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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 01, 1867, Image 4

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Uta Bryaat._
TOW KVrNlNO-OHVIvR TWIST Mi.?. I.u'ille Wt.t'ri.
VRKNCH Till _ ^JLo.vv
DAT AND PV SI Ml-MiNS ?T Hil hls.V - d K N TOM THl'MD
Mwu^rsO?*vt^o6xu .i eioutuil
TfftR RVRVIM. ? One? t Chriatj ? MiualreU-GRKAT ULAI K
i-aOOK Bl'RLl.SWI'K._
TH1 IMPKRIAf. JAI'ANhSK I liol I'K-Reappearancr of " LIT
Casmceg Mottete.
American (Waltham) Watches.
Sold Kverr.here.
PAM ExrounoN.
Tas Bswimi MA? him? Rkault.
Wuin.it t Wii?in taaoa tm Dit?
TS? lli'.iierr 1'nKMica.
Tb? only
Ooin M ? ii a L
for paite, tina in Rawing Machine? hi? been ??ardt-.l to the Whcklir t
Wilton MapiuraCTtjaiNO Cobi'AKT, No. 625 Broadway. There were
?if bl; two competitor?, ?nd tie g re a teat l?'orctt attended the ?mounce
paal of the re?nlt_
The Franklin Brick Machine,
Itally relabratad for perfect tlrtplicitr. great ttrergth, ?nd IratarTiM
eMarraaing poa?;, ia sr a? antk?i>, with riabt men ?ad two horiaa, la
lal! la?pax tua dar ?nd mavke 3,0tt> U> 3,MK) ?le4-aut brick? j er hoar.
_J H R?Mict, Proprietor Bo. 71 Broadwar, N T, Roora H
Eureka Buick Machine.
Tai om.Y T?nr kkliahi.? Iii ii? Mac-kin? it Ahfrva. Nine
kind? ?ad one pair of hortet raaily make 3,1)0(1 brick? per nour, or 4,MO
tf tim? power, iUlitiacllva gu?r?utae?.l. ?send for a circular.
_Anu?? ktaoCA, Oaaeral Agett, Ho 141 Broadway, New-York.
Chill and Fkvkb? or Fiver ami Atrue, as
well mt Intermittent ?ad Remitteut Kcrer?. ?re efectua?y ????a ?>.? ar?
V. 1 kitts t Aur? Mixtur?, without ?liability of return. Sold erery
A.?No. 575 Broadway.
Th? Na? 8-TYi.K or Iikr??.
H? walkin? ?nil? complete for ladiei.jrrnW, and children, without
Rkook?'? Poli?? or Ua'TB? Boot?. The only place to (ret a genuine
?rite I* ia al BrookVi, No. iii Broad vi ar.
opDotitei Metropolitan Hotel.
Attention is called to the sale by A. J.
?a. aSoN k Co., on Irmi'ii, July i, l?OT, ?t 1 p. m , on tbe
, ..f Villa? Cottage? ami Villa Mitta, at Highland, Bereen Co.,
Biaaossa. So? k Co., on Tdmpat, July ?, 1367, nt 1 p. ra., on tbe
pilli!u f''illn Cottage.? ?ml Villa Mitta, at Hablan!, Berren Co.,
W. f., bat???? Knglewood ??.d Highwood on the Northern Railmad ol
Now-Jerae?, 14 unie? from Jeraey City Parry- i?ee full particular? in
I .j_
"I Would Give Fifty Cents per Pound
Kalbar Uiaa no1 barr? it," aa\iJ an entlaumutic contun.ar of Dub?im?'i
Kia??mc ?loar. _
Moth and Freckles.
Tbe only reliable rented? for thoa? brean d.tcolorationt ontber.ee
?tried Moth Pat r he? and Freckle? i. Prrrt? Mut? and Prk. a i ? Im.
noa. pTOpart-d unit bi Dr. K. Q I'krrt, Derm?tailogiit. No. 43 Howl
It. HaewTork Moid 1er I'rurgi.u eierrwbtra. Price, $2 per bottle.
Wig?, Toupees, and Ornamental Hair.?-First
|itality bair die anJ hair dyeing. All iliadta. at Batchelor'? 16 Ho- d ?t.
Cartes Vignettes $8iht dozen; Duplicates, $i.
All negative? rraj/itered R A. ?.nu?. Ho, l-Wi (bat.are -t , N T.
Cuistaddko's Haw Dye.?The best evei
1i?uf_Uired. W)u?!eta:e auj i-t.-l. alx. applied al No. 6 Aator Hnute,
Palia?Medal awarded to the Wai?o SkwisoMachi?i? Co., No. 613
Broadwav I i_
El i uri. i.' kstitch Sewing-Machines.
Pirti premuna, l?fi... Ko. H3 Broadway. Crratal fo d ; rulute teation :
?dja?a_bl? drop fond._
Florence SF.vnNO-MACitiN?ii
RSTtRIIBl ? V??D I^>(?? NTiTrii.
Bear Kahilt Mi, ni?a? m th? World.
Klcrkm k. .s. M. Co. N.i. 50J Rroa-'war
TllE ?1N(;F1? M t??.??.twa?aa??ai V. O.
Na. ?se Broadway. New-Turk.
Weed Sewin(i-Maciiinp;.s--The New Model.
Worthy of ?mention Salearon?. No. 611 Brou!???.
Wheeler ?fe Wilson's I.ock-Stitch btw
1S-Mac?iw? aad Burro?-I?clb ?acri.i?, No. 6?5 Broadway._
Grover ?St Baker's Highest Premium SetY
maMAcm?Ri, No 4? Bro?dway. N. T._
?aaaa ? lea? bable to rip than tbe loek-rtltel. "?|" JiiiIim' decision" al lb.
Qrand Trial ) Send for aanple? of both atitcbet Mk? i'roadaay.
The Howe >?a?mink. (O-'n Loek-Otibteh.m_w
iao aVfAoanxa? Iii. aa non, ii , (original initiator ot Um btwing-Ma
??.??). Praaaiaat N - fit? Uroadaay N.JT._
"Eai.mkk'?? Patent Limhs, BE?T!r Last
EarosTl Addrtat Dr. 1'ai.mir only. I'biladraphia. Net York, k Bolton.
