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BIOGRAPHY BY OEKBRAL BRADLET T. JOHN80N. UaWBRAL WA8HINQTON. Hy Cener.nl Bradley T. Johnaon. pp \. :;?.. 1 ?. Appleton *.- Co, (Oriut Cominan.j,rs Berlea.) Th-- distinguishing feature of Oeneral John? son's biography ?.f Washington 1s nut so much Its military character aa its essentially Southern point of view. Naturally, lt lins the excellences, iuul th.- defects aa well, .>f its author's sympa? thies. Familiarity with Bon them social life past and presenl enables General Johnson Io explain many things which have I.n misinterpreted. For example, si the assembling of the Continents] Congress In 1775 ar Philadelphia, Washington appeared in his uniform ss a colonel of the Virginia militia, sometimes described as Blue aril buff. But Oeneral Johnson, referring to the portrait paint.'.! by c. W. Peale !n 1772. shaws thu Washington's military dress at that time must have been a bm* coat, with waist? coat and breeches ol scarlet, and this wis- th,. uniform of his rank In Virginia. Practically he app-'ar.-d as he did In the campaign under Brad? dock. Th, fart that he wore military dress h.is bt-en commented upon as atgnlflcant. By ids clothes, it |g said. Washington Indicated iris opinion that th.- time for debate had ceased and that the time for action had come. Aside from the simplicity of Washington's character, which was not ar all adapted lo the clothes phil sophy ertnce expounded by Carlyle, Oeneral Johnson points oat that the blue ami scarlet regimentals were probably th<- beat that the greatest Vir? ginian, who was Boon to h.- re, ignlsed as tho greatest American, had for important occasions. It was the work of a London tailor, ll-- had signed thc Articles prohibiting Importation, and had tims willingly cut himself off from the supply of clothing su.-h as it was his habit to Brear. Bul In the society to which he belonged, "the uniform of a nun's rank was considered the dress suit f.>r occasions of ceremony." To 'men of thc Northern colonies, unaccustomed to such things, Washington's attire may have seemed as stgnlfleam as it did to soma "f hts biograph? ers who aeoortated lt with what took place later. Franklin allowed his appreciation of the rustic notions .if Pennsylvania un the subject at thc time of Braddock's march to the Wesl Aa General Johnaon tells the story. Franklin ob? served that Sir Join Bt Clair wore a Hussar uniform. Mow there was a traditional drea l of Hussars among: the people who had come to Pennsylvania from Oermany. They were very slow in responding to the .'..'man.! for horses and wagons, and Slr J-h- trho was Deputy Qt***h**ftermaster*Oeneral, was aboul to supply his heeds by impressment. To this Washington, then aide-de-camp ..n Braddock't staff, and Franklin, both objected. Franklin published a letter t" the inhabitants of thc region ab ml Frederick, Md., where the little army had halted, warning them that by coming in promptly with wagons anl teams they ci uk) earn al least (30,000 in gold and silver of the King's money, but that. If they delayed, Sir John St. Clair, "the Hussar." with a body of s .Mi>-rs would enter thc province "f Pennsylvania within a fortnight. "Which I should be sorry to hear of," a Ided Franklin. What the promised (30.000 rn ill per* haps nol have ? impllshed, the allusion to the Jlussar unlf.rm did in a hurry. While Washing! >n may have attached D 1 ?meaning to his uniform In thc Congress, hs nev? ertheless knew thc Importance of ceremony. H> Soald hardly have been a min of his time In Vlrg'nla OT anywhere else with-ail this knowl? edge. Th" Ural affair whl h br tight him int.-r colonlal distinction was wholly s matter of cet-e mony. He was sei-t by Governor Dlnaiddle t> warn the French fr mi treHpassIng on th of Virginia northwest of thc Ohio River. Ac? cording 1 < modern Ideas, the mission was worse than useless. French ( (flo-re and soldiers wh > entered Um territory JU so under ..rJ.-is from their own C. v-rnrnrnt, and they .-?nt] 1 not be ? \;.. ? 1 ? mae to demands from s foreign power, much less from a colonial ruler whom they hal perbBpa never beard of until his envoy vislt-d them, Hut such ii warning was deemed the prop?-r and necessary thing at that time. The man to carry th- meeaage musl 1.ne who could make thc J iurn-y. The O .v. ri,or fa I one man already, but tha Indians turned him back before be hal gone fur. Experience In woodcraft arid In savage ways was IndlspenSB ble. ' Washington had gained the ne training as a surveyor and ai soldiery accustomed '" th.- Irregular marching. and fighting of the forest. Bul the env ry musl also be abie to meei on equal fenns men who had brought to thc wilds th.- vieira and culture of Paris. Washlngl >n was f iund equal I test also. Ji" had not the advantage of an edu? cation in England, bul he 1 from his youth up with men to whom life tri Europe and parti u; irly ar the universities was famil? iar. "Within a dav's ride of Mount Vernon,"1 says Oeneral Johnson, "were a dozen country houses, thc masters of whli h were university graduates, and had mad.