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KEEDS OF THE CITY SCHOOLS HO W THE PUBLIC MOM: Y IS SPKN1. "WHAT TUT. HOARD OF EWCATION WIEI DO WITH $l,OO0,iK?0. Th''Tioaril of Etlurntion asked for nu appro priatioii of ^-i,-lDl,ii."0 to eany Qm m hool sys tem ni this city tliio;i?'h Issi. A pmviaittBa ostini it. ,.l *1.<m?0,iH>0, $000,000 ol lh amount to he used tor new sites and new hui!,I injrs. hat been made hi lin- Hoard olEsiiinal ?lil Apportionment. The reduction is alino i-ntinU ni the aramrat to ha need Ira rain un. build),,irs. The sum asked foi wu- $850,0tXJ A foti I appro] iriu ti on ot sJii.iNHi.ooti will no make awmeujuy any krweilug of teachers* rata ios, but on the question win iii. r there will ht anouilh money fo, olin r putpa***- thc Beard a Education i? divided. Borneof ihe member nsH'ii lint tlie pr.'sent whool iteconiimidati'iii are Cw loo .small, that over-crowding of th. Tjiost M-riniis tia turf prevails, with lame ntalil resul's ii|hiii thc health ol the childi en, sud thu at k-;.st hve mort' building*, air needed imtue diat'l.v. Other nifnuhere take a much mon mode, atc view. The Hoard is also divided on th quest ion of raising certain Balarie*. Tainui! it poi ii in lu vc talked with thc Mavoi and v. ill well-known ranaaamof tho Hoard on thor* subjects, and thc views thus obtained are jHvei herc, it h. THE DE1UTK IN THE BOALD. Tin- hoard of Education ou Wednesday had I lons, and sharp discussion of nalane*. For nior* than two hour* twenty Commwaioners carried ot an excited debate over resolution* raisin*: Oh- sala rios of six jin.lessors uudall the tutorsiu the Norina Collete, lieathem nh* apposed tho resolution, wore culled j.?um ami iiiexpurirucod, while thom isvni |||| the higher sn Line-, were accused ot extra v ngami'. Hie raHMnws were not adopts, the vol. on tIx in iicmit a tie. Om- ol' the objections raised against pa vim; lmrhei salaries iva* that there were thousands of ehililrer unaMe ,r? train admittance to any school now he ea nae the Board of Estimate and Apportion men would liol armit sufficient money for new Behool hiulilitii:*. This had resulted in overcrowding amnj vi thc ahoeela, aa th. meat injury of the scholar*. MI Alli" trOKDi FROM THE MA YOU. 4 Timihni: reporter rahed Mayor Edson rester day il he considered li ill a million dollars suflicicn, for in.v .-.les and buildings. ?* Th* provisional es tiwaf? already mail.- bj the Board of Estimate am Api?i,i.>:iiii.ut may be changed hi tho action ,. the Ahlcrini'ii and lat ron hy our Hoard." he re plied. - WUk the Bonni of Education asked foi aj8.r.(?.0iM) for new artes and new buildings, it doa not wem that there is union among Che Cominis eumara in regard to the expenditure ol so mool monev for this purpose." "Doyenapproie the high salaries paid by th* asrard ra wt eamMym who am not in thc schools f' * 1 will hay thin rcgaiding thc system of tho Hoar. at Education. If it is carresl on Iouk in its prtvuin fabliinn them is nothing surer than that it wil tanah down of its own weight. MR. DOWD FAVORS REASOSAPLE ECONOMY. "Do you flunk the Hoard of Esl hunte lias allowed enough fm the Board of Education ? " asked the re porte of William Dowd, who wus Bohoel Commie dione,when he wm appointed a mmahm of tin Aquedu.-t Oeaanussion, and hus gtren much stadf to the subject. "Id..." replied Mr Dowd. '? 1 know that 93,500, OOO is siii'licieiit for the current expenses of the De? partment and half n million dollars is enough to in? vest n "\t year in sites and buildings." '?Bm ii is said thai there are ten or fifteen thous nnd children without school actoiii,n?ilations." Beg pealed th* reporter. "And them aro a geed many fairy rtorieo told about the nhnraer af children refaasd admission tu thc schools. A child may go to two ur three or hali ado/en >. hulk before a raeancj is found, aud he is counted every time." ' "Would yon favor the purchase and holding ol gUm as ii,is i.ecn suggested f" MI don't think the Board of Education is called upon to -peculate in real estate, Beal estate ia not going higher jut now. But there ia no'job' In tin iei|ii,st Ito the large appropriation ol $860,000 lt simply result* from Tuc lack nf buainem ciplc >*." '?Should tile Ito* rd hive power to close schools when- the at tomlin.ia sn ml I '" a lhere is one of theweek parts in the Depart men,. The Board lack* the ability to oompej the childi! ii to go wh?r. ;'...;. is rooiu,for them. Some of tb" si hool* dra". pupils from allover the Island. This ought to 'm' st' a ? ' ' ?Hon mi' I - could lie dosed new f *? " Vi 1 - :i I Int the Board I wa* a member ni the Commit toe on Consolidation aud we 11 ml then ia Tesl igutod th?* attendauce and condition of several dcb..ni-1:1 th.-sixth S, venth and i'm ne. nth Wards, and found that three cr four <?: tbeni con!.1 lc consolidated, not only I* ii, titting the tai payer* hy bavin'.' the reamed achoo) budding* au I hut nl-ii benofittai* iii Hcbidar*. boue ul the teach. i~ Lu thew - Nil* tench chiiilruu in two i le*. 'I lu re an : wo i hooli n it li in a stoue's throw of thi Board of Edni>ation that are rmtj oi ,? ..r two Mo, ka np rt, ? h ni then Uh\( full. The l.ejislntiii-e sin.nl,l give th* Board antbnritj to el me these achoo!* and txanafec tit* teacher*, aud j.i nu ipaia." ? ?? 11<.vs .v mild yon . qualize the -.dari. - ..f the nro jessor* in the Normal College and the College of the (.'itv 1.1 Viv.-York !" * Mr. Wood says. 'Ba nie*of the Kormal ('olhir. instructors.' Why noj lowe the sala rim ol thi I CoUsgo iustructora . "Whul is i.iur opiuiouof the ayatem of high salmi-?.. paid to certain nie "That, to use s popular savins?.' il will anna burs, wide open.' Great injustice will I..-done tho teaeb eis. Them will be a general readjustment and ,1m Jovv. at ? \tn inc will lu i. .ii Ind, l.i giIiuing vvjtb th. I'KtHiiiKNf wai__evi onnoMB, Bmnhuu A. Walker, who ha* bera the i reshlonl ol the Board af Bdacatiwn aeartj four yeats, awi that the Board was ope* to ne charges of ea ti er at tues, gad ii" the Brad eethnate for 1881 should Include lb* iron-id,ul Mipnlation thal the whole aim.mit ashed foi' ? li iud bnildiags should be expended mi i ho ? puiiiii-is, om- of two thine* would f?Uo.v. Thc Board v.-?nilli h.