Newspaper Page Text
FROM PARIS TO GENEVA.
BA1LWAT ti.'AYP.i.i.Im: in EUROPE, t'Ll.t' BBKBVATIVIBII td" 1 Ui Mil l; \ll.l,?> vu ii.nt.i inns?i h,ii mn.; Bxanranng mai bob l nen;siMi?an iicroeiNa iioijo -. r. bpi inti i of ma im xii ur tics i> lei RUT moa HID Bl "('K IBB ronan a\.;i i. or ('"\ii\i-viii. nu vi i.i.i na, [SI mi i.i ,i l. vi: i ?<?. in -I t.v i .i m , i tui: mill n. .] i \ vs. Sept. 8, We parted eempnoy, 1 tblak, at Rouen, vith a view ol tbe cathedral In the dks tiiiK c. mu! iii the middle of deeulb ry n i ai -1 al .-ut Mr. < neb aad li- tourists. 1 have since spent soma 4..i\- la . >. ..-'.I tbe place from which tbia letter is dated i.s not i -netty neal AV n t > Booen, Bad 1 may say oine foi all tbal such letters as I may chaine tn wlite while wandering about, have r pian nor purpose biyesm tbat af amusing BsvaeU in writing them ann not wearying tbe i en of them beyond measters. Moreover, if la not likely that I sb til (jnit the im-i kaekeeved highway ol'travi 1, or that 1 shall have adventures toinirr.it'' or diaMvetiea to impart to tbe world. 1 POI eal] have im plan for writing, bul I have none foi tuv .lourney, it joutney il (.an le called. Tito banna before 1 starttrtl for Geneva,] tboughl I should pa to Banal, winni arrived ia Ueaeva 1 Ihengbl I ahonld ga away aezl day. Thai waa SB-fas dava age, and tba mos! I tuite done is bo Change my hotel migrating hon, s house thal lias Cease.1 to hr good, or evin elem, to one that siiil.es in" aa better tbaa ever: albeit mach freqaeuted by Amil icm-, who ari 1 say il w th all Nspeet?the lase, sleeting of travellers, and tbs least likely to knap a sluggish landlord np to th, mark, I! yeo ebonee to print sm h epistles os may happen to cot written In them in irnlar circunixtancea, it ls only fair to warn your pablic I bal tbs epistles w iii be aa -Tree-:l.;r as the eircumstaccca, and devoid of all those virtues, such an order, sequence, proportion, Ju,ii ions, lillie.- of topics, and the rest, upon wbtch iceereapoadeal with a areli ngnlated mind nada Iii".!; -' se nf duty Ollg'it to pride himself. 1 suppoes it is permissible to amuse myself with tin' details of travel details even of tba most prac* ticai and Utterly prosaic kind. Tlicv do at times BBBUaeaM. 1 don't know that they an,use BUybodj c-i-e. V ii I have always ht! 1 say this in coll? ine BOC and not le ba rein-ate.! ;i eonvi, linn that 1 Pave mtaaed say tree vocation in life. 1 ought to bari bean a eaurier. With prower encouragement, 1 might yet he, omo one. 1 have once or twice Barred ha that capacity with success, though with? out pecuniary tirotit to myself. Some dav 1 shall perhaps ack you to print my toatimoniala and ieeenaasand me le th* public. In that way l may look forward to a useful aid age; eomsaeSMing, let us say. twenty or thirtv vears hence. Then is Bsaaon to think tbe profeesioa is looking np in the woi;,i. winn tba leading icu:mil of England? which no longer leads anybody, but bi still no called from loree ol habit?prints columns of ear lOBPondenoe on the American metbod nf cheeking baggage, and iteeU diaceareea upon tho Kamo topic at length and with gravity, whal may not be boped for by persons cone, rued in thal business! Tbs liayi'iije-niast'T may vet DB tba equal of a tuilk-ped d-ing l'uke. aravmaa timi- nv th- ratx, Not a fort yearn of my vagabond life have 1 spent in hotels and si,-aim rs and railway carriu-vs. If a man who travels much will compute tbe boura and days and weks bs passes In naen locomotion, be vt ill Bud the total ii very oonaidi ruble one. If he is tl in iii of alt:,irs. he Will probably call it time wanted; in which ha will be partly wrong Bul wat ih' i :oi io:- ii h ot pie ison, be will like lo gel ever tba ground with us litt'-- friction as possible; and tbe n.? he makes nis w ish ? known, tbe more rapidly will the ? na who are bia mast-ire and ought i.i be bia servants, approach tbeir true posit-i i. In a letter published vesterday ins Parla ; nant, where they have been Bettii g up ;i , .lui ?." Pas al, tba writer remarks thai be Pas accomplished in nine hoon tbe Journei from Pan.-, to Clermont, winch look Pascal nine dava 'i contrast is dramatic, but nins hours i- none the les.-, .".n uareusouably 1??i.i-r tims i<>r ar Iv .-. Journey of 250 miles, lt is certain that in much MSB than another two hundred years the time will Pe redaccd by half. And it will be reduced, nol by any good willoi the Paris and Lyons Railway directors, hut in obedience to itcady pressure from tin- .it i le. Tbe Continental traffic-managers, or ?wei "t them, have yet to learn how much can I" done to ' nicken their trains. I lu y am far 1>. hind the English; they are nol even much ahead of tbe Am r 'mis; yet to the Americans the French may well " te school. We, I fancy, de our beet with \i r\ imperfectly built roads. The French linea are ? ly constructed, and tneir engines aro fast, lt is on m. ir ssaaagiaa boards that tba] aced more Btaaaa. KNGLISH 1NNOVA ll,'NS. The Knfi.iii-hin.in has dom- not a little toward saodifying and in genetral Lmproviag thc railwai asrviceol thc Continent. For twenty years in.^t. in se:-.on and out of mason, he has cried aloud for faster trains, intimating also at times in his defer <i.iinl way that lc would like to be allowed ih> cboice between Banking his tourney bj dav ano i ag it ay Bight, He is gradually, very grade ally, earryiag sosse ol his pointe; extorting one I , asama after anni ber from relnctant railway c lorarwbo recognin in him a customer whom 1 i ann,it oitord to oflend beyond a certain BC : ! : Whom, nevell , cordially BglTe in i" ? _ii-- in v atilt ri i.n li ./,.//..-. Ne reformer i ,i by Moss whom be re forma lt i> aeme ti-, ? since I have Journeyed from Paris to lionet a, nn , 1 look tor granted that tbe fastest train was still, .o <>t old. a night train, and still, ti J , coi urned fifteen honra or therealioute on t , -iiiiey. Bul \. Inti I told my landlord that I Was '-i"in_: to (.oneva hv ihe night oz press, he en? if r tbe en lent niau, althouj h the pro i ? ? "f ni* 1...tl and probably able t.y np j "i hi* gueata, is nol above giving thei advice?anaweved I say, in bia golit* intern .namur. "Why nol go iii tbe I oi inn l'i the 4 ('?? lai 7" And on turill, r inquiry it ap|x itn*d thal th.