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Ih h I I ui Ii. author ml " u "Lectures i?d
? ?uiiu?u?l.-i Be OBxe N? ?>? Hi.HVtw?*. opefl daily (sun
da., fo?eV?-*? ? 5"??? ?1 v k' c ? "?"?p"
SKoW* of tie Heart, an? all flu
PUMJaai ?irr? ? Prm i - l,??>Tf5\ Pot I?
mo fin.k?tr?*Hta??atoQeOTI ?riter
x fj |?1 ,?\% kaei l,
ha PI Broadway
*KMkMN? M'A>* i ?s- 5 M- ? TOWXEt* ( o.
?Ol o/H-r the ..eil l?'iij??y. ih?.r retire .1 I of
? norm !?n??l?*> troo'l? ?od? <*J petr. ?. Aloo, o ltr?r otot k
Ont,tM*u? il*i i . t?* IM tlraod-?t.
um at r iHi at MMI? *.?New-York. I kjr)
it i0?A Mrwi. ? , IlitlO'. A < . No 1 IA W a'm-*i~,
^T,fll WY take ,L on in otnilM that can ? Himwi
r?Tn?t Shi ?io-k we aajroaaanrff>on ?<*? about ? v?"
aaaaaa k*i down ibe we n? of jareesn li ( oni U?k>. paper*, tc.,
Boon InT atlhe deatnartloa. of oar Mem Mill i" Broekly.i early
AW. Ilka* IIUM nilii 6af th* ) Hh ibtfJ
TBoanStVannBrlati 1 !
? aeai r*c*ed i>i' ? .. ois i.ed the mnWiH were found ci.i f.)
SCfiiTil Wo ttw?mMy lasaanaaanf ana* Raiaa to too pnkil ,
? J Htrktt k Rroth**.
?V. ?w?K'i. are ?ole propri'to'i f BBRM**'< J'iTEVT
rtcaaod Btaiii tn-rao r Hai r and flAix't Pat
a? f rvwm a Paooi LiH a : both lotolted Prite M Ja'.i at tho
? .?AaTa foil leaden 1*S|, and OrataJ Palace, Weir.York,
<ali Hl II ? a kmc a Co.,
tlreec Block, Koa IBB, IST. 1.1? Vk ?cr-ot . New-Yirk. ^
} 11< TKci v iUM ? Batteriea and other m.'??
rlola fer V.lrftrettpttt will a*> femiabod ov the on l-rutii.tt
ajvr. i*aa.-i?akle leiuta. Tho ouli miioiuid tor a liaivainc Bat
ikt aaroraWht the I ale Pan ol the American latliot* wa* a
BOjU MeAal 10 L. L- nniTH. Su. j I anal at., f>
"""SHM.hRH Spwim; Ma* him h.?OoT liberal and
oAaauaale Be** ci earlatiauif out new and latest agBWfel
Sann." Itl., 0.tr5 for <ii M..-hln-a . f ererr kinH la h-:!ej
aH?apieaa?r, b, fcoi.dr^U Ti." A.orr Wafan, OrOvo, A
Baker lion' Dorraj a. J uthr, kaBarlat llaoninoa,are?Juilna
iTearadli to be r*,A*-i?f. The thane, tot a prootabl. bar
aada. ia a arrai ei.t Apply at BM Nr? i rk ?>. ? petaottail*,
m%? latter 1 M ' Si?cra A Co.. No. Broadway.
_Hoi.IO? ay'h nUat, prepared from aolutiokva
ftatu Use ae?*UMe ki.ia.tom, po.?oaa tlte n.o.t ruiraculo'ia \irtne
ia r-Mirvtaa derantm.fiit? of ihr h?rr nni .totnarh. Tl.-y
aW atr*tifthen Ike iiitenoe i-aiua and increase the ?ppetit?-.
BoM at tht Mat>< fa. toriea. No. b? Maidi u lau.-, Naw-i ork, and
No *M Htrand. Lettdon. aud by all Druiari't*. at Zirant?.?-!*
eoAAa and tl pet pot or boa._
HiiiMt?Oni) l'Ki/i. Mkhal awarded to
Jtaattt A Co b> tbe Inonalrlal V.nhibi?on of all nati . - ? r
ft,?Mi new pale. < .?.iieal anfa 'lat a.. Ala. tl.e f?:r ui Uta
fcir.o-ioaii Iual lulr awarded the Kirat Pren.inuj t?. this TBBM
hi IBM Feferenreaatto iU auperiorify? Pnrt-aaort VaJ.ntine
?ott WBiaiw Parfctr, and Jolm M. Caraeehan. An i ?
ehe list of ntaKwof oierrantile atirl other r?utlemea r<ir?d by
Utit Troaa aaoy at teen ot Mamh A Co.a. No. ij Maiden lane.
N T ard M?ain, Coat in k <>.. No. > wrac?Maat,naaatv
?. c .h . 'Ifen troni 7 a m. until V p. tu.
FKIDAY, .TAN1AKY 4, 1866.
IHIIM.h IN COXOKKMN.
bxsAii, Jan. T!ie Beport of theHeeretary of the
lTeaeury wae rtxeived. Bud I0,.r>00 eopie? ordered to
be print) d.
BotJi, Jan. 3.?Then- wen- .-.\eral bollot- fur
Speaker to day. A resolution to keep the doors BB at 1
until a r+peakor wa* elected was laid ob tin table.
The Heather van vwtrui and rainy vc*t<i<biy
ontil nearly night, ?ben it cleared up and crew
colder. At midnight there wan a ktang fBMl
Howing from th<> wcat, with a low temperature.
