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TUESDAY, JANUARY 23. I86?. Tem.? mt law- THB?-???? D\1LY TRIBUNE. , Hail Bub-vcnlierri, i.$10.00 Icopy, 1 year?".'.li nuiuber?. I VJ' } -?EMI-WEEKLY' TRIB?St loopy, 1 je-ar-icl ???>BB-t. ?J?-^ a ?Mipia?, do.-?. J_J t co?-*?, or over, f.-r e?ch conr. o.tii) -*w*--~1 v VSEI.KI.Y TRIBUTE. J ?opv, 1 year?&. uu?ib**r.?. $2.00 A di*?? *?'',E TRIBUNE. Nsw-Ysrk. Advertisements for this week's issue ?f Th_ ???g?-..? X_LBCSS mutt bs banded lu To I>ay. To AtlverllBera. We will thai.k our advertising euftomers to hand a tbrlr Advertlteruoiita b1 at early an hour as point-'.o. If received tftrr I o'clock tboy cannot b* elaa??_ed under iLsir proper *bt-a_i. The Tribune In London. STFVKNS BROTHERS. Ilmrn'tn Agent? for J.lbrtrlet. DHei.ti?*!??? Cn.ear u?*dcu, ?A. C ?, ?re Aurala for tasssSS?! T-t TUiBLNE Xb?J will ?l*u rticlv? 8????"? ??? sr_ a??i??T:??.i?r? ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 1 ? ?Wirie?pandenl?. Ms aotCas esa b?? ta??? of Anorymool Communlestlon? vVii.teveri. niii.!'.! ! -r Ir-?er?ioo mu?t be ?utheit?ic?*.e 1 bv lae nama am?,?i?lr??i of tr.? writer?not aoce??anij' lur public?; ian b"ta? a t tt?r?ntv for hi? soud faiti Al? bu?i?e? lenora lor tr... o_c* ?bou? B? ?-li???ti t? AB? T?i?c*r." Naw-Vork. ___ , ?_ *?> ? 0?mia*. uLa?n??e lo return rejert?d Coinroaatcst?_?. Ti?b Tribune Almanac for lrM ia btm\ ready. Sec advertisement fur cotiteate. NEWS OF THE DAY. FOREIGN NEW?. Detailed accounts of the capture of Bagdad ???ive been reoe-ived frum Jirownsville- but they need fnrthei confirmation before they can be fully credited. They assert tbat tbs party capturing the town con alited of 123, mostly colored Midiera, belonging to the llfth U. 8. Colored Iiitautry. The report that a de? tachment ?if Ui itod Slate? troops was sent over to pro? tect the American citi/eiti is confirmed. New difticul tiei bar? arisen between Gen. Weitsel and (len. ?lej?a. The latest accounts from tbe City of Mexico, tliough coming from Imperialist sources, aro unfavorable to the ciuse of the Empire. The Imp?rial garrison in Actpulco are itfirving. The native population have all abandoned the city, nfter destioyingor inutilbing the well?. Alraiez ii indefatigable in Lara ?sing the french, and the rocky grout, d nllowi bim to inflict large ?ain mge? wilhout receiving any. It Is admitted that he has ?taduoed a considerable number oi Imperialists to debert. Three hundred men have been sent io a Treuen maii-of wet to Hag?m1,nod it waa supposed that tbe Impel iu!ltti would looa reoocupy the place. IbeCaptain-Ueiiciulot Cuba bas fitted up LU country aeat for Mr. Seward'!use, who wai expected to arrive at Havana t.bort'.y. OENKKAL NEW?. Hardly anything of interest ha? taken place lu tbe Fenian world since oui last report. The Sena? torial fuction sill probably remain qrti-t until the convention of their "Congresi" In I'.ttslnirgb on the 19th of next rcontb. In the mean time, President O'Mahony contiuaci running the business of the Irlah "Republic, in hi.? u--ual slow, mrtbodionl way, at the Revenuientli >t tieailrjaarterR, while Co!. Koberts and Oen. Sweeney aro about to start da their "stirring op '? mission among tbe 1'oulan Circles of ibe Wettern fUatee. Another ire-boat race carno off at Pongh keepsle, N. T., yeiterday. The distance suited was IG miles and return, tbo boats going to Newburgh. The Una ?rrlved at Newburgh ahead on the down trip and came la ahead on ber retara. The run from Newburgh to *New Hamburg, a distance of eight mllei, waa made in the unprecedented lime of seven minuten, lour boats were entered, the Una, Minnehaha, Icicle and Snow? flake. The annual dinner of tho Philadelphia Board of Brokers look place last evening at the Assembly Boomi. Among tbe invited truest* were God. Meade, Admiral Farragot, Commodores SUibliug and Hoff, and Mayor MoMlohael, al of whom mude addreiaes The party numbered over 200 persum, and leporated at a late boar, A dispatch from Titusville, Pa.-, yesterday, eays that there weie two large fires there on Sundsy night. Three oen were ?-rested, cbarged with being I ii can diaries, and are being tried by Vigilance Com? mittee?. If found guilty, tboy will be hung at once. Particulars bave not boen received. The National Bunks in Ma?isachurjijttfl, New fork and other ?