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PAGES 11 TO 14. ritmnt WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13,1895. MR. DEPEW AT BtJRLINGTOK ] HIS EULOGY ON ABBAHAM UNCOLN. tn P__TBrgar of tbb plaw i_?pi_b. the Hi;i!OIC AND MAJESTIO FIC.VKE OF THB GREAT NATIONAI. CTtlSIS. [BT IIBBBBlB TO THK Tnint-NE.] Burllr.gton. Vt.. Feb. 12.?Llncoln's blrthday waa made tke occasion for the flrst annual meeting and banquet of the Young Men's Kepublican Club of Vermont. and tho Queen City to-day has been throngerl wlth a host of representatlve young Republlcana and many dlstinguishe.l part* l-iul er.-*. RurlingMri has never soon s.i hrllliant and culture.l an audlence assembled within Its heatiti ful opera house as that whioh Chauncey M. De? pew fac.-d when he rose to dolivor his oration on Abraham Llncoln. Seated upon the siage were Prealdent Foster and the offloers of the Young Bkag'fl Republican Club, Governor WoodbuiTi Lieutenant-Governor Mansur, Presldent Bttcfc* ham. of the University of Vermont; ex-G .vernors Barstow, Ormsbee, Stewart and Page, Colon.-l W. Seward Webb. General J. O. McCullough. Mayor Van Patten and other city offlclals. the clergy of the city and promlnont business rnen. The boxes arere occupied by Mra. W. Seward Wobb. Mrs. Ormsbee. Mra Van Patten and many women promir.ent in society. Portraits of Lincoln and Depew graced th- stage. The young Republlcan clubs from the varlous countios were aeated in the body of the opera house. and when their guest appeared on the stage he recelved a most enthusi' stlc greeting. Prwident Foster, ln pre senting Mr. Depew, made a well-considered and forceful addrcss, which was closely listened to. Governor Woodbury then made a few appropri ate remarks. and gave the young RepublieansJ Bjine excellent advice. Mr. Depow spoke in part as follows: The tendeney in all times has been for the peoplo to grow so far apart from their Xational heroes that the h^ro beconies lmpossitile. Wo eannot llve with perfection; we eannot have the camaraderlo of personal communlon with salnts. The force and effect of continuing leadershlp is to be ln touch wlth the Icad'-r. We have idealized already the worthi.-s of the Kevolutionary period. and especlally ?\Vashinnton so that they are out of the pale of humaruty. To us they never poss?s?ed the foiblcs aml weaknessos whioh are wmmon to our race. I do-jbt lf 'VVashington ever dld. I had occaslon nt the tlme of the Oentennlal to study closely hla char acter and eareer. lt was impoaalble to lower him to any plane where a horlzontal vlew could be had of him. ln the oamp and In the Cahinet. In the Continontal Convention and around the onmpflre. ln the mldst of his soldiers or at th.- moss wlth his Btaff, he araa always the s'ame dlpnlfled, majestlc and unapproachable flgure. Kor the tlmes in which he llved. for the mission to which he was destln.-d, these lofty characterlstlcs were appropriate. The i; i .ution knew Uttle of tho fierce Democracy. Th. classes and the massea were distlnctly deAned an 1 s.parated. The pride of blrth, of ancestry and landed proprletorship was never more distlnctly assorted and never more generally recognized. lt is praaaMe that for the purpose of brlnglng the weaith and the intelligence of the country to the support of the patrlot cause It was necessary that one of this daaa who was inflniw-ly auperior to his fdlowa, and whose aim an-1 ambiiion were only his country and Its llbertles. should lead the mov.IBM-nt. Tho proeesses of evolutlon of democracy for one h.indred years had created a condltlon where Wash ington would have been a failure In the i.'lvil w..r. Abraham Uncoln, iils opposlte ln every rt spect. becauae he was so different. was the most Btiuiieefill leadtr of any revolutlon of modern or ancient Umea. LINCOL.VS GREATNESS. Aa we atudy the characterlatlca whlch made Llp coln great and auccessful. we flnd them not in the usual glfie of great atatesmen. Oth-rs have been r.iore cultlvated, others have had more genllta, Othera have had more experience and tralnlng. but none of any time had as the motlve power of every . actlon an indomitable and reslstWs moral fttrce. You may call lt the princlple of natural rellgtOB, or whatever you may. lt waa an ln?tinot for Ihe riKht, a comprehension of justlee. a boundl.-ss sympathy and comt.assion. ar, int.-nso and raarnlnf . his fellows and their welfare whioh knew neither r.?nk nor race, but gathcrci within its charity all manklnd. The force and effect of this powi r lu I.lncoln ean be best lllustrated by tha CO?tl_al be? tween him and his great antagonlst. Douglaa Douglas waa born ln Vermont; about him were Bll the influencea of this Bbartjr-lOVtag nnd SnteiiiKerit oon-.monwealth; his fath.-r was a clergyman. a eol |agt iradaata, a man of brains and culture. and hla mother a worthy helpmeet for her mlnister hus bani. Kvery authority of enviror.m?-nt and atmos phcre was for rlght. Juatice and llberty. His Btrug gles with poverty were not those which enervato or degrade. but those which Inspire men of fl'.re, BBBIgJ. ambStlon and genius to the efforts which make a eareer. His natural abilltl.-s. traiu-d in the haal of schoois, made him a teacher, a lawyer, a Judge, a leglslator. a geaatOT and the leader of bls party. It made him the abl.-st Of det.atcrs In the Unlted Btatea Senate, the most formidable of foea upon the piatform ln a politloal Campalgn, and Ihe most adroit of polltloians in framlng issues whlch BhOoM capture or ml.sl.-ad the poopi.-. In any con? dition of the country's affaira wh<-n great moral quaatkana were n..t al laaue, Btepben A. Doagtaa wouid have been I'resident. Lincoln. on the other hand, was born in a slnve Btata, the aon of a poor whlte, and llved durlng his eirly youth in a cabtn ofoae rooan, uBder ooadltlona of aajeel poverty aad Ignoraaoa. Hla notber dled, his shlftless father moved to Indi.uia, a log cabln was areeted whlch had netther partltlons nor ffoora end aeareely wtodowa or doora, a few aerea arere .. ared lo gel tba bare necersaries of Ufe, and al* most at the r..rlod of manhood I.lncoln had 00 edu? aatton, was droaaed in skins. was aeaodated wlth aeml-aavagea who i_Bavad tbe hard ooadltloae of tl eir Mvea by brutal debauches and aOJUaUjr bfUtal f among Ihailiaelria. nnd yet he remalned un anlnated by the drtnklng, awearlng, Idle loaf.-rs, roughs or thugs who constltut.-d his companlonablp. Hia cnerglea would be ahown oceaatonally wlth hla ... rrooua Ftrcngth in protectlag the areah or raaeu inc; ihe defpated, and a proaaaiaa of bla futura pow rr:; glven by boldtog Bpellboaad at timea bla rough auditors by his ruatlc aloqaaaoa. or entartaiauig t.'.cm at niRht wlth hir. endlaaa fund of aaacdota, iery and mimiory. An buatlable eravlag for kr.owledre led him to learn to r.-ad and wrlto. The only baoka Wthln mlles about him were "Itohlnson CTueoe," a sliort hirtory of th" Unlted States, w.-em's ??!./. ,,r WaalraigtoaM ar.d Bunyan'a "Pli. grsm's rrngraea*' Thaaa he aoon knew by heart Thls mnxt.-r of the BJngBtb tongue. this most feln?! tona of phrase-niakerr, thW moat eloqueBl of sp.