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New-York daily tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, January 31, 1866, Image 4

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W?iti^"Jirkl3*>_la ?lib?m
-a?
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31, 186C.
Ternit ?I the Tribat?.
DAILY TRIBUNE.
Mail inbiri ben?, ? ?truv?
1 ?appy, 1 year?311 numbers. <.**n?'w
pEMIWEEKLY TRIBUNE.
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2 ccipies, do. 7.00
?? copies, or over, fur each copv. 3.00
WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
1 copy, 1 year??%? numbers. $2.00
Addie- THE TRIBUNE. New York.
T? Advertiser?.
Wa will thank our advertising customer? to hand
n their Advrrtltrtrent? at ?? cir.j tn hour M poirible. If
received after I o'clock they cannot be elaitUied under their
proper head?.
Tt? ? ?rrrapandenie.
N? antlee ean be taken of Anonvmou? Communication?.
Whatever it intended for ?mci tba in art he authenticated
hy the nama and ?ddrei? of tha writer?a .1 ne.etiarily for
Bubiication but at ?ciaranty for hil rood tai::..
Ait hniiae?. letter? far ti.i? omi? mouin tie addretaed le " The
Tam st." New-York.
W? aajiiiol underlate to return rejected Communi?-ltioiu.
The Tribune In I.eadeu.
rrrVENS BROTHER' ;Amenr?n Agent? tor Librarle?.
17 Ilearietta it. C??e?l Ciar Jen, W C I. are A?, uti for ?he aale of
Tilt 1 KIHI NE They wa, alto recdre 8?..?ii?tio.i and
1....I ...m. __________________
NEWS OFTH1. DAY.
IfOX-ElCS-J-i NEWS.
The official correspondence between Gens.
Welttel and Me'ia concerning the oapture of Bagdad
ta? been published. Gen. Weltzcl ?tate* that he ?cnt
American troopi to Btgdad at an act of humanity. Gent?
ile'ia replie? that be hat notified bli Government of
ibe occorrencet. The French natal commander had
protested againtt ti.? lnvatlon <-f Mexico bj American
loldlen.
We learn from Jamaica that the new Governor ar?
rived there on Jan. 6, and wat iworn ... With him ar?
rived Mr. Gowrie, the Scotch lawyer, who hat been en
(aped at counsel for M?. Gordon.
The I'reiident, In reply to an Inquiry, yesterday com?
municated to the Senate paper? from the War Depart?
ment, giving the desired information relative t?i nego?
tiation? in leGi with Merioo for the parp?te of march?
ing United Statei ttoe.pi from Guaymat to Arcona,
through Mexico. It appear! from these papen that on
May 7, 1861, Secretary Seward asked permission for the
pastage of United States troop?, and that Se?or Romero, i
on A tig. 10, cotnmunicoted the deiired permission. Previ?
ously Se nor Romero had called Mr. Seward'i attention
to a project of the rebels for selling Mexloo and ettab
I Ubi og Slavery therein, and had propoted a treaty be
tween th? United State? and Mexico, by whtoti the
Mexioan frontier should be guaranteed. To thi? Mr.
Seward replied that Mr. Corwin had received the necea
iary lnttructioni to establish sue h relations with Mexico
and the other American Statet at would imure their
Independence of European influence.
GENERAL NEWS.
The Ilouse Committee on Freedmen's Affair.,
tayt a Washington special, it ready to report back the
Senat? bill concerning the Freedmon'a Bureau, with a
few amendment?. One ot them was adopted to satisfy
Gov. Aiken and other?, who made objertiooi to the
MU at it patted the Senate. The amended bill providei
that whenever tbe land? are restored to their former
owners, upon the agreement of the occupant?, the latter
?ball receive from the Government 40 acrct out of the
Public Lauds.
The petroleum refinery at Newark, ?ff, J.,
of Mr. Jatnes Chartert, on the corner of Johnion and
McWharton-st?.. wa? deitroyed by Ure yesterdiy fore?
noon. Two Hills exploded and a Unible conflagration
eniued. leriou&ly injuring the workmen, named Dennii
Marah. Chrittaln Sharer and John Bailey. The fre?
quent explcxioni of oask? containing crude oil, naphtha
and benzine, mads a brilliant display. A large quantity
of material and all the building! were destroyed. The
loti ii eitimated at #20,000.
At a meeting of the Health Commissioners
yesterday a reaolution wa? adopt? d to print 3,000 copies
of the usual proclamation relative to vaccination. A
complaint was received relative to a nuisance in
rkventy tliird-st, bet ?reen Third and Fourth-aves., and
in connection therewith, a resolution wat adopted tbat
the City Inspector take the nccetsary steps to bara the
aril complained of removed.
The Ways and Means Committee will report
a-lather Finance bill in a few dayl. A tub committee
is in conference with Secretary Mcculloch upon the
tubject. The report of the Special Commiuion on the
Internal Revenue Law will be taken up by the Com?
mittee at once. Some of their recoro_lendatlont are
looked upon with favor.
Major-Gen. Ilalleek has issued a general
order directing the military posts in the harbor and
vicinity of Sau Francisco to be detached from the Dis?
trict of California. Tbe order materially reduces the
importance of the Department of California, and re?
lieve? Gen McDowell of fully half of hit duties.
Collector Montagu, has been removed from
office at Mobile, end J. M. Tomeuey appointed Acting
Collector. Mr. Montaguc't lemoval wat caused by hit
connection with certain traciaction? for which Dexter,
late special agent of the Treainry Department, li now
on trial before a military commission.