Jfe*Hftr? Sails fbibxpto
MONDAY. JULY 1, 1867.
Dah.y TitiBtTNE, Mail SUrjtpribers, $10 per annum.
Semi-Week r y Tribune, Mail Subscribers, %\ per an.
WatELY Tribune, Mail Subtcribers. %? per aauuiu.
Advertliing Batea.
Daily Trihii.nk. ao ?ieiits per line.
8kmi-Wskki.y Tiiibunk, 25 cents per line.
Wkfsly Tribune, $1 50 per line.
Terms, cash in ad vane??.
AtkLrtaa, The Tri at ne. New-York.
V? aoliee eaa ko taken ?f Anonyraam Cotnnacie Ilot?. Wnatrrrr li
iaalaaaltt far laaerWoa aaoal U ?ntbeatiraUd by th? una aad addreii
?t tit? wnt?r??at ??eaaunly tor pubii.tlioa, but a? a guaraat) lo?
hit (?ard faith
AU kuaiii letter? f?r thia otjo? ?koa id I? add reatad t? "Tat Tai?
Vat?.' New lork
Wa Ca?Ml BatSawtak? to relar? rejected Cora????icatioi_
Adveartisements for tins ww-k's isKue of Tiih
WaacLT TaiacKS nutt be handed In Tolxi,
OivU Oourt?, the Money Article, and the Ft
preti Companion in Court, on the sevond page ;
and the Markets and tih'qq?nq Intelligence on f/ie
l?trii ??age._
The Legislature of France unanimously
adopted an address in behalf of Maximilian.
The address aaaciu-d that his oxocutmn would
be a violation of the principles of humanity
and international law.
Certain reputabl? citizens, colored, we h<!
bove, apply to Gen. S wayne of Alabama for
protection in their civil rights. As things are
managed in Mobile the Civil Kights "bul la a
dead letter. Where is Judge Busteed T And
Wabat ia Gen. Pope doing t
Stieridan announces that he will extend regis?
tration aa ordered. Considering that registra?
tion is at an end in Louisiana, this extension,
merely to coax a few Rebels who would not
corne in before, is wasteful and extravagant.
This additional expense must be attributed to
Mr. Johnson._
The question .arises in Georgia as to whether
thoee who have full pardon? can be registered.
Thia ia a delicate point. If conceded, why may
not the President pardon the whole 8outh by
a proclamation, and tim? avoid the whole meas
wet If be wanta reasons Stanbeiy will find
There are no signs of a speedy end to the
Indian war. Five thousand Sioux forbid white
?jen to enter their couutiy, the Utes
threaten new disturbances, and it is reported I
that Gen. Custer has bceu overpowered and
The mott remarkable 7r?he~roval visits in
ITA* wtoto?*1* a* of the Sultanato
arrived yeaterday The apparent prohibition of
Jiich a Journey to an infidel country hythe
Koran hue been ingeniously explained away by
the She-iah-at-Ialaui, who has issued a c'ecreoMo
claring that the soil of France will be regarded
as Ottoman territory during the time the Sultan
shall abide there. It is understood that on his
retan Um Sultan v\ill kindly retrocedo the em?
pire to Louis Napoleon.
If our dispatches are eorreet, Mi. Campbell,
?.Muriate! to Mexico, did not go ?Aere? boot?
he had peiemptoiy orders from Mr. Sew,ml to
ran??ill in Re-M >i leans. < >! couisc, tin.?? t\i>;:"r
ates Mi. Cangi'hell, for what ?nan would prefer
to .stay in N?\v(lilians, paid $1,000 a
month for doing nothing, to attending
to Iii? business at tho headquarters of
.Juarez? It in plain that Homebody bat terri
hly blundered, and Congress should look into
this mismanagement of our Mexican relation!.
If Mi. S? waul had shown half the energy in
?ending I miiiistei tO Mexico that he did in re?
moving Mr. .Motley, lending Gen. King to
Borne, or Br. DooUttk to Bnor-k, ho would
have better rattaJned hin rapatation as a
The Picsiihnt di elating that his visits to Ra?
leigh and Heston seem to him the work of an
overruling Providence, and denouncing a ty?
rannical majority?that majority being tho
loyal people of the United Stages; the
Secretary of State declaring that after Mr.
Johnson had spoken it seemed aaerilcgc for
him to open his Iii?; the (loveinoi of .Maryland
perverting facts and insulting freedom by
defining tho loyal plan of Heconstriu(ion as
an effort to trausfcr the whole South to the
custody of the negroes?these form asad spec?
tacle for the American iieople. The spim he
made at Mr. Johnson's reception by the
Maryland Constitutional Convention show how
radically he and his Cabinet are opposed to
the nation. These gentlemen seem not
to have tho slightest conception of their
true relations to the country. Mr.
Johnson said that only the other day it would
have been "impossible" for him to have gone
as far North M Hosten ; and in Halt ?more Mr.
Seward actually asserted, as one of the
President's merits, that "he had laid down tho
"sword which he might have used to cul down
"the people ovrr whom he had liem elected to
"rule." Does Mr. Seward really believe this
nonsense! Does Mr. Johnson think himself a
martyr who has escaped martyrdom, or make a
virtue of his kindness in refusing a dictator?
ship i _________________
If it be true, as our dispatches aflirm, that
Maximilian baa been shot, then tho Liberals of
Mexico have stained with uniu cessai y cruelty
the young Republic so gloriously established.
Gloriously, we say, for tho peraieteut courage
of the Mexican Republicans in the attempt
to overthrow tho Empire has not many
parallels. Tho Mexicains were divided, and
in the early part of tho war the Hepubli?
eans were merely rebels, insurgent?, th*' rem
nant of a State, thrown against tho border? of
America, and prepared at any moment
to escape to our territory. With what energy
and trustfulness, with what iinpausing vigor the
little I.epublic fought the French, the Bel?
gians, tho Austriana, and even domestic ene?
mies like Ortega and Santa Anna, tim history
of the last few years will tell. Juarez shows what
perseverance combined with courage may do,
for Juarez, after all, was the leading spirit
in the war. He was the ablest of the Mexican
??hiefs, find his triumphs have been woithy of
WY trust we do not ??peak offensively of Mex?
ico when we say that but for the United States
this triumph might have been doubtful. Amer?
ica was always with Juarez. He-olutions
of sympathy were popular in our legis?
lative assemblies. Napoleon was regarded
as an intruder, and the popular feeling de?
manded Ms expulsion. When Austria piopo.-.cd
to reinforce ?Maximilian, tho Oistamianaatl
din<t;.i ?mr Minister t?i protest and with?
draw. Austria, with Prussia menacing her,
and Sadowa looming np, desisted. When
Ortega attempted to cross th?' Rio
Quill and oppose Juan/, he was ?Treated l>>
Sheridan. The moral sentiment of America
was so earnest, and the demands of our (iovern
ment so pressing, that Napoleon w.OHi'ompelledto
evacuate so hastily that his retreat was virtually
a humiliation. To America, therefore, atore
than any other agency, Mexico owes her freedom.