NEW PONTAL tltlUM.l IIM*
With the new year a new Paatel law went into
Sffect, aocording to which all letters for th<- BiHill
ttust be prepaid by stamps or tbey will not be fur
ward d This Act i a bantling of the Potitmaa
ttr-?eneral, who foisted it on the country with the
aid of that rare embodiment of Feet-Office wi*dom,
Mi . Edaon 13. Olds. If Mr. Campbell doe* not
nod some trouble iu- getting his law carried into
effect we are greatly mistaken. It is a ino*t ab?
surd enactment in ercn particular, grossly un
juak to the citizen, of irast inconvenience to flajaff
poet matter and clerk, and to an absiduto cer
Uiot> will in numerous instance* atop the mails,
and, ao tar na tbe Pout-Office is ti utH;esaary in
atitutioD, virtuaLLy block the wheels of our social
We have uow 24,000 Post-Offices, mmiy pi them
fi the denies ol the Kock) Mountains, on the borders
' f Puget Sound, in the fhstuesses of the Sierra Nth
vada, or scattered over the vast plains ol Utah r. ri i
torj, New-Mexico, Nebraska and Kausas. BflttW af
thewe are from forty to uiueti dais' journey from
Washington, and before a return can be had from
the General Post-OfTi< e, from three to HtB months
muat elapse, aud during all tins time w in iu \. r a
poatmaster is out of stamps the mails must atop,
for be is by law forbidden to *nud them unless
there is a Post-Office stamp on every letter. All
postmasters iu ?mall offices ouli give b<inds iu mod
orate auins, and the Department in BBBaBBaJaWOOB
cannot credit them with large quantities of stamps.
Then their coiunnasious are small, the most of them
are poor meu, nudtLvey neither have the disposition
nor the abtliti to invest much moue\ in purchasing
tfcoao necesserv article*. Further than IUb, if
they get a hrgo supply, express companies and
speculators will immediate l i buy them up. Mr.
Pliny Miles, in his pamphlet ou Postal Urform,
gree? some results of his experience as ? mail
agent in California aud Oregon, which are in
atrurtive on this head. He tells us that the
ciprceamen charge from one to ttree doll urs,
and sometime* as high a*, teu didltrs a letter.
tVa the lau declares it a misdemeunor to sell
stamps ut a higher price than their fee. these in?
genious uiddJc-uieu will uot sell the *tamp alone,
but put each stamp ou an envelope and sell tho
stamp for three exnts and the envelope lor two
ahilliugn 1 Ho much for the eftect ol this law iu
the frontier districts; and uow let ti* bob its ajp bjb>
tiou iu populous places.
The words of the act are, that ??From and
? arter the 1st day of January, 1666, the Post
" master-Oeneral may retpiire portmastcrs t
"place postage-stamps upou all prepaid letters
"Upon which such stamps may not have been
"placed b) the writers." This does not com?
pel the public to affix stamps to their letter*, Lut
the "Postmaster-General may require postmaster*
? to place postage-stamps" upou them. Now b,
the wording of this law wbeu am pcrsou goes to a
Poet-Offitv window nud tenders hi* letter with
the monej for the postage, the clerk,
or person in attcDdauce is obliged
by law to receive it, and theu the stamp must In?
put OU before the letter .s sent off. Are uof our
Pott-Office clerks, with three rates of letter post?
age, three raetbxda of computing the same, and
otter fortritt* kumdrtd rttt of book and ummyhlu
p**t*4t* are they not autficieutU tasked, taxed aud
bothered in their 0[>erntions wither. requiring of
thorn this additional labor I Here, in New-York,
there are uo couveuiencca for the public to get
stamps, but over* person requiiiug them has to
gtv?perhapa from Oue-hundretl-aiad-twenty-ntth
atreet. four or five mile*?to the old hulk in Naasau
atreet to obtaiu them. There, after a narrow and
tortuous journey around the building, up .* crooked
flight of stairs, by one or two guide-boards, and
into a little aeutry-box of a place, a bag bbbj b
found who seil? theee tioverumeut labels. Com?
pare this with ta? Engliah s\stein. AJ ,?
who hare eTer beea in England know how
infinitely superior t<> oura it is. Af even Po*:
Office, and in every window af a Pott-Office m
Great Britain the peraona In atu?i>dAace have
aUmpa at hand in sheets?two hundred andtorfj to
?)ahet>t; nvlue ca<> pw:nd aterling. tVac shtvt*
?BVC a row of f.rn ?'.r.-*?c>Jt by a auchLn*??
mound each stamp, so that the stamp* cau be in
-tuj.tly Ion or jerkid ap^rt without th'- slightest
tnirfltl. or the in*1 of anj *ci<*or? or knife K -
perae-n rallirg i* stippli'-d with any number*, from
rii* single sfcm p to s thousand ?beet* TV r -t
-t* TK ncd clerk* an- neither obliged nor required
ti c-1 out nt.iirp* by h flow prtsre**, to affix them
to tbe letter*, or e-en to weigh or rat?- the lott- r*
f? r the pi MM. All who ?u-nd letter- can take an;
measure* they pleaae to And out the weight or cor?
rect rale, hud ail pMtafN tiiipiid are charged
double. Hut the letter* are **>ot. and are not
noised, if unpaid, declared "dead." and damned t ?
a blazing fire, by an nnjiiat G"vernmeuf. So ?m
y|a are all the arrangement* that the public are
fully aio'iim.i dated, hnd tbe labor in the Poat
Ofiec?. i* jn-t one aixth part a* much trouble and
OJMaaM MOOrdiov to the amoent of bu*ine*a done,
a* it is with ii-. Thi? i* evident from tb?*following
The labor of receiving, rating, stamping, making
up and delivering letter*, together with the aeilin?
of stamp* to even bod) at till times and pisee*?
mail transportation not include?in ISM, in Great
Ilritain, cost jS't.-t?,!'.'">, and the number of letters
sent we* 443,049,301. One half of this exj..-',?
was for tbe sen ic of letter-carrier* ajd letter-re?
ceivers?person* not employed in our sy stem?and
this would show the expense to be $3 SO for each
thousand letters, not reckoning tbe expense of let?
ter-receiver* and carriers. Ill the same year in
the United State* tbe local eipenses iu our Post
office* w ere $f2,'A'.*J^i, and the NakOf of IctfjOTI
handled for tLat money. 119,f>e4,4in, making just
a/21 a thousand letters. Were ?e act ouimodated
here in New-York as they are in thellnglish cities,
we should have a receiving-ho'ise?a place to re
e. ne letter* and sell stamps?od nearly evert
other block throughout the city, aud have a free
letter-delivery, thus entirely doing away with lay
? < e-sify lor ore person in b hundred ever to go
to the principal Post-Office at all.