- .liiiisfisi to Banoal to th* Leg fra power to devote some of th* unexpended bal? ances of femme years or else te redam aDthaaal ari.-s. li,- aald thgt there should bi five new build iiigs.. When ene ol t*e building* no * gomg up was sraapletedtheuhndren al pre* il I i Prirunn Behool Pu. ? v.ouid be ir.'.nsh rr,-d to the nen buildiug. ?Ho. <'?." added afr; Walker. uhaa been deemed unsafe hy some members ot the Board, bul looa side: barn, ot conrm it is aol i mold aehool bnikUng. Thew are 1,000a chi.ilr n in the Twentj iceond Ward v ho arc eitlur'?! ..f acheolm sre over-orowdod too much fer health and eafety. Boin the Twelfth and the Kiii.t.-'iith Warda, lu the Twelfth Ward H.-. My 5,000 chililren not iu s. hool." "'?''''i net m.io.-.d tho down-town seboela ls OloHBU, tho lnul,linvs and aitc* Mild aud tho priii tip i! - ;.: ul lenci,, j , i,..;,.,, ns-,1 to np-tow n Bohoulaf int seem* aa eas] thing te do, rai lt bi next to an impossibility. Inthejirsl pince it require* tip taint action of the local trustees aud the Board of r-uu' I then it a, tWo-l.'?. I,ls Ola th'e. -i|IIU,lei's Vole. We lmvs to eoiitcnd U'.'.in ; ,!? h. him ,? tin- l?rj| '? . aeain-l tho influence of tho touches* to l.c lem.iv. il omi a....mst ,he thonneudsol graduate!* win. inn B of the Hchool ihat they at tended when young. In rome wards with a small attendance thora an hrtoomany principals aud touch, s imp ...vihJ. bi t the Board of Educal p?ilell. ;,U> liOlpM " ? au think of the ,f ,]?. t; ? '? nmpectorson ii. ? lauitnrv condi? tion ot the achoo * Every noe and then then taueomnlaini al.I the ventilation, c.. but ea na the *rboli I think , the aehool* aro in s good condition. Not perfocl ol . lu some ahem am 1.anny eliildreu pa, ticnlarly np town. Below Porte*?seoud*st iimiiv ehildreu are taught in private and eharitahffl Bel.?, which relieves the public Schools Hut i.ltei all the talk about bad sir, many of tl..-children have mitch betu-r air in i u -? b - . ? than at borne " " Do you ajmrere the high mlartos paid Pn-ideni Iluni-r. tbs City SuperhiU udout, hi* a*si_taul ? clerks mid othur*employed in th.- Board ? rh. ii duties are reapsnaible. i>r. Hunter, with huneerly 4,tKK) p?pils,hold*s peculiar iM)siti.,u end he is above ttmnverag-colhg,, ureeidtmt asa joan.'' t u Arc the teachcj>' adadra satisfactory T " " If I wire an autocrat I could hnprovs them, but the Beana him rosily Uttle power in lixuig salaric*. We can allot a curtain aiuouut which tho triist?)rt hare authority under limitations, to ilietributo." ilK. WOOD Jj?811_8 HIGH 8AL.\Hli;s. Boated iu his library in Weat Eighteenth sst., tlc reporter found William Wood the chairuuni of th. Commit,ec on the No nu ul C'olleire, who intrude red the ii solution recommending that tin- tntm professors in that (oUev. should he paid as much as their fellow laborers in th. City Coll. :-". - what da poa think of the action of thc Board of Estimate sad Appertionnreni T" ashed ihr iPporter. * I think that Board la the most arbitrary court .sin.c tin atar chamber of Charles I. There sysi, in in its action. Thora four men, the Mayor, thc Controller and presidents of tbs Board >>f Alder - Bara andras Tax Department) us,- aa system in icndeiiug om chiuiiMf.-s. They jual lopped efl nani exceeded thc lound sum of ,s?! O.iii.o'm,. instead of actum en the adi k * ol tlc mc ubcis of mir Hoard, who al* thnrouchlv informed as to ear needs, they caiTj "nt their own sweet will." '?Can the Hoard of Edin at ion curry mri it- plans roi IBM arith *1 oon.ooo*" "That viii depend on whether er net rh* $4,000,. , I OOO is ("teen rn a block or is tied np. If we an- not ; teU hms we mest expand the amanrr we eau gel ' alwin coiuiurtobiv in lins nmnmw. We asked for $250,000 to purchase aile* and *2<600,000 lo hm-in erecting new building*. Non about .<i:iJ,,xs, ha* been cut off, but thal taken fr. P83O.0O0 leaves pt 1 s.dllil ,,. 1?. devnled to [ucreMcd Behool SOC Uti niodatiom.. We cnn use that mttOUUl and Mill tv tain the teachers'salaries as they me now. Um if the Paid dooms from the llsyors efllos is that we must use mule than theP4i8,O00 foi ii. w sile* and buildings, thenthe salaries must Huffer. From tbe present outlook we could buy the land for two niiihliusrs Bud wee, the BttrnVUug*. we intended to double I lint mimbi r next year. Hut on tin- whole perhaps rt would bs hatter not ,<> purcham- .--o much real esl tte ;?> we had originally planned. Ken! estate lp now at the big-water mack. It mar fall soon, and then the wisdom of waitingwonld lie sp pien,. We h.i\<- no nehru naiad sit.-- at pissant." a Mow fast does the school population increase?" aAban!P.PPOannually, and the school eeeam* modationa nra two or tfarae yearn behind thc puen lal ion. This ,s no fault of ours, bul it is the result nt the system of cutting down our estimate* In lfr76$8*:rS,000 was cut off, iii 1877f34?,800, in 1K7M. $l*l.OO0, in 187U ^Ot.l'OO. and this year $432,000.'' "Doyou think that, ns stated on Wednesday, thom are lOjOOO children in thu* city suffering for lack of school accommodation t "That is not tnie. There may be -1,000, but Home of tho schools are not full, while o,hes sra i?!?,,ainl.v overcrowdod. Throe new buildings will BS opened nev, year, aud it is to furnish ?hem that wo have asked lor especial item ol 943-000, 1*> sides an item of f00,00o for warming and ventilat? ing apparatus fer them building* mid for repair* in all tue warda The buildings am located at Maty eighth al und Leiiugion-avc, in rirst-avc, l* tween l.Ush,y-iiith ami Bightjr-suLth sis., and at Pleasant PVC and Omi-huudrcil-aml-ninCeciiih-st. Each school will accommodate 2.000 i Wldren." ?? Do you think the Hoard pay* too high salaries te its?UMrmtendent*, clerks and othei arphryra not in un- s. hool.