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A STUDY OF THE MAX. THK PRIVATE LIFE OF NAPOLEON. By Ar? thur Levy. From th.- French by Stephen Loula Simeon. Two volumes. Pp, xii. wi; xii.. 4.1.'. imported lay Charles Scribner's Son*. Napoleon as the man of genius har.Hy figures In thia bock. The battles that he fought ntra only mentioned as If by accident. It ls the man aa he seemed In the more prosaic inter? course of ordinary life who engrosses tha- a lt en tlon of M. Levy ami cf lils translator, Mr. Simeon. Strenuous admirer of the great sol? dier ami emper.ir ns ll, Lovjr is. li** r-annot pl ve him heroic proportions In private lifo. He is content to see in him the apotheosis of the mid? dle class, the b.mrpe.'is who raised himself above the level nf kings. Bp common, perhaps im fonsclous. consent of mankind, certain pei Hilari? ties nf manner are supposed to be necessary In a given si'a-ial position. The man of wealth newly acquired is ridiculed because he da.es not wear his golden ornament with the sam? well bred Indifference that characteri7.es the heir of rich ancestors. There ls a manner for kings and emperors. Napoleon did m>t have it. Ile was a business man. a business niau whose oc? cupations embrace- almost everything which the civilized world could think about, but neverthe? less only a business man. If he had been I citn mercial traveller, he could not have Written to lils wife In a more matter-of-fact way than he did In alluding to the prepress of campaigns ?which chanted the face of Europe, if ha hail been tbe head of a mercantile house, he could not have been more minutely anxious than he was about tho character and magnitude of every bill that had to be paid. It was nn excellent thine for France to have at th.- head of affairs for almost a generation a msn so scrupulous ta money mailer-.. Every one will confess that the monarchs who had come to their trade by in? heritance were anything but careful In such things. They acted as if all that their subjects possessed belonged to the kim;: Napoleon act.-d on the theory that bo was only a steward, who should be ready at any moment for the strict examination *>f his accounts. "He was, per? haps," says IC, Levy, "the only sovereign who never contracted a loan." In ISIS, when his power was breaking down, and when the laat complete budget of his period was made mit, re? ceipts and expenditures balanced exactly at f200,o,".2,ooo, and |_ addition there was a reserve fund of JSl.4Wi.iW0 known as the Imperial Treas? ure. The tribute exacted frim conquered na? tions contributed to the wealth of France, but the healthy condition of the national funds was largely due to the unroyal perversity of tha Emperor in looking after busine-'s matters like a business man. Out of an annual appropria? tion for 1he Civil List of jr..200,0O0, fully $2,300. 000 was saved. In the c lune of his reign, the Emperor spent $?.ooo,000 on bridges. tlO,MMM on canals, fl ii. 400,000 on raiads, f20.OO0.OO0 on ports and harbors, ami |S0,ooo.OOO for the enrich? ment of museums and imperial resi lences; and yet when he abdicated, and was carried into ex? ile, he ]ofr France the richest nation on earth, "in possesion of a larger amount of specie than the rest a af Europe." M. Levy shows how the Emperor came by this skill in the practical economy of life. Much has been said, particularly by If. Taine, about heredity In the case of Napoleon. He has been described as a portentous example of atavism, B man bun age* after the time wh<m he would have se-med a legitimate phenomenon in the European world. He was exactly the man for the old days nf civic warfare In Italy, said those who wished to -stablish a theory at any erst. To M. Levy all this ls amusing. "It was as absurd," says he, "t" try to forge a Keneal-'gl cal chain connecting the man In his h'-rcalitary "simplicity with people like Ci-stru-c-'o-Cpstra canl, and other robber chiefs nf thi fourteenth an'l fifteenth centuries, as to establish his descent form th.- princes who relgna-d nt Trevlso In the thirteenth century." lt was easy upon certain doubtful data lo raise an hypothesis In which Napoleon figured as a royal brigand by right of birth. He himself set no value nn the assumptions that had been made for him. Oh the contrary, he valued himself socially by the opinions of th'ise anmnK Whom lie Anally found himself. "He attached to the doctrine "f divine ricrht an Importance which was almost simple." and nothing surprised bim more than the fact upon Which he observed' "The Pope is actually resisting the Dourbono as he resisted me." lie, for one, never recovered from th'- pa.;.ular mad? ness of Europe which for many ages contem? plated prim es of the blood royal "as made of peculiar material." Like .very man who finds himself in tin- eociety "f people who mai- have, as he suspects, some occasion f.r depreciating him. Napoleon was very susceptible to grievance among kings. He complained on ono occasion that the Emperor and Empress nf Austria never asked after him; and when he fell in 1814, almost his first thmiKlit was. "What will the kings say now to this termination of my reign?" On the other hand, that there was a side nf his nature which revolted against this Involuntary conces? sion to antique reverence for hereditary rights is attested by the enjoyment which he sbow-.l in satirical reflections mi royalty, a belated courtier excused himself at the Emperor's levss by saying that h" had "the misfortune lo get /nto a crowil of kings" from which he found lt Impossible to extricate himself in tini". Every? body who h"ard the remark laughed, for Ihei ? were, indeed, several Muirs if Paris st iii" time; ami the Emperor, much mollified, merely wa ned the offender not to let the accident oct ur again. "If the bourgeois sid" of Napoleon's character," remarks M. Levy, "had not been made Kbund golly 'lear to us during lh,ls study, we should have found a startling revelation of it lu hil ??elations with sovereigns who were born kings, he used to say-?the only people in whose pres? ence he tried t-> put a restraint upon himself, 'he only people whose criticism of his private life be dreaded." If li" had f"lf within himself any assuranc" of a birth tight, however remote, he could easily have converted himself t.. a dif? ferent tone nf thought. It was what he himself had attain- d. and tb" defects timi "*t*ccssarily attend'-d a man wh" rose as be bad done, which figured In his thoughts Thus when tim marda-*"* with ilario Louisa was celebrated, he experienced "intensa.- satisfaction, not unmixed with a keen feeling of pride, that li'-, of sn li ordinary birth, should be unlt.