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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 13, 1894, Image 5

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GRESHAM SPLITTIXa HAIRS-1
TWO VERSIONS OK HIS INTERVIEW WITH
TH CUSTON.
THEY MAT BK DlMaWjUtT, PCT TO THK LAT
MINO THKY BEKM MUCH ALIKE-MK.
WILLI* AMD THU CELKBRATtOM OK
ABItOCATION DAT.
Washington. Felt, ll- The President to-day
aont In t0 OoeiaToes another instalment of Ha?
waiian snrreap" ndence, Thc latest dispatches
previously communicated wore sent to Congress
february 2. ami tlieir chief feature was a letter
from Minister Willis, dated January 12. 1S94. In
which he said he had nerved Prantdsnl Dole's
reply to his letter of January 1. asking speci?
fications nt 6 p. m. the previous day?too late
to copy the fifty pases lt contained or to reply
to lt prior to the pallin*? of the steamer at 2
p m. the next day. The date of the corre?
spondence transmitted to-day comes down to
January 16, hut docs not include the Dole letter
or Minister Willis's reply. Th- chief features
are an exposition of the position of the United
StaU-s Government on th- SjUaSStlotl of the em?
ployment of force to restore thc ti. uos.il Queen
and a statement of Mr. Willis's course In de?
clining the Invitation to participate In the first
anniversary of the establishment of the present
government of Hawaii. President Cleveland
sent the documents to Congress accompanied
by the following message:
TH PKKSIPEVTS MERSAQB.
To the C sjugrsns:
I transmit herewith two dispatches received
a few days ago from our Minister at Hawaii and
a reply to one of them from the Secretary of
Sta'e. in which a correct version la given ot
an Interview watch occurred November 14, 1S93,
between the Secretary of State and Mr. Thurs?
ton, representing the Provisional Government at
?vYHshir.gton. GROVER CLEVELAND.
}"..veutive Mansion. Washington, Feb. 12.
(Confidential No. 29.1
MR, WILLIS TO MR. GRESHAM.
Legation of the United States,
Honolulu. H. I.. Jan. 16. 1S94.
Hon. W. Q. Gresham, Secretary of State:
Sir: In a letter from the Hon. S. B. Dole, Min?
ister of Foreign Affairs, addressed to me under
date of January ll, the following statement is
ma I
"On November 14. Mr. Thurston. Hawaiian
Minister at Washington, called upon the Seore
t:.rv of State and Inquired if the above letter
(vours of October IS) was authentic, and was as?
sured bv Mr. Gresham that it was.
"Mr. Thurston then said: 'I wish then to fur?
ther ask whether it is tbs intention of the United
States Government t-> carry ont its p .Hey therein
indicated by force; or, in other words, whether If
ti.e Proviatonnl Government decline t?> accede to
ihe request of the United Staten Oovrriment to
vacate In favor of the Queen, United States
Ito .ps Will bs used IO enforce the request.'
"T ? which Mr. Gresham replied: 'I am not at
Liberty nt present to answer that question. It ls
a matter concerning which I will speak to the
Presl lent and talk with you more fully this
afternoon.'
"In the afternoon of the same day Mr.
Gresham further said to Mr. Thurston: 'I have
already answered your first question, to the
effect " that the letter published (Secretary
Greabnin to the President! was authentic and a
correct statement of the policy of the United
States. As to your second question as to
whether force ls to l.e used by the United States
to restore the Queen, all that I am at liberty to
? is, that Mr. Willis has no instructions to
il . anything which will cause injury to life or
property of any ono at the islands. Further
than this I am not at liberty to state what his
Instructions are. You can draw your own In?
ferences from my statement and allay any ap?
prehension which may have been caused by
what has be*n published.'
Mr. Thurston further said to Mr. Gresham:
TOOT answer does not convey the Information
which I requested. What I desire ls to obtain
information which will guide my Government In
their aotlon. If they know that force ls to be
used by you. their course of action will neces?
sarily be different from what lt otherwise would
be. The definite Information from me that you
Intend to use force may be the means of pre?
venting- them from using force and causing blood?
shed.'
"To which Mr. Gresham replied: 'Our rela?
tions In the past have been pleasant, and I want
them to continue to be so in the future and to be
perfectly courteous to you. but I cannot at pres?
ent answer you more fully than I have done.' "
I do not know whether Mr. Thurston made this
statement public In the United States at the
time, but I do know that the first Intimation
that this community had upon the subject ls
contained In Mr. Dole's letter of the nth inst.
Had your statement to Mr. Thurston li<->en
made public here at the time (November 24)
when lt was received, the excitement resulting
from the warlike preparations of the Provisional
Government would have been allayed and criti?
cal and dangerous conditions avoided.
ALBERT S. WILLIS, E. E. and M. P.
MR. GRESHAM TO MR. WILLIS
Mr. Gresham's reply to this communication,
giving an authentic version of the interview,
aaa as follows:
(No. 13.)
Department of State,
Washington, D. C., Feb. 7. 1894.
Slr: I bave the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your number 29, of January 16, In
which you refer to a letter received from the
Hon. S. B. Dole, Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Provisional Government, addressed to you
under date of January II, contairli.g statements
alleged to have been made by me In an Inter?
view with Mr. Thurston, the Hawaiian Minister,
?jri November 14, last.
It is true that I nnd two Interviews with Mr.
Thurston on the day mentioned, the first of
which was very brief, immediately after the
second Interview 1 dictated to a stenographer
& statement from which the following is quoted,
lt being all that relates to the subject of Mi.
Dole's communication to you:
"On tba forenoon of November 14 Hon. L. A.
Thurston. Minister of the Provisional Govern?
ment of Hawaii, called <tt th" state Department
for en interview with the Secretary of state on
the Hawaiian situation. The Minister'was In?
formed by th'- Been taiy thal lt was ai .out time
for a Cahitv t meeting, and he w;us under the
necessity of requesting tbs Minister to call
again at 3 o'clock In the afternoon. He re
pii-.i he would do i- bul bel ?re leaving desired
to submit taro questions to tbs Secretary:
"First?Was the letter addressed by the Secre?
tary to the Presid nt ii. iut Hawaii nnd the
ProvMotanl Govennmesil and printed in the
- a few naya sgo authentic and official?
' St ind?If lt was, snd he presumed it was, was
lt the President's Intention to use force, if need
ns, against the Provisional Government In rt
Biorino; the Queen.
"The Secretary replied that the letter was au
Lhentic, bul as hs had aol time I ? spend with
lbs Minister just then he .-ouM repent the ques
? rig in thc after:
"The Minister called ni I I 1 hour nnd
.'h.- Secretary Informed bim that the letter ad
Iresned to tbs President was authentic and that
?ion bs I been or would be taken by our
Minister, Mr. Willis, which would Imperil the lives
snd property of t h.-..tn amor supp* rte ra of the Pro
rlstonnl Government, nnd that if they suffered
In ? ny way it would be in consequence of their
awi nets or attitude. The Intervli ??, continued:
* "Mirilst'-r- Mr. Secretary, that answer ls not
satisfactory and I would bs glad if you would be
more explicit."
"Sei-re'ary I cannot l.e more <-xp!i< it al tbls
tin.e. Ton cnn draw your own Inferences from
what I have said, nnd connel nny false Impres?
sions that maj' ha\>- benn Created by what has
hann published."
I annan red tbs second question in Um undi r
?K-or.-d language from a slip of paper which lay
?.n my tunis In plain view before me I did not
say In either Interview that I was not at liberty
to answer either quanti
W. Q. GRESHAM.
aaUaOQUTfOM DAT IMCTDBNT.