-ak ers, framed his senteices aad formed his atyle by wrltlng composltlons wlth charooal upon a awjodea ^hovel or the ahlngles from the mill. A clerk In a Btore on ntarvation wages, a storekeeper wlthout capital. and hla bualnesa sold out by the sheriff, a mrveyor earr.lng J10 or $15 a month. ani a lawyer wlth no other equlpment than "Blackatona" aad tbe atatBtee of llllnola?auch waa hlncoln at a pertad when the accompllshed and cultured I>ouk1is was already the Idol pf hla State. And yet thus, on the threahhold of a eareer, wlth auch aufTOUadlnga, guch teachirgaand such Impreaalons In the mldst of a communlty whlch drank, I.lncoln was a tem jierance man; ln the midat of a communlty that i.voie, I.lncoln waa free from blasph.-my; ln the mldst of a communlty not blghly morul, Ltneola waa as pure as an angel; ln the mldst <>f a com? munlty whlch re*arded the negro aa no better than the horee or the mule, Llncoln was an Abolltlonlat. DBDICATBD TO PBEBDOH. SalUng down the Miislsslppl River upon a flat boal wlth a crew compoaed of his rough comrades, who' boasted ihey were half horae and half al llgstor, who anchored ut niKht for royat.-rlng rlot? lu tho village and continu.-d them wh. ti th.y reached Wt1r Qrlaana. Lincoln was apart trom them, whlle of them Ha wanderad one day Into the slav.- mai ket Bad H.'iw a young giil put up at aucilon. Ha wltneased the bruial examlnatlon Of her by the buyers 'tnd apeotators. the i--.;irs.- Jokea thai w-r< exchanged Ul the crowd. and tlie i ynlcal lieastlinesa of the "uctloneer. and the alumberlng Bre of moral and reliicluus wrath plant.-d ln him by his mother, or Inherited from aome aalntly anceator, broke out wlth th.- declaratloti, "If 1 llve, tba day arlll come when I wlll hlt alavery a blow from whlch It shall perlsh " That siave glrl Ofl the hioek arous.-l the moral forcea within him which k?|.t blm from the temptatlona of his envlronment and made hun the hero and the martyr of llberty. The peoplee in all hros have loved gladlatorlal eombata. whether of the mlnd or muscle Th> keen de.ighl ot the Greek In the conteata Of hl* ^arators, and of the Roman ln the bloody1 BKhta of his gladlatora, lllustrated the princlple. The debate be t\x... n Doaalaa tho kadar of kla partjr, tbe Inventor J ol iba pbraae, "popular aovereignty,'' wnlch was to atand uoth n.r tn.. prlndpie and ina pollcy wnich xx..u..i s.tva li.s j.<trty from IniiiK .iv. i xviuinii-.l riy tbe naing Bplrlt of Hberty In ihe country, and the poealble t*realdent of tbe L'nlted Btatea, and ? man who, tbough uiiKnuwn. ?-xcii?-xi interest becauae tbe Republlcan party In bla Btata aeemed hlm worthy to be placea .iya.n-t tha champion, was a ptcture which majle iiun.iis tbe baitleground of freedom. if Llncoln had poaaeaa. 1 leaa ..1 tbla controllina inorai prln_ple if h.- bad been actaated by the Bane motlvea wbich governi . Danglaa 11 hi.s Qod ha.i been bla peraonal ambltton more than tbe waJ* fare oi th.- race, or tbe Preaidenci more tnan pa? triotlam- hi- would have defeatad Douglaa. Tba re peal ol the Mlaaourl Compromlae bad thrown open the terrltoriea of ihe _r.-at Northweat t<> aiavery. DouKlas had met th?> riaing tide <>r Indlgnalton and st.mmc.l it b) a propoaltlon wblcb apparently tert the people of the lerrllory to deckJe arbether their Iratitutiona should be frea or alava rne declalon of tbe Bupreme Court in the Orel Scott caae n..a Bhown thal ihla alleaed princlpla waa a nlmay pre lext. -Nrv.Ttnei.--K. H Wafl generally acceple.j. tne South waa commltted to aiavery and regarded Ita exunsion as n.eessary lo the exisl-nce ot the sys? tem The buaineea ol the North was bound ii|. ln the preaervatlon of aiavery. Tba preaa and the pui Dltrwere laraely %%un their congregatlona, ?theli comtliuenclea and thelr readers. "Abolitlor.ial waa a term of reproach an.l opprobrium. ' Antl-elavery xv.is littie better. To touch aiavery was to touch the I'nion .ui.l t.? tomh ihe I nton was to imperll tbe Republlc, and ao aiavery became the corner stone of the Republlc. Tbe Declaratlon ol Inde i.endpncc waa an einpty BOUnd for r'.uirih of July declamatlona and aaaaulta upon the monarchlal eyatema of other countrtea. Lincoln wrote hls apeech. He read it to the leadera of his party. lt xx.s haaarl upon this thoUKnt. couched in theae xvor.ls. "A houae divlded ag&?>al Itaelf cannoi aland. i ln lieve this (Jovernniei.t rantlot eiiiu.e p.iinan ently half fllava and ta>ilf frae. l do not expect tbe i'nion to be dlaaolved. I do not expect tbe houfe lo fall. bul I expect u xxili ceasa to be divlded. fv wiii become all one thini; or all the other. Elther th. opponents of aiavery wlll arreat tba further apread of lt, an.l place it whera tba pubhe mlnd (ball r.st ln the bellcf that it is in the conrse of ultnn.it.? extlnctlon; or its advocatea will puah H forward, till it shall become allke lawful In all the Btatea old :?s well as n.w, North as well as Bouth." Tbe leadera of the party with one voice aald, "Tbat apeech defeata you aad alecta Douclaa." "Abf" aald Llncoln, "I know that, hut l am tooking be? yond Douglaa and beyond th.- Benatorahlp. Tbat aentiment appeala to tho conacienca of lha North agalnat the .xtensii.n of alav. ry In the Terrltorlea and agalnat tba ayatem of aiavery." lt waa tha gauntlet of llberty thrown Into the arena whlch began the l.attle tbat ended with the publlcatlon of tbe Procbunatlon ?.!' Bmancipatlon. A INH.ri: CHARACTKR. There never was such a I'resident?never auch a ruler as Abraham Llncoln. He .iid not repreaant haradltary privllegea, for. he cama from t!n> plalaeal of the plaln people; ba dld not rapreeent haredlty, for he had none; ba did not repreaant tha coliegea or the unlveralttea, for he kaaw Ibem not; ha did not repreaent capltal and great accumulationa, for he had nelther; but h.- dld repreaent the toller upon the farni in tbe workshop. npoa tbe bigbwny, in the factory, anywbere, ?varywbera whera honeat men and honeat women were atrlvlng to better thetr condltlona and u> llluatrate ih.- dlanlty of labor and the nobiiiiy of Amerlcan cltlaenahlp Without this touch with the plaln people hla ablllty, ha genlun, would have mad.- him dlatruated, for lt maj be taken as almost an axlom thal there la no < .ir- - r for great genlua by popular vote. H.- knew tha country, the llmlutiona of his power, how far and how fast the Admlnlatratlon could ?o lu tbe great atruggle, better than tbe Cablnet, or < "oni..e_, or jounialists, or advlsera, "Call f..r troopa to buo presa the rebelMon," ahouted the Nortbern i the Northem pulpll, and the repreaentatlvee In (\>n graaa. Bui h?- said, wlth the adoraUon that rxiata for the Conatltutlon ..nd Ita Btrict Interpretatlon. and for th.- L'nlon, and wlth the dread th. r.- n ..f Ita dlaaolutlon, the Oag must be aaaalled before a reaponee can be had. Agalnat the advi ?? ol every member of his Cablnet n- aald, "Unt ua ai I pro vialona to the beleaguered L'nlted SUt. h.-roieally defendlng th.- tlan ln Charleaton Harbor " Th.- unarmed proviaion ahip waa drlven back, the Bag Brad upon, tbe fort waa captured, ii.-- plaln people who were hls conatltuent* underatood ihen the altuation, and mllllona of aoldlera reaponded !?> lns call. Mr. Oreeley thundered in Th.