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TIIE CITY OF THE POPES.
TRAXSFORMATIOX OF THE PAGAN CAPITAL IXTO THE ROME OF THK RKXAISSAXCE. 1 TIIE MAKERS of MODERN ROME. In four books: 1, Honorable Wom.-n not a Few; II, Tne Popes Who Ma'.e the I'apacy; III. Io 1'opolo. and th- Tribunc of th" People; IV. The Popes Who afada tba IIty. By Mrs. Ollphant. anth 11 luatratlona by Henry P- BJMtn. \ ??'**? Bm aad Joseph PennelL 1'p- xvU, Ot. Macmiilan & Co. Rome as Lao X left it ls ihe objectlva polnt of Mrs. OUphant's pjewaat book. The city was then as beautiful as it has ever been flince it was pro fessedly Chrlstian, but its i uling forces were humanistic and pagan. The capltal of Chrtsten dom had gone through many vicissltudes, yet it had chance! less than one WOUld thlnk. And the Paj.acy. llke the Emplre that went before it. was weakest when Ita mmmti ???::< ?? w.is most atriklng. To exptaln this Mrs. Ollphanl doaa not aarrate the history of the "ity. but she seleets the most Important eplaodea whlch, though sep arated by long Intervals of time. ar" llnked to each other in an obvlOUfl way by the chain of events. How Roman soclety cmerged from pa ganism. bow the I'apacy perfected Its DOWer, how the city attempted once to reassert its ancient authority. and BOW it was rebul'.t by the Popes ln the time of the renaissance, are matters closely related ln her brllllant daacriptlon of mediaeval Home. The state of the city must bt imaglned ln the fourth century. The populace whlch long be? fore had been (lattered into the bolief that lt had nothing to do but to be amuaed and to re? celve its dally dole of food was worae than it had ever been. The aelf-reapecl that was justi fled by the fact that Rome ruled the world had no exlstence BOW that the central p ,vvi?:? had paaaed to Conatantlnopla. Th- splrlt of tbe oid griatocracy was dead, and the oid n iblllty Itself had paaaed away. Btrange aubterfugea in the way -,f genealogy wara fojnd to keep oid namea allve?aa for example, when the famoua Chria tlan lady Paula was called 8 deacendaBt of Aemllius PaulUB hecaua*) her mother was a descendant of Aemlllua Paulua'a ala ter. ThUS preat namea aurvlved and the bearera malntalned the ancient tra ditlons. sometlmes with ut 3 drop of the oid patriclan blood. But they had ihe garnered wealth of centurl.s. at: 1 Bince they had BOthlBg to do in the nublic aervlce, they devoted th.dr mlnda to the moat trivlal amuaements, to ath letlcs of the k:n 1 then in vogue, to Une clothea, a luxurioua table. and to all the devlcea for passlr.g the tlme that could be Invented for them. The saine thing has happened bo often alnce in citles weary of their own proaperity that aay repetltion of it aounda famlUar. But In the caa of Rome this docay of th,- vv.-althy claaaea was eotncldent with the de.-ay of an oid rellgton and the ateady growth of a now one With the ad herents of both rellgi "ia th" bellef wai comm ? that the Bccceaa of Chriatlanlty meanl the de struction of Rome. To tha aurvlvlng pagana Christlanity was subveraive of all law; to Chris tlar.s, on the other hard. R me was that myatlc wickei city against which the prophecy of the Xew Tesiament was directed. There was reason on both sides. Hut to rhristians the truth of prophecy seemed to be reallzed r.ot merely in the persecutions of the past. but in the corruptions whlch the Roman llfe had lntroduced into the Church. Mrs. Ollphant r?produces Jerome's de scriptlon of the curled darllnps of the priesthood who ran about after good dlnners and cholce bric-a-brac, and carrled from one noble house to another the gosslp of the elty. The rigid salnt, with hls endless studies and hls perslstent self-denlal. boiled with rajre as he eontempJated these exquisltes, these pricstly dandies infesting the palaces of the rich. ThlB shameless parasitlsm. rivalllng in some re spcJts that descrtbed by Juvenal, was all the harder for a good man to endure becauae those were preat daya in the Church. St. Athanasius had visited Rome in recent years and had WOB its support to vtewa which are stlll orthod x. Learned Churchmen were stlll dlsputing earn estly, sometlmes wlth blows as well as words, over the doctrlnes of Orlgen. And bow Jerome came upon the Bcene after tho fartlnp and s ,1 tude of the dt-jert. a man of wondcrful learnlng, of wonderful sklll as a writer and talker, almoal the first of I^atln Ohrlstlans to master Hl bP vv, fully equipped for his sreat undertaking. the translatlon of the Scrlptures. He came to Rome to attend a councll. and remalned as the m re* tary of the Roman *Ste But all hls publi: af? fairs were less signincant In hlatory than his aa* soclation with a group of Christian ladies ln whom a reactlon hai begun agalnst the friv lltlea of the tlme. These women were n>,t devoteea ln the extre'me Beaae, though some wara more in clJned to aeverity of life than others. In the end a few of the more noteworthy dlifted Int0 the ascetic life of the Orlent. but othera llved their lives out in Rome, some in the whlrl of fashlon, others more retir. .1. The H-iuf-.- of Marcella was, in fact, a convent ln the maklng, with all the enthusiasrn of ptety, but WithOBt the strlctn-ss ot rule known to other tlmes. The WOBMn were all distlngulshed; they had literary as well as pious sympathles; they eagerly t'ollowed the disputes that went on raapactlBg doctrlne, and they learned Ilebrew so as to slng the Psalms In the origlnal words. Such was the soclety whlch encouraged the flrst adequate translatlon of the Blble and vanqulshed the last prejudices cf Rome, the prejudices of w-alth and soclai poaltlOB, agalnst Christianity. It ls signifl.ant that this asaembly of devoul women was dlspersed only when Rome was pll laged by the hordes of Alarlc The city up to that tlme stlll dreamed of strength. The churches had gradually supplanted the temolefl ln the ravaraaca of the people, but there was llttle laoiratlnn of that mlautaly reguiated ec clesiastlcal Byatam whlch later began to show Itself in the eVOluUon of the Papaey. As the women of the House of Marcella came and went at wlll, so tbe c ergy were free fr,.m the routlne of later tlmes. J. rome never said more than one maaa In his lif? and that was the OBC r.qulred after hla ordlnation. T. a populatlon aceugtomed to the easy practlce of the h.-athen templea It did not oecur, accordlng to Mrs. Ollphant, that regularity and frequen y wera ncce*?ary ln the Christian MrvtCOa Ti.ese were the result, flrst, of rellglous enthusiasm. They only becaraa the prevalent usag" as Rome became Btrtctly an ec cleslastlcal city. To thls th.