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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, January 30, 1866, Image 1

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Vou XXV....1N0- 7.742.
NEW-YORK, TUESDAY. JANUARY 30, 1866.
PRICE FOUR CENTS.
FROM WASHINGTON.
OUR SPECIAL DISPATCHES.
Gathering Mt the Chief*.
Rumored Trial of Jeff. Davis.
?klllitary Court of BUtlntnriihed
Oencralo.
COWGRESSIOW'iL PROCEEDINGS,
?berring Cillseish^ on (be
Negro?
Spoeches of Senators Trcmbnll and
Saulsbury.
Mr. Raymond on Reconstruction.
stautlxrr Dcolittle Reproduced in the
Honte.
Washington, Monday. Jan. Mt MO*
IMPOBTAXT Bl'MOSS.
Kntnors, with mort '.t?.n the ordinary fotmd.it:'.r.
lor sensation reportt, arc r'.fo that Jeff. Davis is to
toa arpe-edil?.- brought to trial btfore a Military Com
tTiisaioii. Tho gatheriiig of Mojilf QttjQItlt. to
which yesterday's (.????atohf s rtll'id'd, it is ?aid, ia
with reft renee to this trial, which ia to bo made
tapoMiig with distinguished li?mes. It is certain
that the Onerals are here ostensibly to consult
apon military matters, but really, if we may fcoHoit
tho report, to i.,-ga?ii?e a Court for the trial of the
atetad of the late Kihi 1 Confedera?,y.
ARRIVAI, OK OKI*. THOMAS.
Major-Cm. Thomat arrived here to-day for
the purpose of taking part in the consultation of tbe
military chirrs, 'i he news he brings with him from
Tsanoksea agrees in all important particulars with tit
statements made by Gov. Biownlow in ins letter to
?feaker (Julfsx.
*- MB. BAYMOND'8 speech.
After the expiration of the morning Lour, the
House took np the discussion of the Constitutional
Amendment, ?banging the lasi? of representation. Mr.
Hay mund lad the floor, and availed himself of thin
BJBBB tu bl ty to deliver a speech, not on the question
before the House, but on Reconstruction in general
TTse ?peech was in part deroled to a reply to that de
xivered some time ai o liy Mr. Shellabarger of Olio.
Ma then develoj-ed his own views, substantially
??pesting tho sari:? arguments used by Mr. Doo'ittle
la the Senate, poing exactly over the same
agTuoti ! SBki f.il?owing tie ruaie line of reasoning.
In flirt, it muy be said thal Mr. Raymond's speech wa?
?Doolitt'e'? trauttferred to tie House with the excep?
tion of tie star and flag arg .:ount of the Senator from
Wiscontiu. lu the kau.? way Mr. Wade's speed
la reply to Mr. Doolittle would be quite ap?
propriate as a reply to Mr. Raymond, and it is
?aapectcd that a similar reply will soon follow. Mr.
Buymoii'l saaln with great Curacy, and, a', gam, Viitii
a certain earnestness, and wea listened to with the
greatest at te i.t ion. The debate on the Constitutional
Jlunendmeiit is vlr'nally closed. To morrow, it will no
doubt lie ?icinri?tteil, togetfcer with all the proposi?
tions lb?; ?cr..1 tun! leiere the Ilc.ie in the course of
the diseur linn, bnt without instructions.
CKV. PHRRMAX.
Ce.n. .-?hi rman entered the House of Repre
?sotatives whi'.s Mr. Raymond was speaking, intro
iooetl by lila broiler. The House took a recess lor five
ar?Duto? fur the purpose of giving the members an op
?BOttunity to ?rale, uii tie distinguished guest. Speaker
Osbb*BB iclroiijo?al him to the Honre, and, the General
TSeeiTed a mott flattering ovstion, fur which le re
tnrsed his lhankt in a few ?Imple and very appropriate
astsarlt. He tien look a seat by the side of Mr. Hing
naas of (Uro. and soou the pages ot the Hoes crowded
?ovand him for the purpose of obtaining his autograph
?The Gene: al ."aid that he would remain hero about a
Wwek longer.
TUE HRESIDKKT'S VIEWS-,
The AtrtTt^ltiTil Prt.,3 dispatch, giving the
?Pr?sidents views on the Constitutional Amendment
?tena] i ii?? in the Heute, and the qncition of colored suf
(rage in the District of Columbia is attracting much
attention, but to Jndge from present appearance?, is
likely to have but. little if any inflt.i-nce upon tbeseiiou
al* Congres?. This evening's Reyvhlicrtn states that Mr.
Dixon it the "distinguished Senator'' slluded to in the
tJispateh. It Is itntcd on very good authority thtt Ile
?Msputoh, before bring ?men to the Atsoclated Prest.
?tras revised, sud its publication authirized BJ the
President himself. This having b:?come known during
tan day, It excited considerable comment on the part of
?Uaasrrrseriif n. who found it ungular that the President
ahneld send bl? messsges sod oommunicatc his news
?te Congres? ,tirough the channel of the Associated
timm
T?r* FUKEDMK.1 IN SOUTH CABOL1NA.
A coniuiittee of gentlemen from South Caro?
lina cnniisting of Got. Aiken snd Meurs. Tresco?
nswl Whale?. a ere before the Corcnilttf e on Freedtneo's
Affairs tins morilug, asking for a modification of that
?Is a se of Mr. TrnmbuiTs Freedroen's bill which gives
tas fret-dmrn nettled on the land covered br Gen. Sber
saan'? wel ?known order potseiscry title for three year?.
?J3sa. Howard wa? pr?tant while they argued their
casa A negro r?i ni??ntiag the other tide of the ques?
tion will appear before the Committee to-morrow.
1.1 TBK SKNATK.
In the Senate, Mr. Trumbull occupied most
?sa* the ?Afternoon ia an exhaustive argument In favor of
tils bill tecuring protection to frcedmen In Kurth Caro
?Jjntl He was followed ty Mr. Saulsbury in a charsc
jsjsristlc speech. Gens. Sbermsn and Thomas wsrs in
Oars Chamber daring part of the dsDate, and rsceired
?JJstBongTataliitlon? of many Senators.
8ECRBTABT SEWARD.
Secretary Seward and Bon were at their posts
?at ta? State Departmeat to-dar They are looking
?atytically tniproTed by their roynge. The Secressry
?natal bis respecte io the Prenden! early this moran:"-.
PERSONAL.
?Gens. Meade, Merritt and Hancock hare
?arrived here, snd Gem. Pheridan, Terry sad Piik are
aspee ted, The throe Utter wdl sppear befors the Re
?BOhtTruction Commuter.
BECIPROCITT.
Jha Cauodian iaomrjjorci*tl (ItlagAnOg boo bac
another ?-??->o fere nee with the Commit-?? on Wavs and
Mean?. They r?r?e tb? ?doption of ?om? general ?nd
reciprocal doty npon ?li article? of interchange, ?o a?
to do away with any temptation or incentive to smng
g'e from either border. Ihey con?;der?t?ily admit lae
necetaity of our imposing heavy duli?*?, and profe?? an
earnest desire to ad?pt Canadian tiad? to tho new oreler
of things in the united State?
NEW-YORK CCSTOM-HOtJSB.
A MOMMftd inovetaeat ha.? been inaugurated j
for the erection of a new Custum-Hoase in New York. ;
The Poiit Oft'., e < o-*u,it'aee, in concarrence with th? I
Pust-soter ('?"in-rj'.ar.r* the New-York delegation, will j
report a bill crc-itin,- a eomroi??ioa to local? and matine '
plsns for U? ?lr-.t_r?j. to trpoit to UmgreM at lu
nest ???ajan.
SVIOC.LIMO.
luftrtlgtHtm roi tatty made by the Coro-ii?
lionel i ' r:?c t?. tr.e?mngg'.!ngon the Ca
nsdian border i.uic c tri .'?ted the fsct tbst the hostile
Ind.ai?'?! >ii: ni'"! i ? id D.-kota have far a lorg time
past been ?upplied mil ::tlcs of the Enfield pattern, by
English smugglers.
