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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 04, 1893, Image 1

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yoL-jjn.1V? 17,1*6.
HE BOXM Ttir-M and THKin ?Tnr.s-ox.-.i. MA
chini:---' MAi.M-v R-BWOJta-BLS ron mn dex
in ron A GOOD SHARI or THE
Senator HUFs visit In New-Terk this time was
a 'short one. out if what crtain machine men
who have booti In his confidence are laying
about it i^ true, it will be memorable In State
Miltie* When the Senator stopped out of the
Hotel New Xctherland at ,". p. m. yesterday
with his gripsack In his band and wenl to take
tho train foi Waahlngton he lefl behind him
tingling tars, which belong tn Democrat! In this
city and other parts of Ihe stat.-. Senator
Murphy als,, (tarted for Washington yesterday,
leaving his hotel in time for tho H:_o p. m.
train. Lieutenant-Governor Sheehan remained
in town to attend to Important law business, he
said, which would keep him hore until to
Assertions wore made and rei eated yesterday
that Senator inn waa nol present at any of the
Democratic conferences which were held on Sat?
urday, al whi.-ii Senator Murphy. Lieutenant
Oovernor Sheehan, Mr. Croker. ex-Mayor Grant,
Mayor Gilroy, Anthony N. Brady, nf Albany;
State Senators McCarty and McCarren, and
Dtatrtct-Attorney Ridgway, of Brooklyn, were
named as participants, but there are pretty
well-authenticated reporta that Mr, Hill saw
and talked with a number of Democrats while
In this (itv. and that ho spoke bis mind with
great freedom. When be came to review tho
causes of lbs Democratic defeat In the state
he does not seem to hav.- minced matt.-rs In tho
least. As he spoke of thc "bogus Democrats"
who, he laid, had "betrayed tin- party every
time they had a < banco in tho last nine yearn,"
hi* manner la described aa the acme of bit?
'Three things," tbs Senator was quoted as
saying, "brought tho disaster we have just
suffered in the st.-iu?tho Cleveland Dorn'.(lat*,
the liquor element, and tho personal machines
conducted by Cr.,ker. McLaughlin and Sheehan
In tho cities of New-York, Brooklyn and Huf?
falo." Tho Cleveland Democrats Mr. Hill char?
acterized as a body of mugwumps and political
freebooter!", who had never been loyal to the
Democrat ic party, and whose leaders had de?
termined to oppose ani if possible defeat the
Democratic State ticket this year no matter
who the candidates upon it should be. He was
glad that this "mob of malcontents" which had
trained under the leadership of such men as
Grace. Fairchild. Peckham and Coudert were
organized as a permanent body. He hoped that
hereafter they might be found tinder their own
"dishonorable standard," and thus would be
unable to deceive the people by prating about
being Democrat*
Mr, Hill admitted his responsibility for the
nomination of Maynard, and said that be did
not shrink from lt In tho least, lt wu- a nat?
ural and logical nomination, and could not. In
honor, tv- avoided. But he insisted that the
spectacle of tho Cleveland opposition to May?
nard was pitiable after the Pieoldcnt's ad?
herent* had accepted all th" political ad
v_-.{aj*-*s which gTew out of Maynard's acts
without protest in last >ear's election. The
Senator believed that the Anti-Snapper attack
upon Maynard was only tho mask to cover j
the determination lo defeat the State ticket j
this year, and that the Mugwump opposition
would hav* been as bitter against the ticket, >
though perhaps less open, if Maynard had n<>t j
been nominated.
As to th.* li'|ii,.r men who cut the ticket, tho i
Senator was more guarded. They bad I.n dis
satisfied and I. .Uti. ally discontented ever sin'-e
they failed t., j-.-t all they demanded from s
Democratic Legislature and Executive. Added
to this, their old antipathy toward Maynard,
whom they had defeated twelve years before
for being a Pr .hibitk.nist, came up again, and
they took the opportunity which was ,,<f. .. ,]
them of "aquarlns nccounte" with the leader* of
the State Demo, ra y
"P_.R_.OXAL Mv.'UINl.s" Till. MAIM CAUSE.
To the disgust with which voters throughout
the State had come to regard the "personal ma?
chines," as he called the Democratic organiza?
tions in this city, Brooklyn and Buffalo, Mr.
Hill attributed one of the main causes which had
shipwrecked th<- party. Th-- complete smash?
up which Election Hay had brought to the
machines of McLaughlin and Sheehan tbe s> n
ator seemed to think was not at all surpris?
ing, and was tho direct result of the utter disre?
gard which these leaders had shown for the
wishes of the people. Mr. Croker he regarded
ss an extremely lucky man to have escaped the
flood this year. Next year, he feared, he might
not be so fortunate. The people, h<- said, were
Sta ays suspicious of men In political life who
beeam.- suddenly rich, but, most of all, they
disliked a display of riches acquired .luring a
period of political success. It was difficult to
seavtnee them that wealth obtained in such
times dui not com.- in some way nut of their
While talking about the "personal machines,"
Mr. Hill took occaalon to revert to his urgent
admonition at th.- Democratic State Convention
of Uti that Mr. Sh.-.-han should not tak*- the
nomination f..r Lieutenant-Governor. "Blue
eyed Billy's" vaulting ambition, tbe methods
which he had felt forced t" ad..[d to attain
his ends and the way bis fondest hopes had
been eliminated l.v the sturdy voters of Brie
County, were pointed oul to show that the ?ijh
regard <,r the Senator's advice had brough!
litter consequences. Those to whom Mr. Hill
talke.; expei t<-d him lo say something, also,
shout Senat.,1- Murphy and h's Trojan machine,
but the senior Senator was silent as to his col?
Th" downfall of Hugh McLaughlin furnished
, Mr. Hill with a theme on which, lt is said, he
dilated -u length. That he regarded Mr. Mc?
Laughlin as safely In his political coffin may be
Inferred from a stinging reference, which the
Senator ls Quoted as making t*. Senator J.dm
McCarty, speaking of him as the "legatee Of
McLaughlin's political estate."
The rune,r was revived yesterday that Mr.
Croker had finally decided to retire from the
Tammany Hall leadership and all political
?""anagement In th.- future. It was said that
hi* resignation would tak>- effect at the be*
ginning of the year, if In the mean time a satis?
factory successor could !>.- discovered.
