Newspaper Page Text
EVIDENCES OF EVOLUTION.
Con!Innert Irowi Klrat Hsce. most beautiful of fossil? found in onr English chalk. It is an aiiatomicdl ist.iily, so fur as the Iiar.1 part is concerned, almost M Wi II IB if it wire ? recent fish. We lad that that filth la represented at tho present la] By very ? keely allied speeka whh ii are living in the" Parirle Bad Atlantic Oc sans. We may go ?till iiirth'-r beak about this evidence of closely allied Specie?, and we find, for example, as 1 men? tioned to you y 'sti-rdny, that the coal de? posit in Baroae oenUdoa the retama of scorpions in an admirable State of preservation, and those scorpions are harflly d-Stingnish_ble. I do not iiiean to h iv that they are not distinguishable, bat they re? quin- clo.-'c scrutiny to distinguish them fioiu the scorpions which exist at the preaaat day. More than that At the very !?oit<.ni of ihe Silurian seiics, in what is by sonic authorities termed the Cambrian formation, where all signs appear to be dyitiif oat?area there, among the few and seantr aiiimal remains which exist, we lind species of uiol liiscus r.iiii.mls b hit-It are .->> eloaely allied to existing fonns that at one time they were grouped under the same generic in,me. I rete to the well-known Lxnuula of the ?Angula flags. UWBB subsequently, in coiiNciiiienee of some slight ditterenecs, placed in the new deans l.tngulcila. Practically it belongs to the same great generic group as the lAmfula, which you will tind at the present da] iiihmi die shores of Australia. And the ?une thiug is exemplified if we turn to certain great i? riod? of the earth's history?an, for example, throughout the whole of the BMBOB-.C period. There are group? of reptiles which begin shortly after Ehe oeau-teneeiDent of this period, as the /<?? thifieanria mnl the P_M?MBMr_a, .nul they abound in vast Bniabcra. They di?api>c_r with the chalk, ami throughout the whole of that cr?ai series of rock they Biesent no itnportrmt modification. Pact? of this kind arc undoubtedly fatal to any fonu of the doctrine of evolution, which necessitate! the suppo? sition that there is a?i intrinsic necessity on the port of animal fin ins which once come into existence to undergo modification ; and they bib ??till more dis? tinctly Opposed to any view which should had to the belief that the modification in dill", rent types of animal or vegetable life goes on equally and evenly. The facts, a? I have placed tin m before yon, would olmoii-Jy contradict directly any such form of the hypothesis of evolution as laid dowu in these two postulates. Now the service that lins Wen rendered by Mr. Parwin in the. doctrine of evolution in general is this: that he has shown that there are two great faet?n? in the process of evolution, and one of them is the tendeiicv to vary, the existence of which may be proved by ub_e.Tal.U_l in all living fonns; the other is the influence of surrounding conditions upon what I may call the p.ti'iit form and the variations which arc thus evolved from it. The c:.use of that pro? duction of variations is a matter not at ?all properly understood at present. Whether it depends upon some intricate maihinery?U I may BBS the phrase? of tho animal form itself, or whether it arises through the influence of conditions upon that form, is not certain, and the question may for the present be, left open. Hut the important point is the tendency to the production ol variations : then whether those variations shall survive and supplant tho parent, or whether the parent ten shall sorviYe and supplant the variation.?, is a mat? ter which denends entirely on surrouiulin? condi? tions. If the surroiuiding condition! are such that tho parent form is non competent to deal with them and flourish in them than the deiived forms, febea in the struggle for existci.ee the paient form will maint.an itself and the derived forms vail be exterminated. Hut if, on the contrary, the condi? tion, are such as tobe better for the derived than fur tin- p..rent. form, the paient form will be extir? pated and the d( rived form will take its place. CHANGE OF TYP? COSSIDKRKD. In the first caso here wiil he no progression, no advance of type, through any imaginable aeries of Sages: in the second place, there wifl l?e modificatiou and change of form, and thus we se? that the im? mense amount of evidence braucht to show that things do in this way take place in nature, puts us in such ii place that the existence of (bees persistent type*, of life is no obstacle in the way ?>t the theory of evolution at all. Take the eaae o? these scorpions ta which 1 hive just referred. No doubt since the carbonifeious epoch conditions bars misted such as existed then when scorpions Bcinnnhad. ia whmh they and themselves better off, more competent to deal with the difficulties in their way than any kind of variation irom the scorpion type; and for that reason the scorpion has persisted ami has not i ,-cu Mipplutit- d by any other form. And then ? no relr sou m the nature of things why,aalongaathis world exists, if ihcic lie conditions more, favorable to scorpions than any variation which may arise from tiiem, these forms of life should ?lot Jx r?i-t. I hcteioic, tS.il objection is no objection ni alL The facts of this character? ami they are numerous ?belong to that class of evidence which I have called indifferent. That ?s to say, they may be no direct support to the doctrine of evolution, but they are perfectly capable of l?in_ intai'piuted m eoo Ki .r? ii'-y with it. '1 here is another order ol tacta ol tin same kii.d, and BBBceptible of the same Intorpre tatiou. The great group of Limr?k, which al bo much at the present day,extends through tbe whole series of foraoations as fu back as what i called the Permian epoch, which is reoreseated bj the strata lying just above the coaL Tnesa Permian ?BBidf differaatonishingly little?in some respects? from the Ularda which axial at the present day. Comparing the aiiiuuut of difference between these Permian lizards and the h/.aros of the present day with the prodigious lapae of time, between the Per uiian epoch and the pr?sent age, it muy be said that there has been no appreciable change. But the nioiiieut you carry the researches