- mlaeriea of the cltizens, of Whlch Alurlc's invasl.ni waa only tlir forerunner, contlibuted as mueh as any other Blngle lnfluence. Imaglne a city with a polltlcal ruler who llved in Ravenna, on the other side of Italy, with local rulers who w.-re Httle better than taxKatherers, wlth nobody to look to f r prote.tlon, save the blshop, and one can then foi low the polltlcal evolutloa of the Papacy ln the hands of a patrlcian llke Gregory the Great, who only became a p.-k-st after teatlag the uselcss ness of secular occupatlona. Hla task as Fope araa cmpllcated. He not only ruled. but fed his people. It was as mueh his duty to look after their bodiei bk their aoula. His diplomatic sklll was their only de fence agalnst fOBfl without and aeralnst the Em peror at Constantinople. who prateBded to be a frlend. In hls hancla all the r'atriotism there waa ln Rome was directed to the support ,f the Church. The Roman city and the Roman Se.? became as one wlth a common hold on the lm perial tradition of tha past and a common clalm to the r<-spcct of the natlonal churches ln the West. From that time onward for centurieH -the city decays whlle the I'apacy becomes more and more powerful. lr. the peraon of Gn-gory VII lt domlnates all Western Europe, lt re forms ecclesiastics, humillaU-s the Emplre, and almost emancipates the clergy from lay eontrol. In the tlme of Innocent III It pulls down kings, keeps the lmperlal successicn in doubt, and scems for a moment to attain the very ideal of mediaeval llfe whereln ahsolute authority Is wlelded by mentai and spirltual powers alone Without armles and without the physical ablllty to punlsh offendrrs ln thls world. Men mlght well imagine that a Supreme Court had now been perfected for the settlement of nll dis putcs undtr the law of natlor.s. r.ut Innoeent, at the climax of Papal power, found. as bla predeceanora had lenrned before hlm, that cold Btee] was a law unto Itself. The ldc-al of a supreme spiritual power begin to fade at th"> very moment when it seemed about t.i bnrden Into reallty. Then for a brlef moment Rome awoke. Peo? ple stlll felt the absorblng pow.-r of the Papaey iui.l the>- imaglned that where lt falled the rea faon Iay In tha weaJuaaaa and eorrnptton of tha clty. Uestore the clty to good customs and it mlght stlll rule the world as of old. Such, at h-ast. was the fancy of a youthful antl?iuary. the son of a BUburbnn wlne-aeller, who apent his daya wnnderlng nbont deciphering old ln scrlptions and his nights in dreaming .'f lm petinl Rome, arlth the world at her feet.' Nlcho las, son of Lnurence, or Cola dl Rl-nzi. M h.' ls known to fame. had the eloquence whlch hla vlsions Inaplred, and the skiil to win othera to his suppoit. lt was the day of Itallan .'.>m munea, when dvlc llberty reallaed ln ordera and gullds awoke the pride of the people agalnst a cruel nobllity. The Roman*. were rlpe enough for rcform, and they culd easily ?ea the pl**a*nt slde of the futur* that app'-:ired to them in the words of Klm/i. For hls part. he talked everywhere, ln the palaces of nobl*B? and there he was laughed at?or ln the streets. or among groups of artlsans. He enllated those who knew how to wleld the palnter*a brush. and thus of a mornlng multltudea "ti thelr way lo bualneaa or to thelr tavorlt* lounglng place* were drawn aside to gaze at aome nllegorloal plcture on th- wall of a publlc l.uilding?n plct ure whoaa meanlng eould nol be mlatnken. At length the whole city was moved ;.s by a elngle thought. nnd the world whlch Btlll remember. I the nnclent power of Rome atood In nwe and aatonlahment whlle Rtenal for a few montha reatored tha purlty and regularity of the old Roman commonwealth. Tbere was notblng whlch such a man aml auch a ].ple eould n ?t accomrlish. lf they per*. ven I. But it la uae* leaa to complete the st,.ry. Rlenal was. nfter all. only a ahowman, and the people aoon wenried ..f belng vlrtuou* But the movement wna a *tgn of whal wa* going on benenth the aurfnee. Foreea were al work prepnrlng for a revlvnl of learnlng throufhout Weatern Europe, and f,.:- all tbe polltlcal ii'i.i r.-ligicus changea whlch nttended that revlval. When Mrs. Ollphnnt turna to her theme agaln it la to trnce the hlatory .-f b llne of Popee 10 whom the new learnln* and the new r.rt, a Rome to be rebullt and ;i world to fool the blll, are *lmo*t the only reaJltlea In llfe. They are Itallan prlncea wlth hlred Benemla and hlred armlea, keeplng their nelghbora ln a tur tn"ii; and nt tbe same tlme they are aplrltual prlncea who Imagine thal Europe look* up to them with the aame reverence that it felt f.-r Innoeent III. This was * fortunnte ml*take on their part lf they had been more anzloua aboul their spiritual power, they mlshl nol hnve tak.-n tlme to guthcr r'.irl..t:s l...,,ks. to bulld great churchea and brautlful patecea, to employ ren iwned aculptora and palntera nnd workera ln moenlc and the precloue metnla. Poeta and phlloaophera nnd experta In Oreek would hnve lacked encourngement The world woul l have l,r<.n tho los'-r if theae I',.p< s had antielpat- -1 h ?w great n matter would i.e klndled by tbe llttle flre started by Wlellffe. and fanned hy Hufs and Luther. As lt ls. they made Rome what It stlll remalns, "th- admlratlon of th* world." Above all th>y made poaalble the achlevementa of Mkhnei Angelo and Raphael. "lt is the glory of this perlod of Roman bla tory," remarks Mrs. Ollphnnt. "that at a tlme when the ApOBtoUc See had lost ao much, and when all Its great purpos.-s Its noble Ideal* Ita r.-ign of bollneaa and Inaplred wtadi m had per lahed llke a Bower of the Belde; when nll that Oregory and Innoeent had smigKi?d th.-ir llvea long to attaln had dumolved llke a bttbble; when the Popea W*re no longer holy mon. nor dia tlnguished by ans gT**t nnd unlversal alm. but Itallan prlnecs like Othera, w..rs.- rather than better ln some cascs: there ahould hav.- *rl*en, wlth a mantle of glory to hlde the fallnre and tho horror and aoorn, theae two great brethren of art?the one, rugBCd. mournful, aelf-con acloua, bowed down by the evll of the tlme; the other all aweetneaa and glndneaa, an angel of Iight, divining in hls graeloua almpllclty the aeercta of tne aklea." MAX AXD HIS FRIEHD8. PROFEBSOR BHALER ON THK CREATURE8, ANIMATE AND INANIMATE, THAT LABOR^ POR HUMANITY. DOMESTICATED ANIMALB. Thelr Relatl n I Mn and to Hla Advancemeni In Clviliaal >n By Nathanlel Soutbgate Shaler, Dean n| the Lawrence B entlflc Bcr-ool of Harvard I'nlver alty. lllu.trated. Pp. x., 2*7. Charles Scrlbner'a Bona. BEA AND LAND. Feature. of Coaat. and Ocean., wlth Bpeclal Reference to the Llfe of Man. Hy N. B. shai.