-.''' " I do not think the clerk of the Board ht over? paid. He has a ntosl responsible posit ion, aud is in luci the .inly responsible ofhcei rn the Board. I consider theofftc: rd the city suneriutendeul a very onerous position, and am sure (hut he narai, all the lnoni'V he receive-. Wc could rmi gil a man ,o re? nlaw President Hunter, not for fl 0,000, Ile cains ms salary, every (tout nf ii. The Balarie* of pro? fessors in the Normal College should be increased and those of the (eacham in th. pi imar> ?chook." ?? \\ hat aliout ihe ventilation ..i the school* i " ? lt ja, on thc whole, iu good condition, although there isaJtpod deal of a 'nurrah' befog made over it now. nie i*Ty is a pood deni of a humbug. A Irttls eaaamea asnee an the part of tim toucher* In Tantilstiaj the rooms i* all that is accessary. That will clear out any loni alt iu th* rooms, li is a cus? tom now amung .loiters when they can't under? stand a ram to call il malaria, and'if i, isa child, thal ia suffering, instead of malaria it is over-study Ot poor ventilation at school." Ut KELLY OPPOSED TO nir;n sat.vuii Eogene Kelly was thc only toembei nf the Board who did not vote for the incmuee of President Hunter's salary from *ii.,Mi(, to |7,S00. Be saul tlA, he could not vole te pey more io a high-priced official, when there nen children needing U com? mon school education, which ll waa Impossible to give then, for lack of money ? I represent the tai* payer-," said Mr. Kelly, " and am opposed to lav i-li rapendltuni when dealing viiih Un* nu-I. I. I do j not think, while the taxes arc hu inch ami the Hoard is unsble tn ohtnin fhn manay thal it oonda j lol sites .md school building... lh.il then si.I.lilli he ! any increase in (hesalaries of teachera and pi'' \ ie -..i-. Tlie -alane- ol teacher* iii lin* primary and j grammar nc boola are watter* ol grvalci minn Hian those in the Normal (Pilose. I throw a coin minis' winminled by the ern euthoritiea <"iLht to all the Balaric* paid by our Hoard. A* to tn. ijiiesiiiin ol more building*, I would favor thepnr i baw ol - tillable site* m mino npied Iii M H m a* possible wc should erect hu " Would ros slice.-,! nu j pian bi which tb?< ? - JM-nv s C/OUhl I" li dill e.! Ut I '?Tlc...mil" schools routd ... The sum of fylO. OOO i- saki d for tl. m. I do n li.ve rn them. There shemld be only one --or, <>i I education ia a city Uko thu*, lt is impossible lure to have school* for" each donominat iou; if tl ? possible, J would l? into i : hui Lu ? il i* uot, I sui opposed to all kinds of corporate bcIuwIs."' Ml'.. COI DESI i:\ri.\IN ? il - Frederic IL>Cuaderl ba uuuuborofthei on .Normal Collei- and ru ' ??? udarwa. H.- neid tlilt lh* ,n.)-. I-: mal KUtiuiStS won!.I bc -iiiii-ileul to carn on the work of th, Opart next year without crippting the system i.< added that while the amount asked for wa large it was not excessive io rles ... il. iucrei ? of the school pi>|.iil iii.ni. In li pei paid li, Ihe Hoar I, Mr. Condon said t; Mr. Kiernan was willina, lo remain ; ; the Board ttn- clio,mon-, n,i,.um, oi work winch he i- required to do. "The Board of Education ie accused being ? mi nued Slr. Condit. no mian is paid to the twenty-one members of the uh..i!?i..i< much ?nimmie time to th* dc pa, Hu' nt." MB. DEVOE OS DEPARTMENT. Kl I F. W. Devos iravAtbe tollu . i, showing the miine;, remited hy the Hoard ami tbe atteud aneeof schomm easfa jrear. In 1R7G the Roai nerved 93,7.13,000, and tin attondann wa* 100 , - in is?7. the - pprpriatl ?u a/as 13,333.000, n attendance 104,780; in 1878, 83.100.O0O, and 109,417 acholamj In 1870, the wune amount, 111,11) ati'lel.ui. c ; in I WM), $100,00 ' . I add.si and th. un leas,- in .it le mia me wes 1 .V.. 1 -.. : ? in 1881, the appropriation wu- | ;..,?? mimi, and the attondau, o 1 in,.".lt. Leal yow - I was given* dthe attendance sra* ll''.".L'7. Tbisyeju .*-.;.T.'ii,.,hiu wa* awarded bj Ihe lloard ol I'.st ima te ami the Lem.I iture empow. cation to u ?? unexpended balances of pl!*-I.OOO making <Bt.874.0fuj this year, of which .-s|-o.<hs'? whs limiie.l to in. i i.r,mn ni non iMuldinic*. 1 rn Utleliilaiic.-ilii-.ve.il will mobah,^ l.< 12*1,00(1 Slid ne it year, il is. ?> tod, lui Qgun i will Mr. 1' roe said thal he though, then wr?rc Iri.OfNi ch,Idi'cti in ne. .1 of bettiT school nceommorlnl That mimi.er included those out of school ami , whoarc overcrowded He sdded that i Carer of thc Legisluturi Ut in ? ? kn paid br thc governiu, it. KR VERMILYE A< M. I 1 CTRAVAOAXCE, ?? Von pit. -,1 nu- sgrU'ial Mr. Wood in our report Oi the Ito. nd's meeting' publish.-il ,n I.ii: in, saThumdny,' said Jacob P. Vermilye, p ? the Mere lui nt-.' Nat ion a I Hunk, to ti.e n porb ?, " bul lt wm correct. Mr. Wood s,,:d ti::,, the tax] would pay any arnoirni f..r education, I ? willi hun, I I. ,.p - ni thi interest ol the friends of edp, ai ino and tho p <?! the taxpyi I .rn ? p jxiseil to the vv ho lesa le inc rea-. ,.| n lorim proposed by slime oi tin members <.i the lleurd. If toe Ito .ri i it, timup th. an,oiini ; '..ii n grant* duty is plain. Wo must reduce th A WOBO FCOM JOHN Kl H.I.v. J'.e.-idciii Bailly, of the Board of Alda rahed yesterd_j nbj hcadro, itod ia the Board ol Apis!ii'i'.iiini nt laving the Board ol Education the inuie ainiitinl joked bu 94.481,850. Ile raid: " The population of the city, ut the upper purl >? penally, ie increasing rapidly. Additional schools are needed there, ~e know tbst the schools tlwre ?ts rory ?ooh orerorowdod. The eity should sflord every child iu ifs limits au opportunity to obtain a unod common school c.hu st)on. 1 be nuun hei - ol thc Board ul Kducatron ure amounoui be I representative citizens. They givetheh Flmegral nitenaly to their ofHrial duties. The; should knot ?'bal i* required I'm their department, i ii not all, oi thuin am taxpayer*, th*j would aol ls likely to ask for ami* than the amount which th.. ,Iceni ne. ???-.'.i.\ lui lie needs "i pnblii oducatiou. ROOM l OB - him. pUPTLfl WA Superintendent Jaspei wa* found busily i In his aahne at flrand and rim stn He said thai U wa. luipossibie to a-, ,-rtuin hen tunny children had bssnmduaod u.<u;.. lion to the scheoln In .v' p hwahm t.lHW wlithhra wen rruorrad to han refused; but he did lint know hnwI many of tli.-m had made application more than once. He added Ihat many piuen, knoWTUg Ihat th* school lull, had mit mwle application for their children. " I think," he columned, ?? Unit ,t Wl- bud additional ucciuniodaliou thaw would he. e.,000 mon- . hil.u. .1 in school, in many warda tl..