further back in timo you fad BB trace whatever of lizards nor of any true reptile whatever ia the whole bums of formations beneath the Permian. Now it is perfectly clear that if our existing pal_Of.fritolog.ral collections, our existing apeciesol strataf?ed rock, exhaust the whole series ol events whlcti have ever taken place u|K?n the surface of tbe globe, such a fact as this directly contravenes the whole theory ot evolution, because that postulates that the ex? istence of every form must have been preceded h.v that of some form comparatively little diBeient from it. Here, ho? ever, we have taken In cousid eratiou that impartant net so well iiarinted apon hy Lyell and Darwin?the imperfection of the geolog leal record. It can be demonstrate ?1 as a nut fact that the geological reeord must he incomplete, that it can only preserve remain* found in ccrtaiii favorable localities and under paracularconditiona ; that it Bmat be destroyed by faoeaaBea of denuda? tion, and obliterated by processes ol melamorpl.sis ?by which I mean ti.at beds of rock of any thick? ness crammed full of organic r.-mains may yet. either hy the percolation of watet through them or the in? fluence of subterr?nean heai (il ?hey dis?.ml far enough toward the center of the eartni, lose all trace of these remains and pr?sent theappeara?ce of beds of rock formed under couoitious in which there was BO trace of living forma. Bueb metainorpiiie rocks occur in format ions ol all ag. h, ami we know with Perfect cena) nt.y when they do appeal that they Bareaantained argaak remains, audthat tb? mains have been aiMiolutely obliterated. One of the most 8tii?ing proofs with which I am acquainted of the defecto of the geological record? and 1 insist noon it the l.ioie m-caiiM- those, who have uot attended to these matters are apt to say tti tlieniM-lvts, "Urn all very w..Il, hut when you get into difficulty with your theory of evolution yon appeal to the iae-tapletoneaa and tbe Lmaacfectioo ol Ihe geological recnnl,'' uml I want to make it perfectly clear to you Uiat that iinpt rb c'.ion is a vast fact which must he taken into account with all oar speculations or we ahull constantly be going wrong. <3v> > TRACKS OF TIIK liRONTOZOUM. You will all see that Ningularaperies of tracks which is copied to its BaBBials-B. in the large dia? gram hanging up here, which I owe to the kindiies? of my friend Prof. Marsh, with whom I had the op portuiutv recently of visiting the precise locality in Massachusetts in which th.se feraeka oeear. lam. therefore, able to give yon my own testimony, if needed, toafethey accurately represent the stale of things which we saw. The valley oi the I ?.ihm-, ti? ent is classical ground lor the geologist, it con? tains great lieds of sandstone, e-overing many sonare mil??, and which present this peculiarity, that they hare erklently fonneda part of an ancient seaabore, or, it may be, lake abore, and that they have been sufficiently soft for a certain period of time to le t he 'impressions of whatever auimals walked ov.r t h? m, and to preserve them afterward in exactly the same way. aa BBfih impressions are at this very moment preserved on the shores of the Bay of Kondy and elsewhere. We have then the tracks of some gigantic, animal (pointing to the diagram) which walked on its hind lev?. You see the series of marks made alternately bythenght foot and by the left foot ; so that from one impres? sion to the other of the three toad feet on the same Bide is one stride, and that stride, as we measured it, Is six feet nine inches. I leave von, therefore, to form an impression of the magnitude of the creature which must have walked along the ancient shore, ?nd which made these impressions. Now, of such impressions there are untold tliou ruids upou these shores. Fifty or sixty different inda nave been discoveri-l, and they cover vast areas. But up to this puisent time not a bone, not a fragment, of anvoneof the great creatures which cer? tainly made these impression? has been found ; and the only skeleton which has N'eu met with in all these deposite, to the present day?though they bave been carefully hunted over?is oue fragmentai y skeleton of one of the smaller forms. What has be eime of all these bones f Yon see we are not deai g with little creatures, but animals that make a atep of six feet, nine im Ik __ and their remains must Lave been left somewhere. The probability is that thty have been dissolved away, and absolutely lost. mains of which thor? was nothing whatever except the cants of tbo bone?, the ?olid material of the bone having been dissolved out by percolating water. It was a chance in this case that the Hatidstono hap? pened to Im of such a constitution as to set, and to allow the boots t?i l>o afterward dissolved out. Bad tlmf. constitution been other than what it was, the bones would have heap dissolved, tin beds of sandstone would have fallen together, become one iiiasn, and not the slightest indication that the animal b:??i existed would oafs i>?-**n diseaoered. I know of no more striking evidence than this fact ?fiords from which it may lu-conclnded, in the ab SBOOl of organic remain?, that ?itch animal.? did ex? ist. I believe that having the right understanding of tlif doctrine of evolution on the one hand, and having a ^UMt estimation of tho importance of tho imperfection of the gi-olnirical record on the other, would remove all ditlhnlty from the kind of evi? dence to which 1 hav ? thus adverted, and this ap? preciation sllows us to believe tint all Mich cases ?ire examples of what I may here call, and have hitherto designated, negative or indifferent evidence ?that is to s:t.v. they in no way directlv sdvsnoc the theorv of evolution, bat they "are no obstacle in the way of oui belief in the doctrina, I now p-t-ts on to the considcratinn of tinMS00001 which are not?for the mason which I will point out to you by and by? demonstrative of the truth of evolution, but which are such as must exist if evo? lution be tine, and which therefore are upon the whole strongly in favor of the doctrine. If t bs dee bins of evolution be true, it follows that animals and plants, however diverse they may b(? however diverso the different groups of ani? mals, however