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A BRIEF" ANO PRACTICAL HISTORY OK their cor as??: and their effects. THF. CRUSADES. The Story of ihe Latin Kitif; i1om of Jerusalem. By T. A Archer anil Charle?, !.. Klngsford. I'p. xxx.. 4?>7. <?. p. Putnam'? Son?. ?The Story of the Nations.) It ?s a mailteil feature "f this tick by Mr. Ar? her and ? ?. Klngiafopl that it take? a Very pia. ti al view ??f what was in fact a very romantic ami Irrational m >venv?nt. Ro mantic ami irratimial it ?a?, so far as it was conscious: but there must hav?? been a motivo underlying it In the instimt t?f the people of Eu? rope that made It practical. This seems lo have been the very prosaic fact that the population of Europe \??as .rnwdii>g close upon Its mean? nf subsisten.-???, and must Snd an outlet or rile of starvation at buine. When peon:?? are hopeless, ihey are ready to sacrifice themselves for their ideals. The earliest preachers of a war for the recovery of Palestine and Its holy places found a population idle enough to follow them In crowds. The wealth of Western Europe wa: confined to very few bands. The country had not vet outgrown the primitive village system, where groups of peas? antry were owned rath? r as groups than as in? dividuals ty some lord. There were few elt,les. and these had grown up where they were in? dispensable In the nature of the case, so that they were self-supporting within their own walls. Hitherto there had been little incitement to the ?pread of commerce. But the people had eon? queted the countries In which they lived. The very fact that such multitudes could be turned cut for expeditions to the Fast shows how great the Improvement had been in the condition of mankind ?tree the time of Charlemagne. But the majority of the people could see little joy In the future for themselves, and they gave themselves up to dreams suggestctl by the won? derful tales which an Incessant train of palmers twought Lack from lamls where civilisation and comfort were matters not Just now thought of. hut were of ancient consideration. The world whi.h they lived in was very narrow, and what was beyond the limits of this world wai SS dim and supernatural as theL own tnagleil folk taie?. Soin? thing was nociled to open to tneni a view of ?he wide earth as it really was. F??r this reason the occupattxMi of Palestine by the Western racM was an affur quite distinct from the benefits that Indirectly arose out of the .f fortg to continue that occupation. The history of the fornur is that of a struggle which was as good a? lost from the outset. While the ?\Yc?tern men at arms retained their vigor they won battle? and conquered countries. Cut when they sett'ed <?? the lands Which they had Iahen. It was f? und that in a gem-ration ?ir two the colonists were as slight in strength as their enemies. Meanwhile they had learned nothing of that wonderful dexterity with horse and sword which is characteristic of the Oriental. Th?? Sarixens noticed this ?hange, and wondered what had become of the giants before whom they had once fled In fright. The only remedy for thi? deterioration was a e ?ntlnuOOS supply of new men from the West. Rut the Indirect result of the Crusades was of a sort to cut off this supply. When men are comfortable and hopeful. and satisfied at home, they e.ire less for pilgrim? age?, snd adventures and self-sacrifice abroad, This 1? especially the ? ase with them, if for ?ft long time they have watched the misfortunes of those whose places they are expected to take. No ideal can be attractive to masses of men under such conditions. On'.y a Cato, to whom the beaten side was always best, or a St. Louis, absolutely unworldly he nature, could And hap? piness In being always defeated. The Middle Ages took the most natural and m al feasible means of meeting the difficulty which the losing effort to keep a Western King at Jerusalem en? tailed. They organized religious orders, not of gf.wned and tonsured monks, but of mailed war? rior?. Vowed to celibacy, the jnember? yf these orders. Templars and Hospitallers, who fell in battle c?>.ild only be p plated by recruits fr?.ni the West, where soldiers grew as able-bodied as themstlves. Rut the Middle Afta? could n?x pro? vide against the inevitable fate of rellp; iis ? ir ders. They could not prevent these knightly corporations from getting rich, n?>r from becom? ing Jealous of each other, inr from fraternizing with the common foe, r.or from changing if not corrupting the na?ve, unsophisticated faith wi;h which they had begun. One may dismiss with a ?mil? of contempt mu? h of the scandal salti and written about the Templars; "but even if all thin malicious talk were untrue, there remained the fact that the knights of this order became cos? mopolitan in wandering about the world. Re? lief was not easy with men who found by ? S perlenee so many things to disbelieve Thus, what wa? devis? d as a prop for the artificial structure of Latin politics in Palestine was Anally con? verted into an engine of destruction. Moreover, mediaeval Eur??pe, without b?-ing conscious of the fact, by the mere process of repeatedly In? vading Asia, br.ught about a state of thing? which had long before proved an Insuperable barrier to the extension of tue Roman Empire. Ju?t as the mir? h of Rome beyond the Eu? phrates, had ' ?.used the consolidation of the Orient und? r the l\?rt hi an?, a nondescript race whose empire was always jn the ?addle, ?? the ?Tontlnual pressine of the West upon Syria forced the Asiatics to unite under the leadership of the Saracen?, a military 1? .dy whose only bond wag a common religion, a common language and a common custom, but who had no more unity in the racial sense than their foes Wherever the Sultan Saladln pit-hed his tant, there, for the time being, was the ?eat of the Saracen Empir?. Against so flexible and so manageable a politics] system, European armi-s. more or less badly equipped, hampered by a multitude of very de? vout but very useless followers, levelled their lances in vain. Thus the story of the Crusade? front the ro? mantic and religious ?IJe was reduced io a tra? dition of Individual valor and individual devo? tion. From Godfrey of Bouillon to Richard of the Lion Heart and Louis of saintly renown, tha narrative ?? on? in which figures a lino ,f h"ro.->?. The tale Is an eggte with an Invincible tendency to myth ati'J legetnl. The masso?; are of hardly more significance In it than !hey gn In the Iliad. They form an lnsTiitahl?? b.vkgrot.nd against which are depleted th?