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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 04, 1875, Image 2

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INDIAN LOBBY PLOTS.
THE CHOCTAW MET PBOSIKM CLAIM.
A ri.AN KOR ?rUl'lIING THF TAYMKNT OK TWO M1I.
LlOVS ON CLAIM? YVIIUII HAVK I'.I'.IM illTEll'lt 1>
IN Fl'U.-MosT OF IHK MONEY T<? CO TO THE
laillHY At?KNT.s?THE C1 AIM 80I.D HY TUB INDI?
ANS Kit? iwaari-BTTB ours on a oom.a it?
OAM?KU OF THE PANS A UK OF THE CLAIM THIS
WKKK.
frrosiTHF. aawtTLAB roRr?Rsro\-r>Fvr or tub Titi m n I
V?A.sni\.,ii>\, Jan. Si.?The net ion of the IIouso
niM.n the ludi.iii Appropriation bill when it was un?
der consideration a few days ago was a puzzle to
some of tho oldest members. The Committee on
Indian Afluir? oflert-tl an amendment appropri?t mi;
???81.247 M for the payment of the old Choctaw
Net Proceeds eLiiin, and carried a majority of tho
lions?' in favor of it. Hut when ii bad been in
RiuXtc-d on tim bill, tim bill was defeated. As ibu
only known objection to the bill was tho CkoeSBW
??laiin. it was ?lillicult to understand whv, after it had
boeu amend? d, it sh-mld be weaker than the amend?
ment itself, liave probable eipaaBBtloa te that st?*
of the I) ihm i;its who aro oppooi 1 to President
Orsnt's Indian t?olicy desired to r.-cord their protect
?gainst it by voting against all Indian Appropria
li?.n bills, while they believed that tho Choctaw
claim was a just ono and ought to ho paid. They
ihOTofeee roted foi the auiendmenl and then voted
against tli?> bill, not on account of opposition to any
particular provision la it. but a* a matter of policy.
The opposition to the Choctaw claim which waa
made in the House the other day was based, not on
thechaiaeterof the claim itself, but upon the al?
leged fuet that if it were paid tho Indians would
uot get Ike money. A large and powerful lobby Las
boen in Washington for years urging Its pnyment,
and it is bell ved that this lobbv will receive the
largor part of the money, if it is ever allowed. To
meet ti e objections of those who opposed the claim
when it was baal before the House, au amendment
?baal been agreed t?>, providing that the money shall
he paid directly to the Indians theniM-lves, and with
this amendment Mr. Halo of Maine and those who
assisted him iu his tiizht against the claim when it
was last before tbe House aro said tai be satisfied, so
that it is generally undeistood that when the Indian
bill comes up again thin week tho Choctaw claim
will be allowed.
The BtlUBgeel arguments against tins enormous
claim are not tho?e windi depend upon the probable
destination of the ?onoy,ehon?d i: be paid, nor upon
tbe prosent depleted condition of tho treasury. The
fact is. t'.io el tim itself is fraudulent, and its pay?
ment would ?-imply be a direct robbery of the treas?
ury. The onlv Jual or valid claim which the Choc
taws ever had under the treaty of 1S3J was settled
long ago, ami a receipt in full was given for it, the
United Status at that time paying a much larger
sum than anv fair construction of the treaty and of
the facts made the Government liable for.
oltK.l.V OF TUB CHOCTAW C1 MM.
line dishonest character of this claim was conclu?
sively proved in a lettor written by tho late rSlillCi
tor of iho Treasury, Mr. Hantield. to Secretary
lloutwoll on Nov. 14, 1873. in which he gives an ex?
haustive history of it. By the treaty of 178S,BBra
Ifr. Hau ii Id la the letter referred to, there wan al?
lotted to tag Choi i tw Nation " to hunt and. live in '
lands within the United States bounded substan
tiiily, Ac (naming the limits of the old Choctaw
country in Mlwlsaippl) The Indians held no tillo to
tim land*., and admit in the treaty that they were
simply lo hold them as an allotment of hunting
ground?. Stil?.--? qui nt treaties were mado with
the same tr te in 1801, ?Mt, 1808, 1810, l&Xi
and IS.}), the r? ..nit of them all being that
tho Cheeta we finally ceded their entire
country to Sha United ?Mates. Up to li?? the cou
Hidetation for tin several cessions was money. In that
voar a now policy was adopted?that of rcmoviug
beyond the Missi-sippi Uiver those of the tribe
w!io desired ti live by iiunting. and to civilize thOM
who remained. By the treaty of 1SJ0. therefore, the
< hoctaws woro given ubout l?.oOo.OOO acres between
tho Arkansas and Bad Ki vers, upon which they were
to live, wini?? tliosi who remain? ?1 wiro to have
i? si-rvtttioiis a milo square, including improvements
out of the land, east of iho Mississippi, ceded to the
United Matts, and could bocoino ci tizona of the
United States. 11 -sides this, 54 square mile? of the
reded country tv? re s'-t apart for a fund to educate
ChocUw children, and $6 000 a year for 10 years was
sf.iveu to remove BOOM existing discontent.
Bal the Indians who remained did not breakup
I tubal r-'l.i'.Mil?., and many of them still wan
dered ahoat aad led a Berega life. As a result, it
was impossible, to ni ike eiti/.i 01 of the greater part
.,. liions, ead laws [to BU fir] by the State of Mississippi
rendered the treaty of l8'? aeeoassgy, This was
I oa the Bania idea as that of 1830. although it
? .? not expected that many of the Indians would
? iii.iin. the ('hoctaws al first lixmg the number of
teaatliea lu their prop sritioo a.? likely to do so at ISO,
sr indi waa afterward raised to 300. Thiele a Yery
utportaat point, ainee tho present Blain arises
tluiiMt entir? ly from the troatuient of those
\n1io lefaaad to go weet of Arkansas,
iho n nub t of tlioso who Bight remain wau
not limited in the treaty, but there is
ample proof that neither party supposed it would
I ..' i) lam.Ins. By tho treaty of 1830, the 1 luds
wlrieh the Indiana received in the West were to be
held by thoa lu iho aaaas manner as they had held
those in Miaalaaippl , their right was simply that of
oooapaacy. Bal by the ?treaty of 1830 Iheee essaa
lauds, 15,000,1?.?u a? res. were given them in fee ?imple
at loHg as their tribal relations existed, aud the
Cn i u-d Btatea agreed that ao part of the luida ?should
??vor be omina? ? ?1 m any IStole or Territory. This
was very important, as ii gave the liidiutis security
eg nust ali fatorodiaturbaneeeos raaMrraltvand they
bora to thie day r? ?named ia tho enjoytuent of the
?ighta ifivi n then by ?that treaty.
IHK OaraiNJaL UT.I? IKATIDV A r?.IIl ONI'
The 14th article of tho treaty ia tbeoi iwhiehat
preeeal m the most important. This wai pat ia for
tin? benefit of those Choct.iws?heads of families
only?who ioaired to remain, and tho nnmlierof
whom the ?Ckoel ?WB themselves uover llippueeil
woiddexcee.il 800, It provided that each hoad of a
funilv uki'.g idea tage of ft muet signify to the
agent oi tho United Mau-? Ins intention of d
uni lim six mont lis from the ratitioation of the
treaty, F? I?. M, l8 I, anil that b| BO doing ho would
?eenre a reservation for himself. In point of fact,
the Choitaw? were not aaavded opportunity to gire
the rennie?! aotit o ii ni ii three mouths after the i.it
ideation of the treaty, so that when Col, Ward, who
wa? appointed to register th.-m. arrired, only throe
mont h? remained. During lins timo onlv
50 heads of ? iin.li. -s mule claiin. He
afterward saade a seea-aj regioter of '??
BUMBOB and gare ? ?it.licit?? to eight other appli?
cants, making just 100 ia all. Now upon the solo
ground that C .1. Ward unfairly rejected Indians
who ware entitled to register, has sprung up this
claim which the Hooae of Representatives now pro?
pose? to pay. Bal Col. Ward afterward teetified
several timor, ander ?lalh th it he rejected no Indian
who appealed ia Bl is ?n, al'liough be did refu.se to
r?-gistor aaaaeawbere a anxober ware brought to
bim by asiugic In... ni. J hat Ward's registration
was a fair one is also probable on other grounds. lu
BesaeflBtaer, 1881, M ?or Armstrong niailo a wry eaie
ful census of tie Choetaws. lit- lound the number
before tin? ti. al?, to batt? Wen 19,554, of whom
15,000 e'liiftnita-d, 1 aving 4,%:.}, ?,r ni,.,m 890 families.
