedoae the steamen more serious injury, than all foreign competition comb.ned for no sooner does the ac tual performance fall abort of the high wrought ' and visionary cxpectationi. than the very- veeteii whi -h foreignen have candidly pronounced warn- | out e t.als in the worid. are. by dsan lift sal them ?elves, and those who, like Frlopanti, "feel adeep intertst, ' cried down at failure a. The American Steamers of the tint Traut Atlantic Lin-", were materially injured in the aame unreaionaLle man? ner- , , If the engine of a Ottawa steamer breaks a tide-lever, throwing one engine into a perfect I wreck, and the tteamer com-s int^ port with one I engine andre'turrs to Europe with cue engine, Lothii-g it taid about it If half a dozen men are wathed ov<.rboird dur? ing a single pattage, in consequence of the kVM> i narir.c ex-ursiona of the ship, nothing M sanl i about ,t. It the tteamer is sixteen or eighteen ! davtmakirg apaisag.-. t. -thifitMssai l about iti I it is conceded that she must have had an unusual '? bnisttrens r*??Se- With the Cunahrs every i tbbg is right, and all is looked upon as QOtsMgW accidents that will happen under tne best of man? agement. But hon- is it with the American I steamers 1 If they are longer than usual making ' a passage it is supposed they have met with an accident. If the engine is stopped on the passage for the most trifling cauae there is immediate , alarm, and every passenger considers it his privi? lege to visit the engine room and inspect the con ! dition of the machinery-, and seems to be ambi I ticus in being the first to write and publiah an ex I sggerated account of the "accidents and deteu , tious " of the passage, with criticism on the mal construction of the ship and machinery. While on board of an Kogiiah steamer the engine room , is inacceisillo to passengers, excepting on praise? worthy occasions It ahould be borne iu mind ' that the Atlantic and Pacific were built to com pete with the America, Europa, Canada, Ac , and 1 not the new and mt re powerful steamers which have been built since, or the still more powerful i steamers r.ow constructing?tho Arabia and Per | aia. and from the immense sums now expending for new and more powerful steamers it is evident j that the Yankees have frightened the Canardcrs, if they don't eventually surpass them. To Filopanti's statement, that the Baltic cannot consume less than 1,100 lbs of coal per hour, and must carrv, to insure a safe passage, 1,800 tuDS, and faan indications "privately obtained," sets down the weight of engines snd boilers at 1,800 more, makmg an segregate for propelling power alone of 3,W5 tuns I I will simply say, that the engines and boilers weigh M8 tunsi and the coal "bunkers have stowage for 1,050 tuns, which affords, in or? dinary weatcer, two or three days extra coals. The idea of providing the Collins steamers with no feet paddle wheels,' elevating pillow blocks, and extension connecting rods, may do for" theory' i but never for " Practice. FOREIGN ITEMS. ??> ? , Prepared for The New-York Tribune. | ?? Miss Martineau t new book hat at last made ita appearance in London. It is called Letten on the Lav s of Man's Nature and Development, by H. G. AtxJRSORand Harriet Martiseac; 1 vol.octavo. Miss Martineau has also undertaken a history of : the British Empire during the last half century; it is to bo in six volumes or if parts, which will be put at the low price of .r>s. a volume or Is. a part Of course it will be popular in its character and tendencies. Mr Roebuck's history ot the preat constitutional struggle in Kngland during 1-30 and 1831, which rcaulted in the pasaage of . the Reform Bill, will very shortly he published.? Walter Savage Landor has an eighteen penny i pamphlet on Poj/ery, British and Foreign. Tho eighth edition OS* Eliot Warburton's Crescent an I Cross has appeared. \ work by Major Edwards, ' cailed A Ytar on the Punjab Frontier, is also amoDg the novelties. Dr. Achilli, who was so long imprisoned at Rome, has issued a vohtmo of ! "Important Disclosures" called Deal tags