- Trlbune, Mr. Sum n'-r in the Benate, the rlergymen .:. thelr i and tbe oratora upon the platform, that he ahouM deatroy ihe Confederacy al oni_ by freefna th" II.- knew as n > othi r man dld the atrength and power ol the feellna whlch had arown ip ln the country of tbe s >rt ..f ?.Ineaa that h. !.??.! aboul property ln Blavee. Hu- arhen defeai ifter defeat came, when there wa* the reault. when the future ..f the Republlc looked dirk. ii.. people bad !?? en edncated t<> rerard tbe I'nion aa rn .r<- aacred than aiavery, 'h.n he promulgati i hla Immortal proelatnatkin. Otber Prealdenta and otber rul.-ra have deemed thelr full duty performed ln thelr annual .omniuiilcatlona to thelr ooni r. *ea or their parllam.nts. but Llncoln every day araa ad .'!>,' i.tters by whleh he xxas counBelllng and arKi.iri; with the oeopla upon the queatlon* of the hour. the perlla or the oopntry aad tla- dutli diinsrers tbat w?re before him. Now b<- wrltea lo Mr Qreelej now t>> tbe arorklngmen of M :?:. now to the worklnamen of New-York, noa lo . Bt .'?? Conventlon, noai io a con\ x_ men; bul alwaya to tba p? ple of ihe ii.it...i Bt nevei .?:? u braln an 1 bui . welled up ao that h<.m. I about l cated bv the dlfflcultlea of th- Bltuatlon, and bx the ilblllty of aolving his problenw, Llncoln ; ? ibl. s ..'it to tl ;?? ; le of the li. ani aaked f.<r their aympathy, ih-ir advl thelr aupport The appeal was never made In raln lan* raved agaJnal hlm, an l aald that ha ncea wer. I his .!? tlona Indl ; rneat men, who had the cauae a* heart, call. : conventiona to prevent hls renomlnatlon, and'thei to dafaat hlm f..r r. election. but tha plaln i? ? - ? i? I with wbom he had been tafklna .^ xx-::n famtllai frlenda, whoae homea ha had enter. !. al arhoa* flrealdea be had --.it. by whoae bedaidea ha bad talkei, ir. wh..^.- Inmoat clrclea an.l in the mldst <>f whoae furnilx- prayera be had been, reaponded xvit> an overwhelmlna Bupport which gava hlm aanln the Pn len x. and ihe Prealdency by practlcally the unanlmoui voice >?? tbe i ? pl. Llncoln kn.-w- nothlng of tne nlgnlty, ao t.\r ns ir is exprtaaed ln manner and dreaa, whlrh b-1 .m-s to hik'h Btatlon. Th.- Inatinctlve aenae of proprle and consi louam aa ?.f bui eriorlty an l greatneaa wbich hedged Waahii.gton was abaenl In him. ln o? tlme, ln the her... Ilghl of our publldty, wlth thi aclntlllatlona of electricity renderlag hrllllaQi every nook and .orner and cranny of a public man'a aa latenca and thought, t*n- temptatlona t.. en large thi atreatb whlch the people place upon hl* head ar. almost Irrealatlble. T.u- teal >.f greatneaa 1. thi wearlng <.c the balo. ii deatmyed Napoleon, it ru Ined two-tblida of th>- generala in the wai i' his drlven great and llttle pollttciana. from ihe com mencemeni of our Republlc untll now. Into ofa s. urirx-. Bul Lln.oin was never troubled as t.. the si/.- of his head He never overeatlmated n..r upder ratimated who h>- was, what he waa nor what he repreaented. Ile never fori?..; wbere he came from. and nev.r lost aight of tbe fact ih.it except by the accidenl of poaltlon he was nelther better t.or w..r^. than those wi... placad him ln th.. Prealdent lal chalr. lie poaaeaaed what no oth.r ruler ever dld, or. if he .iii, no other ruler dared to us... the power of hun.or. The portentloua aolemnlty of "ur put.lie n.en parvadaa our polltical atn ? phere, evan to 'l.pn'?sln?f melancboly. The leaa tha atajcaman knowa the more aolemn b? la, the ihlck^ .r ) i.i h. ad tbe more owiisii hls bearing. A Preal di i ? .' the liilie 1 Btatea onre aald to me, "N n an ciii ever aucceed ln thla country who mIv.-^, reln to i. humor or bui ftin. The poople no |..nit?T l.K.k upon hlm as ?? aerioua man. and .niy aertoua men are recognlzed ln the conalderaUon of public af falr**." SKI.Ki'TIN'.; A CABINKT. v.'h. n Mr. Llncoln can* t> rVaabrngtoa he wai unknown to the !,'re,it leaderfl "f tba party. Hi had Lha i rurage, which only a very greal man ean hava, of aammonlng them all Into his <'iMn.-t. Tba rul* has been growlng to aummon only leaaer men im.. ihe Cablni t. in mo .' ra tim. aa booh aa Ibe Pra . dent has aelacted hla wnatitutlonal advlaei arbole detectlve agency of tbe nawapaperi !.. work to flnd out who Ihey ar.-. where they e m< from and wbal Ibey ha ? ? done. Thi i toraey, tba rllbure Bcrlbe. lha locaj phllo. ; iei bound upon th- Natloi itforra wlth th .??.? ? n broad as thelr envlronment, and as uaafuL 1 he i.? . s ).,, tha in- rit ? ? tba chli I b. lh< depreclatlon "f li-. ',;' ''!'"' '':i ' -!nW ' ln more harmon ?ui pleiui Napoleon. Burroundi l M irahal* of Franc , ev< r on? ol th m ? hi ro ol .-. ri.?..: battle, ever: i na >.f them the ?temonatrat. I leader ol in Rhty nrmy, hlmaelf the ..l.i, ..x,. dgi t chl. f an . leid. of Ihem all, formed picture thal commanded the admlratlon ..f hla Mme and h > < arreat. i tha att. ni on of p aterit) Thla llllnois l.iwyer, or..: .. ani atat. ?rn in c ille I t i nta ald the men who had lemonBtrated In lh. Ber ate, ..'i the Houae and ln the Coui i thal th. ? arei th.- leadera of men. Whai a Bpectacle! rijl un galnly glanl of tbe Weat, aagulat and awkward, uncouth il manner, inelegnnl "f andn ra, wlth th. courtly Beward for Becreiary of Btate, the *tatei) Chaae for Becreiary ol the Treaaury, the worldly. domlnant and Bhrewd Cameron for Becretary of Uiir, and ii. imp rloua Kla nton as hl* aiie ? ?> Cha lurns to hls frlenda and Intlmate* thal tbe country ha.i a mountebank for Prealdenl rkward, ever anxloui to be uaeful, wrltea a private note or ferlng to perform all tbe dutlea <.f the Prealdenc) ani leave the ornamenta of Ita name and atatl .. I i I .. ni . elvea ln reply ? letter whlch Ignorea ihe maull bui aaya in effect, "I wlll run tbe Ad? mlnlatratlon and you run your D< partmeni . . ? when l thlnk thil you had better run li in aome other way " ln l- a* th.n. a year evei > ? ne pr tboae greal leadera recognlaed that he waa in th. pn ance ..r hla hlel an i Buperjor .... _ _ Llncoln under other condltlona mlgbt have made . greal playwrlgbt, or he mlght have been i greal actor Ha was unconadoualy dramatlc Hli iiaap pearance al Harriabura on ihe way to WaBhlngton for his flrat Inauguratlon, his reappearanCc at tn. i'..piio: wh.n ti. thuga wer. waitlng t ? hlm, wai a dramatlc aurpriae whlch exclted tne whoic country. His ..pra.imment ^>f Hooker to tne eommand of the Army of th- Potomac, ln a latter whlch told hlm plalnly hls weakneaaex and hli rall ur.s an.l th.- raaaoiu why ha oughl nol i" have tne responalbUlty ol tbe eommand griaced upon nim, waa both a comedy and o iragedy. Hi* offer to _j Olellan to borrow hls army if he only kro a whal to <lo with it, as lt was upt.iir. nt McClella 'I nol know, WBfl on- of th. ? ?? .4trok' B of BenlUfl ln < xprea (lon whl.-h removed tbe populnr ld..i and hroke lt A miajaenger Bummoned tne Cablnel to tbe u hli lloir-.. Th- lirs- to enter was the stai.lv. th?? dlg niiltd. the a'waya proper BecreUn of the Treaaury, Salmon P Cha ? The Pn Idi i i lo >ki i up fi m hls hook and .i.i. "Mi Cba a, i waa ,ual raadlng ? moal Interaatfna w..rk. whlch i hava enjoyed more :iiin an/thlng l hav- m<t wlth ln a long tlme, l.et ma read vou a part of n." And thereupon bi be? gan readuiB to him Artemu* V4i.rd'? lecture on "W.ix riggera." The aalonlsh.'d and irrltated Bpc retary of tba Treasurv, iistenimr a* ih- oth.r membera of th? rabin-t uathered, lndl?:nanily ej clalmed, "Mr. Presldent, we dld not cotne here to hear thM i.li.iiio ndnaenae. Por what are are aum in iii.