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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, February 05, 1852, Image 7

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Delegates tu lliilUniore. Ac
lhsS.8^ri--rne State UuOfRRttOB OL
?JJ , iVi?um H. Johnson.of Wirren County, pre
*uLT compromise resolutions were, ?dopt id, and
'"Assist*" adhermg to the Baln-ntre Platform.
^|eaitgDelegnWswereche<e..tothe Baal a.
t?apos,?on CouvcnUon. to meet a: Baltimore,
J^ B. d. Nabori.of Tippeh Hob. J. A Wileox.
^Beeroe. Hon. J. D Freeman, o I in a H M.
rJes, of Adaiui. H. L. *?rua. of Jaapjr, Hon.
2S Adi?i,of Monroe. H"-v C. Adons, of
IJ? As Alternates I. N Ktiyon,ot rtaawa>
ZteCoiiii.s F. He.n'BK*av, of Carroll; Dr Ed
D**. i.. .irl.i ,,f Hir.cs 8. B Key??, < uiborue
Tb. .' U Wood, of
j? aid Wm H Maas, of T.shemmga
A Central Committee of ten was also dengnated
tr the President, to all vacancies tiiat m ty occur ia
the delegation lothe National Convention, and also
to nominate Presidential Electors, when, in their
opinion, the time shall hare arnred to do ao:
Montford Jones, of Madia an. Chairman. Geo. O.
Banks of Hinds. Gen. Cotfee, of ciaioorne, Gea.
Kwe of Jefferson , Gen Patton. of Lauderdeie F.
L ewann. of Hinds E. M. Lawrence, of Warren,
K M liaises, of Adams. H. L. htartla, of Jasper.
gjdCol Wofford.of Scott
The States Rights section of the Opposition held a
toarcnuon subiequeatly. cthof J in .) and appoint?
ed a different DeiegaBon to Baltimore, and ulso
ncmicared an Electoral tic tat
For Presidential Et-ctwt At Lerge, Capt. A. M
Jackson and E. 0. Wilaweon, ef Yazoe . District [<
Cspt.J H. K. Taylor . 11. Hub Wn.fi eld S Feith
erstoa. Id " 0 R Singleton , IV. Hiram Cas
udy The ElaOlOCI were also added to the D< lega?
tion to Baltimore
Dslegalt* t > tie Raltimore ' inn entmn forth' Sat*
?I Urge, appoihttd Bf the < "m ention ?Roger Barton,
l'nwhattaii BUBS, JacoD Thon,p. ib
For the Utatt at Large. annyeMfed by Pouhatlan Ellis,
OB JwaidiBjf??Oar. Jas. Wkltflola, Jno B Nevitt,
Jot. McAfee, James Ilrane, Wm. A Stone, Geo.
W. L. Smith. Robert J^saeyln, Kit-hard Griffith,
George R F, 11, B. Bark :
IHstrut Delegates, reported bv th-i Delegates from
tVrorpectite Con?ressioael Distric:s:
I. James M. Howry, of Lafayette ; A M Clayton,
of Marshall . Gen. John Ravou n lVmola . Col. C
fiuntain. Poatotoe; Hob a. li Diiwortk, Tishe
bipro lion R o. lUene, ItawaunbO; Hon J. G.
Cbahrie-s. Mnri.hall . Col. J. IV An icrson, Do Soto ,
Hon. W. li. Ttsoa, Tisaemiiito , Hon. I). B. Wright,
Tippe h
U. Gen HOVhaa Davis, Monroe County . C ipt. J.
B Acter. Monroe CeBOtyj James IT I at r. Iqbooob.
EliasB Fort Lowndeo; Hon. OTos. 8. Barry,Okttk*
heta; Kyle Chandler, Ctuekasow; Hm < . H. Guy,
Yalkibusha . John MeWee, TallaOatenie; Win.
fettsaa, Carroll, Dr. Wadi Hopkins, Nexabeo.
Ill Col D < Glenn, Hinds II. J. lUrns, War
ran. R. M Join,son. ^ as ... .! II. o^rix, H >hnes ,
Robert M ir? ? . Rai BIO . Col. Wire MeWillie. Mali
ko. D. M. Fulton. M tdi.oun C. U HseJkar, Hindaj
a.W. Roberts, Scott j. j Pettue, Kemper, John i).
Elliott, Iliad*.
IV. (lee. i; Bl otoa, kdams G. W. Reid. Clai
bore. Col. W. A. Ward, Clarke, Z Hooker,
(opiah. (apt. J. rs Johnston. Jefferson. Col.
Humphries, Harrison . Alfred E. I awn, Jackson ,
t R. Adams, Jasper . J. Cluisman, l.aarsnce ; Col.
(.eo. H. Cordon, Wilkinson.
i.rntrtl CeaaaasffsenMoanSsd kg tA< Presiinir.~-Jno.
d. Eloatt, Chairaaaa Jos. w. M ittnews. Juo. Mar?
tin Elder, >i,ej)h?n Tiibn ur, Georgs Gorray, C. 8.
Tarpley, fieri. John Beil.Wyhe I'. llarr-s, George
Swsrn. Joseph Bell, Henry T. EUott, Ooo. U.S.
?eer.J F. Cusuuian,J. A.Orr, B. c Stewart.
The res dutaOBS adopted at Balfm ire were reaf
?nerl?ard a letter Brom Daniel S Dic?inion incor
ted*ii.to the minutes of the Convention.
^e^^t?-^-l:^:.?Tli6 Statfl ConTOBtiofl met
faehsille, Job 8, Cave Johns.ui presiding.
Ueeters/oT t'>- Statt at /..tf^r: Hon. A. O. P.
ebolsonand Col. J. C Guild. Assistant Electors,
sst Termc-iee?-Samuel Mtllignn. of Creene,? and
rnual A. A Smith of BrmUey West Tennessee ?
Bi G. C. Larhett and J D. C A kins.
The sercral Delegations and tue Btate Central
fommittee were also empowered to appoint an As
cstant F.!< ctor for each Convention.
Delegates at Large to the JlnOanaoJ Corjeen/em ?
Hast Tenneeeee?Gen, James Laffi rty, of Grainger ,
Thorras C. I.von, of Knoa. We t l ennessee?Gen.
E. 1'olk. of Haidar^aa Col J ones T. Duniap, of
Henry. Middle Tei *" k>ee?(o n J im W. Wnuheld,
of tfivkni.ii c.?i BareUv Majtin, of Moajn, Also
J 0. Picket; and J. II. Thorn is.
District I>? reales:?t. A McClel and, J. Stans
beiry, an-'. W. I Cowry
11. II II Mepheu-soii, J. Vauahn. and O. R. Wat
kiss.
HI. W. T Helms, s. A BtnRh.and K Coo
IV. a CoJJoHi, G Pone,and E L Qardenhiro
v R Paiquharaon, w. p. Davia,and O. W. Ua
rhaaaa
vi. t M JoaoO) J. P. lit dwioko, and R. <:.
Favne.
Ml. J K Howaid, J. MoOavoea, nnd A. P.
etile
Uli E.W. ilt. kman, W. Bla km ire, aul J. J. It.
8 oihali.
IX 8. C. Pavatt, J. D. C. Atkins, and J. M.
' iar' -s.
\ W M Kinar. H B?t0, and W H Carroll.
?..! Rape, II W. BfeU rr>. aul Joan B. R.
A BsOohlttoa soliciting the BOaainnOlOO for the
Vice-Prtsi'en'y for some crazeii of Tennessee,
?a? acopt? : and ulsj a reioltitun for the t onpro
l: ..'(? .? 'i s
ErtiMiie Co'iunittee: East Tfnnesm e?J G. M.
Raaaaay, T. c. Lyon, W. T. Hems, c. Wallaeo,
t. t\ Chni hwell
Wl^t Tbsabssi b -0 ? Tor1 itt, J. B. Freeman,
R. J Hays, Ii M Corrv, (. id iuu in.
Mu?i i i i i '.'.i in ?A. V. Uro??, \ndrew Ew
lug. I.' G. Baetmaa, J. L, Marliag, R, W. Brown
Meeirs AndrowEwing, v v Brosm, Caeo Jokn>
sou, Jo'i A. Gardner, John M Brifkt,L C. Haynes,
(i. W. Bowks, wero appomted to stamp the State.
(huo.?TtM Stato OppooiUoa ("onven
tio& at Columbus made the fOUoniag appoint
rnems i
Srnttnria: Delegates. Pre? dnaflet K'.e-tors.
RoaiV > WUaoo. WasMni;. >n Me Lean.
George W \\ p ypenny, Bureau ia Hates.
Ik anil. 1 lAtsagaiOf. District Electors.
I.Timothy C Day. Char lea Kuhl.