- wondrous achievements of a few men who were mighty In arms or In elo? quence or In prayer. Tho grCfftOOt figure that emerges from all this pottsgf and chaut; ? conflict 1? that Ideal septo' 10 whom all religions were alike. Frederick It, the last r?al Emperor of medi? aeval Germany. There was a good reotaon why the mosses did not signify except for mere num? ber?, aside from the narrow chata-teristlcgof the military science of the age. They were, after the first Crusade, largelv made up of people whom the West could well afford to nee massacred In he&po. The cross covered a multitude of sinners. ?? criminal Off outlow was so had that he could not gain the goodwill of the ecclesiastical organ lam of Europe by offering to Join a Crusade. But the one devout act of a lifetime did not change the nature of a rumen. Syria was overrun by the, offscourings of the West. The scandal which followed the doings of these creatures was world wide In Its notoriety, and Its effects on the his? tory of Christianity ?an still be read. For the Church, hovlng once begun the system of licenc? ing crime, could not* stop. The peril was too distant to be foreseen, while the Immediate profit wag vast. On the one hand, the ranke of ihe crusading armies were filled with men barely good enough to atop a Saracen arrow. On the other hand, the finance? of the Church in gen? eral and of ecclesiastical corporations everywhere prospered by the enlargement of the practi'-e ot Indulgence The ecclesiastical bodies already Wealthy were the only reoource or the self-deny? ing knight or nobleman who must mortgage his estoles In orde* to take, part in an adventure which insured the salvation of his soul with the contingent possibility of great renown on earth. "When all In turn were so anxious to sell, the ecclesiastica] corporations aJone had the power and desire to buy. The wealth thus amassed was never alienateli, and by this means was brought about that concentration of landed property in ecclesiastical hands which, politically speaking, was in great mensure to cause and to justify the I."formation." Then there were thow?and tlv-lr numbers Increased with the failure of en h expe? dition -who eagerly sought t<> commute th?? ser? Vice Which they hai too hastily promised by the payment of money. "So far did (Ills practice proceed that it was even customary for th?? aged and infirm to be given the Cross for the express purpose "f beine made to pay for exemption, it was in this custom that there originate.! the sal?? of in?lulg?'iices for other purposes whix'h. in the course of time, was to become the Immediate ?ause of the Reformation." It just depends on th'? p lint of view whether thes? ihings nrc to be tak"n as Indirectly tending to the benefit of Bit? rope. Those who rosret the division of the Church in the fourteenth century must see in them the beginning of a calamity; those who glory in the Reformation must say that good was wrought out of evil. But the benefits which came unsought from the Crusades were well worth the expenditure of blood and treasure. Bad the power of the Turk not he;n restrained r two critical centuries while Europe was arraying the force? that de? veloped Its civiiizatl ? and perfected its national systems in the face of the old mediaoval an? archy, there Is no telling what might have hap? pened Bobieskl might not bave been In exist? ence t" stom the torrent of Oriental Invasion at the gates of Vienna; and the whole Weatern world might to-day be rev. Iting agalnal Islam, instead of studying with the eye of science tl??' facts of life and Of history. It was fortunate, too, that Europe had a temporary outpost at .1 critical period, by means of Which she could ooli? ti'.'! the possibilities of commerce. Not merely the Italian cities, but the whole continent fell the advantage of this In the enlarged comfort and luxury of living. Tho Honoeattc towns and their prosperity were as much the product of the enlarged trad" with the Boot as were the commercial capitals of the Mediterranean. Then the Crusaders stimulated the growth of litera? ture. The rud?? tale of ail cailler tune give place t 1 the finished romance and tho elaborate ?.m; th? meagre and Jejune annals were supplanted by history as eloquent and varied as thai "f mod? ern times. Ou: of the increased knowledge of th?? earth's surface arose thooe queotlonlnga which were answered by th^ circumnavigation of Africa ond (be discovery of th?? New World. And these vast enterprises pul an end forever to tbe ru? gadlng fever. The K.?-t was no longer i> be reached through the narrow gates of Joppo and the mouth of thi Nile, Nevertheless, the pro - t;o.ii wisdom of the Middle ?ges has been \ in? di at ed after the lapsa of centuries In t!:? toss of the Su??/ canal Th?? author? of tins 1. ? k do not agree with tboae wh > condemn the mediaeval period whollj it had it-? own real glories, they s.iy. and. ab ??? all, ?? w.is an In? dispensable preliminar) to modern life. "The Mi ? Ko Agen, ihej add, "were, In their way, ??< Important and fruitful for mankind .is an) other epoch of tbe worlds hlotory, The Cruai lee were their crowning gl"r.\ of politi al s hlevement, the central drama to watch .il! Othel In IdenU ware In some degree subordinate, if th? '-n thuslasm which produced them perished, it was noi unt'.l it bad borne g > "1 fruit, VVe may, per? haps, contrast the ago ,,f the Crusaden with the ago of the early Renalaeance, which sue ???? t?? 1 It, in some reapecta, to the dktadvantage of the former; but when all Is said and Written, this mil? h at least must be admitted: it was not alto? gether a chango from th?? worse to the bettei that gave Prance a Louis the Treacherous for s 1..oils the Saint, and England a Ul? hard of the Bubtle Ilrain for a Richard of the Lion Heart." Th?? volume is copiously Illustrati ?. WILD ('BEATI'RES. THtSin WAYS IN CAOB8 AND AT L1BBRTT. WH.I? AMMAI.S IN ? ? r'TiVlT V. or. OrpbeUS ? t the Zoo. an?) iith.-r Paper? By ''? J CornlSb. With Illustrations, from Photograph? Ii> Uatnbler Bolton, }?'. 7. S , un.I fi t? .lap?d? ese Drawings. Ivo, pp. .'ft1'. Macmillan ?v r?. WILD BEASTS A Study of tii? Che rider? snd Hal.its ..f the Elephant, I.ion. leopard, Panther, Jaguar, Tiger, Puma. Wolf and (Irlssly Be? By j rlsmpden Porter n istrsted Ivo, pp. ? 'hurl??? 8? : lbn< ? ? Sons. Much of the wisdom f this m ?? ? Is, after all. contained In legends snd fabln snd o.d-wlvi ? talea The myth' of yestti lay sre ti.?- seien ?? of today Old Heslod, as? - < ... sani ?f the son of Apoll?? ani Calliope, the wondrous music : whose lyre enthralled ihe wild b.