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A CLERICAL '? SYMPOSIUM,"
ON SUNDAY AIM) ITS OBSERVANCES. JjETlEES EEOM 1.EA1USC CLERGY ME* IS SEVEN l, HEAT DENOMINATIONS. -*?* THE VIEWS OF THK KKV. DR& POTTER, CB08BT, COLLTJSB, TAYLOR, TIKI ANV, ORMISTON AND ARMITAGE. It w;ih shown ii> Thk Tantra- lard Sunda** that neatly one-half of tbe pop?lation of this city are not nn-inlicr-, of any cliurcli and do not attend rcliirious (services. The iiiiiniii-r in which New-Yotkere of all rJaaaeaBpend Sunday wa* descrilied in detail. Oa a pleas-mt day In aara weathei aboat 75,000 people go on! of the city to tlie various resorts near ut hand. Tiiih al tbooaaada pan tbe time oo and about tbe Harlem Kiver, and "in the big beer gardea? which abo?nd ate eertaia iuds of ilie town. Tens of tbonennde more *apend bourn in C'entrul I'urk, and in ether parks and aqnarra. The ba*f-l"Ooma and beer-Hiilonns do a flouriahing buatnes**. thong- in a les< obtruatre "fay than on other days. Attempts to enforce the excise hiss- ate siicccs-fi] only to a limited extent. Ii) the area?lg* couch *.-? and other entertainments in theatres aod balbi draw larne audienoee. Po* ainiirseiui'ii', foi all Hghtei forma of recreationt und for diaeipation of ereiy kind, there lathe widest opportunity. For in*?t)-notion and improTemenl outside the churches, ia the way <>f Mad-ng-roo-uy bee iibraiiea, etc., tlc provision is oxtiemely aieagra. Ihi.s strikiag pietnie nggeeted t i i - - inquiry what the leading elergxjnen of the city hud to eay aboat it. Below will be lound thc leeponeea of the Kev. Dr-. Henry C. Potter, Howard Croeby, Robert (.'oliver, William M Taylor, 0. H. Ti??ny, William Ormiston and Thomas Annitiiirc, "representing reapeetirely tbe Epi***>*opal, Preebyterian, Unitarian, Congregational, Methodist, Dutch Reformed and Baptial Chiuebca?tbe seven irreal Proteatnnl denominntion**. The Kev. Dr. Edward McGlynn waa uked, in behalf of the Roman Catholics, to pmenl his Tfiewi ol' thc Niii.jcct; but he did no! find time to comply witta the reqaeel or even to answer noon enongh to penatt Thk Taxai az io secure a raepooae hom some other repreaeatative of his Cbnrrh. Thc siven dei gymea whose vi, wi are herewith presented agree subetnntinlly thal the oWrvuuce of Sniiilay cannot be enforced on religioaa gluonds; tba) iis observance aa a day of rent is the veil foundation of human well-being] and that a un.v.isu) bleating rests in its lalIgkau conseciatioii. lint tliev differ widely in their attitude toward tbe ehangiag simit ol the daeee ranging from thc genial liberality of Hr. Collyer to the "Puritan]eal Sabbath*1 of Dr. Howard Croabj. TUE TENDENCY T0BEGELAEIZAT10E. BYTHi: KI'V. Dil. Hl'Ni'YC.rOTTl'l'., BPI8C0PAL. To Ute Uti it ur tt the Trtkune. Sir: I um asked te mate flrat, my opinion aa ta the aepalai leaueney In tbe aantternl sunday oh aervance: .ec.nd. us te What lt ls likely lo becoUM biaaAnbonl tinnily; -turd.cy ubieeilons te exist ina ptactlcee; an.l. fourth, as to the beal rnaiaa tu be take), l.y the religious community In the mattel Iwjtli lor tlc.ns. Ives un.i with reference to the .om? it,emt al large. 1 .r-t. tlun. the papular tendency in itie mutter ol Bandny abeervattce is nmiaeetionubly towan! thc ?sealarii itma ti the .lay i aud. sacoudly, lins, bar* ri t rust ie ls likely to beoomc moris ninl more pie nouuced. The reasons fur this are not obscure. The older Sunday of Colonial aud subsequent "lays was the preduet of n people lonely hotno*raaaona ami Btsoagl* Sabbntaiian. TbaPuntaa iu Kew* Knidauil, the Hollander in New-York, ami the Hag-eaet in South Carolina, di'leied iii.ciit other things but tiny agreed about tho ohseivnnce ol Baudny, or, aauleal of thom for Home reason pre? ferred t<>. :.ll it, the Bubhath. lt ??? aaa] to get legislation enlerctng sui fa obaervanee from Stale leghilwtaiee which were like-minded : and, in New. fork, ihe cbuii-hos on Broadway were protected durinic pnbbc worship train passing Disturbances nv chains itaretched seross tho street. Nowadsys nnr Tau tonk brethren not nerrely will uot endure the (bain, hut ''cut the faia drum sud bleu thc b:g pest ti'ombi.ne svith redoubled and mali, iou- em? phasis, as it aemet?-CB seems, si hen they are pass? ing a church dour. j\nd their pi cseu ce gu nun v.t is tyincitl ol that betevogeneoos America winch hus eu),ulanted the elder. A vast inllux id nnassiuiilated foreign citizens han given us a nco veition of blt. Tennyson's admonition tbat ?* ll.e old order ebnuesth ever. lin niki place to ness,'' and the (ieiv ordei ia conspicuous ehieSy in this. that whet her Italian, Irish, I'rcnrh or Germen, lt basLrought svith it its own notions of Sunday, in? stead of adoptiag ours. There is no likelihood that it will adopt nuni foi, while a change baa Leen geing ou aaKing the working class, brought ahont hy the importation of foieijjii aOBgBO BUB ideas uh represented in thone foreigners who ire working people, the more favored classes have Leen Importlag tho same ideal, imt merely Irom Italy and (Germany uml france, hat also fi mn England M. Taine baa painted the dreaiineas ai baaa* conni rd ii of au English Sunday. But, meantime, riaee the pesos which followed tbevictoriceolthe allied force* over Napoleon, knglamt lias hern leaniinfe foreign ways and adept-ig tbeui as ncser before. Sba has not become sn little distinctive and national iu manners as many American- aping her Lave l.e, on;,., hut no ono who knew England twenty iii e yeera aga, and who ktiosv* it in-day, can Le luaeaaibte to thu widespread relaxation, as in auny other old-fashioned ideas, so in the old fashioned ; ri nf observing Bandar. Ihus there ure two lories or tendencies-oDe working bom betew, and another fruin Hhove which conspire to ma ko the Anim .can Snnday what it is, and tn min uti- what it is likely to become. They will Loth undoubtedly cont.hui to op. t tte until cheeked hy some such reeetioa as hae al read*) begun ni li .ti e and iu paru ol (jermany. Thir,', ihe objection IO existing pi ai tices (rom the stamlpoii.t nf ihe elergyaaua is ilial of all that they ate lat.il tn th? -e i.ppoitnn: es tor the educntiou and development of the higher si le of iiuii.'* natani Bllorded ny the Sunday of our forefathers. If he is a spiritual heiim, with spiritual as well an intellect? ual and phy ska. needs, a man must have sonu-op }>ortuuity I,,r spiritual uiiriure. If he is related to B 1Ju.uk ui'ose hun. Whose child he ls, and in inter? course with \\ ham he is |o .'iud his hilliest joy ami dignity, there must Le some chance amid the busy occupations nf am fa dBi Ufo fol the rxerc.se of his high.r aspirations. This the secular Sunday largely rentiers nnposSiLle. Whether il is given tsp tc amusement or to work.it is >?,]., .Iir divorced Irom spiritual ii*?.". Hut besides thia, the iwcn lari/:ition of Sunday teuds inevitably to its de? struction ai a rest day. Let it he (?ramed that mau i* not a spiritual being, that ho has no nauts out? side of tlmsc of his brain or his stomach ; his nody dcm .inls perioiim r?