ISIHAN MOVEMENTS.
Got. F.diLUiiils of Dakota Territory report?
to the Commiinioner of Indian Affaiin thut a large
l?ody of the Sioux, numbering from 500 to 800, are
u"iki if their way nu.thward, having been driven out of
their ?-lut.iry by t'.fc prevalence of deep ?now?, and the |
consequent ?cart .tv of game. A? their lifutionn ap?
pear to be friendly, instructions hav? bc?n issued by the j
(V-mmi?a.?i!ier of Indian Affairs to supply them with j
food.
THE FKEEliMBN'8 BUREAU.
Gen?, now'ird, CoiDinisrtionpr of the ?faed I
inen'? ltureau, leaves to morrow for the principal cities j
of Maine and Mansachnsett?, where he will deliver ad
drr.se? on the condition of the Frecdmen in the South?
ern States.
INTERNAL RBVBRCE.
The receipts .rum Iuternal Revenue to-day
w?rell,46.,*-i7. _
To the, AiiouateJ P?en.
Wash-koto-?, Mond?y. Jan. 29, 1W6.
PROPOSED RECIPROCITY TREATY WITH TH-1
BR1TI**II PROVISOES.
Copies of tho preliminary report on thp
Treaty of Itetiproclty with Great Britain, to regnlat? I
trade between the Unitod States and tho Provinces of
Iii iti?h aN-jrtli America, prepared by E.H. Derby, st
the retjuest of the Secretary of the Treasure, weie to
elny laid on the desks of tie m cmrers of Congresa. He
u-.-pends tho draft of a bill to extend the present treaty
for the further term of one year from the 17th of March
next, on the condition that Canada i hall rape ni all
duties and taxes on seit, car?, locomotives, vehicles of
all kinds, machineiy, furniture, tools, implements, soap,
starch, boots, shoes, leather, horse shoes and hor*e ?hoe
nalia, harness, tacks, brads, watches, musio and inn
oical instrument?, clicks, tin and woodena-ore,
muslin delaine?, coarse shawls, satinets, aud
?hectir.gs and shirtings worth less than #1
pound, and raised her internal tax and ?1 a t y on spirits I
lo at loaat 75 tent? per gjllon, wine mei?ure, and di?
continue brr free port? cm Lake? Duron and Snperior.
The ?aid treaty for extension ?hall also provide that tho
United States may impose sny Internal taxes on the
productions of the Provinces which tLey levy upon
tbeir o? ii products of the same kind. The President
ii autlmrired to appoint two Commissioners or Envoy?
to negotiate a treaty with the United Kingdom and the
Prorinrcr, either jointly or ?everadly, to r?gulai? tbo
commerce and navigation between the respective ter?
ritories and people of said Provinces and the United
States on terms reciprocally beneficial. It is to
be made the duty of th? Commissioners to
pro? ide if possible for the permanent seenrity
of the fisheries of the United Stales, to re
ciivu the free initrchange of tho chief product* of |
art and manufacture es well as the products of the fur
est ann agTicnltnre and other product? between the
l'rovincea and tho Tilted State?; to secure, if possible,
the tais; oritiiiiiirico of any fre? ports that may endanger
revenue, and the arsim?utiou of duties on article?
tared on the two coantrle? and the removal of all
charges tor lights and compulsory pilotage, and all
diHTiminoting t'ills and duties, and for improve-d nnvi
gntion bt-tta'fu J.ikfi Mi.bigan scd the Mississippi,
around the Fall? of Niagara^ and between Lake On?
tario, Montreal and Lake Champlain. All articles pro?
duced in any of the Province.?, which, under the pro
viilon of the treaty ?>r extension. If made, ?hall be
freely admitted into Cenada from the United State?
shall during the year of extension be freely admilted to
the United State? from Cenada, if produoed in that
country.
SUPREME COURT?PHILADELPHIA CHK8TS?T-ST.
Bril DO 8 CASE,
The Uniteii, Statis Supreme Court to-day de?
cided the Philadelphia Chestnnt-st. Bridge cuse. Mr.
Justice Wayne delive-ed the opinion, swerting the
principio that ile power under the Constitution to regu?
late commerce extends to all navigable waters, and does I
not ?top at State lines. Bridges are in the character of -
ferries. Me referre-d to the Delaware Blackbird Creek
Oase, in which Chief-Justice Marshall held that the dam !
authorised there to be erected stopped a navigable |
stream, but unless It came in conflict with a law ofCon- -
gress, It was a matter for Delaware? herself, of which ;
the U? ited States had no Jurisdiction. Tbo Court conld
se? no difference between this and the Che?tnut st. '
case, snd could not amend the law of Pennsylvania, I
anthortsicg tt?e er?ctlon. The pabilo gool It to be ;
consulted,tond Congress msy. wh?na??' it becomes i
necetsary, inurfore, a? it did In tho Wheeling Bridge I
ease, by special nr general la? within the sphere of its t
constitutional sutho-ity. Tho Delaware Biver being ?
within the limit? of Pennsylvania, the Court could not j
say she exoeeded her pntrrr?, whioh conld not be msde '
a subject of review bv the Supreme Court, which dis- I
covered nothing to di?t? rb the decree of the Circuit
Canrl of the Ka?tern District of Pennsylvania, which is .
aflirmed with cost?.
AFFAIR* US THE RIO GRAICT'K.
The Pr?sident, in a cominuniration to the
Sei ?te. indented the opinion of the Secretary of War.
t. at It is inconsiitcnt with the public ioterett to give
an aiiiwer to the re ??tlutlon of th? 17th init., ???quest?
ing the letter? of Gee Sheridan and other officers of
the Department of Texas, with regard to thu present
condition of affairs on the Southern frontier, and es
pecally io relation to any violation of neutrality on the
L-i?t i'f it? annie? now occupying the right b?_k of the
Bio Grand?.
XXXIXtti congress.
FIRST SESSION.
sESATE.Wi-aiKcm?. Jan. ? li?*,
NAVIOATIO.** OF THK UPPER MISSISSIPPI.
Mr. Ramset (Min-.) presented ? memorial I
from th? St. Paul Boatd of Trade, ??king for th? im
provenant of the Upper Misal?alppil River, and auch ,
oommenl?arrange?enta with the British Provino?? :
?i wui ?ecure tbe freedom of the Welland and St. Law?
rence Canal? to American veaeel?, and th? enlnree
meet of tboee canal? by th? Canadian Government to a
capacity ?ufitcient to pa?? veesel? of 1.0U0 toe? barden
l from Lal:? Superior or Chicago to th? ocean ; and alto
that a Jo'at cx?rnrnl??ion, representing the Government?
of the ??tate? and Prnvmce?. ?hall be authorized, ??th
a new to a Lbersl and satisfactory system of reciprocal
trsd?.
lias memorial was re.'erred to the Conmiittee on
Com meroe.
BTATll OP TRI ""SMDhtTI.
Mr. Yate?? (III.) introduoad the ?..Howing. which was
referred to the Jt.it Committe? or? ket-onitruction i
HAerOTi, Th? ( "i.t it mi .n of thetra-ej Slate? ?boinka? i
S.?varv ia all Um ?tate? ?ad Tarvuerte? of ta? talud Slate?.
erkenn Hi uo&ujjsn, gw? ? *?rs-Uca?_ uf say ti?)? ? j
Territory In lid of Slavery or growing out of the tame are null I
lud ?old ; ?Ed
II >irrr,.i. rty ?irtue of ..Id abolition of Slavery. ?11 roeo, io
ill the Otate? rtul Territorio?, are cit irn? ?iitit!?d to ill (he
nii.utad p itnl.gr? of clttzeu?, au bj ed ooly la legal dittuil
nie* applicable tu ?bile peraooa | fid
H '.mat. Al.'i, ii ia expretaly provided thtt Corgretl ihiU
bivi powrr lu eofoice by ipproprltt? lefW.tluu, the ifors- ]
ml power luo'i.bnig .?livery, wi iel ci' not lie dene ?Ittiout
pioterliog t , rili/eni .?iin.l al re.ti'rtiotn, pentltu'i or de
piiviti'.bi of r isj.it reaultiog fr'ni Silvery, tnd ter o ri og to
iiieui ?li tbeir civil und politictl right!, including the elecliv? |
rriodiH?; I
TAeref. rt bett enacted. Ax., ?hit rn ?tit* or Territory of th? |
ti,,!? 1 .stile, thal! by any eooililution. law or otlrr regult
Usa wlttetti. her.iofflre In torce, or Imetfler to be idopted, ?
n,?ke or eiif.irie.oi ?n Bey iiitiin.r rerogniie any dl.iiuctioB I
between c1? iieaa of lit? Loiteti Sine?, or of any bute or Terri?
tory, ou ?ii-ouut of i.'?, or color or rond-.tl u i lud that brie- |
liter til rilli' nt, without diitii ctlon of rtr-e, color or reed!-1
lion, ?ball b?prot.C'.?d In the ful end eqnal eujoy?i?Bt lud
eirr i ? of 11 theil civil and po.lt.i.il rl.htl, lu. iutticg th? I
right ef turlraje.
