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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 14, 1881, Image 4

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"Staneemente ?n? ?ftleriinge (io-night.
ACaDKMT or Music?" Le S->ranenil?al?."
Booth's Theatre??? Msry etnart."
nAVKBLT's n mur? OABDBN-" lilftek Crook.'?
Uivkhly's Fittu Avks?b G??a4??e?"Koreei-Me-Not."
>Iavb?i.t'?14th STitEET lweATKF?M??todOB Minstrels.
Madisos pQttAHE Thratbk-" Haiel Klrse."
Pabk Th??tre?" Freih. the American."
pan Kranciw'?i Minstrels.
Wtardarii Theatre?" Blliee Taylor."
Union Socabk Tukatrr?" Fe tola."
Vi'ALLAC-bVH ????????"The RlVulS."
BtrunELL'? MrsEmi?rat Bbow.
?Chickerino Hai.L?? 11?Lecture.
Jn?ex lo ?Hooertistmcnts.
??????e???t??3?! Page? Oth column.
L?NNOfNCEMENTS?8iA Pane?5th Column
JlASKiNO 11????? ano Bankkrs-7(a !'??'?5th colllBlD.
Board and Uooms?3d Page?5th column.
?BraiNKH? ?hanck*?7IA Page ~6ttt column
JjfsiNKf? Noticks?4M Pape?lut column.
?Oobpobatioh Notices- Oth I'aoe-Gib column.
Trancino Acad?mie??6fA Page?3d celuniu.
Psarrnrrnr?IM Page-eoi column.
liivinisii Notices?7M Petat?5tb column.
X)RE?? Marino?3d Pagr?GUi column.
?European advertiskmenis-(!IA Page?Gtu column.
JiNANCtAL?1th Page?Ha and 5th column?.
??G???t? he-3d Page?5th column.
Hv.lt Wanted? 7th Paar?(MS colaann.
IIorse?. Cakriaors. Ac?7th Page?aia column.
???t??p?t????(?/? Page? 2d column.
Legal Notices???? Page?6'h column.
?Unr.i.r?. and .-late Mantles?iith Page?Cth column.
MakriaGEH AND HEATHS?5<A I'lttjr?Ulli co.num.
-Misino?CM Page?G'ii column
miscellaneous-8M Page?5th and Cth columns.
Mt fit ai iNSTKUiif.NTs?3d Paoi- Ctli comuni
Urw Publications?CM Page?Ift and 2tl columns.
Ocean steamers?CM l"?<>e-3'l column.
Proposals?CM Page?5th column.
Real Estate?3d Page?3d, 4th. 5th and 6th cslumn*.
Bituation? Wanted? Males?7/? Pagf?Cth column;
FEMALES-7M Page?5th und Oth columus.
?Special Notices--5.a Page? Cih column.
'eTBAMROAis and Kailroads?CM Page?3d and 4th
Heachers?6M Page?3d column.
rrj?inc5B nonces
"Aldeiwey Brand"
But always_Condensed Milk.
Ozoxp. destroys sewer tras and malaria. S?-nd
lor liamiiMet._11 e?t???ap? Co.. ?14 Charcli-it.
The Best Olive or Salad Oil
Ji lmjiorteii and bottled ?>t Cakwkli, Hazahd * Co., dmt?.
pit?. Kiftli Avcntn? Hetel Bull ill ? c. and 6th-ave., corner 39th?
St; riso No. iaj I'bauttM-at.. Newport, K. L
ff ett-^wk flmla Qxiimu.
MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1881.
Forbion.?Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, was
Assassinated yesterday afternoon as be was return?
ing from a parade; two bombs were thrown
nt him, the second causiti", injuries from which
he died at the Winter Palace. - Arch?
bishop MeCabe, of Dublin, refers to tho land
troubles in his Lenten pastoral. , The iict'o
tiations at Constantinople aro advancing. " :
The African Steamship Company's ?teatner lientn
foundered Saturday after a collision with another
steamer oft Start l'oint, Kntrlaod. . : Dr. Carrer
leads in the shooting match in England.
DOMESTIC.?On receipt of the news of the
assassination of the Czar, Secretary Blame
teletrraphcil to St. Petersburg the sym?
pathies of the Government.- The repub?
lican Scua'onal caucus yesterday arranged the
membership of the Senate Committees. .- "? One
man was killed and another was probably fatally
injured by a railway accident at South Pittsburg,
Ft-nn.. yesterday. - A tire at Hyde Park, Maes.,
destroyed property valued at 5*73,000. :?t?t ??? in?
teresting session of the Baltimore Annual Confer?
ence wa? held at Hnrrisonbnrg, Vi.
City and Scbchisan.? I he Bey. R. Heber Newton
preached yesterday on Tbocssa Carlyle.-John
H. Prentice, Park Commissioner in Brook lj n, died,
r ? A young law student committed suicide in
Prospect Park. ? - The Street Cleaning Bureau
gave atteutiou to a large number of street?.
Tns WsATUKB.?TninONB local observations in?
dicate cloudy and piirlly cloudy weather, with
chances of li^ht rains in tho early part of the day,
followed by clearing weather and lower tem\>erature.
Thermometer yesterday : Hntlicst, 39? -, lowest,
03? ; average 3C?.
The lit-v. ?. Hoher Newton preached yes?
terday upon Thomas Carlyle.
The collection of exotics made in the Horti?
cultural Hall, Faii-mount Park, Philadelphia,
is one of remarkable extent and beauty. A
corre spandali describes som?; of its rarest und
most interesting speenneus in a letter on
another pus?
A correspondent who has just visited the
blooily ground of Pittsburg Landing sketches
elsewhere the battlefield as it is to-day, with
Some mournful relic? of the fight and many
memories of it existing among the sunound-.
tog population.
An Oneida Indian, who is an ordair.cd cler?
gyman, preached in this city yesterday, and in
i the course of his eermou quaintly rebuked the
f sin of profanity. He said be was thankful
that " the Creator did not give the Indian
*' enough language to allow linn to be profane
" without first learning English."