An ordi i wi? ki vi n to MU the ( e?l< (l lauds in Mis
fciasMppi in Ot''ober, \KJi. and 0. W. Mart ?n. ulm \>.i.s
to make the sai', was tiiieet? -d to rene r ve the lands
bold by the Indiana on Ward ? list. Um \?.t uiietAtk
iiig his insttii? ti ms. a?low?d further registrations
up ti> tbe very ?luv ol the ?al?, and even opened an
oflice in each land di.-tnet vsh te be also ree, i\ad
t ?-/lallat i n*. 'Hie whole number on his list? in ad?
dition tu those found by Ward, was 5&, ann the
?mount ol land they were entitled tri as stat? ?1 in _
uetastaATo ol the l'resideot to Congi oa? in I ?bruary.
waa Sl.l,?ieS acree, Memorials wero also
sent to Congreaa at tbe bbbbwO time
ciiarg-ng that a great numbor of these rogi.?
.trallon* w?.i?' fiaudiilrnl. This iimusage
was nimrod to the Imitan Committee of tin- ,s? nat?.
e\t wkicb Jobn lkli waa (Jtaamaea. and he reported
that the great number of those claims had eauaed
general surprise, and created asirong suspicion that
they could not be woll found??.. The Committav?
thought that about 573 might be .?hecorrect number,
but reported a bill providing for a commission
?imply lo ascertain how many of the Indians had
oflen-d to comply with the 14th article of the
treat*. This bill was passed, and 1,800 now claims
were registered by tho Commbtsion appointed in
accordance with ils provisions, The rapid ?rowth
of this claim is wonderful. The only legal registra?
tion ever mado contained 100 names ; tho first illegal
one 5_J more ; and the noit, eoine years afterward,
1.349 more.
KIVWARD KVICIIETT*? REPOKT.
Tbe report of thia fJommiBsion waa referred to the
Indiau Committee of the ?Sonate, and Edward
Everett made a report upon it on Feb. i_, IK?. Ho
showed conclusively that nt least 1.000 name? of the
I,-! ti pis! ration munt have been fraudulent, becanso
the known number of Indians who remained east of
the Mississippi was not great enough to furnish so
many heads of families, and ho recommended that
8 Ki be allowed and that 4W.00r) aero? ho given in full
payment of all the claims. Congress never took any
action on ?Mr. Everett's report, but, in 1812, ap?
pointed still another Commission. Tho proceed?
ings before this Conimiasion wero of a most dis?
graceful character, as is shown by tho pro
tosts of Claiborno, odo of it? members. Tho
most fraudulont claims were admitted, and Chu
borne was challenged by the attorneys of the Choc
taws for exposing and opposing them. Tbo report
of this Commission shows that they rendered judg?
ment in 850 cases, and they say that "all the
Choctaw claims under the 11th articlo of tho
treaty have been finally determined." 'J ho number
of claim-, allowed by both Commissions and passed
by the Department, in addition to those registered
by Ward, wa9 1,155. To settle thoso claims the
1 nited States gavo ??4,101 aerea of land and in lieu
of reservations scrip amounting to $l,.W,..-0. Half
tho sciip was delivered to the Indians theiuselves,
und UM other half retained by the United States
and int'-i. st paid upon it, the scrip being reckoned
at $1 -5 an acre, or, in the aggregate, $?77,1*00.
lui? rest on tho sum was paid until 1853, and then
th.- principal was paid, the amount due at that time
being $87*_,0O0, and this sum was aec-ptedasa full
and lmal reloaso of all claims under the 14th article
of the treaty by the tribal authorities of the
Choctawa, and the paper giving this r. lease to the
United -tatM is now on tile in the ?Second Auditor's
oiila'c. wlnro it may be seen by any lombas ?if Con?
gie**! who has tho curiosity to inquire for it.
Bl NKWAL OK IHK C1 AIM.
But the Choctaws were not blow in renewing
their elah-, though the (?overninent. never for a mo?
ment assented to it. Finally, in 1K55 anew treaty
Was made in which the United States agreed that
the following ijuc-itioiis should bo submitted to tho
Senate :
(1) V, .etlit-r the Choctaws are entitled to or stisll be
allowed the proceed* of the sale of tbo landa ceded by
tlj.'tn to tin- Dotted Htat*s by Hie tr-aty of Sept. 27,1830,
Sed.ictlia. tliorefroin the cost? of ttieir survey aud tal.,
and all just und proper ?>xpcii<iitiiroH neil payments un?
der the provisions thereof ; and if so, what price pat
acre shall be allowed to tin. Chortawa for tho landa rc
malning un?ol.l. lu order th tt a-Dal aottlemool with
Hiern may lie. promptly ed cted : or
(2) Whether the C1)..et ?WS sha.I he ?linfred ngrot* sum
lu further and foil ratlai-fltlirn of all tbelr claims, na?
tional aud ludiviiiL?.1, agaiuat the Uimed St.itea, aud If
ao bow much.
Tho Choctaws presented their case, and UM claims
on winch thev principally relied in support oi their
demand to tho not ptocoedswero thone arising under
the 14th a'rticle of the Treaty of is.'!?, which, as I
bare jost shown, were fully settled io ISO- The In?
dian Coounitses i%nocted in favor of awarding
them the net proceeds, and say in their report that
the mom considerable item presented bytbeChoe.
tawp as abasia tor their claim had ita ori_ i n in the
llth article of the Treat v of ]S:;>, eke. Following
the recommendations of this Committee, and with?
out any explanation of the matter that ( nabled the
Senate to unilcvttand what it was doing, that body,
on the a-s'iraiiio of Mr. BrhantJsi. that when the
account was st;.t d it would be between $SiH>,0?0
aud 9h00DJX?0, on March 8, I8S9, au tnled sucfi ?t j
sum ar, the luteriof Department should find lbs mt
proceeds ol' the landa amonoted to, and it is this
sum of nearly $?,ooi),uV0 that tho Ilouao now pur
poses to poy.
THE WIIOI.K CASI* IV A \("I ?-_____
To sum the mat ter np, tin n, this no1 proceeds claim
arose out of an article of the treaty of 18o">, which
the Choctaws themselvi s did not suppose WOnld af?
fect more than SOO families, and of which only 100
families over legally took advantage. To settle it,
reeervatiions were giren to 113 heads of fami.ies,
amoiintiug to S'.1,101 aereo, ooder the original treaty,
aud, under the aots of is;., and 184-., thcro was given
in addition to 1,155 hc;u'.s of tannin s scrip in lieu of
reset i iition?, amounting to 1,.'1119,920 acres, and finally
one-half of this scrip was redeemed at par, the re?
mainder having hern sold by the Indians or located,
and paid for in cash (f8_^000), the oonstitatod au?
thorities of tho nation giving to tho United States
"a final release of all claims of such parties uinl. r
tho 14th article of the treaty." And now the House
of Itepreneiitatives proposes to pay to thoso Indians
$?,? hj.oOO more on account of thom very same
i launs. After this is done, what will prevent the
Indians from renewing theirelaim lor a few addi?
tional millions! They receipted in full for them
onco; can thev do any more alte: this proposed pay?
ment is made f
The award of the Senate covered claim* arising un?
der other articles of.tin* stun? treaty, and tin- amend?
ment tollu- Judian bill (iiopuses to pay those also.
1 in\ aiiiouut in the aggregate to about ?fj'.KJO.OOO,
making tho total amount $-!,.>Sl,_17 'M. It can bo
easily shown that those ela i ins aro as fraudulent as
thoona I have considered, and if any member of
the House douiits tin* truth of this assertion, I refer
him to the letter of Soliclor llaul'nid to whioh I
have before refer? ed.
Of course the principal MOOCH why this amend?
ment onghi to be defeat' d is tliat it is fraudulent,
ami that ita passage would simplv bo robbery of tho
Treasury. There aro other reasons, however, that
ought to be considered by Congress. The fact that
lobby BgontS will get largo foes from it has already
lu .ii mentioned. 1 am further Informed that nearly
the entire claim has been sold for about ii? cents on
a dollar, and that if it bo paid none of it will go to
the Indians, but that the monty will bo divided np
among tho men who have advBOOed on it at such
rninooa rates to Um I:..linns.
This is one ol the aunt dishonest jobs that have
boon bel?ro the tar?teni Congram, and every man
Who, after baring thi facts in regard to it brought
to his atU itini, advoca?M it or votes for it, should
bo marked by In?, constituent? and hold responsible
by tho pi- iple as a plondet?i of the public laroonary.
MUNICIPAL NOTES.
A committee of the Westcliestor Hoard of
Bopervleoea called yesterday on tbe Mayor and con
nulti-d willi lorn relative to tim unsettled ?ccoilut? ra?
