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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 06, 1897, Image 2

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that gross corruption exists tn the military ad?
ministration in cuba.
The entire situation. General Warta* thinks, pre?
sents an exceptionally good aspect He ta still
of the belief that military action ought to be al?
lowed to have a free course until the end of the
rebellion, and he ls also convinced that no reform
tn the administration ls now necessary.
A dispatch from Havana says the negro rebels
In Cubs are greatly displeased at the appointment
/?of the Insurgent leader, Rlus Rivera, to succeed
Maceo. and are deserting In large numbers.
A dispatch from Manila, the capital of the Phillp
Sine Islands, says that the Spanish troops have
efeated and totally routed a force of 4.000 ln
surgents at Olmansas.
A SUCCESSFUL FILIBUSTER
THE DAUNTLESS LANDS MEN AND A
CARGO IN CUBA.
r
OVER ONE THOUSAND MAUSER RrrLES. ONE FIELD
PIECE AND OTHER MVNTTIONS LEFT ON NO
NAME KET. TOOETIIER WITH FORTY
MEN. FLACEP BAFEI.T ON T1TE EAST?
ERN COAJtT OF THE ISLAND.
Key weat. Fla.. Jan. R.?Cubans in this city
are enthusiastic over the reported landing of a
large expedition consisting of 1.H48 Mauser
rifles, one twelve-pound fleldpiece with 200
shells. 400,000 rounds of ammunition. 200 pounds
of dynamite, and forty men, on the east coast of
Cuba last Sunday night.
Early thia morning Colonel Nunez. J. E. Car
taya and three others came into town, lt is
supposed they were landed from the Dauntless,
and lt soon became known that the Cubans had
received good news. Several tlmea last week
strange Cubans were seen In the city, but they
almost immediately disappeared. About the
Mme time it was rumored that the Three Friends
had failed in her endeavor to land on the Cuban
coast, and had landed the men and ammunition
on No Name Key, where some other vessel would
take them and make another attempt to land
, them In Cuba.
The Cubans are very close-mouthed as to the
locality of the landing, claiming that they ex?
pect to try another In the same place at an early
date, and lt would only be placing the Spanish
on their guard.
"Kl Porvenir," a Cuban newspaper published nt
No. St New-st.. yesterday reTolved a telegram from
Emilio Nunez, at Key West, saying: "The expedi?
tion has lieen successfully landed at Sagua. In con
Junction with irorr.rz." Seflor Nune_ left this etty
recently to take command of the Dauntless, which
sailed from Jacksonville, regularly cleared for a
Cuban port.
MONET FOR THE CATJBK.
NICOLA CARDENAS T-.RINC3 OENERAL PALMA
$103.O"0 FROM PARIS.
The Cuban Junta. In this city, had cause to re?
joice yesterday when Nicola Cardenas, a Cuban
who has been In Paris for the Inst three or four
months working in behalf of Cuba, deposited
IflOB.OOO on General Palma's desk, at No. 66 New-st.
fiefior Cardenas arrived here yesterday from
France on tho Norman.lie. Ho found much sym?
pathy In Paris with the Cuban cause, and by as?
siduous personal application to the friends of
Cuba Libre raised the money which he yesterday
gave to General Palma,
CAUSE OF THK LOSS OF THE COMMODORE.
RAID TO RE DIE TO THE PIPE CONNBClTOM
AND IGNORANCE OF THE ENOINEER AS
TO THE VESSEL'S CONSTRt'CTK^N.
"Ignorance on the part cf her engineer, not
treachery on the part of any ono on board, caused
tho loss of the Commodore." This statement was
made to a Tribune reporter last night by a Hrook?
lyn man who has just returned from Rainmore,
and knows the Inside facts In the case.
"The Commodore." he continued, "was by far
the best of the filibustering fleet. She was stanch
and seaworthy, flt for any weather, and strong
enough to sink an ordinary Iron steamer. She
was built of wood, roistered 178 tons, and could
steam twelve knots an hour for a week, while
none of the others can steam much over seven
miles, not knots, mind you. She was 12.1 feet long,
10 feet lieam. and drew lV/% feet. She had a sin?
gle engine, with a i*6-lneh cylinder and a 30-lnch
stroke.
"I know what has given rise to the story
that her pumps were disabled, lt is this: She had
a sea cock, or pipe, from which three others
branched. These led to the forward tank, the for?
ward bilge, the engine-room bilge and to the
donkey pump. These were all closed by valves.
When the chief engineer left her at Rainmore he
advised the Cuban officer having chnrg" ot the
expedition to make Ely Moore, the second engi?
neer, flrst engineer, and this was done. Moore
got out of condition nt Baltimore and was dis?
rated. The engineer. Redlgan, was brought down
from Brooklyn and placed In charge. This made
Moore mad, and he left the boat, althone**) he wns
to receive thc same pay as the chief. Before the
former engineer departed he marked the valves
that were to be closed when the pumps were set
to work. Redlgan knew nothing of this, and lt ls
my flrm conviction that the wrong valves were
oriened. and that, while tho pumps were running,
tne sea. cock was open at the time and the bilge
was Ailing more quickly thun the pumps could
got tho waler out.