It is a curious fact that the United States
and ?ussia, two widely separated nations ani?
mated by a peculiar friendliness for each
other, have now exchanged words of sympa?
thy, within a little more than fifteen years,
tipon the cold-blooded assassination of their
chief rulers.
Any movement which lessens the dangers of
summer travel, especially upon the over?
crowded and often decrepit excursion eteamers
in our harbor, is a public benefit. The com?
pany which has already launched one iron
steamboat for the excursion traffic has six
other boats of similar construction under way.
These will make a welcome addition to tho
Bummer fleet. It is pleasant also to know
that it is believed a tendency has set in of
building boats of this character of iron, so
that in a few years the patched and painted
bulks that now endanger life at such reason?
able rates may be driven from the water alto?
Would it be too much to ask a whole Con?
gress to blush 1 For some of the members it
would be a physical impossibility, and so the j
right men would be apt not to blush. And some |
of them?though the number is sadly small by
contrast?-have done their duty, and ought not
to be called upon to be ashamed of things
they have not done. But the Congressmen who
have done their best to secure proper accom?
modation for the great Library at Washington
are so few that in a general Congiessional hu?
miliation they will not be missed. We want
the XLVIth Congress to read the account our
correspondent gives of the condition of the
Library, and then blush in a body.
We print to-day the second of tho remark?
able series of Confoderate letters, the first of
fcliich attracted so much attention. The
, promise wo then made, that the Beri?;s would
grow in interest, is fulfilled in the letter given
to-day. It was written by Mr. Clay to Mr.
Benjamin after the peace negotiations with
Mr. Grecley. and reveals the hopes and
fears of the Confederates respecting the
Issue of the Presidential campaign of 1864.
It -will give such well-meaning men as joined
in supporting General MeClellan for President
a strange sensation to see how the Confeder?
ate plotters, while professing to sue for
peace, were busy speculating on the possibility
that McClellan's election would mean to them
ail they could hope to make by the overthrow
of the Union armies. Of the rafea in the
MeClellan movement who did not mean well
by their country, tho less said the better.
The plotters had it all arranged. " ?McC.
" will he under the control of the true peace
"men. Horatio or T. H. Seymour is to be the
"Secretary of State, Valland'tgliam ISccrc
" lary of War. (!) McC. is privately pledged
" to make peace even at the expense of sepa?
" ration, etc., etc." Few men misunderstood
the real nature of the campaign of 1864.
Every man not blinded by party prejudices
knew that Southern Democratic bullets and
Northern Democratic ballots were aimed at
the sanie mark. Bul the.se letter.?? confess it
all in black and white, and will remain an im?
perishable record.
Nihilism dies hard. It has baffled the ener?
gies and defied the terror? of an irresponsible
police. It has borne the weight of a highly
orgauized military system, aud resisted the
pressure of the most absolute monarchy :n
Christendom. Mechanical force has not
stamped it out of existence; chemical
agencies have not destroyed it. afeli?
koff, with his bribes and concessions,
his diplomatic tact and ptomiaea ol
reform, his finesse, audacity and sagacity,
has failed precisely ns the secret police and
the military staff failed before him. Only a
few months ago he was boasting that the
whole series of assassinations had been planned
by a comparatively small number of con?
spirators, every one of whom had I teen hunted
down and pounded out of life ; and
only last week he was congratulating
his Imperial master upon the complete restent?
tion ot public order. Suddenly a derisive
shout is heard from the outer darkness.
Nihilism has breath enough left in its vile
body to hiss defiance in his lace. The Cz.tr is
assassinated in broad dayligbt.
Not with the aid of those diabolical tools,
dynamite aud electricity. Not by a secret
mine exploded as the Imperial train was trun?
dling into Moscow, nor by an awful catas?
trophe in the dining-room of the Winter Pal?
ace. The last device of Nihilism is the
clumsy trick which Orsini introduced in 1858
whan three shells were tossed like nosegays
under the Third Napoleon's carriage, and the
baffled conspirators were immediately arrested.
It failed then, but it serves the purpose now
after the most intricate aad costly mecbanism
which the ingenuity of assassins has ever de?
signed has been tried in vaiu. The wretched
inmate of the Winter Palace is shot down like
a cur in the streets of bis own capital after
receiving the acclamations of bis army
and the populace. Yet even so death romes
almost like a release. A Bonus historian has
drawn a graphic picture of an Emperor who
dreaded assassination with every breath,
even in the seclusion of his own pal?
ace anil during the silence of the
night. The crowned coward is described
as ranging nervously through his palace,
" sometimes throwing himself on a couch,
"sometimes wandering along the vast corri?
" dors, watching fot the earliest dawn and anx
" iously invoking its appearance." So, too. the
misanthropic Alexander II. has passed bis days
m gloomy suspicions and his nights in sleep?
lessnes? On his dressing bureau when be
awoke he would sometimes Und a circular
from the Revolutionary Committee, and when
the Governor of the Palace came
for an audience he would be (old
that Ins most faithful servants hail been
sketching plani of the palace and keeping
diaries of his daily habits ami routine. Wbal
refURC could be bud when his foes could
creep into his own bedroom and undermine
his private dining hall ?
Yet this was not the Caligula of Suetonius,
Alexander It ha? been a thoroughly progres?
sive inoliateli. Ko sovereign in modini <>r
ancient times ever ventured to undertake
so much reform work for In? subjects.
Twice ?luring the reign which has now
Itemi brought to so disastrous a close
has he placed himself at the heul of a na?
tional movement and directed it with amastei
hand. The reform agitation which be had to
face upon his accession to the throne
was little short of political frenzy.
The nation had been humiliated in the
Crimea ; its military system, which bad been
looked upon as invincible, had broken down;
and the popular demand was that every de?
partment of internal administration should be
reformad from the bottom. The monarch be?
came tho sturdiest Liberal in bis own
realm. He not only introduced sweeping
changes in the administration and the judiciary,
but he planned and executed a social ami
agrarian revolution. He emancipated the
eerls, invested them with the rights of com?
muual citizenship, and enabled them with
State aid to become peasant proprietors.
