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ABBEY'S THEATRE !l Lectur? S:1B Mme EsAS-Oeae, ACADKM1 OF ML'SIC s IS Rory of th? HI1L am1 'i .' ART i;.\i.i.i;itn> ??? a t? <? i; i'- ?a?Ea hlblt AMERICAN TllEAThE g?The Ol '? ?' 1TLANTIC OARDEN. ?D tu Ol Bowerj -E\enms-Con 11 it .in 1 Y.ui'l.". .11". dUOl TIIKATKK ?:IB Madeleine BROAI'WAT THEATRE S?Maw. Bane-Oeaa, "a:-i.\vi si:, \...,, irvjlle. -.ii.imiu a iiii.ATiM. s:l9 Th? PImml DALY'S THEATRE s 18 Tha Two Qentlemen at Vsrsaa. EDKN MUSEE y Vsn?evllle. I'.V;" . .'. s ;; : . '? FIFTH . \ N?: THEATRE g:M His Wife's Father. OARPEN THEATRE >:18 Ultle Clirtsttaaaer. IIA ft LEU OPERA HOt'SE 8:18 Grand Vlaler, HERALD SQl'ARE THEATRE 8:18 Rob Rey. i. lYT'S THEATRE 8-Ml The Foundling. IRVING PLACE THEATRE 8:13 Ohne Qeleut H .\ BlAL'fl v ?"?" Vanas Ml . i<n*OLITAN OPERA HOUSE 8 Tannhaua LYt El M THEATRE B'Jaj The Case of Rebel lioua Sussa. PALM?R'S THEATRE ? The Fatal Card PAST? 'i. -- 1 8 Va sWrUle. i IILH ?HM< ?NIC SOCIE1 i 1 I act rt. 1 i: CTOR'a IS a. m to 10:.'t(? p. m.-Vaudeville. gTANDARO THEATRE 8:88 Too Math Johasoa, BTAB THEATRE 8:18 The OM il mestead, ;..".:; ITH ?VE, 8a ? to 4:80 p. in Tlie Tiffany ? hi pel. iJnoc? to ^Vbpcrtiscinfnto. I'Ht-" ? ' .II announ. ? n enti 18 Uankei-a an ! Hr?ker? 11 Hunk Keporm .ll I - i Ko ans. ... ?? - N tices. ... 'l 01 ,i... t..I Notli es.Il ikina .- '?' I meailc Slluattona Wanted . '?? European Ad\ la. 8 Financial .11 : i- . ? ?.'.'? I .'.' Ilorse* ..- . lintels . ? " Oioinrss Notices. TRIBUNE fERMS TO MAIL SUBSCRIBERS. Sinsle 1 \ ear r, moa. ? mes. 1 mo. c pv. r-ii. T days a week _? !'? 00 18 00 82 30 $1 ?v> ..... I , arm it Sunday.... K "" i 00 2"" f'? Set?. Sunday Tribune. 2?ii loo U ... Beta. Weekly Tribune. 1 '?? .Seta Sei Week!) Tribuna. 200 .:?. eta Tribune M nthlj . 200 .25 eta. P stag? prepaid lo Tha Tribuna except n*. hereinafter CITY l'o.-T.\i;?: Tie law re-lire? that a 1-cenl ["??ac? ?tamp b? afflaed to every copy nf th? Dally, Sunday ?r Semi-Weekly Tribune mailed for local deliver! m Ntrw v ik City Thla poetaga mus: ba paid by sub tie! Ri |< v i,-.. better served by buying Hieb ? ? '? at -i m wrdealer fOBKlON POSTAGE To all foreign rountrle? (except ind Mexli i 4 renta ? pj on The Sunday Tribune; 2 i-ent? a ropy on Dally, Semi-Weekly and Weekly. Thla P"?t:ise must be paid by subscriber, REV1TTAN? 'ES Remit bj Postal Order, Express Order, Check. I'raft. or Registered Lett?! fash <t Post i Kote, if teat m an unregistered letter, will ba al the nwn? r'a risk OfTICES OF THE TRIBI'KE.- Main office of The Trib? une, J.-.4 Naasau-at., New-York. Main uptown office. 1 ?42 Broadway. Address all corn ponnenc? simply "The Tribune ?? \. a y rk. At the HARLEM OFFICES 1<>o Hast One-handred-and rwentr-flftb-M 248 Weal nne-hundred-an.1-twenty-flftb st.. and 830 West cin hundred-and-forty-flfth-et., up to 8 p. m.. at reaular office rates, European Brandi ( ? ?h ? rtisen-.enti onlv. 7.V fleet ct-ee.. r C, L a 1 n Enal BROOKLYN OFFICES, ::'.'" Fnitnn m . 1,152 Myrtle-ave., ?a CMrt-st, fAi r>?. Kult-UV . ',?.'?" >'? " ' I nv?. ZW^'UorkDirilti Qttihwe FOUNDED BY HORACE GRZSLEY. FRIDAY, MARCH \ 188?. TWELVE PAGES. lUh NEB'S THIS MOENINti F 'reipn.?The AUsg defeated the Britannia in a race at Cannes. = ll Is rt port! 1 thai Spain will request the recall of Consul-Oeneral Will? iam?, at Havana. = A steamer bearing pro? visions fnim Boston and Halifax arrived nt St. John's, N. F. , The Behring Sea sealers' elalnag were discussed in tlie House of Commons. SJ-: The Hur de N.'ailles is d.-.id. Domestic.?The Police Justice? bill will he re? ported favorably to-day In the Aaaerably nt Al? bany; th" T-iiin Pre ese d Stone hill was ad vanced lo third reading in the Assembly-; Th '"?is C. Platt h?.- caused to be "hung up" Ihe Committee of Seventy'? Board of Education hill. : Governor Werts, of New-Jersey, v. : l the Voorheoe Elective Judiciary hill. ~~? The ? >na ? f Frede.ick Douglass denied ;!)?? report that they wmiid contest the will of their father. : Argument on the constitutionality of th? Income tag wai begun before the United States Supn mo Court. t'ity and Suburban, Th" Inbound North Ger? man Lloyd steamer Havel ran hard and fast HKi?iund in Q<rdney's Channel; effi rti : .1 it her at hiis'h. tide irnvi-l unsuccessful, Grave charpes of misappropriation of funds were made ?Kaltist the Rev w. .\. Newbold, th<- lepoeed a retary ?t th.- American Churi-h Missionary Society. . : Mayor Strong appointed Janus u. ShefflfKl Fire Commlssl tier in th.- place of An? thony Etckhoff. ???? The chamber of C ?mmerce formulated plans to help promote reform cur? rency legislation by the next C>>nKn-ss. ??r S'igar stocks led the market, and prices closed hifrhf-r. The Weather.?Forecast for to-day: Licht ralas, probably clearing durhiz tlM day; sliRhtly warmer; winds shifting to southwest Tempera? ture yesterday: lowest, 35 degrees; highest, 4"; average, zrj\. Mayor BtrODg has done wtll not to ?hday tha rt'iii'iv.'il of rire Coinmissioiicr Anthony Kick gtoff, whoae place was tilitii yraterday l?y th*? gppolntmeni of n Aasemblymao James R sin f fnld. Eltckkoff is a man with g much loss un s,ivory record than Scanneil, bal his unfltness for tho ottict? is shown l?y his wllllngness to gtsrre ?>n :i board of which Scannen was n mem bw, ami l?y his Joining with th?< latter to pre? vi'iit the uncovitiim of crookedness when to honest .iirt'inpt in that direction was made i?y their associate, who fherr?pon Bummarily ro slgned his iilace. ('oiiiinissi.ii)i.r Sheffield Is a young man who lias shown marked aptitude for jmiilic affairs. i;i the Legislature oi iv?4 h*? mad? an excellent r.ni, ?uni display^ hearty sympathy with reform movements. Precisely that spirt! ?