- truancy law n ? dead letter. I an, compelled by law to arrest every enud between the anas of obrhJ and fourteen years that is not in aehool, and if 1 do arrest one, I cannot ?ag 11 school ia which to put him in some of the waru*. Ihe general sanitary condition of the W'hiH.l.s is unod, ai,,1 mnch ot the complaint made is the fault of the janitor* and tuiucipals, stid not duo lo def vets in tho bu Url I mrs," * THE "BATTLE HYMN OF THE REFORMATION. AN 1X1ELJUTING BMldV OF MARTIN LUTHER. 1 ttii: Rr.! oi.MEirs 4TJT0GB_r_*-*A tage ov the book " LIN' FE5TB BUhli." FKOM WHICH HE SANG There i* evidence that I honk from which Murrin T.rtthcr wu* wont to sin? with hie table wnnpaakMui is preaenred at Dresden, lt is n extremely intonating relic, and hears utmi, its title-page un jun.i-iiiph inseription ,im;ui'.slionahlj' mitten hy the gmt! Reformer. Hm liliana*. Cothic iiuni.nl rharartors and mm text be**Htb them, in which two-thirds of the hook, which is in manuscript, is wiitlen aro hu pim*, d to he those or Johann Walther, ? Bgxon mvcicia- In the irfr-r1?**?? "''1 *?"? ,,f Tm ?mu, who was eameeted bj bolah af iiieixl-hip will, Luther, and who aided him in the arr.nipeiueul of a munica! m iv io- for the new Church. Aumin.' the mun y ol hoi hymns au, I musie.il pietM the book ron - _i__ the famnM hymn, " Kin" bH8 Ung M Sam Cou," ar_Je_ is known the world over and baal been translated iulo at le.ist iwenty laagMfe*. This page, and also tho page on which Lather wrote tim inscription, have been rafn-udueed bj the photo-mij-raviiif? proccet f?i TH! Twumn. Tba itniipm illustrations are gtraa lielow, and with them an mount of tim relic and the prout bj?._ ^^rr^ **?)***?fa\f*m*S ff 1 * firry* C^/ n^h^r g__g AI dsg?^ *?xg ...fat- Hr/WMr ^mJ** m-MLb-l f>l ? J <ynf TilL ST0B1 OF THE IL. MN. 11 iii: ,: a* A MCH, iw ; nv in IXE AM) i a ;i i ii . ; ??? lihi;iiv of Heinrich h 1 ?mm, a publish* i ia Dresdea, i-. preserved a thick volume ol n which i* beUered to hs a relic or Mania Luther. This hook i* known in Herman: aatbe LuthsrCodui nf 11530, and ia the snjort af i unique publication from the pr. -- ol it* owner, arhieh ara* i mod lu numberi .1 i ag ihe euri* part ul thereat 1871. Varioi - ? . '.. i .ms" n ih.il oi ? ..f thi book .-is genuine, b il tlc author ot the publication In question.Otto tnusi :.i i in-, loi of the Grand Dui M..',-. l.i.l ....- -i 1.!.. . oi. Hibjoctod H to ? fui : ii.uv. and. taking tba teat inion, ..t exports iu and ana?cal history, caam to th, noneluaion thu! timi genuine, that the bunn uno, nest kraably in tbs haudwriiin. U former, and that, h bia nara* Indieated, the book nasa rift to him from Johann Walther, a mn.dcian in lurgan. 11 ? fart* m ike 11 .- ie ly interesting r, .:. -In d tacts tin j u it pi.!, dill thal tb ? iii.m which Lmliei v\a.-. wont lo -Ills ll.' 1. - l.i.I V hil h ll' lin ll ilpili il " ii.. Mai tettlai e hi nw ai Ih, kra." ol lil.' h Bk fal li-it . '.lliplete. li i.iiiii' imo ti.-- .ni of Hair Kiei.un i>v p. i ll"' s'.le of lbs of a v...nu theologb-sl st adnu 1 rn Lei win. .li.-d in l -Ss?. Tb in ls mid to bare . -\ it from ? -ii!.- brum h ol the I fi tmly liv lng '?? I " " aud Halls un the Paule. It had long beau aub, rluoiu in tbe fuudly, I.. : ii ii. sad iguotuul oi tin. later* , .i atlas hi na to Um curious old gumin. Tbe eeav tsatoof tb* book, which b in inenuneript^ar* the ono voice part ul a numbat of hymns (among them i 'fest*, Hum "i written bj Luther, aud ot bel portion* of tbe Church an ihe. li waa tbe custom of music*] compoaera al tin- rube lo wiit.- their . .'tn).. i lom ni single parts, a* orchestral mo pu ld i-h< d non ; the book* ba which the voices were ? i i stfsunMi ker, and tbe 1.nih i ' neb a "roice book.* Ii la mach Worn, but baa been pmsei red Intact, except aa i<> a BingLeleaf. Ita binding bi the ntoul hogakin bunil* jin ,<> all lo-., i.-i.t oin bi 'L-. On iii,-1r.mt ia I pset iih', i. I, of Luther enrrouuded bj ? L.itin In x.'tni.'t. i : ?s dmr. ni i-i,i.- f-.: inn i. .i raighi i? treeljr I ? mean " I.cher's writings disclow bis spirit, this pu nm- hi. linea* monta." Ontheliackbi s picture of Helanlictbuu tided bj .i ? Irnilar hexam, Un te thia i "Her lie : tm ol Philip, bul his ttpiri, ,|. lies th, Sm ii I ? I " .'.? ?!' ? . i .mi...ii ? ;. ..-, , ajiUl nes ugo, aud 'I sa* doubt hui iu complituico with the ino mi of ?? , ti ,| |;, u .1 wrnii bb quaint lines ,rOn the portrait ol v!> pearn" pros' rronti*pioc* to the Unit folio ed,i mn ol liv poet'* work* in ii.".;i. lin the litle lithin in ? bieb Lutbei 1 rt ??? ipi of th. gift h.,in his i er. a-...! v. bi, li I* .ii 11 i- produi i -I below iu f.-ic-siniil.. I In* is the te t: Hal ,mi, ll.-i r Johann \> al ,' h,.|-iiii- I M l || e . i .: ". Deni I ? i'ii r. I . of ilii- i ? thal the book - united to Lutbei ood friend, Herr Johann .Vallie i, musical eonu> q i0.10." t ed w it h n j What use did Luther make of sneb a ImmiIc T llattahti 1 I' t/.'i'i' rger, li:, paaaag nphrpre 1 the" Brbliotheca DucaliaQoth* h. 1," tells ti ?? in tl ? ? ie of his inm.: I abm Hil-. custom: a* noon eaten I rntag meal wit b IU* table romyea ?? levoutlj Ul ???? win. li lie ii 1 f,;!i 1,1 ron vii ? :iml alli 1 'Mud publl*hed tl.' in in tlie " - I t -, , on ililli ..? . of I lo-'Wi 11*1 " lie Would f, tell uni of lin little v.i Mtirf-riHia hi. (Narin Bad bold bmw ww nih lime of ti ni vim li,ni 1111,Uni for music, i.i ? .;. Ibrbt, .1 'i ben a ?'""'!. ouuhmIUou ot Um old in..-e ? il the n pen 1 ,"". sud .- c ...tully <11<1 fm enjof itu- minim a reg rta?? iu'i eii.Tiiit-. lim ir ut Liii.,'tie perceived In unew ssag bat lt wi*, li pled he ae, ii ;>?. Un upon tin bm* (ttoit 1*, le- brmigai th- part* tegotaer him! r?*r, 1 ? 1 ? -t t fitamifnenfi. KiKitt ?nnliy dui he juiii lu Ult- tun in ti ir Miiii iiyiniiuu 01 rcaponauriuw <h ki ,?'?>? n-ui n a .1 liv llie M unit ttl lo a Ctilititi'i lam wini. and fd*. yiiuiiK BSBU, Maninu*, ,1, 1 Pi alu . I labia loBlng I ut de empore. 0.. ut Pill Iel lill* Ytrtmt ec ? I nlsw ? *'. In wliicljit" er ut trrhu t ; ul L:is:.-r. Ch H m ci Kortiti*. X.tm tuitcfmiii, Yiiiin.it jm*t 1 ul 1 .?.ir.', j, .-tc. ... rr^^nmrlit ne always MUIg nlutlir with bl an 1 In "i 'u <p**>i BB muk tin* alto. With one exception ,he hymns and mapansm saamatnted la tins pnragraph ar.