-rc uro now three cl assen of trains from Pans tn < the "ri pidi .' -" ? ailed h,-, au rn it i tim iloweet of the thm j -.'tl. the -'express*'?the m. hi express, as of old, doing tin* i;:_.i kilometres in Ininti, i.boura and td.theueciaiil"orlightu jo. -. . bli b ''. poses of them in .-leven boura forty seven minnies, 'linit ia*t kt ia whick? baa been pat ie ? satisfy tbe impatient Briton. Then i i Parkland Lyonai ad a na to look noon the I nee isa pt"' lg) ol speed, aim lui' \ re Quiring the application of anew name; foi winch tbey drew upon tbeir imaginations accord ngly. Tr,,in Paris to (;. h. va, bo | I ie distance is ii in h tbs same aa from Loudon to Edinburgh: which last tin- "Flying Bc otoh man *'coven twice uduc (whee be does i"?i thaine to run violentlj , ssteep h.iui in nimi hioiis. or Hine noun Ps* t!i:in can be dane by French lightning; and th ? > ni -inn'!' Iiimaelf does not Py bo fast ashia r ihe Dutchman ?>u his waj 'rum I'addi ulm on ta Bi -.1 ' t of England in general. From pai to Ma, on. which i- rattier more than two t ? : lie w bole dial.? tn <?? ni va, the p n t i nearly forty miles au bear; tbe Geneva i sing, in fact, only a section of tbe m..m p - to I sa Macoa oaes pest, tbe ole e t n ? i gives .'in. anl ii. arl > one-hall Ibo twelve 1 ,* devoted to ar-tann pl ian lng lbs reaasJnini till' -tl ild ol th' louie l.>?:,ita is, m lat t. a u .... ; centre ol -,limner travel, ucitj which it is aqua ly difficult lo reach or to leave without nader* un,., ai.il needk s-t delay, ... ,i- j ,ij i,i, ' 11. In one point tba Parla ami l_yous railway baa pia.le ,i Mailiiti;.' 11, nov at ,011 u),"li old rules J rules BlUl enforced, I think, by all tbe other great cora, panics; certain], so ui-oti the rTortnere sod \\ i i i a linc', it has been tbs earn om la France |ocollect lbs trevellan by apartlculai trail Ina parin i.iar i? a ; winn you had boacbt your ticket and n-.istereil yu i hau-ui-'e, pm were bj ne BM ans fr. e to gs ami . boosa \"ui earriags aad aatabMsh a In-ii anea a Beag cornea bf tba depoalt of your |ggy | | iou Wire (ildered Mild a W il j t iuK-i""iu of which il"' furih.t door wm locked i to lu-n. md iii u liii -ii period before tbe flied bow af depart un ; "<-i.i niiy t.n iniiiiites. Cn tba bon,, rn lim-, ii" i' monatrgrnci - -.f tbetndepand tnt i nUiii bad. nflag Jong struggles, brought about a modification ol tins ordinance, h. so far us concerns tue expreea (rom Paris to ? lisle or Bou? logne, A door near the Inugnge office waa nn l, .-mil un ii . - .1 on over tl i to those wl?. happened to notice it that, aaren dillon ol being prov i led a ith i abowin ace to tin- train. This mltlga(4 .1 tho \ l'l.ii; e nf lin ru li that nsed lo he made on ihe releaae ol' the pri their ci ll, and w as a i?? n to tho nf tl granted them. Il ma. ned .-.* ?n Inducement to carry luagnge, and un i inc His of sWillillL' tile ill ti! dillis ol' the COI from thal sonne Tbe traveller who in,! n,.t paid something for bia luggage fm bemusi pay a regis? tration fee even it there were no overweight to bi t:i\.i!-- nus still Immured in Ih" ' i ;i,;-ii! ,i. - til! tin- last second ol < lose tim,- hud expit Tim Peria and I yous compaiiv lav. tal en Ibe far inil;ler step of abolishing sitoerthci tl a term of Imprisonment?bow loni since I rannol ny, bul I presume the decres is nol "i ? ste, for ii is anaoaaead In every (.tatton '.>y freshly printed plscsrds In larne t] pa on yellou patter 'I !'<? t 'rms of this notice illustrate verv well Ihe si lit in which a great French company ls administered. 1 thought ii so ( ni ions tl ni I copi, d it, al the risk of heim: interrupted and interrogated and perhaps arrested by tbe white-capped ststion-niaster, win wat, hcl me, ami who seemei linton1.! wh therany mle of the company permitted s copy of itself to be made in w riling. Finally ne shrugg. ?! his sin,,i'd, ra and walked away; concluding, I suppose, that il was not worth while to take notice of sn. i ?? tricity in which a foreigner might indulge. Had 1 beena Frenchman, I certainly should have been asked to explain mymotivee. I afterward found 1 had run all 11ms risk needlessly. Tba notice is printed also in the official time-taWeof tbs com nany, ann below is a prettv literal translation ol it. though no translation can convey a sufficient notion of the formality and elaborate stateliness of style ia which the original la drawn np, midway between tbe style of an indict men t nnd tbe etvle of a proioei i. " Paaeengi re" is bul a meagnoQuiva* leni for " Messieurs I -s VoYageem.*' Passengers ?re attuned.itel Un doors of tao waltina. roosaa leading m tbe plattonisi will la tatars be o;>. n I'-iiniii".; r,anti I ia) ibej may at Ibeti own option, e bel leiiiniti in these room* t" sa i ' t ie announcement of li e tra ns it ci i e.ia lo lin* plat forms Iiia^m ch, never.- leas, aa Ihe liberty tbna granted ni \ ,- \e ... i..-i i ii-. itu greatrsl ormlenc* la ii-cu mended to psssenirera; tnej ire esmeslly ratrestrd i., keen st all Iltues at a distance fiooi iee edee of ' ? platforms; never tn ero-, the Mae wu inuit tba aulbanas lion ot Hie Ci'iiinaiiv*. "torvaiit-. un I n-ve ? lo inter a nala till it li i- li rn bronchi io s complete stan isti i. And in- Cotiijiiii, e.ir.i---tlv ii.; i i- ps-SI n -'- to innke Hine before .elliss Into a tram i !i-t ilie s.ii i ir-m ls really lin?one wine ti lu h|il>oiiiK'tl to Inti- 1 lu in ta I licit- desi unit Inn. I onre took tbs liberty of rm larking to a French man upon lim minuteness of the supervision t" which travellers are subjected in his country. "Thc loinn-iiies are quite right.n was bis amrwer. "What they liavr IO ,-oli-ldei ls 1 he wrt Ifale of tbe maturity "I those who ase then- linea sud lor a boee safely they are respomdlila Kow, we have nevei tieen h travelling people; ws are aol used lo knockinguboal the world ss you Americana sud Piifjli^li are; w lu-n at home we are luhjected to a multitude ol administrative restrictions of which you know nothings ws ara aol only BtiLdected t<> them, bul tiny arc to us a m iii'r ot convenience sad prelection j we hare acquired hal,its of depen? dence upon authority ami of anqueetioniug obe dience to it. Winn we travel wa are ni"r,- in need of lins parental caro than ever; we should miss il if it were md there; wc want to be directed to do t his and not to do timi; to go ben and not to un there; and whens Frenchman is told bj tomehod.t willi a hand round his cap I" go, be um th?no! grumblingly and reluctant I \ a> yon others do, bot cheerfully and even ural.