The OOaTSSPOndl D SJ Willi regal I to the cei.-blli
tlon is as follows:
t> gation of the United Stat. B,
Honolulu, il. I., Jan. If, mu,
Rlr: On lum Thursday, january ll, i.y a vote
of 7 to 2. the lTtii day of January, being the first
aurnlversary oj the Provisional Government, wan
declared a public holloa;
On yaatsrdsy afternoon tl i :??? entatlves of
f ireign governmi ni i i> celv d Invitations to "par?
ticipate in the observance of the day."
Subsequently the r.titisn Minister, Major
Wodehouse; the Portuguese Charge d'Affairee
and Connul-General, Senhnr Canavarro; tit.- j?i
plornatli Anani and Conaul-General of Japan, M.
Fujii, together srttb M. VTssavona, Chancellor
and Acting Commissioner of Franca, .ailed to
Inquire what reply tbs United States Diplomatic
Agent would maka
I Slatr-d to Hies.- gentleiiien that th<- course of
our Government had not ihen bean determined,
but I did not feel ar liberty lo assen! to th-- aug
gsetlon made by on< of them thal they sh did
bs guided exclusively In th'" nvattar by tbs
United States. After an Interchangs of vii .vs
Mau.- concluded thai under the luau uttions of
their respective governments they could not
Purtletpate In the observance of tne day nnd that
they would so notify the Provisional Govern?
ment.
Thia afternoon I replied to Mr. Dole's letter,
B OOpy of which I Inclose, slating that "with
due appreciation of his courtesy anil with no
disrespect to him or his Government, 1 was, I
regretted to say. unable to accept the Invitation
extended."
The programme of the celebration to-morrow
Includes battalion review and parade of military,
reception Ul EkSCUttVS Pull.ling, firing Of Na?
tional salute and mass-meeting at night to be
addressed by half a dozen speakers.
ALBERT B. WILLIS.
K. K. and M. IV. V. S. A.
MR. WILLIS TO MK DOLE.
LngatlOSJ of the United States,
Honolulu, H. I.. .Tan. 16. ISSI
Slr: I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt on yesterday afternoon of your com?
munication of January 13, 1S94. Informing me
that "Wednesday, the nth instant, win i>e ob?
served as a national holiday. The Hawaiian
flag will be displayed on all Government build?
ings anti a national salute WftJ be fired from
the bat'.ery at noon," and inviting mo "to
participate In the observance of the day."
With due appreciation of your oourtesy, nnd
with no disrespect to you or your Government, T
am, I regret to sny, triable to accept the Invlta
tkn extended.
The letters Inclosed In your communication
addressed t.< Admiral irwin. Captain Barker
and Captain Nelson of the V. S. N. Were, SS
requested, transmitted to them and the answers
thereto 1 send her-wlth.
With renewed assurances of high consideration
and with the earnest hope that till questions be?
tween our Governments may be speedily, honor?
ably and satisfactorily determined, 1 am, etc.,
ALBERT S. WILLIS.
E. E. and M. P., U. S. A.
MR. GRAY TO THE RESCUE.
HE DEFENDS THE PRESIDENT BY AT?
TACKING STEVENS.
APPARENTLY HE THINKS THE MINI8TER RE?
SPONSIBLE FOR THE QUEEN'S EFFORTS TO
OVERTHROW CONSTITUTIONAL GOV?
ERNMENT AND ALL THE SUB?
SEQUENT TROUBLE*
[BT TSLEoaarH to ths TRrsntK.]
Washington, Feb. 12.?The debate on the Ha?
waiian question, which has been conducted Inter?
mittently In the Senate since the beginning of the
regular Rpsslon, took a new start to-day, when, for
the first time, a confessed and elaborate defence of
the Administration's blundering policy was at?
tempted by one of the President's "cuckoo" follow?
ers. Mr. (Jray, of Delaware, was put forward to lay
down the linea of retreat and apology which are to
be followed in the effort to extricate the Adminis?
tration from its present embarrassing predicament,
and avert If possible the humiliation of a public re?
proof from the treaty-making and executive branch
of Congress. Mr. Gray labored for over three
hours to establish what he called Minister Stevens'B
"complicity" with the Hawaiian revolutionists. Ilp
fore finishing this part of his task the Delaware
Senator yielded for the day, promising to go on
with his speech to-morrow afternoon. Mr. Daniel
will follow Mr. Gray, and the debate is likely to bc
continued In the Senate during the greater part of
this week.
Mr. Gray spoke on the resolution repcrrted
from the Committee on FVn-elgii Relations
declaring lt unwise, and Inexpedient at this
time to consider further the question of the
annexation of Ha wa fl. He said that the resolution
presented a question of International morality.
The Pre Std ant sendsd no vindication for having
withdrawn the tmity of annexation, and he (Mr.
Gray) would not attempt any. The facts as Basted
In the President's m.-ssnjre fully vindicated him ra
the ecurss* he had pursued; and, Indeed, he (Mr.
Gray) ba/1 not heard the I ^resident's conduct in that
rcs?ji..ct seriously impugned or attacked.
The question remained whether the President wrns
right In not resubmitting the treaty; and it nus
for the Senate to decide that question on tho pend?
ing resolution. A tre-aty of annexation with a gov?
ernment formed aa the Provisional Government of
Hawaii ha4 tx?en would be, Mr. Gray declared,
inconsistent with the honor and dignity of the
United States, and would be In violation of the
platneaJt obligations of International morality, as
well aa of the settled practice and traditions of the
Untied States Government. There had not bann aa
earmark to characterize the movement of that com?
paratively small number of people In Honolulu
as a revolution emanating from the people, ami
growing out of a strong feeling of wrong or op?
pression, (in She contrary, the evidence all went
to show that thc; movement Itself was confined to
that comparatively small Junta of able, intellig.-nt
and vicious men, who, with the sid of thc American
Minister, accomplished iso far en (bey could do so)
the object which they hal in view. This junta
composed an oligarchy of we.ilfn ar.d Iriteliigtmce
an oligarchy aa foreign to a republican form of
government aa th? most opposite things In tho
world could be opposed to each other,
Mr. Gray rend and commented upon the s-ritcments
made by several members cf thc Provisional Gov?
ernment. Hs *|>oko of tho call for United Suite*
troojts "to protect life and property" as a nov..]
and unique discovery in revolutions Mr. Stew-ns.
he said, might be a very good man; but hs Was
the most indiscreet man who ever occupied such
en Important position In a foreign country at so
great a crisis. It was tha moat indi-' real thing for
him to consent to an application for troops for
such a purpose, without any suggestion In th" way
?.f flt aaa is dins, the applicants' His action could not be
construed otherwise than tis complicity wini their
/ plans.
"l)o von think that Mr. Stevena ought to have
interfered?" Mr. Ttl.er (Rep., Col.) asked.
"Certainly I do not." Mr. iir.iy answered. "I
think he should not have Interfen !. Here were
avowed revolutionists seeking th.- a. i of tin- Ameri?
can Minister and communicating t<> him t.v ;
which th.-y had .ii hand, to wit. t!<- overthrowtna,
<.f the existing Government to which he was ac?
credited, and to which h>- was bound by even
obligation ot good faith and propriety. They dis?
closed t<i him their objects; and ne did n.rt rebuke
th.m. and tlid not try to dissuade tn.-rn; but he
promised Jue! what th.-y asked. And l do Bay that
mus bring the evidence out ot their own mouths)
it is Impossible for me or for any candid man to
believe otherwise than that Mr. Stevena wss in
active complicity with them In the plans which
they proposed.'1 .
"Ik> you think it was Mr. Bte venara fluty," Mr.
Teller asked, "to sttempl to dissuade themr'
"\ot a? ail." Mr. dray answered.