U.Alea Pi Miller. OeorgoW siokei.
in.EdwiuSeDltk R s ( inningharn.
Iv.JnhnH Voung BooekG Dial.
V. Robt Gilliland Saml. H. St. edman.
M.mvu l). Wright. t aaries j Orson.
v 11. W Hi on Howard J ? - wie
VUl.AUofl G. Thnrman Fran eta C'leveland.
1\.William Mcdill. Wil:i on Palmar.
R.T. J Bnrnoy. Beio f Jotn:i,on.
M D. W. KeltOgf. John U D nnole.
XlLDeaB ? MoCaity. Wil i on Goidon.
Mil.Janus Co hart* a. VTll ,.u Kennon.
MV.F. t relghtoii. Hnah J Jew.-tt
W.WiJiaui hennon. William Oley.
KTl.Jaei nh li oi s. i eel! I ancr.
XVII.G. W. McCuol Cholslei P, McArtor.
*Mll.D. A Staikweather. Jam^s Fm'ley.
XIX.William Porter. RamuelO Harris, Jr.
VXD IV Rhodes. R i .s 1' Wider.
WI 1: .' ( kapOMBA. Bl 01 H Ua.ues
Naalr i entral ( tmtiuttee?Win D. Morgen, (Chair
ian,) of Franklin . Btrnuel Me. ire, of Franklin .
' 0 Btblea.of Franklin; Joseph J. McDowell, of
Itghlr id M.aihew H. Mit he1 ,of Koox, Ceorge
*'rie? .'Hamilton Henry C WkiUnto.fSoototaayJ
ofra. ^eld , George W. MeCook,ol Jcllersoa, T.
? ? 8j - 2er, of Cu) aho>;?.
I.Ist of Paten. .
Us%e> from the Dannnf MsOBS t atent Q?tm for t\t
u-eek tniltng MesaaTg 3, lt*ii.
BweOlUl Fr?i>ared ijr the N. Y. Tnb ine.]
It i- 8. Chieheatoi of WiUiaBanburgh,
N Y , for Improv ement in 11? pap Uraaes. Paled
Feb. S. : -
Joha A Crs'g of Columbia, Ark . for Improve
BMeefca Grass Burnera, Dated Feb.) 1841
John Cumberland of Mobile, \;., ior improre
A. at in i n Jera for Planing Macbiaea. Dalod Feb.
: I8M
Wuiard Day of Brooklya, N V . lor Im?rore
tent m s:-cet J-ewera. Deted Fab 3. isat*
Herrv HoehOtraaaotd khan Ma<sou >f l'hiladel
fla, Pa , for improved D -or Spiiug Dated Feb.
ISM.
A?ram I ? gbotl sb of Ni w \o;k. N V., far In
roreniem in Ca- rurif)ing App istis. Dated Feb.
Enhrslni Morns of New-York, \ Y f>rI.nprored
?eUod of keep,i ? Ike Valir* ol Ol Ra>
|ks*aootatir SoatO. Dated Fc'j 3. 1898.
Barid Philips of Sharon. Pa , I StaOBl in
Atleuee Am ? DaUd Fob 3 i- I
rians 0 Cutsoh of RodoMts, Au?tria, for Im
P*??a?ei.> hi i onoeotrated Beer M isortaL Dated
rat. I, |ba|
* Stephen G Coleman of l'rvrvidence. R I..
J"^a?pro?ciijei.ti in Ships' Blochs. Dated leb.
?j]??*? Darii Tavlor of Xewark. N.j, for kW
T**??! m Kuui ing Gear of itauroad Cars?
?**4Peb3 1sji
?nen e* * Verleger of BalUmore, Md , for Im
LV3? j"'S?In Uut,ilUj8 licu ot Garriages. D*Ud
l^^**n W. Wheeler of Bufklo, N V., for Im
BTa^ftl*rtB" ArP?r?tus Dated F- > :'. I?*?>??
,?7 ?htteef Boston, Mass., for lmprorement
?r-idgas. Dated leb 3, IMS.
int.. i i . ?SSIi.Ns
?01 L Jackson of New-York, N. Y., for De
I fj for Maat)?, Grate Frame and Summer Pice.
I? nd Pi h t, D'5t
Ji 1 j. Jack?on of New York, N Y., for De
rdga f.-r Grate- fame and Summer Piece. Dated
Feb. S, lt-52.
JajMi I. Jarkaan o? New York. N Y , for De?
elen fur (Jiatr Frame. Dated F. t> 3, 1833.
J.?mts L Ja kson of New-York, N. Y , fo- Da?
s', i. 'or (irate Frames Dated Feb. 3
Jan e< sti'i-h'a of 1 ishkill, N Y, for Design for
naff ft mts. Dated Feb 3, 1611
K()S8?TII IN "PITTSBURGH.
Ketmnlh'a Npcech to Ihe (?ermatte.
Tlie jol lowing is a speech delivered by
Kos.-uth to the Germans of Pittsburgh on Wed?
nesday of last week:
[Translated for the Pittiburs/\ Gazette]
Laiuks and (Untlemen \ I esteem this
respectable meeting too highly, the motives of thi,
demonstration are too dear to me, and the assurance
that the German population of Allegheny County
will cooperate in the furtherance of European liber?
ty, has given mc too much pleasure not to inspire me
w:th the wis.'i to leave you some token of remem?
brance. i also well know that an address is doubt?
less the best means of making such an impression as
will cause you to cherish the recollection of this be?
nevolence, for the sentiments he may utter remain
longer in the heart than the countenance of him
who has been honored by your benevolence. But
alas! indisposition, exhaustion, und want of time
have made it impossible for me to prepare mvseif as
i had wished, and as you have a right to expect
Therefore, I thank you, that your orator (by his
declaration that you do rot expect a long speech,
unCer such circumstances,) has relieved me from the
duty of asking your forbearance. And truly who
ever wishes to con'er benevolence on any person
has reached his object so soon as his benevolence is
bestowed. By this demonstration, (which, I am told,
will be accompanied by "substantial aid" to my
country; you have given to my heart that consola?
tion which it so much needs.
1 came to America with great bopet ? and I have
no reason to ke?-p this secret. My faith in princi?
ples kept those hopes alive, anl w.thout it I would
lui j since have slun bircd in the grave That faith
Bl.mcs as firm in my breast as my belief in God him?
self. Consequently 1 believed liberty was a prin?
ciple also in the hearts of the citizens of fiese Fnited
Slates, and m this belief I expscted to find aid for
mv bleeding country.
But to you, ladies and gentlemen of the G rm in
tongue, 1 am bound by peculiar ties. I know you
are American?but i also know, that you cannot for?
get those ties of blood which bind you to the Eoro
i< in continent, where the ashes of your ancestors
ret t. und where your living relatives sigh under the
oppression of cruel tvrants. The Germans will
always remember their country with feelings of at
ta< kment, friendship and love?a land to which
Fmope- is so much indebted for her civilization.
Ai d Germany is connected v ith my own country by
runny a tie of the past and the future. From her
ii ngary received tne Christian religion; hardly had
our anceitors gained foot hold In Europe, when this
blessing waspresenttdthem in Germ.my Thiscon
nectiun lasted for centuries, for God h is destined us
to be the bulwark against the encroachments of the
? ist. At that time the soil of Hungary drank the
blood of many a Germ in licro.
It was Germany, again, which brought the refor?
mation to Hungary/, and whence the latter derived
much of progress m science. JNo country has re
Cetved it more willingly what decree of knowledge
I myself enjoy, has been derived Irom German
schools . my teaokora weie all Germans.
In later times, German and Hungarian w arriors
fought under the allied Princes of Europe against
.Nhj.>o!coii Iioiriparte?the man who threatened to
absorb the world , they bled for the same cause, and
together learned that they had served as the blind
tools of the despots . nnd when peace was restored,
received the "Holy Alliance," Instead of the
promised liberty. Certainly there was never a
l ie more cruelly abused than ms word " Holy"
ioihntcoriiiecii.nl. Again were we united by the
tics of common deception and common oppression.
And four years ago, when Hungary, among all the
nations of Europe,had yet a shade of constitutional
liberty, and when we were assembled in the '? Land?
tag," (Congress,) I felt the necessity of Germany's
liberty, to support th?t of Hungary . yes, I felt it in
such a degree that 1 raised my voice and stimulated
ii.\ ration to prevail upon the House of Austria to
give back to its German Provinces the liberties of
which it had robbed them. Often has that speech
appeared to me like a dream but as a dream full of
:i :i ations?and 1 almoitbelicvethat 1 wastheorigin
of the German revolution.
W hen afterward the German representatives sat
deliberating at Frankfort on-the-Maine, I immediate?
ly sent ambassadors thither, as an evidence that
Germany would always have a true friend in Hun?
gary . and when Russia came, the fall of Hungary
proved likewise the fall of the hopes of (jermmy.
