Newspaper Page Text
C?mnermrnti, Cfrtnrro, fir.. ?l)ia Q_t.t-m._g.
~ Itoamia THBARBR.-At N ?nd li "Rip Van Win? kt? " J?tet* Jefarena Ght-JTD Opkra n??nrnr.. TwanW-thini-st. and kwrBthars.-'' ??tola, Ike Janrtef t Daaahtor." Kath. Uaaer. NiBi'.'MGARD-LV-At '.aud8: 'The Duke's Motto." Leal ?are Barret?. Wau.ack's Thkattcr. Broadway andThirteenth-at. -" Kr.??, Oar lea? Oeraaa." Joaapk _.. Kwat?. Tkkra?k CrAnnKN. Third-are. and Fifty -eiarhth-flt. ?" T_a Baltl? af Weiaaeatarg " Wot.p'R Mf8Kt M AND MKNAOKRIR.?At 2 BU?. 81 * TV A*? of Bjadn.- Ali?--, W Alkea Bnaincae Notice?. A Choice Sicibiii. MIDLAND BONDS. si.vkN paa cam? oom?, raaa or ...tbbbbbjit tai TB- rr-at raimad oa which ?-Mae fieearitl? are baaei I? ?aktnr (read ?.??_ ree? Of the 40? ruiln embraced I? it? catire IBBJ? treat tke melrop ?It. ?? ?he (?ttr of Oaw-fo aclotba? tke Alban hraaeh 1*1 xriiet are ?lr?a.t> riompleto?. fall.? eqappr,), aad in pro8US?e opention. Work I? ?watta Tiaoroaalr pa*r?*>1 oa other portinaa of th* lia*: and it ulla el peri.ua of the .'?tapa?, to bare at lea*! l'ai ?.,>? mor* I? operalioB be?>r* toe ctoee of tb? pr?e<a? a***o?. The po*_*o of toa road Bow la opentna i<>n?t>t_t. ?a it? norther j ?ect'oo ?Head.? from th? fit? of triwetro to Stalte? Plaia? where it inter ?se-? the Alhaar and Sut.)i- baai.a Railroad. Ii* lora! bo-aae? it ?lread larf* aad toe I'oopanr ha? ;o?t ?-i?oclo?ie.1 a onBtrtet with the Delaware tal Halen? ('anal Ok tot tnaaportlag the eral at that lara* aad wrtlthr r-rrant...? to th? north, ra ?ectioa? of the Mate Thi? ?rill at- m larrelr to toe ha?m-? ?_>1 proht* o' that aeciion of the toa? that the Co?pan/ f?! "octAewt that lu arl earcinx?. aitooat the aid of throaah baaaam -annul be le? than 7 per ??,_, on it? entire ?at, whieh i? 100 per oent in -lee? of th* intereet <>n it? honda. Por it mod be hern* ia mind that the ?ewe of theer hoad? ia elnrtlt limite.) to ??D.Ora) per mil* of fin?an?, road rae-, toa? poiee? ?1! tb* ?uni. of the bond? of oat ?idea aad beat -.ade. Tke road wb?_ rompl*t*d. ?rtH eonititat* um of ?die rnel trank lian oaaaeetin? toe fin of New York willi ? a?ada ?nit the Weet by a-orler raatn Utan tar now aBbmmJ !__.? ita entire curie ta tkroaih lerlile tal p?palo? d.tr rt? it r??not fall to prore ose of tb? bmbi ia pun-uil and beet (ana* road, in toe reina. Kb.iikd th??? R. ti? a a Pain-tTP f amtal or nbaklt t7iN#,Mli wh.rl, ilfonli ainple gaaraat? of the financial ?treogth of the ? ?ontpan Th- no.?.?-, t? gXtm? ttood. M a p*rf*etlr ?f* ?ecuntr heario? the r?l?M of mK-reel tuth.ina-1 bj the Itara of New T.?rk. ptrablr it ?., fr-r .?'?.oTrrrimenl Tai lia? kept tbenpplr aearlr rihaoatrd ; ?, a th r-c-ot ami earlr fninr* ompl?tiou of arbiitional lectio?! will for ? -a? furnith iliberal riaplr '.?winch we reaperlfull? iarite the attentio? ?I i .??atora, iu th? conldeet l??li?'that no liettcr a-e-irll? can be foand oa ?the mark?! Pnce rar aad aeeraed intern? ?n rurr-_c<- ?ioeeramenU and other carr--ui *-.-i'e, taken in ?i?h*n<? X'tYi 'K.iK Ol'OYKI. & Co., _ HtN.iK- -?"J Na??? - OttOl Moke in run CbvcibLeTI ?.ULAI FlIlK AT ("ANTON, N. Y. Tin BtHiNKsa 1*\K7 oi THK Town Iikstkotk?. lll.Klti.M.'.- SAPI?S. .'???tc.?,' n. T., Aa?. 17 i?rrn Bf-.?- I-UK?.?. P.HKBl. k Si,.,.,._'ifl,.. ,)? the ?lib in?. ?earl, th.? -?ure bui.ia? porteoo ,?f nar to?rn wa? deetrored br ira. We ar? ?c?*.' ot? of tk? nniorronafa. linio? our eau re ?lock .nd ???in wa ?r? placard to ?r that "?nr 'bin.pi.in .tafe ba. prored ita rain? hr ?ria? ,?i, h?>k?. paper? ?mt tanner Th'i a?f? l?l into th? cellar tiled ?nth t"??-?. barre!? kr.. ?>) remained in ?hi? hornill?; aa? until th* foi lowiag .)?- (poo open,na, we find ererrthin?; in food eon?) i ti mi, the ba ka >?f the l?ooh? on!? tieing aotawhat warped br ?team As toon it Bar nea ?tor? ii ?ompiete?! w? ?hall waat another Safe Tb.? ia the a-corsi lira* w? ?rr i_.|r)>te?l to roo' *?_?? far the pr-eer-i In ,i( mi H-inl, -'. within ? r?r aud ?h.iik tb*r are fi.rir rni.?|e_ to tocr name of ?"hampioo ?iiiiaiii Hk,?. Hiiiimi?Peaaai Dat-_*aaa Bataa Ta? Barr P???t? .-ti.?? moa Pint now Kiowm ilaaai-f?)'? Naw P?t?wt ii??.???.. S?m. Th? new ?-atoiratior >f Hardrned Steel aad Iron, willi toe Patea. fiaakli'i'te. or " Sp?*?*: Hume, i Herrin?-'! I Plaj-i't P?ieai|. I.KRRlN.i. FARRKL & RHBKMAN, -J-. 1 BHOaDwar, ona. Mnakar-ar, N. T. Parbbi.. HkKRiNf. A Co., Pbiladtlpliia. Hkrrino _t ??<?., ?"tii-airo Hbrkimi?, KAirlti.i. A Shkrman, New-Orli'Siis. iMI'iiR'lAM TO MoTlIKlt?.? lil?. WlNol-on't anoTa.au rtrraur for all li?e?_n antk wkteh ch.ldrea are aflUcaed. it t ?4r tad i-eria?e remedr It allan all |>?<i ?often? the ina? redui-a _____aau?a, ?are to rtat-iate tb? boaelit aad ram onad c1 c. liepead aaea it. iq-thaa. it will re.ie.r tor little ??Beni laaediatrtly. Pacfisetlr 5? '* *" *******' Iasg W?0i Oma Phtsioian, 4?> Kaut P?>? ?TB?*m,-?T . Ha? ?na ,-a?rk?l'- ? huxae Mallet??, anknow? ia Amen?? and BB-Na apekkeearn to litpenee there Tke* pn?lure elect? ?law.? to errt-ikto. rakaldina the Sr??? ?nd tanibilati?? dm??? of toe Internal fti??aa ?Vaa-ihaooii fre^ ?Tar?? reaaonahl*. _ " WllKKl.KB ?fc VVlI_44)N'V? SrW INO MaCHINK, 1,141 Bmadwar, roraer TweatT-eurtb ?t.. ?oki. hr paruf Bl? ?lew?, aad #1? per aealk. witkoal extra eh?r?r- M*ehiD? to tot. J. T. Bu.iv_ Mat??hki.or's Hair Dtb.?The bt-st in the wen-. iMtoataaaaB harmUaa perte*?. Appbei at Peatery No. II ?toadat. BeM eearrwhere._ _ W?*?idini-:rajt*?8,Monogrknifi,alrio(.'ardsforC.ol tenjairar Tia ?ad Wooden Weddin;?. Brerdell'?rle(aal?t>l<M, W3 K w r " Tbii?_b.?Marsh ?k Co.'s Kailiral Cure Truss ??.a* Iiiikltk-l? ?atra 1 Taaral., oppo? a tb? ?7k?rah._ AETirifi ti it t at? Palm KB Eimbs. ?Ml Breadwar N. T . 