KEOSrSASIZATIOy OT THE JfDICIABT. j
Mr. H?rri? (X. V.) introduced s bi'l turetirganUelhe
Jndieiory of the United ??'??ates, which was referred to
the Judiciary Committee.
This bill is s remodlfir-stion of the bul lntrodtieed by
him al tie begini ing i fine Sesilrvn.
W18T I OINT ACAOLMT.
Mr. Wilson (Huts > also Introduced ? MU to Increase
the number of cadet? and to raise the stand ?rd of ad?
mission to tbe Military Academy. It authorises the
President to appoint two sddltiousl cidets for each
State represented in (ongresi, and "5 ?hoihsll be
elected fiom sois of oflioi n or BlrTstSS who hive d'ed
in tbe milititry ???rvieeof tie United Stitei. Apportioned
to the ?ever?! Stile? according to the number of troop?
fuininlietl durli.K Ile vrar. it alto requin? for admit
mm after Jnly,IH?i7, examinations lu spelling, reading.
writlas*, grammar, p ?liticsl and physical geography of
the United States, Vii i ted Stntei 'biitory, and ?nth
metic. Algebra ami crcometry are itrictcu out.
MILIiABV rrDCCATMX.
Mr. Sbekbun (lilio) offered a bid to promote military
education, which wss ref'tred to tho Militsry Com?
mittee. It pro? lilli? 'lint, fur the purpose of promoting
the knowledge of military arno: g the young men of the
United Stat??, the Pre.id'ent may, upon the application
of an ei'ulli.-lied College or uniiereity Within the
Ui.ited Stales, wiih ?unifient capacity lo educate ?ti
one time not less than lan male ?lude ts, detail an offl
cer of the army to set as president or superintendent
of ?uch college or onivenity. Tbe number of oftiaers
so detailed snail not exceed Al at any time, and shall bo
apportioned through the United States, as pearly as
practicable, srcording to population, snd ?hall be gov?
erned by general rule? to be prescribed from time to
time by ti o i'n-jid? nt
Bl riTHOtTTT.
Mr. Hakbis (S. Y,) gntmni tie remonstrance of
the Citizens against tie lenewal of the Recipim-ily
Treaty, which nu? referred to ile Committee ou
Foi sign Relation?.
fOLOB nifTINCTIOSS.
Mr. Sumseh (Muir.) presented a petition from the
citizen of Pi-nntj li ?nia. ssking for sn amendment to
the Constitution prohibiting dittinction in civil right.? on
account of color, which wea teferred to tho Special
Committee of Fifteen on Reconstruction.
PCBLIO LAND? 1'OB THE DIRTBICT 8CnOOL8.
Mr. V, UKO?, from the Committee ou l'ubiio I.snd?,
reported lavural Iv on the bill to grant l.tJOO.ouu sen s
of the public land for the benefit of the publio schools lu
tie District ?'f Columbi?.
?0K EAU.ROAD PCRr?D?TES.
Mr. Wa50>, from the Military Committee, reported
?joint retii'lati'iu authorising ti" Seer arv to grant the
use of a pvitiou lit the Military Reserve on the St.
Clair Uiver, in tie State of Michigan, for railroad pur?
poses, ?loch wss passed.
PCBl.IC OnOUSDB IV WA8IIIKOTOK.
Mr. Foot (%*?,) intioduced s resolniion, which wss
adopted, instructing tie Committee on Public lluildingt
and Grounds to iuuuiro into tbe expediency of making
an appropriation for tie Improvement of ihe public
grounds in Westlington Cuy.
roLLEcrriNo aouiiiBa' claims.
Mr. WllAoS called up the bill to reetrmt the ?mount
of fees for collecting the claims of soldiers to 010 eich.
Mr. I't.tBK (N. H.) offered an amendment to except
css.r in which tin- accounting officers ?ball certify tout
tie ?eivices rendered ure worth more then 010, which
was sdoptod. 'ihe bill was then pssneil?Veas, JJ,
>'?)?, 7.
TTJA.VK8 TO PAKBAGCT.
Mr. CHIMES (iowa) offered s resolution glTing the
thanks of Congiet-t to Rear-Admlrsl Fsiiogut and bis
officers and men for pillant conduct in the eiigage-r.ent
In M.iblle Bay. Aug. \ lrKrl, whiob wau referred to tho
Maral C?>uiinlit*e.
I-Kiii I .r-TI0.1 OP LEO AI. RIGHT?,
Mr. TiU'MBi LL (III ) mil. ?I np me bul to pmteot ?11
in the enjoyment of their civil rights and to furmih the
means oi tbeir vindication. It provides that there
shall be no discrimination in civil rights or Immunities
among tie inhuiutaut* of any Stute or Territory of the
Utilted State* on account ol race, color or previous
condition of Slavery, but the inhabitant? of every race
and color, without regard to any previous condition of
Slavery or involuntary servltuoe, except ss a puniih
m<?nt tor crime, whereof the party shall have been daly
con ?(ted, shall have the same right to make and en
tint connects, to tue, be parties, and eivo evidence
to inherit, purchase lease, sell, hold and convey real
and pelion?! property, and full and equal benefit of
sll laws and proceedings for the security of person and
propel ly, and shall bo subject to liku punishment, ti: sa
and petnalties, and ti none other, any law statut", or?
dinance, regulation or custom to the contrary notwith?
standing
The remainder of the bill prescribes punishment for
Um i ii.liiiion oi tie above pioiistons by hue und lui
pribonment.
Mr.'lui mu? u, offered ihe following amendment to
be inserted immediately alter the exactinguutute in tie
firtt section
Thit ?li permni of African draeent bon? In ti? I'r.ited
Stttil ?i? hereby declared to be i it:ima rf the United alalia.
KEM.lKKSOr MB. TBtmBrLL.
Mr Tki mbiT.i. fi-oeeeJet! to addie?! the Senat? on
tie ?Nive, which le said was a meaiure nttei?ary to
the Bl Su ci.riit of tie Uonttltutioual Ameudment, i.n-1
calletl for by the ?ecund dame of that amendment.
Sine .he adoption of the ConititutlonaJ Amendment, i
which lad declared sll tho Inhabitants of the United .