Hivtrry is the book in which Cod icveals Ins coun- I
edit by deeds. 1 have read the hutory of Germany
carefully. She forms the heart of Europe. Wne.i
evtr the heart is tick, the whole body It sick, and |
whenever the heart is sound, tho whole body may
be i onsidered healthy, although some other pans
may be diseased?for the healthy heart furnishes
the whole body with healthy blood?with fresh
nourishment. Jfdo not undervalue (lermany.
But, on the other bead, the healthy heart (rcer- !
many) requires a breast to protect it against exter- i
nal, foreign, destructive impressions. Hunger] ;s
this breast? this breast hone?which is destined to
proteit the heart ol Europe, Germany, In this,
th< n, there is another tie ol union
As soon as Hungary snail have regained that poei>
tion among the nations of Europe to which she is
justly entitled,?and trhieh we. by means of your
sub t.u.tia! uid, endeavor to BOOomplUk, (sue Will
never be e great na Ion, of that we are well awarej
?so soon will it be our duty manfully to keep the
I rood nrrnraii&e of Russia in check. To tins end
is e must become the executors ot the Willed God,
we must reol out Austria?not the good people of
Austria, oh, no ! many a holy and dear tie bin Is us
to them?but the blood-stuntd dynasty of Austria , J
and 11 sides, it w ill be our dut> to prevent the ktnp;
dom of Prussia from leaning on Russian aid. What
would Gerintmy then have to fear' She then could
dispose of her thirty old petit princes in less thin
twenty-four hours. She could then ba free, and
guarantee the liberty and independence of the other
European nations
!i i.rethc ties which unite Germany and Hun
gaiv. Well, I have the honor of speaking before
(.< nnaa ladies ai d gentlemen, who in their davs of
happiness cannot ignore nor forget the misery of
their consanguinity, if. therefore, I irould not that
my mission should turn out a failure, I ha I t> and
did eouit on the German citizens of tne Fnited
States, knowing well that they feel the deepestsyin
pHihy, it or.ee they Ice! interested in a cause.
\ ou, German inhabitants of Allegheny County,
have this day transformed the blossoms ot my hope
into a beaut.ful fruit, by organizing yourselves into
an Association cf Fnends ol Hun:; try, and by prom?
ising mc still more tubstauti il Bid. May God bless
you for it! |
Wliatevt r may he my fate? that metiers not The
life of ewe man has tittle weight In ihe scales of na
lions and ot their lale. Ci rcs have impaired my ,
Strength, but by the principles of liberty, i shall re- |
main connected with Europe, and In the memory of
mj Ballon?which hisshown.tbioughaiher history,
the \ nine of ackno t !e 'iring benevolence, the virtue
of gratitude toward benefactors.
It is my people whom you bon>r, for my he. 't 1? a
mere pulsation of the heart of my people, ana if
there ever area anything nob'.e in my feebngs. in my
WOrdl and mv e xprt ssmns. it must be ascribed to my
people; fet tt is nut the reflection of mv pnople. i
?raj IketelOie assure you of the thauksof my nation.
Af-out four years ago. when wc had not as yet a
r?K ? ar mm), we nevertheless felt a desire, (from
gvatitttde toward N iei.it ?.) with 3 1,000 men, to make
tne attempt to r.use the icge of ta it city, against
70000men?regular troops. We wi re not success?
ful , to t this may serve to prove thst the Huaganant
do iot care lor their lives, when they feel called
up ii lo show their cratittale Parka pa we mty yet
1 , ? chance t > pro?e cur th uiklulr.ejs to Germrnv.
But to you, gentlemen, 1 can faff the present ex
piess cnly by woids the thanks ol my country for
yoni kind, substantial aid. Happy would 1 feel,
were yon to furnish me with the names of th?se who
have coi.uil uted to this work. In order thit, (if God
should giant me the bleistng to breathe only ote
boor rn that country, where the ashes of my an es?
ters a:e enihiined.) I may point to them as the
esof noble incu who hare given t ie first imp'.ii.e
in Ameiicato the restoration of mv country'a lioerty
and ?idepindenoe and thai i may lav the roils up ?a
which those names arc insenbed on the holiest altar
of m) fatherland!
Excure n.e for anv failure on my part to satisfy
vctir cxpt'tatio :s F. is tree i h id learnel the
German language in the days of my childhood, al?
most rotemj>orane<M*ly with my mother tongue?I
have visited Germau schools, and the little science
to which 1 have attained was dc ivcdfom Germany
?but since mv liberation from Turkish imprison
. e seldom heard a Gen.i m word spoken
vflcr my arrival in this country, i hid to pay
so much atteiitmn to the English language, that
Krgli.-h words How from my tonjue when 1 attempt
to speak German, ?otbat there tl IIW a kin ! of Ba
bei m mi Gere an vocabulary. Be pleased to con
skier this, in judging ef Bag G earn a n spec .m. My
he-ait will ever teat warmly atii tuank'oUy to yoa.
Kosauth to rtatt ludiana.
2Vic Indiana Siute Sentinel ?ives a cor
re'pendeEce between Govcraor Wright of that Stato
and M K'>. su'h. aj i cmpauied by a letter from Horn
W. |aV Gorman announcing the posi-ive pledge of
Koetutli to usitthat State.
Kostuth's letter is aa follows
7j the GsasavtkW and Mineral Astimbly of tie State of
Indmna.
The General Assembly of tha State of tBtdtaaa
has two years past provided, by ita joint resolution*,
that the pt' i e ol In' jatia >> .i.pmtise with tbe peo
pie ol n?.ij, ir> 1Ij theirreeeni ttrragfJnsanalt^aavtit
is reads to succor those who have been oppras-eJ.
The Governor and the General Asse? dy in aon
o?il e me BStd aUf eompairiols now wr.ii a c > dial
*( < 0 < to Iht Opital of Indnua, to be received
,?f.'eif ,,lp *wrt? of ,he Sta*'. ?? the hop*
that the people of Ind-ana will De ready to sup? >r
those who struggle for the independence 0f their
country.
The two Joint Reio'utioni of the C?neral Ats-m
hly, approved by the Governor of the 8 late of Indi?
ana, will be treasurer! up in the hearts of evo y Hun
gaiian, as a consols'! rn for the past and an encour?
agement for the future
Accept my warmestlharks for your sympathy and
your support. L Kosstth.
M nskmgton city, Jan. 10, 1653
By Telegraph to the New-York Tribune.
The Southern Mall?Later from Texas.
Baltimobe, Wednesday, Feb. 4, 1852.
The Southern Mail has arrived.
The New-Orleans papers contain Galveston dates
to the 23d ult.. brought by the steamer Meteor. The
Calrtston Atus says " Among the pas-engers by the
etean.er Yacht to Brazos Santiago were Hon. J.
C. Watrous and the I cited States AtU8ney for the
District, Wm. P. Ballmeer. We understand Mr.
Watrous will imnj/diateiy organize a branch ef the
r edcral Court at Brownsville, and it is expected that
the first business of the Grand Jury will be to inq ore
into offenrei committed arrainst the I'nited States by
those participating in the difficulties on the Rio
Grande? the V. 8. Attorney having received instruc?
tions from Washington to prosecute the same
The I". 8. steamer Fashion landed 80 men and
90 horses of a regiment of mounted riflemen at Mat
agnrda.
Dr. John S Ford, latelv connects! with the revo?
lutionary movement in Nortnern Mexico has been
elected to the State Senate in place of Gen. Bur
lison, deceased.
The Legislative School bill was still under con?
sideration, and a motion had been madtj to strike
out Two Millions and insert one million as the ap?
propriation.
The Apportionment bill reported to the House fixes
the number of Senators at 33 and Representatives
at 90
Mr. Bigelow, Senator from Cameron, had submit?
ted a bill for the adoption of the free banking system.
The House bad not passed the bill providing for
the payment of the public debt.
Claims agulnst Texns.
Baltivobe, Wednesday, Feb 4, 1852.
General Hamilton has called the attention of the
Texas Legislature to the clatms filed against the
Male for $59,000, for services in negotiating the ack
nowledgeaaent of the independence of the late Re
ic at the Hague.
Denth of Senator Berrien's Wife.
Savannah, Wednesday, Feb. 4, 1952.
Senator Berrien's w ife died in this city on Monday
lait. _
Mutiny on Bonn) the Ship Compromise, fee.
Baltimore, Wednesday. Feb. 4,185*.
B< me of the seamen on board the New-York ship
' mprorniao, at Savannah, mutinied and attempted
to tale possession of the ship. Captain Day. of the
Revenue Cutter Jack son, has arrested the mutineers.
The British ship Wolfe had been brought up to St
tariLah. The crew attempted to fire the ship.