* needed In th? Pire Department now. The Aasembly, we regret to say. failed yester? day to Improve another opportunity to set Itself riL'lit on the ?li'esseil-stone business. The ques? tion ?if tlie nbso.uie repeal of the law of 1894 was again bronghl before it by in amendment offeretl by Mr. Wihls to the pr?sent Tobin bill, which permita pavlng-gt(mes lo i?e col outside of the state, and it was roted down 27 to 85. For the first lime rtarlag the session Speaker Fish descended to tha floor ami took part in a tlebate, bin he jrot on the wrong Side (just as he voted WTOBf on the Freo Pasa bilb. ami sai?l the best thins to do was pimply to amend last yogi's law by passiuc the Tobin bill. The cities chictly affected bv the Dressed BtOOO law ar-' New-York and Brooklyn, but the Ass.-mbly shows no disposition to heed the strong demand which has gone tip from them for the entire re? peal of this enaetmeut. There is a little disagreement between Mayor StroiiR and tlie two ceutlemen who came down (Tom Albany to confer with him on Wodaoaday eveninjr. but the point of difference 1m not a vital OtW. Mr. tastoa gad Mr. Fish understood the Mayor to say that if the power were ci ven htm he would appoint ex-Sectwtary Tmey and n Secretary Falrchlld as poU?ce-ieoiaTng?laatlon earn* BMaatoacrs. Mr. Btrouf says be aterely in?'n tloin .1 IheaO names to indicate tlie type of men he would appoint If lie COUld indure them to serve We belters Ihe Major knows what he said, and that Migara Saxton and Fish did not understand him rightly. laVe mention of QoB pml Tracy an?! Mr Falrehild shows, however, tb-t Mr. BtSJOUg means to intrust this Important .('..; Tase..' I. ."> i. instru? tkia . s ? .. U tares \- Meetings, ll ?? 4 MiiiriHK-es and Ueatha 7 8 i Mlscellan? iua . IS ?'? 8 j i.viiii Steamers.1'? ?> i llanos .11 * 4 propcawla . 8 8 ;; rut.in Notice.It 8 lte?l Ratete.1<? 4-8 6-S Ka !? . I- .S M , .-* I.y Auction.tl fi :. 4 - !? ? ?! Vgen' es. S 5 ;. Speclnl Nolle? s. 7 8 ;; St? amb ?u .n .'. ;; Wlnti ? It i . B 1 Worll Wanted. a m dim- to men in whom the community has full confidence ; sod, further, the [.legislature will make do mistake In giving him the appointing power. -? Evidence has come to light a! Albany of g purpose lo hang up the Educational bill affect ; ?ti-.- this <-;ty which was preps red under tli?v dl . rcction of the Committee of Seventy. This bill | was Introduced by Assemblyman Pavey, but In the Committee "ii Bducatlon yesterday sfter nooii the only yutos lu favor "f reporting Mi?* ?measure were giren by Mr. Pavey, Mr. Percy i ?nui air. Banger Four rural Republicana ami Tobin, ?if Tammany Hull. v<?t?ii in the negative. I The explanation of this action la that Mr. Pavey ' was sealoua In securing the signatures of Sew j York Assemblymen who pledged themselTes to stand by Mayor Strong, and thai he is to be punished by having ins bill kepi tunk or amend i 'i nut of its original shape. The passage of ihi* measure was one of the things demanded by the people at th.- rece?? mass meetings. They insist on reforms In our school system and are deter mined to hare them. Thomas C, Ptatl to the contrary notwithstanding. .-I FEW WORDS TO THE VAJOR, Mr. Mayor! Kindly step out of the turmoil ? j ??f y.nir private office lo tin.mparative secta | sinn of the city Hall st.-ps. The Tribune desires j g word or two with ,v<ni in private. Without Intending to expresa absolute and on ' reserved approval ?.f everything you have done ami said siiico you took office, and with the un? derstanding thai what is said now is not to be i taken ?is oommMting it to blind and unquestlon I in;: stt]i|?.iri <>f your administration In fuiur<\ ? Th?- Tribune wishes to tell you in all frankness j ili.u. in its judgment, the overwhelming major Ity uf the voten ?if this ??ty. including Uiousanda l who did not vote for ynii. believe you aro <l?iln?? uncommonly wefl. Yon have not satisfied every i Ixuly in everything. You did nol expect to, and nobody supposed yon would, if you have made j ! mistakes, yon have done only whal everybody ! (loos who does anything or is anybody, and what you sai.l at the outset you were liable to do. The people who elected you had no Illusions ' :,i k ?ut you. They never for a moment supposed you had wings. Sor ili?l those win? voioii against yon think you had h.'nis and h????fs. They i""k you for a plain business man, of homely common-sense, who said what he mean! and meant whal he -aid; Brat without obstinacy, conciliatory and courteous with..in weakness, wh.> kept faith without wriggling, mel all aorta of honest i->lks on the level and wore in? frills. You have nol disappointed them ( in the whole, they like yon and your way of doing things. The Tribune congratulates you. That was an ? uncommonly good compound word with which yon answered the suggestion before election thai y. .u should ?-.-ill ..n a self-constituted Republican Boas and make terms with him, "Heelmdaui fust." X"t exactly the w->nl which a clergy? man would recommend In repelling temptation or exorcising the evil one, bul a l-"k] une. Quite unambiguous, and every letter <>f it coming from the mouth of an earnest man weighing al leas! a pom I. You did well, Mr, Mayor, in saying it before election A practical politician would have said something unite different before elec? tion and said thai after the election was over and || had ceased to be risky. I' was a whole platform In itself; the shortest nnd mosl dini-t. pointed and comprehensive ever built, n re quired courage t" say it, bul it baa required greater courage, and a steadfastness of purpose and determined will much tn.>r?> admirable 'han the quality of courage to live up to It. This you have ?lune under ireuter pressure than was i ever brought to bear upon any publie officer similarly situated, Y?>u have been nattered and abused, o. axed snd threatened, approacfcsd i?y all possible methods of direction and Indirec? tion, and under it till maintained an even tem? per and equal min<l without being awerved a hair's breadth from the path of duty which you had marked out for yourself. Mr. Mayor, keep ?; up. Outside the whirl and buxx of your daily surroundings, ihe solicitations of serf-seekers, the grumbling of the disappoint? ed and the confused coun* is of rolunteer ad visors, the vast majority of Ihe city's rotera nr< watching you and taking comfort in you. Your answer to nil approaches from Albany l""kim: t,. the arrangement of terms and conditions upon which such legislation as you desire should I?