icith the Inquisition. Wltttsan Johiaolasn, Esq , has printed a work on England as >t Is, which is said to he a faiiure. He however, thinks that England is a failure and ao is even with his critics. He sees nothing but ruin and despair iu the future, the Constitution having already been destroyed. Mrs. Jameson has a volume illustrated with eleven ' etchings by her own hand, called legends of tiie IfcRilllsr fTrtfsrS A two volumo novel boaratho appellation of The First Ansrel, but as to what paradise the angel hails from we are not informed. Choice Specimens of Med;,real Art Workmanship is an elegant and successful publication, illustra? tive ol the old manner of decorating houses. ?No sort of intoxicating beverage, whether Bj ii p. f pitits, beer or cider, will be admitted to a I pla- e in the World's Fair. The continental wine ! growers are in despair at the exclusion of their ? products. Two ladies of Southampton will ex" j hihit a gigantic piece of Berlin embroidery. It : has cost them ten month's labcr, covers three thousands square inches and represents Abraham, ! the Father of all Nations, offering up his son i [tftSjC Bpoa tho Altar, with an Angel appearing in tl c elf u If, R Ith distant landscape and scenery.? ; Ou the top, looking through the foliage, is sym tolical representation of the eye of tho Almighty i figuratively uttering the sublime expression in holy writ. '? Lay not thine hand upon the lad." A group of Statuary by Eng' 1, a Hunganaii soulp. tor will also be exhibited. It represents an epi ( sodefrom the con :1 let of the Argonauts and Ama. . ions. jj ?Sir E. Bi uvtn LtTTor. has written a new U play which is to be performed by literary ama I tears for the ber efit of the proposed fund for dis j abled literary men. ?The widow of Listen, the surgeon, has jtaa) I received the grant of a pension of ?100 a year jj from the Civil List. I ? BUcLISl has painted Macready i t tiie char : acter of Werner, sail to be excellent, better even than Lawrence's Kemble at Hamlet. Corbould has painted in water colort, for Prince Albert tbe Cathedral scene from Meyerbeer's Prophet. ? Books may, after March 1, be sent by mail from England to any of toe colonies, at t>d for those not exceeding I lb, those not exceeding 1 ib, Is, not above 8 lb, -Ja, and so oa?alwaya iu ad? vance. Each parcel must comist of only one volume, must be opeu at each md like a news? paper, and contain no writing but the address. ?A CalTorniaa correspondent of the Daily Mars furnishes a curious picture of the morals he j has seen in El Dorado. He writes thus: " Per j baps the blackest page of American California is j the history or iives of the females. Husbands j arrive here with their wives and families, but . they are not generally leng on shore when their I better ha.ves cut connection for other and richer j men, so that the poor disconsolate husband*, in stead of minir.g for gold, have to nurse their ' wee : ants. Youcg damsels, however ugly or da I formed, are tooa picked up andapitced. P.re and I sword are no barriers to men t passions here, nor is sge a preToatir? ?Travelers to Prussia must hereafter ; rovide' tbemaelvea with passports in order, or they can't' get iu. ?A Fren, it criminal named Landais was lately sentenced to furry years hard labor, imprisonment' by the Assizes of tbe Onto for robbcr.es ar.d at? tempted aisats.nat.on. Tea. with pswtiooj sen" tences, makes above a hundred years la tbs. gal? leys, to which he is condemned. ?In Australia there are the highest trees us the world. One of an unknown kind has been found there measuring HO feet from the ground to tbe lowest branch. At the base this tree is M feet in diameter and at the hight of the first branch U feet; at the ground its circumference is 130 faet. at three feet high, LOO feet. This tree is perfectly sound . it stands ia a forest of sassafras Another sort of great tree there is cailed EucaL yptt* gtgantea. It rites to the hight of 300 feet, and often has 40 feet circumference. Its bark ia excellent for tanning, being twice as strong at oak bark ? A public sale of Ttl pictures and IS designs, Ail by modern artists, took place at Paris on tbe -th ult. The concourse was large, the tod dir.