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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, June 09, 1860, Image 4

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jrjsw~r UBLicA tions.
? M
HOPKINS* PURITANS.
a?irv FCirTAKB; Or ThB Cm'uca. Cnt.BT. Ar~ ?MM*
TH_.;4 er ir-tai^iD. ?><**'??? thb Ra.at? ?r Kdwab- V I
fisTiQaawa luuiiri. Ht ?Aarai. Il'.raiv? l>i Thre.
*?l.^? Ste Vols. I. and'll. ?Jo-Id k Liucoltt.
Tbe plan of this ambitious work, of which tw<
nf the three volume* of which it is to consist an
fcow ci*??pletod, npproftchcsthe extreme borders o
l?gitim?t?* historical composition. It ocenpiet i
gmd.lleground between the- profe-ssed ruinan.c 1
feisten, in which act redited fuel? BMJ made t
aot?e as the basis for fictitious reprtwntation, nn?
Die richly embellished nnrrativee of such writers n
Cariv Ie and Macnulay. The author hau evident)]
Biade a profound study of the period which he it
acribe?; he hns caught the spirit of the rouiarkabl?
ago which witnessed the birth of Puritanism in th?
English Church; he ose?, his authorities with crifi
enl sagacity; bnt not content with disposing of hi
fncte in n ?impie narrative, he aims at perpetua!
dramatic eflfeet by a s.-ries of art.li. ial groupings,
vu hi. h preserve the vividness and intensity ol
the stage, without itt illusion?. In spite of the
intrinsic e-dafejat??? of" the plan, we aie bound U
aay that Mr. HophlM has managed it with no little
ability, and Ihnt bis work thus far if marked kj
tjaalitifat which give a constant interest to its po
Tiisal, if the? do not place it iu tbe highoat rank o
?historical authorities.
As l specimen of his skill in delineation, we ma}
Jtreat-ut the ic ?lowing
ItlltTRAlT OK QITRRI K1.I7.ABKTI1.
El?abetb was now in Ott il : est blush of woman hood?
}r_?t t-utcrcd \x\hju her twenty ?a?ill year. Her com
?il-.'xi'iii and hair wera light; her foiv'.u-hd IsMM ?1>
air; Lcr eyes livelv and of a pleasing expression
ihougb aht.Tt-fflK.ited; her nose, ajinewhat B0_aillne
her lace. wanting in the regularities of complet?
hesiuiy, yet oval and perfectly fair, and her counte?
nance bo bright as covered smaller dataen; her Mil
tir?*, tall; bor figure, sl-nder, erect, and symmetric?!
Tothetto fuTorts, nnture - ar rather berOW? prim-el;
?ijriril?liatl eupentihhd the crow hiiik dun in of iiaerene
nujtetic grace in all her movement?, lu cverythin,
ehe riiid or did, thia majestic air inspired avvo ntfe?
than love; yet ahe conld assume m fns-iniitini? manuoi
which few could rvniitt ; ami her MMaRMnnRI ?west
ii? ? wer?- eo mMMMi thnt ?ill admired l?> 1.
Her? ia an effective description ot a celebrates
?oeiie at
I'.AK'lllOl.llMliW 's l'Vllt.
Oerb?*nwell Ore?*n was, a famous pean for merry di
luga. ThKt old church and th'me old elms hud wit
neased rare and roistering pastimes years and years be?
fore. Queen Elizabtth was born, or hlutf Harry, hei
aire. Many n gallant and manv a merry maid', now
chnicli-yiiradiiit, liad ex. hanged looks, aud whispers
and trrje-love tokens, al the fairs of I'lerkenwell; and
no bad I.??? and ladies, princes and princesses?dnsl
B?,w, M well M hnnihler hivers. Manv a parish ch-rlt
Of laondon in bygone yearn had pin::s!y tnrncd tt i-'??
|>bivi-r there MM Btwelv.-iii'Uith; playing whole En
ter?erniiit ol lb" llihh*, witii divers artistic einenda'iont
and th? deril for ineirv-andiew; revivitviiig Shu?soi.
and Delilah, Duvid and (?-ilia'i, gnlonm aud tlu
(L>ue?n of ?Suelta, ('.m.pared with the a-tore of UM
rnneveeiilh ceniiiry, th.-y of the fourteenth were An
akim. At their entertainments, the reign of a sin^lf
ka.g waa but a tit-hit; and the playing of a ringle day,
bul ?it- whetter of the appetite." 'I hey M?d t-. phi?
?ut generate iisj after generations for a play of two oi
tli re?-da y a long-, mid with kings und ipii-.-ns to hint
then?, too, and t? hettr th.- u through. Witness th?
record of their datan in .lulv, ISM. That was a small
I'hiy, though; fur iiiiieteeit year? afli-r, at Skinner'?
V ? tt, baidl.y, they played a" play eight days long, t<
Tapibeareta, nohle and igunble, in which they drama
t i lived the whole ni??tory ot the woildtruin the creatioi
to Urn year of grate 1-10'. I'lasera vcre ahtyen i;
tJif+e. days. Many a Popish pri?-st, too -until lorbld
den hy royal proclamation in 1549?had turned phtyei
to netnane ne Beannnna nal bring ?t into con
tempt wiih ibe people.
ClerkiiiwtU Qram MM still the pl?ce of places M
ahows and fun for h?ve-m:iking and money-iaaking. i'
Qtana Klizabctli's day. No one could rc-i?-m'icr w bei
Uai-tboloiuewa fair did not In 'in th.ro on St. Bnrthc
lome wV dav; and no one rouli MnMBhMWhM th
tV'iiiga on the fair's first .lay?archery, viiulting, vvr?-?
ling, morri.-dani-ing, and l,?-?ir-',_it:'ig v?????.? not ?vi!
liiTeed hy the Loed Mayor and AlU-rttieti of I,?tt?1 ?-.
by lonih ?ml by ladies, and by the embas-adora fioi
for. jga coiiitii.
ll whs. therefor?-, bul a inalU-r of eouree, thai thai
aVaauB?rieawt-ra iberewhen ihe fuir apeaied on th
Stth of Angrti-t, leant IMndnne srnlh r: -s. ?vh.-nr
the? .wild have foil WOW SO*nil to?I iwased, an?! whi
nt ie Imiig with wrtatl.8 aud h-stoo'i? ot Inn ,,i,
gh-d with evergreene, had l^-en erected for then
n?t the ehiir.-h -wall; whil? tl-,c re .p.-cia'de com
n" iiem were provided wth rude forms convenient);
arrnrged jn?t rwncnth the. gallerica. Mtttf BildMMi
hud mercers, juggler?, Jew?, and loeheya, lackeys
l.g),i-o hearts,.-n.d hal lover?, lnili-d.i-'rt ht-.trs, am
liii.wtiv v acma a, bad ht m bnm n ban rhr.-e henm m
n.ore, when, just as a maimed wristler was b'.rn?
M. < ding tr? n, 11,.? ground, trade and m? rrinn nt w? r?
niT??i?d bv 11,, long blaal ot ? bngla, and .,11 ayta
turned toward the c? nt.r of tin- MMM.
(hie mini Itead there ?don?-, plainly tin ?a.-d in BMsel
and hoe?-, a dagger in his _ird!i, a sprig of h ,!lv in hii
g up, a horninr tor? h in blshnod, aad a pile 01 bdleti
h, ri lnr/?e famsolaby bis ?de. A? the bnglar wouu
Lii laut note, the grcal BOM ti the chi'.ri h, befen whid
h.-.d just gathered u ?laity ol horsi-men, waa tbrowi
C|?en, and give paaBBM t?? some ii/rt_v or liftv well
drtatsfd l'iir?j|ier?, em I. he'eii ?vith ihe ^??oilB of i'op'-ry
fitripp?.! fr. .in ih.? . I in-, hand from neighboring emtpebi
a'TiiMB, and emmnM- A? they made their apenarmam
hiitlmov.d under??,.in .if the cavaliers? ?ill vvearin?
t'hdge? of livin?? ?.t,?-' -th.- ?vliole multitude gave I
fs-aiiinafeonl o? web-nme. The tofra-bmirei lighted
he pile; and whilo tli, i)-,.t- ? coa-.u.i.-vioni rs and
tUi'-V who hoi-e the trophies w? n- MMMg the short in
?U-r-\.' nir ?_- (?pact-, it had come lo bl?i*s< and crackle
Uieuily. A? o:t? h hiirgher re i?hed the fire, he t aei his
bmd.i' I-Si?).- it, Mth? people l-ioking on wi'ii gr?at
W'-ii''' and glee. Ihe f lS?BliiSMi, if we may M
call I ?luring tin.- patftjsnaan Went throagjh n va?
riety-i.i ; antomime, expresaive of di.-?gu?t, horror, con?
ten.) ? .,'date, tor tin olijocts thrown at his feet. It
Viist; Otley pile, and, ira imt-nt-n?f.-ring. B stra;.^.;
en-; ' .l'?es, ?hrilie-;-..ve-llii:i,, Irimlals, ii.'N of vv-, v,
anima ??ig ami little, fnaaj?euta of altars, ropisb l?o;iks,
a?t?: [ilii-t- , and copee, butinera, altar-t-loihs. rood-cloths,
a.,?! ciu.itixe?. Tbe BolitaryM?dal rtovroommem-ed
hi? tai?k, tnkii.'g the nr?l? objecte from the pile and
tbruwiug them one by one anon the llames, with the
?BBB? VHiietv of gTiuiHOes and i OMorttOM With which
lit- had received Ihum, At each immolation the pe-mlu
nl.onte?! ; hot they seem.-d to bare a e??-?-iitl anupttlhj
t<> the K.,('?JB^inia?/<-B of fjhrnt on Ihe ? rom tritt. Mary
and Jfihr MnMns/n* ?for whenever one of these was
thrown njHiii the ?MB their ?hunts w?re mdoeMsd and
prolonge? Such wan the first burning of I'opish r.