- contained in the Lather Codes. Th* etta which Lntbnr Beag must m>t be eonfonadad with tbe alt., part of to-day, Rem lt mean* tbe I aa, tbe melody around wbicl appears wore their contrapuntal imitation. Lutbei waa the creator of Oennan cong ... Among hi* .ml' warka, aftej tbs Refor? mation was aa accompli bed i t. was the a tah lishment of th* GennsB liam. To aid hiiuinthi* he w-ut f.-r twa Saxon shepe**m_*tem Oenrad Kupit. <>r Itupp ? b, and Johann Walther, lin latter, undoubtedly, wis the tirs, rn banmnlm th.. nu-lode t.i " Lin' f. .te Uni"." Lon ir before t Iii* thus, rer, hi bad written a number of hymns. Q**r> religiona songi wen known lu fore his time,however, Thefiral wew written bj a monli tl,.- faun - f nt St. 0 ill. Izerla id, in the ninth cetittu .. Noll . kept much employed in in hymns lu the tost i vals ol the Church the buri ?y liable ol the" Hal* I-Inj.ih" was usually prolonged ni ? st raia to which tbs earns af "souse noa*' waa given. Them ae qneni I, all ta remember 'th'* waa before the n nm- of Hl.if'-n it.it ???ni ii', I Not ker eon, th.- idea of writlnir w.>r.ls for them. Be did -<>. bu! m1 of Latta he used Oei One of 1, Ls ?e tin retained te the English burial ser vi.e: "in the midst of life we are in death." During the thne of the Minneelugi] n bs folk* songs became common, -!>:.l tbe Flagellants, who dunne that strange nervous epidemic which fol Inweu the Black Death, wen! id dancing town (..? town. K'li'inns Bong* wen- a1*o written for the itilgrhnauea which then ?rem ii nh', hm none ot them muirs wein admitted ta tbe church. 'Iuej were nf a singular macaronic diameter, something like j !.ii I. in tin- old I'.:1"'! ih ' hr! tni..a I ii-, d toaceompsny the bringing on oftheboar'H bead. Twu linea (tbe Osman one traaslsted) will give au nha ol tia aga: i ' leltem, Win reel raj**1 ? iJw Bantam. Lui', r waa pnasmnatelj* fond nf musir. Re had ,,,ned the mt in i ic i'io..!, ol Munafeld, Maadi lim Ih ? ml l'l ?Mi;i' -li. and lind BU Hg III Ibu SlHMllS lo aid in hi* siippoi I while stud', ic . Ile].laved tho flute and tin- lille, na* fond Of Hinfring. aa ever*] anecdote* ntteat. and had tho for th.- beat of the r*leml li writer-., t h.- ?o'niii int s.-honl in composition of bl* lue,.. Ill " I ii, f. <te I'mir " be v\rote no, only the nord*, hui io- mu ', ul \ also. s "t be never though) hn, ?',: a po* l. Il" urg d hi* ii ii n<l, to < oi - \< Iii. h might 1 In thc mu dc of tho I: mian i bnrchl for which hi ?? fained an ? ni hn tn-love. Probably the reason why he wrote wa because his friends w*rs bIou in neting on his sna? il, iud he wa* ure,, nt that the new illili 'll slioiilil I..iv au artistic nrviou. Heine dom uol wilh Luther'* mode li limul. "I his poetic Iii.-, h' in ,sahl Heine, nm wen mora re? markable I ii.in h. I i tfteuttn ? i flower bl anning on a rr.,|r ; : ' the , nm-of Hie Mun of I.:-I'-1m-ii. ll" WM, tlOWSVSr, BUT Udug ont I nrlhl ewan In m my of lil* In which lif> r..ii es 1 i Hg* of hi* f.,llov.et- incl Ill-pin s lil.II.sel? With H \ true t ii inst iletlant i, ie- an I lil- comp inion* cul i ?! W Tbe old Cathedral t remi.!,*,i m *neti unwonted atrtuna, led in tLi ir obscure ne?ti nj. in Ui . burch fowi t??. I - th. M ? rmi ..ii | t Itu p..wei- or ? en, and pernsp* we n I r, rn ? ?! in I ol 111" "III 111.Ill I , A mora discriminating Judgment was that oi Carlj !'?? In 1831 he prin, id a translation In i > time. Between tbe nurgednme of his moral and intellectual nature and th* "divine bratalitj ol I.,,illmr Marlin ' lhere wai s warm :ivinp.i(liy andh* was beartj lo bia appreciation of the traita iu tb* poem tiiiit mo pemliarlj German and Luther in. lui ri ap ranch of hit of Luther'' lian, and gaveltoui with the original freshui -.-. aud rigor, in iii- urlften |.m '.ilvle, wo flinl little nave thal Li urih of one "whose word*, "ll ha* been -....1." . "Ililli- ol ilia, siill li.ninon} uni ? which U thi l.i p rfeoUon of ii,iii ev >li lu- neill,ni often BUHU* fe-led. U,Ill WUtUll il" ll.ul HOI le.ll lilli to UU_4|- pille Itvvaab, deed of love, ol be lc ralor, that be s]M.r(e freely i iii ton. .-. only rurough tn* flute, amid ' could tb, ugh ol thiU *txong *oul and i eovej . tlil)ll?b lu lina.Meet iii ll. l;..ili,,u, iii. i.Ilia' V olcC, ir we i:-ti. welt, li to lie heard abo lu hi* writings, In bl* poem*. Tbs foliowlnxr, tor example lara upon our eura, :u ll lilt" tlie uouiid of Alpine avalanche*!, or th* :,rt tnormnr of rarthauasee. In tn. ateamat WtJeh dUaouauix' u higher unison, tis re raded to uti. A SafS utronirtiolrt oar (J.si Ih still, A tm IV -dil' III lill'! Wc;.poll ; He'll help ila clear from nil thc ill That tutu ns now oVrtukeu. Thu uueit-ut 1'rUu.ij of 11*11 rintli rl*en with purpose felt; Wilone iii;?ll ?f craft and power lie weare th In thi- hour. On earth I* not hi* fellow. With force of anns we nothlnr can. Pull soon were we down-ridden; But for us tight* the moper Man, Whom < "*! Himself bath hidden. Auk ye, Who ie this same f < liri-t Jen* ls HI*, name, The Lord ZelnioUYs Son, Ile, ano no other ono, Hhall conquer lu the hattie. And were thi* world all devil* o'er, Ami watching to devour ,,*, We lay lt not ti) heart wv nore, Not they can **?*tUOW** us. And let the Prince of III look grim a* e'er he will, Ile barms us not a whit. For why t His doom ls writ; A word shall quickly slay him. (toil's word, for all their craft and force, One moment will n.it linger, But sptto of Hell shall have Ito comae, 'Tts wiitten by His Ingar, And IkOUgtl they take OUT Hf*, doods, honor, children, wife, Yet ls l heir profit sundi; Them things shall vanish nil, 'Hie City of dod ronialneth. One of tho kuottv point* in the history of th hymn bus long been the date of its origin. On theory that found defenders placed it* origin dui lng Luther's stay in Oppenheim while jourteyuii to Wotam lo appear before the Diet in 1821 This thory had no basis lu fnct, hu had a fascinating picturcMineneas. It wa when the Reformer wa* making thu famous journey that he wa* warned not to onto: Worm*, and replied in hi* letter to Spalatin : "An, if there were aa roany devils in Worms as tiles oi th" roofs J would go in." Tho picture of a ciiy fnl of devils has become a world full of devils in tb, byran, and thi* coincidence led errthnaiastle ail mirers of Lat her to jump to the c.inclusion that In. had written tho hymn hi 1821. The theory which was longest held, and which ii still maintained