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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 10, 1896, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1896-07-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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f*-a_LTI N?- J8.135.
en^nn l^atb-lUBBl of tiii: ki:\ol._tionaky fro- j
rv.r. Tiiiun I'ay . aaaatoM or the
___a____1 |_B_|0-3____ SBBE-IBI.T.
[bt x*B-sa*_-Ai*a to thk ga_aa_a__]
Cblcap^. Jul-V a.?Tba Democratlc Natlonal
Conventlon at this afie.noon'e aesslon consum- i
jjHted Its Chlef objecl ..f barlng*. it adopted a
platform doclarins that the IX-mocratlc party
_.mands the free and unlimlted colnage of
illver "sl th* pi*4_aant laajsJ ratio of 10 to
\ wlthout waltlng f.-r the aid or consent
of any cther natlon." And lt also went a step
beyond thla revoluiionaiy one; lt declared ltself
m favor of letrislation to jirevent men from mak
ln_* gold cntracts, saying that the Democratlo
party favors auch leplslutlon as WtU prevent for
Ihe future the demonctlzatlon of any klnd of
]ecal-ten..er money by prlvate contract. lt wa?
?rery aprr< i'llal'' that ,h(" chl.f apaaikars ln fa?
vor of this p-.l.y Of B"-_-b_8 d.iwn debta 60 p.r
cer.t Bhould be Senat'.r Tillman, of Fuuth t'aro
llna. and ex-t ..nf-ressman WtUlam J. Bryan. of
Jiebraska, 'tho boy orator of the Platt.'."
Davld 13. Hill made tbe ablest snd most logicai
apeech of his lif.- in oppoaltloo to tha 8__optioB
cf 8 bIIv.t plaiik an.l numeruiis other planks ln
the platform of an oqually dangerous character.
Jlr. 8-01 ln the past has had a note of inslnc.rity
in hla sjeeches whlch have deprlved them of
. ? w*w
much v._lue, but to-day thr> pt_sa_ona,ta way In
vhlch ho expressed his disliko of the platform,
the unreserved way ln whlch he criti.isoJ Hs
thief features and the very frankness of the
rtaha ha Bjmrs the documert revealtd beyond
questlon his absolute sincerity.
Moreover, his Bpsacb WSJ admlrably put to
gether. Its p< ints were COBU is.ly expr.-ssed. It
held tho crowd. He eomprosmeC nvo or slx ordi
r._ry 'loe.h's ln it and w.._ appar.ntly master
Ol evtry aubject tr.ated jf ln it, and, in a word,
?xpressed ln a m.._terly fashi..n all the repul
rlon ot f...in_r feit by ihe Eaetem Dl-m.-crats
toward euoh a pl_iform. If raBSOB eould have
n.ay?.1 the Conventlon Mr. Hill would have
B-opelled by hla apeeeb a r___r.ltess revision of
the ; Istforrn
Tba free colnasa Demo rats evMently belleved
that tx-c". t:..'-? Bsman Wllllam J. Bryan, of Ne
bra.ka. would _-4__e an argum. nt in r.-ply to
lanator Hill which would eruab hlm, for tbey
aj__comed Bryan to th.- platform with rheers
whlch Issted for ten minutea. A part of thla
aaSMnatratlon, m doui.i. was a boom for Bryan
for Prealdent Bryan is a tall, awarthy man,
who besra conaWeraible resemblanee to Wllllam
McKlnley?that is, ihe type of face, on!y Bryaa
fcasn't aB reftned a face as Mr. McKlnley. The
__?*_<?_- la not ao full; lt Btopea bavekward at a
fipid rate. Uryun had t.een called for more
lrom th- beglnnlna of the Conventlon than any
other man. with the nolitary ex.option of Hill.
He Be< >;-.?.1 to hav.- more admlrera in tho ofTl
clai a:. I inofBcis* ranks than any other man.
except Hill. The Kroetlnt; thay pave hlm waa
aecor.'l only to tho one bsatowad upon the New
Tork Benator. More than half the men were
Bh-idlng, nd the alr was full of newspapers
and hatK Four tirnes the ctMrsr aeemed to have
4p*nt ir. elf at:d .-ach tlme it roae agaln with tho
roi*. of an u'lvar.'-inir wave.
Bryan atood with a rrnile playin*? on hls face
4*3 ar. upllfted arm, waltinir for silenec.
Even the attentlon piv.-n to Tii'.man and Hill
dld aot equal t;.e bf_athi-ag slience with which
thousai:.;^ peered forward and llst?-ned to hlm.
H* apoke deprecatlr-ffly ?>f hlmsalf "Hut," h<;
at_4_, "the bumblea. eltlzen in the land, wh*n
?'*. ir. the armor of rlghtsouBnajaB, l? _*_r-_u_-ff
ttan all tiu- _..sts of error." This struok a kay
?ote arbkh aoun&ad to the lafters. and there
?aW tbe Bllvstites Bent up yell aft?-r yell of
tepf-Ft delirht aft-r every striklnj. period. The
taase >,f illver, he declared, was the cause o"
ahaty, of humanlty; therefore he deprscatad
?ay denundatlon of Prealdent Cl.-v.-land be
^n** th.- laaue wns noi to be brouRht dowa to
aa lev. i 0f a peraonallty. To the < omplaint of
^ Kaht t!,at the silver men would not d-KUSB
?aqueatlon, he replied that th.- Oonr*_BtJofl was
aas_-b!ed im r.-iy to render a Judgmsnt onier-d
*. fba plain people.
D__f_A-SCa <iF THI KAST.
E?t gr-u-.-st of all was tbe .-iiili'islasiu . tlrn-d
' als comparlaona >>f bualneaa men, culmlnnt.
J with ti,. compaiiaon .<f the -usineee man
?*? Went down a tbouaand feel Into a mln.-,
"a h!i,i who in u back room (..riiti.d tha
^ey of ti?. v.urld "We are flKhtliuj in da
"*4 of our bomes, our BrcsMsa and our faml
i'o< ?.]..,! Bryan a tbe asaemblaae ross
?aaother _*iid demonstratioa "Onr petltlons
^"'?"?t'. acornsd, but now ara havs ao patl*
|2* to offer? for we are atronu; In our mb.ht
^* *4 <Wjr them. They ask ua If a Kobesplerre
?"??? No, lnettad of that ihe pe.pl. need
an Andrew Jaokson. to fio as Jackson dld iu rc- i
alstlng encroachmenta agalnst the people."