- enacted was straight, businesslike, honest. When you said rou would nol pul yourself In the attitude ?if asking favors in the line ?if legia lation because the [?egislature knew better than you could t.-ll them what legislation the people who elected you desired for the purpose of ef footing municipal reform: that tin- responsibility : belonged lo the Legislature and not to you, and j that i' was your sole function to enforce such I laws as In Hs wisdom It should pass, y ? -11 cut to i the marrow of the whole matter. No Mayor ? within the memory of the presen! generation has done go mui-li !" dignify the <dli?-i-. as will as to define its functions and clear limitations, ??s you have by this simple, olean-cul propos! tion. You sre absolutely right, Mr Mayor. The 134,000 v..t.-rs who pul yon where you are ?I il not elect the Governor or the Legislature \<< ?lis charge your duties ?n- divide responsibility with you. They have a rieht to expect from the t?o? ernor and the Legislature sympathy and support for your administration, and ih?- enactment of each laws ns will aid you In carrying the ea pressed wishes of the people lnt-> effect. They do expect this to be done done, too, In the ful filment "f ?listim t pledges, und not in pursuance of any Had?-, bargain <?r dicker. Keep en, Mr. Mayor, The people are with you. JAPAN, CBINA AM> RUSSIA Tin? captura ?'f New-Chwang by the Japan? ese exciten no surprise, it baa long i>(?-?-n ex pcctid as Inevitable. The Chinese themselves have so regarded it. Two weeks sgo, whin n.-ws of th." fall ?.f We; Hal-Wei reached them, tin- Chinese in Manchuria became utterly dis heartened. Tiny not only abandoned all til tempts at aggression; they gave up preparations fur defence as ?el!. Drilling was stopped. Re ernltlng was changed into deserting. The Vice? roy Liu began a precipitate retreat toward the Great Wall, thinking if he could gel behind ii In would ho safe. Indeed, ai Peking ami i throughout ihe Empire the feeling was much the sain?', that further resistance was useless, Unless Indeed ill?- Oreal Wall prove?! a secure harrier against the Invaders, which all inn the must hidebound Mandarins wer.- inclined to doubt. It was this feeling that finally prompted th?- Pekiiii: Government to send LI Hung Chang to Japan with actual authority to conclude terms of peace. Th?1? Japanese, it will I?? perceived, in?- not making a burried <la>h at Peking. They are marcblng deliberately and resistlessly forward, fully eooquering the country as they go. At least that is what tiny ar- doing in the Man churlas- nrovincea, where the principal campaign is In progress. This fact makes It seen prob i able that they have in mind g prolonged if not a permanent occupation of the country. There Is no reason to suppose they had such an Inten? tion :?t the beginning of th?- war. In fact, tbey l speolli.-ally declared they had not, Uni ih?1 j fatuous stubbornness and doubie-denling ?if | China have prolonged the war Inordinately, and j rivn to the Japanese th" host of n'usons for i larrea lag their cialma to as m Indude the : <-<-ss!<.ii of some mainland territory. Sor does thor?' tsjsra to be ?my valid srgumsni against I their doing so. It is the rule of war. Germany ?lili it. .-it the end <?f her war with France in isTi Prance did II n year or Iwo ago In her attack upon ?ism. England has done II a hon tln?<j Hmos i:u-s;.( makes It her Invariable practice, going to war ggaln gnd ggnin simply for Mi?' sake <>f getting territorial indemnity. w'iiy should not Jgpan do the sime.- <?r. gt any rate, what business has .any of these land grab? bing Powera to objiscl to her < 1 ? ? i t ? ^ a Apparently none of them are Inclined to objeel except Russia, the champion land-grabtxt ..f iliem a!!, s.? far aa Asia Is ronccraid. Russia speaks ?nit bluntly, saying she will nol tolerate th. small, st seizure <<f Chinese soil by Japan, ami that Japan, if si?' attempts such seizure, will have to reckon with Russia as gn armed antagonist n i>. of ?ourse, natural for Rueata to take such an attitude, as the champion of China, since Russia and China are so closely associated with ?ach other, in tace and In po? litical system-, itnt it is not for China's sake Iba! she does so. It is simply lhal she wants to grab Cores and Mongolia herself. What ac count Japan will take of Russia's threats and bullrings remains to be seen. If she dedos them gnd pursues her own unirse, she may have a war with Russia on her banda; and In such a war she might fan- badly. But she would have the moral sympathy of the world, an?l perhaps the physical aid of some rival of the ?zar. T1IK BUILDING DEPARTMENT OS TRIAL The lesson of Buddensick appears to have in en forgotten. A reminder In ih" form of sum,, further sentences to State Prison Is needed to enforce upon contractora and builders the neces? sity of obeying the laws and not sacrificing the lives of people to their carelessness and 1111 scrupulous greed. The preliminary Investigation of the collapse of the Orchard-st. tenement houses on Prtday last reveals a grosa disregard nf life and law which should be severely pun? ished, and which at present does not appear lo be confined to any one person. The sand which was used In the mortar is reported to have been dug from the reliar, and t.. have i.n mixed with loam, s.. that it was little tattler than mud. The walls were built in freezing weather, and when the Icy mortar melted the building fell Of its own ai.rd. OW beams from demolished bulldlngS Were pUl tatO the strtlellire, ?111*1 tlie whole affair was so flimsy that sn observer warned the workmen thai it was not safe and that the building laws were being violated. Two hour? later the structure collapsed, burying five men in the ruins victims m.t nf an acci? dent, but of the deliberate rrhnlnal actions of their fellow men For this slaughter Hi.ntraetor appears di? rectly responsible. But be is by no means alone t.? blame The owner of the building Is also gp parently al fault, and the person who drew the plans and speellicntlpns according to which Ihe work "as done should be called on to explain his share in Ihe work, finally, the Building Department should be held to a strict accounts hillty for allowing the erection of stich a death trap or for a faull which Is quite as great, fall iiiL' to prevent the work being done In an Im proper manner. < ?ti" building Inspector Is si ready under arrest, but responsibility does no! end with him. It ?as the business nf Sup.