144? ?hatBaaWI.. Pktla., II Baa ta Beaton TERMS OF THE TE ?Ii UNE. pAn.T noon Mail SuI>smU?n4. $10 per annum. iSkui W.iitiv 1 liintNK, Mail ?SuIisii?Ihth, $4 [mt an. Five copi?1? or over, *3 earh; an extra ?v?py will be ?eut for every club of ten sent for at one time. Webicly -^-rar>?-)_, Mail Subiacribcra. $2 per annum. 5 ?3opiee, f&, 10 oopiee, to on? oddrot?, $1 SO ruth tarni one extra rotn1? ; 10 oopi?*?, to name* of ?mmtmrribor*, at one Vtud-Offiot. fl 60 each land oae extra copy) ; 'JO (-opiea, to out addreu, $1 _r? ?**Ach rand one extra eopv) ; 20 copi???, to ?ame? oftmAtxcriben at one PooLtf?Ute, $1 SR each land ?tvae extra 4?apy) ; 30 copi?***? to one addr?**, $1 each (and one titra ?jopvi ; r>0 copies, to nattes ofte?mwtebrtotou* Fott-Ojtoe, $1 10 each (aud one extra copy). Advertising Rates. Dai-.y TRrec.vB. 25e.. aOc., 40c., ?30c., and $1 per line. 8kmi Webkty Tbibi'mb. * and !V0 cent? per line. W-Hl y TBiBt;i?K, fa, ?|3, and $.*> per lin?-, A?*?c?rding to pontion in the paper. Tonus, oaah in advance. Addre-aa, Thb TRrarNK, New-York. UP-TOWN ADVERTI8RMESTS. Fur the aeiximmodation of np-town reai ?a-.t?t?a. Mr. X. H. Brown hat opened afflcaa at Va. B4 Weat Thirtr aeeon.1 at . juurtlon ?>r Broadway ?nd Biztb-are., and at Mo. 40 Kaat Ki^bteantbat., betwaen Broadway aad Boar---?-?., whare advertiaeiunnU for Thb Tbibcnb will _a ratal aad up to Tt in tb? ?waning. SATURDAY, AUGUST ?.187?^_ Tb? lakeat ?tiapaU*?-?? state that tb? French army baa bt**r?o divided, and the maia body for-ried back on Mets ; thai the Cro-rn Pri?t* ia marr hi d g on ?ThAlons with little to oppaaa him ; and -tun Marshal Barnine must cut bia way ?Mt or capitulate. - - Tim Pope bat made an offer of iihm1i_4-<?_ to Kin? William, who repliet, demandiriB* ?rujkranteaa trena Frtboce. amarna There are fear? In Botoe of an ?attack from the Italian troop?. It Is rt-Eior-Mi that the KngLiab Mission ha* been ten etfirttl to et-?enaUT Walle. ?r? The trod wa of two of the burK-ara who rourdered Merrick ia Bin^chamton, on Wc"l?v**>.l?y. were foarvl In tha Cb? nan no River, rr. , ria? Youna Men's ?Chriattan Aasociatiou la breaking up the icaa-bllnx hooaea in Saratoga. _____ Merrjhauts are ?iupfuutf _>raui from San Kranckaoo to New-York over the Pbs-iAo Ballway, bbbbbbi The ??rn crrrp in Virginia Una year win ba Uta taoot aboadant ?inca the war. The ?a?ll__krn la the bay between the Norwalk and the I_tdy Helen te atill under iaveatlgatlon. ___.-_ The story that Csnnmodor?1 VanderUit had been tmttten wnb j .?ral yaia provea to be a hoax -bbbb ("luirles Wilton, eliot oa a ?Uten Island terry-boat. July 10, by Jam?? -Naiko, ia demi. Nolan le at larg??. ?-?? Dean it O'Brien, tha d?j?_f mute tubbed hy a taloon keeper, Is not et peete?ltoUve. ^-=i= tiold, IU**. U?H- H?*- Th.-nnom ?tor. TI. to, IA _______?.____.___.__? Wa are ohe?*r**J by the announoenient from the Tnwtaury Departmeot that the civil servie?? )4?-?___ukUia for 1871 are aixteen millions of ?iotLara lena ?than those of 1<S70. It ia a promise of eeea-o-ay which may be oonfldently ac?_ep?ted an Yiew of the past extraonliuary reductions l\ty ima admrniatration of (fovernment expens4_a anu? tke national debt. We hare na ?xtitftrmiktion aa yet from our ?.wa ?Wpwtwli of the report from the ajAmumsmtM Paaaa (which we gum, yeaterday, ?to our raadara wrUi the exproaa warning that jit ikkokod ?wott -onftimatiaa) io the effeoi that Ulf? Emperor ami Empress wer? fugitives from Frauce. It sc-ems, however, to be the general belief both in London ami Paris that to this complexion it must .onie at last. Meantime, the advertisement wo kitely had to offer for the whereabouts of the Tran? quil Prince may now apparently be rei-veatcd for his no1 ?to tranquil parents. From the testimony yet taken by the Coro? ner in the inquest upon the victim of the lute collision in the Bay, it is impossible to arrive at a definite conclusion as to the responsibility for the CAtiwHtrophe. The weight of evidonce appears to bo in favor of the Captain anil pilot of the Btoamer, who narrate their pvroood iugs before and after the coHision too minutely to have been under the influence of liquor at the time of it? occurrence, and lioth seem to have been diligent after the collision in se? curing the safety of their vcevael and her li vin?? freight. Great injimtico may have been done these men by the general ?-barge that one or both of them were drunk at the time of the collision, and common charity demands that there ?shall be at leant a suspension of public opinion in their carie until the conclusion of tbe inquest. _ We hope the experimental trip which it is proposed to make with the American merchant ?hip Guiding Star, from this port to Havre, may lie suceossful. Then* is not much in the present condition of Franc* to attract visitors to Havre or any other of its ports, and we pre? mune ti)?? p.wHenger list of the Guiding Star will 1m? small. It is possible that, if she chose to carry contraband of war, the vessel might obtain a cargo, on French account, of ?grain and fire-arms, lioth of which the French are greatly in need, and which it is said they are contracting for in this country. But theio aro legitimate enterprises enough, we believe, to justify the experiment, and we shall be not the less surprised than disappointed if it does not prove successful. The Postmaster-General has ordered a mail to 1?.- made up for the. Guiding Star, which sails on Tuesday next. Pope Pius IX. having offered in communica? tions to Napalaai and King William to me? diate bctwSOS France and Prussia, the latter S<>vereign has written in reply a letter, which will command the admiration of all nations. He ?fters to discontinue the war upon the sim? ple assurance of ''him who declared it" that the peace of Germany shall not again lie interrupted. There is demanded no condi? tions such as the Conqueror has the right to diclat?