The Stecklef-McCrea Independent Democrats
are preparing to hold a mass-meeting at the
Cooper Union on the evening "{ December 14, at
which the "New-York City Democracy" is to be
formally proclaimed and its war against Tam?
many Hall officially declared.
Topeka, Kan., nee. 3.?The mover* in the Oulf
and Interstate Railroad scheme, the most giKantlc
?oterprlae of the character ever conceived In thi*
T-'nlted State*, will meet December .',, In Represen?
tative* Hall, Topeka, to formulate plans by which
two great lines of railroad may he constructed be?
tween the Gulf of Mexico and the Hrltlsh poases
June SS the first Oulf and Interstate Rullroad
Convention was held at Lincoln, Neb. After two
Clays' deliberation that convention adjourned to meet
"*t Topeka December 5, when lt ls expected that
the movement will be given a nett Impetus. The
."t'op-ka convention will formulate n plan for se
C'liln-- auch legislation by the ten States Interested
a? will at_.it thi* gigantic venture at an early day.
la conn-cilon with lt Governor I-ewelllng will pre?
sent his Oulf ship cunal scheme, the eonsumma
l.on e,' which he say* ls now an non ti red fact.
"VV-llh a Une of steamers," he says, "plying be
'~f**ti th* Uulf ports and European markets to
"Jjtry our rcoduct* aoro?_ the Atlantic, when we
snail Sav* !_i<l them down at Oalve*ton. at a -av
SP* Of millions or dollar* annually to the people In
gerested. lt aeem* to m. that the problem of .-hen
ttaasportat'on will be solved, and Western larmer*
2BSF" *?">'**?? bea ?aclariefc"
ha^Trev1,,^1:"' *" " ^P-"??.-A snowstorm
Sn ow t." h"rP f"r ,he ,ast ?W?ty-fOUr hours,
r i \ ff"1 ""P an'" -""tag badly. The
railroads are having a hard lime of lt, and all
ra ns are from two to six. and even eight, hours
late. The through trains from the West ar- In
bad shape. Michigan Central trains are three
hours late. The Xew-Vork Ceatral, Brie and
weal shore var, fl,,m M h(iur t0 four hour. , iV
The Lehigh Valley ,.,n,i Rome. Watertown and
Ogdensburg road* feel the force of the storm
th- most. Th., cold la quite severe to-night, and
there are few passengers on the tralna Th" elee
"".'upanic?? on Loth sid. ? of the river- ar- having
difficulty In keeping their lines open.
Kingston, x. v., n,.,.. j (Special) An extremely
heavy fall of snow for th. season began hen
Soon nf!...- midnight, closing with hail and rain
"?hlch have continued all .lay. There is aboul .1
sl"l..r?.r, "V", "n. ? ",v"1 Train* hnve been -OH
slderably delayed on th- various railways here
more pernr.lt* are granted on the Delaware
r_._l __i_,l _..-.._. i1 - I.__i.i_
-r ion li
and Hudson Canal, and "\
loads at ll,.ties-dale, hut should cold, freexlni
weather folio* the present heavy snow, fen o
?old _,-t through
., * . *??? f '???"*? ?* " ? 1 I ? ii .'H'M*. 1?"V. ''I
them could _.-t through.
Plattsburg, N. v.. Dec .. Fully two f.-et ot snow
fell hen to-day, and ii is mill mowina hard
Fort Plain, X. Y.. Dec. ".. .*. foot of snow fell
m th,- Mohawk Valley between i. o'clock la-'
night .md lu o'clock to-day. Sleighing i* go ? I
s-r-u Hanger* arere In use to-day on ihe West ?hor<
and the Xew-Vork Central. To-night it I.- ralnlna
ano freezing.
Whitehall. X. V
vvnitenaii, .\. v.. ito. j, \ *#verc snowstorm
prevailed here esrly this morning, and i-. Mill
raging, House's p0|ni mnt* porl Henry report
eight inches already fallen. Twelve inches fell here.
PASSENGERS lil'.t l-l.'. OX Tilt. JERSEY CEKTIt.-I.
AND AX ENGINE Ids .1*1.1', i\ Till'.
l-l".ll I .'i YALLET.
The 1:05 o'clock train on th.- Central Railroad,
from Kllsabeth, was lying near the switch al
Brill's Siatioti yesterday afternoon, when the I,..:,
o'clock train, from Newark which was running
slowly, crashed imo it. Several persons In th,- ,..u
cai- wire slightly bruised, and the locomotive WS1
Wl 'ked.
There was a dense fog at the time, and lt was
responsible for the collision Train X'o. ;,-. on tht
Lehigh Valley road, ran Int., a c.nl trnin on the
-am.- road near Krill'* yesterday afternoon, and
the locomotive wr.s disabled and had lo I, r
placed by anoiher. Th-- srrech caused som. delay.
The first snow of the s.-as,.n began to fall , ,r'
yesterday morning, hut after falling for a half bout
or so the hnlf-hearte.l attempt of the elements to
ever the city with a blanket "f snow was given
up, and rain aird a fulllnr temperature made foi
of the true London variety.
At B few minutes rifler I a m. the snow l-eg-vr. to
fall, the storm being from the northwest th
temperature ul about thnt time waa -*> degree*
Between that hour and 7 o',-i,.rk the thermo-etei
Jumped up to 4.'., nnd to this sudden rise the fog
whs due. The r-oorm lat.* last night, When the rain
was coming down steadily with a little f.,g, trot
central in Northern New-York. The total rainfall,
for such I: mun be called, was onlj aboul .70 >_. an
inch for th" day.
The weather prophet sail that lt would rain ???'?'
niKht. and thnt to-day a moderate .lear, cold
snap might be expected The mow, tuck ss lt ?
was rath.-:- behind the season, If tit. printer i f IV?
IS any stan it rd; snow fell on N>vr-ml,cr T of that
The heavy foi: in the hnrbor made ravi
dltflrult and daageroua The ferryboats all ran be?
hind their schedule time. The staten Island fem
chinned lt* time-table entirely, and tbe Shacks
waxon, of th* Ellis Island Ferry, dil not run mon
than once d.-.rlng the day.
The Morgan Line steamer Kl Norie was fast on
Robbins' Kecf for four hours yesterday. At sb it
je-30 a. m.. when Ml. tum wa-- thickest, the ve* >? "
ran aground on th.- reef, hut sustained little
damage, beyond losing her anchor and twenty
fathoms of "chain Bhe floated off with the rising
tide, and was taken to her pier by the tug El
The steamer Bourgogne. of the French t.in>. e..i
out of h-r couts.- white steaming up th" I'pper Raj
yesterday morning. The tim B. .1 Barrett mad
h,-r out as sh.- was getting dose IO Govi
island, and led the steamer to he- pier.