diverse the different groups of plants? must have all been connected together by gradational forms; so that, from tho highest ?nimiils, whatever they muy be. down to the lowest spook of gelatinous maitcr in which life cun be manifested, there must lie asure and progressive body of evidence?a series of gradations by which you could puss from one end of the scries to the Other. Undoubtedly that is a ncci ssary post ulate of tbo doctrine of evolution. ]!ut when we look unon animated nature as it at present exists, WO Hud something totally different from ibis. We find that animals and plants fall into groups, tin different memtbsroof which are pretty closely silted together, but which aie separated by gnat breaks at intervals from other ?ron-w?. And 1 cannot at present find any Intermediate tona*} v? iiich brides over these gap? m intervals, lo illus? trate what 1 nieaii : Let me call your attention to those veitt brute animals which BTC more lainiliar to ymi, such a? inamnials and birds and "reptiles. At the pressai day these poops of ou?ssais are per fectly well defined from one another. We know ol no snfaool now living which In sny sense is inter? mediate between too mammal and the bird, or between the bird and reptile, but. ou the contrary, there nie actually BOOM y.'iy dlSBOot and anatomical peculiaiitit s, Well defined murks, by whieii the mammal is separated from ths bird, and the bird from the reptile. The distinctions sre apparent and striking if yoa esmpsrs together tbs dirtercnt indications of these great grow?. Afilie present doy there are numerous form-ot whit we ni.iv call broadly the pig tribe, sod uiany tst?i ties of ruminants. These latter have their def? inite characteristics, (fid the former liave their distinguishing peculiarities. I'm there is nothing that oomes between these rominonts sud the other tribe?the pii,* tribe. Ibe Iwe are distinct. De siso is tlii-? the case between the groans of another eloi ?? ? tin* rtiitiles. We have (Toioilih s, litutrds, snakes, tnrtles, sod tortoises, nod jret there is nothing?oo connecting link?between the orooodile and lizard, n between the t__rd sod snake, oc betweeu tin? snake and the ero? ..?tile or between so] two of these groups. Th'-v me separated by sbsoiute 1,leaks. II tlieii ' it MOM bs dtSWI tlt.it itstsof things was from tin- beginning?bod always existid?it would be iaial to the doctrine of evolution, if the iutensediste grsdstions wuk i. the doctrine of evolution post?lales mast bars sx totod between thsse groups?if they tyre sol lobs found snywhere in ibe records of thepiiei hi-ior-, ol tbs globe?ell that is so moeh ? strong end weighty ai limitent Bgsinsl evoliilion. While, on theotber hiutd.il such interuii d?ate ftirms are to be found, tliat is so iiiueli to Hie Sued of evolution, aitlmiiizu for the reason wbich 1 will pat be?ors y. u bjraadbjr, sre most be ooatuoas Inaosamingsach !';.( :.- m pi o 'fsol tin- neon . h is ?i ?i ry rerasi int that, from the first commencement ol the seri? ous stady of paleontology, from the time la fact m hen t'uvii r made his br?ll art researches in respi 11 tn animal-? found In the >i irrtet "I Uoutmsitte? from ili.it .time noleoutologj bsi sbowu wbul ~;i> was going to do in tin.? m,liter, and what knul ol evidence tl lay in he- power to lUoiluce. I .-..till just nuts tii.ii .ii tin- press?t day the group Of pig-like animals and the group Ol run man? il entirely distinct; but one ol the first ol Unvier't discoveries osa sa snimsl which bs eaUed the piotbi-rium, SOd which he showed to he, in a many Importent respecto, intermed?ete in its ebarac ii r between the pii-'s oo tbs ?me hood sud the. ruminsntson theotber; that in fuel reeesrch into istory of the past (lid so l.-.i - ,i:id to the extent whieb Oaviei imlu .iti .i ?tend to fill up the broaeb between the group Of rnitlillll?ll? ?lud the Hloilp o! piL'". .Ml .tubseqnent weeereb ha* slss leaded la tin? i . lue prest al day the investigu B lb ineyi r end ( ?sudry bavc tend? d to fill Up OOd colineet, 10010 Sod tool e, t In- gSpS in j ? ? n ot msmmsls. Bui I think it may t bave an eepecisl interesl if?instead oi dealing with cases, wbich would require a grenl ueslol tedi?os osteol?gica! detail to i xplsin- ill fake tbs caso of birds end reptiles?*? bich groups, stthisptn eut day, are soctanrly distibguisbed from one another thai there sre perhspe no i ..i sa n ? which inpopulsreppreheiisionsre mofe completely ?>;? araii-d. Buds, ssyoosro swore, sre covered with ie.ttiurs: they are provided with wings: Us sneciallj sod peculiarly modified as to their ante? rior extremities ; sod they ?talk perpendicslarly upon two legs; and those limbs, when tueysre con? sidered onstomieslly, pressai s peal uumbei of exceedingly remsritabfe peculiarities, to wbich I nay hsveoocssion to advert incidentally ;i I goon, but which sre not mel with even approximately lu the existing form of reptiles, On the other hand, reptiles, if they have a covering si all, have a cover? ing of scales or bony plates. 1 hey ]h?-?m-ss no wings ; they are not volatile, and thei bave no such modi tient um of the liini. s a? we 11 ; i ? ? In birds. It is im? |, ?- ible to imagine anv tw*> groups apparentl*, moro deliuitcl.v and ili-tinitly M paral, d. As wo frees the histoty nt birds bock in time we lad their r? mains abundant in lbs tertiary rocks throughout ihcir whole extent, hut, so far as an', thine is known, birds of the terti?r) roekfl) though retniniug the same essentisl i borscti i as the birds of the presen! dav?thai is to soy, the tertiary bird (?uni nit within toe definition of our ex? isting liirds? arc as i Ufa. li separated (roa reptiles as our existing l.ird? ai?-. A few pearssgo no remsins of birds hod been fouod below tbo tertisry rocks, and I am not sure boAthol some persons were pro pared to demonstrate thai, they could not hOTOS? i-t.