*t. and it la Impassible to fall to eoe that tho higueat tyi>? of civilization has beau coincident svith these ness aud notions whleh ha-.e bia a rest day and have rigorously tcsi.ected it. The dawn sf a time when tho distinction which h.is marked out Sunday from otb r days shall he ellaoed trill be tba du WU ol au era of moral, intel* lee tuUI and physical decadence. And tlnshugge.-ts ^eBifiouUy tha existing pmetleee which me oljcc tssnanla. it i-. i.pos-.ii>ie to make Snnday India* tinguisha'.ilo from athel day- in thc mattel of traill.', travel, and many forms of amusement, es? pecially those tint ar* theatrical, witheal mehiug lt a work day. The scene-painter and the car? penter ure no mor*< tree on Sunday than nu at hes days, and tkeeneeonchnuml eil) Le sure nnd eenuin (anynody who.?ns Baaed the seaad ol tbs hanuaer on the great buildings that am geing ap la Fianna am Baadaye mast be asaslbls el lt] -huh wiii eein* pei other artisans and laberasa te w-i rk on Sandnys as Well as week-days. 'Hie ouipetioii cf great cities, the cupidity of employes, thc needs of tm, poor, will all ocBsatre la tbe diieetion ol aeampul abm, ta resist which, bsreas aleswbaie, tbs work* ing mau will he impotent. Fourth, " as to ;be Lest (nurse to be'tekea l>y the religion- eontn.unity ii. the mattel ol | Sunday observance both for themselves ..nd with reference io tbs community at large,'1 t#iiiH.v*J wisely hs renie?le*r?d thal the inter asm ss ina twa are one The religious community ought io .lcsiie nothiiig which will not respect the rianteand eoneerve the bnagiaaeenl their fellow cili/eus whatever their bellera or weal of belief. And this sugLcsts that anything ami everything which shall shake this piala ia to bu striven fir. The welfare nt those win. work willi their bania lies st the fuuu.lation cf the ptessesity ol the .-wi?. Ihe isgtsiation which seems to liear hardly upou thess. whieh touches la no wist tue liberty or tlie indulgences of the neb, hut abridges Hn> privUeces and pleasures of the poor, will inevitably provoke resistant*: and it is to be regretted that IB efforts to enforce the Sunday law regard bas not always been had to the rigttsol those ss ho ate weakest and least favored. When the Intelligence aud wealth ot the country fall lo unite rn anesl-eh con-deration for tlis.se. when Ihe Week-deV SB* actions from the lal oring man are so sal?? and in? cessant as to spare him no week -uss spaces for recreation, it ls not to be expected that he will bc a conspicuous respect or ol Sunday. The cou found? ing of Sunday ta a rest day with .iudday a* a pleas ure or travel or lalor das is greatly to be dante . :.i-il. but ii svill Inevitably eoae to pass unless those svho matt the laws ami live the tone lo pub lie sentimeni ul the better hind shall sue t" it thei -o'nisii here in the arorkina (nan's lue there is room for that which shall brighten nail refresh it. This is tue pn.bl.-tn uf all others in thia whole minter winch as*?ns sniuti.m. It can only ba aol veil by a hiiirr-uiiiiileu i,nd iarge hearted ansalHsbueea which r--. ngni/es th.it bond of a common I..mia.ms. the reality of which lt was linollice of Hie Fniinder ol Christianity to teach ami to illustrate. I lt.*. uv C. i'ol ii it. S'<w-Yu:!; May ls. Iss;:. RUBI ASD QUIhl?NOT COMPULSION. HY Tin: BET. DB. HOWARD rl.wsiiY PRE8BT TI?UAH. Tu the Vii it ur ot T >? e Tribune. Bia: Sunday as a day ol rest bast?res n-p'cis. First, thei.. it thc Religious Sunday, a day ob aerved by devi,ut hearts for purely religious pnr bosss, the lindy of divine things, tlie preparation of the heart before Oed, and the worship appertaining to these. Tins Sunday is entirely an individual matter, belonging lo the individual eonscieues and to be treated by tbe individual judRmsnt. s.co il, there is tbs Civil Sunday. This is simply a day of rest from labor made necessary hy ll)'* COB* siltation oi man. All scientists acree thal each ? period leal rest is necessary for tbe preeervation of lilc and working ahility. Some say that such a rest sh,ml I take place avery seventh dav, di hers every tenth ,lav. All agree that whatever may be tbs amount ofttime thus set Bann fur rd from labor, it abould bc reenter bi Ita return, li i also clear tbat in order to bars a general rest from la Lor all lab,,r, must Le forbiddso by law \vi?ii i>-n alty for trangiesalo?, otherwise the greedy will ssnik to gi,in a temporary advantage over the resting. Thud, there is the Religio-Civil Sunday if -we may coin a term to bring the Iw > adject.V'S together. This is A Sunday which is civil in Its foundation in tbs law, bal which regards tbe prevailing religion ol the tend in ite*bhoiee of tbe specific, tims foi ii.** day of rest, ant in Ut arrangements, lurg neral quietness. Thu third Sunday is the miih1.iv of tho United Sta!... From the civil .standpoint it musts upon the cessation ol labor in all departments of work, with ths only exceptions of necessity. Tim general good of lbs community demands this, and the laws should nwka tbe exceptions rery carefully and eoneertra* lively. Beery additional exception granted helps to destroy tbe fundamental ten and its yood effects. In consideration ol the christianity -inch prevails in tho United Slates, and which recognise* Sunday as a holy dav, the ape?lie day selected bu real is Mindai. If the population nf the United Sisteswera Mahometan tha 'lay would be Tn lay. Ii population wen Jewish, thc dav would Le Saturday, By a very general consent every seventh dey is preferred tO every lentil div. In i'.iii-ider.'1'n.'i of tJe prevailiBg Christianity, sun,lay !,:>* always Leen recognised la oar country as tin- reat-day. Purl uermore, for tins same reaaoo, as Christ?ma bold public worablB very generally <>n thai div an ', m all pur!., of the day, I ho dav is lo he a ijiiiet one in the atr**StS, so that the religious WOT* ship '>f the inajoritv he not interfered with. Mich 1 regard io be tba tunda*?ema! pi imipl-s of th.* ?unday reit a.- establishsd by law. I'he ia docs not ann to make men religion., bnl to mik. tbein courteous and considerate to the j.r. vailing religion, will - censing from labor on hygienic and BBihropological grounds. It is true that many of those ss ho have had to do wit h making our laws have intel,did to pul a distinctly reliaioua toroa in the Snnday laws, bnl snch aa effort is con* irary to tbe whole genius ni the American polity, is inch recoguii a no State relisiou, aad considers a ,lrs\- oi a Mahometan as iu all respects equil to a Christian before lb*law, Let ibis false uni.on ni "tin. lasv aciug fol religion'' be casi iislde, mid we shall pol an end :o most Ol th" opposition to ii (jiiId! ri iii, day, ss inch wo demand on civil grounds sud on tins ei.uiiiiU ol cuiitiion MOSS ami eouimiiii court tty. Tin- reliaioua oommnnit.r should no more preses .