Stales free, le said.no more important measure Bat]
engaged the attention of Congres? thin thit one. This I
propose? to gil e practical effect to that declaration. Tbe
announcement of great fundamental laws are of
little coneequence while they who are to be |
affected by them are denied the tneantof availing them- !
aelve? of their benefit. Of what avail waa the immortal
declaration that all men are crested free snd equal
that they arc rndoti ed by their Creator with certain
inalienablit right??thal among theee are life, liberty
and the pursuit of happinrs??and that to secure thete
riglitt government? are initituied among men?to the
million? of African descent in tint lund, who for genera?
tions were subjected to s bondage the most abject and
cruel the world ha? ?Ter known I Of wbst avail was
that other d?claration that the citizens of each State
ihall be entitled lo all privileges and Immunities of citi?
zens of the several States to a eitisen of Mattuchusett?,
Who, for undertaking to ssseit a constitutional right in
the court?, had to flee from South Car-allns to et
cspe personsl rlolence! Of what avail will be the
great act abolishing Slavery if the 1st? slavs
noldlng Stetes by uneo.ua!, oppressive and tyranni?
cal legislation, still be permitted to deny these persons
of Afiicao descent the great essentials of freedom '
In some of the States, Mississippi for instance, free
negroei ?re not permitted to enter th? State under pen?
alty of being sold into Slavery for Ufa. '1 hose residing
in the Stat? are not permitted to travel from one county
to another without ? y mt, snd for sxercising the font
tims of a minister of tbe Gospel for negroes, are pun?
ished with any number of lathes, not exceeding ID
All lud sets are incomiitent with the freedom of tie
colored race, and are badges of servitude made in the
Interests of Slavery, and became null and roid when
Slavery wat abolished. The measure under considera?
tion wa? intended to protect colored persons against
such legislation snd sll others which discriminate
against tbem in civil rights on account of color. The
brit lection declare? that all per toni of African descent,
burn lu the United State?, ?re citizens of the United
Sttteii that no discrimination ia civil rights shall be
made against them, nor in puni?hmeot for offeniei on
account of color. This aeotion ia the bails of the who!?
bill, its provisions being designed to give practical
effect to ihe rights ttcrein declsred. Has Congress j
fie right to enact it I 1 contend that it has, snd that tbt
section is nothing more than an amplification of lbs I
Constitutional provisions abolitliing Slavery, and I
??cunnr totlecitirei.eofeach State the privileges ar.d '
iinmnnitie? of citiseas in th? several States. Liberty arid
Slavery are opouait? terra?, and it i? difficult to ?Jefiu? '
either witn exactaett. Nttorsi snd absoluts liberty
cannot et'it in c1?ii government. Kor I? sach ? thing
known in ?ny governmi s| u sbtolots ?lsvsrr. Kr? ry
pereon, at a member of society ?ad civil government,
?'?'?oetaaj-ily give? up ?kio? of sis aa Uni rig li ti. And
so the tni>?t abject slsre 1? psrmitted to enjoy some
right* uuder eTery known form of goT?rntnenL
Civil liberty is no ?th?r than nstural liberty,
so lar rettrawed by h o tu in Uws, which axe etjual
to sll, sod no further than ts uecsssarv sod
expedient for the genersl sdvsatags of the'public
Every wanton snd ciuielrit restrsint is a degre? u(
tvr?nny and detraction of liberty. The bill under con
uderation tletiret all persona bom In the Usited St?l>i
to be cu?teos, snd a? cuisent taey ?rt ss tlexl to cer?
tain fundtmental rigbit. amosg which sr? protactioD
by tb? Gavsrnmeni. the ?sloyaent of lifs sad liberty.
Wit)? Us ;i?Ttt ts Kajtirp /lajssaj si>d strtais U-.91X8SJ
I snd safety, subject nevertheless to each restraint? ??
the Government may Juilly pre?ctilM> for the general
giraud of the whole. Congre??, bel?g veiled by the Cou
atitution with power?, by appropriate legialation, to
atxili.h aial prohibit Slavery, ha?, *? a cntequeuce,
power to abolish slave livt which deprive a tree man
of hil righta a? auch, ?nd which lead to Slavery. The
power to pas? the me ??ure being eitahliihed. the re?
maining question Ui Will tho bill. If enacted into a law.
be effective for the purpoae 1 It Is designed to accom
pliih 1U power for punnhing all perso?? ?bo eleuy o a*
ored per?on? equality incivil rights, no ms'.ter under
what pr?tention, and for tbi? put po?e make? aie of the
??me machinery fonm-rly me-?, for the ree-eptiou of the
fugitive ?tare and the punishment of those aid?
ing bim to eicape. Surelv, it cannot be ua
Cainitltational dow that Slavery ia aboliied, to
enact a? severe penalti?? againit those who attempt
Pi reduce freedroen to ?lavery a?, when Slavery rxiited.
wereyenacted againat thoae who should attempt lo
make them free. The details of the bill are believed to
be all that is neces'isry to secnre e?iuality is civil
right?, through the Fedeial court?, to sil perion? in tho
United State?.
Mr. V_n WmtLB a?ketl Mr. Trnmbnll If per?on? of
African descent were not sow cltize? ?, nntlcr ?hat
authority ??nulli Congre?? ta ti? ? them ?ItlaBMl
Mr. i m ?bl', l. ??id that Congre?? could do so under
the copititutional authority to cslabl?h uuiform law?
of naturallsatiiin.
BEMAI.Kb OP MR. 6.tri_*IBL"KY.
Mr. Sai L8 M ki looked npou Ikls bill as more danger?
ous to civil liberty than any one ever iMieut'iea-il in tie
Senate. He denied the power under the Cnnstltatio, ni
Amendment to pass suth a lav. '1 he second cl.iu-e ol
that amendment never intended ?uch au invtii-ioii i.f the
right? ofeitiren? and of Stile?. If the amendment,
li.'teoil of aboli.hing SUT?'/, had abuluhcd all distinc?
tion of color, then ?neh ?bul might be justified. But
there was now no reiem'ilaiioe? whatever between the
amendment and the provislom of tina bill.
Mr. linn Aim a.?ked Mr. ?Suulsbury ?bether the in?
tention snd menning of the Constitutional Amenilment
wa? not to tender bim who vu? formerly a slave) a
freeman,
Mr. mmXXmMOStt replied that the amendment ?Uti
nptbng to the slave but remote the burden of ?ervitude
from ha,i. D was about time, ho ?aid. that we heaid no
mor,! abiut tenr? from the poor slave. Ile had ?ten
more came in the last te? years to shed tears for tue
poor white mau. lie believed that If the bill ?ni?
pasted it we.ulil be construed to grant the right ni
BUfTrnere to negroes in the Sta'es. Sa ah might not be
the intention of the frionas of the bill; bnt such woiilt)
certain!? be the resull of Us pa??aige. If the l'reaident
? igued ihi? bill and the ?nil for the enlargement ol the
power of the Ftveilmen'r) Bureau, he would algn no two
act? more dangerous for tho liberty of bl? country, mure
and moie disastrous to the citizens of the country, than
the acts that have been pssied from the foundation of
tho Government to this pr-scri hour.
HECLTIYE BEtSI'iR AND AWOURVM1 NT.
At 'H o'clock, tie Secute, ?ti motion of Mr. Sumner,
wtriit in to executive *c?mo*i i-ud soon after adjoin-tied.
DOUSF. OF KKPKKSr,NTATlV?S.
HRIBI.N?, OFHCIALfl.
The BOOM proceeded to the consideration of
tho resolutions introduced hy Mr. Nibiuck (Ind.) last
Monti tv, declaring:
Fin'.-'That thecoudm-t of hi? Excellency. Andrew J?b_?on,
In ri f .liii ti e pr?t, ut of a t annie ?nd ho.?et froui tome al
hi? f.lennt In New York, wti, uiid.-r the circunntanee?, emi
nei.tl) pindi nt. ronimetul?bla and pitnolK. ?nd ?tlui i. s val
u.l.le eiunpie ia ill ?then liinilar y tit'Jtted. ind meeta the
unqualified approbation uf the Ha,,?e.
tenait Th?t?? th- ?en?e ot tia? iluu?e. the prte'i-e now ?o
comumn, ni .ubordin.tei under ti,.-li vernment giving pr?t?
ent? to ihelr ?openur uftVen. dependent ujaon them (nr jp
psiin'n-nt? ?na |in.mallan lo . tfi. e, ia dei.iur.ilua ? in it?
tetii'em-y. dettructive to pub.io u.ur.? t. ?nd ought to I? pro
blbi'ed.
Mr. FAtNSWOftT-(111.) moved to lay the first resoln
tlon upiui ?hi- lilli?, but the ?iitettiou waa decided in tbo
negative?1-Ja_uii.it liO.
Tte two resolutions were then icpr.rate.y agreed to.