"Then why bring that in as a charge against Mr.
i ?.-? said Mr. Telli r
"1 say that th'- fact that Mr. Stevens prom ??!
them just what they asked, without au- ?
o-t le them, showed him to !>?? guilty .?:' com?
plicity."
In answer to a remark of Mr. Hawley fRep*,
l, Mi. dray said: "Mr. Stevena stuck to his
t. si as to landing the troops for the protection <>f
American life and property; bul the gravamen of
my chi ?-?? ga il Mr. Bteveni is not that h
? rm ul a, but that ail th.- evidence allowa thal
h>- participated in ail the srranaementa to bring
ai.-.-it tl of g..*-. rnment."
Af:-r occupying the floor for a little more than
three boura Mr. Gray yielded for a motion to go
Int . executive aeaslon, on condition that he should
have tbs opportunity Of (ll I peech to?
morrow. He la to be followed by Mr. I<.mi*-1
(T> m., Va.i and Mr. Whit.- (I i. m.. ' ' ll I
Th.- pres,-1'nfs message, transmitting further dis?
patch.? fr.,I,, Minister Willis and "a c ?
..f tl,. Interview of November ll. ISM beta
g cretary 0 ism and Mr. Thurston, repre
ti.t- Provisional Government al Washington," wis
: | f,.r.- ria Ri nate and rt ferred to thi C
mlttee on For< Ign R '
After th esecutlve session, Mr. Hrlc.> (Dem.,
. presented the usu.tl reaolutlona ..f regret at
the newa of the death of Ijepreaentatlve Honk, of
i ? , , 'I , I idopl !. and aa a fur.
tier mark of respect the Ben. si 4:? adjourned,
rJOLuTfl M.A.vs FOB THK FUTURE
ACTION DEPENDENT I POM THK AITITUDE or
'lin; UNITED STATES QOVffRNMENT TH!
PRINCIPLE Or POPULAR REPRESEN?
TATION WILL lu: OBSERVED.
Boston, Feb. lt- 'Tbs Transcript" this even*
lui? prims the following from Its special corm
?pondenl In Honolulu:
Honolulu, Feb, '?'.. vis s.m Francisco, Feb, 13
lenl Dole ssya In sn Uitervlew arith'out
correspondent to-day, sa lo the Justlfl n on ol
..i- -? and tbs full "i the monarch): "lt must
always be s question In such movernenta when
the point of submission to authority termrnatei
land tl'" li>*1" "r ''"'>' "f resistance begins. li
..- r there was s Jus: revolution ii was ours, not
' tuny in the cause >.f sound politics, but slso wini
it view to the social, moral and educational
needs of ti"- whole community. The best inter
leets were nol only in peril, they srsre open!)
: attacked. Tbs Qusen arni sn Insurgent Bh<
: had r.-i..-lied agsinst har own Government Thli
p ?.dh ..ii ii.-r part nus equivalent t" sn sbdica
; lion. Thara was tuen no sswBfaungni ni ..ii
I No community can t xist Without B'tverrTment
As to ths vloliul' n of heuwH r,r-ame-STnn.-r fm
j first oaih broken wn.< thai of the SX-Qusen, Wilt
' abrogated her own ,,!"ii of fidelity to th<- C n
stltutlon. Aftei ht I 'I""" ibis her I
counsell irs were by thst fs< ebsolvcd frn
lo 1 lt < snnol be oih .
sj , , oath s co n .1" M ist ceri
la in such a case a.J. Ibis, ii ia a contract bl
a5iiP**t*e* A c?vcnant la an agreement, the
Ji'ieiity to wh ch on either side ls conditional on
'IKS fidelity on the OtbST able.
"Our forefathers rubsJUtd against George III for
gBB onUSS Iii ITT*, than We bad In IStt. The
^"rth took up arma against the South In 186t
tor less runnou than when we strove to prevent
tne Imperilment of our liberties against the acts
tar more subveTSlVS of Bjoood government than
the encroachmenl of the slav powsr. King
Ralakaus In ISsl made an almost squally fuv
Ki'jint uttemp* upon our rights, bul there wan
'his difference, be never rebelled against his own
constitutional government, while the ex-gm-en
b) ons move nf her hand would hay.- swept this
entirely away-In fact, this ls just what, SO far
n? it was prssii.!.- before otir reststunos, Bbs
tned to do. Katakana s.-t tbs eas,- constitution- I
?'illy, ami we iirrnnged matters with him on the
bl sis of the Constitution, a m-w one grunted by
agreement with him. Bupposs Queen VlctOTln
Should openly violate ami wrest from her p.- ipls
ths British constitutional authority, would her I
subjects then, from tbs least to tbs greatest, be I
bound by their oaths of allegiance to her? In I
tba CUSS of trMmy Of our citizens, there la no j
oath of fealty they were born Into the kingdom,
and Inherited the rights of citizenship with their
native air. kV, much for what ls asserted of the |
violation of 01 ths of office.
"Now, u to ,..- form q{ government Was it
a tn rs provls-on for tbs day and hour, until we
could gain th> advantage ,,f annexation to the
I tilted States' By no menus. Did ws stake our
all, tho sum a id substance of our hope-, on that
probability? Mot at all. We believed In annexa?
tion. It was our first choice?that WS do not
deny, for lt li self-evident by our course. Hut
We realized tint lhere Were doubts of Its success;
yes. realized lt from the first and talked of al?
ternatives.
"W mid I wish to state nnythlng about our
plans for the future? I sh mid have not the
least objection to doing this were there anything
of a certain tr definite character to be stated:
but WO must be set at rest on all questions in
which the Washington Government may have an
interest befon WS can Intelligently consider the
future. As lovers of representative government,
w? may say thia: 'The people are entitled to
representation and any plan to which we assent
must include .his as a constitutional right.' "
REARS A RGE MEN AT COLON.
TIIE CITY OF PARA AURIVKS WITH THE
? SHIP-WRECKED SAILORS.
ADMIRAL. OFFICERS AND CREW ALL SAFE AND
?WELL?THE V WILL COME TO NEW-YORK
ON TEE RESCUING STEAMSHIP.
Washington, Feb. 12.?Worry and anxiety over
the shipwrecked men of the Kearsarge ended this
morning. At 10:45 o'clock the messenger who i
sits outside o' ihe door of Secretary Herbert's j
ofllee answered a call on Mr. Herbart's private
telephone, and was told by the person at the
other end that hs had an Important message for
the Secretary rf the Navy. Mr. Herbert's private
secretary anfvered the call with alacrity, and
this was the welcome message which came over
the wire:
"This ls th., office of the Panama Railroad
Company In NewTork. We have just received '[
a cable message from Colon stating that the
City of Para luis nrrfved there with the officers
and crew of tl e K>ar."arge, all safe and well."
A few minutes after ll o'clock Secretary Her?
bert received 1 dispatch from Admiral Stanton
confirming th* tiewa sent by the Panama Rail?
road Company. It read as follows:
"Colon, Feb 12.?Arrived. Shall we sail for
New-York on City of Para on 14th?"
Secretary H Sober! sent th" following reply to
Admiral Stanton's message:
''Congratulations. Proceed with crew to New*
York by Pam, '
All day jrestirdny Secretary Herbert waited for
the dispute!] which would tell of the rescue of j
Admiral Slant .11 and bli officers ami crew, but
no message erne. \Vle-n the Secretary went to
bed, al i.tt early hour this morning, tl.si.t. ?!
telegram bad not appeared, ami he hurried I 1
the Navy Deportment this morning to see if any
information hid been received there. Nearly
every naval o Ticer on duty in Washington had
be?n to tho Secretary's office or the Rureau of
Navigation to ask for news, ami many of them
were heartsick as they turned away after re?
ceiving a negative answer. But the go.nl news
was not long delayed.