- the grand tour the Fltsbughs at Eagle's Neal and al Marinion, the Masons at Ounston Hall, lbs Lett a* 8 retford, the Carters at BaMne Hall, the Pauntleroys lr, Richmond Colonel John Lewis Uttlepage, of New-Cast!.', had l.n the chamberlain to tin last King of Poland. Colonel John Parks had been aide-de-camp to the imlc of Marlbori ugh at Blenheim, and had carried the dispatch of vic? tory to Queen Anne, and received from her fair hand for reward her miniature eel tn brilliants. Colonel William Byrd, of Westover, had been th< Intimate friend and was the constant corre? spondent of the Kari of .Orrery, Ihe Inventor of the astronomical Instrument which bears his name. Lord Fairfax ha 1 been one of the bucks of the court, tin- companion "f Addison and Dick Steele, and hal SIM tributed to 'Th.- Spectator.'" Above all. Washington's oldest brother, Law? rence Washington, was als., a man of university training, nnd h<- had taken the deepest Interest In the education of the boy who was now sent to deal with courtly Frenchmen. Ile delivered his message with the studied politeness of tbe times, and It wa* received in thc same way. though, of course, the answer Implied tba* the ?Wishes Of Virginia or ..f Virginia's G were of 11 1 iii anent With Hie Indians Weah* Ingtoit succeeded Letter. At a council of iro? quois and their allies near the rPp of Pittsburg, he persuaded the chieftains to rei.cw their friend? ship with the English. Long afterward--that ls. When Washington was President ?hln dress and his ceremonious ways were misinterpreted, this time with rancorous and vulgar spitefulness Ai hi*, receptions hs invariably wore a velvet snit, silk Stockings, Ieee rufH'-s, a dress sword nnd a p wi.i'd wig. It was another Virgil.lan -namely, Thomas Jeffer? son-who animat'-d .1 considerable party of hts tfeilow-citi/.ecH with tin- belief that these peculi? arities of (les- nu ant th'- estsbllshmenl of mon? archy In America .Matt is .-ann- to BUCfa a pass that the whole of that Violenl airitar! rn against Federalism in which firmed Jefferson, Cenet and Fn-nean, teemed ti tutti upon the abeurd question of powdered h-iir. The Democrats in? flated on presenl!:,g themselves at thc Presi? dent's levee without wigs or powder, One day a visitor found Mrs. Washington dire, ting a maid who was going about th' pallors with soap ur.d water and towels washing away the dingy spots on the walls left by th- imp .watered and evi? dently unwashed heads of these partisans To the wondering exclamation of her friend, her only repl\ was. "dh. those dirty rtetnoarata!" Hut al; theatgry criticism to which Waahtagton's manner Of life WSJ) subjected lose* llS edge wllell it lt. pointed out by Central JohtiKon that he only lived up to the custom 1 ,,f tb.- society In which he waa reared, in Fairfax al Williamsburg, at Belvoir. Ile abated little of hla public Mate in his private life al Mount Vernon. His Impertur? bable gravity was also attacked. After such a life as his, a man of his temper, with fierce pas? sions under careful restraint, could hardly havs pm mi Hie sin of a -miling popularity. Bul even li".-' Oeneral Johnson has something lo : the people among whom Washington grew up and with wh >tn be lived all hil qu el years, He digresses in a paragraph lo show thal Anglo-Saxon ls a mlanomei for at least s Isrge number if people* who settle I America. In his opinlni nothing |s more certain than thal the English adventu"ers from the Mn.f Raleigh onward were usually men of Norman ?!?-? Compare the portraits In Lodge'a "Oallery of British Worthies" which dlsplaj Ihe leaders of i though 1 and action al the time of the settlement, and they show a rai ?? ni long he ide I, le in I strong-cheek boned men with Ihe portra Brown's "Geneals of America." of Ihe Americans of the Revolution, and th" remarkable likeness j at once appears. The same gravity, the same i cntoiir of face snd head appear In the era of Coke snd lt ilelgh as In thal of George Mason, nf Ounston, .and George Washington, of M "int Ver? non; and a visitor to any of the courts of tho old ...unties of Virginia will see I >-daj on c iun daj th.- same gravi deportment, Ihe same reservi I carriage, the .--ame 'ourteous Intercoursi is w - exhibited by Ihelr 'anceatora of six generatl n ago; and the pharaoteristlcs, physical and moral, of person and manners were and nre Norman i and nol Saxon Thg pei pie who settled Virginia, and hav held it ever since, are thc beat aped mena who now exist of the breed who roved Ihe - SpaAsh Main under Hawkins and Blak< with Raleigh sought Ki Dorado, and nnd" Cap? tain John Smith explored the Chesapeake, or wa-, fought the Orana Arma.'.a under Lord How? ard, of Effingham, and won for mankind the freedom of the seas. An-.riling to this view f the case, Washing? ton's seriousness was only a racial trail Intensi? fied. Th.- author ltea as an Illustration of this Virginian 1.ullarity the silence of Pickett's men when they mad. the famous charge al Gettys? burg. In this and other Instances O Johnson evinces Ihe value of the Southern point of view In th.- study of Washhigl m's character, Bul when he implies that the failure t i weaken rh" bond of th.- Union In the Constitution for which Washlngl in did so much was a cause of aubsequenl harm to Virginia, he writes in a way which cannot i.ommended Possibly rt i I r bond would hav- tempted se peaton all the .al? lier. i:u: the misery of li 'anno; be attributed to those who made th.- Constitution, bul to who tried to break lt. < >n another page Onei il Johnson compares the colonial Insurrection with that of the Southern Btatea Apparent)* hla meaning is thal the British 0 ivernmenl In ihe one ease and the Oovernmenl of Ihe United Btatea in ile other mist ok the purp Insurgents, thal In reality separation waa nol Ihe aim at the outset. "This extraordinary delu? sion." h.