As allies, are vent-ured to implore Mexico to he
generous in her triumph. This voice has not heen
heeded. Perhaps, owing to Mr. Sew.ud's ? inuiu
locution, it was never beard. This remains lo
bo known. Certain it is that in spite ol tbe
prayer of the Anniican nation for tho lib ?.I
Maximilian, he has lieen executed.
We regard this execution as a disaster to
Mexico. Whatever may be said of his imperial
enterprise, Maximilian waa a liberal and
enlightened prince. When Austria made
him Viceroy of her Italian provinces, ho
was so generous toward conquered Lom?
bardy and Venice that ho was recalled. In
Mexico 6iich a rule M was permitted to him
ahowed a progressive statesmanship., He was
an accomplished gciidcnian. The end
of his life show? that he was a brave and
self-denying soldier. To tako such a
man, a prisoner, in broad day and, shoot him,
merely because he had lieen unfortunate in
war, is a blunder. To do so in defiance of
the civilized world ii a crime. To Ainu ni
it is an insult. We merely ask the
poor boon of this helpless, unfortunate
youug man's life, and it is denied. We
gave Mexico national triumph, and in return
she spurns even our conns? Is of mercy.
We feel this more keenly because of oin
treatment of Jefferson Davis. We had a class
of people here who insisted that war was not
complete until wo had hanged a man?a poor
old man of sixty. Like the cannibals of Africa,
the only fruits of their victory were the wasted
bodies of the enemies. Tho elanor was so
loud that even wise men bowed their heads
and joined iu it. At one time it was feared that
our triumphant and glorious wars would be dis?
honored by a gallows. Hut the better sense of
people prevailed, and the lender of one ?>f the
greatest rebellions in history was get free.
How much nobler in the eyes of the
world will America appear with Davis
free than Mexico with thia dead body of
an amiable and unfortunate prince. Is Davis
living any more dangerous than Maximilian
dead f Is America weaker than Mexico because
of this mairuauimity T Rather does not Maxi?
milian's rmme receive a glory from tho circum?
stances of his death which Davis moy
have reason to envyt The worst we can
do with a traitor ia io make a martyr of him;
and Maximilian, bereft of crown, scepter, king?
dom, anny?nay, even of iib? wife and his na?
tive heritage?driven from his cafriuU, conquered
and betrayed, could wish nothing |jN than
the chance to show the world that lie Could
dio Iiko a soldier and a priuce. Mexico hai
gained nothing by this execution. Maximilian
w ould have gone into obscurity. She has mude
him a hero. Junre?,we aee, sfcotea that the clamor
for tho execution of Maximiliaa was ao great
he could not resist ii. The stab-sman who
governs by clamor in .1 coward. If Juarez per
uiitted this acl against his lutter judgment.,
we have no assurance tli.it. lie ajaj not be
ntrain controlled in great emergencies.
It is not pleasant to a.,i?'?tk thus ot Juarez or
of a nation with which we aro in sympathy.
Hut Mexico to-day lias bat ono-half of the
nioi.,1 valut- of her triuinjili hy shooting Hie
Austrian prince. At the name time ve may
also mc (lint mi uni. li as Mexico li.w lost vu
h?ve p?at? hy our own g-neioity and mag?
nanimity in the ?aae of J. fl'.-ison Davis.
17017 rum: BADE It COMMEMDMD.
Whether thone among M who champion what
they tall PVBB Trade could speak truth ii' they
tried, ia I problem that we should h?> piad to
see subjected to Rome praitieal solution. Of
what thi-y do habitually sptak. the folhiwing
extract fioni the leading ar.ielc in Saturday's
Evening Vost is a fair average Bample :
" Wlio ar?' tin- producers of inm t
" Thor?? are, hy tin- last connus, 67 CX12 person?. r-mployiHl
in the jiMtliit-tiiiii of iron ore, tvad ?ant,forged, wrong????
itnil willed Inm, in the l'nlt'il Stitt*-?. ? * ? * * To
Hti|.iKirt twMtn 6?t,000 in wliiit they any is nn un
jirtitltablo liiiHin.ie??, what are the- forty millions WllRatl to
pay, rjrlra, by tin iniitti tlve turill'on iront In tin? r.-port
of BtapBaa OmwcIi, Bevanan CoiiunlsHii.iirir, It I? ma ruj
tli.it it rosin l;n 60 ti> produit-, u tun of taaraak Iron, and
?ll6 8Vkto produce a tun of Anifritiui iron. The
tliflVroiu-Ci in ????,*, 178 SO, lu wlmt i? ?.oiiKht to
1)0 ina.l?Mi|i hv the 'proU'ctlvo' UrllT. That I? to ??tv:
Mr. ?HI will, who ?s a Mat? tnmmt, atteltl Unit we illicit
liny our Iron for |37 50 per tun. ' I'mlt'i'tin'i' inukr?, Bl
pay |116 :r?, or Bal BJ per tun r/fr.i / Now, he shvm we
used in lHti.1) almtit one million olRbt liuirdrcd tliiiuaai.d
tuns. Tints, according t?> hin M ?il? -iiirnt, Il would m fin
tli.it forty nilllioiiHof Amrncmi paople are oI.IIroiI t.. pay,
for the ?Vin tit of tin- ?ayMW lion makers, lin Ml ii mihi
than on?'hiiiiilrodand forty iinilioiis of dollawapartumainj
No won.i'T tin - |M??.ple complain of huril I inn-*?. * * * *
? Im not thla, then, u very ctmtly way to uniintaiti tlieno
HyOM IMTooltfll
"II in. It would hean ennnnou*. economy If the Oovern
incut vvo.il I |> iv Iii.' v. Ii.ilt- ??,000 nun milker* ?lo p. r di y
nu.I let tin-in ilo what tin?> Uki ii 'Iii ii would Otatt obi*
16130,000 p?T illllillin, Waattanaa i'lotciiMll m-li OBI Ililli?