We cotr.'i.eud these facts to the consideration of
our merchant* n.d business men. It is generally
understood that we are to have a meeting hero in
NfjW/.York during the present mouth, to take
into consideration the subject of our postal regula?
tions, and particularly the postal wants of this citj,
and if we get up definite instruction* nud memo?
rials, the united voice of n community living in the
largest city on the American Continent, and a city
that pays one-tenth of our eutire postal revenue,
ennijot be disregarded by Congress. Our own *u
?iMMM nnd neglect are alone to blame if we con?
tinue to suffer year in and year out for what ia vir?
tually subject to our dictation and in our own
P11ILONOPHY Ol-' ililim-illllt'l.
Two or three hundred yours ago, the fashion wu*
to do everything iu the name of (rod and Religion.
It was to promote the glory of God and for the
propagation of the Holy Faith that the Portuguese
established themselves in India and Africa, find
that the Spaniards depopulated the West Indie*,
conquered Mexito and plundered Peru. So, too,
of all tho early Kuglish colonies in America: they
iron nil oadssrtakeii?al Least it is so set down in
the charte rs?for the spread of the Christian re?
ligion and the salvation of the bouIs, of the sav age*.
Wo of this nff have grow o much less pious than
our ancestors. We- do not even pay to religion the
tribute- of hypocrisy. Not ouly is the glory of G?d
absent from all our thought*?we do not eveu talk
about it. Nevertheless, we arc not, any more than
our fathers, without excellent reasons, honorable
disguises, for any piece of rascality to which our
avarice- or ambition irmy leapt us. Philosophy is
now-a-dsys lugged in to supply the place of religion,
und, instead of excusing our robberies is ii-.eidout
to the- promotion of (rod's glory , we- justify them as
beiag but I BfCfSSry result of the inevitable Ihm*
One of the most thorough-going disciples ol this
new school (l manifest dcttiuy, by which plunder
|| Jastilld 01 i'hilosophical prim -iples, is Mr. E.
ii. S<p' ! te Cxirgfc d'Affairos of the Cuiti-d
State* tO Central Americii, and author of two
works: one on Nicaragua and the propose-d ship
oaaalbj tho river flaa Jaaa: the other, just pub
lishid, on Honduras, Sap Salvador, and a pro
l?o*cd raiiioad from the Golf of Omoa to the
Hay of Fonseca on the Pacific. There is, we
mu*t admit, a little variation iu the spelling
of the names; je t we entertain very little doubt
that Ot r l'luli sopher Squier must Ik* a liue-al
di aOeadaal of Philosopher Square, one of the tutor*
of Tom Job es, Ijusortalist d bj ridding, aud of
whose doctrine of the eternal fitness of things and
conform:!; to the law of nature our Squier appears
no less ,ii U nt an advocate thau of his praoticc of
squatti; without much regard to the rights of pre
occupi (a, wberovtr anything tempting offers.
This whole! doctrine of robbe ry upon philosophical
principle-?what we may call the philosophy of
tillibust.'i ism?is comprehensively and energetically
Nt lorth by Mr. Squier, in the third chapter of hi*
new book, in which he treat* of the-population of
Central America comprises an extent of about
15o,(X>U square miles, being thus about equal in
area to New-Euglaud. New-York aud Pennsylva?
nia. Within these limits are contained two very
distinct regions?the- distinction depending not on
difference of latitude, but ou difference of level.
The low country, perhaps half of the whole- area,
and lying principally ou the eastern or gulf side,
has a purely tropical climate and vegetation.
The- high table-lands in climate and producta
nearly approach the- warmer regions of the tem?
perate ;:one. At the time of the Spanish discovery
and coiique st. three centuries and more ago, the
low landa w ere- inhabife-d onlv by a few bands of
wandering savages, and they remain in much the
same conditiiu to the present day. The table?
lands, ou the contrary, w ?-re the seats of a dense
population living by agriculture, and of an aborig?
inal civilization not inferior to that of Mexico aud
Peru. Of the actual number of inhabitant* at the
peiriod of the conquest we have no knowledge, and
little beyond the guesaes of travelers of its present
population. The conjectural estimate aa to the
latter which finds memt fave>r with Mr. Sqm>r i* as
w hit**. . lat-.ot I last ans.j in* mm
btgtvtt. lo.ie? Villau. aus co*
And he distributes fii* population among the
fivt independent State* in vv o.< ii Cciitr.d America
is uovv divide d thus:
Area It Pur?'? j Ar ? va r .jeila
Stair.. ?q alle?, tloo. I Mtaln sq miles ?u.n
? .?.?e.t.it....eia^?.i rjeoas N,r*ra*-** . t?ja tea.sao
llowUra*.... ?av* J.W.atslC-.at* gtc*.... lsJSW 1?.I0C
eSatl*al??eior.. ?J*t ?4 tOt_!_
For three hundred years of.the Spaaiah donuuion
the country waa rukd exeluaively by th.- whit***?
it may even be aaid b> th^ tmaU prope.rtioa of
whites born and educated in Spain?the nativ? or
Cteole whites be'::ig ht tb- mta- ?\r* kfal ., ,
excluded from ?Ii fKrtitieal trust*. Under th*
Spaniards the five province* above-oamed.
together with that mi Chiapas [mPW a part of
Mexico) iitd Vera Pn?. e-n-fitvted the Captain
Gera-raier of GiLstetii.via. Without h-.vng suffered
fromib<ae preliminary ??il war? by which ax*' of
the other Splosh-American Sttea were wa*t*d,
the) dissolved th*ir r?->np?cri. a wirb the*,mother
cm rjfrj h) 1-2J. and e?t?l?lished a confederacy
wblch tbe* cr-?ed the RcpuVic of Central
I Anie-iea. TLL* mo- etnont and the earlier govern
mint of the co' T tr were wholly in the hind* of
tbe wi ite*. But the; coon quarreled among them
-elro-. A* in otber Spam-.v\nrariean State,, a
bitter tend broke eat between rhe U.ni Spaniard*
end tbe white err* Je*. These latter, instigated
bv ti e n membrane of p**r wrong*, eliimed the
nthwtft government of the country, and from
MB* I f Hat State* they succeeded in expelling the
native-born Spuniard*. who. under tte colonial
rule. lud been the sole master*, aud who, though
f.-w in numVr*. ?rill po*?*--??ed a large part of the
wealth, enterprise and intelligence of rhe country.