-sundas las* BS*S iel iglnus engine (ililli they should press a I C'S' for baptism. We tte aol io copy Europe in t h.-se ii in ic u ? svnys. ( u:r( i.-i iinin fellow-cil irons rspeeially should nndeistsnd ((Miming io us as they no so tersely with lree-t bin king thews sud sv.iii honest notions that ncr Sunday is an exaction ol u government religion) that we insist upon Sunday rest for th. good ol tbe laboring mini, and tijioii B quiet Sun il ay (or I be Bake ol dec. ul courtesy i" the prevailing religion. No i neible until can obie, t to those argument**, or see an.v relig i., i, s oppression in the practice, Ou ihe al),,v.' m,.un,I-. and onie on thee , 1 hold tbat ihe s imlay tenn ahonld Lu most strict ly observed. ami tbal it 1 ioi iho nueics! of thc wbols t'oiuiiiunitv to form s united p ibiicopinion against open stores and menial i.il.,,i ,,n H., day ot public rest. I think tba: the p.,pular tendency would be altogetoer lo keep the Sunday reit if it weir divorced (rou. Un* idea ol a religious compulsion, and that divorce I must thor,,uglily advocate. Any eiul.itvoi to govern om land ol any perl ol it Irom i s, teni ..I religion must prove lat al to all truereliaion. What areainst have is perfect freedom for religion to mow as n will, and ihia perfect free. dom cannot bea ul n tin- ,ms interferes. Personally, 1 believe in a strict Puritanical Sab bath, aud aueb 1 observe avery week: boll have no right lo force my belief oa others, or mike my belief tbe guide for their conduct. To bis own Master each one stands or falls. I count the gun day a noli du. : others t >niiit ii a holiday, Let each one oe folly persuade.i ni In:, own inin.1. Hu', apart from all that, tbe i|iuet Snudayisan American institution, founded ou broun ami r.gliu ? otis piinci'iles, whiet. bebevsra ami unbelievers alike ca.i honor, and as Americana loving om count i y and Lon on n g cur fal he i- ann the privileges they gav. us, s?e tan never give np the day nf reel tl.jv oeqaeatned to us at the cali ..t politicians and of foreigners vrhe have not yet Icu ned il,. A li C ol American idea*, Hdwakh Cbobby. New York, >lay 15, l-s.'l. WORSHIP, SECMEA Hos ASD LIBERTY UV TBS, Ki.v. db, BOBKXI (oLI.VLH-l M l A ll IAN. To the Ft! il or of The Tr it Wt e. Sik: Milton's noLlc saying: u He who wonld wisely restrain lieu within due houinli must brat know now br the linea eaten- ol a jual and honest liberty ;" aud 'Ina of r.lmuud llurke : ?' Lass ful BB* jjeyUMOl is the sure-t ss ay to prevent unlawful gratiur.itiou ;'* and our'jun In.me made axiom: " Bs lure you ure right uud thou go ahead,'' should all he taken into uccuuut, as it sectus to mn, wheu we coiinder th i qasstam of ? Sabbat li observance " iu s gie.! city like this of on rs and ss itu* such a diverse, j- pul.u mn. And such words should havo S|>ectal wright -itb us now. branees lt ls clear tha the attempt made last winter to enforce the Pena (.'ode as it lOBQBSS this qnasthm, met with no en courB.fment from the broad MUUUMIB tt* I BB good?isling ol o_r eltlmns who weal aqatotSua day. but do not want to over-ride tha deep ssatei instinct- cf those who ran never think as thei donn thia quasi lon abd so bave oaly tbe option, i lim n?t is e can's ideas are enforced, o' alain* cnn '"runts-, or a quiet resistance curried througboi hug lin.-. No kindlier bear! 'neats anywhere, sm ll raByi led ;it om e at Ibe sight >>f those poor ona lures ta the clutch ol th" tew, tte! for ans- ninia (?Hence or misdeed, bul because they wanted tuekl out tin ii scant. 1,1(1.' IndnStrlfS, ill which t.iere WBI no clamor, iiml that could only oflend those who. ai 8: dna* Smith mys.ma ibeeboieeel ehaatpiensol thi right Of private judgment, bat will not allow thu right to the mau who is not of their muniou 1?4 attempt te euforee tbe Bundey tews by lequ.sltiof resiilteil atlast inhlsh praia of laughter, which wen not cntiiiued to our island Imt went ringing over tin whole world. And ia cresent! tiie ettv as s Bunani morn in ?< not fons ag'., I me a cheery lillie boot Llack brushing BU BV as il such laws hud never Leer henrd of, while a policeman looked on wita unite it beautiful benignity; and half a black a war then nasa bo* selling papen, and u ?w_rt Tuscan huey arith his oranges and peanuts. We shall soo nt more I think of Hmm terrors of the law. The truth wis then what il .s now, that there i' no city in ( hristendom so popalous as ours, and M Blended together ol' all mrts and oonditlsna ol i ma, iu which a flaer qnietueee eau be found tbaa thal which falls cvei y Mindai on this island, lt stand in th.-softest Boaatbls eoutraet to the turmoil ol the sveek. iimi touches ti" as I.i ml Iv as the south wind ami the spring sun. It has Leen noticed as a healthful instinct in tbs Enuliaa, who work so bard dining the sveek, that they hold mi with a liri) grir to ilii'ir Bandar aa adsyol restami reereatieo and fifty veers ago one of tueuhtesi phyaiclansol timi ti.ne sud, in a n-port mads to tbs House oi ''ominous, that the working pleases mast nevi theil Sunda* held free from int ashil or the. could nol hear Hie strain. It put Lack the balance Ol power he said, into tho vioi king man's bonds s. hu ti had passed ,l:ir.i;g ibo week into tue hammer, tbs en gine, the plough and the pen. Wo bara inherited and held Ihe si'iie instinct ; we believe t lioroiiL'hl.s in Min.lay us s da] af Nat, and though we mai nol live un In our bel iel, sse do try. A Shrewd observer travelling in lruine mnnj year- u-(> noticed tinti Hm workingmen in itu great (iiies there svere growing gloomy and bitter and laid that iu hi- ..pinion tin* main reason for thil was that they bed lest track ol their obi anna] Snnday. And I reeleniboi "hen I waaia I'aris in isl;:, counting fortydifferent kinds of eorksaes busy at thur tusks as I walked OB a Bundey nmrn lag from my hotel tn a church not eery fal away. I wondered whets thal would end, and saw tha end in lt-71 in the tires that had been kindled by the Commune. I could not get acamaae lor s,.rue tune, because il,ey said they had eaten up tbs hoTSBU ami tim atewaru a* tue Bedford tola nu. he had tried when things were et the wore! to eui a cat. Thom maagfon bitter ann aullen over their work oa weah du\s a.i.i on t4anday they had uo fair chance at rem uud ra mutton; were .Iii" ???n to mad t.ess by absmtli ?. Lad eik'iirs and BSSrspusen edit) i in hell, ucl then tbs Innes goaded them na to bara and slay. We iasist on a quiet Snnday for the vast mi', ntl" of tlm-e ss In, 'nive to ss uris hud di. rt Hg thS week. They inns .