Mil Mini lotli millions.
" Is thin ' i'rotectioul'
"Thiit in ' rrotectlon.'"
t'if)?inieni''t hu The Trihtxne.
The material aswrtions in the above speei
mi'ii of The l'otCs Freo Trade logic arc as fol?
lows :
1. That the persons enraged in producing Iron
in this country aie(W.iKX) in imtnhcr.
2. That to pay these ?Is.oOO persons $10 j)?*r
day each would requin- but $ftS0,000 nar annum.
,l '?. That we actually do pay $<7S H!> per tun
luoic than we neeil pay for all the inm we re?
quin?l.KOO.OOO tuns per annum?which amounts
to over !j<l-10,000,000 per annum.
Such are Freo Trade fact?. Now lot U8
bring them into contrast with real facts :
The actual rat?s of ?buy charged on Iron im?
ported into this country are as follows :
?Tafe par tan.1*3 Bar, p<t lb.1r.
Itallroail. iw-i-100 Ilia "Oe. Hound.." .ltol,f.
Holler I'liitf, ?MT II) ... Io Pt|ii:irt' ". ltfiljo.
Ai.iiirona.".\\c. elmina ." .2Jf.
Anvil*.".2ic. IlolU ..." .2|C.
Axle?.".J?o. Cilil's ." .2|e,
Caatlron." .lt<- Bhect..." .30.
? Now look at the actual j.rices at which
Iron is selling in'our market. We quote from
UM I'ricoa Current given in The Journal oj
Commerce fat last Wednesday :
lion, Hcotch Pla, 141 to Iii |mt tun.
Iron, American fag No. 1,143 to Itt per tun.
Knglihii Tliir, irflimd, 1105 to 1110 p< r luu.
(lo. .lo. < oininon, t-.io to ?J', pir tun.
Hi,, it, Roana, Bel N ta Bil M par awi
do. Kiiivlisli ?imi Ann iii ?n. Bj f| tot*.
?-Bender, whether l'l.t? Tiail. r or I'lotcc
tioniht! in it true that B7B an- Oftying fi
tun ?xtra for our Iron Ik-ciiisc of 1'iot?? tion T
Look at the tiirures and jndg?- !
Is it true that but BaVOOQ i>< isons in this
country are ?iniiloyed in tia' ]iio.lii. tion of
front I*?? yop not hlBBJ Omi far in.?ti li.????
tins draw llieir subsist? nee truni lion-making
in three Counties of Peniisylvani.i ;ilon?-1
?We ?'hoose not In N to Im- ?liv? it? .1 fruin
the main jioint. The l'o*t, and other journals
ennched by the import? r-.' advertising, :. e a?
cuMtomed to ?mt forth and rt it?r?t?: as.s<rtions
as mklcss ami untitithful as tBOBB above
l]B)BBa?d* We cannot tlevnt. spar?- to tin sp? ?tal
refutation t.f cadi iiii--stat?'iin nt. I.ooK ..m
dilly ?it tin. ulxiv?., nuil judio how fin they can
ii. -m1 ve m in . .1 li '
////: ?Ml 01 8PMAMJ??9.
We ii.tKhstly lnit decidedly take a modi, tun
of ?redit to oiirsc!\?'s foi 'leading all the
sp?edi? s made by tin PlBBiawOBi and hil Bc?fB>l
taiies, by Mayors and (?laiul Masteis, by Cov
?Tiiors and I.ieiitetiaiit-tiov? tnors, dining' the
Kxet alive jirogress. We have giapple?l willi tin
disagreeable tluty, and we claim it as evidenc?
of viUil t.-ii.'uity that we have suivived the in
tlietion. We by no means intend to intimate
that the Bjicechcs ure not good of the kind. T?i
say nothing, and to say ii impi? s-sively?to be
gr.ilo crowds ij.Ui the idea that weirds an
thouj,'h:a-to mak?' four or Ira cn ditable lilli.
sjiee? lies in perhaps as many hours?to talk
out of barouches, from t.iv.tn windows, upon
the edge of cai-plat foi ins, t . respond jiromptlv
to the plaudits of the population, requires, of
course, the swift VWBN?M <d' wlati'Ver int?l
le. lind faculties tin- l'lesid. nt or any other
man maj iiossess. A copious supply ?if winds,
with a rorrespoinlino; atlluen.e ot wind, seems
to satisfy everybody. Only too happy to
piai.se, when wo", can do so conscientiously, we
?In .1 fully admit that the President can talk
longer nntl say less than Mr. Scwanl or Mi.
Randall, or auy other gentleman of His Ex?
cellency's train. Mr. Johnson's spei-ch at the
Masonic bunquct in Huston was a masterpiece
of haud-to-inouth rhetoric. Walking is said to
be only a succession of falls and n-eoverim.
Tho 1'iesideiit's oratory is a perpetual vibration
Ik tween breaking down hopelessly and horri?
bly, and still fgoing on fluently and triumph?
antly. A brief syllabus of the speech to w Inch
we have alluded would be entertaining and
instructive. He begins, of course, by saying
that his language is inadequate to express the
emotiojis and feidings of his heart. Ho then
adds that he does not rise for tho purpose of
making an address. He then exprossea Iii?
wonder that the Masonic procession was not
hissed and jeered at. He theo informs the com
pahy that he keeps a conscience. Upon this
fruitful topic he enlarges to the end, claiming
that he d?ns not keep a conscience for nothing;
that his is a very wide-awake and serviceable
conscience; that he loves "principle" better
than anything else in tho world; that ho not
only " love*" principio but that ho is " devot
"? T to it; that being so devoted, it is impos?
sible for him to make a mistake, and that he
"thanks God" that he is in Boston. This is
all. Having said this, the rresithnt undi cased
himsilf and went to bed, to dream of new
vit?te} and to wake in the morning with his
conscience as fronh and lividy ns erer.