by perhaps the majority of writers is that it was written in the castle at Coburg, dur lng the session of the Reichstag at Augsburg, ir J 530. lt is known that from that safe retreat, which he, by transposing the letters of tho word called "Oruhoc," he dent a number of hymns for composition to Kent! and others. And there is* the explicit testimony of hi!' servant Veit Dietrich, contained in a letter written to Melanohthon. that during Luther's sojourn in th* <a <t lo he *ang tho hymn to his own accompaniment on the lute ev.ry day for tho purpose of inspiring himself with the great courage which he needed in those stormy and perilous times. The character of the protection he was onioning may have suggested Ute fundamental Idea or the Ly mu, which is a par? aphrase,,)!' tho XLVIth Psalm, hem noilcr Ee/ugium. lloth of these theories, it will he seen, had pict? uresque anecdotes to commend them, but tho reat lem spirit ofQerrnan mrestlgatkro refused to accept anecdote ns conclusive proof, and so it has come that the latest, investigation* have lcd to the lielief that the hymn was composed in 1090 ufier the Beichstas ut Bperer, and daring tho preparations for the Reichstag at Angalitiig. This belief is hased on the accepted idea that it was iir^t minted in a hymn-hook published at Witten? berg in 1520. No copy of tbi*. hiaik is now known too. In existence, bul ii was reprinted entire [na Orman Journal in 17****. A Reformed bvmn-book has, however, been dhwovered dating bark ,o 1520, which contains the words of the hymn. iy> that ,* ls now quite ooneluarrely proved that the hymn was in existence In-fore loSO, n fnct which was es? sential to the genni nene-.* of th" Luther Codex of Herr Kloium. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ THE EFFKOT OF SEDUCED POSTAGE. no in' naen ix thk sMotmr oe mah. matikh? rr. ti marm * or mr. vmrum. The first month under the system of reduced postage, 'iv wid. ii nu .i...-. ln.ii! niatter I* transmitted st the rate of two Inf fliree rents fur c.ii'li half-ounce, ended with No\i jii'ior l. Postmaster Peal son i* of the opinion tii'it ttl. yet tao carty t* term a IndgUMUt ni to the effect Sf 'hf leiliieflon on the rimolin, af amil matta* sent. The post-ofliee oflicfus are, hen I'ver. sf Iks .'pinion that there li.i- ama little If any in ?raes* ta tbs bustaase of. tba eflcn ea aessunl sf ,ti> rs liii-tioii. PostuuMtsr Pearana aa* tamlahsd tiburon ?bowing tbe receipt* ol tbe olBce from every annemtaa* Hon ot itatnp* la eaoh ot tbewecki ..f October, IIW2, iud n.t... 1.1*93. Tbe receipt* for the mv'. cudnia into'., i .'. 16*3, wert mrasually lura* for peculiar rea m.ii. Bustasm linns rising l:ir??- ipiiintitl.-s of Htainp-i ? I.-1 iv * -1 seudtag until October in criss to take .vi vant ? ? the redaction. Qreat aumasn ..f ism seal itsmpedon rderaAla advance ford all mi Osteher l. Oartoatty araksm Irnngatmsnj af the new stamps tar the Ant fen Ossa, Baatfe tin- reestpta for thal arse* Barnaul K> SO? 29 per . "nt roore i bun t i year ;. I the SJ -felll of III. I,el PQ|tSg> ? i lit' ill-Vt I lire,? ibowed .i in.ii ked reduction In the recelpti ? i."iii.-**:i.":;* ?i Tbesveragewmklyramfpta ? .'ur. I-*-.', s*, PB |03,9 - ' The .lill".'. pl 3,000 week!1 -might be taken to represent the ? ii the reduction in postage srsretfnot thstdli x cause*, *neh a* tbs Inwrmia er >i Mus sf susi Bunni of political canvassing, uttagof nev bustaem linus.sud tbe nsaibm ? I'lil.n.. are to ba taken Into amount, rhs tenn. , ' and three ? sou told U sbsul 1,700, MM) a week, or abeot 150,.' mn thu -i ysar age. ? tl tine. . out itanipi i ? -li week, lilli c.. ne* . I J ba lu. :ej..- in : ? i'I.- hi stamp* for the last 1 i usu 10 per cent over that of the year bera thal tl h. en pre Po*l la few day* * to: ? It l* really : il, io fora ire* of tb* h ? elli anj Idea ol Hi" ? ii"'t ut eadu.I postage I .ii 11 ''...ii !??? . oi 11 ?? olin ?? .in io U'," ami we ure*o utlv sul*J.'ct"d to inn-vi.ecii-d .1 in ucl. that i . o.i- -1 .ii ' be t! -i.e ? t .r .i ibm ' Ur* ? ?.an- to be deeejitlv e. If. for I, ,- I candidate bqys 30,000 Ol lO.OOO stamped i li \ i?l?pe for the 'i i!. Or ?>? I.li .-.- tHIslm-A* Hun m.iv .-"i,.1 on, eil. di ri!.,i Mon tbronghoiit the eountry. and we I with mt wai i'm ? - - - j ?? i ? ? thal lui r. ... - ie liiuinear, foi thal parUoulai day. Ph* ?. Ol 111" lilli".' ,-, jill Mle past I* lo ! I Of I ':. .1 ? il J . .1 I* IT >'..I>". I.\ "I ' ?. I'l'.ii or tim* has it- peeullar feature* in tbe ? ?inn* of nicotine The dar* of rbe weeh. for la li... "theil lii.lniilil.il pe. illili ttl ?-. I'll Minni.iv Iii... i. sp, to i.e .i i . -ni da, i ? .on. nar*tlrp|y an Idle d i i. r!so n heavj letter V, lill V, lillie. l.i\ BUll I lltllfilay I ollie iie.i.v Hutt-. li ip. ? in ni ?. .i- mu -I oi ii..- ?r ?;,;. | I hen. i "i -vt* nil.c. we ba\ e many el, d through the week and deposit with n- In a lui \> .itu ol tue c..mi i Inc day we have extremely hi ivy new*pspor botb tb* mon, lily awl weekly publications ii the > ene i nu.. i it auil departure vf foreign .1 cause in. :.\i-.' in " I of one ii ii . "Soto Mean be Judged hy Mi? >*?? who lin.ii: ii lu. ri ise ol letter writing os ac if tin reduced poi.Lu ?? The n i the lui.-,, me between two cent*, and three couta ls Imper tiiut do not write letters, Mhu.i of them eansat write nt i:i, and in oilier rasei w in re i * ?? or thre* letter* u year ire w uti' u Mn- i..:rn Hoi, . ?not haw inn.-li ?Heel Aliie.Bt all ll ? dou* bl pe. oII-. Who would mit be deterred from writing bl tbo eoaf of poet iga, rh" majority of Letters -ii: tbrougu ml Imus,'* who di ' .'.ir lenee Bills mid sealed notice* that form a largs > nt of tin- lol -i ri.-H \, ill i.e -.ut e, u whether, leeut*. I'"! th?ereasons I Uni nat .xpect tba! in thu i t, leant the reduction would ;? islucss oi ih.. oiiii .-ni i b .-ll no, ic iii. ipnoiiiie.i ll al ihe ando! a year thc I .lit." TUE NKW-TORh stu-1 ELY LIEU I EY. The hi.-:,uv ol tin' New-Voik S I urary 1700) auder I ????il of lofBellamont thePubUo Library ww rounded. ':il5 Ithrarj Incn ised and gained considerable Import me. ghoul lTot) li < i.ks wera placed tn tae charge f th ? ,'orpo: -iMon of Mu-City, hut Mi ey ?ct'Vred t ? lek of proper ears, in 170*1, however, a assaber of par* eu* formed aa as*oeiarion to promote tbe i in- library. They coUsetad s number ef bouka which rem added ko these In tbe PubnV Library, aud tba a ollei'iion Mn- then mai i."d b) ii board of ti i bo ea h. Mm. 