-.l'.'" Mr. Llncoln put his h-m.l ln hU dr.iwer, pulled oul a paper and aald, "Oentletnen. sum moned you to aubml: Ihla paper; not to ask your advlee a- to whether I ahould laaue it -.r n it. I 1 int.iid t.> laaue It no matter what your anviee may be; bul to aak Buggestkjm ai to its form. And he r.-ad io them the .nini.it.il Proolamatlon or fernan cipatlon; the documcnl whioh waa to ael i.txn.nu of hiiinaii l.-ln^s Ire.-; tlie ,|,,.-am.-nt whi.ll was lo i v. the Conatltutlpn from the curse ?l aiavery, the documenl which wa.. lo make the Declaration or [ndependence fof the flrst llme ln .mr htotorv tne vital force In the princlple* and in the po.ietea .ir th.- Unlted stat.-s; the documenl whlch wai remove the ataln wbleh ajade aa a byword and reproach amona all clvlllzea people; th ? documenl which carrled oul In letl r anl aplrll th- vow mai. ao many reara befon when th- flat boal mm a* the glrl aold ln ih- abamblea at New Orleana. A rea aiiggrstlona wcrc made, a few heatltatlna proteata agalnat the li.-rc.- detcrmlnailon <>f th.- Prealdenl for publlcatlon, an earneat re .iu. al ror del ty untll a vtetory ehoul I come. an i thai rn, - mi-iiior.ii.;.- uf Cablnel meetlnga in th.- hlatory of the l'nlted Btatea a.ij. urned, and aa they flled ?m. this Incomprehenalbl* Prealdenl pul the ProclaJBa tion ?>f Bmanclpatlon back In tn* drawer an.l r - ?ume i the readlng of Artemua Ward. AN AFTERNOON WITH UNCOLN. I remember as if it was yeaterday an afternoon wltb .Mr. Uncoln. l waa bul a boy, tbougfc Beer. tary ,.f New-T/ork Btata Horatlo Beyinoar waa thi Democratlc Oovernor, and tba Leglalature waa Republlcan. 'nn- aokllera' vote waa lo i... ..i.i Uned. The Republlcan Legtalature would nol iruat the Oovernor, and lt devolved npon me the duty of collectlna the aoldlera' vote. Mr. Llncoln looked up i i preaaed my way through ibe crowd in hla receptlon r->.?m and aald: "Well, Depew, what .??... 1 do f.ir y.i.r.-" I aald: "Mr Prealdent, I do nol w.mt any th Ing; I am ln Waahlngton ..'i .. n from our st.it.- t,> gel out fr-.m the arat ? our Nea v.irk aoldlera' vote, and l almply called tn pay my reapecta." He ?kl: "li la ao i ire thal any oae here who wanl nothlng! Pl< .-?? wall and I arlll ael nd of theae people In a few mlnutea" The r.i.iiii waa - ...ii emptlt 1. the falthful "Jerry" waa guardlng the door, and on the lounge th.- tlred Prealdenl was rocklna to and fro, holdlng hla lona k. ,:i ins irme .rn i telllng Btory after atory io relleve hla mind, and he aald: "Depear, they aay I t.-ll a greal many atorlea. I thlnk i do Th. I lower the dlgnlty of th< Preaidentlal oflloe b> theae broad anecdot. - Poi bly thal la true. Bul I have found, in the coui t ol a long experlence, thal th* plaln people of the Countrj take them ia thej ar--. Bnd ..re utpre rasily reached nnd Influenael and argued wlth through the m. Ilum -' a humoroua Ulustratlon than In am other way." Whl!.- I was there Mr Jobn lianaon. of Buffalo araa a member ot Congreaa. His face anil hla head were halrleaa and pollahed like a bllllar.1 balL He was a Democrat, bul aupported the Prealdent. Th. condltiona ..f the army \\'!-- very blu* In th* Rasi ani ln the w'<? t. ' lana m c im* In on* daj ... I - il i "Mr Prealdent, I am rlaklng my r. electl .. In ?up poiting vinir war meaaure*. The campalgn \.-rv unaatl factory. Of courae l wlll nol glv* oul anythlng you tell me. What is the altuation al Ihe front?" Mr Llncoln, in hl.archlng and aad way, looki 1 al him for a momeni i- II h* aaa aboul to reveal the aecrel of the whole army, and then tumbled Oanaon oul of th.- receptlon room by aay i.i..', "Oanaon, how clean you ahave." A PROTBCnONIBT. It lx algnlflcanl of .mr Ibne and of Ihe queetlona Intereetlng to ua, aa we cefebrate th* ofthla aavtor of th.. RepuUlc, this forerooal o| this plalneat in l moal bon. il of mortaU dlarnifted, moal humoroua, moal aerloua mo of man, thfa moal ir*i ?:?? >.f buman ' lu his tlm., and of all tlme, of the Rep ibllcan party, that bla fir?t apeech w is for a pi ?ti llve tariff. He v i. flrst, . i-?t and Bll Ihe tlme BO Am:. .ti: BO Am. rl, in wh. n N i;- I- n. .rn adlna M hu.. broken up ihe i .- .. an An - i i arhenGreat llritaln would have uit.-tf.-f.-l for Ihe purr* ing ih* Rei iblir ia--. aii*. .. - i rd bury aald, w* kept ahop ind wer* I n bual .ii in his . ni . .i .a lo the l'nlon and theConatltutlon: an Amerk-an In i ..!' llberty; an Amerlcan In nla ta hortl.-n of i), ? I iu' i Htal i eople of the i ? t requlre for t-..-m--,\. - H above all Ihlna ?? He r-ilt whl h a . al .-.? I bj Dan Th* world Uttle knowi arhal II owea tn th.r . wa-. the Inapll I lt ? '...:?? I.lncoln ..:?' >rb< l it. Un ? In un I -.,.. i ? : -.. a : n all I ? .- i i i -i lt waa tl l'nlon wll i 'nlon the Btal. - We**,- innot p.is. by I it* agaln I hi : i,- and maj wltboui i nfor. Inf i.v bla ? m.in; le .ii . the ?. ntlnt. I, ,r 'i ??? ra ai it < rlaaa coimag , leally ln th* blal -\ ol n itkwi itt w*a I lutlonary Wir *. . r Repu It waa !>,.? Jei it.a wlth lUyne and wlth I. It I War j .... tl, ? |,r-,|,.-I :? ll l'nlted Btal . uuntriee, upon ?* I f, l! ' .V ? gll ), n been ahed, I . Ind i i ;. ? -\ rrrore ruin and tl i ? l.v ihe arai from l,v the - ni" ' ry, comlna largely fi and motlvi -. ln dlff. ?? I i great aii ? itlon whl i. ' - '-"?'' the l lemocrath- i ??':? In p ar. r n in the m.ii-.rliv for a quai lei ? w .rl i fon I - ' ? ? ?>. '? ? m i Imenta run in ,-\,.. - w hat haa i ? n wlll (?? Bo, ift-1 >,- ,rs -.? -- hav* trli i th* D. m .cral l ,.r<- \\.- ? .,:: i we have had r. i- at. I Ind i*trl illy and ... - . .em - . ili party ii, !?,.... ! aa ll wa . ?? Inced In th.-ir rul. , "The l>. mo, r.iti.- ;..irr> atanda for nothlna Natlonal i , rln. .; I. a In tn. i: u*t ar* ..-. u '?? ''a . i m th* w ? at. ii- ld. .-- in th* -'? I are 1,,,. nla t,. IIb Idea I Ita vtewa "ti lh* r.i-iiic coaal bav* no rclationa t? lu prlnclplea or idea* -,r vlew* anywhere elae In the e intn Hi Llncoln mlghi have llv. i an i .. i i i to hla - \ ,i !-..:?; aettl. m< ,- ? OUI Ol ll"- ClVll V. ..- Mr I'l. ? ,v._ pr, idenl for f. .r y.u* wlthoul p<?wer, and ) id he nevei been n elected, ?ith a Den li .n hla handa h* mlght, wlth the halo whl thrown around him, have gone dowa to po?t*rlty ,,^ on* of th. '" il Presld. n intry. \lv Clavelan I waa re elected and dil hav. lh* Demo party on lu- handa, anl what mlght hav* t.. .-ii i- not anl < "li veland la ncd aa oae ..f the great Pr. aldenta ..f Ihe c i mu i RBTURNINa COMMON BBNBB. We have aroa our vlctory ll I the rlctory ef returntng common lenae, Iha rhrt iry ol over bopa. We are aol yel oul -.f Ibe wooda TBe Kepublican party ean only h.>M the eountry al re ? : an i previ al I irtBi r daraa ml It a lutnea the, reaponalbllUlea ' i irer The dlfflculty wBh tha Democracy la not only of toeaperlen e, bul of Incompetenca Tha evolutlon ?.f the atudenl I* Ri I -...ii. n t<. phra ? . ..- i thi mora vague they may ba the more v.i>.