Ahked if we have any fault to find with this
spec? h, we answer that we admire it ex? -e.d
ingly, and have often wished that wp conld
make mie just like it. It, is quite aa flood A
speech as that of Mr. Banks, who speedily fol?
lowed, except, perhaps, that the ex-Sptaker
said nothing a little moro neatly. We lias?.
read all the speeches between Washington and
Boston, and tln-y are all alike. Mr. S?w,ud
praised Massachusetts, although everybody j
knows that he likes noliody in it except the
Adams family. Mr. Kilndall glorified the pro
gresfl of*the great American people, which is
always a safe and prolific theme. As for tho j
Covemors ai/d the Mayors, they did the best
they conld, but nothing came from them of
the smallest consequence. If we were not
afi.iid of being disiespcctful, we should classify
all tlieae outpourings under the head either
of flapdoodle or rigmarole. We are corry to
-ay this, bctaiise w?- hive a giv.it name in tho
world for eloipmuce, and every American, it
is claimed, is a g?>?>d public staker. Tho
trouble, pei hips, is that we make incessant de?
mands upon the rhetorical powere of our men
of affairs, (ailing them out of their bells, and
away from their dinner-tables, summoning
them from their desks, or tho sweet seclusion
of their families, and ordering them to amuse
us by emitting an extempore oration, just as
Bietern story-tellers were obliged to amuse
the Sultan when the Sultan felt like being
amused. What, in consequence, do we get?
Simply slop. Merely words without meaning,
and eternal repetitious. Nino parts apology
for having nothing to (tay, and one part grati?
tude for having been patiently listened to.
The crowds care nothing for what is said ;
tlury are merely anxious that there should be
a speech, and, given that, they shout comfort?
ably or howl with rapture. Nobody profonds
to rememlier anything except the reporters,
and even their momory is not very severely
land. Poor gentlemen! they have heard it
all Ve fore !
Pcthape it would be as well if we could have
h -s ?peaking, and that of a little better quality.
The liflcrence between real and sham oratory
is tin din"ereiieo between Ntl talking and tho
gamlily of spinsters. T.hero may bo such a
thin, as popular eloquence of a very high order.
The \thenian crowds were fastidious to a <le
gree.and the liest of Demosthenes was not in
the east too good for them. Wo aro inclined
to Mieve that, at "one period, tho American
peontS or at least the inhabitants of tl.e older
Statts, wer.- equally nice ; and the result was
a holy of orators who have left few if any
eneeenon. HVIineinent, culture, strict propriety,
biealung thoughts as well as burning tcord?,
havebecoinc rare. Every gourmand knows the
dang-r of eating too much, and that indiscrim?
inate gorging blunts tho palate. There is a
limit lo what may be said judi? loiislyand wisely
of piblic allans, and all that may bo put for?
ward with no reference to theso is merely
pratf.e, lit neither to be uttered nor to bo lis?
tent? to by those whoso lives aro abort and
shoud be protitablv busy. The pnblifl habit of
callitg upon everybody for a speech, and of
w.i-sthg time in listening to mero talk, has
incai-'iably affected the public ta-te, end low?
ered tie standard of rhetorical excellence. It
is only to small and garrulous men, it is only
to aduini-ti.itlons which cannot a t?o rd to dis
cii-s ni-a.siirc.s and policies in the forum, that
this coiilition of things can be agreeable or
profitable. With better days moy come fewer
tilkere md more genuine statesmanship?the
nod of Burleigh and his brains!
A S Iii til s UIK Si ?SE I\ THE MOUSE
of com moxs.
On the (Miling of the 11th inst. there was
quite a so ne in the Hiitish House of Com?
mons. It appeals that, some six weeks lu -foie,
a petition bad boee preeented t<? ?be Boneo bj
Mi. John Hight on I? half of the Fenians,
urging thal they should be tri.tied with leni?
ency, and thprccating Neb a course on the
part of the nnlit irv employed in supprc>-iiig
the ili.-t in l>:im ? s in lui.uni as that which, in
l.i.l... 1..,(..? ,i.o ?x,,.a.y uniting, nuil ill Jl?
inaica in IMS| had inllicted indelible disgrace
on the Hiiusl. amy. Tho reception of Ibe
j.? t i tittil was OppOOOi at (he time, but the ob?
jections taken against ?t were overruled, and
the document was ac< ?inluiglv duly re? ched,
and, in iiTonlancc with P.uli.inientary usage.
ordered to Im- pi ?uti ?1 on the minutes of the
House, ?n tim c\?ning in ?pn-iion a Major
Anson nu,ed foi the di-?haigc of (||?> Older
that " th? petition ?hi li?- on the table," ami,
further, f?r the cameling of the printedroeord
of tbe ltHimieiit, gi\ing as the nason
for his notion that the petition m_ an
insult to the muy, ami ?pi in-ult to the whole
nation. In making his motion, the gul*
hint Major warmly defended the conduct of
the British amy in ?haling with the Indian
mutiny, ami hdlgnanffy repudia!? d the charg?e
brought ?igaii-t it by th.-4 petitioners. He was
replied to b} eereml nu mix is, among them
Mr. John Sliart Mill, who, in a spirited ami
imi-ive spu-th, a\o\\(?l his entile sympathy
| with tbe hi-nliia nts embodied in ihe p.tuioji,
branded the ? rockies committed by the Hiitish
anny during fie Indian mutiny as | ?_ajfnoe
to humanity, uni pleaded tor leniency for tbe
Fenians, on th- ground that although they had
made tIn matu s amenable to the law, >?!
theil Conduit was only that of whieh nn-n of
honor, actiig under a mi.-t.ikin sense of honor,
might be apahle. Mr. Mill-'s sp? ii h roused
Hie ire of ? itain honorable membeis, and a great
deni of ?eunony was indulged in. One thought
the petitii* "contemptible." Another th -i lilu 1
the petition'! -i as men ??(' k \ oin tiona i y o| ii n ion s,
and tin- focniont of thein as a man of iuliih 1
tenets. Aid a third charged Mr. M 11 with
being a petty to "one of the grossc.-t pi rsecu
" tiona that had cvi i been pi ipet rated "?tho
prosccutiniiof ejt-OoT.Eyre. Mr. Hright?who
happened b be abs<nt fioiii the House on tho
occasion?anio in for a large share of con?
demnation, Tim misery and suHeiings of a
great mam- of tho unfortunate Fenians aa) i?.
attributed to his incendiary sp?-eches. Ho
had, on a certain occasion, said one
of the iicakers, told Irishmen that if
Ireland hid been 1,000 miles from En?
gland the landlords would be e\t? .initiated.