Iiia by ihe Out-en's eouiuisaiouera, ia olas???.-no? to tLc
twenty-third aitii le of her injunctiona; " makingatone
ineut, He it were, for the umny holy men and holy \v<
nieii that WM? not long Ik ton roanted to d?-nth there.'
Jluruig the whole. "?a;h w.-n- the shout inga and up
plHtiae of tin- vulgar sort, un if it had boon the Backing
of some hoetile city."
The following passage illustrates the teudency
of the aulhor to combine high-wrought repr?senla
tion with a v.-in of moral reflection.
PmMR 'he hour of this UoOSaVeM n-vtir.'-i upon a
nriMthoad eo lately oaMrialing at hu
reveisge M keenly relifch. ?1 hv nn outruged p.-i?jile?let
lia turn our attention to the brilliant aascmhlige ia ti,,
rilleriie. Among theta w;u? MM rcmarka'.le 1 ir
aliandsome person, his mi,j?r!i, ?n.-in, a.id his g a ,?
ful maiiners. lie seemed to be al>out twenty-five years
of age. He was looking at the burr.ing with a listless
lir, ?trikinglv in contia-t with that <>f his coiiipan'??ns.
A u.iiivtive piiiiue bent from his cap of anibl'Mileilal ve!
tet, to wbi?h it wa? l.iit'on.d by it single niagnitict-nt
ilniniond. I "pon his sh'iuhl.-r-, and als" fii-*.?!i?'l by a
brilliiint. hiinjr loosely a riding-dolk of silk iih.?uo?t;v
idently more for ornament than use, and bv no m-ai?
i-oocealn.g the rich dr<~?? beeoming a ronrtnr. He
?aror?? at hit aide ? light sword and a diminutive dag 'rr.
Ihiiiiig ihe whole morning he had been overwhelmed
nrth attention?, by tboae around him. The la li-s Wer
rivaL? lor In? notice; and not one of them had ad .
himwiUioutthe reward ol H smile so expressive, and
word* ?) delicately Pattering, as to rain commotion a;
lier lu-art. Hut now, a? if wt?ried with g.Uhintry, he
Lad risen from hia seat, and wan leaning MrsiMstj
against the rear of the gM?ery, or, more stri? tly ap?*i
ing, the wall of the church. .S,jdd?-|,|v |,a, e_8 turn,?.
frvm that which was engroneiug all other?, and after
looking briefly but intently ?t aormj object which had
tWtxacte? his attention, be glided a step or two toward
the open window which eerved as a dff,r t?, the gal?
lery, win re si'iod a iixttu evidently ot the Bnatry
though in unpretending attire. The btUei iimtuntlv,
?nd somewhat obaequiouslv advaueed.
*? Varney!" whWi??i the courtier, "my hear
yenrnetb toward one here.' '
Unter Vanm?v howud, and turned a vivid look of
ineniry toward the coti-rie o? ladies.
?' >ay, nay, my b*i.vt g?>?il-wk!'' nid the ether,
" the qiiHiTy is not there. Turn thine eye out of doe
man. Post see yon booth wHb the tapster's lure swtn
in*, over it a pint? bush?1'
'' Yes, mv lord ! '
*' It were" fit, I w?-en, that sortie devront man, lil
Kit-hard Vaniey, (lentlenian. did sUt-nd in the way ov
ngnii.si it, to warn the simple and unwary to bewa
butt and pralle POtl" and he looked with a mock gra
itv ?it his maaiia , , ,, ,
" Abi.k, aWk, my lord! Bas'iMn-v; baahfnlae?
Itl-e nv f.-ol'a fitter, my hands gyve, my ItMgM
pal v. niv fortune'.? ban?-', my amkiuon't luftbtmaro
raving tinlv in your Ictrdahip'Beefvlae, wherein, m
thinks, I be norci.pple nor lajfi-.t'-el.
" Now out upon the, for one ol nature's contradi
Hona I a mute babbler! a bashful braggart I The
would-! be ri godaeiit! toa ?bowman ut a gnml a nigh
But loi nor thine eloquence nor mine is needful yo'
e'er. Wat tkia peoaent, Varaey, are bofet?ate]led. Ti
tWO in fOWa and cap in the vevv's shade are more v
liant exhorten? than we, an I lie not at faul?, lu in
thinking, they muet bave tbe odor of saaetity, for tin
wear tas trae aepscl of Qcnpe?eta. Now, sir Dil
dence, thou canst buiyIv devine somo t uniting abift i
find them out; who?whence??and no forth,
tell th.ee my heart vennie'li toward them; most b
ward th? ancient one. in whose fera ine-t'-iiak?? I si
BoaneUi?in not anfaniflfatr. An he ht a Qoapoller,
c.i.ct neu me to know it. for he hath no le? the 1 ???
of a man of stamp and niolii, thun of years hhiI ir ?.11
neite. Mink his lorm-wan and ?lender, albeit stiuigi
BBanraedB?BB'a ahasftl And trknta bm-*l Tkra
s? ore j ear.? and ten there, bat there be maiiboodyi
by my haHdon ! I would solute Bock en Ban in aaatb
/' ni! Haiten, -fcotl Vnrnev!'
Tim **S*raira performed bis errand with idacrity ; bu
f-.r modesty's nuke, by proxy. Hit' report, boweve
t-ii:- cut eb'ort afanOOl it' tbe tir?t Word, for tho ?* illOl
lord wan appealed la at ran instant in a hotdisr-u s ??
tWeeo a court bean and a court belle, whether t!
cmalaa of two lines on the jialin of Bee beautiful hat:
cud betoken her of the- aVrau_I religion or no. Hefot
tbih grave question could bo n-ttb'd, the burning Up
the erren was over; the people wen? n-siiniing the
paatunee: and tbe < .?inpauy in ?ie galleriea were in h
the bustle of dapailaiti
Their ctwalchd-, brilliant with beauty and rich a
ray. was soon in motion, and took leave?the lailii
mounted UjH.ii t?hl?--Bail.ile??amid the BUaUBS "f tl
rustic multiluili*. but rank muet pay its 088?1?081 ai
tl:e y were colihlrained, lin they BBBM lu'iue ItiroilU
Cbeanside, to afford their prraenec at two other "grot
fires in tK? street? one Hgaiunt Ironmonger Lane, a:
the other agaim-t Mercers Chanel?-" wbereiu wei
thrown a Kreat nuuiber of roods wiiii the itnagea (
.lohn and Marv, und ihe res-nublan?eri o? diver? otln
raiota."
but St. Bailknloan W*8 fe?tival did not end with th
day. Nor did the lif-hi; for no sooner had tho su
gone down, than the ciiv waa bright vv'uh a tboii-tau
lires. Lighted at irregular interval-, alongthe ?tre.-i.
throwing a flickering glare here, ( aetini* deep ?binl in
then-, Hliootnit- up win y pillars of smoke, which slow I
lose, expanded, Bad BSSBBSiaaled till they became
i uiii'py. they creaied anoxriting pictuie of wild an
animated contri??la. Y11 tin- cliielfn0?1*8*4 of the seen
waa keaeatki in the vnstnera, Ike ssnging. the on
netaal re4ee, ofthat Btnaai oi human lile wasch addle
?dor,g the Streets, lain not sure that there WB8 I
?K'liietbil'K there Which the Eye to vvlif.til da*?B88B an
light are both alike HinilcJ ui?.n and blessed. Ther
WaaBJOOd cheer there, of 8808?I and drink?, upon th
8'-i rt-fi of labl? which encircled every lire; but I d
net mean that. There wan 008"?BI ?reeling there ht
tvvt-n neighbor und aeighboral ordaarytnaaeaaat
floor stranger?; but I du not awaa that. Tin-re wa
lar*re-beart'-d gviie-lo-ity there, which met ever
paeser-hy, known or ank?own. gentle or e?aale, le ?i
tlotl ug or in ram. fall or I'ami?hing, and led him wit:
heart and courtesy to fellowship at its own board o
repart, telling him to sit there and be merry, t<> m
tti? re and piaiae God; but I do not menu that. Then
wus a Iarger, nobler BSiaafoB going on; for here am
th? re you mighi have BOea two men ?it kilter leu?
sought out. and brought together by osediators, who in
quired and reasoned and explained and plsadad, BBi
vroald not Man importunity, or restrain tears, ulii
the-two bad embraced, aa! down tonal and drink to
?.-ether, e*echiiiige.l fiagitanara, ami paitad eovanaa
tri.r.di?ndeiineU tr.uii a hitter eUtBU, It was thu
| Btissioa <7 m??itfiiii'ii'n?a n.-s-io'i earriedoatha
idgbt through the length ami breadth of the city, a mis
fdootatke likeness and epirit of tb-,.1 which mule mi
I gelsxingat beinh hem ? which I think (?od did BB?I
I BOOB tb.-iv, and after tewa'd in heaven.
s .iiwi-ie iheeattoaai wbk hag age la good Ok
England, oa the dora ot f-ntival Bays.
Incidentally, we are treated to a bit of anti
quartan nr philolce/icnl research, which usual!?
e|.-'i,ki- well for tbe critical vigila?BO <-* tue author
Thus:
ON OOACRBS.