Turnlng to the lncome tax questi n, Mr. Hry
an declared that lt was DOt _U_onstitutional un?
til one Judge had ehanged hls mlnd and the
great economlo prlnolple of an tnromo tax could
not rest upon the change of mlnd of a blngle
In cloalng hls speech, Mr. Bryan dramatlcally
aald: "You ahall not cruclfy manklnd on a
croas of gold." Thls blathersklte declaretion
aflrred up the depths of the Popullatlo Conven?
tlon. For half an hour "nothlng was done but
cheer Dryan.
It was the greatest demonstratlnn of the Con?
ventlon. The delegatlons from lowa, Florlda,
Montana, Colorado, Callfomla, North and South
Carollna, Kansas, Ohlo, Loulslana, Oklahorna,
North and South Dakota, Texas, West V'lrginia,
Michigan, Oregon, Georgla, Nevada, Misslsslppl,
Indlan Terrltory, Utah, Arkansas, Ne\v-Mexico,
Wyomlng, Virglnla and Illlnola aelztd the guld
ona marklng thelr positions and began a parade
around the ha'.l, cheerlng wildly for Ilryan. All
efforta of the chalrman and tho bands to qulet
the tumult were ln valn. The cheerlng was
deafenlng. Flags, hats, papers and everythlng
movable were hurled Into th. alr. F'lnally Bry
an was selzed by a crowd of ahouters and car
rled on thelr ehoulders down the rentre aisle.
The demonstratiun caused Governor Altgdd to
turn pale wlth anger. He had opposod Hryan
from the start and when the Illlnola delegation
headed by "Huol." Hlnrlchsen, followed the
Suuthorn delegates around the hall shouting for
Hryan, the Illlnois boaa looked savage.
Flfteen mlnut.-s elapsed before tlie tumult
subsldcd. Then the chairman, after great effort,
eucceeded ln redudng the delegates to a eom?
paratlve degreo of quietness. The slgns were
cnrrled back to their plaees and business was
The demonstratlon for Hryan was apparently
6pontaneous, but was largely in the nuture of
a boom sprlnging into sudden life. The unusual
enthualasm whlch followed his speech was taken
advantage of by a few frlends and was en
couraged and helped nlong for this speclal pur
pose. Georgla was apparently deep ln the
seheme for a Dryan Btampede, if a achem* lt
was. Her delegates rontinued to Obeef and
olamber on thelr chalrs though quiet had been
restored to the other delegatlons A delegate
from Georgla screamed across to the men of
Florlda, "Hrynn's will go Into hlstory a st-cond
Gnrfleld Bpeech."
The n.vvs of thls overwhelmlng stampede to
Bryan spread to the outslde of the Collseum, and
tho i rowds In the strects began cheerlng frant'
cally for the Nehraskan. Bryan handkerchiefs
were plaeed on atlcka. and men wer-.. running up
and down Pixty-thlrd-st. like Indlans. When the
demonstratlon came to a close the ycung "statos
man" from Nebraska was generally declar. d to
Iv far ahead ln the Presid. ntlul race. One thlng
wa_ certaln, nnyhow, and that was that lf a
viva voce vote had been taken at that motr.ent
for the Bresidentlal nomination Bryan would be
the nomlnec. If the demonstratlon meant any?
thlng beyond mere effervescent enthusiasm over
a fino piece of oratory, lt meant that Bryan at
the close of that speech was the popular eundi
date for the nomination.
The Conventlon was three-quarters of im honr
late in gelting to work thla mornlng, but bv tlir.r
time l..,_0. spcetators were present, und most
of tho delegates. Senator Hlll, who sat ln IbO
ranka oi the New-York delegatlon but who had
r.ot hitherto spoken in the Conventlon, _"-med
to be the man whose face was mest aought for
by those preaent ln the Conventlon hall Pr.iyer
waa offered by tho ltev. Thomas E. Or. n. of
Giaee Episcopal Church, Cedar Hapi K lowa.
He prayed that the ctK'iee of the Conventlon
mlght ie a man whose work would redound 10
the glory of his country and his Ood.
S. nator Whlte handed the gavel to Conpre..
man Kichardson, of Ter.nei-se,., who announced
that tho Commlttee <>n Rosolutlons was ready te
report. and called to tho platform Senator Jones.
of Arkansas, to mak.' th.' orrmittee's report.
Benator Jonea, a gray-halred man, wlth gray
beard, adjuated a pair of gold-bowed Bpectaclea
nn-l began to read the flnnnclal plank of the plat?
form, arhlch Colonel Cbarles H. Jones, of "The
St. I.ouis Post-Dispatch" had wrltten.
The Bllver ranks raJaed a cheer whon OOflM of
thein hemrd the words "We demand the free and
unllmited coinage ef silver," and one cnthusia.t
demanded that tho paaaace bc reread, which was
done. Senator Jones declared he was hoarsc
and Indeed his VOlc* broke two or three tlmes
and nearly falled blm. As the delegatea c iuM not
h.-ar much of th* platform, most of Its polnts fell
uni ht-.-red. But tho denuneiation of "Govern
ment by Injunetlon," whlch is taken as an indi
reet approval of Oovernor Altgeld'a course dur?
lng the Chicago strlk-', met with recognitlon.
When the plank exi.ressing sympathy with
Cuba had '."'en read, a flng <>( th* few _iepu-.li.
with blue and whlte stripes and a 6lngl_ star on
a n.-d field, appeared in the alale in front of the
<; ilegatea' chalra, and was <_rried along tho
nlalea. It did not arouse the demonstratlon
whlch the partlsans of Cuba had hoped for. In?
deed. the applause was very moderate, and Mr.
Blchardson rapped on the d.sk and said: "Put
down that fiag." It quickly sank from sight.
The con.lict over the platform began at or.c>.
Sei.alor Hlll ofTered in behalf of the mlnoVty
a report, which was read to th. Conventlon. "We
demand that all our silver and paper mon-. 'hall
be kept at absolute parity with gold." When
this sentenee was read from Ihe minorlty re
pCTt there was a great cheer, but the londcs: ap
plaune during the readlng of the platform waa
when the mlnorlty commended the "honasty, fl
dellty nnd courage of the present Admlnistr..
ti jn." The Pennsylvanla delegates led the cheer
|Bj but the whole audier.ee seemed to be
fner.dlv to Mr. Cleveland, and rheered for BOV
Mtil minutes. Mr. Hlll also had two ponooal
air.emimfi.ts read, one provlding that "ar.y
?rhaiige ln the monetary standard shall r.oi affect
exlsting lontraets." the other declarlng that if
silver eolnage was not a sucecss after a year lt
ihould b. Buapended.