-11111-1? ii. bnt that is tl.e.r lookout and the most ol thom do not abuse it. Wc need recreation also us well a - rest, mid ss I cannot lekemiae au Snudny 1 take it on Monde/. [f my wife sara there ts to oa a waab-day dinner, l h a v.- un BUgagemenl down toa n. I go thiuugh the he >k stmes .mil galleries, ina iibraric - and mu-eum., ns the liunun takes me, ulnl (hut i- ie, reetioa ; or I ge into the com.tn . Hut Hie moat ol thom Whs hai e io svoik ni 1 BS Stoles and 'acton ?? :;in-.r t.ik" theirs an Bundey or not St all. and t lure slcild be no Lars set un to present them. such libraries, mti-'-tiiiis and galleries as we have should open their loots freely on Sunday, nnd ihe maeagers should iay tu "in oin kmg popul.it ii ni: " ( amain aad wal* onie." I think our gr. it grand. In ld pu will timi it hard to believe Ihe report printed In test BULday'a ruii.iwK iiini,it our libmrteaand re*tdlng-rooe_s, Ibev svill say the gnat mb eily cuni,I not n? ?i teed lesa aa that m 1*483. ei so ter behind Beeton. 'inciini.-ii i and ( lia t Una One instinct woich takes onr people eal in mel crowds on Munday lo escape the stifline* nm ne: In-ats. snd instead ol regretting this tendency ir denouncing it. si .? should .ill be cl nd. I li v are ill better III III" Cruse- ''T I'S lill' -. * Il - ls 1.11. t 11 a II .bey would tm in their pent-up "ooai, 1 hive ts utchi'd ?_'it,'*))ii i .coiilis on I'oner l.l (ml on iHon lay al let inion, sud I Hunk the ss or ld does nut nth .rd i quieter or cleaner crowd, or on" more mm di ul of ;on,I milliners. ? ihe thea , a* sse used, to .v lu the A est, ?? i.v and laige. ' Wo have to lace this innovation nf Hie music .alls ,,ii Bundey evemog who would like to see ibis leadstrong metropolis inaide eui churches I do mi believe In such things al nil as I ,!,, in n.y ici i rligloiis services; but thea they will not com.'io rar churches ebo go to thiiw concerts as it sseset. lorin gOtOg llli'ir lin linn iivi'i pass tile lines ol t 'jn-t and honest liberty, lin- got..the music tails foi recreation es we go to tbe churches mr vorsbip. lt i- the bn-iness ol the Mayor and police e find out whether sn* ol these are masked bal eries ot On- devil shotted with b.isr suggestions, in in i re actions nnd bud i mn : to shut I tn rn np Mm lay mid week day and be done with them, Hut .boat the good, whnle-omo places we shall h.ive to iiiiiii tn thu c.i' ins.nn, I.nally. Hint, since mu mut rive them, it i- I'e-t t,, he (rank and honest ni,,mi t tn.I not , ompel thi'S.i ss hu ?' inn " them lo tell lies ou bing ihi. rei ii lilt ii, e ami use; uml to this .inclusion also, thal ans good ami wholesome bing ti!im:.' to Ira - ad or siiiil- on .-atindus dees nol ,1'coiiKi profane ami evil on tLeatrokool midnight nd continue to be that jus. tweutj lom hours uud lien change again. Maj [recapitulate! I. This is an enormous city, with a population rim h cannot be hiongbl to think ol sundas in the ond old native American ss.n. :'.. Ur nee i om Kuoday ii- it dav ol test nnd reeve ti'iD, thoa*) n h.. an- born here and ilm-e who c..me ere. The devouter heart takes both in (Ininti; h.- rest st.i'. at home or gu whare they eau timi 'lim i hey want. lead or li rar mii-ie, or ni.li out ubi the, sweet fresh country. II. Tbe cue true way to consider tha questien of a l ibi tl, obeervam s i- io consider thia d ii rr-., mi n.i ml natara. Stop nil work which eat be stoupeij ml Iel ll,0 toilets r-st. < >|.en all i lin lo ,n! a li - reelyol s sweet sud wholesome recreation, Make ur church,'- the sweetest and meal wboleaime.il 'f CHI ; so th lt tho people Will go tlirre us Mil,I igeons bo to a ss heat sta, k. . iiit-iud, unt-general, nd out light the thiugs we think are hurtful, i.nt SWOTS how onus churchmen, .rv the law nu bein. lt is not a hamUome sum. tins sternly i-tieat of tho churchman before thc ?? world I pao? lo" tom haig Sabbath ..liservaose. which Ins been oing on in America (or a bandied year*'. I her, is mini and aol iu ground we pan take, Reston one ay n teven, recreation band in hand wits rest, nil than, please Hod. worship again io which the .tran ged marom *?*? 111 gladly gather sshrnsso re? sat to them its north. 1,',un.ki . ,,| , ? u .\t,c- York, May in, issi. r.W.I }' in.des DB*UPONCUB1811ANB. V tit REV. in: ss ii.i.issi M. TATfaOB CON I'tV.V.t. ITIOXALItJT. 0 tl,' Hitit ,,r ut THt lr i li ii u e. SUI: I Lase read with milch interest thostste cuts of your reporters iu regard lo Sabbath ol, 'i vance i:i Ness Voik, ami have given a-milch ionght to the matters suggested in them aa the leeann ot other duties would allon ; hut the sui, ct is tee difficult aud uelicate toto amii faetorily ieeoassd withla the limita which you have pie. ribed, and I must satisfy mysell with the State* int of a ism general nrineiplea loaviag their Sp? in ation to parti, ular case- very largely nut ol the ?conni. To begin with, lat am my tbat 1 tbereaghlj he? ave in the Divine annointassnt el lbs Sabbath, i ?tin Hut it wes iastitatod by tied for the boetfll 1 man a- niau, and thai tin- rest si hi, h it ssas de gned toBMUts is ascsssary for the pbysii al. int.-l dual and moral ss ell being of the haman mee was incorporated toto the Jswlsb SjetOBJ, Bad ure wa-hedged mund svith restrictions similar to i -sc which in otlnr matters characterised tho asulc e. onomy ; wbils its obsSrvaMS ssas enforced , pennltim appropriate to ? Ibascraey under Inch the vioh.tiou of a levine oiumaiiu was vir iully oqaiealenl to the breaking nf a civil enan ent. I bam restrictions have leen ilmie away adm the Christian dieaeasetlen i hut tboarigiaal Stitatbmof a day Of periodic reit remains, and not aftecteil by Hie eheags af the day, whieh rider the sanction of the Apostles ami with the meial consent of Christendam ha*, mode it a eckly coni[iicuior:ition of the Resurrection of thc ard. "Jut here sa ia other reajjtxts. tbs diilersnce t l.etween tho Old Testament and the New cmos I out. The former?especially ifl its Mosaic portion? - was a book of rotaries I tbs latter is one of pnnci 1 pim. The former went Into details sad gars minute, pres. riplious US to what things might bc 1 done, and what things aught ta Le avoided: the - mtier gives the general law and haves the forms in ; ss inch it is to Led served tn Hm du tates of the . j individual conscience. The former dealt in sanc , ' H..ns of civil penalty; the latter Stakes the mau I responsible to tied aloao. Thc result is Hint while Christian- generally egree Itt holding tbaSabbath 1 I ss a day of not, they asens! to judge each other as I to thc mode in which they observe it. If they have i i respect to the authority sad supremacy of Christ, i i tbey will regard Hie dav ut diflersnl from other da\-s.