.-nil mu- from tlie mint latlon of tin- Twenty Uiiril und
Twenty fourth W uda. Another del'-ai-lion wa? a coin
mit tee of (ii nu las, who presented their view? on inu
i:ii ipal Kov. nun ni. The Mayor promised to take the
Bogneatto?i into tonalli walloa.
i he uicuilieiA of the Jio.u .1 of Aldermen met last even?
ing at the rt-iidi ?. I Of i'realdeut Lett is, und informa.i)'
atiaeaaaod saamelpal matter?. Tbo mealing waa ratbti
o' a social than a Im?..ne .s chanicler. Tint ( omuiittee
on litiiruuda will rep-rt to theBmi-of Aklernen to?
day aganirt the u.? of T rails by certain of tbe city ritll
ro?Aa, ami will i. . ..min. tul t., it grooved rml? be unril
lni.te.nl, on the ground that auch a chaua'e will render
nui ??: travelBalerand sattler?
Till: -BACK LAID THROUGH THE IIOOSAC
Ti; N.NE I?.
NOBTB Ai>t_s, Ma??., Feb. 3.?The track
through the ilooaac Tuuuel waa connia ted tin* afu-r
noon. Ii baa yet to he blocked up and leveled beforrj a
train eau he run. The flrsi train?a conatructlou truiti?
may po.siiii.v be aeiil through tina week. I'htro waa no
public ill Ulelietl .1 Illili
BALTIMORE M UUafaTaU TRADE.
IUltimork, Md., Feb. 8.?Six cargoon of
rofli-o. aggregating is,hoi halt?, were ?ntnrrd at th*
( ji-totai houae lu re SOataSS?fTi a? ?rnviuK at thi? port,
or lb loo ha;, (rota J-li.
RAPID TRANSIT PROMPTINGS
KNQINKKRlrtU DKCIHION ON RAPID TRANSIT
PLAN8.
MKRTINO OF THK SOt'IKTT Or (IV1I. KMiil.Vr.FIlrt TO
IMHCt'SS HAl'IU TRANSIT-KlU'Oltl ol' TUB C?M
aHTTKK.
The regular meeting of the Aniei ?can ?Society
of Civil Engineers wa? beld yesterday afternonti at
theil- rooms, st No. 83 WUHam-st., end after the regular
routine business, the report of the committee on Kapui
Transit was read. As expected, It was a very volumln
Otis document, giving many data that had biw-ti collected
r? g inline toe working of rapid transit lines wherever
attempted. The many plana proposed for this city wem
taken up. one by one, their probable cost, as well as re?
turns given, anti In .thi? manner tho question of
tbolr feasibility directly set forth. Tho under?
ground railway? wero looked upon its out of
the qui-etion, the Committee estimating their
en?t upon tho routes named at from ft.CCO.000 to gi.ooo.?oo
per miln, requiring an outlay upon which there could
not possibly be adequato return?, at any ruto for year?
to come. The depressed ronds were also unfavorably
reported upon. Theso it was rousi.lered would require
tbe acquirement of too much property, nu.l great loss in
ease of failure. It wa? the Argument of tho supporters
of depressed railways that tho bon.Is issued would be
covered hy tho property acquired, But tho report stated
that It could not bo so demonstrated. In both ins'ances
too much time must elapso Befare there could bo anv
ri-turu open tho Investments, and according y
thoy could not root Ive, the support of
capitalists. Without ndvovutlng their establishment,
tho Cemmltteo favored the plan of ch-vatcal roads, an I
by tables demonstrate I Ike fact that the* coiili 00 bulli
with such economy of outlay as to warrant a very fair
return on tho cost, and at the same time m such a tuan
nor as to meet all the wants of rapid transit. K'.avated
roads, In the opinion of the Committee, off r tin-only
solution to tho problem of rapid transit. Tim tin .n N n
of the Committe were unanimous in the.r report.
As the document wa? read, from time to time it
called out very animate?! discussion, many of tim mein
liors favoring some ono or other of the schemes ad?
versely reported upon. At the conclusion of Its read
ing a number of resolutions were offered iu regard to the
rep'iit. One was to the rlT? 11 that it bo rceeivixl by toa
Society, but uot bo mule public, a? it might c mvey the
Impression that the Society wished to meddle in local
au or', in which tboy had no right. Another
resolution was that It should be laid
on the table fur further consideration.
Finally a resolution was adopted accepting tin? report
and discharging tim Commit tee, and fur-ln-r providing
that the report ?hould be published nu a paper Of the
Society, but uot as on? coiivcting its unanimous
opinion. With this nnderstandln? it will puss into the
hands of the Printing Committee, and It is said that
nitino a week or lea da*e proofs will be issued to tim
pre??. '1 lie ,?t,H-i'ty aiijourneJ ab-iul '.' p. lil , afiei a se?
sion of six hours.
8UGOK8TION8 AT THE CITY HALL AND
EL8BW11ERE.
raoJECTS ash Ainu mumm BBTOBB mr ? ommit
TEK OF TI1K li.lAllH Of AI.HEI'.Mt.S -AIUHII.--I.s
HY B. E. ClIl'KCil AMI TUB IK'.N'. JOttg B.
li ASMS-HU. M0Vt.Mr.Ni AM?.NO lill; BUSTOIS!
MI.N.
Messrs. Purroy (Chairman), Shaixili-y, Ilil
lUtaOtj Howland, Brid Cole, eoiiiUtnting tho Special
Aldi-rmanle. Commiitei' to luve?f inatn and report upon
the question of rtpid transit, m?t yesterday Bltemeen,
In tin? Aldermen's Chamber, for tho purpose of listening
to anv gent lo me ii wie? bad flOWa lo ait BBCO or i ii forma?
tion to tfive on tim lo ile. Amone lim mon- eODSpl mons
peinons In tho audience, Wblofe SOO? tilled tho room,
were the Hon. John B. Hiiskln, H. E. Church?both of
whom speke- aad Tax Commissioner John Wheel? r.
The lir?t perron wVi adJros.sod the ?CoSBBtittea wa? 9.
E. Church, who Bald that ne hud no timo then te SOI
fortli fully what he had to preseut t?> t!il-? OMuntitlOO,
but would do that hereafter; bo'.hi.sk Baked b.I n
quested by those with whom lie was a? tin?;, io ask that
btforesuyfln.il action was taken a further hearing
might be given to other gentlemen not hore tn-.l.iy to
prev nt Hit ir \ iew?. ft? saul ?kera wa? n<. q laslloa be?
fore anv community on which Ikara waa to mammon*,
an opinion m toare la In tklsoltyln furor of a rapid
transit road. The City Treasury Baa lost mor?' tlian
ii 0.0 si.OtsJ during tin year. Blaee 18S0, WfcOB It U
proponed lo build a r.ipnl trenail road, aud it re?
fused to take ateasnrea. if. in latea, ionio
'??i, r-.iv, bil bien Invested by tim rut
Hi a rapid trau-il road, it would have tared tin? t.-ir
tBJBMaJswB Ut taxes and rov.Miue.s to the city. Mr. ?'huron
then explained the provisions of Sea ttor Moon'.? bill
now before tho I. glslatura, and tho coiistituton.il
amendments winch all Ml tins q.icsNoii as beering OB
Bpaeiul legislation, showing why Senator Monro'.? bill
woubl probably fail, t>c ?Mae of Ita running souter ti
the amendments. Hn spuk.? in favor of a road being
built by thocity, and expressed tho ballet that private
capital would never do it. There was too strong an op?
position lu the strci t-c ir corporations for anv private
Company to overcome. Tins was thu reason ih.tt none
of tho proposed ronds?the Gilbert, and tho Under
ground, ?Jtc?were built, though it! was well known
that auy of the proposed lines, if built, would return
large revenue?. Hut, In his opinion, none of
these roads would ever bo built. The city
must take the matter in baud. For ?V.ooo.ooo a
rapid trauslt roa?l could tia built, witb a double track,
from the nattery to li iriem gleer. Tho BBBftUUl was
comparatively small. It might bo said that Ibero would
be corruption If tho road was built by tho city, but lie
cited the result of tho Croton Aqueduct scheme
to show at least the iK>.?u<iblliiy of tbe ro
v. i-, being the case. This was denounced ss
ii swindle when pr..posed, and SSJM were
subscribed la this city to be Beat to Aliiany le defaal toa
bill for tho opiniug of toa E.'ie Cin.il. He expressed
hlmsi If in conclusion as very much In favor of helping
tho (?reenwlob Elevat-td Itiad, which was ?uceoediiit*
fairly, though It was a failure as to in m?, what the elly?
wan ted. Ii was too far from the center of tlio city, aud
was only a local accommodation.