-rln tendent Brady to know that he had lit subordl nates and t.. keep himself assured that they w.re enforcing ihe lau That is what be holds his office for. and It Is no i tcuse fur him lo i ij thai be has in depend on his Inspectors \ good executive offlc? r h >> suliordln ites ?>n whom he can rely. His discipline and his energy m ate a force which does Its work well and hon? estly. Even Inferior men become pfficlent under proper leadership. A poor office staff argues a p. .or bond. "Don't blame the entire tlepartmen! for the nets of one man" i? the pies of tin? Assistant Superintendent, but In throwing the fault "ti to Ormsby, the suspended luspe? lor, he accuw management of his department, which should 1. ? s.Dducted that Ih? re could be ie> such D< g lect of duty. If the Orchard st building b I nol happened to fall no ntientlon would have he??n called lo Ihe Inspector's shortcomings, nul there is no reason i" suppose iha< he w mid no! hare i:,ii.a allowing unsafe hti klinga lo la? ? ? ? by Ihe sere. Nor Is ll likely thai he stone is careless or dishonest A system which has s place f'.r one such Inspector In all prol?ablllty has places for many mur. And nsldc fr..m the Inspection th?' Building Department appra have been at fault. The plans i?f ihe Orchard st. bouses wer.- gpproved by ihe department, god competent observers hare declare?] that, however faulty Ihe construction ind matei nls may have been, the plan- were more faulty Still. The Coroner's Jury lieglns its investigation Into the deaths of the five men lo-tlay. Here Is an opportunity for Ihe Coroner elected on ihe Reform ticket to show his gbilltj and make a thorough search. This is a case which should be made lo give a warning lo builders. It also gives opportunity for a thorough understanding of the character of the Building Department un der Tammany management Kupcrintendcnl Brady may have the best ..f Intentions, but if he, like other city officials, has fallen Into the habit of allowing wrongdoing t.. go on unchecked un d< r h i m. be should be replaced by somebodj who will be more exacting. Ills nssistsnt :t^k-: "What Interest would he have in employing in .npctenl m?ir.'" But this srgument from mo live will have little weight In Ihe face >.f plain failure t,. do the work expected of him. The department's duty Is to see lhal buildings are properly planned and constructed. If it falls lo do thK It is worse than useless. Tl.nly trat of Mr. Brady's fitness is whal he accomplishes. Palling buildings <h> got bespeak an efficient department. I III: TRANS-SIBERIAN RAILWAY. Prom St. Petersburg to Vladivostock, ihe prin? cipal Russian port on Ihe Paciflc, the distance is ghoul 4,1)00 miles, covering eleven degrees of longitude, gnd it is this Immense and hitherto undeveloped territory which the Trana-Klberlan Rallwaj. now in process of construction, is to span. Plve hundred miles of ihe western sec? tion an?! one hundred ?>f the eastern are slready completed, and the work, though much delayed by the condition nf Russian nuanc?e, is steadily proceeding. It is expected lhal it will lie com pleted and fully opened lo commerce In l?OTi. The present Czar, tin-n Cxarowlts, was Its lirst president, and during his Baslern travels a|g nali/.eii the beginning of Ihe work bj (he erec tlon .if a memorial tablet at Vladivo.-toek on June i. 1801, Tl.rlglnal plan contemplated a continuous I Hti?- of rail, 4.'_'i?h miles long, erith branches ! making Its entire length within I fraction ?,f ; .?.<M*i miles. This lias inen repeatedly modified, and the work as now proceeding ?s designer! to take In g series of waterways by lake and river. which will considerably diminish ihe length of rail laid ami the conaequent expense of the en terprise. The Amoor, marking throughout the greater pan of its length the boundary line be tween China and ?Iberia, is ,,?.. of ihe water ways thus m be utilised. The route through Southern Siberia has |.? rfiosen to BVOid not oIll.V Hie detUW forests ,,f U,,. \,,rlh, which cover :ill""s: I.'"??'? territory, but the hostility of the-.,!.:dviii/ed and barbarous tribes inhabit lo? 'hem it is to skin the southern shore ??f Lake Baikal, at the headwaters of Ihe Yenisei, t bod} of water ncrh Inn miles long ami 100 | Wide In its widest pari, and gltuated in a region of much fertility, which will . time doubl lp'- be. a populous and prosperous province. Irkutsk, its cupiial, takes rank with the impar tant rommerclal eitle? "f the Empire. Among its other sotnves ,,f wealth, petroleum In aban dance i< found In 'is vicinity, and it is likely to become an Important point In the pro? duction and distribution "f that commodity. In the southwestern part ?if (Siberia is a region ?>f the black earth, as large as France, of in.-v haustlble fertility and with a favorable rllmate, wli-f.. besides wheat and other grains, tobacco and cotton can be grown. This territory is also t,, ]?? ?ut. r~.-.-t.-d ).y the read, thus opening 'he door i-? Immigration thither and connecting ?i With a market f,.?