There is a paragraph in lluiue which may proper!
l.c BOtlmd in lb? connection. Ile un. va: " About 1..M
the ne.- of coat bee was introdnceil l.y the Kurl of Am:
del. before lb at time, 'he Oaeen. on puUk OCC -.-':?,n
rode bebind her Chambesrisun. (Vol. III.-Go. Appei
dix III.) 1 bis in ite c. .un.', lion MB?M t" Ignota ilit- US
ef sido-eaddbn 8iow leiin as thai rieln.*- apea Mil?
saiiiilte naainttodaoad byluchar.l II. upon oceaaion .
biamaitiaga in 13?2. (Bui ley ol London, 193.) 1? i'.v, ??
I BBVS(p. Of) thai the (/iiee-n went, to the l'.irlium.-i,i
llimt-e in lik>v~<, "on bor-buck, ? lit tie heldad th
Lord Chamberlain;" an eiranasioa eritboal Iheambl
gnity of that of Hun..-. Nine >e;u- t fort 1590, ih.
QtBSaa rodn to l'iirliiinient ?n bel ci a !i. (D'Bwea, 136.
1 have another oojoetia ken eBiag Uaiae, Tba
" ?ie une of eoaebei was ?rtrodoesd by the Y.:i:\ o
A un.tit I ai-oiii 1581," io not only an error, bu' 1 t?ml
it apa?ara kew Anaeraon. iingnlaii**enMigk,fel] int.
it. irlnme refer?, to Anderson for nii authority; an?
Anderson indeed Bin? eo.i Tbe Kurl of Aruiidel diet
in I.?-?!, at tin- advaaeed alge of aixty-nins yuan. Cam
(bu records bis death, under that enta, la hie text, oi
naga886; where, m use stncrtn, orathe neeis, " Th?
death of the Karl of Arundel, who firs', br nigbl tbi
BBB of i oaeiies into Kiii*hind." And'-rson ba.a piobably
liimakeii a marginal note which points kneowordut
etii'in-.' h fat t of ISBO] und ll'iuie lias folio *,.-d bin tot
trustfully, l.ingiird Bsiareada Osandaa'a aale in tht
ranif rtran>-e way: and. what is moro fiiigulur, rc-tog
lilies it ii< a note | Vol. VI i. M), nt.tei.
B(OW, Who livt-l in Llizabeth s eiay. and to v, bom
Huara often refero, raya: "la the year 1564, OuUliaui
11. ?mi ii, a Putchiiiuii. became the Queen'i ooncboian,
an(I war- 'be fiiet that l.rouirbt the use of Ooaob? Uito
England." (Aaaala,867,86B.I Prohaoly trundol iat-o
d.i. ,'i I., ih (be Dtiit liman ana the Oonsn.
The cbiuiot, or whirl;...;., ,v;? a .lib,.,!, rehici ;
Band both by Bliaabolk (Btiypo's annals, 1. -I--*. in.
folio edit. 273) und hv her sister M'irv (Btrype'a M-im>
iialf.. V. 49B, SOB, folio edit, 304). 'it-.c,.'- anaadenl
carnage. (Bton e Bnrvuy, 13L ?tLj
EUsabeth probably waatto her lir-i Parliti?ent in
he* barge, though I find aoreoord cfil to the seca-md,
m l.if-u.'-.?. oa horseback, aa above Btated. Tbe) I'nrliu
?:,, ut ol loti!, w;:? ttie earn, i.e lhil ot I ,o_' .. OfSMMBftM,
it niiHiid btituiicsH witliout tue nit Tirlaano ol tbe
(/in -n in j.?eie(.!.. Tlie fire', time, iher.-l-.i.-. t!ial tbe
op. nid a P?o-lian tut after 1564, aha went to the House
"in the ancient accustomed and mow baaomble jm-?
BBgO, und m In r coach. (D'Kwea, 136.) It ia singu?
lar that Hu?: c ehiuild kavo overlooked, or rather by
imptkation eotitrad? ted, a f..-1 which D'Kwes ?..?- . ...
spienonsly noii.-i d.
Boon rnne after tbe mack eaaraiato aas.te aom"
raaan "??? aruae aprejadice against tej uud th qnee
iio:? v.: i : ..:, "Wnetnerthe devil kruogbi - ?
into I ?'.... ? . ?.t> h, or brought a (??<.?? '. in a f.i or
? - ?>. 'Knight - London I. " ?. I In 11 01
-No.. ., a bill vim. ti-oughi into the lloiiee of Lot-da t.?
r? ret??m the axeaaaive um- oi coaekeej was read ttic a , ?
t'lidume, and r jia ted. II? Kvvea, Ml.'.J
And a sa in:
o\ nil WORD IMI".
A tract was published by a Puritan nnmed .John
Btakkee on the Freaak prapoeala la 1 llizabeth for
inarntj^?', eont*?ning the following words:
" Tbia man it a non of Mctir . II., wkoas familv. ever
since? he marri.-d nith Cat?arme of Italy, is iatal, as
it arare, to rat?B Ike Ooepel, and bav?- been averi naa
aftei other, a.t a Domiiian after a Ner., B8 B Irajan
at'er 1) "initian. iind ae a Juliiiu after Tr.i?.ni. Her>* w,
therefore, an nup of the Crown of France tu marry
wiiii th?- crowned nymph "1 England.
Ir. J..iig..rti raya (Vlll. l?l t_u Btubhra "d
??ciibed the BHUriage aa on impioua and sacrilegioaa
union between a ciani/htcr of Bod und a sou "t tie?
devil." Beaaosss t-> infer to tho piie>a?-e which I have
Onotod. If he doea, 1 urn at a loea t" km.iv wbut be
ii.-nun by ..ueh a r.-preN'iitiiti"ii. The arofd "imp
origiuallv si;*nitied In graft ? and BeioilS, or twi?? lit
for nafttng wen- called " aupo,"
Tins, in "Ihe Abbot, ' by Mr Walter geott, rlon
ofCk. Will.: "Cou,e to aid BM in my g.ir.len, ami
I will bach thee th.- r?nl Fi'-nch faehion of imping,
vvbii h the Southroa call grafting."
A ?a in, in Sbakisjt -are I King Kiel? rd II., Act II.
aleee of leeae Li
" If <h-n ? c ?hall ?hake off our ?ItvUli ?ok?,
imp out O'jrdioopuii;, oiintrt'.i.fuke i win;.'' bo ;?
which Btovena explaina tkaai " When Ike a htg-featb
e-r? ..f a l.awk wen diapped, or forced oat br aet?dVot,
it ^*.a^ iihUul to suppi; uh BBBB"" as were d> ti'-itlil. 'l'hit
opasation waae-alledto imp u hawk."
In EKsobeth's dav it bad a aecondary or figurative
mcuning; den'itmg? b"j?-ful youth on the i re of pub?
erty, ho Chaucer, and other Badend Kngiish poet?.
Tbu? Jameaof iScotLind in his boyhood, Was deocribed
by one of hi? oivn I vitl Bald?ete aa " I'h-ir chief
earthly jewel, tbe goodly young imp tb.ir king.
Hi. df/e, II. 800: Aleyn to the Lord B-bop of Carbsle,
nnvuaibM, IfiTell So I-ord t.'romw. II. in bia 1 u4 let*
l?r toBenry VIII., prava fortl.n kt ton, Io,
also, tra Uud tbe expression, '? god/j P f
imp," iu Fox's "Ad? and Movements," IT., p. 19t
fol. edit., If**!. The word la also nwd In the same
fttnre in " l/ov.? ? I?al>or I/Ost," AM I., Seen?? II.:
" Ahmapo. ft y, vtliat algii la It wIm-ii b maa of great ipirit
.MUM llM'lai flu l/I
Ilioi ?. A trieai ?l~, Sir. that lie will |fw>k nd
Aim V\ hy, ??line?? I? one aud the selfsame lliinr. de.ir imp.'
< MM more. In the lnv.?-ati?jn whi.-h Spenser has
or? li.vid to hit " Ka.rie l^neene," S an/, i III.
" And tin?n, Most itread.M ?air?? ?f l,l?lie?t love,
rairr V ?nu?' ?untie, th t it Uli Uij cruel! dart," Ilc.
Therefore Stubbes, instead of calling the Duke "it
?ton of the devil,'' as I.ingnrd say?, only dcnignat'-l
him us a Se?sw "f the Crown of France. Kveii a MM
mon I i rl ,-ii I?ictionary would imve taught the Catho?
de b?torta? this; it being atipi>o?ed that the Knglish
hi' lit-mtries are us lull and explicit as the American in
lb? ir .I.Tmiiion? ot t1'?- lli.glinh vim ?t)iiil?try.
li is morlern naage which has consigned the word to
Salmi, M ?lor-i>riiHtiii*?T the younger i_emi?-ra of hi*
laiiiily. Mr. Lodga (Ibid., iiot.-i thinks that the word
wu? used m ii bad s?-use by the Bari of Shrewsbury in
li? l?ll?r of .November 1, I5N?, on page M>. He WM
i;t ."ais with his ConntrM, to bann; mi daneoalls
hi r i-hildn-ii " her imp?." It til that he used the Word
"as a tenu of repruuch," or that it was e'er so uaed
at m curly B tlnle, admit? of ?picr-limi.