Another fetid ui*o broke out befwevn the
prie-thtvd und tbe liltera!*. At firat, tbe
liberal* prevailed ; but the priesthood. *e*Mng
themsehea in danger of b"ing atripped of their
power and property, appealed to the half-breedi
and Indian*, who were thu- fir*t led M fake part
in political affair*. They, however, were not sat?
isfied with being mere tool-. Under the leader?
ship of the famous Current, they made themaelve*
c< mplete master* of Guatemala, the chief State ot
the Confederacy, where the priests were driven to
ti e nee- ssity of imitating the policy of their Latin
pr> deOCaVOtl toward the Goths, Frank*, and other
barbarian invaders, and yielding up the Govern?
ment to those who had seized by the strong
band, to preserve as much influence M they could
by playing upon the superatition and religion* feel?
ings of these new nilers. Such is the present con?
dition of Guatemala, which, after various vicissi?
tudes of civil war. is still under the rule of
Ct rrt-ra, whom Mr. 8oui? ifl pleased to pronounce
a '? treacherous and unscrupulous half-breed,"
fwe had a-ppo-cd !,e was a pure Indian, > "who
?? rules over a desolated country with irrespon?
sible bwsy." Yet iu the whole of his romantic
nnd divers:fied career we do not at present recol?
lect any act quite so '? treacherous" or "unscru?
pulous" as Mr. Walker'* murder of the unfortu?
nate Corral by the peg tenth i sentence of I court
In Co-to Iiic*. the southern province, the whites
htid the prit-thwd, acting iu concert, have suc?
ceeded in preserving their authority, and that com?
paratively prc-perou* proviso* ha- never )ct been
desolated by civil war. In the three central
State* tit- liberal or anti-priest part) prevailed;
but the consequence of these internal struggle
was that the Federal Government fell into a bey ?
I Deo, and has at length entirely disappeared? the
five States now being governed as independent re?
A large pat ' of the territory eladaol by Hon?
duras?a* yet a vast uninhabited fcioot?hi claimed
al-o by the Itritisb as appertaining to their district
of Balize, or as belonging to their ally and feuda?
tory, the King of the ifaafultos?;t mix -d rao- of
Indians and negroes, who. a* against the Spanish
inhabitants, have had relations with the English
ever since the tine of the buccaneers. This con
t:o..rsy with the British has lei the rulers of
Ui nduras to court the faior of the United states,
to which they have even proposed annexation:
and in connection with pr. posed canals and rail?
roads from the Golf to the Pacific, if had led to
violent struggle*, for influence with the Govern?
ment* of Hondtira- end Nicaragua between Brit?
ish mid Amoiican diplomat*, iu which our Mr.
Squiei ha* been very much mixed up: fo the
Clayton-Biilwer treaty, and to all our imbroglio
with Greet Britain on the subject of the Mosquito
?orereienr; anil Oi e.? lo\|U< vslilch "lie* within the
disputed territory, and which is chvlntedatOOCe
by the Mosquito* and the British in thi ir name,
byHonanrt' V. * _n. ai.devctiby Costa ?ica?
the boundaries of all tin - .stat-?* being M v.-f very
The Republic of N icaragua?of which, as of all
the five States, the liest inhabited portion* are
toward the Pacific ftidi?contain* two principal
citit-Leon, not far from the Pacific port of
Rcu'tjo, and Granada, on the north-west shore of
Lake Nicaragua. Thoaotwo rival citaM biHtain-'
the ne*ts of two political faction*, one of which
affected aconservative, and the other a reformatory
or demooratic leaning, and whose rivalry at length
involved the Suite in u civil war, under which it
has been suffering for sOaTafl time putt. Theas?
haustion of both parties, ami the stuhlen los?, of their
leader* by cholera, have enabled Walker, with bis
band of d? ?peradi? ?, b\ affecting to side with one
of the contending parties, to make himself tempo?
rarily master of the country.
ilavLng laid thi* foundation of facts, let us novf
it-turn to Mr. Squier's phili?sopby of ?llibuntering.
Following in the footstep* of Mortou and some
other physiologists who haw attempt'd to conceal
by p*eudo scientific theotief the nabrducaa of mh
gar prejudice* and ignorance, our philosopher lays
down the following laus a* huviug been determined
by ??anthropological'' science: First: That na?
ture perpetuates no human hybrid*, but that in
cases of amalgamation?which our philosopher
assumes always to take place against tbe wanting
of a natural instinct?the result is that ouc of the
two races completely absorbs and annihilates the
other. Second. That all such |amalgamations are
attended by the most deplorable result*, intellect?
ual, moral and physical?the mixed race contrast?
ing unfavorably iu all the**.- respect* with any of
the original stocks.
Upon these principle* our philosophic fillibuster
proceed* t<? argue, first, that the white race in
Ceiitial America is in danger of being "gradually
' .il-orbed in tbe lower"?i. e. that of the au
( ' nt Itidiun pos*? Ksor* of the country?"and their
? in-titution- di*appe iring uuder the relative bar
?? barisfli of which the latter are the exponent*;'
to ward off which direful calamity and to re-eatab
li*h the "institution*' introduced by the Spanish
conquerors, but to which the Indian and mixed
population are no longer disposed to *ubmit, Mr.
Sp-ier propo**-* to re-oiijbrrc the white blood and
to re-establitsti the aristocracy of eolot by a libs-ral
infuaion of Noith American fillibuster*. who, with
? variation* a* time* and circtim*t?ufe? may
i-<p ire, sre evidently intended by him to fill the
tLt eaand re-enact the part ?.f the . Id Spanish iu
But ia the way of th.* preciou* a heme of plun?
der stand the rm'x.d race? a pow. r wh.ch the.
