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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 09, 1870, Image 4

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IXmnocmcnto, Ccctnrro, etc., ?lro (fuming.
Quand Otitjm l'or-t, Twratr-third-ot. and
liabth-iT' - Sita'a. the Jiuj^tc-r a l'augblrr." K lU ?aaBBSB
Vi vii vi Ki| lill 4.111:, lu c?lillMlV ?Uni lilli tee-lith-st.
- 1 ; i\ l>ot C'oetaii, Cr ?t. J... at K h'u m, I
\Viiui>'< Mimi m im. Mt \ m,i rtj . \i".'*Mi:ie
Tiuiajs-t Miruw-tti 1 lork"
svn ri:\\eise-(. lirntmuae Bau, Ko. 6*86 ltn.ad
ara??' I v Se.BviaB>r>r.la, liorVI,.'? Srrraadrm.
Tk.i.iivi i (.Ai!iviv.'n?tril-;ive>. :itul Kitty e-inlitli-st.
.,,sr? Cirstd Cettu-r-t. Mia? l'an i ?aa, 4
linoinraa Noticrs.
Wini u.B & Wilson's Swim; Mamunk,
lill IhsssSOay, awajai TOsall Ullh al ??VI. BJ aai'M bl*1 "?".aml
S-IS (sf n-.inth, ??tb.int rum rliantr. U?rhinua'l<, !?l. J. 1. Kills.
BuTCHKLOR'fl li MB 1>yf..?The lust in the
world. InaunUar.ioa barmlvaa. (?ifc-ct. AiieliaJ at Ka, .ore So 16
li. .rsl at. ?old c-\fri?bi-r?'.
TmaS?S.?Marsh & Vu.'* Radical Pur--Truss
Oac? ( Kaubliabf?! 20 raan i 7 Taast-al., laaiaHi Ik* Chaick _
ARTiruiAi mik?Palm cb Limbs.
OT. Br.va.lwar. N. ?. ; l.UW I baattqi-.t., lb ..a.. HQfSSSU B.doa.
TERMS Of Tin: TRIBUNE.
Duli Trim-si*-, llafl Subscribers',?fiopar Bunnin.
Hkmi-Wbkklt 'I mm st-. Mail Bub* : ?Is ra, $4 poi an.
WaxKl y Trihi ni.. Mull Subs.Tiller?, i-jK-r aiiiiuiu.
Ad tott lain i Ratee.
Pau.y TrtirtiNF., Wie, 80c, Vc 80c., min $1 jk?i line.
*m:mi-\Vi i ki y '1 mm NK. 25 ami SO cent! per iine.
Vi KKKi.Y TRiur.sK, %'l. $o. anil $.*> per lim-.
Amortirai to posiuoti m tin- pupe-r.
Terms, cash in advance.
Address, Till Tkip.i mt, New-York.
VF- Ti) WS A D Y Eil TISEHES IS,
For the accommodation of up-bowa ie?i
el.-nt-i. Mr. st, li. BroWU lia* oiie-in-.l ni*"..? ,' at Nu. 51 West
Thirty ?r'-uiul-st., Jutictiiin <>f Brisadwaj wini Sixtli ave.,
and at No. in East KiiMiU-otith st., bstwaaa Itrois'lway and
Pliurtb SVO., whoro ?.five : tin. tin-in.? fc.r 'J'.if Tkiut ?.r will
be- mc ivnel up toTJ in the- BTSSaUs;
THE TRIBUNE IS PARIS
Menura. Howies brothers & Co., N'?. I? Roe
de !^ Pull, :ire- cuir nat, nts in Turi-, to !? ?-. 111 ? -.i.?, ri ti?
ti.mi .?ni ailvertifwineiit-- fur Tin. Tumi m .
Ailvi-ttirieiiients fur this week's issue <.f Tin-.
Waa?: t Ik:?i>8 rnuat br ba?,!n! iu To-1 my. Ki., Sj
?VettHDorfc Emla Uribvnt
TUESDAY, AUGUST i?, 1870.
? was no tlKlitiutrrrpcirtc-d ye-ste-reliiY. The-1- such
?re i iiiii-i'iitnitiiii; ut Mi t/. WbOSU ?i BOOM r.il bOttlO l8 ex
p,-< te.i i.mLiv. n.um,]-,m la asbl t?i in iii ?it Caelona
Til' Til?n i- Iiti'scrial liits ?irnvi-il at l'.i'.-. The
funeral ut rrtvust Taiailul tenik BaUM veste ulai in Paris.
A Is'i-vrHaven yaefalMt ivas luinuil on F.,'knit's
l-Lilul. Ibe 4 lew Im .lit- .-?iVi'l. TWO I'ei'l'l' Il.-il
steers ran throui-h Hiifl.iii> ye-ste-nlay, killnii: a bsjr, ami
BSfbMMbj vvmiiidiufc ?4-vi-ral i-tlie-r inn sims. . V state?
i .-nvi-iiti.iti of t-oiur.-.i iiuu ?iii ?k- held al Barotsauou
th? 16th dist. ~?- A niau, aeoi 70, U7M Bib I bj a ele 6
farUSaS ni Buffalo.
The ric? fur the Queen's ("Up WOO WOO hy the yttrlit
Matrlc. --The ya. lit 8sao>*M lias arrived fiuni the
eiiistuf Ireland in ;?> liai s li hour-. In J
vsssels arrived frotn larobjB port?, i -- At the- Nullum
lni}iie-t. (ie-n. Trink 1'. Hii.r gUTB t?--tiiinmy wittel ?s>
BOM snf ev. ry liisinuiit.i.ii that aiii iiuintii-i of the- fam?
ily e-oiimiitted the UktWOOT. i a? The IdDhaf of Janie?
FiiitilMon hy Adam K.niirfried durint* a tU'lit was ds
eiurecl lu-a C'lroiii r'? jury tu ha a Juatitini.U- hmnlciili-.
G ei, li!', 11 "J. U8]. TlllTIliolni t< 1, 7s, aa, Te.