-al to the daugh? ter of one nf the oldest snvi-niign houses In tb' i world." On the other hand, the supp Stftlon, j more or less capabb' >'f proof, that Bonapartes j had once reigned at Trevls > furnished the Em? peror Ot Allastiia, with sou." gralil'i' atli.ll. "I would rot give him my daughter," was the Old monarch's remark, "wen- I not c invimeil that his family is as old and as good as my own." Prejudices such as These, which would have been the natural result of n royal tradition in the Bonaparte family, wuuid never have made of Napoleon such a ruler as he became. Heredi? tary aptitudes Tor royalty as lt had been under? stood would have made u klug Ilk" Ennis XIV. who was the model for all the courts of Europe; snd Louis XIV would have been helpless in the presence of the Frame thal was ]cf: |>y tr.. waves of the Revoiutl ni and tbe Reign of Terras. It was Taine himself who sahl of the Frame which Napoleon iiad to tl.-;,I with that among its millions of atoms there were no two In Cohesion an.l no signs anywhere nf a r-turn to a stable equilibrium. He added?and Mr. Levy tak?s >)?? light In quoting nd drayrtk a critic of tbe Em pcror? that "It frag as Impossible for civil Frame to reconstruct herself gi it would be |g build a Notre Dame or a St. Peter's with the mud and dust of the roads." I^ouis XIV took p isseaslon of a political mechanism which waa In running order; Napoleon had t<? create a mechanism be? fore he could do anything else. Practically he bad nothing but the raw material of government to start with. Aside from all questions of genius, the coming Emperor In childhood and youth had the very training rrwst likely to be useful to him. lt was a training rn which the foremost prin? ciple was t.i make a. little go a gnat way. The i whole fortune of rharl-s Buonsparte, th High ii" j was a prominent man in Corsica, wis ari estate which yielded ab .ut |300 a year. He was an ' easy-g .ing man not likely t" in xease bis revenue. ? ll was left to his w;f" to mal." tl'" *:;"" J" f"r a lnrg" family. Prom lier Napoleon learned thus- babita "f frugality which followed him thr.iugh lif.-. How much ot bis astuteness in the most dtfOcUlt affairs was duo t ? ibe skill a - ; quired in tin- game Incessantly played in youth between himself anil poverty, only tha- most minute and exhaustive criticism "f every act and every writing of his could show. Tills much is certain. A man thus trained could nit ex ? pc-ct t,, -pave th.- finical delicacy a.f those lum in th" purple. He had a heavy band and nobody was mur.- consc.'aius nf the fact than himself. Contemplating Napoleon Pimply as a business man of tin- mid.Ile class set to organize and rule an empire because this was a w.irk that needed t,i h.- d,m" uti'l li" was th" only man on earth that could do it, too much bas certainly been meda of bis relations with his family, if he waa himself, so far as manners w.-re concerned, rasia)j! the prosperous dtlxen, what wera they i expected ?" be? M. Levy devotes m.mi chapters i to discussing what Napoleon did fur each of his brothers and Sisters anal what each did in return. j Ile makes a good case of beneficence on the part ! of the Emperor and of ingratitude "ii the part 'of his relatives, lint it ls n..t shown nor, If one may Judge fraim the general sspect cf Hie literature of the subj vt. can lt li.- shown?that this ingratitude was premeditated. Napoleon wished to look mi hims.if and on tho Bonaparte family just as he i ...ked on hereditary royalties. ll- could not convince himself; and it was n il to be expi-a't.-d that where he was unable to make his own actions harmonize willi bis wishes, be should persuade his "relatives, notoriously less penetrating than he. They got vastly more fun out Of*Europe than he did; and after nil, bis mother was right when she presaged a turn lu the wonderful fortunes of the family and thu* exciisftd habits of parsimony which had bc ."nie second natur" with her. As a partisan pf Napoleon, M. Levy sharply criticises the conduct of his wives, Josephine and Maria Louisa, Ha Insists that Jose? phine never loved her husband, but lt was hardly necessary ,lo reiterate ths gossip of "?nain people against her character In or? der to excuse the fact that Napoleon at last turned against her. Whether Maria Louies ever felt any affection for him or m.t, she must !>-> considered as the victim Of International politics. On every side M. Levy shows that Napoleon was a benefactor ta. others, bul he betrays th" fact, too, that th" great man's gauid deeds wera rarely without some addition of bitterness to the recipient. When bis mai shuts turned against him they certainly Incurred the contempt of th" world. But they wera only human, af'-r all. in resenting th.- spirit which took such a vast deal nf credit to itself for discovering lb" good qualities nf others. He never forgot t? > help his friends and ic- never allowed th.ni to forget that they bad been helped. Naturally memory on mia- sill" <.r lbs other, soona-r or hiter, was bound to resent the burden. If Napoleon bad cherished high notions on the subj-ct of gratitude, he would surely never ba v.- kepi Talleyrand in his service; f.-r that sharp-witted political philosopher obvi? ously valued past favors merely as the earnest of favors to c.mi''. M. Levy alludes lo scenes, such as have been described in detail in the recently published memoirs "f (Chancellor Pa, outer, in which Napoleon's violent rebukes threatened ihe ruin nf Talleyrand. Ya t the latter continued t i be of ure. In considering Napoleon's relations with men winni he bene? fited either In military or rlvll hf'-, we munt remember If. Levy's definition of him ns a bourgeois As such. If he obtained from rn- n Ihe Service for which be paid, he got all that bia training and knowle.Icc Of th.- world led him tai expect. It ls doubtful if ingratitude ever cost Napoleon any wakeful nights. Ile waa too well seasoned for mich nonsense. HAILY LIFE IN ATHENS. REST" 'KIN THE ANCIENT OR VITAL ACTIVITY. To THir HOME LIFE OF TIIK ANCIENT GREEKA Translated from the German ot Prof. H HlUmner by All-re "Slmmern. with numerou, Illustration*-. Pfc xv.. M. Ths Cassell Pub? lishing <" 'inp.my. 1'erhaps the title of this book should have been "The Everyday Life of ths Ancient Greeks," for it Includes much thal la only re motely connected with the household, lt en? ables one to restore, ss far as may be, th. u pstlona of an Hellenic man or woman as child and adult, and to follow eacta t > the grave. The <iia-u baby In ths classic period although that period was in general culture and set I vi ty m.a^t like the present sge lookafd not unlike an Indian pappoose. ll was wrapped In swa l dllng bands thal wound every limb, Tins wrap? ping was of soft woollen material, snd ll was the proper .?.veting of the Infant f.r months for as much as two years, if Plato ls to be trusted. Uncomfortable as a baby i oks in the pictures thal have been preserved, tbe banda seem not to have been tightly drawn. Over this .