E. U. Smith, an Inventor residing in the Twenty third
Ward, pro 1st ed a plan of a pimuuiatie road, either un
dergiunnd or ? levaled, which lie said woubl run is miles
an hour, and carry passungers to Hai lern for four ceuts
each.
After a momont's silence, the non. John II. H ukin
culled the BttenttOO of tlie Committee, aud ti,ado a
spcich of 20 minutes showing with great force and
energy?It being tho main poinl of his romorks?tho
BfsBOSlllOB winch in?- lluard of Ali!? rm?n would Inevita?
bly en to inter Irom the city railway compauius. He
0 otra n :
1 have como hero from the Twenty fourth Ward to
make Miine practical obserratioiis for tho settlement of
this question. First, I desire to congratulate you apea
bein?; presented hero to the eitlieaa of New-York asa
committee of tho local legislature, o invened by BOOUh
tuiini.-uiion of Its chief eit-eii'lve oncer, to p.t?s i. jin!?
ment li'ic'ifie.r ?iii the report you shall ??lbiuit upon tho
most Important BUtdeot .?IT ?Ting iho interest* of our
elly thal lia* ever been presented to the city for its con
hlderation. I bavo resided in tins city all my life, aid
remember the Introduction of the Croton water, an?!
wini?. I acknowledge this Was one of tho greatest ad?
vantage* whlrli i-,nilli have ut-.-u iii ten to u?, yet I say
that the coii.sider.itloii of this BUt>)t-rl of
eommuiiicatlou between tue north ami south
ends at New York I? more Impm tant for tho
purpose of l.qai'lai ing the eimrm m? ?I.M of this city?
now over |ifO'300,000 - and of providing res?lleme? for tho
poor aud tho middle Bisases, than any saejeet ever pre
sunti-d to the Common Council. I remember the Charter
of 1857, by wliit-n lin- li uni of ( oiiiicilui'ii was created.
1 remember before thai we bad a convention boro to
foi m a city charter, m which I took a deep interest and
In wbich 1 advneaf.'l tin- el. ctii,n of beads of depart?
ments by the people. I remember fioin 18ST down,
owing to the civil w IT, that the Mate 1. gi-Uture year
after year took, away from the peoplo of this city
thrungli its local legislature and its heads of depart?
ments those powers which were couforred upon them?
to wliu-ii tln-y wera entitled , and among those powers
is lins treated of by Mr. Church, givin?- thom ino power
to construct a rapid transit railway.
I ?ant to say boro, at the threshold of the dlsens?lnn
by tin? l ..minni*,', that you are lo meet willi combined
opposition to whatever you are le report, whleB Baa
on v in? otorthrowii by that strong ann of poulie
m.:1.1 m which throws corrupt men out ni eS?oe, aud
puts K<>o?l men lu their placen. Tins opposition will be
frightful, because It Is an opp'.sitiou windi has had Iho
peoplo of this city aud the people of tgis ?tate by the
tlir?.at for years, ami kept them subjects i,ua- n,it stiv?
er? iifiis?I menu the combined rallrosd Monopolies that
own your street? and your r?tate, and hine j?nr Legtt>
laliire to grind sim fur mom, Mt lor lue peuple. [Ap
planee.]
Here the speaker read from the renort of the Htate
Engineer on Kailrosds for 187? ni reference to this com?
bination of city railroad! here, " wbich," ho ?aid, " hlth
eito has kept New York from having rapid transit, and
will bereafier, unios? the united force of public opinion
through you, representing the city, and through the
Htate legislature, shall not nu it fur us." This report
gave the capital stock and earnings of the roads for
1873. Having shown the Immense revenue accruing
from these railroads, Mr. Hoskin continued:
Last Winter I bad ocossion to be before the [.??Isis
tatura In relation to a bi.l lor cluan traualt on tbe Har?
lem itnad. I look over lite Hat of the Commute* of the
Aataeiiiblr, whoae Speaker wa* my onl friend, the " li ltd
i.akIb ol waatabaatar," ?mi I found it w?? headed by a
man named laocoln, ami the H-nut? Coinioiiine by Ben
Bier H Ikn-at. Tiltia?: ( iluiiillleea ?ero owned ? I oasiirt
It bwidly bv the railroad latursotol tbi* Hule, aud I
dotiere lo-dar that UM cotnuuitee uf tut- Senate, known
a? the " Railroad Oomml?ter>," I? ia the Intereat of Van?
derlin and Thurlow W.I, who lia* rrvcently benn
r-h-i-teil one of the iru-re?. or dtrnctur* of the Third
Avenue Railroad aa well aa the Bleeeker Mirent
U.a.t. whom I ??" hy a statement io tho paper
own* 134 abares of the Third A Venue Roud, and those
aro wui Hi itt Ina ?t Bt I) a, shara, makin? lion,ox) interest
In the road, to tay nothing of ata?O mau*, i im-., two
mru, Vuudeilnlt and Thurlow Weed, c utrol the
machinery at Albany, own the Railroad Committee, und
you Will gel ii? rapid tr.iiiMt hen-, de m ro) mg the
amuilul of their raining? unios* It lu- by thal remull??*
nunile opinion which ?very now and linn, a* li did lift
Fall, ?weeps over the munir? and cleans out a putrid
inn?*, which ?night lo drop In-o obi h Ion. | Applaus?-.J
lu conclusion, Mr. ILiikl.a na I be v. a? in : ?vor of two
nlevat'-il road* on the na*t and ??rest ?ide... Ho bettBVOd
It perfectly pracilcaiilo lo build two, with a doable tr.i'-k
ro.ul for each IA lu-; wide, II iiia.ii. i niiinait in tliuvi
atenu?, which are wnlr.
J. OL Dey o of tho 'I wt-nti second Ward offered apian
foi a road directly over tin- atdewolk, With two (rai Ka,
which he eialiiied would nut only be au oruamctil to lim
a tv. hut would lieiieflt property owner* BOd would
" open up the second floors" for ImvJirttt "'' waa iu
favor of a road limit hy toe Can.mea Council,
Tba Committee then .i.ij.iiirtieil until Saturday as 1
p. m., wheo 11??- v ?".ni bear any aba nralra to apena*
raoosxM of Tin; njg_y__s motbi-Kbtt rou
RAPID TLa.NMT.
Then will be .1 ?noting to-<la,y at noon, at
the ollleo of Un- Drake Brothers, No, tu. Bttm?Wmf, of the
< ?.mi:ii.I :.?<? on Rapid Transit named ut th? B?MllOS "f
tho Chamber of (oliiuiereu on Monday, and llnal OtTOOgt
nieiils will ho made for a VlgOCOM proai-cullin) of the
work In hand. The subscription popero, of which tun
following la a copy, will he circulatod to day :
The paper of whn U the following 1? a copy t? issued In
pat?mam ol a reaalution paaaed at o neetlog held al
tin- looms of the ( ..ainberoi Commerce. F.'h. l, is;,, of
which Ii. I, A? k -rin-ii VM (li iiruiaii, and C K. I
v.li, ieomtOQ , and i? i.-lurnable to C. K. Roosevelt, N J.
II Wail ?t.
1?1 aa*Vra?(??l hrri-li. t?;ree(ti> r.iritr hot? th? rom? let oppo.it?
thi-ir reapr-i nrr ntinr. t.iatnl luii ernitinnnf* f.inl lo Ue Hare.te.) an
Ile-cap.ial ?t.x-? .n a railair lo lie i-.m.tru.ii-.l fruin ctia toatlaerlr and
uf Manhattan I.,an I to auch patata lorih.rir ti mir lu- .I'teni) in ni
upun. tur li." purp.it?> ?f traniuuriint; ptaitrB?eri and ir.iiht, tba laid
lui d io or lavaataa i* _*a*al_l nf aucii ??apaay, ?ni n;ma *a_i aaa i
Baa* ?? mar lie ?f reid upua hr two tlilnl. at tin IBhM?B-r?. prunjal,
tint tbn ?til-Aii-'iiim? ?hall rt|ii''?i-i<l more l.itn ?iO yr c??l afta*
wl.ole ian ?nh.i-rili.) ; mil further pro?!'?I, Uni ?iili?<--Hpti ina fur a
? um nut Ira? lb in $.1 OOO.OoO alull lir ule ?.arl. it I-, ?it!? ? i'ornlltino of
tin? ?cb*erint-uo, I.ni no rltimi fur total?tt, _Tll?tata, or BlbarfB?
iiiuDi-ra.iun alkali Ii? mai* br tin *8?atiban, um I the isrtril tgrer.1
U|..m f.r fort .er ripital ?btli be miudIisi willi l'en nil li wtiieli Ihn
?taiiiti?li ?o'.?.-aliwl ?bill be pariel* aud all inn. ?r ik-laiU la lae ia?
aui.ji i t ai future tri nu.
liaie.1 Sim lurk. lot.. 1. 1878
Tu.- ii.-iii.ii iuei.ii g of tim Chim'ierof CotOtBOfOS ia to
he beiil lo ii .tv, and very probably tba -.iil>i".!t may come
mi for dlaoiuaioo before tn.n b _i, a? man? UI 'ho Beta?
h.TS ?to lill, rented lu the moven.i ii:.