C8_ OF THE HALL
Mr. Hill (Ind.) offered it resolution, which was
ngn ed t?i. ti..it the Coaiinittoo on the Uni.? te m
?tructed to iiiquire iuto the expediency of reporting s
rule prohil.itlng the use of ttiu Hall of the Hou*" uf
Representative? for any other purpose titan tho legisla?
tive purposes of Congre??.
TRI.Ua OP JEFF. DAVIS.
Mr. Jill in (lud.) offered a resolution declaring that
in the deliberate Judament of the Houae. the speedy
trial of Jeff. Davis for the crime of treason, and hi?
prompt execution if found guiltv, are imperatively de?
manded hy the pcaiplii of the Uuiied Sti.te? lu onler ti at
trenton may be itdi-ijnatelv brandod by tho nation,
tr.iltur? niiule Infamous, and the repetition of their
crime?, aa far ?? i?>??ible, be prevented.
Mr. Si-hf.ncK (Ohio) suggetted sn amendment, whirh
Mr. Jiman nocepted, to protide for the trial either by
a civil or military tribunal.
Mr. Julian alto pommel a modificatirin proposed by
Mr. ningham, settling "or the other crimes of whiuti
Le stand?char-red."
1 he II.inn? refused to second the demand for the
prt-viou? I'ucation, when, debato arising the reiolatioa
went over, i
PL*?"?SYLVANIA IN'TirUT'ON VOB Tltr BLIND.
Mr. M it.i tu i l'en o) introduced a bill to inn pt from
taxation the Ivnnsyltauia Institution for the* Instruc?
tion of the Blind.
trrPKAOE IN THE DISTRICT.
Mr. Faii'JI hak (Ind.) offend a resolution, which was
agieeil to, Instructing the Committee on the District of
? ..li* in Ian to report a bill to amend tho election law? of
the District an a? to exclude) from the exercise of the
nicht of suffrage there in all i ersons ? ho luve willingly
horne arma agmnst the United State?, or lint,* a.
oepted otfit". from t s Rebels during the late Rebellion.
WASHINGTON ARSENAL EXPLOSION'.
Mr. In'OBaHaM. from Ihe I'uuiinittee on il e District
of Columbia, reported a bill sppropriating g2,'otX)tox the
relief of the sufferer? by the late explosion at tbo Ar
aenal.
Mr. W.a>HHCRNF. (HI ) objected, laving that a goo
eral bill nould be bett to meet all ?neb euee?.
STATE AND t'NUEO STATUS COLBTS.
Mr. Kfi.lt (Penn ) introd'ned a k9, w'.-icli was re?
ferred lo the Judiciary Committee, providing for trans
fening sll cases now pending in the .stut.t Court?.
wherein non-re?le'ents are parties, p!a_inffs, or de?
fendants, to the United States Courts.
TAXATION AND t-EFBESKSTATIoN.
The House retained the consideration ot the amend?
ment to the Constitution, apportioning dire? t taxation
anti representation aa reported trom tho Selec; Com?
mut?e ou Recuiiftriiclion.
OVATION TO OEN. R'lr-'BMAN.
Mr. Raymond (N. Y.) commenced a ?peech npon the
?object, but bael not proceeded far before ho yield?*d
the fluor, at MM request of Mr. Fakn-svvukih. who
slated thst Majot-Gen. Sherman was in the Hull, and
in order that gentlemen might have an opportunity of
greeting him, be moved that the House taie a recess of
file ml: ute*. The motion waa unanimously agreed to.
The Speaker immediately left the chiir. und Joining
Gen. Sherman, conducted him to the st nail amid
general applause, both on the floor and in the gallene*.
The ?peaker ?aid:
Uentltmtn of th? Houn of Reprcicntotiret : I have the
honor of lnlioducing to yon tLi*el?y. bv your unani?
mous order, Major Gen. ?herman, ao well known to yon
and to the whole civilised world us one of onr mont
gallant and heroio defender? in the contest for the
Union, which ha? sn happilv closed. Of the brilliancy
of his achievement? for our beloved country, imperiled.
bnt, thank God. preserved, I need not sp?>ak to you, as
I know they will live forever in the gratitude of every
he ait.
Mr. Washri'bm ?HL) proposed three cheer? for
Major-Gen. Sherman. They were eiithustamcally
given amid the waving of hat? ai.d handkerchief? in
the ?allerlei.
Gen. SiitBMAN acknowledged the compliment by
saying-.
Oenllrmen of lie lluuie of Rtpreientotieet ? I am more
sccustoini'il lo cheers ?ach s? bas been given bv you
than to pitching my voie? to reach all parta of iMi
room, which I never entered before ?ave io tbo?e gal?
leries. I can aim ply say I thank yon from my heart for
thia reception you have given me. 1 hope I may con?
tinue to deeerve the good wishes you express, and I
?ball endeavor to do all I can to that end.
The Hi??keb tbea introdnced to Gen. Sherman the
member? who tbrontred ?numil bim. The fire minute?'
rmieaa having expired, tho Horne resumed it? buaiueaa.
SP-LCB OF MR. RAYMOND.
kit. Raymond ?aid the origii.nl reaolntion before the
House came from the Joint Committee appointed to in
qulr? Into the politic?! condition of the State? lately in
rebellion. In order N determine whether tho?e Stat??
were or wer? not entitled to repretentation in * on
gre??. The II"??? could Judge how much tnf?rm?tion
the resolution embraced ob teat ?object ami what con?
nection it had with the object for a ? ii ich ti.? Committee
was appointed. The Committee had reported without
explanation or reason? a naked propoaitlun to amend
the Conaiitutmn. He waa afraid that be should fall
under lae cenaure expressed th? other day by th? gen?
tleman from GLio (Mr. Bingham i upon tho?e who wer?
?nwillin? to tamper with th? Constitution of the (Jotted
States. He act no wledged freely that be distrusted ail
proposition? fur It? amendment. The Luton of the conn
try had proved that th? CoouMtution wa? ths moat won?
derful iDitrameat ever framed by the wisdom of
man tor the government of ? greet nation. It wa?
fuly adeiieaU to all ?-nergencie? of peace or war.
A tri am phaiit carrying oat of ti.e war afforded the
k)fh??t puMiHe t?ati_oBTof iu adequacy ?? all na
u_|tncla?. la A? tett??? ej ?twm Hivm'
the General Government and the several States,
that document proved tbtt it was made not for a day.
hut for all time. Still be recognized tie Justice and
propiietT of iiiioudlnir lt'tomeet changed oircriitauce?
? nd an altered cumia.uu of fans. Tbe .j i.-in. a of
Sin? err for instance, bad undergone iticb a chang? ?s
to make an ameodmentof th? Constitution wi?e and
proper. The ?Til proposed to bo remedied by
the pending amendmeot was alto one that
probably might well demand attention. Tho
slaves on which the Southern States had have
?ntitied to athrei-fifthsrcDreseutst.on nain bend ?. ^tV
0"0. 'lint wss an inequality which demanded a
remedy, if one could lie touud, not worse thuo th? evil
itself. He thought there were rety terioss olj-Kllonn
to tie pr. poeed amendment. Ou? was, that it i hanged
th? bail? of representation from population to some?
thing el??. It was a fundsmental prlreip'e of free
gt.vei LDjnt,ti that the inhabitants, all wto are sul J-t a
of law, should be represented in the cnactuicut and ?x
eoution of the law. Ai.otber ohjectionaole feature was
thit noticed by the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr.
liroomall) in regard to the meaning of ti? words "race"
snd " color." Another wss that it disfranchised a
whole r?ce. If a portion of that rae? wa? dlsfr^cblseii
by a State. Thai wa? not a wise proposition. It leid
out no esciurugement fur ?Ltraiicbuiiig snv
portion of the colored race. He Batar! not
help fiellug that Its ena? trnent would
be diiastroui to the r?l itlons between tho Union s'd
th? Southern States and tu the welfare of tloie States.
Tbs gssUtsiia froai Omo (Mr. Bingham), a m?Diber
. t Iks ? oiuiniitfe, had raid the other doy that tilt wa?
the tint of a te'iet ti atatmotOti ?lui piof?>ait;i>ii?
