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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 22, 1876, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1876-12-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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<?mn0tmcnto an? iHcetin?ie Co-X.gl)..
a"niTH AVEltTK Theaikk ?"Tlie American."
QuAMi On -" HI.Kk <r??t k."
LyCKI'M Tlir.ATLR.?"KU'ln ?Uli." Bixilb.
Olympic Novrur Tiikatm.-Verb
Park Tit k vi i ??!. ileNdl." IsjUa.
Ban raawnaro ?hihtbbii
Tont PitSIUR'a New Tiikateb.?2 and 8 : Varlarv.
1<a i sTv-iiiiKi? eTBBSl ori.KA BoBae bTaHf <i- Leon's
Minstrel?
duo? aoeaaa TweATwa.?"MiasMuimn."
vVali.ai.-k'.?. TBbiiea "TBa atiaiiKlirjnn."
CMCKKRIX? II 4M..??"alo Jntnistoti Art Collection.
On Mom.'- ? ; M.-M > i i\ ii.
Jlhi.i.i '.it's Wim., k I in.Aini. - -Mii.ii-ji an 1 Musical Per
fni iii^iice
Mai)I?<i> \\im:k Rkformkd (innen.?liellssier's
ArtTnptiom.
Bbw-Tokk A?H'An:-M.?r>,'.v and Evenine.
Btkihway Hall.?Ouuoert Mm. t&stpof.
JuCcv to alopcrr.ocmcme.
AwrarwKxns-Sff Parte? Mh awl 6th eafewrae.
Bankinii Hoi-.-/.?. am? BAXKMb? Tf/i l'aie?5tb columu.
Boauh Ann Booaw- Ait torn Btb ?-"luiun.
Business Chakcks CM Awe?BUi ooluwa.
ErsiNKs? None?*?itl? rwra?lal ro?ame,
Carpet?, &c.-'.td Pu;/' ? tth culunin.
DaBCBM ACADKJltre M 1'a.je?3d ciilnmn.
iBnrrwrev -, rf "rtw Maalaara,
PiriBBBD SOT* M -7'/? fera -.r>ili sml Hth columns.
D.HT G(H)i>N M l*eee M? un?. 4tli coluiim*.
rlNAKCIAl-TfA /'??*??- ,r?, li c??!iltiui.
Fixk Akts-;,./ Puue-ttih column.
11 KNlTi'Ki- ',th l'une-tilh culiiiiib.?
HKLr Wami.h-IW foot ata column.
Honst?. C.ii.i.i u,;.s. Ai-.-'.M Faue?3d colaron.
iioiKLs- 'b/ Para -Sth cciiiiiin
Hoists an-, r a um.? Wantii>7i/. facie?Gtu column.
Ht CiiEA??-;bl l'aoe?'?(\ ciilniiin.
Isstri ?Trios :i?i Pee? M column.
LkcTt rki? ami .Mkktin.ss?:?tf l'aije~6t.h roturan.
Lroal Boncaa 9? vaut i?t anianiii.
BUBItlAOhS AMI DKAIIIS?.",</! PaQt ??Util OOlUllin.
MiLi.iNi.LY 3.? l\u)c~uni column. ?
?raULLARKona?a Paae?'?<\ column; 8<A Paffe? lili,
6tb, and ?itfi co: nimia.
Musical 1n?tih-mknts '.id Paye ?tb column.
>*w ITmi.1i aiioks ois i*oi/e-2il, 3d, 4th, nnrt 5tt
columns.
Bkai. Kktatp For Bai.k?Cttt?7.A. Piaae Bill column ;
CoUNTKr?7<A Page?OtU column ; To Lxcuaauk?1th
Page?tiilu -o.uuiti.
Baviko? Banks?7f/i Fane-r.tli column
Balks ht acchob?Sa? fora 6ib eonma.
BiK'.'lAL Nom i.? r.f/i l'ane- fitli coluiuii
feni atioss TflRTBB M M If fa" J'ai/???5 th. column ;
Kkmai.k.h Bal luce? 5tn ami (ilh columns.
BteaiiboaT'? am? Baiikoa?s-?itf Puffe?3d and 4Hi
columns.
Btkamkks, Ocka??Qth Paae??tU column.
T?ACtihRS?3?f I'aoe? Jil column.
3o Li.T?Bi.ooiii YN raiman TU TViOf?Gth colman;
COUNTRY? 7f* f'age-Olh emu" a.
To Whom 11 Mat Cuwki'S?Sa* Pane-Sd column.
Winter Kk-mhits? 'Jd Paye? f?t!i cuaiuiu.
Cnsiiueo Soutes.
Mimo BOXM
In entusas variety,
?Tom $1 TI upward, most nuiuible for
HOLIDAY Pr.KSI.NIS.
M. J. FA1I.I.AKI) <t ML.
No. 680 Broadway, near Bond-st
Musiclloxes Hcpsirsl.
The most liiautii nl ?i??soitiiiint of Meerflchaum
npea, Sriai HokVera, AMbarUeeda, BaaBa Wwiklaoaa. Ivor)
ono(i?, ladet --??t.?. Croaaea, CVnnba, ifce., al Kaldi m . -,
6 Aator Haaas o?,|i.??ii?? ru?!-i 'ttice, and earner or Joba and
EasaausiH. i ?u br,. 117 luitoii-ai.. tiut-e door? ea?t ot Na?
aaii-at Ivuiy in Kiilton ?t. store ?mir.
Daily TbibvbBj M m i Babeertkcca, tlOperaoDaa.
M.Wl-WtrKi.Y TBIB! RE. Mail Sti'i?ii 11,? i?. rt.'l in-run.
W KKKi.Y 1 r.iiit NK. Ma? I .SiniacrilMir?t, imperan nu m.
Terme, cash m advance.
Aildi-fwi. iT4F. Tripi've. Ifew-Tnra.
Ptrton? unable to obtain Tiik 1 UBUBV is eWf of the
trains, boat*, or hotel* in which it i*?aa?i//y ?ohl, nitl eon
tft a faror by intormmo tki* otiice of (he ?reum*tan<r$.