The Florida nt Srtvnnitnh
Savannah, Tuesday, Feb 3, 1852.
1 he etcntrsh'p i lornla, lapt. l>on, from BfWW
Y. rl , arrived here after a ptcsage of 5'J hours.
???
Departure of the America.
Boston, Wednesday, Fob 4, [831
The R. If. steamship America, Capt. Shannon,
ed at noon to-day for Liverpool, via Halifax.
She takes out about 35 through passengers, and
$108,700 in specie.
Markets?Reported by tViiiiopa.
Charleston, Tuesday, Feb. I 1*52.
< oi rosr?Sales 1,000 bales at 6.' W&t. The marke
! ai exhibited greater firmness than for several days
past.
' The U. S. mail steamship Alabama
\ Ludlow, arrived from Savannah yesterday
Horning, having sailed on Sunday morning last
We are under obligations to the officers of the Maba
rna r.nd to our friends of the Savannah Rrpvllr-an
on, Au' o, ai.d l'.i enin:; Journal for late papers
I The U. S. Mail .Steamship Marion,
Opt. Berry, arrived here yesterday from Charles
tor, whence she sailed on Saturday last. Our
It o.ks are due to the publishers of The Charleston
i'(ur 'ar, Mernny, News and Standard for late papers,
end to J. C. Mather, Esq.., Clerk of the .Marlon, for
their prompt delivery.
MawOear in t?m.
Cernspoi.denre of The N. Y. Tribute.
EaoU Pias, (Texas,) Thursday, Jan. I, IKl
Sir : 1 lit,; |0 tiansniit to }ou the follow?
ing account of willful murder, perpetrated at Ragle
Pass, Texas, on the evening of the t!7th ult., at abaut
7 o'clock, of John Clatk, a private soldier, of Com?
pany D, First lafantry. The circumstances are
briefly as folloas
Cl ok, the ( creased, in eompanv with three other
privates from the garrison, proceeded to the null
ceneed tavern of Richard MadtOOtt,(lately appointed
<i Ju; tied of the Peace for the County of De Bexar,)
a- ( usti mary, to procure some liquor. While Clark
v as standing at the bar, a notorious loonodrol named
Alortitnei Cook, supposed to be a native of Mans*
field, Ohio, ai.d a late discharged soldier from the
q.trriton, (Fort Duncan,) ruined into the bar with a
loaded six-shooter in his hand, took deliberate aim
nt ( lark, and shot him de td, at the same t me calling
him abusive names. The ball first mangle 1 the fore
fngcr of his left hand before entering tits rigtit
Ueast, where it loc'ged. Thj decased was a native
Ol the city of Dub'in. [reload, an t a baker by occu
i ation, and a most inoffensive man. Ho wee, et the
time, under the iciluen e of liquor.
Cook then aimed his pistol at one of the o'.her men,
named MeCoaneLL Two capiexploded, but, fortu?
nately, the pistol did not go off, when hes'.ruc't
Met. a blow with the pistol, which knocked him
down . he then jumped on and kicked kim.
The officer of the day, with a fi:eof tic guard
from the gairlson, repaired to the scene of the out?
rage and, in half an hour after, succeeded in arrest?
ing Cook, and had him safely lodce-1 in the guard
house Ht the garrison. The officers of the garrison,
with a lew respectable citizens, (disinterested men,)
are of the opinion that the deceased came to his
death by the handi of Cook, as described . who
prowled about ever sincedischarged the lervice,
ictkir g revenge for imaginary nij iries done him,
wh.le Serving as a soldier. It appears from his
threats iepeHt(i\ that his commanding officer, or
lODd of the non-eomiiiKMoned offic-rs had been the
object01 Lis diabolical design, having reduced him
frcm lit sergeant to the raakofl prua'e for re?
peated acts of indiscipline, Ac.
[| may not be amiss, however, to remark that some
o! ihecitizei.s of the village above cited met (the
day previous, the MlhJ at the house of Mch ird
Mason, J. P., and passed the following resolution
unanimously, in the prelenee of Cook, who was in
consequence, stimulated thereby to commit the fa'.al
deed, to gratify his thus mg desiro for revenge.
Jit joint, That it akall and may be law fa] for aiy of cir
cuizeee, io oonnoil :is*eiiii>!?-,t, .>r elfcsenlae, to ?Lo.it de? 1
any ?eldier belnr.ejix tu th? garrito;, alnreiaid, veh > rr.ar
keresflcr be found wuhia the precincts of our village, aoas
to prevent the further amreasiea of too ?oldie.-i, oaoir
?eel pew eshlo ai d.itiiumuous < iti/ea?.
Thatklr. Mortimai Co?k be heieby a;.re nted Deputy
f-heril . f sa d Cuuety, he being: dn'y auttmrzfd to cirrr
the said resolution into enact, beatg well esgaaialed weh
rhe eemter of the ariny. Atd we father pledgees*'
lefvee to protect aimcrteeaa teens any puuiihnieai wiiich
the teneial law n.irtit lag < t lu lack c? ?i
Iiis to be hoped, ioaever, ihit irte Government
wil .acknowledge Mr. R CMid Madison asaJ. P.?
as a competent and qualified person to hold theicom
noesion of tkopoace Keeping an unlicensed house
lor ir.e sale of liquor to soldiers,' and a gambling
l ouse, t pen at all hours to all parties, a retort for
th<eves and vagabonds?and thereby protect him in
1 |s vil'any?Madison has raised hiruxeif to his pres?
ent position from the sale of liquor, in a common
tent, to roldiers who spent th^.r money freely with
him. Cook has since boon set at large, and escorte 1
into Mexico by h.s frit n is -demanded, and released
tv Ml Malison, who etaixni the right as a mat'.er
of OOtUoOf aoifll oAoor. What may turnout from
men a courie of proccdu'e nob ^iy can tell.
It is quite evident that tbO forenoing reiotutions,
pOraed by Mr. M. rnd his ass<-ciates. have had the
deiired effect to -timuUte Cook to commit the atro
ci. i.i deed, and that the citizens aie accessary to trie
murder of Clark, such are the law? dic.uted in
Texas, m our cnliehlened country. Equal jnotaoa is
by no means administered in this case aid, an'-ici
patm? a repetition, 1 say let them continue their
course and time will tell the tale.
Moit lesfeitfully, A Soldieb.
* rite from Chngre* naad ITnvaTin.
The T. S. Mail stcatnshij? Ohio, (.'apt.
ck, arrived )eiterday morning from Chagres
via Havana.
The Ohio left Charges oa the night of the 221
ult, and arrived at Havana on the morning of the
27th ult. Loft there for New-Y'ork on the morring
of the 30 h ult. The Spanuh steamer Ferdinand
CoSObtSO arrived at Havana on the morning of the
30lh ult. fiom Caoiz. Left at Havana steamer Phlla
del; hia, from ChsgTes and 8 in Juan, bound to New
Orleans. Passed the steamer Georgia, about 15
miles outside the Moro, bound in. On 31st ult, to
o'clock, A. M., abreast Cape Plorida, exchanged
ahxaala with ship Cotton Planter, bound North
same day, 5 o'clotk. P. M., passed baik. Chatham, of
*TkO Obnf brings the folio wing gold ai freight
from Cbagres
rn.aiuhaaaa.lrfr ' a. a Chapman In is *?
?rtaA Co ? $1.C-'J ?IIa me h?n?a o<
W. Iian.a k Pot- I paeeeiser? .fIve. IJM?
"liHr"^ m"._w5?
The Panama Ifrrald announces the uVith,
in that city, of Mr Wi lum Chestnut, of Albxny,
under the following circumstance's
' He crossed the Iitbniut on PatnrJav, having
come from the States by the Georgia The exposure
to the sun produced dizziness, in conse-joenee of the
congestion produced by the latente hee- He was
found in a dying state aboat twelve o'ciocic yester
day, at the foot of the hall itaira of the VYemington
House, having undoubtedly fallen while attempting
te aseead the atcpi. He lived but a few momenta
after he was fouud. He has a brother in California,
whom, he expected to meet in a short time, in that
land of promise and gold. A sad termination to his
golden dream."
Mr. HrtL, the Tuner of the Ohio, has our thanks
for the prompt delivery of papers, Ac.
The following is a list of passengers per Ohioi
a. Bitch. C. Birch, H C Chambers, Oeo Lombarl, F.
cands 1'ata, a J. .,b. Pedro LsJlager. f. .?? saw ?'??.
Vargas, J. Parfstt, L. W-Bewelsky. Mrs B>oth aads rn,
J ghsagasaa, D a - ?? ?.. ,r... M. Matinee aad lady. W.
Jacks! a, J O Jdrkson, Cap*.. J. M. If use. J. Ferner, A.
