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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 27, 1867, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1867-04-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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PRICE FOLK CENTS.
Vob XXVII.N?-8,13H.
RECONSTRUCTION.
THE BOOTH! KN IN.M'NCTKiNS
A-M.IMiVIs Of lill-. ATtOUttl ?.I.M * I-M- AND
Ol ft BIM <>?.?? m'li?
ar rai ??-Mars t?, tm? this?!??
\Y t--.;i'?< IO? ApTllSI Ml:? i?t..?,.ii<f Ibe httCA
m y t,i .? ...i todiuBlas theMBaef aaasfiabrt filai MyXM
n,:,. .1 msssaatpfl i.r|).*?t.vfiy Bj
??, t :, !..iy S;..i;t?.u, !.. n ?.rant, .?nil Un-, iiiiiit.it> com
ii. til... i> di Ihl li-tr.? i , in ? i.<* ?are li? i?. I'???" , ami ?n
ii., . ti., i in ... Qrd, ??? i- i.? -?'?I i" theBapr" ?e-Ooart t?>
tl.i Tl., argument ti-m .?U.U..I,???I Hj At!? Ii.? _. (??-I.
? ntl ? t.iia-l . . y. v!:t. saul
' m <?ii?- nf the hrirtn til??! 1 y iiij learned
fi,, it.tr? uial bo mere Isnportsul caac than Ihia Lum
??ei i?, n L. im. thin I ..uri, or called to it? attention, ?r
?ni i'iiif.ii f?ir its ili.*i?ii-n. n ti" itentlt'iucn menu tbat
ti.. ,ii...--.' ?; -.! up m H?? bill Is th?- question ta fore Huh
i .,: n they mean that the question winch new divides
t,,, ,., iii . i 'un United 8tai?-s into two ir ? ? ?it. parties ka
\ut, i ti, \ n, nt i.it tin groat controversy aa u> the
?i,,,-, . ! muni.?), ..nu linn* ??f n toi.Mtiiii Hun, .mil the
_, stat? of things -consequent upon th.
i? n foi iii 11* on; l -.m ?itiit?- a iii?t g to admit,
ui um i.*.;. I ..m accustomed to heal lawyers ?> ?. ? i?t.ii<- the
? ti a ii i,i-i i?. lbs! the iiin?iiit.,!ii*i- <>f tlmt
Hin ?'i,.:i i ;i m ni hi-.iv? i ?tilted, bal it that i? ll?r qui ?tmu
i,,a. i very a-i-.kw.iiil poaRtoa if the
jm.,,1,1 .n .,.*.? Ktion .? I? i?, and I nu tt> Lilli aa u politi? ian,
m ii i, * .,- ,i i. * .I rather ? boee?! to tut-?' n j
|,i?,, e of the opposite ?MMisel, Bud arion wita
tl.i. !i, political ??ni-: .?n. Li nil my k\ ii pallin ?,
Ml III .? I ?ill it IrOlltll-iaU, ill?' With in. in. If,
howev? - i ?lu.iiiM. u.it question m mt here
at all, .i t.ii we .ne ?niy t?..?.?l.r it judicial
qUei the un* in lit?* the Court, aad if,
a.? i apprehend, I inn t?> apeak aahr sa a
lit\Mi I .?lal !i- Ila (JOH t! i li II .. tl<l I til I II.) ki ,f ti? I .* .11
ti.. i i iikm he allowed tu ii*<:.t. mi the
riyri ? ir? tiii..tif.'ii ii.?- ? use b< n
itii?, i-?in ali ?n It as a lawyer, and tospehkol the ?*aae
tit: ' . fi,;. ::t iii} i.lil-in. lit. Hu .:ii*at ipi'?-'.on
Hu' i, w ?livides i the countlylto thcotln-r
tu i ?a :,n ni a! i- lit lu tu*. <lu-i ti??? ?I. nil eeita?llj
uni'?. ( .ii?.?:, ii. ii.i although this Court ?it*? toeutei
tain to deride ?cti-at questions, itiit nura
tdoti tu!? (*nii-rt emi never <l???-i<i?-. an.! it '? um oma ??'
iii'? ..t i n't: ovi rsies that your Bunora tun take eo/fulaais r
?if Then, m tin* fust plut?', s t in.- endeavor la ssfew
?ivn!.? ..? po*?ii?i? te gol before youi honora vn ii.. t ih the
be ?iu? -iiiiii ?uliii.?it? ii I think tli? I?, ?t ?
Willi I * til ;i . i>;iiat?-rv to ti.?'i.l.L'iiliMlil. *?* t"
Mejfiu with tin lawser sets MCeM-reaa that are keri
breoxbl in i [ii? ?I i.iu, uiHin ii,?* i m 11,Liu. .?f v. lut ii it is al
, ?earit ?>-. iii? iiiiiii'ia.i.i? uni ti,, v .ii. tt> auifvi ii
4 ii- - m. ? ? ihe ?inn should first be fnllj |n>?
., t.? of ? tillar-rn. and of what they ei
Ml!. I (f the stat? nu n li? ?'i II a* lut! ?! ti n: ?ila : li!.
loi - ding ?luit th?. .u t? 11 < .
tli? i no1 i"*. t\? ii ni d? ratovd l ,
ti,, , ni tongi ? -? im very recent. Iii?
otu. ..ittli tliat they ?ere pi us? i
ret the j lol an ;.<i)ii.m ?it.?
i? tit?- ad of Mar? it 2 * ti-' KXXlXtta i Mt
? .?I ii?ki salon ?it? i tin- m ti? ? f the
President, entitled "An set lot the nun.* ? Haunt
(.-??v. ?i,-. ? m ol the ii. hi*i Mai??." in.* Aui.iiiit
lu'lui.i i'i.-i i i in ?I t?) sL.tt m ti? tail Hu 1 l?\ iKl?n ?
nf iii. Militari Reconstruction atti ot Mun ii
?, nu,! tin* Piippleiuentarj a? t cr March
l'hi?i? ,.:i "i * : al hiil in <*?;ittT.v fi!<d in tin? iiiurt. Tin
parties to li i san new ap?ahiug <>i Ih? <?
ni t.? i rata ?-i? ? i.iiipiain.il.!.
anti tifo- i mi.;?,,,iu.mt, aiul Edwin M. Stanton,
the - Ol i?, al : I'l\ MM ? S (.nilli, ?a : .
I i.i. * Biy Of tin li. .. ii ?-I..'' -, : : 'I ? ? :. P? |H .
the Milli ty < i.it'iii.ii ih -mi the Tbird Mlhtary DlatiH-f,
m w in'!. - i ilie State nf (?eorgiu, sa ?t. li i.il.n.t.
ii.., . li?rent ? inn ru are also ti? m til ? ?'. m u u i? m i to
ti, ;. . I li.11 tin ti, in L.iy . I V? .,1 it- ;i i Itl
r.? u ti tia Stat? of Ohio, and ?.in Grant aad Ona. Pop?
. . iritli iiti/?ii? of the Mut.* of illinois. Thal i? Ihr
? bara? ti i ol th. ? ase so fur..? the partiea at*. ? m < <*n.? ?t.
ii. cm proceeded toaaalyse tin* varieuia allt gationa in
UM I "'? i "l i i nu ?ii. ii: t willi li alii _i al tin ?UBI t,?t?l Coi
t?. i?. Dueoual .u: 'Hal ami ??mt. m i-a 'l Ike orlgiu of the
Kia!'* . I ?.. nriciil, ..1.(1 . lulim ?1 that 111? ni vi i lit,, li \\ ?mill
?uiiiiiiliiti tin i?i< ?' iii tit ite nf lit*??!).*! i, take away .ill it*
I?..litn al right?, and Interfere kn ludotnestl. affaira la
particular, it??t n?uni ft ?id to CM0rsaa, i ?j?! i. .;..*? .- to
Ihe exercise ol tberlgtat of aultia Ibtute. The
Dill sllegl '1 that ti:? rrt'Miieiit. i.ltiioii-li he -a ti... li
acts an.i i-iiiii'.iMii.'il te prewitt tbrtr paasuae, ?inmilrra
h his duty to ex?cuta t it? ni. ?n it beut*? it bceoines a pari
?.i tin* mr'.liniiK ni the .?*.*(n*tiii.i .ii War said ?M thai stn
?UUUllUg I.i lit lal tonna*.? mihi? lulu Ihe lit Mitch!
?iii.I transmit them to the pri'i?ei nifici i?<. ?Aim an i,
eule ti" ?. laws it i ailegtr-d thal Mr. btuuton and tiru.
Oraat save out ia speech?*? thal ti.? y intend tola? *
ti.i n ?u l such -.iii. ... i;? the l'i' ?..lent shull ?civ?- them, li
I? fin In? I ilia l*i (1 Ilial li..- i'K-Kiilelit lia? :i|i| illili ii ula
lii*?lKiiatrtl U't til.* ll:?ln. I in v. Inil: t.t* trgia in t OWpi iK' ?1
a Mi.it.ti> Commission, ???n Kpe, aclilzcu ol lliiuuis,
win? (.*.-. ?"? it . Ut iii rp? ? tin?. Sl.d f hu ii!, li" to ey. i lili?
l?,i-i law? m i -uti- tli? m uni? ?* n ?Man.i*ii i?> tin*
oitii-i* ?if the Court TheaeaM the ?iuipeea taraateucd
i i.i ?. au* itn rights Invaded. Toprottetthi sa ilffhtB, to
avert tli? uarti? askid to uti ipi
|?,e\?*iiti\?- iii.iun? liuu, i,u?! to Stop Ii? ni '?tic hi SlliUtliS to
in. end the execution of th? ?<- tvn? acta of -Uoiiartas?to
Mop it Bow, ti ? nu na nt; tor liny aay tli.it ii this n?
nlli.-A.il te nu. lor -ix iiinhili?, the li uni w ni i,e cat
lil.ltt'il, .11.(1 tin :? I that ih not iiiri.iiit,.
Belina and preventive This < ? ut t, then Inn ,1s ashed to
i*i.i..11?...,. tirant and Secretar] Btanloufreinr ?eli ion
any onli it? flinn l!u In ?ni. 01 .nu! I OBVl \ nu: iii. ni to tin
linn!.ni i'?.iiiin.ii.ti?u i?t Mu- District,and it? eu)oln that
m.lu.n'y .?iiiiinaiHltr anil Hie tor??..? muli r in? t tiiiirn.tt.il
aad ali the machinery thal Is ta be aet at ?ttuk hy lum
tewafdearry?iBthese lavrslato eBteaUaa.linn t.
?UUP k!i ?i or ;it.i? -lil* tuv.uil thill i Xfiu'liui
Hut at iii?f ti., gentil ?u? u stop lutin* tuisi lawa an
SX11 ut? .1 They <*ui iy th.-ir prayer I?r au injuuctiou do-a i?
ftb? Convention. rbeymisUtaswelltuuTy
ii lui tin i, U..1 eajolii tlie Couvent ion li uni lonuini; a
?iiiul,mi. a Iniii* fiiitln i*. a;,il t : juill tin* p< upli from
rutiiy n.? tli" < ??iiKt'iuti.ui; u little lurtbei pat, aad ? n
i?n. i. . ii.? President of thal Coi venttou Inm aeudina
bust Cuii.-i.tullun here te the President ; a ?t?*p further,
mu! i : inm tin li? rilli-! I tioin ki ihLiii; thal CoUStltUtiOU
to C unit ta; a tiiep iuiiiui, anti < ujoiii ? oiigrt is Iroi
septiiiK It, for, after all4 that Is the pt.int : thal ?Mik? all
tin hum li.i!, ai, ii niitliini; Init tliat does work it, foi lint
Couaress am, all thal la done ka "leather and prunella "
No** bob formed ia dh>ptsced aatil :ii<
final ?tit of i-DiiKiiniinatintt hy ? ?M.t
not. tin i., nu friends, have foi? i ki?*]? fuitim. and to
set r? i ? i, i .* "im. ?i t oujrreas from r.itn.t ina the i st
ti.-n Until that art eoaieayoe are uoi Injured ij
sbks tiuii ia thal we bave not ia? b pui i ?
?.iii? Cowl tu entertain : ?
Mi i iin.ii-r thal ess-ma of mir Coustli
%?i))i li -tt,? in tin? Court oricinsl JarUdl?ti??ti
m a ? i.iitn.t-i-y betwi .? phuntifl,and aciti
? ?f Mi.o!ii..| aud different btat? nu deteadanl
IuiimI.i !...,. ans*- of tia subject matter, hut
Beeaaaeof ti?, parties, so that if 11 happeiied thst -Mtaa
ton, tirant, an.I Pope WSrs etttBBBS of the Instri. t?t
? oluiiii.ia, or of a i ?*. - ?tory, o? . Itisena of tins vert !-t:it?.
of i?it)i-a.',a, tin it- v..ulil Lo no i am-. Hut. ? i> n,\ mendia,
?wehave ti.? veo parties ?pacified in tn<* Conatitutiou.
Va holt a State ? plalatlff. 1 will n??t ?toj? here at tiuK
iMiint o* iiu case to question the riahtof the Htati of
i.i m ?L'la. -m- a Provisions! Government, or other*
liruii; a Kii.t. in, i>ui jii.K? ?. of th?- aiKti'ii'i.t do uot n
i|tnrr that. It i? tin* character of ihn defendants on
?sliieli ?'? r?-l\ '?? ?Low that tins ?'ourt lia? no ?n?*.*:nni
juii??Jli !l??ii ni tin? ?a?? What :? tin- nu ?illina of Ilii?