It is nor*- supposed that the individual who
tucceeded, last Sututday, in purchasing 110.000 in gold
from a city bank, lor a bogus check on the Chatham
NatioBal Bank, hat departed for Europe, at the time
between the tranitction ana the discovery of the fraud ,
gave him ample opportunity to do ao. j '
M. Moutholoii, the French Minister, saj-H a ' ?
Washington tpeelal, had a long Interview with tha ? i
Secretary of Stute yotti-rday. it i, nnderetood ti at he ' i
ooramuuictte- the reply ,.f the WttOtb ('mvernment to
th. di-patch of Mr. Aymtai, declining the teeogultion
of MbXMDiiian ? liovi-rn-ent.
An effort *?\ ill be mude in the course of the
week to lecurt Hie .dmltiion of the Tennessee delega
tion to Congrets. The evidence taken bv the Retxin
?Unction Comn.it;?e in vt-gard to ?Tain in the South?
ern States hu not improved the cUnci.? of their ad
IB??IO?
Coroner Hanley ni Hudson Citr, N. J., held
an lnquost on Monday on the body of* a German emi
traut woman, 60 year? of age, named Catharine Eaton
-how death wa? cau?ed by neglect and expoture while
?n the pat?*?** trom Uerm.ny to thi? port.
The Rev. Mr. Ray of Chicago, who han just
returned trom a trip through the Souther. Stete?, waa
before tbe J?int Committee on Recon?truction y?eter
day tnoralnt. f-Tlni 'T?d?_c? in rareren?-* to the con?
dition at the South.
A fir? ?t Mobile on Monday night destroyed
the dnig ttore and building of Johuton A Co.. tht gro-l
eery of Koaanbaam A Co., and the hat ?tare of Staplt I
tut, A Co., eliot whom art inturad.
A brother of Gen. Grant, formerly lils part!
oar in bt-lnata. It now ra Waabingtor*, and lubmittlag j
to oon?i*-?-?M? lloniurg at the bandi of the _?__?-_
?nd clvie at taoritie?.
The Louisiana Congressional delegation hat
left Wat-h-f*"? ft>r home, owing to tha ab-?Bc? of ?ay
protpectt of admlttloa to -??tv aaata.
It is untkrstood in Washington that Gan.
Oraal w_l rilli Kura*? ?-?.at tha Sataaar. and w11?
proba?vb?abaaatmeralm??t_i.
A privat? d_patch received in Baa Franciaco
#a-ith,,1|>.AapInwallU organUlnt en o->?otltlon
Uni to California via ?Panama. .____?_,
Gold opanadatHO.. told at 141|. and cloaad at
llM,e-_r4^**>--????'-",tK>*?*:'i"y ?^ZT?
!2_tSS-t-a?i-*-i?-^--?*p***4,?* *?*_?
_. tia' ebonT. wen lal ?til with few bid?. Ml-?ck.
?1 The r.L??.y EM M* ?M ?lui' "?? -*?** ?**?**
Sec? nd Board the markst wa? tratar, ?ad s ??poti'lon to
rover ibort contract! wai minlfeited. Late la tb? dty the
market wai firm and all Hork? were In good demand. Mooty
hit been freely oflered te dar, but the rate may be quoted at
8 per cent on itock coIltt?rtli. Som? few trtniactiont ara
quoted at 5 per rent, but tb? rate li lubittntlally advanced to
8 per cant ob al! itreet operation!.
The State Senate yesterday parsed a bill to
submit to the people at the next election the
question of a new Stat?-? Constitution.
The Judiciary Committee of the Senate has
decided that John P. Stockton was legally
elected a U. S. Senator from New-Jersey. We
preHumo that this decision will not be rever-?od
by the Senate.
An attempt was made yesterday to ???ive the
claimants from Arkansas the benefit of seats
on the floor of the House. The House voted
No by 64 to 96. The doorB which were locked
at the beginning of the session still bear the
placard "No admission "?and will for some
timo continue to bear it.
We interpret the action of the nuu-vo yester?
day on the proposed Constitutional Amendment
as indicating an effort and a purpose of the
majority to harmonize, and to agree on a ronrse
of action which, once adopted, is to be pursued
with substantial unanimity. In the fervent
hope that this may prove tho fact, we postpone
comment. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Judge Hosmer of Montana last evening lec?
tured to a goodly gathering at tho Travelers*
Club on the character, to??ography, minerals,
flora, Ac, of that new Territory. It was a
most interesting discourse, and thoroughly ap?
preciated. The Judge returns to his official
duties by the first boat from St. Loui- up the
Yellow Stone.
It is stated from several different sources that
Major-Gen. Thomas confirms in all important
particulars the accounts of the condition of Ten?
nessee contained In the Union memorials from
that State to Congress and the President. Gen.
Thomas ?loes not believe it consistent with the
public safety to withdraw the troops, or to sur?
render Tennessee to the control of it? Rebel
majority. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
The Legislature of Georgia yesterday chose
A. H. Stephens, late Vice-president of the
Rebel Confederacy, United States Senator, .by
152 votes to 38 for Joshua Hill, a Unionist all
through the war. Mr. Stephens declined, and
the Legislature thereupon elected Herschell V.
Johnson, who is not obnoxious to the charge of
a too pertinacious loyalty. He has quite
recently been pardoned, and will take his seat
in the U. 8. Senate at a date which his roost
sanguine hopes will not undertake just yet to
fix. _______________
Mr. Trumbull's bill to secure civil rights id
all citizens came up again in the Senate yester?
day, and the amendment offered by him on
Monday was withdrawn in order to substitute
the following:
" That rill persons bom in tbe Tnltod Stales, not snb
Joct to any foreign power, are declared to b? chiton? of
i.'ie t'nitcil ?states, without any distinction of color, etc."