- they aeem, and from ih" i .ii . .- he comea t.> thtayry, The tbeorj mak ? i, ..I i i Mugwump ln i Then he eUher aettlea down lo ih* atern realltk of llfe anl auccesaful aolutlona of hla problema, .>r I..- becomea bankrupl In bualneaa and n falth. Th* Democratlc party captured tb* cnuitry hy tbe phraaea "free raa materlaka," "tl-. tarlfl I i laa," ?tl..- markela ?.f th. woi: l " \\ i av* lo markei of the world, we have Uttle left to tai I .i ... i: i -< in I m niif.i. ;.ir.-.| * i i lc|. ire all free, b. u ? lh. re an ? ? '? ? i"" I .,r rmployera \s ?? ar* gov-rii I hy t1.. ii i urltT, whlch haa lh* I-.. n. ? up -n a ii- i Reuubll. . tn pi ? contlnu. d, ibe pai u whl h n vi rsed lh<- goud old polli i l nal -. i '? .u! I paj youi di r.'lth money whlch you earni I, and a.lopte.1 lh* n- -.-. one of paylni them with burrowred m.v Mlcawtx-r m H-. Ilnanclal nuthorlt) Thal part) la . ,, ndlna cr< lll bj ih ? ryell I* and bi> ln - bj ih in th. .ii ii i i" s.iiv- the cui rencj prob lem, whli h ii---1 inn. I itlon lhan !?? leave ii alone, Aft*r ri? >u i ind nf y.arn of hoi *l ? ? p. iiiii.nts ihe Democratlc leadera arr -"'I iu -..|ii,iie th* clrcle and nft one' f -if over tbe tton. wall l.v th.- atrapa ..r one'a b ita; tho ?"? s;in Btrlvlng t" pay ilebta wlthoul a u-ti . atlll itrli ln^ to glve money where none haa h i-n earn. I, md dlalrlbute currenci whei there .- ... property to i iL-e f, r It. atlll atrlvlna to ?? ? \ ." to th* ad ..nd to coln and mlnl theorles, and they hav. r.-.lnce.i ihe Natlonal cr< lll ao lhal ih-- Oovernmeni haa to pay "'? t ' cenl lntereat, arhrre the cltlxen ran borroa forSpei cenl Agalnai thal thi Rei.ubll .-.,n part) puti in pracllci the maxlma of "Po?>r Kiehaxd" and thi prlnclplea whlch have made coni rm rcl. ? . : -i and commercial iK-opl. h ii,-h Thla la nol Ihe llme nor l< there occaalon for , ;,,.r The han I of lh* Republlcan > ugln. ? I I on lh* throttle, and the train ean no longer run iwny Th* conductor < m atoo the momentum or aidetrark Ihe cara, bul thi rnglneer wlll nol lel luui ,i, ,.,n ii,. ?i Tl ?? Republlcan Houae of R? prea. nl i iiv.-s la il..- llvlng proteal of the country agalnai .i_r?lj , n i ? ? palr, and ii wlll hold the r irl unl i ,,, |*_g th* t- ief ? mea and the country n! aave.1. Ai the Blege ..i Lucknow a bandful <>r aoldlera arere ;,,.. ,, |,?k. ihelr own llvea and lhal of thelr wlvea and Uttle on. - agalnat ih* hordea of ?ep?y* aboul them The f.."l waa glvlna out. the hunger belt ?aaa drawn .-loser; It aeemed that the day ol reller and aalvatlon would never come. Buddenly th.- k*en ',,,-? of th* Bcotch woman heirl Ihe dlatant Imk nlnea md ahi Bbouted: "blnm ye h.-.ir th* alogan; i is' iiiv.-iick and bla Hlghlandera." "Dlnna \ ,,.,r the aloganT' li came ln tha last electl m an l IITx ? the Republlcana i).<- Houae of RepreeenUtlvea. Kinnna ye h? ir the Bloganf' lt cama from he breaklng of th* Bolld Bouth. "DhSna ye hear Ihe ^.L-ir"" It came rrom Mlaaourl, from Maryland, from T.-in-'--. from Weal Vlnrlnla. "Dlnaa re ...' the aloaanr it la th* marchlna of the army 1,-,-h anaweTed once, "We are comlna., fathe Abraham three hunired thouaand mora, to the ,.'!:'..7 IWJ8 TherT lh* Republlcan "enat* wll ,,, ,,?. ,..,?,,, -..?, Houae, Bnd Ihe Repub ,(,,?-.. wlll rcapond to tha Repuu'.lcan l real f,.,.!; "nd tha country wlll recelva proaperlty. hap plneB* ?nd peac* Mr. Depew araa followed by Oeneral John Me Cullough. who made aome altty raaaar)ta Many ,,r theaadlenee th.-n mei Mr. Deaajaa on theatage, nfter which a receptloa waa glvea to ii'?> at lno Algoniulu Club. MUST GET NEW C0N8ENT8. RKPORTS TO THK RAFID TRANS1T COM .MlSSI'iNKRS. WHAT Mt'PT Bl DfjerB If MATKRIAI. PEVIATION3 AftB MAi.i: li'.HM THB OLO BOirn_ ABOrTMfc The Rapld .nuHilt Commisslon. at Its regular m.etlnu yesterday. recelved nn oplnlon fromVoun ael that threatena t.. Involva the eomailBBlaa in more litlKitloi. ani delay the eonstructlon of the r..a.i. The oplnlon, Btrtpped of its legal verbiaire. is that coaaaat for tha roatea to be traveraed must bt lainad from the proporty-ov.ners and the Supreme I '..ni : Thla is flaade itaoaaaary hy the fact tbat the new routea devlate from thoso laid down by the com tnl ilon ??.. ral yeara Bgo, and to which the prop ? <?? wnera along them 'eonacntad and tke fsupraate ?'ourt . ..ii. urr-d. The eommlssion thouuht that lt would nol be ne >ew_ry agaln to ohtaln ooaaaat, rnraa ii" tbe ie v. routea dld devUU from the formerones.be , .... ,, ,.., | ... : M_ti flrera th- same. and :ii> th- on- along Broadway, that tbe prea? ent eommlssion and tl..- old ..r-1 In f.-.vor of, desplte mom rntary lnclln.itlon? to adopt Klm-st. and t'ol lege Place, Another quaatban that the commisslon Bubmltted t.. tba counael was whether lt would be , _rj> to obtaln conaeuta along nroa.iway ;f..ii if tba t.inn.i araa wtderaad. Cxrunael held that U would be. Still another legal |>oint that tbe counael wera called ut>on to d__ra*taa waa whether, if Bngineer PararM_ra new plan of con Mne tlon was us?-.! on the old route. the consent of tba court and th- prop-rty-owners Was n^resaary. Counael maJntalned thal as the court had the old form of conatructioa In tiew when lt r_ctaented to tbe old route, tba nea plan <.f co_r_ructlaa could not be appli-d to the ol.I route without gainlng ihe eonaent af th.>urt aad propei??> -owaara aftectad. ih.... was oaa crumb of comfort for the Commis and aeveral of ;h.-m tboagbt that they aaw a way oal of the legal rnasa ln it. The coun ?el contended tbat if aa ext4ma*on was t.? be buiit to tbe old route, eoaeenl of prop-rty-owners and the court was ?.nlv neceaaary for th.- ext.-nsion. Tbe counael arrota that if any of the ebangaa con ti mplated by the conuaiB aaa artra not of a raatertaU character, oonaent wauld hardly be naeeaaary, but advlaed tbat tbe line be rary doeely drawa, aad .|tiy changa that materiaily cbangad tba ori*tnai . ild be made with .autlon. A dls usslon en Bued .xh-n th.- stand of COUMal was mad.- known, ? tbe me4Hlng was beblnd Claaad ioors, and r-tarv afterward wouli not go Into netalra, wii.il was said by tba < 'oiumi-.sioii.rs was not ob talnable. Counael had bean Inatructed t<. propara a resoiu tlon wblcb Btavted tba routea that have ahready i. ? i. publlah-.l, and the commisslon was to adopt the reaolutlon. Commlaaloner orr intn.duie.i th*> ittan, nol f..r Immedlata adoptlon, as was ?x !? i.i, but i.t dlacuaaton. Th..- reaolutlon accepted the route up Broadway to Fourtaeatb-at., aad then th- branchlng ..r th<- maln llne lata a Weat .- i. route to th- clty Ibmlta, and th.> Baat bb_b ?.:.!-:. ani Kourth ave., a.s pro po d by ti.- Board of Bxperta. Tben arenl ...i t.> bacorporata the ax ' ib. ... Bl la line, as propoaed by ?'>>m i loner Low al th- laat meeUng, and wblcb bllahi i ..t ih.- time. Tl.- extaaatoa runs up |*arfc ive by tunnel to Nlnety-eightb-at. and then ;. i v vla luct, rontlnuea to th- H irlem i whlch !-< croaae.l b) brldge. an.l tben up '.. . ni.? hundred aihi-forty-slxth-st. lul on w ia l.ii.l over, . i. I i- .-;???-1 will be a lopt. 1 at tha next i * t'ammiaaioner Btarln at tba laat meetlng an I that h. ? ?? i i?.. ix t.i introduee a man D xx ho xx , il I bulid, equlp ar I run th- r.i.