Gronfter, J R. Cxaper, a. Holsen. W.GatpmaM, M
t pooner, J. Barber, O Baiber. C. del Vechis. R Giraad,
i C. Tread well, W. Zimmerman, J Kins;, M's. J Wat
iins. Mr. Telfonl. g p. istlar. J. Mi'ler, J Lvttermao.
N. Ooldsworttir. Thos. Jalien W. Miller, J. Kadle-. B
Harsrave, C W Skiller. W MiLeoJ. C I.'Uiuliald.
P. Q. Steele, Capt T gfl. Wel< h, W r. Copper aid isdy,
Daaiel Ide. Lemuel Me. J. a. South. N W. Whr.;.le, T.
Patterson, B Izel.C Fronaby, A. Ge .>r*es. i?l Wells. O.
Cornell a. Myers, j. W. Haag. Jr., D J. Silva. J. For
svth J. Platt. T. Jeiikins, E C. Rosrers*. H. B.iwen, Cnas.
Wilkse.E Grant; J Gr??n, J McO.-vern. W B ??dl. G.
Fsse. F.Drew. J. f. OatrandcT, a Buwen.W Yarrss, J.
N spnt.L. Parks, a H ot. M. Colnns, W. Lack?e. H.
Bud'rl'HiEh. K. Ball. J M Ket n, M L i' i-m?. K As
5tlnci.S. Ho'sob. It B: n I L Ward. E J.Osborne,
J. Patterson, J. \V Cone, J. O,. Joaes, W. Th>mr>?oa.
wife and four children. C K'n? W.#wir*' . P I i'-'
J Shtbwater, M Dinion. K Treadway. V. Dela-nster. T
F Fowie. C. F. Kuower. 1). Ilmoa, a C. Welvi.
J. Boger?, J. Champion, V. Vinal. J. Nre, R Jav.J Ri'iy,
J Harrisbursh. ? Rmberford C.Sr.nber. J Stralisn. S
Thiml.ureb. B. 8heshy, A R Pie ce, L. Trubl.er. W
7 mm hu 11.H.Trasfcboll,g A Hirks.R.Ceraes.W. Lowell,
V. Fisk. M Supe. P. Tunisoe, Chss Fsrd ia, W. Contain
D. Ljcch J l'ichon.C. H Horton. J Fales.J P.Sinf^rd,
E Porter. W. Krntsmejer. J Irun.U Saic-iranl W Sniee
geed, T. Harllesrard, S Johnson, H Ca^fn. W. Blaelc,
a Ulrason, H. Charchdl. A. Shep'ey. L 8tranht, R W.
Jacobe, J Rude, 8 Fnetnan, H Huron. P. S.Iva J. Cox,
H Haiii.tr, H. KeilogR, D. Heddeman, O Audrews, 8.1
From liax cna?C. Casamvdrid and In !y, O. W Schroe?
tter M Derishe, J. Fil7.sur.oiis, N. Shaw.
Arrival of the Km pi re City.
The Empire City arrived yestonlay morn?
ing from New Orleans ar.d Havana. She left Havana
at i oob pn the SMJJi ult Twenty mile* from Havana,
panel d i-tcamer Georgia, from New-York. The E n.
pire City brings 120 passengers. She bis also on
freight |i :5.i ro m specie from New-Orleana, con?
signed to Messrs. Beebe <1 Co. and G. S. Robins A
Son.
James Reily, a;rcd 27, died at Havana on the Mft
of Jsnuary, of dysentery, He was employed on the
Empire City as ' coal p ts;cr."
The following came passenpers in the E. C. ?
yVaasJveie?Ortraws Dr Charles Brj??, James Dumas.
Ed. Lilly. Win. M Kinney, M Fowler, Henry Brace, M ?
A C IIi.l.M Ei .iter, Jjiui S. Hagies Taoiiiu Shehlon,
John N. Fra'ey, A. Visrr, I. C Antaniler. Chas. K-rh.
J. Tt Ii. . f m?il Morris, C Vet.koiU. W. Fant.,;,. || .a
Slsry fr erris. A. Wright, Col. .T. W, Allen, Charleston,
John Bnr!,?i k. 8 Samoa, Lewis Kaiser. Vn Da.v?,<3ee>.
L D'ilsHii, Tims Stautoa. J..|.n Welai, M M M in i . W
Pvlveiter, Fnar Faalie, Robt. Teas*. Bern Tumi. D H.
II ..' n. A Easier. Thos. M-i, . I. Pnrvel.e, Mrs.
MeKesnsnd chdd. Chas. k*-ins<-r. C Ftaher. F 1
N Filzsimoos, H. Walil-oi. Mr. Holmes and h If, U Gili
biae, Jatres Onrrnn, B Mills, John It l'erL- r?oo. John
?? * Mr Hngl.es, Chas Powers, tieoire C. T la W
bl'iier, Mis He\er!y tml child.
Frcm Cha<im und San Juan?I.. Hart, Bcnj. Dit'.euhof
far,Charit*Ihomae,Lewis ohm.an, M Peca.Jeha Hir?
ns. Mrs. Blarkecsteln and daneliter, John p, W.njhill,
Jas. Nathan, Capt. D. T. Jowett Julia Lecru<-?, Wm M.
Fu t<n. Mr*. *. Doyle, Gee. W. D'idley. Mr. Mower, Ed?
ward Hassen, M. Hur.t, Lewis Rtinsnm*, Peter Araold,
Chas Harvuv.W.J Perrv.Jnhn K CjIIsss, Jas. Brown,
Chm. B.'Brandt, John Bofd.W'.L Cirnian, W Sin to. B-nj.
y Wheeler,Robert Yonag, Jama*Sloaaa,Mr, Ka-r, El
wnrd Butler, John SeamaB, Lfi*i? Fairbanks., A J >
Jel.n Katr, Bern. Wolf. Dsaiel Hardmaa, 8 is) Ward,
Herjry Bowaee, Bebert Crtra l< r. Pater Woodiae, A Wat
sen.S. Levi, F. Smith, IMwatd Bradley, Poter Plurnsr,
Wm. Baldwin. John Laisin, Oso. Yandsrwator, John
Hendrickson, Cliaa. Madden, M Jaeobs
From La Plata.
Anjjrrival in Uoston brings advices from
Buenos Ayres to Dec. 3. Montevideo to Dec. 3, and
Rio Janeiro to Dec. 11. A sketch of the news has
already been given by the telegraph, but the folio
ing will be found interesting
Gen. I'rquiza, with his invading army, is concen?
trating on the Parana, preparatosry to an attack oa
Rosas . while the latter is making a firm and r>",
lute stand, and strengthened with an army ot 20,000
me n. It is by no meai s improbable, say the papers
in his interest, that he will oe Cie victor instead of
Ihe vanquished. W ith jam and his cause iheu'ies
tion of nationality, as.de from hi.< indivtdaal power,
is paramount, and creates a spirit of pa riottsas,
which, with his ample resourcrs and his indomitable
euer*?, iriHy well cnui?e Ins onponei.?? t > s-ay. " The
or.lv cai.ger is fiom tha other side of the river."
The 1st of December was to Montevideo ? dar ef
moernlng as account of the feathofGen D Bngeale
Gereon, candidate forthe Presideoey of the Repae?
lie by all parties, and 1 snUBM er in : h er. o .' ti?
4th embarked eoi the: Braailiaa steamers Recife,
Pedro I: ana Qolfmho, the dtvisloe Om al -.1 of i ?' l
men for the Parana, to sttsita vrttk the aimies of
Entre Ri s aad Cewrieatea, all ander Ike command
ei Oea I riiuiza Tl is dlviirtoa, aetoeted from ike
best Tiifnntrj ot the Oriental Stale,is com man le d by
the diatrii liner ian. Col D.Cea -.r Dia?.
The BrasiUiaa army is eamped at Colonia, io
winch situation, BMisted by tpe stroog stum power,
tkey are afforded opportunity to eroea to aay point
of the appsmtte e n?t, where t*ie necessity of the
war may require. The Montevideo papers say that
the* late political parties are eoinpi c.:vc!f 'pnot.
nfltwithftandiag the perriseei ol Rosas have en?
deavored to revive animosities, with no otner re?
sult, I ov. ever, than eaoatBSj t'ie eseape to Uuer.os
ayrei of some officers who like to live in war.
On the 4ih, returned to Montevideo tke Bra/Man
Heprcicntptivc, from an official vi>it to Gea l'r
quisa, at Gua egnaychu. (i:;> the Par ma ) h iving
?ad reversl ?ctiferer.ee*. At lh<* game tune ain
pisce wes present a representative of the Govern?
ment of l'an giuv. crvrn; a thesmn to tac alliance
arm ugamst their "Ceimmoa enemy." the Govern >r
of Bueros Ayres. The Brazilian offisialalsoesJJed
at the csmp of the Bmzilian army at fJeiOBda, and
eonferred with the commander, uCescde C ixms."'