Thi Semi Weekly Triiutne will li* ready tMa Btarwlag
at 8 o'clock, in wrappers for mailins*. Price 5 rent?.
Cp toini ?nT?rti??T?c??? leave th?lr favors for Tiik Tsint'vp
at 1,2*8 Broadway, cor. 3l?t-?L. or 30* W.'.'bl ?t.. n.r. sib ?vc
Rm-^ork Sails &v?bnr&
?
FOUNDED BY HORACE OREELEY.
FUIDAY. DECEMBER 22, 1876.
THE AEWS ?Ulit ?IUKM.SC.
Fokkion.?Studeots have been amvsted for a
revolutionary ?lemoustratioii at St. Peterebwrff.
? The Tuxkiis-li Constitution is to be proclaimed
on Saturday.-It is supposed Peseta will plaoe
troops in Liagdad in case of war. ^=^rz (.'imIc or
cipher liitMaages are prohibited to or from Cuba.
? .- In Franco tlie Senate im* inserte?l Mena in an
appr-.priation which were struck out by the
Chamber.
I)OMB8T'C.? The Senat? Conitiiitt??e in Ki-w-Or
leaus are taking important evidence as to intiiiii'la
tion. -_? Mr. Beelye has sulimitHd a now plan
for an Indian bureau, to bo rotistitut? ?1 in the form
of a?|>eruiaiiciit couiini???i<iii witliout pay. r ' -. An?
other fire occurred in Little Rock, which was bu
lieved to lie of incendiary origin.
CoNOR?*-?S.?The Senate debated the Orepon rase
anil passed a holiday adjourn ment iiKolution.
In the House Mr. Hewitt explainetl the l*liBe OflBJa
affair. Mr. Cox's couiuutteo is lo invest?gate it.
The telegraph resolution was udonta-d.
City and Suburban.?Testimony was lakee by
the Congressional cauiiiniitee of live in regard to
alleged election frauds in Jersey City and New Letw.
=r= A great meeting for the relief of the aafwren
by the Brooklyn fire was Jield in Hjookljn and
Denefit* wen- give? at the New-York thea! is.
The Municipal ?Society favored the use of Vaii r
meter? to prevent waste. == The Aldnimn di.?
enssed the gas supply. ^r=^ Gold, 107?*^, 107'j,
107*8. Gold value,of the ?egul-teiiiler il?.liar at the
close Mlio. Stocks goucially dull, but lmcul.u
and closing weak.
Thk Wiv.AniKK.?Tiik Ti:im*M's local obs?rva
tion? indicate a oOBtiBwaBl i of threat?-tiing weather.
Thermometer yesterday, 20 , 21 , 20^.
*
One man there is who m now nontomplate
the stniirgli' with jutlieial calnir? '.is. Mr.
Hewitt luis as good ii? promiaed i'ostinasfcr
Jaiu?'sliis ptMBatl Dflet imder Tilden, him] Mi.
James can IMW at once the pleasant iudil
iereuce of aimed neutrality.
.?.?
The Government order iiroliihitinff code off
cipher iii.-v-uKi's to or from Cuba will hamper
oui trade with that island aid BBUM BOHeider
able irieonvenieiiee. In fnee ol vixatioits
nvnlatioiis like this it i.s absurd for the Span?
iards to I'ontviid that tha "(.em ot the Antil
" lea " is not iu a st..te of war.
??The House is multiplyini; it? Uakaal reik
le8s srx-ed. The \V. ?lern Union lias been
formally c.illed tiiiim to stand and d.-liver, and
the K. turning Hoard of LouiaiaiVt ha? l.tui
aolciiinly reporfed by the N<-w-Oileans ioiit
niittee as in eonUuipt. Mi. MoniMin will
doubtless lorwaid the nieiiilx-rsby tele^iaph.
It ?M picturesque, of com.c, but it was of
BO pailiiular tis?" for (lev?n women and
twenty-one men?all stud?-nl.??(u tinluil a red
llag in a church at Si. lYu i-?i-urg, and set up
a shout for "Lilsity." The RtaBftlaa aerialiata
eannot n?'W . Xjieet to divert the p!tl,|i<- mind
iiom the Kantern Question. Dom.??(!<? irfom
must wait inilil ditdomacy or vvai l.a.s pat th.tt
In the way of s< Iti'i itnt.
By giving ptavaitrioa to all lB<orporated gas
companies to lay mains in the struts, the
Bldenuen have taken the most profjuising
method of ?teliating the DTMl nt moiinjioiy. It
is yet an open and much disputed ipiestion
whether gas mude liom petroleum will meet
ull the reqiiireiueut-H of city u?e; but it is n?,t
at all a question whether bettBf <,ras cannot be
furnish?'?! than what we now have, antl ut con
giderably lower prices.
A recapitulation in another column of the
purchase? at the Johnston sale on \\ ?ilnesiiav
gives the name? of the 8tieecs?ful biilili is,
with the prices paid. It is h plea??re to learn
that, notwithstanding the contrary impression
created by the low price at which the Turner
waa obtained, the prices realized thus fur an
coTiR?d* red verv srood for the timos, and that
Mr. Johnston will not only pet back his muner
but will not lose the Interest, He has done so
niiicti for Art in this community thai nil will
he iflad to see Art paying hini back with a
?bend hand.
?*>)?
Notwithstanding the hard 'times there will
li" ? iroodly show ot payaient* of ?nteres! and
dividends in January. The aggregate of these
M"iii-;iii?iu:il fleuris is ftir larger than is ^eo
ci illy supposed outside of hank im; circles, :md
when the payments take place they set adrift ;
a trient deal of epate cash for a few days. It :
IT*;:ks well for the condition of commercial j
?dims that the effort needful to bring these
amounts together and pay them in this city
creates no t?initeney In our money markt. ;
and that the Btates and large corporations th_l
will default in their January payment! are
mu ill in number compared with those that will
meet tlie expectations of bondliohlcis, binare?!
Of otherwise.
Now that Quiiiilxi Appo has been disponed
O? for some yean to coine, tlie community is
several degreeo safer. This was his fourth
m in der, und if the next ?even years of hi?
life were to liave been spent in the dot : action
Of his fellow-men, and not within prison
vails, there is no telling what point he liiiirht
have reached in the ascending scale of nn
meral adfeetivea. This blood-thirsty Celestial.