Twenty years attor, when his enthusiasm for
social and political reform had been chilled,
he allowed himself to be swayed a second
time by a national impulse and gave direc?
tion to the great Pan-Slavist movement by
which the rights of the Southern Slavs wen;
vindicated on the Balkan Peninsula.
Alexander the Liberator it is who has
bean foully murdered in his own capital.
It is the sovereign who shared twenty-live
years ago that abhorrence of militarism
and that yearning for internal development
which found expression in the rising litera?
ture of the nation and in the debates
of the university students. It is the Czar
who, after giving liberty and land to millions of
serfs, restored the territory and prestige which
had been lost in the Crimea, and extended
his frontiers in Armenia and Central Asia. Why
have the closing years of such a reign ended in
gloom and despair t Why has there been an
outburst of reactionary zeal ? Why has the
son of the haughty Nicholas intrusted his
supreme authority to an Armenian adven?
turer t Mainly because he attempted to do in
twenty-five years tue work of a hundred. Un?
happy monarch! Americans have no cause, to
revile him, for he was n good friend to
them in an hour of need, lie did not break
up his father's infamous system of police sur?
veillance and arbitrary arrests, but lie did
enough?more than enough?to entitle him to
the respect and compassion of the world. As
lor the crime itself and the nefarious plots
which have preceded it, there can be only one
feeling here and in Europe?uttir abhoironco
and detestation.
There are some things concerning tho
foreign missions which the new Administration
will no doubt bear iu mind iu making up its
list ot appointments. One of tho most im?
portant posts, during the next few years at
least, is going to be that at the City of
Mexico. American enterprise, industry and
capital are invading the Mexican Kcpublic on
all sides. We need as our representative
there a man of exceptional sagacity, tact,
force of character and knowledge of the in?
dustrial and commercial interests of the United
States, to cultivate and strengthen the friendly
relations between the two countries, and ad?
vance all legitimate and honorable project? for
the mnttial advantage of both. Our Minister
to Mexico, if he he the right man for
the place, can be of much more service to
us during the next four years than eil her of
our Plenipotentiaries at the Courts of Europe.
The Central American Mission is important
in a similar way, though in a less degree. We
ought also to be notably well represented in
South America, particularly in the vast Empire
of Brazil, which is continually manifesting a
desire for closer commercial lies with us, and
in the active, progressive ami victorious lie
public of Chili, which now leails all the coun?
tries on the. West Coast. Our influence in the
live nations which front upon the South
Pacific is not nearly as great as it might be.
Lately, when Peru determined to seek inter?
vention to obtain a peace with Chili, she
invited four European powers to an arbitra?
tion, but inailo no overture to the United
Si ite.?a diplomatic slight which would hardly
have been put upon us if we had been prop?
erly represented at Lima ?luring the eventful
war period not yet fully closed.
Our growing commerce with China end
Japan requires skilful diplomatic as well as
consular oversight. The same thing is true
of several European countries where a dispo?
sition is shown to CUt oil' important branches
of our export trade under the plea that in
some instances they include diseased meat or
fraudulent articles like oleomargarine butter.
Our Ministers should everywhere be ranable
of looking sharply after our general Interests?
We are a Internes? people, and our represen?
talives abroad should be capable of tiding
Something more useful to earn their salari* s
than bowing gracefully at a Court reception
or mnking pretty after-dinner speeches.
We take it for granted that the Administra?
tittn will insist on regarding the whole field oil
the Diplomatic service as free and open for new
appointments wherever such appointments
seem desirable, and will not consent to be
embarrassed by the claims of men to be con?
sidered as a permanent legacy of formet ad?
ministrations. Of course there are men in
place who might wisely be kept then?, because
tiny can manifestly serve the country better
tin,n sny n? w appoint?es would be likely to
do; but no one can reasonably Feel aggrieved
it he is not retained, The traditions
of the Government are perfectly clear on this
point. Ministers reprt sen! the views and pol?
icy of Ihe Administration which appoints them.
A new President and Secretaryof Stute have a
right tt> have their views end policy concerning
our foreign relations carried out by nun of
their own choice. It is au unwritten law ?>i
the State Department that all Ministers simuli]
tender their resignations to a new Adminis?
Another thing suggest*- itscll in connec?
tion ?itli this subject. In jn?ticc to our?
selves we need something more thin a
consular representative iu Canada. With
the sanction of Guai l?rit.tin, the
Canadians have ??( up im- llictiiseh
full-fledged confederacy, will a central ? ?
eminent, an executive bead, ? military force
and all the essentials ni nation) 1 uU'?Ui??my,
excepl responsibility for their net? to other
countries and ihe treaty-making p??wt r They
make laws prejudicial to us and worry ???
aliout their fisheries? bul when w< ? ut to talk
with them abitui our mutual romeni*, tiny
refer us to a Mnu-t'-r in Lo idoli who I,
nexl to nothing sima! Iheii all'ai is. We could,
perhaps, justly in?ist on liavii ,' ?! eel diplo?
matic relations with the 1? m ? : m to mu ??
an extent as would cover all inalisi- concern?
ing which Canada i? five to nel inde rndeiitly,
such as postal, tariff snd fi?liery am
Can it be thai Mr. Tilden In? noi yd been
aldi- tu limi words adequate to i-Xpi ' ? li?
mitation aud esteem for Uem-ial Italico.:? .'