Mr. Trumbull's object is to socure civil righte,
to all persons. But why should there be a dis?
tinction between civil and political 7 Citizen?
ship is a privilege that ought to carry with it
all those attributes which make the people
sovereign. ^^^^^^^^^^^^
The House yesterday voted to instruct the
Committee on Claims to reject all claims for
damages by citizens of Rebel States on account
of destruction of property by the army or navy
during the Rebellion. Even Mr. Niblack, while
thinking loyal citizens ought to be paid, agreed
that it is impossible the Committee should pass
on their claims. The vote of the House was 36
to 118 against laying the resolution on the table,
and it was then agreed to without a count; so
ive hope that question is settled for the present.
Schemes of plunder without limit, fraudulent
;laims, disloyal and loyal together, are thu-de?
posed of, to tho great benefit of public morals,
ind the great relief of the Treasury.
Mr. Wilson introduced yesterday in the Sen
ite a bill to provide for a National Militia,
?vhich repeals existing laws, enrolls all able
?odii'd citizens between 20 and 45 with certain
peeified exemptions, creates a Bureau of Militia
o the War Department, appoints one Adju
ant-General to each State, puts tho mibtia
vh.le in actual service on a level
lith the regular force?; direct- the organ
zation of ?me active volunteer militia regiment
n eaeh t'ongre-toional Pi 'riet, lixe.s the jK-riod
>f service at six years, with au honorable nat?
marge thereafter; leaves the appointment of
Jokers with the Governors, but subject to the
ipproval of a Military Board; places the whole
'ore* under command of the President during
?ebellion or war, and makes failure of service on
jotification equivalent to desertion. The bill
??as referred to the Military Committee.
In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Wilson intro?
duced a bill for t National Militia, a summary
i>r which is given elsewhere. Resolutions
were adopted directing an inquiry into the ex?
pediency of authorizing the Post-Office Depart?
ment to construct and operate telegraph lines;
authorizing the payment of $10,000 for the ex
penses of the Reconstruction Committee ; and
calling for Gen. Sherman'? report of his recent
observations in the States within his Dep^.
m?nt. A resolution to print 5.000 copiet of the
ReTPtrae Commission report wa? referred. Me?
morials were presented from the Iowa Legi?la.
turo for the equalization of bounties, and from
the Colorado d?l?gation asking ?edmiasion into
Congress. Petition? were presented for the
?ijoUtion of all oolor di?tm?Hion?, and from men
in the 8ignal Corps for disch*r|e, A wport
from the Judiciary Committee that John P.
Stockton waa duly elected a Senator from New
Jersey, mu ordered to be p-rintad. The bill to
?ecure civil right? to all person? in the United
States waa taken np, and Mr. Trambull with,
drew his amendment of yesterday, and offered
another declaring all persons born in the
United States, not subject to foreign power,
?itiiea?. A debate follow???! tnd. without tay
. action on the subject, the Senate tt 4 o'clock ad?
journed.
In the House, a message wat reoeived from
\ the President covering a report from the Acting
Secretary of State on the surrender of the She?
nandoah, and another transmitting a report of
the Provost-Marshal-Oeneral concerning the
enlistment of 100-day men. A bill for the bet?
ter organization of the navy was introduced and
referred. A resolution to admit certain claim?
ants from Arkansas to the flour of the House
was disagreed to by 64 to 96. A Deficiency Bill
! was reported from the Appropriation Commit?
tee, sent to Committee of the Whole, and made
the Hpecial order for Thursday week. A resolu?
tion to print 20,000 copies of u report on man?
ufacture? was agreed to. A reeolution that
the House will cooperate with the Secretary of
j the Treasury to restore a specie currency was
j offered, but objected to. The pending amend?
ment to the Constitution, originally reported
i from the Reconstruction Committe?*?, waa re?
ferred back to that Committee, without instruc?
tions, and with all related propositions. A mo?
tion to send it to Committee of the Whole was
negatived, 37 to 133. The resolution reported
from the Committee on Claims, instructiagthat
Committee to reject all claims from citizens of
Rebel Stat l for damages by thr army or navy
during the Rebellion, was debated by Messrs.
Delano, Niblock, Ward and Thornton, and
then passed. A bill for a ship canal from
the Mississippi to Lake Michigan was intro?
duced and referred. Mr. Kasson offered a
n- ??lution embodying propositions to be sub?
mitted to the legislatures of States lately in
rebellion, which was referred to the Committee
on Reconstruction. The House then took up
the Freodinen's Bureau bill which lias passed
the Senate, and after some debate took a reces?
till "J in tho (.vening, and at that time, without
doing any business, adjourned.
The New-York Health Bill came np in the
State Senate yesterday. Mr. Low offered an
amendment, as a substitute for the ?econd sec?
tion, providing that five person?, to be nomi?
nated by the Governor and confirmed by the
Senate, three of whom should be physicians?
two frmn this City and one from Brooklyn?to?
gether with the Health Officer of the Port and
the President of the Metropolitan Commissioners
shall constitute tho Board of Health. The
amendment was opposed by Senators Andrews
and White, mainly on the ground that sucha con?
stitution of the Board would make it partisau
in character, and was lost by a vote of 16 to 8.
As the Bill Mand3 the Board is to consist
of tho four members of the Police Com?
mission aud four physicians to lie named
in tho Bill. It it a question whether eo
much added responsibility should bo put
into the hand? of the Police Commissioners
whole duties are already onerous, though the
propriety may be acknowledged of their repre
?tentation in the new Board, much of whose
work rau3t be performed by the Police. A non
partisan Board can certainly be as well secured
by the nominations of the Governor as by
naming its members in a Bill to be passed by a
L?gislature with a large party majority. Gov.
Fenton, we think, may bo safely trusted to
choose the most eminent physicians without re?
gard to political bias, and should this lie done it
would be difficult to make the Commission a
political machine, evep wen? there any such in?
tention, with two ex-officio members, who may
belong to any party that may happen to be in
power. Other amendments proposing to avoid
this difficulty were offered, but were all de?
feated. Thus far, therefore, there is but little
progress, but we trust a moro rational spirit
may prevail to-day and the Board be bo consti?
tuted as to best rc-cure the intcre.-ts and health
of this City and the State.