CakMiseefl i Constitattaa I Doaa It net SLpposs an actual
eontieveru betweea a stat?, .uni a citizen of snothei
?State f Vaal i? tli.* iiaMiiiof (dTtflC the luiiMliitionf
it is thal State, bavins* a controversy with
a litizeii of it not bei soveietas !-Lit? of um meat bal
uf ?-?jual il!-:iitv, shail not be r?-<|iiir?-il to go into
the t mut or that ether stat?- te a?k its rights,
mul ?< t tu tin cou trov?is j whithu baa with the cltlien,
eitlu-i I? ?..u?? It is below the dignity of the State which
asserts th?* i urht, <u perhaps for rear that the State i.".?J
ins" :??>ii iui_lii be {lartlal lo Itsowncitli
A M.ite eonii'it? o*.ii?* into this Court with a ault sgaiasl
its ??wn ritizcuK, or agalDst (iti/'iis of the District "f
?Cetaaahta, ar eJtiaena reaidina In the Teiritjri?-?. The
jin -"ih*?!'.n extente only te theeaat of aeontrovets) I"*
ttt? ? n ? ?tat?- ?.n.! a , iti/in of anothi i State. I a?k your
hams aas II ever Imtitatad by the Constttution to give
such Jurisdiction sa that which la ???us-ht lien-t Who la
thia (xMitBDVsrsy wttb 1 It ia with i'tfit-.is of the United
htaie? of a \er\ hiK'i. *?.'ra<li*. What is the soatrovers} be?
tweea the stat? uf Georgia and those of flee ral I* it witta
tlinn as iiuliviiiiial? I I? it vtith Ixl will M. htaiiKui li* S
?ifireii of Ohio that Oeorglahess ?mtrnveray hera "i
wnh waa! ana Peps aa rmssnsof niiuetsl Kol at uii.
li ia nut H?t-??etl that ,-)?_, j ?f th, mf iltieniiuiitK IS al.ouf
t?. .lo snythfua in bia individusl capacity, v. bi?h 1? ti siiii
Jeet of tontroversy Ut?. u, li!i? .,i?l th?* state of (,roi-lit.
ihr ,ot)trover?y i? not with ttr?-tii in their individual ?a
j';?' ,t v ii? t itla u? of SUtes, hut witta ttaem aa offieera ?>f
tlie I mte.1 HtaUs. who hat?- no Stat?* Clticenstaip, Put art
Imiiiid to re?ld?- _?-r.- The pim* ot r. siil.-nc? of tlie Se
??retaryof Unr. anil ?if ti*- ? omm iikIiiik ?.?-lierai, is l?\
law tiere. Their oftk-ml resident.- i? in this liistriet. It
is aitaiiiit thetu m officer? that Oeorgla make? eoiaplaint,
and she aeeka to refrain their officiai act? A
< ourt of Kqmty looks at the nhstaaec "f thltiK?
not nier?*iy at names or f??im?? Winn you
are asked to entertain the United Jurisdiction riven lo
thla.onrtln na original ease, and find that as t?> pailles
it must he a ceatreveray betweea a Htate and s smzea of
another .Stat.* I a-k your InmorK, when v-m rome le look
at this ca)?e, if there in anything that fulfil!? a Bindle Idea
of ?arli a tout i oven?',? ?Sn*.,*,..,?.. to morrow Mr Ktatiton i?
remo i .-ft or reaixus hi? j?.?! a? S?-< r. tin v of Wai, what
Be?*????.? of Hunton, u <iti/?nof ohio, defendant 1b this
easel I? th?-re any M.utroverHy left lietweeu lieorgla and
HantoL a? un individual ami a < itizen of Ohlot None.
?-ti,.mulway it isaereeaary tohava a new officer of the
Government hen; and they must snli.ilfute a new Hecre
tary of W ar st once, tf ..? i? a rieceasaty psrtv. And ?np ;
poae that gectctsnr hapj*n? Lo lie a citlien ot the District
?)f ? oliimliia, what Income? of their case tlienl It seems
lo nie nert?*aly clear tliat there ia nothluK to bring this
es?? ?Itliln the latter, the ie.i?,n. or the aplrll of th.- ( on
atitutlonal provlsi'Ni mung this court on ?ina 1 turlsdl?
tiou It is iinii*ec?-*snry to tak*? up time on Ibis point.
."Vext. If the ?'oiirt please. 11 omi- tit ?Be more iatporiant
?lucsiiou a* t? the nature of thi rtKht set up Itere, the, al
h-aed infraction? of thal ii>fhtt auU the n-lbiX which ia
asked from this Court to esuniish t hat r?ht First of all.
look al the time and the Hate of linn?*;? when this lull is
Hied. The ink with which these acts of Cousrcs? were
enrroased ia hardly dry; (-oiiKtesa baa juat adjoin und.
and tt one?* the controversy that raijed there a few weeks
sao it brought here to be settled. The Preildeut at
t' mp ted ti, nettle it '-?institutionally. He attempteai to
Sit? tu? relief v hu Ii is sought here in the tren is* of In?
?-<?natit.it.oual pow? ra. Tlie Preaitlent, while theae s? t?
?ere urion their posea*?*. attempted to stop them hy Ins
?Veto; but Congi ess, also actina* undei the Constltatinii
?'??*?vd them over hi? vMo hy Hie rerjuislte majority The
swa were passed, ard what then I iiefore anything waa
dons beyond de.m-_nati*iK the military commander?, thi?
?HI Wa? Mi-ad. I>et ti? tttffla al tlie \ei v In ?liniiii., stert
a* the very moment a law i? naaaed for if there i?
JuHadtttioii now in th.? four' to ?mp the. extention
?r theae law?, their was iiirir.iut. ,u ,,n tb? 2?th of
J*ar?)i, wnen the last set wat rrra the Pi i si
ne?* s?.! arru aj.ifiutcd im't n*v MSma?tleri
i ? i ihMi mallei tHa gangw Sisreaii aefl ?kntiMslMm^tlfT
?preapcetlvc. It te that Uicse iicnm r tin? Pnswleit, tia?
?in . r.il iiic'bii t, tin s- ? r, Lut i,l W.u. .mil Hi.' M iii??try
no ?ii" r n;\c ii? nt ill r-|?riel>M abed li,I..ibu ll.it
ti.', will'i'vi i tit?? T|:?s.' latta. Kn ?ii tin b.vn.nil ii ib.?
allegation mighl baw bet l; ii....!!?. It?r II ? l'l? -ni? ni
bus ?..mi furn tim iir.t it ?has ?alway? ?been li?
ile'Ctiliu?. ?ml I I?, pc iil?,t;us ?a ill 1m "I'll-? lix Hi? it
- law is in-? d ?, ,,? |,,v ,,,.?? uoUling is I? ft tur nu- lilli t"
e mviiIi? ii " Tin-?/eiitU uu-ii ?uiigbl Uki? ii.?.t? hi (.lin .?t
.it Hint 11 ? 11.1 1 I vt,; li till ii W11, .??!?! li.tM' Mid I?? Hi"
< <i.it "hi? 1? 1 ?,w 11 ?? . m ? utii'ii ' 1 n.' i-?? lava.*' v?b.?i
ibu 1 that 11..?aii t That? i say, is Bathing nut jinn? n??1
c? t", m 1..11 Lu? superior t.? tin? Presidential veto. A
.mel , i.ti veto,a Indi? lal ?sentence of a court 1 f lu- f resort
1- l.i..!, ni, c1 in? (?11 greta ?nil ) <? tT.titbuilx III COI?gri_U
can change, alter, or mod '.? ti;.,t li ?Und?fix?! a?tie
laa pronounced by a tribunal that ?remains ?hero for Um,
< .mi:? t i?? ?m t iih.i.i? i v ?.i y < lim.j-i' m ti.?' gaimlay m 1 u
nu ?t.t. It MttliH ii ii'.n a? . 1 yoi tin-? im mi sbsulute
Mio. li iw |'?i IIM'IV tlir "ililli- \ l-l.i tbiit til?4 li? BiilH till?
un? ? liiiil. \\!i,,t wau ta.?! ? I'll, im? ollii iii-.ilH'-?? it ?Iiiiiii?.'
II r l.i l-l. Ii! ii I?, I I. !.? ! ti,. 11,1? I. ?st?? (?I III?' I" "I'?-"? ' ??"' ,l
" tliliUi i??,1' lea?! n., Insignia ?ii ?.Uni?, luili'UM no ll?'l"l?s
I'll ti ?ti? (I llie lu; le? , mbl? Ilia tit SOVcrci-gnty ?iCCOUIpailted
thnn. Tilt?- li.nl uni .1 bulli-.. ; they sa! ?m I" I < I'? ?*? I ?hey
(l.iii.l lint ?liUl? 1!.?' N l...I? li?.I.hi?, 'i'l'iy ?('UKI ?'"'y bo
i li? l??l finin tlic lilt Li talia. Aille? t H.?1 lii.'Ji'lili '?1 II""
lit lunn iii?ei|ile? w.is i. |,|i m'i te ti by lb'm. .?? ?I ?hey hail
.uitiii'i n?, bj pronouncing ena ?mi?', "Veto," '". h,?'i'
every? rdinanre ? i ,1 . s? ? . it?. t?> ?stop Hw execution ?if
orery la? absolutely and eonelanively, without any tip
peal. Thai im-si r au?called bj < mm " ' Umaiu? tri*
n ?m um.1' VMint t? Uns, Vont flunvr, but that.' Here,
upon t?__]uiaf?ain ?>f an art of Cbngrasa,kalora a ?tagte
si?i> ?ia Una. n i?,-a?ml un execution, Is fore auyeaae ..tis. ?-,
lui.m ?it individual m hurt, bel.any partie? appear
?cowes lb?" ret at,. ,,i liinif;. i, ini.i iii.i?if l'.c? ?i?'**1 thoa? -?eli"
bave no1 aayet executed tin law. ?hot who threaten lo
liait mi? it, ii.,it i-, Um-i' upon waurn the law Impose?
Hu? nuty eil execution? ai.tl asks tin? Court ?to et? n
tin- ?x?-? ni.,n ?i ti.?' i.t?, in ib i n i? tli.it ii la a dead
Ifttil ; to ?a-, Ibaf I??'!t ii ? e-1?;:U I"' <l?'l"' BU* I it; t??M?y
wa reta it,'we torbidtt. lauet tbal ??bsolutely sol if
tbiaean ?be ?done the wme (urtedlctlon may lie? invoked
?sl.i ii ?t I ' y fil < .m l-l I i '?n? ' i Bl b-Jll.ii-, ?nay I"' in*.ol?c(l in
ii-.ml to nut laa lb.??. ?Uougre?? ma) pass, belora it
procee da u> exe i ut loo, al .1 bl ft re a? yrt a i ?aae baa at ima
III.ill I It. II till It? IH U l'l ?AIT .11 til in ?Ililli I? VI ill I.IW"
\? lin 1? Hu- it e l'lt MHiMdei -.a ia.:, ?i in. ..mi in ? i rs.uy , .u.il
instruct tbeir representative? m pass, it in h:?:h liait tbal
tiny el.oui?! rkneiwil; Out em I? u |?o??-r baie ?it v< i ?before
li? I li 111? ?liai li Till?. I? liol till I 11 M ? et?? Milli t'f ?Mill li lill- |H?II
?ilr have !" i 'i i iiiiviiIm ?I fuiii um ????.ii of the Hiituu ti. iii.?
util? t on in?! que /?iiiiu ??t Un? ? tuieiiintiuii.ilny aiitl exped?
, I,, t ula law. 'I.tlilf lau r, .?Din \,i tn,li I;?-As. u,il ii aottM
t..tti? mi' a It'll?, while to i-?i t?i tlic end of tin; ebupter,
i.i-A- ?of van?,m. kind? iiitvi bi n passed attain ?and ?gala
by cm ?.-n m-, i.?? in wbii ii linn- -n< n? qacetloua ?'1
tuulity and propriety. It t li? r?- was always a
pawer i.? u? la tins Court to step Hum before tlie-y
gal ?uto ?practice, ?befara any ihn? bail arisen
under ti.iin, li M s ?rurkms ?wag u.-.t this ?Goats
waa nt"-? r in fui??? ii.v?i)a. ?i .m such an oceaalon. On
?the eoutrary, the people ?thought ti??? only way lo ?I?.-1
w ni. 11.??sa? la-WS, If they did liol approve oft beni, w; I !<?
i.? v. nu mt" in, v.i.ii wi,n!ii ,n i iiiiiai Ibera in ?salt ?the
\ n ?.??. ?,t ila? ?people. Tbal was ?Uten reitet, ??i. n law?
CM le? uni e ...etlllltie/l..ll. Iii.' I i i ??It Waited illili a mi'
arose, until some individual ws? affected hy them, .nil
i.|,|n ..b ?l .o lia i outts tin n tilt.- ? : ni lair operate on
n en?, i.iii.ii?, m ii I a-..? tin ii- \n tin? ui.il tun.n) ni qpei
lilli -i eili iliiliMtitl.il??. Tlu-li, lu . lu- ian-ii ?min? mel.?iel
u.ii.?. II iii.? ?general nuntane? ol a bal laa baromeo ?
sp?cial i,un.in??, be ma) hriua it ?before lb? JndielaT]
mi. ii a qui -t ii'ii wa? na. ?i?' m n?? t'i i, m i, tu. n :;.itt fiaiui n
ii.? Constitution. Tke srbems ?then ?presented waa aoS
li.iii m. :.?t a? iiiiH, but e? u.. til?n/.- like .t was proposed
by Mi lim.liolpb, ti.?? ?bli!, in ti.e- i uLti nulli He' ?I
ti li li ii.I? li solutiou .
Bernita*, 'I lui Iii' i i?'ii! ne ii .1 a . i i t?i ? r,t m ,.,|. t if n.?i..t?r? al
? I , VU; bl ?ii mu | , ., a , . ?ill
I ..i'i? ;..!.,.. i ?..? .. ? . i. ,.
? . tarn
..:..! 1 ? til a.. ti* th .t ti,? ?lie/ ? st of the I .:??..