Spanish conqueror* wert not obliged to t-ncoijnt. r
? ni r h ?:. M Baa or hates ,.|-, .,.?it,"
th- fer-city of a diaappo.nbd n4?l?. r Ther- the;)
arc, in *ptte of b.? prea> nd.d aathrtspvbari, al law,
which lata n.^ aii jw them U- exist at ail. ilrc*d>
b, h i rwn -??ViTaVe ? tb'd pirt o'U? saubre ftyfH
latioB; wink? tb>* rTj riaxrs- b> which he birasWt I
*'at<*e th. ra h* known in Cen'ral America?that
ot Ladt*?, 'gallant ?em" -glrri th- lie to his
-landers and conform* to tb? etiversal testimony of
h:?tfn. ia well of coVmponncin*- observation
in other couatr C as well a* .n America, tl?ar
nrxed rs.'r?, st a -?n-rsl rile, are superior t*>
fSjthCTad th? or j n il stock*, mtt) fre.inentl' com
leniag lh** virtue* a:vd e*tcapinc the mo*' *erv>u*
fttul?* ot' V?h. TV whit-* men ha-"tag tried their
hand ;rt Central Ameriea fur thre.? rentu-'e*. p?*<
with no-.-r) aatisl"srt< n result, are sr.- dlopl
atm to U*t th*- Bizrd racea tn 'A<" hand
Tin Kl ???!*> L#Alf.
The i<ene of a MW Ru?a:an U-nn afford* s pr?r
HaaJ illt-rrafiori of the, sv'^mian-oaii-monseiring in
Fnn-pe. to wh;ch W hjTB hen-u/ore called rhi*
MVnt'on of our renders. |
Th:s lean is brought out Bjajief th-' au*p e.?* of
the hoes.- r.f Stieglitz.it St. Petersburg. Stieglitz is
to ,iflB*sVTWh.Bl Rothschild is to Francis Jo?? ph.
?bat Fould ia to Ia ui* Napoleon. The late Czar
Nicholas made Qt It gilt I a Ru*s..iii B.rou, aj the late
Kai- r Franz made old Rothschild an Ausfriaa
Itaron. while Loui* Napoleon has made a Cabinet
Minister of Fould. with a free tick.* to the M
eres for the female* of hjfl haBjr. Thus we And
every tirtDt hacked b> a .Tew, a* is every
pip. h) a JeajoJt U truth, 'he cravings
of oppressors waavld !*? hopeless, and the
preeticubilit) of war out of the question,
if there were not an arm> <t Jesu.t* to smother
thought and a handful of Jews t<> ransack pock, ft.
The io.m is for Iftj million-of rouble-, to be issued
in fi-.e per ci at bonds, ith dividends pa.sbl- at
Amsterdam, Merlin aud Hamburgh, at the exceed
iutlv moderate price of rVi roubles?that If, t>> bb].
in consideration of pating N roubles, in several in?
stallments, the paver is entithd t<>fi'. ?fOwMeedirl
detid per >e?r. which amount- to BMltj -i.\ per
cent, and to a l"!id of If mi roubles indorsed bv th?
Russian Government, as aeeurit) for hi- capital,
which is I till f BBBblfi at some n Md period b.
t?.- ? this und doomsdav. It ii worth) of notice
that R'i-sia does not apped. a* Austria has recently
done, to the raooeyed enthusiasm of her own
subjects, stirrd up by the stimulus of bay
.11. t- and prisons; but this shows nuly
the greater coiifideuce which 'he ha* in
her credit abroad, aud the greater sagacity
which she possesses in raisin- moue\ w ithout em?
barrassing aud therefore wit!,out disappointing the
people at bt Me. Haren BtkgMti doea not propoae
to retain one single kopeck of the fift) millions tor
the Greek, Sicilian, American, Polish. Livordau.
Tartarian, .Siberian and Crimean sympathizer*
with Russia, but distribute* seveuteen BAlIiiOQBof
the ioau to llojie A Co. ol Amsterdam, the same
share to Mendelssohn & Co. of Berliu, n'.d -U
teeu millions to Parti Msiidelssohn-Barrholdy.
of Hauiburgh. And, although British and French
houses do not. for obvious reasons, court a direct
participation in the loan. wa ihall preaentlj show
thut indirect!) the] boo tribute largclj to furnish?
ing their antagoiiists w ith the sBSa**** of war.
With the exception of a small amount of five
and six per cent Russian bonds negotiated at Lon
lon and Hamburuh, and of the last Kitssisn loan
which wa* taken up by th. Barings. Stieglitz of St.
P. tersburgb, in conjunction w ith Hope A Co. of
Amsterdam, have been the principal agencies, for
Russian credit with the capitalists of Western and
Central Europe. The four-per-ceut Hope certifi?
cates, under the special auspices of Hope, and th
roar-percent Stieglitz inscription*, under the
special allspices of Stieglitz, are extensively held
in Holland, Switz. rland, PrnaalB, and to some c.\
tent even in England. The Hopes of Amsterdam,
who enjoy great prestige in Furope from their
connection with the Dutch Govcnm?nnt and their
reputation for great Integrity aud immense wealth,
bavt will deserved of the CsBI foi the rdfortl fliev
have made to popularize nts bonds tn Tlollaiid.
Btieglits, who (b a OetaMI .Tew intim.it.-ly con
mct' d with ail his Mt-religloolata in the loan-inon
gering trade, haB done the test. Hope comuinnd
ing the respect of the most eminent merchaut* of
the ago, and Stieglitz being one of the free-nutsoury
of Jews, which has existed in all ages?these two
powers combined to influence at once the high?
est merchants and the lowest jobbing circle-, have
been turned by Russia to most profitable account.
Owing to there two intlueuces. and to the igno?
rance which prevuils about her interior resources,
Russia, of all the European Continental Govern?
ment*, stands highest iu the estimation of '('hange,
whatever um) Im- thought of her in other qaartOTB.
