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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 01, 1880, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1880-01-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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gUMtfWlfo Ott!. gUttlW'to-Xijty.
_n?A?WAT CsrauA Housb-2 sud 8 : ''TtoStratsaglSU."
JFOTH Atexub 1U8ATUB?- rlraios of PenxaDce."
DALT'S Tub *tbjc-9 and" 8 t "An Arabian Night."
HAragxrs lbooextx TueaT8e-2 uDd 8: " The Widow
Rirmri ThbatBR-3 aad B : " The Galley Slave.'
rW-YoaX AQrJABIBM-iHlT | '
: THaUTBa-^nriurfax/'
AQUAJuCM-iJaT ana Evening.
B_4j*oace MrawTaaut' otbba Hocsi-Vanety
ran da au ihxstbx?I.SO aad 8 : "Prlnoeas Toto."
Squabb TuxATua?" French Flats."
Valla ca's TuitATaa-" Ste Stoop* to ConQuer." -
KOaTaTU *X BtAI.'B qAUDBlr?Concert._ j
alMBBgMXKTs- M Pee*? 8th comtrn
BaBBIRO Hai'sut amii Baxekrs-7(s Peg*?5th column.
Busmxss Chances--71* rage-Bib rolnma.
?*aXawsM NOTICBB?4fA Pawe-lat comoan.
BARD ano IlOOMS?3d Fe-.e? 5th eolnma.
COBPOsiATlON NoTICKs-Sd/'A<ss-6th COI limn.
DaKCIHO ACAOXMIBS?OfA Fngt-'lxi cammn.
Bitidbbi, Nt it ir ks? 7fA Pagr- fvth and 6th column.
Elbctiok Ndticks-7/A /'o.or-6th column.
*iSA*ciAL-7f* Fuse- 3d and 4th eoiuaioa.
FtTBUITtraa?3d Paae? Oth column.
Hklp Wautki?3d r?o?-6tb (Vilumu.
lea Cubam?6/a Faoe?iA oolntnn.
IB8Y8DCTIOK-6JA Pdfe-2A column.
Law ncBOOLS-(Ita Fugc-lst eaiunio.
Lost AMD FOCKD?3(f Fooe-Ctb column.
af ABItlAOXa ABD />BATUB-5/A J'UQt- lit tl column.
Mi*cgLLA?xot:s-7IA Page?Otb column; bili Page?.
' Otb aaa Otb columns.
Msw FCBUCaiioss-GfA Poor?1st column.
PuoroaALB? 7fA Poa*?Oth ealumn.
RgAL EBTATR-3d Page?Sd column.
RuuutODB NoTfCxa?ilh Paee-'iA cointon.
Battbos BAXK8-7IA Page- 4th nnrl 51 h columns.
SITUATION* ITaBTBS?'MAUU-3d l?a?e?5tn column;
Fbbulxs- Sd l'a-e? 5ih eoiuun.
Bract AL Nolie's*- 5th Po#e-,M li calniaB.
8TgAMBOATs axd Kailkbabb -3d Page?Atb and 5th
nrnAMBBt-OcEAM-Sd Paac?3d column.
TBA081B8-6/A tige? 2d asiaajn
To Wnoat It Mat Cascxwi- 3rf Pege-ila column.
_? nu mess Ko tuts._
" AlIkrskt Brand "
Bay alway*. *>_coirpxxsra Mux
Snperlor to sty Champagne* imported into thu country.
_ f-ole A st nt In tbe United State* ano Can aaa*.
Holiday Presents in elegant Meerschaum
PIXS*aad Cigar bolder*; also floe Amber Gooda at juices to
snit the Uaiea. c. sTXiia, 347 Broome st,, under Occidental
Hotel. o' _[_
" Souvbrain " Extra Dry Champagne.?R.
tr. TAUaXB. Bole Agent No. S6 Beaver .st.
Pontaee Ace in theUnited State*.
DAILY TRIBUNE, (lnokidinx Bandars,. 1 ye?r..81C 00
DALBY TRIBUNE, (without 8uud?js), I yesr.... IO 00
SUNDAY TltlirtsTsK. 1 year.?. 2 00
WEEKLY TRIBUNE. L year. 2 00
Remit br P. O. order or lu remMereil letter.
_ New-York.
Namt-Yobk?No. 1.238 Broad?av. comer i'hirtv
Crst-et.; No. 308 West Tvrivntv-tbird-3t., corner
Eighth-ave.; No. 760 Third-ave., corner Forty
leventli-st.; No. 92 East Fourtcenth-st, comer
Union-square; No. 2.380 Fourtli-avc. illarlein.i
Vv ABBINGTON?No. 1.322 F-9t.
LONDON?No. 26 Bediord-st.. Strand.
Pabib?No. 9 Kue Scriba.
Foreign.?Tbe new Political Economy Club in
Montreal baa eighty members. -? Two Afghan
Sirdar*, have arrived at Tashkciid. ssas 1 he Ducn
essof Marlborough has recrivetl so far ?8,300 to
relieve the Irish distress, sass Th I Ashton-on-Lyue
fcotton-mas tera ha ve refused to advance wages fire
per cant.
Domestic ?The Governor of Maine las submit?
ted to the Supreme Court questions of law covering
some of tbe points aaggestetf in Mr. Morrill's letter.
bb: i 8enator Houston, of Alabama, ia dead. =
L -sons have been injured by a railroad acci
deus ear Ht. Paul, Mino, i Governor Robin
sou bas not : iterfcred at all in "Joe" Cobnra's
eaae. I Adjutant-General Townsend has named
bia appointees. ... General Grant bas received a
pubho welcome at Augusta, Ga.
City and Suburban.?Tho final city estimates for
1880 were made yesterday, amounting to
$28,142,999. i-Frederick Smyth was elected
Recorder, sss Tho accused officers and directors
of tbe Mechanics' and Laborers' Hank of Jersey
City, were found guilty. I Two Pennsylvania
burglars were* captured in this city. ; Tbere
were many visitors at Menlo Park, i : Trie
Count Joannes is dead, ssas General Fisk replied
to Inspector Hammond. ? Tho Aldermen passed
the Chambers Street Railway scheme over the
Mayor's veto. i Gold valuo of the legal-tender
ailver doliur (412Lj grains), 87.80 cents. Stocks
lesa active but higher, and closing strong.