-fully." Mi French friend continued t<> discourse to mo in this tone tor some .lime, bul ss ln> n marka though true enough in tbe main, were nol absolutely nev.. 1 suppress tbe reel ol them. Whal I have given is enough to show that there are two Bides to lin question, and lliiit there arc plenty of people to whom the conception of a bnge rallwaj corporation as the bi. .;. genius of a poultry-yard, clucking over her oft print ami fluttering with angry taner if they wander out of limits, presents nothing ludii rous. v. is mm l:ll MCI 1> i '; W ll! ii. As travelling companion, I bsd a fellow-country? man fi".ii tbs remoter sections of the Republic, who announced himself as such hy the acreage ot uncovered shirt-front, on which, as the day drew on. he cor, it'd most ol the dual and cluden thal arrived near bim. 1 mel him "ii climbing into mi compartment; Dame of him then and now quite ti ii k rniw n to me ; ni, ii | ,i mn ni life, history, and bo on, equally unknown, IP waa ohvii nely a man who bad made Ins own w av m life; accustomed to business and, in his own country, to travel; shrewd, hard headed, nol perfectly polished by all the contact he bad audergone with bia own world, imt mach disposed to friendly converse. With him wen two laities who wire clearly his wife ami daughter. To them and to him alike, tbe pro eil of making their way about in Pram-. ? a un? familiar; it wa*. 1 shoiil,1 say. their Brat lourney in foreign parts. Ile was in a state of much i minn raasment, and made no secret "f it. Whal had happened to him on bia wai from the hotel to the station ami during thal harassing processo! di> missing and paying his cab, registering his lng gage, ami paying for the same, sn I Untiing his way to his place in the tram I can onie conjecture. His experience, whatever it mav bare been, had 1'ionL'lit :i good deal tm.c.- blood t' his face than nature meant should circulate there, and his naiural How ot language was perplexed by au au'ii ited spntter. As] looked al bim. Mr. Cook, in bis character of special providence to the lnnxneri?nco<l voyager, occurred to me, Here wuss man who might, foi all I knew, he om- ol Mr. Cook's clients, though not of tbe personally conducted kind. Whether he be oi not, be has reached a stage in hi- jon rue v where Mr. Cook has none ill he cnn do for him uni il lie s-ial' arrive ;.i ins hotel in Geneva li, has over? come already, somehow- ,.i other, hm w it i, only ton evident distress, all the perplexities wh h ! n cently indicati ri aa likely td Issac! the Cook tonrisl iu spite of ('.fik's tickets, on his wat, from h train. Whal is going to happen to him nov I Will lu- timi il mu,",th sailing for then i ol tbe way; or will be still keep falling into pits, out ol which no Cuok-anpplied onnpous can rosene himt lt appeared in a m- neut that the agitation mi his empurpled taoe was due nol only to the straggles he had just gone through, Im I to anxiety about his immediate lui ure. lie began hv asking me if I spoke ISngliah, and being reassured hy hi :,r in.* ;i Ruc A'.oiic.in accent in reply, desired to know whether th. train went to Geneva; thus um on'?; .,i-i i complying with one of tbe most ni .-ni injunctions ol the yellow placard above mention''!. I said il did. "lim.-, il ::o straight through f* I answered thai such I beliei ,| to ba the intention of the company in dispatching il. ?? fsa, bal doe this ear go through, oi do ?,? have to chance, ami .lo von know where we ebange, aad boa shall we know- where f Now- the carriage was plainly labelled Gt neve on tin outside a-,'! to this lai t 1 called his attention, .vd still be was nol ired, and willi Hinch modesty Of in ul,net hinted nial it would bs s relief t<< his min i it 1 wen ii SS- " one ol 1 luis-- chaps With il ii'tonic .' ,v 1, wein leisurely pacing tbe platform. Kel one but two responded eben full] thal tbe carriage did ia !.., i ga through without ebange, sad <>n this luina! Interpreted lo my friend fr un .Mum. -otu he li comforted. "Von see.'" said ti.-, -i c;,ut speak ? word el this linga, ami nj daaghta. there, abt reads it pretty well if It's maething she's read before, bot sba aw'! ac good for any kind o' live talk. Bad mv v. ile -lie's jus] ns had as in , snd boa should 1 know but she might he going hack U Dieppef?which be pronounced iv.-p. t ni sty mi .i ti's ron di a ai al At half past 11 we stepped nt Toonern, where wi wire to Im .ak fast; where ? considerate rampant allowa twenty miantaa (or that purrjoae, and a uni lem aeneidsreta oaterer sets eal a tabbi d'hote w itt nu slaborata repast winch ba prefers perhape be aaaaa andae that aaaaa ha aaa i barga mon tor it^ tocall dinner. Of tins i adviasd my cern panton, hui he shook his head and said he reckoned hi wouldn't care to sit down to a square meal willi tlnil i-niiine ? putin,' and Wbistlln' li-ie Iliad all tin tillie, u hecSUfte," add'd he, -.Mtll I Mll'tle wisdom, ? she am/I'll Blurt w minni us." When I came back . be iin'i his womankind werennr Bbing eblckcn-bonea onl of lbs window, keeping a sharp lookout leal tbe guard might de i' ?? ii t. "1 don't knou ." I,,," wi tho ci ' f< e,l h.v therua h es in thia car. [wish I'd i ito tbal hoe hard it ? ? I wanted. 1 Lei konka' to "ie to go in to di in r. an i now lo tell 'elli I hail left I'l.V wil - 'il the n. I WISb I i.m-w fal goman behind I me pa] f' r il. Am! n,?''<?' von mind one of il.ose pl: : bis ? ar ? Geu ivs 1" 11 -.-. ' ? tie, tl I acini; it became lees pathetic wh n r pealed ai half a do /"ii other .tattoos. At Macon, nt \mh.ii, n. stCnloz?junctions each one ol lhere the nme serin ol interrogatories had to ba aa sw,rd snd si each Ibe pangs of hunger a some in, in ,-r ,.f the tamily, and protracted aego tistions bad to be eetered upon t" ami. la iary dilBcnltiea I il amen, The appearance uird inquisitive about tickets was tbs sure : f..r a long colloquy j two or three times 1 waa waked lu order to reston- peace, and one nt least I had t" fore.*,. my slumber* in order to dis ..' a problem which 1 thought purely thoo :. In the end we did reach Geneva. I hope il will tie accounted tome for good by ami by that I ttuch to mv party to tin- lust; mw thom and Hi- ir parcels on! of tl:,- train snd into an omi.Hms ; got their luggagi for them | saw it stowed on the roof. rcdnced the dem.md of tbe per: r for his services by l(',,i-ii!iiii; and sent them on their way to a iioii'l I had mv er hen ul of, wit li th ? assurance I they could not h.