The Panama Hallway Company yesterday re
eetVi 1 th" folk wing dispatch from Beere lair Her?
bert of the Navy:
"The departs IOU* has no cause to complain of
want of promptness in mitering crew of Kearaerga,
or of price* charged, rou aro authorised lo pub*
hah forsgolng if desired."
ai the office of the Columbian line yesterday N
v..ts sari that the City of Para would 'all from
Colon to-morro-v. probably. The Panama Itallroud
Company lits 1 ??:?...1 a dlapatch from Secretary
Herbert savina that the Navy Department had no
fault to fina '-ithi-r sith the promptness arith which
the City "f Par 1 nat aent to the relief >>f the crew
of the keenan's or with the price charted for her
charter.
? ?? ?
WHEAT STATIST!' S WANTED HY TUM
SENATE,
Washington, feb. ll -In tlc- Senate this morning
Mr. Pettigrew (Rep., S. D.) Introduced the follow?
ing resolution, vhl'-h was agreed tn:
"Whereas, A number of lending commercial news?
papers, like "1 radstreet's Weekly," "The Cincin?
nati Price Current" and many others, persistently
dispute the reports of the Agricultural Department
relating to the yearly wheaf crops of this country
end Its eetlmat-n of tho amount of wheal there u
In the country ;it different periods, usually largely
Increasing thes-i quantities beyond those published
: In the reports and estimates of said department;
and,
"Whereas, Su h printed statements, from nunn*
i thorised aourccs, largely control the market price
of wheal and t lereby reduce its price to American
wheat produce] s to their great injury, if the re?
ports and estimates of the Agricultural Department
are correct; th* refore,
"Resolved, Ttsl tl"- Secretary of Agriculture be
?nd ii >,, rebj diret ted to send to the Senate al hla
.-aili--'! convenience; Fli I A atatement of all tha
? wh at. iii.iu'iiii j the visible and Invisible, there was
in this country on March 1. 1893, together with the
entln wheal crop harvested In this country during
that var. Second Th- amount of Wheat that has
been used for food and seed purposes between
.Mar.-h I, is?:{. ind February l, UB4. the an.nt of
v. len thai wi I be required for Uk. purposes In
tills country bitween february l and July 1. 18SM,
toe.,n-r nilli he amount of Wheat and Hour as
wheal thal hal 1.n exported out ot this country
?ince Mandi 1 1893, with the surplus there will be
available for export between February 1 and July
1 1894, aft.-r deducting the above Mom the esti?
mated surplus '." Mar. ?i 1, IMS, and the entire
wheat crop of thal year, according to the latest in?
formation ami most reliable experience lound in j
1 ins di pertinent."
PROCEEDINGS IN THK HOUSE
Wsshlngton, 'eb. 12 CoiisJdeau>tlou of tbs Uland
Seigniorage Ml ks tba 11 miss wss deferrsd until
to-morrow, and the Committee on the District of
Columbia had thc right of erny r.T the dlsposl
tton of local see urea. The Urgency Deficiency
bill, carrying r.*?.K.\ waa pas- I ttnong the
Itema appropriated by the Mil are sgt.sno to sid In
. n>c1 ll"- provisions of the < hlnese
i Exclusion act, I1.9M to repair Ford's fheatre. sud
1 j-'- c.s. 1 , 1,. expended by the Becretary ?.f the
Navy in repairing ths gunboats I astin.- snd
Ma. 'das. , _
\ special ord<r f..r eulofflea upon Um lat; Senator;
si mfoid of California, ? is taaeo inp and a num
I, I ol addi. ? -, WI le l.l.i ll las?J
Presider '- n ? transmitting uddltlonal
., 1 ..... m th ? Hawaiian matter waa laid
the (bee. at th- ,1..t he eulogies, and
.,; 11:, p. m. it,- House adjourns*
(.tr..; AND STRAUS TO BE SWATED TO DAT.
Washington, Feb. U <s?.-iai.. Rene.suttee
Btrsus wis in ii.-- House of Representatives
. ,,., ,.,,;. ,,,.,1;,.,. and hs received tha hearty
itulattons ot Wa Dei.-rat* sssecutes upon
. (dion to >?????-'? ? bi " i'',"'-,,11,y "f, ?,'7"" ';i l
? which tai ' ?' "
of ai.< ut 12.WU lift--11 months ago. H ima
?;"-:,>.?;. :. ..,...*?? M, Sir.,,,,.,.,,.,:*
.,.,,1 , ,l,. |, ,t .1 - a membt 1 01 tns hou a
: bu a \ 1 '.?? ???? ?? ?? ? 'l
from tba XIVU District, 1.ld not be Present until
?I T ?-,,*. Mr Reed thoushl ll would be better to
V, Yt..Vi .'it until thal time, sp that M ri
. ,i ? a? Straus could be admitted ... tha
t, n m. ml. r-e.-. 1 carino! quallfj and !ak- hla
!", ,n^^!ner.,i^.nicUicredei,.,,:'l tv.-.,-.,,,...
:. ,-x,-apt b. III. : :titi?- ..- COnSSnt.
/ \ p 1 \ OBBBD UV A "'?'"'' ** " ' " " ''"'' -
pittsburg Put* '-' r|1"* business portion ..f Pitts
| burk- la to-day Hufferlng from a ?. r: .sa smter f.im
., ,. ||.,,| ? nn occur red In 'his part of th.- city,
tha psiiit conn only b..ve 1.n Burmlsed. Al iM
o'clock this morning tbs nVlnch main, ths lurgeat
lt, ths eily anil thrOUgll which Lawrenceville and
Se entire downtown lrt< ? ra supplied with
v ,,,,? ' broke near the rest rvoli Th link was
1 oi repaired nil late nd-* eyenlni When the break
oe in.-1 s huaa v..io"-'
|,. ,1 * grade, lal'. I I"''
such'fore- thai '"
liailr
of a ii.r poured down tha
everything before it wiiti
ks .,f the Allegheny \ alli > ,
,,- Morningside Station, were . impletelj
,1 icketl with a-reclwge An icenmm dallon Halo
, " ,, , ths allie. bul b*y?n ' throwing Ihe engine
. ,m ,?.. track -e. aei a is done The
, . .? 1. . ? ? ? .1 11 ii paper of.
... it great! nt i, while the
Penn snd V. >n? ava cable Hue, were slviu**.-d.
ri TIE ON PECKHAMS NAME.
IIS NOMINATION WILL UK REPORTED
WITHOUT RKCOMMKNUATH >N.
?IR. MOAK PKIN'J AKSKNT. THKHK WAH A
nilAWN PATTI. I IN THU BttWATg JL'DIC'l
AHV COMMITTEE.
|BT Ttl.KOKAPH TO TUB Tnitf.ME.I
Washington, Feb. 12.?The eont.-at In the Sen?
ile Judiciary Committee over th" nomination of
.Vheeler H. Peckham to be an Associate Justice
>f the Supreme Court ended to-day with honors
tractlcally even beiween Mr. I'eckham's friends
md opponents. On a formal vot<> five msmbsri
tupported favorable report and live resisted lt.
^ truce waa then struck, nnd tbs nomination
vas unanimously ordered reported to lbs ;'e:iate
?vlthout any recommendation whatever, thus trann
.-rring the settlement of the fight to next Thurs
lay's executive session. The members who sup?
ported the nomination were tfsssrs. Vila* and
'.Iti'lsay, of the "cuckoo" faction; Mr. Oeorge,
in antl-Admlnlstrntlon Democrat, who v ited
?.gainst Hornblower; nnd Messrs. Platt nnd Mlt
?hell, Republicans. Senator Hill wits aided In
its effort to secure an adverse report by Messrs.