But the Hopes lend orih the prestige of their
name; the real work is done by the Jews, and caa
on') be done b) them, a* they monopolize the
machiner of the loaiunoiig. ring mysteries by con?
centrating their energies upon the barter-trade in
securities, and the changing of bbbbbj and nego?
tiating of bills in n great measure arising there?
in m. Take Amsterdam, for instance, a city har?
boring many of the STOTBt deic udjuts of the) Jews,
whom Ferdinand and Isabella drove out of Spain,
and who, after lingering a while in Portugal, were
driveu thence also, aud eventually found a safe
place of retreat iu Holland. In Amsterdam alune
they number not less than IC.ihX), many of whom
are engaged in this gambling and jobbiug of securi?
ties. These men have their agents at Rotterdam,
the Hague, Le)den. Haarlem, N)rawegen, Delft,
(in uingen, Antwerp. Ghent, Brussels, and various
other places in the Netherlands and surrounding
German and French Territories. Their business
is to watch the BBOnejl available for investment
and keenly obserw- where the) lie Here
and there and BTMyBlheie that a little capital
t-oBrts investment, there is evi-r one of theae little
Jews read) to make a little suggestiou or place a
little iiit of a loan. The smartest highwayman ia
the Abruzzi is not better posted up about the lo?
cale of the hard cash in a traveler's valise or
p'cket than those Jews about any loose capital
in the hands of a trader.
I be*. small.Iew >h agents draw the UTBtppttoi from
the big .Jewish houses, such uthatot Hollander and
Lehren, Koingswarter, Rafhat I. Stern. Michel,
Biachoffabeim, Amsterdam. E/ekiel* ol Rotter?
dam. Hollander ar.d Lehren are of the Portu
gueae sect of Jews, and practice a great oateruibl?
devotion to the rel.gioD of thc,r rsce. Lehren,
like the great London Je? Sit Moaes Moutetiore.
has made many aacr.hcia !or thoae that st.ll linger
in Jt'iusalrm. H.s otTice, n.-ar the Amstel, :n Am
aterdam, ifl one ol the most picMrcaque uiiagmablc.
Croat da *( Abbbb Jaw ah *^ utaasaembie then btotj
dn), tog- (her with utimeroua Jew iah theologtaiia,
and around its doors are BOfigrcgatid all sorts and
BBBBjaatl ot Anuenian, Jcrnaalem. h?rlHi.-ca.|ue.
atJ Pol.h Iseggars, .ti long rixn-s a-?d Or.entaJ
turtana. The language spoken smeils stro-igl) ol
l?s?>el. aiid tbe |r? rfum ? whic'.i otherw.ac p-n vl. .
f!.. pig ?? i? bj bsj m -ansof a choice kind
Th * m it Jewish loan moagertng couern a Cat
4 II i'g-wirt. r. avb . eajjj. ff r? a ; .)fJT J
Ii FOrth in Bowtria 'poo-t* \Snrrm\\>+Tt'. v*\<m
|O,0f0 nhnh'tertU IT all Je?*-* with *ome f?w
Ev man Catholic exception*. The Konigswarters
Law hoi.se* at Fra.ikfcrt, Paria, VlArui? an?! Am
rtirtWl, andaV ?he?.- various f^itakliidimont* will
plae* a certain amount ff tat loan. Then we hav
?he R;.phs.'i-. ?' IM ha<o h<>u?'- n London vnd
Par*, \\i,oh. l'?n2(|'kc KomiflWBI'aW, to th? lowest
c'as* ot' !o*n rr.. ri;onng Jews. TV Sterns come
?-ct? Frankfort und have ho*i*e* at Paria, Berln.
I.? ndm an.! Amsterdam. One of the London
Stern?, Ibv. id, w s* for at me time established at
Malrd, bot so d:*gt..?fed the ohivalroua Spaniard*
last h r Ii e Bafenh 1 t?>n t Thev hsve mar?
ried the daughter* of one of the rich London Gold?
smiths, and do an immense business in stock.
The ?*!) man of ability m tV fanily i* the Pa-i*
Tie P.i-ohoffdieim* are. next to the Rothschild*
ni Hope*, the tno*t influential house in Belgium
,md Holland. The harigiM Bi-chottrh im i* a man
of great accomplishnteut* and o'ie of the most re
-pectid bank direct.-n and railway magnates.
They ramo fn ? May? ?uoe. and owing to the genius
of thi* Belgian Bi-ohoffrheini. have aft ??iced to their
pre?ent eminence. They have k*MMM at London.
Amsterdam. INri*. PlBBSoJs. Antwerp. Frankfort.
Cologne and Vienna, and have recently sent a clerk
Or agent to NYw-Yo'k. They hoe intermsrned
with a Frankfort Jen ot the MM of Goldachmidt.
who. however, Il not distiujtii'dtcd either for
wealth or genius, although pnteiJmg to bot?.
One of these Qaldstihmhlto ana] the mo?t in-igmti- I
cant oi the firm?preside* ..v er fie London conceru.
w' i'e one of the Bi.*ohoff?heirt|- rules over that of
? aaanifioa* and the other OWJf that of Uru**el*
and of Pari-.
As far as the BOfCBtOOB nrlliou rouble* assigned
to Hallend nr.- concerned. although 1-rought out
Hl d. r th' lain* o( Hope thev a ill at once go into
the hand* of th ?*?? Jews, who will, through their
ariiuo branch houses, rind a market abroad,
nkilc the snail Jew agents and brokers create a
demand far them ni home. Thus do these loan*,
whuh hre a curse to the people, a ruin to the
holders, and a banger to the Government*. U?come
a blessing to the houses of the children of Judah.
This Jaw organization of loon-mongers is aa
dangerous to the people a* the aristocratic organ?
ization of landowners. It principally sprung
up in Europe since Rothschild was made a Baron
by Austria, and enriched by the money earned by
the Heestens In fighting the American Revolution.
The fortunes amassed by these loou-mongers are itu
m.n*e, but the w rongs and sufferings thu* entailed
on the people and the encouragement thu* afforded
to their oppressors still remain to be told.
Wa have sufficiently show u how the Amsterdam
? Jews, throng l their ma. Innen at home and abroad,
will tbsorb in a very little time the seventeen
millions of roubles put at the disposal of Hope.