*. No provinces are to bo ceded as the fruits of ?conquest. This magnanimity of Prus? sia's Sovereign will be not less applauded than the energy and skill of Prussia's Generals ; and its very generosity places it out of the ?lower of the French nation to reject it ami maintain the respect of mankind. THE RESULT OF THE BATTLES NEAR METZ. The series of combats between the French and Prussians at Metz, I-onguevillc, Grave lotte, and Mara la Tour, seems to have culmi? nated on the latter field in the defeat of Ba? zaine and the disruption of his army. A Berlin dispatch of August l8 assert* that the main body of the French hod been forc?vd back on Mets. A Paris dispatch of the 17th inst. claims that the main I ?ml y had consen? t?ate?! at Etain. There is no attempt to deny that the army is cut iu two ; there is only a disogreement as to the numbera which have been shut up in Metz and the proportion which have retired to Etain. Accepting the*** facts as clearly established, and we see no reason to doubt them, we nnist conclude that the battle at Mars la Tour can hardly fail to prove a crowning disaster to Bazaine. Presseil on flank and rear, the Flench have fought nobly, but in vain. Their hero? ism was worthy a nobler cause, and deserved a better fate. It was the great error of Ba? zaine that he deferred so long the evacuation of Metz that his boldest tactics could not extri? cate his brave army from the hold which the giant one in pursuit has fastened upon it. The superior generalship of the Prussian com? mander io proved by the fact that he reached the field of battle with nearly double the strength of bis opponent. It is not the French soldiers, who withstood his attacks for four successive days, but the Emperor, Leba-uf, Bazaine, and all the rest of his blundering generals, who are to blame that the left of the French army is broken at Metz as its right was a week before at Worth. Metz, to which a portion of the army has been forced, is in no condition to stand a siege. That its fortifications are complete ami well armed for defense there is little doubt ; but, unfortunately for the French, it is poorly provisioned. The Commandant of the city re? fused to admit the peasants who sought refuge there on the advance of the Prussians, because of the deficiency of food. This was before com? munication by rail was destroyed, and before the garrison, always large, was increased by the enforced return of a part of Bazaine's army. If the city is invested and cut off from supplies, its reduction becomes a simple mat? ter of time, and doubtless a very brief time. The imperfocions of the French commissariat will end in the li?-*-* of this important strong? hold. Marshal Bazaine's dispatch of August 17. de? scribing the battle of Mars la Tour, is dated from Verdun ; but as this point could be reached at that hour from Etain as well as from the battle-field, it does not entirely dis? prove the previous statement that the rem? nant of the anny had been forced from the Verdun road upon that point. It may be, how? ever, that Bazaine has suirar-eded in maintain? ing his hold npon the road, and that his army stretches from it across to Etain. In that event his final escape to Verdun is not impossible, bnt very improbable. The despera? tion with which he has contended for the possession of this road is partly explained by the nature of the country through which it leads. Immediately west of Verdun, and not a dozen miles from its gates, is the principal pass through the great forest of Argonne, which extends for fifty mile? in a northerly direction along the plateau on the west bank of the Meuse. Through this poos leads the one great highway by which an army can cross this plateau. It is this highway for which the two armies have contended. If Bazaine can thrust off his enemy, and escape to Ver? dun, he can control with a comparatively small force the gateway to the forest. But to escape this vigilant and overwhelm? ing force seems, from Hie events of the first half of the week, almost an impossibility. And even if he did, it might be to find, on issuing from the pass on Ihe western aide of the forest, the army of the Crown Prino?. confronting him. That General has avoided the forest, making a detour to the south of it, and way apirear almost aay day on its western horder. In such an even!, we can but look forward to further disasters to Ha-aine. Our dispatchee, other than thotv* relating to flic imm?diat? situation at Met/, are of the moat stirring and interaiting character. Sun ?lay's battle at Mete is described by our cor? respondent in the fortress, who paints a graphic picture of the ivocne. The compl?te? nt?! of the Crown Prince's vietory at Worth, and the disastrous nature of MacMahon's dis? orderly retreat from Saverne, are revealed in other dispatcher,; while still others ?lescribo in significant terms the little reverence that is paid to Napoleon, who is flying from point to point to aYoid danger, and the growing popu? larity and power of Oen. Trocho. SHALL WE HAVE A FA?R ELECTI0N1 We honestly believe a majority of the legal voters of thin Slate, to-day, to be oppose?! to the arl m in is tra ti on of (Ioy. HofFman, and in favor of that of Gen. Grant. We ask only a fair election wherein each voter shall vote once, and no more than once, to prove it. There is no citizen of New York, of average intelligence, who doee not know that for yeara we ha? *- had no such election. We seek one. The State refuses an Election law that can be enforced ;? the best law fails, in most cases, ?because the men who should enforce it are the men whose place? depend on its violation ;?good citizens very generally have rrcognizeil the consequent surrender to total depra. ity, and have looked to Congress for relief. Why should they not get it t Ii we are told that Congress cannot inter? fere in a ?State election, who is there to dis? pute that it has the full right to control elec? tions for membership in its own body T If it can secure honesty there, through the aid of ofticcrs not having a dir?