Tl ia aaannathn h aottanlv da? to mrm] Dr. f,in
pird, but is tie. csssrv to MnantB?d rigidly tb?MM?
in which the word ia nsi-.l in qiiotiition?? from IhfMM oi
the day on previous pages of this work.
iVe ought to tiotie.? the excellent typo?r.*iphy of
these volumes, which an* among tbe tuoet credit?
able productiona of the American prese.
THF. CV.NTOAI, OOLD IROIOR Il y vVh.ham Oiwm,
late .1 tb? I . 8 Army, tvu. pp. l.M '_ovrrr. tiaxnoi k Co.
The author of this volume? ia an enthusiastic ex?
pounder of the capabilities of the western portion
of this continent as rt grain, gold, ttiid pastoral r??
gion. He sets forth his views with such utidii'?
vehemence of expreaaion as naturally to put th?
reader on his guard against extravagance and illu?
sion. (Jluiinnig tlit* right to be henrd, from a re?i
dance of twenty years in the wilderness, and in
the niidst of tin? pioneers who are clearing the
track of empire, he announces a u.-w order of in?
dustry and inat.'rial development on n acale of the
i'rindest dimen.doi s. Among the p.iints for which
he contends are: that the theory mi vast deserts,
and uninhabitable regions between Kansas and
Cal fot?M 11 wholly without foundation; that Um
G i eat Phi?! are the laeat grazing laude on eartii,
producing a natural hay, arid supportiug millions
oi wild cattle, without shelter, throughout the
year; that the immense region lying between the
Entera Cordilleras and the liifnillifpt has a cli?
mate and soil capable of siip|?orfiiig ?md t-nrii'hiiig
the lni.st der.*"C population in the world: and that
gold and ol her precious metals esist in neanoM
vet unoccupied, in quantities surpassing belief.
We .-?.trait ail descript ion ol tin*
r\sTnit.vi. it m,ihn.
There isa nidi?-? MMMpreheMJOB in Ih? B -|-'i! ir
min.i as t.. the truc i ham it r of the ''Ornat nans of
An.? riiu," ?u-complete m that which rmrvnded Europe
r. ?*p?TftilTg the Ath.nitkOeenn during tne whole histori?
i?.! prtoi? t..("oli.n.bus. Tin m Plais ?,r<- sol ??'???? >'?,
dut ! he .,] p..-?:tt-. BO I arc the <arda??I basi., of th<* fu
tint t mpiic of comment- and iudu.iiry now t-r.-i-ting ii
aaif upon the North Aineri-aii C"!iiiu"ut. They ar,
liih-aiious. ?ad lorn Ibe Pastoral Oabdbji of the
world. Their peaitaon andnna may be easily ander?
?'??id. The meridian line which terminatee the States
?.?' lenntana ?irbanana, MbnMjri. and Iowa on the
west, forms their eaatera limit, and the li'" ky Moas?
lain ereM ii.eir w.st'in limit. Between time limi's
ihey ??, tupy a lons?tnd?al parttOeUnram of lento?a
I 000 milch' in width, extending from the Tt-j.au to tlm
Aretk co:_-t.
Thesehne timber upon them, anI single in?- IN
Tl,. y havre a gentle slope tt an the wnM In the
MM i nd ajanad in lit?is. They ar.? "lad thick With
untritious enMM,ibd iWoVrnwlth annual life. Th?
Mt.il is not ?ilitious or sandy bol ?s a ImetJcnrnoni
Bii'ld. Thai run ?n.o,,;hly ont to the navigable, river.,,
the Misaovu?, MLanaaippi, and St. laaiwae. and ;-? the
Texan ioa?l. The mouiit.iiu BMMM tovtaid (he Pa il'u;
f-iui no serions barrier batwaam tliem and that em BV
No portionof their whole sweep of ?urla ??? ia MOM
i; an 1,1*00 miles inn the beat imvigaiioa, Th?st*n>
t?.?! is every w h.-ie f'.-mlv nodubtling and gnu fat, be
it g I ?.mid.it, i,s on I tic ocean, bv tie Icnzia. .Siorni |
a it- ran, except dnring the amftiafj ot the n-\ ?wa a, ou
lin- curt i I tin- Ro? k? >l"'llit line. Tbe ? Ilinitt.? ii,.?i,i
p-.la'ively ru-a?'" . ihe livTa BeTVe, lia?' Ih- Nil?-, !?.
i.- rather than drain the neighboring !
have few affluents. Tbeyall run from wet? loeaM,
having beds al all.?w and bnad, and tbe been i thn igb
wbicb ibey flow an Oat, bmg, nod mtrrew. The mm
of the "Greet Piabas" ?a eejuivnl ?? Mribea of
II i ?-??? i.-y f. nr Btatn between II ? Mbadniptrl and tbe
AUantb s? a, l ut ib? y ara mm boomgem.i mmatraa,
tnmoth, uiiiform. and eontinuona, wiihool i single ab?
i iipt ii;i"'ntaiii. u?it? red m i.,., des? rt, or I ik-?. From
tl ait ample dimensions and position Ihey define then?
selves to l?e the pattnrt'Jtrtdt of the trartd. Upon
than I-A-T'l:\! I'iltl? lf.ll II? will !.!:;?? u -.-?laia'.i
grand depvtmenl ol naiional utdmlry.
Ihe pastoral. hnrut t.-ri-tit, being novel M on ,
jile, aeeda a minnie explanntion. i'i ti
."litiiiu,' from the Atlantic II. a. h to the Booth P -?.
il, point "t gr?-at'--t ahitad? and remotetn nfrma ;li"
sea. we ci-"?* gn.?'-s-iv? iv ibe timbered region, the
prairie region of softaotl d '?? ? ? mnnnlgrnmee, and
iii.idly the Qrent I'laiu-. The two lirai are irrigated
by the raba eoming from Ihe MB, and are arable, "he
?rt li r in'??-.? of i eenronet soil, reantimlhe plow,
and i . tben lore, ?union''. Tbe betbnge u poeoliariy
adaptrdto the riiman and thedrynenof tbeaoiln-d
obere, and in perennhtL It ia edible andnntri?
r, ii'!,,? ,t the ymtr, Tbbia the "gram
? l-nlla!-' ?ji-.sr. ' It cover- th? nnand OB? i'ic'i M
bight, hill the ap|-arance of ?t d.-le ate BMBB, and its
I ? I,. the fitem ? and piral laitareof a negru'i
'? i mrMni Tfthf rntrri in the Jntnenn
n-"in.lain inmates Bl the Ick of the Greet I'laiu?. ihe
riven nreil lihe Ihe Nd'- ?md yield 11 tphm erapota*
tio-i in th.-ir Img sinuoiH mm? ii<r"?s the Pnbn:
atnTm < l.'tiiL nithtf tn the ?'iiiiiiii!?. roll down ti..
n., in.!;,in lanas, and dntcluuge Ihenaelvn la vernal
abonera. Dnrltigttdatempmary ptatalnian ,'
al ospbere tben deUeate graaaea now, aead in the
root, and err rarml inmt kaa apon the wrannihy the
yieilually it-turning drouth. It i? in thi? hHigitodinaJ
belt of pi r? -Mu! paattrra npon which the hu?l-ilo tlmls
)?-... a/, i food, dwelling upon ii witboe? mgard to l;r
Itnde, a',d ban are ibe infinite herds of ubo -i ,,;,,,/, it
li" parnliai to North Anmrkn?bnahlo, wild beeaaa,
? I? antelope, white and blafh-tniltd ttrrr mountain
?I - ? j', ihegradv bear. wolv. -. the bait. bai?pn ivnriu
p?e, and Bionller .- -'iin-a-ra1 ie. fiat aggre?
gate namber of this cattl.-, by ??;,I.-nl.iij,.?i from oonnd
data, eaeaedi one bntdnd naillkm. No aanaal Ina
?'?i, aweenever tbeOrem Phthn; than are eonflned
I' ?ion.
The i.r-at rhtiii- id?o svtvirm with nonllii' lha
turki v iii.- mountain cock, the prairie anal, the s.n,!
:, :i mine,thi ttnrhrw' water-fowl oi every vari.-v.
It'Dattmi, g"<. -a-, brant, ou. k?; n?ar.; ?, thi . r,i lie I M,,,
i!,. ],-. ?.ry. r.-ptiles. the boned frog: birds of pr. v.
? ??'.:? ea, v iii?ir? s. t'n-nivi-n.aiid the ?mall birdeofaanm
i.i.'l long, I be ?treiuns aboand in ti?h. Dogl and a?*mi
woh m abound. The imnnme population of noamdk
I: i..:i s, la!? h a million in annber, have, tioai utime
n oria 1 autiqntty, nlMMted ? \, Inaively upon the.??- abo?
rtginal I?.-id-, l,.-in" nnacquainti-d vvith'aav kind of .iirri
i abure, ?.r the hahitu? bm of vegetable food or fruits.
Prom I?Ja h,urce the Indian draws . x> lusiv.-lv hi?
ft,?,?!, his lodge, his fuel, harness, clothing, bed, hia or
Banenta, WMpons,and ut.-'.?;;!?. Il.-re is btaaow da
pendenM Iron the beg?aing M thi end ..i hlatiiat
? i?. 'I ! -? ?mu?era? !?? ?-? uvorona an?aMMtnln sab?
?si?i upon lln-in. The hiillulo aloi.e have BISMarad to
n?>? ;.? unn ro n a?, ihe Aim-rii an people, ana i?? Inhnbil
m __?brnly m bug? a fpBM of ?n\ntry. Theboflltlo
nient ome ?ui/ge-is his adaptability to a winter ?li
lll.-ill-.