Which thal Commit!.-..' would ?tihtnit for tie ?etion of
the lina...?, ?bat ii., r, ??rued them ail at essential to list
safety of the country, and that he trembled when SS
thouuht that the w hole ?erie* of propoiil.ont might not
be aiiot.tod.
Mr. 1'i.n .ham?1 lie remark I made wat that I ?hould
tremble tor u y ci untry ii I thought that this proposl
ti'ni waa all that tie House would pasu and ?end out to
ti? i ountry.
Mr. IlAivOvrt? I accept the'eorrection. This, then,
was the lirht of a nn. :i of ?ropoiition? to amend tie
Constitution. 1!? lions?! wss entitled to kuow the
whole programme beforo acting on any one tiatiireoi
it. They should kn?.w partirilarly whether the powers
of the General Governiiie.t wito to I* so enlarged a?
to destroy tue rights which these Stat?? now a? tually
hold utnier the Constitution. He? could not help be?
lieving tint this proposition was part of a scheme for
reconstructing th? ??oiernment of the United States
on the bas!t, no frequently announced hire, that t! I
rebel i o'tn had ceased to lave any oj the. rights or poweis
ot Hi it? m ; that they no longer txdated a? OI iles of and
in ti a Di ? ". but unlv uj to much uuurgatii/. i waste,
ungoverni d ti rritoiy. and that tie people thereof wi re
bim ?ii. vnr.ti ?isled euer let at the sovereign will and
?li.ii.lioii ot the cmi jueror. Tb?t waa th? touu of
much of tie debate here. The gentleman lrum OI io
(Mr. BaeDsbairgsT) had taken tint gronu!, hold?
ing tlut tie Li tied Stiite? ma-it aid BB4fJ ' I
???unie and exetilse lacas i?owers in t! e awBlfcrra
State? and control the remlmiisiim of such State? 11t
?'??ntlemtu from Coiine-cticjt (Mr. Deminc) had de?
clared that the people of tie late rebellion* st?tes were
now tanquiitieo enemies, whose l.ie.t. right? and prop?
erty ?io at our lorereiiru disposal, and ni? had taken
some i-rudit because tin Governuient bad noi enfuiced
the "stiictissiinum jus" which s ich a condition gOT?
it. His (Mr. Kajiniiiid's) pusitit.n wustho ciact oppo?
site of that. Ho denied ia wto the fact of onv such tub
jugstion. On the contrary, he b?-ld that ti?? Southern
States had t ei.T cea.-ed IB be States of the luioU; ti at
ti ey were to-day State? of the Union, emitted to all
tin? rights coull neil upon them by tBS ?.'onstitufion,
?ml li.nt tin-li.'nentl Guvernuient hid no moie power
oV'-r tlein, not .-ranti .1 bv the Constitntion, tlau li bad
over the States of Ne?-England or of IBS WSSt
Mr. SiiEtlAnARoi!? asked whr, If that were so, le
(Mr Hayos?)ka? stat.-.l in deb?te, sesM day? ?go,
that he ?li'juglit the General Goi. ri.r.. i.t !,n,] full" power
un,l pBTtrtTt ritibt to re-june certain conditions in tue
natur.? of gusrantles for tie future.
Mr. Katmi'SP did not couiukr that question as lu
ti.? I'll* of his argument; but lad uo objection to an
?wer it. He consul red that the General floiBIBBBIBI
bad a righi to demand guaranti?? tram tie Eel ?Is in
the natuie of a ?uriender. 'I'boy did ?nrrciidor not only
II cn aniisoiid muuitniui of war, but the prindplea ou
which the Rebellion reitcd, and tley were t hot clure en
titled, with certain Uruiiati? ns, to the rights given
tlem by theC,in*tittrlon. So tho Government wns re?
strained by tie Constitution from doing arythitig ti -
ward ilote States which it might not projoerly and
rightly do to'.vard other?. The gentleman (Sheliibarger)
bad token the giound tim: habitual obedience to la?
was eweiitial to the coutlnned al?stenos of u State in
tie view of public law, Bud bad quoted Wl.caton in
support of It. aesumitig, however, tint that bttbitual
?ilwd'en? i mun be uninterrupted. 'Hit hut assump?
tion wui st variance with what wa? laid down by
Wleiton, who ?aid that whatever miy lie Um internal
consttt'itlon or form of s Government, even tloush the
State be distracted with anarchy. It still subsist? a
State in Ihe contemplation of law until ita soverelimt.?
is completely extinguished bv tie final dissolution of
the stici?! ti?? The mer-.? interruption of obi.].?nee ?lid
not extinguish s State. The.o were exampbsiif tin?
all ov.r tie world where habitual obedience to
law was suspend d, aoi.,etimej hy ?nardy, some?
time? by usurp?t: >n. sometime* by civil war.
It was io in the meat French revolution. Some En?
glish publient?, Korke among them, had contended that
the social tie wa? dutolved and that France had ceas, d
to be a State, but it was never so regarded bv 1": irLii.d
or tl.e European coalition. The Mexioau Empire to?
ds? w?s another Illustration. There there waa usurpa?
tion. 1 here habitual ob?dience to law had been sus?
pended, and he who wa? regarded as its rightful owner
was a fugitive among tbo mountains; but when .Tiiurtz
should come back and take possoisloti of the Gov.trn
ii out of Mexico, would it bo contended thal
the Stale had ceased to exist! Tbe point in
regard to the continued existence of the States of the
I'hiou ?as tie same. Suppose that In a war with En?
gland sha matta tal? pot?'?sion of the State of Massa?
chusetts ?ntl plant ber ?rmie* all around Its borders ?
and tunpoce that occupation were prolonged for one,
two, or three years, would Massachusetts cease to bo a
State of the I'nlonl Would ?li? not, whenever the
usurping power was expelled, stand iu her old place as
one of the States!
Mr mik! LB mi, ir expiai!.,',', that his poiltion was
tbst when States ceased for tie time being to bo State*
of ti?! Union, they coull not, under Iho system, reviv?
to the governing ststus without the le*? e of tbo General
Government.
Mr. Kaymosd?The Southern States did not cesse to
be States in the scope of intei national law. There
uevrr had been a time that tbey had not government
and law and obedience to law. It did not require obe?
dience to ?ny particular form of law to make a State a
State. It might be a Eepubltu to-day, a n-onrrcly to?
morrow, aud a despotism the next day; but still tt con?
tinued to be a State. Wat there a time when England
or Frauce would not have recognized one of the Rebel
States as a Stats in tbo seme of pubLo law!
Not st ail. They never ceased to he States.
They were States in the sent?9 of publio international
'law and in the contemplation of tie United State?,
because the habitual obedience due from tlem to the
Government of the Uuited States was only ?Q.'pended,
not abrogated or deutrnved. If they had succoeded In
refuting tb?t obedience permanently and forever, theo
tley would have ceased to be State? In the Union, not
otherwise. During the war of 1H12 tbo llntisb took
potirsrionof the territory of Maine including the town
and port of Castine, and held it a yeer ?o completely
and abailately that the people were held by the Courts
to bsve beensbsoived from obedience to the Government
Hut had Congre?? been called on to act when the usurpa?
tion was withdrawn t No, The State renewed its func?
tions snd went on Jost ss if the usurpation had never
?tilted. That ws? precisely the pon?!ion of the Rebel
Stat??. In the Winter of iwi snd the Spring
of lyCl s conspiracy against the Government
of the Uuited States existed In this city; in
this linns?, aided by agents snd ooconsriirv
tors io other sections of the coantry. It wss the
duty of the Government to take precautions
against the projected usurpation. The distin?
guished chieftain then at the bead of the
army hid recommended the stationing of troops in
the Southern State? to prevent tbe ?ucees? of each an
attempt at usorpstion. The Government failed to per?
form iu duty. The President ol the United Huies had
a thatory which prevented him, and even the Congres?
of that day would bare refused to give bim the power to
do it ,-ffi-ctually. Through the default of the Govern?
ment, therefore, the ssorpati'tn aoquired force. Who
did not believe tbtt If there had been a reasonable foro?