*ct interest in the re? sult, what honest man can fail to rejoice at the result t And if, by rea-son of the occur? rence of State ?lections at the same time, at the same polls, these also may be made purer, who can, on any honorable ground, object to it 7 Rut The Netc-York World, speaking right? fully (as their organ) for the Democracy of the State and Nation, doe?. To'the desirability of honest, elections it has nothing to say. To the monstrous frauds which have disgraced every recent election in New-York, and to which its Editor, a year ag?>, bore personal witness as being within his own eyesight, it interposes now merely a bald denial, whose only effect is to give the lie to itself. "The " Editor of The World saw at the polls " the shameless and cunning frauds of " the corrtiptioniats of the Ring," said he then. Now he impudently pronounces " the |>i i-f? nse of fraudulent voting in this "city" a mere " pretext for Congressional in " terference with our elections." Did he b?-ar false witness when he declared that he saw these shameless and cunning frauds of the corruptiouists of the Ring; or doe? he bear false witness now, when he declares that the talk of these frauds is a mere pretense t In eil her case, there is no trouble in seeing on which side he is now. Ile wants to eumur ago fraudulent, voting by persuading his igno? rant followers that Congress had no right to pass the law restraining it. Hear him ! In the lift t place, these sections of the new act of Con ^ress, paa?K*4 under the guim- of regulating tin- manner of rhnoain*- memliert of Coi?gn*-*, ?actually undertake to punish offenses which can be offenses only under Stat?, lawn by Conffreaaiona* legislation and in the Federal courts. There is not a Federal Judire In this circuit who would not so Instruct a Jury, and there could be no fury impantteled who would connel for an offerttr again*! a litate taut under an indictment found and tried in a Federal court lu the third place, there Is no occasion fur any alarm .111 the part of the " Democrats about the City Hall," or else? where. The laws of the r?tate on the sul.Ject of registra? tion and voting do not need to lie ? (?auk.-'?I for any pur pose; and what the Itepubllcaus have undertaken to do, i'i means of this lniirl.car of an ii? I of ('?.iigrc-n. under the gtilne of ri'guliituig the manner tit choosing mein bata of Congress, may well enough lie left to the action ?,f Hie Courts, if any frauduli-ttt registration or voting shall occur. Th.- Federal Court? will have to decline the Jurisdiction; the Mate 4??,urts will have to punish, and in proper cases they will do it, when any offense against the laws of the State is proved Who is blind enough not to Bat. what is here meant f "Goon! Messrs. Repeaters of " tho Vlth Ward ; go on, shameless ?rrup " tionists of the King ; ire have made peoei* " with you ; and the Republicans can't toad. " you, became no jury it-ohW ever convict ! " ( ast 1,022 vote? in the VHIth Ward " again, as you did last Spring ! It han ''only 1,710 inhabitants all told, men, women, "and children, aliens and all, but nev?T mind ;? "110 jury can be impounded that will convict! "Cast more votes in the Vlth Ward than it "has inhabitants; defy the law, ami snap your " angers at the impertinent United Statt-s ofti " eera who are ordered to In? posent,?no jury " trill convict I* Is this the language of a patriot seeking for a fair expression of the will of th<? tieople, or is it that of an ally of "the shameless corrup "tiouist? of the Ring!" Judge ye! MALUS ?75.75. The abolition of the bad custom of levying assessments for political purposes uimiii the Department clerks at Washington will, we hope, havo a place among other reforms in? augurated by Grant's Administration. We hope that the President and his Cabinet will see to it that every clerk ?b protected who declares himself indisposed or unable to comply with the demands, however light, of any political Committee whatever. Let Campaign or Gen? eral Committe?.? send a? many circulars as they please, calling for contributions for political purposes ; but let there be no pressure, no threats, open or implied, of removal from office in case of non-compliance. Those clerks who are at heart Republicans, and who are in receipt of fuir salaries, will certainly not be behind other members of the party in paying their share of the party expenses. But they must have perfect immunity, to do or not to do it, aa they may be in? clined or able, themselves being the judges. Removal from office in case of non-payment implies retention in office in case of payment. There are two classes who will be the promptest to respond to such demands of political managers, viz., tboee who are least able to pay, but who, having large families to provide for, tremblingly clutch at every means of strengthening themselves in positions which, at the best, an- always insecure; and those worthless fellows who know how te shirk office-duty, and gladly pay the amount of a small political levy as the pri?e of being left undisturbed in what they find a sufficiently remunerative semi-leisure. But the truth is that, especially since the sweeping changes made under the preaent Administration, the clerks in the Departments