- adis, "on thc par! ol Ihe mother try, like iii.- Identical one believed In I Northern Btates toward the Bouthern States In th" war of secession, was aba lutel; unfoundi 1 In ssch ' as.-. Th- resistance to Bi nol mean, in th- (Irst place, revolution right of rebellion had been always ll r.-^ist Illegal nets of government b> irn a, ai l was ih.- meth -1 by which th.- balance if llb*-rty had l.n preserved and the Bngllah Constll devel ipe I." Il w (Ul 1 n I be essj I nlonlsts of Blxty-flvs that whal they op posed was not from th.- outset a deslgi lobreak up the Union. Th.- threats of secession Inearller times b. rh North and B ?uth h id all nous of the al meaning that rebellion can have under a federal system with a writtei tl,.ti. But th< ae bin ' ; ' ' r ,r' ?>' disfigure Oeneral Johnson's snln il Inter* estlng w rk._ ON Till: HIMALAYAS. BTUDY1N0 THE GREAT PEAKS GLACIERS OF ASIA. CUMBINO ASH r.X!'l."UATl"N IN THK KAR AKORAN IIIMAI.AV \i- !''. - lartln C nu..-. M A !' 9 A K R ?? H. Thr-. Han lr- I IlluStT lt I bj \ li ; a Hap Pp. xxv .. . 7" D A| ; *.- . ry trill soon bs I v stl Highlands The bi al rlu led l . ? -. tbnss v? ii- " ? ga. Of lands uninhabitable by mst visited by him. there ai Hlmal iy is. pe k (,. -. -. I ; "ik. i ren Ihe n.-iir"-t i lill the s .ni . f him who with awe an 1 h nv ir T i ? n< who ai i a !?-...n Ihe - high m ??! ? ! reem I ? ha* no end Rids ' ' behind creat, they stretch away In ni i I ? ; i ve for th( nol b) ::.. 'r own av ilanchea. . n irthward limit of Mr. Conway** . which Iii ! f .rm'- 1 by ' ' fifth ari 1 1 gr-.-es ngltU !?-. and t he thirl] j thirty-seventh parallels It flows t ? the ? ? '. west, an i al' ng Ihe valley a' helped to firm th'T" li a wonderful vlea mountain - en rv. Tie- valley la um ttumlly ' straight ii ti 1 ila- long ri lg"-- monototi i ir. and fr .rn a favorable height ia-.ir thi of th- glacier Ita whole length of fortj could be dlacemed The h'lls al ni*? Il more careful observation showed emili ? They were merely tie- buttresses of long I a verse mountain ranges "the surrei ive 1 flan ts of a namelesa irNi icracy of peaks." And ? 1 these peaka th.-re srere ol hi rs I ! still and further- aw,iv. Thia was the ? up ihe glacier lo the eastward. Westward, tl * - was the same In general, and lt w i | slble lo se,- ihe Huns i M mntalns, aim I I '"it.-rn. .st limit of British ll , ,. ,. | to west mountain lotta w. r.- in sight for i dis? tance of ninety miles "And lt looked ninety miles." remarked Mr, C mway; "th i 11 ubi nor '.-. ai ike sb iu1 tl.ile of the | Th.-re was the glacier lo measure by In one dire ? I ti in; In rh.- other the rn (uni lin were well kn iwn t . ua; we had Been them fr ?m cl an I learned t , won ler al the gran I After I -ii: gazing al the whole vii ? eye finally rested upon the glacier m i ta I thing-.-, mu.h vaster than any glacier I j ?nu-slned. Its last twenty mfli ,, ? , ' "tone-covered, so thal Ihe nearest white Ice n ,. far away. The whole surface i .oked level, and there were n . Ice rails t , be surmounted l tributary glaciers swepl round ? .mers ? ? i m tie- main stream, but they appeared neither to add lo its vi,ni,- nor to disturb ns tranquility. ; Th.-re v.-as nowhere any visible trace of life or mm. lt was ,-, glimpse Into a w irl i lhal kn iws 1 ,'1"1 " ??? Orand, solemn, unutterably lonely such under the soft, gray light, the gr. ll H glacier revealed Itself." The am i.-nt .Usn.it.-, renewed by even debal ' lng society, ..s (., arhether there can be a mn 1 , where th.-re Ut ,,., ear lo bear it. receive .-. euri* oua practical answer in th.-se Infinite rect ?t ""? mountains. Al,,v-a greal glacier them was contim.al dist,i,ban..- of som- kind, now place and again in another. Clouds ,,f snow and dust showed wh-re an avalanche was i,, mot I m. The heap of stew ami Ire and rocks mlghl be ?*?!>? I" area, and it might fall ihoua ii ?''?"'? Y"' al a c.-rtain distance Its descent would seem as silent as th.- fun ,,f a snowflake, The field on which Nature's forces were al w.ork was SO enormous that sound could only now ard then testify to the results Long before Mr. Con* way ind his party ria. h.d the Hlapar Glacier they travelled through the Western val ley a from tin- Hunsa Mountains While tbe author wat ? -. ambling the Bualtai Olacier, which Iles nesr the valleys Inhabited by the Nagyr mount,:,.,.,. bs suddenly observed thal ths whole cb,.sm be tWei.tl the I'jlig. ?;.. spacious as lt ls, was Ulled with ? dense Cloud, which was carried away by Un? wind almost aa hook as it appeared, "it was ? dust cloud, caused by Home gi.-at sion.- aval.rn he fallen In tlc- recesses of ihe hills." bul nol :he faintest echo reached the ears of those ..ho sate these signs of s catastrophe. Fet, near al band. comparatively that ls. within Ihe UmltH ?f ? march that might be several hours In 1. ngth-the roar of tht-se mlaslves fruin ucak to vall'-v wus tremendoua And the few living things which dw.-iT on the mountain sides even ih<- crafty and sure-footed Ibex, srere often overwhelmed by the ii ivan balled ? ne day among th.