-d at an earlier period, Bui in the last fee years such remains have been discovered in Kugland, though uufortuuately in s rery imperfect condition. In youi' eoootry tbs development of oetscotu rocks m enormous, und liic conditions under which the later cretsceous strsts hove been deposited ?re favorable for the preservation of orgauie remains in a j.eifect M-dltk>n, and the rssesi? bes lull ?d labor and toil which have be n curicd on by prof. Marsh in these Westen eretoceoos reeks bsve rewarded Iiim with the diseovery of form? of bird? of which we bad hitherto oo conception. By his kindness, 1 am QUOOloi lo place HESPCRORNIS REGALIS .irariJO before you a reel,.r.i t urn of one ofthsss extrnordinary bim?, every part of whieb ?so bs thorougbly proved and jiiBiiiii-d (diagram rJespererala) lus remsins exisl m the sieitial besnty in his eoihx tion. \ I brd about six f.-t-t hiirh, ?i IsOgO bird, existed daring the later cretaceoiiK epoch, and which in a ?Meat many respects le sstonishingly like an existing atver or grebe, so like it iiulied, that h;i?l this ?kele tou been f.,und in a iniwcuui, I suppose? if the bead had not been known -it would have been pissed in the same general group BS the divers and greb?s of tbs pressai day. Bat this bird i differs from all existing birds, snd so far resembles reptiles in one iininutiiiit particular that it in pro? vided with teeth. These long jaw? [referring to the S ?(ture behind him] are iw-x-t by teeth, a? in this lagram. Here is one of the teeth, and in this par? ticular it differs entirely from any existing bird, and it is in view of the characteristics of thl? lle?j>erorni? that we an* obliged te modify the ('.??finition of the class of birds and reptiles, iiefore the production of a ( nature such ax this, it might bovODOSO ?aid that a bird had an shssaeeef teeth, but tb?' discovery of a bird that had teeth shows at one?- thai there were ancient birds that in that particular respect ap? proached reptiles more nearly than any eristing bird does. The same rocks have yielded another bird tlchthy orois) which also has teeth m its jaws, the teeth in this csse being situated in distinct socket?, while those of the swimming bird tllesperorui?) differ <-?> seutiallv. The latter also had ?mailer wings than tlio?? of a laying bird. Ichtbyomis slsodiflered in the fact that the joints of its backbone?its vertebra-? had not the peculiar character that existing birds bsve, but were concave at each end. This dis ?over/ loads us to make soother modification in the character of the divisions of birds, that they are not so far o Y from reptiles. We know nothing what.ver of bir la older than these until we come 6 HESPERORNIS REGAUS <_far.?) ? ICHTMYORNIS DISPAR <Xar,n) down Is the .Iiirr.issic period, mi.I from Hint period weknoa a single bird which was find oudekaowa by th.? finding of a fossil feather, [twaathonaht wooderfnl thai such a periabable thing as a feather s'uo;.ld i?e dlaeovered and nothing inore, and s.. it was, ami for a long time m,tiling WBS known ef this bird except its feather. Itut b\ and l.y one solitary specimen WHS discovered, which i? now m the British Unaeum. That solitary specimen is nofortnnately devoid of its head, bat there la this wonderful peculiarity about the creature, thai so f..i as it? [eel are known it haa all the characters of a bird, all those pecu? liarities by which a bird is distinguished from a reptile. \\ ben we examine the vertebral column, if i? unlike a bird and like a reptile. We find that diviaion of t te wins which corresponds with the hand, and i!ic wing itself differs in ?roe very n i I hl< : necia from the structure it presents n t true h I. In a true bird tbe wing an? swers to tl ihn ' il.- thumb and two fin? gers of ibj *e buiies behind the fingers which li nu .m..: m ail fused together in one mass, ?nul ihc whose apparatus except th< thumb is bound ap in .1 irie.it aheath of integument, and then the edge of Lbs arm, etc.. carrying the feather-. It is in that way thai the bird's wing be ci'iin s an iiistruiitetit of (light. In tin? bird the Am'? a. ..pi. ry _ upper arm i-? like that >.i a bird; these two fore aim bone? an unie or leas like thai m a i.'ii!, I.in th. se Untrer* an uol bound together ? tli..'. a.e free, and tliey are all terni nated by strong .law- not like a l.iM, but evident It by auen a si t... : in c a? le pi i b?. |. ?-- - ?. so l hat in i i.is sini'le Arcbat .pteiyxyun have an animal which I.m.-s to a < ? m un . tient the midway place between a hud ami a reptile. It is u bird so liai M Its baud anil limbs ar-- concerned it is ? sentially and thorou -hly a bird in the far! thai it |?. ieathe shut it la much more proper.] a reptile in tbefa. that its anterior limb bas sepai te bones r. - in., mh the fore limb of s reptile, M mover if had all v tul with a fringe ??t featbi sonearfa side. All i i ill oh 11.oi .'f . rola.i '?? '. thai i it i'i form.. of the there wi :?? en itun ??. Iii.'i ... I ;i the bound-, ni ;. '. existing ii -i - .h.il icroups and tending I" fill up lite intervii i it .?:? ? ? si-f la-tween them. Bol we cm go furtiier than this. It is ?e.--.,!,!, t,, ?II up the interval between hirus and n-ptilea in ;. much n ore ?l rikil R i.i inner. 1 dol done bj liM.kiug upon whal are called the I rodac tyIs as tin intermediate form bet ween h.r is a ?1 i. ?> i trougboul tin' whole series of tas \!. ?i/ni.? j. meet with mu.h exceedingly remarkable Hying creatures, some of which alluiu a ii.it size, their wings having a span of eighteen ir twenty feet oi n n iimI lliese jr.- known as I'toroauuria, or Pterodactyls. We find these with a bird-like bead ami in i k. with a v. . column sometimes teruiiuated m a short tail, f>TERODACTYLUSSPECTABIL!S(lv.._..j/_.J and sometimes in a long tail, and in which the hones of the skeleton pniient one of the peculisri ti.-s which we otten consider are most characteristic of liir.ls?i hat oi baring pneumatic cavil i.-s, which make ?be creature spe ih. ally light in its tli_ht. l,ik<- i bird, this ( nature has a largish bn aatbone, bul from that point onward, so tar as lean see. special, particular resemblances end, and a careful examination <>i the fore limbs shows von that they are not birds' winga: they are something totally different from a l,ml'? wings. Ami then, again (pointing to chart), those an not a hull's p., terior extremities, but aie rather what fa termed a reptilian extremity. V.ui will obaerve that the vertebra; present nothing that I need dwell opon, but the bones ol the band are rerj sronderfal, There are four fingers represented. These four tin,'.is an- large, and three of them, these, winch aiiHWei to these three in ins hands, are terminated by claws, while the fourth is euormonaly prolonged into s irreal Jointed style ff), Nothing could I"' mole unlike a hire's claw than this is. You s. i at i once tn.in B hat I have stated about a bird's wing thai there could he nothing mole unlike a lnid's wing than this i-. It ?as concluded by general reasoning that this finger was t:iade to supiMirt a great w.