Why Khoultl a jiatient jiulilic be lciiie-,.r an
nuye-il with details eil the alleged i:t-.;tl:t i?s cif
( oiiKTi'rtsiuari lieieleriek l?;iiieleiin Ilntlri ? If he
in fTiiilty of half the chargea made against
him he ought lo he iirnseeiitetl. Alni ir> it
quite eeitiun that the otliekdn, Stale cn Xa
tinnil, who take no action tow arti indu tiiiK
him, etiiidtt uot to be iniiieached 7 The lailure
o? CoUr*Te?a to puniish him for one of hin of
fe-nseis does not acemit lesser authuriiics honi
their re-sjioiisiliility.
The C.tuadians elaitu that the Ainu-\ation
IaO*a*kO*0UJ tot which we lately pave an account
never had inueli vitality, and another enrres
poiident than tlie one who announce d its lurtli
details on our second j ia ire its early demise.
Nevertheless, the Canadians avitate themselves
n n ne-cessa lily over their iirohleins of Indi pin?
tle nee- and Annexation, and fain y the whole
world is ahsorhed in their'solution. Our advice
|0 tlieiii is first of all to pet out of tluir jires
ent position, where they are depetl ieiu when
in peeee and pieis?icrity. and inele)'- lent of
riuiand when in danger of attack Aftir
they have accomplished that it will be time
to a-*k tis seriously to consider the que lion
of their annexation. If they don't Luiiy it,
they may pOsUMM tin Li souls in perfect pa?
tience, serenely confident that are wont.
There are scores of other things in wliii h we
have at present a far krreater interest.
THE MI LI TA HY SITUATION.
The telegraph has had little to de Cat the
past tweuty-fuur hours except to record the
tennpleteness of the Prussian victory. As ive
saul yesterday, the French, oeeupjiDf two
sides of a sejuare, have lx-en diivcn in on
both those Hides; their right and eenie i have
i>ee-ii Waten and doubled up ; and their only
dope is in changing their line of elireetion,
Din! falling back upon Paris and Nam v, while
?ka*u?sboa*uTej is left to it? fate. Thiee ecu ps, at
Met/ and Thionville, remain intact, and are
ic.iilv to oller a deteiiiiined |)BB*BSNas\sM?l lo the
iiehauiiukc enemy. Portions of the corps of
De Kailly and l'rossanl, saved from ihe wreck
ol the center, are also available, and ('anrobert
at (.'halons can doubtless forward im veral di?
visions io the Iront. It must be renie -inhered,
however, that Frossard baa just sufieied a
se-vete defeat ; that Ile Failly sent no fewer
1ti.ui live divisions of his corps to Mac.Mahon
ilurinp; the battle at Worth and lla?:iienaii and
has never pit them back airain, and that Can
ioIm -it's reserve consists print ijially of an un
di-si iplincd Garde Mobile, from which Mac
Mahoii hits already drained away the best reg?
iments. To oppose this lemnaiit of the errand
Pn-rich anny of invasion Kin?r "William has
his entire cent?-r under Yon Steinmetz,
tliished with victory and hardly yet im?
paired by battit-, and hie entire rijudit
w intf under Prince Frederick Chaibs, which
baa not been under fire at all. If
n t;iiieral engagement take place at Metz
daiiaVg the next twenty-four hours?and it
Reenirt very likely that an engap-mi nt will
take plact?there can be little doubt of the
n-siili. Napoleon will Im- beaten uptin, and
driven back to the line of the Meuse, which is
much weaker than the i?o.sition he now hold?
uiMiu the Moselle.
Meanwhile whut has bunine of Ma.-Mahon ?
At oin latest advices on Sunday nikht he had
buried himself in the passes of the Vosges,
?Hal ihi nee was hastening westwaid, apparently
designing to unite- if he could with the li cm li
? i ut i mi the route beween Saaibruck
itntl Metz, or at worst to fall back
upon Nancy, and thence form a junc?
tion with De Failly ami Bazaine
along the line e.f the Moselle. It ia now cer?
tain that he has no point of support on the
S.iai, for thp whole of that line has been swept
by Von Steinmetz, and win iher he can even
i< ?n li Nancy is extremely doubtful. The Crown
Prince is probably pu.-hini: him with all possible
trian*?, anti when he emi-rpis from the western
,,J tin- Vo-'-'f - lu may f:ml himself
lil | ?lO'lii.il of the Priis-i.lll
. .,...? to tots-Wept bim. lol the
present thin? seems lo Im* ti pause in this por
bVbj of tin? field, the moat platiRibh* cxplana
tion of which is that Ma? Mahon i? hold tight
in ;i position winnie ho cannot retreat without
tlif danger of total rout, and where nevertheless
he has Dot the strength to tight. Thus Hie whole
tight W?BJJ of the French army ii neutralized,
while the Crown Prince, having the Rhine
vall.-y eulin ly op? :i in hin rear, can .Mag
over as many troops na he pleases from Baden
I ? hold the passes of the mountains, to 1m
leagncr Strasbourg, to rei-nforce the armies at
Saarhiuck and Forhach, mid perhaps to keep
MacMahon in check while the Crown Prince
pu-lies ?ni towards Met/. Strasbourg will prob?
ably be evacuated, and the only remaining
li. nrh troops in the Hhine Valley, namely,
(?en. Douay's Seventh Corps of Reserves at
Bel fort, south of Strasburg, will probably fall
bat k upon Nancy,
Thai it will be seen that the situation, which
looked gi;.ve enough on Sunday night, appears
still more critical in the light ot the dispatches
ol' this morning. MacMahon has not succeeded
in rejoining the maia bodj of the army;
Nancy is not yet covered; and it is doubt?
ful whether Napoleon can make any fur?
ther stand on the line of the Moselle.
Ile may even be t.ikon in flank at Metz
?for while MacMahon is in the moun?
tains the flank on the Moselle ia entirely
exposed, and iu that case a French defeat
would be utter and irremediable. 'Hie march
of the Prussians to Paris would be aero-s
many obstacles, to be sure, but none of those
obstacles are formidable unless there is a
strong army behind them ; and as for the for?
mications of the capital, w?- must take it into
consideration that if a Prussian nrmy should
penetrate as far as th?' Seine it would proba?
bly lind Paris in the hands oi' a revolutionary
committee and Napoleon a fugitive. The sit?
uation is not so desperate thai it may not be
retrieved. The extrication of MacMahon from
his present i.-ulate.l position, and a success in
front of Metz, would place the combatants
once more on a footing comparatively equal,
and open a new iinfl perhaps a long campaign ;
but as affairs now stand th?' future of tho em?
pire is black with omens of danger.