-?tatti, which hive more than tbelr sp poitioametitof Na Monal Currency, will probably have the amounts of notea which thsy are authorized to lune redooed, In order to offset a fair proportionment In tbe Bontlern States. The libel-case of A. T. Stewart against the proprietors of the newspaper knowu as FA? National Polie* i40-.au came np before Judgo Dowling yesterday. After the examination of a few witneaiea, the case wui submitted to the Jntlge witiiout argument, and declilon was reierred. ?Salvaehtf the alleged co-conspirator of Gon aales in the morder of Otero, was on trial yesterday in the Court of Oyer and Tormlnar, Brooklyn. Inverai witnesses were exatoiuad for the prosecution, and the further lie-riiig of the case adjourned until to day. The Firemen's Ball u?okplace at the Academy of Moalo last night, and was a decided me cess. The interior of the building wai finely ornamented? about 1,000 guests were present, and the festivities wera maintained until an early boar ihii morning. The Revenue Commissioners will recommend the abolition of His tax on watches, carnage?, plate, and -?thor artices in Schedule A. 1 hey disapprove or the substitution of a tsx on win for the present In? come tazas. A clerk in tho Baltimoro Post-Office named Alonso Hutchins has boin arrested for robbing the malls, by a ipecial agent of tho Poit-Oftice Department, -bli makes the second arrest in that offl.o within two months. There was fine skating on almost all of the pondi of New.York and vicinity yeiterday, and from present appearances ths sport will last for teatral days witi-out interruption. The bark B. SewaJ!, from Bath, Me-, for Gal T*M?n, with a oergo ofhay and poutocs, was wrecked below Calveston, Deo. vi, The captain and crew were eaved. Mr. Ridley of Tronp introduced in the Georgia lallat**-, yeeterday, a series of resolution?, recom _?endiog to President Johnsoa a general amneity and pardon. Only 377 namea were regifrtered in Calveston ?a votera. Tkt Mt? Antonia Ktprut state- that 1,738 voten were registered In Bexar County. Gen. Banka hopea to report his resolution on ?n tiie Preach Indr.itrial Sipoiitlon, with aa appro? priation ef only gS?.tX'Ofotoariamu. Cloven maraudera hava recently been cap? turad, ead glvsa over to the eivll authoiitlei al Baa A nionlo. Texas. Tfu Golteiton f?ulletin of the 5th inat. aaya ^tbat aa soginesr and peal?os train were embarking there for the Rio Grai.de. Capt. Wm. Shankland, an old and highly eeteeaied ehlpmaster, died yeiterday morning at Polia islpbis. The President has recogniied Camille Joseph Ludman aa Tloe-Cor.inl of Braal! ia Xew-York. Gold closed at 13S|, after Belling at 139| yesterday. Osvsrnmsnt ?toaki sr? fsirtj tnttsl-W ob all tb. istass. The gsiiwiy ibu? martel is ??-?rally lew? ?4 fsvsrub At Us Bsesn? Bosrtl frt~"? wen tem rally W?r. tierney ob es ti I? aootod ?t i'd* I*?r csat, with s t?-a ?apply. In coomoro-! bilU no cbao(S. Beat name? tell ?I T, io?! at lui?, ?ad a lang U?t at lla'ai* per rent, " Statii?tica of the New-York Cattle Market for 1"H)?;" "Important Tram-action.-, of the Health Commisioners on the Subject of the j Cholera;" the proceedings of both branches of our City Government, and other miscellany vill be feiuud on the seventh page of to-day's paper. I The Joint Committee on Reoaaatniction.con-, fisting al*ab Senators and nine Representative*?, j have agreed on the following proposal of Con? stitutional Amendment, which .was yesterday reported to the Senate by Mr. Fesscnden of Maine: Article-. Representatives ?ind Direct Taxes shall be appor? tion ed among the several States ?hieb may be included within j this Union according to their re- ? spective numbers, count.Eg the whole number of parsons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed ; provided, that whenever the deo Uve franchise shall be denied or abridged in any State, on account, of race or color. aU persons of such race or color shall be excluded from the basis of repr?sentation. ? This amendment virtually remits the ques? tion of Black Suffrage to the sevoral States, re? quiring only that each shall abide by its own decision, and not count as a basis of politic'il power in the Union such portion of its popula? tion as it shall deliberately deprive of power and exclude from the body politic. In other words, it says: '' Account your Blacks men or brutes* but, if yon account ihem brute?, do not ask other States to regard thom as men." It Eoems difficult to imagine a ground whereon this rulo can be rationally objected to. Its [ principle is in substance embodied in our State 1 Constitution (Art. III. $4), which says: "An enumeration of tie lnlinbitniitr? e?f the State ahal! . be taken, under the direction of the _egii.latnre in the i year \-a>, ?nd at tbe end of every tea juara thereafter; ?nd the ?"id [Senate' Distii?*ti shall Ixi co altered by tlic i I.eiriilatuie, at thu lirai session after ttie return of each i fuuiBi rat!jil, that each district ?shall ennuin, a? ncsily I as may be. an eqq-il number of inbabltsnts. udnetng I ?lient and periont of color nut taud. ' [Habe in yi, w11 h ? regard to Assembly Iliatricts.J ?If the majority in Congress sLiill decide to laka it3 stand on the practical and reasonable , ground thus taken, trusting to tho silent but ?resistless operation of lime, and State pride, and self-interest, to bring each ?