-h like a bat's wing. Specimens HOW exist showing that thfa was really the case, that this creature was devohl of feathers, bat the fingers supported a vast web like a bat'a wing. We lee thfa ancient reptile .floating by a similar method, s<? that the Ptero? dactyl, although it isa tiling r?; utile, although it presents some points of similarity to birds- yet Is so diff?rent from them that 1 do not think that we fa its any right to regard n ,.s one oi the forms inter? mediate betweea I?c reptile and the bird. Huch intermediate tarnt are to he found, however, by looking in a ?I i tl? lent dut i turn. Through the arbole s, i ?es of rnesoaoic rock ? tin r.cur reptiles, some of ?rhielt are of gigantic dimensions i in fact, they are reckoned ainoiigtbe largest of terrestrial animals. Homo of ih. ii BIB 40 and .r>0, possibly more, let 1*. 11 _r- Buch are the Ignanadon. the mrgalosaunis am! a number of others, with the names of which I will aol trouble jrou. There are great diversities of structure amona these great reptiles. Borne of them resemble luanh in the proportions of their length, and have evidently walked an all fouir,, in su.li respect resembling the existing crocodile: hut in otben fea can trace a aeries of Biodifleations in virtu, ol whi. h, what we call the appendages, the hind li in ha underwent a series of modifications, until at length n Completel? assumed the character of a bird's hind limit?. 1 hete indi BIRD DINOSAUR CROCODILE' eate I (pointing to a diagram] the bind limb of a crocodile showing the bones of the hind limbe and of the pelvis. These are the haunch bones ; these are the two leg bones. Then come? the di? vision of the foot which we call the tarsus, which are separate, hnt distinct Then eome the four toes, which alone exi in the bind feet of the crocodile or which ali exist separate and disti'ict. The foot is rfat, on tl ground, so that the legs spread out and the weigh of the body hangs clumsily between them. Coa treat this with what we tind in the bird, the haunch bone here is immensely elongated, and the joints o the buck bone between the two haunch Imiten an united together so as to form a solid support, upo which the weight of the body r??ts. Then the tin bone become? very short, and has a back ridg upon its outer articular surface. At lower end tho ridgo lit? in bit ween t npper ex t remit v of the ?mall bone of the ports n?' to the great born and makes a kind of spring joint Then this small hooe <>! the icir is (|uit?' targe sboi and liecome? rtnliinetitury below. It runs out mi? a style instead of being long and 'urge, as it is in tu case of the (roc.dile. Then wbeu* yos eometolbi bones of the foot you Und then sre no sep?rale hunes su. Ii a.? you have hero, but the end ?fine tibria. The large boos of tue hg sppesrs to <>ii?l m s kind of pulley, ami tbsl by s tingle bone sup? ported apoa all tone toes. Upon the extremity oftbat boo* an sttac bed these three toe?. It la obvious that the entrust between the crocodile's leg on the oue hand, and the hud's Icon the Other, l? l'en ing. That gap of Interval is completely till?'?! op when you study the characier of ?he hinder ex? trellillies in those am lent npflle? which aie called the Dinossoris. I have hen- such s pelvis and such a hind lee, This bone in the croeodite i? represi m- d in the Dinosaur by that long lu.ne which BpprouHiea in tons t" the corresponding bone of the bird. 'I bs tbigb boos of tbs Diaooaur ii? h parallel willl the saille boni) as it OOSS ill the bud. In some of these buds all tln-se f.uir lo.? are turned lo: ward, and they may be reduced lo three: bal these Imiies ini the DhtUSOnf become so shaped that no variance is possible. Finding the modification in the limbs? -in the Dinosaur the four lim I..-, become smaller and smaller the suspicion natuiuh arises that they ssoj bave assumed Ibe erect position. lh.it view w'li- entertained by Mantel, sod was also demonstrated to be probable by your own distinguished Boatosnst, Lsady, but tho discoveries of late yearn show that knaoooeol Misse forms it was uo? actually so; that you had reptiles then tbsl bod their bind 1 ?pi ex itctly OS birds OOWdo. The diiigraui is a faithful COMPSOGHATHUS LONGIPESf1* an! m curate representation of an exist log fossil ex eept for this, thai whereas in the existing fossil the bones are hoisted about and ??m ol place 1 have put them bore m tbs position tbsl ihey mus! have in nit re, and no., yoa see s creature vritha long neck and bird I ' - head, with very small ?n. terior extremities, with s ilender tormina lon. which is in aliiiosf sil u -;m ( ts like that of a bird, ami tbsl tiu'iin- must il., hate walked shout opon its hind ?e;.'?, bird fashion. Add t.. this creature featliers, and the transition would beromplele for the other chano t? r. The n ,-.??.111 of d, an we ?ee. not -. 11 n .!.- tlii - i. l'M.- from tl. . lassol birds we h..\ a hud. We hare bad to stretch the elate of birds to birds Ii.in ini.? te. th. und su i .r as the character ol the -I.. !? ti.ti u-... ? ??? i.i.ii I.,i.l. SBj tbsl there need.? here little more than the addition ol feather?and whether this , triture had lb,-m We don't l?:iow- to i.uf it inf.? a bird. I '.ave si;d tbSl there can be no (lili'st iufl, from their anatomical ' lal these animals walked npon their hind leg?, and in fscl then an to I?- f o und m t?o- i trata of Kngland u Utteps ?ni m . d m .nd i lil?" this of ib<- llrototoum, n I which there ean be to? doubt were made by the ?iiim-i.r, the remains ot wbich wire found m tbe sum rock. And kn??e ing thai I reptile? thai walked opon theif lees and had tbe character generally of birds, did .".ist. it t,. cumes a v. iy importan I question whether those ? ,1-etts tu .-. in. ii l ref? II' ll now, and with h form? ill ll?cd to I?