* animated, nr.r] the price* were generally high. A Ymwag Woman a! her 7'<??/>'. by Cb. Be. rargs-r, brought l,w'0 francs. Sheep Pattunatr, by MIe. Rosa Bonheur, -V<00 ft. > a mail piece by Brascassat, representing two goats, 3,000; Th.- Hn^.e Mtrket, by Van Schenkel, MOOft. Ti > Sifrol a Fr iictr, by Brias,MOO. Camelt a't the ll'atenne P^ce, by Marilhat, 5,000 fr.; Sri/to.*, on /Ac SW, by Ary 8cheffer, 1,500 fr.; A Mother teaching her uhiUren to read, a saiad rouu.1 pic? ture, by Paul Delaroche, 4,500 fr ; three piecea by Horace Vernet, Rerice of Napoleon at the Tutlenet, (in black and white,) 3,000 fr; An Epi? sode of the Sieire of Saratov t, 0,10J fr, Th.: Good Samaritan, 7,-100 fr . Soldiers playing Dice, ostomea of the middle agea,? by Meissonier, |,fU fr ; A Turkish School, by Decamps. 21,100 francs. ? A French company have nndertaken to light the city of Pesth with gaa. ?Mr. Webster's letterto Chevalier H .Isemann ii published and commented on by the press of Paria. The National, which ia not wont to like anythirg proceeding from a Whig administration expresses ita aatiafaction with the tone and lan? guage of our Secretary of sftate in the atrongeat terms. ? In Oct. .-19, Lord B?, belonging to one of the richest familiea of England, took a hackney coach at London for a place abcut three milea dis taU oa the Thamei, which aervei as a ateamboat lar.dirg. Arrived there he got out. telling the coaclman to wait, and went on board a steamer for Cowea to see if his baggage had been brought on boar'. according to orders. By accident he had mistaken the hour, and was no sooner on board than tho boat put oil', before he could return to pay ?he coachman. Tho latter, knowing his customer, determined to wait, hired the place where he had been le t, put up a shelter for his hursea and him ?elf, and ataid there several monthi. Lord B. came back last Octcber.having forgotten the whole affair, but has just had to pay 1.700, at tho end of a law suit, for the servicesof the coachman during the period. ? There are now in arms in Europe '.00,000 men more than in the hottest part of the career of Na? poleon. ?Sometime since the discovery of tigantie eggs in Madagas -ar was spoken of. Three of these eggs have arrived at Paris, one broken on the route, the others whole, and M. GeoU'roy Saint Hiiai.-e baa laid them bef re the Academy of Sciences. They are of very different shapes, one being elliptical, the other having its two ends un? like eaeh other. They are about thirteen inches in diameter the long way and nine the ahort. in circumference about thirty inchea <>no way and twenty live tho other. The ahell is one eighth of an inch thick, and containa about TJ gallona, or as much as i 3."> hen's c-pga, IfJ condor's eg??s and Sj ostriches eggs. Mr. 8t. Ilila ro has decided, from the examination of aome bones found with one of the eggs, that they were produced by a bird. It now remains to discover this t iirgest of the feath? ered race. ?8chutler, the engraver at Frankfort, is about to complete an engraving of Raphael s J/ii'fann'Z di IIa sidta ou wbi< h he has been engaged for many years. The D?sseldorf Art 1'nion arc na ' gotiating for the plate. ?The painter Nicola Kanieridied intboAbruz ; zi in December, aa?d 101 H? n?ver drank wine I nor any other spirituous beverage, and kept Ida j memory and a cheerful spirit to the last. ?The art critic of the Paria National falls with ' out mercy upon Charles Mullcr'a Last Appeal of the Victim* of the Terror (a work :J0 feet long), which has been ao much praised among the pic? tures of the Inhibition now open at Paris. He says it is nothing but a horrible blot, a vile [ shadow cast uj o:i the immortal work of the ltovo j ution, nothing but an envenomed work ot party spirit, by which M. Midler may got plenty of , portiaits to do from people of certain classes, but ; which ean never justly bo admired as a su:ceasul piece of art. Apart from the tendency of the t picture, the conception ia poor and monotonous, . the style small, ti.e execution unequal and co? quettish. The arrange incut ia theatrical and the portraita it containa arc like those of Dubufe the elder. M. Dolescluite, in the !