?0 hot in temper, so quick with bis knife, und
so cunniiiK in his own defense, fairly deserves
to rank among the things that are loosely
culled todal probl?me, and as one by uo
meant easy to Ik- .solved. Society would per?
haps lie better on' if he could be wiped clean
Off the slate. _
Donbtt are still entertained as to the course
of Turkey on the Bulgarian question. It is
contended in London that tin? Turks will
refute ta allow any foreign troops to occupy
the province, even if they have to resist
Russia tingle-banded. It is more probable,
however, that Midhat Pat?t, who now d inris
affairs, will submit as graoefully as he can in
case the conference decides absolutely against
him. The Constitution which he is about to
have proclaimed is his last retonroe. He tetki
by thai meat?re to convince Europe that the
Porte is resolutely intent on reform. Hut
there is no reason fo suppose that he will con?
vince Gen. I*rnaticfi', who appeait to be run
ning the eonfi rencc The Ritrfn- Etnbassadat
knows thai it is as necessary to occupy Hnl
garit now as it was tor the French troops to
remain in Syria for nine months in 18(50-(U.
Prof. Seclye's filan for disputing of the In?
dian problem by putting the entire bureau
under the charge of a trust commission will
not strike the secular mind as being very
lout. The proposal to 111.ike (he commis?
sion tel?-perpetnatina eontntdictt tome of lht
principlei npon which the Government is
founded, and the citation of the successful
management of a college and of atait-ioaery
society on (his plan will be apt to excite
amutemenl among the advocates of a sterner
administration. The conclusion of the
average citizen will doubtieat be that the l>e?t
way to get rid of the difliculty will be to sepa
rate the bureau from the Interior Department?
as a Washington dispatch says is contemplated
by many, and make it an independen! Depart?
ment, wiii.out, representation in the Cabinet!
or to put it back where it was for the tir?t
sixty years of the taloUttec of our QoTent
nicnt?under the War Popart meat.
If Mr. Hewitt had taken the advice of s
homely proverb and thought twice before he
spoke once, Me should in all probability never
have ln-ard of the alleged tampering with his
letters* and the tcmtaHon of au hour would
never have had even that brief exist? nee. All
the (?mini-tances show that the charge was
wanned into ntteranot by the heat of the de?
bate. Mr. llev.it), if he had been cool, would
never have made an accusation all proofs of
which he had destroyed, and which would have
been very diffll tilt lo prove even if it had been
well founib?l and the evidence, such as he
had, had been preserved. Neveitheless, he re?
treats from an untenable position in the lust
mannet possible, and foaliintln .lames can
hardly regret the episode, of which we bave
probably heard about the hist, when be is in
receipt of such hearty tributes to his ellicjcncy .
from men of both political parties. It can
hardly be unpleasant to be located when one
bao promptly and orenrbelmingly vindicated. '
-?
The fhst su>p toward a compromise it an en?
couraging one, The composition of the Senate
Committee is such that the parties within the "
parties are all fairly represented? and ih?- '
minority are allowed the services of tome of
their beti atemben. Indeed, if either of the
partiel has any reason to complain of its rep?
resentatives ii i-- certainly not the Dem?crata, "
Mr, Thiiiinaii and Mr. Bayard are undoubt?
edly the ablet! nun the minority have on the
floor of the Se?ale, and Mr. Ransom, though
he is rather one of those who is led than '
one of those who bads, is a Soiilheiini
of high character and moderate views. Tbk
fairnett in the treatment of the minority
Speaker Randall promises to leciprnehte in the
appointment of the House Committee, allowing
the Republicans one more membei than most
of the Democrats have heretofore been dis
poted to concede. The negotiatioot toward ?
compromiac begin, Iherefore, with a spirit of
fbirnett apparently prevailing on both sides. '
'1 lure will bt m-' d of i' all.
TBR GREAI PEOi l ' '.*.
Six moatht ago we maintained thai the Pro?
d--iiii.il election would be decided by the Inde?
pendent voter. His vote in Ohio rendered the
election Of Haye? possible; his tote in Massa?
chusetts, New-Hampshire, Illinois, Wisconsin,
California, and Oregon, was in each case ab?
solutely necettary to the tneeeet of Have?.
The prediction was abundant!] Justified, imt
now, in tin supreme monten! of national un>
certainty, the d?cisive power of the huh -pend?
en* VOter appeals mote ideally than ever.
Without the truly independeni nun in the
te, that bod] WOOid not sustain (he elec?
tion of Got. Hayes? without the tr?b imle
peodenl journals, partiaant would not venture
?pon a decision in his favor; without t < * - i a
voies in the newly elected Mouse the last door
f oecctt would not 1m- closed sgatns! Mr.
Tilden, H? pot] threw away all chance of
victory when it council rrpudiators and in
snlted conscientious Independents. He placed
himaelf in t_u _ km boat with bit patty when
be accepted it nomination on a repudiating
plat form.
The editor of The Cincinnati Coinmenuil
i.-: thoroughly Independ? at, and his cotre?
spondciits at the Bon!ii aie chosen, uot for par?
tisanship, but for love of truth. Hence the
verdict of that paper, that Mr. Hayes is right?
fully entitled to the volet Of Louisiana
and Florida, has powerfully influenced pub?
lic, opinion. Tin: Truhnk, rcpiescnted also
ut the South by incu who can* much Im ja.-.
tice and nothing for party, has somewlti',
more deliberately arrived at a conclu?
sion not materially different. The editor
of 11m per'h Weakly, who has not been
known as an unscrupulous partisan, BOW
?guet with great force ami earnestness
that the question of the appointment of clcc
tois can be decided only by the State
laws ami the tribunals created thereby
for the deteimination of that question. In the
Senate we find men of fe_f-iUg and Ugh
character, like Senators Christiam y of Michi?
gan, ( aiiicron of Wisconsin, and itooth of
California, reaching the same conclusion. Deft
in'the Senate and the House we find the Re?
publicans willing to submit the question to
the d priait- of any Impartial tiibunal, while
the Democrats refuse. Finally, the beat and
most independent men of the Southern De?
mocracy honor finnisches by declaring man?
fully that they will not COOJrtonanot any re?
sistance of the legal d( cisi?n.