| n th .t he r- >de known to th- other II i not have the p.-rsons ready i-'.th ,i k. i that a* tbe ob ' in. 11 .x requlrtng thal all *tone uaed iru tlon of public worka would have Ireawed wlthln Ihe munlclpallty would prove x.ix expenalve, .i reaolutlon be paaaed aakliuj the ,i.it- to repeal tbe law Th it wa i<>n<\ t'ounael to th.- board reported that some forty imendmentfl to tbe Rapld Tranall act had r.iw.i. but aome of th* amendmenta did not ? th* ..iii iv al of Ihe rommtttee. conalatlng of I'ommlBStOner* < >rr. le.w nnl I'ontroller li'e-h. r^.| |o paaa upon their. The atrcridmenta. win h wen not made public wer.- or l.r.-l prtnted. 4 BILUABD CABB ?"'' TB coirt. littorneya Wable and Btona r*aCarday BBoralag un i before Juatlce Ingrabam, <?f tba <*>.urt ?f un i Termtner, t>> argue a wrlt ?f habaaa corpm ? ? *? of U.l.-rt K-nny. a ? in >x. i-i. ...' No '?? Mott-at, who haa baaa - m ia'. laat on a eharga ttina ' ia .'i keeptag hla pl ica of ?. Juati_? Ingrabam annouaced tbat ba , |||<| ri..I h< if tha argumenta untll to-day aad ... tefendant produc i before hlm al tbat ? lt i- underatood that th- MBIard and i?oi n?'ni I intend t> maae a teal caaa of Ken ,,,. . |? ||,.. i.t-t rew weeba aeveral ralds ?. n made upon tha proprtetora of th. ? ra> , wera alhrwed to keep <>pen f.>r yeara wlthoul poliee brterferenee, and OVBCIoa ? ,.,.- from them the most proflt-ble daj in tba week, th y will maka a tntt-r : ,r what rhey term tbelr rlghta A rwore or more of them wei , yeaterda) wben Kannjra was called Although abundaaUy Bbla to furnlah ball. Ki i A '" do ao, wktbug to law to tbe fulleat aataat . ?. A OBOOBBBT Y1BM TB BTBATTB, Wllh.lm * <;r.ef. daalera la r*hlna an1 Klas* a ira al Nba i.m aad l.l_ Hn.adway. ar- rafMrtad in flnaaclal dlfflcultk_ and unable to meet an ex ?i paymenl c mtnK dua ha a few daya Abra? ham Oruber, thelr attoraay, said yeatarday th.it they bad Kivn ehattel raortgagafl f.<r fABTI to caa ntentlai credltora for borrowed money. and that the mortgageea Bra ln poaaeaaloa ol th.. atere. Th? ,; Bttel mortgag. i hava boi baaa r-.orl.d Tbay are la favor of tha following peraaaa: llerman S,...iur.r.ber?. jr , QOBi Mlcbaal H-ricm.in. RO.MO; Charlea <.r.i-f. fARB; .uguata Hermnan. MM; Bo ; i wii'.-im. X.OM; Bmma B. Oraafc H.aB: An l, ? | r.'.ot 1443. Mr. Oruber further said that the :.:?, . b< iln. I tn < ai n froai ibalr r?radltora a year ago, oa whlch they hav. pald M per eaat. hut have i.n o.i.b:.. to carry oul tba other pajrmenta ,,., aecounl of dull Bualneaa, depreclatlon la atock ,.,i tba general aaaaclal aafrri ibIoii. They ear ,. | , ,,;... atock ..r Blgb-prlced gooda, aa walcb the depreclatlon has baaa graat Tbay wara alao affected bj lha large drygoodi atoraa g-ing lata thal llae of bualneaa wherehy the Urm loat a large part ot ;!?? ir trada Th- MaMlttlea ..r- m>w about j., ,,f Whlch 00.000 ta for merchandlaa Bad tba I . ,.?'?- f?r borrowed .Bey. They have reduced ihelr iiabiiities mat.ii.iiv in tba paal few yaara, aa thej have owed bb mgi. aa MU.OBO. The aaaeU eoa .. M.,ck and atcounU, the valufl ->f whlch .?? ? ',, . , l,?4C n Ir-i M. llruber also said tbat ' ri ,,,t. make .. fair -nLinen. vv.lh lh ,,..???,. Hradatreefa reporta su.- iriat tba araa .?, ,?,? haa been ln bualneBB alnce IM4. Hie part ,i.. ll.nry T. Uilh.lm and !? re.lerl.k B. t.iaer. tr'et'a toot away Ihelr rmpltal ratlng -n <?c ?.;!. . s:..i ...... ..n February. ml tbe Brm obtalned an extenalon from credltora r.iniiing ove ? ' ?.k. oavable ln Bva natalmenta, of whi.h three v- be, ' il. I i.v ?hOW4_ al tba tlme they bllities. IT.i.non. _ _^_ BUMJXBSi "F TIIF. BOABA OF ALDBBMBM. I'.eM.I-nt l.ioloman called the Ito.rd of AM-rmen together yeaterday wlth a braad naw aavel and bioch preaented to hlm by Iba mambara. lt was of ebony Btid inounted wlth kuU and aUver and had th. Inacrtptton: "Kr.un tba Board of Aid-imn. to ? prealdenl John Jterolomaa." Thara waa aa pre aenutlon Bpaacb i'..sident Jeroloman araa called outald. in tba aaaa room whBa tba aavvol was uid o.. his daak Wkaa ba returned aad ftraad it he thatik. I the Board Ha aald that ba alwaya hoped ia ni-iit Ibalr rrattam a commualcatHM waa recerred fn.m the Mayor. tccompanled by .... oplnlon fr-.m tba Corporatlon Counael ButsoatMa tba! ?? public beartng ba Klven ,?, ,,,.. queatlon of r*ompelb_a tba F.,u.t.-.uh Btreel , , , ttowa Railroad to kaap a akaltar car at r..ur teenth-t and l-'oarth-av- . an I lo run the cars at mo,- reguUr honrs. Th- repori was referred to the Rallroad t'.immltte-. rhairm.-i c'.cott, of tba Commlttee oa f_Mtaatad Seats reported tkal th.- commlttee baard tba coa . ... a? Thomaa T. Bagaa, Bapubllcan, to unaeat . -man FraMcla J. Untrr. Democrat. and ra port, i ... favi i oi Laatry. Tba rapart waa ___*? ,"\''ny,oli,u'iion''lio remova tba f\to\ JudUnaJ ?'ourt fr,, , n .nnl. " and place li In tha old ?! '? in ' Courthouae. In Clty Hall Park aad re ,, v- ih- Sn'rlff: ..ilic ."'I l'-?" " I" th- aame i, ii.J w i"i tabled. Then tbe Commlttee on Count^AffaTra reported on tha Invaatlgation of tba M arrtaa ? " lureau and the Board goj nto a loag mt , -v over ll Alderman Wara handed in the ma tortty report. idvls.ni; th... the bureau he ..bollsh-d. \ l r.. .... "I.?" handed In a mlnorlty report alvla lnc th.t the kllch.n In the b,,s. m.nt be sa apart .or the bureau The udo.itlon Of hjfl rep.tt was rtttctl down, and tiie majorlty roport waa tabled. INCOME TAX I'ROBLEMS. SOME THINGS WHICH PUZZLE PEOPLE WHO MUST PAY. Pf_BBTT or work for internal BBfBBOB rX>I__BCTOBa BO-UVAN AND OBOBBB ..i-THisriTY. To those who have an Income of $3,500 and tip ward. or whose income cqualled that amount in 1891, tho Internal Revenue follector ia an offlcer/ of great lmportance at this tlme, and the pro ccedlngs in hla offlce are a inatter of curloslty. Of the slx Internal Rovoaae dlstrlcts In this State, ] i-v.i are In New-York and ono in Hrooklyn. The aecond dlstrlct ls the one ln which most of the BErWABD GROSSE. large corporations of this city ar* sltuated. lt emihtaeaa the great buataeoa iisrri-t. an.l its offlce la the one to whlch the New-York merchants and manufacturera would naturaliy look for In formatioft on the subjeet of the In.-ome tax. Th?. eollector for th.- aecond dlstrlct ls John A. Sulllvan. and his offbe la at No. 114 Nassau-st. Be araa born ln Kondout, in 1SI2. and has llved ln New-Vork I'ltv slnce 1M1. He Is well known in the bualneaa communlty. an.l hns been a m.-mber of the Pruduco Kxchange more than twenty years. He was appolnted to the otlice of Internal Revenue Collector by Prealdent Clevalaad, ln 1R8.".. and re tlr.-d when Preatdeat Harrlson came into offlce, bul was raappalntad by PraeMent Cleveiand ln 1>IH. belng one of the two 10 be reappolnted, the oth.-r appolntee belng W. A. Beaob, of Syracuse. A LAROB DKMA.ND i/OB liLANKS. Mr. .Sulllvan was seen at his offlce yesterday, and he BBdd that the blanks for tax reti rns were belng called r.ir In large Quantltlee, but that th? mi. hinery ?.r th? ? tti - araa not yet in perfect workmg order. Th.- offlce belng eentralty Bltuated, an.l people belng undar the liiipiaaalon that a Oovernmarnt offlce, no inaiter wh.