>ebat?, praises the , picture, though he thinks it treated too much like ' a L-ri,, e, and net enough like a historical work. Of course, M. Delescluze has no fault to lind with its political character. ?The Rabbi s College, at Padua, Italy, pro : poses a prize of MOO for the beat work on the political and religious hiatory of the Jews from the Brat siege of Jerusalem to the time of the laat collaborates of the Talmud. ?The tine arts are cosmopolitan, and though* they love warm skiea, do not fear cold ones ? 1 Music has at last penetrated beyond Siberia, to ! Kamaehatka. On the ctb of last August, Mad. ; Christian:, who is well known ia Germany as a player on the violoncello, gave a aucceaaful Con cert in Peterpaulahafen, at the houae of the Go rernor European virtuosoa have before made their way as far aa Irkutsk and Kraanojarsk, to get their aharo of the carningi of tho miners, bat I no one ever went as far aa Madame Chriatiani. ? It is said that A aber the composer, is not a ; Frenchman, but a German of Swabia, and that hia real name ia Auberle. This was proved on occasion of a legacy recently left him in Germany. ? Tue birth day of the Emperor of Russia waa ; celebrated in Moldavia with great pomp. Tnia ' unfortunate principality ia losing even the aha low ; of independence. ? The Austrian Government have introduced . the Historical Manual of P^tz into the achoola of the Empire, on the condition that tho author shall rewrite the second part and make it conclude with tho year 1815. As the author wrote it, the last edition contained an account of the events of Lite1 and '4J, including the wars in Hungary and Italy. This it aeems will uot do for Austria which is called by the liberal papera, the China of Germany. The revised edition will soon ap? pear ? A new tenor named Vlairalt Lag made hia de? but at Parif, with great applause from the pub ? lie. Hector Berlioz, however, tella him in the i Debats, that though his voice has a fair juality and a remarkable compass, it is rather hard, wants lawfliill!Ji and atandi in need of long and arduous discipline. ?The Louvre haa been enriched with a fine proceiain model of the paiace of the Emperor ot Chka the details of thia air guiar building, eleven stories ;u bight, are given with an astonishiug '. MM uto.neai. ?A Tuscan actor, who was playing at tne theater La Pergola, in Florence, on the nth alt. I was hiaied by the audience, and flung hia dagger 1 into the pit. Two of the audience were Wounded, ; and a riot would have followed, if the enraged player had not been immediately apprehended by ? the poi.ee. ?An old officer cn the retired list, residing at Creteil, near Paria, lately committed suicide from grief at the death of his Lone, which, aince his Wairement from tl e service, he had nuraed with J tho moat assiduous care, and when dead he had boned in hia garden. Some neighbors, becoming alarmed at net seeing him appear as usual, en? tered the home, where they found lum hinging in his bed room. A letter was ly ing on the table, which contained these words. N Ms p mt 1. Mft deed, aral I ctr.net nrvirc It." ' ? K?nigsberg in Pmsua ii nid to b? one of the wont placea in the worM for scandal. ?In Daniah Greenland copper mines have been found whoie ore yields M per cent, of pore metal. ?The King of Dahomey has had iome co.lina made at Hamburg for tbe nie of himielf and the member* of hii illustrious family when they shall have departed this mortal HRj. They are in a tty le of great splendor, tbe King's own box coat bag?HOOt. At ea<h aide of the head are fixed , liquor caaet with decantert aid gl?ttet, ao that ' the defunct may be able duly to wet his whittle. The cuiiin is lined with cushions of rod tatia, aud adorned on the cutude with urname.its of bronze aad carving. It it supported with a lion of