- unht -Hal unity n f, u, o to a elm . ins) not .ill have Ikwii n 11,1.11 . itbei -ii t ?m reptiles of tin? Diuosanrifl i. "r win n.. t. n m.Id cet li ild of the ?keli tun ? hii li made the-*? n n I.-, boiii?! ,,| which sre marveloii?ly hi.i bird's tracks, w- ?hould not come opon pxa< fi.i that s, ii? - "i iiaii-ifion oi forms by wbich in form? r ilie'. ill- reptile was room ? ted sritn the bird. (don't think, l.iSts snd gentlemen, that I.I in i-t u |m.n the i alii.- ot i i ulenoBnf tins kind. .00 will observe that although it do?-s ootnrovi birds ?..ii. ?final ,i n m reptiles by the gradual uiisiilii ?ilion of tin .n ;.t::.- hi to S I linos au" .n I so into a bird, yet it does show that thai process maj po-asiblj nave taken and if mi,-, ?bo? ti.tt there existed in tonner times erra tures which tilled up one of the larges) . i .- nature, and th.tt wssexactl) thekindol evidence whi.h I stated to you in starting wi are bouud to meet witli in rock? it I lie h.v poll n -Is in i -ti.l u I lud he i m net. In my next lectnre I will take up s t I rentare to ? .ill tlii demonstrative ( . ul. ace of evolution. HOME SEWS. HU UM. Ml I ! il rXSTaUDAY AT III'DNIT 0, IS HI?'A UM 1*1 9?. oi. r.i Nk.ii i;s t ?. ,? ?:, muh,,?m, M?, Hlj_M*l Uni n? tiia ??r. '-u Uowntf. M) tillar tl', . f-alin' ...if. Is,*., Of? . PROMINIiXT sJUtlYA-B, FI/11 An-nur Msfal?Tbs llmi. I.ot M. Momll, Secretary "i iho Trviuninr, lb? Uoa. _trb?r_h (__nll??r, s. i. titiy ...' tin- I nl, in .r . C. M. i in. I,. 11, M. I'., nl KuKUBtl . M..l,lini i li.iin .-. I . ?> ( niiniil Bl ?usnan . Il.-iirv l(. I'n r-.m ,il Alli.iin. (?pi. I I mi is l',in i.f III? llnv.il I!.>.lv liiMi.l. Iliiti.-li in o W iiilnm II Km.f riilUdclplilB. BOd Ml I l> i Kin-,.ii A in -li ,r? /.'.,'?/-1 BOgrmauisn lliiirt W.il It-rwiD ul KrntQCk) KttrtU Ilium -Hitar.Admira Charlea H. Bog) . i.ii.l li. Mucmii-ti! u?r.|. n?li,ir.-. N *,.... //? ' ' /. Ail.i.im ? - ? i.?. i. i.i.ti M.iii. gef ,,1 t'lc ll.--i.iii .nul AlbSBI ll.Uf.el II', ,-'?- r Haiti V.. i <niui.-?s iii_.ii Tlirotlor-B il I'.nii. im- i.f Aiilmni, N. Y n uu, ' l, iW ,,f tit? I . H. >.i|,o in. . . n I, an.I leu.'. K n?|. n t u I?, ii ,.f ('?iiiliinlio-, llBM //-'.' .L.- M. I'd 1 im ?i? ?.r ('t-ocajra llbtmarU Hotel? i iinn?-s-.ii..-.i I..hi i O. WM!, uni, si- ni Pouf i.., i |.-u a nl I u .1. H. |.il|,,i. -, l s An ,'. Nl '. Aoi.-. if '?! i. I- i i , .1, i.i-ii.i.il Malawi' ?I Hie NsW-Oftesas, St. Lsals ?ml (lik-a.u lu u., uL REW-TOBI CITY. New cider ?h now sold in market. Rood birds un now belog ?lint in pool Illllllll' IM II, S, l'I ! ?nun. Minors l?ate beea placed in Home of the itlifi '.ii-I -tuet i .u?. A Uitfe oamberof strangers visit the gallen uf ui. Stuck Ksebsnssj daily. The steamsbip Russia resterdaj carried bran tlii?. pu t. s,;i'.'i i. .ids .uni ii., lit.? i.i ,*..i|M-rrt. The Dock Commissioners yesterday voted to li-p.til- the pier ?l the tout uf West*Tliirieeiitli-t?l. Aaaooft the visitors at Gilmore's Qorden hist li.tl., ?I'll' 1'ii-tui .-It r (?eiierill liner. N'eiet.i|-y of til? treasury Mm ml. .uni Uev. UofSwa. I he registration of applicants for the tree nitrlit classi - m ?. -ii -m i-?tml ?nt ,ti i miper Dalou besan mi ifiiisilny i vi-niiiK. B< |it. l_ Mure tli.ui 050 li.ne alrtaily liii'ii ?tiliiiitti-it. The (???rt-iiioiiv of uiivailinir the ?tatu? of Willi.iin 11 SeWBtrU 111 Mail. SO u -in. ire. wlili-ii u.,? tu lian- m f iirn-il le-t.-nl n , lias i,, m poatfKllied until Sept. ?J7. to scesssmodats wnihim M. Ki sits, who will ilt-u?., r till llllltlllll. The CoilegS of the City of New -York bogOsi its winter i. nu .te ?lei'.i ijr, i u? ?unkir olasa Bomber? -i, tin -.tuiiiiii ?(?-.', tlie n.illinium re ill. sad tbe fn-iiiiuiii Iii7. oi iiuiiini ?i|>|iii - ilimiM for .iiiiiils?iiui to Ilie iiitrinluc t-arj i las--, MD ??ere HMSSBSfaL SccictiiricH Morrill und Cliundlii and i'ost tiiin.u-1 in-ill i.ii i.inr sailed yi?i> riiiiv sftsraooa upon Collector Arthur ?tt tbe Custom-bouse, after whieb, .n eompaatsd bj Qea Arthur, surveyor lharps, sod Mr i..ul?( lo i, itu-y took a ?ad tlowu the tmy m ti,,, revenu? cutter (?lam. Tho exhibition of pain_11gl at the National Acaili'iu) ol ii. sltrn and M?-ti<,|n,iitau MusBUBi ol \it vs 111 I?' upeB until Ilie close of tin- l-'xhloitliili lu tin? inn. ,liiK h? ?all BS ilurliiK tin- ihiv. Vliotur? tu tlio Mt>tro|Milt t.in Mii-eiiui nf Art will also Save tin; iiiiimrtinilly of ^t-e iUK tlio ( (??nolit and otUcr ruro oollecliuus uf work? uf art. Copt Liary of the Twenty-sixth Precinct I'lillc?-, mi luiiM?ny nljfht made a dnneenl upon Ilie liuck iiifiiwiin seasTBgats sbsot thsUraad ('entrai ?ii-imt. jiiiiti Parley, Lewrsoes Lsssb, iesa Marphy.sasTJ?ha 11. (ii.iv neu- SlyuSts?. Kai ley won. a Sieej hatlK??, aud Ilie oilier? fulled tt? lutvB (heir lumps lltflited. Thef m. re all tliicd and itpiiiiutiulfd lay J tint no ?JtUirouiu-tf yes? terday. Muyor Wiekham, Controller Green, and Tax Connuuwioiier Andrews met yestssOas sflsrsuss in tlie Cniiiiiilli i'? oflMB bs Aniiury Ciiiiiiuis-iiiiifi?,. Tin-claim of Uatltl i>. Klrliy, aanlKiK"? of (ol. Fri'uVrlck W. Htt-rry, for ifil;),???) for runt uf armory at Hruudway and Kourtii st. from 1871 to 1874 was eontddert'd, aud Urvllle (i i.t-iitiett, Henry liuuit, aud M. A. J. l.yiioli, wltncsttcs 1m the claiuiuiit, were t-iamiii. d. ?' Dr. McWhinnie made a post-mortem exam? ination > i -u?-iiia_i iiiuriii.iy spou the bodies uf Kktisid Hoacbof Ko. .'?In t?twt ElK'iU*eutb-?t., and of bl? little daughter, wbo wer? ?uppost-d to bav? bii-n poisoned by uiiiikliiK I? t-r int?? wbii-U Mr. Roaub bad poured what be called "hot drop?." The examination showed that botti died from uatural cause?, tbe father of Ilrtght'? dist?te uf Uie kidney? snd the child of cholera morbus. Col. 1). 0. Haskins, Frwtideut of t?w Uudson River Tunnel Cot_|?any, said to a Tribi y? reporter yes? terday that he thought the company would be ame to resume work in a few days. The argumenta, ou a motion to remove the injunction O-B-tned By in? IH?la?are, Utekawanaa and V estero R?llroailConii>nny, wen uia.1? lief on? Judge D.inn of the Uuit. d Btates Circuit Court nn July 5. His decision was dally e_|ie.'t-!