The arrangement* attendant ou the placing of
the aaaoant In Berlin and Hamburgh are *oim<what
of a timilar nature. The Meudelssohu* of Berlin
are do.oeuUe.l froui the good and learned MoSC*
Mi ndelsM.hu. and count among the more modem
members of the family the distinguished musical
eosafOter. In their ease, as in that of the Lea
sings and a few other Frankfort, Berlin and Ham?
burgh families, owing to some peculiar literary tra?
dition or some peculiar iutluemc of refinement,
their houses are far superior, iu character to
those of the general clique of loan-mongers.
Their representative iu Humburgli too, Mr. Be?
sch?tz, i* man of high character, and there is
little doubt that ttlttet their auspices the thirty -
three milli' us put by Stieglitz at their disposal will
?oon be taken. But, as iu the cuae of Ifopo of
Amsterdam, the part taken by the Mftid?lssohn*
will only lie iiMnin.il. and to lend the prestige of
their name. KothscniiiU' special agent at Berliu,
Simon Bleiehrcsler, n\d their occasional agents,
the Veits, Wall rerj likely take ;, north n on specu?
lation, aud seil it wirb a profit to the small Jew fry'
Of Berlin, Hanover, Mugdoburji, Brunswick nud
CaasOl. while the riaiilnwl Jews will supply the
small fry of Pitrtiirtndt. Mtiuuheim, Carlsrube,
Biuttgardt, l'!m, Augsburg and Munich. This
.-mall fry again distribute the stock among still
smaller fry , uutil eventually son.o honest farmer of
Stinbia, some substantial manufacturer of Crete).!,
or si me dowager Counte** ot Isenburg ha* tue
houor of becoming the permanent creditor of t)*o
Ccur by locking the stock up as a permanent in?
vestment. The.lew jobbers of Breslau, Ratisbor,
Crncow aud Posen, the Frankels of Warsaw,
Hctiedick Of Stockholm, Hanihro of Copenhagen,
Magnus of Berlin, with his extensive Polish
? ( n-titQcncy. Jacobson of the limo city and
Bhta and Heine of Hamburg, both honsoi
of great tnfntnoe in Jew financial circloa,
eopeeially Heine, will each and all disseminate a
goodly amount among their multitudinous customer*
and bring the stock within the reach of all the
northern sectiou of Europe. In this wise any
amount, how ever large, is soon absorbed. It must
be borne in mind, that beside the local and pro?
vincial speculations, there is the immense stock?
jobbing machinery between the various European
gathering points of the loan-mongcring confedera?
tion now all connected by telegrapa eotnmunica
t on*, which, ofcourse, vastly facilitate all such oper
aticna. Moreover, almost all the Jew loaD-mongera
in Europe are connected by family ties. At
Cologne, for instance, we find the principal branch
house of the Paris Foulds. one of whom married a
M:-*0)ppeuhe;m, whose brothers are the chief
railway speculators of Rhenish Prussia, and next
to Heist.'dt and Stem, the principal banker* of
Cologne. Like the Rothschilds and thi Greeks,
the loan-mongering Jews derive much of their
strength from these family relations, as these, in ad
dit.on to their lucre affinities, grve a compactness
and unity to their operations which insure their
Thi* Eastern war i* deetii* d at all events to
tiirow some light upon this system of loan-monger
mg u*. well as other systems. Meantime the Ciar
will get Li* Mj millions, and lot the Engliah jour?
nal* *a> whivithey plewne, if he want* five fiftyi
more, the Jewa w til dig them up. Let tin not be>
tLo"j?ht too severe upon these loan-iiiongeriag gen?
try . The fact that I\Y> years ago Christ drove the
Jewish money-changers out of the temple, aud that
ft dm pey ekangeraafms age anUahni onth??*ideof
tyrannv happen agaiu oj.mtly to be Jews i* ;* r'.sps
uo more than s historical coincidence. The loan
mongermg Jew* of Enrojie do only on a large and
more obnox om ahl what many ot/.. r* do on one
laWnaVaTMi U ** sigmficaut. But it ia ouiy becsuse
be JeWa or so ?trong that it ia timely and exped
''' ' - ani stigmatize their organisation.
Tht Atttioau/ Intelligenter, in ) New-Year s *er
monot aontc three or fi.ur columr.a. i* i^-nfe pa
Ihathl sod unetuiMi* on the suMect of nt*adi<rn de
g ?'racv Fx'rsvagar.ee, luxury, and <s*ta>nUtioO
Inertneing %t *> .ivrmng rah*. Th:?r? (an
t v -. baatf h> bo rieb Kcp'-**\-a ratb?r than
Chirac'** is sot)a^?t for. There are but tarnt traoaa,
if an y at all, of "tra-liMoruvl ronaemeQt;M "oil
"aave*'rsl dtgrufy;'' "opoo-band and trtaooriaj
he??pitaltt>;" "bland and genial manners;*
or ??domestic arul fireside virtues," which it *?*>?,
characterized M tfc. men of <*wr earlier national
"era" when The httllnjeucrr era* in quiet poaaeav
aion of thr? (?'ovonuneiit pirn!;If. Ho** them ia at)
such thing a* 'local attachment.' We hareiM
i ..'r- l 'nns and ha?e lo^t f?ir' r Kivra?ai
" miliv duality." a lem* wl ich haa lad ' to tbelowar.
" mg of pvTH-uai *sdf-re?poct," to ' th* i>bliteea.
"tion of general ru-touis and leoeJ habitude*,*
and, what i* worst of all, "hi an mpatience of
" iho*e whole**ajaj restraint* which form the die
?' cipliue of home and are the aureat bonds of th*
'?dornest;.' chaniie*." Gt >od-b res dng alao haa
vaniaked, and tho '-ethics of polities" hare nadtj
deteriorated. The instances of thi? d"terioratsM
sh:c!i T*r htrfHf necr tite* are che fierce?
ness Of modern i>< l.'ioal contests and tho
spirit Oj bllibii*tertiig Of lift among ?*, Rai
if The ln',lltgeuecr will turn back to its own file*,
aar from to 1P15, it will discover that area)
" the in. n of our earlier national era" did *ome
timea s?> rather hard things >f each other; and M
to fillibusfering, if it hn? no other mor ? serious hisv
tory at hand, let it look into Knickerbocker*.