On the 3d, Gen Brqeiaa left for the camp to take
charge of bis and the tro ps of Corrientcs?intend?
ing to comn.ci cc operations on tke l^th. At Buenos
Ayres, tke Repreaeotatlveswere passing laws giv
n b the ? Supreme Chief" extraordinary powers, and
exonerating Inm hrom esual re<]uisitioas for dnring
the war and ??rftrceyrur.? afiirtke n tory" -also a pro
poeitiOB whereby the value of corn might not be in
creased. Anenusnon of sixty millions of the pub
lie full Ii was contemplated.
The DombnrdincBt or Johanna by the United
States Sloop of-tYur Dale.
The following letter from Capt. Oilier,
of theitark Dolphin, derailing tha bombardment of
Jokasna, oie ofthc Comoro 1-lands, is from T/t?
Htirven 6'fflr.
leaunna, Friday, Aug. s, 1831.
On the 6th of August tne I tiled States sloop of
war l)<le. Commander IVarson, arrived here, and
v .:< *e*? of the iving for Cia
?Bjnst unprisorment ol Capt. Moore, of the bark
Maria,ol >? v?-Bcdford. wno was imprisoned here
in August. lfnV?. Capt Pearson, after m iking all m
guinea of both the English squadron on this station,
i'.i.ii the masters of American ships in the harbor,
snd also of the Enpbth residents here, being con
v i ce c of the fiagraut Injustice eoee to Capt Moore,
ai d others, at this Island, immediately uemandtd
of Ihe King $80,c-0. and lequired an immediate i
answer. Alter wa tirg ail night, anl icceiv
mg no answer, he dispatched another letter, in
foimingtte King, that if f-e cid no? give him an an?
swer at or before 12 o'clock, he snoolJ eo.nanence
hoshliuts. The Rug replied to the last n^te, offer?
ing tM? in cash. a:.d ffdOO worth ol bullocks and
trinkets. Capt P. refused this, and got his ship
tir-der weigh, and moored her oif the tow n. one hun
i re. jards tromths beach, with his btBodsMo totae
torn. The King then eent oil and olTereitopiy
$iiiC.if te could get it many v. ay. would give
trmkeis. cattle, co'.ton cloth to make up tie ?moant.
CaptatJI Pearson then gave the King twenty-fawn
hours more to consider of it. at the same time telling
hum not to make any w arlike demonstration in the
meantime . If bed d,he should consider it as a breach
Ol faith, and should commence immediate hostilities*.
He also notified the King thst. if he did not come to
tome definite terms, to rend the women and c hild?
ren out of the place b> noon, next day. as he should
then commence firing upon them. At daylight, the
t th, there were a large number of troops paraded oa
the sho*e. and Ikes 11 word to Capt. Pearson that
be might co what he could?they would not pay any?
thing. At 9 A.M., the D le commenced fi.mgshot
at the fort. After five show, thsy set a wane flag.
Cajt. Pearron ssnmatflalaly sea mil firing, and seat
Lieut Fairfax with a ?' tg'of tru~e to inquire what
the white flag was set for, and if taey were ready to
treat with him. They answered that they wished
the tir? g to cease, an 1 said they could not meet tha
demand. They were told to haui.down the flag of
truce but they refused to do sea, ( apt. Pearson, oa
learning their answer, sent another message to
the m. mfe rating them that if they did not hsuldown
he should commence firing aguu with it
mp. After waiting a proper length of time, Capt.
i'eanon again commenrtd ftr.ng Ml the fort and
blockhouse at ihe comer of the toam. but atrictly
a . n ii r to fire into the town. After nineteen shots
aus shells they set a signal oa the beach, and Lieut.
IVrker waa sent with a flag ol truce At this ttma
the King offend to pay g',,bi 0 down, give a bond for
e.'i i,0, and suri 'ndcr the town. said be waa very
,?.r% that be had cone wrong, and faithfully prom?
ised not to do ?o in future. He would give up his
nousee, hie s eves, ais cattle . but that he could not
? its buttl.iTOia money and thirty head of cattle,
(sp^ui nWlak waiitg to sra:d Wociabed, ?.::*??.?
[ cd this offer, na oondition that .*e Kingah-M.!d make
I a treaty anth the American Go-ernanent. placing
AroencaAi on an equal footing with the moat favored
nation*.
At 5 \. M. on the Tin, Capt. Pearaon hauled h
?hip from the town, and everrthing has gone oi
<,uiet sicco, so far. This chaatisemrnt, I heg leare
to ray, was recured. in order tnat Americans ought
be treated anth common honesty. It would he a
great benefit to the interests of the whaling fleet tn
tbe Indian Ocean to hare a ship of war to prole.-t ??.
The Kirg makes cotrim? of imprisoning us. when
j he thinks proper, without law or gospel, and we
ran ordy appeal to our Government, wbich ba?. I
I am proud to say, promptlv and effectually redressed
the outrage upon ( apt. Moore.
The statements are true I was an eye w.tness
to the whole penoooannajs Vows, Ac,
Charles R. Citlir. Matter bark Dolphin.
THE PRuBLE.M 0FJ1TMAX DESTINY.
UCTVll III_BY REV. PR. DKWEY.
In oornmencinr; the Third Lecture of his
course on Tuesday evening, Dr. Detrey remarked that
he had on a former occasion considered the Sohool of
Man, or rather he might say, the school-house, and
he now wished to call attention to the pupil himself.
He propored to discuss the subject of human organi?
zation, regarded in its connection with the formation
of character and the development of mind We un?
derstand by the very term organization, a system of
means adapted to specific puiposes. I wish, said Dr.
D.. to look into the philosophy of this system, al?
though the word philosophy is so much abused in
modern times. Now-a-days we have a philosophy
of everything. The most superficial treatises of
shallow sciolists are dicniried win the title of phi?
losophy But the true nim of philosophy is eleva'.ed
and rational, and intimately connected with the pro?
gress of humanity. Let us, then, examine the differ?
ence betweon the orgam/a.c n ? f man and that of
the lower animals, in regs-d to it influence on the
tiaimns: and perfection of bis spiritual nature.
Consider the faculty of tou b This is aa import?
ant distinction between man : - ! beast. If man had
been born without a skin, With a hide and hoofs for
insiance instead, it would h ive essentially changed
ell the relations of his being. He now receives his
earliest impressions from the sense of touch. It is
rekitt d lo the development of the sweetest ifoetions
The indulgence of kis-ing is au interesting ex.rrei.-e
of this faculty. But this is peculiar to man. The
beasts arc shut out by their very organization fron
the.i'harm of oseulatory blandishments Tnis is one
of the high privileger of humanity The delicacy of
the skin is a criterion of the general fineness of or?
ganization. A coarse skin is almost incompatible,
with a refined mind. If I knew a man who could
let a fly creep over his face without feeling it, 1
should be cpt to set him down as harsh and eoarss
gninicd in his spiritual nature, and destitute of no?
ble, expaciive and ?ympathitic scnsibilttte?. The
ekin in mnn, then, is an efficient means of his spirit
ual education.
Another important element in hu training to higher
ends is the faculty of laughter. The animals ere
net endowed with this power, unless the grinning
of monkeys is an excepticyi. This is not merely an
expression of the stese of the ludicrous. Laughter
is the symbol of a contented mind, of a Rental fel.
lowihip, of a comfortable reuse of satisfaction,and
tends to unite the scattered elements of society in a
common feeling of fraternity. Its influence on health
is not to be overlooked. An explosion of laughter is
an excellent aid to digestion. Superior to old wine,
or old cheese, or other celebrated peptic persuaders.