Tub Wkatbkk.?Tribune local observatiens indi?
cate cooler aud partly cloudy or clear weather. Thar
atoaaeter yesteiday: Highest, 31?; lowest, la**j
average. 2oV>.
It ia anfo to say that the State of Maine
will not give Governor Garcelon a unanimous
" Happy New-Year."
With tbe closo of tho year 1879 ends the
work of inspecting tho tenement-houses,
which was begun some months ago. The re?
sults are summed np elsewhere.
Tbere has been a sweeping conviction in the
case of tbe indicted officers of tbe Mechanics'
and Laborei a' Savings Bunk, of Jersey City. All
?ix of them were found guilty by the jury, after
but as bow's deliberation.
Mr. Beecher's aide of any controversy fa
never a dull one, and his answer to tbe criti?
cisms paaaed upon bim in the matter of the
Bible Society, which ia given in large part
elsewhere, austaiBS bis reputation in that re?
spect. His reply to Dr. Porter, in particular,
fa characteristically pugnacious.
Justice is not 80 blind that she cannot see
the virtues of modern apparatus. Mr. Rieb
'*,. ard Smith, of Cincinnati, having occasion to
i? publish certain accusations iu bis news;
in his ^wsyausul
-as arrJpflBfSP
against the Chief of Police, was
? criminal charge of libel. He^wajFpKHaptiy
releaaed, of coui^^xxTIb owir weognirance,
the judicial *wfar bim*; transmitted by tele?
? ??*>.?? m
Tb? Bandit Board in the City Halt are evi?
dently of the opinion that tbe old proverb
?boat being hanged for a full-sized
?beep, if one fa to be hanged at
?il* constitutes a whole eode of morals.
They paaecd yesterday tho resolution author
ixing the Chambers Street Crosstown Rtil
way, over the Major's veto and over the Cor?
poration Counsel's opinion that the Board of
Aldermen have no right to make the grant.
In the choice by the Aldermen of Frederick
Smyth aa Recorder both Controller Kelly and
Mr. 8myth may well exult. The successful
candidate has been the most tempest-tossed
of mariners on the local political sea, and
Mr. Kelly must be happy that he bas at last
carried Mr. Smyth through one venture with?
out shipwreck. While there fa cause for re
grot thst Mr. HacireU's mantle did not fall
?poo Mr. Rollins, tho Republican candidate,
Mr* Smyth bas s food professional reputxv
tiou sud will no doubt fill the office with
Tho Maine muddle has assumed a new place
?proaataing perhaps, bat not wholly satfafsc
| tory. Governor Garcelon bsa submitted some
' sf tbs qoesttona ?uggeated by Mr. Morrill to
tts Bwyime (bert, Vwt aot ali. Tbs abound
?Vf2 **-?*Va ?*%* B<?--sjyj. . -?.
?' I .'..aa. iii' ' Hi i i'i'
s* '
fa taken that the Constitution does not
authorise tho Governor to ask coun?
sel from the 8upreme Court upon ques?
tions of fact, but of law, and
that a number of Mr. Morrill's questions
must be excluded, as they relate to facto and
not to points of law. But the communication
of the Governor is not made public, and Mr.
Morrill and all whom he represents are kept in
entire ignorance as to which of the questions
are to be submitted and which are to be thrown
TnE Tribune repeats to-day the suggestion
it has made on so many New Year's days be?
fore?that the offering of wines and liquors to
New Year's callers is in no way demanded by
the dictates of hospitality, and in many cases
may woik great damage and even ruin. There
is no need surely to qrge the point. The,
number of shipwrecked men who ea^ trace
their disaster back to the ill-advised hospi?
tality of some well-disposed woman* is very
well known to be unhappily large; and it is
not necessary to be fanatical upon the subject
of temperance in irder to recognize the
fact. The teudency of our best people
has been strong, ir, tho past few years, in the
direction of removing such temptations from
those who might full by them, and it is to bc
hoped that to-day also will show that the
movement is still growing in strength.
?A new year dawns ; may it be ft Happy New
Year to all. A new decade begins; may it
prove as full of prosperity to all the nations
as the decade that is dead has been of dis?
aster. The last fifth of the nineteenth cen?
tury opens, but who can gucs9 what marvels
and blessings this miracle-working century
still bas in store for us T
Eighty years nero, Whitney's co' on-gin bad
barely begun to work, and tbe spinning mule
was not yet born. Hut these t\to have clothed
thc world. Eighty years ago, men were dream?
ing of the steamship, which Fulton invented
in 1807. His thought bus brought China
nearer to us than England was when he built
his first boat. Frauenhofer taught the young
century spectrum analysis, and Fresnel the
polarization of light, and all the arts and
sciences now owe them a debt beyond measure.
Eighty years ago, Jotiner was stoutly battling
against derision for the idea which, when the
century was still younc, subdued its first great
scourge. To-day there fa scarcely ? science or
useful art that is not constantly indebted to
photography, but when the century was born
the photograph, which Arngo rightly styled
"a gift to the whole world," was unknown,
lion bands have almost annihilated distance,
and'a capital far exceeding Hie citire Wealth
of any natiou in 1N0O lins been expended in
making this the age of railways, but tho cen?
tury waa already thirty years old winn the Ural
railroad was opened. The use of anthracite in
making iron, and the Bessemer process for
making steel, have each revolutionized the
world; modern civilization would be simply an
impossibility if iron could still be treated only
in the ways known when thin century was
young. The sewing machine has brought
blessing and comfort to the mot her of every
^household, and has saved much tojevery wearer
of clothes, aud yet the oiliest patent of that
nature is not forty years old. Into the cot?
tage of the humblest and poorest, thc oil-well
bas sent light, but petroleum is one of the
latest children of the century. And the grandest
of them all, the telegraph, which enables Lon?
don and New York to whisper to each
other day and ni?:iit, and brings news of
tbe industry and the commerce of the whole
world to tho bieakfiist-tnblc of every mer?
chant or workman or employer, has been at
work only thirty-six years. Of its tbonsand
appliances and mollifications, each a miracle,
the signal service mid the telephone ure among
tbe latest and most marvellous. But who can
guess what the new year may bring forth T
It is no longer true that " Science moves but
" slowly, creeping on from point to poiut."