-r. Illuatrated. Pp. xiii. Bl Charlea Bcrll ni i 'a B >na. If one endeavora t-> outllne the fleld covered by theae two booka, one flnla that it stretchea, nol wlthout Interruptlon, nowever. from the tlme i t iiu-ie aunllght and nothlng ?!.-?? on to the d*v. lop ment of the hlgheat laT>- known to t li?- earth. Man, as he la, is a very cimplex creature that can hardly explaln hls own conduct. He ae*a hla aelfiahneea work oul l > the benefll of othera, and h" is BUed wlth aympatby even for dumh *nl mala H" Interpreta thelr actlona in accordanc* with hls own f.-.-lins? and tbougbta, and he Btrlvea unceaatngly towlden hla acqualntanoewlth them, aomfttlmea ln cruel wny* often In waya tiiat are benign. Ha has almoal OUtgrown the oplnion that he dlffera from them lii orlsln. Profeaa ar Shaler, llke most m*n -,f adence, haa "titgrown that notlonaltog. ther,nnd be look* upon the fact of klnahlp between mnn and tbe I wer nnlmala at-. the atrongeal motlve for klndnesa on the part of the forn.cr toward hla poor reUtion* The place of m in ln tl.r ler of nnture Hxes his duty toward tbe other creatures whlch also have thelr place ln the same order, and "tho s.-nse Of this duty whlch mastery of th* earth givefl or should afford la to he on* af the mornl irifts of modern learnlng." That is, man aa a BTOdUCt Of evolutlon, wlth a mlaalng llnk foi a pnrent, and a genenlogy that leada back to the Invertebratea, atanda in a dlfferent att;tude toward tha anlmat' and Inanlmat* world ;ii>out him from thnt whlch he malntnlned when he fancled himaelf nntnre'a arlatocrnl with no brutc blood In his blu* velna Bwlft'a antlre has a new edge In theae daya of aclence, A Tnhoo?for tzample, a man wh i beata hls horso or malmi his dog from Bheer plea.ure ln the paiii he can infli":?la more deaplcable a thou. aandfold than the two-legged creaturea whom ihe D*an of st. Patr'ck'a Imaglned. He betrnya his aneeatry where Bwlft'a Ynho .s only belled thelr*. Tlu- moal rlvlllaed of men ar<- thoae who are klnd to nnlmala Thls is generally conceded now. But it ls not u long atep In hist ry back to the tlme wli.-n thoae who ir.-.it.-.i dumb creaturea klndly did B0 wlthout any aense of obllgatlon. They really learnsd righteouaneea, aaya Profeaaor Shaler, Indlrectly from tba nnlmala themaelvea. In the tirst place, they eould nol have attalned any m*a*ure ol clvlllantlon, lf other creature* had not exlatad be*lde man. Bettlng aald* tha Inven tlon* for huntlng peifectad by aavag* man. it is hard to imagim- what would have become of the Eequlmaua and '.hc North American Indlana in general nitbOUt the dog. of the North Buropenn Samoyeds. Lapps and Finns wlthout the p-ln il, or, of the Hlndooa wlthout the cow, af the an cient Peruvlrms wlth.iiit the llama. "We can diseern," remarks Profeaaor Bh*l*r, "that the Arab wlthout the camel and the horae would not bav* found the pla-e in hl-ttory whlch he haa Blled, an.l that our own rnc* eould not hav* at taim-d Its place *?V? for the aid whlch the hortied cattle, Bh**P, aml a boal Of other helpcrs whlch we have praaaail Into aenrlca, hav.- afford*dH The comparative uaefulncs of dlfferent domaa ticable anlmals to man Ih a dlrect meaxure of the progresa of dlvcrae rac.-a. It waa not laek of natural ablllty that kept back ihe natlvs of the NVw World. but the went of horses and cattle and shcep. Wlth nothlng better than the dog to 11ft the burdena from thelr own backB. and no creature to carry them faster and farther than th-y could go on their own feet, they were unable to accompll.-h what proved easy for the more favored racai Of the Oid World. The author makea even a wider eompariaoB. Man is the only VI rtebrate anlmal that has ever adopted the plan of domeetlcatlag other creatures. But among Invertehrat.m the ant has done BOCnethlBg of the aame kind, and thls tlny anlmal stands in iBteiiigenoe and ln capu-lty for organizatlon at the baad of all its klnd. Then the fact that man had other crea? tures, both piants and animals, to care fer ln hls own interest ls a p-tent ir.fluence, larg cr now than lt ever W33 before, and destlned to increase as time goes on. It has contrlbuted to nmk^ man feel hls responslbiiltles; It has awakeneU his sympathles. Profeaoor Bhalar de Oaea tha] savage aa "a man who caraa only for his famlly ftnd hls tribe"; the ctvlllzed man "as oae whose kindiy interest extends to manklnd and beyoad to all sentl.-nt belaga," and he do.s not healtate to refer the davalopmaBt of altmlam f?r its moat effectlve motlva to the forealght and goodwill which man has put forth in behalf of creatures that became less and less able to provide for themeelvea the longer they were dependent upon hlm. "We note." h" adds. "that the peoplea who have attalned the flrst upward step ln the aaaoclatlon wlth domeatlcated ani? mals are in their quality, so far as tested by llterature and hlstory, mueh above the mere aavaga. Wlth the care of fl?cks We flnd nsso Clated poetry, tbe flrst notes of hlgher ratlgloua motlvea and a largcness of the sv mpathetlc. life." Addltloas of new klnds of animals to the do? meatlcated Ctrcle requlred new study of pecul laritlea. Thus the llfe of a farmet- "ls a COB tlBual leaaon ln tbe art f Bympathy; wlth tho reault, certalnly in part due to thla cauue, that there ls no claaa of people from whom the brutal Inatlncta of the anclenl aavage llfe whlch we all Inherll have bi en ao completely eradlcal -<i." But the eympathlea of the farmer boy d i not extend far beyond the barnyard and tne aheepfold. He can be as cruel aa any of his remoteal anceatora l , ti.- anlmala whl * he l >ka up in ai game. A wlder knowli Ige, the knowledge whlch modern .,...,.,.,. givea lenda to eradlcate even thla vlce fi ,pi man'a nature. lt la here thal Profeeaor Shaler croaaea the path of thoae wno are oppoaad to vlvlaectlon, He haa no BuperetlttoUB regard, lik" that of the Hlndoo devotee, for tl"- llfe ln animals. and ba Inalsta that the naturallat is In generai aa care ful as the aurgeon to d vi.it.- pala. He is gravely aatlrlcal at the expenaa .-f thoae who enjoy huntlng or Rahlng. who Btay and malm wlth pleaaure and withoul any ua ful purpoae, and are, nevertheleaa. horrlfled "t,. aee a Btu denl dlaaectlng a UVIng frog, gulnea plg, or eaL in order thal he may learn new trutha, ... bimaelf b. h ild whal oth -rs have dlacovered." ?i . pra ti, il anawer to people who ,-.irry aym* pathy wlth anlmala to an eatreme is to be found in the meana dlacovered for th.- preven tion of dlaease. ln the futura thla wlll redound t,, the benefll of anlmala, aa well as man. To thoae who would argue that the practlce of vlvlaectlon reacta upon the mlnda of men ln ? way to make th.