'ih" atina um called Ihe Qty Library. ? a privilege* were md confined to reaiden but any person In the Province could besotus s ubacrlber <?? bum the loan of hooks. Tbe collection nm leadily and largel* Inoreased, and ni 1772 i ehartse um '.linne.i noni t>overnor winiam Tryon,enewuman uine Wsildell being Barned araoug Ihe inwrporsaors. he name ol the Qlnury ?.i- i h ls charter tl ?ii.uni iii. -miine ni nu. uorurj w.i- curuigea nit* ure-.'nt deidgnatlon. The Revolution neal tioiiii thc library, .n.? n cerd ? . r of ta M.'.iie:.-.-, bul fruin c.-rt.dn minuto* ol thc trustees and loni other documents, it would Beam that thc honk.* . -i ?. ini thi a lu li. i?. ii.I.ei, VT-x. ii nie. tina of the prop were elected, and the socle,j resumed us -erk. tn 1701 tb* Hbrarj \n,? depoelted ta tbe Itt) l.'U, ami wai u*ed bj CongniM lu Uaearlv Manton* here". iboul Mil* Mine land wa* purchased in Na*s.iu-st. up the Middle lunch nundi andaUbrar, building ' l. lu liiSO th* N.--ir ,,. property wa**uldfu 11,200, aud .i lot U0 l?> loo feel nt Broadwa, mid L : WI ii Mn- lot iitiieo-iof |i71,Uo?l, nnil th" li'.i .ri wa* re? ms houghl for 1*17,600. A build! I .-ed to ll i .n lu turn wm saul ta 1*53 for 1110,000. in ie-' ii .-ult being bul 156,000, au bo "it ol debts and - In the narnu year tb* Uhr ar) was removed to lc liil.le Moil-" ami Mm laud in I'liivcrallv place where h.- library now stand* wm bought tor glO.ufiO. Tho recent library buildtu*. waa rruoted about Mn-tune, elna rurwally entei . toa. m ,n I7;i,,. the da,,- of thc rti st rataloKiie after tbs I;.Mi? ll mn, the llbriuy ls stated to have po-uwMsod n.iss) vol BUS) Ul loU, li.ooil; Ul lfii6. 1M.IHKJ; ill W3g, '-,5.000. -? ut nunrber 1* anoul -.o.ihmi. 'rho ln*Utntton bu* isa ti" dael niel in addition to it- i.ooksit* site um. nilding, coating about *80,,x)0, lt po**e**e* propsrt/ln eal . -tate, and ca.ih Uivcituicuu to thc amount of 170,000. DRIVING FAST TROTTERS. A CHAT WITH ROBERT BONNER. HOW HIS TA*TT. FOR floit-F..? WAS DKVF.LOPi;ii?THg IHOTTKU'S POSSIBLE SPEED. Unlike his office in The Ledger lnililino, tho walls of which are covered with the portrait* of fsmou* trotter* and famous authors, Robert Runner's slttlng ns>m at bl* private house give* no evidence of the taste* of the owner for horse flesh and llternture. Mr. Bonner who ls u thick set, yonngtsh-iookrng mnn, with keen eye* and a reddish lieerd, sat bi blseai-y chair the other even* lng earcselug one foot with his hand, and chatting on Ul* favorite hobby to a Tribune reporter. " I think I ii ay lay a modest claim," said he, " to be an authority on the trotting boise, and lt was, curiously enough, a mere chance that lid me to tnke au Intin -t, which sutiee^ucntly became un engrossing one, In ?bat subject. It la more year* ago than I care to recall teat I came to this city from Hartford, on The Ontromt of which cit y I had been working tn a literary capacity. Soon af. ter my arrival I started a venture which soon took ny w bole care and attention. For eome year* I worked day and night, til) my health began to give way. One day my old family physician walked into ,he office, and after teu f?g me how 111 I looked, said i ' Robert, I want a check *.r *3O0.' ' What for t" I asked. ? To buy you a botte,' answered he. Well, he did so, and for a *bile I tried saddle-horse exercise, but anon found that lt i j did not egree wltb me. Then I took to driv? ing, and I have driven ever since, and behind some pretty fast horse*, too, let me tell you. I have seen great changes, though, since the day I first drove out by my doctor's orders to gain health and strength. In those days tbe owners of fast trotters were a* a rule either ' sports' (which was then another name for gamblers) or buUhcr-boy* and the like. Por several years old Com? modore Vanderbilt, Colonel Harper, the senior member nf tbe publishing finn, and ni} self were perhaps the only respectable members of society who made a practice and were proud of driving fast trotter*. A man then wa* given to depreciating the apeed af any horse he owned?a Mt a tc of udnd which 1* ciiriously rare nowaday*, when a man's power* of imagination rather incline' to the con? trary order of things. Little by little, however, it begau to be recognized that a man could drive a fast horse and still lie a respectable member of society. Hpeaklng for myself, I may say that from the first day I took the line* In my hand* I made one re*olvo which I have rigidly adhered to. It wa* that under no liicumstance would I allom'a horse owned hy me to compete on the racetrack for stakes. A* soon a* a horse enters my stable hi* public career ls over. It wa* tbe knowledge of thi* fact which prevented my securing Dexter earlier in his career at a much low .-r price than I sub*-quently paid for him, and this ls how lt wa*: Ueorge Alley, as I dare say you kuow, Ismglit I Kiter for r-ntl mlit. tin- original check wltb which be paid for bi-t purchase being In my possession to-day. Under Alley's ownership licxter soon began to develop his wonderful power* of speed. Well, one day Alley, who was then MilTerinir frc rn pecuniary pressure, fume to me and offend me the horse for fl .1,OOO, dating that he had made ner tain time which wa* then below thc record. I wa* not very eager at that time for the horse, hut toll Mr. Alley that if he would make that tin - in my pregeuoe st fleetwood I would buy him. We went out to tho track, but the well-known ilriver who theil had him lu hand did not want me to become his owner, ss lie knew that would bc tantamount to tin- horse'* retirement from the race-track. He ac oordtugty pulled him tn when making the trial, and re fused to repeat the exjiertmont. I, of course, said the bar. gain was off, and a short time after Alley sold him at iiii.M,,ii ,o a man from Chicago for fl 4.OOO. A friend of tin. man about a year after asked melt I would give tum $'2,000 commission, supposing h>< obtained the horse for ITf.fJlTff- I assented, find thu* really paid #35,000 for tbe bsmSi who ls now in my Hallie*, as I suppose you know." " I)., you think thi pr? i.' -;,-tem of trotting exhibi? tion., prejudicial I" - I think I nowt am-vver yes. Every true t-ports uicu fear- ihe icgmamfttng of his sport Into it form of hippodruming, and, Judging from :i i .nt diaeloauma and the facts t know mv-.lf, ih.it li viii it thln?', BM comlnt to. Thu, trotting fm the giitc tunney tiinl tito prevalence of pool-selrfng ou - eaanot lie ms severely condemned, and the latter I *li.iiiUl liku to see more severely punished amt vlgnroosly rcpriwseil ny tlu- Hnthoritle*." "Don't you think that these public trials of speed ha va ? lon.