For centuries science ctept; then .it marched,
then run, aud now it flies on tbe wings of Ihe
lightning. A new year now means a new
world. All our modes of life, of industry, or
of enjoyment are revolutionized as tins won?
der-working century studs forth it- years,
each with its magic wand.
Other changes of a political or social char?
acter aro to bo expected, as greut changes
have already been witnessed during the cen?
tury. The slave trade has been abolished in
England, serfdom by Kiissiti, and slavery by
the United States. Thc mightiest conqueror of
history bas been sent to St. Helena, tho
mightiest Empire in Europe hus been trans?
formed into a Republic, uud an Empire mote
powerful still hus been formed by the weld?
ing of German States. But there is this
difference between the (bunges wrought by
science and invention, and those of any other
character; progress in all other directions
is irregular, and, to thc huinau eye nt
least, uncertain in its rate. But in
science each step begets other steps ; each
achievement clears tho path for others
in great number; and progress is steady,
cumulative, and continually accelerated.
Wo cannot know what wonders inven?
tion may bring us within the coming
year or twenty years. But looking at the past,
and realizing what vust strides the human in?
tellect is now making in the conquest of Na?
ture's forces, we may be sure that every year
of thc twenty which we begiu this day will
bring us some marvellous and revolutionary
change. Every nour adda to the resources afc
tho race, to tbe powers available for iiiiiijaj*]B>.
ing to human happiness, n"dtN*Ns*tt weapons
a with which tbe woik of <*WfBe?t is to bo
?hushed thenceforward.
To live in such an age fa a blessing for which
we may give thanks with joy. To enter upon
a new year, in such an age, is to bo present
at the birth of a new world, and to have of?
fered to each of us a part in the creative woik.
It is probable that the majority of individual
men and women in the United States will
begiu this first day of 1880 with the determi?
nation to alter their conduct iu some way for
tbe better. Well-meaning and light-feeling
people are apt to make such resolutions ut
the milestones of life, and Americans, ns a
rule, belong to that class. They are not the
few murderers, thieves aud tucky loliliciaus
whose noisy doings fill too roany ol our col?
umns, but the mass of decent men ni '1 modest
women who try to do their duty in an honest,
commonplace fashion to wife, hsuibntid and
children. Their individual resolutions, as we
said, will no doubt be good thia morning;
but what are they going to do m a whole f
Men, ss a natiou, will coolly c romit sins,
from which their fear of God or >f the devil
keeps them innocent as individuals. There are
one or two crimes ormistakes which this people,
as ? people, have committed, and would do well
to leave behind them in tbe year Just
gone.? Tba chief of these concerns tbe
indians. The mistake is precisely similar to
that mads by tho Nation toward the blacks
during ttl, days of slavery. It ia an ignoring
of the rights of ? human being because ol the
color of his skin. The vulgar, unthinking
mass answered all arguments then of justice to
{he negro simply by "damning the darkeys,"
and they answer like arguments for the In?
dians by a jeer at "the red devils." We were
told with pious unction then that God had
cursed Ham and sentenced him to be a servant
in the tenta of his brethren; and we are told by
the same class of reasoners now that God has
doomed tba red man to extirpation to make
room for the victorious course westward of tbe
Black Hill minery
The Nation has a conscience, however; it
saw its error in the matter of slavery and it
is slowly rousing to a comprehension of the
truth about the Indian. The common sense
and humanity of the people demand that
these men and women shall now be treated
ns human beings. They will not tolerate
another cruel, costly Indian war, or any such
massacres as that of tho Modocs, or the
slaughter under Captain Wessels, or the slow
killing of thc Poncae. In the present case,
the people will not be satisfied to have *' the
" matter handed over to the Army," if that
means a wholesale indiscriminate warfare
against the'Utes. We believe tho mass of the
people think, with Thu Tribune, that Ouray
has acted with a good faith, moral courage
and energy commendable in any man, what?
ever the color of his skin. He simply under?
took to do more than ho was able to do.
The ten or a dozen criminals concerned in the
Meeker murder decamped, declining to go to
Washington to bc hanged, precisely as white
murderers would do, mid precisely as
every sensible mau suspected they would do.
Why, for this reason, shall the whole Ute
nation lie given over to slaughter T When
half a dozen Molly Maguires tum assassins,
do we order out troops to murder nil tho
Irish in the Pennsylvania hills, sparing
neither women nor children t" We protest in
the name of a just God against further injus?
tice to these people. The American Govern?
ment should no longer be guided in its treat?
ment of this race by the prejudices and exag?
gerated statements of settlers who have stolen
their land, or agents who regard the rights of
a Cheyenne as much ns those of a cayote.
We ?lo not regulate our relations with great
nations upon Mich statements and such
prejudices ; ?.?md Mill less tire we en?
titled to do it when the offenders nie
weak and helpless subjects of our own. If a
dozen or a hundred Utes are murderers, Iel
the dozen or hundred bc captured, tried and
banged, but let ns have no more brutal warfare
such as that which last Winter broach! tho
United States in the eyes of the world on a
lower level of civilization than were her sav?
age antagonists.
If we succeed during the year just begun
in firing tr, these native Americans the citi?
zenship which we grant to thc outcast of
every other Nation, we shall have taken the
most effective step toward righting one fatal
error. The man with n vote, ns we have
seen in the case of the negro, is a man who
quickly learns to understand and respect his
own iSghts, anti who will lind friends to tie
fend them. The Indians have no friends now.