- its productions Which it has hitherto entirely lacked. On a fertile space of sock magnitude with its kindly climate an Im? mense population could b.?nfortably main talned, and Government aid is given t" Imml granta thither from the famine ?lisn-iets of Russia, where the population exceeda the meana of subsistence l-l.Ouo,o"0 rubles having ben iinis gppropriated in Iflfl?, The road is one of the greatest and most use. ful enterprises ever attempted by any union, and will brine Into relation with the world's commerce a territory larger than Europe and of practically unlimited capacities of oconpancy and production, if itussiti under her new ruler sieeis ?lilt ..f European compllcntlona and wars, expending her substance rath?!- upon this majestic Intercontinental highway, it will be the b.-tti-r f.,r lui', and crown her Caar with a circlet of renown muro radiant than that of many victories. noil) EXPORTS .l.v/i FORE 10S TI!ADE The extent ?-f ?me change effected by the operations of the bund syndicate will best be appreciated by ih- following comparison, show? ing exports from New York <<f gold and ->f silver separately from January 1 to Kebruary -. In? clusive, practically the month of January, and from February :i to March -, Inclusive, prac tlcally lie' month "f February: c, ,11 Silver. January .IW.53.9Wi $H.8;;.sst February . Mitel 2, ZU, 703 Tl.utgo "f gold has been completely arreat cd f"i" the time, and when ?m?.nsldera what snother loss of $20.000,1)00 in a month would , have meant, there is certainly rouse for thank fulness and encouragement. While this does nol aber the fact that the same results might have b.-.ii attained far more cheaply, there is no rea? son for Ignoring their value. Hut th" specie moremoni la not the only one that n.la watch? ing, and the exports and Importa of merchandise under th- new tariff, ami especially tin- new duti-s which w.-nt in'.i pffeel January 1, ar?1 Important. The figures for Sew York have been: T ital m.; rti Total ex| .-.-, IBM fanuary -V ? ? ? ? gls.i?S9.14S ??.??. 1.3 : t?.l?.810 I9.0M ..:::;?: 03 KM J&.V6.H? ?)? ur a? eki Five en ? '*?' The Imports average per week a little larger ?ti January than In February this year, owing to hasty entries under the new duties, and aver nK, : .i little simillor i isi y< ir The export fig ures represent f"ur weeks for January this year against flv< wwks for February, ami fur both i. :;- i little less for Kebruary; but these differ mpiirtant. it i- much more In i ?? that imiH'rts of dry good? In live wet ks of Januarj v'"" ^ !??"?'?' >? -1 "-". against $M.97rt.?Wo au Increase .f .?>.?>.". :>_': nml In four weeks of Ketirimry ll4.iaVi.477 this year, against 18, .?'..'..'..i'?; an tie ;?? i-" of .*."..71??.:>" which ?v f . i inri of the ' ease In im I dftitb ihr it. ii ? m n" nf goods under i 'im try l has Ih en Un ge ? Industries >?( aiutry and the balance "f trade Th. fur New-York al?n*?, bul Importa at all ports In January were |lA,01tMnt! larger than 1 ?1 mr. and while tl.nV'.til figeVCS for Kebruary ar?- nol yet out, tho Increase wag pr?>t> gblj ni'.re than lio.issi.oofl On the other hand, ? ;,,. exports .c ill rs?|nts in January decreased < i..".77.111. relstlrol) much more man at Sew Vork, and a furthor deivea.f large at.inl la expected for I'-1'ni in The ngur<"s In llcate that In Kebruary there g is nul much excess "f exports, against lid, i:,'i ?_?:;; last year, while In January the exports were m:i sihi.i??? larger than imports, agntnsl .-: i ,?.ii??i ?is- >. n in the two months, In ?toad -.f nn excess of exports over Imimrts ling -. >.'." iHNi iHni test >.ir. we probsldy have ii"t far from $l.*i,ta?>,Oiai tins year Su.-ii changes continued ttioau an Inevitable and large . \. -. -s of Import? in March h ml every sis ??< ?-i lug month until SepteralH r .-r llctober. Kor this .x,.?, of Imports, aie! also for Ihe Interest due ithniad, undervaluations and balance of freight money, elthi r s|ie? ..? neis- _-.,, ,..- ?ecuritles mus? li- placed al.f.-.nl In excess of securities s.-nt here i'\ foreigners ih- exteoi of this balance due abi >sd maj ls> ludged from |utsl experience. lu ihe iwelve years from Kebruary I, 187?, lo Kebruary 1, 1801, ihe lotal exci as of merchandise ?ind s?.,.- exports over Imports amounted lo .?l.iv. iiv| use un average of .vi\7.'.? ?.???> yearly. Bui sin p Kebruary I, 1*01, when ihe effects of populist victories ami legislatures at the Weal and I ?. ni".iatic victories throughout the coun? try liegan to i"- fell In withdrawals of foreign m|iltal, th- execs? of merchandise and s|iccle exports ?iv-r Imports, In f<?ut- years ending with Junttary, I80T?, has been I780,0?!.011 an nvcr gge of ."?""-1 ? ?r..< n m ?.i m m ? yearly. Evidently ihe normal balance payable abroad i-i.-h year on account ..(' Interest "ii debt, under nilualions and freight money, is fairly rcpre sented by Ihe average for twelve years tieforr Ihe large withdrawals ol foreign capital began early In IWI, namely, |08,7r?0.ig)0 yearly. At thai rate ihe excess of exports during the las! four .VUS Would hive been S:'.!?.*i,tHMI,IHNI, ;|||i| has been I7HO.000.000, indicating a withdrawal ..f $3^000,000 ?.f foreign capital In four years The \ ii.il question, upon which Ihe future pros. I.iiiiy of the country greatlj depends, is whether thai withdrawal will stop or continue. Bui it' the new tariff is in ?give us. Instead <-f an excess ?.f exports, a in-ivy excess ..f merchandise im poris, it will be -di the more difficult in any event lo avoid a heavy i"ss .,f gold, which no borrowing whatever can meet. With every en courggemeni for the present, it therefor? re? main? tru?-, as Republicans have maintained, thai ultimate prosperity dependa upon the Na? tional policy as io l-'io, Trade and Poputtstlc Dotions, i REDUCED DEMAND, The price of Australian wool h.is averaged a Huh lower at l...udon ihe last year than In any previous year of which we have record. This is nut because, bul In gpite ><(. the removal of duties by the United Mates, although the pros pe,i ,,f ,i new ?',,1 greater market here may have Impelled Australian growers to increase then pr.uiiicii.iti wh.