Kan-.is city, i><? -. & Missouri, Kansas snd "kia
homa w.-re visited hy a heavy stew storm yester
dav. The snow ls of gre-,t benefit to fall wheat
Secretary Hobler, of the Kansas Agri< ultural Board
wys its value in that stat- is srarciy calculable
Reports fmm the western railroad lines Ind lea t<
thal r.ifiic was noi seriously Interfered with. Nes i-.
all train- fr..m tie- West reached this city on lime.
and ottleiai* of the S.mtn Fe .rt Topeka saj the)
have hud little tr, ubi.- ev.-n in the lot u.-st. Re
oorts from Oklahoma, however, t--11 of much Buffer?
ing among the Strip settlers, for Intense cold SC
eomnanled the snow there. A dispatch from Lnld
Bays a terrific blizzard ls raging in that sectl
and that many settlers have i.n driven Into town
for shelter. _ _
charl-ston. S. C., Deft I.?A dispatch from York
vin.. s. C., to "The News and Courier" sa) i
\ terrific ram and wind storm passed over thi
place this afternoon al I ? o'clock, unroofing build
Ings and daman** to th<* amount of lin.OOO. I h<
h.-,vi-st damage done **.aa with the Carolina Bugg>
company who*e I -sse, will reach "8.000 Th- root
of Oeorge ll O'Leary's furniture warehouse wr.s
(down off and $5,000 worth of furniture exposed to
the mercy of the rain for two houi nie ?i-.k.
and handle factory and ti,.- graded school buildings
were also unroofed. The damage seemed to b.
general in tbe storms track across th.- counts?
No loss of life has ben reported.
New-l/mdon, Conn. Dec. .1. Thc i lg W. R
Hutchins, of New-York, ls ashore st Cornfield
Light, with s.-v.-n f.-.-t of water In h.-r. She is
laden with an sssorted cargo and ls bound from
New-York to Demarara. Coming through thi
sound last night the ..iiic-r in .-haig" mistook Corn
field Light for the light .it Ration's Point, and
wenl on so hard thal she stuck. Her deckload of
lumber was thrown over. The wrecker T. A Scott,
with the tug Ab-rt and barge fMver, went lo thi
brig'- assistance and bas been at work on her eil
day. Thc brit He* badly, but Scott thinks then
la a chane.- to save h.r.
i>.dawnie Breakwater, Del., Dec, I Schooner M
K. Bayard, from New-York for x..rf,.ik, with
cement, struck the gapway at I >. m. Her crew were
saved The vessel will probably be s total loss.
sin- is full of water Wrecker are stripping her.
New-BedfOrd, Mass., lice. .: --A southerly storm
has ruged In this .itv ali day, and this afternoon
torrents of waler fell. South Wat.-r-st. was fl,,','!??,I
and flat-bottomed boats w.re used in transferring
r.-sideiits from and to their homes. Cellars were
flooded and considerable damage was don.- Wster
leak'*.) into the stores of Slsson rn King, on Pleas
ailt-St and damaged stock to the am,,mit of sevi ral
hundred dollars. The sewer being built on William
st b.-gan to cave In. and a lari".- gang ol workmen
was kept i.usv ,.n day in bracing th* sides of the
excavation. X'o damage is reported along shore.
Hillsdale, N. fi f"*1 * -The first fall of snow
In Northern New-Jemey began, about 1_ O'clock
last night. The snow continued until daylight at
which time three Inches had fallen. At sunrise the
snow turned te rain. About lo o'clock this morn?
ing hall fell and continued for un hour. The country
roads were rendered almost Impassable.
Y.ioci isnt.iss Ti) jtns the mmmmim.
Hermosillo, Mexico. Dec. S?A courier arrived
here to-day from Casinlpl. ? small settlement north?
west of here, In the Sierra Madia Mountain., with
Information that the Yaqui Indian* are congregat?
ing bl bands of several hundred* near that place,
and are preparing to join the Malleea revolution?
ists, who have their rendezvous In the mountains
over the border line in the State of Chihuahua. It
ii reported th.it agents of Ihe Insurgents have beea
quietly working among the Indians for some time
iii- Yaqui* ar- abundantly suppiini with rifles and
pistols of the latest improved Batten* and are well
mounted. . , ,,
The proclamation of t.eneral i oinlto Nert, issued
nt Sierra Colorado, to the people of Ouerrem. has
reached thi* city. The late Insurgent K-.i.ler begs
his supporters to return to peaceable nf,. a?,i \<n
ordinary pursuits. Th.- cause, he says of the late
Insurrection being removed, to ta willing that the
election for the new Baccutlye proceed in s .inlet
and orderly wav as *on a* the proper authority
shall be given. As a clllsen and soldier he is now
content to abide under the rule of the Federal Gov?
ernment of Mexico, ?_?*? es-ia-IBJU ha ?_.#p m.
tended to oppose.
[nr fSUnSAPH to thi: fSWISS.]
Ran Francisco. I"ec. T,. -That some striking
chance has been male in the Administration'*
Hawaiian policy is evident from the secret
.rd.-rs which have berm received here to get
ready for sea at the earliest moment the rev?
enue cutter Thomas Corwln. The orders specify
that she is to be outfitted for a 2,-W>-mllo v. .y
age, which fixes her destination BS Honolulu,
just as a similar clew in the orders to the cutter
Richard Rush last winter showed thal Bbs was
? 1.'stine.1 for that port. These orders came by
wire yesterday, nnd al once preparations were ,
made to put the Corwln In trim for her long
ocean trip She has Just been thoroughly over- j
hauled at Sa neall to, across the hay from this i
city, and sh.- is now lying at the OieSn St
Wharf. Sh.* is a smaller boat than the Rush, '
being only Of .13 lona, bul sh" is seaworthy, and
can average ten knots, so that she ought to |
cover the -.rt1*-.', miles between here nnd Hono?
lulu In ten days. Bhe has cabin accommooav I
ti,.ii for several passengers, bal s lot of coal
will have to be plli d on di ck.