FINANCIAL INTERESTS.
aciiahon in THE aou> makkiit.
Va lil? M s imtOB-M TO ACCOUNT FoK rim KH? IN
OOU>? iN'Ki.t'KMIB Df niVAItl in. OHAMOBS l>f
KMii.tM? uto iiit.Ni'i'?ranri or p_o__m_ir
iia.n kii:.-?.
Tho (JoM Exchango presento?] a m-eno of
8?eitel??nt footer?ay which ha.? not beou observable
for a SOaStdStablS H'lio wiililn i tri dingy precinct*, (.?old
opened at 11 '?-. adr?nos, to 115J, wem back t > IMJ, aud
closed at HS. Tue cause of thisaudden advance waa
attributed to tin- continued heavy lost of Hu?.lou hy tho
Beak Of England and heavy exporta of gold front tilla
countr.y There ha* been a steady decrease In the tmllion
of tho liana of i'ng'and for several days past, and yaetcr
day It waa announced that _5*J,0:JO had bOOS withdrawn.
OutgutUfT 8t"..niers have taken large quaotitioa of gold
whn li. it han bOSB thought, might lind Ita way into the
Jiaiik of raglsadi aud p. riiap.? change tho How of
hallion, or at all events supply that wh!"b had been
withdrawn. Tun litest adv.-es, however, do uot indi?
cate that tins result was accomplial ed. All sorts ef
theories are ?fl mt M to ;hc tau-.- ot tbe d.-tullian, n in
ai ana tory etrolea. Ono ?.tory wa* to the e_bet that the
i iry of Parla OaaabOOt to negotiate a loan of ?i'),(XK),0)0
fraiies, aod for tin. porpOM o! placing tin? loan with
BdrOOtagO?O ?MT SMVOSIOSt had been begun on tho
L 'iidoii market for the purpose of driving gold to I'um.
and, Uv maMng money ia ? >? in tim litter city, to aid iu
securing subii np! i NU to Hie loan. Tlii* story, hu. ever,
may he t ii...-n willi many grains of allowance.
A prominent booker yesterday attnhuted tin? al? tooa
iiiaii?v io tbo operatloaa of the iyooa ate m placioo tho
new 1'niteii S'atos hon.is. Tn*y Qoverononl n ealllog
the oiil F.ve Twenty bonds from the other side. The
Buropeoo nations ore not freelj i.iKin? the bow Five?
off rod, tba United !-iiat.i? are cxpor?ii',- very little, and
tue r.-suli is that tli" di,led bon.Is munt be paid for iu
Koli. Thij ?iioimts for Iba entilo?* of
from here anc thi Bdvaoee in tha rare Tim
banker eoneinded in? remarka w-iih this
eropoaltloa: "if tbe aetionoi tbe Syndicate In piue
ing |ln,'.n,ir?,of the new Five? i-ti)se>s gold tomlin...
fruin i in to II5J, tvliat '/. ni be the price ol K"'d oben
tho lein.ai'iiiig |lST?S0S^m Of DO?4? an- plaoed within the
belaooa of ihe year." Ho li uni all tln-.se i henriM on-?
fact i? tob r.ihn MTtalO, an.I that u, that the Oulla ni
icoid hove taken advantage of natural and mm,it
m ii eat?oa to i.'a-..ia rigorot? opword BMvotaoot, ihe
full power and effect of which is as yet unknown.
j..s-ph Bollgataa of the firm of j ,?.- W.Seliguan,at
No. 21 Broad-sr, ?aid tba immodlate cante of the sudden
rtae la the-price of gold ira? probably doe to the with?
drawal of laren amounts from the Hank of England. It
waa geeerBHy ondonMood that ??boat l.SM,QD8 poonda
??te! lilli: had been withdrawn duriuat the past three
.lays. Bia ilrui bad not received any advices from Lon?
don on um sulij -el, but it was rumored on the street
that the gold had hecn drawn hy the Hank of Berlin.
Other? auppoae.I the drafts io havo originated in Parta,
mid the moiny 11 have been leal to the Hink of F.anco.
Thora did nm aeon to be any ia ?altiva koo? leda? oo the
auhject There wera also o.iier r. Mona nil?_ nar
have air-.te.t traiuaettO-i la Bold. A million
dollar* ?old had be? ii ?ml lo Havanii wilhin
i, few itara It Waa al?o kini'.in that
th<? Btnendmaota fe th?. tirn?, increasing tin d-ities on
eertain arln les, would bo in force lu two or three days,
and nieii'iiaiiu Interested would i.Migad te buy
heavily lo meet their payment-, ut th* Custom house.
A? an individual opinion, ho believed the BOVCBent
originated with tbo bolla In Bold, and the value* were
merely s]"-t Blatlve and Oetltlous. Thara was no real or
?iiiieianti.il iniiis for an im r>ei?aa io the pneu of gold,
hut in tin- pt?M nt Bl ita oi' the li.innes temporary ad?
vantage would ho taken, ami th?M ?harp op- ration?
must he c\pei t.'il.
A prominent city hank'-r saul tint thosr? disturbances
onginaii'i m the praaoat Hu nic ii aystetn, or rather
w.iut or tin m. ?ii lytton m tas __oageaent of the
affaira of tula country. The reeont act* of Ooogroaa
wiro not, properly apeaking, flnaaclal legislation, but
political i otnpromiao? and otu iblfta, Koa promue to
resume ii ? ? io payiueuts at ai)> lined time eonld not be
k. pi. Bnleaa tke neeeaaorr eonditlooa oere ?applied.
1 in re must bo a sound tlnain'ial tia-us on wimb to
work. Tlie groat law* of trade and finance win ham
recognl/.'d lu every country as the foundation
of credit, auf which ara governed ny tiied pnoeiplaa
will reg?lalo andV-ilillol I Iib D trki-t ID r.pite Ol Cougle??
luaal aod partiaan eooctt-cota. Our Srcretarlea of tho
Treavoiry sara not aeoepted tin H aatobllshed facts, and
tin ra for? have failed to riva itaadloeaa to our ii,,an aa,
Mr liri'tow, the pifBOBl S 'Cietary of the i'teiisury, liait
uot liBCii lona in ollie*, and It was doubtful If he jrr.iaped
tn. Inapplal snuaiiou iiriuly ami understood tba proper
remeiy. It wa, known that lie was BOI sat ?tieil lliat
Congress would nidorao or sustain any po.iey at vaiiancn
with palrti-Ma feeiings. Whilo our present system con?
tinued these disturb mes would necessarily occur, and
Wero morely temporary in their eb_roOtO?
Wotlu-rspoou _ Co., at N". 15 Kxeli mge place, stated
that tin- motley articles iu Tn?C Tlin.i SS gavo acoireet
Idea o' ila- liiiaiiel.il ?.(nation, and as lo tba withdrawal
or gold from the Batik of longland, It was reported lu
certain banker.'ollie?-* that the gold had novor gonn ont
of London. The present exi-lteiueul had Ita Origin IO
the endeavor of a null clique lu London to mere?i>. Mm
raf? of Interest by a OBOOBttOd run on the Bank of Ko
glaud for gold. Tun QoverotneDI should adopt a Uiian
clal policy that would attract gold lo this euiintrv pre?
paratory to specie pa. in.-iiin. ia..d them would bj no
fear of ?hlpiiients of gold to . eady the London U) irket.
' Mr Plak of l?ek _ Uatah, sold thai tim demand for
ti.av. mun at bondn, ut advancing prices, their near, ili?
lli tin? Harket, und the largo Importation* from Lurope
.ry to supply the demand for homo luvestiueiit,
bad boee Important feature, m the tlnauclal traimai ?
tiona of tho p ?st mont ii. T.n- aOTtOgB banks, inaurauco
?' mi aine-., uni .National Bunks were large und steady
buy i ra, whiie estates, trustees, and capitalists were put?
ting uwur large amounis for permaueui investment,
aud the people generally wero dispojeii, toa large ex?
tent, to make their Invt-stnn-uu in the aiime di?
rection. Th? dealings for the month had
been very large, their owu transactions reselling nearly
118.000,000. He did not therefor?, sue any necessity for
approbenatoiii The raddea nae io gold would probably
beaevereoa the-? shorts;" otherwise he beltavedtbot
the rise would bo a good thing for the country. The Im?
porting of boinia and the exporting of gold would be
ciiei-Ai'd, while the export? of gram, cotton, and other
produre vs..aid be I.I alni in.ire ellenlal??. Slid UM
net tneiuia aim,ad would lucreaao witu lue auvaucu IU
KOld.