- taken elsewhere because the I'tUllll'IIS and tho COII'lU. (of thereof lui"!!!' d tc that hotel and no oilier. Tl.ndoi irr 'cid in fact proved his fidelity io bis mast r hy irvine: lo kid i, it. ni" als,, and my pori rn intean ; in which he was foiled. I wm bound . ls-\\h,iii r, and I had, to tell tho truth, sell ::s lim- ll :,s I cared t" fol that day of th,- eitisen of Minnesota I was sincere! lighted t" hoof us,, io him. and if I had any pride ot vainglory in mv superior acquaintance with Eurone, it was quite taken out ot me next dav w lien I lound I had left tbe Imtel porter to pay my cab. aad tbat porter and cabman bad couapired to tnbls th" fine alli divide the SUTplUS hi tween Hiern. 1 pain it without a murmur. Hut if nil of n- had hc-ti nuder Mr. Cook's car", from a blch one Ol the perplexities 111' ell -lilied oil the roild Would he hate delivered nsf (.. W. g, RELICS of li: t \ Ki, I.vs MEN. WHAT LIEUTENANT BCBWATKA POI 'NM. TIIK t'"l.l.ilTI'V tl Till lli.'M-i'r lill (ll (Kill.Il) KAI. eOCIBTI IN 1WI M Y-MMII--1. In the rm ms ot the American Geographical 8e .?ieiy, in Twentv-nintb-st?, are oollccted tba last r.le-oi the umu who accompanied HirJohn Frank? lin in Ins Aiciie Beeron. Lientenant Kehwalka bas carefully preserved tbe very smallest objects sn ayway connected with tbal ill-fated expedition, and they aro now being carefully labelled, prepare -orv te being ptaeed on privateexbibl uni, before tbe] ale sent to 1. r. _rl:_ii il. Some ot ihese alleles win-i.i,ked ap bf Lieutenant BcbwatkS and Ins oom pan ions tbemsolves; others wen obtained by barter from the Esqnimaux; and tbs Bcarcben 'vere directed to place* where tbey found ,,i ten hythe take nf tbe Eaqntmaui whom thej I .u a ge ii rai nm these nu 'ie nt "is l ni ve been Iv tn ir in the sand or snow, or have been in the possession of tbe Esqui naux. and their battered unsightly sp ? ? e. I, inll I iii lo lohl - .,,uiet nillir to lill? ie interest thai enve "ps them. E i:: of th" earliest discos vies were made al Irr ing Bay, and the Bret article iou mi there was a rust v pickaxe, bearina tbe broad arrow "t Englsnd -iii' rlistmctly visible, a wooden block, part of tbe tackle of a ship or boal, some copper pipes, a eauvasa bell, a pewter pail, and snme pieces <,f suspender buckles war" also found at Irving Bay. Hem Lieutenant lr\n,.' srave tl ?? i splorera picked np i rusty tin box, a prise medal, the object glass of a telescope, some bram bulloos, pieces ,,i sloth sod sm ,11 si. I he in st noels icholy interest sttac - I ?i laue handkerchief from Lientenant Irrii whieh, |udging from ite'pusitiua, wss proba h J p] Cl ,1 Undo! his head tv to li le- wa- laid to i ? t by li- vi. irv ami discouraged companions. is vc: v laren, sppsrently of silk, with ,i dork bae-.gronnd, on which are fanciful dearisTis apparently once of a brilliant rod. When unfolded ihe handkerc del ia seen to be tattered : crust .-il in sp 'i- witii ? heavy mould. Many wooden mic's wonderfully well pre? served hove been brought hack. They ara part of ;i boat found by the natives at Wilmot liny, tbe prow of a boat from Erebus Hay, tho Made ot an " r picked ap at Washington l!.-,v, and soma Bnow-ehoea ma,ie by tba natives f-.lin wood belonging to the wrecked ships and imaih. Then t lu-re ar.- an old I.t iimi :i shoe gaping open sn widely al the seams tbat their ap? pearance would he todicri as did ons forge! their history. From Cape Felix have been brought tbe top nf s tin Ban, marked "Edwards' Preserved Potatoes," and bearing Itu English mat "t arms ? the too of .i tn, in irked *? Powell Bristol1*; a pair ol ssis r-, some buttons, a piece of s porcelain tea? cup, srime shot, a p,',-? of anthracite .-?I ii. and a forh rn nhl bail brush. Ai ; lu-1>.-at pl ni- nt in bu - B iv a raaor w-is foun ;. broken blade, islf eaten upb] rant, still awtngs pivots, a -ii uch ih" handle i- broken snd .li i> in-. I to Hm hi-1 tum,! of dilapidation. | befr- sra iiis.i two oombs, "i rather tbs r >main* ol two e mil's, ime fish linea, rho top ol a boat mast, with the small iron block and rin-.' stitt in place, and a piece of a measuring stick h.,v, been brought bach from v- n.r.ni <"S". Sotiu- wiie-gauze once nsed In - , i"i ? it im ii gi ive '? i il ol tl, Pfeffei A -1.(1 rope ami buckle were i nnd :it I . tbe latter h na from a '.'rave. At Wall Bal were i ? I some ba ?? I . the ? I ivre ,.f ii cask and an bi . I a latter waa found li the dir- .1 ...is cl a me I iqnil 1 ie same pl. re s lin ean rn irked "J. tow,n, ironmonger, Woolwich," -.,. tm pops, ? na lim! boxes, The I. -wi ot a spoon ,,, thia collection was given to I.'cir, nan' gehv alka bi aa Inuit. A large i"'1 (i1 lead waa prob ihlj carried by lin arvivon of Freoklin to sid in repairing their lioat, i bs ?! > - oi a m ul Iv sn.p of leal i sn not clearly indicated. Borne heavy hine el,,th. halt ? ii in par. tram i.r..v,s. Among several pieces ol Iron belonging to various imple? ments :'ii- - ,:.-.. abs rp v notched spear-bos la Ibe copper tbal Franklin's men el bertookfren tbe ships for repairing purposes when theyi soul hward, or bIm sbandoned with other articles in iln- ships has been tm ni d <> a varlet v ,,t asea ch et],, if not entirely, by tbe EsquI ism. lu sedition to tbi copperplates there ate som- rode ti- , t.ha :..- -Ie.11eii ni11 of copper, with bone and I onp i app -ali uuai11 in .som .'. walrus (rem sn i" eight im i .? - in lei ni li, In ? cases i bavi . eu era ... d .nm are wound will sm i np '?! bide, One knit oi.lv ie." ..r ilii'-e inches in length, w hr, menotti i itu- i.Im r is en-see libel he doini in plug kin!.-, ami in hamlin i* of driftwood. In,. must ' um ii rs knives is a danger made cntiieiv ol bOI e. 1 be ha d, and lbs I"'- I,allow hi a ?:? A inoni: it.'- ? ku vi appears au instrument ol linne sud iron resemblins h it shat a i; roi ireuKcd li li . pi a'. I he li Ul SUd cop!" i in tbi e n Bini ? i .ailv cams from 11 e En bu i and Terror, bul thej were made generally, ii not in every ea s, by toe Esquimaux. 1 ii** same is t tn.?