The gift of peech is a noble characteristic of the
human organization So essential is its possession
to the elevation of man, that many havo regarded i;
as the immediate bestowal of the Creator. But we
should not multiply miracles without cause. They
lose their effect by frequent repetition. Speech is
no less w onderful and peculiar, if regarded ai the
natural j roduct of the hum ai Off IWtiattffiSj, I have
known two children, who played t >getber for
a Min.n.ir, form a language (or themselves. But
be this as it may, there is nothing greater or
mere imprerstve m the wt.olo compass of crea?
tion. The sounds which aro 0 BS toted from the
month of an individual are dispersed into a
thousand impulses, like ray s of s inli<hl, bearing In?
tel 'ig er.ee and pa'sionon their viewless wings, ind re?
corded on the written page, give to the > (inceptions of
a moment the permanent e of eternity, Speech is a
niblime symbol of the Divine Power, inspiration
irscif could lint!! r.o more feting term to denote the
Omnipotence of the Creator. "By thy Word were
the heat ens riiade. and all the host of them by the
breath of iky mouth."
ran expression of t he fane at a kooeliftM elsstino
tfon ol humanity. Weal* tittle awato of the inilu
tr.c( whicn it Roaatantlj twit*, it the dtjoab am
ii.ai, i'M whom man exercises his ornetty? if the
hr.rie or the di g, ? hen suffering uy a blow from the
vio't r 11 u' to li, Could tori upon him wk!i a human
look of indignation or appeal, COOad any one resist
ihetpowerol tue nniaexpostulation 1 How extra
ordinary, too, the difference of expression in the
human ace, by n hick the rncofnittuo of personal
tdritity isretured, On thtssoiaileurfsoa ninoiaehee
by six. e.re dipicti d such various traits, that among
the i.i.li iu uf mhabitante oo the earth no two here
the icme lineameateof fnee. What dire confusion
w?'t?lo ensue if all eountenanoos were aliko' If
fathers did not km* their own children by s'ght,
Dor biisbaoCs their wi\<*: But oo *, wo could pick
cut ourftiend from ami o| the multitudes of the as
teo ble I universe
The bund, too, may be BOtaOOa among the peculiar
endowments i t n,an, as an element in hir. epintaal
trair.ilg The ceremony of sh .king hauls his a
? eeper Significance, than is often supposed. Wearl
S< me in it may be to the peripatetic statcsmm,
doomed lobe overwhelmed with tins expression of i
poj nlan >, It is a sign of human Ir i'.( yuty, and as
su< h should be held Ui affectionate honor.
The lec urer tttn proceeded to an extended and
pit footed ci.'.'.i. uion on the urea of tOO passions and
appeiitOSOf human nu'.uie. 1 ki.ow, aaid he, tiat
?heu 1 approa? n this subject, 1 torn h on dtugerous
prourd 1 km w that many rc/ard trie passions as
the frnilfb 1 source Of evil, the actire agents of Sa
tan, the eauM of temptation, of im, or tpintu ?1 and
eternal rum. Bat tbie vie* uid Dt D , I decidedly
repudiate I cum ot fill in with the prevalent cry
asiiinst the natural a< petites. They are tho endow?
ment of man, according to the decreoof Ina Divine
V. isdona. Thev arc intended for food and they ope?
rate for sood. Tne old philosopher Plotinus, we are
told by Porphyry, wished to forget the name of his
native plate, as if it were a degradation to be born
into a world, where the soul was subjected to the
corrupting ii fluecce of the body. For my part, said
Dr D , I regard the soul as thecorru^ter of (be body,
rather than the body as the con up er of the soul.
The exercise of ambition, hatred and rn thee pro?
duce worse effects thaB the indulgence of the appe?
tites. Indeed the bod) mipht ray to the soul, tnat
before they came together it had known no stain or
sin. It had passed through an infinity of modifica?
tions, but for the first time was acquainted with evil
by its connection with the soul. In illustration of
these remarks, Dr. D. considered at length tho appe?
tite of hunger. This may bj taken as tne type of all
the appetites, which in their remilar normil indul?
gence produce nothing but good, while evil and ta
ci nrerierce come only ffbm their abuse.
The lecture waa concluded with a glowing des
cription of the pleasures of sense, especially those
which are received throJgh the median of the eye
sLd the ear. TL? inspiring charms of the landscape,
and the ra\ .slung harmonies of music proceeded
from the sensitive nature, which need* only to be
cultivated in purity, in delicacy, and in accordance
with the Divine laws to reinstate roan in ike delights
of Paradise.
CITYJTEMS.
Chambeo ok Commercc?The Now.
Vortt Chamber of Commerce held its regular monthly
meeting on Tuesdsy afternoon
Mr. John B. Kitching was unaaimouily elected a
men bar of the Chamber, and Mr. Robert Kelly a
member of the Arbitration Committee, vice S. L.
Mitchill, whose term of service had expired.
A communication was read from Lieut. Maury,
stating that the British Government baa greatly en
larged its system of meteorological observations,
and desirixg the voluntary cooperation of the com?
mercial, as well as naval marine of the Cnited States.
Mr. Maury is authorized to confer with individuals,
sock ties, ('.c , with reuard to devising some general
system ft r giving effect to the undertaking. Refer
. red to a Committee.
Another communication was read from the Cham?
ber of Commerce in Charleston, relative to placing
a light ship and fog-bell near Cape Roman, and re?
questing the co. per at: on of the New York Chamber
. cf Commerce in obtaining from the General Govern?
ment the desired improvement. It la stated that
four large ships, with valoabls cargoes, have been
ashoic cn < ape Roman damns the last year. Di
, retted to be torwarded to C ongress, under seal of
, the Chamber.
A communication from the Chamber of Co-n
. nurce of Kne. relative to a proposed improvement
o( the Ohio Rarer, and another from Mr. Guthrie,
mi I hicago, and the (hicago Board of Trade, re?
specting an ST1 aratas for tbe prevention of steam
J hoiiei n||giijjisj wort referred te a special Com
mittee. With regard to the apparatus referred to.
the < bicaeo Board ef Trade speak of It as worthy at
htgh comnicndalmn, an<) re?oininen ' th?t it ha tried
unOr the aaspmes of the (Jenem I Oovernni?at. It
consists of a dial so connected arfti the hotter a? to
radhsata the qaaatUy of water and the aatoaot of
pr-istre within the toiler.
Mr Depe)iter og *en offered a re?olnt:on f W tak?
ing up the subject of a Tribunal of Commerce hut
apoa fimirg that the members of the former Com?
mittee Intended to bring the sub e.t ?p aga>n. be
witnCrew his mot on
A Committee was artpointed to memorialize Con?
gress in favrr of a Mint in New-York, whereejaejajj
the Chamber adjou/ned.
Heai iu OtTK ta.-?Goa. Hunt on Tuea
1 iv r , in . '.ted t-> th>' r.iv. f"? ? nS'Ttaf.oi . Dr.
Kiciurp I* M sat*, as Health Officer for the port of
New-York, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the de?
cease of Dr. A Sidney Doarie.
iYfnil fUfeaninga, Ar.
rp* Thf Conrortha (La.) Intelhc'neer
ears that ?n Icdian belonging to the remnant of the
Cboctaw tribe, which still lingers near the au * teat
hunting-grounds, committed suicide some dar?
since in that parish, after a very novel an *? ingenious
fashion. Tying one end of a piece of huckakm to
the trigger of his rifle, and attaching the other end
of the thong to a small tree, he stretched himself de?
liberately upou the ground, and pulling the muszle
toward him, met death from the faithful piece which
may often before have bean the instrument of it to his
l ands upon the war path or amid the fastneases of
his native forests. The noor suicide had, while
urder the influence of strong diink, murdered a
member of his tribe, a friend and brother, and thia
sjrat the deliberate, self-decreed eipiation of the
crime.
CW On the 'J9th tilt , a man named Sam?
uel Scott, residing in Ashe County. N. (' , near the
Virginia line, who had been confined in J nl as a lu?
natic, and only discharged a few days before, rose
from his bed about midnight, armed himself with a
cutting knife, and fell upon h.s father and mother,
with whom he lived, and instantly killed them both,
horribly mangling their bodies. He then started og
to the house of his brother, informed him what he
1 id done, and coolly propose 1 to send for a coroner.
He was subsequently arrested.
?To Mr. Hiram Wilcox, of fry ton, Ohio,
in at sitting, uhcut two weeks ago, to take a drunken
loafer to jail, was bit hy him on one of his Hogers.
He paid but little attention to it until a few days
subsequent it became swollen and painful, with
every appearance of erysipelas The ordinary re
mediae in met. easel were applied, but the inflam?
mation spread rapidly from the hand to the arm, and
finally to the. body?grow :ng worse and worse, until
l or?featiOH put an en 1 to his life.
fTS^'A committee of the St. Letale Cham?
ber of Commerce, in regard t.> a call from the Secre?
tary cf the Treasury, has drawn up a review of the
amount of business done in that city, The report
estimate* the trade of St 1. Mats, at the present time,
to foot up gOO 000,000 per annum, and the amount of
exchange sold is ret ieeraj at |M 0;hm)co a year.
I~ Tint u.trehi iim> id IL II. Smith,
Terre Haute, Indiana, w as destroyed by Are on the *
?3dult. Total loss tsl5.m ii -n<> insurance. Terre
Haute w as visited ny another fire the next day, the
store ef Dr. E. V.Hull A Co. haviog been destroyed.
Loss $:!,< i o.
VsT Lt A. Jem Baptist*), i'.tris, as vice*
Consul of Sardinia, for the port of st Louis, and
J. C. /immerman, as Con-ml-< cuerat of the Nether
landa for the I sited Stves, have been officially
it a i i/ed ny the Preaidant.