Mis ail? elicili fui ? lu man who took 11
the ticket last .Mar which he had fnmlly hop il
to fill mu?t be little hIiui of ?????????1????. Hence
Ii?h absence from the Manhattan ' bib tinnier i
Saturday nighl und the absence <?? iiij
from bun in explanation canne I much talk,
He may have tliouirbl thai ibe pre en?-e ? ?
more than two unsuccessful candidate? G?? In
Presidency would bave casi ton much glu > ,? \
???-? tin? /.'atin ring. In the ???????? laiigiingi ol |
the mining ramp, "it was imi ln> lunerul
anyhow," ami he ?lid nut propose tu
liitiiish an < xtta corpse.
li i- much to lie Feared thai if he had ?it at
the ft-tal biiaid the remaiks of Cenciai
MeClellan would noi hive inumi a r sponsive
echo in his breast. There was a llippam-y
about them which would noi h ve be n w? I
come to the statesman who could never - <?
anything to smile over iu the shattering of
his hopes. When the "Little ?\I.?c '' of 1^'il
glanced jocosely over the names <>l his suc?
cessors in failure snd ventured to ?peak ol
the "Uncle Sammy" of 1876 as his grand?
son in the line of the defeated, the Qramercy
Pink sage would havt fell that the force of
irreverence could no further go. The Man?
hattan Club must indeed bave degenerated
when such grave subjects can bo hi,
spoken of with an approving chorus of
laughter. From Mr. Tilden'? point, nf vint,
the Democrat who could jest about the
mournful all'air of I87t? would be indeed
?matheuia inanimitila. Such a man might be
expected to t?o lar worse than mention the equa?
tor with disrespect; be might even refer to the
principles of Thomas Jefferson and the mem?
ory of Silas Wright without bowing the beati.
Mr. Tilden mn?t, indeed, think that he has
fallen Upon evil days, anil that in such a How?
ard generation a Presidential nomination in
18*34 is not a thing to be desired.
Those who were interested in the little flurry
in the. law of trademark-, caused by Congress
enacting and the Supieme Court annulling a
National law tor registration, will remember
that one question was left open, viz.: that of
the power and duty ot Congress to protect
trademarks of foreigners in Compliance with
??ur existing treaties. The Uniteti Slates ban
treaties with several foreign nations, involv?
ing, more or less ?listinctly, protection of for
tigu trademarks, yet aoy law for the enforce?
ment of such obligations has been wanting.
Tho want has now been supplied by an act
(approved March ?) "for tho protection and
registration of trademniks," which, in order
to avoid constitutional objections, is limited
to trademarks used in commerce with foreign
nations, or the Indian tribes. Owners of such
marks who are domiciled iu the United States,
ol m any foreigu country according
similar privileges to United States citizens,
may register their marks in the Patent Office J
paying a feo of $25. An applicant for regis?
tration must tranumit a, statement specifying
his name, domicile, 'ocation and citizenship,
aud the kind ot good? to which the mark has
been appropriated ; with a tlescription and fac?
simile of the mark itself. But a mark canuot bo
registered if it is identical wi'ii or closely resem?
bles u trademark already registered or previ?
ously in lawful use ; and the Commissioner of
Patents bas a certain power of deciding dis?
putes between competing claimtmie of two
ein?:Iar marks. He is also directed to give
certificates of the registry of the varioue
marks, which will reniiiiu in force for thirty
years (.mut may be renewed afterward), except
when the laws of the foreign rountry in com?
mi ice with which a mark is to lie used limit
it. lo a shorter time. Imitation of these regta
tercd trademarks in foreign commerce 19 a
ground of action, either lor damages or for an
injunction, in the Coarta of the United State*,
irrespective of citizenship of parties or amount
in controversy. Likewise the citizens or res?
ilient* of this country? wishing tho protection
of trademarks in a foreign couutry whose
laws rciiuire registration hero as a condition
of gaining protection there, are enabled to
noisier their trademarks in the Patent Offlco
for such purpose, and to receive certificates.
The Act has been printed by tho Patent
Ollice for distribution, but is accompanied by
a ? uitionarv note that, until time has been
taken tor preparing regulations and forms ap
propriate tor administering the law, no action
can be taken by the otlic? on applications, nor
can information be given to correspondents ;
Lut persona interested are advised to wait,
before I'm warding papers, until rules can be
After all the Anxiety which was manufac?
tured hist week, the money market closed
easy and well supplied, in tho face of the de?
cision adverse ti? the request of tlie banks.
That Ihe prevalent anxiety was hugely manu?
factured, and the temporary fits of stringency
due to manipulation, may he inferred from
the fact that money lias been freely Supplied
throughout l he past week at 0 per cent or less
mi commercial paperi and ut borio time dur
inir each day much below G per cent on call
loans. Since the purchase of bonds on
Wednesday, there lias been no excuse for ap
prehending that the market would become
stringent excepting as tho result ot ma*
nipulation by speculators, and the strong?
est parties in the Street aro under?
stood to be ?tiravi d against any effort
in that, direction. Hence, when it became
known that the Treasury would pay the mar?
ket price for bonds, and had the means avail?
able fort?n? pnrchaaoof $20,000,000 or more,
the decision in respect to tin? banks ceased to
be of any immediate importance, and its effect
on Saturday was quite Imperceptible. The
batiks, too, are in a uni'h stronger position
than their report of averages indicates. This
report, il in olhrr ifspeel ; trustworthy, can only
show then condition about tin? middle of the.
week;but on Wednesday, tin Oth, the Treas?
ury hud taken l'ou? the bunks >T,711.llJ.
winch it did not loht ou Wcduesday, the 2d,
and y? f their retimi ?hows an merca o of
#1.IT,300 iti cash reserve, The Treasury re
i-i'ivcd on Thursday $.1,500,001) frota tito
,. ! j. : ?i'iitl out between Wi duesduj
und Saturday ?1,413,200 more than tsentire
receipts fioiii all bou nos. Hence nearly
>:..iiiiii,ii.H) went into the banks during the
latin purl ot the u.i I; with little chYel upon
tlieii? M.itt'inm. They depositili diirtlll! the
wick ci.ilin.,? Friday ?2,000,000 in gold in
\ ni? ? nt the l?uuk of America, und
I . for $."00.000 ?a irold, which was t,?
1 i.v the ? ij ' hli t on V. ? tin? ??lay,
were no! given until ^alunlay, ? iiher thi?
II u! im. tin $] ,o:J0,000 1 mpoi li o ?peci?
, in : : ? ii ou Fi iduy It d uny ? H'cct upon
t!.i Sl .h III
? u ? ..r -p eie lad wi k were
'..' ? 070, in il u '-' the ??? ''? MM?..:!?- ul >'.????