- Dargo Mountains discussing what was beal t., be .1 .ri" In vi -w of the miserable Him ilayan w, ,.i . . H sn iden crash eras hi ard far up s ni ic;,!, iring ' ravine, In the side "f the nioimta ii. Then cami Ihe I.nlng t- sr of the appn.achlng masi of .?? which had fallen ir-.rn th- cliff whi.h overhung th u .lr. Bul after ,1 first nu tl ural ll ? -erned an Inti rmlnable time until tb. a- alan. he streamed Inl i ? lew lt passed downward In two pnortnous bodies. Sud? denly .ne of the sharp-eyed Ohurkaa In the party cried out, 'Ibex! Ibex!" and soo-.i foor of these . , tures were d .- ried. Apparently Ihej had i.-, n . aught beni ath the Ice cliff, as all wi re dead. Tel these animals were found to be ex? tremely i- it-, inl about atsrtlng avalanches and they kc w |usi wh il to .1 ? to avid disaster, , in Wh' n the i Umbi ra of the party were as* rending n sharp peak which nverhung the Shat* lihura Olacler they caught slghl of a group of four Ibex. One was nol half grown. The wild creatures appeared lo be as much surprised sa -!,. ,;i,.n gi the m.-.-tint:. They stood on Ihe uboul tl ree hundred yards away, ai 1 gazed at the strangers, and after a long look de , i.i.d i ? retn al They "atari d to n"^ s wall of the mountain which was heavily encumb red with snow in a dangerously loone condition ll was most interesting I i watch their clevei ma i to set h ia carefull) they avoided cutting a furrow across the -now. They Jumped from spot to spot, taking advantage ?f every rock thal protruded through the surface Sow tiny would gi straight uphill and now straight t,. secure a safer passage The little one was bard preset l to >- I ? ross, It-- mothei wat che 1 lt i ver the won I part nnd then mm ll; wm on h ?! way One liar l place alopi ??; the kid f<?r ai...nt n mu irter i : sn hour, and almost ended Ita career, for In Its d aperate strug , . ii started an avalam he, from whb ii it ban I) ? ? aped." The difficulties of Hf I of -v, n Hlmsla* in ? iHeys wi re fell b) Mr. C >n* ?ray I i ti,, full extent Th peaks were n >l al? ways Ihe in ?-? difficult pla ? - ' gel bn ath on. m st tr lublea .me pl in arss a Small . i v tiley, a im ly ls.000 feel >h " ii ? I as If the air stai il ... r the Hi ree heal t the i un st no rn lay W hen the nm w.is bidden by a thick ri iud. the I w irk< li a dtfll ulty, an i the same was ... hi n. ver ? ese was felt. Ml p .. I ,- - . 'll .IS "I." s lt ?I was i ? irks Mr C mwsj . | peden ea ' ; en n - who I en led M ll m ? In ttl" llrsl h alf of I ,;,. ke nf the stat I "- air, sn I I bj lt, ? aped ill) In the h i ? n It ii. ive the Oran 1 Plate iu I n rn what lh( | ?? ? ant, bul was ? - fr..m b. lng ble I unt for our < >mm i ight I i N'r Cons a I what he haa nan ed Ci I'.-.k. i il t .r ft ? n th< ead of 1 great r. He ai l '? 'l lt. 19.400 feet f.W -''l . . ? ? el But I ? ? - ? it 1 . and aloa ts I ' I- ik ' *? r ' nd. T ' i - ? x gain Th.- I ' 'l f. Hind 1 N ? : . . -. ? sra* ra a I sh in 1: i > ?.. | li ' ? ' up al least Ul ? ? . th- ni '???-? t through 1 parting 1 Then t I li ? he i' w ? ? t, ,i . - ? . '1 . ' was whirled fi ? , ? [Jul "ri ceased, fl . ? di ????? rh. fitisl iwa) ,-. | . nnhi , ? . I.umbi.-I.lr med ! the 11 -n .re sudden change it w .ul I be I T ?ra the temperal | loam lo 15 degrees Fain degrei All this I. i-i -i r- ?:,. .: ,!.',. nt. rai*) .f; t oi Ut Conwaj r arratlvi Tl ? un up i ? of its ,|. par:,,,.. |.- , , t,|I:i ? ,);v nomethlng horrid, ? Uni i.dural.I.- M.. nevei .ntkma a th,.. Hui th.- sun'a departure for the night ' he willingly forgave the .la number of brilll i In Ihe III pat Pn s, al the head f th- Hlspar Olacler nlresd) mention. I, th- -un, "after i k nring nway the ,-i ? triking Mn a a fr un e* *?ry n.f the ?- until ? aharp Snow ar.-t'-s (,,a" . , -I, ,t ,'|, |.,,. svhlt1 wall of p'-aks to Ihe south of iis. retlr I i ? Ihe far vail ? I ? : | ? | if -,,,,,, , ,,r . ? ured ut h rt riood of ameth] al Iii hi ; i- ng the valley's furn w thal all 'lc- I Uki violet crystals, glimmering agal i golden bed, Latei on, b- f .,.- going to aleep, l ''?ol'.' d ait of Iii" Put do. r .md I, V ld an : rb of allver light spanning the sky. I thought lt ?as r bining upon aitna i and ..f vapor, bul .Uncovered li to be the Milky Way, thus unusually biilllanl In the rh ir itltttud**." Under th-sun's rays In the rarefied atmosphere month i of ti.iv. I told rapidly ii] on the tra veld i Aft.-r ea ploting the great Ra I toro Ula d -,- almost to Its head, wh....- it encircles a splendid n tain, which Mr, C inwij named the Ooldi n Throne, because of its ah ipe and .,f the ?-..s of gold lound in ir, rocks Ihe climbers of ?h ? |>arty decided to is. end th.- peak. Hut they made .-. miscalculation, and ascended what they ?bought lo be i' ni .d the great moimi iin. only tn find thal lt was wh div aeparate if they had gone '" Ul- top of the Ooldea Throne lh< > n .uld have attained u leight ..r fl,?on f,.,.t above the aea; bul ihe summit they penciled. Which 'he author .ailed Pioneer Peak, fell short of Us gr-it neigh bor by about poon temi, lt wan a hard tass ?rai members of the porty dropped with noun tain sickness before the two days' ascsni was over, and Mr. ConWS) himself labu d upwsrd with his faculties In a sort of stupor I was dimly conscious ..f i vast depth below on iii- right, dil. d with tortured gi.- lei and gaping crevasses of monstrous et**, Homet I mea I would picture th.- frail ice steps as giving was snd ihe Whole part] falling down the pre. lp,' ,, ,|. ,,. I asked mys. if upon which "f the rot-ks pm J. cling belo* Wi should meei with our final smash; and l Ins] eel d iii" ? ? in and (< re;.. for thc one that might l.ur i ? ;, nol un wei cine, resting pia.?.. Then then would come a r.