II. I.nal I'l.-.iiis embrace a \.n -i;.ij'?? MinottMB
ofaroUt s -f tor furms. The "b aj ?am ol lha riven
in. v.-rv In?. I Bnd level, having only a f.-w in. he? oi
.-I?-? aiii n abore the wau-rs, whi'h d?acend bv a rapid
andern .-iirr.nt. 'lh.-ymay b? ?a-ily and c!i..;'y
saturated bj all the various .ayt*!i!S of artiti, Lil iitiga.
lion, as. qua a?, arteann treib, or lloodmg l.v ma
.hii't-rv. Inder thi.? trentnenl the soil?, being alluvial
and , al, ar??,u?, both from tbe ?nlphate end rarboaatf
Ulna ill ban, return B prodigioM yield, and arc independ?
ent of lha sen?ana, Bvery variety of irraio, gitnt,
vegetable, Ibe gra| s and fruit?, tlax, benp, eotton, ana
the tlom. under it perpetual MB, MM irn?;al.-<l at lia
root, attain ?-xtraonlinary vigor, lir.?u, and banRty,
FhaOrn? PniM ihoaad lofnel.nnd ?he inai.-nali
I ,r.!-.-. ?-Il'i??.'- and feoelng. Bitomftitnaetml meeiary?
B here int. ivtratificd with ti.e MMWl -?us ?md ?HaVlea?
bun Man* " at a!?.? ahandant la ihn aaaha .-t 'ie
mo'iniains. ; nd i? avi ryn bei s ? -ir enien?y a?-, aanble.
The dlllig of the bnflalo I? -cafleied c\ el V v. h'T'-. 'I M
o?d. i of v.getable growth iK?iig rev?-rs.il by the aridity
<d theatii...?phai't-, what ?b .w ?lane ?i? Ih? mereet
l:;-h> s, r,?diat< thct-.lvi-? ijtmf into th?? .?irth.and
form below an immense arboie-niit an-Wth. Fuel of
w ??.,<! ,s found by digging. I'last.-r and lime, linmetonn,
ii- ' -loi.e,. luv, ind saiid, i-vi-i b?i.. aib alaMM even
s- re, I be Urge md eeetionieel ?-t?'- bei k, bard, m d
i tbe un iii.d aiih..,it tire, ?ii|a rscdea oth, r mat.?nale
f-?r ??il .n In- tl ; a ad, M ?
By r?a and Kay-rt, resists doray for centari-*-. The
dwellings thns constructed are most healthy, being im?
pervious Io In at, cold, dump, iiii'l wiud.
The climate of the (?rout Plain.? is favorable to
health, longevity, ?BaHeetBal and physical dev-do*?
ment, and stimulative of an exalted tonoof social cir
iliculion und refinement. The American ia-ople and
their anecatral Baraaaaa ponnle having dwelt fer many
Ibomaad years excnaatvnry in eonaBnoa of risafcef and
within the region of the ma tt;me atmosphere; where
V inter annihilates all vegetation annually for half tbe
year; o-kare aOaabaa] and muni be sustained, fed,
and fui:? red by tillage witk the plow; where the es?
sential noceeaitica of exietonee. boa, clothing, fnel, and
dwt Dings, uro Beeand only by constant und intense
manual toil; why, to this people, heretof're, th? lot?
incus.-empire ot pa-toral n?-ricnIInn-, at the threshold
it which we buvs arrived, baa been as romplotelya
I lank, as was the prest lit condition of social develop?
ment oa the Atlantic Ocean and the American Conti?
nent to the ordinary thought? of the iitit.ipn* llr.-.-ks
Bad I'omans ! I (. nie this immense world of plain? and
mountains, occupying IfclOfi Iftko of our continent, no
novel to them and BO c.\a tly contradictory in every
Icauirelo the ixi-ting pr?judices, routine, and ccoii
i-inv id society, is bm_asaoaaly asoaaaneed aa aaia
habitable des? ?1. To any ravenBl of inch a jud-ine.it,
the linaniii "u? public ...pinion, the rich and pe?e, the
wise at .1 ignorant, tbe fiiinou- and obieciire, ngtoo to
oppots.aahaanaly a daaaratieaad universal deaf?
ness, in tiiem, the delineations of traveler?, el-ewh-re
iutelligi nt, me hi re tinged wit!i lunary; the science of
geogri.phv w befogged; tbe suborne order of Cr?ation
no loiuii-r holds, und the ?upreme engineering eftfad u
at tiiidt und a thai a ol blunders. !
Th.- I'a- i ??it m BaoioB i? longii'i'linal. The bulk of
it _ andar tba Ttanpuiuto.?aanhoatof which it runs
nit" the Antic Zone OB the north, and into the Tropical
Zone on the south. Th.* para!!?-! Atlantic arable and
commercial region flunk.? it on tho e:_t; that oflke l'a
cilic on the west. Tho Gn :it Plains, then, at once s?-p
aiate und bind togBtaer tin to flanks, roumiini" "Ut both
the \ irietv ;,!id ' MB] actii. ai of BnaageiacBt m the ele?
mentary fit-tails of f-ciety, which enable? u continent
to patera itself with the ?ame e-u?e a? a ??iikI"? city.
Aaaaaaiag, then, that th? advancing aohnaa of prog?
r?s? having reached and eetahk?kad ittelf in tons all
al? ni* the eastern front of the ({rent I'lains, from _OtUO?
iai-a to Minaeoota; having, also, Jaraaad over ami
Banked them t<< ownpy Califurnia and Oregon; asxum
haj ihal tillr. column is about to dehouch BOOB tbtiui lo
tin- from and occupy them with the embodied b?pake
of our thirty millions of population, heretofore seal
ten <1 BBSS ttit* Hank?, but now convergini* into phahiiix
ii|miii laa center: some reflections, legitimately made,
may cheer tinI timid, and confirm those who hesitate
froui old opinion and the prejudice:! of adverse educa?
tion.
It is well established that six-tenths of the food of
th.- human famili i?, or ought to be, animal f?tal, liie
result ot pastoral agriculture. The cattle of tho world
con-une eight tunen tbe food per head, an compare!
with the human family. .Meet, milk, butter, cheese,
poultry, e^igs, Wool, leather honey, are the production-;
of paraoral ugri? uiture. Plakio tas Baaaraaoeaa pro?
duction nt tho water. Nino-tenths 08* the labor of ara?
ble ? uiture i? Bxpendadto pandara the grain asadgraaaaa
that Hustain the-present supplies to the world of the
above ?aaaMrattd articles of eke pasioraJ arda*. If,
ti,, ii, a com,n i can bofe?adwhoes pastean! pndnea
i -.; ontaiicoii'sly ?ustniiiid by nature, as fish in lbs
1111,ii, h ?s manliest that arable labor, boiug r-duced to
the production of bread food only, may eoadoaaa itself
to a very small percentage of its present volume, and
the cultivated ground be greatly IBUBOBi in S'-res.
At pn a m lbs paetoeal culture of the American peo?
ple psaha T??rl*i**l*****'y ********* Ika plow, and thi?. ia it?
ame-lint :
I ?tt.i.ofallkui.l?.18,3":'irr
!!i:,c-ii.ii males. l,-tt),t-M
?abrar.81,T*8,838
8wliie.3-i,"8l.21"
Value.B64.'..H:i3,t?>a
It is probak?i that the aggregate tkoriginal stock ef
the Draal I'lains still exceeds in amount the abata ta?
ble. It i? all *.]..,ntun'ously supported bv nature, as
is the fish ol the sea. Kvery kind of oar domestic ani?
mai? lour?hes apea th? Steal Plain? ognaOy well
with the wild oiits. Tli'.-e BBBSOanfa?Ola ?Mal be sub?
stitiited for every wild one, and va.?**, territories reoc
enpicd, from which the wild stock ha? been eitt-rmi
nased by iad?ariaa?ata sbiughtcr and the laaraaaeof
ihe wolves.
The American people are a'iout, then, to inaugura'.
?i new and iBBaaBBB order of industrial pec-jaotion;
1'v i m: vi. AOBll ti.TiRK. Its fields will be the tin .t
Plains intermediate between ihe oceans. ObM 8)808?
ii.-iue-d, it will develop very rapidly. We trace in
their history tbe successive inauguration and svsteiii
BtiB ranwtb of several of the?e distinct orders: The to*
!,;.cc. cultiir?. the rice culture, the- cotton culture, the
iniiueiite provision culture of cer -a;? and meat?, leather
in d WOel, il e gold t ultnie, navigation extonal and la?
t? ri,;.i., ,,i. mem axterBal and internal, tianeaottatka*
by hind at d watei, th?; hemp culture, the bah?nos,
ii milita, tur. s.
l'.H.-h of iihoBB bits arisen as lime has rioene-d ihe ne
ceaaito for t ach, ami noiselessly taken unit tilled it ? ap?
propriate place in tie- i*. lierai m oiioiu^ of our iudus
'r:ii ?m|iie.
'lbts pa-toral property transports ?t*?lf on the hoof,
and fiutls its lood n ads l'urinam d oy Baton. In tbasa
elevated caaabdra freak metis becoase tiie preferable
Im d for man, to the exclusion of bread, veg.-t.ibbs,
and sabed articles. The BtratoukMO of the Qnai I'lains
ia per? ituiillv bailli.n.t with sunshine, tonic, healthy,
aiiii iiis|iiiing to the temper. It eorsuaaaada with ana
lOrpassaa tie historic climate of ftyrm and Arabia.
fron wheiite we il lient idl that is Bull reel and relun-d
in our system of eil ??tat ion, our religion, our s. tances,
our ahyaabet, ont aaaseenlB our written laa*~aagae, our
articles ot Itio.i, our learning, and our system of social
mamitis.