-o.v.ii Ling a second garment was put, snd thus protected the little Cn.* slept through much of th.- firs! period of bis ur.- in an osier basket, bung up like a hammock. If the child were a daughter or weak or deformed or burdensome t . the father's poverty, ll might, even In tbe best ages of Hellenic civilisation, ba exposed to <n<- or to be rescued by the tender? ness a.f strange-*--. There ls still extant a fain.nu Greek novel of a very late period which turns upon ;i <i .ul.'.- Incidenl of this aort. Bul tlie practice was --are am,itu; Athenians, While tii.-r" was ni such variety of loya as that known to modern times, tba lit::" Qreeka did nol lack such things altogether. They had their tiny wheeled carts, their rattles, their dolls, th. ir hoops, h ibby-tt-oraes, kit-.s. whirligigs, balls, seesaws and swings. They bad toys by which tli"v could Imitate thc graver occupations of their elders. Th- little girl had beds for her dolls and utensils with which she could play keeping house, while her brother cxild be a soldier with sword sad shield and bow snd well-Ailed quiver. Bli* Ki- girl grew up within the house, learning nothing beyond ber household duties. On Ihe otbej hand, the boy began al six years of ag- the outward life windi be usually led tin he died. An old slave, who was probably good for little .-is" and who had b.-'-n much with th" I a < 1 al? ready, io one eventful day gathered up nih things as were needful and foi!,.weal bis young master to school, He was always expect! i t. carry the b .y's booka anil cithara and his play. things and to wall either In the schoolroom or n.-ar it until lesson time was mer. Ila- was not always exemplary in his manners .,r his morals; but he must have improved in Roman times, when slaves, being Qreeka, were spl to know far mora than th'-ir owners, f.,r th- name lie went by, thai of "pedagogue," has become quite r. apectabls since his day. Hs was supposed t,. iiav?- charge of his young master until the latter reach'-d his eighteenth year. As for the School to whick the lad went, it was simplicity it elf. if bs were tbs non of poor parents be might resort to a teacher who merely gstbered his pupils sb ml him In the open air. Bul even those Who taught in roams ha I m-iiKr.- quart, rs. The author of this i?,.,k ipsaka of benches f.-r lbs boys, bul there is .-. pasaags lu Aristophanes which would Indicate that th., hui,, reliowa hui i. . | I. ii comforts, a vase painting which h.- baa raprodured does Indeed represent a young lyrial sitting on a bench; but this may be a picture .f Just oin- ,.f thOM luxurious Ochooia already men? tioned, ii- this as it may, elementary education was practically universal in the Attica of lbs daggle peri,.ii. f-.ipie wh., ,-,,?],i nether rea l nor writ.- wi- les common in ancient Greece than they gre at the present dav |? m,ny pnris of the civilized World. When boys reached their Sixteenth year Behool life usually came to an end. Rut (heir education was not supposed to be complete. They now gave themselves np largely to the gymnastlc trainlng which had ben begun long before. Th?y were ranged in classes according t.i age ami proficiency, and having complete] the course, wera at nineteen sworn In as citizens nf tin- State. Hitherto tnej bad worn the usual dress of boy.-:, the chiton or tunic, and the wide pl.c,. of cloth, which when wrapped around the body was known as the hlmstl m. Bul now they threw- off th- blinni m snd i'l,; "ti sh" Theses lian mllltan cloak called the chi imys. They had th.-ir bair cu* mil b--iin- th" honored guests at a family festival. Then they received In the theatre arms and wpre presented to the people formally as the c imingdi fenders of tbe State. The youthful p'-ii d ended arith a term of service as cavalry guarding th- frontier. The young man's marriage bad usually ben provided for by til" foresight of I.is fatber or guardian, and In nins cas.-s out of *. ii bis wedding I - l; place about the last of January or ti!" beginning ..f Febru? ary. Then be had to muk.- his wife's acquain? tance, lt ls remarkable that under such con? ditions titer.- I- any reflection of true love In th,- literature "f Greece. An Indispensable pre? liminary "f tho marriage ceremony was that both brid" and brldegr.n should bathe in wster brought from sonia- stream deemed sacred. The bride sacrificed ber dolla ami locks of her bair in honor nf some goddess. A h..table Incident, which connected Hf" at Its l? st a' Athens with that cr wild r.-i"s. was tic requirement Ihe young wif.- was under to b>- foin.ally admitted ililo her husband's clan. Mer life was barely bss secluded now than when she waa a malden. For ths husband Hf.- went on much as before; ib.it is, be was as little at bom" as possible. Rising almost with th.- sun h.- bsd a scanty breakfast "f bread and wine. Ai sn Athenian fi.-, ni in ii- could not be a handicraftsman, and so lie spent his mornings usually In visiting friends, tailing a turn in ihe gymnsstum, ami talking politics lu places of public resort es I.lally iii barter shops, which wera favorite places for discussion In literature and theology. About mid-day he vv nt home to a light repast that wis like th- m.ail,-rn luncheon; mid again, unless h.- were a man of learning or of serious purpose, ra-tuniail t.i th" public places f.ir gossip and annis, in. M. Kat.- in th.- afternoon I bath Indicated bis intention of going home .,, dinner, which was served sboul sunset Exi-pt for his duties as a citizen, whick were h'numerated from the tim" of pericles onward, Ihe Athenian free? man was usually an idler. Everything was dopo for him by slaves, lia- could meddle with no tiiid.- unless merely aa an employer and master. The useful arts were thus left lo th" servile class, and to Immigrants like tbs areal orator Lysiaa, who could nol hope for the privileges <.f citiz.-ns. Nol only waa the Athenian gentleman thoroughly ? man al.t town; ke was also a per? sistent diner-out. Hospitsllty wenl far In His Atti'- capital, as one may see bj passages here and there; for example, In Plato's dialogues. Not only did private banquets serve ?.? kill s great ib-al of time, but lhere were also Ihe public feasts Besides Ik.here were varied public performs nc -s of _ rvllgl ms i h.r. a< ter The Gre* religion was one slmosl wlthoui .a priesthood. An Athenian had n i i om eptl ii ? :' ? n) thin.* like regular attendan.ti religious exercises In a temple. When he thoughl th it he needed the help of a deity, h.- wm int > a temple and prayed, or be prayed wherever he was, stretching his banda upward, if ii- address" I i keavenly deity, or sean ird, or I. wnrd Ike eartk, .1- 'iii' ?: to the god's attributes .t.i supposed ??? it. Bul th.