. talion ed in North ?J anilina that State would never
have fallen into tbe bsnds of traitors and usurpers t
Th? lame wat true of almost all the other States. If
the Government had performed its solemn nbligstionsto
guarantee to ?scb Stat? a republican form of government
the rebellion would bave been prevented. Ifauturpa
tioi, dort not necetsarily, of Itself, take a Stats out of
tbe Union until it prove? a tuccets. when does that isks
placet Unless it soldi power permanent!?, It is not s
?ucee?? and doe? not achieve the object of taking the
State oat of the Union. Tbe people of the South bad
5.0 choice in the matter. If they refused obedience to
ti? uturping power, they wsre putiisbad for their re
fatal, li Hey bei.iatod, their goods were confiscated.
If the usurpen bsd been exix-?ed In lix months, in one
year, or In two )ears, would anybody have contended
tbst Us State? were out of th? I Bios ! And would sny
one now p. mt out the precis? lins in pulst of time wteu
a Stat? gets ou! of th? Union by the Usurpation
of i'? powsrst All through th? wsr, dtlegAte?
sid lU-ATtswB'stiTes frsfls States thal wsr? in
Ktbti itAik AAmmtiAA IttggHti, lagPiveiJ, wtrt
?dmitted to thi? lions?. The gentleman from
Penn?ylvaaia(Broomall) had been factious in alluding
to the fact that he (Hajrnond) curiously calmil!?*) in
this matter with th? gentleman from New-Jersty
(Rogers.) He (Raymond) had learned long ago that it
was much better to he right with a poil*ic?l oppcner.t
than wrong with a politic?! adherent i sod he h*d is
hesitation in saying that ba w oui?! it.r rather be rig! I
with the gentleman from New-Jersey, than L? wrong
even ia such distingnlihed company aa that of the gre
fieman from Penn?ylvani?. He knew nothing but ritiM
?nd wrong in tbl? question, and ?hoald act on his own
Judgment, endeavorin?* to be right oa ?very point
The gentleman from Pennsylvania would find that tan
wa? no position for him, tor ha had expre??ed him??!'
to the ?ame effect in a ?peech at Wilmington. Del., ii
the fall of 1*63. If th? Stale? had gons out of tt?
L nlon, they most have gon? ont at a particular time,
and in e?e*ni*?quenee of ?oma specific ?of. and b? se? ?'
for a definition o? the tim? and act. It ? ss e-_y t?i
toll ?hen each State became a member uf the Union,
and it should be nu le?? ea?y to tell when it c?_??vd t?
Ive one, if it ever did. When did Sonih Carolina ce???
to be a member I Wa? It the day ?he ?adopted the ord ?
| nance of Secewton t Dl.l ? he act of seeeeuion mac? her
cease to be a ?eui1-er ? Would any gentleman ?sir
tain that theory t He did not understand Ins gsntle
m?n fmmOhio'to maintain that position.
Mr. Shei lababoeb? Idid rat tuiilntaln that position.
Mr l.'AVMOtii-D the passage of the Ordin?nce cf
8*ce??ion did not effect the severance of tbe Rebel
State?, what did I Wa? it t!.e fact tli.t they mad? w?r t
That l.??-t waa catting in itself?ti at ? ? a gam? wh.cli
two could play at; and, unless ti ?y tua?)? successful
war, the fact of making war h?d no r-levancy at ali.
and could make nochanire in their con.tltuiional rela
Itinnsa Wa? it tie duration of the war that accomplish?'.'
i Uiat rc?ult r If so. what wa? tbe length of tire ???en
ttalto ?t accompli.hment I W11 it tbv moxle it'making
wari ?th? lav't alluded to by the gcrtieman t.vii
Peuiiiylvania (Mr. Broma!!), of t!.i ir converting the
?bone? of owr martyred heroes into ornament? f Of
- ?OHM no or.? pretended that. Then it wa? nether the
? fact of maktnir war. nor the dur .noa of the war. no**
! the method of c ?m trg it out. wbiuh ?rTected the ?ei er
?nee of the Rebel States. What wa? there left bat ti ??
i result of the war which coull accomplUh it! If Ita
war had ni cn succcisful. then i.nly would tho nurpoM
of separating from the Union have been acco?pintie J
Mr. litYMOND combated the ide? that tbedeem m of
I the Hi.[ireme Court in the prise C.wcs ?ho?ed that tho
- utea were out of the Union, and ?looted fr -
IJai(? Griers d?cision, and fiom Mr. liao'-aril 1.
I Danu'? pamphlet on it, to snatain las position. It h?i'
leen clai'neil tiiat the Batel Stitres had forfeited M I
j ngat?, ana tai!, tl.erelnrc, ccBtcel to have any right?.
ii hat w is i uiiv?*'i doctrino to him. He tlid Lot lutow
I how suite? could forint Cieir rights. Ibey certaicl?
: c-uilil a ,f do it out'ldeof the CaaatttatkM | ard stMN
wa? nu provision la the ?*? nst tallon ?? tier which the?
?could du it. 1 hey |-i.d cot done it by the la'va of u:
i tiona. We bael not waged u war of cornin *t cp<".
i th?- ::. W? hail ac.jn're-1 by otir rletorle? .i\'r tlieni
?nothing tiut ?lut we la?.! ,,? .. re ?.? Lud put ?"?...
.the Keliellion, ciii?lu*il the u-i.rpr.li-in, cleared ita
i Hebel States of all the anthontv that e.pi
?Hie evectition of the I.??? of the Ulule;! states .!
'?lien that ?as ?li tic, wc ??fcdssM, ml the Rat?t r
i m m ned na before We eertentj ted i.et ti:.,
tbcm in any ?etifj? of Milijtiii.i' i then ?us Baan
viMin ftui.d in t'ie CoaatittUKHt fuf the ttrMttaf ef
? Stnte riiflitr?, There ?nie pis.? sons fur P-Blabing
individri'ls, but not for priu'.slun. Si ,!cs. fi.e na? of
lb? G,,v, ri.n.,i t ?n ?II its Dtiiaiiiatiiia sTmwllt?
Lagtalativa and Jodli-UI--coan:r led thal ?law ?nd
1 proceeded cn Uni *i| ?xieitiaii tint tl.ey weie State?
i of tl>-< Cul?n when tu*? Rebel.inn broke out.
t'.nt they continued to be State's of the Unu t?
.du..iii? oil tie re it, ?ni that ttaj aie now Stat-?
of the 1'iiiDii. In this c,i!iiir,.!!on, Mr. Raymond
?referred tu the proclamation o' Mr. Lincoln, to h:?
declarations privat?? and public, to his ?r.-t la-t'iaural.
I to In? diplomatie: corresponde rare throi.gh ita Ho? retury
ot Sut?, ti hi? Mt-.?*itge to Congre?*, to bis letter? t?
i Hornee litee ey ?nd aVi-ini?irlo Wood, and to the reply
1 ?ml.? to th-.* l'r'.'iii-U propoaul? for ir.tiliation of the Ott?
of tebtnary, 1063, t?tail.!h* tiait tin- CoflCttts of the
Halted State? furnished aConieiitutioul f??ru:n of debato
for tho alienated i v. li. ?., thal 9 ?ttosa und representa
Itives trom tho loyal purll'in Of th? p?t plu wen
; ti. re airead)*, fully Mp?W?f?4 to conter, ililli
|tliat seats ?ero also vacant inviting ?MU??
lara tad rtprtttttttttrt from Um discontented
? nurt. wiio *ji?:'ht bo cati-t?titiunully sent th. r ?
from tie* Stat' -: ?.volved i:i the injorre? lion. Mr. Raj
Uio'i.l alta lefiarcd to the !".ir? of ? oni/res?. ;??i?- ??I ir*
; the ?a.'.it nie? to the tanfl and rei?-:iuo lav.?, to t..e
act for the appi.rtionraeiit of rt-pr-seat itii.i. to a re?o
lu'i-'ii delalBg the object of the ?ar to lie? to el ?fend and
'tnaiutuin the ?upre?ucy of the e | and to
' preserve the I'niou with ull tho dUpaUy. ?.inality stn,
i right? "f ibu State? unimpaired, ihiareeoliiiiun yaam i
in tho Summer aflML lad lu-cn mfe.) for by nil th?