How shall that decision be reached ? There
are only two constitutional modes. Either the
result ns shown by the official certificates trill
be declared and accepted, or, niter snoh inves?
tigation and debate as the gravity of the case
requires, the vote of one or more of the South?
ern States will be throw_ out, and the duty of
electing a President will devolve upon that
House of Representatives which is in existence
when thi|t decision is rea? bed. The official
vote of a State cannot lie lightly and hastily
disregarded. If that extreme step is to be
taken at all, it can lie taken only after full
examination and discussion. It is utterly idle
to suppose that Senators who feel the
weight of responsibility will consent to
a measure of this character without
a full hearing of tho evidence and
the argument on laith sides. Such a de?
cision, therefore, can ho reached only after
weeks of consideration. If some Senators are
ready to act at once, believing that they have
mastered tho whole subject, oilier? will be un?
willing until they have heard both sides, and,
under the rules of ?In? Senate, a comparatively
small number of members can prolong the
discussion for some time. In this case, we
Ix'lieve, the nuntbtf who will be disposed to
WftltO tO gO behind the certificate of a State
will not be small, and they will naturally and
properly insist upon full ditentt?oo before such
a step is taken.
l?eme, when the Senate vote?, upon the
question whether it will consent to an inves?
tigation of the validity of the certificates, it
virtually decides whether the counting of Un?
votes shall be completed on the 14ft of Feb?
ruary or not until after the Aft of March. If
tin- D?mocratie Senators insist upon that in?
vest igaf ion, as they now seem disposed to do,
they must do so with the full understanding
that the (lection of a President, in case Un?
votes of fort?IB States should be thrown out,
will not then, in all human probability, fall
into the present Hoii-e, which expire* on
tin lib of March. Acconling to the ingenious
the ?s r,v lately propounded, it may fall into
the next House. If not, it will Im- held that
there h then ? vacam y to bt filled in the
constitutional way?flu- acting ViM'Pretidenl
assuming the duties. If tin- notion that the
MXi Houte could elect?us it might faiiiy
enough claim to do, on the ground that it
more nearly represents tin- prisent popular
will?should gain the approval of the coiisti
t_)ionnl lawyers, then it will In- found that
in'that House a majority of Republicana haebeec
taocted withon! question in nineteen S;.,t, -,
hats been declared elected in three more. South
Carolina, Louisiana, and Hoi ida, and in na
sofiably certain to Im- dotted in another?
N'tw-IIanipsliire. ' In w-vt ral of these States
th? Independent members hold the balance of
posvi i, and the election O? Mr. Hayes is pos?
sible, it the decision should be thrown into tin
next House, only because the COUtlt of the
Democratic party has been such as t?i repel
i_dependen1 aUppoit, if the great question i-.
de?ided in the Senate it will be decided by in?
dependent men. If the vacancy is left to 1m?
tilled by the Preaident of the Senate, ht will
be chosi-n by independent men. If the ele? lion
It thrown into the next House it will still be
(hcidtd by independen! votes.
BOTH SIDES OP IT.
There are two sides to every ipte-tinn. A
; real many ipiict.'liiw-abidingand order-loving
! .(publicans have lilt scandali/i-d at the
lireutening and turbulent 1m haviot of some of
!ieir Opponents., as, for instance, ol (!ov. Ilen
rieks's followers in Indiana, formerly M8ont
of Liberty,'1 " Knights of the ..olden Circle,''
?, he, 'I here teemed to be so Little provocation
rr exente for their botrterout deotonttrationt
?ml loud ami angry talk that ipiict persons
gve hastily condemned and denounced
lern hi unmeasured terms. Now there is au
, lu r side to that business. These impulsive
atriots with clinched fists and set tOOft and
dlaiie Uiieiicy arc not entirely without ex
? Use for their anger. They have had provoca?
tion. They an- hungry. They have been
bUngl? lfuse many years?hungry for post
oflii 11-, ciistoin-boiises, ami fut ?daces for pat?
ronage and power, They have been disap
pointed several times. Two or ihree times
they have come near enough to almost lay
their hands on the prize, and it has just tutu
eluded them. This time they counted upon
?access with absolute ceitainty, us wit
n?-ss the amount of mom v staked on
the result by that leading Demo?
cratic statesman, the Hon. Mr. Morrisscy.
?Opposing of COOT? that they bad a solid
Bpuft, they (inly wanted four Northern States
to give them the vit tory. These they got, und
supposed that ended it. It was very exas?
perating?it would have been to nieit more in
the habit of patience and sclf'-n-siiaiut ?to
discover that three Southern Slates had imcx
iM-ctcilly gone against them, and that they
were defeated by a single electoral \t,t?-.
Upon the whole it is not strange that they
boiled ?ver. It was trying to their let lings.
Thousands of citizens who had enlisted under
the banner of Tilden and lb-form, and in that
behalf borna torches and transparencies ami
sat up nights howling, had read the
returns and selected their po;*-offices
and things, when the later news rudely
dispelled the dream. ' No, ?t h got
strange that they stormed ami swore and
asked in public places if Wfl were a free
people, and Intimated that Liberty could not
possibly survive, and urged the whole country
to rise up. Not strange at all. 'Iluy've been
thinking free htftitutiottt were in a tight place
ami Liberty onhei positively last Lagt most of
tin- time for the past sixteen yens, and they
have been particularly WOtfced up about it
upon linse tpiadieiiuial occasions, when the
bright and beautiful po.-t-ollne hovered near
them for a moment and then dew away. The
post-office cam:- nearer and stayed longer this
time than usual, and it is not to be wondered
at that it left Ih.-in angry and voeif'eiou.-i.
On the other hand, then- are no doubt many
conscientious Democrats who, seeing that Mr,
Tildeu had ou the face of the rcturiu iu Lou
isi.'iua an apparent majority, cannot understand
how Republicans, equally honest and conscien?
tious with themselves, are unwilling to accept
that result, and insist that the action of the
lief inning Hoard in throwing out the rafea of
<< it un parishes is just and right. Per?
haps our Democratic, friends forget history.