The low s pr. ..? it.-l by the author OU the" pulsi
Cfil eeiigrajiliy of the vast ragiofl which hadescribes
lire, fir tin? im.rtt part, peculiar to bim-elt", but it
be tail; to inuke prosilvti's to Lit Op-?OBB, it will
not he tor the vvjtit ol urg.-nt advocacy.
i-T }\\i i.'.- tust. eoraiA: Ob, ?atrrcaiisos m Ba?era
by Bicasaa e .VUIukbhs. 18bo. -ra.8-4. .-it. U ,u *.
( ,.
It ia bal an ill return for a ?.lcasint European tour
t.? tanid au imii-nili. luit volume on tbe good-natured
eeaatryraaa of the Iraealae, Uakra a man ha? had
souit* uncommon means uf becoming faniliar with fur
? ign ef-i.lv. or frote ? du. alien, position, or natural
ab:Lly, i. able to add i.-oii..lbtag of positivo value to
iheiaaa?naaaraa>el travel? which crowd tiiesh.tives
of libraii?r, be had better cherish hi* recollections in
paanwiihont bMraa-aag tba draary pile of eea_aee>
plaee, a-baek baa '?--?--ii dahned by so many as the tntv
uh-r'ii j t i vilsge Tbe pneaat volume, for example.
Btdgbt have li.eli |...-rf.-eiK w-11 ??] itr-tl. mid the *?'i*?lio
in im resju-t t li.e worse lor it. It BBBBBte of B BSsfal
of meager descriptions, mostly of places with which
every int.lligent reader i? airea ly fain i luir, Htalj and
in. ii'.toi.cus raaaetleaa on htfrdtttts of little- (atone*,
and occasional attesta at Hue wriung which are too
foil, in f. i . ritieiaaa. Ihe tour, wbi.li ib? v.-lume uu
asrtakea to relate, we ii.ftar from m .me pansageR,
ihongk it is BOWken explicitly stated, wa.? m.ide
- aa a? yean ago, aad aaany of ?is atatasassBa aro
.fti "ly ebeokito, while the whole mirrative is
-?? in exjressif-u iih to insjiie but a sligbt iagiae
? ' ? ; it denM in the remain?he of the work. Much
ilelicuci. , . f it) l" BB the following aro of fnOBBBl re>
curretice: " Tbia til y r.-fjiiit?.l .?a-u?; "(?ne can
scarcely irimgine ?yreater poket than tbe waiters;"
" Tb?- liriiio apartruents of her Majenty." The author
? ;> ?il? | ret*** largsry in foreign ararda and phrases, hut
with almost ui if'oim bail link. Even tbe most com?
mon expressions a:e oddly metamorphosed. Thus
we I,ave "in tog," two Words f >r a traction of one,
'? CLompt Btpoa, " BKmtkaaanea, " l'fr U Empe?
reur ." " Cur Curdtan,'' frvun tba iiiacription an fti.ol
hy*a trash, " Latrimi ?kritti ;" and bb aa te B?atr,
Atiioi | ike ralaaha dia avariea aada by the aatknr ?a
I.< adea ia tlm' " nlad ia dovoomd by ?if ami " tais
l.aiililully," exciting bi? ?? wonder that il is not
more ? ? ? alai with Ike . .inket-s."
ll.?i ROOK IB IBTELLRCTI if. PHILOSOPHY fOB
ri( ?('(.I.? AM) I.H.I.K..--'..-. B* .1 r. Came..,,,
D. I). i2uio. pp *,o. CrasB-r, Bfcbsb, l>r, k Oa
WUhaatafa-bg at ib.- peadaatloaef eekjiaalthee
risa in the differ, nt bran, b.-s t-f mental science, the au?
thor of this volume has presented a shupb- OZBoek?M
it ii? l.i.iiini* principlea, a* wt forth by the most emi.
m nt ?itithonti. -. Hi? chief m rit coi-is-H in hi? cl.-.ir
i,nd ,?ispiis*iiii_ite statement?, hi? ap' BhatiatkWB. and
i sstniaBBM afeaaafB-Ba letafle. Iutln- distribution
of bis !..p?cs. he l?tala liai *d mind ill getc r..l, and
tbe-nconsiders suc?,sivelv tbe subjects <<f conscious?
ness, *.rception, aearary, -saghiatlea, euneenthat,
jaagBBflB) and BBBMB-gi follow in?, to a t'reat d.-ore?.
tia i.ihr af Dagald Itowajt, tkaagl not alwavs
hdo?iini' Lis view?. IIL-i favorite nuthority appear? lo
le "--?r Wflkaai H.miBOB, many ..f vv hf-> mo?t iniitort
mil concbisiou-' le bat pn I nt.-.l in u popular form. A
I r,?l .unimary of lb. history af pk&?aopky i? i;ivcn
in an i,| pendis, exhibiting an outline of the priucitiba
if iLu u?'???' c-ltibnitvd ?tn.i-ut and i_o*l.?ia MltoeiB.
Tbe tjiniplicity and n. a' i.e. a of iu style, the com|WW*t
nerts of its expoititioTis, and it? force and candor of ar?
gument reeomniend this work to tbe attt-iiti-'ii of
tear here.
e>
atantl BRIICI of itritoOL AND FAMILY IZAD
BRR, l!y BlABCiui VViluiob. le B?? books, linio liar
!??, k Brother!.
TrVe iitn safely MM nd this new seriee of element
Bry niiiiiuiils lo tin- ?t-ttentioii of the friends of cdu._lion
! In thia country. The plan on which they are ImmM
I L, one that CUMtdoM MM?Mf alt ruction? for the yonng
piijil, with solvl and valuable instruction. It it the
d? | gn of the author, while initiating Ihl ?< hol.ir ht*
th?- prnetfln Mat habit ??f good reading, U) fiirlinh his
mind vvithaston* of iistiful knowledge in tin; various
d.-jftitmen'? ot imtui? history und physical eeieuoe.
Tin First Bo I?, afu-rth?. Primer, contains easy leaaons
adapted t?> the coinprehetiaiou of children, and giving
tl M ? I clear idea of the inflections of the voice. In the
remaining three Hooka, the mmMbM? are made with a
,ie?v lo the Uli"- ? i Hin n "f tin- iiKiet im |? ?rt tt:it facts in
the natural MiVmRV, I?I BnMl I lar/'" auiount of
knowledge, cloth< d ia simpe and expie-.?!'.?- huig.nigi.
Ka.h volume i? an?hasndnd wnhm varnty ofwnnV
cut?, ev. cuted in the best styleof that branch of engr;i7
big- Tl a-plan is ciipnble nf indefinito extension, and
Bftnral additional vommm, ambrMlng a popalar an
count of the principles of rhetoric, .ri!ii?m, s.-nphine,
painting, music, und so i'.rtb, are prooi?cd at au early
?uy.
ELKl-nO-PHY.SIOI.om AND KLKrTRO-THKRAPKC
TI< S Hy Ai.ii.ni, D. Oaruaia, M 1). r.ro pj>. ?.?I. Ti-a
i,.,r i. nana,
The Hjecial subject to which thi?. relume is dovo ad,
in the medical and Mrgtnl uses of ele? trieity. which
the author regards a? an ?flicient remedial agent, tenl
ing in most caw? U? alieviat?.- the symptoms of dis??-????,
und often capullo of producing a rudicali uro, espo?;ia!!y
in nervou? llnatien* He has given many yearn f,, ih?
study of the subject, and has suc.-essfdlly adopt-l the
application of electricity in his own professional prac?
tice. In preparing this work, at tho snggeation of
many eminent tried i .-?l men in different parts of tho
I'i ?t. d ?Matai, be has combined the results of his own
clinical aaaMnaea, with those of ih? ngaeet nmnnBl
Million lie??. The, volume abound? in Hij?.tm.-iiUof gr? at
int. r??t and value to the studr nt of physiology, a? vv. Il
us the medical practitioner, and it founded on a ?trie*
HMBtifie h_?is.
-?a
HOW TO ENJOY I.IFK; (?a, Pht?ica? a*- Mbntai
Hranm Bj tVitxia? M. Coaraix, M.D. tJan? pi?
300. Jaliiee Challen i. Bun.
The title "f this hook might suggest the anticipation
of a code of l.piciiit-an moral?, but tl?- reader will liud
MMMd thereof h collection of vv holes?-u:e precepts, re?
ferring, for the most pail, to the caie of t'ie bodily
health, and illustrated by a great array of anecdotes
Mil exainp'es. Ia preparing the volume, the author
bus had the clerical profes-ion chiefly in flaw, but his
directions an.' ee.uully applicable to every clas/i of so?
ciety. He write? in an animated atyle, tenparing the
gravi'y of didactic discipline with frequent touches of
Mit?stfc humor. His boot is eminently praeti a!.
treating of a variety of everyday topicr, and neidMt?
?t,g no import?nt detail on account of its nmn1?M?B,
STOl'II'.S OF IRVRRTOBS AM) WSrOV KRKR? IV S*cr
ENCC ARD THE IIEFUL ART! By Jous Tiubi,
P S.A. Hm I'P tH II?Tvr <k Brothrri.