Senator Tillman led off tor the aupport? rs of
the platform. His urrlval upon the stare was
awalted wlth great euriosity by the speetetor*
und delegates. When hls short, thlefco ?: __ure
myaya seen emerglng from tlie South Carollna
delegatlon there was a r .ar of ap9_MtB4_ Mr.
Tillman has n-.t been to bad early whlle in Chl
cagO, f.nd therefore hls fa.e seemed to be .v.irn
ui i fi.tigue. With only one eye. ihat <>e
Kl,.um.d out ln llery faahlon at the dcle>;ote* and
,he amlienc, Ho has a bi.. r*_OH__t .olOft .and
1 he could be heard in every ,>_.t of th* hall. it_\i
1,.,-tly he thou. ht there was some prelulico
agalnal him. for he . aid li.r..ly at the very b< -
?Mnnlng of bl" apaecb:
-I will begln by Introduelng mynelf to the
I), ??o< racy '-f the I'nited Stales aa I am ani DOt
.,? ii,.- Ijiog new.pai'is have laprooanted me.
U'ben this Conventlon is r,0t I hO|?* that ItO
member* will bave a dlfferent oplnlon of tb*
Pltchforli Benator. J rome from a _Ut? ?/_*-*.
waa the home of see.-s.io.,"
Thls statement brought forth a atorm of
hls*e8. Senator Tillman tomod JO-OOUy. V*
Conllnued oa KourlU Taa*.
Wilkesbarre, Penn., July ll.?The investigation
Into the cause of the Twln Mine disaster wa*
. opened this mornlng in St. Aloyslus Hall. Pitts
ton. InapectOT William Stein, of Shenandoah;
! Edward Brennan. of Shamokin. and Edward
i Hoderick, of Scrant.m, constltuto the Commls
! i-iion appolnted by the Oovernor. Attorney-Oen
\ eral Mcf'ormlck ls present to advlse the Oom
, mission and to declde upon the rfiode of proced
1 ure to l<c followed
At 11 o'clock Ihe Insjiectors entered the hall
i and took seats upon the platform. Inspeetor
j Steln presided. Attorn. y-Oeneral McCormlrk
i began by telllng how the Investigation waa ln
1 augurated by the Oovernor. who deslred to know,
| flrst, If all the anfeguards for minlng provlded by
law had been observed by the mlne-owners and
w hether all the preventiv<-s of accidenta had been
employed; Becond, If those prevcntlves were not
used. and lf this accldent waa cauaed by the
negllgence cf the mlne-owners. If the CommU
slon flndfl that this was nn" of those accldent.,
for whlch no one is ace.uintalile, they are to take
ruch measures ns may render less possible a
slmllar eataatrophe.
Edward Hugh.-s, the flrrt witness. said: "t ?n
the day before tho disaster I was working with
John OllL I snld to him It was not n safe plno.
to work. We notlced thnt tha boUOSfl was fall
Ing out of veln No. ... I could run my arm over
tho coal and under the roof on thnt day I had a
ronveraatlon with Mr. ifcConnlck, who waa the
flr<< boss. and told him how dangi roua it was.
There was a slitrht cavc-ln. nnd a!*0 some trouble
from gas We had a consultatlon as to whether
we should contlnue to work. One of th? men
threw up a piece of stone nnd asked, 'Wet or
dry.' It came down wet.
"Then n few of the mm went DOt, and I was
among the number. Prevlous to tho accldent the
propfl used in th-* mine were thln and of not
much use. They had rested outslde for two
years. and were drled up with the sun. Two
weeks before the accldent I flrst notlced the
company uslng BJ a aupport for the roof what ls
known as rogs. Six montbs ago I naw the plllars
of the fifth veln slnk down I flrst notlced the
bottom gotng down by the roadbed sinking."
Hughes fald he did no bellevo opotnttOM at
the mitie were condpeted legally. Also that the
company had been warned ef the cave-ln three
weekg before it Qccnrred, and dld nothlng until
the day before the ecctden .
Mine InapectOT McDonaid was on the stand ln
the afternoon. Ho was examlned as to whether
the plllars In the fifth and slxth velns were
dlrectly under each other. He admltted that
they were not QUite, but were as r.ear as could be
under tbe clrcumstances. He admltted the gang
way wa- twenty-fo_. feet wlde at a point de
acrlbed by Mr. Hughoe, but added that on an
average it was but twelve feet. He aaid some
<<f th" panpways were only elgbta.cn feet wlde,
.ut that Other* had to be drtven wlde to avold
gas and make- worUng safer.
When asked about the probable cause of the
accldent. he hald he notlced a large crack or.
li-'.-'ure In the roek, r.ear the eave, through whlcu
water came. but they bored a holo through lt
and found the rock of average thlckness. Dur
ing hi* examlnatlon Mine Inapactor McDonaid
said that he never had occaslon to call any other
inspeetor t<> loofc at th" mine He constdered
that the plllars were strong enough to BUpport
the ov.rlvliig strata of sandst. r,e. He nccounts
for the strata breaklnp down so suddenly be?
cause of th- fi^ure and th<- dlatocatlon men
tloned in hls evidence above. He was not noti
fied at anv tim- that a Bquoese was golng on in
the mine. He knew of nothlng ln tbe statutes
dletatlriK the sly.e plllars should be. Durlng the
tlme Veln No. 0 had been working. said Mr. Mc?
Donaid. nlne livea had been lost ln the slx years
prevlous to the pr<-sent dleaeter.
As Mr. IfcDonal- made thls statement a man
ln the audience kradly exciaimed: 'You're a ??
bar. Mlater." . _ . . _ _
He was immedlately ej"ct"d from the hall. On
belng croaa-queatloned by Mr. Oberyle, Inopector
MeDonald said that during the la. t year he had
mad" flve Ofllcial vlsits to the mine Then- ar ?
flve velns In the rnlne. two of whlch had lat.-ly
l.ecn work. .1. Wlthln the last two years he had
not Inepected any of the worked-out velns.