In England and France, the reports of nu ap?
proaching Indian war are received with indig?
nation and pity for the savages. Hut nobody
will interfere. They are us helpless before
us as any other weak, untaught race whom a
poweifnl nation chooses to trample limier
foot. They have neither money, arms nor
food ; nothing to give them claim for our
consideration but tluir weakness ami the
helpless condition to which we have con?
demned them. Hut let us remember, in this
coming year, that behind their weskneas and
helplessness is the God who.made them and
us of one blood, and that His justice fa sure.
The amiable young couple who are trying
to govern Spain and enjoy their honeymoon at
the same time are having a trorbled time of
it. First they had to deal with ? Cabinet
crisis, which WM bad enough, coming ns it did
close upon the heels of the wedding festivi?
ties, and involving the dismissal of it Minis?
ter who is the most popular man iu the
Kingdom; and now comes nu attempt at
assassination. Tho whizz of tie minder
er'ri bullet was not n new sound to
Alphonso. Ho was tired upon in Septem?
ber, 1^78, and bore himself with great cool?
ness, stopping his carriage and pointing out
himself thc man who tired thc shot. Hut to
the poor young Christina! a mere school-girl
in years, fresh from a peaceful, happy borne*
life in Vii una, this rude experience of the
dangers of Spanish royalty must be a terrible
shock. It is said tli.a one of the two balls
tired at the King almost grazed her cheek.
It is singular that with nil the attempts
at assassination that have occurred in recent
years not a single sovereign has been bailly
burt. Few reigning F.uropean monarchs have
been exempt from murderous attacks. Their
lives have been assailed with pistol!*, shut
guns, daggers, bursting bonna, infernal ma?
chines and exploding mmes, mid vet not one
of them ever got u really serious wound. It
used to bo said in our civil war that it took
a ton of lead to kill ji mau. The amount of
IKiwder and ball necessary to bring down n
king hus not yet been ascertained, but it must
tic very large.
The wonder is that since regicide has been
shown to be such bad business, men are wi
ing to engage in it. Tho chances of snc|
ure very remote, wh'ilc the death of tho wdbld
be king-killer ia alinya* certain. If tho men?
tal machinery of these men could be ex?
amined, doubtless something would bo found
out of gear. Tbe desperate character of the
attempts, tho entire lack of personal griev?
ance, nnd tho bungling manner in which the
crimes ure executed, all show a want of
sanity, and tho escape of the intended vic?
tims has doubtless been owing to the fact that
the assaults have not been made by cool?
headed men. Hodel and Nobiling who fired
at Kaiser William in Berlin, the Italian who
tried to poniard King Humbert, tho Nihilist
who shot nt the Emperor of Kassia, find the
two assassins who within fifteen months have
attempted the life of King Alphonso, were all
young fellows of enormous egotism and ill
balanced brains, muddled by liquor nnd com?
munistic theories. Probably they were made
to lalieve by their eo-conspiratois that a rev?
olution would follow their attempts which
would shield them from punishment.
Of all monarchs in Europa it would seem
that Alphonso ought to be most secure from
assassination. His youth, his personal bravery,
his love-marriage; tho put itv of his personal
character, and bis honest aAcnipts to govern
by constitutional methods, ought to secure him
so large a measure of popular regard aa to
make the formatior of plots against his life Im?
possible. He seems to be not only a fair King*
but also ? high-minded, conscientious young'
gentleman. Tbe Bourbons have usually be?
gun well and turned out badly, developing as
they advance in life Imo tyrants and de?
bauchees. It would be unfair, however, ,to
Judge the young King of Spain by his wicked
'?? ll ? ?
?neestors. Bia imbjects ought to give Mm a
fair chance, and it would seem that even
those who are craxy enough to want to make
him a target for pistol practice might let
him enjoy his honeymoon in peace.
Just three months ago on the same day, Octo?
ber 1, two ocean steamers sailed away from
this port, and no note nor tiding bas been
heard from either since the pilots left them.
They were both new iron ships. The Joseph
Pease, which cleared for Cette, was built in
1876, and the Telford, which cleared for Ant?
werp, was built in 1877. They were vessels
of nearly the same size, ono measuring 1,751
tons and the other 1,747 tons, and the ordi?
nary crew for steamers of this grade would
number about thirty souls. The friends of
these sixty men, who have probably been
swallowed up in the Atlantic, the owners and
consignees of the vessels, and a few officers of
insurance companies interested in the bulls
and cargoes may still continue to search the
shipping news, although with scarcely a spark
of hope, for some chance fragment of infor?
mation about the foundered ships; but outside
of this limited circle how many people ever
beard of the lossf
Now, disasters of such magnitude are cer?
tainly worth some attention and comment,
and it is altogether depressing to reflect that,
tho main reason why so little notice is taken
of these losses is the fact that they are so
frequent. Rather more than a year ago tho
Homer, nn iron steamer of nearly 2.000 tons
burden and built in 1877, left Bootoo and
has never been benni from. A little later,
another new iron steamer, thc Zanzibar,
measuring 2,24f> tons, left this port to meet
an unknown fate. After these followed the
Copia, from some St. Lawrence port, and the
Hermann Ludwig, from this city, both steam?
ers measuring more than 1,500 tons (one of
them four years old nnd tho other only
eight), which started to cross the Atlantic in
the month of September, 1S78, mid have
gone no one knows where, while in the early
Spring the Surbiton anti Herninn, nnd later
in the year the Kensington, all sailed and
sunk and made no sign. This list, perhaps
Imperfect, only comprises steamers which
have left some American or European port to
cross the Atlantic dining tho space of little
more than n year, and have never been heard
from. It takes no note . of wrecks from
stranding or collision, or foundered vessels
which have bo^n abandoned and mime of
whose crews at least have been saved front
the sinking ship to tell the story of ber loss
Among the steamers foundered and abandoned
liming thc same time while on transatlantic
voyages ate the Yoxford, the Bayard, the
Aberfeldy, the Guillermo, tho Seiuiramide,
the (jurtubav, the Roscommon nnd the Ho?
rn ssiu. (If these the greater proportion were
vessels of good size ami comparatively new,
some of them being lost on their first voy?