"And what was that," asked tho indignant
orator, "bit an incit?-ment to assassination?"
Vociferous vero the cries of "hear, hear,'' w In n
Hright was dtacked, and loud the shouts of
"oh, oh," when tho truth was spoken. Hut
tho Ibidicala stoutly held their ground, seeing
which Mr. fiernoM prudently udvi.-cd Major
Anson to wihdraw his motion ; but the Ma?
jor's rxcit(-d friends insisted on his pressing it
to a division, which was done, a gnat many of
the members leaving the House before Un?
votes wero talen. Tho result waa the rejec?
tion of tho notion.
A .scene liki this brings out Into bold relief
whnt must lo regarded as one of the
most hopeful features in the political
life of England at the present time. We allude
to the spirit ?\nd courage with which certain
members of tlu popular branch of the Hiitish
legislature ave wont to plead for liberty, and
justice, and t nil li, iu the face of that powerful
and menacing |halanx of aristocracy and priv?
ilege which his hitherto carried everything
before it in the old country. Had Hright been
present, we can fanny how lie would hare
replied lo Maijir Anson and his supportera ;
hu? Mill, who is evidently wanning to his
work, An?! acqu ring from use greater frcoiloni
and power 'Q d.-bate, ably supplied the plaoe
of the great ?!??l?"C; and a Mr. Neato was
bold enough to reiitfOd the House that, bow?
en r ready England wai [? encourage, insur?
rection ill other ? inintiies, "ai ?clcntlosa dlspo
"flitiou had been shown when dealing with re
" b?llion and revolutionary movement? at
" home"?he might truthfully have added, "and
" in the British dependencies abroad." There
was a time when for a mau to utter in Parlia?
ment such sentiments as are now freely and
fearlessly ?ixpnsscd by the Railieal members
of the House of Commons, would have been
to lay hinis?'lf open to the charge of sedition,
and to imperil his seat in that body. But
theie is now a noble band in Par?
liament, having the ability and the
courage to pleatl in the interests of freedom
and humanity, and who address themservt-s to
??ick ta;-k un dismay ?'d by the terrible frowns
of the privileged classes. In the Reformed
House of Commons we may expect a large ad?
dition to their number; and who can tell but
that in that "good time coining" for England
John Bright, now villiiied as an unprincipled
demagogue and a preacher of assassination, may
he counted worthy to take part in the Execu?
tive (lovernment of his country, in preference
eveu to one of her heretlitary legislators?
The various and frequent reports which we
aro n'ceiving and publishing from the colleges
and from what are called universities through?
out the country, remind us that we liavo once
more arrived at tho season of the annual
academic swarming. For many hundreds of
young men the first period of jrofessional
cilucation, the period of those great chances
which comparativo seclusion affords, is over,
and the time Iiils como for manlier and more
practical studies, pursue?l under a discipline
somewhat relaxc?l, and with a greater demand
upon self-guidance and sclf-governim-nt. The
young Bachelor of Arts, although still a
b?>y in the eyes of an older and sailder
wisdom, is generally in such an exalted
condition of prematuro manliness that advice,
however kindly, is thrown away upon him.
He canuot conc?'ive how it is that men who
are men know less and less as they grow older
and older; and even if lie has taken the first
steps in an honest intellectual training, he
would listen with incredulity if told that he is
fttill almost as ignorant Bfl a child, and has be?
fore bim the ditlicult task of forgetting many
things that are behind. That graduate is for?
tunato who, in addition to the Latin and
Creek -which he will now neglect, and the
mathematics which may bo of no prac?
tical uso to him, has caught a glimpse,
however faint, of the real nature of mental
culture, and has thus armed hinuwdf against
conceit and a dangerous if not fatal compla?
cency. Thene things have doubtl?mm ?ratal sahl
Ix-tter than we can say them, and have fallen
too often upon the unbelieving ears of tho
strong, the sanguine, and the hopeful. No very
young man can DO ?xpected to appreciate the
truth and wisdom of the Baccalaureate
sermons. Alas! the congregation com?
monly knows more than the preacher.
We confi'eis that our sympathies aro niainljB1
with those who are just now matriculating.
Wo cannot tell them how intinitely precious
seems to ns these four yours which aro before
them of golden opportunities which come to a
man only once in his lifetime. They cannot
know how we who have Ion,' ill II MB ?a*1 Willi the
acciih'iit of existence, and have the dust of the
eon.lict always upon our garments, look back
to the little room, the leisure, the freedom from
petty cares ami distracting anxieties, the library
with itnafllucnceol books, the still atmosphere of
erudition, and th?> ?-?instant society of ?-ducat? ?I
Baan. Four years dedicated to thought, to read?
ing, to stmly, with ?very help which older
I isdom and kindness OM magm*?m ! Four years
too ofU'ii wasted in foolish amusements, and
worse than fooli-h dissipation-, physical or in
t?'lle?tu:il, in habitual indolence and careless
neglect !
Tho e Freshmen who are just from the study
of Cmcros orations will nnn-mlier an atlinir
able remark, which, tlmiurh ii would baanninal
our nile, WO an- almost half n-mpn-d to quote in
tlieoriginal. " Ii" lu Be] Bj '' On s?<-k onh pleasure
" in liberal stmli.-s, what lOBBBaalan of the mimi
" ??Mild lu- pleasant?!' or noller?'' The orna?
ment of youth, the sol.iee of buy life, t!i>- con?
solation of ige, happy bl ht who can secure in
inn'llcctiial culture bolh tb?' aVOBI and tulumi n
whiYh the grateful lionne found in his patron
Maecenas! It is hardly necessary for us to
say that tho four years of tho under?
graduate course an- those in which tim tastes
?it?- Usually formed, the habit of study con?
tinuel or BltOgOthoi abandoned, the elementary
knowle.!-?, acquired, willum;, which future pro
gn-ss if not impos-ible is at lca.-it improbable.