Dt they reniemlipr that there has been
I war, I rebellion against the l.cneial Gov?
ernment, in which idl the States who??' votes
have been disputed were engaged? Have they
lorgottcn that at the close of the war the ]{??
pnliliean party, then holding :ilino.?t ah-olutc.
power, had the choice either to remand the
rein 'liions States If a territorial condition, to
dislranclii.se permanently all who engaged in
the reU'llion, or to exhibit a magnanim?
ity for which history furnishes no par?
allel, and with amnesty almost universal
wipe out the past, and let States and
citizen? come back into the old relation T
Have they forgotten that the great and almost
the only objection to adopting the magnani?
mous course wa? tho fear that tho Mgr?
whom we had ?et freo at ?tub tremendous
cost would not receive just treatment at the
hands of his former master were the latter
restored to the right? of citizenship; and that
."?imply as a measure of protection, as a weapon
of deten???, the freedmen were invested with
the Jiallot, iu order that the generous pol?
icy might be pursued T Do they rcmein
lier that the llr?t indications of the feel
in r existing toward the black? came in
tho shape of legislation looking straight
to their virtual reenslavcnient, and that
it was this discovery that set on the
Republicans to enacting safeguards for these
pooT people by constitutional amendment?
De they not know that the amnestied citizen?
of the South have given the Ketnihlicans who
ei'dowed them as well as the blacks with the
ballot, good cans?1 for jealousy and suspicion ?
Is it at all strange, in the light of these his
tori.al fact?, that the Republican paity at the
North?the honest nnd conscientious men who
have seen the tight so far through, and
believe it wa? fought lor something? should
have an car for those who tell them that back
of the ivtiiins, which on their face ?'lect by
negro vot<? the negro's traditional oppressor,
there are wrongs and abus?'? which ought to
be Corrected f Would it lie strange, indeed, if
the men who at such a sacrifice gave the
negro freedom and the ballot were BOt will?
ing to strain a p?uiit rather thin see the i?-ue
oT the light leviisid and the hands turned
bach t
It may be the duty of these Republicans to
me? pt the lii-rh .standard which their opponents
?et up for them ?era readily than for tlnni
fulves, and say the return? should be received
tor what they carry on their face, and there
should be no going back of them, no throwing
out on the ground of intimidation. In short,
it may Is- tln-ir duty to recognize the Eoiii-iana
return?) as correct and true in the same way in
which they submitted without ipiestioii
to the d?clarai ions of cl,< tions by
the Taininany Kinir when they coiititid
in Iioftiuau ami the Seymour eh? tor?. They
d i not hlppcei bl view it in that liglit. The
law* of Louisiana are explicit on that ?mint,
ami left th<> Returning Hoard r.o flJCtTCtio,
'I bey had to throw out tlm vole in the intimt
.li'iil paridles, merely Im cause they hail sworn
to obey the law, and the law icipiired it. Re?
publicans n -gatd the r?"sult ill the other South
iin States us still clearer. In n word, tlmy
I.? luv?- (iov. Hayes has be? n fairly el?? ted,
and they know that having Im-cii hi it is im
iioilant that he should he inaugurated. They
are in ?-m m ?t about that, simply U'caiise there
i.s some wild talk in certain ?punters of op?
Bwejheg it. Hut that has now pretty much *uh
side.l. Th?' tllllll is, the election was v?ry
? lose, and that account? for the earnestness dis
plajcd. It i? not str?ng?* that disappointment
ha? soured the Democrats, nor is it at all to
In* womiereil at that th?" Republicans under the
? iiciiiii?t.iii?.'s hare taken the cours?" they have,
or that timy should sti.k t?i it m persistently.
There li partisanship, ami a great ?leal of it,
on I...i h sides, and that alone aciotinU for a
great deal of heal.
as oui pus s pi: is
Naturally every host ha? some ?iniositv to
know what his gm-sts have to say of him and
his eiilerlalinnent when tli?"y ar?" goif?. Aineri
eans will read wit* amusement, then fore, the
I'rem h View o? the Exposition Jut republished
in this countiy.
M. ?le Simonin npjM'ar? to bave gone through
tin- Exhibition with a skylarking haste, but lu?
is vivueiou?. and iu the main ju?t in lus de
cisions. The buildings " lire vast ami happy
" in choice of forms," the gnat paik which
?erred ta their background " beautiful ami
" j?ictur?'s?pie." " Nobody would compare th?'
" I'reiich Exposition ol lHiJT, heavy and
" sipiatty," with these buildings. The
heartiness and thoroughness with which
the piincipal nation? of Ihe world
have taken part iu the Exhibition aston?
ished and chagrined the lively Frcnch
maii ; but In- consol?"? hiin?clf by bewailing
the utter confusion and disorder in which the
exhibits were disarranged?a criticism which
anybody who went with the desire of pursuing
IB] ?"special subject will cordially indorse. In
the Paris Exposition the buihling was oval,
the various nation? located iu rays diverging
from two centeis, and products similar to each
oilier in ci.?ulat' lines. Thus the visitor, by
following one path, could see a? a whole the
exhibit;? of one IIIIBBjtlJ ; by following another,
observe the similar, product? of every country.