. .. ?.f ti.?? N ! m .1 ! eg ?.'?If:.
i a panitular 'rgr.IalL i I ? n .
o! ?-a< ti I
Here was ?? attempt toctraaqnalined vetopowei to
be \? sii ti i nt In ti i ..min iiny alone, bul in Ila
Willi tl.c I've?, i.t'.w ?lim fi as _ i (uim ii ,,( ;, \ istuU) .ii'"ii
i vi ty law lift? r itM pass,,?.-i , ?be !i n; ii lia.I ?TOM mt?? ?'?a it
t ion. and bef?te itamisebicfi aere developed Itiottud
i n ravOT witb tin? Convention, it mu rejected, ?and
lustrad al tbat, lae aertual veto-powei salt saw in?:?,
pruposed l>v Gan. Ptnekuey, was adopunl, ?instead ol
?UlVOreing III?- . Ililiri.iiy ililli tin? tni.Hili lal.nli ?if MU li
nne*tiona, leavlnn Ibem lo consider a lae ?nnlj wbea II
?in ;i i? ?aiuarly ?tome ?before tin n In :t> ? xc attaa, apon ??
proper eaae and witb propei ?" ? on? Yonr Honom will
ni? 11),un ti. le point iii..' 11 '.'..in tbal ti . - cast Ispn
ui.iti.it*. lu;', ibu nii.iiuv i?i -_? wbatevei H ?mai
be, baa not arisen, ii r tkej ? ? nu
troversy wnii ?? pa?-ty, aal t? toni
iba i??"?". 'i i.? y m Hist ?baw an indivNta-l r i ?_-1. t . i,. ? ; .,
i ? ? ? ia! j i.bin ti^b!. TliiaCourt doe? ii??i s.? sseonaert
????i? inib'it? riffbts, and aa such to goori tbeo ?n
?.?) ?biKiuiiing ii?K.iifi??t the i te ? utiou nf an ntmaxiaiM.
law, li nie, uah in a ??nilli.\i?i>y, atti r n rontrovera)
luira niiseii. If tin ie? waanootbrr ob|eetintt te I ? ?.? - ?
tins wuiilel be? Mitfirle-it li,um It. ti,at In. rollt ro Ve
lia? i \t i in .-???ii innl? ; ibis fats wini ?nt party, I leaol
a Mute?, nubile officer, or anybodj ebie, In hom-nli ?kui
?_u,ii;i?, they bate ?ieaped ?bel lib?
l luv tia? e et UU out U fort I be) ?sere litit-t. I ?I?. !..
tlint n t.iue may imt ? ?iiii?'. tb.it tireumatanees ???ay i.i.t
?tin ii, iinilcr tin- operation of tbcsi li n ?parties,
eltitene, ?individ?ala, bavlng rbthta In ?iii? ii tbej
entitled to be protected, may not bring Tin loattci inn
fin ti.e- decision of this Couti Whenever it -
I ?trtMt III?' < nuit will nut ?chlllil? frnlli It; lui!,
iu.nl it is ?brought, I as ti ; real
(Douri will nut overstep Its .-..,. i...n I
ti list tile ("oint Mill ne vi i a^ne in take
hoM ?of euch Jurisdiction uatil li ?tame? re?jrula ly, ?ntl
i,?-'. i?r ?agree to ?dodge it wben it doe? c-ome Se it. Iel ma
ask. upnii tbe ordinal) jntisii,'an .,1 aConrt ?ni I |
what sort of a eaae bave iny it-ami I ?.. ( i ...my
lawyi is of l!? .it itandluii I lim?' th? m Tn be, t-nt if l am
righi if I have any cwnoepUcm uf eqnlt] ic :.? r. bt.w ;.,i
?lues their eaaa fall abort ?si any reliel ever eiveu !?? ?t
?mut of Kqultyl We Bsay ?make ?aiiatakos in oui
?nix;' a point sometime?. Ith?ib n.\ learned
-. ns #-<i inly ii 1.1 niilit ? men, have done so lu this csse.
<....?-, 1? : im -a In", y, ?.?n- i l.i/. ?.i ..ii.,.. 1.1,i a? s,,? i, iTa.r and
..?i?.? :, I waa Tcrjr unith snrpi ned on exam nins It to
?Mud that tlnr? waa not ?so much as a prayer tbal tai ??
I?? i,?! a at s muh: ia answer. *?f ?ruarae, I maa? ?no polnl now,
;ii Hie ?lb-en? ? ?ii tliitt neu skin t ju.itii I merci J stati I
toaba Mu ?'ir-mi ol a partit ni.ii tiiiii?.-. we
?te? ,ii?t not t?. ?m npnii tu? ?;n '.it? s ,,? ?i,i , ,,:,ii ;,ni( m,Im r
judgment, and ?sometime? to attempt to ?treteh ?the law
fur. ii? i than ii ?san ?go lint ?t ,?? >i? tin- gem ral ii? it inn? ??f
?equity ?lawas ?to the sufficiency of s bill to brlag a oass
v, .iiiiu tin? Juriadtetion ol tin < ourl foi ? qmUlde relief,
- tonka ?fewmoments attbiaU?l. This ?kh lilli In
???lui!.?, ?broaghl ?bya Mate ladndl ?thal ?? .-i??t?' ian
mu' In ?'?lune and ?al law. It la a bill by a Mato n \itnii
rate lu political rights, The llata ?of ?tiaorgls? here come?
luto Court, allegfog that it is a i-tate, ?putting that matt?
m is-iii?. i ?in imt lu.ii.i an) ?in? stn.n iin-A ?aatoa Co?arl
??f ?Equity i? u,_ ft fn ? ,,i,iTn, ii,?, ni,? win thai s State n
m Um propei enjoyment of its political fmnchlaea. ii.?
centtemea allege-, ami ?sk ?inn Uaoon i" ?find thal
?ueorglaIsae? a ntate ?of thla I .?a if ?the) alleged ii
as a mallei of tai t I lia.. _ ? <?_-1? T t?i ib ny it. Anil
what i? the eenseouence 1 if tin?? Court ima juii?.
diction to ?let lile tlint (??orgia la aStutc?. 11 lui? Iii"!
ib?- same Jurisdiction to decide thal <.?.i? i- m.i
a ?Mata, ami Hint great ?political qtUMtiou State
nr lint a Mate ia settle.I, ami ?Settled fnl.tel
by tins ?Court. ?But what n??xt i It is alleged ?thal '?.-m
baa ?certain political rights and ?privilege?, and alan thal
?shs baa certain properly. I ?ran ?me roi) ??eli where mc
learned friends were t? mllng a ?hen tin ;.. ?am? tn ?thal ?part
of the case lean ?sas thal tiny baa al ?least some ml
lina of the difficulty of bringing a ?state ?Into a Court of
?Equity tn vindicate it?- jm?ihi? ai ?rights, and the ii .nu liisea
sud rights al Its eitlsena. Tkey mwthal lhere was no
precedent for ?such a proceeding a* thal lint -..?? ila
?necemit) ?.f founding the equity Jurisdiction of ihe ? ??mt
n lum Hu? st uti? ..f < ,i ?orgia ai a corporation, and ?sa cm
poratlon who?*e franchises and ?right? were ?bon! t?. u?
?list m i.??, i. ini?i, tin n fun . i -Muli ii to previ ntive ?r? lief as
an individual would ?be to protect ins |>i ?????i ty and his
?right? ttnln lil? |>,tlitbii? ini?.iiii! anti ii,nut. Jin!, al
though it is mentioned that lae ?tate awns landa, ii i? nut
rlai?med that anybody is going to take thoa? bieti li don
imt appear thai ?anybody bas ere? n-ii a nuisai.m tims??
?landa or Is about to er? et ?un?, it ?doe?no1 apiieai tbat an)
body i? Minmi le bring suit m regard t.. ?thom landa, and
that it ie aeeaasor) to ?sti.j? litigation and preveut the
Mat?? i?. m?, rased hy h-nis. it is ?simply ??lleut-it thal ?the
?State ?baa such landa. These military officer? do no1 ?pro
DOM to take the lands, nur < .iii the? lake them. W'liiit,
then, is the ?lauiit-r toihose land? ( Ii is.u- I uuderatand,
that ii HnallytheM nein are < unsmnmsted, If finally tin re
in a new eenihtitullnii (?mt ?b ,1 lui ?.i..i .ia ami ratified
by the people ol Ueorgis, win? huewooastltutionbe? .mu -
the < ?institution of thai ?Stute? the presen! organism of
Georgia seems, lb* preseui Mate l-H?rernmei?t Is ?i
|ilai eel, lelil? UaktM its lin!il nf thus?? lauds. Theil t'.'h, !?.? do
they gol Who does tue ?preienl ?Governmcut hold thSo
im "i Por the |M?njiiei?f ?Georgia, for public uses, if m ?new
? .luaiii nt um (iiiaii come mt?? operation and be ratifie?*! by
the people of 0?eoriria, Mee new Government will hold
th.-si- litinis fin ?the same purposes no1 for waste, not I"r
destruction, not f??r? hangln?; their ?destination, imt. a?? la
the ?mae of a charity, tooevote the*?! to ?other use? ; not,
as in the case of tlie property of a prifate coiporatlop,
to turn tbe-m tt? other usp? ami to the ?purfoSM
nf a for? Iga < nipuriition. Hut at las! .change the form ol
government as yon please, the ?people nf Ihe Ht.-tteof
Georgia will ?awn ?li these laud? uniistarbed in any wa)
if these laws are carried out. Before se can tom 1? ?those
lam??, ?b?fete w? ?touch a single ?one ?if iln-s.- rights of
O ?sargia? this ?sortis ?asked to interpose. And what is it
iiakoel to ?lo 1 1 lake a distinction ?between matters Hint
lie in Iiii? ilioice or (lim return of tfcaComtnandittN ' .i?ue?iiil
am to Hie extent to winch he will eiei uti? Military- law
there unit other matters. It" bus simply Mini 1 will exe
ente the law. Now lie ( an esecwta H la two watt. Hi
tan execute it by niskiut: it a military ?iespotism at one r,
l?y unshipping ?II the civil ti iIuiusIh.courts and offle er?,
of he can execute it Just ns well hy leuvitiK Hu m all tin
ton. hed It is not sllegcd that Hen. Pope-, Hiresleiis tbst
he is giAag to displace the Uoveruor, tint I^mialatiito, the
Court!?, the Executive officers, the -ali?le machinery of
Civil ?ant eminent lu Georgie Ile has n! iii pi v
said that he will exe? utz? the law. Wln-thm he will
execute it hythe rigor of martial rule, displacing Un?
civil nuthotith-s? or execute it hy le-avlug tln-iu all iii net
fecit play, he lia? never ?aid. The firaf pise tn al Hung to
be ?lone under these laws Is the appointment of lluarils of
Registry to make ii registration of voters prepsratoiy to
the ?aieieile?n. That is the initiatory sta?p. It has nut yet
Ih-u?i taken; bul It i? to be taken, and the aspectuI pri?.ver
of this Injunction is to ?top that very thing, with a ?c-tic?
of others that ?re to follow afterward. Here I? uti al
tetapt fe? induce a Court o? i:?|uity to stop an election n
political election to prevent the rtyristratmu of vetara,
bv a decree of s Court of f.?|tiltv, befi?r<' ant regUtriilimi
ia made The evil lie? away im corni that -the evil I? not
in registering the voter?. I?vit in something Hint tbevtitera
are afterward lo do, end souietbiiny that Hie Conv??i?Mun
l? '?fterw?rd to de, and something flint is t<> be the n?ult
of all tlie?se labors; but these tliln-.i-. have not yen lut]?
pened, and itiv frie-nds propoSS to liegin by nsVlnx >" i lo
stop tin* reituiti'Miloii ??( c.?t?ia. They pty they ein hav*
no ??le.fiiati? relief a gai nal ?that ?reuiaw-tloa ..ml * ti?
ecil? tli.it li? bayoud, excepl m ?s ?
?.f l.unity They eannol watt untl. the laws are'ix'ii'??!.
hill liny inns! lui?' ?relief TTiiW. preiapeifhi'lv betoi? they
aie J-lil jlitu CM^llUllli. d-d Lilt: III g1 lulu. 1 bl? ( "li! I Is todo
ollie re?.'istnifi"ti ! be ve heard et n giaaa*aaav tint
In . '|uit v io vartous States, i"tt ' never i* fore lunn! that
ii was tin- format ion of a ?imrt nf Kqntty to stop .ni el. .*
lion. VI iii?! ure tin- < m ki i|in iu ?? of sa dutton
in,il.e <.|(k era illili in vest tluln with |aiw(-m If these
? fin 11? ..i .1 tin ?i* powers are gwins la lavada any ntlitr,
Ibei .nt-tim rights ??f other nfftrera l< tally sxeeatl at
nun' i?iwi i*. Lm we ga to a Court of Krmiity to iv re
li? n ii ..-' ,11 ?I Sll "Ifu . i*. I. i ti.l 1 Takt- Hie BSM of M
. if?, i r i<,i L-ativ < ??*? t? ?I at an iik'fii .?????!ii?ii being io
. i. .tel, he bas n?' right L> lutiade span Um hapti sffiaat
lrili??tli.it a sasS f?T a Court ?f K.putyt I never
ditBBSed of it- H is a caw fur a inn, trnrrnulo. Hill th. se
di foi d. u t? lainiot innot compel tin- ninet. allon.
Tin -ti*- itivt? .*?uii|M'i m? mau it. Georgia, black <u* white,
lo la* n '?IiiiiL 'lill- lull alii *.' li tint tin*--.* latVH
ai min:.iti* llie pn .?. nt stute nf ?.i orgia, ia??'- .i? al all itn
i? inn al right?,aad bitcrfere m it? dvmestlnaffalas in
pilli? ulai*, not ?oliilintlcil lo CoRgrCSS especially, BB lo
tin- ex err lae of lbs right of auf frage la that Slate. Th.*
lull a i ii ged tliat u .* i'i. Miici.t, although lu* \? tm .1 these
m i?. ni.ii i mil.itou d to prevent I heir pasease? eensldeoi
it his duty to cm cute I linn, a nil In au c i! la*, oiiu ? a Bait
of the fun? tmiiK of the Bet rotary ol Wai ami of the (-oin
Illili.(Illili I.lilli III IO nillir lililiTH ft .?III the I'llMll.'lll,
al ti Iiai.Mlill tin III !o the prnpi r oifh ii?, w lui BIS to SA
rule tbcae lava. It m allrgt-il that Mr. Manton und Oeo.