Th.- Governmenl .isk>d for the Rush, which.
it will he remembered, carried Mr. Blount down
to the bil.m.ls; t.tit. as the bdl.-rs were oul of
the Hush, sh" coull nol be used, The Corwln
is eighteen years old and is a stan, h boat, hav?
ing .lone good service along the Alaska .....st
for many v.-ars. Sh- is under ct mm.ind of
Captain A. F. Munger, and (andes eight of
lic-ts and about thirty seamen. Sh<- will prob?
ably be ready for sea to-morrow.
The few officials who know of these secret
orders were greatly mystified over their pur?
port. Tin* majority, however, are |m lined tn
believe that Mr. Cleveland has at last becoane
convinced that the American people will not
sui.mit tn bis pi.m ..f restoring the Queen.and
that he has devised some new scheme to sat?
isfy h.-r dalma One theory, arhlch found cx
presslon in .. Chicago newspaper lo-day, ls
that this Government will pension h.-r. as th"
price of int- abdication. Another is thal Mr.
cleveland hts so thoroughly "hedged" thal bc
has decided to rush orders to Minister Willis
not to take any step*-- mu Congress can decide
the matter, still another ls thal a certain date
lias been sm for restoring the Queen, and th?-n
Mr. Cleveland wishes to prevent action by
?Villis which mlghl lead tn bloodshed.
It is probable thal official dispatches arlll corni
over the wires to-night lo be carried by the
c.irwin, or thal some special messenger may
now be spe ding west on the Overland Flyer
I., tak" psssage on the Corwln, as Blouni did
n the Rush. Th's se recy seems lo be favored
by the Administration.
To niKht orders were received transferring the
Corwln from the Trensurj to the State Depart?
ment This i-? regarded aa conclusive evldei ?
lhal she is bound for Honolulu, as similar pro
.lure waa adopted when the Rush carried Mr
Blount n is also reported to-night thal quar?
ters in the wsrd-room have "yen reserved bj
telegraph for i ne person. Whether this pi
is on the way ber.' with dispatches, or whether
lt ls some san Fran. Ism official who will be
the bearer of State Department orders, ls not
.ur. Tinr.Ti - ciel BK ix .h.: r wv .vitim... .
Th" third sui-id.- within ?> week al ??"lntbii?;-i.
L I. occurred yesterday afternoon, when win?
iam Leutxbai h, ???? policeman, elthi r purposely
>,r In a li: "f Insanity sent a bullet Into bis
heal, and almoal instantly died The shooting
... .ni",I al hi- home. In Vanderbllt-st., Windsor
T.-rra.". Leutxbacb had been on duty sll night
Parkville, and al 4 a tn n ; >rted at the
station, In the Town Hall, for roll call, After
oking and laughing with his - mrade he went
to his home, a'here bis wife, Mary, was await?
ing him. After supper, as was lils custom, he
retired. I* was his Intention lo rise al l o'clock
and mk,- 'nU naual Sunday stroll before re?
porting for duty In the evening.
His Wife culled Iiiin Bl I lo.k, and he
dress.-,! Ihmself in citizen'* clothes. Then the
-hot rani,' OUt, and his Wife rushed In. lo And
him stretched upon the floor, dying, ll" bad
used his five-chambered revolver, from which
one cartridge had been Bred, and sled himself
In the h'a.l
Mrs. Leutabach fainted away, and the chil?
dren, crying, aroused the neighbors The police
were haatlly summoned, and Captain Keis.*r,
with Polli "man Doh tri* Wi nt to Ihe h
Mrs. Leuttbach was unable to give anv rea?
son whv her husband killed himself He had
come home In s happy frame ..r mind, sh" raid.
a?,| to her it was ali ,i mystery Tbe Coroner
was informed and an Inquest will be held.
Policeman Leutabach was thirty-eight years
old, and was sppotnted nearly f,,ur years a-.-,,
Among his ci,wades and fellow-townsmen he
was known as a steady, sober and dutiful of?
ficer. He was known t,> be a determined of
ii.-.-r. and bad taken part in manv creditable
arrests, He waa s German by birth.
i-l.t idl'H .-d'..- WERE BET < >x i'll:::
Chicago. Dec. I. At ? meeting on Thanksgiving
nlghl of the Board of Directors of th.- 1st Begl
menl Armory. Charles L Hutchinson, in the course
,f n discussion o\,-r the rebuilding ol the arm..ry.
,node .. ?' itemenl lo th- .-ff.-, i thal the Ira lei
ind the Insurance companies were as certain as
they could be, srlthout having absolute proof, thal
the destruction pf ths edifice was the w..rk ..r In
irles. He went on tn say thal the fires In
the Calumet Club and the chlcuKA Athletic Club
I, InrefwHa*""" '*"*?* *hnv were dun to Ihe
same motive, nnd thal the sams persons were the
Incendiaries in r.u three fires,
Tiler.- r., ms to be considerable reticence among
all coneerti-d about telling exactly what was act.
nally Bald, or in what relation the authorities now
?,, i 1.,, th,-, men suspected. It la understood that
i?-*y sups tu lima.' u*- ms-, SSI I t-MW tn-n WMM c-.n
splracy will be unearthed.
Cleveland, Dec. I (SpedaD.?Tba works of the
Britton iron and Steel Company, employing Ml
men, have been shut np tight on account of the
proposed tnrlff measures on iron, frank Rocke?
feller, the presid-nt. Spoke freely on the subject
and did not hesitate to give the reasons for the
shut-down. He attribute.1 lt Solely to the tinkering
with th,* tariff and tile uncertainty reitardlnfr the
measures while they are pending. "We haven't
made a dollar." he sill, "sm,.,, drover Cleveland
Mopped Into the Presidential chair, but We have
kepi our works going In hops that times would
change for the better. Now comes this proposed
tariff measure, which -.'Ives an absolute black ey?
to th.* men in thc business, who have been strug
sling along hoping for better times. We have tm*
cided to shut down Indefinitely, There |B no date
set for the opening of our mill*. To-day the miners
are working f-,r '*"* money than they ever did
in th- history of the country, and nre Barning
hardly sOOUghl to eke out an existence. It stands
IO i .-ison that if the tarli. 1- taken off Iron ore. uny
further depreciation must come from lubor."