M. tl?' Simonin mardi reheeaeeit aiiplans?'
to our machinery, ?lisplay of minerals, chemi?
cal? ; our efforts at art he passes over with
sigiiitbant sil?"ii?*e. The exhibition by thetlov
einnient he has the intelligence to estimate at
its full value and purport. He give? a succinct
| account of the display of foreign nations, of
| winch, of coins?1, "la belle 1'ranee hails the
" van ;" and " poor (?erinany, with lier ever
I "lasting Krupp cannon, her heart-rending
?'paintings ot Sedan, brings up the rear, gruff
"at het own deieat." We have a few ib'iiis,
also, which will be new t i even newspaper
reporters. "Tl.nergetie Commissioners,'1
we Icain. "?b'signed to cut down daily the
'?traca ef the sable Park to illustrate the
"dealing of the American forests;" als?i, that
it wa? proposed to bring Indians from
every savage tribe, with squaws, wigwams,
war-whiMips, <"tc. ; but that the mas?
sacre of <ust?r seared the l'hiladclphians,
and they debrmineil to keep their totiiahawk
ing brethren at arm'? length. F.uropcan scien?
tist? who came, we are infonned, were alarmed
at the political in?titution? of the free-born
American, hi? comfortable living, goo?l Jioim?,
and often large fortune, impossible to attain in
Euro|ie. The hospitality ?hown to all foreign
m was unbound? tl; public establishment? and
gnat manufactori?-? were open to theai; rail
roa?l? carried them free of expoiiHc ; society
received them with kiuduciM. Reside? bril?
liant fttee, the American, we are told, delight?
iu shows of all kind?, cepccutlly proc?dions.
They are interminable; even the "batchers of
" Philadelphia appeared clad like the L?vites
"of Israel, occupied the streets all day, and
" returned home reclino; in tho evening."
Tho gnllaut Gaul takes a hopeful view of
the condition of women. " Blooroerites," he
assures his countryuieu, " have disappeared,
"enveloped in a roar of inextinguishable
" laughter. The causo of Woman's Rights is
" vanishing like smoke." The American lady
;>cr ne, he informs us, " is elegaut, well-formed,
" lovely in manners, and as amiable as the
"men are lacking in that virtue; she displays
"cheerfully her gaudy toilet, promenades
" wliilo nibbling candy, or seats herself to
" take a cream or mischievously suck through
" a straw a sherry cobbler?a drink of which
" she raffoles herself," as shrewd old Thack?
eray would have translated it.
With which last quotation as a bonne bouche
for our fair readers we must leave M. de Simo
nin's general reflections. Tho gist of his ob?
servations lies in one forcible warning to his
countrymen, i.e., "The Exposition shows the
" foreigner that America can clothe Europe and
" can feed her ; she has her own coal?can smelt
" her own iron, steel, and copper ; she is wrest
" ing their methods and secrets from European
" workmen in jewelry, gold, silver, and bronze
" work, luxurious furniture, and clothing. In a
" word, site can do without Europe, and thrcat
" ens her in all her markets, even China, Japan,
" and South America."
COMPULSORY EDUCATION IS ENGLAND.
The fact that the Compulsory Education act
goes into effect in England on the first of
January next has given great interest to the
School Hoard elections this year. Tho sup?
porters of the old, or denominational system,
which has beta long established, look with
alarm upon the increase of the Hoard ?Schools
in the (dies and large towns. The latter arc
supported by parish rafes, tho former from
fees supplemented by Government subsidies.
Practically, however, the Hoard Schools are
lavored by Dissenters, and the denominational
by the bishops and clergy of* the Church of
England. The contest between the two sys?
tems of education lias taken its place as a
phase of the old conflict between Conformity
and Nonconformity.
In the cities of the North of England,where
Dissent is strong, the Liberals have, in the
main, secured control of the school boards.
In Leeds the new board will consist of nine
Liber?is and six Conservatives ; in Bradford
the Liberals seen:nl, after a severe struggle,
light tombera out of fifteen; in Sheffield the
board aantberaeleven Liberals to four Conser?
vatives. It is noticeable that in these elec?
tions the English Catholics vote against the
denominational system. In Nottingham a
Catholic canon stood at the head of the poll;
in Leeds two Catholics were elected as Lib?r?
ala. All doctrinal opinions from Roman Cathol?
icism to radical Protestantism are represented
in the opposition to the denominational sys?
tem. The extent to which that system lias
inured to the advantage of the Established
Church is the explanation of the union of ele?
ments otherwise incongruous.
Hut London has been kbit yen the chief
battle ground. There the School Hoard has
been extending its work at a rapid rate. Tt
has numbered among its numbers such nu n
us Lord Lawrence, Mr. Huxley, Sir Charles
Heed. Mr. Mundella, Mr. Samuel Morley, and
Piaf. Gladstone. Even the denomination- !
atteta bnve felt the impulse given by the
board to elementary education, for their
schools ia London now have 40*000 more
scholars than when the board was first estab?
lished. They still have the numerical ascend?
ency : they provid?- education for 287.<?0i>
children, while the board schools enroll no
move than 133,00g pupils. They are, how?
ever, hostile to the rapid growth of the
board1! system of educational work, and at
the election held on Nov. 30 made streiiuo'is
pffbti b? obtain control Of the London board.
Among the candidates in some of the metro?
politan parishes were ladies, who at the pub?
lic meetings took the plalfon.i and explained
the issues with an intelligence and force which
left nothing to be desired.
The Compulsory Education law. now about to
go into Operation, aims to secure elementary
instruction tO every child in Kngland. If pro*
vides, in each Sthool district where there is no
board, for the election of a "School Attend?
" anee Committee.'1 Upen the complaint of
this committee or of a school board, any court
of seminary jurisdiction may order a child,
whose education is neglected, to be sent to
some "certified school." The liaient? have,
in such case, the option of selecting
any school supported by Government aid
that they prefer. If the order of the court is
disobeyed, the child mev be s?-nt to an indus- i
trial school. Dissenters see in this act great
advantages put into the hands of the Kstablished
Church. As the church schools outiiumlier the
board schools, compulsion will obviously send
great numbers of pupils to the former. T Lin
is, however, I matter of detail with which we,
at our distance, have nothing to do. The im?
portant fact remains that, with the beginning
of the new year, England enters upon the
sciions task of educating every child o? school
age. It may be that in the universal cnfoivc
ment of compulsory education, we shall find
ourselves outstripped by our mother c?)iiiitry.
I'iie ..<?? itit-tit the otho'?lay on the Htvattd Rail?
road proves tu haw? lit-en comparatively | trivial
atf.iir. Similar accidents cccur on tho surface roads
nearly every snow storm, aad do not nach the dig?
nity of | three line paragraph m tin? ntsrsgsgsu*.
Those on tin- Flevided Road attract more attention,
through the popular belief that any serious break?
age then? would result in great dancer to life, on
account of the bight of tbtOMt above the street.