THE SI TI ATI OS IS PARIS.
The dangen which threaten the F.mperor on
1 the Most Ile ?ne trivial in comparison with the
I dangers that assail him from the Seine. If we
remember how ?lose is the censorship over tele?
grams from Paris, how carefully ?very message
whi?'h tells of trouble for the (iovciiiineiit or
peril to the dyna.-ty is shorn and trimmed be?
fore it is permrtU'il t?> paaj out of tho Em?
pire, WC shall be better able to appreciate,
the awful significance of a few brief
sentences which rea? h us this morning
from the French capital. That the nation
would put forth extraordinary exertions in
oi.hr to repel a foreign invasion nobody
doubted. The defeat of the grand army has
roused a true patriotic rage, and will put
i hundreds of thousands of ardent men in the
j field. But with the martial ardor of the hour
j is roused a deep-seated grief and disappoint?
ment at the failure of the leader who promised
a few weeks ago to carry the French eagles in
triumph to Berlin. France will light?bal she has
lost confidence in her commander. She clamors
for a general arming <>1 the people. She pushes
aside tho incompetent ruler who ha? led her
into disaster, and demands that she shall have
the direction of her own destinies. She ?h per?
suaded that nothing but bail generalship can
defeat lier annies, and she is burning with Te
, s. ntin<-nt at the cause of her disgrace.
The people, in fact, are fast getting
beyond the control of the Govern?
ment, and !.lth??ugh they answer willi
alacrity the Emperor's call to arms, they
demand at the saino time that arms shall bo
placed in the hands of the whole population,
and no longer Napoleon but the men of France
shall have the command of the country. Na?
poleon's attempt to pacify the tumult by sac?
rificing a general is not likely to be success?
ful. Whoever planned the campaign, the Ein
' juror and not (.en. Lebuiif is responsible for
i its adoption, and will ultimately bear the pen?
alty of its failure.
We need hardly point out how fearfully
ominous in this hour of disaster and excite?
ment is the appointment of a National Com?
mittee, with plenary powers to act in all
things concerning the war. It makes little
?iilieience who may be tho original members
of this ?xtraordinary body, for if they fail to
satisfy the people, the people, will be sure to
have tin ni changed. It makes little difieren.-?
how moderately they enter upon their func?
tions, for if affairs continue to go ill they will
be swept along b3- the torrent of popular
1 indignation. We do not believe the
j Bonaparte dynasty will withstand another de
! feat ; we question whether it has not already
received its death-blow. The impending con?
flict at Metz threatens to involve not only the
i-.-ue of th?- Cern?an war, but the existence of
the Napoleonic empire, and the National Com?
mittee, which begins its lal?ors a? the auxiliary
of a threatened despotism, may lind itself in
a f?-w days UM governing power of a revolu?
tionary republic.
PMO TEC TIOS-SIIII'-B IILDISG.
We print herewith a forcible letter from
Ceu. ?lames Watson Webb in favor of Pro?
tection to American Ship-building, in many
of its positions WC heartily concur, but others
require consideration. We must deal with
them summarily.
Gen. Webb, we rejoice to see, does not favor
our going abroad f?.r our ships. He holds, as
we do, that we require not only vessels, but
the knowledge and skill required to produce
them. Ile would not purchase foreign ships;
but he would admit duty-free all materials
used in building or titling out vessels con?
structed on our own soil.
Now we do not object to allowing a draw?
back of the duties paid on materials uisc.l in
ship-building, providing a corresponding
bounty be paid on like material? of native
origin. One man builds au iron steamship
wherein he uses one thousand tun? of British
Pig Iron ; so he is allowed thereon a draw?
back from the Treasury of the $7,(XX) paid on
the importation of that Iron. Another builds
just such aimther steamship of American
Iron; and Gen. Webb its silent as to him; but
we would allow him a bounty equal to the
other's drawback. Why not T Shall we pay
men for not using American Iron in the con?
struction of American vessels to which we
accord a monopoly of our inland and coast?
wise navigation T
Gen. Webb would ignore all inquiry into
the causes of the decline of American Ship?
building. We cannot consent to this. The
cure of an evil is almost always dependent
on an accurate knowledge of it? cause. And
lhe causes of the present depression of our
Ship-building and Navigating interests are
briefly Umm :
1. Scu-goi?g vcv.cls w.i<: iyimvilv built
mainly of Wood, wheretif we had an abun?
dance of choice quality at low price?. Great
Bii'ain had less and at higher cost. A rei-cnt
rapid revolution has almost dispensed with the
use of timber in all but some of the smaller
coasting vessels, substituting therefor Inm,
which lireat Britain produces in greater abun?
dance ami al lower juices than we do. She
can therefore constnict Iron ship? cheajMT
than we can, and could do so (by menus of
her cheaper labor) if our Iron cost no more
than hers.
II. The most important use of Iron Steam?
ships in our day is the transportation and
diffusion of Manufactures. The manufactur?
ing nations of Bagawa are all intent on enlarg?
ing and extending the market? for their Wan?
alni Fabrics. To this end, they establish line?
of Ocean Steamships to America, Asia and
Ali mm, with reference to profit lather on the
sale than on the conveyance of their go.Mjs.
The manufacturers largely export their owu
goods for sale, and they naturally give a pref
i'ii nee in shipping them to the ship? of ?heir
BUBB ti J MOB Cur manufactures are less per
fectly developed than those of Great Britain,
France and liennaiiy, and are of course BMB
tnii-iileiably exported. Idly shall we spend
our strength in building swift and co-tl.v
Ocean Steamer? so long as our exiM.rt? consist
mainly of Cotton, Grain, nnd other bulky
staples, whi?'h will not pay for transportation
by snch steamers. Metter find profitable em?
ployment for Hie Ocean Steamer? we already
pii-sess. ami which BN generally lying idle,
than to squander Millions on more such, to be
laid up a? these are.
III. In short, let us stimulate, expand and
diversity Production to the greatest pos?ible
extent, and our Ship-building, with our Navi?
gation, will expand and prosper. If we begin
at th?- other end, we shall rush upon failure
and sore disappointment.