Mr Bockefellei denied th- story of .. ILSSMM
steel plant to be start" 1 In Ashtnhula by the Roche.
fellers, the Standard Oil Company, Carnegie ar.d
Memphis, Tenn., De? I ? All the prlsQners con?
fined In the county Jail st Camden, Ark, escaped
this IBiaalag about 4 o'clock. They had by some
mean" secured tools with which they cut the bars
to the cells SO a* tn allow them to pass out. Seven
nee-roe- and four white mea .scated. Two of the
names Henry Howard and wm phillip*, were
to be handel iii January fur murder,
Denver. Pee. "-The State Canvat-Rlng Bo. rd
comple'-d Its work yesterday. The count show*
that woman suffrage wa* carried by ?.M7 majority.
Governor Watta, B* accordance with the above. la?
ired a procUn-ti<-n giving women the right to
vote at all election* la this *"t?t*
tnr inrnpArn to the T-unr:-F.*
Washington, I*e<-. :*. The neara received here
from New-Tork this evening that James J. Van
.Men had sent to the President his resignation
as Ambassador of th-- United States i . Italy
excited nviy political and personal Interest,
and waa naturally looked on as b fittingly Bon?
sai docing of a rather unusual diplomatic
ineid.-nt. No appointment mad.- by President
Cleveland In his present term had been r.Ived
erith sinh a storm of protest and criticism, and
the circumstances under which Mr. Van .Men
ent.-ici diplomatic wu- had been freely de?
nounced by political moralists as little short nf
i in i.ii.ms. As win i?. n,nilly recalled, Mr.
Van .Men contributed a large sum -popularl)
llxed at 150,000 t.. th.* hem..ci,,ii ? campaign
fund in 1893 at nn auspicious moment when
funds wei,, low and friends wen- exceedingly
few, and Immediately .??!?;??!? Mr. Cleveland's elec
ti,.n ii was announced thc he would bc ready
b. go as Minister b. Haly as soon after March
4 as his credentials could be made out. The
appointment did n ?l '.uri,., how* ver, until lat"
this summer, owing to the persistent protests
.d' some "f Mr. Cleveland's personal an.l polit?
ical friends Bgalnsl what they considered the
consummation "f i pie e "f corri pt p illttcal
Mr. Whitney, who was thought to have nr
ranged the "exchange" in which Mr. Van Abu
staked his contribution Bgalnsl future dlplo
tnaiic h.dior*, was Involved in a public rontro
?"isv over the details .>f the transaction soon
after tin appointment was gent t" the Senate,
and through his communications and those .f
Richard Watson Gilder and Horace White the
circumstances .,f Mr. Van Alen's entry int,,
diplomatic life became widely ku,,wn. Mr. Van
Aleii had pr,ditc.1 by tbe delay in the supposed
"delivery <-f the e.is.' i.r th--* rani- ,.f tin
representative ,.f th1.- country in Rome bad
meanwhile been raised from thal of Minister to
that nf Ambassador. In spit- ..f the public Im?
pression that ti-,.- new envoj bad been chosen
solely as a return for "value received." the
Setiat- voted, .-it*'i a fen week f deliberation.
t', confirm him and earl) in Oci iber in- four
year titi., to th.- Roman Embassy and it-, ap*
was approved
Strangely enough Mr. Van A len has since thal
Hm.- failed lo eel ft* l In Washing! ?n, and !'?':? the
greater part >f tl - * -i. weeks absolutely
nothing has been known h<.f his plans or In
tentlnn* Shortly eft er hla conflrmatl rn he was
. hlns about Tuxedo ,-;.e week* ago it
was announc d thal he had gone to Vermont
t,> pui.-ha.se horses t.. take t" Rome with him,
and lt was also said 'ha* he had lensed s I
In th** Italian capital and Bent his ei ants
Ile reappeared In New-York City at the
Horse Show, and wa* r ported then a* ready t,.
<? itrte here tn qualify and receive inti i
ber,..-.* ?..ning sin o tbe ?" nothing
had beon heard al the State Department of his
purposed trip here, and S few da* i ag - ll
said thal no "ii" there knew when he was to
? iiiuiifv or t,, sall
The news received to-night was promptly ad?
mitted tn be true by Secretary Gresham, No
ii-- else, however, seemed t,> have l- -i in the
-??t, .d Mr Vn!. \|e:;'s purp ?? " tO : Ive B i'i l
claim on his "bargain" and renounce the satis?
faction and ambitions of s diplomatic career
His sudden di Islon to abandon the post In
which he had already achieved wholesale eon
s picul ty ^ns not understood In political rlr lei
here, and In ths absence .,f the text .,f his Iel
te-s ,,f resignation to the Presldenl no definite
expression .,f opinion on the termination of thi
Interesting eplaod.uld h.- ventured by public
men here.
Mr Van Alen's letter, resigning the Ambaa
sadorshlp t" Italy, ami the corn spondencc
which followed between himself and Presldenl
C|,y.-land explain themselves. Tiny are an fol?
Ni wp,,rt. R 1 . X ?V. M, ISM
The Hon. Walter '.> Gresham, Secretary ,.r State
Slr: I hav,- the honor to acknowledge t.ipi ol
your letter .,f the SSth <>f October. In whick you
officially n.,tif\ me that tbe President by snd witt,
the alvie., .ni i , onsenl ..f the Senate, has appointed
me Ambassador to Italy.
Sine th., receipt ,,f your letter l have given thi
matter my most lerl ms sn i c ir ful atti ntlon, and,
ns ih>- r--ult of my tell.-. Hons, hnve concluded t,.
ask you to expres* t,> the President rn) decision nol
to accept the office tendered me.
I mn-t lek.* thal you will nol infer from thi*
action any lack "?' appreciation on my nari of the
honor conferred On thi contrary, I full) compre
hi nd the dignity, Importance and I Ity of
tbe position, snd, having this realisation, I maj
frankly add th.it the nomination sra* extremely
gratifying to me nol In * personal sense merely,
bul aaore particularly because >f the opportunity
afforded me ol repri entlng my country In such a
manner as i hope i ml [hi be ni fai try to the
American people and creditable to the Administra?
Among the comment* upon my nomination arhlch
appeared in th,- public press one .-hair,'.dy merits
attention; not i.sase lt was true, bul because lt
uas and, I suppose, still ls believed bj many per?
sons unfamiliar with the Individuals concerned
and the fads essential to the formation of au ac?
curate Judgment. Th- cbagge ara* that I r.Ivsd
the appointment In return f,,r a contribution "t
".Vi,.too to the Democratic National campaign fund.