- much to develop the trotter I" ?? Nu. I think they principally serve to develop the .Min* of the. ganiblors. I myself make a rule of never at . pu', lie mutch unless I want to sec a new horse, Of one I tlnnkof pureba-lng." " To what do you attribute thc r..j.i<l and marvellous low. rlu;.' of tbs record lu the la.*t twenty years V ?? Pb ?evernl cou-*.1*. In thc first place whit I may MO the mechanical adluncts to tam sport have l?-en wonder? fully improved. Our modern milkle* nnd le represent almost the perfection of sciontifie skill applied u>c?rri ase building. Friction and weight aro minced te a minimum, wi th sud stability remain a m..xl ?rum Tben, levers! seconds hare besngstosd hythe inproved scraper* and roUsr*uasdteprsffamtb* timk. On nj own tann, for Instance, after nalng fer room tune a roller wbicB I regarded bs pt* (Vt, Twas Ind !??,!-. i.e I itext novelty which 1*u.-ed ni I'l.-elwood.SM fo.uiil I bad gamed two leeonda ai i.i-t bj doing aa Then the Inrronrtctton of tee-weights ba? done wondn lu th . .iii-.-non ii, tact. I ti.ink Un* letter is veut lou ha* lilu.'?-, revolutionised the iclence ol trotting and vvill . powerful Influence on future breeding- It i* to rumfnl breeding. after nil. that wc must look for the great, i results in the future d relopmentof the trottti ' I Our original I trotting stock, aa you amy know, came from Qm eda the Kiiiiie ? -in k .is ii wssesUed) then orange beean** tba '.'.?;iiui a little better blood was bred . from; now Kentucky, which tar geaaratkius has bo i tioiiie ni iii- iiiicungiiiir. ,1. li lending m eur best sol | mal*. That, f think, 1 the great secre, the Introduction of s thoresurbbrsd *trsln. I de not think that cm - .-00.1 trotter straight flinn a tlion.ughi.redui.it.-, u take the product of a trott r and ;i thoroogh bred :n"l breed thal again tn a good trwtrlmr stock, von are lil.eiy to Ml koo>1 n-.-ulf*. Thal ls thc of Jg i... ?ee'a mi ? m. De bm the - properties ?f lil- that ought* ed saemtsm, i h it -tm hil' pawer mil:.'., to thc acion of a good trot Ung (-.train, vvill make tbe ldc il trotter ??' tba ruturs, alni on la now . : 't.-r matter of cer? tainty, thank* ?<> thc knell of the lo*-welgot*. Without iiio-c. nu inst*see, Hand s. would nevee nave become tbs horse that she la." " What do von think vvill be the ultimate sjieed st laJi.cl f" " Weil, I can only my v al r (un 11 horse In my u that has fretted * fljnsnsr In M*|: m when no um by breedlntr to obfaun thal atuytsa power I ?pok. at, i supposea t siD-miii'iic record will ks ? coin.non ?! t lilu _r. A worthy mathenmttSal ernfessnr i ? i ... iih-ulitiiiiir that Hie trott el nil! evsumalij cituu) lb* in- bl ? -,' il. Kverj ho, - n. m must know this is abmrrd flcmsens* at fl-*i ginn.-e. a hatm that bo* to be pulled ha with tremendous bum -??> m nut to exert hltnscll totheutmn*) eau never equal theepeed Ives bl h ? el and can proceed hi ? > ? lt were, end iilino-u riv through i'ie an TrotUng 1*, after ill. an nrtltl.-lil gut ami mu.: ut . be shower dian a natural one." SOME FACTS ABOUT PEANUTS, " ''tutsiph'a Pren. if, ns some people beliere, A-hic. mit a enrae lo .'vim i lea in -lav erv. -.be cert. Univ '? SsUU rs so well - ti.it we ott their bow large Importation alton In Virginia they am ? iliad "p*aants''j n. North < 'ni illili. " .: mini p itli Carolina, Georgia aud dppt. * pluders"; In Mabama, "groaasVnam~and In I'euneaaee, " gooia - The prep ration ..: pi-unuts for the market ls un tuter esting ojs'i uti In .-ii Immense Ullt lu heconi, ii \ tfats ..!. . ii.i lirevoi ??- vcr. - < eo ll side ol Hi. belt U Ul . r-i ii . olored and enishi d duty it i* io -e.i,um. the poor i ut* fro, ? ?I in,- uui., . ,. nana, u hen more girls await 1 ? pol them m bogswhleb, winn ailed, *re sewed up and brand " cocks," ? ill llie ' - ul,, i ? " peanuts. rbi i nuts, win, li v the girl* si lbs eadie** belt, sn iill.l lc: , ' ? -.ii k, .?- " .-nip ? solus " sm uot ?o ian., ni-i -Dime In appearance m th, . third grade ol nut* Iskuo ? lid ihe that ai ? ? l and .-.. ni to a buddins ^ here the little rue .t thal ka ls lassa la extra ' '? taut sheller, i :? '? ? name lt I* known to the dealer* ls put up, elena and i ji.ii | oi,iui bag* and shipped tor ls feetluncrs mid mai rs ol ,?? .nut ciiudj . There ls dso au oil m.ole front some of iii. nut-. . ..i.:>. I um ? trude ir done bj v ' tale druggists. Ol theo uitttstheiel tor e\ eu the nbeU* are m.ute useful, hoing pul n' i'"1 nd mid t.. Uuii iii'ii for horse bedding, awl a . . Dmfortabt*, heiilthiul bed they i . i . hyoneol thi atlusts (siper* tuat a nail 1* te ha built foi un iiauuidctiiie ci peanut flour, which lt I Biakes laos! .-v^'. Ilenl lAm int lu isirt e.ii.-u p.v.,rv finnie (rom |*>:ititlt limn .iel ? lent, iv*ciu>niiig toviuiiiit Ul taste somewhat sltheuga lunch mi are groimd be, sa and lb* Hoei "J | bolted " or kilted through u lu the coarse, sharp pieces and tboTeather-Bk? "kin bsremsred. ibo rsfuss?If Ituuu >?? loeaUsd > tx..-ilcut food roc pi-. The cultivation ol the peanut will, before long, he om of tbe ludnstrim el the Hsutu, .la '??*?>_ nial cotton Kiowijifc un au occupation, thc profit* to ?' "J* .nil ?r land being about thc .... ui. ami i>. auuts inc muca cutler to gi-ow lUiui colton, rev ali tug l.'**> cn* auil atten Uou. There I. on.- ol.J.etlou, howevci.tu lN'.iiiut flour ..* a Iteadj diet, lt i- uld lo he ni. InjiiH.M,* lotlw te?-t_, vausliig them Hist Lo turn yellow aud aa a*aBJ Election comment by a Butler mnn : Wm? Butler did not get his LL. D. from Harvnrd. MU !??_*__ ptegavelttohlmyostei'vluy, "licked LLkc the OevU.^* [sprln?'fldd llcpablicuu.