-md after the example of the nrst Christians will come together on it tor purposes of womble and mutual edification, but, for the rest, tiny are not to judge each other or anathematize each other because, of di-Monom us to Hie manner of itaobestvance. In general, however, it mav Le auld thal tba higher the spiritual Ute ia tbe tetter urlll tho observance of this " Faster day in every weok', he.oine. Nosv if aimmg those who recognize the Lordship a nil supremacy of Jesus, then is to be this liberty af Individual conscience. Hus absence of judgment and anathema, this abrogation of civil penalty, it wil! follow, I think, a fortiori, that sve should imt se-k to-eenie ItsobeerVSUCT as a religious day by civil omni ment uni,mg thom who repudiate or do not acknowledge His nut noni.v. It is not within the province of an earthly government to compel any niau by padua and penalties to dimers<? a purely | religious institution: bul Christinas neve n righi to Le protected In their obSSTt I nee of (he Sabbath : and m.i.v seek bv law to secure that nothing of which the civil government can tako BOOOUttt (shall be he allowed to disturb their worship. In my judgment, however, ifwould Lo unwise, especially [ considering thumbed character of our population. r to base any legislation om etnlng theSabbntb00 the ground of its religions eharneter. Bntktokiag to tin necessity for "tortonis n-st, as indicated uot in Scripture alone, but also in all bistort aud ea* peri.'lice, the ci s il hiw ought to enact that ono day in the week should Le isneread tor cessation from work, and, as on other groot ids, Christians do rest on the first day of tbe week, tuc natural thing to .loin aaeb tAteametaaom"ht that the Legislature Should enact that Sunday sliail he tho day tor rest, ind that all Hovernment o(lices and public de? partments sbtt- Le closed thereon. Not long a.,o the Kag!Itb Legislature iipiioiutcil four tluvs iu every year for BBMUSOB rest, making them *Utt non, w it li<n11 in nstins t.< ans party, and there is uo vio? lation of pareen?] Itbertj te such u la? for the Sub has?, any more than there is in those which ap? point our legal holidays. There, us it seins to me, legislation should stop, uud the use nbieh each iii ni makes cf his rest should he left to himself, ssi'ti only imh restrictions as shall prevent him from disturbing the rest of hil neighbors. The boering of these- principles en amusements is apparent at nn-e, for lbs amusement of some in? volves Ihe labor nf others and so it cannot bs -ss tematicaily foraiabed without infringing on th. rights ot atoota. Tho same is true of (runic goner* ally, ttnu especially ol the ll'iuor tratlic, which is sa n'i'h of a disturbance ew esaunea days, aad whn h i-most nf all dangerous to tho community OB the day <>f rest. Them are eicepnons. of course, to all thi- on the scons of necessity and mercy ; lint thom roven! themselves at nnoe tu s wiso common sense, ..nd nce,| not be fun her parin uUri'e.l. lo what, tin n. do we look for the improvement of the present state of things among aa I Not to civil emu linen's ami mulling seems to iii,'more injudicious thaa the ''spurts" of short-sighted I'titln si'i-m whn h ever and anon impel well mean? ing men muong un to bring paltry oitcndeis I,'-lore thn judge ontbegioend of Sabbathdsseerntten. Thal will only provoke reaction and retaliation and make the 6 bbath more hated by thom who lime no lose for ii already. I ie truereasedyIma in the evangelisation of the people us a whole i and the better ni s,' \ ince of t lie s-a''l>Bth Ly l hose B*bO pcless te Le Cbristteas amoeg us. If the people ile to s niue the Lord's Day, they must first be brought to lose an I renerats auuobey the Lord ol the Day. Therefore, if we wish n better Hnnuay wc must beeoma mere earnest, mote Bellas aud mme liberal, in our homo missionary ellirts. We live nut andora theocracy, bul nader a kingdom o' which il is written thu it i- not ni word but in pisser, hoi in it demonstrative ".Jot betel oriel lhere." bul in that winch is svith in a atna; aad therefore only la tte sn portion in which weean unike tte people ( lu int ians c.in we make them sabbath keeping, Hui iu addition to thu, the standard of SaLbath keepiug must be elevate.I Hmong Christians them? selves. If the obeloe ol tbe Louis I Jay. aa tte day ,,f pei io,Lc ie?t, i - to he tonndeil on the tact taut Christiana already observe that das for jtl.ei ree* -ons, then it ie manliest that tboj must make the ino-t nf ii aaa day el holy gtedneos and devon) worship ll) theil homes ind :n then church, s. .-o loon aa thea b.io'iie carelemand iodnteirnt shout it iho general oLservaii. e of it will di-ahp.'.h. . in I heni. theielnr.'. t he malu sties- of the responsibil? ity test*. Iliey must Kettle e better ne are to bave aHalioath or not. and tte* must settle it not so much, if* :11 bII, by weapons ol legislation .is by their own earnest and indy Sabbath-keeping, I heir com i ni 1 ten will du un ne than ans t lung else. Lei Ho in make the day He happiest ol ihe ii eel. ni then lu. ines. Let them prize il lor ite intellect? ual sad apintnal stimulus lu tbs bouse ol Uod aa well us for it- physical rest. Let them avoid all travelling tor business, aud all patronage oi aniuse meni ou its areehlt recurreuce. Lett-era regan] it ami be seen ann known to regard tt not ne e ie Btraial to In. eh?fed auder, bul bs e prnoioue bless lng joylully prt/eu; and erith ell this let thrm mul? tiply manifold their eiertioni tor thc ' 'hristiani?a timi ni their fellow-citizena, rrbese ara tbs means ol. ss lin ll We must reis. Would (hat lim (liri t! tan people were mora elive to tte importance nt using dcm. Legislation seems a short aud eua) methoa. sud multitude*, ure templed tn nv'." tbat, only. I I.- u. tn I ive ! beni se Ives fi om Hu- gi euler responsi? bility, hilt ii ought in te iterated and reiterated Hist the >aiii,aili among us ia tu be conserved, not by legal ernie! menl, bul by the rhuiai Ier. example, Influence aad evangelistic activity ul the,lunch tueoi ben in I hs hied. As I saul ben,re. Hie aubfei t is both difficult and deli. ate. ;ind den ryes more ti iori nigh treat mont, bul ms desire has nee,i [0 indicate principles rather thaa to go into detail* Vs n. liam .M. Tay LOB. Stu-lori;. May 17, 1883. A HOPEFUL VIEW OF 8UNDAF. UV Till: REV. DR 0. ll TIFFANY UETH0DI8T. re tke i:il. '? r ?i The Tri h nar. Silt: Von ask me foi au opinion concerning tte repot ls ie, culls pul. ii sped of -ali leith observance in the city. Your stat' amata 'f reliable, show a veis r nun kable condition of society, ind anlesa slowly inspected would lead many to believe that om city Waa*-wholly given i" idolatry.