While my nomination was pending in the Senate,
it did not s.-em fltiinir and proper f"r ni" to orT.-t
more than an explicit demil. 1 was aware that.
hs an Interested party, my Statement would hay.
little effect beyond th. limits Of my personal ac?
quaintance. Now. however, when my action can?
not be fairly attributed to purely selfish motives.
If seems to nu- thal B repetition of that denial,
which I make without .nullification, should be sun.
dent for any honorable man.
1 have never denied, and do not now deny, that 1
contributed to Ibo caBSgalgn fund, not $.">".<?'>0, but
yet a cnn*ld-Tiih'.-> sum of money. Sincerely be?
lieving, a* I .lui. that a continuation of Republican
supremacy would h.- not only a bladerancs tu Na
tlnnal progress, but In tim-- a positive menace to
ihe saecess of popular government, and having lar^ce
Interest* at stake. I was Impelled by both patriotic
?avA selfl.h rearons to aid th> Democratic cause.
I did not do so until 1 had mad.- myself familiar
with the methods of the campaign as conducted hy
the National fVmocr.-tle CoaUBtttee. I visited tbs
ii, naocratk Heiid.iuart.Ts. and wss astonished at the
nr.-at work b dn?*- done. An , gpeadttare, vast In pro?
portion, was helm: Blade to bring home to the
American people the truths upon which I believed
th* welfare of th*- country de;,- trled Hundreds
,,f speak-i.', too poor to pay their OWB expenses.
wit- bein!*; helped to do a patriotic duty by the
National Committee, and a vast amount of litera?
ture wm being distributed free to awaken th.- pub?
lic mind on the questions ponding la the campaign.
Th- Democratic party had no favore I Interests to
a?scrs and was obliged to rely upon Individuals for
necessary financial n*?iatance. Hence my contri?
bution. It WSS by no mean* the tir*t time I had
assisted the party since Mr. Cleveland'* ajrnreSFlve
le.iderohtp aroused my admiration, nnd I do not
hesitate to say t!)at. If lt shill agalp seem to be
my duty as a citizen desirous of the best govern?
ment, lt will not be the last.
Bo far from attaching undue Importance to lt. I
WU fully aware that the contribution meant far
less to me than the tim-- and effort devoted by
thousands of unselfish citizens to the same cam?
paign. Nor did 1 believe that it should entitle me ti
?my more consideration. Oa th,* contrary, i have
not only admitted, but have positively Insisted at
all times that lt created no obligation to me what?
ever, and i feel confident that th.- President, who,
In fact, was kind enough to say lo the Democrats of
Rhode island that his personal acquaintance with
me enabled him to consider my candidacy solely
up.m Its merits, will l?,ir ni" OUl In this assertion.
On the nth.-r band, 1 frankly admit that, until
siter the appointment had been made, it never
Ol.rennel to mv mind that my contribution
could be used t, my injury, l may edd that, al?
though I have endeavored to study without Maa
the arguments which have been a.I'..meed. I cannot
-. ;. now perceive that it is sny less creditable or
pet riot lc lt on., to aid with his means a cause
In which he believes than with his voice or pen
But, whatev r may be the correci conclusion re?
garding the ethics of the eas,-, th- fact remain*
that a large number of my fellow-cltlsens have been
led, ,-itli.r by colncl lenee of circumstance or by
falae report, to look upon my appointment as in
som.* way Inconsistent with the professions of the
Dem,.eratic party and the President's high Ideals
of public *ervlc By these critics generally mj
iitu.ss for the position has been generously con?
ceded, but the fact of my contribution to the cam?
paign fund has been considered as making lt Im
proper for me to receive this appointment, i do
not think thal I could now remove this impression
from the minds ..r many right-mind d and thought?
ful i.pie, whose judgment I frankly admit may
i osslbly be correct.
Al all evnt it || clear thal I lind myself In ;.
false position with reference to this office and ap
pnintment. Acceptant.f the office would make me
appear willing, for ti,.- sake of personal gratifies
tlon, to discredit In the mind* of mam the polltl
cal party to which I sm attach. I and ti brina
undeserved rebuke upon the Administration which
ha* honored roe and whose success I earneatly de
li therefore seem* to ni" sufficient to add thal
ie|f-respect compel* me to adopt the only other
?nv. and -?' decline the high office to which
I have been appointed, i hav, the honor to be, sir,
vour oii.-di.nt servant J. J. vax ALEN.
Executive Mansion, Washington, Nov. 2?, 1KT0.
lion. J. .). Van Alen.
My Dear sir: Th- Secretary of State has sub?
mitted lo in-* your letter of the -'th inst.. In which
rou ender you;- resignation as Ambassador to
I hasl.ii to express my earnest wish that vou
will reconsider thi*' conclusion The sentiments
contained in your letter jo cr.-,lit to your conscience
ind Am.-rlca.ilsm. but \,ui must allow nv- to ,11s
-, ni from iii.ir application In this case.
I di I nol -? led y iu for nomination to the italian
mission without satisfying myself of your entire
fitness for th" pince. I am bow better convinced
if your fitness than ever, fou know and I know
I that ali the malignant criticism that has be-n In
lulged In regarding this appointment has no Justi
i. and thal the decent people who hav.
loni.iel its propriety have been misled, or have
tn Issi d the actual considerations upon which ll
rests. We should not yield to the noise and clamor
which have arisen from those conditions
My personal preference should .-titer very slightly
int ? your final determination; but so far or I nave
such pp terence, it is emphatically that you accept
'.",.? honorable office conferred upon you, and vindi?
cate by the discharge ,,f its duties th,- w|s.| ,m
and M iprlety ol your selection. Awaiting your
early repi\, j am, vour* alncerely,
Newport, R, I, Nov. _*, im
To th.- Presldi nt.
sir: I have the honor to scknowledgi the receipt
of your letter of the Od Inst. In reply, allow me
? ? -hank you most sincerely and heartily for the
very kind and flattering sentiments you empress.