-unt? .if th? forest An ? at the end <,r the nineteenth cei nnother Orpheus, in rr -?? k .?oat snd chlmney-pol hat. goes Into the London "Zoo" and p'.ayi s fiddle, and lo! th?? fane) rf tne G...-.k ? turned IntoacleatlSc fact, it was from that very experiment that tin- fascinating volume before] us grew Mr, Cornish, who evident)) obeyi the Ancient Mariner*? exhortation, and 'Moveth well both man ani bird and beast," went to the Zoologi? ai Qsrdeni to jhaervi the trlcki end i.lauriers of the creatures in captivity, and t?? try various Innocent tricks of hi? own up?.? th. m. and then to write the results in a series of si tides for "Th.? sp??etator." Those articles form the nucleus of the hook, though many other chapters of equal Interest hav?? been edited. our latter-day Orpheus, then (no! Mi Cornish himself, but a musical friend whom he look with him), with his well-tuned violin, first gpproached the insect cages to begin with the lowest forms Of life. The tarantulas listened, or did not list. n. Unmoved and sulky. They whose bit?? is ?aid in fable to make others dance, refused to dance themselves. Not so the s??orplons. After a few note? had been played they became agitated and writhed and danced tumultuousiy their ex? citement increasing with every crea indo and decreasing with ea.'h diminuendo. Proceeding to the reptile?' cage?, more marked effects were seen. The monitor lizard listened and swayed Us head In time with the musi.?. Black snakes weie attentive, and started m? end hiss?.! g| every sudden disi ,r,i ? boa crept as deae us ? esib?? to the instrument, and seemed enraptured. But of a',1 snake? the cobra is reputed to b>? most susceptible to musi., and th? one experimented upon ut the ZOO did lint belie Its feme, fis be? havior, says Mr. Cornish, mur?? than )astlfled the Indian Stories of snakc-i harming With p ? u -?i- . Th?? snake, on hearing the violin, raised Itself in the tradition?! attitude, on its tali, spread its bood, and gently swayed lo and fro. With every change In the character ??f th?? musi ! its attitude and expression changed. Ai s trcm??!.! passage It puffed its bod) OUt. At,a bag? pipe "dr. ???" us hood was expanded to th?? utmost. And at every sharp discord it flinched as If it had been struck with a stl? k. The first quadrupeds to which Orpheus played were Polar and grizzly bears, which mani!? It? 1 much pleasure, stood up at the front of the cage to listen, and flinched al discord. Wh ? has not heard of the Herman legend, stirringly told in verse by Gustav Hartwig, of ih>? musician lost in the forest, who kept a p*rk nf wolves at bay by playing his fiddle until guccot came? And why should it n.?t be true? The wdlvai at the Zoo snarled and towered in abject fear at sound of the violin, with tails between legs, hair bristling, bodies quivering in literal spasms of flight, So With jackals and foxes. As for sheep, they naturally found pleasure in that which frightened the wolves. So did the wild hogs, th?? blsoiiH and the gehms, The elephant ?lid not like it, bur snorted and whistled with rage. The monkeys displayed a critical diversity of sentiment. Som?? listened eagerly, with nodi and other gestures of appreciation, while Other? ?cowled and turned away in supercilious dtaguat The only animals that wer?? entirely indifferent were th?? seals; unhappily contradicting Soott'g poetic fancy of the seals, which "through surgen dark would ?.ft pursue the minstrel's bark." It in to be noted, however, that many less poetic but nrnre scientific authnrltle? strongly confirm ?Scott's Intimation of i.ie seal'? fondness for music. Perhaps the specimens at the Zoo atre j deaf, or belonged to a rival ??school" of musi? . I Further experiments were mad? on ih'o various animals with other instruments, especially with ? the piccolo and the flute. As a rule the shrill ? note, of the former%annoyed, frightened ?? en?, ! raged the animals, while the softer tone* of tin? latter so 'tiled and pleased them. On the whole, ? ? however, the violin suited them best of all. Nor is Ihe ear the only organ of atin?is' sense to which appeal may be made. Tborg Is a p?p? ? ous old monkish legend of the panther, the "most ; beautiful of beasts." to the effe?, t that "when ' j it goes abroad i: diffuses ? marvellous sweet perfume. This odor is so sweet that all other ? beasts and birds follow the pant bet wherever it , goes." In this, to b?? sure, there is no truth. But the monks merely erred in falling to dis tlngUlsh between th?? subjective and th? ob- j jeitive. Cats, great and smalli do not them- , selves diffuse swot scents, but they do seek them when? they are diffused by others. This ? fondness was demonstrated by Mr. Cornish in a curious and entertaining series of experimento, with bails uf cotton wool, saturated with laven der water. Most of the lion! ani leopards showed unquali? fied pleasure when the s-tit was pouted OH the wool and put Into their cages. Tin? first le..paid 10 which It was offered stood over the ball of cot? ton, shut his eyes, oponed his mouth and screwed up Its nose, rather Ilk?? the picture of the gentle? man inhaling "Aik.iram" in the advertisement. It then lay down and held it between Its puwit, nibbed Ita face over It and finished by lying down upon it. Another leopard smelt it and sneezed; then caught the wool In Its ctawo, played with it and then lay on its back and rubi?'?.I Its head and neck over with the scent. It then fetched ?n Other leopard, which was asleep In Its cage, and the two sniffed It for soin? tint? together, ani the last- rimer ended by taking the bill In Its teeth, curling its lips well back, and Inhaling tbe delightful perfume with half-shut eye?? The lion and lioness, when their turn cam??, tried '" ?*,>H upon It at the same time. Tb<? lion ?then fenati the lioness a tiff with his paw. which sent lvv off t ' the back of the cage. and. having secure 1 It for himself, laid ins broad load on the m ?real of scented cotton, and put rod. This?? wer.? oll old inhabitants of the Garden, dvtlhted. But a? tin? ?tel "?' ili?? bui! ling was the lovely young S .kot' Uon, with Ihe spots of "cubhood" siili showing Ilk? a pattern in damask on his skin. If h??. too, liked the s ont. it could hardly be an ac? quired tasi??. Hi? rei eptlon of the now |mpi was different from that of th?? others He lay down, Inhaling ih< sceni with a dreamc ? ?k in bis eyes. Then h mode focee and yawned, turned his back on tin? scenl and thought. He then In? haled the perfume again foi some tini", walked slowly "ff t , ii.s bed, ond lav down i" sleep. Tii?? smaller ? at? were m mon) ? ?es a? pleased with un? sent as ih.? leopards The ocelot in particular, on ohe ??? talon, ?fter inholing th" perfume, ote the small piece ( oapei ?;; which it was poured. Bui Ihe liking ?t lavender water is by no means online I t ? ihe f.