Vet wi-think BOthiagef liiiiniugovertit stle work im?
measurably less sei-tire, with not tut hundredth
parlas uiinli pnitct turn against the possibility of
llyiug tho track, almost every time we take a rail?
road journey. The pit sent Klevated Railroad is not
by any ?n?ant tht best model for such a structure.
but, all things considered, it has been a surprising
success, and its passengers thus fur have hud a
smaller percentage of accident, and run less danger,
especially after snow storms, than those who make
their way up town in horse ears, stages, or hacks.
The Supreme Court (in Chambers) was immensely
amused on Wednesday last by the reading of one of
the Met elegaut, thrilling, rhetorical and exquis?
itely written of affidavits. The plaintiff in the case
was i he Adjustable Folding-Chair Company, which
body corporate turned out to ho only one Isabella
Wallace. The defendants were her or its agent?,
who had failod to account for goods sold to the
amount of #1,500. The affidavit of Mrs. Wallace
set forth that Marks, one of the defendants, applied
for an agency, but wa-t at first refused. Then, says
and swears Mrs. Wallace, " ho lifted up the fiood
gates of his morbidly sensitive emotional nature,
and poured out upon the aillant a shower of tears."
Sim says further that " being a woman the tears
touched her, atid she was moved with s generous and
motherly sympathy for the tender-hearted youth.*?
Shu allowed him to form an agency company, auxil?
iary to die Adjustable Folding-Chair Company. 6hs
exoected the agents to travel, but they "seemed so
captivated with the allurements and fascinations of
this ma?uiflcent tnetropolta for the young; and ?rdea*
that neither of then would consent to pat up with
the duller interest of smaller communities." On tea
strength of the Adjustable Folding-Chair Ageae*
business one of them "took unto himself a wife*
and all three "boarded at expensive hotels, aporta!
tine wardrobes aud jewelry, and put on airs of leiaua,
?liguity, and commercial consequence.'' The proprie,
tress of the A. F. C. addressed to them " a friendly
remonstrance," to which they paid no heed, bet
went on " boarding at expensive hotels and putting
on airs of leisure, dignity, and commercial conaa.
qnence," us aforesaid. We know nothing of tee
Chair, but it is not to be denied that tho plniuttf, w
her lawyer for her, gave the defendant? a good "aiv
ting down." There were roars of laughter and a re?
served decision, for which probably the uuiuaet
general reader does not care a copper.
Tiik TniBtrs? Almanac has always been a stand,
ard manual of election statistics and political inteb
ligence. This year its pages will be scanned more
cbivly than over before, owing to the absorbing ia
terest which the public ha? taken iu the Presidential
contest. Wo are sparing uo pains to secure accuracy
in every page and table, so that members of ail po?
litical parties will refer to it with absolute confi?
dence. The Hon. Edward McPhcrsou, the former
Clerk of the House of Representatives, who has wo?
a national reputation as the author of a series of
political hand-bonk*, is now the editor of the Aim?.
Nac. I.'nder his supervision it will be the most in?
teresting political competid which has ever been
issued from this office. In addition to complot? and
accurate election returns from every Stats aud Ter?
ritory, it will contain invaluable information in rtv
gsnl to the groat constitutional questions which are
uow agitating the public miud. The Constitution,
the Amendments, National and State, the electoral
vote, the party platforms in 187?, and a thorough
and careful analysis of the electoral votes cost in
every Presidential canvass for more than half a cea
tury, are among the many features which will be of
special interest this Winter. Tho general statistice
have been very judiciously compiled, the aim being
to present the results of trade and the fuete of govern?
ment in the moat comprehensive manner. Alto?
gether The Tiubu.vk Almanac, which will be isuaed
within a fortnight, will be a hand-book which no
well-regulated politician or business u;au can alTonl
to be without.
? .
PERSnSAL.
Prof. Mai Mnller is married to the favorite
utcce of Charles Kingaley.
Mr. Livingstone of this city drive? a four
teeii-in-liuiiil In Florence, iiml frlirliten? all tl:i' ladies la
tin? drive by his maneuvers with his cavalcade.
Mr. Lester Wallack, it i? ?aid, acts the hero
of " All for Her" in a most excellent way. It Is a very
" weepy-weepy " play. Tbc curtuiu fall? on bis utter?
ance of that last patliotic speech of Sidney Carton's la
: ..?? cell.
If every man, woman, and child in the
United States of America Is not aware of the fact that
Mrs. Secretary Fish has been seen wearii.g her last Win?
ter's bonnet, it is not the fault of tbc obliging news
pipera.
Mr. Ospijod is a miraculously rapid sort of
publisher. He ?ent the copy ot Tennyson's " Harold" to
tho printer on Monilay morning, aud on Tuesday after?
noon he was pointing with pride to the dmn.a already
bound m volumes in bis own office.
Mr. Story's model of Josiah Quincy repre?
sents that gentleman as slight, old. fml nr dunity, but
with no truce of the active man of a'.t airs. He Uta?
??iilleiii" president, nut tie' magistrat?!. A long deak
haug* In heavy folds about BBB, eerenege? 1rs; aad
maldaga background aud shelter, as it w?re, for Uta
other.
Mr. Sothern, in New-Orleans, has been
1MM? at I o'clock -in the nioriiniir, carried fjiir mile? ia
a freezing wind, and his feelings exorcise:-d to a degree
sume*'bat .iKtiiiilsliliix for Dundrearv, all in seo two mea
sliiH.t blank eartridge? at one another, tin.- same being
a ni'K-k duel arrange?! expressly to hoax, the actor, and
entirely ?uccocdnig m Its purpose.
That wise ami merry i?ersou, Dr. Oliver
Wi-tiU -il Hi.Iiiic?, has been turned luto Cern?an by a
courageous gcutlc.inan. Herr L. AhcnUciui. He has mads
the title of the Autocrat of the Breakfast Tub!? read,
" lier Fis"ii-Dospot." The .Vu/i'oa thinks that "a cold
sweat uiiixl bare stood on Herr Abenlicim when he at
teiupteil taw ot the numerous \erses ?if the An lia-rat"
In trawalaileg tbc " Oae Vbtm aiwy" le couiu undue
? ?luH.ilciit fur " on" buss," i>oo.' uiuu.