?re reasons I hav.- already stated in my let
the Secretary of State, and which were
reached only after long and serious consideration
? if tho subject, I feel that I cannot .,..pi the high
office l" which I have been appointed. My only
regret In this decision, which I must beg you to
consider nfl final, ls that lt is contrary to the per
preference which you so kindly express. Tint
I cMftioi think lt would be advtratrt* for nie to in
vit" further hum.presentation hy taking advantage
of your genei
Again thanking you for ymir most gracious
words, and with an earnest hope for tho conttnu
an ??? of th" successes which have already marked
your se. ..nd administration, I beg to remain, slr.
with much respect, your obedient servsnt,
J. .1. VAN ALEX.
William c Whitney waa seen last night at his
home, l-'ifty-s.v, nth-: t ar.d Pl ft h-ave., by a Trlb
ine report! r an 1 wa* asked what h.- thought of
I J. Van .Men's resignation. Mr. Whitney did
. ire to express sn opinion, nor srouM he ?ay
whal he thought of Mr. Van Alen's actions. He
wa* ti"' surprised, he -aid. to hear that the reslg
nntlon had been sent to Mr. Cleveland, nn.l ho sup?
posed that Mr Van Men had become so disgusted
with sdverse criticism that h.- had decided to re
Ign. Mr Whitney thought, from reading Mr
Van Al'ii's letters, that th.-y would be lina), and
that h.- could not be prevailed upon to reconsider
i-.is ai Hon.
i un.ila. Neb., Dec. ~-The condition of the bank
of the Missouri Itiver, from a point above Ptorence
to i!" Stretch l-low Hast I'malui, ls such that a
mas* meeting was held yesterday, at which it was
l , il.-I to call up,>n the Government to take im?
mediate precaution* in order to prevent the river
from cutting a new channel.
Kalamazoo, Mich.. Dec. :t?The examination of
I. J, De Fran,-.-, charged with forgery, was re
iime<I yesterday. Recorder Peck bound De Prance
iver to the December t.rm of th,* Circuit Court, and
tit..I bail al 115,000. which was not offered The
lefence flied an exception on the ground of ea
. es-i*. ?? ball,
Lima. Ohio, D.-e | vt Ravenna, a small town
near this city, last night a tramp entered the
of D. .1 Sherman and assaulted Miss Sher?
man, wiro was alone Her brother came In before
?? assailant could escape and killed him with a
Little Palls. Minn.. Dec. I Albert K Kosanke,
., harness maker, was found In hw store yester?
day lying on th-- floor dead. His mouth wa*
gagged, mere was a rope around his neck, and s
heavy oak rordwood itlck indicated the Instru?
ct w lth w hi,-!, his head had literally been battered
The pockets ,,* the murdered man were turned
itisid.- out, ..nd his watch WSS gone.
Amsterdam, X v.. Dec. "?. William Qolusha, aged
twenty-three, was drowned In the Mohawk River
yesterday al Akin. He was making for the shore
In a boat, when lt sink. His body has nol been
. ? red.
Pacific, Mo., Dei Yesterday a tramp saw a
railroad trlcycli belonging l, a lineman beside
the Missouri Pacilie depot, snd under' cover of a
fog managed to sneak it on to thc track, and soon
tarted ;'S .n' st full speed. When he neared
Lal,edi.,' a station seven miles further west, B
headlight loomed up In tr,.nt of him. Before le?
onid even Blacken speed the fast express had
struck the tricycle, dashing ii from the track. The
ramp fell between the rails, and was m.,und to
ph c.s.
Troy, X Y . l?*c. "? "The Troy Budget" has In?
vestigated the report thal the Erle Mill* at Cohoes,
,,p,*rat.,I by M. K Moore 0 Co.. had closed down
until March, throwing 100 hands out of cmploy
rr.-tii Peter Moore. Junior partner of the firm,
said thai the mills have merely .dosed to take an
Inventory, and will start up as soon as sufficient
ord-rs warrant so doing.
gt< kt ii X. I . D'.'. '?'??? Jackson Phillips, tender
nf the D -law.if- bridge here, was lighting the bridge
lamps last night wh.-n one exploded, seriously burn
inn him .md --ttini.' Hr.- to the long brid.,'.'. Hut
for Immediate assistance the bridge would have
b.i burned Th.* bridge ls half a mlle long and is
a frame structure,
Meadvllle, Penn.. Dec. "L_3, I). Hailey and Er?
nest willans were out rabbit-hunting yesterday.
Whl!.* Hailey, who wore p fur cap. was crouched be?
hind B huge pile Of logs. Willans saw his friend's
Cap, and, mistaking lt for B rabbit, tired his gun.
Halie '? hea I was blown off.
Alliance, Ohio, Dec. L?Last midnight four ruf?
fians entered the telegraph tower at Little |tea\.*r
and commanded the operator, Hudson, to stop th"
flrst train going either direction. When the tramps
?law Hudson waa Bot signalling an approaching
freight train they beat and kicked him. taking MA
his overcoat and other valuables with them. As
they were leaving Hudson Hhot at them. Th*
tramps returned the fire without result.
Washington. Penn.. Dec. :!.?David B. Crafty, a
wealthy resident of Mt. Pleasant Township, was
killed yesterday by a runaway horse. Crafty was
thrown, his fool caught in the harness, dragging
him a long distance, with head and shoulders strik?
ing the frozen earth. When the horse was caught
Mr. Crafty was dead. He was forty-live years old
and unmarried.
The Republican Executive Committee In Hrooklyn
will meet to-morrow evening at No. I'l Lawrence
si , and tho dates will be decided on for the pri?
maries to he held in the election district associa?
tion* betWOea December 10 and 2i?. Other routine
business will bs transacted. . _ _
The Kings County Democratic deners r?mm'}''*
will meet thi* evening in Jefferson Hall. WOO Kl) n.
an.l an address to voters will be presented by* tne
Executive Committee. No plan for n*"*'v ?""-or?
ganisation has yet been prepared.
DRMAlfD Tins.
"Tho Grand Jury, which will be lmpannelled
to-morrow," said a well-known lawyer yesterday,
"has a delieat ? duty to perform. The Index to that
duty has been provided for them by gentlemen
of high position and esteem In the community
who took upon themselves the labor of preparing
evid.-n.-e of tho outrageous election cr! maa
committed In this t Ity last month. Grand
Juries can accomplish much in a short time
provided they are made up of the proper men.