-re lt is, ls at the service of the publlc. !s us.-d by manv people who live out of town to gala i. formatlo-i on rlie BUbJect of the tax. and Mr. Snllivan thlnks that many blanks taken frotn his offlce wll!, wh-n Illlexl out, flnally go to Con neetleut, New-Jeraep, and Braoktya coliectors' effleaa Re is perfectly wiuing though. he aaya la ni-.-ornmo.Iate thi- publlc. Th" supply of blanks is good, and the d>-partment at vPaahlngtOO ls keeplng th<- ofllea BUpplled. About L'.OU) blanks have be^n dellvered to eoeporatiaaa aad atwut 1,000 ?o indi Vldtiala Th? tlme for niaklng r.-ttirr.s, Mr Sulli-, van, thlnks, should be extended. "If this w.-r.- done," he sald. "It would facilitate mattera ln our offlce. nnd lt would be a great con ?veniefi.-.. to S.UI1.. corporations. I refer to those whlch hava thelr maln offlces ln Kurope, and who have to BOB 1 l'-ttcrs aero^s the sea weveral tlmes barfOra tho B?OCt status of thelr < onoerns ean be det.-rmltix-l." Mr. Sulllvan has a force of twenty tara depajtlaa anl elerka wlth Davld s. Weadell aa rrrW deputy, anrt has yet raeeTved no addltlonal h.-lp. thOUgh the busln-ss of the offlce wlll be vastly iricreii?e.l PBOBaTJB WHO ASK F00USH QUBflTIOBB. The patlenco of the clerks In the revenue offlces Is sirely trled by people who have not real the l.iw <>r wh.. are una bla to cunstrue ita meanlng. Thu* the iiiifvstlcn araa asked yesterday: "Suppose a man who recelved a taxablo s.ilary last year leavea tho country now, will he have to pay on what h<- t-.irn.-d last year?'' Th<> pollte lnterpreter of the country's law sald: "Y?-<, anl lf he does BOt pay, tbe i>enalt.v wlll be Bdded and the Gov .?ttmient wUl make all OaTorta to coll.-ct." Then the <iui-stion came up as |o what atatement a iruxri should make whose wlf.- ha.s an income In dapendenl of I.ls and who wlll no: or does not te|| her huslxuid wh.it that. income amounta to? "The JOHN A. SI'I.T.IVA.x'. 1 nf prwvideaM araa the answer. "that a man shall make ret.irn on his own. his wlfe's and his mlnor chlldroa'B lncomea.w "Hut how c.in a nign make a truthful atatement M to his wlfe's income if she wlll not tell him what ll ls"" "The wtae m.-n who fmmed the law. was the .in-iw.r. "asst.med that men and thelr wivea lived ln banaoay. i"1'1 tnat ?**?*- wo-ld mako tru? s,a,r" menta ao thal th.-ir haaaaada would not unknow tiiK'y aaarjure tliimaalvao" MYSTlKlKli Bl THB QUBflTIOBB, DOpaty Wendell aald that m.iny who came to the otWro were anxlous tO make perfectly proper and truthful reporta but they were aaivtlflad hy the oueatlona, and to Ihes.- people the clerks pald the cloaeal atteatJoai nni Baade dear the patata which ?aemed myaterfcaaa aad amMenaoua The subjeet of ?tocka and thelr value has also glven rlso to many HUHtlOttJ Shall they bo taken nt the prlce pald for them OT at Ihelr markot value? The men at the K.vei.ue Offlce, are Incllned tO belleve that whon B man maheo an Inventory of his effect* atocka should be taken nt the market value. and lf that |a abOVB the amount pald far them. they ahow a luotit. lf they have deproeletad in vahaa a laaa u fhoin. IB Bll eaaaa where Ihe loe.l offlce, are un uble to glve deflniU Infoni.atlon on the polnt* whlch ;;!,!?,; 3 dOUbte eOBBtT-CtlOB. the Departmenl at Washlngton ls BPPealOd to. IMPOBTANCB 0? THK TBtBD MflTBICT. The Thlrd internal BOVOBaa Dlstrlct is one of the moBt ln.port.int bl the Unlted Statea Inaa , .s .,. ? i.y Of the largest taxpayera llve w'l1; .., Its Ill i - The ofllcc. Ot the collector for 1 r,c a e ln the Oerman flavlnga Kank ?,S Ihe south.-ast ,-orncr of Kourteenth 1 V, i.M.,r?.,-ave. The offlce Is baml.ke ln ap not over-cleaii. an.l no one on enterlng u'wouid'suPPoae thal through It must go the in tax of New-York'a wealtl.iest re.ldcnta. Among th- algna and notlr-ea on the wall there :?1 reading: "Kn.l.ah spoken here." but they would aot ha entir.iy out of plaee, for the offlce la undoubtedly one of the "plums" glven to the Oerman element ln the Democratlc party. an.l many of the employea sp.ak E-gBBh poorly. The oearroo of Inlolliajanea of the aaaployaa in the offlce may be glamcd frOBB the fact that two of them, wh> ii aehod hy a Trlb-Bo reportor, could not tell th.- aame of the ohlet deputy. Bdward Orosse Is the Itevetmo COlMCtOT for the Thlrd Dlatrlct. He was born ln Oermany ln lSWi, aml was the prlvate secretary of the zoologlal and aiithor, Dr. Alfr.-I Brehm, and was wlth him ln Hambiii'K and Ib-rlln? Mr. Orosse oame to the t'nlted States In lv.iH and booamo a wrlter for varlous Oerman perlo.ll.-ala. He waa eonnected with the "Oeetiiche Post," "New-Yorker Presae," and the "Staata-Zc-ltung." Whlle Uolng newspuper work he studled law and was B?B_tta?jBJtfBJg ln 1878. He re preaented tba x.th ,^heSi.i intro trlct ln the .State I^glalatura ln m>***\*ST duced the I'lve-cent Fare blll. n lBf7J;****L*X1 lowa appolnted him as one of hla ************ tM District-Attorne.i offlce. wblcb pbwaMMM tm Mr. Nlcoll took cbarge. I'resident < leye an<ia.j> polnted hlm Internnl Revenue Collector la lW*. THE WORK OF THK OWWKM. Alfred .1. Sparks. Mr. Ordsse'a chlef deputy, aald yesterday that returns were belng ma Ie aa rapldly as the offlce could take care of them. The force, whlch conais's of thirty-eight deputles. clerka and aaaaaaaajara, haa been Increased by the addltlon or three deputles hut more help wlll ba raqjlYod IB handle rhe business. The offlce has an abu******* blanks, ani theae are belns rapidty dlBttlbB|aB. Ab.ut 2CH. returns have be-n rec-lve I at tBBjomea, and between 1?M BBd I.BM blanks nave been aent out Mr. Sparks said that ther- seemed to be a general dlsposltlon on the part of tne people to get Vhe blanks and to comply with the reo.ulrementa of ^Mr^Orosse waa aeen In hls offlce. whlch. llke the other offlccs of the Thlrd Internal KevaBtBa.H__ tri.t. is poorly furalBbad, aad.araaawa_ad_cMag wlth brew ry advertisements. He said that many of the blanks went into the handa of counael. "..ur dlatrk-t is one of the wealthiest in the coun? try. and some of the largeat taxpaycrs wl 1 maka .her nivments here. Our force is entlre.y inade quate PanT I could ca-lly employ thlrty or thlrtj flve additionai men. It would surprlse moat people i? ?,' how ( ? men are pOBted on the lncome tax aad%afa__?wK ^^>" ??Sffi BcS it which flhow that they have never real n. Borna men whooccupy good ataadlag la the buslneea world Zndlara well Veraed ln most matters are entlrely __or__ le to th- lncome tax. and we hav- to spend rnuchtlm- in makinij its provisions and require menta clear to them.' MORE QUKER INQI'IRIES. Mr. Grosse has the same experiences at hla offlea as Mr. Sulllvan has at the Second lJlstrict offlea Ba was asked yesterday by ? man who ls the trustee for an eataf--: "When I. aa trustee for an aattUa, collect money daa the estate and pay a lax on that lncome. must the beneflciary *?VL***F The man who put the .piestlon araa told that the uuestton had already been subtr.ltted to the au? thorltles jn Washlngion ani an answer waa ex P*Yhen came a man who asked: "How about what I . ontrlbute to rharlty funda? May I deduct that?'' There aeemed to l.e uo doubt on thal polnt. for he " aa promptly told, ' No." The questl.n as to how a man can report tne? In.ome of his wlf?, wllh whom he haa not I'ved for the last llve years. was another poser. wnicn wlll he answered when Mr. Or ii/se recelvea a reply from Waabtugton to a lettar fecantly aent tUere in Whlcn he aatta: "What shall be dona l_Ta caaa whara a man la kept in Igworaaoa of hla wife's incom. ? This Is tba caaa of Mra. Hetiy Oreen. whoae huaband Uvea ... this city. but who herseLf roams about the country to avold paylng **__"*? rjTOBBB BBB_ aatisfled that Mrs. Green'a In eome tax will be collected. "Sh.