-.ii-tPhi, and for a moment the grandeur of the rj would mal<" tt^.'if f.dt There were rbi. >? passel ai Un lead of ths glacier, between the Throne p. ak and tb" noble white pyramid thi Bride, opposite tn lt on Ihe southwest W wcr.' far ab.,\. one ot these, slightly shove the second and level with the third Mountain masses of extraordinary grandeur vera showing o\ ??( ih- (<|s (gasses), bu: unfortunately tin- sum* mils nf 'hi highest peaks wera cut ult by a level layer of cloud. At length the slop.- w Wi :?? climbing became leas steep. To avoid a hirer mas-, of cornice than usual we kept away horizontally to the right, and presently discov? ert ] thal the i ? the actun! summit i r th" (hit I pi nh on the ii I -e. nnd there ? - n . ? tet ?! upon ?? ell i; ie I rep - -. Tho moment we l< oked ii nnd a p mw that th( p ak we were on waa the highest i ii I f our ridge, fl - yond if was a deep depression, on Ihe other i de of which a long f i nf snow led up tn I ie south ridge of the (lo!den Throne, From the Tiir ne, iii '? fi re, we were ut teri j cul off. Ours was a lepnrate m .uni lin i satellite of ll neighbor, whose summit til ? k ??! down upon n ft ??: a height ? :' I,. feet, and wh .se broad, extend, 1 arms *hi:l out the view to ihe north? east, which I so ardentl) desired io behold. Premed In the passes I have mentioned there wet ? glorious mountain pictures; that to the south looking Btralghl down Ihe great Kondus Valley nnd awa) over riv bewildering Intricacy lower 1.' 1 il< ranges being especially fine, and rendered iii the more a lemn by the still roof of cloud pots. .1 above lt at th.- height of about 15.000 feet. When one beholds a. small portion of Natur" near at hand, the nctlon of a vaia' : and winda s.-.-ms tremendous, bm In a deep, extending view over range after range of mountains and valley beyond valley, Nature's forces are reduced tn a mere trembling Insignificance, and the effect of the whole ls tic repose. The clouds seemed stationary ah ive the mountain kingdom; n it n sound broke the utter stillness of the air. We cease I to p int for breath the mom. nt the need for exertion was withdrawn, and a delicious lassitude and for? getfulness of past labor supervened upon ..ur overwrought frames, All fell weah and III, like men Just lifted from beds of sickness, bul S5ur brlggen fthe Swiss guide who accompanied the party! waa nble t . smoke a cigar. I I ? 'k lugs with the sphygmogrnph of Zurbrlggen's pulse and mine; and here the damaging effect of tho altitude mad" Itself apparent < "ir breath lng npp?u itus v is a rklng v.-ll enough, bul our a re being s??relj tried, ind mine was Pi a parlous state We bad rill practically I.'!' 1 th- limit of our p iwers We might hav climbed a thousand feet higher, -r even m .re. If the ci in ibi m: had he*>n easy, bul Zurbriggen sold thal another step I.mild ii' I cul If we could have had ii'ti'-i and Warm wraps a ti 1 spent the night at this point we might perhaps hav- I.ii .,...- I md to have climbed S.000 m ire "ti the following dav; bul I doubt it. rv- were all awakened not so much by the a rk of the prevl as as bv Ui" continued strain nf the list three weeka. There ' bate ntiotil ? ? i" 'l me n ??.' All i nixed Hat thi . it-sl we were g >Jng * ? a pl lah u.i- ' ...... i . remained for us bul downward and homeward. Whal ame in ar being .. fat il aeddenl ? from 'ri" peak The mern* f the i tri) clung ' a-', tn r by a rop. \ (jain:- . path d. a n the i ??? a ut.g like t'i" weight ? t a pen d d.iti. Rul Iii waa an <dd a .Idler m untalneer, sn I amm rut hil n ly b i k ? *..? If he hud g t. down hla fall ?' have been not ass thar, two thou and to w rk im mg gi i '?? ra and peaks fr un i: . ? t to the Pl ? ??? r Pe ik ? ? Mi i ? ? ? ? I.-'h In I. d ik r Wi ? tern Tlbel n or ler lo i ?m p ire ' ' ? t'"' ? th Moravians : . I. ' ,k hi ila visited the great Bud ' ll:,;.!* He ? "i the . ,,,'. let t the Buddhism of Tit* ... ? lb- also rlpta 11 * , ?? bul the r i is I . Iv? ied ami cost'y edition of his . ? . *> - SOME LITERARY ESSA VS. A POPULAR .'..:; MAN BOOK, ? '? " r, Irnlsi ? i H shows t ' ' ' ;i.. . ina wha i ' .... | ti ks. not wit t thal ?? 11*1.1 ??? ' Iii forged - , ' ? , . r Ihe i ' ll added td ? ? - ? denial ? ? i I ? ? ' ' p ? 'r\ ? Hf* || ? ii'hrin.-d tn th. maali of words Thus I place i ind i allon ??! ot ? P?ir.. . t tl A IV > mer or later -.-? Il ' ? ta to t a. i, li" in-.- ? h nu si ion just v Bul the pretence or reallsi n 1n ?? ?' hy Hi.- al . || > ...i.i- Hit the ? without furm. a novel will lo him absurd, ami i - rem irks thal the i leal Him realists, faithfull) rarrti l out, a-ould m.ike rei..: limit [lui : -i i."a lt le a Hied . Ipte thal f 'rm la li di ?? ? ? ible, in I he da . brief aphorl -.K i : ll n keln Kunst wi ri." t - :.. - ime the l ntl. erj ot I ie realist . tims, he might i ?? \ peeled '., ? . ,,.r ||ke lb* ?'. arho seem i ? i Rngllah rvad. rs ? re illat of the lim he I... . he kind. 1 pr. r. renee i- na iral r ., . . . . own ?? .rh I '?rl' * The ? . busied hln elf for ? ira with gi in bun: in po. try, in I ii iv'.ng bee.rm*, laminar trrtli lb* n -fork* .%?.. ?vii,,lu- unknown to thi ?. f"r m. ri i,i Di r afTe -tl ni In formi r yeara lb '! " '' ? -l.t.?.-.i in Oerrti my bj llJOrn u) rn '?J ?'? ???ri. But all lhal la ch inged now. an I In the a.-sth.-la ,I1-.pi,|, -, .,( ,.?. ,,,. ?, ,, ^ ln ,;,.. Ibsens nain.