-li lae Th.- ? ' i?.?? r.it'ds were delighted with the a enl in l tv ? ? coon, ?'hen th?? boj lie was presen d ? r. ?? ???? ?, with gres I si ni ? pu le I ou ? .:? si ipper. Bui ::iis : 11 ? > heve ?.? d'i?? to curiosity, as it was al on ?? Ihi wn owa) Ol .??? reoturee. on the -1 * - 11 >. ell her cored p .lluro; ! >r the ? ? md il li-.iu? ? .?:?.? An otter, In POI llcul if. gave a snorl of disgust, dived li the wot? ?. and then ran t" It? mote, to whom II seemed '. ? ?' ?.??? s imp ? --'...us. ; .? ? ? fully a\. el?? I the ?? rfumea pro ? ? iiiirl fa iili\. that of sigh', was ill ? mi l? the subject of experiments, to ascertain to what ex? tent realur? ? in gift ? g ith ? nee ? ' beauty But these entertaining snd luggestli hap d ?f . ? ?.esthetics st t he ? ?" ar? ml) fii ?? out Of the (til tx -ti.ii?? ?? hit a t.i ? a? b ?k, ani which -t rvei ? phase of ,ir??, of Ina? ? ?. ptlle, fish, bird in ? beasi ? ? be ..?.s-n-.i at the Zoo, The who!? volume, Indead, ?? rs eptlnnsll: delightful reading Mi Oornlrh Is 'g keen and iym ? tthetl obsei vei ??. ? i - intani '-?? ? 11 ?? ? ?! he hai ? ' snd wl tries t? \ Indi' ?'.?? I .ni?? pr- ?l ved t .? Istlng the gtorj ? It with ?? argumenta. Mr Porter's haul?, ? ?? book I ' ' ?? f: ?. the sp irtsmsn's i" Int of view, ? ? ?otne ? f the ? hlef wl! I bes its, t wit, the ?lei loi ? g? ? pard ??;..? puma, panther, s II and ?? ? .?. beai Thi sut) ? - in experlei ? ? huntei and gi? ? a well l rendei )? - ?????? llteriill) teem wllh iiuolal m fi? ni inU ?. fi ren -,?..?,? ,?, ?.? f ali il- every ??ne of Importano? aha ?.*?? ci tt ri nan op ??? ??? pi hand, from ? tuff, ? end ?''..? st te ? ti I Thi? ? ????.?? t ??, indeed, ? ?? ' ".? moat . ?. . r '? G ih? . ? "ni. t.. ? r . ? d ige? tion ? ? m ik?? ?nil.?:?? airi -.,'?? ? .... I ' ? : ri ? 1 u ?.? ;. . : .? mposed of ti ? ration? are dei .????? instes nf anrmal ? ti ; 1 \ - . : . ? ? ?? the . mtnonly sccepied ? - ? igs I ?. ? the sn rld beli??v?s 11 t.i. Ti.?? Iloti i? not mag . is noi ?? it "th? ? -? isitlon of thsl hesst la ?.?? ? on ? ?thing that ?em as dead but ?? in? ? ? trai |t la a f.|if, f??? d< r. an I ll Is laxy, Kiul' ?elfish snd cruel to b ? Tl??? tig all ??" : - .?.... that "distinction being reeerv*d f? t it? amaller hu tifi?? ferocious ? wsln ih?? panthei Manx ? th? - ? - ; ? linns nf opini ?n si.luslly in con? fllct with populei noti m But since, ix Mi Porter's own ?bowing, no ta.f gli Ihe hunters and natuiallst? l?? nuotei gre fui.? agre? ?. Il would i?? ungrarloui to denj him the righi to differ from them, sny snd sll One f the most sttrsetlve portion? ??( the book I? the euthor'i persons! narrative of hi? experience? snd ob? iti? ns ..f ? pet puma, wh: h h? reared ft un ? '? klttenh.1 This ?? given si great length ati'i with maux minute details, snd Is on? >.f ti.?? m ?? Interesting, Instructive snd sympatheti?: ?tories of the kin.? Ir prim Th? - lume Is beautifully printed ".. tine paper, end ? richly embellished with pinte? from photograph? h) Mr. Qsmbler Bolton and Mr. Ottomar ?? sehiits of ut." of 'n h of the wild snlmsli dis? ,??..,,? DRAMATIC ART. AN ESSAY AM? A TEXTBOOK. TECHNIQUE OF THE DRAMA An Expooltlon of Dramatic Composition and Art. h\ ih. Ouata ve Praytog. An authorised troftsiotlon, from the Hintti Cern?an edition, by Btloa .1 lla Rwan, ? a Lino, pp, HI rblcago: h. c. drlgg? ? <"" A brief biography prefix'?,] t., tins remarkably well-printed and attractive book, spprtaea tho reader that "Quotava Freytag, scholar, poet, novelist, critic, playwright, editor, soldi, r. sud publicist, was bom in Krettobufg, Bile skr. In ISM.*' and thai he Is rtill alive. Th" informa? tion was. no doubt, ossuti.,] t,, ninn?. person's, for Freytag, however distinguished In Germany, Is not much known in America? He is the outhor 'f pins entitled "The Bridal Journey," "Valentine." "Oounl Waldemar," 'The Scholar," "The Journalists," and "The Eabll." and of novela, entitled "Debit and Credit.*1 and "The Log! Manuscript." He has ais,, written many historic t.iies lUuetrative of German history, Hf.?. and character, and a biography "f hla friend Karl Matby. In IMS h*J published g volume Of his j?. ems, called "in Breolou." end for many years he edited, in Leipzig, th?? paper tailed "pie Greiixboten " He waj < ??? ????. ai ? ?htsa'. to the Ncu'th-GHrrniiii i'liliani'tit in IWi?.-and lu 1^70 hg '-iiteifd ih?? l'i isslan Army, as a mimbol of the staff of the Crown Prtaoe, Hi has lived In teilreni'-nt since 1ST!? ?'Is book "? the "Technique of ih?? Drama" ?ras published in 1861. and In Germany It has passe | through ??? editions. The present is the first translation pf It that has been made. Beginning with the proposition that "tha tech? nique ? ' ha drama Is nothing ahOOlutg and unchangeable," Ereytsg hHs written hsif a dosen essays In tho form of ? systematic treatise, ti "expostulate'' wliil draina Is and by what methods It should be Written, Much that he says is obviously true.?so obviously true that tho solemn announcement of it roroetrntes .?eems g little ludicrous,?yet his reasoning is so acuta and his Illustrations, drawn chiefly from r-opho cl's. Shakespeare, IsSSlllg. Ooeth? and Schiller, - at?? so apt, that his book fills th'? reader's mind with Its Htibjoct, and gtlmUlSbag suoli though: H.i certainly must Ino-lol 1 .h'ai per?option of prlu clpleti. A spectator always knows whether the pie y IntereStO ?* wearies hlin, hut. unless be his eerlon.ly thought about the matter, h* does noi know why. The usual reason Is that the play lo'.-iis that sort of action which Is attended with consequence. Freytag condense! mu. h philo?.?- ? ph.\ into s brief ampias when he write? such truths as in???. : An adi,.??, in its??:)', is not ilraniTl . l'as-ion it I feeling, In Itaelf, i- noi dramatic. Sot tha pres? entation of a passlbn for itself, but "t a pass! m which leads t?? action, is tii?? buslnesi of dramatic art: ???; the presentation "f an event, for Itself, ? tua for us effect on the human soul, is th?? dram? atist's mission The exposition of passionate emo? tion, as su. h. is in th?? province .?: the lyric poet; th?? depicting "f thrilling eventi li ih?? task of the ?pic poet, . . . Man. >n the drama, must ap? pear under powerful restraint, exiHtement, trans? formation. . . . Tin action misi always, be cinp .s.'