-ai cruel, Profeaaor Bhaler , piies with a flat d< nlal llluatrated by peraonal experience "In my youth," aaya he, "I was very fi nd of huntlng, and could even wring the ii-, ks of wounded blrda without trouble of mlnd. A better aenae of what llfe meana !l Benae whlch la r... better than that t<> which all educated men are aoon tO attaln. has made such work very repulalve to me." He evea goea so far us to forccaal a time when huntlag and RahlBg wlll ba lo.'k.-d UPOH 38 limnlfeHta tlona of Ignoranl chlldlahBeaa, when man wlll feel toward all animals as thi y now feel toward thoae whlch hav- i.n domeatlcated. All hls atudlea of th" d K. th" h<>r?.\ tha anlm lla Of the h-rd nnd the fold. the fowkl and plgeOBB and aongblrda and th.- faie na of oid tlme, lead onward to the th.mght that the amplri of mlnd la an ever-wldenlng r.<* and thal man'a duty wlll - ?er or lat.r embraoa all llvlng thlnga Bvea now, lt ahould be, h.- arguea, an objeci with the fovernmenU thal are reap malble to preaerve the elephant, and he ahowa how va.-t spaces in tbe aub-arctlc portlona <-f S'orth Amerlea mlghl be uaed for lha Intelllgenl care and Improvement of the blaon, the muak- \ and the carib u. In Africa, In Aala, us well as ln tha New w rl I, he would Uk" to aee a vaat devel ;? menl of the reaervatlon ayatem whlch la I ? nhtg to be a recognlsed part of public pollcy ln de Unlted Btati a Bul there ahoul i be al leaal a doaen more auch pla ea In the I'ni'." l Btatea than thi :?? ar-. and an untold number ln the real ' the world, and they ahould be under th" eontrol of men of eclence. In the caae of thoae anlmala whi.-h can be domeatlcated Ln Ihe fulleat aenae, he would "hv. it" thoae Blna to wtw, h breedera are prone, more cruel ln tha i"ns' run than any ever charged agalnal vlvlai tlonlata; t!..- Inbreedlng whlch has mad.- ihe Jeraey cattle wboleiale vi - tlma of tuberculoala, and the fancy breedlng whlch has reaulted In mere deformlty aith manj ki.ids of doga and plg* na He advlaea breedlng wlth a vlew t i ralee the aBlmaU ',:i the ac ire of Intelllgence. Bul be mnal be mahlag fun of his r-a lera when i." inggeata this in tiie i-.-is.- of ewlne. If there la any creature t,, which fate has mad.- Clrce'a mallcloua xlft a boon, lt most i..- the animai whlch la reared for no other purpoae than to be eaten. Tae truffle-buntlng plg of l-'ran '?>? may 1," n ? -. i ?- us. ful allv- than deal. but iiis n .itiv.-s aa a ruie nelther hunt, aor iish, nor bear burdena, nor >jo la banieaa, nor do any tlilriK else for man. T. eat an educated plg ls really too mueh like cannrbaUam. To bo back to (he beglnnlng, a? i'rr,f"?s,,r Bhaler doea In bla book on "Sea and Land," it muat be conaldered that all the altruhua aml Bympathy and clvillzatlon of man are ln the last earthly analysls a matter of BUBllght. If i! were nol for tle- Ilght and heat of the sun. ull these nnd hu maniiy itseif, arlth every other manlfeetatloB of Uf--, WOUld vanlsh from the earth ln an Instaat. The sun beatowa heat enough oa the earth every twenty-four houra to meit a xiacicr :,.ooo feet thlek and as blK ln every other dliiienslon as tb. Btal of nfaaaachueette. if lif" dld n,,t. ao far as th.- earth ls COBCerBOd. orlninate In tbe sun, it depeada wholly upon the mn. But the moat obvloua part of th" sun's work Ofl thli gjobe ls to be aeen where laad and s?.i meeL Bay and rtv.-r and tlde, beach and Crag and cavein. sand and ]i. bble aad rolllng rock are producta of ihe sun'a actlvlty. Tha eBdleea variety of work performed by this actlvlty dlagulaea it. bul a thougbt, an obaervatlon, dlaeloaea it. Ev.-n in the abyasea of the aea the sun has s,,me effect, though lt lias left unchan ",i, perhapa aome creaturea thal beloBg io times of the blgheai aatlqulty. The mlldnesa an.l ateadlaeaa <>f the sun's iBfiuen ??? preclude the poaalblUty >,f thoae glgaBtk con* vulalona whlch were once Imaglned. Tbe con* tlnenta, as a whole, thlaka Profeaaor Bhaler, bave never been aubmerged. The deepeal parta ,,f the bn bave never been dry land. Where parts of eontlnenta have been under the aea, the Bood has !? - n Bhallow, and those dry lands wiiich are now overflowed are Btlll In the ahaUowa Nearly all that the sun has accompllahed hs between aea and land Is dii" to the COBBtMt multlpUcatlon Of forcea with whleh to work. a bowlder, ? bit <>f Beaweed atrong enough to carry a pebble, an oyater, ? plaat se.-.i, all are toola to work .wlth, and when these ar.- lnoreased in number by the mere OBgOlBg of the ages, it Is easy to Itnaglne ln outllne how all his been ao,\>mpllshed. Fancy that the sun had not even a graln af sand to begtfl wlth. and now It hai* coral reef l?ulldcrs, planta and animals to flll u|> tbe shallow whlch the sea ls forced to abOBdoa, and In the man grove a tree whlch llke a sentlent thln>* rea.-hes out and tak.? up the land over whlch the tldea ure Ilowlng. The stibordlnatc Influences whl.h the sun has brought to bear on the coast-llne, for examplc. of the Eistern I'nlted Btatea frmn lialae t>> tha Rlo Orande are almost Innutner able. They. vary wlth every mlle and wlth every naturai feature that has to be d-ait with, and the results are equally dlvorgeat from the Ovens af Mount Dcsert to the coral reefs of l'lorida. froai the llurd hai >ora of Malne to the I Bhallows and interlaclng waterways of the Dls mal Swamp. In thls book all Ut*** things are consldered wlth reference to man as a marlner, iis a builder of cltles on the shores of harbors. as the more or leaa easrer elalmant for lands which hls pnd*c*aanra. the rnnngrova and the marsh BTr.?ss, reeover from the sea. But man's work on the American coaat is merely begun. Thls book shows that In outllnlng here and there what haa yet to be djne._ _ MISS WOOLSOX'S STORIES. WORK THAT IS CHARACTKRISTICALLY AMERICAN. THK FRONT VAltD ANI> OTHER ITALIAN rJTORIEB. By Constance Penlmor* wooioon, l2mo, pp. Tl2. tfarper A Brothera D.ROTHY, AND oTHKR ITALIAN BTORIE8. By Conatance Penlmore Wooison. unao, pp- ??? Harp.-r & Hrothers. rireumstance decreod that Consianoe P'enlmore Wooison should apent the frreator pirt of her llfe ahroad, hut th..- undlsKUised ph-asure. of this resi denee waa nol strong t-nounh to BCCOmpUah a com plete oxpatrlatlon. We are aw*t* lt was the fash lon In the years directly preeedln? Mi** Wooleon'a traalc death lo refer to her as a typlcal Instanoe of the Etiropeanlsed American. Th.se Itallan tales, however, leave no douht as to the lncorrectneas of thlfl acruaatlon. Readlng between the llnes lt 1* qulto clear that the authnr'a alTectlon for the coun? try of her blrth remalned etmng to the laat. There are moments when thla affectlon Is almoat explleltly expressed; it la uniformly the subjeel of Innumera ble hlnts and InalnuaUon*, and furr.ishes the groundwotk of many of h.