Yurl?' thus far ~ -..:.. ? ? ?< ?< ? m?'h ? January I,
-1 ',71:: to J ite In ' year. During
ili v..? :. iiii!m,?: M indi 'i, i - ' 1.810 iti
griM was exported, bul the totul expsi
... .I t!iis j'iMt Urns far have been $110,210,
:i! of $2."i ! ,000 -?? ? ii" l.t-t ?ni,
. .? ???.'? IVlT.
in ; ..'d 1 novi en ? he .:. and
I .m.??? wi hi ? p week from t
.u. iits ini 1 me prol
. li ..s. ,? ni ?. curii ii'
liiiide ?? ceiitly have noi ve been ' ul!y paid
l 1. ami ? ? in ports m this ?.,p
? mie to : 'i I? low um! the t ???? In
? ? ???.? ? : .i
'..-: ?? u. In Mi ??' , I - ?0, the ? \ , -
ul n export? 0.1 r imp ?ri -, ut
idi |M.it? of the I'nited Siali ?,
L'lii?' ye.il, the unpn ? Sew?
i'oik lust t v.. v.? ? k ; lia , c been
I , , . 7 ? Itt ?}?'J :.".' i \ '.'?'?.! lor I tie
IVi'ikt lui?! year, .1 (It?: ;. ,? ul
S ?,?? 1 '.?.'J"' s, While lite lucie.tv?, p? n
pui tu dui.'..: Ili** li. -' week <>1 the 111
was $ I 1 I ?"?,?! '?? i hese fai : 1 in.li. a.e
that ih?? 11.ol. balance m favor ol this coun?
try will !"? more Ihuu $11,000,000, ut the
le ini. ? in r?t??ol exchange and tbc accuir.ula
liuli ?! ???'1 ? Mie principal foreign banks
lavfi continued imports ul specie. The Hunk
ol baiigluml in ???????? its rem-rve $2.015,000
Lust week, aud now holds $110,555,000; tho
I',,ink of Franco iucreus?*d its (fold res.?;.?,?
$5U5,0OO, sud now holds $111,082,000 in
gold ; and the Bank of Germany Ics) only
$80,000 ia specie, and now holds
$1^0,005,000. The latter bank has gained
$10,080,000 since January 8, and it may
be presumed that tue gaiu has beoo mainlj in
The outflow of money for April settlements
it therefore the only remaining cause of
probable depletion of reserves in this market?
From March 13, lHSO, to April 3, the banks lost
$4,258.000 in gold, and $804,900 in cur?
rency? loto the channels of circulation through?
out the country have been pound, during the
past year, not Iosa thaa $50,000,000 gold,
$7,000,000 silver, und $52,400,000 paper
currency i iu till nearly $103,000,000. It
does not seem probable, therefore, that the
demand to supply any temporary want In the,
Interior will be as great as it was one year
n^o. ibil, to provide against a possible outgo
Ol $5.000,000, the hanks have ? 1,000,00(1 in
gold from abroad already here, aud to be paid
nut bv the Aaaeaj Office to-day or to-morrow,
$2,000,000 more on the way, to be received
within ii week, and the assnmnce that the
Treasury will take $5,000,000 or $10,000,000
more of bonds whenever occasion any arise.
Business dining the past week was active,
with ?1 fair movement iu cotton goods, a
rallier sluggish trade in woollens, a specula?
tive advance in provisions, improved trade in
iron, wool, copper, naval stores, rice and sugai,
u stronger market for corn, some decline and
activo dealing! In flour and wheat, dull,ess in
petroleum, and an active trade with declining
prices in cotton. The price ol middling up?
lands fell from Libero 1<>'?"?, cents per pound,
with sales of 3,144 bales for export and 2,346
for consumption ; the sales for future dolivery
wen ?,????,???? bales, and the decline for May
from 11.28 ?? 10.70 cents. Wheat declined
sharply during the Brat half of the week, but
recovered iu part and closed iu good demand.
Petroleum declined to SU1'.? for crude certifi?
cates, but wus a little stronger on Friday.
Tho volume of busiuess in tho aggre?
gate was smaller than during tho previ?
ous week, for the exchanges amounted
to only $1,020,007,900, a decrease of over
$220,000,000. but moro thau hul? of the do
crease wan due to the comparative inactivity
of the stock market. Railroad earnings were
not largo during the first week of March in
the Northwestern States, where traffic has been
seriously interrupted by storms, but in Col?
orado, Texas, Missouri, and the other Southern
States show an increase in comparison with
last year. Tho earnings of forty roads for
February, as reported by The Chronicle, show
an iucreaso of only 4?2 per cent in comparison
with 1880, but, ?ledueting the reports of the
Chicago and Northwestern and tho Milwaukee
and St. Paul Roads, the remaining roails show
an increaso of nearly 7 per cent. Wherever
it is not temporarily interrupted, the volume
of busiucss is evidently larger than ever be?
fore at this season.
Anew road is to be bnilt tliis season between Phil?
adelphia and Baltimore, as a result of the success of
the Pennsylvania Company in it? sharp struggle
with the Baltimore and Ohio for tho possession of the
existing lino. If the. contes* had ended differently
the result would have been practically the same.
Each of the two rival corupauiea is determined to
control a through lino between New-York and Wash?
ington. Bo long as tho Philadelphia, Wilmington
and Baltimore Bond was an independent conct-ru, re?
ceiving on equal terms at its termini tho busi'iess
of both the Pennsylvania and the Baltimore and
Ohio, the construction of a second bue was not im?
portant : but this state of thitiits could not last for?
ever. Either Mr. Oarrett or Mr. Roberts was
sure at some time or other to succeed
in tho effort both were making to get
possession of that highly valuable piece of property
and ?hut his competitor out from its use. Mr. Rob?
erts wins the game ami Mr. Garrctt builds the new
road. If the Baltimore President had won. the
Philadelphia President would no doubt have had
his surve\ors slaking out a lino within a
month. The public will unquestionably gain by
the doso of the centroTsrsy. It will bo better
nerved by two lines than by one, and will probably
have tho benefit of lower fans ami freight ratea.