IV. We Protectionists could not follow Gen.
Webb's counsels if we would. We are con?
ti ?nit. .1 by a vigilant, agile, unscrupulous gd?
veii-ary. WON we to attempt to do a? ho
recommends, our Free-Traders would appeal
to the fanners to say whether Iron imported
for making Plows ought not to be .as free as
that imported for building Ships, and would
represent Free Iron for Ship-building as ?bounty
given to the seaboard at the expense of the
tax-ridden int'iior?to the East at the
co-t ol the West. We cannot alford to pro
\oke this hii.-aml-cry.
THE YACHT PACE.
The Queen's Cup is not to be taken back to
England by I lie Cambria. She made a gallant
effort1 vest el ii.iy to reclaim it, but it is not to
be re-won with the ease and dash with which
it was taken in the memorable contest of
nineteen years ago, when the result was an?
nounced in the op?-n confession, which seemed
to do the British soul good: "First,
"the America; second?nothing." Into the race
of yesterday the best yachts of the New-York
Club entered willi a spirit which was compli?
mentary to their English contestant; and the
winner herself, though broken with long ser?
vice in the war ?uni with age, caine forward to
.lo her best to retain the trophy of her former
victory. The Cambria had just triumphed in a
long and closely contested race over one of the
swiftest schooners of the New-York Squadron
and one of the most daring sailors of the Club.
There was reason, therefore, for distrusting
the issue, and to put forth every effort on the
part of American yachtsmen to win the race
and maintain their right to the cup.
Propitious weather and winds eombino<l
with this stmng spirit of rivalry to produce
one of the quickest races on record. The
winning yacht, the Magic, made the run to
and around the light -ship and thence to the
stake-boat in the Narrows in 3 hours, 33
minutes, and M seconds. The America, which
(?une in fourth, wa? fifteen minutes behind,
while the Cambria, marked eighth in
the contest, wad 27 minutes, 13 seconds
behind the winner. Her late contestant,
the Dauntless, was only 1 minute and 23 sec?
onds behind the Magic, and beat UM Cambria's
time by 24 minutes, ?10 seconds. Tho contest
was spirited throughout, and the scene in the
bay pictiires<iue beyond description. No race
of the kind in Ni -w-Vork Ilaibor has ever ben
witness..! by such numbers as on steamers Bj
sea iiiid from the adjacent shores watched this
international contest.
DBTXLOPMESTS OF THE SA III AS IXQUEST.
The Nathan inquest is rapidly charing up
many of the mi-statements regarding the
murder, which have been put forth without
authority or consideration. The physician
called in on the discovery of the murder care?
fully compared the wounds with the burglai's
instrument found in the hall, and unhesitat?
ingly declared yesterday on his examination,
that each of the four wounds was ililli, ted
willi that weapon. Gen. Frank Blair swore
positively that ho saw the door of the house
open a few minutes before the alarm of iniir
was given. This is a direct contradiction of
the testimony of Policeman Mangain, who
swore that it was closed. But as the polie.-man
t ried it and found it closed at li o'clock and Gen.
Blair did not observe it open until 5J o'clock ora
little earlier, the contradiction does not appear
to be important. It is possible and very
probable that the murderer left the house,
omitting to close the door behind bim, at
some moment during this interval of an hour.
Naturally he would seize the moment when
the oilicer was on a distant part of his beat.
It is an important part, of Gen. Blair'? testi?
mony that he saw one of the sods of Mr. Nathan
at the window above, putting on his stockings.
A few minutes later he saw the same
person at the front door giving the alarm.
His stockings at that moment were bl?H?dy?
so much so indeed that Gen. Blair thought
them a red pair. The testimony of the news?
boy seems lo establish clearly enough that the
paper picked up by the laboring man on tho
steps of Mr. Nathan's house was a bank check.
Filially, the testimony of Dr. Peckham, as to
the noise of the? struggle heard by him, shows
that the struggle which ended in murder must
have been between two and threo o'clock.
These are the principal and indeed the
only important development? niiide during
the inquest yesterday. Taken in connection
1 ith previous statements' they indicate that the
murder was committed two or three hours
before it was discovered ; that the murderer
was a burglar possessed of burglars' iiistiu
m.nts, with one of which the murder was
done ; and that ?ome hour? after performing
the deed, uud after delila-rately rilling !
the safe he passed into Twenty-third-st.
hw the front door of the mansion, |
leaving it partly open, and the implement
with which ho committed the deed lying in
the hall. There i? nothing in the develop?
ments thus far t?i point to the ?liminai, but
they establish that he was neither of the son?
of the nun ?Iii. ?1 mau whose name? lia..- been
iiirmioiu-il in that terrible conned ?on. Fiiith.r
I dcvclopuicula ?ill. wc doubt not. m.iko tins i
conclusion clear beyond any doubt, though
the investigation may never wholly clear up
the terrible mysteiy.
WdM Tories.
We shall not wonder if Kuropenn armies
leam the same truth which was so clearly
shown iu our war of the Keliellion, that young
11:111 aie the best generals. The Crown Prince
of Prussia, who has the chief ??lory of the
defeat of the French army, is not yet thirty?
nine years old, ami be fore he was thirty-five
he had made himself a irreal name at Sadowa.
Prince Frederick Charles, the Kind's nephew,
who commands the Prussian right, ami is
esteemed the ablest of all "King William's
generals, is forty-two years old. Most of the
lighting at Sadowa was done by his army.
Nearly all the French leaders are" old men.
?The French journals publisheel in this 1 it v
appcarcd yesterday without the news of the
defeat of MucMahon ami Frossard, the excite?
ment in Paris, the proclam?t ion of the Cabinet,
or the bulletin of the Empress. Nay, one of
them elevoted its first three columns to the
elaboration of a theory of the battle, based
upon tim news of Frielay and Saturilay, and
arrived at the conclusion that if certain sup?
posed movements had taken place, "the
"anny of the Crown Prince must have
" been not only vanquished but broken to
"pieces, inasmuch as it could receive etl'ective
" Hiiccor neilin r from Prince Frederick Charles
" nor from King William, having been cut off
" from them by the French movement against
" Neuenkircheu on Thursday.'' There is so
much virtue 111 an if! The French journals
receivo no telegraphic dispatches, but it is
str?ng that they should have remained all
Sunday afternoon and evening in ignorance of
the'serious intelligence which was then posted
on the bulletins and agitatirg ihe whole city.