The spirit of the age reivesa t?.iking iliu.-ti_tt??n
fron lb? n-coril of the progni? at B_eewan I? Ih?
prac;ica! arts, which so stro.-.gly characteriz. 4 the
prerent century. It conltiius B popular ae.-ount
principal modern inventions, with pMSOMl anecdut..?
toiicertiing their authors, aiid 1_0 a brief d-.'sciiption of
some of the principal ?sciunlific discoveries of the middle
ages. Among tho ??object? treated of in the volume are
tl e invention rf giir,pow?ier, the air-pump, calcul.-'i ig
ni.ichinea, the knlcidnsc.ipc, giitrn percha, phot-'grsphy,
the ?t<eeoaeof?, ami the ele. trie telegtaaa,.
BISTORT ok rROVRRCAL POKTRY. By c. c. Fi-mm..
Ti.ii.s!. t-.l f.i.in tli? l-.en.-h, by li. J. Ai/lbb, A. M. ovo.
I m, 4t?U. Derby k Jack-on.
Tlie author if I?B woik WM ? ?I'r'i.iguislu-d French
?ch. lar, ??pi t-ia?y devoted to the library monuments
of ihe midde ages, in connection with the hjattMJ of
French literature. It was pul Habed for the tiret, BMI
in 1S1C. about two y. a;.?aft, r r.hod?-?. ?i?e,,f the aii!,,oi-,
and we? at ?nee lecognhwd as a ?tanduid antbority iu
ihn depaiimcnt of arady to tvhkfc it belonga. Prof.
Adh-r 1 ;.=; row given i: t?) the [?iiWlic in an able English
translation, aeeoti panled by aafanbla azpaanntory and
i?Bstrative aetea, Itlaavnlaam uf ?ouud aud mb*
?uiiitia, learning, and ?ell aneen? the attirrithtn of tbe
fctude?t.
TIT-" MOPKRX miVTORT OP t'NtvrCR0ALISM. Nea
i-.uiiieii BjTBaaua Wantnmna, lian pp. ?.?). Ab-i
Tunix ..
The !iii?t e.lilion ?f tlii? Work, vv l,?.-h h?s had a vvidi
cii.ulaii.-n anong tie aeaeni?utonwhoMlii-t'.ry it
reeorda, wa.a publia!.ed about thirty yean ago. Bbx?
thai lim?-, the author la? kepi diligent Wttch foi ad
dit'oi hi fai!? bculag '.?-.u the fiiibj..-,-i, a.'d lms b-eu
hii:) |y -u ie- fcl in obi ining new ami valuable
ria_?-. The work ?m ivritteu iu a popular stylt, lb
ing in biognphienl details, and presents an interesting
anw if the progrese of tho d.xtrine of univcraid s;il
vatien ihm the epoch of the R-v-fgt .-cation.
A''ta[t'r,''-MKNT OF THK IiKBATHS OK COKtlRRml
FROM !" ? TO : M y-y Taoaui H. Bajrte*. V'o?. xi\.
?ro pp. 74T. I). AicI.-t, ,, 1 ('0
The present volume of this ?mportrtr.t WtMt MM?
pri-es tbe ptricd between the ?rst ?ession of the
Twenty-it.th Congre??, December, l$m\ ami tlm
third maahn <?f the Twenty ????*? aal h Oonajnea, Hanta,
le.!!!. ,\:;a; g i!? topic.! cf interest, ou whi. h t';, I -
cord of the ConsjMsnaannl debates is giv.-n, are the
?m:ed occupation of Florh.'a. the uaaumpliuR of Stait
I>,-l??s, the bTllllb Fnatma Boundary, the I*i-o?pasctive
I'Hdr.ptioii Liw, ?* iaiitii!. Treaty, the Oregoa
Teiriu.ry, and ?o lorth.
?
THI ' ROW! Off mOaUll v T.,h?> ?.?k ma it.,mh.?w
im?, i y t.. II. i an?s. 12 BeB? pp. ?JO. AUtl Touiu
Un?
In a eerics of ilof.ueut and imprc?4?ive MUgs?,Mii..ii,<,
the aimple doeMo?M of the Chii-ii? i faith are liere up
plied lo the MtIMJMMB of the afBicted. Not lesa r?
markable f.,r beamy of cxpnWion than for t. ?.denies?
of f.-i ling, the ducouivc.? in thi? volum.- nil] aommaad
a widi ran,'.- of sympathy, und BBu?MM the MnM?MM
us well a? the mefblnras of tbe anthor.
DICXRNS'.S BHOIT aTOIIRR Kv i'hvblbji Uickb-v?
12uio. j.p. Ml T. li. Nmmn 1 Broth.n.
A reprii.t of thlny?en? ?t,,ii?.i? never bofor?- panhnni
in this c.'tiii?y, from the advanced sheets of the new
l!ii? lish edition, undei the ?ujanv i?ion of tli?. BBthor?
Thay an chicly aeeoled t<? illuatrations ofc?mmou
i.ii? in Baah?d.
HOIlkS KK.imvKU.
( liri.t o.ir Um, Ih? .-?, rip'iiral Armiin. at for Iiuuiortality
tl.rotith i butt Aloi.e. B)C *' liu..uti. nata, an? ma.
Jaba F. ianett k Ce.
Yotd?i aadAUvp'i l.'..iui,ti of 1*1 ?? ti. ..l litt?net?. tame
I p. W. R.C. k I?, bitlllr It Co.
A Couiw il I i. rci??. lu al! Parti "!' Kfiirh Kt iiUx. By If. T.
V\ mk. bieinn. Itaxo. |,p. 3b?S. 11. Ap? l'.t.ia it ("?.
11.?, Ii..r? L.lag ( ?tt...?, tli. Kuuth. By lifutou llotroa Helpal
i i .,.-?! Rditli i II : ., pa I -.. A B. Hi.r.ti,-?..
Mar-arrtM.-i.i-rlett.-. The Hit Lo?re ot .V?r??n lltirr. B? Chai.-?
Burdllt. Uni?) pp. ?fi. [Vrliy ? Jt, ?son.
Siroion?. lit tli?- Be?. VV iUiain Mori?? Pu?bas, M ith ,? [a
t.od, ,-ii. i. b? the Be?. Will_ui H. Nilbuxn. l.'ia..?. no
: Tic SanBa, ?*?
Th? t towti of Ih.-ma A Token for the i?orr?v,iiif. B^ K 11
II.. | In l.'i.?> p|,-.'.'i. A. T..i?,k,. .
il?- ni?,?t? ?i Muj?.? t ?,? rtalt? i.? ?aomei VV?tie
n-, re. \i! I ,N?u Kdltloa, l?xo. pu. M Tat
Pan.?. rr
St I' . ?iItaft ttorbi?; ?r. iTtoMMMI In Kcirope. By Ri-hl.d
I . Mil , riiiirk l?uio. pt?. .lo?. Sli. I.! .? i ( i?
Tb? Slanet Huoi at.tl tltl.er Grins Tram?lad .Mi i the Dutch
MnelM. J.n Liefii... Mbm, m MR OaaU k Ma
coin.
Memoir tf lb? I.iie, Chtra.-t?r, ind \\ riil-i?? of Phllln Dod
?lriottt, H, i), i eojfUea by Ibe Bar. i?? m* K BoyJ. .v.
M. Wino |p ; j. An.eii. tai'l.ai-l -? -i,.-y.
Hatte I?, th- It.-,-?. By Mn I harlot VI limo. pp. 3.*4
1 h- s.i-it?
The Ikbt.iii Bay. By Wilium M. TuiTer. Uuio. pp. t?a J.
B. TUtea R Ce ,r
Uectrt>Phyai?le0 n,J KWttn Tb. iap,?ti?i. By AL eJ I.
' nail Ml) I'vo Bf?. ML '11. lu.,ris Kl. Id?,
H?ak??t?w A Ktiiulv Hi.t< tv of our llen Time? Hy Holi.ie
Lee lJ.no. pp lin VV A. Townli'Dil i I ?
lli- Html Ilouk ul A.ttU.-ry Hy ( apt. J????-ph Itobeila. Umt.
IP leu |i v,,, Kettraa?.
Itl.toiy nfOtr.alila Khan. Ity Ja- .1, Abbot!. 15m?. p?, .t.
Iiaiprt k BraaV rt
t i-. i. , b litati.iy nuit (?ralets Tran.lat.-d or K.llte?! hy J. S.
VV.t-.t l?t..... pu T.11 'I lu-Saino.
Daaotbatj Heese i?? Mr? llt,'i?> Wood, limo pp 'i,j Tlia
"*>B'T
LITERARY.
m
?Two editions of " The Arctic Boot Joe may," bf
Dr. Hayes, I uv<- l*?.rl pi. I liab.?d in Kngbwid -one? by
Low eV Co., iin.l one by Heiitley, Isondun, tbe Uttos
being editeel with an introduction and notea by Da,
. ?Soi ton Shaw. The. Allunvutn, which rarely pn_safl
an Ameritan book, nay? the work is "full of thrilling
interest, so full that we could net lay it down until wo
' bad lead it through. It isa well-written narrativetd
: terril le private n- and SBBUrBBB,bonie with a fortitads
and ]utient endurai c?- which nuiy have l>e?o eoimledL
' but certainly never surpassed."