COKPOUAIIDN ANO LX< HAaVG- CBAMQMB
l ho oiiicci.s of the Pacific Mail H tee-?ship
Company nay that lli.-y are about to sell a portion of
tim r Mail i ran. ?MO real estate, bit pieter not to glvo
the detail?. On the atmet it la reported tint tho sais
will net ttoo.ooo. and thal the t'ouipuuv propose to lease
the property sold at the rate of tun pt?r oeut ou the nat
proceeds. This auteuil?it, however, la dcuiud hy the
officers of the Company.
Wilson ?i Hunt ha? resigned the Presidency of the
Illinois Central KallroaU Company, auggeating to the
Board thut the oHire should be tilled by a re_dent of
Illinois. The Board adopted a resolution acceding to bia
reiiueat, and thaukiug bim for the benefit the Company
had derived from hi? services In tbe direction for many
yt-ura. John -M Douglas of Chicago, wa? chosen lo the
presiden, j , from win.-Ii Ii? withdraw a few yeara aluoa
on account of lil in-aliii. Ile has been ldeullflod with th?
t - ai. i'.i > for -early twenty yeara.
Tun voting ou Iba ame inlin-iiia to the new rule* of I hu
Ht.iek Li--tiatige. govern.ng tim ral.-? ol ciimiiiia<iinu IO
be OB?TBWd bj broker* Will end lo day Ki ve uuulie I
aud tlri> tiro member* have voted agalum thetu. It
U043?1 uuir 10S un.? rota* .o bo otuit btiforo lo ui.ht to
defeat them The petition published two days age ha?
already received over four hundred vole?. This pell
lion ia in favor >?f | and 1-39 aa the rate?.
The t'oiton Kxchange is am.-ndlDK Its bylaw* a* the
exigencies of business demand from lime to time. The
uollowlng is the latest ameudmont : Article XXV., Bec
Vlon 4, to read : (stained cotton, not below Siria Hood
r>: diiiarv, mar be delivered on contract, and when so
?lelivered shall be settle?! for aaeordlBg to toe rate* of
the New-York Cotton Exenango at thi ti.no of delivery.
A meeting of manafactarera ami repreasotatlraa of
maiiufaeluring corporations was held a; tue Biord of
Trade (Vutril Comantteo rooms yesterday. Dr.
tiwyiin, President of th" American Metalllos Comp my,
wa. sleeted ? balrman oa ssottoB of Mr. coleman ni th"
Lubricating Oil Compaoj Sundry maller* of lab I si
tu the turo ti uir were ?lis -usstil without rosall.
?'.roadway WtDENIBQ ASSSBSMEBTB.
tub ggflCI ?)K nig df.cihiov [g tup: ??MM or
john jai '(iii iSTOSs.
The paaafjt decision of the General Term of
the rtuperior Court. coui|>?tsi-d of jBdgsa Monell and
( urti?, reverses lue Judgment ent?in?d aiMinst the city
by Judge Frecilman, lu favor of John Ja,no Aster, In
tho mailor ?>f the alleged illegal assessments upon his
property for widening and straighten.n/ Broadway,
betweiju Thirty fourth end Ptftl iniiili-sts The assess?
ment tin refiiri ii in.tiiis at a li. B on tho properly, and is
a cloud upon the title.
Tim original authority for wi Inning Broadway bo
tw??s3n tbe street? mimed was passed la May, l>t09. and
on Nov. li of that year, Charles ??. Cornell, James 8.
Hennessey, and Thomas Murphy wero appointed Cuni
missioners of Kstlcnato and Assessment. Mr. Murphy
se; ve?! until Oat, .'-?. UT?, wh'-n he resumed. The (lum
luistmuers made tlielr lei-ort late In the year, and It
waseoniirmed Dec. 28. UM. In tho beginning of the
your 1171, Janies Watson, the County Auditor, who was
known tu have had charge of many important Interest.?,
i H?ncete,1 with tho awards for damage*, sod tho assess?
ment? for b. rj.-tlr-?, on the line of tho proposed improve?
ment, wai fatally injured, and soon after died. There
were umny remonstrances ?gainst tho proceeding? and
action of the Cosswlsslonots. and an uct win passed by
the Legislature, Feb. 27, 1871, under which the report
confirmed In Dot-ember wa* set ??Ide. and John Q.
Jones, James B. BeUOOOBOf, and William Wood were
subsequently appointed Commissioners to nutkti a now
award ami assessment on the property sftMted. Tue
r? port of these DOW t'oiiimlssioiii-rs was cuuUrmei July
5, 187!. ?in 1 the fool lugs are as follows :
Awsrrli.*1 DM 72.1 (IS
?-..Hector of A,vi?tlirDt?, f?e?. 1,1,1 H .1?
Tain! rosl* of I .immiaaioasrt, ls7?). in . iii- 40
Tsitd i-osti bdw CoiaialttiuBurt. rij.ri.io 'Jl
Total.S4,J??,3U6 5*
The .tmoiinl was assessed as follows:
On prop, rtr-iiwasra.2.MHB.1?!?. '?0
?ta t!l?'-ilf. trStMJSali SB
ToUt. S4,:W0.305"m
The report Wa* signed by Coiuimssioner Jones and
Wool, and a iniiiurity report w.is submitted by Commis?
sioner Hennessy. Of tim total amount assessed against
tba property-owners Utera had b,-en oolieeted br tba
( oil? etor ot assessments up to April to, l?!7t, th? ?um of
li,C;0,.-?.'?). The li?ts w.-ro thon ?eut to the Cleric of
Arrears 111 tho Controller's ortie?, who has noel ved
I n.'J,; 01 on uecuuut uf tueui, loaving |7 J?.s'Ji uuool
iaeted Jan. 1, 1875.
Besides the suit brought br John Jacob Aster, which
als?) represents tho interests of William B. Astor, sa
owner and trust?es, to the amount of IlilT.uuo, there aro
other suits ponding in the courts to test the validity not
! only of tbo pre-iout award and u-ssossuieut, but of that
of th? Commissioners of 11,0. It Is also generally be?
lieved that many of the property-owners In arrears,
while refusing tu Incur the trouble and expense of a law
salt, aro quietly waiting for the final determination of
the suit of Mr. Astor, in the hope tli.tt he will succeed lu
having the aeaaeaBBOnt o-i Bia property vacated ami can
celi d on tho record, ihe decision would a Weet all of
the iini'oiieotod assessments for tho Improrentear, anti
].iii?aiv tilico already paid. It is uot vei known
w ni'.'1 Mr. Astor will tako tho case t?i tke Court of
A iii.e.ii-, ?uni 111 any event many moutus must ciapao
Litfoio tao final decision will li? given.
AS IS VS I)A TED dTY.
?jtfPlf ?,? ? STI'.KErfl, PI.OODKD CEl.I.AIt?., AND Ufa
PKDKD ll'li-TlC?A FKIIKY-IIOAT COI I.ISIOV.
A diivin^ rain-storm from tlio r-artt and a rino
m the tomper.itiiro lntfoducod the city yesterday to tho
wont features of uWlutor thaw. Most of the streets,
especially m th-i lower part of the city, were in a de
plerble condition, and, lo hpuvily laden teams, were
frequently impassable. The snow aud ice, which have
in? u ?.-cumulating for week*. bOCBBBB dissolved, and tho
water Bonded tba streeta aad orerflowad tho sidewalks.
Thi? members of the Polico Force yesterday morning in?
formed a.i persons that they must eleni the gutten ia
frout of ' 1.1 :r prenti ?es. In many cases the order was
disregarded, and it was not until tbe water beena to
pouriiitotheirceii.tr?, as was the ease in Clilt, Frank?
fort, Pool!, tfpruoe, ami other streets, and la tho region
of tbo "swamp," that eil iris were mado to Malte a
p.iasjgi-w.iv lur iho w.ttor. Broa?lway was an etiep
tlon to Ike general lula of obstrucloil streets, and tho
pavement, cleanly washed, afforded a safe fuotiug.
The effect of the storm was very noticeable on she
river front, as tho east wind caused a remarkably high
tido. Cellars along the line of South, Front, and Wes'.
sts were flooded with tidewater and the molted snow
from tho streets, and considerable damage was done.