?The French army has been out-generab el
and out-fought. At the beginning of the cam?
paign all the conditions were in the Emperor's
favor; but VonMoltke beat him in maneuvering
as Von iSteinmetj beat Frossard, and the
i'iov.n Prince decidedly beat McMahon. The
strategy of the Prussian left was indeed
in beautiful contrast with all the French
movements up to this time. In actual conflict
the superiority of the Prussians seems, from
the present meager accounts, to have been
equally marked. There have been fair stand?
up fights and headlong charges, and tho Gcr
mans have shown, in addition to their charac?
teristic steadiness and obstinacy, all that clan
which is supposed to be the distinguishing
merit of the French.
?The IJaltie expedition is indefinitely post?
poned, and its commander, Gen. Trochu, goes
to Metz to relieve Pazaine, who takes the
place of Letxi'iif. Gen. Trochu ia a younger
man than most of the other corps com?
manders, ami military critics rate him as one
of the best of French commanders.
?As soon as Napoleon is beaten, Prussia
assumes a peremptory tone towards England?
at which nobody outside of England will be
disph asid?and immediately England takes a
decided attitude on tho question of Belgian
neutrality?at which nobody outside of France
will be displeased. Prussia is already cxjie
riencing the correctness of the old saying,
that nothing succeeds like success, and En?
gland has evidently learned the samo great
truth.
?It is supposed that Denmark is not so
anxious now for it French alliance a? she was a
week ago.
?Napoleon is reported to be sick. We don't
doubt it. He is the sickest man in Europe.
?The tranquil infant has returned to Paris
with his bullet. The army has wept again.
?Minister Ollivier rightly appreciates the
estimation in which he is held by Frenchmen.
In both the proclamations which he has issued
since the French defeat he has begun by as?
suring the people that "the whole truth has
" I? in told them.*' The assurance was cer?
tainly needed, in view of former deceitful
practices of the Government.
?The attack of the Crown Prince at Wcis
senburg seems to have been a complete sur?
prise. Gen. Dotiay knew nothing of his danger
until the Prussian artillery began to play upon
him. Then the French account says he was
outnunilxrcd ; but that he waa so is more dis?
creditable to the French than any other blunder
of the campaign.
?The idea of the mitniilleuse, according to
The Army and Navy Journal, was borrowed
from the American Galling gun, which had
been submitted to the French Government
just before the famous machine now use d in
Napoleon's anny ivas first made. There is a
Eclginn gun of the same kind, the invention
of Mont ?guy, which is said to bo superior to
the French. The following figures are given
as the result of an experimental trial of the
Montigny and Gatling guns: With a target
97 feet long hy 20 feet high, at a distance of
430 yards, out of 370 cartridges placed iu the
Montigny gun, 278 struck, ami at 050 yards the
hits were in the proportion of about
fifty per ceut. Tho Galling gun was tired at
a target only t<>n feet square and BOO yards
distant, and of 110 shots not one missed. With
the same target at a distance of 1,000 yards
70 per cent of the shots struck. The story of
the terrible execution done by the mitrailleuse
upem I yard full of broken-elown horses, like
the story of it? mowing down columns of
Prussians at Saarbruek, was no doubt intended
to be given to the army?aa a tonic. The men
would keep np wonderfully if they thought
every regiment had on its flank a little ma?
chine which, by the turn of a crank, could scat?
ter the enemy's files in the twinkling of an
eye. ^_
TOILERS OF THE SIGHT.
Not a night passes that stealthy scoundrels
do not invade our houses for thieving pur?
poses. Lock and bolt our doors securely as
we may. they yet break thremgh and steal,
ami, if their safety demands, kill as well.
Poid, full of resources, persistent, and numer?
ous beyond belief, the house-breakers who
are known in technical parlance as "sneak
" thieves" are an always imminent danger.
The villains who seek us in our heels are an
order of criminals bein* tim accomplished
professionals who achieve the great bank bur?
glaries which occasionally abound the world,
but are more to be dreaded, because their
depredations uecessarily involve risk to-life as
\'ell as property. Ingratiating themselves
with servants, they leam the interior plan of
eligible houses and the habits of the inmates
so thoroughly that, ?*?.,, th(.y movo about u?
in our sleep, they ?re by no means strangers
in a strange place. Gaining an entrance by
descending through the coal-hole, by removing
a panel from a rear door, or by deftly ascend?
ing stoop-pilhirs and projections to second
stotv windows, which is .?-coining the most
common method, they ure rarely at a loss,
winn within the house, v. here to turn for
plumier 01 escape. Walla nv.minni, if ruujuj.
ble. all conUct with Um uiuiulco. ?l?ov willi
?mi?lice eveiy life in the house, if need be,
when intercepted, to secure their retreat.
It is possible t<? guard to m?me extent against
the??' ruffians. First, by pla? ing more eflicii-nt
fastenings on coal-holes and ?ecoinl-floor win?
dows, but, what i? far better, by bringing the
?rime? home to the criminals and indicting
upon them the full penalties of the law. Our
house? are too flimsy and our police force too
small to prevent their entrance, but iheymust
dispose of the goods they steal, and they frequent?
ly can be and are tracked by their si>oils. In
such cases it too often hapjiens that the
<!i-poil.d person sacrifices public interest? to
his private profit, and enter? into an arrange?
ment by which he regains tho bulk of his
property and the thief secures immunity from
punishment. There must be an end of this
practice, which makes the detectives broken
in crime and encourage? the outlaws to fur?
ther deprivation?. If in every ca?e where the
stolen property is fourni in possession of a
sneak thief, th?' owner insists on the punish?
ment of th?; culprit a? the first object to be
secured, there will speedily bo a marked
diminution in the number <?f house robberies,
and a gratifying in. -reuse in the chances of es?
caping death at the hands of these liitn-.il.is.
At hint wa have the BOBBMi return for the
Fifteenth Election District of the VHIth War.l.