?ti lilli Save oui ill h | ii i hi r 11 ia t I la t Hill lui to I?-?ne Ililli
11. ni? m it .?m li oiiii ra a? tin- ii*. Huh n! shiii m ve ii.? ni. it
ni fuith? i itlli'feeil that Hu- Pia ruh ni lia? appointe?! ami
iii alienated hu Hu- District in whieh Georgia is < oat prised
a miiit.ny ?ailinn.uiiier. ? .?-?i. Pepe, a ritiaeu of iiiuioi-,
aba gives H out m tpeerbes, and ttareatens t? execute
these law.?,anil will execute nnleea reatialned by lae
pm\ i?,on ia i. ??.in! te kui!rage must be Inserted ka the
(Vi .-Mull?.I It will I ni lu n i i::i ,/i ii liy the Lesiala
ti ve I). I ia 11 me li I. If th? Court it ii I um eaiiltol Bgn i* there
? al: i i al i f Hie tv hole ]u ot ee.lll )., hut if Iii? y BgH i alni
Ulalie a ( eli k1 it li I n u i i nu tai inn-t Hu k1 ipil hit um pint i ih ii
fur by Congress, the people are tbeu in in,hi aa elertien
to ratify it. Iftbepeepw ratify >t,it will bt mumu
Iln v like It, It ih liri to Hu in to do it or mil.
if they de ii, the aexl ?t. p is t.. asad the
Constitution to tin- President, ami hy hltn it
la to basent to Congress, anil tbea Ooucresa l? In aft
'Ih. se Ililli)*?) all lu ililli.- ni,liiinv.li ulai uti.,-i i rim ?'I
flit in ? 'Mu* appon.Iiui: of I.n.ml- of ti igiatrulioa li??
w itiiiii the power of the military . omnuuid? r, t?ut bryoad
thal i vi i y thing is? bol? i * vi ry thins is election. Tilinga
may ha),pen. Uni *kk may not lui pi?. B. .1 Bl ! a" "I 'lili), !?'
Hie t< llip? I Mini li upurl I mil li! the pi ?. pu* w lui lill' lu in t
An yet no one of na i? so wise a? I?? ace into that tature
uni know what ki le hamp?n, oi whether the uiachisfa
thal th? ?e scut lernen ki m I be ii ?tan. ? are ever going to
take bodily shape. As yet the cas? Is like a dream of the
poet; n ha- until.uk of "local habitation." not bli
?iih?Liin ? in it , ?nul yet It it Mid f" I"* -i ' BBS for t ' .?li i
?>i faulty! iii?* Quart dees not ski for lis put pu?, ol
deriding questions, uncertain questions, coBtlngcsil
questions, thal iuav be carried out lu one May or
.laitiui icy i.unls m1 foi things p:.iHiiitt,
i,i nilli? um i Lui.? il fi i u iiii.i-H committed
to (binga m snape, in substais ?, Lint-id?.
li unlit, b? i? ii.nu: ia m,,,*? nal a, and Mere mu?t u,
a pia? ti? al tin. .ii lo .1 inn* tliat tim (.*!.. Lu ?? tin pi' -
tu?' pou? I* of a < oui t et lap. I y i an Li invoked BOS I ?n y
to my learned frit eds t, at Ibe?r whole eua? lasn uncertain
? ohtiiif" at. They say there .? mischief In the future.
im: ah? lis i ii tt iii m i < ?.n.., no mortal man knows, ??
? .m m i Ttaia point waa Illustrated hy n-bTcncc to cuses
ut i, , n ?', ..mi i ? ? ii? h bave Ins n
h? i?l i? t lo be ? senixahle by < ourt of K?|i.ily f?ir preven*
tit Ilia I If Hu li. lit pit .IM I? I Ila Vi p. l! .ip? * 1? t.t
I lui eUOUgb OU Hum punt?, . I li I l.u "? l'un, e te Hu ia ?
I.it, whl iii? th. it mi* hat' ben nothing bul a i* lit
u..ii.;?i Now Kupp... kia .which they say will
i.? t o*.?iiiiuii.it? ii, an consummated. Hanpos? thal ?im
i? pro) o*< ?I to i. ilii.i*. i.? do1.1 . ami...! n a! I? futurs ai I
? ni,til :*i ni hi i oin? ... uai 8 lid part . ami a < i list I tilt roll is
I: .tia ?! ,.: di ! la .-.-,.. ii ?.d is accepted a lui | .t.fi? d bj
bl I -Ui) 1? M. A? 'h' < '??li -I it lit I ?? I. ? I '
ami ta? ti an u pi? b1 - matta to J our
honors no! lo prevent, bl t to n store, to keep, to pi
th?- righi ?.f the ronteatlus stuf? orsiiiHrattim i
(Hate (??'.i i inn? i.t ?.f t.? ?u i?ii M Nat m.it "I .t quest s>U
m. :?i . honora then eu ountel ' -in*t thi ?ana thi I
roo encounter in the Durr casi l.nthi vs. Kurden, pt?
i,-. ii a n.w Coi,?tit it.tm formed ty tia ia ?pi? >f ..
Btate m .ii i -.lu- autborit) of these seta ena an aid.
stat.* < i nat.'.n.m, forme?] hi tin i ?<-i?i? under dm
n.itiu?i it ?, sa "a .a?., i .? e i au ?.??-? i- ??? it.. ? ??t
?.m ? ? nt. i Into acontes! foi luprraiacj ?estol
controversy whick yotii bunora csn du.?le as a Conti ot
! ?.? ti I In tin- f.i.-f platt tin v v .11 li?.! BtOP to ' oti.e lo
a t .:? ni Faulty, the? v. tit ti?. ? li.?
oiil .- i.iti ( -,,\ ? I una l,t [ .! IB k*| : i'.e. I a? a I it'll! '..
i? ? ,?t any aaurp? ii ?.??m i amen)
, il ?...i i* rn mc ni
u fon i tiiat it ?ai - i : land, a hal tbea
?? li li tah 1 li? ? * ? .1 Couti "f
I ty, 'i? ..?Vi ti ? lil t<> ? ha 11. 'Ill
of tin" lu--t.,? foi? i losa) lo the Coin mardine - ?
" Yoll ?lia., Stop MU. mai. li WS 1
li.? rightful ?..?-.? .mu. i ? ConatttU
lion ? m -i aiplal. ? ?j -, j.
ti?- ? tirt.ii). Stat? ? .?.i ? 11 n.. i ' - bleb 'ta?. S' ' ' ?
nu n icpu ?i n!, !? (in* ii i* *
BtaU. Botwlthatsndlaa th?
? ,..?? m. m,,uni . i.,. i
! Du' i ti ti'.yt n aad? i Ihem ? an < ret pn , : ? Ih? I
la then no remedy 1 If tin new! supported
lu a*i ..l lia u li ? ? t'- ??!? ? 'I--i ?. Ii ' p * ? ? ' ' '
eau bring to beal ii?:-"!.?! It wtam .- the remedy i a i
?. mil ?a ?i; nut . ..ii?i? ??.ii'..
Tiny an t! - , iii? situation
p. i,t?*<! eui bl ti.? t'ouatltul. \ - * .*? .n lhM.tr??
Hull a awful Mai?, w.niiil in i?
fui, u. iiiilli?.n/r?! I?h!\, . 0 I? a f'tit?
i.?.us' fon ? aga ? ii *? ? : ? e, tli li SI ?
< inn?)! ?.*, ? ii .on l in n ? ..n es a case I . r? ?
f? I? III I I ill li < ' It li - - . U ' . I ?
Bl 'I *? '? - I
di i Id. roi :??>
thal .? tin* unit tl.lult.il that ? ?n llecid? it i,lal,.,i
wen made f [ 5?w-York st
.? I?.. I
I?, tera, 6571 I?, ?ko H I lia! I lu * ..p. ? Im Coull ? ' t? ria In. ii
jin ,??!.. li..0 of li..-?-. .?.???? lnvt.lt lue on. *
I*..in,ii.i.t. because a right to land ass In ?-m i i
: fac? iliat , ni ?? ?i m n?? - wen n. i'olvi ?I fat .?
ii.? i? lui deni i lu i a-i if tie ? lu i ?.I ? ?? N
?.? ??! l*i.i iS Peters, I?? Wa? t. Ii all, in pt bl Ila < li? 1 i.t.
?? p.?, ,-, Sat Ion to prevent ti.ution of certain lawn
of.i .-m \ o. .iii ne! hen 11 tin.ired by treaty, bul the
< 1,1.11 ii, ? ,11,1,1 to .ni, rferelu 1 the case ol
Oslturm SKI Hu* Hi n?. "f Un- I nil? ?1 s:.,;. -. .m ii.jiin? lau.
1 ni i.f i n ?listaim u to pn 11 i.t ti.!!?,
i.iv on tin ?han? of iiu Bank; bal iii it a .
priva MlOU, inul tin n nu iii appin ii ? t?
iiu unit ma* le reack tin rase, io thal there sa?
no pat all? between thal Instance and la? i ??-' i I
It me w in ? cnt Hi nit'. w..? ? led, n nu ?i ii that
tin- stat? ni Pennsylvania wa- anuited relief, n??t '?
< .ni-?* ot ber political rbaracter, bul bees ? t ii?
o w lu I id ' anal? alai I a.1, i ,-ail? !. ! lu,:: at, i* t a! I'll I ?lui I L li.
? ..-?mt-lu t Tn-asurj man) ndlllous, which, it was lu ?i.
t ii.ii.l in im p.naiily itiitn??1 in Hu bridge, Havi Iba
fl lit li lin II SU) Mull i a?i 1 S'A .,t ..: I ?an ?. , la,
ti ou nil u | w m \? hu li ant th i nt ii ki Illili, lal cojinll me? ? ni
I.i Lull.di d I.y ant i.?.tit i ..f tin? l mi'l Ila .. n.,t
I?? ?I li ?| he?! ion wini h lu ?ti illili i p pi t aid) I' ? till I Lil lit It
ft,.m one end to the other, cannot Is settled h? tin
nu ,ii <?i iln? ? ..ni!. Ii will ii... .??ai i hope
rightly, bul W I ? li I i nilli lu .. I ?lie It I III lill gO fO a li? il i :
loruui, to another tribunal than li tbatl ma
la w.\ ii , anil ni tm it atti t? li-? I -t? a ? 111 li ti
Mil (liiiMili May it pieu?.- the Conn, tin- lean-.I
I An?.i tu**! Oeaeral ha-not Balled le mag ft ?t seary ? > i ?j ? - ?
Lou ? -f tin aaosl aila si ?i? -< i Iptlos n lu? ii ? paid be srgsd
Bgaiasttha biU Olsd la behalt "f ti?? Btate el .
He baa observed that roBstdrrtai the pava laajaisea
! gaged m th? m"* it i? latin a alagalai that the Mil dosa
1 not i on!,nu Ullin platel (hil iii? ii? fi ml. ml? aii-vtit
'I be bill i on un?* in ? ? with iii. ?ta i en n 11 th.11 n i? filed h*
tin-stnti of (..-ortia at:illi-t !h.-?.- lime ilefi inhml - and
? omi.! iii:- of Hu III, an?! in|aii|,|r? \M!h d, ? ? ?It i li?? > ii ?it
dlnar-j prayei for a anbpena oswell ann preliminar) arl!
of injunction directed l? Ibrae parrie?,. ommaiidtn*? lb. m
lo be and appear, and le Manu I?, oin-y, sbMe, aad pei
r?u m ?u? n -.nil i .uni decree ka lb? premises h te yum
Honor? shall si ? m me? t and ?bull lie aarre mi? t" i quit)
It I? hot li 11 li ?na I lu Itn? i oin Hit,li foi in I.? in -ii I 'alni iii
-? ii tin- ?premises," bul lbs! i? Ihe merest form .uni
when snggrsted hy the Attoniej tlenersl, Itsppesredto
i?.* ?ugaeated witta some aense (bal ,i ?isa unwortb) "f
Illili ililli ni Du* i a?i* If It lu- ii tot lil at all it ? all In- ii .liliiv
linn mil ?I, and certainly I! I? i mattei that doe? not he
Ililli; to a .tU'll to lll-lli!-? the rill! lui ililli -of |lll,air
lion Avail) the learned Attornej (leneral baasaagrated
thai tin i?m m |?*.ivuit' foi tin- Injunction baa
muii-ht to sajela la aeaersl lenas i?y the pet
.nulli..ti n lim? lum all .mi! iMiv act that
n. .ht lie resorted i" foi las purtiooe<>l esecutni'?* these
Beta of Congress, which n? li ? ?t ? i ! ;, ?i laws, lint which I
cull n.t?, not lawful sets, bal aalswfal acts, il bas
overlooked the i In umstauees ??veil m tin. minnt? inn ti
t'titioti ?if the mere attorney ?hip of thi? complaint, and
Hint I wo distinct preliminary mi mir lion. .,n- piayed for,
one, m tiiuiai term?, forbiilduia anythimr to be dour
toward the SM-i ulioii of theae ni Ik ; tlie other ?|?i 1 allv
Mlertluc the particular acta shene, tin *uilschiefsoeRbl
to be prevented must draw Its life :m.I ?u lum. .uni
stoppln*, sa was ver) i.?' t certainly, when Uhas de?
I Basted these psrtirulsi a? t- ami making no eff,ut teen
Join or to pre veut iiitiiuu ot sulajequeol acts hi high de
n.iitment? of the t.ui i-i Minnt whoM action (a entire!)
licyond the |un???lictioii ?it tin? ?ourt. It \\\',\ he MM
that Hu* idea of the pleadsi waa that if this I our! would
MS that tin ?e BCta Wi-rn iii tin ii* whole leinjli and
lu? illili in every sin sie thing directed to
Me <!"!>'? Bads? them void am! um ?tu ti 11 nt ion.? 1.