The foundering of the llosconimoii, a month
ago, on ber way to Havana from Liverpool
? was noticed in Tnt Tribune last Friday. It
may lie worth while to mid that the firm
which owned the Roscommon have lost two
tither steamer*. Ixiih new, during the year.
These were the Surbiton, which went flown in
March, while on her passage to Li Vet pool,
from New-York, nnd the Kensington, which
cleared from Cardiff for Havana, and is now
catalogued among the missing. If we should
add to these the loss of other ocean steamers,
like that of the Richmond, which was
abandoned iii the North Atlantic, ami the
Hellespont, neither of which chanced to be
crossing the ocean between America anti Eu?
rope, the record of foundered steamers for tho
year it appalling. Inasmuch as these vessels
are nearly all of English build, it, certainly te
not iuuiajiromiute to ropcat the suggestion that
the British Hoard of Tr ide would do well to
instil Ole a searching- investigation of thia mat*
ter. The commercial world has a right to
know whether iron steamers cannot he so con?
structed ns to be comparatively safe in the
open sea, especially before they ate Strained
into unseaworthiness by years of stormy ser?
vice. __-__^________
Tin" traditional ill-iiirk af Na sr-Yorker a in New
Year's weat ber aeema not to ba vb deserted I beni.
Whether the skies are smiling or liol to-day, tht-ro
can be little doubt about the nnfrirudlinras of Ihe
sidewalk*. Yesterday's snow will prob?
ably be found to have settled that.
Imleeil, tbe ?rat iiMtalateul of tin> New Year ia so
regularly ami invariably nnconifortabla, that thc
veteran New-Yorker aronui hardly know what fo
make ot ,i clear sky and elena sidewalk! in Hassling
conjunction. Tba year just closed opened with ti
heavy mow-atora winch poured down npon tho
persererins callera a sternly shower of dis
courageuieni tbronsh most ot the day ami
linn li ol the in at li t. New Year's Day,
in I'I?*, bu a Brooder showed nu more disagreeable
feature than a verv law air, perhaps because its
prederexaorbadfiirniabed mora than Ita share of
bad weather; for 1877eame n like a lion with a
Inn! temper. Tba uir wa old amt raw, anil n
wini Jim.', drift ina snow-atoms lasted moat of tba
twenty-four hours. The Centennial rear, which tim
Weather Bareajgshould have welcomed with.smiles,
beean with toga and general discomfort, l'erhapsit is
hardly neceaaary to continue the catadogne lartbai
except lo suv that it was recorded of New-Year's
Day in 1*75, that it was tim tirst pleaaant day pro
viiled for taste who adhere to the Knickerbocker
cualonisif calling, " in live or six years." Rut the
veteran New-Yorker, nfter innnv years' experi?
ence, has Hfown stoical. Ho expects tho
fccleincuts to be against him, anti therefore,
waves them clieerlully in kcrniuja up tho
kindly diatom which hud tim I upii.ialTtWaxlaail pi
Washington in tho times when ha waa officially a
Knickerbocker himself. And If the caller of to?
day finds the air inhospitable, while tho sidewalk is
too hospitable, let him aonsola himself with tim
thought that tho day will furnish, tw tteniTutions of
New Year's I lays have done before, nnd will Bgalo,
un ample supply of entirely new and original Jokes
upon lim weather.
When the project for a World's Fair in Berlin in
IHH'A wu* iirnt announced it waa reported, in this
country ut least, that it had the support of the (ier
nian Government. This report tums out to have been
unfounded. The movement originated with tho lier.
lin Chamber of L'oinincicc.and tba Imperial Ministry
?fter considering the .natter for several weeks bes
declined t#give it ei'.her its assistance or official
(taticlion. This ends the business, for it is impossible
tu hold a great Exhibition in any country without
indorsement and considerable material aid from the
government.The promoters of our New-York Exhibi?
tion can now go ahead and lix their dato without tear
of foreign mterference, Some excellent iii ggi*a* lone
on the arrangements of future exhibitions, which
they would do well to consider, aro contributed
by Ki>pn sentat ive Oechelhiiiiser, of tho Prussian Par?
liament, to a recent number of tho Pntlln rYatfiaal
Ailung. Ho protests sgslnat the constant Increase
in tba Mis of world's fairs, by which their cost is
enormously utiRmeiitcil without any gain lu the way
of practical utility. Hy tho admission of all objects
of -productive industry' they have become,
he aays, immense shops and storehouse*
where ordinary merchandise largely predom?
inates. Ho would have International ex?
hibitions restricted to objects of art, art industry
and lanny, machines, tools and scientific instru?
ments. Raw materials and products, baif-made
articles and sll familiar comm on place commodities
should be exoluded. Dy following this plan he
'? ?? ? ? * i i ? iwnanaii lin
tUaksansrnianenl bnlldlng, **ea aa
eHy needs for occasional local exhibitions,'
he large enough for a world's fair. It may ba that
Herr OeohelbSuaar's restrictions ara too narrow t
but his demand that the tradition wbioh makes slea
the teat of merit in international exhibitions snail
be disregarded henceforth is timely and sensible.
Enter 1880?big wrth Presidential hopes and dis?
appointment* I _
A great deal of valna'de speculation haa been
wasted concerning tbe interpretation of the Haine
statnte defining the length of tbe Governor's term.
The law says that be shall hold tho office for " one
year from the first Wednesday in each year.'' As
the first day of 1870 was Wednesday, and the first
day of 1880 is Thursday, it is claimed that Garce?
lon's term will expire to-day. and that the 8tate will
be without a Governor till pert Wednesday, if this
interpretation were correct, there would be times
when the State would have two Governors. Thus,
if Garcelon's successor enters upon office on the 7th
his term will expire on tbe first Wednesday of 1881,
but that will be on the 5tb. leaving him two days
short of a year. Tbere would be, if the interpreta?
tion cited le correct, two Governors for two cays.
It is ttue that the quibble is of the same site as'
those which Garcelon has made, but it is not the
sort of defence the Republicans can afford to resort
to. _
Whether this proves to bo a Happy New Year for
the country depends upon the vigor with which
the people set about the work of squelching the
burglarious Democratic party.