*' Von would hnve done well io ulii ii !:,| ol the Christian benevo? lences and charities, that tbe intcnsits of Hui -cal of Christian) might aim appear, I am not tilled with aay spirit ot alarm at tte teeta presented, for tho immense proportion ol' foreign born residents who buss tuen accustomed to a di denni tabla? usage largely expiaias tte multitude oi noa church-goers ami oleaeuie-ssek* em. Nor dr) I Hunk that SS religionists WS give M ntl.ch waight SS we ought to tte Cot?'deration that tlure ate two entirely diiiorent ?ess ol Sabbath ob? servance. Tho Christian and tho Jesv believe re? ligious obeervsnes obligatory; the non religious only imid ami eontettd foe mst and namatlon af (lally tull. The religious follower") of Christ are by your es? timate 500,000 Kouianiits, 100.U00 other ronieiB nicauts. te whn h must be added ut leas! 2AO.000 for home and family influence. Them H50.000 per? sons me forbidden by tte spirit aud leaching or their -tester lo make me of compulsory legal regu? lations for tte Sabbath day. The wtele ides ol ss orship )?? Sieluded when linn are form d Into < on lormity. Taoatoet teal Cbristteas may doi-m seek protect mn in tho Li-for themselves indium Ul. . that then ?worship m;.y not Lo disturbed and .merni].fed. Law may rightly he enforced br tte auppremioa of trailic, aaseemly travel, aa in public piocessioiis, etc.. and especially of those tletunr.ili ? mg aud injurious puriuits which are inconsistent with the best interests of society; Let it is nell Budersteod that io law caa or should be enacted or enf'ii-i ed compelling participation in religions acts. The net from accustomed tm!, tho release from grasping ta-kmasters uml greedy employers, the peivilege of home associations and conipaniiuiship, may ho seemed hy lmv in the interest of the com- I i non srod. and these all s4d to the iBB ul Balli for I a worship on the part of those who wist to wo rs hr but tnev ought to be euacted and enforceil on tl groan.! of the gener.tl good and not on any belt held bv anv portion nf the people. If u day of rest is secured by legal enactment I all men to conserve the general good, the manlier ii-ing the day must lu- a matter of individual li any, withiu the limitations whleh seeeie ta eat the p.ivilcg.s walch Cn- lass confers ou ail-that non-interference with tho rights of others. The genera! good ri<|inrcs the shutting up of de of vice, places of dissipation, und all enervating ai demoralizing pursuits ; and while tho law may ii beside to aboli-h them ooaapfotel/, it ought specially guard against their evil influence ou day secured for the general rest. This may etsi the sensibilities of some, but ir it secures rest at (tuietness to all they must submit for tim geuer good. Bo tba general good majt ret|B?0 tho carr mg of the mails, the opening of libraries and purl and museums, aud while it amy offend tho religtet ci.ii.scii ncc to have these thinus done, yet il they i not interfere with the freedom of religions wombi and arc so ordered as to compel labor from tl smallest namter, thc religious oonaoioBfemus! I offendod In the interest of society ut largo. While BS religious teachers sse maj regret that I small a number are .ittractod hy our ministry, ss must lind our i.nndy iu the power <>f pennis-:fl and not in tte authority ol legislation, -fkieh no tams only to *? kingdoms ul thia world N Tour r. portoresbow that a very largs proportion ol not ehnreb-goors -eek recraotioa rather than il issi p. tlon; tlio paika andplsasarelasarti nrcinorefn UBeotedtbaa the theatres nnd places of vice; tl: police reports show a smaller proportion sd arrest for- Intoxication and disorder tm Snnday than e any secular das; not withstanding tho fad thi wages uio generally pani on tte peaceding du* These arc th.,imaging results which may hocom more sad more uiarse.l with tim eafolat?maul ' prohibition sgainsl all traffic which interferes wit the"g(?nernl uuiet and personal rest. They indical un advanced nu.ral condition over tho state < things in cities where no protection is given by Ia to tho-.' svho need net. In London, where Sunday laws are enforce. one sccs tin* rich riding in coaches and tte BM largely deprived ol nablie conveyances) and th home-goer Iron, religious sci rue will pass OB bl way line- ol men waiting fut their turn t entor a ""raggery si hen the hour ol its opening sha arrive. lu Paris I tere noticed that In some quat tern more baa been a lane Increase ia tbe nnmbe of business plates closed ia BBSWSrtO iii? denian for a day of rest, and some ports ol Paris nfl a Sui day have been found as ninei and orderly as mau. perta of London, lt is t" me a hopeful condition ol things tbat th enforcement "i our excise laws hus Leon fonn munihl< ; ibo tm,st violent contender lor pomona liberty must admit ibe limitation which the right of otheni dciuiiiid. snd the non-interference aril and icsp.et for religious worship by a poputetk* .vheie the loreign element is so largo i- an empnati nemouatration ul the right appraci itlon of republl san institutions. Tteuou-cbnrch-goer murts?rel; respect the religions oonviotiona ol tLdeewam rbligioas acts provide lot* hun uml lor bis famil; le,me-, hospitals, i?yInnis, retreat-*, ..ml all th bei.eiita nf .li i ri til i.Us institutions, whicb ala largely intiuem a public opinion in leeuring him on day in the week lui rest; and a bile he mnv n"t ac ccpt th- religious dogmas which these te ich. li will rejoice iu the practical translation ol thee creeds inti, good works. All this mas* be th" reaction frnin u Bondi tlon 0 things which, however religiously based, wu no inf,.liner tunes wisely enfor*s*d| and some me feel ?h.iin that the tiny of compulsory religiou observant ? i- pa-sing or his alien,ly passed sway nut Christianity it se lt. iu the person ol its Pounder res..iieii from the methods ol observance practise, in His day, and in teaching that ?? Ute Sabbath ssa made fur man" advanced tte best InterBase ot thi world by showing a more excellent w.is of usiog it It does not seem to hove lieen His wish to ieseei the teepee) fell foi thai dui bo ranch aa to rates u| all other (lavs to it-- ? ' unlaid ai rightness, lie sui ilciioiiii'ed fol His tnui o'.ser, .nen ot the Sabbath c. eu si bile showing us how best to u.ie and keep it Tbe sn,ri, i luis grown better and ihe Church wimi limier the influence of His teucbiog and example mut He will have all Bleu to., mile to thc knowledg< ol the ti nth. Thal ll more than one-hall or the citizens of a metropolis containing tbe largest loreign populu lion ate members of churches or ol familiee undei religious iniiuctices, am! are uninterrupted ami pro? tected in religions worship**Jtba< l-l the'gre.itcr pro portion of others (l*** not protein tbe dey bj beoom uml riotous ungodlinessbut pass ll in decent .m.i .wil,,nl ered behavior j tbat (.'1 the number ol ar reeta for Intoxication and disorderly (inn I net is less on Munday thau on otter dais; that i it h.is been found possible in a great measure to dose unpmpei places a ni protect tbe unwise and unwary from the solicitations and seductions ol saloons mid dram? shops- may