-,,| heavy hammers and ona or two little sxes ol C"p!" 1. ?un ui" ih- othei ti I , oi Fi mi || ,\. men ;,,,. ,??. si,,,,! ol a sp itt le non wheels and bite ol taekle, ioiii Large blubber stoves, -m in it pr. -ei v iiion. ti,'. been brought bat i. li vine Bay, togetkei with a frag tm tn > i a ? lovel. In tbe basement ol tbe building .ipii I by the Geographical Society Lieateanul Hchwatka has Jil,I' ('I lill! IU1, ' ' - ?! il sh tl Un il |,l tbe unfortunnts men lo their Jouruej soatb 1 bey inc beavi pieces <i hard hv .? h.. i:. -, i, i,|,. amt three in th wk neus and fifteen feat in length. This com? pletes the coll,ciiofi ol x In s thu Lieuteosnt Be b walka baa d lace veted Lieutenant irving's li' in s ,ire, ol course, i atctully pat ked un av. On Octobei 28 Lientenant Bcbwatka wiil .1 ??;i v. i ;.n address boob bia aapaditloa befan the Amansan Gcoi-rauhicai hociety. ALBANIA AND THE POM E. 1 1:: 1 Iii: 1 I. ?;: - - OP TB U AUB J ? i i.' .h.i - i Min r. ii ?; i . .V I '. ( . rs isa i.ii11ur nf i Bia: 1 ba 'i niki fa ??'- need In tbs - it" -ian ? o! thu Adria! i" .' B I, an i. - .ular Ha.'! <"' , onn ry wbi Iroaoutluk. Arnaont s noun of place derived under regular grsm :t ?mi Albanian, name attention, bo? lt is tbe only one in He. whole atlas tbal is i mi I* r lins grammatical i ale, li ? i ?? ,i. ? ? . Ail. miana,*- n even " tba place ! e' ki i p Alli.ill 'I l,?s c ni em r nona wai ol Buming that part of Tur key, jual mc. before tbe eye I . I ustrstes ? tmation in which Albaoiaus are held among the mai ,.: ii:, people "i rorkov. lim Albanian! ale known t" ihe I in !.- to be a " >ple -vi; bout indi* viduallty, and for this reason difficult to class Ba a nan.i,iiiiny. They are div ?! ins, much a ihe Scotch Hisblandera used io be. Individunla ai.i,h.ir tin-in surrender tb r pnva ludgtnent to the control of tbeir obi [tata - A few men thus , on Li il a race, whoeemmnbere are lu their hands little .ii"i i ian ol a e a i or Uh miana to possess .i *.ig Iii.,- pul,lie Bpiril i-- imp ?- ih le, si ,, -,? at soy moment they ara Liable to be or lored to sup p i: this or tbat pi tvati ? the duel of I be elan, and a whole can will change front In a twinkling in obedience to the o io IK-CTI RI i \CM "I' i '? ILHAXI IBB. Aa to nm -on il i u.ti iel ' - i tb . > miana are ignorant, and exhibit .iii- ? i ? to iguoi nice. Tbi y lim- i-' ? . . ? lolaol their o.v I, ii it even an alphab in i li I heir lana tag can b ? wnl ten. rh d de il ol ii it ive wit, ind tb . are siid unaii nea to l> ? trust! friend . But their sun n le. i , i ienco to their chiefs makai them, aa acta . ....ms a.* no other race in European Turkey i-> treacherous. llu-y toll tvvwiih pertin.iei!, the lan ol retaliation for injuries, and bloody [cud. between tbeir families eon! niuo through generation after .iiiou. I in- Alka nans nie skilled rob ben. Their history ls a bi ? r> "f bio d Mhci for money, <ino of their prov. rh. save ! " My puns is my soul?may ii be fat." i be chiefs of thc elana use their torei i for m iney- *.- ting. Th y will be at peace if paid for it, bu a ir commonly pays better. The recklem readioesa a ti arma shown hy th Albanians baa always made them valued Auxiliaries to tbe lurks. Perhaps nus ev? il ams win tic links have u rer meddled vs nh theil peenllar iusti tu lions. During the Greek n vo? lution in 1824 the links employed ur, ai numbera of Albanians. Vet tbe habits of these pe, ipi :i ca'i se .if thc lUCCIMS "f the 'I.ks. r*he A ina" ia ns dolli ' : -ld i\.r -ive SI1C1 - BS, a- ..t Ml-Mo loughi. Tbey prolonged tbe wai liecause tbe work pi cased thei.nd so did the pay. In tbe end a isrge corps of Albauiana, after buring inveigled tbe I'm ks into giving them tinco mimili.' pay in advance, reined from tbe held lo en j ij tho fruits of glory. A summons io tho army of Mehmed Ali Pacha from Egypt bul partially rescued tbe Bullan ir m tbe embi men I caused hy tins d< a ri lon. ["be relations of the Tnrkish Government t" I e Albanians have always b o | i iii.ir. Hie Turks bavo always exercised supremacy over the Al bau inn-, bul tbey hive never interfered witii their clan organisation. They have preferred to deal wiii the chiefs, leaving them i" deal with the peo? ple. They have managed, father than ruled, tbe Alh.mi.ms. To the chiefs they luve given offices and am,nines; nod iu ret ur the., have beeu al loW'il io tax tbe popl". Every lev yesra a me clan baa made insurrection, bot a judie na ? nation of mone. with cold steel bas always ca n I tbs > il'-1 v.?-.??111-4? without leaving rankling bute on etln-r side. Doubtless tbe Albiamuna have snafii 'lion for their native mountain., fet, since the i affections cent re upon tbe personal property ol oilier dweller* it, theil h -nh ra t il mr I i in ap >u the : ineil homes, I ie 1 in k lah <; 'V i i nm . ii-v r, uniil u.iii. m.ole nun !i sccounl ol AU' lina aa a .. ii.it ? lei r.Ional ol Vision. I li i iou ..i, ti"! been regarded as b i totbe i" >pie, bul the os nn accident o! the re-ion. So tbe al aa published for tbe Government .rtiools ol Constanti? nople apeaka ol the district aa " Hie place of tbe Al? lia.nu.s." M>Ni.i.~(,;:iri BJ i Hil""-. In rein,:.ni i.h.- larger part ol tho Albanians are Mahometans. Other clans are Kunnin Cai holies, sod yet othere belong to the (Jreek Church. I'heir religious views are another cause ol the contempt reit for them by tbe larks ss s na ion. Tbe most ol the le.nilli: ni ll aiid many ol Ihe cinnnioii people, among klahometan Albanians, ar.* mem? bers of the older ol' lt k ash] (hiv: Ins. These Bektasbis m ike a secret "f their peculi ,r var ation on tbe Mahometan religions belief. To pro 14 i-t tin ir si cici.- ibet lice aipua and passwords. Tbey migbl be called the Perfectionists ot tbe Mos? lems. Tbey believe tbat ali, tbe son-in-law of Ma? homet, was i ii ..I incarnate, snd thal he performed a mediatorial office for all .Ma m.mi.ms. ll per formed meritorious winks, ami q tercd pravers vi? cariously foi his follow .-is. -..' thal ii ' Moshui med make prayera (>r du g.1 deeds aith the object of winning favor with 0 d. rim B-kt.isal siai ment ol' th,-1;, ?<? I-. "iiiir prayers h.ive beeu s.n. A .1. Vi ic vii bas faith lo believe timi be li ia p rmanentlj be a iutroiluced by Ali to the favor of Omi may sci as be pleasea without seuae uf sin. lin- Link t ash ia divide mankind into two chu ??? : "lau souls"?those vt ho :i re stilt in bond ge 1" mia '??? . i'. :'.' ea ; aud "cooke 1 bo ed eliar.ni, is w ho enjoy i be f: ee dom which ansel Irotn th ? knou ledge tbal il is im possihli Ui offend tl ul. 1 ii. i tenet , moro ni h il i \ ii'i.i.