'iiPh and Coke, Sntl-Admlnlstmtlon Democrats,
ind Messrs. Wilson and Teller, Hepubllcans.
Mr. Hoar, who voted In furor of Hornblower,
vas absent thia morning, buring gone to Jersey
'Itv to deliver a speech In honor of Lincoln's
.irthday. It is n?n known absolntsly which Bids
i" would hnvs taken bud hs boen prsssnt, but
lm Impression !? strong that hs would have
ipposed Mr. Peckham on account Of utterances
ittrlbutsd to him, declaring the protective tariff
aws to bs unconstitutional. Senator George's
,-ote has been In doubt for ten days past and
iredlctions hal ben freely made that hs would
>'? won over to the Administration Bide of the
?ontest by the use of what ls euph mlstlcallj
tnown nowadays as "Executive pressure.'' Mr.
Lindsay was Instructed recently by ths Ken*
ueky Legislature, or one branch of lt, to oppose
Ur. Peckham*? confirmation. Hs disregarded
his Instruction entirely to-day, and evidently
ntemia not to be tmnml by lt on the final rote
n the Senate.
Doth Senator Hill and Senator Vilas Sgree tlmt
to-day's failure to report one way or tbs Other
aili have little or no effect on th-- result of the
On tent. The even division Of the parties in com?
mittee ls liK.ly to prevent the report from hav
nx any influence whntever upon the Ben ate
The best opinion obtainable Indicates, h iwever,
that Mr. Peckham will secure some Democratic
votes which Mr. Hornblower fulled to receive,
ami that he may los,- som.. Republican votes
which were cast In Hornblower's favor, There
-.vere .-leven Dsfnocrnts win roted sgnlnst H ?rn
blower and the rest of the adverse vote came
from Republicans nnd Populists, lt ls said that
there ar* nine Democrats who gre sure to vote
igalnst Peckham; thu th.- Populists will all vote
sgnlnst him, and tbs only Republican who voted
against Hornblower and who v/ill vote for P
hem ls Mr. nixon. On the other hand, ir la said
that Mssnrn. Aldrich. Hawley, Cullom. Cameron,
Hoar and Pettigrew, who supported II imbi iwer,
will probably vote sgnlnst Peckham.
CONSULAR INSPECTION OF IMMIGRANTS.
MEASTRKS TO PREVENT THU IMPORTATION OF
CRiyiNALg AND PAUPERS,
WsShhagton, Keb. ll?W. A. Stone, of Pep.nsy'
vanla, from the Judiciary Committee, submitted to
the House to-<lay his report recommen'llnfr the pa -
sa** of the hm providing for consular inspection
if immigrants. The object awl purpose of the bill.
the report says* ls to prevent thS criminals and
paupers of Europe from being sdmttted Into rios
country as linmlitrants.
Statistics shoW that in-i'-h too bin.-.- :i pr .port'.:;
of the lnimiKi-ants now coming here .-ire In np: M.
of self-support. By th.- hist census, the per cent of
persons born in foreign countries ls 11.77. and yet
this census shows that M per cent of the white
prisoners confined in lulls and simple prisoners ?re
persons of foreign birth. Th tol .1 numb >r "f w 1
convicts in our penitential es whose birthplace i>
known is -vii", composed ot 18,715 native born snd
14.728 foreign born, showing thal more than "i
h.ilf of all "ur white convicts are foreign born. The
tot) 1 number of Inmates of our poorhouses by the
last census ia aaVsnt, ot which number 27,64*, were
bom in foreign countries a little over 51 per cent.
The channa proposed by the bill will benefit that
part of our cKlsens l...rn in foreign countries equal
ly with this.- born h.-re. a? lt llghtena the burden of
taxation for support >f criminals arel paupers, and
strikes at no nation.tilly, hui almply at thai rlasa
of Incapablea of ell nations who can be only a bur*"
<l.-n to this country, ami whose moral an.I social
Influence doea much harm. It .loee not a,l 1 r.. the
excluded class, but seeks only a better method of
enforcing existing laws.
TO BE VIEWED BT THK PUBLIC NO MORE.
Till-: i.ll'-l.AHATP.V "F DTDBPBNDENCS WILL BB
PIMBD AWAY fOR PRESERVATION,
Washington, Pei.. 12. -The oriKinai copy of the
Declaration of Independence was withdrawn to?
day from puMic exhibition In ths Stats Department
Library, made into a roll snd placed In 1 tin b ix
for filing with the .irchiv.-s of the Government
The rapi-i fading of tbs tsxl of the Declaration
an.l the deterioration ol the parchment on which
li is engm ???!. from exposure to the Hrh! end on
account ol ,'Ui', rendered l" Impracticable 1
department to allow it to be ? '? or handled
longer, lu lieu of the original document s fae
simile v 1 I I..- pl o- o un exhibition.
Home years ay,., it v..is noticed th.'t the Ink on
the original parchment waa fading, and ll hal b en
gradually growing fsinter. Recently chemists were
called on to examine it. snd they gave the opinion
that the full strength of the Ink could be brough)
out again by oating lt mum .1 chemical solution
Bul thia experlmenl was not tried, owing lo the
t..,.r thal the precious, paper might be Injured In
son,., way, snd slso bei iui ? no .literation <?: anj
thin* whntever couM be done to ll without the
authoritv of sn sci of Congress, lt required an
ac 1 of Congress to i>rimc the Declaration from
Philadelphia to Washln
NOMINATIONS BT THE PRESIDENT.
J..11N BARRETT TO Bl MINUTER TO SIAM KANT
CONStTU NAMED
WashlnRton. feb. 12 -Th" President to-day sent
to the Senate th.- following among other nomina?
tions:
John Barrett, ot Oregon, Minister Resident and
Consul-Oeneral of rle- United stoles to Siam.
Thomas lt. Jernlgan, of North Carolina, Consul
General at Shanghai, China.
Consuls -Adolph Blllnardt of Ohio, at Moscow,
Russia; Arthur I>?? uima. of California, st Masat*
lan; John Malcolm Johnstone, ot South Carolina, at
I-.]-, imbue,., 1 irasll; Daniel C. Kennedy, of Mis?
souri, at Malta; Delaware Kemper. ?>f virginia, at
A moy, < 'binn; E. Q. Mitchell, of Arkansas, at New?
castle, N S W.; Oeorge W Nichols, of New-York,
at clifton. Ont
Marshall H. Williams, to be Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court ot Arizona.
john I, McAtee>, to be Aasoclats Justice of the
Bunn me Court of oklahoma.
William Davenport to bs Ju.lge of Probate,
County of Iron. utan.
Edwin <;. Woolley, io be Judge Ot Probate. County
ol Washington, itah.
United States Attorneys Lytton Tavlor. of Ten
. District of Alaska; william ll Clent
Eastern District of Missouri; I'reston H. I
1>I. irl.'t of M.minna; 1 Uiver ll. Branch, I'lstt.
New-Hampshire.
Passed Assistant Paymaster John P. Martin, tobe
Paymaster; Assistant Paymaster Thomas s, Jewett,
lo he Passed Assistant Paymaster; First Lieu?
tenant William P. Biddle, to be Captain tn the
Marine Corps; Second Lieutenant Wendell C.
Neville, to be First Lieutenant In the Marine Corps.
THK OWN HUS II IP OF Si'lt A I' WFBBBU
A QURSTrON iNVur.viN,; a LARGS SUM OF MONET
PENDtNO BEFORE SECRETART HERBERT.