.i ..f Individual parts which belong :?. th?? sani.? .?ven: ami this mu.it extend from the be ginnlng t? the end of tii? piece. . . "Mac? beth," ss far as th?? banquet scene; "Corlnlanus," "Othello," "Romen ?nil Juliet," "Julius Caesar." "Lear," up t.? the hovel scene, snd ."Richard III" contain the m al powerful drama11 ? elements that have ever been created by a Teuton. Preyteg sayi Teuton rather than Baxon, by wax ..f claiming Shakespeare for Germany, , - bul thai is a till?. Th?? ..id s.ixons certainly came from Germany, ion nobody knows mu< h sbout Shakespeare's snorstry, or what manner of man Shakespeare actually was. it l<: en .unii f..r the purpose ?if th" essayist mi dramatl xrl to know that he was a master ? f effective meth..d in . instructing plays that move. The f,\> ulty was bom in him. and it Is a faculty that must be born, and cannot l?? acquired. Al least It nevtr his been. All tin? treatlsei and text? books in the world will never tnak?? the dramstlc poet -ih?? creator ..f dramatic works that iix. by their Inherent iyr??. i>l th?? i". ks are aid-? to th" student, snd p.'sslbly a studious perusal of ?Uili works as that nf ?freyflg might mal;.? the Interminab'.e brood "f the-'allow theatrical en perimeritsllst?, wit., mlstak ? the wish to wilt" fur th?? faculty, of ?writing, brief??!, clearer, and h ?as a bore to humad patience, Freytag'? pre? ;?? ?it<? es .-ll.'in. The action musi pre enl completi unity; It must i?? probable; it must be Important; .ml it must make tii" pia) Intel? Unible, by ?honing its meaning in the strong ex ci ternani of th.? characters, with continuous pro? gressive in? rease of effect? Tie? drams must liai.? Introduction, rise, I'.lmax, (all. ?md catas? trophr. Nothing could be clearer or ?????? self evldent than tii..s.? old proposition? l-'r ytag's fellrlt) la th.r he has Illustrated each one nf them by am; examination of th. r? ? "? ? underlie ? ? ? ? tatti ment "f principi. , and b) Illustrations which not nnly inataln th.? truth, but clarify i' This writer'? analysis ..f Leasing, Goethe, and Schiller, as, dramatists, ? which l??? awards the palm : . s hlV.er, i- esp< ?all) In? teresting The One?! t'a ?????- manifeste?! In t? '. k .?? the power,?! generalisation Thi I i- n?t light, ih- mental pi ilvaclou?, tt?,? exposition Is never brilliant; Lit the ? iidy, tl;?? matei mis ..' knon ? I ire fli ml) ? . .nil.In.? 1. .,? I often pffectlv? ?? ? ? rvatlnn on "the nid ? oli ? ir!??? of man, to per??e'.ve in every living being .... :'. like Mi.it f the ? .- lUpp 'Si ? a-? t':,. .?.! dm ititi ; ' .? ??.imp;?? ..ft. ll ' Th?? ?. ina?, Shakespeare are ? ' alwaj ? 1 t> ut- I. Sut in ? ? ? ???. ai- Wl??? and ti u?. ? Til?- I. '. " ii I ? ? : t ha (? ?: ? ? ?. REMINISCENCED BY ??? ??G????? CHAITKHH Kit? ?M ?uMK l'NWIHTTKN ME? MI ?lits ?? '< ? ?era Rltchl? i\ ? ; Harpet A Uro t her? Thei reot weslih of ai lot? theoi | ? . | ol oli ih . . u? In ihe ? t.i-?? Mrs ? ? ? always I ri . ?) I? oft? n bright? ned bj ? m oble numoi I ?) mp ith) 1 ? no ?. book whlcb H out h >i mlshi ? ? ma) odd ? ? ? ... tel literati The from ?? ' . I..I1 ?? ?,,'. \\. ?? ? the novellai wiHIhk In hla ? . :#..., nut ,thi ..... ? .... garden Hi? .???.? girlo run In ond oui ' aki ?. t lai ins odi of celebl G what one ol m ?re garn? it lui It i| but ? Uri i: ' ? ? thei ?- ? ". .? . ? .? ?, they , . Fra ley." ohe fai : -, I ' , . . ; ?.?!? 1 tj otto ? I .'??.,!? \? : \ ? ? ' ' naid he, end s ?. li dei ? ?>? .?.ere." ' ??. oik? ter? mud?? them? ..m of th? ?? ??'< ?? ic.iutif al to -??? vVhei ???? iik?-?? ? . bange of s. ene and -ut, ani ihe trio would go wonderingofl si itnnlbu? or ?? a bi >ugham or In .i nan muh t?? ..:i non ? ? ? of Ji ti places, th? two III tic pinafore mold? n? hopplei than their father. Wherever Thackero) wa? I her? ??:?? seni ? ?md ndrth or.d klndi eas He I ivad ? ? give pli isuro .m ? solace His daughter m irta ihe truth ol the stay in?! aescrlhi ng .? Utile pill?os full ? r ?overelgaa ??? ?? poor and pi ..? ? old Freni ha ? itla ?n* siarahod r-?r ih? pillhos heroarf, and watching nhile papa's hand wi thi ? rtptlon: "Madam? ??. To be ????? occaalon oily when requir???! sign?i in \\ m ? Mum interesting people of ths ? Bit through fh* book The t?.> siculi ?later? bang aii.mt hi? study door and look with owe .it the gorgeous D'Orooi as to ?it?, Ailing 11??? bow win? dow ?> it h radiance, os if he wee? Apollo, .1 vision of shlnlns ?tu is on uri md booti 1 think mj fathej h.? I a certain weakness for rlondk - 1 ? mir author "Magnificent apparition? ueed to dawn upon n- in the hall sometime?, nl.?t!."is beings on theli waj to the ?tudy, bu) ?lus one outshone them oil." (<elsh Hunt woo one of the ? laltoro ".1 bright eyed, ?niive ?,;? man, witii ions, wov) white hair, sud a picturesque cloak Hung ovei op.?? ?boulder." More Intereotlng st'ii in the chlldloh eves was the tmy creature who came ont day, "s delicate, oet ,0 ?. little lady, pale with fair, otralghl hair mid itead) ?yea, she may !?? ?1 little uvei thirty; ?he is dress -? ina l?tt> baregedreog with a pattern of felni green nioKs. .sii?? enter?" in salttens, In alienee, in serious nesH our toni? .ir. beating with wild excitement." It Is th?? author "f ? ?.,?. Byre," ? cric,? Uni.? fan?, ?., faurj iik' indeed, in her ?0 ?jmrtlon? : ha ? aha 0.1 n-In rely r? uh her host"? elbow It was on this occisi?n tent Thocksvo) ask<si a Dumber of frotado ? 1 in. ?d th,? new writer, ond ail were agog with the anticipation of hrilllanl talk li waa a dismal fail ure Th?? rootle genius from Hownrth, cored by the sight of so many ?tranger?, retired to th?? stu,|v aad murmured now and then 1 word to th? neme Th?? ?Hence preserved by 'in? other ;;uosts in ' waiting for the StpOCtOd Mou of Wll .oil wisdom. grew Into settled gloom; ?md overwhelmed by the situation, th?? ha hole os host tiptoed from tbe house : and Hod ?" ilio refuge of the o ui,. Another porti 'lescrllied In Mi Ritchie h.is quite a different atmoaphor?, it woo 0 luveall? dance 01 ; ? tuiri.s Dtcteeno's bouao?, ani tie? master ?vas .1 put of tie fun and the leader "i everything. And \ al tin -tel ,?f th? evenuir "the hall WOO crow!??.! OB?! the Ir.i.i'i siali.-sue Waa lined With ttttH) bSyi lassos inrt? M utile Doyd WhoSo heaala and logs snd arms WeM Whs/tUg abolii lOgdthOI They wot o niak? ' '.:ifi a cr, at 11 is??, and tilklni? and shouting, and the eldest s.oi of ?h<: hoi.?? ?eemed to he mirshalllng them Preoently their not'" became a cheer, and then another, ond WO looked up and saw that oar . own father hid com?? to fi?toh us and 1l1.it hi? white , heal ?vHs ibera above tha gibers; then < un?? s third tinn? ringing cheer, and some one ?real tip to til?n it was Mr. l?lcken? himself who laimhcd and sain j 'iiilckly. Thal Is Tor you" and niv father looked up sarprtoed, plea ond. touched, settled his spectacle?, ?G? nodded gravel) tO th? litt!? '.uvs." It lo a prati) .eri?? oio'i ?11?.ui ?arms to tho Hule l'.n?llsh hoys with their burs; of pride In their meat Thack ?ray. 1 The stasaatagtoa household, daprivod of us in? land maitre??? ??.is a sjuser mlature of faotldtooia ness and bachelor carelsasucso There ?.is beautiful old ollVSf fOI the mide. I,ut the father and daugh? ter? drank ihetf ninrnlnir tea from cracked cups and ? uicers of unequal pattern? until an anonymous ? 