largely consist of men upon whom no levies for party support should ever be made. They were crippled during the war ; they were either wounded or impaired in health ; or they were impoverished by the ravages of the war ; or, having devoted aeveral years to the aervice of the country in the field and at the expense of lo,ia? aettlod habita of life, thev have booti appointed, where well recommended, because fit for the merely rootine duties of Department clerks, and fit for hardly anything else. The families of these men increase much faster than their pay does. Of course, not even the Cam? paign Committee can lie supposed to have re? quested (rontributions from such as these, and, least of all, to have added to a request the si<_rnificant phrase, "An answer is expected." No matter what claims the party may be sup poae.1 to bave upon others receiving good salaries, among those who are engaged in keeping the archives and accounts and trans? acting the current routine business of the Government, it is a scandal to send threaten? ing political circulare among them calling for money, and the tendency is to impair the efficiency of the public service. The Admin istration, by sustaining such members of the clerieal force as decline to contribute in response to the circular referred to, will give the BOSf de grace to a bad custom which ought long ago to have been abolished. WAR TOPICS. A French military writer, who recently dis cussed the question of a Prussian invasion of France, and the various lines of approach to Paris, thought it was not worth while to say anything at?out the idee, of a Prussian advance into France by way of the Vosges Mountains and the Moselle River. He said that an in? vasion by this way was " regarded as a mili " tary impossibility," on account of the im? mense defenses, natural and artificial, that confronted the invader. Yet this is the very line by which the army of the Prussian Crown Prince has advanced into France. ?In no part of the newly acquired territories of Prussia has there been the least sign of the di-saffi'Ction which was predicted as the result of a war with France. It appeared by one of the most elaborate letters from our correspond? ent? in Germany, publisb?*d the other day, that even in Schleswig-Holstein the Prussian policy is hiipported in the strongest way by the great body of the population. " Hithi-rto," said our correspondent, "these provinces have been "torn by parties;?now there is no feeling "but that of perfect unity." Thin is certainly a remarkable indication. ?The statement that the French official re? port of the engagement at Metz on Sunday was signe?! by Marshal Baaaine, although pub? lished over the name of Napoleon, is signi? ficant. The Emperor durst not accept the re? sponsibility for his blunders on the Saar, and drea?ls to give to another the credit for a slight success on the Moselle. To shield him? self from popular wrath for tho first defeats he dismissed Lcbo-uf, and now it is announced that Frossard is arrested. These are the victims he offers up to appease the public for his own mistakes. But be does not dread the loss of his own popularity more than he fears the consequences of another's promi? nence. He well knows that upon any gen? eral of his army who defeats the Prussians will be lavished all tho enthusiasm and devo? tion of the French soldiers and people which he hoped to win by military triumphs. Hence Bazaine's little cr?>dit is stolen by-the Emperor. A victory won by Bazaine has almost as many ti'rrors for Napoleon as a triumph of the Prussians. ?The English and French papers of a fort? night ago come to tis tilleil with paragraphs prophetic of what the French and German armies are to accomplish. Detailed plans of offensive campaigns and defensive op?*rations are printed by the column as if the writers were born Jominis and Hallecks. The value of their elaliorate predictions and calculations is considerably lessened by the fact that the plans of the offensive campaigns are based on the belief that the French are to advance to? ward the Khine, and that the Prussians are to maintain the defensive. The very erratic movements of the Crown Prince at Hagnenau, and the rapid backward advance of Napoleon toward Paris, are absurd contingencicf which it could not tie expected that the strategists should foresee. ?The most profound grief of the r'mperor over his defeat?, will be because of their effect upon the prospects of Napoleon IV., who, it now appears, will probably turn out to lie as distinguished a soldier and monarch a* Napo? leon II. was. ?During the last fortnight, or since the commencement of active hostililies in France, Napoleon has hail occasion to deal s- verely with a number of his unfortunate officers. Marshal Mac.Mahon's disaster at Won h has resulted in his downfall ; Lebo'ufs misman? agement on the frontier has secured his re? moval from the position of Mojor-General. But who will punish Napoleon for his con? tinuous display of imbecility T ?" Disorder in Paris would lie vict-vry for " Prussia," were the words of the proclamation which the French Council of Ministers ad? dressed to the people of Paris a fortnight ago. Ever since the warning was uttered there have been threats of a great revolutionary outbreak in the French capital. ?Gen. Sheridan, we are told, has arrived at the Prussian headquarters in the field, and " been received as a myal guest," which means probably that lie is to be treated with all possible courtesy by the German Generals. The Aiiieri?an soldier undoubtedly finds him? self at home there, and the Prussian operations must remind him forcibly of his campaign of \m. when he sent Early "whirling up the \ alley." ^_ PAUPERISM AND CRIME. Our moral statistics are shockingly meager. In our great cities we may compute the num? ber of convictions to the thousand adults, but who can count up the crimes unpunished and unrecorded ? Communities, too, in which crime is most promptly punished, may appear to be the most criminal. It is so with pauperiom. In provincial or country places, a great many persons who have not property, and are not in any valuable sense producers, ore maintained by others. It is only when life becomes highly artificial that a pound of bread and an hour of labor are sharply defined. In the weary experience of dense populations there comes a time when the social arithmetic of life is so harassing that all extra burdens are thrown off. Then we und paupers. Beggary and crime, the former at one time hardly known in our community, have become professions. Whether intentional or not, we have states of so? ciety which produce them both. Out of our forty millions we rear so many each vear to 1* paupers, and so many to be robbers and swindlers. The machinery is well adapted for the pun*,?*, too, and the wonder is that we have not more of both classes. Occasionally we become alarmed at the frequency of the vrorat phases of crime. As we sip our coffee we throw down the morning paper with dis? gust at the " bold robberies," or " frightful murders," and ask, "What is the world coming tot The world is simply coming to what we are making it. We keep normal schools for robWy ?nd murder, and the grad? ?an* ?x> out over the Und to toacU vicious. idle yoting men the cTaft. When a hundred children are reared in ignorance, indolence, and vice, we doubt if we have a right to interfere ; but when one of the hundred, fully Hedged, commits a munhr, or pi? ks a pocket, we try to seize him with the strong arm of the law. Is the manufacture of criminals, th??n, not as great a crime as petty theft t It is a safe estimate that two-thirds of our street beggars are unauthorized recipients of public charity, and are thus kept from follow? ing useful occupations. A large number of these are children thrown ??n the street? to copy the worst vices of society. As we paas along, we are met by the pale, squalid face of a supplicating woman with a child, or the helpless dirty hand of a Iniy is raiivd for a "penny to buy some bread.'1 Prolmbly it is for pennies to go to the theater, or to furnish liquor to a drunken father. If we give, we are harassed by some such doubt, and also with the knowle?lge that we have not y??t a C4>m plete system for supplying the suffering poor. Perhaps we give on the mere chance of doing good, and under the ban: possibility that it is a case of actual merit, but in reality we len?l our influence to increase the anny of street beggars, worthy and worthless, which forms th?* nursery of vie*. Two classes have some claims to public char? ity. First, the halt, the maimed, and the blind, who cannot support themselves. For th??se there should lie comfortable public institutions, where, beside? support, every thing possible should be done to heal und restore. The second are the aceiilentally poor, who may be entitled to temporary relief until a proper effort secures legitimate support. It seems unfair to saddle the families of worthless vagabonds, who re? fus? to support them, on the public, yet they have, in wrtain cams, some claim. With few exceptions, those who are in the habit of get? ting "into misfortune" are the indolent or shiftless. Having once leaned ?)ii other should? ers, they want to continue it. For their own sake and that of society, this should be prevented. It itx customary, and right, that the nceily should first lean on their own family, who can help them. It seems to lie nec<*ssary for the safety of the community that a certain aroma of disrespect ability should surround public pauperism, and that is a reasonable family pride which can boast that none of its members were permitt?>d to fiill on public charity. There is a very con? siderable class who only want encouragement to be paupers, or to be self-supporting. They are what we ??ill " trifling people"?shiftless, bad managers, indolent. From these come most of our criminals and paupers. They spend their own lives uselessly, and rear children fearfully exposed to crime. Yd it cannot lie ignored that our worst criminals are fr~m a better class, who, from pride or other causes, have not been taught to work. Those who have been too proud to teach their children au honest trade may, in their old age, lie har? assed because they have learned a dishonest one. We have, probably, a? large a popula? tion as can be found anywhere who, without learning to make their wits honestly profitable, are nevertheless determined to live by their wits. Some pick pockets in a vulgar way, others swindle the gullible indi vidual anil the gullible corporation, and are worshiped so long as they can keep out of the penitcntiaiy. Your polished vagabond isa hero, although in Europe he may be an em? peror, or, in the I ni ted States, the president of a railroa4l company. Con?3erning this latter class we have little hope. There may possibly C4>nie a time when ?o< it ty will drive them out as pariahs, or judicial machinery lie so perfect that theil ?*ulliiig ii ill be impossible. For ev?-ry sharp, polish???! ni.