Meat of the merefcanta on thoso streets bad taken the
precaution to remove any perishable properly from
their collais, and the lois was less thin would other?
wise have boen the case. A fog bung over
the city und the rivers during tho morning, and
the ferry boats wera compelled to souud thoir fug
whistles continuously ami proceed with groat caution.
The Staten Island ferry-boat Westfield left bor slip
about 8 a. in, but as tho fog suddenly became very
(lemo the iioui wa? stopped, aud she ? 1? ano it to re?
turn to ber slip when she waa struck lu the starboard
how by tno non seo ?mer Vindicator of Lorrill trd's line,
which suddenly loomed up out uf tbo mis.. TIM latter
was evidently proceeding at full speed fur the
force uf tho collision carried away tho Wost
lield's Mancillen?, and crushed Cirough the
guards and a portion of the ladies' cabin. Great con?
sternation prevailed among tho peaaencera, who were
fortunately few lu numbers and not in that part of tho
boat which was injured. Hud tho accident ocsurrod
lalor, or had the foi 17 i,oat boen limier headway, loss of
llfo must have occurreil, but now no on? received any
injury and the hull wa? not injured. Af ST tbe collision
the fog lifted, and the Vfeetfleld contliineiilier trip to tho
Uland and afterward? made another trip to Neu York.
At noon she was lan) up at Hinten Island fur ropuirs.
Tau ?luuiago is estimated at about hi 0U0.
IHK DEPARTMENT OF parks.
81 \n:MK.NT OF ITS FIM\N('Ui. CONDITIOV.
The Commissioner!* of Publie ll'arka lioM a
m? ? ung yesterday, al which a report was submitted lu
answer to tho resolution? of Alderman billings, rocontly
paused .11 li.?' Bourd of Aiderai? 1, calliDg for an accouut
of tnouoy appropriated and disbursed by the Commis?
sioners since June 1, 1873. The balances to different ac?
count* inside the department on that day were, to
tao maintenance and government of parks arid
places, iBWaBtS; to the maintenance and gOTOfaV
meut of Museum, Observatory aud Uallery of Arl,
113.690 ; to the niatntenstioe aud government of
Harlem Uiver bridges, 113,411, and to celebration of
Indepeudenno Da.t, |1D,000. The apnropriations lu l??7t
mad? by the Board of Apportionment fur tho City Hall
Park, repairs tu the sea wall uf tho battery, ami fur tho
maintenance and government of the various parks,
places, and bridges under the jurisdiction of tho 1) p in
meut, amounted to |5'J5,5O0, an additional ?um of 15,000
being added la september for the maintenance of tlio
Harlem llivor billiges. In January, ISIS, then wer?
t-i:,;.''l ou hand, accrudltod to the various works
uiidi-r tin? charge, of the Commissioners, and the Board
of Kttimato and Apportionment appropriated lu that
year ISrji.oo? for the ganami expenses of the department.
The Legislature m l S3 appropriated 89?J.893, and In 1874,
?Jj'i.'Js'j, w h.cb uri? placed as balances to the account of
the American aud Metropulltau Museums. Tho City
Parks Improvement Funds In lill showed a balance uf
?i,i74. Appropriations were also mado by the Legisla?
ture in li.J uf iLuoo.tioo, and in 1874 of |j.w,ooo, of whloh
tho balance sheet In January, 1875, shows tli!9,308 re?
maining, with liabilities against this amount of |iOa,76t.
Tlie salarie? paid to It? Commissioner? In is:.) was
I',.?-o lo Comiiil-sloiiors Stebbins und Wa.o?, m i 14,0011
to CommlSSlo u r Wllltamaoa, as Treasurer of tho Board,
which he voluntarily wait eil. Nona of the Commission?
ers uow reeelre paj . \? ept me President. A list o? sai
ariis of employes,surreyor?, secretarios,sup?-rtuteud
ent, gardener?, etc., is given, ranging from pi,600 a year
to 8vi 50 a day. A lint or foremen, nteebaolea, etc,
is luilii'lcd, with salaries raugiug fioiu pt to 13
per day. Tlnrty-four horses are owned and
uaed >y tbe Department, but tiny are kopi in stables
belOBgtUC to tho city at a eu t of l8,'Jil. '1 wenty-aovou
coutracts have been entered into during the time which
tin-r? solution covers, chiefly for ina.on, and granite,
ami irou work, aud i.ng i auiouuts, lu many instances,
yet remain dun on those. Ttie amount of moue? r,
oeivod from various sources during tho timo referred to
was ?ii,-?o, from the pound receipt*, grass, sheep'
licen?e*, reut*, and labor. Mr. Byan, tuo restaurant
contractor, pays 113,488.
The CuuimlBriouers further report that no employ!? of
the Department has beeu interested lu any contract or
loos?) for which the city had to pay the cost, Mr. Byan
hiving resiguod his utlloe us Bupcriuteiidoul of Central
Park on Jan. 31 , uo money lias bon converted to any
Other purpose mau tho uue fur which it wa? appropri?
ated, _
AfRIVAL OP THE SOUTHLRN PACIFIC RAILROAD.
San Fhancisoo, Fob. 3.?The line of the
Lo? Angele? und Independence Kallrosd baa been
located to a point 28 nilla? from thi? city by a route
?aving four milo? over the route of the Southern i l'scitlo
Kallruud A consi.i.rabte aimjuul u( Hi? ?took bas been
euisattirtoed m Lu? Au.o/e?,
RAILWAY JIELATIONS.
TllK KKPRKHENTATIVF.?1 OP THK A?HOCI
ATEL? LINKS OF THF. country IN
CONSULTATION.
mr riiAriN?. or TiiK WKsixiiN Wat?g un? IM
Rill,?: or COVlMlSSl'iNKKS-Tllr. POWKK OB TUB
WK.STKKM BOARD Io IiKIKRMINK VKKIOHT ?ATM
Si SI-KNUKII?TUB RKI.ATIONS OB I .('IMC Uri HA,
A meeting of the n'pr<"4i'i)i:tt.ivet of th?
Wi-iteru railroad* with tlie Cttuimiasioiiera resident, ia
tun West who have had the control of the ratea on rant,
hoiinil (night was held yesterday at the St. Nu bolsa
Hotel Officer* of ihe trunk lines and members of the
Elstern Board of Commis.ioncr? were alao pr?sent.
Among those who took part were (?en. J I). Cox of the
Toledo, Wabash and Western Railroad, wl.o presided al
the moetina; ???'). Ii Wright of Coltiinhus, Warren
Colhurn of Toledo, John r? gut?bail/ of Detroit,
Isaac R. Sturgeon of Ht. Loui?. K. R. Wtvls
woith of Chicago, and L. N. Andrews of In?
dianapolis, the ali Western Hillway Con.mission r* ;
Col. Thomas A. Bcott, .'resident of tie l'-nnsylvania
('entrai It.ilroad ; I T TTSOSSll.TblldtTlsa I'r-sl tent of
Uki IVn-isylv nil t Ktilroad ; Hugh j J v tt, President
of thoEriu Hillway Company ; W. II. V iti.lerbllt. Vice
president of the New Y irk Central ll.iiway; Amasa
Ht.no-, jr.. President of the Michigan Hou.h ru Itailroad;
W. II. M Keen. President of tbe Alton and Torr? lia?te
Itailroad: J. Ilurl'.nirt, Preatdeal of tho Cleveland,
ColiiDibu?, C'incintiati and Indi in ?polis Railroad ; J. N.
M. ciiiiotigh, Praaldeal of the Pitt?bargh, P.rrt Wayne
and Chicago Railroad; I). W. Caldwell, Preeld nt of the
Plush-rgfe, Claolaoan and It, trau Rafltrajr, Jiidtre
Jeweit and (iiiv. DetinPson, two of the three Ballera
Commissioner., und J. P. Creen of the Pennsylvania
Cenirtl Itailroad, who BSSad ss tbo secretary of tbe
meeting.