WY ramember a ? -harming passage in a letter
of Sir \Viilt?r Scott, in whit li BO asserts that
at every period of his brilliant career he rc
tuett? d the lack of a sound li;? rary foundation,
and laments that he has Iwcn for?'?'d constantly
to feel his deiicicncit.'s. True ability is always
ino?lcst, and many of us might think
ouis.lv.s cxceediiiKly fortunate if we pos
?OOBBtl a tithe of the erudition which
Scott thought so insigniti.ant. A c?>llegc course
is ??r should Iks no more than the laying in of
provisions for a long and stormy voyage.
Without, of course, meaning that the prescribed
curriculum should bo ncglecUd, wo think that
every uiidergir.duatc should carry on a par?
allel coins?, of his own selection and arrange?
ment. It will bo none the less useful to him
because in the beginning he will make many
mistakes and lie obliged often to retruco his
footsteps. A habit inodeated, wo mean, by
liecoming modesty, of selecting foi* himself the
best books upon topics in which he is specially
hiU-restcd, will result in information at once
multifarious and accurate. In most oaOaOgOa,
for instance, tho study of history, tho only
purely literary study of much practical
value, is strangely noglecte 1. Indeed, at
this moment we remember only one Aineri
cau Pi ofessor of History who has niaile
an important contribution to this bninch
of h'ttors. Wo liavo no Niebuhrs. no
NYanders, no Dr. Arnohls, and no Goldwiu
Smiths. Yet tho very tirst condition of ?loing
anything well in this world is to know what
has already been ?lone well or ill, to und?if
stand not only human mistakes, but how tlu-y
caine to be made, and to extract from all the tur?
moil of the ages half-a-dozen truths which may
lu lp to solve the problems of the present.
Tlmi), again, if one is staking merely enter?
tainment, it is niuulicr to lind it in the pages
of Xenophon or Livy, of Gibbon or Hinno, of
l?cscott or Uildieth, or Palfny, than to rely
for stimulus and recreation upon tho thousand
romances of this novel-teeming age. Probably
thON are not more than twenty works of prose
lictipn in all liWiaiages which nxfi worth read?
ing for their own sake, and perhaps oven this
estimate is cxaggeiatoi. Tho mau who rea<ls
and really loves these will not caro for the
huge remainder. The libraries founded and
maintained by tho Bndergruduates in most
colleges aro full of tr?s?i, to tho perusal of
which the hor? sxxhscciv? of* tjie students are
devoted. Too many such liooks in the collego
rooms are as bad as wino or tobacco ; yet no?
body in the faculties thinks It necessary to say
a word against tho abuse of tlu'in.
Fimilly, the now freshman will ultcud com
mencement, will hear the "orations" of the
graduating class, and, if he be a boy of som?
taste and a little culture, will notice how fee hie
and flabby they are, how little thought they
contain, how clumsily, in spite of the patching
of the Professor of Iiheuiric, they aro con?
structed. Let him resolve that when he come?
to graduate he will havo something to tay
"out of his own head" and in his own way.
If he slicks to this for four years, he may Ik? alkie
at lastno prove that au A. B. ?s uot necessarily *
parrot and need not be an ape ; and lie may aston?
ish the most hardened frequenters of the college
meeting-house by giving them assurance of m
man. If he can do this, it is no matter who
speaks the dog-Latin of the " Salutatory," or the
mournful strains of the "Valedictory." Tho
best prize? and honors aro forty or fifty y cara
ahead, and do not come in the shape of medale
and sheep-skins. We do not mean to say thal
these things are to be despised, nor that w hole
some discipline ii to bo avoided. We pre?
suppose a little common tense in the young
freshman, and ardently hoi o that his collego
courbe may not diminish it.
The weakness of Lord Derby's Government Ia
apparent in the small rnajoritio? by which they
carry provisions in the Reform bill now liefore
tho House of Commons regarded by them aft
vital to the measure from their stand-point.
Thus, on the proposal to give a thbd member
each to the six towns with a population of over
100,000 souls?viz., Manchester, Liverpool. Bir?
mingham, Bristol, SbeiTehl and Leeds?and
which was tho subject of a spin ted debate in
the House on the 17th inst., the Government,
who opposed the proposition, had a majority of
only eight vote?, and these were obtained by a
threat of Mr. Disraeli's that the affirmation of
the motion might compel the Ministry to throw
up the bill and appeal to the country.
The Tory party are afraid of tho
largo towns?the great cento.s of population,
intelligence, and wealth?and the aim of tho
Government evidently is to counterbalance an
much as possible the concessions which havo
been made relative to an extension of tho
franchise by increasing the county repnsenta
tion, which means, of course, the strengthening
of the legislative power of the lauded interest.
This latest victory of the Government may
pos?ibly lead to nnexpeeted results. Mr. Glad?
stone has given notice that ho will oppose such
unfairness to the large towns; and The Morning
Star, in dealing with the subject, ?ays: " Wli-t
" if the House should eject the Ministry and
"then pass the billt More unlikely tilingo
"have happened."
John Bull, it is to be feared, is in a bad
way, for ho seems to bo fast loping his respect
for those "venerable institutions," without
which, he has all along professed to believe, chao?
would come again in England. He bas not
only dared to question the utility of the House
of Lords, but he it now positively " poking
" fun" at that aristocratic and dignified aussem
bly. Lord Shaftesbury moved, it seems, by the
strictures in which the English press is indulg?
ing on that time-honored body, has prepoaeo,
as a measure of reform, that the H oust should
meet an hour earlier each day, to afford the
young peera opportunity of coming forward
and taking part in the debates. This propoai
tion, made evidently with the best intentions,
baa set Bull laughing immoderately. " If notad/
" has anything particular to say, what is the
"use of meeting an hour earlierf ho asks.
And then, affecting a kindly feeling for the
Lord, he adds: "Why disturb and bother tho
" ancient and august assembly V It ;^ unhap?
pily too plain that Bull is turning Kadicol in
his old days.