Mr Oberyle conaumed conatdermble time in
rlgldiy queatlonlng Inapector McDonaid as to hls
vlsits to the mine and the conditlon in which he
roUnd th" worklnga. If" aald he took his ma.
Into the mine with him. On the map he traci.l
the varioua worklngs whlch Ije vislied and ln
gpected. Th- hearing was then adjourned until
to-morrow mornlng at 10 o'clock.
"The N<-..-Y..rk Stm." in its laaa* of thls morn
ln. COO-ea oui ln I?vor of WlMtan McKlnley for
Prt-ldenl Tn- edltorUl re:i<l* ln part as foHowsi
Im tb* dlfferenl Btatea tb* Btat* candidatc* *?
rl-. nr.rt.ti- i and dl_h*arl__e- iremh.r_.-f tbe
.mocn.v to follow ar* i' to to determlned. J"
;,?' ... i Mp.clally ln New-York. where Davld
i . .r Si' l i- airuggled tor bla pany a.-n. .
. ,'i..'. 'mlng odda tbe mSrteua of I>cm,cr_'l;: re
__ne._uT_.nrnu*. be found. Bul from now untM tbe
.,; ? of eic-ti.,,. day in Nevember. >. . the Preal
r n'lV e-il date of every Demoetat who favor.
.'" V ,.'.n.v ni.i who atlll bopea ra croeb th.- eoe
BEVSS*J_S_nwS??l {!rtn_f_5e* he _?? bred ln
ffiJJuh wlthout healtatlon, .v.i.i.n. or BOp to
prejudlce. Wiillam McKinley.
Waa____tos. July ..-John |_ WMhrow. Mod*retor
of the pwabrtertan Oaneral Aaaambly, who i_ at
tendina tbe Cbriattan Kndeavor conventlon here.
,aid to-iav that he bad caUed a meetlng ot the ape
cui eommltte* appolnted at Sar_toPa ln May ta
S* wTo eon.ld*ratlon ih*piapeaed aale al theblf
Preabyterlan Buildlng, m Flrtb-ava. New-Tork.
;, .h? ri....:,,incy of the old Unoa mansDn.
-x Prealienl ll.irrl5.ui. J^. Wannmaki-r nnd other
,' _.,. preabytertana to tbe numtMW ef tea mak
r;;1;;^,!!.!...^. ^ta?rr*tefci___L_,,t:
i ,,r'' '?' ;"'i_i. . '?* and _m Mi-sion Houae, No. 156
i,;.vi..v. Juiy ? ^ . ;?,.,. fjf Lh(. meetlng.
nfth-ave .?>??';;;,..",' i ,he ,v .-mbly have aignl
Ail inember* appouwea oy wn * Ue&or
6tA .'^y,"' l^gUin hl*W<?" ?r- Wlthrow bu
m,,K 0f ,,icago, anam^ ^^ of ^ rnltej
i.r Iily ?- An aedbnt on the
Prorldence, n ' ? .;'"-ert ju,t beyond Braateriy
Cor olldated roa i ?? urrea j ? Q? oM
Bboui ?t1:?^c^J ^!c__VweS PilH up m a beap
"?' '?'? .."-^e: k. l The h'ni brakeman wa**eri
?ll"1 "';'?, . l He waa Utken to his tom m N*w
thli rno'rnlnr
. ? , r, Julv 8-Th^ corn-rstonc of the
y-u- ""' .'hi-Vui, ?-h-rch. u. Booth Hlgb-et.,
new Oerman 1 ,ither? "u '0>i0(.k. Addreaae*
nrlU b. I*W ffl&tgy%o.****** ot N*w-Brlt_ln
wiu i.. ntad* ei '??' " of Y . , ?n..t,,., rh.- etaurcb
aad '?'??"r;;. .??? i _ w.i, freeatona trlmmlnga
^il'ii.l'-i,'h!'-s.yi/>' wttleoBl PMCO
. ,i .I.-. Ju'y 9 -Joseph Banrnon, ng-j
Ml';u"'.'; 5X?o_7awe_. fo. iwj?*?ai tto
LwwUyi"ti?u__ M.ot hun-e't ln th* b*f l ln Ma ro m
Central H ? ??< ? j" *?; ? wu ,in aocUUnt. Hs ...
aged r-_..n ? "A ?' ' ,n ,,.,,,., Wll,i,. waltlng for a
! 0:.n^_a killil at tto rtebbura depol thi. fort
,rit'n' ii." waaTa___*?- to (Ha. and Bta_Ud to patt
,";-.'" th* -_!.. wh." he M. and _ puaher pa-.J
ovs. l.l?n. CUttlng Wa h___ otL
The Donioeratic Nalionnl Conventlon In Chl?
cago licgnn the work of uominatlng a candidate
j for the IMeHldency Inst nlght The namt-B of
Bland, IJryan, Matthews, bolrs, Blnrkhurn nnd
Mcl-BBB were present*.!. It was declded to
ndjourn untll to-day wlthout tnklng a lmllot.
The plnt form as adopted la Rtib. tantlally na
j prlnled ycHterday, end Is rxpli. Itly llat-footeil
; for Hilver. It wlll lie found ln its revised form
on the thlrd pnpe of this lstuie The essentlal
1 pl.-ink Ib Ihe foUowtng:
IVf> (1. nuinil the free. nnd iiiillm It.-.l nilnnira
nf .Ilver nnil _rol,l nt tlie preaent li-ural rntio
of III (n 1. wlthout ?vnl(ln_ for tlie ald or
.-.in.fiil of any other nntlon. We .leiimn.l
, llii.l Ihe .iiiiidnr.l rtllvrr ilollnr ahall lio n
! full lef-ral fender, equall) with nrolil. for nll
| ilri.i., [uil.llc nnd privi4tt>, and we fuxir
j a.i.li lt-alalntloii aa 4vlll pr. vent (nr tlie
. fuliire Ihe deimtnrtlan Hon ot any klnil of
l.-unl-t.-inl.-r inonrj l>> prlvutft enntrart.
. .V. nre itppo*. tl lo Ihe pnlloy nn.l prnoll,-.
j ??f anrrrnderltiK lo the hnlderB nf the otillga
I llau of Iha Inlied Slatea tha npllnn re
aerved hy Inw to Ihe Oovernment of rederm
ln_ a_ab nhlluallona In aHhanr allver or
K<>lil eoln.