G? the course of the lively discusdon which took
place iu the Police Board tho other day Commis?
sioner Nichols plaintively remarked that " the public
known nothing about the difficulties of street clean?
ing, consequently It continui s to criticise the de?
partment. " A fairer statement of the case would
be that the public knows Very litt I*- about tho diffi?
culties "f cleaning the streets snd satisfying at (be
samt time the politician?* who ia-ustoii limreriiig the
Bppropi ialions mud?? for ti e purpose. The public Is
of course vory ignorant, ft imsgines that the way
to clean tbestrerto is to shovel up the dirt snd cat?
it away. The operation looks nimple enough. It
knows thai London, Perm and other great cities are
kept clean without any great fu-s or expense. It
neos that while the dirt accumulate? month after
mouth In ali our street* except s lew favored tbor?
oitL'iif.-ir, ?, the money appropriated (?> remore it goes
mit of ihe city treasury ami iiltosomsbody'i pocket?
with promptness and regularity, If then' is any
nbtdaele t?i establishing a connection between this
money and ,?? ? ompetont force of laborers and carts,
the public, which ia fasi getting out of patience,
-v..? ti1.1 like to have the Commissioner? point it mit,
instead of talking in ? vague and general way Shout
the " difficulties ol jtreel cleaning?"
A gentleman recently connected with tho Emi?
grat ion Commission of the Canadas, tells s itory
about lb tinti, k which we do not rememlier to have
????:?? anywhere in print. The Uertnan Chancellor
? .i? f o- .?? long lime been trying to cheek the lm.iv ?
unan-rttiiit nf ih? subjects nt the Empire to
America, and reftortcd to s curions means tostop
? u t,i tin- 1? mini m. 11?? found that certain laws
ada prohibited mu-dc and the sale of Ii
Mind ii ; and kuowing the Teutonic disposition
to moke Sunday a holiday, ??: marck caused an?
traci* of tin ? law ? tobe scattered broadcast over
? ? ? :'.? -.is tlir.t. uu .rants turned
t in id (bo mon liberal State? of our North west.
The ? ? h.?! u ?? ?a .p -,. im? in In ve began business
* ith ?? ? ""? ?tuck nt common ?.??? -? on ?ialiti.
Jones, nf ? law are, who Intro?! ced tho fraud
itioii into tin Legislature oi that State, < Ughi
??Ii. ? ib' ? I the I/mi Coni :
? ? hi ling Uii light mil r th. I) Ian ite peek ?? -
Ii ?'.
1.? ' ' Id h :? been ronsbl re 1 a
foi ? ? ?.r it, bui h i? ?u danger
tig thai ?listttictioti ? ! .??! he adopts the (wad?
il!?? "i ur thai hin party
- ? ? ?? ? ..? laut G? -?
tient ial ?-lection, lie knows, if ho bas ? xaiumcd ilio
print?'?! in his party's ?? ans, that .- plurality
r lian.-orli ? ng bint ? :
voles e : it for both Ine 1?? ni eral ic el ctora
ti kels iu Vii'itintn, and leaving mit ot tin
calcul !".' lOll l'epubbi au l ? - ?.ii.-.i
t.. ?i l ili irtiiral tiel et m I
ana. finch an altetupt to ileccivo i* despicable and
ivniild be loietatctl in i?.> i>..? : ? bul one no devoid
laud j ico an the 111 tuoi rat'i part> ??.
A ? ?'?> David I' it is ia mi un?
The propped of Mr. Sessinghans, of the I lid Mis?
souri Con ?p??-ioiial District, getting the seat la
tbourbt to beeood. Elis opponent, who holds the
Certificate, wits so lii_'hteii?-i at the :-.;en-.??.?tiici? of
bobbers al the Capitol on It angtiratiuu Day ttmt u
would bo cruel to subject his immaturity to another
test. _
Tho ltepublicans sre feeling pretty well satisfied
with the political ?dilation. Perhaps it would be a
g.1 unie for Form j to ti ? and get back into ihe
If the Indiann Democrats had had as much fore?
sight ss Hit y hive hindsight, they wouldn't bove to
vole s second tune ou those constitutional amend?
ments changing the time ol the State election.
The little girl who gratified her appetite for ripe
currant.? ngslnst her parents' instructions, tried to
excuse her (liM)lieilieiice by claiming that she. bail
been tempted to do it. but when told that sue
?ho.lid not have yielded lo the tempter, but have
ssidi "Got thee behind me, Sat an,'' she persiited
that she dui ?a? ??, and that be got behind her and
pushed ber righi luto the bashes, Something seems
to be Slway? bebltl I th? Democracy pashing it upon
the forbidden ground of vicious and unconstitu?
tional legislation. The country hud many illustra?
timi? nf this iu the late Congres?. Bui the propensity
seema to be just as exeat on t he smaller field of stato
legislation, Tho constitution of Nevada Bay?? Ar?
ticle I\ . Section i.'4: "Mo lottery shall be Suther?
land by tbia suto, unr shall the salo of lottery tickets
be allowed." In violation of tbia piani piuviimii of
the ?igante law of the tUste, the present Legis?
latur.-, m huh hspp us m be overwhelming.*. ? ino
craiic, has |.a?sed a tue i?urn Setablishing u lottery
scheute under the specious title of a bill to nul the
benevolent associations of the state. And yet tins
is the party that ia always talking almut us devo?
tion to ? he Constitution, ami calling up the names
of Jefferson and Jackson tu aid it in boodwiuktng
credulous people. Put what in the use ot exposing
its incunsiateueiesl ??
If Fraud Resolution Jones, of Delaware, will
come to New-Yoik he will doubt'.-ss be m ven the
Opportunity to exhibit biniseli ut ihe cal show.
While Indiana is voting to-day on those constitu?
tional amendments which ?.t Democratic pais-r?
declared void,in order to help the port] , the country
will call to mind the blank look that overspread tbe
face of the Democracy when it ??? no Irom the
sidewalk i\iih it puce of chalk iu Its hand the
morning af lor last October's election.