Mullett is alive and is a roaring Grant man. Aw?
ful query : Is Graut still a Mullett mau f ?
It ia tbe profound opinion of Mr. 3. S. Cox that if
Seymour will consent to be nominated nothing can
stand in the way of his success, but he is afraid he
won't accept. His second choice appears to be
General Hancock. This is very unimportant news,
andouly the dubious of tim holiday season justifies
itu publication. Mr. Cox's first or second choice
will have about as much effect noon his patty's ac?
tion as a conscientious acruple bas upon Garcelon.
There is some Democratic talk of holding the next
National Convention in Washington, in order that
the gathering may havo tho bonofit of the advice of
.t he. assembled wisdom of Congress. As there is no
large hall in thc city, it ls proposed to have a joint
resolution passed by Congress permitting tho use
of tho new National Museum Building, now in pro?
cess of erection. There is a sort of appropriateness
iu the proposal, for the convention will be a me?
nagerie winch will do credit to any museum.
Ueii Hill ts very quiet. He probably thinks his
party baa trouble enough on its hands at pre-cut.
Wada Hampton tells tba Democrats of Benth
Carolina that they can cat ry that Stato in 1880
only iu two ways : Ono is by adhering to the policy
of 187(1, and the other is by suppressing the colored
majority by fraud. Now will he tell us wherein tho
former plan diftera from the latter t They are as
near alike as the two roads, one of which led to hell
and tho other to damnation.
The public has its ear strained to hear Tilden'*
opinion of Garcelon's Job, but no whisper has been
caught yet.
Garcelon neglects no opportunity to declare that
he is proud of Ins work, and to point to his lifetime
among tbe citizens of Maine as a proof that ho has
always rejoiced in good works. It is a suggestive
fact that none of these aforesaid citizens feel
mored to speak with admiration of thoso good
works. .Iiiik'nitf by this adelice, tho Governor
must enjoy much the samo local reputation as the
alleged man of enanty of whom Goldsmith said
that be "clothed tho naked every day?when he
put on his clothes.'' *
M. Gounod has just composed a new work, a
" Miserere " for four voices and solo.
Georg*, Viscount Strangford, was the original of
Lord bVaconsfleld's " Coningsby."
Miss McClellan, tho young daughter of tho Gen?
eral, is described as tall, slender and blonde, very
fair, ami gillett with a charming smile
General Sherman had tho pleasant Christinas
gift of a fourth grandchild. His daughter, Mrs.
Fitch, luis now two sons and two daughters.
Thu Hight Hon. Hugh Childers has been travel?
ling in British Galena, with Mrs. Childers aud their
daughter. They return to Kuglaud thia month.
Princess Louise is barina a clearing mado iu the
woods of Hideau Hall and a veritable backwoods
shanty const meted upon if. It will bo finished by
the time .she returns to Canada.
l'rofi'sso David Swing has refused, it is reported,
to nave his salary- raised from seven toten thousand
dollars, nnd lint asked that the offered addition bo
used for charity.
Senator G. F. Edmunds is visiting Burlington,
after 8 j ear's absence; and la honor of his return
au informal and very pleasant reception was given
him by his townsmen of both political parties.
Thc King and Queen of Spain showell publicly
the other day. while driving in Madrid, their dovo
tion to their Church. They met a priest who was
taking the last sacrament* to a flying man, and
Blighting from their carritix" the young: pair lent it
to the priest, fi.Ilovviiiat nu foot um ni tue acclamu
lions ot the peopU.
Minister Foster has visited nearly every Stato in
the Mexican Republic, thus accomplishing what no
oilier foraiatn diplomat or tourist has performed, and
giving himself a thorough and complete knowledge
of tba country, He responded to tho various ad
dresses of welcome from tho Mexicans in their own
tongue and was cordially received everywhere.
The advantage of International Kxhibitiotistothe
trade of the United States is signally shown in the ap?
pointment of Messrs. Tiffany A Co. as "Jewellers and
Silversmiths to II. H. li. the Fniico of Wales." The
warrant for this distinction has just been issued to
the timi from Marlborough House. It is the first
honor of tho kimi ev et conferred upou American
Robert Kurtis's Masonic apron and the mallet and
minute-book of the Lodge of m. Andrew, Dumfries,
of which the poet Waa BU uftiliated member, have
Just been Bold la Edinburgh. Tbe minute-book
bean bia signature to tho by-laws. Tho relics are
to be nroseilteil to the (ir.iml l.oihie of Scotland hy
tim (iraml Master, Sir Michael K. S. Stewart, who
purchased them for about fi00.
The Emperor of Austria ba* 'erred the gold
uieilul for hcience ami art on MMe! mulla Kuzicka
Ostoic for a new Turkish and itr-maa dictionary,
which this learned young la..y baa "cently pub?
lished, with transcriptions ol the Turkish words
into Kunian characters. Mlle. Ostoie hutt already
distinguished herself in tim department of Oriental
languages ut tho luipenul Uncut.,' Academy at
When Charles Dickens visited America for tho
lirst time he stayed a few days?says a writer iu
The Republican, of Springfield?at the old City Hotel
SB^ugUurtford, occupying roams on tbe first
s*aflk which bad windows reaching twirly
to "Ibo street level. A HtirtfoidfJPaaei,
who has since become a distinguished citato, ap?
peared at school ono morning loudly and proudly
proclaiming that hejabau not only seen Mr. Dickens
at tho hotel, but that the creat novelist
hail spoken to hun. Deeply dirt his mates envy tho
youth, but his noble spirit was shortly tamed when
it was tinnily ascertained that he hail climbed up on
the windowsill of a room where Mr. Dickens wns
shaving and that tbe latter had turned ut the noise,
and razor in baud, waved bim away with a steru
"Go away, boy."