?onie mlBor details wblcb mighl of tbetnselve? im valid,
if stamilng aloae, were sltiMptber ?ml aarel) aaiiUar)
aii.l leading to the other, am! tberefore, to be regarded sa
uniiii|Niiiani ami lusiifinfi? ant in themaelvM, ao thal tin.
Couti IlilSht order the luiuiirl ian n, k'iiu-iiiI leim?, und, if
then* Bras a ti a him al illili, nil t in lh.it reaprx t. as li would
lMimpio|iei todr-ai in thal manner with ih.???- a? i?, ihes
the particular thin?,? proposed to he 'lone, and fnun
win. li thr? ??vii was tiionsne, were si?e< iiie.1 ni the sul.
lectsot a iiaiii.uiai iiniiiu linn; ami the prayer I? that
thn Court K'"n"l bulk? OC on? of tl>a?e liiluiuiiuii?
If tim counsel who may hive paith ipated in
franntiK Ihl-* .u" bave been sa wi?e iu set ion and counsel
BS Uley lia?.' <>eel. a.curale m their ni?*i.i ? nmpntilhui Bl
attorneys or pleader-, in Uni iiulariiient of tin? ?unit gi
aliall c?*it?iiil> estais? pr. ti y effoitinillt (ruin the wright
of the argument whick baa been offered acainai us. The
?ll*t.i\ ots ?ii t.t the harnell Attorn.--, flenersl al say ?vin
patines with theae acts wlththt-n ann, metive, m ni.-tfiod.
Hin?! have uiurh effe<*t to diiann any oImit? atiuu? that
it mi? ht be prepae for na otherwise to make hv ?m of ii
jkiiIiii; toiomleinnatiori the tenor of th ??so act?, und the
object? that they have in ? lew. looking at the rein-rill na?
ture of iliai object. but the ri-h' point, ?ml wlint mm I?.,
i -.I .?d the lust point in hi? ur?iiineut is thal looking lo
the frame, of U?? bill am! lu streets, there i? he evil
pointed out and I lien* ia mi righi ???unlit to be i, m.-,L,-,l
fiiHii.f' v. ?Hi' n Um ordinal v i oirniraln e of ii Cant
of ?ipili? It i? saul th if we i in ?tiffr'i no iniurv. beta use
the existing (.ovei linn nt I? not tv he abolished, and both
int .*-m h ?H'.-n under theae u-ts nf .1 mischievous 1 bai ?
(er es cent llio?*?- Hunt's ?huh aie here alter to en?u?*, 1! it
all, 11ml. 1 the sctlop of Congress after a Convention ha?
Le? 11 lu id imal a Colislltuflou f I alni al, and ii ?jovei nillir I
formed under it. Now I humbly ?iihuiit thuf th? 1 ..um ?I
t.?i,li? niau has not ?tut? it.with nrecislon the effeel mid
apej-atieiiof these aota They ?o provide ror ?oiuothiiiK
Ulterloi ei?! I?) "nil tin* hnirliu-?* of a ? oiiveiitlon anil Ihe
ip ? lion ..f 1Si.1L .;??-.? tiiuieiii willi lu rrguhir (egisla
Uir? mulei Uic.-auic. TheV ?lo malte luoviilon lol n n
|sirt of ?these f ?it? to Um I'n ?iileiit nnet to Congress, and
fen* the- admUaion of Repmeanuti-es ?from th.it
i.wly en..tni ?.'uti rtiun nt into th?! halls of
Congress. mil that w? ?lo not t*tm
foe.n. But it la a mintaka to ?my that tim act? pro
ilin t ii im ? f',?t ?mt l Hu? i. w ?State i* thus Qdmltte (I
through its 1:, ,,!,?, matu,.hi,, tin; ?halls of ?Cuflgn
i? ?? reward, a pi BIM beni ?uit, ?movielcd the) bti'.te? (inv
?-n.'?ii ami its Legislature shall e_l*t andera Coi .*?tttu
m ii .?i?|iuiv??l by ?Cu?ngrees. ?But, undoubtedly, ?,f all
?urti ..linn aa tit..a, Hu sa? acte establish a military go*
111.m. 11, tvhteh iii- b ann ti eoobae i ?.m? la m ?amo muso
?lisiit liniiiiiy ?ii f,ir ?,s j|s exi r? nui agaluat Individuals is
? tun'i m ?J. lint it nutboi isca and directs, ?It oommanqa
Hu? h.'ltliugiii un ,1 t tie n, ?n,d ti,,. bokUng nf .? convea
t.i.u in co* Hice-ie-e tins v..t.? tor it and ti ?? eel ibl ?bin' m
? ?ia iiwHt.,1, ?Government Ami tim firnt ?act further
ib i lan n th.t until the a* ?Slate)?? .shall be thus aelnutliel
ii tu Congres? any ei-.il govi riiiueiit that, um) exist.
?therein shall ?be ?1? eaied prat lahmal ?mly; ?and it prot Ide?
that in nil i b i tiuu? t?, a, y ,,U1(,. ____. ?mh ?Provisional
e,uvi ii incut?, _ll iM-rieeuis ?li.ill ?bo ?ntitlcel to -.?'te uml
?.?.m? ? itii'i>-, wini are entitled to tete under the ft ti? ?*??<
Uon of that act; and thoee. ?persons ?re Hu* enrolled and
registered veil i? ?admitted hy (?he act and voting as tiri
linns ii? bl nut by the Hti.Ui i.ffleers- hut uinli r Hu? iii
rartioneftheCommiuidIng Generalabd by ?fibers ap?
point?**?! ?bf hui The ?if.it in to ?restrain nt, once tin?
Bofcliug t?r any i I, ?, tmn witlnn the Hfatu for My office rs
nt t ii? im fini ?state Governments i>y ?my of the ?hi at?
.?iiiiu.i i.i..-, el??retting ?.li ?further el rtkms in the
Stale !nl?e? )?. !u uiulcr the (lirti t lull and liy off.? I 11 a|?
I'oiiiiiil by Hu? unlit.ny t iiiuiii.iiiilcr, and directing that
?til i? mons of Ultimi rho ?es described shall is- tim
. b.ti i* jiiiiiiMlid io rots at nilli ?'b. lion. It I?, then
fore, m th? tenguageof our bill, un m. in? d?ate paralyzing
"i ii ii ' ' authority and power of the ?State Govi mm? m
by military furs? ? that W, plainly netting ?aahto ?the pre?
entHtatalJovrnimeat, ?ud Ueprl viug tt ?of the mi. ?sealy
miali? of i ?a.inn.ni?.? u? i xi-t? m c. I* is ?ubstitatlng In
its |?l <??? a na tt ?nv .in,, i.i, i'iiiii-r piovisinf?il eu- oliicr
w lae, to Ik ?iiiii, ,i uinli r i. baw Constitution.awl In b<
elected by a new and It'll I" intent cl.'U-ie e?f elee tor?.
?A li ti i? lb?' ef fe? t if tin* upon I he H tate Hoverunii nt mnl
ui'tui tin? .-s'.'.t? sow eiietingl The ?Had is precis? ly lae
-, m?- .?- ,f i.i iii?? caso ora pr?vate corporation,which
could only kiep nt? its existence b\ ?maular penrieliriii
?I?. liol s ny it? ? to? klu?(li i?, tin? persons ?having au biter
?aal m u ?the owia i? i?f its Iran? bbac, and the righi to pen
l'? i.v it ; tin?.? wen* forbidden ?to vote, deprived of the
?right? sa a lane* number of them ware ?deprived uf the
right, ami u UI..SS of i < i s i ,i ?, ?having no righi ?bat
?ayer wen? ?introduced. Por iiiatni.ee, tin- inhabitant?
nf the titrions towna through whu-li a coiupitny run'? it?
?railroad, This I? a din ? i attach apon ?the t onsfltutlon uf
the corporation In the ease niipp?inc?i. A direct sttaeh
iiouii tin e ?institution ntul fondai.?tal law 11 the Hl.ite.
m Mi ..ii I,. .. . m ur iiiuii'ii?. Ln the rase before your
honor?, it ma) beef Ituporianca that It slmuld Im? ?ander?
atiioel at the outset w hat we nu an by ?t Hate. Vie t I.tim
th?! B Mate ?poiiststs at all time h of Hie ?SerSOBS In a In in
reposes the sM ?unite ?sovereign!] ?erdomtuten, whichever
?uatse? amy be given ta it. the ?sole i???w??i of ?aaearaasent
within that hi.iii. in utlur Weam, earii ?State? eif tins
I'li mn. S?d ever) He pu bin au H?at?'. con?! st s tit tin? wini! ?
b.i'i ?'fe lecture th? e win?, by the established tanda
nu i tul law ??: ?lu? htnte. li. ve In til? lu The eui m? | otter i f |
I'tr. i i ulm MT lil utlr? I persMM sro lli'der the l?i ?i tee I .eui j
! mi ?. -i, lu aille, ai le mc eil I it h li to the .III va I, I.,
of I . . Bl, uml i? stow i ug ibis? advantages, is
a Utily di .m ,i.| apoa ?those win? pur^e ?? thi?
|uiil!.i al 1 na., i Bill I! ' I'o'itu al (KIWI r .1 ?I
the ei.'e hi ? ?poH ral, imbi..ii ?soase, reeagalzrd
?i ? ?arte ol ,.i? t,i ,,s a body politic, in whlahcapm
.n?,!,? ii n. ? ap-pear, ami .nt a? composed u( wlial is
Yin,., hide? allen i >l\ .?f II..? j- opie ? tell "?
' im the i? i? -. nf pin ?pose, l will ?I? -i?, i
i,., t ? : - - ii?? Mee taral bod] tlmso who vote?,for the le
.. i. i - ? ' i.f all tews i'slsttug in the k?'tate eir
Oom innicnl ii, ?tinto of ?.?.?: ? .? stands liefore this
I 'Hill . r I . I . D Mitt? ill Its I Ni! I ti! ill I ,l|l.l. it V. ililli .IS I
., ii?? I'linitioii. iijiiii>osiiI ? \. ni?.v. 1. .
from ita ver) i". miiig to th< i.t time, ami uudar Ita
i ..i at ila ??hit?? in;i!e eil
ni ?.!?>;,i .wbn luve p ?i ti" in. il the ordinary duties en
. n in rontrlbuUiig te? the? ii?,iib ns ni bis
nu i ? in lb.' mai.ii. i pit,?, ali ii by te l. as f.r
? pt : luuit) ..r mi doll?? 1
,i ii, ? urdlng to the censuses whten hate i?????u |
t ki. ..?i i ompoai ii of i" i m ?? a !" n* ., ;
in. ?. uuu II le?, who are no1 atemben ?ef Hie ?-tit'. ? ?
???(ii.ii to'bi ti.,'! population,and Hie (,iii?'
? . ? ' . !!:i?, i un la lie te ? ?hal
is ?,?.i ?tut io His complaint ; ?that if ?the ?i? ?< > t
ope sed te Ib? i ?neraena they w iii eaeretee
tin I -. . lug Spaa Hie I.uti I'lliiel.'.
i . ? , \?ai n,?i ? iinstitutli s ?n? ?-. ?al d
?liff. ? tuer from Hint which has heretofore
? . ? ? (?I? of 1T78 and
Hu i ? i with all of hen erporatc right? al ?I
i i ,il is ti.? epu-Ktinii
? '. ? ill) I?? | i ii nt I
t rt, or ?I? nriva*m? of i
rrstr-Uin ti ? n?;.if In WMSh the- Mate is
lue i .! ?-i-, I submit aitl?
., i.i . ? f tin*?- who !?? it! li.? I
? ? !? ?,f *l;? .?nilli'?! I tie? a ni ti a
srgw ? ? tn find n?pun th?- ?Nth u ?l
f...... ring pages e ur brief, that ?.? org i la la the ..t?.
t nie . ling of 'h'? p. -.--m - tn ?? barn
I :. ' ara ?l??|iriti .1 of 1
I . .?'uri lovel mm ni .? ! .t i . v. ?
I of the- others ur?- ? x
li.? ..- retc-el lu the case erf any other
. i.i, . . li i t T!,e iM'sf.l f . . ij.i.l l .?
bony uti tittil a in ita ?te ad of anotnei i? lu lia
? .1 bj I te ? ?'? '-. . n ! - ,i, , Ml ,,f
a in? . lion would have the i
t.. . ? s ti ?,!i..ii at i-iin . ami in ti s]., , , ?,,
? ' , - i mou may ? bun? pro
i?. i. rr to show 1 le c4
e i?,i , .i. ,,., i?' ? '-, i ludo
? I .a lb .1 sll?' ?
lo protect her i igbt? if
I li
!? ! I !.. a I I by J ill hl-liulll, .L ?
li.? Stitt? it ?..??? t I lu ..in,.- lil .,
? , ? ?i i- i. |.? .iii ?'. by ,ituli.-i. linn s. n
U II !!.'?.! ! I! |. || ., I I, - b? lag the
..; I thia el ang? n- :? l i ?ne i ?bal ? on >:
thus tal ?'''?, th< ronatltuent body, ti ?I virtually ?set
? s? .?. and Introd n ? ?? ia w mi?.
ulthln til.l.i . ?? ?! a Juill, lill court Mini ia . ?
.!..,- , to ] n si \, ?imi ?get-end ?
,nt',,n Si? thin? ? ?m b. ?dearer tiuni
,i ; triad ' l mi ol ?eeput) to n - rate it
li |ul:. I li? I. BU) lui I' l'l To ?ub ti rt In '!?? I at a li. I", I
Its in,,),, it? tu ?athel i'-? -. or lo violate Its charter An
Illustration ia to n? found In the cane of Ward s?g1 f.u
? '? ?.f Ait??nu \ - I Oollyer*? New Caaes in C1
i? .... '.? in i ? esseut lally thi prectei evil in ila Jud
character, of which we ?rnmplaln bera, wa? ott?-mpt<-?l
i 1.1, ti.11 t tollu ? hal ti I Of tin "???,? It It w .is .i ?, , ,
framed for Hu ?purpose of Improving and ?educating ihe
class ol .?ii? im ?- ?n. .1 Hu?- wb.i'W.ri ?atndvlugfnr tin
|,i,,i? ?si. n ii sa? proposed tu admit Into thetiei efltsand
prit ileges of tin t* ? I? t.? Hu ? "iiuiiiiin!? ut large It might
i>< -,ii?i to Is rttendlna Ibesdvsnl rater num?