-n. sftef ihe trying experi? ence of some years, they might otherwise have reduced It. The d?pression In this as in sumo other farm products is not exclusively ?hi?' i?. excessive pro Auction, nor yet to the situation created here by the tariff, There is ?gore wool in the world than is want,,!, ?is there is more wheat and mu.- cotton, but in pin because the consump ti-Ul Of products ill this Country has been cheeked. || ?s Will to I? member tiltil the I'lliteil states ni.,n... hj a consumption ranging In differ ??m ariieii , from an eighth lo a third of the entire consumption of the world, hav an ex <?<?ption.il power t., affect prices by ? relatively small increase or decrease In its enormous de main! If tins country slops a third of Its eon sumption of pic iron, which Is about whit It has done for some lime, more thm a tenth of tue consumption lu the whole world is stopped, and there Is apt to be a glut in many markets. Bo when about a third of the woollen manufact? ure ceased for the year, while no rorreipoodlni Increase ucear rod In importations <?f ?nods fr??m other countries, the shrlnkaiic in the world's consumption of wool was sufficient t?> crowd Australian to th?> lowest average ever known, glthOUgfa Hie production ??f all colonial wool had been scarcely greater the last year than in 1803. British journals comment upon tills shrinkage of the American demand as if it srere some? thing entirely Independent of the tariff pollry which they so zealously favor. Americans have been compelled lo learn by most unwelcome ex? perience that depression of prices to meet for? eign competition cuts off production and doses many works hep-; that it forces other works to reduce wages largely; that the denial ?>f em? ployment and th" reduction <>f wages cut down greatly Ihe purchasing power ?>t the people, gnd that this decrease in purchasing power makes Inevitable a decrease In the consumption of the products of other Industries. Some suffer more than others, but not .mo thin? can be mentioned which does not sufTer reriOUSty when the pur? chasing power of the greatest consuming Na? tion on earth is materially diminished. That the same cause affects the demand for cotton goods, and consequently for cottons, la obvious, glthough statisticians have not found satisfactory evidence thus far that the consump? tion of wheat has been in like manner affected. In truth, they have Ron?' on assuming, without I any Investigation, thai ihe quantify of wheat consumed per CaTptta In this and other countries has been just the sain?*, In good years and bod. it is probable thai ?his Is a mistake. Bui the | figures <?f production are so untrustworthy that it ?s not possible to substitute definite estimates I for vague conjectures as to the decrease in quan- I tlty taken for food. It seems intrinsically prob- i able that, win n multitudes are out of employ nient and cutting down expenses as far as pos slide, while other multitudes are facing the l<?w est wages they have known for many years, there should be some decrease in consumption of (lour, as in the consumption of woollens and cottons anil Iron l'an of the depression in prices here. an?l part ?if the consequent depres? sion which is so disastrous to British fanners, result from the prostration of Industries which the adoption of a British tariff policy has caused in this country, C tigress was a constant menace to business. That menace has vanished and business ought t . r. rive. Th? company which proposes f? put a bridge over the Hudson River "tear Rlxty-nlnth-st, has adopted an impressive plan. Next will com** the stupendous task 'if raisin? the necessary capital - a task apparently. In these titles, of well-nigh '.nsijp.-ribte difficulty. ? ? ? The buildings strike la this city Is f<. 'iish an 1 ill-advised, it Interferes serious!) with the re v'val nf building operations on a great s ale ami with th- restoration of prosperlt) in the metr p "' - The men who are responsible f.r !? ire e mmlttlng s grievous crime against th?. com? munity. The tro.l.y men In Brooklyn were com pelh I lo gfork .'?n excessive number of hours, w.-re Ill-paid and wer? badly trente,i in many grays Th? strikers in tris city ar- nol om? polled t i work an unreasonable nt mher of hours, and they receive generous wage* [| is depi .r thal theae men should Psc-n to the sdvlce ?' nrlld and reckless lesders who are ?! Ing all t!'.\ ari ti rn'.n b t'a th.- men gnd their em? i ??? ? ?- :-i order to satisfy their own relflsh ob? j. t.t. -??? Every heart should grow lighter and every hope ah lUld brighten, now that Congress is out "f the way. ?-? The anthracite coal combination finds bank? rupt Reading a cumbrous and awkward associ? ate t i deal with Prices of roal must Inevitably ! take n big slump at an esrlj day, Welcome i . ., i n>'\\ s f.ir all c insumers. ?? The New York. New Haven and Hartford Rail? ?\ ?iis the unlimited effrontery t" ask the ' il legislature t. refus.- charters to electric railroads which may seek to r?mpete with the Consolidated system tfeekneea hu? ind regard for th" public welfare were si ways conspicuously lacking In the management ? ?? Sea Vi.rk. Kew-Haven and Hartford Rail i ad. ? Th.- Trillin., is opposed to the pensioning of public School t. :i''l>ers. [| ooea tint look i r. them as standing m the ?am, reunion t > th- . munlty as policemen and Bremen. I' believes ::i paying teichers fait wages, to that they can put by something for their old age Bui it teeg n i objection to i >achera voluntarily tnxing tliem? selves in ? rder to provide a penal n fund for the superann lat? d ?f theyehooas t.. do so. a pension scheme of this kind f-r th.