Mrs. Marshall, a daughter of tho Rev. Dr. Ander?
son, of Old Aberdeen, has just received the diploma
of Doctor of Medicine from tho Faculty of Medicine
in Paris. After her thesis had been accented Pro?
fessor Hardy, tho President and the Seuior Pro?
fessor of Medicine In the Faculty, warmly congrat?
ulated Mrs. Marshall on the share sho hod had in set?
ting at rest the vexed questiou as to the admis?
sion of women into the Pans School of
Medicine. Tho Professor concluded by saying:
" Von, Madame, have helped to vindicate for ali
women their right to study medicine ; you reply in
your person to ull the objections of your adversa?
ries, i have Heen you and watched your work for
years, In the hospital, iu my wards, by the bedside
id the patieuts. I have seeu the ea-'uest work you
have doue, 1 cougratulate you heartily, and 1 thank
lu the well-known English annual, " Whita?
ker's Almanack " for 1880, there are minor Improve?
ments la the body of the work, mid In the appendix
there aro articles on last year's Weather and Karto
quakes, on Popular Education and the London School
Board, an epitome ot tbe Laws of the lost session of Pat*
liaiut-nt, tbe Poor Laws and many mtier topics of preas
ing linet est to Etigiiali readers.
Tho portraits in the " Altnanuoh de Gotha/1
for 1890, ara those of FrSdsrlo Frails and Anastasie,
Qrand-duko and Utuail ducbuss of siscbleuoarn
-1 with at
?var. \ s^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
F^?TSB^rii<ae,88|f^io8^ *a8f8fenei8i
thaattltMSTsrbi^n^to to JJ ^yeupitoTtne
Bomber,, .u*^ wdeW, la uT*L.n?Vh!
j^uleTartttjras Tar, lat^^ag mtv thm?]Z
?tract* veaielM of tbat kUd wan, u besJa^uaS
with ike more inxurtous oas* ^^WITdauhlu
Russian reatoeau. Open-air Sraa werTWedis *!
streeuatthe expense of tbe msalBtSnEar
Senses! ,7-,U,r *^tSST8Fi?<
A fashionable lady of San Prancdaao attired
herself in a party dress, and bad a foJl-lcagta pboto
grapb taken. Enveloping ber Ughtly-lacett flnecyu a
balloon cloak, she descended to the street, hailed a
street ear, sod seated herself wilMa. Wara har atraat
waa reached she motioned to toa conductor, and at?
tempted to rise. Bat so tightly was tbs poor thtag har*
De***u that she couldn't get up, aad blushing scarlet,
she told the conductor that sba would go a few Mocks
further. When the terminus of lbs lias was resetted ant
tbe last gentleman bad lett the ear, t's oond actor staked
ber If sbe wanted to ride back. ?? Mo slr," sbe re ol led
with sweot simplicity,? I {Deftly want soma help, for i
can't get np." The conductor set ber on her feet, aad
sbe walked home a wiser woman.
Mn*. Swi8shelm makes a stirring appeal in
rae Chicago Tribune tot Susan Johnson, tbe Ute Stjuaw,
who saved the White Elver captives from tbe mallee of
ber tribe. She contends that thia womal! who from tho
depths of degradation bat risen to heroism ls to-day a
j beast of burden, made so by the customs of her tribe
j and by tbe Government, prompted and controlled hy tba
piety of ibo United States. It is United States bsyonets
1 wblcb stand between her and the protection of civil?
ised low. Take away tbe bayonets, and the
white men of Colorado will mutt (bal
Susan Johnson bas all tbe protection they
give to tbclr own wires and daughters. Let Eastern
piety, says Mrs. Swtesbelm, call off Its Indian Bureau
bounds, whim are now bunting tbe Utes away from tba
green gravcaof their fathers sud friends, snd e very Uta
squaw will be lifted, with Susan Johnson, out of lira
mire In which their womanhood Iles trampled, and wilt
bo set on thut broad plat form which civilization accords
to tbe female citizen of tbl* favored land.
Tbe Viennese version of the quarrel in the Im?
perial household represents that on December 6 tbe Csar
Informed tbe Csarewltcb tbat dorina; bl* reign not a sin?
gle constitutional experiment ought to be made. Tbs
Czarowiteh somewhat excitedly kave a rather hasty re?
ply, to tbe effect that tbe Csar bad no right to coinpro^
tulse tho future of the dy ns**/. Tbe arrest of the Csare!
witch was only prevented by a telegram from tbe Em?
press. The differences, however, between tbe father
and son are so great that serious conacguences are ap.
pit in-iiili'ii, the more sn as tbe Czarewttcb ls sup.
rorie J by a strung party, composed of several
Mui'sters, two-thirds nf the adtnlntstrat.fSJ Senate, and
mauy eminent generals, all of whom demand the intro?
duction of reforms. Moreover, the Senate will shortly
submit to thu Czar a petition most respectfully but
firmly, asking bini to bestow nu the people certain rights
and liberties, thus milking the people the guardian of
the Ktnpirc's grcaiuess. The generals have also reported
that more that! i fourth of tbe officers in tl'e army were
infected hy refuruu asplrittlous.
Professor Henry Morton, of the Stevens In?
stitute of Technology, lu a letter to Th* Sanitary Engi?
neer, complains tbat recent articles lu the daily press on
Edison's electrical light, trumpeting as a wonderful'sue
cess what anyone acquainted with tho subject recog?
nizes as a conspicuous failure, bas tbe melancholy sc
suit of pluclog thc Inventor and his work In the same
category with Keeley and his " water motor." Payne and
his " electric engine," Carey and bis " magnetic motor,"
aud others of thc same class. Against this the Profes?
sor protest* In behalf of true science and for tbe sake of
Edison himself, who bas done and ls doing too much
really good work to have bia record defaced
and bis name discredited In tbe Interests
ot any stock compuuy or Individual financiers.
Tbe Professor does not mean, in using tbe phrase, " com
splcuous lalluro," to lotluute that Edison has not now,
as bc had a year aero, a lot of electric lamps running at
Menlo Park ; but that his your's work, starting out With
the most confident assertlou of an accomplished success,
only awaiting grouting or patent* to be made public,
bas euded In Isndlng him In au tdd method repeatedly
tried und abaudoilrd by oihors. ind which there is nu
rep mm to believe haa received auy important improve?
ment al Edison's uanda.