THE llVlirKB.
Congress has now been two months ?n se-sion,
yet no bill has yet been reported looking to a
Resumption of Specie Payments, or to financial
solvency in any way. Meantime, every influ?
ence is brought to boar by the Speculators and
Inflationists to prevent any earnest effort for
Ri ?uniption, and keep the Currency as inflated
and rickety us possible, 6o that gamblers in the
necessaries of life may grow rich at the expense
of honest Labor.
No effort, no device is spared to defeat any
attempt at Resumption outright, or, if a bill
must be passed, to load it with conditions that
will render it inoperative. Tims clamor is
raised against allowing the Secretary of the
Treasury to negotiate a loan abroad, to sell
stocks under par, to fund his short-time indebt?
edness otherwise than in a prescribed order,
&.(-., ?te. ?the object of all this being to prevent
thrjuading of the Greenbacks at all. This last
is the aim and object of all these dodge?. Keep
Seven Hundred Millions of Grcenba? ks afloat,
and high prices must rule; fund them, and we
come down to hardpan inevitably. We tru?t
the People are looking on.
WHITE LAHOR AT THE SOI lil.
" Liberty," says a high authority, "is liberty
to work." That is tho sort we have mainly
enjoyed; and yet we cannot regard the defini?
tion as exhaustive. Liberty to play occasion?
ally?say a day or two every ten years?strikes
us as not necessarily a bad thing; thongh, like
all good things, it may be susceptible of abuse.
We have a Freedmen's Bureau, which it very
good in its way. Its main object is to get the
recently emancipated Black?, to work for wages
at the Mrliest prac?cahle moment, meantime
preserving them from ?tarvation; and in both
????pec ?jj it has done nobly. It is easy to say,
"Let every one look out for hi__erf;" but
when the neighboring v?H?aB?^3ors of property,
power and intelligence, are nearly all hostile,
how are the destitnte and ignorant to get a
?tart t The Chineae are a most ingenioo?,
efficient, iij_u?triou**_4_. yet if Four Million?
of Chinese were to be wrecked on oar coast next
week we fear many of them would perish,
though abundantly ?ble and willing to work for
?? l"-ing. Th?y would die before they could get
a chance to Uve. Akin *, thi? t. the _,,.. of
the Black?; ?nd we have no doubt that the
Freedmen's Bureau ha? already saved many
thou?ands of them from death or felony.
MM who u doin? or d?Tiaing anything for the
Southern Poor Whites T Who tella lim that
"Liberty ia liberty to work"" Notoriously,
they are very needy ; undeniably, they are lena
habituated to labor than the Blacks. Formerly,
they contri******! to pick up a few dollar, now and
then by hunting a runaway slave for this or that
planter, or by gelling whisky clandestinely to
his negroes and getting paid in stolen meal or
bacon. Mean ways these; yet thoyeked out
the meager subsistence of many a Poor White.
The old false pretense that Whites can't work
at the South is now discarded?nobody affects
to doubt that they can work there at least as
effectively as Blacks. Germany and Ireland
are entreated to send laborers to the South;
even Coolie* from the East Indies have been
talked of; but there seems to be no sort of re?
liance on the labor of Southern Whites. " Will
the negroes contract?" "Will tho negroes
work ?" were asked till the questions became
too palpably absurd; but no one has asked
whether the Whites would work. It has been
quietly taken for granted that they would not.
We non-concur in this assumption.
Why not give them a fair trial ? There must
be Half a Million men and boys?say between
10 and 60?in the ex-Slave States who can only
live honestly by manual labor. They need
food, clothes, and nearly every comfort of life.
They own no land; they have no skill in law?
yer-craft or other head work; they are too proud
to beg, and must work or steal. Yet few of
them are at work this day; not many expect to
work steadily through the ensuing genial season.
Were seven-eighths of them set to work advan?
tageously, they could not fail to add at least
One Hundred and Fifty Millions per annum to
the wealth of our country?equal to the burden
of our N;>?iem.ll Debt. How long shall this
mine of wealth remain unproductive?
We pray the statesmen and thinker." *-'f the*
?South to look to it. It is not possible to go
back; we must go forward. The Poor Whites
are the strength and glory of their country. If
they work, the South must rapidly increase in
wealth and comfort; if they remain idle, the
?South mut-t remain impoverished, ignorant, im?
potent. And now is the time?when old things
have forever passed away?to imbue them with
wholesome conceptions of the nobility of Labor
und the manliness of living by your own honest
und useful exertion.
We hope soon to hear that thousands of Cotton
and other manufactories ure springing up beside
Southern rivers and among the glens of South?
ern mountains; tho cheap food, ready cotton,
infinite water-power, and abundant children, of
tho ?Southern hill country rendering that a most
favorable region for manufactures. But the im?
mediate waut of labor in Agriculture cannot be
Supplied by Black? alone. We shall not grow
half the Cotton and Food that should bo grown
this year unless Whites are extensively em?
ployed therein.
And why should they not be ? If anj planter,
fimls negroes scarce or indolent, let him re?
solve to do without them -and employ Whites
instead. We are confident that tens of thou?
sands would gladly hire out to work by the
month for fair wages and good treatment gen?
erally. They would probably refuse to work
with Blacks; and there is no need thut they
should. Let those plantera who are tired of
negro labor, or cannot rely on it, givo White
labor a fair trial. Let them advert?ase that they
want it?that they will have no other?and they
will be surprised at it. abundance and efficiency.
And he who gives White labor a fair chanco and
fair wages will soon find it as easily at the South
as at tlie North.
hi kmt ?i lit TOE linn Til ni
CAE. ?IMTI.fl.