- teachers nf Brooklyn is n w under consideration, it is prop ?sed tha* the Board of Education should he the tru*?,-,. of th- penstqs fund. As this is B strictly private matter, it would seem wiser for the teachers tliemselv.s to manage the - ntlre basin.? s \r , . the plan Is that ail present members >>f the '? ? hing force shall eleci whether or not the) will contribute to tbe pension fund ami be en? titled to share in Its benefits, hut n> su.'h option Is tO be allowed to those who heroine te.li hers hereafter. This s. ems unfair and un.'ust. The ii heme as It Stands is by lO means free from objections, and tlie Hoard .'f Education is doing right in taking plenty of time m consider It. ? Tti" e "intries nf Kur pe continue to pile ",;, debt at an appalling rate. What is t> keep lbs Continent out of the abyss of bankruptcy and repudiation in the twentieth century? Many business tuen are dispirited because tha figures of railroad earnings f.r February of this year do not compare favorably with those of pie',i.ms Pebruariee, Bui the calamity croakers should hear in mini that February, IttS, was stuffed Kith snowstorms and deluged bv , : 1 waves Then ts every reason t,, expect thai the railway earnings In March. April and May will make mutch better showings. ? ? ? The bill to stop sparring exhibitions might to become a law. These exhibitions are invariably coarse and brutal, and only persons <>( crude habits and tough tastes take pleasure In them. ?_ 4? - Pilgrimage Mill exists in Mexico, as the late fatal railway accident revealed. It Is the only transatlantic country in which It has taken root. Smut? of Its shrines have a background of con ! siderahle antiquity, as it Is measured by New ! World standards, going back almost four een | tuiles to the days of Isabella and beyond those ? of Elisabeth. That Is time enough for a multl ' tude of sacred associations to gather round a ! place of worship and to draw pious pilgrims' | footsteps to it from near and far year after year. The loss of life happening to those engaged in a I duty so religious will be a shock to the falthtul i there, as the loss in the Red Sea of a shipload of [ pilgrims on their way to Mecca was a few years I ago to the followers Of the Prophet. Details of the casualty Import, whtts they do not assert. j that the engineer, and perhaps mher train offl I cers. had taken more pi.hpie than was sei down as their share or, the schedules, and In i such oases the pious purposes of th.- passengers ! cannot always protect them from amaster. As the temple of Mecca was shrouded in mourning for the hist devotees who were Journeying to it, this Mexican shrine should also for a season be hung with weeds of memory and penetrated with voices of lamentation. Hantly anyhady knew that such places existed on this side of the ocean. Showing that the social and religious concerns ?if th?? Mexicans, as weM as their history and trail. tlons, are lc?_ known to us than they ought to be. Two years ago the Democrats came in with 1 uidc?t proelamatory twanging of tin horns and heating of drums, but they go ??ut without any accompanying mus?- or lactinatloa fat :t. 8ur?n a drove of legislative .???sop never batOffS went into retirement in on?? lot; and If they could he rounded up in some ?territorial eorral an?t fed on the tbtetles of their own political principles it might Improve their condition and Clarify their perceptions; but nothing is certain srhasa that sort of animal is concernid. In every country of the globe the firmer Is raising a wall of dieren?. Farm products are too cheap._ PERSONAL In speik.ng of the movement to h.-ive the ?'ate of Connecticut pinchase tit? Putnam "Wolf Den," In the town of 1'omfret, "The Hartford Post" r?. mark?: "No great outlay woull \x Beaded to care for the pr iperty In the future, for it Ut essentlilljr a park already, and .1 few conveniences for visitors is all th.it will ever he needed. Other parts of the State hive long ago b?-.-n favored at many time? th? ?'oat nf buying and Improving grand "Old Put?" '.'Wolf pen." The legislative bill which provide? for Immediate action In this matter I? a commendable one In every respect. I; ought to pass by a unanU moui >/ote. in all probability !? will " .lame? Tyson, th? richest man in Australia, be-?an as ? farm laborer, at $1-' .'?J a month. Joseph II. Klemmer, who ha? Just heen appointed Harbor Master of Philadelphia. Is forty-twi year? of .ige and a ratlve of that city. According to "Kat<? Pi-Id's Washington," Frederick Douglas ass always ready to enioy a good-oatured joke si tas ?peas* of his own rao*. He often laughed over a witticism of Mrs. Kr-d. (irant's at his expense erben they met at th.? <hl i-ago Convention of lS&s. "The convention had bt?n in session several days, and there hai been some balloting the day before," he sal?!, relating the Mory to a frtend. "I eras sitting with Mrs. <j: mt and h*r party wat'-hlng the balloting. To my ?orpine ot.e vote was cast for m<- for PrestdSOt of the L'r.lted States it bad no sooner been saasnaced t>y the flier? than Mr- ??rant nun?'.! to me ?nil with the most charming smile hnsgtnabte said: 'You n.ust he the dark horse of this convention, Mr. Douglas*. At a meeting of the !?>.?.? Keiigimist? in Iioston some years aso he wa:- among the ?peekers. In? ferring to the rule of the assembly which limited the tiro-- of speeches, he ?aid lie aerar ronde a short speech that h? aas aatlsfled with, and never a Ion? ?m.- that anybody elsi ?rai satisfied with. "I ? ar.ie here." said he. "not to st.eak. but to listen, to learn, not to teach: In fact," he added, "I caite h'r.- merely to give color to the occasion. Professor John A /.ahm. of Notre Dame T'niver Sity, Inl, who I? probably the foremost authority on ?.??.?nee tn the American Catholic ?"nurch. has l.een h. nore.i by the Pope with th- degree of Doctor of Philosophy. The k?v pr Moses D. Hogs, "f Kiehmont. Va., who celebrated 'he fiftieth ?nnlv> rsary of hi? pastor? ate the other day, ones became a blockade runner ?!ur;ng the war. Me llipped OUI Of Charleston to N'aai m la UM, tl I went to Kn^land to secure Bible.? ,,n<1 religious books for the ? onfederate arniv. ,ir,l succeeded in obtaining free gift? of 10,000 Bibles, 50.000 Nee Tc-t.in-1,:? and 3M.0?? pocket edition? -f portion? of the Scriptures, an l got them ?afety thr.