Til-* October Inquest was effective, they having
investigated Hmo cages and Indicted about 300
persons within a period of twelve nays. But
th,y had ;i B.i foreman and an excellent
"It is important." continued this lawyer,
"that the present Grand Jury should examine
the election cases on the lines laid dova by the
committee of lawyers. It is hardly necessary
for th"tn to go outside of the list o' th.-so whoso
names appear ai witnesses in the .ases already
prepared. There is always danger in making
up evidence bearing on frauds upon the ballot
In 'allin-- upon policemen to testify. I'n
fortunately these officers have a way of turning
their backs at critical momenta, In order to
avoid witnessing gets Of fraud and violence,
and therefor.* when they come before a Grand
Jury they an* abb- to give a technically truth?
ful answ.-r to the effect that they saw nothing
wrong when queetloned on thal point
"A belief exists that detectives at Police Head*
quarters understand from experience the penal*
ty of b'lng too truthful <>n such occasions, for
Instances have occurred when th.* officer who
manifested a commendable .legree of conscience
has ben promptly transferred from hi* more
general work to ordinary duty in the street.
At this particular time the Inflaenoa <>f Tam?
many Hall ls possessed of much venom, and
few officials In this city, with the exception of
District-Attorney Nb,,ll and some of his assist?
ants, nra poaeeeaod of courage enough to do
their work as it should be done, ur can be de
pende l up n to i gpoae the details of such politi?
cal Crimea as have been perpetrated within the
last thirty days. Witness the co-operation of the
police force with the Tammany thieve* In the
lld Assembly District. They apparently did
not revise the registration. Th" Grand Jury
Indicted floaters chiefly In the Hld Assembly
District; but in the lid many fraudulent votes
were cast, because the Grand Jury could not
Investigate that district."
Mpks boati of Mirare nw,
"There ls no doubt that repeating was carrie4
,'ti shamefully by Tammany leaders this year,"
said a Republican politician. "The members of
Pal Divver'.-* organization are boasting in bar
rooma even to this day that they cast many
votes?in some instances, that one man voted a
dozen times. In one district forty-five votea
w.-r,- polled by a few men between 1:45 o'clock
and 4 o'clock, when the polls closed. In thle
connection it is doubtful whether the Republi?
can watchers prevented the casting of many
fraudulent votea, even though th"y worked
diligently. in one Instance, however, twenty
repeaters grant i" a polling place and attempted
to vot>. They were challenged by a fearless
aratcher, and went away without voting, but
only to vote in other place* where there wera
no watchers.
"If half of what has been gleaned and pub?
lished hearing on the character of work done ls
true, the recent disgusting carnival of crime and
corruption called an election In the lower wards
of New-York City has been th" most atrocious
and shameless since the days of Tweed. In
some of the polling places the Republican In?
spectors were so terrorised or intimidated that
their protests against evident fraud were with?
out avail. It is unfortunately true that wit
neaaes in main casi's are poor men with fam
llles to support. Since the election, it is al?
leged, - >me of there iron have been approached
hy Tammany heelers with offers of money If
th?-y grould remain sli.nt Others, whose testi?
mony would be invaluable, have been
threatened. It ls declared also that some have
been arrested on trumped-up charges and con?
fined in th" Tombs several days; and In some
eases they have been discharged from their
places of employment without knowing Why.
"There ls no doubt," said the Republican poli?
tician, "that th.* most barefaced frauds were
committed where there were n. watchers. And
the suggestion should be made that lt ls the
duty of th>* Grand Jury to examine witnesses
cognizant of irregularities in all these polling
places with great patience, accompanied by
positive assurances of protection. Of course,
men doing small business in these downtown
wards can be greatly Injured ly giving testi?
mony. At the sam.* Him I thorough and
searching examination should be made of all
th.-se cases. When the Grand Jurors do not feel
satlsfled that the Inspectors >>r polling clerks or
policemen are legally guilty they may be sum
that theae people ar.- morally guilty, and in.
that eas.* they should mak" B presentment, and
along with it recommend the adoption of a uni?
form law providing for four inspectors of elec?
tions, two from each <>f the great parties, for
th.- cntli" Stat.- lt is apparent to any one
that elections will continue to be a fane In the
lower wards so long as two Tammany innpe.*;
ora p.ss.ss the power to outvote everywhere
one Republican Inspector.
"I, might be well. als., to call the attention
of the Crail,1 Jury." c .nt in ned this man. "to the
desirability of repealing the amendment of B*t>
lion 1850 >.f the Consolidation Act by the Legis?
lature i is; winter. Thi rc did not appear to be
nm- Republican In either bram ii of the Legis?
lature to wain the !>?-?;.tlve houses of the
viciousness of this MU. It provides that tha
? I,, tlon officers mus. i?. residents of the Assem?
bly districts In which they serve. Obviously th*
passage of this act was Inspired by the purpose
to prevent intelligent Inspectors residing in the
upper portions ,.f the city from serving in the
lower wards. The Tammany Inspectors are not
selected for th-ir Intelligence, bul on account
,,f th.-ir willingness to commit fraud and defy
the law in every way. As an illustration, the
inspectors of elections al N >. W Oliver-st. were
indicted in November -.f last year. They were
..?appointed, and served four days "f registra?
tion this year; and it was only when a well
known Republican lawyer called the attention
of the president of the Police Board to this fact
thal tbey were dismissed; but two substitutes
equally bad were appointed. On Kle.-tion Day
not one Republican vote was counted at thia
place, while leal var forty-three Republican
votes arere counted."
"A thorough and fearless Investigation by the
Grand Jury at this time will be productive of
much good," said a prominent man a few dave
ago. "If a few of these election thieves should
b.* convicted, elections would bloome compara?
tively pure and honest In this city, which they
can never become until the law lays its hands
upon the OOrruptera of men charged with pro?
tecting the sanctity of the ballot box. Last
year a well-known Tammany contractor volun?
teered to act as bondsman In election cases, oat
the ground that no >>ne was ever prosecuted for
violation of the election laws He said that If
these eases should be presse.l he would not t>?
?otiie a bondsman. Such has been the shame?
less record of our District-Attorney's office la
rei.iit years that the Tammany boase* say to
the floater and the repeater: 'You have got
the police with vou. the police courts with vou
ind the District-Attorney with you. and what
more do you want? Give us so many ma
lority.' "
Tribune reporters have found In the progress
if th.-ir Investigations that much hope is In
Julged in on the part of the best men of both
parties that this Grand Jury will make a
vigorous attempt to keep down to the earth the
tead that was lowered al the last election. Evee.
sood Democrats recognize the fact that no part/
las a right in a free community to demand a
1x'ed majority to be turned out of any balloV
-ox. All agree that the Grand Jury hae a
rxeat opportunity to relieve thia city of a large
neasure of the shame which has rested upon lt
io long when the election methods ware OAP*
auaU-r nut into operation, j

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