The Military Committees in Congress are giv?
ing tlioughtful attention to the subject of medi?
cal refe>rm in our army. If we must havo an
army, it should be protected and governed by
those enlighted principles which modern science
and the most advanced sentiments of humanity
reveal and prescribe. The activity and immense
labors of the ?Sanitary Commi'sion during the
late conflict were not less extraordinary and be?
neficent in exposing remediable evils, the condi?
tions menacing the heulth of soldiers in field
and hospital, and which were avoidable, than in
distributing the prodigious supply of sanitary
stores poured into its hands by the loyal uni!
generous North. Indeed, the service rendered
by its criticisms, forethought, or suggestions, in
the early period of the war, it is impossible to
measure, for tho results were as unobtrusive as
they were beneficent. But it is now clear that
the work ol' this kind done by the Commission
could have been more appropriately and better
douo by a special branch of the medical service
held responsible for the health of the army.
Such a Sanitary Corps in the Medical Staff, on
whom an adequate measure of power shall be
bestowed to insure? the hygienic conditions of
men in field and hospital, ia felt to be, by all
who have watc bed the course of events in our
army during the late war, a matter of first rate
importance. This is one of the subject? under
con-vidtration by the Committee.
But before such a corps can be of much use,
there must be some intelligent authority to in?
struct and direct it. A Council of Hygiene at
Washin-gton at the head of the Medical Bnreau
might establish a system the first principle of
which should be the prevention of diseases and
not, as now, the curing merely when once they
are developed. Hitherto, to render sickness im?
pose! bl?* in the army, or any given portion of it,
leeias to havo .been cou idered no part of the
businci-s of the Medical Bureau. Before there1
can be any reform it must be established that
it ia worth while to save men's livesbyfowaight
and precaution as well as by drugs. Aa an evi?
dence of how little this ha.**been thought ot take
a ningle example, one sufficiently rewnt and
Btartlin* to exhibit in sharp relief the t*-"r*ntially
vicious ?yute m which now controla the __-di&aJ
affair. of our army :
The Twenty-fifth Army Corps was ordered
laat 8umm?*r from City Point to Texae. The expe?
dition sailed early in June, occupying in the paa
sage some twenty day*. At starting, the Corps
wat in fine condition, excepting a alight taint
of scurvy, visible only to the practiced eye. At
the end of July, the medical officer. rcp<?**t?.*d 13
util ?.eut, of ".he Corps disabled by d_?,?**???.? ?-4 a
still larger proportion of allied and resultant dis?
ease?. Early in August, the Sanitary Commis?
sion, whose vigilance was so untiring and ad?
mirable throughout the war, distributed to this
Corps through its agenta thirteen hundred
barrels of fresh onions, the first installment of
vegetables the men had raceived since a consid?
erable period prior to their embarkation at City
Point, Va. But for this timely contribution, the
condition of these troops would have become a
conspicuous and memorable scandal to the War
Department and the Nation. Much as "doctors
disagree," there ?> no clash or difference of opin?
ion among them as to the sovereign control over
scorbutic disease?both by way of remedy and
prevention?exerted by a fresh vegetable diet.
In the case we have mentioned, the Govern?
ment had ample means to prevent the mis
fort une referred to; ample supplies and every
possible facility for transporting these; and
the necessity for applying these facilities
was evident. But the War Department was
too busy to give heed to the exigency, aud
the Medical Bureau lacked the requisite au?
thority and reponsibility to grapple with it.
The Bureau has no Department of Hygiene, no
class of medical officers specially devotod to the
prevention of disease and the investigation aud
official handling of the avoidable causes of
mortality.
It was well fur tbe people to thrust in their
sanitary Btores and their Sanitary Commission
during the war; but it is high time that the
Government, heeding the lessons thus learned,
should now make preventivo and sanitary care
the first duty of the medical service in the army.
This will dimini.?h to a miuimum the demands
for ordinary medical service in the army.
Whether it is possible for our people to man
ago a great social gathering so that it shall not
become an intolerable bore and nuisance, is a
point that ought to be settled, and wo think it
bids fair to bo. Probably the Grant Reception
and the Ladies' Charity Ball are specimens of
our worst in this respect, as the Seventh Regi?
ment Ball to-night is likely to be of our best.
If at this Ball a gentleman shall be required to
waste half an hour to an hour in depositing his
hat and coat, and as much more time in recover?
ing them, then we mu.-t give it up that a Ball
or large soir?e of any kind is without the scope
of American talent?or, as they say down east,
"faculty." If ever again two thousand men
aro expected to hand their hats and coats in at
one narrow orifice and get them out again the
same night, we shall be inclined to give it up.
Mas'cal.
WBULl'S MATINEES.
This popular and brilliant pianist will givo
bis Istt Matin?e tbis morning at Wallack's Theater.
Ile will bo assisted by Mr. Kithard Hoffman, Millie
Ayoita and Mr. S. C. Campbell. Wclill's Matin?e last
week was a most brilliant success. Tbe theater was
crowded to Its utmost cap.. ?ty by the most fashionable
audience wc have seen at a concert for several years.
Mr. Wehli w11] play a brilliant duet with Mr. Huff?
man, which vt ill be an artiilic gem of tbo first wat r.
Those who would get a good seat to hear should go
amhj.
iii riln? of the lirai li f ?tnn.issi?nrrs.
A meeting of the Health Commissioners wau
held yesterday st 1 oYlock p. in., at the Msym a ?flic.-.
The following resolution was adopted: That 3.000
copies of the usual proclamation in regard to Vardna
tion for the Small pot be printed and posted, and that
the same be advertised in the newspapers.