- n*-u<-ea tut frequently us m\ Hchon '"?''' or.i'k'1- I'.n with /oli an,I Tol-tol. ii.,, he. theh w.rks can ba compared with "''"?r- '",! I--'"C" the* open way a which have hither! . be, ,. I, ri ,..,-,. i t, . ., , ., hK .,, . Fretichm n ai I the Ituasl ii mlaitn ler """' ->J 'he crinea lt.. cann d be comptVh. '"" "f ??? hist .ri, ,: sttlng mn own mitoblo graphic fragmi i I ,, i aelf-crtilclam. srrltten In an ewer ii rorrespondenta BchOnbach deems worth* '***? n'" ?? ?" say, ii.s-m usually rn ana one arrltea ., pla; ,- - ? . ?? , , , i-.. when he comes to think of what he ins ,i.- Thia '' " ???' M "ir of novelty, and ll maj be ?'"," '? "?'"':'- 'or .. i isl deni of menning thal has been rea I Inl i Ibsen's works v ? , ??'?; ";';- ; ??'?"? ??-" -nti,-,.,... ?n ,, ly ?,, J'"1"",1 b\ " ' -"-..I ,.r ?ii ,?? instruments of hla ""? " r nf drawing the most powerful "?" : :' "" ""'''""I'ant ihlnga, li.-. ,, ,..,,.? ,,. I .-moue ,,,,,, ?,..,, N.,.V,.MI,?,,.; "V -?'?'"'.:.I Hie:,,-., ,,,,. 25 "f :how "?' >?."- >- rm. hi rt. nie gift. Ile ? reflective ., ,,,? wor? ? ?,? rr...ive, bu rnerel, formative. n,? ,,, h '.J,! ","'?? "" "."- ->' h.. , source ,r ,'''""? '-??,u- hla .-,,-. la obvloua mo.., i, ,"i,r""' ?""? ?"*?? ?*? ^. ?. ,?v , , r masiy Buck fa, u,s.? ,? sei,,,,,,,,,,-:, , , , , " s?lma.f near!] all the writers t 1 * ??"?'-.-.....,?,,.. :,;!;?;; L:::yt;::rr of austria Tn, thre. , , !' '"' " volume ara on i,?,-,rV ,?? , ' ,"'"' J? "' *? pr?tdar. ^^^^Tt^LTmAV^ ?I- ot a k "? 1 general library In which llicht.->r I literature should bs mads predominant. This aeetas j ii rustic BOtlon, ns If the author meant his ? io be taken aa part of a scheme <>f mstraettap, In* of pare literature, sn ti, if ons war to buy the books he names, one would have a coa.i col oe LITERARY NOTES. Borne forthcoming itorle* by Mr. Kipling ar t> d ?'. '.\ a" gi I to -iv. with Tommy Atkins, if there be to lay an American Kipling, w pd to - ? " i O ? Wit, ter ?-. be '':" m in. Ria at ry in tv"- July number of "Harper" goes fsr istaln that opinion. With masculine vigor and ii !<. ique, with humor and with pathos, he la doing for th" far Weal very much what Mr, Kipling haa don- fur th- f.-.r Bast. Americana -rr.- acquiring good cause to be prjud of Mr. w (if all thc men known :> 'dr. The lore Watt*, Tennyr rn and Swinburne, ;)?? says, hive t. -n tn is-t learned hi the novel; and Mr. Watta f".-ls t', i time la a great one for the English novel, which ??stands plump" In tha front rank of tha "literature of P 'll'T." Mr. Qoldwln Smith, it is rep rted, haa in content 1 platlon some Important historical work. A new volume by Mr-. Hirri-t Prescott Bpofford I- coming from the Harper preaa. lt is to ba an ! titled "The Scarlet Poppy, and Other Stories." The new '.reek type of the Macmillan* hi* i.n used f..r the firs* trrne lu their lately publish-1 edi* of rh" "Phaedo." All the letters ar.- t.i , n square, having been actually designed within a ? or s ..ni" pr"p rtloti of lt. "A crown Windfall" la th" title of a new novel by Walter Henani wMch is announced for publl . la 'll irp.-r'ii [lazar.' Nu on.- lia' many well ki >wn ir' ? have taken up the i "ii and .ir- winning fine- aa wrltere. Mr. ray for Mr. Oe -ir ? Du o mrler; and Mr. Remington, Mr. Il ipkli ? in Smith, Mr. Hamilton Otbeon, Mr. F. s. Church. Mr. \ tn i Para r,-. anl Mr. Zogbaum ara emulating inother'a i lurels. There ar,- aome alight lap Interesting note*- .,-i De ? In i ??? ? . a ti;.- James l*. -r trini, who was once aa apprentl se of the pr rprli I ir nf the fain.ms ?'Tap's Edinburgh Magaslne." It w 1- in thi that ma ly ol : ? as i - * -?t n ntable piper- were publish"!, and tl apprentice was often *? nt w'th ch-'-ks, p- , ? ??v's MSB. were ???I In odd way- "Sometimes." saya Mr. Ber* ? ? n. lld enter th ahop In the , morning, whilst I wsa busy sweeping r down a t if p iper with an mal >n ol 'There!' would r uah off aa abrupt Inlng the roll I I In the ni tte il >f hin lwr :? 'Willi na I nt, Sequin ' On more 1 i night | ... after* wll ,i ?:? -t, f..r will, h he doman le I In deatlned lo ba dlvld irta, the pa< kel having paaa i ' ' igh a-, in my pall f li in la 'Who k n I ll ll I Mr Tall a-K. 'It wa* ,?y Beith ? ? i" >\ i . 'An i where did ? ? ? -,,., lie little I y tn ? i me f thi -ii-s wm* n ide to a routh who, mon lng tn :h- ahop, t iud I taed by tl occupant of a ha - * -. a was - ? m Mr Di Quincey, and I preaume that you mg gentian arl - -; Mr. ? ? im of .... rever. I ti the m.a: ? ' i he ml| - ? h.- *nl to him ' <? "ll v du . ?? , . ? Mr De air i-i arrh ink.- . ? ? if, not i three i I. and h urina b ;? h ilf i ? loa il ap ". ? ? " N it !? - t >d than relieve I, Oeor I In to for hi* i Mr. De Qu ff i new atory ls to 1 ? ls "The Bl irk Munroe Stark M air * to Hla r t Herbert Bwan ? :.. . f I.- ? ?? - During ths . ih -.| ?? A * '? In f air vol nm.-- octavo f Ju i History of Merrill At D ik.-r. ta ? -faur ? ten Mr. La U ng thal th" . a i his fellow rai ? .- ? - i il ind to gro'l make* uropoi . ? i - ill -. ar. i inoi / i Inst in ??? la ;i ill im r -\ .-w ? i I early i fl t arl 'le In ? i - repaid him In 'In Mem >r im" erl iii I' '? - ? r Sk".i' ?ii: about a Hap >*?? I ta I :?? little .f bj "The l?on lon Acad ? I vferenee ls of course due to Ins opinion." ? iinai. "bul Mr Steele, "< Bedford, who the MS In The Academy.' ? .. With a Mew to pilb? il il ie'.ys of a r.-""'l : ?? ms ia ti " late for the ascrlp ? .. , ? ? r I . !" of an) .rr- ..f imp ?' r a- -,..,-., of Pr .lesa ir s . - |) bi? itsiit ..nt b) the . riven t" the public, l-'ri. latl?