1 ft of a sharmlng breakfast service srrived one morning ,?-cinnp m???! ??? ?ami plaaftiani versua it w to not until years atfldrWgffd lhal Thackeray dlscoc, rod that the donot ice hl< Initier, a .pieci Character, who was deesa}] devoted to his saaoteff Snd who w.is socuotomed to nrrlte to the papara, always stgahtg b mself "Jenni,-?. de In l'In, he," \'o other pince WOO ev?r quite so d< at to the novel st as that quint home, snd his yearning for It during hi? American Journey jrrew ?o unbearable that he threw up hi? engage menti and returned long before h?? had expected to | .h. -.? One of the mmt winning figure? in that ? early horn?. as show n t.. us by Anne Ritchie, is that of Thackeray'? mothei -a tall, study iieinit. who had baes on? of the moni beautiful women of her time, un.] who preserved In her old age the loveiy eyes and the queenly e.rtluK?? <>t her youth. "Sh? j hs ! an odd tsrte In dress, I remember," writes her granddaughter, "and iisen to walk out In a re?l ? merino cloak trimme?! with ermine, which Rave her | the alf of r, retired emprpss xvearlriK out her robe?, j She was a xxom.iTi of ?troni; fttellng, ?omewhat im- I p.?ii.?:??, with ? passionate love for little children, j ami with extraordinary sympathy and enthusiasm for any one in trouble or in disgrace. How benevo- ? lently ih? us?.t to :o,?k round thi room a: her many I ; ? ?.?,;, .? ?. Uh ' . G *t ? Iflfl'' ?? - > V .? ?! *C'?.X lldOpi- | rd her rlewi upon polit ??--, relis: on an-i homoeo: a?n>?, ? orai B.i ?venta .? rf*l ven ure to contradict tnem. '? Bat thej certainty cnuM not reach her heights, and ? lar a,ni.ist rumanti.? passlon-of feeling." Uli: ?LQ?? FBOLIC. t'.y Chsrles D, '?. Roberte. The Morning star wsi bitter bright, the marnine; I sky ?\.? gray; And WS hit? ite.I our learn?? and started for the woods at break Of day. Oh. the frost is on tlie forest, and the snow pile? ? hlKht Al?n? the white and wiivlin?; mal the slcd-tVlls jangled keen. Between the buried fence? the billowy drifts be? t ween. Oh, merry iwlng the axes, and the bricht chips fix?. Bo crisp san?; the runners, and so swift th? horsfat sped, Thai tlie WOOdl were ?ill about US ere the sky Rrew red (?h. the frosl is on the furoxit, an?l the snow piles high! The bark hung ragged on the birch, the lichen on tit?, lir. Th?? lunfcworl fringed th? maple, th?? gray mo?.? the juniper oh. merry swing the at? ?, and the briRht chips fly: Bo still tie? air and chill the air the branches seemed ? ileep, But we br ?ke their snclent vision? a? the axe hit di ep . Oh. the frost I? on the forest, ani ih" ?now piles high! With thi out? of the choppt ? and the harkln? of their blades, How fin: th?? ?tnrtled valle) ? end the rnhbit-hatin; : ed ?lade?! ' ni, na ' : \ mix Ing the axe?, md thi brl?ht chins fly! ? The iato ?rood and th" soft wand, we felled there f ? our us.-; An I hlefl) n>r Its scented pum we loved the Scaly ?pruce: '?it. th. frnst Is on the forest, end the ?now piles ? ' ? And here at: 1 there with solemn roar, some hoary I I.?Ill" ? ".X II. ' Ani we ??? ird the rolling of the yean In the thun di r nf it- . rown. ? ih, mei r. .- .? Ing the ..\? i, sn l the bright chip? fly! And ?oon again the winter world w is voiceie-s as of old, Alone ??. uh all the wheeling Itars, and the great x.lilte cold. Oli. the ft-."t li ..ti the forest, and the snow pile? fO.t 0,. ?-? ? tv Pi s? ? ik.. ??..? a not? of aw? ' ?? greei - Of *??. ? ? ? ?. ?. ?. thoee in J? "? rv ? SI ! '?' ? '? ' M. love, If t hOtl \v ? .1 Is' Wholly filease. ?? ?l ! in -h?.? hai ' b harp of gold. \' o touch thi ?trtng? ?? ;fh fingers light, ?:? ? ??? with ?treng '. .? !>axil might - As David mlghi Uni ?.- noi long In sung? of love in ""? - of love; Ko ?ei pi nor ?snton air? ? ? l*ep< r ?oui of music moi ?! < ml) a ?oli mn me? iure heir?? with rapture 'ha* shall never cesie Mx spin: '.? the gates of pe 11 ? ? ? it? s ..f peat ? S ?? ? I xx tien Fru?.. - ? . ??? theught? m?.m t upward: I in dead To ever) ?en?* .?: ?. ulgar tilings \ ? .?'??..:?. ? ? ? ti cad, VVIl ? rophei ? if th? olden time ???. ?. minstrel ?Tings, th?? men sublime? i'ti ? m? ? ?ntillme. THE EOOF TREE, Robert I It? ; ? In The Pall Mall Casetta, ? ll?.n.?? no m ??? lumi" t.. me, whither must I wander? I | ? r,? 1 mu?:. ? the winter wind over hill and heather; Thti k it..? ti." rain, and my roof i? In (he .iu?t. ?. ?? 1 : alle p ? ? ?? ?? the ?had? of my r???f-tree. The ? ? ? 'tl "f ??>:.?.?.?? uas spoken lu the I? I" ar ??.??- ol old, with tlie faces !n the firelight. Kind ?? Ik? of old, you com? again no more. I) Horn? ? . h ime Ih? n, m) deer, full of kin lly fa????; II me ?a.?- home tl.en. in> ?le.ir, happy for the < hll ! Pire and the windows bright glittered on the m ? .r it I ; . I in (he wild. ,aixn?. on Hi" bio? Ol th? moor lati I ? and the ehlmnej -? mi . ? ? ,? ? noxv the frlendi .ire nil departed ? .. ?? ???- ?;:?? tru? hearts, that loved the I in. Si runt ?hall tiling up the meor f .xx I. ill trlng the sun an I r.lin. bring the i,ees all I tl ??- ' Red ?hai th? heather bloom ovei hill and valley, .?...f. ti nx th.? stream through th.?? rven.ftowlng hours! i'nr the la ?? ll shone on mi chtldbood i. ? -? ne the day on 'he house with open door; Bird? .?? in?? and cr) there snd twitter In the chini ? ? I Hi : ? ?.? forever .ml comi again no more. a rim n ?BBI ? "? By N.ir.i ??| .", a woven garland oll >f the sighing sedge, An ? Hli her Rower? ore enowdrop? grown on the winter'? edge Th?? gol h ? loom? Of Tir ns ?' ? ?? WOVO all the win Her (town of mist and raindrops ?hot with ? cloudy Kunllghi st,?? indis m one hand, and rain she scat? ter? nft. ? And through Ihe rein) twlllghl wo heor her flt'Mi laughter ike? d.wii on her flowers the snow leas white than th-??. Then quickens with li"r kiss?? the folded 'Knots o' Mai_ __ ROBERT LOUIS *??G??80?*8 WIFE. in: WAS PANNI!. VANDBRORIFT Of INDIANAP? OLIS 111:11 WORK As a WstlTE? From Th- Chicago Tribun?? Indianapolis. Ind.. Dee II Many of tho older .?ttir.ens of Indianapolis remember tha girlhood of Mu Robert l.ouls Stevenson, wife of the dis? tinguished author who his mst died. Mrs Ste? venson ?as married to ihe author la Monterey, l'al Her maiden name wo? Panni? Vandernrift. ?fui sha was ? daughter ol a once prominent ?