The new French Premier, nf. de Freycinet,
waited oo Gambetta the day after tho fall of the Em*
pire, and offered him assistance. Asa former student
of tbe Ecole Polyteobnlque, be landed be might be ot
service in tho staff fur tbe administration ot the army.
Uamlietta, however, bad a different Idea. He felt that
tbe provinces reqnlred to be administered by men of
order, and although M. de Freycinet informed bim tbat
he was not a " Kcpjbhoau of thc eve," be pressed bim
to accept thc Moutnubau Prefecture. M. de Freyoioet,
'ifter a very short stay at Montauban, returned to pri
vote Ufo. He was at Tours when Gambetta arrived
there. The latter had preserved a llvoly recollection of
tuctr first Interview, and asked bim to be a kind of In?
termediary bet vasa himself aud the war office, directed
hy General le Fort. Ile wonts aol alva bim tbe title
of Under-secretary of State, deeming it too monarchical,
and appointed bim hi* delegate. The deere* wa* signed
ou tbe spot. General ls Fort resigned on bearing of
lt, and Gambetta then gave M. de Freycinet tbe direction
nf the War Department, so tbat ho became, virtually
Minister of War. Whether or not be waa rlgLt to ac?
cept tbe post, bs certainly brought to lt a surprising
power of nut..- -vt .iition. amazed evervbody by tho
stimulus be Imparted to tba department, and con?
tribute.! to keeping up for long month* tho resistance
ora France left without an army, a realatanoa which
ri-flee ted imno nae credit on the rou Lt. v and gave
German v mtaglviugs as to bar overwhelming successes.
He certaitilv ulso left the post with a reputatlou for on
Impeachable honesty aud patriotism.
Clearly the coming of the Presidential eleo
tlou ls not, under tho circumstances, a matter tbat can
be contemplated with unalloyed RatujfaoUoo.?[Boston
Herald (Iud.)
One lesson tmiglit by tbe trouble in Maina
ls tbe Importance, and ueoeeslty of having a better and
more accurate chis* uf meu than are generally selected
tor election officers.?[Elmira Advertiser (lieu.)
If Garcelon, Pillsbury Si Co.. hail supposed
the Republican* would bold them to a bloody account
for tbe crime, they would not have dared to take tbe
course they have. If, nor, the fraud ls frustrated, even
at tue cost of some live*, IC will be a wboleaouin .easott
that will not soon lie forgotten by meu siui.iai ly placed.
-[Hartford Post (Rep.)
-? ?
/rois The Kifhmomt 61*ite (Dem.)
The South is solidly Democratic and will be
iu'that electiou.no matter what the issue may he,
whether for greenbacks, sl'ver dollar* or gold, a tariff
or free trade. We are not making platform* down here
)uat now. We leave that to tbe North, as also tbe candi?
date. Any platform, and for that matter almost any
candidate, will do for us, so only they will secure the
defeat ot tbe Radical party, and-the restoration of the
Government to tbe Democracy. In this respect tho
South is very Ilks the Mew-York fireman when tbe ques?
tion of the color tbe engine should be painted came np.
He didn't care a fig what color they painted "der ma
sheen." only so it waa red. and yon may give u* any
?ort of a platform, wita almost anr sort of a candidate,
only *<> he ls a Democrat. Bod wo will vote all the same.
Our object ls to secure our bare first, and decide after?
ward how we wlU cook it.
from Th* Troy nm** (Sep.)
It cannot bo said that Governor Robinson1*
aadiiiinisir.itiou boa been eminently anccessiul. At hts
8**v>c of lite?Indeed, at any time of life?wilban ambt
tlon*t*ejaak*Vv au accidental elevation which ho probably
never flBaVi.i-it of attaining, he should have been us
Govern oi
and rewa:
circle iu which he
lils vi lon was pa
since Governor Robin
Mann, and ucver rema
shifted his principles aim
coat, and it was not
?Hate that be displayed tbe
party bato. We can only
and that ls beyond question
octopus of politics, burning
tlon, threw bis ru/rt ad tentacles al
aa ru a vite, so tlaast the Governor t
mere machine, snd moved only a*
Hued him would eject or withdraw
thing more thin a blind, un?
til' rn aggrandizing bis patty
al friends. But lt was a narrow
The borlxon which bounded
all the more strange,
ver before a strong par
uy party long. He
Hy as be ebana-ed bis
me the bead of tbe
r and bitteruess ot
r lt ui?on ono theory,
ne one. Tilden, the
n maddening ambt
ut bim and held him
ce to rta tc ca nw a
power that con
it Its pleasure.
From Th* K( ia (ra uaittu (
Governor Garcelon has dared
duiy. Teat la |u>f wbnt he haa done,an.
mau can read bl* letter carefully aad not
ir there ls a fault anywhere lt ts In the'
Igtiornoce and worse than ignurar.ee of I
elni-t elect iou* Hilliers. It was tho swo
State Board to revl.se these returns
errors. By not doing so <h- y Holst*
?n very sinai! matter in the nund of the
lu -tn aime.mun. but a serious matter
Alonso Garcelon. If be ts nut upheld b,,??...-_
tin- Democrat to party, that Varty deserves Jlefea; and
disaster. _
fom Th* VUtctewrg Beril* j ?
The situation in Maine ia serle
large number of tho people beUevs that _
people us expressed at the polls ia not being
We tin not ineau to say tbat thus* ta power
acting within tbe limits of tba law; <?*
tbat any law walch makes lt possible
ccont ol votes setnaliy csst ls evil, *?
evil results. Ail p ssiol*ufsg*ard* ._
around the exercise of auArage, at tba.
?setotaed, but after tbe Judge* aad Clarks
have rcoolvvd vote* aad eountsd Wita*. IM
hoi be changed by our hlgner authority
nothing mote daiigcnift* than aa eaaretsa
I change an actual oaat of vows*. Toa ??">
I frauds ara those perpetrated nader tbe

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