11'mon nain lu rsoffh? txawm lacladiay tt? Bpsatar. Mr
Kelley niul Mr. Shel'uberger. Tliegrnlleiniiu t'ruui l'a
(\li. HU toa?) 1*1 not iil'i-.y? h. Id the theory thal th.
I Rebel Stat?? war???! of tia* I'mmi, for onihetth ni
Dec? ml), r. IM, he ?utroduced a reiootlon dtclar in?
iti?t it uny pci?uu in thy empluynietit of ?!.e I
, Stata?, in either tho Kxecutne or f ?glsstllTB braauh.
, should propose to?ake peace at aci ept ?f ?jfltt Hit
' ,ii*cepti'!ce of any such proposition on uny other basil
than the innyrity and enure amity of the Cnited
sn.tes ami their territoiy ?, ti ey ox,?te I at the tim?? ol
, the Kebaillion. they would bo guilty of a high crimea H,
! (Mr. Kay mond) did not ptopnee to he guilty of that blgl
? crime. He hod hoaid it said that tho Rebel Sute*
: u erecetoppi-d by their own ?el? from N?teiM
?right?. But he submitted thal tbo eloe.liin?of ejloptag?
' in ist Im mutual, and that as long a? Ce. agr?as had de
i c. ired the obji ct of the war to be to preserve the I
of the SUstea unimpaired. <.'iu,gree? ?ai? est ?p.,<??! fioti.
putting in any other plea tn-tlay. Mr. Kuy mond ulai.
ro'eired to a ?peech delivered by Chief Justice Chess
nearly a jear sgo lu Daitmiuth College, in which
ho lili down tho proposition that the IUM
States lemainesi 8t?tes of the Union; and that the
sci-oQil process of reorganization waa that the Govern
- ment should now revert to tie hand? of the -narben,
I people. Mr Hi) mond retened to tho conduct of Pre?:
dent Lincoln and Prt.-ldcnt Johnson ?ince the c'"?!** .,!
1 tho war, in i??uing amneity proclamation? and taking
other menu? to r-.lnveet ile people of ths SoLta-ai
Wats? with their political right?. He did not know
that there was any special call for the iutciposilion of
Congres? on the ?al'J ct. The duty I, eui been well per
toiiuei? bj the Kiccutlvo. Tho flu to? were In th?
1 full exorcise of ?l.cir funotions of so.f government.
The Federal laws were on thiir ?tatute batta
and were duly executed. Taxes a ic collectotl there.
1 heir portt? rat ??i>eii. aud vc??eii? ent?rlnt theti pan'
j duties, as in all the other part? o' tim nountry. Tboi?
' Stale? were to duy Stale? of lui? I*u an, and conld only
? be got out of the L'nion by ei| ataltn , by a aeeltiv? tu-i
?of -?privation. All Hint ri?iiuiiiid to lie dor? wa? th?
aeltni.siieu of ll.eir Kepreinutativi s into both lion.i ? a
I Congress. All that Cougreaa hail lu decide Wa? vc
wbut principle they would ?'lui;! ti., ia.
I Mr. -KVKSi iiit?iiired r.'.ii:?.?r tins Honae could
; mak? a law eb i.".gni?r the nuilitiiatioa? of member? at
1 fixed by the e'ou-titution.
Mr. KatM'"i> did not think thnt both Honae? aot-M
'do that, hut heid that eith.r II,ann nitgnt add dl?qunl
1 ltlcatioin. lie >_r?-ned in favor ot Kilu.iiiuig lovai r. ?
1 leHi-Ltalivcs from loyal district?, even thn-igh the leal
? of i? Stall* ???I left uurepreeeiit'd. The House neede,!
: intelligent repreacutative* dom the Southern Statas foi
j it? nivn min; niai .on uni giiiilurit?a It hud abdicated
it? high linn','inn? and commi'tud them to a joint com
i mutee of lo?to a commute? that ?ila lu leori.t.
It.'.at tatt not deign to ?mo the Hi?':?? lnfnriiiuli li?
on which to l-tta?.e it aatiou, but ?end? it? receipt to th?
House and il"uiaut? a latibi ul'ou of it tu*f,,re tit? going
down of the ?un. Wim that a eaaattta miifil miele u
acting ob tl.il grout subj.jct i Waa it a mode tint ?aaM
! ?atiafy the patritti? convict.na of any memWt li?
rejoiced to t-ay that the good senne of the House !.. i
reiolied at tbo munstrou? outrage of dccldm?
?o great a i|ueit?on a? this nu so small a baal?
I It demanded debate. It hs.l bad that debato; sod l,i
I wa? very much nlsappointed that, in this debato, men
tiers had not taken it more serio is ne? of th? maller
' Be had heard a good deal ?baa? the necosaity of ei?ci
: lug guarantee? from tins .Soutb, for Initance, aa to t!.t
' nun assumutioii of tho Henel debt, and the non-rep .
diation of the Foti ral debt. There waa nothu?
'practical in this, 'lucre waa no danger that ? dolla'
of the Be be I debt ?ould sier be paid: and as U. tai
Federal debt, the te-utily for us payment waa not
by any sue-h gunrsct??. but in tia par??** o'
laws i'mpoaiug taxr?. W? m_it come, ?aid Le, u
look ii pon the people of the South m of nece??lty part?
of tbl? ?rreat Kepubllo. Unie?? we are to eonfront the?
necessity for a t.eipotism we must acknowledge the
, fact Utat tbey are and will remain forever ??Mulla
, part? of the coul try. I have Leard it ?aid that ti in
1 to hold them aa provincial dependencle?. Us?
th? gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Sheilaburner) ?e
|rion?ly thought of what his words Imply I Ten
; niul.? us of people held by ? Republican Gov?
ernment In dependence lorevert There baa been ne
such outraga perpetrated or contomplated for a thou
?and years In tbe hutory of nattons. If we deul with
them in that form w? shall simply Justify th? ?jours?
t -y have taken and a repetition of that course lu th?
! future. I aobmit whether holding tne?e Stat?? a? Ma
I vinci?! dependenol?? is th? proper way te prume-ia ?ic
? cere loyalty among them I Homeihtag ia doe to hu mai
nature on thitt point aa well a? on othors. Did Anstrli?
j promottj s.uoere loyalty by hoUllng luly and Hungary
i in enb'ugatioul bo, Hit. Ike disloyalty gre'*
; stronger aud ?tninwr till Austria waa finally fore? d v?
yield to it. So it lui been all Qm world over. The dlai ?*
eiviiiaation must have gone back two thoasasd year?
? ii ws are to accept any auch theory a? that Cao we
ant exercise a? much clemency a? Julios C?*?ar?xer
clied lo the civil war? of Home I Hi? first act ?fier he
| oon<;nerad Pompey waa to admit all hi? follower? to sa
l?mi*-sty. The first thing he did ?i>r cononerlnc a
i ?aim enemy was to admit its people to tal ei?is???"'l
? In Rome. ^ *
\ Mr. Katmoxd snbmUted the following potnUr
i rta* Ttur. we onght to aceept Che ?utu? of lb? 9oi.tI.err.
I Hu?a* at bating re.tuted. under it? Piaulant? l-J-ice
tlieir ftiuctiw? of ?eluov.riinieti? I" *? o'ulou.
oecond Tliat tbe H..u?eihu,.i- ?iecidc on the ??minion o,
repreaeatatlve. by ?-tfBS-, BS^jtBt *>"'* ^J^.'iT
wfio M laka the'oath pre*-rltae<l. ??-1--? ?J SJ?MMMi*tt
mmtmi 5s IsaStasS '? '-*? -">* ?MjA mjwiu
''T?rrJ^-l'weArprovinebyU? for gMtmAaMa
twmmmw afSsTaM ? r.,nu vi mtome i? ?-.ra m
j l?W an? oUewbere. -
bow f 19* V#t.

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