*t*t sen of Indianapolis In lesi the V'andergrlft f.im 11s . consisting Of father, mother, one so;? and ?eventi daughters, lived In Michigan-ali, near Illi? nois, in this city Mr?. RtOvnnOOS? wus twite n,nr ii.d. December -?. I85?, she was ooacriod to Saui 11. I Oabourne, al her huno In this Mty, Mrs us. bourne was a beautiful, hi?h spiriteli edri, bright and clever H??? husband was .1 dashing, weJlV bred fellow, ol good family, and 01 the unie tao match a??? I'opeldered ,1 happy one During his nee in Indianapolis Doboorne aus a clerk In the Supreme four) under William Reach, and was uno priv?te secretor) to Governor WriKlii and Governoi Willard. Mrs, 1 ?si,our!?,? ?as but ?even teen year? Of ?ge when s'a? mairie.I her tlrst huaband The weddlna was 0 brllllani affair. graced bj the Chief Executive of the state and other St.it?? officiai?. A yoar or two after the marriage Mrs Qsboilrne accompanied her hus ???II 1 to California, where she afterward procured n divorce from him Although the latter was a bright, congenial fellow, tv? railed to? not along In Hi?? world, and after their removal to ''alifornin Mi-e Oabolirne was compelled to earn ? :????? for heroelf ond children. Finally the couple separated by mutual agreement. In |g?l Mm. ("abolirne returned to Indianapolis, with her ihrer children, und preparen to mou a trip 10 Kurope, she fiealred to cultivate n, utepf for an. which she had posseggati from KlrHjood. She went to the Continent and Iri Taris nude something of n r?putation as a pulitisi. She re? mained in Europe throe scats, und during this timo her youngest child died. Then Osbourne went over to so?? hiM family, and the difficulties between himself and wife were temporarily patched up? The husband promised retoi natation, and Mrs 'isoourne returned here, going directly to the home of her paren ta, the] having laturaod to then- farm at Clayton, Hendrlck? County, Mrs. oabourne re? maint.I there foi three months, but heard nothing of her husband. Then, with her children, she ??? ? m no.I to California,' where one of her sisters lived At Monterey she met Uohert l.ouls ?Stevenson. Aboui this time Mrs. Qobourqo become very sue ? essful 00 0 writer, While in Paris she wrote a oiies of articles for "St Nicholas." her daughter Mello, who had Inherited her mother's cleverness. Illustrating the work, Aitar Mrs Oabourne had been divorced from lier husband six months, sh? mairie,1 Mr Stevenson. The ceremony was per? form, ??! at Monterey. At Ihn time of the marriage it was said tin? parents ?>?" the Qnolleh author were greatly opposed to tha match, He was an only son, and they did no: want him to mnrry. When the new l?. Iliade huaband was asked about the re port he simply said: I'll show my wife to my parents and It will DO all righi." Osbourne dis? appeared after tbe second marriage of hi? late wife, and nothing has since been heard of him. The parents of Mrs Stevenson are poth dead, Mrs. vnndergrlft passine; away recently. Mer other brother llvei .11 Riversine, Cal., und her sisters are located fit Oakland, Monterey, und Nebraska Citv, Neh Ber eldest sister lives at Danville. Hendrleks I'OUnty, .-'he is the wife of ? tmiik official of that city. It Is probable Mrs Stevenson would liave again become s permanent resident of her native coun? try hod the health of hor husband permitted. LITERARY NOTES. It I?, we are told, a ?'ommonplace In the hlst,iey a>f art thot the greatest men pas? through life ?in appreciated by their contenipor?rle?. If we set to accept this ?tatement a? true how can we also ac? cept Mr Richard Holt Hutton'e assertion fiat Mr. William Watson ha? already taken hi? place "among the greatest po-ts of this generation, en a level In qualtty-of course In quantity he haa not vet had the opportunity?with Matthew Arnold and Tcnnysop." And here Is Mr Watson proclaiming in a "pome" addressed to Mr. Richard Holt Mutton: Al I noi tu,crowned with honor? ran My days, and not without a I.oast shal'. end! For t was Shakespeare's countryman; :i And wert not thou my friend? ?' Th!? fond appiv>e|,itlon of one another would to to ?how that the greatest men do not pa?? throuifh life without their ?lue meed?or?or can It be that these two lord? of th?? earth are no( as ?rear as they think they are ln?livl?lually and tak?n to? gether? As the little boy ?ay? in the ?tory of ' Th? l.lite Pig," "He would have three thousand fit? If he had to believe It." ' Mr. .lohn Foster Kirk, 'he historian, who ha? not mafie many "Oittributions to literature of late, haa written a study of "Macbeth" for "The Atlantic." It i? reported that the biography of Richard Krlnsley .Sheridan on which Mr. Fraser Hag ll engaged will astonish leaders by the vasi amount of Interesting and entirely new material on ?? hlch It Is based. When (he rather azy Moore wrote hie life of the dramatist, large number? of letter? and . other documents full of personal and private de? tails were OTT flagged or deliberately neglected by him. .Some of these paper? seem (o have been lost wiiile In his charge, and after being In poaassatgsj of sn Kngllsh dealer In autographs for ?ome rime, found their way to this country. These, including n collection of the love-etters of Mrs Sheridan (then Mis? I.lnleyi, were ultimately purchased by Mr. Augustin Daly, who ha? generously forwarded (hem for examination In (heir beautifully bound folio volumes to Mr Ran. Itoth Mr. Rae and the descendant! of Sheridan are fully <oniin"e,| of rh? gUinlntSMSg of these papers. They happily supply ? ISStng links and explain many allusions otherwt?? Obscurs In .Sheridan's correspondence, al?o unpub? lished, which ll now In the possession of Pig gre^t grandson, Lord Dufferln. Another treasure found by Mr. Rae is a M.S. of part of "The School for Scarifiai." with numerous Interesting corre.itlaag and Improvements in Sheridan's handwriting. The author of "Ideala" and "The Heavenly Tixina" I? seriously lit?as ill that her doctor? say thai nothing but complete rest ami change Will do her good. She has been onlered to give up all uork and to .ravel; and it Is possible that ?he may turn In tills ?lirectlon. In a brilliant and nowrful article in "The Sit? urday Review," an a'-cornplished Knglish crirl" re? sent? the fashion in which Mr. Frederic Harrison ranks "Vanity Fair" with other less remarkable Knglish novels. "We believe," ?ays this critic. "and we are glad of the opportunity of saying It, that Tha.