We called attention, ??ion after the May el.? -
tion, to the enormous vote given in this dis?
trict, under the management of the Tannii?iny
Ring. The vote was : Republican, ID ; Dcmo
ocratic, 1,003; total, 1,022. Now ?..mes th?- cen?
sus, and the entire district shows 1,710 people;
one-half are women and girls, half the masculine
poition are under age, and a quarter of BaOM
old enough to vote are aliens. There may
possibly Ike 17"? real voters in the district, cer?
tainly not 200 by any rational theory; yet it
gave (unibr the liberal management of Sena?
tor Norton) 200 more v?g?s than it ha?l male
residents,boysincln.led. We are waiting for two
or three other districts that show similar return??,
especially one in the Vlth War.l. That fiict?
will prove a fraudulent increase of vote by
the Democracy quite enough to carry the
Stat?; and secure the Court of Appeal?, we
have no shadow of doubt. Nor do we doubt
that they would have counted up 20,000 more
in this city, if it had been necessary to accom?
plish their purpose. What do honest voters
think of over a thousand votes in a population
of only seventeen hundred f
While M. do Lesseps is being feted and
caressed in England, his Council of Adminis?
tration in Egypt have found themselves under
the necessity of making an announcement
which may tend to cool the enthusiasm of that
gentleman's hosts. The Council has issued a
notice that as the income of the Canal
has not been sufficient to allow of
the payment of the coupons either of
the shares in circulation or of the
" delegations'' representing the 170,002 shares
taken by the Government of Egypt, such pay?
ment is therefore "adjourned." It is, of
course, promised that the coupons in question
shall take precedence of all future distribution
of dividends, but the fact remains th.at the
Canal has not as yet earned a minimum income.
Most people will be sorry to hear of this an?
nouncement, as it tends to destroy confidence
in an undertaking the completion of which,
even to it? present state, reflects high credit
upon both its projector and engineers. Still,
it only provea the truth of the predictions
so freely made that, whatever the success of
the Canal as an engineering seheme of unusual
boldness, it woiihl not be for many years a
paying speculation to its shareholders. There
is little hop?- of furtlier Rapport fiom the
French Cow minent now that tlie Emperor has
engaged in the ?vin more costly experiment
of war with Prussia.
Evidences that the long-slumbering empires
of Eaaterfl AgJa have at length awoke, and are
beginning to grasp the necessity of progres?
sive action, pour in upon us thick and fast.
But I few dayl since we recorded a giant
stride on the part of the Chinese. To-day an?
other step has to be noted In Japan. The
Government of the latter has for some time
past lib?-rnlly availed itself of civilised appli?
ances; but they have in all cases tended out?
wardly and vi.-ibly either to the consolidation
of its power or to the prestige it enjoyed in
the eyes of its powerful and not over-sub?
missive feudatories. With I liberality which
has astonished even those most familiar with
its past history, the "Commercial Dep.irt
"ment," which answers pretty much to the
"Board of Foreign Atlairs1' in China, has de?
cided on establirdiing a line of steamers for
the purpose of carrying mails between Naga?
saki, in the extreme south-west, Hiogo (the
port of Osaka), and Yokohama. Asat the present
j moment there is no line of foreign Bteannrs
touching at Nagasaki, the facility which will
thus be atlbrded to trade at that ??lace is likely
to be greatly appreciated both by residents and
shippers on the Pacific Coast. It is noteworthy
thal the Po-tiiia-l? is of all the Treaty Powers
declined to give any aid in the matter.
The World, through its Eiehmond corre?
spondent, thus commends a candidate of its
party for Congi?OBI
"In tho Vllltli District, the Conservatives have put
fnrwar.l ft BOM >'f real str?-ngtli in UM peraouof Cien. Win.
Terry of Abingdon. Ho 1? a lawyer by profession, but
ha? also had ?owe editorial experi. m ??. Hi? war r?.cor?l
wu.1 brilliant. Hi- enter?-?! the OOBMM ?ervice with
a company from Wythe, mid beeatin- a memt>er of the
ith Virginia, one of the original regiments of the Stone?
wall Brigaoa la-inic rapidly, ho beeaiuo a Brigadier
(ioneral, ntnl after Stonewall Jackson's promotion com?
manded the favorite brikiaile of that ?llatinirui-liid officer
until the clone of the Itebellion. C?en. Terry I? also
prominent us a Milson, huv mg only recently retired fr.nu
tho position of Oran! Ma.-t. i .1 the (?rand Lodge of
Virginia. Ill? el., tion by a large majority may be con?
fidently predicted."
?Isn't this rather "running the thing into
"the ground I" We wish no man disfranchised
nor proscribed because he was a Bebel ; but
commending a mau for Congress expressly
because of his z?-al and efficiency in the work
of destroying our Cov.inineiit and dividing
our country, is not that the "drop too niuch?^
The people anxiously await the Isf of Oeto
ber, when the act of Congress BboUaaaag OMf*
tain taxes on trade receipts goes into effect.
When the tax of one-eighth of one per ??*nt
was levied upon passengers on street car?, the
companies rai?ed the faro fnnu live to six
cents, on the ground that change could not be
?ade for the fraction. For a brief time
th.-y sold tickets at or near the legal
rate ; but they soon made arrangements '
that effectually suppressed ev< n that
concession, and thus robbed the people
of many thottsanils of ?lollara. All the chin ter?
of city railioads, we believe, set the fare
below the Central Park at live cuts, except
the Harlem and Fourth-ave. route?, which
have no reasonable limit. This latter line i?
now charging eight centn for earning people
thioiigh the dismal tunnel, and up Maduon
n\e. t.? the Park. Let the people l?..>k oui for !
the da) of the repen] of the tax on railroad >
le, eipt- : e\.,\ ?All a , , lil lal., >|| al,. I thal ?lav
is au ill? ?.a! chaic;?'.
THE DISASTERS OF FRANCE.
t.mil.merl tro,,, ltr.| I',,??
flint the Kniperor, intending to b? evrrywb? re, I*
not eoniuiaiielintr in i?rwiii, at any rat* to ki.-r* the?
men in spirits, will fake with him only two valet*
el.-chain bro, twocook?, and a rhef. I lu- Punces Im?
perial will have oho vah t anel two offiwrs i,f the
Itouscheilel. No ?,em ral or other ofheer willi)? al?
lowed more than two cantine*, ?tifliciont to load uno
mule.
The order against carrying any more? than this
amount of baggage- is absolute. La. li gi m ral BauNrer
is to be allowed four horse? and two servants ; th*
orderly otticers, three horses and one onhrlj, Th*
Kitiju'icr lui.s insisted that al! tim ollicer-e ?iti.ie he-l :.,
hi? service shall have the very he?t ln-ast?, and bjbJ
to spare them whe-ii they have an nnii-r le couver.