In r, wini b i? tin quality thal ?givraall ?the merit t?. tiii?
) in. . .?lim Hutt i au be i ?.?nu. .1 fm It The ' ulirt tin re
luid down tin ii??, tun.? thal ootonl] is a corporation en?
! tn pi.-, ?te Ils ?Xlstencc, I'llt It is .nilli..I.
? i b) l!?i If or nu? nf its tin lulu r?, to
, ,,ii,, t 'lil?? ;? Kiiitt nf i .|Ui!y illili
tiui. to claim, ht the ?procerasof Injnnctton, toprotrel
ii-, || ,l(_.,n,.t ii, ts thai would pn tem it fruin j?n set t in?,
ii? ?constitution ami continuing it? exlatanec -iii
be tnia tint m >? i .nut if ecjulty, ?hnvlag luriailletioa
?between the parties, the pettiest corporation la Brltala
m in ibis . minti t i .um,,! ?come ?before the couria be Ita
lull m i unit). imi - it tiiat ?neraona having ?powei ?to ii?? it.
uni ).ip..bii' of doing it unb ? ii sti.iineii. are about to
prevent,and have declared thal tin? will prevent,um
in >bi hil .?i? i < I? ,ii..n n i mu th? charter day, walch la lud i
?pensable t? the protection nf mu rorporate ?\i?tiu,??.
ami.?boot to bold an election themselves, and ?ubatl
tute n new IuhI) iii our st??.ni Mut pin tit ulai It pim lug
it. ,is I do, in reference to tlu-s.? ?arts, ob ?this refusal I
tn pt iimi tin elections lo ?he held upon the ?b.ui?!
da) ?i thing Indispensable to continuing in existence
111." ini].ulite body 1 asia, wimbi imt .? court of i
? .lint? ?aulo-M an iii|iui< tiim to restrain and prevent
that act, if tiie ciii um ?tiuu .?a were anea thal
lhere waa a soriou? reason to apprehend that would i
li. I? I 'nilli, ?I I sllhlutt t tilt lill pi ? >|H >s| t |l III 11),U|1 III.?
uutnoritle? can lie clearer tbaa that, ami Hw ?ground of I
the inrisdietion of a Court ol Eqolty in such a cam amy I
well be compared with the action of couria of law tu tin?
corrlative "i this .utifniil ?persou, s ?rurporatlon,
h.illicit, ali Individual |??|s??ii An iiiilivlilllrtl who la
tin. n? in ii with in) in y to his pera.to his llherty, to hu?
life. I- lint all .v.i ii tn < min into a ? nutt of ?EqUlt) to Seek
?relics!again?! 't Ami why i ?Because thecrtmkmllawae?f
ii? .iiui.ni tin? ?common ?law si.ie ??r the courts, sa all
criminal laws must be administered on what we call the
i?,mu?.mlaw side, give a man his roretlea for ?the peace,
uml iii.ible iiiiu t" imprison the ?person who threatens
bim an immy. If tin? injury be ?perpertrated, faHlim
sb"lt ni aetiini lo?? of life, lu? hits lil? i-iini-.lt bv a? lion l?t
i.??, i...,ms? in lives to bring it it?- h,?? als remedy
ht an nulli tun tit. ?beraUSS the law of the l.nnl will
glTS Ihat reineity, nul. if ?lain outright, he
will be avenged b) ?his i-ompetenl ?sttcramor, the ?people
?ef his ?nunlit who survive him. But In the cam of ?oom
tu.?, ist- tinii- is nu criminal law, there is ao criminal
.ni m i n i?t i ni.i m. s mi ao civil cemmtwi law procos? whereby
H , an h? ?a\?-?l flinn an at tmn that wimbi terminate- Its
mis!, li. i? a pit veirtlnti W Illili wimbi te-i uiinate Its ex?
ist? ii.? it? hihi ii?, its i.niy ?remedy, i?*? ta bo tata a
c unit of i..|uit.t, ami ?how tue Imperative ?danger, show
the necessit) of its ?being permitted to exerc?im Its fran
i ins.- .uni obtain an liijniutlou to restrain Hw lmlitulual
m liuli vliluuW wlm wutilil pi event Hutt act This ?Inctttne
is full? ?us! ?in??ii by tin? declstoa of thisCouit in ?Dodge
a^t. \\ noise t, Is Ho waul. ?pp. .',?1 Now if ?,corgis citunut
?hold bei election, her government baeomes sxtmct; her
lieeple, thOM who mm constitute the .-stat??, have uo
longer sa] representatives who ?can act in ?their i??half.
A? s ?orpointo entity the Mtste la ??xliiigul.-ihcd, and ae a
corporate ssaoclatioo the ?pemile ?seam to e?\i?t. For
such ? 1'iiii.ose I u?k Is not sn appeal
to u <'..mt ofKuiuty the prop? r hu? appropriate remedy,
is it not the .mly remedy under the ?equity ?syrien ne ?p
pllnible to minor corporation?, and Is II not the only rem
taii\ -ander the equity system of this blfh tribunal as ap?
plicable to Hieae areal cnrp??rat|iins t ?but ctnue here under
Hu? c'uiislitutiuTi l.t which thi? tribunal whs frame?! and
,.??, tad who ?hare ??'i ure?! in that ?Constitution the ?rlsrht
to nialtitalti ?a a. t inn m Hu? ? mftt iticstust Um in-oplu of
Niiy other Miite thiin their own who may Invade any
rl(,-lu uf thei?rs 11 iisk w liether It Is not precisely the appro
pnntc remedy lor that greater corporation a ?tate of tin?
Americsii Ininti In order to anani sgaltist its Hircuti m ti
sitliii'Moi? hy uisans which aro uiiiiuistitutloiuil and un?
lawful f But it is s?ldese have nut ?properand ???uu|?elent
purtles; Huit here Is a suit itgaluat Mt manton. Uea,
(?rant, und Hen. I'.ijh?, who happened f?? l?e eltima? of
..Uni -slate? But, Sitvs the feaiiieit ??.unael, If Uley
hsn?e?li 10 I??* cltl/rna of the Hiafrbt of Columbi?*
or of s??me 'IVrritoiv. the Htnte woulel bate no t? iu"l>
lu tins ? oatt, ?lui wimbi In- iilillged to g?' without
any Now ?sitl?gi-e?t re?pe?-t.th?t Is s verv narrow vnew of
Hu' sniiii-i t. The < ?institution of the United Wates Iihsuii
dertuken to protect these Htales ?gainst feirelgn ti?\ n?iou.
At nil event? it lue? andertaken to protect thein s?<iiiii?t
domertlc tioleiiee on upplieutloti, not otherwl--". of the
Legislature, <?f the Oovernor Hhin the Isglalutun Is ?mt
siitlu?:. l'-'errliiif, of ronrss. to the exlstlng Hot < i niucut
nf Ih?* fctnle. "tl|i?i wise the Oeueral (i.iveinnuMit hw? not
mulei tal.it' ?i'n .b?r? it spi'iii to heve been ??emteuinliiti '1
that n w ?mill inu-rfcre erith don ?-??He Tioiililra ? ? ? ni un?
ttlthln tin- iMMiyof itMfttte. Ah t.. them Ihe Kiata waa
?I,? ni?' I i -onfuleiit to take care of Ihem, iii?I?-ss Hu 1 rt"*e
|o a verv greal pi tell of violento so on to hecouit vc but
wc i mu manly call nu Insurrection? windi ti* government
of a HU o eauuet wllb it? ordinary nu .ii ? l'Ut down. Tim
ronatttutioa se? ins io have ?upposnl th.it the-State? could
?Lal efficiently uti h their own citi/a u?, and baa given
them no meaiu? of Kiicmtr theil- own CltiseiiS !n f hin ?-?iiirt,
bul baa ouly given tim privil?ge of aueiilgaiator States,
foreign WliUer., und th.; subie?.U of foi tui?'li SUtue. or titi
aeiiM.l slater Btates. It ia tun: that tin? fra mer? of
the Constitution do no1 seem tobare bean socaotlonaaa
to take Into their consideration tliis nice ?crceptlon, that
by /u,?rib.iity tiu-t-e, u??*!.t bosome people ttvlug within
Hie Di-'.ii? t, 10 miles -?ut.m' or Its?, that nut'lit Is- sente?!
to Cong!*? sa for tin- l?at of UOVerana ut, who would nut
I?- the ettlseiiof any State,and therefore not provldod
for hy thi? provl-ln'ii. Neitiit-r ?lo tiny seem to bsve
taken int.? oon?kli ration tliat lhere 'ever woul?! isi
any coi.Kiilcrahle. niniitvr nf . persons In the whole
world other Hum nniu-ii.iof the menaced -State ?igurmit
which the Btate woul?! have any cause of roitiplaliitthat
ii would iii sirs to ruin ya, exe. pt their fellow citizens of
..tin r Slati .i of tin: union, or afrangera who wen- subjoet
to foreign iiatiniis. That la a little hit of eutut omiwut,
u trifling evil that mi^iit pi.Ksihly exist, but yet never lisa
arisou, never bas csh t? A, for whii ti tin* Constitution did
not expressly provide. ButtbeConstrtuttam ?lid provide
tiiuta Slate should have a judicial remedy against any
invivldu.ila who w. re beyond the ii a i li of Um power and
procesa who mitritt ?lo it ii Jury ?uni, ?if cours?*, who mi/;lit
iiu-miee an injury. !f the??- wen? breaches the (leneial
Co*. ? ii.uielil, Ml louth l'a polit irai dcf-.'ii-riiiciit, wa? to ii*
fiait them, If tiiey wvre Individ?ala w*ho ?lid no1 com.;
vuth tin* Ktroiig hand in* invasion the Btate WBS to have,
as a mi ?i.? of juotri firm sgatirat in.law ful seta, the righi
of cetnitig ilito the hupr? un- Court of the United r?tate?
and appealing to it OS tlie ortjtttial tribu?:::!. Tin? rlfctit, Is
kimi. In the Ciiiistitutloii its? If. TliU ia the CiMirtot first
iiistuiici: into wini li the Btate IS foi onie. Whether ill?
to have turn all fin- remedie* for the, eiifoieeiiieiit of
its rights thal are usual sad customary according to
tim hi wa of tin- parent Mitte bu?! the e ?latina Irvws of
Hu- COtonlei ?ii ti:'y were, nud of the law of these
Btates ?faring ths short period they existed s*States that
wero allow, d ni courts in cn sea at law or ?-??inly. A
State, ef the Utnoi!, tlieit, i? ii body politic and corporate,
winch i-t nuable, like nth-T states intended t?> be permB
hint iiitil nul. ?tim t.liii, to pint.'. I ItseM by any v*'-.I. nt
mean* nea li ?I tli?)??i out si tie nf Um ti n ifoiy. lu lieu of
that Um i i'l. ral (.o'.ciiiiiii ni it renulred to protect it,
?gilli t ?, nil . i e i,i ?I l n vu ?Ion, vi*?- lilgfa Kqnlty tribunal,
"nu* court of Ibu United States, is obliged by tim
leila? ' of the CoiiKlitiUiiui, 1 ?my Stair ian shisW
a BBS of :ui injin y done or ineiliUiteil, renn
ditiiile hy the ordinary pre?eases of a court of
?-?pilly ?it'aiiiKt. iuiv SOO, oiitriili- of their Jurtedu -
tun and beyond tlielr reach by theil - owucoui-ih, .mil
pns-eascs te alve tbcui aucb rcmejdj sa la hkii.iI Iii ?uidb
rases. M-, ii .n m d f i ni d'? rriii,iik? shout the rejeethm
in tor ( ,,nvt it toil if Un: pioporitii.il foi* ace.lu? ii of IT
vision ??rr? l- ho ohjn ?am lo fin- Jlirifwllt lion of tlie court.
in this ?ase. lit* ays this court waa thereby divorced
????in politics] question?. Nut, ?our ?ill. Tills court wes
divorced from any participation, la o|iy simpe, m !??-:
lation, or at lent "a :;i hit ive p. *?.'(.* wa? not . ??nfenv'i SU
u. The ju-.i-dh ?ion of the corni, ss a t oui t created
ni.tb *i tin* Coi..?: itutlon, wa.? of couran itn? inlid to apply
to all questions with whieb tin* court waa re pable
of dowling. My learned Irrend baa apoken of u *?? var
runton* rn-tag the proper remedy. There ?wsi be mi ?vao
fini alni.) in tin? imirt upon the government ?vi B State
foi i v. i bing bwpuwrra Tbnt|a i Pt it te i fin?,ii. d 1 ,,p
preta? i.i that a '/.." irnrrniiu, ny the judiciary of the Hire.
ugninat its government, wonld be vary much 11ti'- unit.
which my friend r?ndenme?! the other day ? a writ umi?