Washington. Fsb, Ll An armor question of much
pet unlary Importance both to the t lol eminent nti'l
tin- manufacturers is now before Secretary nor?
ien Th.- Carnegie Steed Company is more purtle*
ularly Interested In tbs mattel, although the deci?
sion of tbs Becretary will equally affect the Beth
lehem Companj In tims. Tbs question relates to
the ownerahip of Bcrap nlekel steel which accumu.
tates in the manufacture of armor plates and Sp
piirr.-iiiui.es f,,r the Navy. In tie- pmrasB of pie
paint*,' still Ingots Loin which the armor material
ls mn,I. UMTS ls always a certain quantity of wast,
or SCmp steel. All pf the n|. kel steel ROU USed by
the Cnrassds wnrks and ths Bethlehem Companj
la un ned by thc Government having been pur
ehassd some tim.. ilKn, when tbs sltoy of nlekel
with steel was found ss advantageous In produclni
a greater restating surfsee. So far as cnn bs lear.1
there has been no .. ousting for scrap In the past,
1.1,1 the subject has inst tom.- tel. tne depart
lie Itt.
Th.. Oovernmenl claims ihat in tbs nuvnufactun
of armor tither the scrap should 1.mployed 01
credit i..r Ita money value should be allowed. On
the oiler hand, the armor manufacturers claim
thal ti. 1 cannot um the scrap steel without none;
t.1. noerable .-ina expense, and thai they should
not h.- requited lo do so without a fair.ipenaa
non They sa\ thal In working over scrap ateel
a; out M per cent of nev* material la necesaarj ii
charging the furnace In nickel steel there is onlj
;i p.-r e.-nt of nickel against si per 1 sal of ordinary
st.. I Secretary Herbert's object la to Becurs thi
Oovernmsnt against considerable i"*-*. while n,c
manufacturers sim ls to protsci their own Interesti
10 iii.- fullest possible .o.t.nt The Carnegie* non
1. ive "ii han.I al.out 2,006 tons of snap steel m,,| tn,
Bethlehem Company bsa about L300 iona \.
nickel steel costa th.- fjovernment ah.,et KOO a ton
11 can be ???. thal a cos l"- rable sum ..r ?
ls involved rn the controversy, Secretary Herbert
viii ?ive aeWoialou lu a, few days.
RIVER AND HARBOR MONEYS.
TRYING TO UaV THE FIGURE DOWN TO
AN "ECONOMICAL,' BAHIS.
THREATS OF A VETO IF THK REGULAR BIM.
CARRIES OVER $10.00U,U0O-ITEM3 IN THE
SUNDRY CIVIL BILL.
(UT lt I.KOII ATII TO THE TRIHI M. ]
Washington, Feb. 12.?The Committee on Rivera
and Harbors has been buay for lome time over the
Treasury estimates of appropriations for work on
rivera mid harbors and the atatementa of the Army
engineers of the amounts that "can be profitably
expended" during the next fiscal year on Improve?
ment i Hint have been begun. It ls understood that
members of the committee have been semi-officially
Informed that a River and Harbor bill carnying a
total appropriation of more than $8,000,000 will be
sllewsd to become a law with great reluctance, gn4
that ons carrying a total In excess of $!0.'i00.000 will
Inevitably encounter a veto. The estimates sent to
Congress Sg the Secretary of the Treasury call for
U p-onrlntlona amounting to $7,500.01X1. to be ex
pended upon such works aa may be designated by
Congress and tUMM for examination, surveys.
Ung ii.-les, etc., making B total of |7,CJb,I0S. This
however, does not include the sstlnsstss for srorka
Which ara being prOSSCUtSd under the system of
continuing contracts established several years aim.
appropriations for which objects are ands* the
Jurisdiction of tbs Committee on Appropriations.
The ertlmatei) for these works amount to RLv-,"
which la $2.-l4.",.t?io less than the amount appro*
printed for lbs current anani pear.
The Sundry Civil bill, which was reported to the
Houee of R ipresentatress on Fubruary t, contains
Items which correspond erith the regular estimates
and olao "ti.- amounting to $2.r,ei,ouo for the im?
provement of the Mississippi River, from thc head
of the passes to the mouth of th" ohio. Including
ilarlei and >tber expenses ol the M aslsslppl River
Commlaslsn, and one smounting tt> ttM,0OB for th?
Improvement at the Missouri River, from its mouth
. Bte??? i iiy. lona, including salarli and otivr
expenses of tire Missouri River Commission, which
Items coincide with special estimates sent to <'on
gress after the regular estimates were submit'".!.
The approprli tiona carried hy the Sundry <*lv!i
bill for river sn i harbor improvements therefore
a nouni i. 0,300.000, which la 6.166,1*1 lees than the
amount for the sion- objects for th" current lineal
rear. These appropriations, w.th the exception of
? ta ? Items, are distributed as follows: Har?
bor of Refuge, Point Judith, Rho le Island, $100,000,
which ; ime aa for the current year; Budi >n
River, New Torie, $14S,00O, which ls $866,000 I rea than
the appropriation for the current year; Harbor ot
Philadelphia, $250,000 which la ?;<?>??' less;
Mary'!? River Falls. Mich., 1100.000, which it $980,001
lea . Hay Lake Channnel, Mich., T.X"'i, which ls
lesa; Mlsslsslopi River, above the mouth of
tl ? Ohl ? River, $1,625,000, which ls $100,000 more; Har?
bor of l harli ?ton.S.C, $150,000, which is $300,000less;
harbor of Sa1 nah JWn.tOO. which ls a decrease of
M Mle harbor, $390,000 which is $110,000 lees,
ard Calveston harbor. ?.'.. 1,000, which is $3 1,000 lesa
than the appropriation for the current fiscal fear.
According to the statements of th>- army engi?
neers, which are published In the "Book of Es- I
tlmates," th" total s-mi that "can be probably ex
I nded in, the next fiscal year" on Improvements |
other than those shove inedited is $38,770,611. As
b fore mentioned, the ftecretary <>f rhe Treasury
recommends a total appropriation fer ail thens un
specified worka of $7,500,000, which la les,; than :'?,
nt "f the engineers' total, if the River ?nu
Harbor bill s?i;ilt carry a total of $10,000,090, be.
yond which lt ls forbidden to ko. lt will be about
26 per cenl of the engineers' total, and the aggro
cate appropriations for river anil harbor Improve
ments for next year will amount to }li,100,"0<j.
HOLMAN MOT TO REPLY.
iii; \vn.r. ROT answkr THK naval '-ommitthk's
BJBPORT IN THK HOOTS, BOT PRKES His
MIN-K IN RJBOARD To SPORED M'.KMll'M.v
Waablngton, Feb 12 (Special?.? To the surprise of
?oma of hts friends. Judge Holman, of Indiana, has
de tided not to rise in the House of Representatives
end defend himself against the sharp and severe
?i.ns casi upon biiTi in th.- ?' remittee on
Naval Affairs, In irs unanimous report <>n the roso
lutloni offered by him for sn Investigation of the
Navy Department, ? aynopsls of which report has
already been published n The Tribune. One of the
;'o::s contained suggestions derogatory to tbs
? ie.. and Integrity of officers of the Navy
who li \ ? designed new warships upon which
premiums have been paid on account of an ev eas
of speed anti horse-power tiver tfuit required by
the contracts. In commenting upon thc report of
the Naval Committee to-day, Judge Holman said:
"lt is unfortunate that a Question of public
policy, Involving the expenditure ot millions an?
nually, should turn on a personal controversy.
It makes no difference who Slr. Sypher ls, ho fur
os the main question of public policy ls concerned
Th. re n ere three couslderatlona which led me to
believe thal Sypher was entitled to a respectful
1. aring. il- had been a brigadier-general in the
\i-,. . he had been a member of Congress
11 1 be was according to his state.
to me, counsel for ono of the great railway
ma of the South. It is true, also, thal irregu?
larities and public abuses are often traced and
ted through Information gi\?n by dlsrp
c 1 1 len I had no knowledge of the letter
written bj .Mr Bypher to Mr. Cramp.