A complsint relative to a nnisance in Seventy-third
st. betwoen Third and l'ourth-aves.. was juetented.
and Sr. Morris.the Health Commissioner.made a report
that he bad united the locality complained of and
found the dialns from a narnber of houses on the north
?ide of Seventy third-st., emptvlng Into the vacant lots
in the rear of uch houses, creating s noisome effluvia.
which in bis opinion sjrsfjM prove verv detrimental to
the health of 1.10 neighborhood. He offered tho fallow?
ing resolution, which wa? adopted:
Ritohed, That tb? Ci?y Inipector bo rrqaeitrd to notify th?
owi,en of laid premiar?, that connection? mint bo made with
?h? ai wer in tie itreer ai loon at (lie .tate of ihr ground will
permit, or ?he ??me wi.l b? done by the proper eutborlti?.
tod become t charge upoa tua property in order that merl
nuntin'? may be ?bated.
The lteaident Phyeiclan, Di-, 8ayrc. reported on the
subject of hit mission to Albany, to call?n the (inv?
entor, in pursuance of the resolution adopted at the
last meeting. That he was received by the Governor
with great kindness, who itsted that he was happy that
the Board bad taken action cn the subject of cholera,
end that he sppreciati.l the importance of prompt ac?
tion. That, having seen a notice of th? action o? tbe
Board in the paper?, he had already sent a messsge to
the Legislature, culling its attention to the necessity of
Immediate actiou in this matter. That a conference
then had by the Governor with the lion. 1). ('. Little?
john member of tbo Assembly, and joint resolutions
?vere prepared appropriating $4?*0.0<"J for secirins* a
sito and the immediate, crectiou thereon of hospitals,
mid other buildings for quarantine purposes.
Dr. Kay re then suggested t?i the GoTernor the pro?
priety of the Legislature petitioning the General Gov
ernment to adopta uniform syitem of quarantine, to be
applied lo the whole eoaet, permitting each Slate to
select Its own ground? and apqoint its own officers, but
compelling each Stale to adopsnhe Federal plan.
The report was sccepted, and the Board adjourned
until Tnesdsy, 6th proa, st 1 o'clock, which meeting
the Mayor snd Health Officer will be Invited to attend.
Death i(Ki?(iot. Ballia.
Kew-Obieaxs, Monday, Jan. 20, 186?.
Ex-Cov. Rollan died here to-day suddenly.
Both Houses of the Legislature adjourned here to-day
in honor of his memory.
Opposition to Division op Chautacqtja
Cotjrrr? A meeting of the eih-eni of Charlotte and
neighboring towLi was held at Sinclalrville, Jan. 20. to
take action in opposition to tb? proposed division of the
county. Delegates were present from Charlotte, Ark?
wright, Gerry, Ellery, Stockton, Cherry Creek and
Ellington, and resolutions ?ere passed against any
diTlslon of the county. The meeting adjourned to
meet again on Tueeday, Jan. 30.
_i-m
Fihk in Newark ? Thrbb Peiii-ons
Blum d.?Abont 9 o'clock yetterdsy forenoon, a Ure
occurred in th? eztenslts oil refinery of Mr. James
Charters, comer of John and McWhorter sts., Nswark,
caused by the bursting of a * still " of liquid ia on? of
tbe outbuildings. The flames spread wltb great rapid?
ity to the main building, aad the entire premises ?ere
consumed in a ?bort time. The loa? amounts to ebon?
tlu.iAtO, upon which there was an insorsnre of t.'..wiJ0.
Ii.-i.'i.s Marsh, Joba Balley and Cbriitisn Schieffr-r,
who were engaged st work in th? room In which the
explotion ocenrred, instalned serious injoriea Mi*?xih
wat terribly burned sbont the nnper part of the body
wbils endeavorlag to retese Scliic?er. who vas Brit
set on Ure. Being overcome by bli own Imarie?, be
made bit way ont of the burning building, f alley wai
badly burned ?boat tb? bead and band?, and Ucbiefl. r
was alto bursed aixMK the head and hand?. ( posldera
ble alarm wa? created by the eotUinoous explosion? of
j naphtha ?nd other materials in barrell.
Fi?** in P**Att-8T.?Shortly after 3 o'clock
sa Tuesday morning, s Urs otxarrsd ia th? four-story
brick building la th? rear of So. 549 Psarl-st. Ia ?pit?
of t-beastiT? sasrtioas 01*tb? Yin Osssstssssi th? build?
ing ?nd ??oatsnts wera completely eoninmed. Th? Unit
floor tu occopied ?a ? c?rpante* shop try John Forreer.
Loti tbout #1.500. No Issursncs. The second floor
wa? occupied by John Hacker, paper box manufacturer.
Loti about ?300. Insured for get) In the Pacific Con.
peny. The third floor wa? occupied by P. C. holder
passai medicine packer. Los? t'OO. No insiiranoe.
Tb? fourth floor was occupied by WV. II. MeCutdy, boot
filter. Loss ?WOO. So. iniurawe. Mr. McCurdy and
one of bli workman bad a narrow etcapa from ?uffoea
tion, Th? buUding wti owned bv tir. W. B. aitor.
lum* fi.urO. Imured. The re?r Luuding on tfle lot
a.]joining No. ?M7 wai damaged to the an.our.tof #. ?j
?I te* no** H let? B**t ti ?? t'?l?&? (U?UOt A.
MEXICO.
Di plato? ii?- anmmmtAMmmmMMt ?? rta nimm
Afla?r. A bteWWl Pr.jrrt for bernia?
Klevic? aid aKet-Mlah'ac "?Jiav??
Thrrela- Per_ti??U_ C?lvr? ?? t_M
l alird fliatea Gaweraaaaat ?? Barak
Troop* rta roath "tleiicaa Trrriiorv.
Waihuigto.i. T-etday, Jan. 30, IttA
The message of the President in anawer ta
the Senat? Inquiry for Information relative to negoti*
tion? in 1861 with Mexico, for the purpose of marchin?