-r storles. Thls Natlonal prejudice appeara utronRly ln at loast two of tho storles In the volumes before us polntedly In "The Front Yard." anl wlth somewii it more OlsKiilso In "A Pink VU1 i." Artlatlcatly, th* former atory la conalderabla below tha uaual level of .Mlss Woolaon'a work, but ln re*peet to tbe qual ii> me hav. noted ll la aa >; wd a typlcal i'; a* Is to be found among hor lataat w-.rks. Th.- ? bla. "f Prudenc. wiikin, the New-England woman arho marrled a northlea*. laay Itallan, and *nd*d lier mlaerable, ad, aelf-ancriflcing llfe among her huaband'a arorthleaa relatlona ",i ii Uttl* a- ??' form, |a aharply Indlcated, and thla perhapa ac? counta for tha art:ai!c d.ndenclea of th.- hlatory. Tho purpoae la a llttle too obviou* ..:??! th- dlffer entlailoi of character. lack. .ubi llty Th- Italhna are too much "of a plece." too uniformly aelflahand buy an.l Prudenc. a Uttle ."?> uniformly aelf-Bac ritieins. Hoarever th* iale ls bullt up on | I ,.,.,-,, .,; and la furtbermore, Imp >runl a.' a human document Ihroarlng llghl 0:1 M aa Woolaon'a char ,;..is. Tl,,. . ,:,.- ..?.'? Wlth fir moM nrt anl .:: "A P Bk v... , . -,,... atory detal "? ??' an Inter ,; ] ,%.. eplsode, worked oul on the tra.li:. ?::.! Ther. I. th. ambltl iu. rnother, the f 1 ,,... overedu .'? l daughter; th.- faell*. ? " forelgn nobl*man (a llelglan In thla InaUnce), and . iple, unconventlonal, aeriou* .\?-.-'. .m who appeara a' th* nlck of tlm* ind ear? r? ;i?. .i.iv , vi r every one'a h< id Th. maln Um 1 :, lack orlglnallty; bul th. attenthre 1 ,oon begl. 101 thal th. merll of th. t. ? li only remotely on th< m. an I llr. tlj on th. .?;,-;, . haracter. tha defl dlfferentlatl a - , ? "A Pink k ? i, , .. . the flrsl order. and arlll chal 1 arlth the bcsl work of th. laat ,?..,., ., . ,. . n. Mk- Wooiaon". gall*. charmlng young glrla. no,,.- th.it ?r. racall ar* b*l ,.. ,| ,n -Eva Churchlll"; and .ven Henry Jamea ., . . , ,. -Davld Rod." lha Hortda reformer whoe. unaxpeeted Introductlon Into Mr ChurchUfa llttle clrel* of Borrento Idler* leada 10 ,., i, ,,, unforaeen aoclal tragedy, and. aa ?r. have ,, . loubt, to th* happin*** of Eva Jame. trt*d to ak*teh th* *am* aort of eharac. t*r in the peraon of "Newmnn" ln hla "American ; but what lt took hl*J0Op*g?8 todo. Mlss vi baa accompltahed In a unth of thal number. and. : ihtnklng. with qulta a- aatlBfactory a r*ault. Kod :* nol "Mv BtudUd from th* llf*, bul h. Itvea ,.-,. can a* lha aaylng la. aee all around him. Bul good ai iie la eonaUarad r? hims, ir. ba la allll l.-t.-r wb*n *lii 11.1 ln th. HBht of tho .ur round ng. Inl whlch h. I* bronght. Hia ?rrtv?l . uk? th. arHval af a freah Bprlng braeaa aa n hot lumnur-i day. Hk. tha opening of a window cw ... room Bv*'* Interaei I* hlm 1* not at "? foreed: indrad, II -"-ma ta t-e the moat natural thlng In Ih. '-'r-iitn.cati-es. ? 'oR*ld*rtng th* BtaU. of h-r faellng*. II l* InevlUbl* lhal Bh* should fall ln lov. wlth hlm and h* arlth har, How artfully ? ?,, broughl ab. tii th. reader muat dta ... r . himaelf. For our parl w? wish onlv to ,,. im ittentl. n lo tbe faci lhal th. evolutlon of th. ,, . ...... on. of Mlai Woola n'a indlvlduai prtjudl ?-. whlch la thal It la Impoaatbl* to edu eat< do- Amertcanlam oul of a healthy American ,. ,; [| ni.v :..- temporarily held In abcyanc*, a. H araa In Bt 1 Churchlll*. ca* . bul gWen th. prop ar opportunlty and II arUI leap I 1 th* aurfac*. an 1 ... itaelf wlth Irn il.tlbla f irc.. aa lt dld In th. - Bv. Churchlll. A rorollary to Ih. peralBten. . of tha Amerl ,.. .:.. ? I, m .. \v lolaon'. Bonfldenca In Ih* ,,,,.,, ?| | .,,.,, M ind nol iy of human natur* or t, pul tho matter dlfferently. th* eaaentlal ? k|nMI and .Impllelty 1 I th. human emol ona l? a aoctet) BUbJectad and .n.laved to wortdl) con . ? nalltle. In maklng this gencrallsatlon w* ar. pnrllcularli remlnded of ? .tory entltUd "A Plorentln. Baperlment." whlch wlll b. found In th. M-.-ond ol th. tw . volum. 1 mentloned al thi m.-! The aetting of thla tale 1- ln the groal com ,,,;.. ,.,...,. 0f the word worldly .uch wortdlln... ... fou 1 iti It. fulleai flower among th. forelgn realdenta of European capltala. Th* actor* iir.. ., i,. 1. 1 ? ? ial. They play th. gama of lov. aa th. Japane*. Juggler. walk oa aword*. ln M.mfortabl. bbbui ine lhal ih* danger* ar. ?,.,.. ipparenl than r?al, du. allowanc. betog, 01 ,,lir.,.. mada for th. practlc. ...11 iklll of th. actor. Margarel Btowa and Trafford Morgan .n> ? | o( thla aort. afargarel la perhapa aomewhal Incllned to taka th- altuatlon eerloualy at tirst. bui a partlcu irly audactoua *aliy on Mor gan'a pirt put. tha faeu b*for< her In the rlghl luht. Prom this polnl the com?dy ls carrled on with perfecl conalalency np to th* ellmax, wh*n ih'.? who have been deeelvlng ar,- tho vwtlma of thdr owt. plavful decelt Th- h.-.irt comea to thh reacu. of th* artlflc*. and th* tti* end* aa all true lov. atorle* ..u?ht to end. So analyala of this atory enn convei an Idea of Ita estreme wbtllty ,,r ,,f th* riaborat. play of B*rtoua ?motlon* on whl .h II is b?aed IV* would wnrn tho r*ad*r not te ov.rlook th* dranmUe affecttven*** of Uargaret'a rebuka to Morgan. Nol onlv la her apeech eon eelved In a hlghly dramatie manner, but tha aRua tion 1* ptanned with ? aftlll that mlghl eaaUy win the admlratton of * BMywiighL Th* Btori is aat lafactory from .very polnl of vlaw, and repraaent* in our oplnion th* moat cotnplet* eumpta of Mlaa Wooison'* art. No mentton of Mlaa W,,ol*on'a work would be oomplet. wlthout paylng a paaatog tribute to the *mn wlth whi.-h Bh* uttltae. her backgrounda H*r lt iiian ac.nery I. not only accuratety drawn, but ii ia, we make bold to state, tha b*al raproductlon ,.(? ii,. faaclnatlng ortglnnl that has been glven to na in Betlon. On* muat know Italy to appreclate this quallty to tha fullj bul 'he untravelled reader tni.st certalnlj mli enal?v*d to its charm. The ?u th.T's *y* ha* ov-rlo.k.d BOthtog essi-ntlal; she ?ha* not.l. after Henry Jame*** manner. all the siij.. rll'ial tialls. hut ab. his al*0 l*fl hlm lar b* hlnd ln tho deplctlon of th* tiiov.-mont and atmoa ph'-ro. The *t. ries wa hav,- mentloned oontatn e? eellenl examplea ..f this *ift. Th*r* ls. for in? stance. a VlgneiU of n walk ln the ('iiscltil In "A Plorentln* Eapetiment" whlch should not ba mlsse.l. and s-v.