-.al, there are hu minds of vulgar rascals. These, as well as th?1 others, crowd the cities, which swallow up both our best blood and brain and our worst scapegraces. The former give them power, the latter make them resemble ?great ulcers. Are crime and pauperism on the increase? We fear they are. Probably our vici?ius cle? nents increase faster than our virtuous. Im? migration swells the number of our criminals, but we also make many. Religious and moral training have not received all the attention they should. We want a better system for both criminals and paupers. Our increasing population and multiplying crimes admonish tis that we have neither done enough nor all that we could ?lo. Our towns doubtless need better ?Iraining and better ventilation, but the condition of our moral sewerage appeals more urgently for improvement. We shudder at our statistics ol infant mortality, and the city record of deaths "from one year old and un "der" would hornfy Herod; but, after all, the unhappy tate of a large percentage of the survi? vors is a greater calamity. Crime and pauperism should lie treati'?l to some extent as diseases. The willful murd<?rer has no difficulty in mak? ing a plea of insanity ; yet how wretchedly insane are our petty thieves who lead a life of wretchedness, fear and shame, in a country where every branch of honest labor invites to a life of comparative comfort and respect! Our civilization is loudly call. .1 on for a sys? tem so intelligent and comprehensive that the street beggar sholl cease, and our criminals, whenever caught, shall be subjected to a reform? atory process, lasting until there is reasonable hope that the criminal can lie risked in so? ciety. We might aa w?>ll turn loose so many tigers and hyenas on the streets, as men who we know will commit crime. Parents who have failed to educate their children pniperly must be prepared for the assumption of that task by society. Nothing else will chili the carnival of crime. When the system of general roundsmen wa? introduced, Borne weeks ago, into the police force, we expressed doubt? of its propriety, which subsequent experience has not removed. The reports of the trials of ptdicemen, since the new method of espionage was instituted, prove conclusively that the morale of the forte is constantly deteriorating umler this secret surveillance, or that frivolous charges an? preferred, which no officer should be put to the trouble and degradation of answering. Either fact is sufficient food for further retiVo tion, before the .nouchard feature of the Paris? ian police is pennanently ingraft??! upon our force. The Commissioners ought at once give this subject the thorough an?l dispassion? ate consideration which its importun?e demands. There were ami are irregularities in the De? partment needing corr??etioi), but the Commis? sioners can certainly find ?ither means of reach? ing them than by the empUijrmenl of an agency which imites to perjury, and can have as its best result only the transforming Of negligent patrolmen into useless automata. An abandon tnent of the new system need not imply a re? turn to the old, which was found in many ways defective, but it is incumbent up4?n the (Commissioners to devise a means of ?liscipline that shall be lx.tr? efteitive and just. Tli4* Bismarck appoint**?! Governor ot the I'm? u.c.. of Al?,?.? ia not. of t <>n.-???. the Prussi.tn lYemier. hut a uauivtwke of Ina. (K*u. Ilt__u_r? i? lioltw. THE WAK IN EUROPE. ________ ?-'??4l*kw>4 Irta Viral Pa?*. Empa-rsr offered to auatsin Austria m di-mombii? UM lilcral fulfillment of the treaty of ?Prague, .?ti i baaaaaSJ that any alliance of ?J?rija?i? with the So?ith German Statis slmulil lie con?idered a violation of the compact. The Prussian? were to Im r-wiiiind tar oytsesisAo Mayenne, and II????* north of th* River Mara wm to i?o with that south of it. A /..II v?-r?*iii of th* Kout h German Stat?-* wa* to I*? established and war waa to lie declar?*d if Prussia hesitated to yield to Aii*tria'a demands. Prussia was to tie compeli??! to do Jiurttre? to Denmark m iii? matter of the s? lil-*-*?i? ili,lat*in provinces, and the Southern State? mai to be roerc?-d, if necessary, into the an^nprerneiit Kni-lmh ships in the Baltic were to lie obliged to show tbeir liai?* and papers at the stiromons of French rniiaera. MISCEEI.ANEOI'S FKENCH NEWS N0 NEWS FROM THE MtONT?NINETEEN PRir-, MAN SPIES SHOT?THE EMPKEt* AIUIN4, TH? WOUNDED. Pa?is, Friday. Ans 1-, lim. There is nothing new this morning from the front. The journals this moilun? say that 19 I'niasian spies have lately been ?itrested. After trial and coti demnut ion by the Council of Wsr, they were ?hot in tho Fort de Montronge. Among the exe? utiun? motm live officers of the enemy's Etat Major, who wee? arrested some days ?in? e ia the Plain of Satory. n??ar Fort Ivry. Tlieae ?pies were disguised, and were takinj* note? of the plana of the fortification*. The Enipreas take* part in the mnvemenl in faror of the wounded. She lia* ordered J.er apartment? it Compeiprne to lie prepared f?.r that rn\rno*r, and hi? decided upon trying the system imiiigiiratitd ia America, during the recent ??vil war. <>f run n? for the wounded in tents, where plenty ?,f fr-sli air ?an be obtained As the Council of War will not meet until Satur .lay, the civil magistrate* have examined tim noi? era of the Roulerard de la Yillettr and ?vent thoa? against whom prima fane eviilenc* ,,f gsJH i* id (lin ?ii to piT.-on to await trial lie foi? the Military Court. The publication of the journals Centre Smtotat mid Glocke has lieen suspend.*d hy order of the military authorities. The private girden?. of til?* Tnilen.vi have been turned iuto an out-door ..?ilitarv li?.-?pital. which has l?een placed ander the siip?-rint??nden???ol Dr. N?>laton. Memliera ot UaO GartjV Mobil*- ames here fniin the province*, ?lally ?>y thousands. The authorities continue to ?irrest snape? ted par? ties. Many ?lis? averies have Ih-.ii iii ul.? of arms and pipera, demonstrating the widely-extended Hvsf.-m of Prussian spying throughout Frame. The pu M io has lw>?