well i leer the laver- ol e.1 order, and Influence toa larger /eil .ind a wiser effort thom wno belt.'si., ns J do, not only in a dar cf reel l.ut in a dey ol religious worship. " ii, H. Tiit.vny. New-1 ark, May I-, 1883. EN FO Ed ED RESTE ICTW SB ESSES ll AL UV Till; REV. I'll. WILLIAM ORMISTOM DUTCH llKl-OUMLIi. Tn t h e l. il . t ar vf Ile I r . h u ? r . Bia: Tbs artiels headed ** Sunday in New-York,'' puhii-hed in J in: I itiiuM*, l bare reed with in* letnet and attention. Thc subject rn wide and em? braces many points, the din ussioa ol whleh is as ilelicnte :i::d di?cull as it is urgent and Important. Tte practical questions comic led with the obser? vance o! Sunda v in New Yore, iv Inch press for im imdiate solution, are diversified uud intricate, and involve mans apparently coiiilctuia interests, ibo health and tte boam of mir eitiseaa.tte material ami moral prosperity of the cits, the power and progress of Christianity among us. depend upon tho diameter ol eur Sunday observsnes. How best ts malntaia aad perpetuate the religious observance of the day. amid a vast nopnlatlon ao vaned la sti gin and differing aa widely ia religious sentiment, training ead traditions, isa problem worthy of the profoundest consideration el avery patriotic piena and (' li i'i -11 un citizen. It is of the utmost importance for tte duo r-cogni tlon ami the suitable obeorveooe of tho dey tthat conect views bc held cone.?n.iiig its origin and chinns. -"The Sabbath waa made lot man." It is divine ni its authority sad universal ia its sdepta Hon to haman oireumstauem nnd teed-. lor rea* aous connected with His own being, and for Hie best interests i.f mankind IndividuallyBUd as a race, the Cre.it.r Wisely allotted and .solemnly sanc? tioned a delinite portion ni time for relreshlsg rest and religions sers ice. 1 he dil UM iiijiinctioti is that men abell rest on Hint day and Keep it holy. The instiintloa la prlamval ana antedates ever* fenn ol ?ivil goveiiuiu nt or dispensation of religion, but is lined inr incorporation w it ti any. Itestontte not day is u .Linly a divine lan ami S haman ne ?essiis us labor on tho other six. I'utnteiiiiitted loll exhausts man's energies, lessens his sujo) inents ind aborter-) bi- life; italeo deprives him of the leceesBty leisure ann opportunity lor thocultiv ien ol bia spiritual faculties. As man's physical imt spiritual nature requires some portion of time, io ins social nature renders a conn.ion tune not mis proper but iaufapeuaabla. Neither tte needed cst nor tho desired religions culture ead .service mn te attained iodividually. [tte eery dseiruble hat the whole I'oiiiiuuuity should, as lui a-prac liable, SUJOJ tte lest .ind improve Hie privilege for he highe.'t end ol their being, and in a high moral itats o! society this might be secure,I. Tteqaestiea, however, is not what tiie.ir.tlcally I best and most desirable, hut whit. In existing Irenaulaacee, is beet and practically attainable. 'mler the theocrac tte law of the Sabbath asa tari of the civil code of tho natiou wu Buforeed hy penalties as any oth.-r..f the divinelyaanetloned 'U'lctuu'iit-. lint under nay form of merely human roverninent. even when the teing and authority if (..ulai.-acknowledged, tbe law cannot Leen or.ed ou purely religtoaa grounds, nor caa aay mama aataority ci aatrain a mau to consecrate tho lay hy spending it in religion i services. All that a vise and judicious h cislation ought, fo do ia to se ure, tia far as practicable, to every citizen the ?cacetiil enjoyment af the day as a day ot rest; and o laterdii i whatever aeeesaarily tends to hinder or um 'V imy one in tte proper exercises ol his relig* ona worship, ."-ince a wise and benign civil government ehoiild nsure;to till its citi/ena the rest of ona day la scvon. is an inalienable beaten right, ami tUMS mi other [mundi Christians generally hold tbe hrst day of he week aa a sacred day, devoted to religions ser i'-'-s, it ii surely within the pc ss els ni Hie civil .Bthoritles of the Stato to appoint that .'ay aa the lay of rost, and to enact that nil ordinary business md ali public n rvico lo nupsenued on that day, so far at least as the safety aud ciseutial Interest! of tho community will allow. In the community as lu the family ac Ham au, on nt ol'ss ml. mu-t le- doiio by some, iu order to secure the welfare ot all. But iu tbe ciiuui.iuity ai "f j in the household the amount of labor sh ni I tl l,? reduced to tho minimum rui'iiir-d for emil,ut, ami tbe work should beau arraugeu gai dlsttibitt.il that no servant, private or public, would he wholly deprived or Uio privilege either ,.f rest or Wornbia on that day. A careful ??:i<l judicious lUesrlmlaa Hon is therefore me led to determine tim ubai.u ter and amount of labor that ii ncc."-,-?ry a,., al.o.s ahte. lt is also perfectly competent for tho (is il uuihor itiea, in regulating all other traill"*, entirely to sup. press the sale of intoxicating drinks on that nay of rest, not only beesons in sosamoa with other _fasus it interferes svith tho lights and pris lieges 0f all en? gaged in it, bm booenm it bl inimical to the pea...'. good order end well-being of society, and disturbs others i:i the proper observiin-ie nf the day Pablle places of amusement seem to nie to fall tinder tha same category aa factories and ohices of business, whoso men are employed lor the purposes sf gain; and they ought to bo closed. No plea or BsSSsdty ian Lo ottered in their behalf, and all employe! in then: need the day for the same purpose*- as i>thei workmen. Because Sunday is a divine ordinance, all men have a natural right io enjoy it asa boon, and aro onler raortl obligations to keep it rehg. lonely.*Aad were the entire community actuated by high religions motives the duty of the govern ui(?nt wsulrt end ss Ith the simple appo;ntmeut cl the day, in oruer to secure ita couituou observance. Hut as many avosverll.v ure not inllm-need by tehg. ions convictions.and some are SOVOOSUB and vislsua the restraints of law uro necessary to-cure to those who desire to keen the dav tho peaceful and uninterrupted enjoyment of their rights. However much tho fact may lie deplored, it ta pat eat to ell, end especially ouiilirmed by the article referred to, that multitudes of our citizens are not disposed to spend the day in religions worship or work. Henna, until thei can be led to vic ss the (|ii.-stioii dlffeteatlr, and to appreciate the day as s means of glace lilted fofoatsr, strengthen and beautify their spiritual live-, we cuun.it foal sur? prised and are not dlsaosed hasdly to blame oiuif ol th.- comparatively poor and toiling classes for seokinu to spend a part of tho day in tte open air, ami in cheerful and innocent compani malup, rather than to (online themselves and their families IB narrow and cheerless apartments, situated BOS un treiiueutly amid unattractive and unhealthy ?ur roundiaga. rino ail aud social fellowship are hiimau uccessiiies. For many who ar>- diepeaed io read but svho cannot process bocks pro; j ly aa le, ted libraries .