Chlcago. July 0?Tha Democratlc Natlonal
Conventlon adopted thiB afternoon a party plat?
form which Ib to serve for the next four months
as a rallyln* crjr for all the elements of un
r.-sl and dlsorder now preaslng to the Burfacc
ln Amerlcan polltios, and this evenlnK turned to
the task of namlng a Presidontlal eandldata
und.r W___n leaderahlp the forres of popular
fanatlclsi.i and dis.-ont.-nt mtght most fltly
mari-h to what already aeems thelr lnevitablo
At 12:."..". o'clock at nlght the Convention ad
Jiiurned till 10 o'clock Frlday mornlng, six can
ui.lati-s havhiK b_SB placed lr-. nomlnatlon, l.ut
no tiallots havlng heen taken
By the vote of more than a two-thlrda ma?
jority of the delegatea?__.S t?. 801? tho heturod..
and revol.itlonary platform presented _y tho
Houthern and Western leaders, who have 8_d
d.-nly grasp.", th" r. ins of party manivgeqient,
warj made the. scqppted party falth artd' the
r... i'i(nl_e.i test <'f party L.yalty.
The announcem.-nt >f the chalrman of the
Conventlon that the n.-w programme of the
R.nithern and Western aidtnt'.rs had trlumphed
l.y so overwhelmlng a mnjorlty marked th^
linal passlng of power from the hands of tba
ftaa-BI-i managors, who have dlctated party
poltcy and approprlated party honora for more
?an a generatlon. !t uahered ln at |8_g anrae
tirne a revolutlon In Democratlc party porltlCS
perbapa aa rlolent ar.d fBr-resicblaa in its c?Vct.-i
us that whlch spllt the ante-beilum organlzatlnn
at Charleston thlrty-six years ano. The victors
in to-_n_r*a eonteat, face, ln fact. a threatened
dlsruptlon of the party In more than a dosen
Stau-s. and, though the bsatsn representatives
of the gold-stan.luid fsctlon hav.- not cnrrled
their rasentment t.? ths polnl of aetual Bsc-sston
rroaa tha Conventlon. it ls a'.roady plair. to the
most casual ol.aerver tha' the eonttnued domina
tion of the Inflaensea which f-ravtnsd to-day'B
platform wlll lnvo'.v. the speedy dluintegratlon
of the party, an.l a readjustmont of the condl
tions of Amerlcan polltlcs of whlcb not even
the koenest-slghtcd can now see the ulilniato
the __a_rri UP.HILL i-ight.
The Eastern and more conservatlve elements
ln the party dld not yleld thelr ground wlthout
a desperat. struggl.! agalnat the rlsing Bood
Of Popullst fanatlc.sin. Thelr numerlcal feeble
neas left them no rftle to play but that of |__r
llam.ntary protest, yet in splte of the nopeleSB
neSB of th.-lr task, they contlnu.d thtilr flght to
ih- <nd with sklll and _ff_e*Jvanaa__ Senator
Hill l.y an all-arour.d onslaught on tho platform
aougbt to Bhake the aolldarlty of the free-coln?
age ranks and aecura some lmportant modlflca
? tlon ln the text of the more radlcal and revolu
I tlonarv paragraphv His eiforts. though cleverly
directod. falled at every polnt. however, and he
sueceeded only once ln breaklng the solld ranks
of the free-colnage column on ths trlal of
ptrength over the adoptlun or rejectlon of hls
naolutton commending "the honeaty, economy.
courage and fldellty" of the Clevelond Admlnlrj
tratlon. On thia ballot some forty or llfty free
colnage men with Admlnlstratlon or oflic.-hoM
Ing afflllatlons. deaerted the silver maj-irlty and
bslped ralse the total cast for Mr. Hlll'a resolu
tion to ..07 agalnst .104 votes ln o.posltion.
The orlglnal motlon to substltute a "sound
money" plank for the free-colnage declaratlon
of the platform as reported by the Commlttee
on Reaolutlons. was defeated by 301 votes to
('IM. Both on thla ballot and in the flnal one.
adoptlnK the entlre platform, the free-colnage
leadera demonfltratcd that they controlled a two
thlrda majority ln the Conventlon. On both
teats they had exa. tly eight votes to apare.
Tho parltamentary rontest ever the platform
lasted about seven hours. and was marked
through-.ut by the Int.nacst polltlcal excltement.
Senator HIU, Senator TUlman and ex-Ropresen
tatlve Brvan, of Nebraska. were the chlef flgures
ln the struggle. and at least one of them achleved
a p^rsonal triumph of tha rlrst order. It ls to the
,-redlt of the Conventlon, one of the few re
do. mlng facis In Its B-S-Sncboly record. that it
?bowed a inarke.l Impatlence of the Int. nse and
ralculated demagogy of "Pltohfork" Tillman.
whlle lt applauded ln raptur.' the mllder and less
emblttered perlods of the N. t.raska edttor.
Mr Tlllnian. who rose flrst to def.-ijd the Pop
nMBtlc hodge-podge Oflered to the Conventlon bh
a platform. found hlma.-lf faelng a hostlle and
suaplclous audlence. whlch greeted with angry
hlssea hla flrst attempt at bllllngagate polltlcal
..ratory The Bouth Carollna Benator'a ln
judlcloiiH .I.- laratlon that the lasue rataed by the
platform was avowedly and eaaentlally a aec
tlonal issue brought a roar of dlsaent and pro
I t.st fP.in the floor and gallerlcs, and ao great
,vas the in.llgnatl-.n of the fre.-colnage leaders
at this unwelcome admlsslon that Benator Jonea.
! of Ark.insas. was l-TC-d 10 take the platform
I and passlonately dlaavow ar.v putrpoaa 011 the
; ,,art Of the sllv.-r l.-ad-rH 10 p--t on foot a cam
pnlgn of one s. gt-OB agalnst an-.lher.