-urh me blockadi IHE T.llh <>E IHE HAY, Some iiltra-i'ro'estan'ii of Boston are saying that "Lea Huguenots" Is a good A. P. A. opera. "Pisase, ma'am." said the cook. "I'd like to gire v.", ? week s notice " ?Why Mary, this Is a ereat ?urprlse. Do you ho| e to bettet yourself?" ?'Well, ti" ? ? ictly that," answered M?ry, ?rlth I blush "I'm going to K?'t marrie 1. ?c'hrts II li Ri .-'-?ter. The cttlsena of Sear-salem, Mas?, having decided not ti --.ing- its tiari.-. "The Spnngfl?ld Pnlon" lUggerl ? i- t might | ??' an Improvement to ,'i. th? name is one s I u '? ?ron Mince It arith th.- accent on the Brat syllsMs, "Xesraaleas.' It woulJ tuen rtiyme with .Jerusalem, and the change would be a boon to the poets. J \. Maca,lam. the illustrioiis Scotchman who In? vented the kind of paving which beats hi? name, I? said M have been a guest at a large dinner given In honor of Sir Walter .-'on. Heing asked to re ?pond to a toast, Mr. Mica.1am rose and at fh? eng o? hi? apeech proposed the health of "the great sir Waiter S'-ott, the Cotoasua of literature!" In an Instant Blr Malter wa.? on hi? feet. and. lifting his glass exclaim*?! "Here'? tn the gre?t Mr. Ma? adam, Ih Colossi:? of r a-ls'" (Touth'a companion. A tin- piece ->f ?.l-carvtng, sbovt ?even ?e?t h<?:h. rapresentlna ? sroman - roamed with ? wr.-ath and supposed to be the ligare of the wife s( Mr John I-'i inklin who was lost In the Arctic Ice, Is displayed In Baltimore. Il Is sa. I to i.e the usure il the Old l'-nt ?h t'..'k Lady PraakttB, which aas test off Cape Horn i number o' years ago. it must ;..i\e drifted about :!?.-? ocean for a long time, as tt wj covered ?nth barnacles when picked up by an Italian bark an I brought lo pott Compensation. He That's Mr* Qrtmehaw, who lecture? on bimetallism, I've hear,i her How cx ssperatlngly ?lever she seems to be! bas v.s nut how consollngi? ugly! (Punch. Russian? evldentl) believe thai while nishc;? have a ?ride Influence nvi carrj grast weicht, there Is no food reason why th.--. Should carry it en the r heada Th" announcement -is been made the the Metropolitan of ka:-.??.!! has a mitre of aluminum, a? has also 'Ik- Metropolitan of Kieff. a mitra of aluminum ?reign? only a nttie mor? th.iM .i pound, ahile ordinary mitres are much besvh r. Is UM 'You'll da lust as 1 tell you," ?aid the hiisbm-i of the advanced woman, ?u h it "" shrieked his wife. "I mean It!" s.ui her husband "I'd have you understand thai l sear th?- skirts In this family."? n 'hli ago Be \ mas arose in a Phlladi Iphls : ray?r asasttag th? other night, .i??? irding to The Record," and ?aid that after his Brat aife'a death he proposed mar riage to i wsrtdl) aromaa Afterward he thought h? had errad m not tasking a Christian woman, sad when .ci his ?;i\ to the marriage ceremony h.- lifted his eyes to heaven and sail "Ood, If you don't ?rant me t" many th.s woman, strike her with lightning before w,. tea.-h the church." The lightning didn't appear and the ceremeay took ? N?> Sign Needed Pedtec Waal any "Plea?,- p?ut the 1 i-'or" sign< ? J union Don'i need >m "Your doot- hain't an) spring." "People always shut it when they go out" "That's queer." "I'm a tas a.?or. Th.-v shut it with i ?'.ira." iN.w York-Weekly. s.nce isss Bagten i sai acquired tba faUawtsg toV nuis In the Pacific: Qltben group, thirteen IstSSdR group, ih" Islands; Pnloa group, three Islands; Klngman, Panning, Washington, Palmyra, Jarvts, Christmas, Starbuck, Mstdea, Vastos, Pttei Penrhya, Dudosa, Rute, Coral, ??arlner, John??'* Danger, Buwsroff an. i'.irollne island?. W'nll? Antericsn massteasrtes, ?altars sad commerce havi Inen f.inilliar In lue l'acit'.c islands in the last half rentury, no attempt has bean amda bv the r tu ted SI ites ilovernment to BBBSS utiy of ih-?lil. Smith.? I Intend Harry f>r the t.ir. WOUld you advise Ins l.citlniutig on such old works as Coke and Biackatone? Tompkln? N ?; I would begin by grounding ?ven him further back Bmythe inie.-i; In what. Tompklm Th? Ten Commar. Imcnts.? i (Kate Field's VVastinigton. A big "SOft drink" people s p.il.ice for Chicago IS j t.. ba lacorporated "imr palace," s.i>s one of the ? Incorporaiors. "will not be prudish The only ?viei tion on which we ?pllt is tobacco The etertesl party ?aid no tobjeco. but we ccinpromised on ??igais. It will be nit; as a RrSt-CtSSS eafd, ? regular free lunch la>out. whi h the wtilter? will take to the tables when ladies are ; be served We are in thl? buatnes? to tight the ?aloons. but we will not truckle 10 the ultra Prohibition enthuiiait?. If ?? nian want? an innocent drink that resemble? the old ?tuff we avail satisfy him rather than have him go to the real ?aioon down the street." Hilly P?rk ha? gone into history, so that this ' anecdote of him, related to tha Listener by a frlen.l j In Cambridge, may properly be related one day with a fritad at Park?, Lunching happened to order a red-head duck. In due time It cam? on the table, and a? it was being CSrved Hilly itatd bv. watching the op?ration Intently, hi? glairel on his nose. 'Ah" said he, at la?t, 'that'? right! I like lo see the Mood run. Mv MS and l had S discussion over that du. k. lie sail "seventeen minutes!" but I insisted that sixteen was enough, and l aras right.' It is m- lies? to say that the flavor of the duck was In no ,sav Impaired by the thoughtful attention of our host in ?taking hi? reputation upon its preparation, and we Quaffed his health In our mugs of musty, and sighed that more landlords were not like bun A arasa passed, and. tin? thought of that duck still llagerlag la ?><ir miada wa hied ourselves to Htuy? and ocderaa another of the same kind, again It was produced. and again Hilly watched the carving with ?a?er Interest At last he exclaimed: 'Ah, that's right. I like to see ihe blood run My son and I had a discussion over that duck. He said "t ? en t y-one minutes," but I told him twentv was enuugh, a~l 1 waa right!' "?tBoaton Transcript.