-k'-ray's 'Vanity Fair' I? far and away th? greatest prose xxork in English literature a work that stands with the 'Othello' and the Mac beth' among the greatest productions o' the human intellect; a work that has only one superior In all literature, and that Is the greatest hook e ?r xx.-itten. the 'Don (julxote.' " Klaewhere this ci.ta* says: "Th" morali?( nitSt not judge the artist, but If he is to be heard against him let us see to It that his witness is true. The gradual degradation of f'.ceky Sharp seems to u? as awful a ptirlsh ment, and certainly conveys as dire, t a moral, as the punishment of David." Mr Andrei?. I.ang re.-elved from R. 1. Stevenson, ? W"ek before the novelist's death, a letter In which the latter showed for the ?rst time a certain anxiety about himself Hs said that he was ha un'ed by a dread of paralysis, of a lingering metral malady, of living on. no longer himself, like Swift. This most unhappi fate for a man of genlu?. It Is good to know that Btovensoa iscspsd Mr. I.ang notes that his friend took a boyish and ?Subornai delight In the wcnes of th" new Kdln i.urgh edition of his works. He wa? bu?y with many plan? for new books. On? of thete ???? . erne I a rassaSMN on (lie unknown, myaterlou? >?ar? of Prln.-e i'harle? IMward. for which, only s month ago. MS. materials ?ere sent out t<-. him. .'. Mr R G Johnson i? preparing for The Cen? tury'* ?? serie? of ??.? ra ; lu as,-s Tt'om the verse of ? the Servian t>oet. Zmal losan Invar?, ih. He ?? assisted by Nikola Tesla. the ele.-trh iat . who 'ur nlsbag the literal translations from his mother? ? Migue There are some amusing anecdotes of II t ?r Pater In the "Portrait" whi. h Mr. liesse has ?Tlt t ?-ti for th? last '< oiiternpotari." though sr?nic;.n BSgSS in the e.-su\ ar?? cal? ulate.l to give one p*..?-. For example Mr Oossi ?? talking ahon switi i. hi..?, an.] he say?: "To all young Oxford, then, the name of Mr. Swinburne ?as an enchantment, und there used to be envious traditions of an up ?it sraattaa In Brassaose Lane thrown open to the summer night, and. welling forth from it. a muslo of vers.?, ?hi. h ?lrst WH sing and then silenced the nightingales, pn.t r.i.-t ing it? IlSIISWIllSS until It dll rgacirtsd th?-? lark himself at ?unr?S>." After this (ugbfilutlu ir is comforting to read that "I tiret -??< syss <>n Pater . , as he and lir Swlnburna were dlsmountlaa from ? hansoms ? ab." It i? a great pity that Mr. r...s?" .an so rarely ?a> *ny thlng In plain tirm pros??. When he does. In the present essay, he is .?ulte Interesting Son-,? of his personal noies are worth reading, witness th.?' on Patera Indifference to his contemperarle?. The OB? ford man never mad St.-x-nson or Kipling "I feel, from what I hear about them," he ?aid, ' that they are strong: they might lead m? '"it o.' my path. I want to go on writing In my own ? ay, good or bad I ??hotild be afraid to read Kip! g, lest he should . ome batsmen me r.nd my nag? next time I ?at down to write" Pater'? "c?n way" 1? di fileni t enough for some of ins rea 1er? to grasp. It wa? much moie ?liflVult for hlni. "I recollect.' ?ays Mr. ?'?osse, "th" writing of ths opening chapier? of 'Marlus.' and (h?? sti<s* that attaadai it?the intolerable languor and fatigue, (he fevers and the colti tits, the gray nour? of lasitud? and Insomnia, the toll a? at a deep petroleum well when the oil refuses to flow. With practice thi? tertille effort grew loss A year ago '. was remind? Ing him of those old lime? of ?(orm f?nd ?ire???. and he replied, 'Ah! It is much easier now G I live long enough, no doubt I ?hall learn gatta tl like writing.' " _ There I? a funny little personal anecdote t?Md of a young writer in London which come? apropos Of the ?omnionolace air with which he and his llkca are enveloped, no matter how precious tn?y be their preciosity. Some one. was asking about a member of Uie Pater ut'.lwat.r school, ani ??.?? derlttg "what a sort of a chap" he was. "Well. I'll tell you," repite.', the person Interrogate.?) "t met hint once ?t a reception, and my IniplSSlttW tl that If you were to range a dozen well ?e: '?p voting fellows In S row, all In evening grass ?nd_ all looking very sieek-mid were to SBaMSt At\T on.? ?.?f tinn?, It would lie our friend X." Mr Unwell? continuas to feel an ardent admira? tion for the writings of Mr. Jame?. He s.i>s In Tlie I.axlies' Home Journal" "I came to a Knowledge of Mr. Henry .lames'? wonderful ?.?rk innnsHp In the first manuscript of hi? that pas?ed through my hands a? a ?uli-editor. I feH In love with it Instantly, and 1 have never c<?u?ed to delight In that exquisite? artistry I have read ail thit hs he? xvi It ton, ?u.l 1 hav? never read an> thing of bis without, ail. ecstatic pleasure In hi? unrivalled touch. In literary handling no one who has written Action In otic language can approach him. nn?l his work ha? shown an ever-deepening Insight. I have my reserve? In regard to certain thing? of hi?; If hard preaee?! 1 might even undertake to better him here and there, but after I had done that I doubt If I should like him ?o well. In f??t. I prefer to let him alone, to take him for what h? Is In himself, and to be grateful for every n?w thing that come? from his pen. I will not try to ?ay why hi? work? take me ?o much; that l? no part of my buslne?? in these paper?, snd I csn understand why other people are not taken at ill with him, for no reason (hat they can give, either. At the ?am? time. I hav! no patience with them, and hot small regard for their (aste." In writing of Tourgnenlef's meihort Mr. Howell? again nay? this compi.ment to the English novel? ist?: He ?ava that the Russian's Action ta "to the last degree dramatic. Tho person? are ?pareiy de? scribed and briefly accounted for. ?nd then they are left to iiausii.t their affair, whatever It I?, with the least possible comment or explanation from th?; author. The effect flows naturally from (heir character?, and when they have done or ?aid a thing you conjecture why a? unerringly ?? you would If they were people whom yon knew otitnlde of a book. I had already conceive?! the possibility of thi* from HJ?roson. ??ho pract ?f? (he same qifthoili. but J waa ?till .<? sunken in the groes darkuesa of English H.-tion to rise to a full consciousness of its excellence. J\Tu?n ? rememhereal the deliberate and Impertinent moral? ising- of Thackeray, the clumsy exegesis of ?leorge BHot, the knowing nods and wink?? of iTiarle? Read?, the stage-carpentering and llme-llghtlng or nicken?, even the tine *nd important analysis or Hawthorn?. It wa? wi?h a Joyful astonishment, that I realised thi grist art of TtmrgultUsfc"