-ra' gllmpM* from "A 1'lnk VIII*" which wlll bear more than one r**dtog. In thls coiMMCtlo* wo not. that th* author** potal <>f vlaw Im ,,ften as Oligtnal 11s her deaciiptlOB* aro oxact. a-i when. In th* atory entltbd "Dirothy," one of the character* is made 11 ob**rv* as h* atanda on the pirapet of Mrs. North's vllla, that "your Kar don la llke an opera box. Mrs. North; you att hera at your eaae, and BM the whol.- play of mornlng noon and nlght awecplng ov.r Tuscany." 117/ 17' IS -.I.V EUITlOX"? Fn.m Tlt Dlts. "Wh.it aonatltataa an adlt!on"f la a qu*aUon that la fre-juently ..#ke<l. and nobody b.-.-iim quallned to answer It MlUfaCtOrlty. The tiuth Is lhat lu nlnet\ nlne out of every \0) ,ase( later cll.l >n* ar.- merely sorvllo tirlnts Of tbe flr^t adltlOD, 1111 I thoro may have b. en .'i..?>i copi-s i,f a l?,.,k mai. for the tlrst edition, or there miy h.ive Ix-en onlv 1(8, Thi Brai edltlona ,.f .1.1 arork. by Bml'a Zola num? ber lO.fxsj eopia. .uch. ln a Parta ahap, wiere only ran- rolumei are aold, a (ir.v adlt on of "L'Aaaom moir" ls v.Uue.i at Ml franca?aay t*?but this tu ik liime ,nit iit a time wiien Zola waa eomnaratlvely unknown, nnd Zo* edition* were then limited tb l.Oial coplea each In fact, ln J'ruire un e iitlon la (UppoMd t) c >n slat ,1 1,800 COptaatj but. aa Mr. Koberi 11. Snenird aay* i". a recanl l*tt*r: "Pnbl!ab*r* are not wlthout eul e anl to arhlp ui> a sale .1 book may ba ls-iuo,l in (dliion* of flfty eoplea, so that by the tlme 1.000 eople. hav. been dispoael ot thu bouk u iu ita twentlath edition." LITERARY NOTES. The new volume of poetry prepared by Mr. W. M. RoaaettJ from the llterary remalns of hls aleter Chrlatlaa Ifl ready at last. It has been ****** wlth the keenest Interest. Chrlstina Rossettl may not have had the picttiresque indlvldual Ity of her more famous brother. but she was a healthler eoul. and for a certaln purity of Intonation, as lt mlg.it be called, her poetry Ib more remarkable than that of Deate Roeaetti She was not a coploua author, and what she dld produee was invarlably markedby a completeness whlch meant somethlng more than technical flnlsh; It meant a balance of emot onal feeimg. a aaaar. BWaatar straln. than one ftodeln the work of a poet trylng; to BU out wlth artlftcal exeitement the metrlcal unlt which he has not In splratlon aaough to create ln rounded perfectlon The Kre.it Baw in Dante Rossettl has always been the dlsturbance of hls poetlc polae by an Imaglnatlve and emotlonal irresponslblllty. The morbid elem-nt In hls nature controlled the rest. and try as ne mlght ln a work llke "The House of Life" to be more or kee ordered and sequenllal. he ended ln that productlon. as tn every other, wlth a dislnte grattoa of bla llrat Idea and Its dlff uslon ln a kin . of mlst. The outllne ls never flrm ln his poetry becauae It la never the logloal result of hls central eonc ptlon. He remlndB th.- reader of what has been said about Bhalley-that ne eaa B beautiful angei vaiiily beatlna; hls lumlnoUB Wlaga ln the vo.d. Chrlstina Rossettl hid the morbid straln also, but it never determlned BO completely the dlreetlon of her mlnd as lt dld ln the case of her bi other, and she has the serenlty of the true poet If not the posl tlve genlus. There are thlngs In her "Goblln Mar? kel" over which one may not-gTow wlldly enthus'.as tlc. but they llnxer In the tnemory as genulnely and finely poetlc. _ Amerlcans who have Inherlted a tradltlon that Mrs. Trollope was an extremely IH-tempered woman, laaaVt f , aa arell as the sharpest of critlca of our llfe aad .? i. arlll be Intereated ln this reproduction of a recently laaui i portralt. Burely thls la the geatleat . - . . i one arhlch ipeaka only of fcmlmaa km.Jli nees and i h irltabla Judgment! '. Mr Klpllng doea boi aecept the oplnloa eapreeeed by "The Atheaaeum" that "there ki always some thmg a llttla axotlC, ulmuat artltlcial. ln BOBgfl whlch, un i.-r an Bngllah aapeet and drcss, are yet ao rr.anlfeatly tbe product of other skies"; and he re bela poetlcally agalnat tha aaaerUon that "the very fauna and flora are allen, remote, the dog's-tooth vlolet Ih but an lll substltute for the rathe prlmroae. nor .-.in are e*er belleva thal the frood-robui sings aa Bweetty la Aprll as the Bngllah thrush." "Huy my Bngllah poBles." he slnKB In hli newest vafSB ? luv my Engllah poslei You that acorn tha May \v..n't vou greet a frlend from home Half the worid away.' ?;r?n agalnai ihe draggted drlft, Falnt and frail anl llrst? Buy my Norrhern bloo'lroot And rli know where you were nureedl K.ihln down tha loKRli'K-rodd whletles. "Come to me," Hprlna; has found the maple grove, the sap ls run nlnK fi.e. All tha wlnda of Canada brlng the ploughlng raln. Take the Rower and turn the hour, and kiss your love aiciiln! ? ? . ? ? Huy my Knaltuli posles'. Ve that have >our own Huy them for a brotber'a sake . iv.?.- aaaa, alone. VV.1 v>- trample unlerfoot Ploodi bni heart abttm? Blrd ve never heeded, i ih, *h,> ralla hl* dead to hlml I' r and far our hoiiu-s are set round the Seven B< Bl \\',.e for U8 lf vv f?r*.-t. wa that hold by these! Into .-a,-h hls mother-beach, bloom and b;rd and li- I Chlldren of the Beven Beaa, oh, love ar.l und?r atand!_ Tha rolume i mtalnlng Mr. Howetkfa lateel atecy, ?Tha Day >>r Their Weddlng." is ln the Etarper pr?-s- it is a curtoua itudy of atralned e maclenca and lyrennoua habit. _ _ Th.- aaw book on "Acadla," by M. Bdouard Ri.-h ar,i. appeala to ,i achoburly audlence, and atudenta ot nlet iry wUl ba butebted to hbn for i-.is ihorough exploltatlon of a raaion llttla enough known. Hut Btudenta of poetry also win be deepty Indebted to tiim. for he provea in many paaaagei that ixmgfei low waa fr,,iu beglnBlni to end an accurate handler Of f.u'ls ln bbl "Kvaagellne." few people may have ever doubted t.'its. Kevertheleaa it is pleaaant to iin.l th" lateel reaearcb luatlfylng the poet and ln its establlabmeni ,.f tha truth of bla work oontrth* utina" to its rltallty. _ "Trlllo." ih" play, baa pul a fortune Into the banda of Mr. Du Maurler, but h,'W mueh has lt done to Btrengthen h'.s l.ini"'.' Mr. Doyla and Mr. Harrle 11 iv.- made m .ri.->- out of their '.'a>.?, and Mr. Hope oii?rht to ba pleaaed wlth the ntcceaa af "Tbe Pris oner of Zenda," aa it baa appeared aa th" sia*.-; but vv.- bave never heard that these authora really hava added u> their taureta through tii.-ir k.w.i fort? une ln tbe playbouae. "Chlmaue Fadden" will doubtleaa ?ive pleaaura to many as a play, but th. p..,iiU.vr value of Mr. Townaend'e work In hls well kaown roluma w-m never be mada famlllar through rt," ili.uiii. It would be better for Mm. though ad* rertialag wleaacraa say to th* oontrary, lf he were to i -inalii un author, rest hls cl.itm for attentlon upon his wrttlnga, aad not aaek aagrandlaaoBoal m other tl.