- dally riles ' - I to the'hom. Public rellglou -??:?? i- we ~ represt-nl I 01 Ihe great festivals, tbe Panathenal.i, Ihe Thes mophoiise, Ihe rn; 1 lol les of ] the fra si of Dionysus, rind above all Ihe plays In Ihe theatre, which, lt* nol reiigjioua ki their lltei purp rt, were pi as religious duty. If w:f? this pious asp t of the air.m. 1 which ?rar ranted Peril les In ?????;? iparl Thi .ri ? Fund, th" ? h .?... ?! ? for paving the enti f. es of ihe people. Oul fl he 1 tn ? r. t of this fi.11 l grew Ihe Hrs! ? talon fi r :!?? 'ti-- ti k. ts; and th'-se. 1- ri Ihey were permanently use? ful wera metal 1 In the fa,rm f what would now be railed countera or trade tokens. There was .-tr, . < nae for the Idleness nf the Athenian citizen In th- limes when lits city wis a power in tl,.- world ll- was In el I Idler of th.- Slat.-, always .-.vv Ulm- orders !?? sn tn war, Neither slaves nor fm ?imi'-: - i-mii?l take bis pin.-.- in th-- army ??. navj SoMlers ft ?? 1 time Immemorial lei', been Idlers w)i--t: pen ? r Igned Hui tie- phi -^ il reaaon foi hi-- ? nf occupation w.iv doubtless his "*om|-ai nearnesi 1 1 th- primlib ?? sis'?? in va hi. h msn does nothing bul hint m n-i, ,.t- fight, leaving all 1 tier ilutl.s !.. wa nan. lu tl,.- mi.Nt ..' this paradise of the unlahorlous lhere were th se who burr...1 th., midnight 'il Euripides In his cavern, Demo ihen??s in 1:1- lonelj Mud'.- and others fl I most Innumerable Perl les ls renowned no| les f ir his taciturn Industry ihnn f ? control o'. 1 a fickle p opie ..- ft his 'iii.il mis fortunes Hui ihe average Athenlnn citizen was more Industrlaitis .1 1 talker nnd listener than as 1 thinker He had as ,- ? - ? 1 > 'un- for i ?? ? generations as ever fell t. ii..- lol --f .1 mortal Wbll- h.- lived he !? id Bocraii - nnd I lalo an 1 Aristotle I ' '? irk bim; h.- h id Demosthi 1 ??-? and Acs-'iln's io preach tn bin. ha- had R*,|ih?> 1 hs anl "wi"'? nh.ii. lo wilt- bis plays When h.- fell III h.- was treated lc ph? "binns who v. ere almost s. li ntlfli In th- lr methoda, and when h" died i?" was often honored with artistic offerings lt. bis tomb ai.'! over lt that for mere beauty wera worth) ol ? - * * .?!.---.! preservation. Th,- story "f bl' bi'- and deatk ls well told in this v..lum", whick is lo saint" extent Miss /imm.-rn's 'awn rather than a mere transla? tion nf Profess -r Blllmn. 1' w il: in flermsn. MHS. CltOSLANITS SKETCHES. rn PEN PORTRAIT- OP PAMOUfl PERSONS. LANDMARKS OF \ i.ITKRART t.lFK By Mr-. Newton t'roslsnd K'nmilla Toultnlii-. rp xi , '."'V I'linti- -i s'i rlbni 1 s Hons, Til.- auto r .,f "Mrs. Blake" 1 ?<! rood opportuni? ties fir Katherina up b tr. isi re of III rory uni 1 r Mori.il reminiscence, Bul s'..- ra-memben tie- cl :r acteristlca of th- people whom sh* knew beater thnn their saylnss and doings, Her book, 1 ?? no means a largs ons, ts a little gsllery -f 1-.r? ? si.Tii- Anlsbed, aome m'-r. ly suggested in b few lines well drawn. She dates lier own direct memo? ries from sboul ISO, Ihoush tin- iir-,t public event which sin- remembers wi-* tbs con nation nf 1 ;?? ?>-,. IV, in July, IIB. Her parents were Intimately ac? quainted arith :i Moasieur V . ui... was called ths elerie of the kitchen al the Carlton House, , ?.-1 doubtless through h.r childish Inten 1 In bim ske remembered arba! ske heard sboul iii:: ncist.r. the Kum, psrtlculsrly one Incident which Monsieur V-must bs ve told with triumph, "1 ne ?! ti.. Klin: l think it was when b- iv.1- Prince Regent H-nt fir Monsieur V . srlsblng t.. apeak tai him. Amsnd,' he exi Islme I. sd tressing him by his <"hrls ii.m nain-, always with Qeorge IV a mark of favor, ?| have been told thal to enjoy a beefsteak in per? fection lt i-iiaaiiM h.- eaten 1iir.1t from the gridiron, ia) I am thinking of bringing a frk ni or two to niip off un., in ih.. kitchen.1 No doubt, ile.* eonver -ati ni was iii French, though I beard lt reported ti English. I think tin- scene waa at Chriton House, Un- foHosring evening being the am., appointed, sm,,ri is tin- ilma- was for preparation, Monsieur V SPSS able lo hav ilia- kitchen dunc. With Cllmi iii -loth .mi otherwise decorated, until it appeared 1 handsome sail- ft manger; univ the grilling rook ilsoa in the presence "f 1)1- prince and his boon ?omp-inl.ins. Wini other rlands were added lo the I'uneiv Bleak I know n.if; hit 11,.. supp r waa .ronoiiiii-.-.i a great success, sad tks rev Iry of 1; sst**] for hours." Tlie author remsmbers also un lbs ha-anl fraan on- v. lia ii 1 mi i -t -. whick it. of Ike (In-1 Kng.'lsh brunch HOlSChlld, "HS the fall.lille!- ! ? f the fainllv ue.-'l t.i.- calls I In those early day* ..f" George Th- Fourth's ????n knew well a stockbroker ?: some eminence, vii. I ll , VV 11. ? Wis .11 .i 0| -||,. ??, li,,--!, leciil-*," ind, like some othei.-. -r ii - "notion' whom l nave "??-ii fortunate enough t-> know, > man f m-nk- i In. egrit) '""' aciiv benev>-l nee tVnen he ass ii -erj young nun I.rten transa led affairs with totkschlld, hut 'Hi one occasion th.- niulnesi on ie- exchange whick ke ind i. tnn.--.i-t <? ia on *-.. snail a scale that se took it io ? >*n famous muse. Somebon or other, Rothscnlid beard mat .?? had done so end the ni \- time they :n.-t re ?ul:"l him lu asking "hy be bsd net . ine Pa him. "Oh, ,ir." replied Mr. D, II-, -i tho-:*tht a natter of IR ponce too small tr, larina-; h?re." "Ah. but hishn-ss ls bi-ahn-^s." returr.el the arent I n,n As a youthful ca'titrihutor tr, ??The Annual,." e> nucn the fu-ainon ja ara ugo, Mis, Toulmln waa a I 1 not Infrequent visitor at th" house of Lady Dleae I in-rton, and ls Strongly Ini'lln-'l to d-fend the mem I c.-y of that much malign?.1 w-ajman. ll was at Lady maaalngton'a that sar saw Count d'Orssy, i f whoa :-;?:?? remarks critically that "hi! t-seth hid gape betw vn tkem, wHIck csuoed his smile to de ? ? erate Into something spprosehlng a "meer; and kia kai ls, large and white iTn-i apparently soft, had nol tbe physiognomy which piesses Ihe critical | observer and student of haoda" Sha-saw there also I Louis Napoleon, then lately esoiprd from liam. ' She thought him one of tbs ugll -' t"-" ?h? ha'1 a -.-? r Been, His no? seemed enormous, snd his eyes s-inken j and small. Mis complezlon waa bo darkly st.r.ow 1 thal it reminded me of Carlyle's description ?.f the "sea-green Robespierre." Nevertheless, 1 admired his simple manners, wiil-h were maire "Ike those nf an English gentleman than what we ? t -- ?? 1 to as , i >'i it.- with ? Frenchman. There was na more *-*?* tlculatlon or emphasis of ?p?J > lh-?n wu bedim ; lng-. Another maji whom -.he had little liking f.