Senator Hill hdd the attentl.m of the Conven
rl.in Baors suc.-.ssfully than tho Intfmptrate
Bouth Carollna autocrat. and OOntpeUsd the ad
n-lrstlon srsa sf his -pponsaU by the adrol*__aaB
ultli .vhlch hf d.fend-d the loslng cauae sf the
gold-atandard delegate*. WM1- (latenalbly^cjom
Ing forward to sdvocata the relentlon of tba gold
atandard, he shlfted hls ground to an argument
ln behalf of Internatlonal blmetallism, and then
wandered off Into a wholeaale attack upon the
money planks used as "fllllng in" to the cardlnal
declaratlona of the platform on the money ques?
tion. The Income tax. life tenure of off.ce and
bond-issue paragraphs were made the basls of a
Eeemingly violent but really harmless phlllpplc
againat the folllcs of the Southern and W'estem
platform-makers. whlle to the end the attitude
of the New-York leader on the vltal lssue of the
free coinage of silver by the United State alone
was left ln calculated vagueness.
That hls differences of oplnlon with the West
ern party managers on the silver question were
grave enough to drlve him into any practical
oppoattlon to thelr pm^ramme could not be ln
ferred from anythlng he said from the plat?
form. On the other hand. he was wllllng to
lend hlmself to the open ond formal repudlatlon
of the flnanclal pollcy of the Cleveland Adrnin
latratlon. and op. r. the wa/ to a prartica: een
aure of hla cilent In the YVhite House. by presslng
upon the Conventlon a resolutlon Indorslng the
performance of Mr. Cloveland's second term.
The commlttee on res.dutlons had generously
omltted to pasa direct cenaure on the Presldent
and hisadvlsers; but through Mr Hill's urgency
the party waa put on record to-day as expll.itly
refusing to recognlze the second Cleveland __?
mlnistration aa deservlng even the poor compll
ment of a perfunctory and guarded resolutlon
of pralse.
Mr. Bryan, of Nebraska. "the Boy Orator of
the Platte." ia not a publie man of note or tratn
lng, or a speaker of more than averag- ?_?__??
pltshments, yet ho barrt-n has this Conventlon
shown Itself ln men of genuine force and in
splratton that his unexpecte.t und capiivatlng
outburst of eloquenoe to-day easily raise.l him to
the front ranks among tbe Cbtef* of the Tlli
manlzed and Altgeldlzed Democracy Young,
enthuBlastlc crude and vlslonary. yet apparent?
ly slncere and glfted wlth an enga.ing How of
natural elo.uenoe, the young Nel.raskan ls a
lojrl.-al leader of tho forces of ignorance. preju?
dlce and unrest which have aelsed tiie control
of the Democratlc organlzation. In him the
majority of the Conventlon B*W the Interpreter
and mouthpiece whose < oming it has impa
tlently awaited for two days, and satlafactlon
at his arrlva. vented ItaeH in one of the moat
remarkal.le dcn.onstnUions of ihis curious polltl
cal gathering Cp to the appearanc: of Mr.
Bryan upon tha platform. the silver majority
had s.-emed to distrusL its strength Bomewhat,
and to lack buoyancy and cenndei.ee; from the
cfncluslon Ot his Bpeech, a m-re ...nmur.o
am' exs-irrsh ? spirit had puir.ly entered the
fre-eoinage forcee, and the crusade for flnan?
clal and polltleal revolutton aboul to to befun
?? the adoptlon ?.f the Jonea-Altgeld-Tlllman
platform took on a new air of Oerceneea and de
Had a ballot for the Praeidentlal nomination
been taken imniedlatcly at th.- cloa* of Mr.
Bryan'o apeech. he might have been choaen by
acclamatlon. so great was the "impression which
his "loiiiteno. se.-med to make on the mon v./.a
t,ie elements ir. the Conventlon." Bul tho hour
for the nomination had not Btruct., and after the
,,latform was adopted the leaders am.dod ln
fordng a receee, which gave th- delegatea a
chance to recver thelr more calculattng equa
nimtty. ., .,
thk ro.w EarnoN'i w? o* &_.>
The omotlonal frenzy of the Convention ln the
aft.-inoon. when I* cuddenly seenu-.l to have dir,
covered ln ths poraort of a wlndy and thoatrlcal
orato.- frcm the plalna of Nebraaka a worthy
Bucceaaor to Jefferaon, Jackoon and Tilden, had
in no pereeptlble degrea abated upon tbe rea*
?embllng at 8 o. lock in th- evenlng. Th- knowl
edge that nomlnatlng si.be* would to tn.- <>,.
,i_r of bualnaaa, aml that a nomination up ?n tto
tirst ballot was n.i altogether improbabl*. dreW
to tho Collaeum an unuaually Large aml bolater
ous crowd Th-.se who remetnbered the dlaorder
ly seenes of th- ni?ht ses.sion four years BgO,
whi.h ended ai thedawn "f mornlng In th.- nomi?
nation "f Qrover cleveland. wer- Bcarcely pre
par.-d however, to we theae rjenea r*-enacted
and si.rpass.d. For a time it aeemed as if the
gailerleo would Bucceed ln preventlng the trana
acting of any biisim-ss The nomlnatlng apeechea
were rar. ly heard by the ....ectaMrs. but that dld
not seem to matter; they were patiently waltlng
for the tirst ballot f..r Presldent.
Senut..r Veat, of ICIoaourt, nomlnated EUchard
p. Bland for Prealdent whlle tbere wa.s auch a
roar of talk among the apecUtora that his able
npc.-eh COUld not be heard t. ti feet away fn.m
t'lU- speaker's deak. Oovernor Claude Matthewa,
?f indiana. was nomlnated in another laaudlbl*
speech by Senator Turpie. Kx-O.n. r-s.sn.an
Krederkk Whlte. tn a Bamboyant speech of a
commonplace nature. nomlnated Horaci Botee,
,.f lowa. The theatrlcal orator, Wllllam J.
Hryan, of Nebraska, wa. nomlnated by HAI T
Lewis. of Oeorgla, In a apeech <>f such dramatlc
lntenslty that the excltement over ilryan.
an.used skllfully ln the afternoon by the candl?
date hlmself. was once mor.- revlved
The speech nominatim. Horaee Bolea had
bardly been complet-d befor* there occurred
on.. of those lrieidents whlch are so common
durlng that perlod of frenzy known as "the
nomlnatory hours." There was an outburst of
applause and a young wonian began to wave
her handkerchlef frantually. She wns dressed
in whlte, and stood ln a conaplcuoua place on
the slope of seats on the south side of the hall.
The flgure was It.stantly vlslble agalnst the
backgroun. cf black-garbed men. and her tre
mendous efforts to exclte enthusiastv, for Hoies
nttracted the attention of the entire body of
deleKatos and the 18,000 spocietors.