Mr. Wheatley, in the far-off BjrfMtcnaaa of mighty
I.omi.m, may comfort hiiu.-elf with the reflection thal
" The MME Crook" still copiously draw? the multitude
at Nihlo's Garden. " Age cannot sti.le nor rn?tom
wither." Those beauties of the hallet, that long ?uro led
captive the young of the towu, still daizle, still ??itnjuer,
still trip ainoiiar the ru?ilxiws, and gatlii r, und grato?
and meit away around the ail.cry mirror of the fairy
luke. The grund carnival anil inamju.-i u.le m . \i>, thal
wa* lately Introduced, work? now moro smoothly than al
first, an?! contrihutt's, In a liberal measure, the element
of mirth, to highton by contrast the iii a nu of romance.
The closing ?t-t-n?) Is still gorgeous. Would ti.at horn?
manager would ever do us much for ono of 8hitke*.pearc'a
plays, as has been done at Ml.lo'? for the lullet and
spectacle of "The Black Crook." But tho great future
Is always Before us ; and perhni s th.- nevei -resting spirit
of AiiieiioikB enterprise may some .1 if take that turn.
Meanwhile, the Sultan can s.t in M ?lo'.-t '.?i.i'ii, wini?.
the beautiful dancing-girls tilt before him, ,ii..t tltc cu
. li.iiiti ii land opon? ami Atttita hi? v'sion. and e tturacta
pour, and roses bloom, nn.l music turua tho air to ravish?
One of the features of the next repmlar theatrical
se ison lu this city will be the opening of a new theater,
on the west side of tho town, tobo aollal Pike's Opera
House. The enterprise originates with Mr. Pike of Cin?
cinnati, Who has lulu; been euiiiieeted with the theatrical
business. Ills New-York Opera House la nearly com?
pleted. The building Is on Eighth-ave.. between Twenty
third an?! Twenty fourth-?.?*. It fronts on the Eighth-ate.
Messrs. Thomas A Sou, No. 470 Broadway, are tho tr
?hiteets of the new structure. The tttt >'f ii Is about
ti m i.i? ii. Its length on the Etglith-ave. hi 11J feet; on
Twiiity-thlrd-Ht., m feet; on Twenty fourth-.-^., ti feet;
and it is Ml feet In bight. It has foin- ?tories, with a
biwtcnieiit. The latter will be oceiimcd by the waimlng
apparatus, and a? thcalrleal ?tor?- rooms. Mcrchandlat
establishment?! will occupy tli.- tir?t floor, wIii. li will b?
rented as ?tores. The entrance to the theater is 21 feet
wide. It loads una passage so feet long, Into a vestibule ?i
fat! by TI feet; thence the vtaltor patata up the malii stair?
case, which is li feet wide, ?mi conducts to the dress cir?
cle. The entrancn to the upper stories, being the family
chele, ?te., la on Tweuty-fourth-at., and Is li feet wld??.
The staircases are mail" of wood, and are built ? ith land
liiK?. T1m- nar. [in lae ami ?reherir? ure of i our?* on tii.-Arwt
floor| the former 1? *J ? et by 7?> feet In dlmejsious, wolla
the latter ia 53 feet by *s feet. The new Opera tlousa
will seat 2,i>oo ptittaa. The stage Is Ti f. et by 76 roer,
which, including the proeceaium, will make a depth of ti
feet. Theil? tit thni'-proaceiilum Iwxra oil eai'h ?nit of
the 8tt?g?\ which are to be decorated lu white and gold.wltlt
scarlet curtains. The building wdl, it is promised, ht reih
t ilat? .1 most thoroughly, hy tu appro, M tut?
tented apparatus, lue building li perforated wita
many windows opening Into the theater, which Is seldom
the ?ase In such ?triieti im. The style of architecture la
Italian. At the top of the house Is a statuesque group,
representing Apt ?lo and Krato. llelow this art
medallions of Mozart and Minkesnenre.on each ?Ide of til?
large window. On each ?Ide of the window below ara"
large tlgure? representing Comedy and Trap-ds At
each ?ide of the mum eiitruiiee a coat of arm? Is eui
blaataktd. Whose arms we ?lo not learn-nor why any
heraldic emblems ace obtruded. There are three cluster
window?, at the fiont, aud, lu the whole building, there,
aro 7J windows of large size. The stage of tin.-, Opera
Housti is ?pat-ton?, mid is well adapted for setting elabo?
rate scenes. The ground beneath isenu\atril to thai
depth of J5 feet. The dimensions of the excuvatier. are MX
lu feet. The scenery Is to lie worketi to de st-end. an?! ?bu,
to .-lido at the sides, and Is to be so arranged that it saq
be altogether move?! In case the floor is required for othet
than dramatic purposes. Similar arrangement? exist at
Niblo's (Junien and at the Olympic. In case of Ure, las
exit from the new tip? ra Hone?- is, we are told, to m pe?
culiarly easy?there being noleU thin ?t-ven exits, lead?
ing dlroctly to the stree.?, and vary ing from Are to l8 ?mt
um! 21 feet In width, and readily accessible. Tho'niite
i ?i?ls used In tlie building are brick and marble, the latter
from the Eau, Chester Quarry. The entire front, on the
Eolith ave., is of ?olid marble, witteruameiital carvings.
The tleutef will be lit by gas cfflrtidelier? In a dome SO
feet lu diumcter in the ?cuter. There are around tha
dome eight fig'ires, of plaster <Jr Composition, In bold ra?
Uti, representing appropriate Idcali. There is a sloufar
dome o*er the grand vestibule. 8ix <T??lnng rooms ara
provided?two on each story?for the atx'i'irnmodutiOD of
ladies. Wo regret to pen civ e that a barroom is to be lo
cuu'd near the ?'litrance. As to the probablediamati?
character of the liew theater conjecture is Uuiiecesatry.
We shall know lu good time. The prospecta o? the enter?
prise appear* to bo good. ?
Little " a_l Right" it to reappear this evening ti
the Academy. J'hia will be the last week of tha Japa at
thia house, and also tho lust week of the Arabs at tha
French Theater. Mr- and Mrs. Oomersal. at the tatter
house, are to appear in the amusing trifle of " 1'er
foctiou." '
The hurlesque of " Arrah-Xa-Pogue." by Mr. J.
fleliouberg, the prwtent atage-munager of Wallaik's Thea?
ter, will bu revived to-night at tho Now-Yurk Thoate?
by Uit Worrell ?laUua,

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