-.- to a ?"rk ot thia 1 The Tri i i i ? 11 % -- I by an eminent ? cholar, w ill it i durne Bon . ie In the I I ok criticism rtlcle "la ' "North Am-" i ?' ir ? quain, an I home!) lan* ? win. a lias al meed more er ? ri lowdt i'a rea lera; ivor In N'-w World com* f th, lick!) atutt In 1, . ... pera "f M ilthew Ar n i .\ ml I he al probably at the follow ? ? ?' the bi .graphy and truth ia lt r ,,a,|..\ bl Utei ir) raker* ilk. The ,.,.i ni- .a q.h an t from ll .11 tm pi/- nil th. iNiragraphs, walk b) s.-.lately. eli Ra ml % mln.-intcl) ? In Heir Sunda-. perri ????'?. an I with !..i.i.iiini.n..s rare to tin 1 even a al has fore,'If.-ll t.i dr.-SS if til" bank Oodwln, child of ala teen had known aftll tiona, the fad aauntera forth i | ii,is nobb) ontrti ' M -ri *? ' hersell nol un i |n .,,. ion ' pain ' meaning by that , i ,,,,, ilwavs travelled on a iph .lt. or. as so,ii- anti,..lilies would tra..." it thal stu had ,,,,,,. ,,,_..i" i form which, arhlle preferable to ,i... book'* form is still nol to he recommended. If it! | ?w wishes to tell ns thal Harriet Shelley hire i a wet nar.-, thal commonplace fact geta l,?.i into .. dan.?'.- master, who does hts pro , ,1 i?,? i,. r.a. us In pumps and knee ., ?,,., , . i idle ind-r one arm and his hat ir 'l.-i fl '? '?"?l,,t>' ot ? i-. aaa marred ? Vi -i'i, , - - -s i.s tt." Introduction Into bia house ,', , ?.,.,|,?K purse lo whom waa delegated the molli, r's tendereat ottlce " Mis. Piora Steel, who followa Mr. Kipling afar off as a writer on India, la an eld. riv lady of opti? mistic disposition, excellent powere of conversation, ?.?!., pralaeworth) taste for.kery. Her husband baa le d an Imp ,:i lh" ,'"'1 lal. ti,,, mile play, "Journey's Bnd In levers' Meet In," which was latel) lt" In- d h> -lohn diver lIool.Mrs craigie), and played In London bj tn ? T,,,v i-,,riies Hobertaon and William Ten-las, ,,n..s ,--. rxlstenee to Mlaa Perry'a urgtnga The i read the author's little I.k, "So. ,?. .,.,, a m .ral." and. struck \n hs dramatic quality, aha suggested thal ll should bc turned Into ., ,,,. u ? mi . Ri haa : .1 slread) ms ls the ?ame suggestion, snd had commissioned tbs play. Miss Terr) tben ordered fr,.m Mia. Craigie anj little .ban... thal might oeeut I.r bul far .. long tim,- h.. idea cm- to the author. Then she remem? bered mi Idenly, ll ls said, s telling situation svolved long before In convei Mttlon with Mr. Qeorga Moore. sn- began work promptly, wrote against mae. and ,.,(lr.r evening ihe pla! was bronchi out with un enthusiastic audletlOt nnd a half-dos-n dlls for tlie author and the aclora TI IF. WI T.I) WEST. MISS FAIRFAX ODES TO SEE THE SHOW. tit OLDDAXKS MKETS IfRK and tons AS noM? There were tea or twelve people m th- ps-s, anl when they Sled Into their sea la al the wii.j Weet sh.,w they euri. | , .,,,. thing ?t a stir among ur- netghb iring sp.. . , O. a. T.'a-y vv-re ;i merry oin,.-ny ai 1 rh.-v k-ut up a Xmr.: of com ,^ ^ of those little a men wi o : ?.nc4> Kh", "rM >r',v any om, with dark ares, aaaall feat iree, "nan-big hp* and dazzling teeth Ht gown waa ? i fn ah-| ?hlBf that lt made yOU feel thai If y,?i wi" ml ..,1 y,?i ou.-.ht to be. On her hei , pecttj atraw hatwMehg-g on her brown, wavy hair in ,i , cnietUafe wai Har bind wh.-n sh- pteked UP h.-r fm looked ii, lanifer than a leaf, ste- eould not have been nore thea eighteen and si,., did p ,- ]., k sixteen. Wh.-n she sp .ke- i ? those a: her I. fr. th- m-n at h ? '.Kilt i (ki 1 ai xl .?;.-. When sh- turned te those ,-,r her rlirht a loik of dleappolnhMal v-itled on the face* ot th. others. She asked many que,. tlons and eV?r> one whs .mk<v p, answer her. 8h? ii-.i nar know- anytMag aboul Indiana eowhoya bronchos, prairies, stage robbert or acouta sai**ga revealed ber Ignorance with the frankest Innoceasa, Nobody in her party seamed to think that he* questions srere f. Ilsh Nobody aronden i hos i | a pretty Kiri could know sa little ;,s she prafi -.-d t> know. Every . was glad to hav- his attas> tlon detrai I l from 'h. performance I > explain tome little thing to ber Everybody tumbled .ver ev.-ryi). dv else in hi* anxiety to nive ner infurma*. 1 lion on every subject In the world from astronomy to "cow-punching " But lu B .""it back ,,f the party was ? ni u, who c .uld gee th" folly of such tldnga Bs sraa portly and when h- removed his int to fan himself hla , ti"., i was bald and shining. On bia raddy face when be saw young men breaking then neck* to . get ;i mille fr ur- a slip of a giri waa itToag dle approval He cast significant glances at hi* <om i rtly. At Ins; he had te r rr something. "Th- a rat if lt is," he sail m a low tone, "that youngal ri reside h my favorite r.*phew. I' -'s in rrv bank, and I alwayi thought be waua rcn-'b'.e chap. H"'i the Mggl ll I lot," he si - K-lar.'.-ini' daggera at '? - ? ?;??*'% b ick, "An!. ob, Mr V ung u n rigg in- i w lt ! k- ?! ??""' "Juat like thai sith ? -int,- i.az": "only oar aoldlera never go te tha wir< because sra never have any." "Ok, aa srnll-: "but they would If we hal war a In't bin ' be patient w!-h h-r lg V - bc -, ; itrsishtenlng anl lo .king lik- a fierce warrior thre- other ? men brok rr: lied the n T,.i, - up or. the luck - w-h...- Buffalo Bill anni began to Ara s-na an ! revolvera In ar g.ri i-- il .>?? ???:--. n.yca alarm that Mr. Voungbinki iry ire bet her ul v- ! Ungi rs bein [ In ber ea. . ? >t - a he ir l Im, but i let her '-. Vii ? - ? i. I tjje ? In a in-dndr ima. "My r ?