United Staiei troopt fromOuaymaa to Anton? thr-out
Mexieo, lneloeei papen upon the tubject from the Slate
Department, from which it appear! that ander data ?I
May 4, lftSl, 8efior Romero called the attention of Mr.
Seward toa project of Southern men for teiring Mexica
?nd est.blithtng Slavery therein, and declared that
" Mexico conquered independence through the blood ol
her children, and will maintain it to the lait agtintl
any invader who may attempt to take it from hc*r. and
that the will never content that any human being shall
be reduced to ?lavery within ita territory. It u a fra?
connlrv, in which no man it bom a llave, and h
treadlngupon which liberty return? to tho?e who m?.v
before havo had the mltfortunc to loee it." II? tt-re
fore wlihet to arrange between Mexico and the I'rutted
Statet a treaty which ihall gmtrantee the boundarle? of
the Mexican Republic at now agreed upon, and pre rent
the introduction of Slavery into Mexican territory. Ha
would make an indi?ptn?a-bl? condition to auch treaty
or arrangement that no European n?tion? ihtuld par?
ticipate therein, lcat it might bex-ome a motive ot pre?
text tot the intervention oftbat continent In the affair?
of the Republic in particular and America in genere!.
Mr. Seward replie?. May 7, that such deliro? of the
Instil -.'eut? here againat lie p-'m ?' of Mexico ranuot be
c irrteei into effect if their deeignt agaiuit their o?v_
? nii. rumcnt are prevented, lloiayi that full ioitrne
t.ut a won given to Mr. Corwin to eetabliih tuch rela
tiDir? with Mexico and the other American Republic?,
a? ?ill ?trengt.ieu their power and enabl.? them ta
mair i.ii luderjs-ndcuco of every influence coming from
the oil.?-! lii*mi?phere*.
In aunt ?.er letter ot the same date lie auks pernitsiioit
iran? t'i* Melton C.eivertiment for the paa.*age ?t
tioop.?, Ikmogk Mexicju territory, for coucoutration ia
Ari/on.i.
Sefiir Romero? Augei*? ^0, communicated the d cm rod
l>?.'ir?,.-- -. .
Mr. Bawalti acknowl.'dg??? the liberal and m_g
urinimius eiliibition of coi litle-ncf. ami promises that
Mexico ?bad have no occasion to regret the courtesy.
The Captnre ml Bagdad?r?rre?p nairn?
Iii Iwirn ?.'?-ii?. Wella? I mid Urila.
THE FRFNTH NAVAL COMSIANKI.K PBOTH?T>
AGAINST THE I.1VA8ION ??'?' MEXICO _T
AMKBiCAir Num
Viw?Oauass. Mondai. ?Taa, Ob ion
The official c eirre**poud?'iie c bet?'**- ???.'ii*-.
We-it/cl aud Mejia, regarding the afluir m Bagdad. I?
published.
The former ttatet that bo sent ?AQ men to ling?!*?,! at
the reqne?t of (ion. Eseeibedo, purely us na at t of hu?
manity, iiot to pei form ter?let fur tuber part]
Gen. Mtjiareplie*? l-rl'tli, stating thal ka hu? tub
tied hii-einvernoient of all the ocounouces Hut toni
place at liagdad.
The Kreuch naval comtjander, before ki? depart tn le
Vera Cruz to report the matter ottlctally. pNfeaMt *.n a
thort note agatnit the invasion of Mexico by cm
American soldier?.
The Aaterieaa Fillilstim al Bagdad?
Qaarrel betweea Cal. lind aud tkt?
Hfexleaa (Sea. E?rol??*r!o Kenl gmt
under Arrrst, bat floou Ki Ich.id
Brownsville (Jin. 8) Corre?pcii.l?-nt of Ile Nea Ortean?
Timce.
On Saturday den. Weitzel ordered f ol. Davis,
commanding the United Stat--? force? at Cltrktviil?.
to poa? apart of lils troop? over tin- River, to piotect
tho Interests ot American r?silient? from ino attack? ai
the French, who. during the -?role of tho day. bom?
barded the towt, without giving a meime?t a notice, and
attempted to laud their n.M.ia-* .?lit, a wa? gulUntiy
repulsed by American LItarait a * ila, uru]'*r the direo
tii'B of Col. Reed, by ?iei. Craw't'-d? order. After a
l.irge portion of the ?aptnreel Ini| .-?inlisU (? norn Gei.
Etcobedo deiiiiMi to theiot. but Crawford ?aid Au i had
been pluced by Qen. Craw.'ord on th" An rieaa ?ide,
the ammuuitiou and orras nil gut .reel f, r the r? - of ?ha
Lum ral? and tie United Stoles brett trOUti bv tim
?tenmer I'rince of Wal???, wliieli li id MM ?Wlreail
for immediate neecs'itic?, and everytMng u?.? in
good running conditior, the brave and .allant L.soobe
tlo, with bit ?tvlit.li aid?, 4L Jin and i. ,r/.i, anime?!
C0i_m_nd and elepoied Col. Reed, pl.icin.r the nfnretaiit
Jr.\jl? i." command, which laMauett'j Matad al tha
Ai_criintiV. T?'l^hadc,*''ii?red th? "'nie for the I.ib
erili?. toexpiifltVlrrfljitTae IT* '?T."?<i*?. ?-?ele *"'
famous and lueleocnt condact oftbe ungi .term MsiL,
c.ini to? ard thoir kind and faithful allic?. ('ol.R?TV
wat soon placed in e-oinninnd of Hie peint, hut tha
je-alous Mexican? again eirinrreli-d with him, aid placed
him in airest. whereupon ?jen. Crawford demanded bia
rel?ate, which wa? acceded to, fearing k?, vu h tha
Yal.kees at hi? command, would Lave made it too hot
for the wort* than traitor Etcobedo and lis t.k1?, M?