_. and if the dee! Ion was favorabloto the tunnel company the wui.c would be immediately resumed. Acting Secretary of the Treasury Charles F. Couaiit has written aletter to Collector Art bur relat.v? t.. tiio fraii.liiloiit importation of art ideal mineral waters, v.Inch are subject to iluiv, as natural waters, wlilcli are aeliiiltted free, of dut?. TBS letter oonctitile.? us follows: "For the purpose, tbefeftu-.'. of preventing and detecting such fraud upon the revenue, you are hereby directed to Instruct the appraiser ut rear port M make cueilli examlnatlOSS of all Importations of mineral w.iich are entered ss natural waters, and also to ni.fifi importers of auch men nandlse that hereaflcr all luvou'cs of so-called Batural waters ibonld be assssjBB Died by ceititicatcs from shippers abroad, ihowln_ that ilny in.? In fuit l.iiiural waters, anil spaeUytSfl tue sprliiK or aprlnga which produced the name." MtOOKI.YN. Two hundred denths < _______! lust week. Patrick ('oil, who was Ml out of an Athtn llo-avc, ear m l* eumber, UI7I , n-s sued tb? coa.i>__b?> lot 95,000 for alienen nij .i.e.. I_M P.0oio'_L NiiHHai, und Metropolit m Gas compunles ?estenlaj reduced liie? rales from gil 75 to !.'_ SO I" r 1,01)0 leel (if -.Ml. The I? v. Dr. K. S, Porter, i?!?tor of the Bedford Avenue Refoirmed . liorcb, K. i?.. trill icimii tin?, week fioa. tils farm at < lav. rat it, ami reaunie pas (SBBl work next Hun.lay. Judge Il.vKtnan h.i<- i .iiif.ritii'd tin report of the i .iiiiini-K.oiieis appointed by the taurstn* Court to ussess flic valnaof landn used by the. .'.i.w York, lisy Iti.l_e and Coney IslSad llallrn;? I. What I5i tnaril (iaiiiy returned t(> his homo luWarreii-s.., near Wastili.Kto.i-.ive., on I..?-.?.lav in_lil, he ton...I in? wir" in a ill unken stupor en a Bed, ami un? derneath was tiie .lead hndv of her daujebter, ??;'? f?.. r weeks, who had svBtentty been smotnered. Mrs-Oanly WMcotiiiiiittiil to the County Jail vcaierday, to await the Coroner's .ntpu-st. Ainoii'r the IBUBHIIBIH on lxiard the sU-amcr Ctty ?l _>'_.;_, wtuefe -ailed from Mew-York sa Nov. 1, 1875. and was Imrued off Oulvcmon, Texas, .in Nov. ?, wen- Hi rnj Rogers ami his wife of Uruokh n, Imtii of whom were lost in the fire. Mrs. Bogen bad if.~i,<MX) de nosited in a WIllhiinM a, ?h tavtnfs hank, sal Mr. Boesnfl brother applied for letters of adi umist ration on tins property. Tins application was opposed on tin? /.-round thai Mrs. Kinters MS a StttTivtM ?ister, and that liiere v.as no evidence that Mr.. Roganfs <le..fli occurred before tliat of her btisliau.l. Bmtussle Veedcr, before win. n. tin ease wao as*Md, reoarred i.ts decision on toe question v.'l.t iiiei-the iiiishatid cr wife tiled ttrst, and to wiioiu Um property rightfully belongs. NEWARK. It is Biopoaad to establish another bank of deposit and discount in Newark. A coiiiiiKtii.il jitii;,ei'-iiH'i'tiHg is to be held im ii dap .it asan al no, a_B i?io.h?-.-i. The ?ruinai Convention of tho Baptist? of Baal new-Jersey wka am Interested In .-tuudaj-schools ??.?s n. ut si fin Bsath BapCM Church yastsrday. The batehan of ('cuter .Market, to the liiltu ht! oi seorlj 100.paraded tfu-ouKu tBeprtacipai streets yesterday ou , and wearing tas wblta aratieta and aprons pe. allai to iheir buim? ?-. The __bbk_ County (iiifiid Jury having pre ?entiil in.in ?Ii.iei.H aar.illist I'liiirles Osrll-V.ihl and Thomas Kyan 1er _mr?ler m the arstdaaice la sneottag Police Officer J. Hunier Brock, whits tin; latter was at lempticg f" sm_H usai m Ute act of eoaunltthic a i.iii.'ia'y, t 'i i no m- n wen- arrala?ed In court yesterday m tin presence ol a large audieiiee, I'bey pleaded not Kullt.. and Us ki ; rial was set down lor Oct. in. n'.:\v-ji:i:.si;y. Union Him..?John Sliini?lt, age. .'11, a Ger? man, r. -i im. "i. J. ?!? . ton st.. ,1,. .i last I', i.iav ol typhoid rftel _ lib-ess ol 11 day a Dr. Dei.rot! stteuded Ulm, i.ii'l cat.' a pel mli fot in? burl il, which vas f<> take on Blinda) last. Tut rainstorm wlncii prevailed on i!..ii day prevented his latermaot, sad tos bsdr was placed In an k. coffia and laid la a vault AleohiM was _li applied to his faee, and when the corpse was taken out ot tin- vatill .m Monday the e\presstun <>i the oowate nun e aas so llfi like iBal Dr. Uetasli ro? ?farsea i ity was summoned. Bet re Be arrived much excitement pre i.ni, u aiiiniia.' l il?' neuen in irs, as his ile.it n WSS llioagbt to be s case of suspended aolutattoo. Dr. Oelssler ai ?nes pruooui.d tin- man dead, ami the funeral took placo on Tueodaj ? I:?. io.m-.-N..tin- has fessa Ki v. n by the Cuy C_B tli..t un leas arrears oi si ind overdue i iiuiii bonds are promptly paid, M Ihs cty will proee <l to ? .ill. ?t t..one, in ?tcoidaiicc with inovislcns of the i uy charter, ' ____________________ Hi ie is i ei.nvcisati.iii which took j)l;iee bc ? ni-..i iiaiotio? of ?? Ki/. ..i..." in the Centennial mi Uallei. : "What d.'cs thai great in^ picture reprc ia un la men hangtns ni>. and thatwodnn Qgai t bird I" "i.noil uraclonsl what does it sieanl (in. I Un-... bob : It - flu-.Ideas ol l.il city wltu tue American l.i.'i- banrina me Rebela I is u no: so m?t down m the tusiu t"-[ Uost-m '. .-- : All v, ho si 111. r from Conghi and Cold? will ?in wir ..m s Bals \m ? ? Wiui caaaar. LCNDBORO'sCALIFOBJfl \ W.\ n:it tor flie toilet Bi.tiiiaiii. a ii?-.i,-u?"!-aubai ? '? ---i UolofassrBay Bd GfOTtllC ii'.vi'i. for beating house? and ? -. .s.ml fur .BUlt.Kur. A.M. l__dsy, --(i W .BSd-st, N.\. The smooth and |il<;is,iiif taste of Mn.K Off is makis n rapa-'islly ilrairsbl? aaareBedy for rtul , __.*, IU ?a lilt-u ll ulta.iya ?.i. A t _J_D T" oiuBm aso Bnuaosaa Kv'ii. wall i i . - r bi usr, St_19 liiiia.lwiij Mi'! until r t\. I ISM. .Ii.iiv A. I>o'i(;\n. iiiK IIatth.'. n m , .-:? .ill?,'.i. '. Usnlen en tho ?.?in ib?- a? "ii? .n. ii.un was srasshtsd wttk the irtiwphaat He acitleed Uial tbosa who made fin? most Bull's Ky_s re? cel?si tho BUM) Slitr|.? live ?. 't"t In- ?ISO " ?liar lllf ti.v " re? im 11. irrs ibsl - m. _ i r-- Louai., nit, init il nuil' lui' iiiIimcs. PIABK ?. C.?.'- Patent \.M.?i'l.s_ Sell-Rolliu V/ BTE_L KIll'TTKKJ-, riRB A.M. Ill'in. I. ill I? HOOF. Nn in? hin.'i y or bal sane >?fi_iit. faaaot gal out of oriler. In .il tu n- l.ii,.in' nuil IIihImiii i ati.il lii.ililni|[, Maaliuliau liuiiiiiii;:, !.. iniv Library BuUdlns, rrlbooe OSes, xc i:,! i letorj lu. uni i'-i weal _'7tli ?t.. New-Tertb ami at l-melon, l'.n ? ? .an. Mellmnrui?. ?tc. P II. Nit (Ha 6i Co., NO. 4 (IBKAT JONES ST.. corurr of .Nu. ??l lirowlwsy. ( HIS'V. CHINA, PLATED WARE, PLATED WAKE, GLA88, IjLA>!