"Hut the question of penalties snd premiums on
.-casein is one wholly apart from the character
of Mr. Sypher, In the t'-",v minutes that l was t>res
.ng the hearing lt was Mated that one of the
var tilpa secured a pr, minni for a ip.l of nlne
??? n kn 'ts on hour, >r two knots in excess of the
seventeen required hy the specifications, although
ll was known at tha time the specifications were
reade that nineteen knots could be made under
th in That ls, the premium was assured In advance.
and In addi tl in to the amount appropriated hy Con?
gress for building this particular ship. In my
. lum -nt, there si- ml l be no premiums sud no fines,
i have not examined the report, but I have no doubt
iws that no linea have ever been collected orr
? .? hlch have failed to reach tba spei 1 required
lu m.- specification! "
[I j.; burel) possible that stier reading the report
and test ne'nv .lu Iga Holman may modify hts
opinions somewhat.
BLAND AMT'XliS HIS BILL.
! MORE DISCRETION OIVEN TO SIVRKTARV t'AR
l.isu: THE MEASURE'S CHANCES OF
PAngAon.
vVaahlngton Veb ll (8peclal|.?Thu advocates of
the niau 1 Inflation bill now pending In the House
ot Repn en tat iv 1 ere generally of the opinion
th it the prospect of its ps bbs gs has teen msterlally
Improved by the amendment to the Amt Beetloo,
will li Mr. Bland caused to be read to-day, In
n>-d r to have it printed In "The Record." In
brie', lt provides that. Instead of Issuing sV.OtMM
of silver certificates "immediately," rhe Becretary
Of the Treasury shall Issue them from rime to time
in amounts equal to the amount of Standard silver
<i .Uara coined from the so-called ' ?seigniorage"
bullion, unless, In his opinion, the needs of the
Treasury demand larger and more speedy Issues,
In which event he may, In his discretion, issue cer?
tificates bl advance of coinage to any amount
not in exess of the total seigniorage. Many of the
opponents of the bill do not think that, the amend?
ment removes ,,r materially modifies the objections
to the measure, and they will oppose it as vlgor
ous'.v as before.
After rending the proposed amendment Mr.
j R iyner, <>f Maryland, who la a member of the
nags ComittlttSS, said: "The trouble ls that the
liver certificates will be of no service to the
Treasury If they must wait for the coinage pf the
bullion, ss the Treasury needa K2.000.000 to-day in
Order to meet pensions and other obligations lt
cannot walt two years for the certificates based
on the coln. On tha other hand, os Secretary Car?
lisle points out, it win Injure tbs credit of tbs
Government if ti*- certificates are laaued ahead of
the coinage of the bullion, ?> that s dilemma ls
presented by the bill, whichever way it proposes
that the certificates shall be issued."
ll ts pr. tty evident that Chairman Uland In?
tend- to stand by Section 2 of the MU, despite the
opposition of the Secretary of the Treasury.
Whether he will be able to muster a majority for
lt remains to be seen, a Tribune correspondent
who cuni.-rs.-,I with a number of the free-Sllvei
Democrats today found that several who voted
for unlimited coinage In August, and who sup.
ported Mr Bland'a motion last week, arere ills.
posed to think lt would be wiser to drop the second
.-.. Mon. OT al least BO! attempt tO force Its pas?
sage at pr.-st nt. Inasmuch SS thS section providing
for ths coinage and use of the "selgnlofBgo" to
pa* current expenses ls tbs only one that. In their
opinion, will afford any relief to the Treasury.
?
PETITIONS I'lt KS K NT KP TO THK 8KNATK.
Washington, Pan, Iff. Mr roulton! (Han*, ui.i pre
,..| t,. the Senate to-,la\ a large number ,f petl
ti ns against ths plactugof wool on the fros bat. He
sud thal ih.-v w,Te signed by 30.0m) Bfeol^sroussra,
,.i* nlng fvtdo MM alissa*. >,r sus ssrsntfc sf all tue sheep
t.f the Hatted States. ABBOUg the petitioners, he
said, was the Navajo indian tribe, owning 1.600,000
Sheep, fr in which tlmse Indians were substantially
getting a living and becoming Independent otttsnenv
lb- rxpressed tn.- hope thai the l-'iiunice Couunittee
Ive ths matti r dua attention.
Pi tittona from Weet Virginia against putting coal
and lumber on the free list wire presented by Mr.
Faulkner (Dem.. W. Vu).
Mr Cocarell (pens., Mo.) presented s memorial of
the St. Louis M.r. hams' Exchange declaring that
, n -cit stsgnatii n l< bualnsss lu dua t,> the im
certalnt) of ?'? ngressionsl action '?> the Tariff bill
and praying thal the question may be settled ms
>,?. .iiii aa p.ssii,ie.
Mr. dillinger (Rep n H.) Intrcdueed a substltuts
f,,r ihe Wilson Tariff bill, ami bad lt referred to the
Finance Committee Thc substitute ia a alight va
rlatl. n of the resolution beret..fere offered by him.
lt di clares that, In vb-w of the Widespread Indus?
trial depression, lt ls Itu- BSOSe ' I ISS Semite that lt
i unwise tn attempt any chang* ta ths tariff laws.
Mr. Pettigrew (Hep fl D.) effsretl s resolution,
wea was aureed le, ,-111111*! "ll the 8?cretiiry of
Agriculture fur Information ?8 l0 "'? wh.-ut crop
an.I supply in tbs United Statea.
SUGAR BLOCKS THEIR WAI.
8ENATE TARIFF RRVIKER8 MAKING
LITTLE PROORKS8.
LOl.'ISIANA SENATORS PKMANI) fSaflfafftllgSUl TOP
THEIR STATES, SaaBaAt INIIISTRT-THM
FIOHT At JA INST EUEE HII.VER
I.RAt) ORE.
far tattMnsri io ths rssncuaV]
Washington, Feb. 12.-It ls STfdsnt that th*
Senate sub-comrnltte,. n<>w engaged in remodel?
ling the Wilson bill ls beginning to appreciate
the difficulties Of revising th? Honan schedules
to please all th-- OHB ? rutfc Interests In ths
Senate, anti tlvre ls m> 1 sjaaajr any confident talk
about reporting th" new bill lo the Flnuuca Com?
mittee this v.e.>k snd ir.ttln;? lt Into the Sonata
next week. It ls doubtful. Hided, !f the sub
eommtttau has snecaeded o fut ir, revising any
schedule of thu bill to Its "wu sntlsfhctl n. Ths
sugar duty ls of roms,- tbs OBS '^n v.hbh all
tither chang.- r,, I, ? i,..,,| ? pausl bil., and the
sugar rates urn fur attorn settled. I astor Whan*
of Lorrtssssjg, eras sgntn b (ors rh sub-cornmrb
tOS to-day to hotel noon a raw sugar duty high
enough to afford adequate protactlon to f gussi
ana's planting Interests, and unl--?>s this con
slderation ls Shown by the sub- oriiinlMce, hoth
Mr. White and Mr. Cnffery deotare that they
are mady tu vote against the Wilson bi'I.
The prospect is that similar protCStl ind d vla>
rations will be mail" i,y otbsf Dsfl.Stk) .*-na
tor* Interested in coal and Iron ores, and that
harmony will be s.e.ired only after much frio
tion and d'day. Ti:,, latest talk thafJcutSS that
ari effort will be mad.- to r-Ftore lead ores to the
dutiable Hat, as w.-ll ga. Balgar, iron Ores' and coal.