*"'tate to a prac? tical recognition of the equal right of its hum? bler ela-*??, wc feel confident that its trust will not bo vain. In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Fesseuden, from the Reconstruction Committee, reported a resolution for an amendment to the Constitu? tion basing repretentiition and taxes ****?t>n pop illation, except that wherever the suffrage is de? nied or abridged on account of race or color, all j persons of such race or color shall be excluded I from computation. A memorial was presented from the Boston Board of Trade for the I preservation of legal claims against Southern statutes of limitation and siay laws. Mr. Clark called up the bill allowing jurors to fit who had formed an opinion, and providing for the transfer of certain cases to the Supreme Court of the United States, being a bill intended to facilitate the trial of Jefferson Davis. Mr. Sumner objected to it as ei post facto, and tbe bill was postponed till Thursday. The resolu? tion to refer all papers and documents concern? ing representation of the Robel States to the Reconstruction Committee was (adopted. Mr. Trumbull's bill to en j large the powers of the Freedmcn's Bureau j was taken np, and Mr. Cowan moved to ! amend by limiting the jurndic t.On of the Bureau to States lately in rebellion, which was debated by Messrs. Cresswell, Wilson, Cowan and Guth I ric, and disagreed to by Yeas 11. Nays Mt An I amendment was adopted, restricting military jurisdiction to offices pertaining to the Bureau, i and other amendments offered by Messrs. Davis ' and Saulsbury were rejected. The ?Senate then went into Executive Sossion, and afterward ad? journed. In the House, bills were introduced and re? ferred for the defenbc of the North-Eastern fron? tier; to regulate suffrage and elections in the District; requiring residence of a year to entitle citizens of that District to vote; to prevent the passing of counterfeit United States money; to regulate the appointment of Admirals and other naval officers; to establish a new navy yard on the Delaware River; to give pen? sions to certain soldiers of 1812; to grant bounties to volunteers of 1861 and 186*.*; \ autboriring the President to appoint cert.iin j household officers| to pay officers and men pre? vented by confinement in Rebel prisons from j being regularly mustered into service; to pre? scribe a new oath of office and to repeal the Test Oath act; to construct a ship-cannl aronnd Niagara F?llst and to admit the State of Colo? rado. Resolutions were adopted to inquire into the expediency of a tax on cigars according to quality, and of levying a tax on tobacco in the leaf; directing an inquiry whether, in "view of the appointment to office, by high offioart, of Rebels who could not take the oath, any legialation is xwcossary to euforce obedience to the law by all men " with, out regard to rank or color?" aa to paying offieera and privates from data of diecharge until relieved; aa to reducing tax on common cigars and manufactured common tobacco; and calling on the I*res idcr.t for correspondence cn - corning a demonstration by the Congres? of Colombia io honor of Juana. Mr. Stevens asked leave to offer a resolution to inquire into the expediency of a loan to tho Republic of Mexico, bnt withdrew it. Resolu? tion? were offered and referred lor the trial of Jefferson Doris and other BcKis bj Court? Martial; fora Con-titntional Ampnament pro? viding that on the death of the President and Yiee-Frer,i_ent the C_ief-Ju_t.ee thall be President till a new .election, and for an election by CongTcs? when there is no choice by the pe??ple; and declaring that Rebel representative* ought to be admitted immedi? ately. A n solution wa* introduced by Mr. Nilii-ck (Dem.) approving the rond net of Presi? dent Johnson in declining present?*, which the Douse ref-ised to lay on the tablo by 19 to 126. Mr. Schenck offered an amendment regretting that member, of Congress were not entitled to t-imilar prais. by reason of not having refused free pasees on railways; and the matter went over. From the Reconi-truetion Committee, Mr. Stevens offered a resolution for an amendment to the Constitution?tho same offered by Mr. Ft'B-cnden in the Senate?and propo>ed to press it to a vote, with one sp-tMrch on each bide. Mr. Rogers of Ncw-Jentey opposed it, and Mr. Conkling of New-York offered an argument in favor of the resolution, after which it was made the rpe? ?al order for to-day, and the Baan ad? journed. ______________________ The Semite yesterday voted down Mr. Cow iui't* amendment to exclude Murj land, Dela? ware, K'-utticky and Yirpnia from the jurisdic? tion of the Freeduien'aS llureau. To Lave done otherwise would have been to remit the negroes emancipated in tho*. Stutts to the unchecked control of their late masters. The United States ni-.