-r was : L-iirh Hi.nt. whom she saw wh.:: bs was most | famous "He dwells in my memory," she srrites, j "as a thick-set man of nearly sixty, with tine dark a-v-s and whitened hair, with his portly person encased In a white waistcoat which was ?. mply dis plsyed by bia kabtl of throwing t..i.-i_ tbe lappela of ,'.s coal and Inserting his thumb In tlie armholes of the waist.-oat. ... I must confess thal he seemed th" va ry type of self-satisfied, arrogant vul? garity." She knew Iiouniiis Jerrold, nf Whom she i na thal h- "was st his best when most serious; hut th.n be iras nat always tn the m-oi io talk f -ri lusty." Her acquaintance Included aJso rot a f.-.v Americans. Of Bayard Taylor she Bays: "Ther- ar.- people whom you may like much, and kn -v lo fl considerable extent very quickly, and Bayard Taylor was, i think, in ? of th---." Like everybody else, she observed Hawthorne's painful shv-ii'-- "he ulm..st -resented tte- r.omage thal was paid kim " sh- saw Mrs. Harri,*! Be-wher Blows in th- glow of fame, and remarks: "I luppose rho w.is under forty yatara of age, but her ikln itoked dry snd withered, ss if by n lettled lan. Her countenance waa distinctly inteil'-ien", :?' I can fancy certain commonplsos people ranking her is one of themi In * snd rather a/oniertng bow she could have written Buck a book." Th"-"- ar" bul esamples of Mrs Croslaad's r-m Inlscences. Phe looked si everybody v.-itii keen, yet sympathetic, Interest, and thia book ifcowa that at four-s. re she his still a faithful memory. Tbs front (apiece i^ a port ra I ( cf ihe author in Ihi i - lilma of m.iTij years ????v.o. LITERARY NOTES. Mr Swinburne's "Nota <>n Charl.ute Hr ant-." Which bas long been oul "f print, la iii he repub? lished Immediately. This is tbs Mt of criticism In whi.h tha- poet praises tbs author "f "Jans Kyre" al the e-apei se of tbe author of "The Mill on the i avhlch bi a very foolish and inartistic tklng for s critic to do. Hr, Bret Harte's "Silly Dows" <hs story of a Southern Kiri -has swak ned the wrath of the Muth? ern resder, who calla lt "rubblah," and says in "The Bout hern Magazine" unpleasant things about Mr Harte's "shallow- perception," "poverty of ethi? cal Insight" and "California rounterfetta." More? over, this weary crin.- holds that he ..ni his have "suffered In patience" a pestilence of st >ri"s of the Routh "from lbs Grub Btreei writers of B aston an i Ki w-Vorb " "Life's Lime ironies" ls tba striking title of Thomas Hardy', forthcoming volume of eighteen ? -torlea lt is to be brought oul by ii:- Harpers \ I ok which once belonged to Que -n Marv St ii ,rt nri which bas "Marla lt Scotorum" stamped rn y . \ on ihe corer is , on to tn- sold In Olaagow. lt la a ropy of Bess's "Confesslone della Fede Chris? tians," and bi on.- item In fl collection of *.i? vol . relating to Mary Stuart. j .. r-bja ?? ??' all rrttlclsm, says James Bussell ?. || in the plea ? inl Utile paper publish, i in lbs curra ?:( "i'- ? lui ? nol to i rill Ise, h-it r , under? stand. More than this. Aa >'?u a ll (ind ll more whola*, fl id ii re salutary ?? your own chara tera ? tudy the vlrtuea thnn the defecta "f ir frten ls, so In I llersture li seems t i me wiser ? . I ? >k f ar .ri .iutli .r's strong i-"ints than his wesk bi I ? ? . islder thal every man, ti1* the French liable t ? Ihe di facts of hi* qualities. A'.-iv ? "ii ls useful In Inducing s Judicial Imbil ?-' mind, and leaching us t-> karep our In t.|..-t-iii temper, When Mr. Matthew Arnold -? tkespe-rtre with exaggeration, lt shall not : . ? it pul in-- upon honest Incjuli y .1 .. ii when er ll ? I tull la In tba gre it . ? of i-'.-ts ,.r in one of the subtlest of uni. - Hy . r exactly what he means, and this ii-1 in helps me to s kn ivrtedge of his own limits lions a- .i critic I think I ??>?? that bis love of ? has carried him t >? f.ir. and that ? .> exclusli. iv lotellectual i mein il we mus', ns Shakespeare himself s-.iv,, ?pla) with oui fai I and believe we aee.' " im.- of ihe quain! remembrances of Bobert I.onls s%??.--,-.i. - South Sea lift, H thal of kia Honolulu mouse \ small shelf hung over ik.a h whereon be U--I to Ile when ill and tryon- to forget bia pain In "tooting" -.ii his Rageolet Out on thia ,h-if tba mon,, w nhl ?? ? nture, an I bo w b van ? - t a-n- na t . delight i-i th- ii-.- ? ? . iresae, ir it i.mm i ??? .if-n'i.ii it v. nil scratch on Ike shelf and make a little whine or song t.> attrs I, bi i after a time ll actually persuadi l bs spouse tn | i dall) visit to the musician In Ka i .i.i| itiv. The lady who, ..-? Ml a Duncan, used to writ*. newspsi r letters fr .ai I'.m.il.i and who produced '?i "A -' lal Departure" sn uncommonly sparkling i> ok of tr ?. ??!. ti n wi .ti. n a n eel. lt l" to I..- pub? lished soon under th- title of "A Daughter .>f To i' i' " Ml i ? ? in ls now Mrs ?\.r. -, and tires la In Ila. "Books ?f Beauty" and "La b-"' Keepsakes." tb.it twaddling "literature" of Bfty and sixty years ago, li iv* gi ???? ii - ? rare thal lt n a * roller-ton ni.. not been taken with a passion for th m. "Tbe Saturday Bevies ' '?iii ??!' tba m Ihe i ther day: "lt is quits cer? tain that gom . binding ind exquisite prints were a'fi--n Illustrative <-f exr-?llenl contributions rr..i:i re i!li emin ni uithor*, such as the flrsi L..rd Lyt? ton, Savi. I.it. in, Benjamin Disraeli, the ts > I lo wi tis, Mr Buskin, Mi llemana and L ll. L. 1'robahly depreciating ai I unfavorable comments may ha vi i.i provok"*d bj the Introduction of other and third rale corni.Illona In prose or poetry, th. latter somewhat of th- following type. A cynical cr,in- rulghl w. il I..- templed ta forget si tries by i brilliant n vellsi ..r -,-?. 11 verses bj a rising politi? cian if bis eye fell, Iel us say. on th.- following ef? fusion in Ike "Book of Beauty," by tbe Honorable Matll li Dimity: Oh! ya. I will cherish, I'll cherish The ., \,? thai yo i m.il- long ago, li,:.: broken-h. irti 'I I perish, And in tba- cold Ki-.iv.- be laid low. . >r, again t?h. ye-,, i remember, September, In Sa pt. inlier we mel la the val. : I remember, September, September, in September you told me your tale. Mr .h.. , ph r. oneil la preparing for the Macmillan, a volume on "Modern Hank Illustrations." lt I, t., ba Included in th- ex-Llbrta Series Mr. Walter Cranafa volume, "Ths Deoorstlva Illustration of Hooks," is in th." pre a H. ll. Crockett, th.- author of "Tue Btlckll Min- , later," has written .v book, which ihe Mac indians will soon publish under the title of "The Balders." Mr I'nai-k-it, who is a .-*.-,itch clergyman ShOHl Uilriv liv yean old. Waa Induced to try his linn l at Action hy tbs sxhortstlona of Mr. Steven? son. Hundreds "t" K'u>-sts h."I lust ri-*.-n from the dining tables lu the salon of th- Academy of Arts ia st. P t-i ,ii,rx 'iii. members of the Ministry, tte- Grand Duke Constantine t'onatantovltch, the Prince of Old ? nhill l,\ the most famous military men of the Em? pire ami th.