A'ter th? meeting had bof-n foi .nail y organized, a
large nuiuVr of pegata were read aliowntg t.iat uoni of
the Western rallro ids had made an v mo'iey dilling the
past six months In forwarding frei ,-ht from the Weat to
the East, and complaining tnat the urn.out rates, and
the competition that had lotet; an? m Is c eoOBO, lOBOS of
tim opposition of several line* to the rigid nil ?* of tbo
Commissioners, were likely loe tus? the rum of tin- eat
rylug Interest, unless somi chango should be in.i1?. T'itt
readier of the papers occupied over two hours, and ei
cited considerable (liscii.alon, In Wha? h Amasa istoiie, Jr ,
Hugh J7 Jcwett. Col. Scott. W. II. Vaadernut. J N. mm
Cullough, aud other? took part. The ?/OOtOro ri-preaon
tatlvescomplained th?t tho system of the (omiuis
alonershipa was detrimental to tho ral road Inter, as?,
especially with regard ti freight, an 1 wini a tin-y bud no
personal ubloction to the Commissioner? the_?Slfa?i It
was found tbat as the Cohiiums anora eoold sol sei trel
those lines which were not IO, or had broken
away fr?re, tho compact, they h id eu leavor.-d
to exercise a rigid and mino is ruling
over those Whloh bawl remilnei Ann to the, aeree
liient, and the result wa? that these companies io?t baan
ness. The outside lines bad been carrying freight at
lower rates than that set down by tnr? Commissioners,
und when the combined companies, under the direction
of the Commissioners, bad agreed to lower the rates to
co nip?-to wltb their opponent?, the latter had reduced
their rates still lower until the carrying of grain U> th?
Eist was attended wltb a lusa Instead of a profit. Tin?
rates had been reduced by tho Commissioners to 3?|
cent? per 100 ponnds. and overy railroad man knew that
freight could not De hauled from Chicago to Now Y irk
for any such amount. The representatives of the Eist
>-rn roads took the part of the Commissioner?, and
nrged upon the Western repr?sentative? to keep Arm to
tne agreement as far as raies were concerned. Thi? ex?
cited the further opposition of the Western nn-n, and
there wa? every pr ?peel that the ni Mttag neill l aod lo
total disruption, when Col. Thoa. A. Seett ouvre?! th? foi
lowing resolution :
ReioUed. Tu.it the power? of the P.nreatj of Cimmis
itooera for lbe Weaten mi wits ne mu?pmi-d, so far
as they relate to frtight busim aa, until otberwiai a-.-rc.-ii
bv the manager? of those lim-*, and thai the rwaeral
freight agent? meet Immediately to esianll.h ra?? ou
all eaat-hound freight bOBlOOMi but that the HureaU of
Weetara Commissioner* .outinue their organiza-..ou and
their coutrol of tho passenger hosine-, i,
Thi? resolution, when flrat otTcred, excited a great
amount of opposition, and ?um j of the Weetara roaro
sentalivea couteuiled that lollroads should M at liberty
to settle their own bu-?tne.<s without betas boatpered un I
controlled by tho rigid rails or Conii.iiss.o'n-rs; but tho
Iraatora toproseataflTea Besetted that it was in
that tlieru should be some means of nettling dim nine*
when any aroa? between comptine?, and it would be
better that the Commlsslouers shou.d Uo retained Then?
need be no trouble with re? trd to poaaooaor rates, aod
it was belli, ved that the roeOOHOSadBtleBB of the Cum
?In?snSSS ou that subject would he _MOM 1 to. After
some further discti?sion the rea /lotion was adopted.
The question of the west-bound freights waa alluded
to, hat as Col. lioiijauiiu Blanchard, uno of tin- h isteru
Commlsslouers. was absent from the city, and the Coin
mtsaoner? bad held no formal meeting, no report could
bo presented, and the matter was laid over. It being
understood that the Eastern Commissioo-rs would hold
a meeting so noon as tho whole of them should be able lo
bo present.
Upon inquiry it wa? ascertained that only two of th?
nouerai freight agents of the Western raiiro .da wera
lu the city, and that it was impossible to hold a meeting
here. It was therefore agreed that a meeting of the
general freight agents should be called In one! of the
Western cities at an early day, when it was expected ih.it
some deflnito agreemeul woald be arrive 1 al relativo to
freights. Ii WOO elated by those lote rented ni tho question
that tho general freightagents formed) transa-(<d the
boat?BBS of the various road? in a very Betta?Betiry
manner, ami while doing so the companies earned a
larger amount of money than tiley had earned since the
Commissioners bad been appointed. The ageuts lu
Chicago would meet and fix the rates from that |iomt,
and thoa? in Cincinnati would do the same, each city
being the best Jungo as to the hastBSBI requirements
of that special im-ilny. It was believed that It would
be possible to bave the raies for grain from Chicago
flx.-d at an early day at 40 cents, and give moro satis?
faction to shippers than at lae prosout reduced price of
321 cents.
The meeting was finally adjourned to await a eall
from tho Chair, and some of the W. ?tern repre>ent_
tivestoida TniBVBO reparler that oltnoogh o? han no1
been accomplished that could have boen wished, tho
railroads had gained someihing in being allowed to
manage their own freight business.
TIIK PACIFIC KAIUtOAl) _N*__PV___
The officials of tho Central Pac.tlo H inroad company
complain of the injustice of the charge that they aro
seeking to control the railroads of C ilifornlt, more es?
pecially of the California division of the Tt-xa* and Pa?
cifie Itailroad. They state tnat their Company is en?
tirely disconnected from any of tb? new Pat?M Ktil?
road enterprises. The Southern Ptelflo Railroad, wnioh
ia a California enterprise, is controlled by California
capitalista, a uamber of whom aro also intonated m the
Central Pirllle Kailro.nl. These gentb-meu In tiieir in
?11 vi tua1 capacity appeared before Hie Seoate ' 'oinmittee
on Kai.io.ids .mi ir. u.-; the muller ou bonall o? Un?
Southern Pacitii) Railroad.
(.??ii. Coiton, ono of tiiose referred to. ?Imply asked
that au amemliin ni ho made to what it kno.vu a? th?
Toxaa Paetio bill, ropreeeo??d Ua col. Scott, allowing
the present Southern Pa. itle road, which ei lends from
San Francisco to Part Yuma, a J.stance of BOBO I?I
miles, to receive, und.-r lue lill of CoL Scott, tha a?i
vantarea of that bill fron tb< Malbara point of their
road on the Colorado Uiver. WhMB IBM Pott Yinni. TO?
Southern l'aciilc road, or'nat notion winch i? kilowa
as (he Los Angele? branch, cooee uog s?n Praarl*oe
with Port Yuma 00 'he Cn or.nlo, reoetved Ita lau i a ni
under the same organic law thai gave io tin- taxas Ca?
rlile ?road Ita land giant. Prom P.it Yunii the Tex a
Perfile road moa la aln ?I a doe weat line to -un
Diego. The southern l'a.-iii.-. i oinmeuoiiig at tins point,
runs In a nonh ?ct.-i ly direction, hr wag of Los An
gelea, to Tehach ipi Pi?- a ml a - to >an Frine'M-n.
The Southern Patltiu Railroad Coinpanv is not asklag
for a aubni?y, nor ia it aUemptlOB to impede any lair
legislation auked for by ( ol. Scott ou tx-half of the
Southern Uno of road, bul after having bulli nearly one
half of the Southern Paritlu road theCl?lifortna capital?
ists deem It unjust that he should take .'Oo au?oof IBS
road from tin m a? be proooee? t? do. Tin- Southern Pa?
cific people ask aooh au amendment to ihn 1'exaa
ami Paeine set a? win i Mbta the s luthera P wide Kill
road Company to bund from its present toothers tenui
una to spa.lra eastward to Port Yama, and
from that punt ?ust mini tia.y aaeel wita
the Texas aud Pac.ne ruad, form Ing a Junc?
tion wherever they iii ty meet, giving to t-aoh
party tu-, advantages of *u.-h ent.t pn-io a* It may ex?
hibit lu this construction. Thcvoi'Jict to Col. scott'*
taking from tbi-m the distance fiom Part Yuma to San
(iorgoulo, a* ii would virtually bold the Boothera Paott?
at that point uuiil the Texts aid Pat?la eoold lie to.iii.
as ?aid before, fur nearly l,tf.K) mile*, ibis atuendiueut
Is objected io ?iv Coi. s ? )ti. and li was tor lue puroona
of bringing this matter before the Co m mu to? InOl this
ameuUnieut was propaso??
A SUPPOSE? TRADES UNION A&flASBlNAriON.
Tuoy, N. Y, Feb. 3.?Felix Fattoruoude, a
Frenchman employed In Urlswold'? Bessemer steel
worka, while going to hi? work at i o'clock this morning,
wa? shot and fatally wounded by two assaasma. Th?
murder Is supposed to he a consequence of tba labor
trouble? hero, though Paiteruoude Had not Utac? t??
placo of a ??'iker.
RESOLUTION OF CENRURK IN TUE PENNSYL?
VANIA LEtJHI.All'KE.
I?ARRiaUt'Ri), Fob. 8.?Tho rtvioliition oflfertHl
yesterday lu the House eenaunug Kepreaeuutiv? Wolf
of Union Cou?ty for com te m pi pn?toa to?n/ hy a volo

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