-t take care of its wards. Those who voted not to, were all Democrats but Mr. Cowan. The sessions of the Legislature were brief yesterday. In the Senate a bill empowering the managers of the Five Points House of In? dustry to bind out children durinff their mi? nority was advanced to a third reading, when the body adjourned. In the Assembly a bill wa3 introduced chang? ing the name of the New-York Freo Academy to New-York Free College. The necessity of a Quarantine for New-York was intr?.d*iced by Mr. Littlijnu:uin resolutions calling upon the National Government to grant facilities for the aatBb?"?Iment of proper quarantine regulations. A ri'-i i'ition wai also offered directing inquiry to bo niado into the various systems of educa? tion prevalent in this country and abroad, with ! the view uf improving the system in New-York. Resolutions enforcing the quarantine necessity upon the Government, and directing tbe Com iii ?oners to find a location for new hospital .tud storage buildin*-?, were adopted. The Boston Board of Trado has joiued the New-York Chamber of Commerce in petition? ing Congre.-s fm^protection to the lawful claims of Northern creditors against the operation of Southern Statutes of Limitation running dur? ing the R?__ellion, and against stay laws subsequently passed. As they ask nothing but their bare legal rights for men who other? wise will be swiud led out of hundreds of mil? lions of dollars, thcpe petitioners are entitled to huve their prayer granted. "We do not learn that there aro two opinions on the subject in Congress; relief therefore should be -peedy a? well on certain. NO1 I Hi: li-i VIEWS. A Georgia Southron, partially reconstructed, writes ?rom Milledgeville on tho 9th inst. to TAe J.? F. Tima as follows: "The iie.roe? about tlii? city expected to tret s jvnr lion of their old inntters1 land?, lii-iippointed In thii expectation, they nuw ?.?y they will he allowed to tor?.' Vutin?.' with them I* synonymous witti/r?<fo_i. If we of tl.e South can hi left slo'ne to work out this problem of emancipatioi', we will do it. and the whole country - ii1 be tie ?miner. If tl.e politicians North bavo it ihtlr way, u>tcm sngsr ami rice will be In tbe market _po year froii tods? a hundred per cent, bisher than st I tent-nt. H'r know tho ni.-|imtha-i"KT; and w.can use this knowleilpo fur the bt-neflt of the whole country. (Sod grent ni- may be permitte?] to work out this prob? lem in our (Twii way??< Uait, for uno year." ?It is unfortunate that those who so thoroughly understand the negro character could not have resized, years ago, tho inestimable truth that the best and cheapest way to obtain Labor, White or Black, is tu hire it in tbo open market and pay the market price for it. That simple but precious truth, comprehended and taken to heart, would have savod us billions' worth of property and rivers of priceless blood. This Southron further says: "We are?notwithstanding the assertions of the l: iiln al? to the contrary?willing to -rive the negroes s fair trial-, and it is onr interest to do so?for the very paten! reason that mt kari no other ?moor at kandt and there will never be suuh mother opportunity as wo now have to make that, or say other kii,d of labor, so lucra? tive.** ?We concur in mont of the above, but think it a little too hard on the Southern Whites. According to the eenuin? of 18G0, Georgia had a total population of 1,057,329, whereof but 462, 232 were slave?. Making liberal ailowanc. for the then Free Blacks and the subsequent lo?jse_ by war, there must bo at least Half g Million Whites iu Georgia to-days not 100, (KK) of whom are able to live honestly on their capital. If, then, this ex-slaveholder mtans to insinuate that all the 400,000 Poor White, ia Georgia are too proud and la. y to work for a living, we beg leave to dissent. We know that far too many of them seem incurably indolent and vicious; that they delight in hanging around groggeries though their families lack bread, and cursing " the niggers" as idle, when those alone are at work: but we are quit, .ure that all me Poor Whites aro not of this bad school; and we ask the planters to give them a chance to proya it. Let those exten??ive landholders for whom ne? groes utterly refuse to work?and we know that there ara such-advertis? for White cotton hands, offering good wages and good l_e_Unent, and giving a preference to natives or long-time residents of their own State, and they will be sui*priiied by the number ready and willing to take hold. This sending to Ireland or (.?ermany ?yea, even to New-York or Cincinnati?for laborers is bosh?there ii no need of it. Offer the Foor White? a chance to work on planta? tion- where no ftlacks .re employed as field hands, with all ?gaper inducementa, and we be? lieve ootton calice made as cheaply by their labor as by Black, whether slave or free. Do lot us hoar that eomebody ii proffering the Poor WhiUa a chanoe to better their condition. The Southern papen are anxious to have the oegron removed, for fear of