metal at each corner. ?An Italian picture dealer at London lately bought an old picture for a song. It proves to bo a portrait of the I'rinccss Colouna by Michael An gelo and is valued at 8J0.000. ?The Cologne tiazette calls upon tho Prussian Government to help the Art-Academy at D?ssel? dorf by giving it more money and creating a pro? fessorship ef sculpture. ?A picture denier at Prague has wit:.in a short time sold 800,000 copies cf the. Emperor oi Aus? tria a portrait. ?The Catholic D>rectory, juit pubiiihe 1. con? tains a list of the names of twenty live ministers of the Established Church of England, three American ilpitcopalian minittert, one Scotch Presbyterian minister, one Genevese Protestant minister, and one French Protestant minister, who joined the Church of Home during the year - Also two Lords, three Countesses, one honorable, two country gentlemen of wealth, two captaiuain the nrmy, one member of Parliament and one Doctor of haws. ?A Miss Gres.-y JarmOB t pas tie wu lately exhibited at the CloriuatTsjU Polios) Co jrt, and contained no Uli than ten pounds pi foathort which the was charged with having stolen from her lodging!. She denied the ro'ooery, aad de clared that ten \ ounds of" feati.ers was tho usual complement of the bustles she wore. ?Tbe consistory of Breslau, iu Prus>iau Silesia? has issued a circular, reminding not on'y clergy? men, but all other clerical functionaries, that it is unbecoming their sacred calling 11 take oat game certificates, or to ,oin in shooting or sporting in general. ? In a letter recently published, Prof. Newman says that it is a mathematical certainty that, If tho existing population of the world were to in? crease for about eleven or twelve centuries st the same rate as the British population has done for some time past, no room would be left on the solid earth for men, women, and childron to stand upon, allowing only a square foot for each. ?The total population of the kingdom of Swe ilen is estimated at 3,883,1)00, viz: 1,-20, ?00 malos. and 1,080*800 females. On the 1st January, IStn, tho population was J.Jln.JOz, so that the increase ! in the last live years has been 116^88, or ti per ct. ?The Prince of Wallach.a has published an order stating the conditions under which gipsies may in future be soid: I. Families of gipsies shall I never be parted. -'. All sales of more than three I families at a time are declared illegal. ?The therry v utage of 1849 has turned out very bad, and it is said that not one-tuth of the produce can be made available. The vintage of I champagne of 1850 is also bad, and there will be ? a short supply of sparkling wines. ?A wealthy Lombard nobleman, who lately I died at home, has bequeathed a monthly allow j ance of thirty scudi (?.beut .tri) for the mainten? ance of his dogs, and a monthly pension of tifteon ! scudi for ihe person app i ted to feed and tend I them. ?A recent cumulation made in Vienna giv es no less than 1,883 journals and pap rs as actually known in Europe, not including therein Austria. There arc of cuurso many provincial papers uot included in this list. Tho fuilowiug comparison is curious: in Parit 1>,0 pnpert of various kinda are published , in London, "7. in Herlin, Tt| in Leipsig, 68; in St. Petertburg, :sih Tho number of journals published in Germany, exclusive of Austria, in tho German language, is IIB, nearly three times s -, many as Paris and London put to? gether. ?The Persian sect ot Bab.a, whose main doe trine is said to be the denial of the existence of God and who recognize no other authority than that of their chief, has at last been extinguished. They had been persecuted for two years, and their Chief, Bab de Shiraf, put to death at iauris, when they betook themselves to Lingrian, which they fortilied. The city waa stormed by a considera? ble body of troops under Mehemet Chan, and most of the Babis fell in the struggle. The piitf oners will doubtless all be hilled. They sro ao> cused of scandalous offensei against ti e rollg n and morals of the country. FURTH r R CALIFORNIA NEWS. -S) The