Ibgaatof 'his i o?-.11 iiKalust the Chief (executive. My
h ann ii I: u lui li.is id l? ? ti? ii ah? ut nil tills liebig con ! in
fut and tature, lH'r WO have jui-?iit<tl plainly ?uni
distinctly fa.ts thal cannot be denied, aid
have not been denied, ?"be I'reel.lenl ?ays in- ?ill esc?
rute thc?e acts lien, (ii,mt hilB Issued an old'r, that is
*?' t forth lu the hill, to tbe Comm..mi? rs of Ihe various
?, trausn Ititi . !<> tln-m i op i ? of the .nts, and di
riaring that they are* to be rarrled Inte execatl?rit. The
in in : utile? I - IlilVl- ?I. ' lim d ti.' lr ittt?*liti?ui to exe. .Ili
tla in My learned friend ?ay? that, in?- < seurt s ill mt u t
Upolifi.it? la!., , u l, ?inh?. Tin* Li? t 1? ?pll.e oil.Si
v.,?? A lull n nu lintel i- on' "f the vi ?y heads ?.f equity
um ini.? 'n a. it must, to :..* ?tire, be s stable and ?abM ini?
tial fear, but when the Executive id Ihe Dotted st?:.?
declare? that I * uto a eortuln set <>f provlaios?,
winnhi?..? m i ii ii. (ni f declares thal be will ex?cute
tin m, w lu u that in-. ' ??*?. r.ly involves the brluKing luto
play of the v.l.-I,- nniitaiy foroa ?-f tli?- Cnton .
a particular Btate, shall it be ?.ti?! tbat the tears are um
aub i nuil]. My .? ?ftiM te.? i d lia? suggested the latta ni
pi?-? e?|. n'? M B difficulty ii.ii !... ? if pi*?*! ?-?li nts ti-to
a liai ? Nut a lack <'f jut ? ?ti? nts that a Mate us ,
this Court for tim (uri dh'ttouof Its were frstremi
Htate, fortbe sssertlous of ita sovereign authority wert
i f it? five'. : im ii'.l aotln rlty si d |
authority, if Ihe word '? sovereign" is not ronablerrd
:'i.pi"iu..iti The dec?alo lui are iiiuiibertea?. Ima) ?ay
Unit a M. !'? m.iv bring auch a Mil, but be says thut if a
..nu!.! bring mu l. a ?.tit nt*,.inst, au imliv Idual, be
kIuuiIiI bave bad a great mai,.*? uni-e instance?. Nuiudl*
vidual baa ever before. In this laauuer, attempted l
iitii.fi, and ii may 1"* hoped mai uo Individual ever
w.,i .ita.n. if tiiirCoiiit lu* don ? the lavya a?.i
t ? (i isiiiiiiu,!'. sa we suppose them to exist
'iln- Isa! of t'"* precedent? la .l?temeof me
riiormttj oi im .a iti win, h i- bow brough! under the ob?
servation o?f the Court. Vgain, my tainted mend finally
.- t.? vaii.it labt? .*. liai i*.,n,i in tbla case, that the
Mil;.*. ? 111..U1 i of Hie bill, the ease ?ta'i ?!. ??ml therelk't
iiu their naturi*, ulai In -Lit. ? tn.il
early II be Dor s ?..-.-. l.utti. rsirt. Borden.re?
port? i lu .tli H??-- ard in ti.. : i-. . ?? ti?.i g
wa? um,, hy Dorl utut ail!.? i? nt? S ii:, n tln*?c act?
In the presen! Uietsnce -i.i. to perform Then asa a
Mille (COVl lilli:''lit ill til'* lia tal? of a portl.f tb? J'?*, ipili
?.f thai blair, seuatitutliia Ita whole rUn*toral budy.
linn v...? of the opinion, and !??? adherent* hacked bira
hi it that a greater number ol elertora ought tu ba ad?
mitted, and li" therefore undertook, bj ipotitaa-cuus
.,- .. - to creel bu n..leint..??ti' State government
ii. ? . . d m so doing. rhl? Court decided thal
:t ans no government bul l hal the srtgnial
i iia.it n d government which lhere ? ?..-t? ?i. Was
Un?ate and lawful Uovcrnm? ni and ? uusctiuontly
Dorr failed. Ila fulled, I trust, mi tin.?ugh any oilier
.. u?.. i ai th.* u Issliee, luipropri? tt. ami illegality of lu?
eoiiiri The very - wimbi lead to the over?
threw of these sets, ol L'ongn-aa; but the great bugtoaar
with whit b it is supposed this t'latrtcau be driven from
:ti? propriety, la that this is a|?oliticiil<iucstioii, and If I
illulia ?i..ml ihe tedar ol Un- ui?k>ui" u' it .- thi?. it i? a po?
litical i|iii's!iou in tia* vni^.ii* ariise id tim
Wold ?ii,Inn!, that it tOOCheS party liulilics. I
humbly apprehend that that la no ot>je<:ioa
to tin* i ??uri entert a i n mt' lui i-nlnt um. What mi rom mon
SB fOI a ' oin t of | II ?ti? i-, to lu- obliged to pit?? lu til. i. n ll?C
upon s purely psdtli si ipiestiua I He admitted tbat the
? ourt lied nu poli! i? al k??? ti 11. nul? i il. m? physical power,
anti was compelled to rely upou the Cteeatlvc authority
for th- f*:tiifui execution of it? judgments. If Un- subject
mstt? i ?-f a ault be one whieii the pi m ? m ??f the Court is
adequate to reach, and if the nt'iu tiaiuu <l i>e a legal
iit'lit. oi if tin? wioiiK t'.iiiipl.iiiieil of b? ??f a chara? ter
?n??*? l?'ii?ie ?.f Is-Iiik" relieved against, then Unoobjcc
i ion arising front the deheacy or Bifflimlty ut tin une .i mu
that may be presented or the paaaioaa which tbodeciston
of tb? ???'?in. ?lion? may .ham?, t?. excite. The writ of
li ii?? a- ?an pil- wa? all institu?e. Till- opel at lull of that
writ teas to arraign executive power, ami to determiue
Ihe t a killey of Km ? lit it e a? t?. 1'ri/a ? a?. ?? w t le another
ii i u?! in t nui*, so w? re tases bstwaui State? as to boundary.
The raseuf Keadsll was cited on, andth? powci Isisens
an iniinnflou as well n? a mandamus counomuted
?m i?y a reference to Kagliah case?, and te Drewry an lu
I'liittn.n? The doctrine was aaaerled thal ulul? the Ju
iiii lary erairaottouch Coagreaa,cannot ohUtaiata ita aeta
h??..? iii unconstitutional, while it cannot toueh the
persea of the Chief Maautrate, ti can peoteel Ihe rights
??fain iiiiiivhiu.ii sbowlna In other respecta s right io
their iiitiTj?o?iiit>ii lu bia bebalf astaiusi .m set of 'in
Bress ?iiiih i? not a law*, whlota is void, and agataal any
unlaii fui ?n Hun allilnpt. d iliidet* i! We have ?hnwn hy
the cssfa rlted tint ths Ughesl affcers in Knglsud
an- enjoliieil. We have ?iiuwu hy tin- eaaaa
?ned theil- ami hen tin it by Injunction and mandamus
the bl?hest aubordloste offn era of the Km? stive !?? part
im nt ure cnloliicd and i-oinuiamtcd. 'lhere i? an Impert?
.?a? ia.. ?.??it we admit not applicable to any tithei De
partmenl ??t the Uovernmeat and aristna from the unity
of tin- Kiicutive, tii.it the Executive person ??i lone a?
hu hollis that offh e ?bunill i?* exempt flinn tlie coercive
1.esa of tbe Court But that Is bo reason why ths
limit ?In.iihl not pronounce Its JodgmShtS) and u?e its
ploies? to coen e ?uboiiliiiiite iiftlt-el*M, ililliii'lllsllllit' Ul'lU
of wha! Ik tin* law I it'liiii! that ?nib an admonition
when proaenaeed by the court, and delivered bj its
?uei.pt to a subordinate offtoer of the Executive, eannot
in* eiiioi'i'i'ii if Un Pieaideut clmoaes to ?tend In the wat,
ami pn-v.-iit it? eaecathai 1 say that
it i? a banar of the most palpable
description there to tau about the court baring or not
buring the power to execute it? decrees Ni? court el
justice in a free country evil liad the powert?) execute
Its decrees. Every court must tamk to the executive de?
partment, not to give tt Bacana to carry it? -aocwoa luto
??xi cut Inn. but thro.ich his subordinates unit bj tin* phy?
l. al toreo at his Comuaud to execute them. Tin-court
may Ik* said to be no more than, us It were, tlie blain, the
lodgment, the intellectual power of the nation, it sxass?
in.? a i|Ue?(ioii; It decides the <<uc.?tluu. It ?tute? what
ought to be ?lone lu a kivc-u ease by reason of thal de
? i-ii-ti. ami for tlie r?-.?t, for execution it leaves ItttStbe
Kxeoutlvc HepMt'ttni'iit. The books fmio windi tlie prin?
ciples of our Jurisprudent?- and political set?*!)?*?- are
diaw u abound with invective? at'itm?! such an Idea as a
court, it jiiiln lui tribunal l.av ii*t' power to exe?
cute its decrees. We ure told tfi.it for the
?MM bodv or ihe same Individual to ?ledan
what is las law, and to exitutc luw is the very
definition of atyiiinl; it I? exactly whut We witness In
barbarous and semi barba rous climes tin* Bail'IBtgn Is
the la? in,<k? i: In- is the law exiiouuder, and with har*
binons pussions be executes the faw often With hi? own
hand.?. Nothiinr isiuore utifoiiuded nud irrational than
to say we will not exercise Juiia.li.tion l?ecau?<* the exee
titlve power of the tiovcriiuient, if It see.? fit, Instead of
doing Ita duty sod enforcing our deeree, may .??tour de?
cree at defiance ; nothing is more si.liversive of sound
principles, eueb a proposition net er affords tin* ?lichtest
lesson for wlthlmldlhK the exercise of jurisdiction If has
often been said of courts of justice that, tenentlly speak
iiit', their d?*crces execute themaelvee. euch,
ituleeil, wa- the case In all those ?pii-stlou? of
benndarr. The < ourt lind hut to declare the line, and all
tilt) llilltical coii?e<|lieiices followed. ho iu this co??.
Your Honors' il.'i!?se will execute Itself. Award the writ
of Inpiiiition, and what tuny be called an executive offi?
cer I? appointed? tlmus-h. to he sure, appointed by yoitr
s.?lf. Your clerk i?aue.? K aa a sort of aum>unoament Of
what ?our lurtcment is, and it Incomes the dul v ol Ihe
Kxeeutlve to cany it into extention, if he Lui.? in his
?lut.?. and refuses lo execute it, your office Is per?
formed You bars redeemed all your obligationa
to the Constitution, and the peril am! the
consequences, the lau und the punishment, the
odium of the present ?lay* and the shame tli.it will fall
upon the wiouifsl.H?r bv Un- Impartial voice of the disin?
terested world and of a posterity Unit will be removed |
from the pussions of the present ?lay, all pan hy your J
homa? and touch you not. The) rest upon the BiecsUvo I
who viola!?-??! Ihe ?itu. lit?) Coiirlitutioii dev Lue? ?bat he !
is bo.ind i,, ?ee the law? faithfully executed not to *? e
every act of Con si ces faithfull-, executed, bat the lauav I
in sueins Hie l.iws fiiiLlifullv ?xctnn-d l>? lum* ?
if cuni?? .ant into execution the Judifini-iil? ?ifCouri? of
???inpetenf |uflsdletl?ui i?i*oiioiiiieed apon eases wlrhin
Un n luiisaiietuiii, su?! win n his 1 Vet um ?tir?.?meral Is Bl- |
n ? t?*?l to iiu?l?c an eiiii \, sa lu the Ken.lall i ase, or s hen
his ?ulionlilinte Win til tifoii I? db-eefsd, S? lu the pie ?eut (?
case, not lu issue unorder to lairvwito ? avculion thi se
act-? of ?COngress, it is his duty. " ?bowing his judgment ta
that ?tribunal tn which it Is distinctly commuted by the
?Constitution, ?the last n??<?rt, tim ?d?termination eif ?ii
Huestioi ? us to the validity at acte e?f Cougn-o?, <?o far as
they ?amy trespass upon tit?, provbdoiis of tin-? oestltu
tloii," ?to withhold bl? orten? and to proceed no further.
It has Inen suggested that this (vnirt cannot n-eiw
an i.ijutii 1 ?ni to restrain the court for the- trlat
for impeachment, from euudemning tim Precl
delit ill ?CUM he ibould eda y Its n intu?ate a. That
is tun?; luit there i-? a higher ln-Jiinrthm
flinn niy this fniirt cab issue, which does restrain tin?
Court for the trial of lm?peach?menta from -condemning the
Pnwld? ni In ?such a cine The Judgment of this Court,
that the performance of these ?art* lu relation to bedding
elections for 8tata officers through rotbtary .?genele? ?m
not wsrranted by the Constitution, and an I of ra et ?ou of
It, and forbidding Gen. Coin: to hold such an election,
Would be aludgment fa ron, a judgment upon the very
point, s judgment as distinctly pronounced betweea the?
iinji Hty of the American p* opie and the Anierii an Con
m itiiHoii ?sgalust ?andrew Johnson, as the lorim*
of law alni proper ?decorum in uiiministrafion and
in OeSatty, in fact, admit. It would be essentially a Jndg
mont in rent; ami if Andrew Ji.luis?n wa? lin|M??ie-hed be
fhre the ?Court of Impeachment for ne?t ?havingssstfed
tin se ?u ts into ?execution, no plea -would I??- nee es?ary for
linn except, "I issued an order te? mv ?ifficer to obey
?these acta; that officer waa ?subject to the juri-eiwiioiiof
Hie ?Supr?me Court; the ?Supreme cemrt i? the final tribu?
nal to bear ?and delrnntnn qui ntlonaloncihlng the validity
?of an act of Cbngreas; the Hupreiuc ?Cauri enjoined that
officer not fo ??Xecute' Hose- nets, and the-re? was no
way In which I could execute them except hy violence
upon that ?coordinate tribunal, the Buprea? Court, be?
cause- if my ?officer went on and r? fin??'?! to ols-y their di?
rection?? they woubt attai le him; if I forbade the mar
?shah my subordinate, to mteeate that ?attachment, they
would nttack bun. and thus au unworthy, ?ceutetaptl?bta
exhibition of con filet,rat her? fevaaioa IhaneoufhcMsmy
part would Im? exhibited That tribunal which
in the?.judge m ! ne i as, iu'i usted with the right to d?dain
It flnatiy, licctalrd these a? t? to l?e uii.oiistitiiti.iii.il. and
I could do no more than yield my obedience to the cou
?at it ul tem ?is interpret eel by it? ?eboaOn lute rpre?te?r.
nuil no further ox.eut'' these, a? ts which Congress
liuil no uiitlioiity to impose." It may bo that ii this
Court should i ?t/Mii-Hie inj i nu i.ol? to i? ft ram thestiltordinate
officers of the I'rrnide-ni. uni. ms he override- its orders, be
might i..- condemned hy Hu- ?Court for Um trial of km
pi-ai umeut?, it m ei|uaiiy 11 m , however, thal the body
which would lie obliged to knitiute and finally to determine?