an i_8ur-ection. Thi* fear B?Y? tiiitad duri-;, thi BalrtJlion. If the Reli?is could fight a large army for four years, they certainly can prescrre the peace around their homes. TBK HEALTH BILL. "While the Legislature baa under consideration the bill establishing a new Board of Health for our City, it may not be presumptuous to offer suggestions locking to its improvement. The following points seem to us those whereon the bill, a? presented, may be usefully modified: I? We think the Commissioners should be nominated by the Govern ?r and confirmed by the Senate, but that the Mayors of this City and Brooklyn, with the Health Officer of the Port, should be Commissioners ez o?eio. 2. We jadge that these, with four more Com? missioners?making seven in all?should consti? tute the new aBoard. 3. We suggest that the amount of money they may oxpend should be expressly limited, so as to render it certain that there shall be secured an aggregate saving of expense by the creation of this aBoard. 4. We judge that two physicians (beside the Health. Officer) and two lay mon would bo a proper apportionment. 5. The President of the Board should be re? quired to devote his entire time to the duties of his station, and be paid a liberal, though not extravagant salary, as should the Secretary; but tho other members of the Board, whose dut ii* : would be rather legislative tlian executive*, and who need give but a fuw hours per week to their official duties, and who need not surrender their regular but-ines*', should be content with a Tcry moderate stipend. 6. Wo submit that all the other Commission? ers?Police, Croton Water, Central Park, Char? ities, Fire, Ac.?should be required to o??p ?rate with that of Health, and atford all practi? cable assistance in securing the great cuds for which it is organized. ? Such are the few particular? ia which the Health bill, as printed, seems to us susceptible* of improvement We respectfully commend them to the consideration of the Legislature. BAD FOB Till: BIOIC % l-l. The World has a Copperhead correspondent in Washington who winds up a column of splen? etic outpouring aguiust " colored legi.-latiou in Congress" as follows: " How drculfully 'icld' the Radica!? wonid b" if the Sooth iboold nlopt. lu the different Ststei, thii Radical recommendation to allow negroes to vote! The tinnl ' condition' of tbe moct Radical |reconFtru.:ti. mut would then be fu?illed. and the ?hole Radical crew would bo subjected to the folios ing fright?: JUmtortition would be acoompluhed in ipite or [be Radical obstruc? tions?tbe representatlnu lu the Southern States wolild be largely increuaeil?the negr.iei would be ?cry likely to rote fur their old friend? and former masters-, ?i lu ni ther know, and wboare, of course, ' Hebel?'?and laut,, and molt horrible (to tl.e Radios!?) thought of all, a negro-voting population, In mme lectlom of the South, mitritt tend negro Representatives to Clongrem. No oue, probably, U more opposed to this than the moat muting of t'l.eie Kadiral?, s ho aro wdlinc in allow IS! u k? to vote In the Dlittlet or In the South, but wVo would lee the iilmle race in Africa, or in eveu wanner quarters, before they would permit a single uogro to i ote with them in the Rouse or Senate." ?now full of suggestion is the above extract, even though but partially true ! The South is .standing in hor own light in clinging to the shadow of Slavery after the substance hu, for? ever departed, li her statesmen would but act as their judgment must dictate, how soon, in? deed, would "restoration bo accomplished 1" We hail this admission of au e_am~ ????* t< a.De Radicals" do not desire the spoliation of the South, nor her humiliation, nor any gratification of vengeance upon her, but simply the recog? nition of the loyal Blacks as entitled to the common rights of manhood. And this recogni? tion, it is admitted, would not disfranchise nor weaken the South, but would increase her power in Congress aud her internal strength and pros? perity. Then why not ! Gentlemen of the ?South ! You see how easily tho Radicals can bo "sold." Take right hold now, and sell th? m ! DON'T! The Economist (London) is alarmed lest the Canada??or rather, all the British Colonies in North America?shall assimilate their tariff tu ours, and thus unite with ns in a sort of a Zoll Verein, wherein their products and ours should continue to be exchanged on a footing of perfect reciprocity. This the organ of British Calico dreads, of course, and urges tho colonists in? stead to cut down their tariff to nothing and systematically render their country a mere de? pot and refuge for smugglers engaged in "run? ning" British fabrics into the States; the Colonial revenues to be replenished by a House duty and by an increase of Stamp and Excise duties. Says The Economist ; "The Washington politician! teem to have sxnejeted that, under the alarm of loalng the treaty, Canada would consent to adoptas Ligb a tar?fas u?e 'Mat"?. They are entirely and alinoit ridiculously mistaken. In real tratb, the abrogation of tin? treaty by the sole action of the State? confer? a irreal adran*.age on Can ads. If. ander present circumstances, the treaty was worth anything to either side, it wet worth far more to the community on the south than on the north of the British frontier. A river, lake, and Una of a thloosand m'lei, ii obrionily indefinable against itsoggling.