NVw-Y.ik. and it will find that objevtiooabae,
practice going back to a very respectable an
tiquity, b.i^ hkj bOOJl freol) practiced two ceoturiet
and more a*ro by the trieaay Yuukces as against tha
quiet and slow-going Dutchmen of New-Nether
laud*, and from that day down to the present.
T' e:e eraa .ni i!!u*tr.itu ti very pat to its purpose,
which -tmehow our ootcmporar. hmt strangely
overlooked, !>? I the omission of which we will atip.
ply. Boar <ii>o* it happen that, ar! M treating ot*
the ?? ethics Of politics," The Intelltgr?c?r, broaght
up at th> feet of Thomas Jefferson, has not oao
wold to say on the subject of Domestic Slavery,
which. from being a blot and a c use, has beeu ooo
erted by the ethics of .Southern politics into a
lessing aud u glory I
All the other charges brought >} Hi Intrlltg.ncer
.gainst the present times, are but stereotyped com
monpluces reprinted Mu< out of mind by old borea
for the edification and reformat l0O of the fast young
ir.eu of the day. 1'pon this topic of Slavery, Tkt
Inttllgtnar might have been original as well as j
eloqne'it and adhortnterv, !? -:do having an et
cellent chance at indulging in it*%avonte clincher
of a qtt tatioti from Washington, aud yet not ooa
woidho* it to say. Is this silence, |H OJ roapect
fully ask, to be set down among the other proofs of
nn d. rn degeneracy '
John M. Hkkkh.n, late Senator fn>ra (??orgia,
who*e death i* announced in the Southern popart,
was one of those numerous from of \ ort he ni birth
w ho have been among the most stronuotta of Slavery
propagandist?-. He was a native of Pennsylvania
or New-Jersey, but emit/rated young to QsjOfgdj*,
where he rose to distinction as ti law yer and politi?
cian. He wan originally a broad onstruetionist,
the frieiid and partisan of Calhoun, aud lirst became
known to the coiintryMtt large as the Attoniey-Oen
eral ofOcneral Jackson's first Cabinet. When Jack?
son quarrelled with t'alhoun, Kerrien resigned and
U'came a uullifior. as Calhoun did. From being a
luillitier, he next beeiaao a Souihem Whig?one ot'
those recruit* to the Whig party of which the more
if g. t the weaker it grew, the different members of
it neutralizing each other and rendering any deci?
sive action impossible. Mr. Berrien was also a
??or) precise professor ol religion, paying tithe* of
mint and cumin, bet at the same time rinding
burdena for the shoulders of other men which ha
hiimeif would not touch with OM of his little,
fingers. He was at home in the Bible argument
:'. r Slruety, which he handled with particular
We t>>ek i tx n-it it n 4 long since to comment on
the multiplicity of presidential candidates. The
number, bow at or, is rapidly thiimhig out. Caaa
aud Douglas hate b?t i aunouiiccd that tu?y slwdt
not be candidate*. The competitiou li.r tho nomi?
nation of the Cinciimiti Convention seems likely
to bo narrowed down to Pierce, Wise and Bucha?
nan. Wise ha* made bis bid iu a .'.umber of letter*,
l>cgimiing with his famous epistle to the liest. Dr.
Adams of " South Side" notoriety, and winding up
with his letter to Dr. Stone, pitching into a Boston
committee for presuming to Invite him i Wise i to lec?
ture iu thnt city ou Slavery. To these document*
Pierce has replied in the tail to his message?a
draggling and heavy production, but of which the
evident infont is to make his kite rise. As Mr.
Buchanan is not yet in the held, we must decline
to commit ourselv es Absolutely, but as between
Pierce aud Wise, we think, that Ploreo is juati?
t utitled to the nomination. In bold and blustering
assertion, Wise doubtless takes the lead, but in the
matter of industrious, pertinacious and most delib?
erate fabrication of the facts of history, Pierce aa
decidedly ha* the advantage; and considering the
probable Constitution of the Cincinnati Convention,
tin so latter bids for the nomination ought to carry
It ia au excellent maxim?When yon hare nott
log to say, hold fgajg tongue. Our Secretary of
War is one of the last persona, whom we supposed
had ebrewdncsH aud caution enough to practice
upon it, and yet he has just afforded an admirable
instance of it. We iron waiting with mach
curiosity to see what reply he would make to the
attack on his Indian war policy implied in tha
report of the Secretary of the Int.-r.cr. Not bar?
ing anything to say, he says not a word except
that the war is suspended for the Winter, but ist?
be resumed in the Spr ng. We hope before voting
means to carry rt eat, Ctengrean will find out w hat
it is about.
The t rrernan's Journal argues from the recent
murder iu Connecticut that the common peopih*
orthr not to be allowed to r.-ad the Bible, or af
least only under the snpervisi<>u of an infaJlible ax
pounder of it. Ml;, it will be roeollected. mur
dered his vietim by knocking him down with*,
stick Of w itch-haitel and then cutting hi* throat witf.
n [Kjcket-knil*. What would be thought of aa
argument founded ou these facts in favor of exter?
minating all witch-hazel trees, uud af allowing no
man to carry a knife in his pocket except u iderthe
?n;>enisjon of a policemau t
The Herald of this city in its comments 0*1 the
PrOSJaVad * Message succeed* in killing two biras
with one atone. It denounces the closing part of
the Message aa a mere speech to Buncombe, a
pieee of mis. ruble trash stolen trom th - editortai
eoinmiis of The Herald. True enough, but aa littU
c-tr j bmc.nt.try to the l*re?idetit aa to The Herald.
It is stated we see by the correspondent ot Tkr
/ tvr:eg Poy, that the I^ident's Message wasia
t; pe ft* a mouth, during which it was dim: iiahed by
o;.?-third. U th?* lT*nJ .n: had ki'pt it another