?The Hhakespe.-iM) documents latslj di-covsred ia
i the Noll's Chapel torn out to be v?rj meager contri
; butions to tbe subject. They are pahliihed far tba
> ti-t-t time in Mr. .Stannton s illustr-Usd edition oi
Shakespeare, jn. t compk-u-d. They relate enlindy to
1 the final dispersion of the -y.et't property, and confirai
the ti edition that Lady Iteniard, Shakespeare'h groad?
i daafa-hter, becume -xwseused of mauy of bis pape-ra,
? which, from the known Puritan teudencies of that
; branch of the family, it has bean suppose?*! she may
? bave willfully destroyed. A curio*?s fact hat i?rie*nra
I to light?a 1.1'b* germ of ?oinauos?illustrating tbe ia
Unence? that B-betoel ?he poet s yonthfil days. Atibo
Arel.a"'logical Ascociatiou, on April i?, Dr. Kendrick
exhibited a e in ion? and intolUStiai, artil?? _ f-ag?
: ment of a small cross of willow-wood, discovered.
i upon aawing a l-eum forming tbe oaken lintel ?f %
I fireplace, or h-uiith, in Shakespeare's bouse at fttcraV
: fefd-Upon-A von. The cross had been concealed i a lha
; tinil er, within a ??ail eavi'y, and the opening dosed
' with a piece of deal, orpine wood. That .Shakaef-eore'e
: lathes was a Catholic has; been some lime established.
? Willi.v kmaaeaswan kaOewad from beiug used aa
' pnluiM ni Hauler, when th.-r?) whs no other vegetada*-,
, i.i.,1 the practictiof employing c.c-ns*s and relics IB
' avert th.? action of evil spirits ia one of tbe oldoat Bad
i beet known customs of popular superstition.
?What little independence of spirit exists in France
?.??msto be excitnively the attribnte of literary me?.
Quite a sen*ation was created at Paris by a ble visit
of tbe Emperor to the Institute of Frunce, at which,
: excepting h very small number of functionariet, usos
i of the. illustrious members of the two great " A*od>
emiee," which constitute that august body, woali up.
peur. It was altogether a very great failure.
?Messrs. Lippincott d* Co. have in press a colltction
of the u.tacciL?ie(i?? writings of kit-bard Kuth, a publia
h un, let'er known to tbe last than the present
geiierati'D, but always deserving to be held in re
m. ii.bnir.ee, as a dignified, honest, and enb?.hu?aed
?tut?aaaaa. it i? entitled " Oeas?(eeaJ i'r.-dae?oao.
Political, Diploma?ie and Mis'ellaoeous by the loto
Richard IJiish. Kditcd by bin executors.."
?Tbe principal aim of modern English travelers
Besan to be a reversal of Dr. Beattie's dictum " Akt
who can tell how bard it is to elimo.'' So grist ia
the passion for alpine adventure, that a poitab!? e-duiea
(the sixth) of " Peaks, Passus uud Gilacier**.
printed in c >nden?ed form, adapted for the trav?
elers' pocket," aid c-mpri?iog ad ;he maps aad
"Mtiuntaii Kxptditioiis,'" ba? just been broughtoat
by Me.??ts. LaagBB?B
?-The fame acquired by Mr. Albert Smith as a publia
lecturer has dimmed the i'efol|i-cti"li uf his Volum?DOBS
labora as an author. A new biok by him, "Wild
Oats," was announced as in press by Messrs. Cbap
:i.?in and iiall at the moment of his untimely aad bt
i ,'iite.l decease, lleside innumeiabl?- ..?-utributio?i to
periodic?I.?, bis two hooka of travel?" A Month at
("on-tuntir.i'ph*," and " Story of the Ascent of Ment
Wane'"?with r-r?:ral of his novel?, have token a
permanent place with the light literature of the half
ce-utury, Among tbe bitter are, " Adventures of Mr.
I ..?.?bury," ' (.hrisiop! crTad*?ole," "The Scntf-srguod
Family," " T. ?? I'ottl ton I.ef/iicy," and a more aat
i itious book, " The Marchioness of Brinvilliort," n
very spirited Banatfonnf the career of the famous
poiaoBer. Hi.) stories of cotempora.-y life wfl Beatona
a value from time to time as the mot perfect extant
pleturae of aauraan araoug tha upper mercantile and
prodbasiei?aJ eLissee of the metropolis, alloiviug for n
slight tinge, of caricature; but be h'id no construc?ro
i kill us a roveli.t, and jxirhnps tho most favor?bis
upeefcaoB at hi? pnwen aa a writer are found in acol
I.ction of short, r pieces callad "Trie vTaaSB? Howl,'*
published in two volumes, with admirable illusraiior?
I y Leech. He was remarkable fer Ike warmth of hie
.'? n.talk ?ill'-cti-'Us, and bin Inl ts-k, when fortune
In i st tijo.i him, ?v lio to plan at cane, (it-yond Hie rt-ath
of vv ant, 1 is family arid father, a country medical prae
titioner?-the over-worked ami ill-paid wur,"?on to a
I cot-law union. Of in B f?ame and jerfectly tetuper
iit?- Inibits, il was bis boast us a pu' lie entertainer that
le bad never di-.o ] .tinted au audience or kept ?hem ia
waiting a single im ment iti a car??r of several tbouse
and a? peut am? s,. 1 lin death in no diiu'jt to he attribut?
ed to the habitual " I i/-h pnaratO" ut t. Inch a Louden
Iheiaiy man ?a obliged lo live? if Uve be will.
- Miss 1'arr's BBW work, al-oui to be published by
Smitb, Elder fc Co., is called " The W.-rtlebauk Dia?
ry, and Stories from Kut?t* Brmlia Portfolio," by
Holme Loot A? latkeeaaa wkk rant oih-r writer^'
...- tk_a lady has soddasdyat?Jarediefeaadai
ie baasd upon mauy y?-ars of unackuo vltdgod aad
probably ?il-rc<?uited labor, and our Americau reprint
ti. are now bunting up for tbe prsss obsco re novels wi'h
the now-faraidar name of "Holme I .ee' on theI titln
pt-ge, lia?. " tlad Bad made u>> alga" at various tiitMO
dull g tic Li-t tcu ?.ears.
? A gnat anti.iuaiiaa discovery?perhaps even more
?nil oi laut in its results to hi?'ornai science tbau tbe
a.-1[ i.ta*ion of tbe Niiiev_h arrowhead writing?
is ???adually being made known, and will s-ou be f*
u.iliui Ibongb it is of so late a date as to lie unnotioed
!.?. tt-c accomplished editors of " Iia?-l:n? ?n's II*>r-odo
?ns." In M. CherolaoB, aGanaaa savant ntaUhhai
ut St. I'tt'-rs'-urg, and known by a former work of
gi.-at eeadWea and authority, on the Sabaan I'eople
aid Religion, we owe lliit git?tl uuv__nig of l_a
" world .? ?-ray fathers, and their earliest records. In
brief, after many year?' w.'idy among Arabic manu?
script-, in the UbeBiiaa of Burape, be has pr ?v?-d lo the
?U-EMtha ' t tho greatest scholars of the present day?
a.? h ??.??Id. Kenan, Me vont, (Jansen, dec-1 ?ist in tbe
early pait ot tba t>-nt_ century, nctuaJ remains of early
Babyinniab lileratuie e\i?t?*d among s.-clii.l..d tri?>?s ot
tl i.l. t ans, near the delta of tbe Tigris and Euphrates^
IhflBBB to tho immobility of tbe Semitic laiiguogee,
and tbe remote nature of the country; that au Atob of
Hub-, Ionian derceut, known to us hist trically from an
ibeiitic source h, devo'.t d hi.iu?elf to the prttservalic-n of
this precious literature by tninalating it into Arabic,
fi'in |atri,.tic motive--, and that these tninulatiou? still
exist, and are, ?u the main, a laitbful ri-pr.-senution of
lab?, Lilian .-r las th.y axe callt-d in ibe lH?oka them
-fht-s Nabaiaan originals, tru_smiited from ajieriod
of iiiikiiovvn ?uri.jiiitv, l'.ng pi?*,io.js to the eia of
Vekask-d_na_r, wh.n lia vlo? waa iu its oaiiio-a
gln*r, the chief city ci the earth, aud Uie re*>
s-^-t of all the known nntions of th.? world. Tha
treat??I txhumed by M. ChavU?BB are threo ?
on Xabataan AgrieakoBB, written by Kuth?mi
a Chahkaa n ndii | at Babybra and occupying about
I IWI pages of lolio M??.i "Tue Hook of Poisons,"
ly ii ] 1; v ?oi _a n.iu,. d .la.l ,ka. i.el 1m. nit nts from a
BraBh entitled " T. a Hovk of tiie Mysleriea ot ibe !iun
and M< >>n," a btt?-r compib.ti >u from Chaltie:?i authort
t.Vs. An enriiely iiri?: feet in history is atfordsd by
Kiitbami, who writes ve bile Habylou was iu subjee*
t.ou to a CBaaaaa?-I dv nasty. This Mr. Cbernbh-a
(who accepta th.- ancient l.ibhcal chronology) aup|>oaBa
t.. have i.',? sstab-abed by tkeHykeaaerskaykeH
tiiNs, aft. r thtir e?j.uL-io.? from Ki-'ypf. To non
T.-u'ouic i-aaderH the BBBBBBnl raaienals for inveati
iiting this remarkable discovery, are given ia aa
rude ?n tb? April uumberof "Tho Chriutiitn Kt-*
meiiibraiicei, of the ilceiK-itt _BBN_| und appn
rvutlv writte-u by a person familiar with tba
East, and in a paper by the first .Semitic scholar
?I Hi.- tini.-, M. 1'uuui, in ihe latt number at
tu? /,>,.,<- flferasnasfoa He raya ?i ia _upisaibat
lo d*ny the eiu-tem ol a Ital.v 1. nuu L'.eiatare?.

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