* * * " The refnsal of the Bute? to ?nsw the Reciprocity Treaty la one of the greateit chances ever presented to the pee?ple of our Nurt.. American dependencies: and, if they fail to ti? s advantage of this chinee opportunity In a shrewd and iagaoions spirit, they will do far more to ali?n?t? th? goodwill and respect of this country than all ths efforts of all ths presctisrs of the doctrine of colonial abandonment." ?If this don't captivate and encourage tho Canadians more than it frightens the Yankeea, TAe I; vnotntit will have had its labor for its pains. And that is just what it will get. IOWA. The Iowa Legislature, which meet? only biennially, assembled at Des Moines on January .*., and promptly ratified the Constitutional Amendment abolishing Slavery. A resolution to that effect passed the House on January 13, and the Senate on January US. It deserve* ?ar? ticular mention that all tho Democratic mem? bers of the two Hoiisps, tau one, who wa? ab? sent, voted for the r?solution. Thii shows a real progresa, for a year ago the D?mocrate of Iowa went hand in band with thoae of other States in denouncing tho action of Congresa, and a leading organ published a "black Hat" of Democratio membera of Congrega who roted for the Amendment. It ia alao due to tha credit of Iowa, which always aspires to the front rank in the advocacy of the principles of freodom and progreit, to re? call, on tbu occasion, the fact that her Legiala tara waa tkg lirai to pott a reaolutioa ra_p?ai-i_ th? Repi-i-aeutatives and ?n?trn. ting tbe Senators of the State in Congress to use their influence for the pastaga of an Amendment of the Federal Constitution entirely abolishing Slav.ry. All honor to freedom-loving Iowa ! PHVNKMI Bl II? II A?. I". The ??ue_t ion of Colored Suffrage?M for the sake of convenience we call it?unit bo dis? cussed. Some soft-headed, shallow and vio? lently fanatical men think to shovel it out of the way, as they thought to shovel Slavery; but put it down as you wi'l, and we expect to see it put down a good many times, it will presently come up again lo vex a?. We have our opin? ions, but we do not pretend that they are infal? lible, and we are always glad to listen to what can be said upon tho other side. Mr. Secnt->r Davis, if we under-?and his remarks made in his place on the 10th instant, contends that Blacks should not vote 1. Because a foul odor exudes from their skin. 2. Beean e their heels nuke halM in the ground. * We have thought over thi? n.J.tcr with all possiblo caro and gravity, but thus far we have been unable to Katata! what per-onal lragraiuo has to do with the right of sulTrvie. There wa?, it is true, an ancient notion thal ' i Igt were naturally .sweet-M'cntod, aud the courtiers of Alexander the Dual told him that hit, IkhIv reminded them of violets?but wo believe that they lied, and Aloxaudcr, '?ho was tho bl -.' judge, was of the same opinion. All we ? ou? tend for is fairness. There are in this city thousands of men to whom water, t*oap_,aiid towels are unknown, or at laail unused luxu? ries?who though called white by courtesy, carry cuticles grimy with tho accretions of years?who are therefore not pleasant to the nohtrils of their nicer f.l]ow-.i_i_?-:i-*' yet they not only voto but they vole often at the same election?they not only vote but they aro voted for?they not only vote, but they assault and batter those who do not agree with them. What "exudes from their skin*?" we cannot say, though we are ,?u. that it is not Balm of a Thousand Flowers, but thut which, from morn? ing to night, and so on uutil the next m-irniug, goes into their ?kiu-?, is of a compound flavor ol' camphene and alcohol, and though it may give them a strong, does not give them a dulcet breath. Supp??se we should take tho ground that those free and independent gt.ntlomon ought to bo excluded from the poll*? on account of their malodorous misfortunes, or rather faults T And if you -*?gin, where are you to idraw the line i* Aro you to turn the election authorities into a mero smelling committee I Besides, there is no disputing of tart?-.