-lds. Stiek ti) your last. runs the oid saw, and no one has ever dlaproved lt. Mr. Klpllng, who haa proved its vtrtue over and over, le aald to be on the polnt of JoIiiIiik the ranks of tbe playwrlghta Hut ln splte of tha dr.imati ? llie whlch tlames tliroiifrh so many of Mr. KlgHltg*! rfhort storles, lt la not jilain from any OB8 of hls work* that he Is quallfled to Wrlte a pl.'iv. Indeed, the cmv. ntlons of the Btaga, lnexorable for jrenius and m. dlocrlty nllk.*. peem tha last thlngs ln ihe world for Mr. KIplliiK to handle with aaaa M:s Inaptratlon never iiama calcuiated to move through tne chunnels of the theatre. Hla aenlua u for coocum narrattoo, wheth.-r ln proaa or verae, and ao greal is that K"tiius that on.- draada the poaatbtltty of iih waetlng itself in vv.ivs Ul-adapted to its natural exeretae, A translatlon of "Trliby" has lately appeared In Ruaala, with Du afaurier'a illuatratlona, it is printad under the tltlo of "Katia" and Is aserlbci to one '"I'etiiliioff"; and all the names are altere.l to Ruaalan onea?tbe three Immortal Compaaloafl of tiie Bruah beini turned into Ruaalana, .Mr. llrant All. n m.iy as well prepare "The Har barlans" for decent burlal - If BUOh u buriai is pos? slble m the clrcumatancea. Tiiat "Uiiito;) Noval," ani othera llke it. ma,) aurvlva the aladgahammar biows of th?)se whoae dleguat of "hlll-toppery" can only veni Itself in ll.i.v denuticlaCon; but Mr. Train ia after tha peatlferoua "new" llterature wlth "The Barbarioua BritUhera- A Tlptop Nevel," and he win probably aceomphah what his leaa bagaaloua oolleaguea have unaucceaafully tried to do?he wlll roll th? "Hiiltop" almptetona down to the bottom of their I'.ttle tumulua, wlth some ftnlslilng; iIIks. "Parody is a viie art," aaya atatthew Arnoi.i, in one of hls lettera, "but I muat say 1 read Toor Mat thl.is' ln 'The World' with an umiiscd pleasure. 1 wonder if it is that demon Traiu." The el.ctlon of Anatide I'rance to the Aeademy Ifl lateraetlag ln more ways tliiin one. In the llrst place he ia a obarnlng wrtter, wheea poetry, eritieism and -.v-ork ln Ilctlim have all be.n excellent. Of the llrst he h;s produced compariitlvely llttle, but that llttle has been good bl ? graaafal mlnor w.ty. The storles by thls author are more numerous. Not all of them are known here; "Joeaste" and "Ix-s li.vslrsde Jean Bervtea" are prehaaty uafamlWat to most Ameriean readera, bot avery oae knowa "Lo Crtaaa de Hyl vestre Iloniiard," and every one, we believe, er.Joys the book. ln hla cr'.ilelsm, vvhioh has been volumi noufl, Btaaaa haa borne imhtly a consMerableaniount of scholarsh'.p and haa ahoWB sympathy, imagtna Uou, a-ood judgment and tlexibUtty. ile haa wrltten wlth much auavlty, too, haa alwaya been a man of letter. ln the true.t senae of the term, to that hla wrltlngs have won thelr way not merely by their authorlty. but through thelr belng a aourea of piea?. ure. There ls nothlng of the pedant about hlm, and among all thoae who have been reoelvvd into tha Academy ln recent yeara we car not racall on* whoae clalma to the honor have aeemed more engag. Ing, more admlrable. A further reason for aatlsfaction ln hla electlon is that lt comes aa one more proof of a new tradl tlon In the Academy. The Immortals are lnc.lln.ed to hold themaelvea In check very rlgldly. They form an Academy and are bound to be acadetntc. And on the whole thelr atanch conservatlam ls the only thlng to be deslred. But coneervatlsm ia not harmed by contact wlth elements of a more elastlc nature and the elections of the last few years have broughl Into the Academy men who stand for a lighter straln of thought than ls common In that auguat place. Lotl la one of them, Bourget is another Anatole France .s a thlrd. One can crltlctae i-aca one of the three. Lotl ls often exceas.vely artlfl. c'.al. Bourget, though he h2s trled to ahow a gln ah'p wlth the conscvatlsm of the Academy, la ?t heart profoundly morbld. Ar.d France has not wrlu j ten any one extraordlnary book. But all three hav. ! vivaclty, all three belong to an elastlc phase of con I temporary llterature. All three have young blood | ln thelr velna. and that. ln a body like the Academy, \ ls an Important matter. There ls cne more reaaoa why we are glad M. France is an Ao.demiclan. lt remlnds us that, for the present at least, M. Zola i? not. The many pcmons who never read hlstory beeaua* they prefer novels?an I Is thelr name not leglon?? are aometlmea confroutej wlth a book that leavea tliem no alternatlve but to abandon temporarily th.-lr favorltc romances. Such a bo?k Is presently to be publlshed by the Longmans. lt will be made up of the lectures on the Counell of Tr- at, whlch Frou le delivered at Oxford. Froude had the gentua to make any BUbject fascinatlntf lf he chose? there never was a hlstorlan who had the gift in gr, ater measure?and the mcat conflrmed romai:. .-r.-ader muat alwayr have a welcome for a volume from th. noted Engllshmin's pen. Tho Varlorum edition of OBBM i-'hiyyam, upon arhtch Mr. Matnaa H iafc*ll IjjI* has long bec-n at work, ls new on the pr Mrs. Madokm* Tnle Wynne, the Rfethor of "The Llttle Room and Other Storles"-a BOOk favorably revlewed ln thla Journal the other day?la the daugttter Of the Inventor of th* V.ii.- 1 > k, anl she llves la Chlcago. Klther Mr. Aubrey Bearlsley his had what tha unfeellng Phlbattn* calis "a row" wlth h.s coi beague* of "The T*Uow Book," or that amaatng pub ], itl ni has aeen the error of lt.; waya. Beholdl Th.- new voii.m-. if weare to bei>v- th* pubUahaPl *nnounc*m*nt, la ahora of Braraatey from cov*r to cover. Th- deeign for the outotd* of th* book l. ia (act the work of Mr. D. Y. Cnmeron, a" very -lifTer ? nt peraon from the famillar ldol of the T?U**) Booktte* and the volume Includ- I 00 1- B* than twenty-six Uluatratlona from BMmbcra of th* Oh*> gow s-hool. Now tha Qlaagow achool la 'ads vanced," ln its way?evcythlng ls "advanced" now adayn?but betamen i. and the Japcni art of tha Parietaa Boulevarda as lt la cultlvated m Low aat by Mr. Beardaley and his likes, ther* la as much real sympathy aa b*tW**a a bttrty Hlghlnn l*f and 4 bloodWa. prtg from aesth-tlo Bayawattr. Tne B*ardal*y klnd ot art la all Bncaa* and pr*t**e* The Qlaagow kind ls all breadth an I aln. erity. And "The Yellow Book" takes th- OUagOW m?0 tO Ita boaoB*. VerUy tlme arork* atraag* tnaoga! The wldow of Sldney Lanler is glving publlc read? Ings from h?r huaband'a poems. ?he ha.-> bo.