Tent? are given up wholly. The alten,ativ- M th*
MbboMUj
The Empero: was not absent the whole day aj
vest ei ila v from St Cloud. He was e 1oh.Iv ex-util.-?*
with the- Mioja* rsof War and Marine. Oat .mrs aro
coiiKt.ititiv going ?ind ii-tiiiiiiiig. especially lo mid
from the Fast. His auls im imp are (ii-ns. f? liri
eli- urville: of til.' Engineers, CbJefof tsaOTofl gri;,!,
n .ii ('.ililli, tot Ins M.ij.-m.v; I'tince .f.- la HassS. I af
the Cu;iilry; Ca.-tchiau of the- Stall; brit: OeOJ -;?>
Wamhert de i.enlis, Count Kcill" of the Stoll ; Pajal
of the Cavalry, ?tin! I ave* of the- Artillerv. Tint lat?
ter quit?, for the linn- being, th'- e-oiumund of ths
rolvteohine S.-hooI.
As the UafaWal journals are under "the- law ,f
silence,''the-new? cannot speak. Vill??nier?Hanf of too
Tu/aro aatjTI he ?han't speak of v n tom ??, nor dev
fi at?, nor ?kiriiiisln s. mu bjvj thing. As tin- (?ove m
utent want? ?ile-uce, lest the e nein y shoiild b. in
fomie-cl, let it have m1.nee-, not to iiifonn the?
"i'iieiii.i" at hi,tin-. Wau*, a coi ifort.il>!.- ?tit?- Bf
tilings' Then- i? news l'nun the- front of -kirnnli.. a,
but tli.se are of no importance-. It ii -,ai<l ths
Emperor h aves to-iiiorii.vv.
THE navy \T CHEBBOUBO.
[FKoM ol.? -I'M I.VI. IHHRK I'i .N !,KNT |
CiiKiMitii WO, July 20.?i e .sti-nhiy was a
grund day !'< >r l lie iii.mrg ai.il the-vv li.,I. I-rein li i.n v.
Not only ?lui tin' --jtiuli'-ii Bal "ff Tor tie Il.iltn , but Ml
departure vi.t? BreoasaUl bj ni BaMa#MMUa1 vi-.t f' -m
Her Ma)e--ty tl.c- I-.mj,n-s? Eugenie, ?hu carne t-, I <
tn the lint the asneo al feaaos and the pro? tarnation ut
tin- Liiii?ri>r. M (hares Daft i :?'-, ?ni ssSMl BBSOU-bO
the lTtiir?- Itni'i rial, and the connnaiider of tin- Iron e ,??1
ram L<-Taureau, hid on'.i BOOB atTMMl of tbo Itn|i-iial
journey on tin- BTOl ? I tbctO w.t- I oily
time to take tin m ???--.ni nii-aiun-? ?.,? the reception ol
the- Ernpre-Hfe.
Her Majesty le -ft run by the MJIaaiJ train af 3 p m.,
found her private railway carrlatre al Caen, aud arrived
at Cherbourg at 7 o'clock, lab ' - aUUMasfUnatei bf
(ie-n. Milliard, an old bj bj ral affhj, I al let ?'>, kg ?" r two
uioces, the Duchess de Carlisteo and di Mniifernw, th?
daughters of the late Inn lies? d'Aibe, hy M
Conneau, the Senator'? BUfaMW, a naval In ut. nant
and aid-de-camp to tin- I.inp.-ior. and iiy M
Guzmann, an officer of cavalry, ami also sn ?id
dc-camp to his Maje sty, end lastly l,y M, BBUUBM BU - M
ley, maids of hormr, und "BaaOUOnolsells cte rilermlua, li?-r
roade-r. On le aviii?,'tin-train tin | ? san Mi "!?-. ktl " '"'
strictest incognito, went to Hie fJBbf where? the heal Bf
Admiral Bose was exl>ce tine her, ami thence- to the kjajaj
elad frigate La Savoie, win re tein|s rury ?iiurt. ?
been pre pared for he r. I-iMivi?- is the iroii-e-l.td :.
on which i? hoisted the ila i: of I.e.ir-A-lmira! Pent st.
commaiidiug the second division al lie -.?iiaelrcni.
There remain? in the harbor of ( lie-rbourg only the
Beyond division Bl the -i|tiadton. tti.it i- M ?>>': I ?
Savoie, flag ?hip of Ii. ?n .'illulia: IV'.hoii ; L'Invincible,
Le Kiichauitie-au, iron-clad gunid-?l:ip, and the ram 1*1
Taureau. But lrou-elada are e-Ttieeted fiotn rre#t, whh li
will eoaipl. te this ?ejuadron, and, BaOOOOTl r, th.- Medite r
ranean fleet, conimaudt-d hy Vice Admiral Fourn h.,,n,
and comj>08Cd of La Couronne, La i.!"ire, I.'
Ile-rolne, Le- Magnanime, L'At.oai.te, Ia? M Mb abu
and Le Renard. UT? expi.t also fntn !.:? I
the frigate-.? and transports winch, with t! I I . I
lure, w.li take a BtMtbM Bf tin.- expoilltlonao ? ? rps of
the Baltic, the command of which l? to he ??\>u la
Prince Napoleon, havinir iimli-r his or,ter- Gc
and Martin. Those troup? are nor yet arrl' i .1. BUS* it is
not believed that they can embark for eight
days. The four battalions of the iiiaiin.-s ?re the
tUajy ene? ready to go ou board. It 1? i i?y
to understand why the rruanian tia-, y iaaU
not intend taking the BBUUaOrro, fbut al th.<
French irou-elad? BbUM leasUSOUi in VVUttJ .uni tin
nage a fiirie siijic rlnr tothat vi hi, h Bru.--ia i m put in
line, auel the tie. t nf t'je I';il:..- v. i.'. -, >,ii be in, MUSaa* bf
Uiuiiiig bille rica iiiteiieled to act ag.iiiist K.,1, Daiit^ig,
and espccia?y II nnbiirg. The b n milliims wlm .
so eiifhu.-. astii j'ly rebal fir the war by the bael
til it e;f i May cost tin-in st 11 de-iinr.