**. Some people like one smell, nome ?mother?.???nie. favor the scent of garlic, while to others it is in? tolerable. By what standard siull we legally, constitutionally aud equit ably turn up au noses T Wo wi-h that Mr. Diivi?, who is a very learned man. had told us hy what nitiocination he deduced the f_ct that long heels ure incom? patible with au intelligent and honest exercise of the right of sui.rn._i?. Eua -peech would have been the mo?t cut?:.]ah:lin*-, erudite, instructive, novel, fascinating, and unauswerabl. thing on record since the gro.it Slawkeiiborgiiis gave to the warii his Theory of Noses, Dr. Gall judged men by amalalogical protuberances, iii-* gao_ Lavater by facial lines; Dr. Davis goes plump down to the heel; ho-.rutiuizes it, he cuupan? it, ho measures it, he criticises it, and, glowing with patriotic science, he cries out that ino lib? erties of the land will be endangered if the owner of such a misshapen, elongated, hole-in the-ground-exeavating heel is to be allowed to vote! We bow with reverenco to the dictum, but we do wish, such is hu? man curiosity, that he had told us th. reason why. For a mau does not think with his heel; he does not read with his lice!; he docs not ask questions with his heil; he does not, unless ho be heels over head, make up hi? mind by, with or through his he?*l?not tho'i?;h it were a better Jieel than the heel of Achillo?*, and had been soused seven times in the Styx?a mort invulnerable, indefatigable and infallilile heel! Davis refers to Cuvier, but we will wager whatever Dai is pleases that not one word can be found in all the woiks of Cuvier upon the connection between long heels and the right of suffrage. These, fancies art? fascinating, but are they not a little dangerou.? I By-and-hy ?who can insure us against it !?star-eyed science will be discovering per?^ps that men with red hair, or with thin beards, or with bandy legs, are of "au inferior rae??," unless indeed the red-haired, thin-bearded, and bandy-legged men get the b!ack?haired, bushy-bearded and straight -1? gged men und? r, and cut them off from the felicities of the ballot. Dr. Davis does not see into what a topsy-turvy world ho would introduce us, nor how, if theso superfino objec? tions were having their twing, he might be ob? jected to for deficiency in pi'rsonal beauty, though he may be the handsomest man in Con? gress for anything we know; but then the ugly ones might bring ugliness into political fa-hion, and put a change into the Constitution adverse to the shape of Dr. Davis's shins, ehapely as we shall suppose them to be, and beautiful as they are In the ?yeo of Dr. D.'s bootmaker. Yes, he might be objected to, and ejected from his seat senatorial, though he cried out never so lustily, "I, too, tun a Circaasian!" Bat, perhaps, if a black were wealthy?and Utera have been wealthy onus?or if he wore well educated?and there have boen rich?or if he were not very black?and there hare been " blacko " (bagging his pardon) ao white as the Doctor?perhaps if wa could find such, who, after careful mensuration of their heels, and prvtper examination of their odor, turned out to be ?h?rt and sweet, do yon think our fastidious Senator would allow thtn to vote? We ara afraid not. We are afraid, ufter all our trouble, he would como pounce upon us with forty frei?h argumenta, and after all thee? wera refuted that he would find forty more equally g?>od. Wherefore we beg hiin to hold fast by his heel and odor Uieory, for, though good for nothing, it is as good io any ?T?ii'.h b? io lu?!, to ?jicogitate?. * Ii Alf? BBBBKSBB9. This is an age of miracle?, and a day of thiele coming portent-. It almost bU>pe one's breath to find Massachusetts and Tennessee on th? same platform, with Oen. Pillow and the Re-. Mr. ?Kirk Bhaking hands. The former writes to ja friend in Washington that the freodmen ara working steadily upon plantations under hi? supervision, and that "he allows them land for the cultivation of vegetables for their own rise without charge therefor." Dr. Kirk said ia Boston, ou New Year's Day: " It has been ouo of my strongest desires to seo the great planta? tions of the South split np. The Black man and the White mau mast oo"ipy small farm.* down there, whether tho chivalry like it ?or not." The Doctor goes u little fortuei th.itt the General, but tho clerical and military mind aro both poisoned l?y the abominable, heretical, agrarian ide i of lai'.d for the landless. It ? easy to say iu the pro-SUr ery newspapers that Dr. Kirk, albeit kB Is one of the most conservative of Calvinist io divines, is a Now-Lsglaud radical, with liis baal full ti Fourkrito whimsies; but Giu. rillov? i? a pa? triarch of loug standing, educated in tbe strict c-t Mhool of flave-holding philo.-ophy, uni without tho smell of a Boston notion in his g.v - meuts. If any man's tt-stimouy OOM be above the "U.-iiii-ion of prejudice, it is his; und li? if ! c1 ires ovor his own s'geatun.' thnt the fror dm? ? are working well, and that to eii.t ( n 11 i"*onr ?ago them he has sut ofl'to them BBBbH p.ireolj of i lind which they are to cultivate for their own ?b-Miefit and profit. What will Uki ski critic , [who ?aro BtWBfl howling them-ihes hoar? about our r.i<l?cali*m and B-gmiBJaBB, v;iy la tliis v.ild and Pickle??? IfBflula'.ton of lion. Pil? low? We are aliuo-*t afraid to o?