- hu,hrs In the Russian world of poli? tics, literature nnd an. were all standing in groups about the room. Suddenly entered a mini rind in th- costume ...' tko lower i'leases Looking al-out iiim f.r ii moment, ba walked rapidly toward tbs i; .air of honor, near which al.i a kandsome ?r.iv t-.alred man upon whose bn i I bad been placed .i f.-iv bonn before tba Insignia of the Stanislaus tinier. Kneeling before il.ll man. amid lbs pr. found Bllenca ..r tba gathering, be ..-led: "i thank rou, Dimitri SVaastljerltcb, In tbs nama of tbs pssasnta i am a peasant, tha s.m of Anton Goramykas, i kiss your feel " Thi, unusual trlbuts wsa paid lo Dimitri Wim T-iijevit'h Qrigorovltch, lbs Russian novelist, st las recent celebration in hain.ir ,?r tba fiftieth imnl Vsrssry of lu, appearance a, an author It gave him (treater pleasure than al! nth?r tribute, from colleagues, friend, and nal.nlrers. for lt came from a class of people which had always excited his ,vmp.?..y ?,'mm mt ****? "* "** *"" m"c' ,?.. ?.?'-'f'.lu*_,.!nar.',;?"? Sa-MF-.' _y?7?S^-__Se_5 allt-1.,r became known as lbs ' , , tn, Downtrodden." Uh. nppotatseenl aa dir-ctor of tn. ... tenburg School of Art and Museum assur-. J2 Tn Scorns and allowed him < > devote span ,.,... Z literature. Ona of his latest books, th. Cronus of Charity." -s devoted tomMf JJJ pleturs Of the misery of the proletarians. The bool 5 the tim.' excited the enmity of many peopfc who haal been his frien.ls. but this, has bee;, for gotten an.l the whole nation Joined In the celebra tia.n "f bia anniversary. Trade kath its poetry-oi- at any rate the resllstk novelist thinks lt haft An aspirant for honors lr tbs school has come f.irw.ird with a "Komanc- ol . Drygoods Drummer." Was it this sort of u-.n, that Victor Hugo had In his mind when he talkec of the author's power t.i add a new shudder to Ul srsture? it i* all very wall to erect an altar t Cupid beside the bargain oounter. Ko doubt th. signings of Borneo will take on a more harrowln ahade ..r grief when they are Intersperse.! by th< berolne'B Impassioned cry of "Cash!" But Concerning Carlyle's judgment Of other anthon an Km-llshma-i of to-dsy cleverly says that thejj w.re orton t.BMtntlog to bs trus: "they asemotl h. search and BUh their victims-anJ come out a tong way a.a the other side." ?,-.?? otherwise Mr. Qulller-Touch. lovss ihe author's trade. "My calling Bes me to no ofBei ' he writes, "mik"., na no man's slaw, com? pels ms ti no action that my saul condemns. I* SStl me free from town life, which I loathe, an.l ailOWl rn- to breathe clean air, to exercise limbs as weil si brain, to tread good turf snd wak- up every morn? ing to the sound and smell of 'he sra sad that addi prospect which to my eyes la tba desrest on earth. All happiness must be purchased with a price, though people seldom recognise this; ami part of thc pri." is that liviii-- thus a mun caa never smsas a fortune. But as it is extremely unlikely that I cou;.! h.ive done this In sny "thar pursuit. I may claim that I have the better <>r the bergala." "Q." saya that his desire to mil a story was awakened by tbe reading of Stevenson'a "Treasure is:,mil." Tba youth wsa then only nlnet,->en anal a sTudent at Oxford; nnd the germ of his tlrst book, "Dead Man'a Kock," he found In a bit of family Mr. i;:,i l.-i me's alleged Intention to learn the Basque tongue at Blarrlts la an invention of a c ir respondent .if tbs "Figaro." Hi learned French when elderly, but he found In French llterattir.; an Incentive to study that teague Hs made s speech ai I a Wonderful om- lt was ni French when ks was eighty-two years old. lt was almost an Improvised one for lt was .hil-, r-1 at a banquet hastily ar? ru ge I, Where strain most abowsd Itself was on the , ? r's face, the brow being knit and the nostrils compressed, ll" mid" the s.im? evening another speech In English. During Its delivery ths coun? tenance t..ok a quite different expression, because be waa speaking in a familiar language. Th"r*e ls n . Basque literature one of th-* few books pub? lished In it is a transl.itl.ni of the "authorised vcr bK n" a.f the Bible, the tran ilator of which wsa Prince Lucien Bonaparte, who died a few yeara ago in Bayswater. And now it appears that the Basques do nol understand the dialect which th-* Prince mad" um of. Voltaire, in speaking of Basque more thnn a hundred years before the Prince Attempted h ? translatl. rt, said "Tke Basques say they un.ler atand each other, but I don't believe them." The playful "Bill Nye's" "Comic History of the ("ni teal si-if.;" j-, ;.? be published Immediately by th.- l.lpplncotts, A surprising fact not heretofore Lt-cv a t. people "f this region ls revealed in it? that General Howe deckled to a-.ipiure Brooklyn tlr'f bo that he mlirht have a place tai sleep in while taking New-York. TENNYSON'S YOUTH. t_ RECOLLECTION.. OF MPS. W. II. BROOK? FIELD. 'rh.- recollections of Tennyson's youth, .lust pub lisheJ In "Temple Bar" by his old friend, Mrs. lirookflel'l, are full a.f interest This lady, as the ? ? ?;sln of Arftmr Hallam and the wife of th" po->i's college friend, W. ll. Brookfield, knew Tennyson r .r in-iiiy yomrm as well ss any worn ouatstSa los own family could know hun. finding him always, she says, consistently loyal toward those wh.ini bs ii.i 1 once.pied as lils friends. Her flr*t irllmpie . f lum rame before i.^r marriage, when her be t rot bed brought him to cali upon h-r um! upam her father, --"ir Charita Piton, himself a poet ot i ima reputation. At this period the young Tenny? son was wonderfully han Isome and of tall and Stately pr's'::.". "Although alwaya courteous," says Mrs. Brook '. I "he was on this BM visit to us reserved and silent for some time, until ks gradually Uiawsd under th- lympathetlc Influence ..f bis fri.-nal Hi\>ok iiii. lo arbom be was greatly attached, an.l the conversr.tlon I.ams generally Interesting sad agreeable, Har when B sllrht |>ai!,e occurred Ten nv.-a.in slowly r>S" from his .-hair, and with grave deliberation laid his hand mi my father's remarka? bly tui" and Intellectual head, Baying; 'Yoi must ? i ? a greal many f""i;?h things, sir, with this great bump of i ? n- rolenee of yours.' My father answered genially, 'l dare say I do'-and w,> \vre all much amused, though a little awed, at the same time." i .ii-- of the pleasantest things Mrs. Brookfield says sboul the poet bi thal he was thoroughly kind, com p --iiTi.il" .mi sympathetic with all genuine trou ble or perplexity, ill** sen--- ..f humor, she de c la res, w.n always Ilk" a reserve fund, ne.ir at hand In dally Ufa?"and the exe eding dignity ami seriousness of his usual demeanor mads the,.- fre quent hashes a.f amusement th.