-. ion.! bj tbi outside world, have won for the Boktashi dervishes ih" title ol heretic among M *li ms, and the i among foreigners resident 1 . Turkey, As I have said, the Albanians are extensive}) cen ordei of den I be loosem sa oi ti,,- I', ..ta -..; i" un nd' -.?? agiee with theta the Albanians, while tbe nominal Mahomelanism ot ibe -;. tom Bocures i" lItem all tbe adv . which subjects ol tbs Hulton gain by adherence to the religion of Hie State. I he Ali) inn,ns ate fanatical Mahometans, full ol threatenings to all Infidels, whenever tbe oppres r tbe robbery, or the murder ol Christians is in question, Wi. jug ol Christian vil ? - not before them, tin v have no tm i lier mi? ine n.il ! use lor fanaticism. Hen e, iii Hie r relations wr. n the lurks, tbey are iou nu to he rori I .\ Ma tiotuetaiie indeed. Iimi i.ireh*** ??! the Bpi rit? ual -ii nu to . < , ol Un- Millan aa Caliph, aud th even ready, when occaa.rem, lo n lo church rahm the same saints os sra iel 'red by the ' isbouttbem, ,\,,tw itbslaudius this I .\ ity on tue part of tbe Albanians, lt is in the chane t"t ol ni" itieil M:,;, imelans linn i In now bein up before Europe hv the Turkish (jovem lllellt. I be r-'ite ia lng Eurona to bel ,..,. tfiese p toole li Ive sud eulj develop! il a h,tu patriotism sufficient to them to Hie def euee ol "the place ol the Kl ba 11 ians," with vain.us outlying districts a.-..in-.; all Europe] thal thi . bavi exhibited i -.,' biliij "l elia i ac ter sufficient io enable iboiii to con? tinue two yean in revolt agu inst the Qoverumenl ot lin Millan : sad I Ital ll., v possess so niue li ol tbe f.m ii (ni -luiii cf "lu i . attempts i" coerce ito in w ii i ii..a lifer ihe i.v, s ,.| all Christians living amougal them, 'luikn.ii iii|i?m ;,, v is I. noe. nen fur il fertility of ii i..im, lt baa, however, outdoue Us own record In tbs production >,i thia thro. horned illillinna BS an an...cr to European de? mands. ri i.i MODI ii i-t i-m .try ,'!? TBI I'oiitk. Th, rights ol tm Albanian-, sud tba Albanian iimi. ma,nv bs a unit, tint appoaiisl ha 1878, wheo the doctrine ot tba rlghta ol Bulgarian., I and otber natieaa-itii t wan mueh of in l.tir.ipe. 'Ike idea was Banaba up hy ihe l iiiki.-h m wapapen af Cavetantinopls after tba I r nv ot Ban Milano ns caucilv BB it llu-y bed acm d i point In thus taking a kef from tbe hook af tbe Paaslavlsta, Winn tba proteas of LordSali - huiy iii'aii.st tin. Buaalaa treatyaaeaaed tosbow that Bnglaad would takeaiaa. ia defence nf Tur ;. ; ka Albanian movesai ni dropped ant of exi ,t cm , Bat w io b ihe Pougraaa "t Berlin showed tba! Turkey sm.lt-hsiiUt'ai must, trna Europe ou the :,?"?> ot e. dina h rritory to Qreecc a, i MorrtB . the Albanian patienalrty revived rend and at ?airi ebiefa n volt, and t - i i tbion i . >?. Rnltai foi I r 'I c -mers I . ,doit. K j i" Datura ol ihe di ? ?e.-o' ree nved ? .ir, iln- inlets uer.' ioi mob d dorina the r ons, il v,, m nol bludered in ii pu rt ti re from tbe Turkish camps. Thia feet atir.ii l-l al n u: ie. i m. ,N' v i! was nil'-, v d Ulai tin ? lah hom ipapera ol Constantin mle, although a - ip, gave ", i .. ' n "'.: ? ? nu u! t" > , Ulta 'inn I.- ' columns -p be ol il - doingv im ii '?? ol gaueraJ Intered ; ts. I inn i! was Holed thal Al? banian duels dftiii Visited Cul tmoule, comma and suing o m ? ? ted, tbe rai t ttl t th y won av taber* ol in L - n ,-v ci v paper. Meanwhile tbs Porte was explaining I eoiihl not cede territory to Greece, because tbe formidable revolt ol the Albanian Nation could not . .1 uh h ? n pi..I. ll tent a high offleer. Mehmed Ali Paco i, ni a tempi to i.v..u the Albanians, but be v, is assassinated by them. No honer prool wea needed than i ila of tbs I elpleasnesa .>r tbe Sultan l.-!.,re the fury ol tbese alli] mountaineer . Europe made no haste to enforce iu decrees, and the Albanian movemenl aeeuied to die c.i. I . 'J ii ki b Government seemed liol tobaveVe fcelintra toward the chiefs <?' the insurrection j tln-re were tri. ii ly relal ion - li .- ? ? 'i nfficials and the r !,<?!.-.. ami ml vviiit Biuootuly. the murderers <d M limed Ali Pacha ?.v, re not i i-li-ait w ;? ti. Al thia i , ported in Constantinople lb iination oi tins hiuli officer by Allianuiu "rebels" bad been arranged before be botte t ire well to the Sultan on Ins nppoiulmeul t" tl ?? of tin di in-i d reffiou*. People rcmcmUered t .at ; rem sade German. diaAki <i by all . li "t'ti nala I, m buss ol bia allen b i nd, and haled >y all bi li army officers because ol hts mill i.irv sn'.-. s.. i i cords of .ninene among lurk isn Pschna rendered i ii" truth ot the repori pei nu.ni,,-i ,,i the people ol Cons-antMuoele to ibis day bein ve >t prob. a Ktia i vi. i-.s|-..iii.cno\. All t-.ii linn- the Austrian occupatwo of D wss in pu sn -. i> lated by lbs inbabitanta, who bad also revolb li ? Sultan's an hunty for nm purpose. Tbese patriotic r, -n nus wei- armed witb tbe rifles of t ie Turkisbarmy, and they were led by anny officers who had den ried ih. ir colon Tbeseofflcen, by tbe way, have m rea '.ecu punished for ibis desert on, Wheo tba Austrian armies dna nen to the completion ol tbeir work, and lbs Turks bad not yet agreed to the minis of the new fron? tier, the Albania iNation reappeared again al Nova Banar, 1 his time the insureeetiim took thc fm aa of an independent ho iv ot 80,000 Albanians, which eucamped by tba side of the furbish regular garri? son of tbe place, lim rebcla were inni wise me? bul their Intention to natal tbe Austrians if tbey attacked Kori Banar waa approved by all tbe Turkish newspapers. One Leading newspaper ex? plained to iis readers at this tims ti. at the A Ilia man insurrection wis mu an insurrection, lins did not prevent the Porte from pleadlaa the Aloaaiau In Burrect-on wheo in December, 1878, Europe beano ," press fora se- (lenteni ol tba Question of ttwQteek fi'tiiiti-rs. Tho negotiations opened at this niuo with Ort eec euded in nothing, and thou the Alban? ian ni-u.ivcii"i. ended in notions also. In tbe two years tbat bavesiujs elapsed nol an Al -.ni. in hu-he,-ii arrested tor lusurieefnin. nol a token of any kind has b.given by the rnrkisfa Government tbat ii regards tbe Albaniaus sb in re volt. ,\ lieu I'urkisb diplomacy bas succeeded in - ..v.i -? on i i" d'-a..un!- ol Europe, the Alnauiaus lu v.- i... ii quiet, and turkish officials have exer ill i i- lom timm ol govern neut anions tb ui, lim w ,i m.