Uuickaiiver .Ulnea or California. The California Courier gives the following de. scriptioa of the Uuicksilver Mines of New-Alma den, near Santa Clara i Tbe works are situated in a little valley at the foot of the hills which contain the treasure, aud : the buildings for lurnacee, the ollioea, stables, und ? resinencea ot the operative!, altogether orm a protperout village, retembiing, in a meature, tome of the manufacturing villaget of the Atlantic Statct. With the number of furnacet now iu op? eration, lrom one hundred and seventy fivo to two hundred bands are constantly employed. Over ,000 were expended by tins company ia the preparations necessary prior to the commence? ment of remunerating operations The current . expenses are now about 110,081 per month and th e yield of quicksilver is about 7fiC > pounds for the same period?worth, we are told, at tho pret? ext low rates, 883,790. Extensive additions and improvements of the works are now being made, and will, when completed, treble the produce of the mines. The cinnabar is br ught down from the hi'Is, at present, on pack mules. It ia in contemplation to construct a railway which shall perform the duty, and Uius effect a great saving, Large aud improved furnaces are Oeing c mstrua.. l. and in every department, no capital or labor it tpared necessary to secure the benefits arising from experience, or afforded by the genius ot toe in? ventor. The furnaces now in use are what are kfl jwa as the "cylinder." The cinnabar, having been bro? ken in small pieces, is turown into the cylinders, and subjected to an slmott white heat, wnich ex? pels the metal in the form of vapor. The vapor pastet through a retort and condenser, and it then drawn off ready for battling. Within the Company's grounds, aad by the I banks of a purling stream which supplies the place with tee purest ? mountain dew, we wore shown a mineral tpriog which we doubt not will prove a Saratoga in future years, to f .OM who seek ust<-red health ana energies at rs ouut. We drank freely ol the water, aad found it quite as pleasant at any of the medicinal springs of New-York or Virginia. Its analysis gives car? bonate of sods, chalybeate of iron, and a slight trace ot sulphur. It it beautifully clear, light, tparkung and effervescing. Gri//i l Bear Eacoisiik -On Monday last, a* Mr. Chailea Packwook, who resides about 88 miles frosn tats eity, bobs Murphy's rancho, was out hunting mulea, he auddenly came in tight of two large grizzly bears,directiy in the trail through Rl n ho wat compelled to pass. As no other meant ol escape preaented iUelf, he .1,amounted rrom his horse and went toward a tree, f >r tho purpose of climbing it to get a shot at the animals, but t>ee bears scented him and reached tne tree shortly after he did. Ho had coiuuieoccd ascend- i ing the tree and had got up several feet, wnon the largest oi the bears followed him.seized him by tbe heel, (.ragged !.i,c down, aud both fell to the rround t- I tl ,r. Ja the fall, Mr. P. lost hold ol his ritle, Bud tl e otar spriogiog tt SB* throat, bo turusthis ' gl *? ' Ii d Bog vs .- ntg .-.? i oath tfl save him- 1 seif The animal irr-n. liajfeely crushed both boot* of the fore arm, and too other severely tore the Mesh in moothfola from his lees. A severe tassel enetted, d?rfet; whb-h Mr. I' get hold of hit rfaV and holding it out with his It ft hand, ho ?bot the largest beer wheu OfU| two feet distant ,'roct it Tne bear staggered oil a few steps, ottert: * plat*, live rriea, and died, while the other ran off ta4 stt hy it Mr P. endet-, "red to rolotd La rite, but wta unable to do M witn one hand. He it t now-r Holly ethleth man, and the preservttioa of hit life is attributable to that fart, together tritt hit molnesa and presence of mind. Dr. Corey, of this city was called in. and he hat prorjoe^ceti the woundt of Mr. P. M be not very daageroet, Tm Place thi i PI* it Li mi s.?Wa hav? al way a been under the. p . laloa that the goM washer or rocker waa used in all the tnioet m ' California, but we met w Ith a gentlemen the oth. I cr day