Newspaper correspondents who remembered
the boom for Hlalne started by Mrs. Carson
Lake, at the Minneapolls Conventlon four years
ago by slmllar tactlcs, suspected that th" lowa
maiden had read about Mrs. Lake's success and
was desirous of attainlng a slmllar trlumph four
years later. The lowa delegatlon waved thelr
handkerchiefs in respinae to the lowa glrl's slg
nal. and soon the entire body of delegatlons had
arlsen to their feet and turned about in the
dlrectlon of tho tigure ln whlte standing in the
southern part of the hall wavlng denperately a
handken hlef and then a flag.
It was nolsed about that the "boomer" was a
Mls* Mlnnle Murray, of Nashua, lowa, who was
employed upon a Democratlc newspaper The
banner of Boles was taken to Miss Murray. She
carrled lt about the Conventlon Hall and then a
seat ln the ranks of the lowa delegatlon was
given her. She had excited a Boles boom for ten
minutes, put her name in the newspapers and
doubtless ls satlsfled.
John S. Rhea, a lawyer. of Hussellvllle. Ky ,
nomlnated Senator Blackburn, of Kentucky.
startlng out upon hls eulogy wlth great tact an.l
with thought of the Sm.thern vote by sayitig
that his candldate was a secesslon soldler.
TO RKTi'HN homk NUNTtl' and HOLD an
, Chlaage, Juiy & Btate leaatof Orady, aft.r taa
Ing hls seat among the New-York .l.legut.B to-duy.
1 said:
"It Is practlcally a.re.H among tlie New-York
dalaigataa to ?_,pr>HS n.> decided oplnlon as a body
uih.n the deUBaratkNM ot thli* (.nvftitlon We will
return home sllwnlly, h_ld an e*rly _tuts Conven
tlon, and thet ? dsdd* what we almll do."
BL-t.Vb. BRYAN, -IATTHIT_8. UOIES. BL_lC__**rg_f
Chlcago, July 1) -This has been a day of days
ir. the hlstory of National polltlcal conventlona.
Prom early mornlng untll late at nlght. with tha
excepti.m of a thrc.-hours' intermlsslon, the
j gigantP Collseum. the largest hall tn the world,
: was ciowded to the doora with interested and
| enthusiastlc apectatora. Hut great ln number as
j had iieen ihe masses whlch attended the morn
j ing and afternoon alttlng. they were aa nothlng;
ln comparison with the fremendoua record
breaking audlence lhat thronged the atupendoua
| Auditorlum at the evenlng aaaembly. 6uch a
gathering had never before been Been at a Na?
tional Conventlon. Floor and gallerles formed
<-ne great maaa of solld humanity. Where the
narrow rll.l.ona of uisl.-s had marked the vari?
ous divlslons of the huge Interlor. there wera
gathered hur.dreds, perhapa thoufiande, of thoaa
who eould not flnd other a-comnu.<latlon. Every
chalr was filled. nnd some idea of the meaning
of this may be galned by the knowle.Jge that
tlie -__-_B-UB has a seatlng capaclty of lll.t-fJO.
And In addltlon to the myrladB who choked and
.-rowded every avallable spaoe, many more. ea
timat.d at ...000 in number, were gathered
about the entran.ea dur'rg the greater part of
the .venlng. tickots ln hand. fiuitlessly clamor
lng for adnilssl.m.
At night the candldates for the nomlnatlon
were i:arr._1 ly noted orators and the uaual
_emons*_ratl_a_B foliowed. Hland was c'aeered to
the acbo. and a ecene of the wlldest enthualaam
Bttanied when Senator Vest nientioned hla name
at the end of the nomlnating epeech.
Bryan, sud 1 nly Injocted into the list of prob
abilities by hls speech of the mornlng, waa put
before the Convention ln the malden effort of
H. T. Little, ,.f c.eoi-gU, who establlshed a rep
utatlon for natural oratory lr. the few brief
niornents he took for the purpose, and e<_ual t<?
th.- tleiiion.siratl'.n f'.r Hland was that whlch ___?
lon -d ih.. Gf-ot__a deleajata*! tddrosm.
A glrl ln wliii.- fianil. in bar er.thuslasm for
Horace Iioles, leaped to a cbsir ln the gallery
ar.d waved a li>-i.-h bnnnar witii fr_n__sd vehe
ni. r.(. and neaiiy ev.ry i::an in ihe vast hall,
whsthsr .:?> io g_l|antrj or aetual sympathy. raaa
and che :ed with a rtgrht goud will, And when
the pr.-tty yaung woman, _.v_yu.g, Jumplng,
i lapping her hand. and glvlng vent to her etno
tion in dlvers otbor wsya __ar_hed through
delegatea un.i apectaton. wltb tho Iioles atau.i
ard borne above h.-r head, the audJenoa caught
the full apiril of fcer entbualsam _nd ahoutad
approval . Itb migh' and n.ain.
Late ini<. the Blgrht the sti.riti(_ scenes con
tlnued, _n,l the thouaanda gather.d un.ler the
vast ;.,..! r.ever B8_*rB-B_ to tnv of uslr.g thelr
Cbt-SB*.. lul. !).?The ir.abMtB ot apectator- at t__0
ev.nlii.'s s.-=s'on were, If p_*slb'e. ?;,.???. t.r und tba
.???.lta..i.r.t ini___orT_-_.. a. ..;., ...cvViua n__e'.nf
..f the CcavantlSn, b.-cause the criais cf the noml
i.i ... ape-cbea _-..,i of ba__*aUi-g'for tha Presidentiai
lataa ha-1 srrtt-d. There w__ not a vacant
m i outakla o:' th.- aaetl. n-< f r d-aagataa ar.d _*?
tgraata. at I ..Yle< k. tbe hour to wiilch th? recasa
cxtendi .. Ani BtlU the crov.*.la kept p.urlr.g ln. as
rl..- suppiv of l_0__rta were iMxhaiMttbl**. an.l as
if tba eapacHs ot tha apaekMia Ball oould r.ot b* put
to too aavera <i test. Th.- lUumtBatlaa l.y ei-ctrie
i.imf..- was perfect, hut the a:r waa Bt___B_b
11 ? New-York _el*_ratloa had a catat-g at tha
VVaahiBBlofl Club bafora -Ombag to the Conventlon
Hall, an.l dlacuaaftl tba beat eoanaa to take ln tbaa
eventng'a iiragramaaa. lt was de-aied to come to
'he ball anl take th.-ir s< ats, but not to tako part
in the bal.otlng. T.'.ty al-o daetded not to bolt the
Tbe Conrantlon araa ca-_*d to order at ?:*_> p. m.