-\ .-I Europe bas grown exigeau , ml the .-u i'ii bas 1< '...i min - l pus .-.I in us corner, then in- I iirklshM ulster ot Foreign Aft tira bss poi u ted ?. to tue sacred feeling ?t ni" il >anian uation h. non j.naas of tbe Porte has been em? il ii, tue reappearance ol tue Albanian L l -le it .'1 ll - ills.il I " ililli. .lucre has been a rn i mnddJe in tne telegrami cou cern in tl I Dulcian.) all.ur. Albanian in-tir _,"iis :i:I,t i urkisb Pachas have mei.i inextricably mixed in camp and in castle. Supplies foi troops hat fed insurgents, aud i .urgent* have foragod ? ..,!,-, Aloauian - eal bing ont, one day, threatenings ind slaughter agaiust i ie Sultan, si e touud. i lie uexi dav, hobnobbing vv iih tue Sod* .i lent! ii a.. ni-. lin key to all this muddle Ilea in min sentence. lin- .'.I taman insurrection is au immense fare, lt is un i usu ric I iou lol' inn I"'-es of np on. icy ah'i.e. no roOl and DO pulp WC .,1 ll,'ill -, Alld Im-: Ween it i- laid away in cotton to ki p for tbe next emergency. Ami when tbe Poi te tells the Ambassadors that the responsibility wilt r- t upon Europe i bl. v . na queuce. result (rom ca? the Albanian pan ole, u insults the European llm-ll L.'-nc". 1"| nil Ile- facts bl le cited J" , that tlie idea of Aloanian rights, as well a-the m ciieiii.ui of the Aibauians to their assertion, has ii- source within i ie reach ol the desperate meu in iln* pal aces ol i onstai nu,.pi". IJ .'-KY 0. 1 vVKiUT. Morrittilk, I t? Oct, 5, 1880 PA ll, WA V NEWS. RAPID TRANali l\ BROOKLYN. Subscription lawks wen opened yesterday in Brooklyn bj Hiram W. Hunt, treasurer ol tbe Rapid liai,si Cou,mission,for 10.000-baresol Um tun k ,,t tbe Brooklyn i...p.,i ira. -i Company. All tbs -i",-k i, e subscribed for bj Charles R. flint, vhopre tented powers of at'orney from all those whoso sasses be pat dawn, tweaty-etgBi tn auber, lt waa si_t,,t ili.it nu it ,! fi,-names were lfi4,s?- ot " dnmmlna.** sod iii.it ibe fi igbton Beach saan onoto ind a few other cap lislisU are tbe real purebaaera. It ts tumored tbal tho liri_niiiiii iii neb people Save I ol estie, ites t ri par d t,-r the constrnet lon cd an under around mllroad noni tbs brtdgi terminus to the Bedlord-sve-depot on the now ii < "im a- v, for tbe purpc te ol inn nmg tbeir Ocavy engliits illrecily from tlie brides lo i .'otiey l-.uit. Tbe cost |. niven it p700,000 ? mi.,. l ii,- road v. ill be built, ll is ta il, ll tue ? t, v , not be pul Ibrnti-h quietly. Tim t-.tiniatea made for Hm will 1. in i .ll,"I.I"ill ii iniie. i' lien: 1..m.i ind am ? iv County Ele ? ,i bai e 11-. i mr m , ft. darin-'Hie lost few da fin obtiifn their coa-enl to Ibe eons.motion of tbe Bond road iu tbs .st'..-, ines . 1,11.1 IO ll,lilli C." t in v '.o nm appeal lo h. vi .. k\itk':i> PBOMel UK ? i.'.v \ PED ROAD. Francis Yager, age thirty-six, .-I Tbiity , and T- rn ii .ive, waa struck bi un enurine of tbs -eon Weutie Klevated Rsl ni v.-..,,. ,,i Qne minni. i un,-t. ii. wss thrown I m- lim i an i bis sanll vtus fiact'in - .k min l" Un- N .mi v Ninth Street ll tpitaL NI'.W t: ULM lb BROOKLYN. Tlie rails of Ihe Smith anil Ninth-st tat i,,'- io . NEW GO -Dd OA TUE WEST SIDE. Bimpeon, Crawford dv Simpaon, in their new - n,.-nt ai sniii-.ive. and Nineteenth-i put on gala attire In h nor of ibelr rexolai i p N< ? n.i- wera shows in all departme ls,bul tbs principal attraction waa In tbe sail dep rim nt, on tin sreond loer aban dbusubi pin- bad been ts , render n,1- openina mperter tuan, of "pennies imt only m a iii tile quality ol ii"- soatumea and wrapsexbinti d, Anions inc ii.iinisi'iii.-I dress ? via-.i . i ii . ires*of whits .mil cream-- i i a ut n, I I linly cv ? n l cy . I sit ol t.iee heavily emin red with P sri snd crystal beads, which fell lo two east ides, c cb ? - .? -i v\ ll ii ii i ic ,- "i peal I aud or.i il lu-adi I ie flowing train of white velvet wasal sebediot ? - I.l-l l'l HIS I ll" ? .1 | Ul il lilli I lilli white Balm. Tbe Pompadoui >? r-.> ??? ul ? lan allia, live ii.icril.it r Ul list, A MAA s NOSE OFF. Antonio __rego nml Joseph Lafoafe, t*. ii.1.1 n rag plebers 11% tu*_ in I ,.,, | ??nd if iiaittr wwk*s labon bari areamg wltb evmoaa im 11c.... of Htaie baan a neeg mri i" abe u beta pay roart shared laths IbstrrWes mid mike sad tbe r ss pickersi|..ni, ii. d about tbs -iii. Arexo fougbi si ., ;. .i Ibll "ll LftfOOU'l lone. As lt t nulli not afti, wart! n- found lbs pubes, vvm, srreated in _? cou dud -(! ii.ai ti. -ii. i,i estes it. iu* bstl.y wuuuik-u'iu-u Vi Sal taken lo lim luio.ill.. THE DISTRESS IX IRELAND. OPPl v . r i.'n.'. i ? !? 'V ? ' : - V Hie Kl^'. Ul ' I .1. "I i I In -Lie, Aug ".--Aiiiioii'.'ii I ha iou live totten ou the La nsilo woe i . erry, 1 ' - ' -?-??! mv iii i HUS of lit.- ui () r which the tenantry are situ/ ling io exli t. If I I I , oiidcmi. Iii- -.. ? n. I dil o I..' r ? 1 i ? ? . . ; I Wini tn ' '"Ile I Of tin- Inn li ut ililli;' u i : I tem, ami 1 1 " ki 0 remain in Mr. Uti one1 ' lion en? titles liiin to lie i' i i. ii.' 'I ii- ? in..' I.i i ? -t ia, am.i ioti " ot I ri-li la mi lord pu POgatiVI ?< and j,m., :, Ho lu,,ll,ml in li l:.i.i. except see, has a ! ?t putat "ii auttidi ol ireland than the Marqs lansdowne. N<> family in treiand, bf it .-:. nts. nu dona mers than Hie Lansdowne 'amllj to create tin- iii p.'c-sn ll Ilia! tin- Illili j I in? inti;, are utwless, improvident, drunken, ami ln? em pe rate, and that tim Irish landlords ton mic ii.mi Lord I ?'.-i--. v mi haie spent fortni -.:..--.' i ?: n endeavoring to smeliorate the condition of i 'linn., and I I spic ol Older au'l in i is,ry within il.'' My Lnrcstigal ion - ibowed I "Spool f"i-ililli h" ;iiiioii_^lli'-ir 1 terre, bul ikat tiny hare wrung forta beir ccaaelem toil, and tbat all their "energ i.ave been directed,not in "ameliorating 'I. lita,n ,,! the county." bul in devising and <-. ul* w nb tireless cruelty new mell ods i"i impover ahing tbs people gad driving them I lin ir accusation Bgainet their | h j are indolent, is both falsa and cw;.ul,v. I tu repeal once mon thal tbe inda ' i isii peasantry ererywhere c. incessant and alasost incredible, Ilia lbs landlords who are tbe k ii Ireland. What bare tbs landlorda of Kern neus to 'ameliorate tbe condition " of th. ir people tim In-late fainiiioT At tim l.,.st Quartet b>asions1 andlordaol Kerry took onta_04 processes ul i in nt. and tba re ??? thal tbe ital mi ut vas true which milled, ** espeeisifp bj Lat Ma/uni v ni Dromore.'' Mahony ls om ol tbs Ii -ii ni,di, r,li v\h'i bars (iet'Oiiiie. .1 tba "agmrian du in- s" ci um Irish Land llefoaracn ia im rh .n ournala, feVotas thirty decren ol i ? inion wen ?oed at tue same time. Last 'ir ..lllsiliivv lie served c;e. lllllit pl ? ? - - 0 tC II lays after tue six mon tba* i ni ws due. tinder Glmlatoue'a Aol ot I 170, ao landlord lui for (eilan to pay rent unless tba Bens I a arrean for at least ono year, Then la always u be West of Ireland wbal is called a**l .?ale" dm?tbal i.s. every tenant ie allowed tot - ;upy bb farm a year before he ia called on t" pay ? nt, and then ha pa.'