The duty on ]..-.,1 ors la tan frist sj btu is ll per
cent, which ls pructlcully nothing <<n such n
'heap product, and lead ore mixed with sliver
where silver ls th" product of m<#t value comes
in free, [sj sddltton then* ls a provis! n that If
an export duty ls placed on silver-!'nd ore by
Mexico In order to secure Its smelting on the
other side ,,f the Ifextcun border, a correspond?
ing Import duty s-hall bs |>lace 1 by this country
"ii the product of tho smelting mills. The Fi?
nance Committee of the S-nate. |t is said now,
-.viii probably pul a duty of a cent a pound on
lend ore ami strike oul tbs twa provisions with
? elation io silver-lead ore. Mr. DubotB has been
th.- prime mover in the fight f..r the duty on tha
Senate side. Th- question ls Intimately associ?
ated Britta the silver mining Interests, and It la
understood that th.-re ls a general feeling on tho
part of Stirer men !n favor .if the duty.
Ti"> srguroent presenied by Mr. Dunots which
has been reined on bp the silver men is that
th" Sherman law was r.-pealed uteri tbs argu
menl thar there was ,n overproduction of
silver, an.! thereby half the Silver mines were
cloned down. The rent of ths silver mines are
struggling along assisted by the lead product
to keep up the outpul to su h a point of value
as to enable the mines to bc worked. The propo?
sition to admit sllver-tesd oi ? free of <l tty. lt la
urged, ls an additional blow to th silver pro?
ducers, because ll offers ? premium to the
amount of th.- value "f the lead included in the
ore* on all Importotlons of stiver from htegtoo*
Thus. :t. ai ni m to si ming tbs diver to <? .me
in free, a bonus ls offered f,,r ihe importation
of silver. It ls urged further that tho pla* ir.g of
lead ore on the fr <? list was sole!) in the Inter?
est of a few sm"llers a|..nrr tbs border, snd that
the protective duty i ii the l.-ad prt duets la pre?
served In the Wilson bill, so that the free lead
I re La tn the Interest i f the Lend Trust
7-Y AND OUT OF CONGRESS.
LAFK PENCE Au A WOMAN BTJFFRAGI8T.
IM'BI.IC RECEPTIONS AT THK WHITK HOCSBJ RB
81'MEO?THE VUTE OF THANKS FOR
ADMIRAL BENHAM -SHAKE-IP IN
THE REOISTKR" OffTfCB.
Washington. Feb. U.?Mr. Tawney (Rep.. M.-.n.i
Introduced In the House to-day a resolution calling
on the Secretary of the Interior for Information
concerning his construction of the act of Dec- mber
B, ls*', and asking why this law has Bot Bl Bl com?
plied with In respect to certain SBSSS mentioned.
A preamble, to the resolution says that the act of
December deelsred a pension to be a vested right,
and directed bs what mann-r snd nuder what cir?
cumstances such right may be auapc laded, or the
payment of the pension withheld The preamble
gives sight eases In which pensions have been sus?
pended, and holtls that this action is In violation
Of the law. Information in each ease is asked for.
Mr. Pence (Pop., Col I offered In the House to-day
a bill providing woman suffrage. The bill differs
sorm-what from others presented on the same
subject heretofore, as it BOSS not propoSS toam?nd
the Constitution. hilt simply gives women over th*
aire of twenty-one th" rl^ht to register and vote
at all elections for members of the House of Rep?
resentatives, ar. 1 provides that the right shall not
be denied or abridged by the rnltej States or any
State. _
The President to-day resumed tbs regular after?
noon receptions to the public, which h" discontinued
several months ago on account of the pressure of
official bu?in-?s. Prior to their auspenetea the
receptions were held three times a week a Mon?
days, Wednesdays arel PrldST* but he has not
yet decided whether he will have Bulli ? :it time
to give more than one day each week :o them.
lt is probable that the regular order nm be re?
sumed, and three receptions he'd as Itefore. The
receptions are very Informal affairs, and rarely
bani more than half na hour. Th*lr resumption
makes lt evident that the grant ptussnrs Sf buslneaa
on Mr. Cleveland has been lightened.
There was another legal step taken to-day that
will prolong the right between (Jovernor Tillman, ol
8outh Carolina, and rh" Commissioner Sf Patents,
over the granting sf a trade mark for the Pal?
metto brand of whiskey. Th- appeal from the Com?
missioner's refusal to Kraut the trade mark waa
taken to the Circuit Court on a petition for a writ
of mandamus which was gtuutasj by that court.
The Commissioner carried this decision to the Court
of Appeals of the instrict of Columbia, where lt
was reserved. To-.lny .1. Alpheus Johnson, attorney
for Governor Tillman, entered an appeal agalnat the
decision of the Court of Appeals, and the case will
now be carried to the Supreme Court of the United
States.
The Speaker laid before the Hanna to-dny a com?
munication from th- PuatBBSetSl q n ral. | ulm Itttng
estimates of deficiency iii the jMisfai s, r\i,e appro?
priation for the current Decal year smouaUng to
*i,2i?.ijiw. _
A "shake-up," the first ot many yet to rome,
occurred among the clerks lu the Register's office.
Treasury DspsitllaBIII. to-day. Fourteen clerks wera
transferred from tba' osaca tesapoeerU) t? the
Sixth Auditor's office, the card system lu vogue in
the Register's office having lieen aboli.-hed. The
work or reorganising the Register's office la now
In progress. Reforms will follow In other offices
anti a plan mapped out by Secretary Carlisle con?
templates the saving of from PM,SB| to $,'?'.Ooo a
\?ar In the Treasury Depart BB oat, winn all tha
bureaus and divisions are trimmed down to a bed*
rock baals, and what ls regarded ns -dead timber^
has been eliminated from the Treasury roll.
._
The net Treasury balance today ls $i 7 Mi .",:?, of
which BM,llfc|BJ ls In gold coin. All but il.'??i,000
hus been turned in on account of thc recent bond
bania, _____
The Postmaster-Oneral vs Ul SHU ll lints hla de
etsteaf bs tbs matter of the postsge-atsmp e >ntract
lu a few days. There la om- legal question involved
In tbs awarding of the contract which the Post?
master (lenernl has not yet settled lt is confidently
expected that the contract will tv awarded t., the
Bureau of snasruvsng snd Printing.
First CuUtrolnW Howler has received the accounts
from the State Department of stator Billah ff,
Half.H-d. disbursing ..ni,- r oi' the Tribunal of Arbi?
tration at Paris. Thees s< counts Isa fla !?? tbs uga
pansies of Justice Harlan. Senator Morg IB. aX-gUS*
rotary of stat*- s\>et?r, Lawyers Carter and cou.lert
untl their retinue of attendants. Mr Howler is
giving personal attention to the examination of
tliene accounts. Some weeks aim he disallowed
partially the accounts of Mr. Jones, a clerk In the
State IVpnrtment. who was detailed for duty with
the Arbitration Tribunal.
Mr Monev (Oem., Miss ?. from (he Commute on
Naval Affairs. r*-p-<rt(.l to the ilona., to-day, wrth
the recommendation that ll pass, his resolution com?
mending Hear-Admiral Benham for his prompt and
anergetle action tu protecting American merchant?
men In RIO de Janeiro Harbor on January 21 last
last. _
Chief Johnson Bf the Hureaif t>f Kilgraving snd
Printing state*! to-dav thal he expects to have some
of the new bonds reade to SS delly, red at the
Treasury Department bv Wednesday or Tiiu-adsr.
They will then have lo be r gi iterel and suned.
They will hardly be readv for delivery io abs
original purohaaers before February Itt.
I

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