-n iUO. cessful, partlcularly ln ;he South. BU81CIAN8 IX PABLIABENT. From The Muslcal ritrand Matyzlne. The Houae of Commona is noted rather for Itl dlacords than for Its harmonles. But although tha Parllament orchestra aa a whole would be ernl nently unsultable for an orchestral coneert, yet a number of lndlvldual muslclans mlght be selected from among them who, aa eolo performers, eould bo relled upon to provide an exo-ilent Mt*rt*a> ment. Foremost among mu*lclans In the House of Commona must b? mentloned J. W. Wdebothem who haa taken the degreo of Bachelor of Muaat, ani can discourae as learne-lly on the muslcal art aa on the p0lltlc.1l sltuatlon. Then comte C. Btuart-WortMy, who. although he Is wont to B8*8B with great moleaty of hia mualcal achlavemntBj has wrltten two excelb-nt aonga, "Why D-jea Azum Deck the Sky"" and "The Olpsy'a Irtrge." ArtW Balfour. too. la a cnlturtd musldan, who .!e.,grita not only ln llsten'.ng to the ... st performcr* but p pLaylng the planoforte for his own pleaaure. It does not appear tha.t Mr Gladstone. wlth all n.a marvelloua veraatlUty, ev.?r came t irward a* ar. m strumentallst. Bm. ln the bygone daya1 the *?*? nerit atatesman dellghted In Btngtng; and lt la oa r.-corl that hls favorite aong ls "My Pretty Jane. a ballad that la not ao famiiiar to-daj M II wa. * generatlon or two ago. Slr Ktchard "***l?f ia well known as a member of a church cn ?r, an? he has appearel on the platform at coneert* wua great ?ucceae. Blr Rlcbard IncUne. I ward 88* cred and Bertour. mualc; ?lr Edward Clark*, if re port be true, leana toward the humorons. ani caa reni. r a ,-ostor dltty wlth marvellou. effect Th- I.ahor member* are sp.-clally Btrong ln mu alcftl taletit. John Burns. whm a roay-cbeeB** youngater, s.ing ln a .urpllced cholr; ?"<}*"* Hardle I* not only a performer on the meloawa, bul caa put pathoa and force Into a a um. Hi-i favortt* aong ls "Mary of A:-- -'?? I ?? renderlng of lt has frequently eyoked 1 l luan* f bla admtrera. Anl apecUlty prominiaL ? courae. la Wllllam Abraham, famillar to tne wnna people and to the Houm of Common. 1. '.-xl^nrt kabon can. by alnglng "The M*n of Harlech 8f "Land of Mv Kathers." ro'is,- .1 V\el.h audienc*88 the wlldcat pltcb of anthualaam Thj honoraJIJ member haa. It ls tru-. never rala. . hla volc* ? aong wlthln the Houae Itaelf. bul he la M?m 1, aat .hat he has sting at the reauest ol b apmfwi lt ar.se 11. thi' wav. ln th* sl: rt PWllanvntt*! IfjB, Mr. l'.-ei invlted all th- Ubor membenittja ... th, Hooaa to a apt>dal dlnner. After the rraaai an ndjournment was mad. t., the llbrarv. **"** at Mr ivel's raqn*at, M*bon tovored the conmaav wlth :i voc.il seiectlon. So one wtia m .re < ?^l? then the th.m Spenker, who beat tlme on his kneei ? "hV Blnger |,ro,-e.-i,,l. Ther* I. ar. e?gm Btory told of ifabon'a exchange of . mpll ncnii Wlth Maiame 1'atti. At a coneert in J*?>^h^b* and the icreat primn .! cu w. 1. formera The coneert over. M.dame Pattl .tePP** u-i 10 the II. P.. and ObeerveJ wlth a nle-*"'" Btnlle, "You sing really well, Mr. Abraham. *<* ma lam," reapond* i Mahon, galhuiUy. aad ?o ua rTh* irish party can boast of a nnmberjofjr^aah ists. rh* veteri* T. D. r5uUlv?nh?* wTrttbmW word. of many an Irtah dltty. nnd haa ???*?? wlth great effect at numarou. poUtlcal and f**uva aatbertng. Tim H**ly. too. I* '"^\?}y J* "1. derlng iriah ballad* "Mary Dofw'ly ***?. favorltc aong. Mr. H**ly ?'??>?? nw'Z \*t? for panlmant; whlle hls brothev fom who ?? J= North Wexfotd. ls an accompllahed planli.. ^ Tanner can alng a good BOng, unl 80 ^n lom lw don und l>r. Fox. h. M The Sco.ch members do ^\^V^ar jo ^ J9 mualcal as their brethren from ^?*i?d-lft?\Z It ls true that Parllamentary cartc.turtat. n"} J frequently deplct one or other of the "^K^De* tlves of Bcotland playlng a solo on the baifi , *. hut it is doubtful whether ln raallty any ^;^ M. P. la m the habit of performlng ..n an In.trw mont that ls r.-garde-l by ^'"'\"ZZ, \' ' ron as a fearaom* and unholy inven.UH. There Is ono memb. r who p.obab.y *????? fjj in th- House to the aweet *lnglng of hla *rMM? l?,|o,..i. muslc nt polltlceJ ""-'?^if 'r,',' mMr* qulte the vogue. Captaln C.rice-Ilut. hinso 1. ?> S.wdlgate. and Et J. Prlce. who are now M. PJ aanc lo the alectora at the genera ?-< ? -1- ?"B whoknowi how anany votea whlch ptherwla* ireaj have gone to thelr opponents. were -'.n tiir^ 1 W their mualcal effortaT Mr. Prlce. be lt an ? "^ renb-r "Catchlng the Bpeaker'a B>. *';,h?^ iuato He has alnc had plenty ol -pp ';'!' ;;^ * catchlng the augu.t optlc ?t that auguat ***?*? lf tha practlc- of having mualcal electlon nvmauBj contlru.es to grow. there *Ught to bea I^J^ among IMrllamentary c.Ui ll l*t*8 l" ?"-"-"" iilstrumental muslc and Volce prodUCtlO*. ?-? 4 TOWN OF CELBBBITIBB. From Tha Uwtaton Joagaal. Kx-.'.-ivernor 1'erham. one of M>^.*^aBS serv.-l aml happl-st "??,a." *nJo '? Ul Una aia f ?f ? atraag.r-1 -Unt W a llttle Vlalne WllJwwa^ rragrant memorlM, where one ''^V ", ,wti. of pUaaur* Inpolltely polnt ng out the 1- -.? >b ''? Intereat "There. aald the vlllager. poinnng*" hanW*old!*7yl. boua*. "?*?*J??" f^nTbaj ?f Congre**: yonder 00 that .treet you .-.-.\1-1 n* s,,iira boua*? wh.-re on.- of MaliiaVaMtno. dlMni, wulahed aona was born, who araa .ucceaaiveiy ?j h T .r the LeaiBUtur*. Houae of R'Pr^ifiSJa inVongrcs. Unlted BUte.8en.itor 1 .1 a g*n*r*" ? und Vlce-Praatdent; rlght down ther. I. the 1a?ow? prlntlng othce wh-rc on* of our boyajU.ed towwj| whence he graduated to become a lea 11 g, 1?'''1' JJ edltor. anl aftetwar.l Poatinaal 1-., r.era. . *. promenadc coutlnuod around the iflllage th* aawjj dlrected the attantton pf the vuUtor to oth*rma reatdenceo. "There." aald he. "Ia the f??* P?S ?f another memb** of Cougrae* ,<^t^ anoth* State. etC, and over aCrOM ther* ls wh.re a?i >m? M. .'. one* r**tu*d. Hlght down the rtreet tB?ra" the old home of Judg* C-. and over thereM* wriera .Iu Ue K-? uscd to llve yeara ago. *A7**mlJ lOOd lot of pretty fumous lawyera. Mltora, ? colonels bosldes. that I havcii't m?BU^Md. rej nnk.,1 .he eacort. l!y thls tlme the ftranger^WJ beglnning to get dec'.e lly lntereste-1, and oi.? forth whli th- antbual.Btlc Inqulry But. awg Lenvenal Havent you *v?r had any aoaaaaaa peopi* ln your town?" XEW \Y00I) FOR LBAD PEXCILS. The IVtalum.i (CiC.) Argus. a aartond of ledweod to ix- used m aaaJnaa ? ,??nll.. u-.> akm*B tho nlhi r dav from ??n?". From The IVtalum.i (Cal.) Argus. . Mrloud of redwood to be used ln n.^klW i? ,.enclli waa ablpned th-> other day from -*??**? SL for Xuremberg. Oermany. , fconi* J m; 'W expert. from tlermany investlgated the resoun the Paclrtc coaat ln an effori to flnd a ?""?,'utu.t, for cedar. the foreata of Europe. from "n'fA.yj, aupply of that wood for lead penclla haa miac?i?? been obtained. having becom* e*bau*t*a.