MIm Anna Dickinson does not dislike criti
eisii). tmm has teMy observed to a reporter th.it tba
loves it, " and especially," ?he say*, " adverse crtticinru.
Kilt it icir-tl )><; iutelligeiit criticism. I t:i":iu the crltl-.-Um
ai au expert, who will tell you ?lenuitcly where your
inulta 11", ami the reasons why be thinks so. s no h criti
(ism 1 can stand, though it cuts nie to the bone, aud th?
niorc si'Utbing an 1 severe it Is. the more WeleOBM it te to
in -, (or I may le.i.u soim-thliig by if. The other ?ntn-ista,
teat which smiplv glvea impressions?censure or flat?
tery?without th?' reasons, is of little value to inc.".
L'ecky, the hisunian, is one of the shyest of
men, la -spile of the fact that he is au Irisianin. Just
after liis IIIst f ?timus lxiek was (iuIiIIsIkmI a very hnlllaat
woman of English society was coiislgncd at a dinner
party as a table c?unn.iiiioii to a tall, blushing younj
man who seemed ;iliiio?t too bashful to Spaak, und whose
n. HM BBI filled to c:itch. The clever wiiui'.n w:is |B
warwjjf ?musing n? t hostess (ar sending her out to <iinn?y
e Uli twah a shy and silent bel?g of uo couse?pi?:ti?e, whea
aiuldeiiiv the conversation at table began to interest him,
iiinl he broke into MM rloipicnt ami delight'ill talk ibat
Ml M.is not surprised to lioar MBBaMBJ n.'clii.?.? u:ai at
" l.i'ekv." He uiarricil mu? of the favorite nniids of
honor of tin- (Jneeti of llollaiid. and probably uo jstjc
w raten arejr went tliioudi wora Hgiaafea of abytjcaaflBB
?lid he d'irtiig the ?enea of i.if<-? t.iiiiui"iirs which tba
imcen insisted upon giving the pair.
The late Canon Charles Kin?sley, as a child,
was delicate und precocious, and began to preach aer
iiion? ami write poi-uis between the ages of foiiriiinl live.
He was 23 when be aettlcd down as ? enrule at EversleT,
und s?'on won greiit 'tower o'er rho country people. II?
eoiild swing u flail with the threshers in tlie barn, tura
his twatM with tho mower?, in th? nie.iilmv, pitch hay
with the haynuikers iu the pasture. Fron? knowing every
fox-earth, on tho moor, the reedy hover of the pike, tba
still hoio where the chu"< lay, lie had at way * a word ?f
synipnthy for the huntsman or the old anacBfr H?
11".oil In a siniill tliatelie?! cottage In the roil.liest fashion.
Be wrote hi? "Saint's Tragedy" not for publication, bat
ii.. a marriage gilt 10 his young bride. Mi?? i.ri'enfcfl.
" Alton I.?)cl:? '" wa? the only liook of win? li be aver ?jada
fair copy i?ude. For many years all hi., willing was
iloai l>y Ins wife, from bis du tutloii. while l.o piKtsiH?
aud i'.iiwu the room.
POLITICAL SOTES
The politicians are nudinfr out that they ?tie
not the people, hence there is less clamor thsn there was.
The Hon. Samuel S. Cox, in the resolute pur?
suit ?if a Ile.'iiocrutlc fraud, presents an uvunatlug ?)???
taele, and suggests a timely subject tor tie tlnul tjhleaa
tu tue O nal c'euteiiiiiiii l*aaataaaa.
Only seven or eij;ht weeks more of the brief
aud fleeting campaign. An endeavor sucul.l IN made ta
Ml all of the polities out of tt pos.?ii>ie. that tls ?B
purtiira may be borne witn NMJBai?*a
Gov. Hendricku talks sensihly and well about
the oolitlc.il situation. He wool?! supplement his voids
Hiliiilnilily now l?y going over hi? State und carefu?f
niiuzllug the uotboud? tu lila party who nie uowliwr for
blood.
It liehoove? all of our eminent Republican
citizens to b* oaroful how t?nv in. it? the.i frkw ? to iu*
nor on Christmas. Tin eye of the vUllatit Dcate away ?
on them, aud they may w.iko up on Tuesday niorn'nj
ami tint! out that they liavo b<?cu lioldlug a inc-.tlui
to protest ni;a:iist the " conspiracy " to count In BafM
Scnat?)r Key of Teunessee is another man
who speak? with ? out. ?apt of tho " mi. e' at twt Nort>
ern D?mocratie warrior. "To be sure," he ??>?,"*?
liavo a few hothead* who talk about war. bitihey?*
not the sort of men who tli<lit It I? the careful, thlnVlaf
iiieiiv.hn are foimldable, aud Iboy am all for inaec ?*
almost any MMaMk"
Mr. I?laine may lie said to lie entirely ??'?
of a reelection to the Senate by tho new hepttaWO*
Maine. There has been some unfounded talk among bat
eiieiiiic.i of an oppoaitiou niovemout, but It d.xe not ?jf*
pear to have legs enotnrn to stand on. It will t?ke ?*
least five years more of alaiider to shake the laim"
Maine lu a ?ou who bus done her so uiucii honor.
Note after Ruskiu: The fearful hue vth?
signs cortnin siaull pntclu-s of the political sky with ?we
ror andtnearnadiuea the DiultltuiUuous i^llileidK*?"
apota, la ?low about B1II?I| Its lurid splend?>r? <>**
everything In gonenl like the flaming reflection of ??*
mlcul arson. It bums like gold in tho office ?if The c
exniuiti Piiqmrer and bathes like bl??od lu Jefrersoii.'"
Indiana, hut nobody Is killed, wouuded. or nib-siu*.
The President always did have a knack W
putting tiling? lu a terae way. A lady mat "-?"?*??
wUentbo following uonveraatton ocourrod : "M?i]Tl
deut, you are to blame for ail tbi* muiWl??." ??

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