The ancient Egyptian? bad a cheerful habit of
displaying a skeleton at their tesata to chasten the
hilarity of th. occasion. Perhaps Mr. Tilden had a
suspicion that he was invited ?o the Manhattan C "lut?
dlunor to General Hancock with a sballar end In
view. Evidently be has no rehsh for the role.
The Iteirentsof the University of Michigan bave
extended President Angoli'? lu ivo of absence until
February 12, 188&
Ex-Qovernor U. C. Wtishbtirn. of Wisconsin, has
?nflicisatly recovered lrom his nevero ill I0M to
undertake a journey to the Arkansas Hol Springs,
whole be will leinuiu lor ctevi-ral weeks.
Px-Seuator Simon d-movou hau atiaudoncd bis
projected journey through the Mississippi 8t?tev
snd on bis arrival at Cedsr Keys from Harana took:
piissaite in a freight oar in order to make connec?
tions and accelerate his jcnrney homeward.
It is said that Prince William went iu person to
invite Prince Bismarck to attend the marriage cere?
mony at the church. The latter vu ssen at court?
only for an hour during the entire festivities. Prince
William and his bride will make a short visit to
Italy after passing three weeks in England.
Victor Hugo received his friends as usual on th?,
Sunday evening of tbe memorable demonstration in
honor of bis birthday. He talked with delight of
the youth of the State schools who had filed before
bis house, and of the children who had blown kisses
to liim. Hi* htrgt? greenhouse was made the treas?
ury of the wreaths and bouquets sent to him, and
was filled to overflowing. Cards, letters and tele?
graphic messages poured iu upon him literally by
the basketlul.
Objection was raised by The Pall Mall Otuette to
tbe erection of Mr. Boehm's statue of Carlyle in
Cheyne Row, on the ground that tbe sage had con?
demned ali monuments in the "Latter-Day Pam*
pldcts." A correspondent of that journal maintains
that Carlyle meant to condemn only bad works of
art, or good onej in memory of undeserving heroes,
and cites in proof that be supported the movements
lor memori.ils to Wallace, Bruco and Knox. " Also,
Mr. Carlyle ?at for this particular statilo five years
UK??, knowing of course that it was intended to he
reproduced in bronze or marble; and be expressed
biniseli greatly pleased with Mr. Boehm's work."
If Mr. John Burroughs should be the tacuu ot
naturalizing the English skylark in this country,
the gratitude of his fellow-countrymen would be
almost as great as if he were to undertake
to exorcise that pestiferous immigrant, the*Engiish
sparrow, and should succeed in doing so. In but
" Notes of a Walker,'' in Scrihuer, he expressed s
wish, not long ago, that several pairs of skylarks
might be liberated somewhere in the Hudson Valley.
Acting upon this eugitcstiou, one of bis readers iu
Cornwall, England,:?lr. Charles R. Rowe, wrote on
February 21 that be was endeavoring to secure
twenty-five pairs of larks, and hoped to do ao before
ilio " Wild birds' Preservation Act" came into forco.
If he succeeded in procuring tne birds lie iutcnded
to ?>hip hy either the steamship Cornwall, sailing
March 5, or the Bristol, on March 12.
A correspondent of The Syracuse Journal who
visited the poet Longfellow recently at his home in
Cambridge writes : " I had supposed that I was
famiUar with tbe poet's features, having soon the
photograph recently taken ol him on bis seventy
fourth birthday, but as he enterod ' Lady Washing?
ton's room'?as the parlor is called?it became evi?
dent to me that his pictures have never done him
justice. The room whore most of Mr. Longfellow's
lineine have been written, and whore many of hi?a)
souvenirs are gathered from abroad and distant
parts Of this country', is large and square, and baa
several Windows In it. There are carved b(?ok-cases
(one of which is tilled with his own works), portraits
of his literary friends in their youth, and* i wo of
himself?one taken at the age of twenty, the other
re( sntly some venerable cabinets, pleuty of easy
chairs, eta In one corner, between two windows,
each having a wide and varied prospect, is his Witt?
ing-deuk, heaped with papers. In the centro of tho
room ?? a large square fable, laden with many ob?
ject?rln? inkstand used hy Wordsworth (I think),
sititi" rare bonks, notably a copy of the first edition
ut Bryeut's povuts, etc. lustieukiugof Dante, he went
to a carved oak box and unlocked it, boas which ho
brought forth a little glass case iu which era some
luts ol the great Italian's cuffia. Attera while he
sb ?wed me the lower parto! his house, thednvMug?
Mum witli its objects of art, and the staircase,
where a tall Dutch clock rests on the lasatiag asi
' The Clock ou the Staircase." bat ?? moro bueiful
one mil has taken the rdd clock's place. Irisa
quaint bouse, not elegant, hut more th.iu that?itis
thai intubatili Domelike.
Tbe Boston Philharmonic Society, a now Ofebee?
trai organization, gave its first concert on last
? Inirstlay evc-uing.
Miss Henrietta Heche, who is shortly to sail fot
t.tirope, ?rill sing in a concert at Chiekerinf Hall on
r'nd ly evening. MissThurstoo, Mr?. Hsrdenbergn.
\\ . li?.??!;. Mi. Alken. Mr. John ion and Mr. Carjt
?. u? will taiai? part in the perfor-satiee.
Ttifl total number of pe? indic?is published
In Ihr ???"?? t state? it the beginning of the ptesoutysai
?? m 10,131, with sa sturerai? circulation, per issue, ot
The damage done by the recent ice QootU
? mili - ot ca tais In the Stai? o? Pei o ..... ?
prove* to te lesi than sraa st first reared, l'robabl/
-.'?':- ? to] iy for sU rri'.n.-, while tho si a?
insidcrably more.
Generili Joseph li. Geiger is crowned ly
?Hfinnati Commercial wl?:?. lanrel as the hand?
? m??-: man inO no. Considering01 UV* pre-atneaeeln nil
Iti ti.?-, I le.? ?- ?? ipecisldiStl ? ?;?ti ? mut It Is Of tBS
more value siuceit wsi known beferettatM tins Qcaeral?