I i'1 The ISncdrk Mercury says that Er
penstein, the German recently eemviated of poison?
ing his wife, has confessed the deed to Dr. l.'yrick,
wt o is preparing the same for puohca'iou.
The Ocenn Steamer*).
11ST OK STEAMERS FOR TUB Mote ft or KKUIIVABT.
Choi hot_ i reanM v Fab s Fm roaaioe,fco,
Fi- mrOn u?... Frmn N V Fob S..FOI OuJena
AloUc.limiiNV Feb 7 l or Liverpool.
' H .. 11. in N Y hah. 7 .FurGiaaouw
Ma'iihi.FroauN.l Feb. ';. .1 orCba.iastou.
Atabaaia.... K-mnN V Feb. T..?or8avaaaeo.
City ofN-Yock.Froailf.il Feb. 7..ForSaa Ju.m a ?
Empire Citi ...Kr.im N V Ki-b ? fforchaerea,aae
M i ssi. |..Fof Bei 1 1 ?li\.oe.
Niagara, . FrotnN y Fei> 11..Fur Liverpool.
?lern vi. ida f 1 v v 1 ? b 1.' For?hasrea.
Haaiboidl_Fron N V Feb. 11 .For Havre, Oje.
union. Prom NY. Feb. 11 ForChaaHeetao.
1 I. oc n .FromN.T ffeh it .For 8.-1 vaniiaA.
I'aiftdStataa lYaaiKT Fob 1 FerSaa laaa. fte.
Europa. From ll.wt. OVf. 1? Tor l.ivenmol.
Dun'1 Wobatl r.Fo in I* V Fob ill ,.Fih S in Jana.
>' " ? "....Froen V V.Feb II FiirPharlnf m
Hki-m.'. Frees n.Y Fab tl Tar Lira ;. ,..1
Al.-iUn a.Frmii N Y F'b II. .For ftavaaiAh.
Canada-FnaaBool ffeb ? p.* Liverpool.
Hermann..F rom h. V . Feb ^a . Fur ICemen.
i in?. -Vrotajl y 1? i.ee. FmOkarlaatto.
Florida.Faaaall v Feb M.-FortarMaaaOa
iraaaiaai to arrive fkim eubofs.
t Ballad traaa Liverpool far Now.ToiO, Joo. 9,
Ei i "! a?tailedfroai Lireraeeifat Bastein. Jaa it,
V\' mo?Pal ni It mi Liverpool fur Kam- York. Jaa. IA
if ida- Bailed treat Li??i| ooi hir New-York. Jan It.
1 IBRAR1 Off Comrbbb.?Mr. Walter, tho
am -i rt, has ? uhmitted p! tna for the reC'MiStru.-'.ioa
of tha Library of CoegrotS room prep irel, we be?
ll? ve. .it the in?tance of the Committees on Public
BvildiDgl and Ground*of the two Houses, it might
be improper for oa, at thii time, to atterllp,. a deeonp>
t o" i t wt.a' the architect proposes, but tney who
bate seen the*rawing* concur m the opiru m that
notblog riiore heouliful and convenient MMikf hara
beer projected Aprom ner.t faatore ii the nie of
iron in lie a oi wood lo trie Interior, the design being
to gnerd aternel the recurrence of a confl tgrattoo.
'i here la to 1 a 1 taetafn Jv panelled and o?n oueoted
i < >?. trie bebt to bo admitted thr. uirb stainedglase.
ii i* proposed, at foine rotere time, toadd lo the
Lil r uy pr- m'res. bv otto'lm i tin ro HOI adjoining,
1 ' a BOtn u>e of for other ptirpo ? I
V\e)ea'n that there la a probability. a? there 1a a
strong deaire. to complete too Library fOOfla. by tho
1st of July, in the mean time one of the ffoeeuM
and several OOfeoCBr! rooms have been htte' up for
the reception of the books whuh were isrod from
tie late MnaOarratioa end tor those whi"1! were a
few dajs 111 ce author.zed oy low to be pure': 1 t
[ */*atiiii<*.oa Ite^ ia'.ic.
SHIPPING [NTELLIGB U B
By Telegraph.
CHARLESTON. Fob 3-Ar'. aotf ''?'?iiniif, rebr.
Loaiswe. bark Jsuper and brig Tybs>-, N??1 m , brie
ju-o. G maltar.
Cid. aeka*. Beue, Philadelphia.
DUaatert, arc.
BsioOasjitts, Taakee, ?t Oeaaeeeise fron a?'iaasa,
haa ex; ? riaaced heavy weather?lost > iabnl ?'.see bal
waste.
A I ntsr from Kitinan- r,k, Va . it?t*i that a^hr Hol
d I: Sr.nW i?' nf FroT dee<"?. ?11 eat thr tm :'i by lee the
l urot 'iioio. in Kappabaaork Kirar.aod auak
?i aboal t??l?e feet warer. m ."onia ?11 in in umli
ittb to eet her tu tfie tbora ?r>t repair the damage.
Domeatlc Peru.
bMoT^L.i' ' M alee*Eseet, Lewis,New.Vera.
IIsOu? bi.? tree uf tea.
BOBFOLK.Jaa 30? Arr sehr? Treat, Pars??. Ooada*
leegM j 3lai, trio Aaii y 17? ? h. Feinsed?/, Hit. K?y ;
I^wi? Beaa, Nu)??, Ca.danaa ; rt'iabedt, ??, Pta
s?c Is, ?
FHlLADFLPliiA ffeb i-?Belev,?aipVaaea,TeaaBft
fui Live'i 'x'l ''irks Virtmy, raffOB Ra.i ian Frauc'^oi,
KiBs'ton. i'obi?e D-c '?'a . O'iri, ?sStaesea, Uustua;
Luwell RsrDtonrid.dv ; Gov Hrirta. Parter. ih .
FeioY IbKNI K Frb l-Old barb ra hv.ae. Watts,
aseaeta (iatewefeteasaerParry); eeae OstVed u-?? sue),
aiid Hatbnrv, Sears. Raltiaiore ttevh 'ikier riaeasa),
t-ark JeCo. I'au e. and brie j. H. Rbuswie". Haiub'.ia, wdi
icnl ice for 1'ha,-lest ib
SALEM Feb >-Sld brig Dreaaao,W"*ifor. Pete.
CCORPORATION N OT I C E.?Street
J tapaitrnsat. No 4 Hell of Records
Rno'trd, TL*ta p.ei be barltt ia to* K?st River, oa the
Dbrtbarly side of tne fie>t of H oi- >u at.. Irom taeeasUrif
lira of Ton , at ; tue p.er tu be Vi leat in laoar'A tie IS
f. et iu v/.dtb. oa p.lea wnb oae blocs : tba auuthaiir hae
of aajd p er to ba dia'aot fro:n the in rtner!/ liaeof Hoee
t n tt aiatharty I leat aad 1 inches, UMlsr the diraetijaor
tne Strea*. t'oinmiMioaer.
/'-jo'ar*. That a pier hebnK ia the Kaet Rivar, oa the
aeaHAeviy 1 ?> of the foot of H'otUa st t>am the eaetar-r
line of TuiTipsme st . the p.ar to be rti faat ia ienrU St ?e
feet in width, oa pdea with one hix k ; tba a.?r uarlf line
of eaiS pier to be placaC disiaot frota taa soataer'y line or
H'.aat. 1. st to,/ t.e-l? 1 feet and J laches, aader iks c^reo
ti^a of the 8treet ComiMaai'sior.
Rnolttd. That the gtreet C??maiiasioaer be aatt Oo W
hereby d raeted to stva tne ewtice rrqaire* by law 1 ? iae
pr.prietorauf the l?ta lyuse ovpoaita io wa.ra '.he taiO piare
era dtrec'ad to be bnilt, t<? Ui.ta ?oto, the Mar'>r, AMaeiove
ud Cv-ajnonalty of the Cwy of Naw-York ia buiia:B* the
?a.c ' ,m a: i ' ?'? r.i n'.e ? ?.. r raaje.-iva pr..jwrtioail?r
ti.eei:?ase thereof, aa Iba luut aaay^***f?*^JJ* ,L.
U;e piere Z he eeaaaaeeeed oa t?-?'?J^^M'^* tai
ar.i< OJtrpleted wuhir: three moetos thereailer. ana
Sirei 110a of the 8tre?t Conn o?a??a?r. UJ|
Ad.^ted by the IWd at A -i'Ou;? ,"'? j, }? |,!MA
A Seftadby lb. b,*r,) -f AaaetaaiAUtwaasat.*
^^jo^TVefj?^'1' ah13Z
Janaary II, iiil. [ _\?.-?7-. .
I N PiRSVSSCE of .? -der ofjh.
tLUgatt^
':;,uiw?' ? t MOUNT,4to?ttstrater. ^

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