-; bt to be In a bib I i r," ed Mr Ol ll tnka In the ? ar of - ' .lid Mr.?I mein >, tater come ? ? shot the \ "int ?: Two nen I lustily I Mr. Yaun* ir.ke ! hoked restf "I'll have him put in charge of a nurse," -?., I Mr. Ollbanks, li 'gust if- hasn't et . any called tra- young woman's atteni to th" buckl. -? bronchi < "Doesn't lt hart them?" ahe ash i r.mid r "ch. ri '" "'.li yes!" "\\;.y. certainly, Mrs* Fuir aaM three voices In nager cborua "Tba ti.ca are uaed to it." "I mea. lld, p jtln-;. "Whj .you - r.ir.?r H il once In ,\ dlfl '.'.it 'bey made I. p*r for ahe gave ;tj"in a" a iazillii.; -olia. Mr . 'MlMnk* kt lund h;s [seth Iluffaln lilli began to break giaaa bill* with dSe I . - Mlaa Fairfax watched him a Ith Intereet, r.-r I refit Urra parte la - that lt was hard to look at th ak Iful n irksi an ai '. not ?? bet rtartied her for she turned quick*** awaf fr..m Mr Toungbanka "Suppose." -I," sud. with an expi ff >r. ne ol - - "He w ??:'; mi-s.'' sill rhe ?? ,ung man wh in *he a Idresse I, and Mr a. his last friend. "But supp ?e i ? -h.. i l i h^r mait- ? . a wilful expression, "The. a ol not be rh.-- ? . -? p the t, get ah il 1" [t took the a ? ll did not r lt sraa ? miss - little trill, looked prettier than ever, and th- r.-at a ? re all hap; \. Mr Oldbanka t i- tried beyond endurance. Hla '. ?? ? >b on tern, Brm look I an l hie" i racaacy in his ;. rf rm inc ? -. I ! tv.- p irty d up, en itt y to Mm Fair* fa* Mlaa Fairfax "Why'' aaid Sit Vi nKbanka rt: hlng eight fl Mr (Hdhnnka * -tern therea ' lo him enthu*! astlcnlly, "come and |oln na We'll all go over on th.- i? at together." and ' rward the two older men and presented them. ? An I Mr . >ldh a, with ene of her mast winning smile*, "do ria- - -land up Iii their salli"* srben 'I.-', are ''Ah." sr! Mr 0 Ibai a heard of 'hem. 'etc Th. v left rta- arena, Mr i >ldbar.k? and Mlaa Fdr fax stt ns b 'hin! the r al of the ; Hut in th-- grounds of the show the rear couple s-i I lenlj ran Indian the son ..f the plains atalklng majestically ir-, his blanket ??'h.." .-rn,! Mlaa Fairfax with . ? I.- *t irtled me " -There is nothing to fear " aaW Mr. < a deep voice, "I'm s,, glad." sh" -uld. I'.oktnc into hi.* face In a confiding, artb.ss way. "You think he won lr: ven if you weren't with me te rn nie"' . ,, I am sure he would ? ? Mr Oldbanka In "But," With a brave air. "th re no poaalble da. n-r aa it is." Mr Oldbanka was growing taller every minute ? w hat ;.lt little t ' silly sits . t i *-trl." ninnli '? ? l Shouldn't be afraid to ga In erv him a meaning glance, and hat height increased by tw i full in ... The real of the portj ?'r- nota far ahead of them Mr. Voungbanka and some of the others look* Ira: back occaalonall) with furtive ranees, bar they i along si. *ej Ike a brook, and M- .i|,':?.-'-> al s ll exit I r ;;:.ar\ Interest in her pr ,, ?)? i?,.,, 11 . ? . bad gon. aboar >. and w< re an ta . ne ir the forwai I rall. ..... " \h " sud \ir oldbanka "we ire in lu k Here an- [wo .- rup cb lira right bi re." ' waa in a corner . _ , . Th-- boa. began to run out of the Ion* Blip, and MWu Pa I rf ax noticed the aurroundlna. ??IC ?,. ; ,., mto -ra iidi .f lhi -op. -:.?? ii*k*a In a hushed voice, "do you think we'd sink?" Mr. Oldbanka tossed als head youthfully ? < ,-i e of us a h i ?' rn sw im." h T. "wan:,: ilk.- .-ar. of that " M't.-r that ahe did not I .ok a ali afraid, and he sm led in a satiafled n .lu-, then the boal swung ar *ind to la) lieroaarss> ?,,i was .ni', ari i !-- beams cam.- las: ir ' T tl,,, nra ,: li 'k .:?? i ?? ll ri . ni s., - ol b r fa -e. sh.iwhu Ita desi -kin and the dark cur: above the pink ??,?" Kr um the forward part ..f the deck I or four pairs of eyes were glanclns wtatful tr < lo where the prettj cheek was touched by the ri b* l,^,,t [lui ni*- then Mr. Oldbanka waa e:.p'.-.inlng with elaborate detail, iu answer t> a little ex. i.in-.a tion of wonder .ml deiiiriu, the aywtetn of llj-bu d iwn th.- Bat lt ?! .cs mak" a difference! RBABIXt) To THE BLIND 0LADRTOXB. Prom The I.otu!.>n Chranicl,' ., v.-. ton.hint; account of th- way tn which Mr Oladstone passes the greater fart f ida day, li- wail not >..? allow-.I to read or use bia eves for another month, and be has t" sit ail day with his ev-s closed aird with dark sp-ctucle*. Meanwhile h- is read to by relays of fr.-nd* who take each other's place and gil Mr. Oladstone ome remarkably varied samplea "f reading "aa day, for Instance, .? ladj mend read io the m. t'rettii"! i novel, an: sh- was followed b\ Mr. ? Russell, tin- Ino. i Secreter) for cn- lloma inti". Mr. Kusseii ask.-l Mr Oladstone what he preferred Th,- es Premier replied, "Read mc the ?. con l Aeneid " Mr. Russell real .'r*1 lines, the old in ,i toppin-* him now ..nd then for comment, or to ask the reeder tn pause while hf himself took up the recitation with some remembered lines it tn ., pathetic reminiscence, for th" -*eond A-neld has alwaya b en a Kr-ai favorite with Mr. Otadatone, and he uaed lt coploualy in thc far away hlstorle encounters with Mr Disraeli. gaTX MVRT hive come FBOM rune ROW. Prom The Chicano Itecind. Prince Poakdonskl (th.- g?wsl "f honor it Mrs. Newlvrlt.-h- afternoon recepttonl /mk you. mid una, I shad accept a cup of e wee wig moooa plalxhalre. _^ , -. - - - Mme Nswlyrltch (concerning whose early history BOdet-f ls In the dark. *vdareaalug t-be caierora at? tendant J?Draw ona.