. I lor six months only. J! ilw.ivs in an,-.irs siv months, * Gale " aseana Doutha'rent, and taut unpaid period is ?:? 11 ?.I t ??? ' liangtng gab .' Now, aftei a u a ml is In arrean nx m.mi in over the ?? kenning gula " be i* bubla to ie served with a prod.is ol eioctment vviiiioiit tl I ?milt to compensation for disturbance. Bal Lana ['.wi..- has conliTVeil it method hy which In- SM viet au Ignorant peasant at any Inti". All outs are dated back ona pearl Thereiee1*! ng yal "ou paper, although tbese ia nave, i baa a ** hauging gale 'in fact, if eui o ute from Lord Lansdowne on tins 7th ii, tagus., 1880, and pav in advance foi . . i'i,- year, Ibe ie,, ipi w,;u!,i shun thal he bad | mt np to August, .bel, but from August, ii",.'! A mal clergyman refused io accept such a i le was assured thal lo need !.;.v ? no i ai i -hut that il was a " rule rn the estate" to nv. n - ???iptu u this wari Tbla ingenious der i .ord Lansdowne to bold his tenantry al als men y, i.tinline; the Gladstone Act, and ll ill raits how the landlords exhibit and enforce a ipiril "f obedience to thc law of tbe land, when tn- taw of tlie land conflicts with their own in. rest or ancient prerogatives, tie otber landlord ii ihe county luis Imitated this t">i On tbe I7tb of 1 chrnary last, a tel trophic dut .atih appeured in tbs Dublin papen, dated from Kenmare, tbat Dennis Sullivan ia tensul of Lord I,ans low in-i had died from starvation On a.-,i day a dispatch was i at to tbe Dublin aad Kerry |ournals from J. Toa nsend Tn ni h. ag< al "t l,,,r,l i.an-d'.wii,-, in bia capacity aa chairaaaa 'f the Ken man Board of Guardians, that "it ii it true that a man died ironi starvation in Kenmare, Ile had .mi.ti i< ut food, bul dud ol an i t. mal <!;. ? I he waa a notorious ilruukard." ontho thud day, a , oicut-r'a inqu b! was held on the Ii.i rerdlcl waa: "-We timi thal tbe deceased '.''-I suddenly in tbe Market lions,-. Kenmare, from natural causes, and ws further l.ml, after the ii " t pun il liv ii i ti vest mat ion, thal tits death res? train destitution and mniiiii nt food.' In lin Kerrs Sentinel ot February 21 a resolu? tion of tin- ht munro I! .nd "! ? lu.h.. ins wi lished, tn which it is stated thal - this I." i quired into the cirenmstaiices of Denni* Sull il,-al ii, and timi thal be had leen slim lent!. plied with food beforehand, sun thal on th u ?? los deal li his i"i.,1 fast consist! <; i cake ,1,1 t'a, This Board have ascertaiui-d that 1>, i.nti Sullivan has I.. ;, suttennji from a i renee ol an internal dis sue, which don to tlie premature decease. Th,a Ikxtnl liavi taite d Ihal i li I em |<c i atlee un! n u ni ,\ ni, nc- m.,, k, il the hoine ot t he dei (use,i." In tbe same iounisl, ami ni ihe same number, three ot the juror. i i. puhlii ly calling on the Ito u i nan ians "to .tate m hen. n hero, anil in inr.i was held?wh ih-1 i! was a sworn u who tim willi, ssm were." lim i h.tl'. ? mt ui i .- jurj led to a ?? sworn i , lo in i .ow a nun-ill I!..nd. and >..i-"... I,, il,,- quest ion as i., tn,- all ??? d ilewtituiioti , I I le- s,:m.. eril u -s. - tv i,o a |iii !"?: |. i be coii-i't i'.s ni -, v,- . . inquiry, l'i,mi the rem - oi t ? i two luvtsti - and rroni thu lips <d mm of tbi "I'-nin-d th, st ., ,,; Dennis Sullivan's death, iou. of fi hii i -i i , , has told I so w.-ll in.,t l present ii in los word* si BU , I'll' I ' , mt a ills as ai>- Hood, ,! lo etiaMi- V i, ni- io muli retaud lt. I have cai id thu ,-v iiiiice i urie i-i ne v\ p. i bei Mr. Hun ((unit was strictly m ;n coi...ince with it, * ni i ni i-ni.i st.it,-mei,t : !? ai ii ' I DUM m> SUI i 'V vn. ? *n to ii.i',iir.< iii. I ie iles u Ol i> ii. is Mi,.,\,i,i ,,, K' .. .- .1- lu li 'V duller, tl " . if ] . i -, lal ti i .ni : ls Board .ians rushed into prim With indecent baste to i c.i.i. . ... ol ni t'e ld, I'.v la.;... lbs! .. il' il k ill. ll I liiiue li "ll -v . BS , \;- : ' f ? u lilt- all >??? er l I ulla tb.rn would I kepi i e ii. I. iimi.iii m.in ;. ni ... ; , lad but Beeu to bis I nen i ' ' ' : t he had not bi en a di unka d- - "ii-" on"- a . . ... I . ii- i iud ? . . lue \ , i i . .i/ili'U.'.l. .. \ - 111 1 . ii i'.i .in. id- I," /i I; ic . ??i'iit.i- (lust i , I ib isiicd uj iii,- B-wd Nan of K\ uni.i' i i- .ml. I I.. 'i ' ' I oe , ? . ., li : cv. ii .i lu, j, Sd -i.. . tie CttlO.J li ih Isndli ti.o in - n ot l:e i ,,or. \ v. -nilli ti nu- pros Irs ti condition ul run |> \ -.. ,.l li ? . HI l io d ... 'lt! Ul .1 lt .1 BM ISO B i-i '. "i - . ii iii ui na pru iii- j t - ti) landlords (or lu ru ? ? t .. el ii te' ii. . Ill lill- i ' - . ' fl woe) t bo o ? ?? t .1 "I lie e. III.Ile, . . \ ? 1 Ile j ii. I ; ll.l. Il 1 - - ' ? , I,, in,,., ve lin rot leu bi I boru in - n boats ta I iii poor. i ring upon w n psrt of Ibe Mun I . d i'i kins bits ot ,i 'i. sta ;o. . lu- ,t. I i r.hun..nilli ot tbe aol is li sinti'ii from il.- fact thai il"- baU.g wto prof swon i a v "tie "i Ibo sticks t . i or tins n., ,i-i i mc- ct linc, itu.. Bobli V| . i .( i- |>| I. . ii.. .1 (bel w. en i i-i.. b .I. in| i. .ii . u) in '.lin e - 1 . I 1- lin ii !"?>.!.i i si. -ii, wsstobat j. il. Uer luiii ni... rose up frau th i bed sher* lu >" ii -I j io -i:. t ,t .in ad wt ii nil! 'uint lbs Lansdown* oShj viii, .? a bim iii.it amount, aad tl waa wbile angaRed in rn- metunchiH* M. rb iinii oe lin evertouk bim. Wbi ii Hu I- thlUfCS ari eons:.Ii r -iou li, llintin. il I.-.,kihi fut tile put i . i tl tl lin it, aud ia Ibe i ubtu press, bv Mr. 1 411 lilt- M il ipi rt ot I...1,- di.W. <. ? ' ? America will food to thc Nilli of !. feel Lord Lansdowne'* t.tialits. hut 1_M I i u :-, ni, mad (Me Ul the most Willi Iud ol Ulall? ie au.se tba took a Benaywo.ll of rotten a i w nh w lue li to cook tins Am. tu au i.. .1! J wi I. . . ni.