-.?lt. li' .il |tlri tl politics, ????? ?????? ????? t lie cl? ?. -. <
ani ? ; ..?-la Ih?' i.illlitry. till ill-.M ir?..? uU
? s. ? ? " nu ti..? tratti over tue State b) a
??. ?. ? . filer.
Lovtti ?t out-iloor sporta will be Interested
?? . uieut o? a B?w fe.iture, m Sorse racing
which 1.1.? ue introduced i?y the sew f oaiilsaa Jockey
? u . ? tnetr spring meetlug. In April, o.uneof Che facet
are t?. Im? run st night, the co irss being illuminated by
? ? ei.!?-. tutu ..f which er? tu be provided fur tii .t
puri ???.-(?. It Is claimed thai tin* pint) will be ot greil
? si ..? at turi meeting* tintine: ibe -minti, r, as it will ???)
the tit - -. a- well ut the Jockey? and spocUUs-S, ????
I'ctii tit oi tite cool air oi the svenine.
Au Luterestinsj proof of the intimate relation
ti.'tvt.'i'ii Ignuntnce sod vice cot?es from Bavaria, aud it
t.tki a fr.im ao ?'Hi? ?ai censas, la lower Havana .OOlj ol
all buildings are ?.cliool-buuses, and ?00??71 of th?? pupa?
latu u are criminals. In Upper Francolini the school
limisi?-? tiiiniliei .007 of all huiidiuic-i, and the cnmiaals
onl| .00111 ul'tin? popul.tlinu. lu l. ?wer Francolini the
former ratio is Incresced te aOl mid the latter decreased
to .00.1-1. Statistics f.oni J?ower Falatmate, Up pet
Baratta sod tbe Palatinate enow that thuao province*
conform to tit?> H.iuii? general rule.
The M garden-spot of tho world" is a place
moie DUmeroasiy locatoci lhaii the biriu-plaee of Homer.
I'.ut tbe "only original" illuder? E.loti has surely been
discovered ac last. General Koca, of the army of tbe
Argentine Hepublie. tesati It aud auuexeil it to tuai
nititty with Ilio modest deiiaraUou that il was tu?
best agricultural icgtou lu the republic. The O..vera
ment appi, veil his ?ti'tluu, named tbe place Namjuen,
mu? pronounced it the clinici ?t patch of soil in ?..tutu
America, tteoenlly sn expedirlo? bav b.eu Hit??Iout to
tiiui'uvt'i?, It iitisslble, m rediscover the ground. wtiKh is
rather Vaguely said to lie al tbe toot ol tho Atadce.
A triumph of science, as well as of me?
chanical art. wad achieved lest Tuesday at the Brush
Electric Light Works In CU. velami. O no. lu th? succo*??
fui t listing uf s susiasista electric lami), said Is be th?
must ??? ? ri ul generator o? ligut ? ver made by nun. Its
?,luminatili?: power U Ufiy time? us great ss that of th?
ordinary ol?ente Hebt, betag ?<iual to that of ???,???
cauti ?es. The lamp wus but! ? to order for the British
U.veruiueut, aud lb to In? u<ed In tho navy, to soau th?
s.-a for torpeases, und te furuisii light in ulgbt engage?
incut? and maiitfiivr??. With the aid of a simple re>
Beotor a beam of llgbt, It Is estimated, can be ptojected
lin.eii mil. ?? Miffirietitly stroug to road bv. The ?arbon
caudle used la two and a half inebe?? m diameter, amia
heat estima! ils half a million diitr.es is geuirtt d.
An engine of forty ?wwe-poeer is teiiu.rcd to pt-.tUuca
the light?.
The most bewihkring aiint?tiiiccui?nt of
modem limes I? "' u "f ?a? Atuerlcau Muiuil Aid A*so?
t latitili f.T L'ui..iiirietl iVople, which bus b.ten mcurpo?
rated at ll.nn-b ay. Pena The ussoilatio!? Isopen to all
uiitiiarrled seisous, ?eat? or temile, bel ween the ages of
ten aud SSVeaty-lvsyears, watboui i*Kard to race, color
m? ???vitius coi dilion ut st-rvitude. Uit.ui naytnent .if a
c.iuiti sum, tlTetl by a KttAtmua ?ebetiule, tbe uieui'ur
taoe?fot u eeiiilleate winch entitles bim or ht r ti|>oa
(fuoftif inuiri.tiie after the expiratiioi of at leas'o'ie
>?-ar lo l.iCiVe titilli -d.OOO Io q-?.OOO, a? ttiidlt.?; to :U4
iiui.iiiiit paid tot meMbaTirsbafi There are various au:..tal
?lins unit assessments, which, in some mysterious way,
ait. -????.??-??? to lecere the fluanclal staiidiu?; ut ms
attMieiatioii. It is sppereal al a Klauce that, tue ba,.:.. J
of advanlaifes otfore'l by the society lies deci.Jedly with
IbeHtmn?erses? A man uerU not run the sh^btest title
iiijuuiliitr It, loi it 1? the blessed preronatlve of lus s
m propose, anil bo would never tintili of loluln?? it uu.il
be had usuro tbuiK. But in the ease of the other ?et
ibe ciro'iuistaiii'es are very different. For, altuouna
to a Woiuau WhOSS ???.????.?? dt.?.?.ivauiage4
" llave e.ui-eil all h pe to disappear
U. ever wlulling uiuu's affection,"
a Cci liticate of momlteishlp iu this assoolatlon would talJ
positive and palpable attractions, yet she m'ubi ?venta
any puss the prescribe I limit of soveuty-?ve years wnh?
nui n.ivitiu' snytblcg to show for her money, not to ?pest,
uf the tntii'iitiiatiiiu wbioli sito would endure at being
tints detiarred (run turther ettort? in the rury face of ber
fellow-members. Altogether the American Mutual Aid
Assoettttlou (or Unmarried People seems to bare been
I lui.do J IU illitcl VlOlaUuU uf Ulal ?Vlrilof eUiwatlrtr wUlilh

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