quite conversant with mining along Scott I I river which ia aitutted between Samoa tad I Shasta) who Informedut that there wta uotttia g!e ro'-ker in ute along the whole ttretm ! The ; Diinere there depend entirely upon pen etahuaj, ard picking ap lumps, as the trails wh'cb the id-' venturer! are compelled to travel over to reach that point are 10 rugged and ptwdpife .1 thatto get washers there Wouhi be attended with great difficulty. Mr. J. Hoop, a gentleman whoeettata menta can be rootdred with i redence, informed us that hit brother made Ot.oeo at the aunei oa Sett t river, in the short lime of two weeks ? none oi the pieces he obtained were under the vtlue of *?. 50, while the largett tu w-'rth #900. We saw several which wote worth trout 0100 to t oo Mr K. desires u* to say, lest some might be misled, that hit brother had a lucky e'aim. and tint mtny who were there eugaged were only realizing the average yield of the miners in other tectioLS of the country. The btr to which wt base referred, is about four milea f oot where ! S.ctt't river eniptioi into tho rvlamtth Tin Mi5i*i:s tr tiieirWokk.?During the list ' week the prayer of tiie miuera was answered? ! rains, gentle and severe, were visited u,h>n there, j and they are now diligently engaged m wtihiai j tho dirt wbieli had bei . t * tfiat pur peso Probably not l> si than ?10,000 worth of j gold is taken out daily by the miners bore and b ! the immediate vicinity. Money haa been "vary tight, to use the eurieut expretsioo, tor the past , threw months, bul >e MW be <miug at .>?? p'ooti fu], |Sonora Herald. Love and SiK im:.? Mrs lUmblet' i, aa act? ress in fan Francisco, i 4eeoed birswU oa account ot an attachment which she entertain id tor tu actor named Cold. Her husband ha?i ig diieov. er. (1 tho tact, threatened to shoot the la'.ter anlest h -instantly left the city, which he promised to do. HereujKin Mrt Hn ubleton swallowed a dote of poison, from the effects ol which she -lied in teo minutes. Coad, on hearing of this, atttaWptod to poiioa himielf, but waa prevented. Of* kor Col.. Coi LI IB.?We learn stye the Journal of Commerce that the laWpsjneara of Cos tomt of this City fiave held a meeting having for itl object the presentation to Col. Collier, upon hie retirement inm otih o. of a iplendld goblet, mtJe of California gold, and studded over the outiide withspeeiment. The A'1' aaya 11,801 wereiub icnbed at the meeting. Av ther Imuan Skikmijii.?On Friday lut, some lilty Indiana attacked a small pr-cy of meo, tome hau dosoa fat number, while they were it I work in tho vicinity of P'eaaant V'atiey, locating i a ranch. The result of the light was alee Indians 1 killed, and one white man wuuudcd in the leg by I a rifle ball. i Prescript. Briix.es l N OAliroMi t.?Mosire. Heath and Fmory have thrown a aplondid bridge over the i Stanislaus, which, we beii ve, it the f.rat in Cali? fornia.? Stockton Tiinet. litrtlie. In San Jose. Thursday, Nov. It, 185e, Mrs. J iha M. Mar ?by, < f a daughter. t-aii ?? p;ace, Thursday, Dec. i: 1 ?', Mis. James F. Reed, of a son. . OREGON ITEMS. ??a ? From the Milicauki-e (Oregon) Bta* we learo that Capt. Frederic Morse, of the sehr. Merchant? man, from San Francisco, was killed al that place I on the teat of December by tho bursting of a can i non. A large party left Milwaukee on the 2d of Jana ' ary for the gold regions ot Oregon. Okloo.n Cual.?Capt. M T. Timmoiis.of Olym? pia, near I'.. et S Sound, called no us itie other ; day. He aas s the report of coal having boon loatd ' in his neig i> i hood is t ue, and an excellent IT ! ticlu it ia lor all tho pwpoiet for which coal is ' uied. _ |MilwauKeeS?ar. State uf Louisiana vi. BZaWOTOKSOff John ' McDoROOH.?This important case came up for trial yesterday before Judge Buchanan. TiiO States of Louiaiana and Maryland brouglit luit, ? aa our readers w ill remember, agaiuit the Execu? tors of the late John Mi D.aogh, claiming hit its metse property and Of an averment that the be I questa of hit will in fav.ir of the cities of Now ; Orleans and Baltimore are illegal and