by Ita piealdlng oflteer, -anstor whlte, ef Catt*
fornla, who l_ajna*-lata*. ;:.ind..l oirsr the g.4vei *o
it.; reaantatrre *___-_i_?*in, of Tannaaaaa, who act.-.i
... praatdeni pr.? taaa. :bis ?va*_Bg aa arall .? torb-g
tba tn rr-.'.rm ^.?^sic:r..
lt t.vok tba aarg a.-it-at-.irrr.B anl bla csslstants
fuily (en m ::i:icd more to al'.iy the uproar an.l
. mfualon abd ta sbtabi e.cn a tolprable <U-_;r.e of
order, and .ui lhat Uatad for only a br.ef hatar.
vai. for e.try B-OUUrnt on one pr-teaca or ansaJasr,
th.- crowda broks out wltb ebaarlng
Tba chalrman in*'_*_*_. 1 tv:e Corventton that th.
ro'.l of St ites WOUld i .W r.e called .->? tbal r.otr.i-.a.
?; _a of aaadkuU-a for tbe Pr<a_-r__y s:-.ouid ba
mada By an agreea-ent enter. i Into by tba Msntti
ot tha aeveral _a___dataB, th^ cbalnnaa a-dad, *he
nomlaatlng and aaooadlng apaacbea arould be ccr.
R-atd to tblrty __t__ltea in le-igth. which t:mc mlght
ba ua i tith.r when the noalnatlona ware mai-.
or when the State of t:;e Bpeikar *** ca'UJ.
Senator Vest, of Misx.uri. was the flrst delvgate
to aaoand tba platform, ev, a baf-ra tba caii of
States had koi furthor la tne alB_abatV-.l Hst than
tba r_ta*e of Arkinsaw. He mn le the noniinatlng
Bpaaeb for Mr. Euand, apaablng us tot*-wa:
I'evolutloiis do r.ot IK-Kln with the rich and proa
neroua. They reprea ni ibe prateai of tboae trbs
._- ?uttertt._ troaa pr.-sftu coiniti.i.B. and wboaa de
nLTiida -or rellef ara danounced by the b*_aafl_i_f__g
.nd opprrsslvo legi.Ution.
ln '..Irri-elf and U whom they lnstin. .ivcly turn
the toyal exp.nen-t of thelr hopea
The i.ecple aie nct lconocl_-*ts. not fa.so to thr-lr
. nnvirtlons Thev follow-. J.fff-r?on when he aa-,
.?"tl.'l the C4>n__af___*S anrl monarchiral .loetrlnes of
tlie old Kcderaiistn, and was .Uiounoe. na a eom
inun st an.i le\.".ler by the weaith and cultur* o.'
_r-_r.-*__tland and New-York. They rollowed Jack
son when he took the Cnlted States Bank by th-?
throat and was proc'-lmed a tyrant and rufflan by
thf. uaurera and money klr.trs. They t Cowed Lln
ooln when he attacked the slave power ani de-.are.
tiiat this country eould not exlst half slave and half
The great movemer.t fnr blmetadifTn?th.1 free and
unllmite-l oolnaga of allver anl fcM at the ngjta ol
16 ro 1-and the restoratlin of yllver to Its conatltu
ti-nal Btatus, a
Ko aapllnK eb-BSl BBWS by th. fmintair.,
Bf_<f____ *t llfJltune, ln winit>r t.> fade.
It haa come to stay. It l? a protaat agalr..*. tha
wrong and JUtrauo of 1*>73, when. wttbOUt lebata,
and with the kii.wle.lge of only a few men In CaJB
greaa tbe allver dollar araa >:ricke:i fr..m the ooin
ag'-. ai>l the re.1 din'pot of g-ld BBSda aupr. me aa io
a.. vaJuea
It is a ileclarati ,n by th- free m.-n of Ami-rU. thar
the I'nitel Sra'-s muat wbhdraw from the cvr.
aptracy which araa foraaed to daatroy one-h.?if th?
mewlltf* rn.::i. y ef the world, In order to ?stabll?'i
tho alavery of (*re,?i and uaairy aaora degradnig than
the tyran.iy of arm.d force
lt ls t'.ie Btern desBsad froni unraqulted toii, banb*
rupt enterprl;".. and niin.Ml h.-m.-s, for a eri-inge la
the money ayataaa whl.-h for years ha* brought dle
afer an.l deao'.4VtlOn.
ln this erl.ls cf ?ur country an.l i>arty we muat
rake no step bn.-kwar.l ln platform or eandldat*.
\\'e want no uti'-Ttaln nir doubiful leader; no
laggard ln peace, or da.tar.1 ln war; no latter
day s'lver i.iint. l.:r a gr'.w.led and acarred veteran.
wh i ha. bome the rt'-s! and burden of iha day. and
-, oaa breaat ls morked from ihIk* of aword an4
nolnt of lanco >>n n hundred WW
Twenty yrars ago the battle for allver waa begua
In th.- halls ef Congreaa by a mo-leat. uni>r*<eii.llng.
brare man. rot an Irldeacent nor metaorle atataa
rr. in bur of the people and fr.'m tne people. wfto
ha 'r'v.r f_!.-r.l for .inln.tanl ln the grea:
^triigale. Olher. doubted an.l wavere.1. aome ylrld
ie.1 t.. blsndlshment and piitronaae. and are now
holllng offlce under the gold power; othf-a mla
r__-eaent*d their eorRtltuentB and have been pr<>
v led for In the national Inflrmnry of the pre.en:
Vdmlnlstratlon, but Richard I'arka Hland etar.di
now wliere he Btood th.n. ihe llvlng, breathlng .-*-_.
I lM.,.llinent of the silver . ause.
He Btru.-k r.lth st. .1 potnl t.ie goldcn tdileld .*?{
' tba aaanay _-o_4*pollata. aa dld Iranbee tbal ^f xh>
proud Templar ln t*:o IlsH at Asbby, and haa ii.it..
Btylieh wcll-ma.le BUlta at Ih) an.l QV GRaRO|
, AdvL

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