- more welcome." In blt younger days he would allow his friends to laugh it. sa well as arith bim, and receive u with only playful Indignation; sometimes, perhaps, he would wilfully provoke th.-ir criticisms. On one occasion, aft-r the) had l.-ft Cambridge, mv hus b.in.i retnemh red dining with Tennyson, Oeorge Venable, and others al tke Beform Club, lifter Jinner, In con tempi of all formality, Tennyson persisted in resting his f.-.-t on the table. His friends remonstrated In vain, until one of them sai.i- "Take cu.'. Alfred; the* will think v,.u are Longfellow." Down w.ht the feet. . . . Although with his tntI ii'..t.- friends his conversation was full of depth iii.l rarnestness on ail serious subjects, he would from tim- to time greatly .imus.- ih.-m with hum.ar? ius nights of fancy, amounting sometimes to hyper? bolical exaggeration, which those wko knew mm av.'il iMuid never misunderstand, but which might ?cly perplex a nea acquaintance. \ very delightful .ui.1 highly cultivated friend sf nra. who belonged to a strictly conventional sec? tion .'! society, hail gladly accepted an Invitation to meet reanyson al our house. Bhe haal real his ".'?try wini great admiration, and was prepared to make bis acquaintance with reverent enthual is'ii. Il" was, hov. ayer, SS retiring as usual, when sith absolute -urangera, and the graceful deference .i our d.-.ir rriends demeanor toward him did n.>t it tlrst tend t.. dispel his sin ness; later In th.- even mt. however, when Alfred had realised thal this ady was an Intimate mend of oura, and Hun we articulacy wished that bs should make himself igreeable to h-r. be went up to ber with good i unreal friendliness, saying: "I could not lind any bing t.. ny to you before .limier, bul now that ! have a bottle oi oort lu ni,- i ,-an talk aa much ', you Uk.- My friend was al Ural rather Harmed al this playful announcement, receiving i' is a literal aaaertlon. But she was soon reassured yy the-serious Interest -r hi, oonveraatlon, which eal ted all her expectation. Thia l, bul a trifling ncldent t,i recall, bm ii is one of those early em nlscences of hla bachelor days which Beams to ii" lo acquire interest from its very Blmpllclty. -Mr--. Brookfleld, In describing a visit at l/ir.l Ash lurton'a place, Ku,s an amualng picture sf "Ten lyaon'a coming Inl i breakfast rather late one morn ng, wini a perturbed expresses* of face, and bis vinci., in his han.i. saying with grssl gravity, 'My vatch hus atopped, What am 1 t.i dof We all felt ? ii-. rn. .1 for a moment, until, l think it was Mr. Fairbairn, who, aa a practical maa. with saual -rarity, rose from kia a-hair. to,>k the watch from Mfr-d's band, asked for bis key, wound lt up, and llenily returned lt ts its osmer." When hi, friend of a llfethne, Mr. Brookfleld, lied, th" poet wrote t.i tba widow a nate at tba nd of which he Bald: "For i believe that the .iej,i Ive, whatever pseudo-savsnta amy say," and ta nasa tourklai Unas ka reasllsd ike eld days at 'ambridge wltk Hsllam an.l Brookfleld: irpok, ror they caird you s,> that knew you best '??i lo Mk- who loved s. w.-ll to mouth mi rlivm-s io* oft are two have heard Bt. Marv's rhltnra! mw ..ft tue cantata supper, hoal and gussi ysubj ecko helpless laughter t.. your Jc,t! low ..ft with Mm we paced that' walk of llmes Mm. th- i >st light of those dawn-golden time,. \ Bo lovel you wei! Now bo'h are gone to rest "U man of humorous melancholy marri:, , .POP* ?! v?m< Inward agoh>?ls It so? ?ur kindlier, trustier. .Jacques psst away cannot laud thia life, lt looks ?o dark: tua *"?? *r?e*--Dream of a shadow, go *od bless you-I shall Join you In a dayl THE CHRONICLE OF ARTg, EXHIBITIONS AND OTHER TOPICS. Tilt*" SKASON AT ITS HEIOI1T-AI.I. TUB OAl.bg^ in* BOOT TIIK SOriKTY OF INDEPENDENTS, TKTVHHH OT MOM Tl'HNKIt AND M. W. ItANOKR-THK Mt'XH'lI'AI. ART .SOCIETY AOAIN-MINOIt MATTHUS. There ls more than enough t.i occupy the attea i tlou of the amateur In N'ew-Vork Just now. Vari? ous minor exhibitions will be found touched upeg below, and there are others, great and small, of i posUtVa Interest. The Fine Arts Society has a val. uable attraction In the Dutch, Swedish and Xor* I wegian pictures from the World's Fair. At tba Academy the American Water Color Society has an exhibition of unusually good character, and tbs diaptey of the Etching Club, at the same placa, abo maintains a first rate standard. Mr. Durand Huel bas on view some pastels by Degas. Th* Avery gallery, now occupied by Mr. Smlllie's land? scape,, ls before very long to have an exhibition Of the works of WT. B. Tholen, a Dutch artist of considerable reputation. The Woman's Art Cfc* opens an exhibition to-morrow at the Klackair Gallery, N'o. 7 West Twenty-eighth--*. The sales at the water color show have hem e?. couragtng. W* have already "received memoranda showing a sum total of UJmto, and this repres?nta only the first few days of the exhibition. Hollow. In* ls a M**t of the principal works galil "A ghsrUTa ?ale," by w. T. ?madlay, Rsa; "Hon Jour," by ff. O. Smith, HHS; "Wh-re Are Voa (Ia lng?" by L Moran, $175; "Nina," by V. Day, (HM; ''Hsckeaaack M.a.lows." by C. H. (Balsa, tai; TOT Him." by P. Moran. VI; "Hubbies," by Jg, Humphrey, Vtol "Home, ?greet Home," by A l-*r-d . ricks, SMS; "The First Attempt." by Alice Hirsch berg. BS'. "Friends," by Arthur Lumley, p*-*. "Afterglow." by J. V. Murphy, BR*', "Messap from the Bee," by W. Satterlee, (BS; "The n_*> lat," by V. <l. Ht-Ipevlch. |MI; ".spring Time" by h. P. Smith, .BMi "Autumn," by W. Batlsrlss^ MM; "Fr"" from care." by J. ?!. Drown, pot; "Afternoon in the Woods." hy IC v.m Btes, ka; "A Mountain Home," by J*. M. Shurtleff. IMS, ft may be added, apropos of these figures, that, al? though the cry of "hard times" ls nowhere heard mair- frequently than In the field of picture buy. lng, th"re ls still no lack of activity In that very Il.-iil. The Seney pictures rsslMsd, on the whoU*, all that they were worth, and the result of the sale of thd Wyant collection was very satisfac? tory. Tbe terms of the Municipal Art Society's first F-oinpetitlun. which "Sst* publl?ln- 1 in Th" Tribune on Friday last, have th- matt, r in such shape as should appeal strongly to artists anxious to enter the contest. Beery clause ls the d" aassnt hu ) been conceived In a spirit of fairness, and the schema sf awards strikes us as entirely fast Th, winner of the Brat prise, who ls to carry out the work for njMS, is to bs paid IMI on seconal ira. nii'diately after th" dsetMOB has bees r ohed. The second prize amounts t.i $."00 and the third to IMO. 