-n irr.vatly OBSHol hy th.**** important develop? ments, and denian,! imperatively that the OOSwBSSl punishment he met?vd out to such 00SSB?0S It is said on givod authority that BBS Minister ot Finance will open a national loan on Monday. A council of Ministers was held to-day. Le Parlement aeacTie that the niei?e of Str.ksb?nir_? has been abandon.*!, hut the statement is not con? firmed. Baron Brunnow isexpecte?! here to-day, Ai th.* Russian Embassy. Biron MalortiSe, a Hanoverian, ha* addr?-?_-e?1 -in app.?al to the Hanovenans in France to form a leglssj of sharpshooters. He says he i* not airaiiist Urt many, but Pru*>?ian tyranny, and thal hid wi*h is lo combat the Hohenzollerns. who tried to etTa. e from the map of Europe the name of Hanover. IUmbbo is said to be a nephew of Conn! Bismarck. The Journal Offuiel of this morning pub! kata tho following, as having been approved hy the Empress: "Madame- The portajof Cherhoiiri?, Br*e*t, I, 'Orient Roehefort, and Toulon ha vi mt been de. I*r>-?1 In a slate of ?ies*e, if the letter of the provision of th? de? ree of Oct/j ber 13,1863, were to he strictly followed, ti*-powers in tru-tid to the uiilunry authorities hy virtue of theiUt* of siep<e should devolve on the generals romui.inilin< the territorial divisions within the limita tu whi. h aro found these five ports. As the*, powers are no4 intrusted to uny maritime authority hy the t.-rnit of tb* assth article, erix*pt in cast? of sn unforseen attack, the present rlrcumstauc?? and the general interest m tb? defence of the country demand tho aholition of ?ai?! ar? ticle. Therefore, ?fter having a consultation with the Minister of the Marine, I have the honor to propoM to your Majesty to dei ree that the Mmntime Prefect* In, m vested with the extraordinary till.- ?if superior ?oin uianders of all troop? ?utioued withtu tho*. Uve military posts. " Palikao." Granier de Cassagnac replaces his son Paul na edilor of the Paus, the latter ii?ivit?i< joiueil tho army. pTbS Pays m tanti a* violently warlike and hostile ts Prussian r?>sidentsof Frame as ever. THE PRESS OX THE SITUATION NO PEACE NEGOTIATION? IN PltOMO ?-, ? A KKkSClI OPINION OK MARSHAL BAZAISK? EXCITEMENT AT THE BANK OF KUAN? K. IaONl*ii4, Friday, Au,?. 19. ISTO The Morning Post says semi-offlcially : " Ntp poa? e n? kMtiations are afoot. The Oovernment is satisfied that France will not treat until she i? done retreat? ing. All turns ou the capture of Pans." The Post also denies the story recently publish,?d of th.? pirv? eiit'o o? Prince Murat in England. The Gaulois says: "Wo may now affirm that wa have a great General at the head of our armies ?Tiri greatest proof is his ealmne-v. in tin? hour of th tory. He awaits sure results before he t.*l.*L":iphs his sac cesses. For whole ?lays he has -resisted the tempta? tion to announce sood news, until mithin?* cam com? promise the hopes he might raise." The Gaulois also says that M. Pinard. ei-Mimatar of the Interior, was with duli? nitv di-*uia?ied from interpellating the Chambers on the proclam?t ion of Gen. Trochu to the Parisians, lie. au-?? the Emperor and Empress were not mentioned in the .iocument. The Paris Patria say? ??Teat crow.!-, collect daily around tin? doora of the -Bank <>f France to obtain specie for hill?. The brokera charge a pri'iiiium of ten per cent for ??oin. The Fsfri* defends the offioora of the Bank from the charge of negligence in not preparinp? to meet the demand for small bills, and promise? that an euoruioua quantity will b?? ready in a few days. The Patrie also, in noticini? the rumors of an insuf? ficiency of cartridpT??-. and munitions of all kimi? here, says the supply is euormou?, and is daily in? creasing. Ika Constitutionnel says that the native chief? of Algeria are raisin? r-JO,?*?) cavalry for the Kreuch army, which will ?toon be ready to start at a moment's notice. Over SO.?Ou Algerian volunteers have also demanded leave to serve with the armies of Fr?n?-e. L'Opiuion Nationale, announcing the appmument hy the Prussian Kin?* of Governor* for the province? of Lorraine and Alsace, saj-s: "Woe ta? the con ?jiien-d should Prussia succ?ved France will be tr? at.-.l with unexampled rigor. She will be dis? membered, rubbed, and crushed, so that she may not at some future day seek revenge, and that the ?tourcs of Democracy may be destroyed. Tike pi-etieut war is one ?xaiii of the old against the new right ? thal of the people against the kings." Ihe liberte publishes s leader nrging reprisals. It says: " The Prussians without pity shoot peasants and tax heavily the populations. They war l._.e a?v aptes. Without imitating them let na do what th? laws of war permit?tax the populations of th? Prussian coast. Let our ship? it Bremen, ll.-iinl-*irg. [aOBBBB?j Dant/ip*. Kocnipfsberp?, and along the whole roust make requisition? of all kinds. Let no time !>? lost. We must treat the enemy as we are treated." The tiaulois nay? the m??*t importent member* of the " Left" held * meet inn and ?Wided that the Gov? ernment be advised that it must make no nient ?un ot peace so lona; as a ?inicie Prussian is on French terri? tory, and not then ev.u can the war oease st once, rhe Prussian? driven ?way. Franc? must combins with Hump?' to obtain su? h .??araut?*?* a* will ioiHira the future. WHY TELEGRATHINO LS INTERDICTED IN FRANCE. IKI -MANS HE? E1VIN.1 NEWS OE EBENCH SOVE MENTS KKOM V VU k.i A -IHK MIEN.'H M1U TABY SITUATION. The Courrier des Etat? Unis of yesterday cootaioM idispikt.-h.datiHi Ang. l8, fr.?m iUPa-nswrraspoudeat. ?fating : lu a l-fief interview wttk|M Che?r?>?o. Sinisl*? *f ita lulairiot. be asaiired me that tbe Chief of Merlin Ptrlios ?ad verfrx-iVed ?rrkuisiesaosV? lot lotwiius, th* uiv??m-*i