-pn*?s mir tipprolv tionoftho common t-'eiise oourse punned bj this retired warrior lost our approval i-ihoulii damage him in tlie estimation of his neighbor", and Urtu hinder him in the re-pe?table work wbich he hu-* undcrtukon. Bil mo mu it say that G?*n. Pillow might have done much wor.*?. He night have betaken himself to wh'?ky anti BBaariBgi he might have fobled liis bania in ?li-pi'r; ha mimili have gone olf to liaa-B t-BBB to soLice hi-i toni by swindling Peona) he might have como to Washington hi pur ut of personal relief; he might have ill-treated laborers wini are .?till very much in his power. As l.e hu? u u fit(0 go to WQlk man-Pi h.oi?, .'.ml i* ?liter mined (as ho surs) " to a??ju.*?t ti o new relit'on? on the basis of impartial juatice," wa wieh bim all manner of prosperity, good crop-, q'iick ami profitable returns, diligent .inI ?l?".'"r<"n work? men, and the cooperation of his Umt9 liithMMM whatever may bo the color of their cuticles, II? owes the black man a free! debt, and we hopo he may bring forth works meet fur n pentaooB? If the pinn tu puni.-h ?iiunleiioiting v it!i ?leith is iiibip'O'l, wa 'lull hava oojiody con? victed for the crime. Erin ne pun'-l u i".i:-.-. bj* never punishing, always "k . ; Mi Tbi? axiom is well.?-!..bli*!i.'d in ot!?. r countries. Wa hope Congr?-:?, will not n?aka it mmtmmmT* for us to learn it iu AtAOtk g. Mr. Cowan of Fa-sayl* iola preaantei .ves terduy th?sf")lov. ing v-tat'-sm ml'!.e vi? w of suf? frage: 'It wai now jrortoawl, aficr hn?tn ? ii. ed th" lagia, fn *?r ?',rn tLcrlf-lt of ?iirTrat/e. V : ?.? ?ui.'d that dul ?Si?i] ly in?reme hil BB?Mae for gutting hi? irai broken al '.!??' poll*? by a ?ttonrcr tau ' Arc WV to infer that .Mr. Cowan ?? ,j i away fron the poll- from leur of connu,.' in contact with a strong *r iieo?! tlutu his own / Mr, Stiiiilon .'Hid Mr. McCulloc-h _BT?Qg liotli iiotilied (,'ongress that they bud di-r?'g?mli??l tho law ol' July '.', 1**??,', by iippoinliiii/* K?*!?*!$ to office who could not act under thnt law, Mr. Stevens yc-terday offered a n-cluta'U to in struct tlie Judiciary t'oauoitteo to iiio/iire "whether any legislative measure is nccesnu-y to enforce obedience to the law by all men, without regard to raak or color.'' The Ht a se passed it forthwith._ Henry Wilson of Mu?BtB-Saatta said yester? day in the Senat": "Certain newaprtpen had advocjlol the me of Cot ernraeiit patronage to influence thr* action of i'oiign-???. Ho woold ?ay to everybody who had that thought ni their braun, unit tl.e ???njiio uf tilla country nie no1 Id any temper to be ?old. They bate dei".)? a thal negtxse iball not be bought and sold; and tbey are naiiultnoDS that the .Senators and Re-presentiitiTes illili not iel! themielre? for Oorernment pioronsire. If there ia anybody In tho country who vtahea to buy or ?eil, ha will Hud the American p??o|iIe will blast bim wttU ?tiihoring goora sod indignation.'1 There is no pa'riot who does not retpond Amen to that!_ A correnpondent tuggaata that Congre-s shoald proffer to everj* freedmau forty acics of Public Land in Florida or elsewhere?to bo in i!ie_abl? for a term of thirty ycar-j. Wo ore opposed to any such act, and to all legMution whatever about or for negroea, aa such, unless there be peculiar and very urgent rea-ons therefor. We wish it were p?jsi?ible, bj it three-line amendment to the Federal Con? stitution, to prescrilx,* that all Federal, Slut?? ni local laws or regulations now extant thai create or recognize any legal distinction baaed BB coloi are hereby annulled, and tho enactment ?*f on/ more such precluded. If it be n?.*ces*ary to pass a declaratory act, .-?'ttiiig forth that Blacks, like While-, may set? tle on and preempt 160 acres of tho publio d?i main, paying the cost (<!10) of survey and locaa tion, let it be done; but wc trust it is not iiecc* nary. Let as make this a land of djuul righte and equal laws, and there stop. Wo soo in aLouisiana a proposition to reame the Judges of the Supreme Court and State Coiort? of that SUte, "on the ground that a the time these Jadges wero appointed, there wa? not a suffi? ?cat field from which to helect Judge'." This means that when Louisiane was reconstru? ?e?l during tbe war, by Hiihn uu?i Banka?a portion of the Slate being in tin? army of the Confederar? ?there was no ?-banc? to telect gray-hoode- Rebel-:, who were then murdering our sons and brothers, At judicial positions. Kow, with Well* f..r Governor, and the gray-hood??- lawyers having returned, and being impecunious, and BUeuslI tmctcd, and wanting places, the loyal men then .?..ula Judges must give war. and penn-, fy*.>cl? to take their pla?)??, Thi= is. Maaftat****#QflBj> -afitg the mod"