*, CUTLEHT, CUTLERY, AT OP.F.AT RAHliAINS. CHANDKIilKKS, CLOCKS, AND BRONZES AT nsF.HAi.KTHl liaVAL PHiCEs. STRICTURE, Impotence, and DawaaBB of the .ii'i.rrativ.- in^auM radically sad ipsedllj ? arad, ilKN itv A. Il A M 1 I H M. i... Ml l.eii??t< ? ,i\e. (illiio ...mi?, H to il. BROOKS BROTHERS, BltOAilWAY, COKNF.lt OF BONO hTKKr^T. BKnll NgalBf SBMkef 111.?.- .??t?|t|?. unit Fancy (?o?BlB in Unir Hi ?ni-. HB?S, i 'nil?...., Ihiiv, siel Military lit r>_rtiu?-_U. NEW hTVI.KS OF STHIPK? AND Fl.tlil f>| IT INl.r-i. Thry have sIbo allll r?-niaiiil?? lu their >i.\\ Tiiiitn F1.00U iiUMMMl S..MK (iKMINi: IIAKt.AlNS IN F.IM, AND WINTKIt OVKIUOATH AND HI ITf-1 for M? ? untl Hoys, wlilifi wet? nurk.il ilown to HALF THE OltHUNAI. I'KHE, for tbeir specisl nul? of last M|irlu?, beBlJi-a s new atork of a uie.ll.im irr.i'? ?t K'k?1b, uisiiufueliired ?-?ineislly for tliat ilo yartiueut. Gorham&Co:) SILVERSMITHS, UNION-SQUARE, Have ear?*fully prepared dur* ills' the pant seawoii a choiee stock of silverware expressly for their retail trade in this City, includ? iiig articles in novel and grace? ful forms, with decorations in every method known to the nil? versmith's art. Their prices for staple articles command atten? tion from the most prudent pur? chasers. Centennial Exhibition, center of flaiii ?<ui.?iin-;. 1876. FALL TRADE. NewDesigns in Solid Silver AND Fine Electro-Plated Ware MANUFACTURED BY THE LMERIDEN BRITANNIA Co.. ?5-30 Broadway, \cw-York. FACTORIEH, WHlHT MERIDEN, CONN. I From The Illn-ttrated t"h rut Un \ve,-klr, e?!itort?l.l MKIIIDK.V KKITANNIA COM HAN Y. -Aniuii? Ule n\tnf si tractive di.plity? made at tlie t'eniennu. tin- mi- by tin? company, ?ft tin? ?liver plated ware, cannot b?; i-xcelien. la p u,r uf elegance of tledini ami bvauty of maiiufaeti?iv, theit ?cood? appeal to the eye of every beholder, luit a daiiy nie of ?kiiii?- 'tt their pi toil Ware f.-r et-r'hteeu years t-o vin.-e? n? ?I IU tn-at durability ?oil ibe liooe?ity uf it? manufacture.. Wblla ?...m., m iy cIiiko- " ?oild ware" for ate, yet tbe great ma-m-? who do not care lo natch night* fo- robber? will l.e content w.. li Kootl plaied ware tt.at cao ou'y in: ttild from ?. ?' 1.1 by i.?t? ?ikIi as no one lu ii'i-. would ever ifitre. A i ?refill Inspection. ni i ht? ?task of tin. compute/, with Ui? price? tbey quote, will ?how wliere to make puren??.-?. SILVER PLATED WARE BY TUE MIDDLETOWN PLATE GO. FACTORY, MIDDLETOWN, CONN. HAI.KSKOOM, 13 JOilN-sr., NKWYOKK. CENTENNIAL DISPLAY, MAIN BflLDINU, B?S? Elev?tor, PUIIjVDELPUIA. i'< ri.?xi niiileiice Invited, ul,! Rmfi (-ill kituh) promptly rsBStrSdi -V<_ Roolalaid by contract, tkiuljur ttttttett. ROOFS. Why not make vour Rho/i last a llfrtlmr, ?n?I ttav,, the er. peiim-nfa BBWIWrf .\>rv 10 Of IB v--.:nt ! It ,-ni iir dune ; ll you tue tilste I aint, ii ?.11 in.t only ":e?i->t ll.e t-Bcit? of water -mi wind, but Hifwlnjvn fro.ii tin, ol.l) HOOFS. Protect vour Binl.'ins? by ii?in;r Slate I" itnf, ?vMch neither rr nek Is WlnMt nor run* in Suiuni-T. 0M ?BlaglS fBSti SSB h. j..i uti-,1 i?.k!iiK mueA better i.i.f li'*.'./ ' ?iver thau n?i? ?biagles wlthoi.t IBs paint fer ?nef'Atfih lbs c?mt .if re. si i-utluiif. on iltrnifrtt ./imi/lrj It till* up the h?l?-H and porea and ?ri'.e? a i., r??<>? tl.?tt Issts tor years. Cunea ..i ..i,. It tirlDjca to Uieir platea, mut typifAe? Hila ps it r. .|u.r.n ?s It.-atlnp, I? Applied ?itli a I.misIi, ?ml \.-ry oniaim nl.1. It i> ch -.-- lau eolol Brheatlr i jupln-.*, hui channel? Uta i.uiftrni ?late color, an.l Uto all m unte ana purpose? tititV. ON TIN OH IKON ROOFfl the re.f t olor I? the bnt paint In the world fir durability. It I a?.. heavy liotty, i? ca>- It aptilli ?I, expand? l>> boat, c..n(i_ct? li.-.-..!.I, dries ?Biwly. SB? uevercracl? nor ecu/?-?, tine coat SSjaS? I uf any BBBSB PIRE-PUOOF NEW ROOFS. Mli'f. fnunili-iii-, fa.-ti.il.-? sad dwelllnir? a *pfi<illy. Ms. ,-, ?,.rtr fura ?".- itSBf or ttat roof of __so?r Ki?ot1ii?; i-OMl i.utalMiul Hill/ tlie price of reHliiiiulmir. Fur Privais . n .m-, .uni Mi ldniirit of ul! dearrtp i \:*, tt m far ?u pet-tot uxmu other roo-Dg iu the world f?.r t ?venlooo? In lay. in?r. ?nd coinliiii'M the ..i tmthtntmt BP paar ucc. rti<ri*?ililv. ??d uof iiiiaiiti.-? uf tin, at orM-tAir. (Ae <;.?'. NO l'AU Uli ORaVEL U8_D. " iii.-v to ?ai'ti re?hii'.Elins?itop leak? effectually ?ad rheaply In roof? of ail k.n.la," a 10OP??e book, KKK?. Writ? TO-DAY, .tint in.'.ti,hi Titiiin.-. New?York Mate Rooflna Co., Limited, Roe njt Contra .-tors, N Oiar-t., N". Y. FURNITURE. New and Elegant Styles. furniture Coverings. A Magnificent Assortment of ENTIRELY NEW GOODS. Estimates and Designs Fur? nished for Furniture, Drape? ries, and House Decorations. B. L. SOLOMON & SONS, 657 and 659 Broadway, Oppoaite Uoad-?l. WEBER PIANO-FORTES NIlJ*"?tO"?f. I ?hall take et err opportunity to revoMM-*-Ml and praire your instrumenta. KI.I.MM.(?, For tin l:iHt mi year? M Piano? bare bees mi- chute? for tbe CV?K?rt-rooif? aud my owb Amur. I.( ( ( \. Yottr t'pii-rht? ?r?i_rraordin<irylin?trtimt-U ami ilem-rvi- their great tueettt. PATTI. I 1 ave lined the 1'litn.w of every t-elebr?tM maker, but vim youn IK* ?rrtlrrene* wet ?ti. HTIIAI'MH. Your PtSBSB -uttonUh me. / ?ntw ?t?r<r yel ?eeii any Pietnot which rtyuil your?. \s ! .. i I Mi.ilium- I'arcns SBSBBl your I'iano the ?ne?! In the L'oitetl sut?-.. / fu?ly ladoriethBt opinion Tliey havo no WMM iinyicittf*. Prices Ken.onnble. Terms Eaay. WAUUKOOMSi Fifth-ave., corner Sixteenth-si? !f* T. REMOVAL. WOOD BROTHERS, 740 Broadway, HAVE REMOVED THE ENTRANCE OF THEIR CAHRIAUK WARKRO0M8 TO THE REAR OF THE!**? PRKMIHK8, Nos. 49,51 and 53 Lafayette Place, WHERE, WITH DIMINISHED EXPEN9E8, TIIKY ARB PREPARED TO SELL THEIR STOCK O* FINISHBD L'ARRlAUKS AT MUCH KEDtCKD PRICE?. THIB STOCK WAS MADE FOR T1I18 SEASON'S ?ASM, OF THE BEST MATERIALS AND UNSURPASSED WORKMANSHIP, AND COMPRISES 0VERY STYLK OF PLEASURE CARRIAGE. WOOD BROTHERS, Nos. 49, 51 and 53 Lafayette Place, REAR OF THEIR OLD STAND, No. 740 Broadway, N. Y.