The flr-t elivliions of the squadron now en rossal
will ?omi be Joi.ieil by the ?ce, iel. ard
day? hence the first cannon shot will U- heard ,*t
the aaastl of Prus?ia. The armament of the illki
and the furts of the ?ir-rnal a* bung lom?
at Brest also has been eot.i'.iii-heil a .biiib!.. :
defense, formed by the iron, lad Mm I>e ? ?
the monitor L'orrutiil.iica, the saMassf aalst I ? - I?*
Befuge, l'Bipia. able. l'OplIilatre, the- cnriette-sl^i | MM
and La (j, i latee, whjc li keep their til Mal M
r.-ndy fur action. The foits of the ?. a-t a?e c oinptetaiiy
eeptipped.
It is Btrefaet d to battu itnii.ediately a se-r*. - .,f i??p??ri
suaaei frith asootrbi hght, for aa*a*as)i * ?bjM
These experlmeuts I hoi? to see.
the rnrxcu aij.my di RXira WAM,
ITS OliiiAMZATleiN?WAK MI.AS1P.I/-1 I '. ?IV"
MKUNejTU UF lill. lKI.M'H Kel: 'H.
AittX the condition of the Frenrh arnij in
the Hell'., and the temper of the Fnnch t?-t ph toward
Napoleon, no question? can now b.- of Mica min
interest as the organization, of tlt-Kr.n h mu;, at. I the
military n-min e-s if the poopll to etUOjl'Xapol
?ipjieaieil. How Is hil army now ratted 1 tV'h.it n
1 is he ii-ft I How ami luvv ,-i?m I'niitei klttaUUUOUtl
A-tin-eleari-iet answi r we i an g:ie io tin-, aussi -f
the hour, we present herewith a atattiin ni of the eugun
ration of the 1'reln h anny Ui tillie of w.ir, Bf the- i.be
Of i^acing it on a war ini'tiin:, a: ii i effect ii kUrtligtb.
I'reviotiti to the great Kcvoltit?.,n of i:-.i, whi.it
shiiok the foundation of nenrly all tliiie-hoiiored nut
lung e st.ibhshed it ,-titutloll?, the statnling arti.le? of
flannel were formed by le vies, but the .Uiiimvc and
iiiurdei-.nis wars which lUaUUrOsI this evi-iitful MMM
tiuphi' having m ou abaeirbed all that paubj be mail?
available to till the ratiks of tue M(lasUUsbt,feT]rsnsju*M
?iliaiidoned und i'0?:?erlptlon leUBtbai to. Thi? s_\ -?, bj
lia? ?ince prevailed up to the present .luv.
The pie-M-iit Kreuch anny is in.,.-t .k. l.ledly s cr. ? aaj
of Nap..len lil. He understood liest how to aval I, -. ;r
of the opinions of the ne st el . ii. i lit lnf.it..r,> in.-i .,f
his own nation, and, far from despising or undervaluing
the Icb-as w'hieh had originated refirtn? lu other
mulline?, his guille pen eptiou BOUM n.-t fail to conv ?ne?
hnu that, while the Kreuch anny had formet h i.u
lnoked upon as superior to all in arm uuest, efh live
i-treutrth, aiidaehiiitatil'iity for great an,1 hist.,
a formidable rival hied sprung int., BSiabOnaa EM mg Hie?
last Ave roors, bidding fair to dl?tanee all other? m
modem military nuprovi rue uta and anny erg .ini/atmn.
I'p to the ye-.ir l-6s, tbt aitiie army v?M
the only available Mree lu Krame, n,,|t
while it furiiished ali the tnvcii.? BSMaUUsaTf
for Held ojH rations in time of war. it likewl??
defende-il the frontier, rontaoued the fortress?-?, and Sa>
i.plimd rei rults, Intlos manuer,thenumerleal ?tteuKtb
of the- st -ml n?- ann-, while no1 al all n?' gu-at m Itnei/,
lietsanie eurtail. c1 to ,t \, ry alarunng di-nre-e, as ve as mily
t.Miii.iuli shown i'.?iiiig the Italian i aiiipalaru of t?Sl
Tin aggregate of the tn.,.ps M :.t ae rosa the Alps to battis
BCSlnst tu stria did nut ? ompi Isa unie than um f, nrlh
of the ?lauding amy, ret so great waa the reqttiaitlon
for various purposes, that the iWmaUon of an ?mis muk
division to the. k the- suspected luoveiiicut? of l'ri sau*
ami of th.- c, unan Cmf. .hi iti,.n waa onli .-fl.. te.l
through the gnutent exertion? an.l undei euoriuous dlffl
l-llllle?.
Itivv TI1K AKUT IS roKMK.n.
In onb-r to provide again?! the recurrence of sucha
contingency, the formation of the National card.- Motnie,
ou the plaunf Hie BriiAoian Laudwehr, wasdi-eldi ii iiikui.
Th.-y liai e to pel foi in t he entire military duty n iiuin <t In
th.- int. rim of the country during war, so as to bare
the whole'of the otl.i altin av al!, tide for the battle Held
Tin? Kreuch tnllltarv force 1? in thiie di?tnn t parts: th?
ai tue .iiinv . Um ii -erie,and Hu tfOUlOUOj Oorsbj Mubllc.
Eve-iv aide lu-.lud adult ip Ila!.le to aj ri t, ?? lu th?
a? tin- altin unless he ian proruroa labatltalle I!,.
number al ree t mis tar the ai mi i ariea a.. .rding t.. ino
mentor) requirement*. I>urltig ison and i?r>a, loo.nue inca
wen-drawn i ac h v ear. w hile for MM the M-.inst. i af
War only de-iiiMtiiled e.iaai tnen. The nuoibei ot yasufj
liie-ii coniliig of age amounts to almut f.li.o-li iiiuniaVi . ut
whom n-.,non ni n u- ronstiaered tit fm servies rboj
eli. in lots to , h , id. who hits lo .ni. r th. a.tin oin?,
while the rim.iimbr n. anslgned t.. service In the Ni
lard? I ? ni ib. litouw i..? uaiiatl) . e- g
i. it.-.I tor ai uve -i rvlce v\, must di i
for the i-avv, I5JM men vii,i eii'ir I ..
t, i red befen ? ? ?
?
serve lu the bsU ??

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