- .annot escapa 't " he said "as one can the tax on personal property, because ll matters not where she goea in this country. she wlll be llable. REPAIRS AND PERMANENT IMI'KOVEMENTS. Another flne polnt is made as to where to draw the line betwe-n "repairs" and "permanent Improve ments" to real estate. Money pald for repairs can ba deducted, but money pald for [ermatient Im provements cannot. and in casea where there la B dlspute, the hlKher authorltles must deelde. A letter was reoently sent to Washlnn-ton. ln whlch the questlon vas asked: "? an exp -maaa for re? pairs to real estate. .,. .-upied ani owned by tho taxpayer. and on Wbich he returned no InOOBaa be Seductedr No ans.v-r has baaa racMvad, but Mr. Oroaaa tMnks "the expenses" .annot be de A?U persons who apply for blanks at the Thlrd Dtatrlct offlea ara requited to laave thelr natnes and alilmaaiB Thu aavea blaaka aad labor. and win prevent Hend.nit a deputy to the taxpayer If he should not make his returns In the proper tlme. Mr Oroaaa also thlnks that the tlme for making returns should be extended. The blanks were la Bued a month later than they -vere '.romised. and the tlme for tilllPK them out should be extended, he thlnks, at leaal ona month, and that better results would be rea.h-.l if that courae were taken. Th.re seems to be some .loubt as to whether returns must be mad- ln person or whether they may be forward.-d by mall. (ollector hulll van when asked hi.4 oplnlon. said that the Instruc-. tions arere claar on thut polnt. and that a return sworn to before an oftieer havlng a aeal-a notary public or commlssloner of de-.N--mmhr b- sent io the Collector, and the taxpayer need not ap Pi'ar. _m_ DR. M'GLYNS'S FRIESDS ST1RRED UP. THKV OIME.-T THAT FATIIF.R iVjI.TOX BMOOLB QBT TB- I'KKI-IT F<>K 1'I.K.MtlNi OBT THK PKirr ON ST. STKfHF.VU. A letter from Cardln.il I.edorhowskl to Arch blshop lorrigan has drawn a protest from the frlenda of I?r. McC.lynn in connectlon wlth the honora ahowered on Fnther t'olton. of St. Stephen's, for hls successful clearlng away of the church debt. Dr. McOlynn'a friends have looked upon the celebration of St. Stephen's consecra tlon aa an Intende.l sliRht on the doctor at the moment of hls return to the dloc^se. The letter from the 1'nfect of the Propaganda conflrms them in their op:nion. It was aent in reply to a letter from Archblshop Corrigan lnforming the Cardlna! of the cominK cons-vtation of sst. Stephen's. The Cardinal 1'refeet aald: "Among those speclally worthy of pralse ls the K. v. Cbarkrfl t'olton. who assumed the rectorshlp of St. Stephen'" Church when It was In a very bad condition. physlcally and morally, and strug ||ed couraiteottsly agataM the gravest difflcultlea until he overcame them all." The custom of notifylng the Prefect of the Propa? ganda that a church has paM olt all Its debts la not at all comtnon; debt-paying is done too often to ba of special lnterest to outsiders. When St. OabrlaTa was caavaacratad laal iraar no one sent anv aatlrt ta IU?aa, although lt was the church of the VU-ar-Oeneral, say 1'r. .M.C.lynn's frlenda. They have uttered a protest agalaal the state ment that St. Stephen's pat-b w is in a had con? dition morally when I >r. McOlynn retired from It. Thla prot.'st has been made through one of the rtttaian Catbotlc papara of tbe city. 'r4.th? narlah was ln a had condition morally wh-n lather Colton took charge, th.-y declaxe that the Maaaa imi*t be charsei to th- authorltles. who sct the Dlace ln a not l.v th. ir lllegal aad unjust treat ni.nt <>f Ur McGlyna L'p to tbat Uaaa lt ha.1 be.n a moiel parish in every way; as popular with tho rlch as wilh tne poor, with a pious an.l devotad people. The church buildlnga w.-re tn flne condition. and In the same condition. with the exception of a cleaned facada aad new wmdowa, as they were on the d.iv of conaecratloa laal I)e cetnb.r. Ktnan.iallv, the parish was borjmlng at Kather M.i'.lynn's departure. He had aalaraaa and decOfated the church. and ln the thre- y.ara iniMi.ii.it.lv precedlng bla r. mov.il he BMN tlSO 00 of the debt. a feat whlch had never been performed befor- or slnce in the dipcese. All this bealdaa runnlng tba aehool an.l paylng tne C IrTaddlUon It la polnted out that Father Colton pald off some of tbe debt with money .^4*1 from the sale of church proparty on 8 ater. lal? and and ln Fordham-property aaaarad Ibr m. McOlynn. The wbdo business conr.ected w tri the i..nsecratlon of St. BtepheBB ls rtenounced i contlnuatlon of a atrlfe aijapowaila ***?. aiaatl ? ________ HU ?&?2$3"tS .. ;;,._.iv trvine to foriret the injunes of the restlng nui*;tl>. 'r>'.if? i hj ^ b( Kft K_ . ir fulT of ins nuat.ons Bgalflil hlm he : and. eatrain, dirrl."lt. He I. w.ltlng to re^elve vew Vork parNh whlch was promlsed hlm ln :l ... / tx .he .-"hbishop. Untll he ia aettled Tn th^c.ty he" Is'determlneVl to endure shghta and minor tojaatiaat._m_ TO FFFA1R TIIE MAOKAT-BBBWBTt CABLB. The Commerc!?! Cable Company's repalr ste.mer. the Mackay-Mennett. ls on Ita way to thla port to repalr the New-York Harbor end of the cable which runs from t'oney lsland to Pl?r A. The cable haa been Injured Oaf Robhlns Keef HgM. lt is belleved bv the offlcers of the company that some ateamer wbich rlraaaad its ?nch..r tn the receat atorm muat have hooked the b'n wire. The bre.ik doea not ln _??ru; : the messaites sent hv the company, xa an underground cable was lald last summer from Coney leland. and ov.-r the Brooklyn Brldga, for uso ln case of accldent to the lexular cable. ? ? -?? GOOD WORK BOBB RT A WORTHY CHAR1TT. The Itoard of Dlreetora of the New-York Oph thalmic Hoapltal, Twenty-thlrd-st. and Thlrd-ava, hel.l Its regular nnnthly ni.'etlnK' last nlght, when the followin,. facts were shown by the report*: Dur? lng the month slnce the last meetlng of the board 7SS new patients were treated. wlth an awrage at tendance dally of 171. and 4,4w prescrlpti.jnB werf> dlapanaad. A thoroiiKh revlslon of the bylawa naa baaa made, and a more strlct attentlon Ihan ever Is belng given to every portlon of the work and the rnanagament. The lnstltutlon dependa entlrely upon voluntary itifts for its sup|>ort. .4 JiOf.vr SISAl HOSPITAL StFYTlSO. The patrons and membera of the Mount Slnal Hoa? pltal. l..x:ngton-ave. and _?, BlBliBt. anaT^BBBBJ thelr annual meetlng at H a. m. on Bunday M tho dlspensary bulldlng, No. 149 Eaat Slxty-^venth-et, V prealdent I* tl BB elected in place ******* Hlum. a vlce-presldent la ptaea * l**9 Xg** nnd a treaaurer n place of B. Aalel. bive aire. .ora a?e to ba ohoBen to serve four yeara and wo to serve a year. Heveral axm-nd _enta w the UyUWB ara to be voted on.