void, from tl eir nature aa well at from ll.o in> npicity of , those corporation! to accept such legacies. Thi j Ktate of Louisiana wia represented by the Atter j ncy General, Itaac Johnson, and by Messrs. hi i more and King and Miles Taylor. The State of Maryland was represented by Isaac Johnson and 1 Messrs. F.lmcfe ud Klag. Tne Kxe ilori lp j peared through Christ an Houseliua and Len : Pierce. Tho City of New Orieana hy Handed , Hunt and Messrs. Graible and Preui. Tbomu I J. Dnrai.t appointed b) the Court to repre? sent absent heirs, excepted to the validity of t sirvioeon him as binding to the City of Haiti i more, behaving corresponded with the autbori : ties ofthat city, and received no authorization to a't in their behalf. The exceptions of Mr. Di rant wore sustained, and the City ot Baltimore was consequently with'it a representative. A number of witnesses were|examined in the cut. If. Grivot, Esq., attorney for the Executon, wit : examined as to the revenue of the etute- Hit testimony excited a good deal of surprise in Court, aa it went to ihow that the g.oii receipt! of the estate were only thirty afajsw hundred m nan ptr inonth, subject to a deduction of twenty percent, for cxpensea of colleeti. n. The impression hid been very general that tne income of Mr. McDon ogh'i citatc waa about t wo hundred thousand dol? lar! per year. There a-o nany perso- s in the State, who have never ci i..yed the rep .tatioo ol being vr ry wealthy, whose revenues ex- oed those of Mr.^McDonogh'i citato The wonder ii how, wit!, comptr&tivo.y so lim iied a revenue, he couid have accum hate? so large a landed estate, ai the taxei and the costs of preiervation, joined to ti e large price paid by him tor the property, would seem to hate required a much greater aum than tiiia yearly income. The object of introducing tins testimony was b> ahow the impracticable and illegal nature of the be utata; as, with a<> small a revenae. it would take some two or three hundred yean before the annuities could be paid off and legacies in fivor of the cities takee:^t In tho meantime, the revenue being invested ia ; r perty at 9 nponnd interest, would absorb all the property iathe State ol Louiiiina. j \. O. Delta, iIth. DftATN Ol Herr slroiMtaV?Oa fueeday ev ei.ii g lot, a large osrtBOMW of people were as * mbled on North Boulevard ?t, near the Market i.'cuie, to witness toe a.iptralleled wat of the wire man, Herr liynir.ger. He had an .oanced, through handbills and the public priat?, that ho would wtlk the length of a wire ttret.d from the pinnacle of the Htate H .uie tower? i teet? to a point oOO feet from in bate. The ?. j/elty of the performance (which wtt next to " w ?Ikingon nothing,") and the cele' r.ty of the performer, ex? cited the curioaity of the community, aad brought them to the ipotingrer.t nMsshsjn when it was inn-unced that the faajt WM tri come tsff Herr took hn position or t! > tjwer, and cn u.neaced with admirable aWsdshtas and telf potiession. h.s perilous descent. He nad proceeded ahoot half the diitance, when, to the oorror of thoee preient, one of the lapporti gave way, and the da. og per former was precipitated heaulongto the ground, a diatan., of over forty feet. He was t Aen op with hit head frightfully braised, and wtt other? wise injured. Helinge'.ed until a boot I a clock in the evening, when he died. Hit wife w. ? travel irg with him, and ii, by ins death,throw i without reaources upon the world. The falling p., .? struck a son of Mrs. t roff, mtki.i; a deep gti. acroea hit skull from the crown to the forehead. The wi Uni was dresied by Or. Aden, who n. - .nut ui that the patient is doing well. _I Baton Rouge Advecsu. uUt. VaXI alle Cargo).;.?The ship Oregon, CaoU Fi ui cleared at 8avatnr.ii on the Utk instant tor Havre, with 2,191 bales Upland, and 465 hales Sea liland cotton, weighing 1 S!>?,uJ7 lbs. Valued at tl' r KM 3!'. The ship Italy, Cant Heed, cleared at <'ht/lee ton oa the 14thInet n.r Lirenoti, with i,t" > balee L plen , and 80? balea ScaisitmdcoUe.i, w -ighuig - I :bs N'alued at ?*?*,???