Jai and Garra. It wa? very evident l'ait Col Diilliy,
of bl? itaff, wa? no partv to Hmm heateM iiroceediug?.
for he waa an American-born gentleman, and e ould
not play auch a menu part tottaid tl.oti* who
had ?o generously ard efficiently aided them ia
the darkest hours of the Meiican Retinh'.ie.
Quite a number of Liberal American? walled from
nie camp above Brownsville, under the command
of Col. H. A. D. Merritt (late Major 5th 9, V. lav.)
and Lieut. Henry C. Rote, arriving there by duyhrUt
on Saturday, while not a tingle Mexican of I.?e-e>oedo'e
boatted army arrived np to yesterday iSundu- ?i m.
It it well known that tbe able and gallant Cortinal,
lince the fall of Bagdad hal kept Gen. Mejia very Imsy
injMattmoroB, where he it ?till making active preptra
tiom to resist any attack which mav lie made hy tua
Lib?rait. It it quite certain that -ena. Cortina?. Oar
cier, Mend?? and Hinc.jota, are dlanleaaed with tha
treatment Etcobedo hat shown Gen. Crawford and bia
American friendt, for they are men of tense-, well know?
ing tint if inch treatment ii meted to thoto who vielen
teer for the aid of the Republic, that toon it will have
for enemlet thote who desire to be it? friend?. Then
the "tick man" will hardly recover, if, with the At?i
trltnt and French, the Yankee also ihot-d become a
biter of the poor Mexican.
To-day it i? rumored that tho Liberal General.? w?l
demand of Esoobedo that be, with hit two satellite?,
retire from tbe tenir* of the Republic, and if they du
not, that force will be used to compel them. A move?
ment li expected that will toon oompel Matiiuoroe to
fall alto. I mast not omit to give credit to Major Seare
and Capta. La?ibertaon. Shaw, Berachoff ami b1 f Von
aid, who ?o gal lanlly aided in tbe rapt .tn* of Bagdad.
which gives to tb? Repubtio of Mexico over a million of
property for its me, irby bad management it is not
moat!) squandered by inefficient and unp.in? Iplcil meit
of tbe Etcobedo ?tamp. There i? a great desire on tha
part of many in our army to joiu tins movement In aid
of the Liberals, if directed by American l-raiu?. And
now the far-famed ???port of Mexico Is captured b7 tha
?Id of American? no!? ly. it i? rafe to ki?, tint if not
oliitraii.'t by jealou*?, a divisiou of Ht? Aiii-rlraa?
will in a few month? be on their way tn the halla of tha
Moniciutnat to lid In placing over it the flag of tha
Republic.
Mw Satigraliaa fraaa New-Orleaa? ta
Itflaalea Allowni
Xrw-O-i-AHa, MoO'lav, Jan. '*?, ltiOG.
Gen, Sheridan to-day refiitetl to nil???- euii
grantt to leave here to go' to Mexico, lie it actina
noder oril>-r? lro..i Washington. Ue does not preieal
vesiel? from going.
-a?
Partait mt Oaerrillaa l*l?i ia Ovrrlarat?
lb? Caveraateal?Exeeaiiaa ?i Priaaa
er??Farced "Laaaa?Bailraad Bei?v?*a
Vera <>?i aad Paebia?lialiaa Bad?
gratiaa?Aa Earibt.aa.-e.
Caiiiii, Tuesdty. Jan. 30, l*i_
New-Orlearw papers of the 24th M*" the in?
terior Mexican paper? are filled with ooc unti of tha
movement? of troop? in purtnit of K'ierill?? rr..n, tia?
te? co??t to the mountain?, ?nd ?lan report the ronrla
nance of ?urnmary execution? of guerillu? In ?r-onlaat-s?
with the Emperor'? decree, wblcn were exhauailng ib?
people, and the country waa more noeettled than at ??->
any time ?Ince the organ-allon of tho Imperial Gs??'
ernmrnt.
A plot to ?jver?irow tht G-verantnl lo the State ?f
Mlcboacin had boen discovered.
The Liberal Mexican paper publiihed in Brotratvilla
stat?? that the prianneri tatken from Cortina? wire ?a
?luted privately at Matamoros, and all tb? pr-tuner?
taken at Bagdad were liberated.
Additional forced loan? had bera imposed t?y the aa
thoritlea at ?LaUmoroe, and ail ooaiiak-atioa wita
Brownsville wa? interdicted
In oonieqoeoc? o? the death of King Leopold, tha
Emperor and Eapreta had r?tame, to Ihe (??lace M
ChepalUpee.
Tae Emperor had iito-d a d?crire ?rrauts-g to ja?i
Zaugrnmae the excluatve privilege, for *S year?, of coe
?trnctins ?ud working a rallioad bet? ee? Vera Cm?
and 1'uebla, via Jalap? and Perot?.
A oompany baa been foraed in Tut-any with a capital
of 1,000,000 franc?, for tbe purpose of ?ending lialiaa
emigrant? lo the Empire. A portion of the mooev kam
already arrived, and ?ona? parchase? of Und ??ade.
Monterey wa? rarrt-ooesi bv traitor?.
Matamoros being c?utdered In dangtr, Freac?i m?a*
of war bave b? en ordered tber? with * force.
Anearthijiiuke wa? felt throughout Meiico on tha
l.ltb ult.. ?ud wa? ?ever?!.? felt on the South Amerir-?
eoait on t!.* ISth. Th? -?olltati.m? were from e??t ta
w?-?t. Ii, ilittruction ot tbq Cit? t? Carver?i by aa
?N^i_i?-0_'; ?i vvuAiac!?t

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