'The work of decorating the courtroom will be un? dertaken." rays the society, "as soon SS the f-in-ls In the treasury warrant it." and this snugest, a delay which might prov- WSSriSOSaS ts th- B-CeSSS* ful competitor. Hut lt ls unlikely that the society WOUld institute this competition If it were g. I tol? erably sure vt f'lltllllng Its plans In the n".ir f itur*-, and it is to bs presumed that if a competent artist i in be secured the courtroom will not walt lone for its adornment. Th" Jury, by the way. has been most admirably formed. It comprises three _rch". i tects, five painter,, two sculptors and five laymen, i all representative men in the best sense of that phrase. The oM Leavitt gallery at Nc RI Broadway ls burg at present with pictures contributed by S"H*mbera <-f the lodety of Independents fer their Bret annual ex. hlbltkm. This organtsatlee, as has already been an? na uTic-al In The Tribune, dlspa ns.-s with a Jury and allots spa'-" to any uri"! who chooses rn koceme a member bv paying s certain fee. Within the space assigned him the arti*! is privileged to -xlilhit -iii work as lu please,. Ta'.- plan is ,i good I rn-, ls >pite of its sseoring of the dcuhtfal atmcsphaia of a "Sal n of the ReJ-creai," SUOh as Paris l,a, prodatSd. It gives an artist an opportunity to say his say without any fesr "f restricts ns conventional, -.meal, per? sonal or otherwise; and If whet be bas to gay la ari rth anything, the public cati only be gratified bv bia inde? pendence, of course, thal last point le the cr-K-lal one, and, t . sji-nk qui!" frankly, there ls very little In the collection under notice which might net havi been left in ohscusUy, with no los.- rn any one hut the young exhibitor, themselves. There is -tr-ni;-1. ff modelling in seme portraits by Mr. lt. H. Brand-gee, who lsslsospiritedM btestvrk,snd stoaesfor rp-'-uy of tine by animation and truth as to expression. The stud!", of children by Mr a. H. Davies are delightful In sentiment, and they eh.irm In the fae- ,-.f technical ?liorteomtii^s sv iii.-h linv.- not b-?-ii a-., rbvicis lat other picture, by the same artist shown in other ex klMtloos -a Cse* whick might ks takes aa justifying the Jury system. Ther" i, seme clever figure work by M.s. Swinburne and Miss Adams, a few h!.i"_ ami-*-, hiles by Miss Maude Cowies and Mi,, dene. Stove COWles are nicely drawn, and the landscapes by Mr. Bdward Brooka and Mr. Charles F.ister have g -od qualities. Ma.re than th!, in praise ..f the pi-t ur', shown it ls not ne.-e?sary to say. For the sim of the sa cl.-ty, however, thera' is, we repeat, nothing but commendation, la time the Independents may v. ry pBeelbiy exert a beneficial influence. On ths thr.-sh, id rf their career they command rei-pect and a cori lu I greeting. Mr. Kiss Turner, who has an exhibition of writer. colors at the Wunderlleh gallery, ls a Boston artM ; ivh.i hus been known here from pictures Sb -wa from time to tlni". uni as tbs t"aa*her Stt SSSStal BspaMs water coiorists. The eollastloa of watrr colors mad" in New-Eaglsad and Bermuda. which , be noa- brings forward, gives a new and mor- strik? ing Impr-sstun of his ability and shows especially that he baa a wi.le rang". In the two large plc ; tares whi.-h head the catalogue, "Spring Time" and 1 "May," pictures of a rural homestead with appia blnsanma lighting th" greens and grays of the'.end sap.*, as etystslllsea the -retry spirit of Nsw-BsgN land. In all the ei<ht Herminia, sketches, and es p-lally in ll,''Lemon Hill," find A. "In a OardSB** h.. sspressis list as aeeurstaly the warm kev sf ths South. Mr. Tumar'a method w fn-e and de? cisive, he use, his medium with a sens-- of n*1 limitations, and lhere are such freshness and directness In his pictures th it they are rea'lv en 1 .alible. We have named the laest of the New-K'.g luiid subjects, bul theresre some others-No. 4. "To the Pord Across the Uiver." an.l No. H. "A I'.-r cuplne." the latter a bold coast sa'a-ne? that are very nearly as artistic. Mr. II W. Rsagsr*S landscape work grow, m*rS and m .r- in authority and .lepth. Wa greate-t faull f..r several years pa-M has be mi too Clos- an ama .i'm Of some of the effects of the Dutch school uni of Corot liven In the exhibition which he has Just opened at the Macbeth gallery he has on" or two wuk* No. 8. "Willow, al Berthier." for example which ure in OSTOt'a rather than In his a'wn mintier. But upon this occasion his mSSSIBlS of module 1 Individuality are happily few. In the main his art ls his own ur..I lt Is remarkably ae CompllStH 1 He has truth, feeling 'and a Ueea taste iii composition. H;s color ts bsauUreL At times, in ;i picture like .No. 6. "Moonlight Pastor? ale, or like No 1,1. -\ Shepherd Mt Night." he ls seen to have eserclaed a warm, noetic imagina tlni lu tla>se pictures, in ail hi, landscapes and merinos, in fuel, his treatment of atni'Sphere IS very sensitive ami accurate He has a further degree of refinement lo attain in his skies. arhlSB mlght have more tenderness more s;iavlt\ la the modelling of clouds, a thinner Impasto. Bul his def,.cts ure fewer than his merits ile touche, a oapllvatlng minor chord In No. ;.. -'The 1'assing Shower," anal one of energy and aggressive, forceful character in No. ll. "A (assam of oaks in West? chester County," and between these two he Warks along a varying scale with unvarying success. Tbs Vitality ami progressive nature of his w.-rk have never been so clearly demonstrated b.*fore, and Ihe presence of a cumber of preliminary sketches shosrs that his development ls his-d on earnest. Industrious study. The exhibition deserves popularity. Th" Fifth Avenue Art Galleries will b* tilled until the latter part of this week with a collection of Am Tirari palntMga an.l Oriental porcelain,. The latter, ol'ecied by Mr. Edward Hung*, compre henal many fine pisces sf single color and decorated work, rare tea leaf and red glazes, an.l some splendid yellow crackles. The collection of pictures ls aif mixed value, with nothing In lt of Imrvirtance. bul with quite .1 gr.iu-i of paintings that are of S rasa inabCy high irr.nie. guck are the Venetian ?"'ene by Robert Blum, the study of a ca' by Mr. Ue.irge B. Butler, and the landscapes of .\ia-H?rs. Wv.mt. Ti-aivon and Murphy. Au sorty }_? trl.r with Figures hv Mr linne-. "A New-Bug liin.l Bchaoolhouae," la Interesting !n ii persons! w?y, HTial sa. |a ihe landscape (So. lt) painted by Mr. Inn's, in ia*;, Ability of a mechanlcnl or.ler ls visible In the figure pieces of Mr. C. X. Harris Had Mr. I,. Mottler. The p.-arre'.alns in thU eshl billon ere to be snld n?**t thursday sad Kr'.daV afternoons, and the paintings will be dlBpassi ot am Friday ev Miing. We have received from Mr. Dur.nl Bud a copy of "La Itevue Kncyclo|i*ii!ou-'" f.ar Dec-mber ll cmtalnlng a long ll lu st rs teal nr:!-le on Impres? sionism by Gustave OetTroy. We mention the essay In the Interest of those who would vs'.ue s? interesting account of the school by a sympalbsus Frenchman who knows his subject w*_.