Uiut. lu'.'set iilmii luis, lu t nu?? of it? l? ginlalive power,
ampia amaaa to da a pit at many worn? tilings tiiau that.
Hy repeal.ni.' old laws, ?mil by i nae ting new on??s, we du
Ooteh-uy that it might completely paralyze; tim linn lions
of this Court, ami evcBttmlly ?deprive it of any
cap.iii'y lo ; dUillii.stiT j lint ice ; but it 1? HO
?nunn.eut winn we? com.? n?te? this Court and
aaa a> ta exarehw ita powers withla its legit?malo ?pitare
j mulei the- C oiistitutuiii, to e.ty that vu?len?, lawless.
I revolutionary ineasiin ?, in volt lug it violation on Hu; ?port
of ut lier dep .unit nts, might by punsibilily ?be induce d by
?ita pitii;? i illi:?-'", and linn I,,i.? tb.it it nhould ii ti am frou?
?performing lu duty. Quite dm contrary. It is only for
tim Coull lo na??) ?that it bin a duty to pelion?! ?,?.?1 ta? per?
form ii; and lui? ?bringa in??, to a i|Ui'?-t.<>ii w tin ti
has uni jet ?beau pi??.-? nli ?I to the < oiiMilt ration of
youi bonne. Witt h?;r these acts ?are of a <b-? riptioii
linn.ifesiiy witinti ?the pmhtbltloua of ti?? Coi -iitution t
It Hie? Mat????! ?icolgia In li..I lil tl?e lluuill. theil.? of course
la au and al this raw Kin innot lui'?' as a ? ouipeteut
nuilir, ?tii'l tin ian?! cannot I?.-1 ii te it al u eel. Hut ?ve; had?
billi iJt-fotti Hu- Court, lu li doclliueul prcMatcd,
such a milli luile of proofs of lae, n e oauilion
if t,?,ii'.i ? as a Mate t.t ila? UliRli, by .?11 Hut
Ile partaient? of ti.? ?.? \? mm? -at, i.uy. of h?r
rccoguitioa iindci" ?these mp acts ?t??w sought to i???
drdbytbe Lateipvwltiou of tba Court ?thai i tptyrw
luid i! i mi ?in? -im,i i,i... , .uni.,1 for au instant ty in
tilt.ii.:, il. l'un CollU IllU/al a?-.s||ino tile ie.iriiiil colltlf-i'l
lias not attempted to deni that Ut-orgta ia a ?State of tins
I iiiei', ami iliiiefore ?hold? Hie ponitiun win? li ?b4 ?laiuis
in ii.is rase ?ts a corni?, t? ni ?ccusor. Then, as to
tin? constitutionality of them .ni?, .t wii; ij? men
(nit, turning it? li.?, k entirely upon tli??
ii i.blent laws of ' eorgia, Congress by its
?i..s?.'?". will undertakes to create ?c inw ?ians of
ele? ?? iiuab? titi/eitn, .1 yeuisa uf age au?i upward, of
\s i. a. e,i iilolm previous condition, who bat?' b? en
n -eb ? iu tin? Mat?-for lu moutha If ?n-nrgla In not tu
tin- L uiuii,?>t roumetnc ( uuaUtaUamdaaaaet protect her,
it ni.e m. ni,?' is iu it ?o? effectually SU Ne-W
v???i., l'i ni s) Irania, olio, or emu pioud MaasswhUamtts.
ami it i.? ?u lui initaii of? migre??, by us own ..tbitiary
?lu lum, m eii.i. i. tuai ti., ii si.a.l i?u no further cleitkm?
in any ?u thom Stales tar Male din ti>, tiiat ti??; govern?
nulli m im m nu.1.1 in? regarded aa nu iel.? ?personal, and
di! it - .? my nun ii ?. ha? kel by itn armies, shall go into
them, anil ?ii,lil Hold all el??? ti?.li, by 111? all* of winch m
int. . iii.siituiiou anti a neat ?State in.ti i liineiit l nay lie
??ntl.nils o .1 .iii.l.letilicil, at?"I?ling tolls tvili and pie-unun?.
Hu? ii? bindy, II III.?y n. auld Ulai till? inllbtillll lit,
built her? i? var) 11 in i.?.. > defined! that ,t ?s not
n.ii ,, ? i lo I.n lion "f in.fan-in.'??m- pai tiabty; nay, it
may be? colin.?lei.-il lu >l iii?, te, j imp,ii i ..U so f_i um tint
? ? Im i.. - . ..h. ? m. d. Bul that is nut the
?in?-' i?n. ?????an hen nan.,?-' w i iii u que ni ton of power.
II ( ?? g". ?ai?i??|.?,tiii io pu.sai.oi? ibe ?|iialifleaUe?ns eif
j cm ni- iin M.ui ro. 11-..m? iii.ii ??ltin-i.s, it may nmaaribs
I ?them ia any wa| ?adla these vc?ry aott It mis on*
, ii? il.tk< li to e*i lilt e a Whole a ?.inn, ttUo may lie; ti ? )' gue ?I
and t. i y honest al thin tune, aho may nave repented of
tl..lfs|iM, if sii.s moy Oat, .iiuuiiUci!. alni to disflalicliiMi
iiiaiii. Immga I.iey li.it? um i bmen Ut?.df?ir any ?'Melin?
tn ?MuvktaU by any jury, oi in .any manner, aceurdiug t<?
oui? known syatem of law?, deprived of any of
theil ?rights ?>r claim? to mapacl as etuaens.
hureiy ii ? annot ?ho newman mo this question of power
to say ti..it au a? I of Cougrum diluting any of tbeae
?thing? m rttmnwm ta the blata m guesttao caima! be ?it
telly -told; and if v uni, as lo tin lu, it would lu- c?| unify
\niii iii ?map? t to the Mate of Cn oigul li elie i? ?tllkCUIUer
ot in, l i....ii. if Hu? c mut plein??, in?; ?great ?advantage
Of ?SUT ntnlolll of ?mt a lUIIIClit IS tll.at It ?lit lill S
luto ?Utrea ?great cu?rdldute and independent
?departments tua tan?ctton of governing the cmtuiry, and
thal it niai i ? ti.? m is u< a U) indi pendent 11 sac li utii'-r.
> ? aiiij.it ot tuen independe ima is that tiny ?ball mu?
tually .link und lonltul eat li utinr, no1 hy Hie
te.veitlne of t inhi.ee' of any ikiM I ?plum ol' the per
foi munee of any iii -tig that Would amount to
insult, lint liy (-?it ii linly ?performing Ita OWU part, and
| Ui.ikllig Us IlllK'lloli felt lo tile i VU ni of Its cctUMItlltieilial
! powir and ottu e. ibis i? tim grant bulwalk ton
| til"?eil by tin? Wisdom ?f au? i nt nunn, and tarried
I into ? ?.?Minion pi .uti? ally by the furn band of
I tue t.iiiii-i? ot I a..s ii. lulu.i. which constitute*,
in i?e?iiif. of fact. Hie only n.ifc>ui?l
1 ot private right? and ?publie liberty. Ii ia the only aafe
?guard unit could in? eouinbutad ; ?wma other m effectuai,
linne otili'l WoUlel pl-nU-e't ?tile rights of lUilioiltlen or the
I llgllts of llidlt lilllaln. Like all hum.in UintltUtlOUH
j this must is-, of ?course, imperio? They marm
! ?iiiti.or.ty to check each ?after, but can tin y
. m liter of comae f These is no certainty that tiny
will,, u??l it uny one will reflect for a mama lit upon t?ha
m lion of Hit.-??- departments, I ?think it will is- scent but
uotiiiiiK inure was ?accumpuahed by this eil vision Into
inn.- ilepaitmi.it? than Ibis, ami it is m. ? \ pre need by
many writers upon the ?Subject, no ?me of Hu?.-?? depart?
i?? utn can trauipb* ?low ti Hu- c ?institution and overthrow
i public illicit) It ingall tal ?ha Julat ailinn id tau Nar? ely
a ?mae can ?be Imagined in which Um joint miioii of two
of tlnm wouut nut utterly luiiuali/,' ai,it make void tsny
a'teinpt on ?Um part ol ?the third to protact public liberty or
private right lu this case. If Congress and the l'rfsltt? ut
w. it of t?uo accord; if In wen bali a? willing and anxious
to have this ?reconstruction ?scheme, which ab??iisbe? the
| ?States,carried into execution us Congress is, he could,
| of coutne, by the.- mems to which I liute referred. If this
tribunal nluuild Interfere, ne t its liijiinctious and writs of
maud.nous at de-Iianie, ami prevent tlieirex? ciitlon freely
without obstruction from this Department, he could ?SOU
?in will? Cuugtvss -ml exe? tit?? the ucts. Now under
our UStem there is, a? hu? Im u Intim?t? d from the bench
of this I ?nut upon a former occasiou, a danger that
one dcpartmciit may, of itself uloue, and by
Its arra power usurp ali the powers of Government and
??Mt ni? ita will, thus defeating the whole scheme of this
illusion of i?ottci!<. With tin? certainty occurring of tt>
I'r.nitieiit ?being found ?read) toacq?nieace in Hielt mau
?l.tie, lb? y bate? but to pam an unlawful act and threaten
I the Presiden! wau ?the impeachmenl of one of
tiieir bnilies and tin- condemnation of another
if lu? ?lorn not ??.v.. ute it. and perhaps nine men out of
tan in that office woul.l Immediately y leid to their power,
particularly as it is not Inn ?special function to ?leiut?
what Is or what is not constitutional. Thus ?iithat given
?ana-, l>> the action of one ningle department, that,
us it M] bS called, small minority of one eif
?three, ?the Constitution may be set at uauu-ht.
und public liberty !?? destroyed, uulcs?
there be tuarn mode of ?Invoking the ?ml of the third
department, the Judiciary. lu this very ease, perhaps
tho ouly cuete worthy of notice iu which there has b?*eu
au attempt to trample- upon the Constitution sim e it wa?
?founded? wa have precisely that predicament of things.
A ? on?.'ress ulone, of its own authority, puttiug ita heel,
tbrotiiih the instrumentality of a President threatened
with Hupen? hn.ont. upon teu Mates of this Inmn, ami
crushing out tina u-Utemo without, aa I say, the
aid of the President. I.ooklii?/ into the Consti?
tution, you fiud the remedy. I/ooking into th<?
Constitution you find it there ?deemed that it ailowssuel?
a course of ?peoeeedtags, th??t a third department can step
ni and can neave Hie I'mnielent frinu Im*iii?, thus contrary
to Ins own judgment and to his will, made- the luttrumeut
of tills ningle usuiping, duiulnceriug, sud law lesa depart
meut. Tb? great and striking case iu which any such
tlnug aa Hits might have l??eu anticipated, is precisely
tbo case where the power of a great uny ?n i ty ?ere ?sullen
upon to uruah ???mc minor force- in the Kepuhlie. ?frome
Mate or flat?-? in aft' ble couditiou. Those States being
forbiddcu by the Countituimn to have any other
friend? or allies, are allow?-?t toc?me into the ?Supreme
Court of the L'ult?-d ?Maten, aud before? the life is crushed
out of them through tin luntrument-llty of the e?iuity
pro?-m, which Hi? court 1? entitled to by it? nature and
foundation, and by the law of tbo par-cut ?mi-.tiy
whioh we have luhertted, protect themselves to Hu?
extent. Hive to Hie Prenident a perfect inuuuuit t, a
nerf-cet defense in case ho choosed ?to act virtuully asx-ord
lo the belief of his Judgment, ae cording ?lo bin ??ohm len?
tous view? of the right of tbe case, affording him a ? e?m
plete protect um '?gainst a?) s? tmu of this I nugi ccsiuosl
body agaiust lum through it? court of impeachiueut.
unless they should adopt measure? so moustrous and
reTolutiouary that, a? a matter of course, they would in
?seirae amuuer be deprived of the powers a hieb
tiny would claim for a pin pose so unjust.
Ne???/, IT your hoiior? please, it ia from these
view? of the subject that we conte uti that the ti ta te of
I cieorgia properly comes here for this remedy by which to
perpe>?*ei?te her owu existence at a Mau*; that if si??. Is en?
titled to thU puses? by law, v oui honor? bave no foin
tlun lo pe? iorru but to ?tay ?o.uiid -to give it to her. It Hu?
V. i.cutit L co?t ??ml? with it, if tlio fear of a eouclaamaticio
lu tbe courte toi the trial of nu poachlueuta ??'?a.aid be ?o
streng ,and so great, which I cannot ?.uopo?? In
?the case of this eaiineut citixeii, thal km would
?tot claim to stand npon the vindication
winch your Jutlgnifiit afford? bim; very weii??obe it
Your Houorn w11!, have don? your duty, y?u will have
?Ititi?? all that waa In the power ?>f th? Court, you will
have dom- all. in fin t. that a Court could or eyer ?night
to ?1?. m su? h a cuse. Win any case. You will have? pii>
nouimeu winet the law is, leavUig the Kxo?uttv?? to a-bey it
"1 not. as b, sees ft!. V ?ii "?te ?io potter to entree
him. and If he ahould not > b id obediem ??
le? lUc ',,nlguie.nl whieil?yoU|>iQt "anted, ihi ii Hi? ?eliclue
or this dlvinion of power? would bato been dls?ip^9ini?..i
The tari!.? mtg*imnb*-Mui*VirtUou,, Mr. Waller bs.ng
III?- lieM ?J.elkcl. wa?l?OSlpoll?d ?Illili Mitta? |??_L

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