-iud suitable icadiug-rooma Wuald prove a sourcts both of enjoyment and improvement. It l? painfully obvious tbet tao course of eventa Bud tte growth of noaulm sentiment temi to the aaeatertention of Sumlav as a.iayof bnsinsm or , -,.-. i -ii.. ?'. > -pei: lull) th.- latter. For many isho are willing incense from labor ou theda? iegant it simply as a holiday to be spsnt In recreai ion. sports uml amusements of various kinds, ;iud I hus deprive it of ml rclig.ous signifies?oe ami ls?ut?es. tfmlvtt thc religious part of thc community, and tne ria s tiiin churches generally, immediately tauc wiso and earnest measures to arrest and counteract 'bis ten? dency, it is to he feared thal the remaining re? straints will soon be swept away, and thu h.iib.ive.1 Sabbath ot our fal tiers will disappear. tuon tte i nristian people of this city devolves the rcsii'iusi bili ty of preserving and perpetuating the Lord's ;??(.(. a day ol rest and religious privilege. Let them faithfully ob-erve ami oonslstentll houor Ite day io their hon-eli'dds and churches. Let them ct?mend it- ubeervuum br th. ir sxamete ami u Ur a-s ls in their power secure, at any p.>reonul men. lice, to ali uii'l'i* their coin roi the iud en.piym. ml ot it. Let them put ii charitable cnnstniciiou un thevie-rs und pmctieU of those who .Liter fruin thom. Let ihem use all means to incubate aud disseminate tight visws ol the nature, obligation, desi go and sn i antages af fte day Let them a uko a united, persi-teiit and -. Il'-deiijuig ettort te evan goli/e tbe entire city so that to ail the day might Income truly the Lord's Day?a weekly religious fesfi ral. rims and I luis oti'y eau wo hope to secure for New-York the invaluable boon ol aoropei Ban* ?In v observance and to neal the pi onie "call the .-..iil.ath a delight, the holy ot tao Lord, honorable." Nett-Fork,Moy 18, I-*-.). \V. ukmi.sj.,> - i ** EEC AL A Nl> M >RAE IS ELI ES CES. BTTHB Ri:v. di:, thoma's .m.mita<;i:-I!apti.-t re the Edit tr tt The Tribune. Sm: foal leets aad Agates on Sat.bath obaanr* ance in N'sw-York ure forceful ami-startling, but may create the iiitereuce that desecration of tbe davis frightfully an tem Inarnme, still, do they warrant sui h a concluefou * rou show that 800,odo ont of 1, IOU,ooo are members of churches: that ir.),(KX) attend Sundas-schools; and that many not connected witL either attend worship, making. ..iv. 720,000 ss ho observe the day religiously, without counting the 100.000 Jews, whose Sabbath ison Saturday. The remaining 670,000 yon disposo .>t thus : ) )ver ii),ODO resort to saloons. Lei-pardons, concerts and other questionable ptaeee; fmui '.in.dud fo 100,000 visit tte Park, and ia the bot months 75,000 leave tho city foi its suburbs; in all about 185,000. This leaves 190,000 odd, who either profane or waste the dav In some other torin. So, then, more tl.au ti se-tent hs of OUT people obsers a tte dav religiously, iu *ome manner or measure un Saturday or Snnday. The question: Should not our Bamber of Sabbath observers be greater ic New Vork ? prompts s . "in Barteon between our Sabbatarian ats Hst ina sud those of foreign i itie*. Ii; many of the cities of Ureat Britain, the Ssbbnth-kespliig land af Eurone, not over lo.ooo people sttoadSaudaj worship out of 30.000. This Wuuhl oe a largo proportion fee Edinburgh, eton, while in 1.mi,lou the working massee almost uutveraally neglect church attend* ance. Then, te tte largo Continental cities only live tn every hiimlied go to Sabbath wor-hi|>, ate* cording to late, statistics. Hut your ligates ateWthal hore about lifty In every hundred attend. And our ' city borrows its anti-Sabbatic ideas from its brolga* boru people, foi in .rc than half of its Sabbath negle.tors are of this (Liss. This Indus neser ceases, and il eontamlnuhmour community largely, hut uot tt a degree at all pronortoned to its num? bers, liesides. our counteracting ?dueness .'ire cu ?.tautly Increasing io punts and strengthen tUSSS new citizens in helter things. The faces and tongues of the children iu un numeious rai-sicns show them to bo of foreign parents, many Bf whom wish them trained ta Sims rvs the American Sab? bath ; so thal mott potent facts thin those now .it hand "Ureneeded to prose thu! it li becoming a Casar's haliday of merriment, feasting an.l ciime. The day has BS lifIB a brid on the stable, native population ne ever, m your tah?a show. \>'ith th.* bruin, the lalMenes and the true patriot ism of the city, it ia still set apart for purifying -ind elevating tho moral nature. I'onner Puritan strict ties, is laid aside bat reverenos for tho day remains much aa it lins ever Leen, and is likely to roamin. On present data the Christian Sabbath .oems to be in no m..re danger ara.ing SS thoa an, other ordinance ol' Christianity, and alnada the tests of medan Ireunileem svith light geed neiv ?, notwith? standing the inroads of its foes and the 1. il loos croak? ing of its fi lends. Our ancestors here wo.c stern, mac ting, alga st ascetic, inn! they felt.lilt's need for relaxation, so that their Sabbath took its fons largely tram their OU a temperament, and Ks -everest leetrietlOBS ssere no hardship to them. Dat the great body of our pissant population fellow a tread? mill life to make bread aud honesty meet, without those haLits af thouaht which timi idst _ ii.ucl tv I itv ; and so, when the mill stopp, ona day out ol seven, if the mun has no rellgioua tendencies he hu every temptation lo drift away into viciousfnvolity instead of aimless Idlsassa You ask 4vh.1t steps should be taken to promote B hostel observance el the Sabbath. SteU wu legis? late, or depend entirely upon moral lafrOMN f I he best results probably caa be reached by combining tbs two. No saue man supposes tnat our pot>n!at..>u can either bs legislated into our churches or com? pelled to remain indoors on Suuday : nor can ho desire this. Ku thei* is the solution of the problem to be found ia the dual chainoter of our Sabbath? iU civil and its religious bearings. The State baa recognized th" day by lasv, as a "lvil institution for the social, "aural und political bid-sing of the com? monwealth; has Blade lt adte non, on tbs broad economic ground that il is its duty to provide for the well oeing of its citizens in every respect. And the greatest sateaiuen, jurists and philosopher-) hold tue Sabbath tobo a most important factor to thin end. Macaulay says that he hint not the small? est doubt that but for the Sabbath. England would h ive been " a poorer people and less civilized." liittdstone holds that " from a moral, social and Continued on Tenth Page.