"As to tampering with the valves of tho pumps,
that Is all nonsense. To do so, lt would be neces?
sary to enter the engine-room, and a man could
rot do so without being seen. Besides, tho engi?
neer's room opened off the* engine-room, so that
lt would bo Impossible to tamper with the valves.
The loss e.f the Commodore was due to the pe?
culiarity of the pipe connections mentioned anel
Engineer Redlgan's Ignorance of the vessel's con?
struction. This would have been the Commodore's
eighth trip. She had on board about fifteen tons
of arms, dynamite anil munitions of war generally,
8he carried a large number of Mauser rifles, be.
sides Remingtons and Winchesters.
"The trouble- with the Junta is that they are
always looking for cheap men. 1 have been run?
ning on these vessels since tho revolution broke
out. and 1 never saw any difficulty In landing
cargoet. In Cuba every time, without any inter?
ference from tho Spanish gunboats. A little com?
mon-sense and honesty are all that nre needed to
land any number of arms. Somo of the vessels
used aro' In shocking condition.
"Another thing ls this: No Cubans or Spaniards
should be taken ns part of a crew of a vessel.
They will not work."
ESCAPED FEOE BLACKWELL'S.
A tXAVTAOt, AIDED RY HIS FELLOW PHIPI iNERS.
OAINS HU LIBERTY.
Information of tho escape of Thomas Hogan, a
convict In the penitentiary on Blackwell's Island,
was received by Commissioner Wright of the De?
partment of Correction In this city yesterday.
Hogan wns sent to the prison to serve a t. rm of
five years for shooting a policeman In Harlem.
He was sentenced in February. lR**-8, and was yet
to work In the broom shop of tho prison, on the
top door of a building about 3f?> feet from the
building which contains the cells for prisoners.
About 4 p. m. on Monday he escaped. At that Hmo
over 1(W convicts were at work on the annie floor
with him, some making brooms and others making
shoes. William H. Whelden, a keeper, was in tho
room at tho time. Hogan had secured a saw and
with it he cut his way Into an adjoining storeroom,
the other convicts conee-allng him by crowding
around him while he wes at work. In the store?
room ho changed his prison suit for a suit of plain
clothes which aoaaebedy hud placed there for him.
Then ho sawed a hole through the floor of the
?toreroom and let himself drop through the hole
to the floor below. His escape was not noticed un?
til lt waa time for the convicts to leave th,- -work?
shop and go to their cells. Blackwell's Island
was searched, but tbe escaped convict wau not
found, and ir was believed that he bad been --.bio to
make his way to this city with the aid of some*
friend In & rowboat.
Whelden waa suspended, and Warden Pillsbury
was making an Investigation yaeterday. Hogan
ls twenty-seven yeara old. He bas brown hair,
lilue eyes and sandy complexion, and both arms
bear tattoo marks in India Ink?two cresses and
bracelets on the right arm and a heart und dag?
ger on the left arm.
fa . . . , . -
Give
Attention to the health of the children. Keep
their blood rich and pure and prevent coughs,
colds, pneumonia and grip, by giving them
Hoods
Sarsaparilla
The beet?in fact the One True Blood Purifier.
Hood's Pills CUr* Llver *r,,l,; *a*? t0 tak'*
easy to operate. 25c.
The New SMALL SIZE of
CASHMERE BOUQUET
TOILET SOAP
is within everybody's means. Ask for it.
METHOD OF RECOGNITION
A MEMORANDUM SUPPORTING SECRE
TARY OLNEY'S CONTENTION.
A IsONO LIST OF PRECETiKNTS OOING TO SHOW
THAT RECOGNITION 18. A TCRELT -EUCV
T1VE FI*NCTION ? THK OOCt*
MENT PRESENTED IN THE
SENATE RY MR. HALE.
Washington. Jan. 5-In the Senate to-day Mr.
Bale submitted and had printed as a document a
memorandum prepared hy the Department of State
rm tho method of recognition of foreign govern?
ments nnd foreign 8tates by the Government of the
United States from 1789 to 1897. ItndlBI to show
the accuracy of Secretary Olney's contention that
the recognition of foreign governments was ex?
clusively an Executive function, in which Congress
bad no part. After citations from writers on in
tornstlonal law. the memorandum sols forth spe?
cifically the States that have been recognized and
the manner of doing so.
The French Republic, 17M, recognized by the re?
ception by Washington of Minister Genet as tho
representative of the new republic.
The Empire, 1804, In which the recognition of
Naiioleon as Emperor was effected by credentials
to Mr. Armstrong, the American Minister at Paris.
These credentials were signed In blank so that
they could be filled out In the form required by
the new Government nnd be ready to be pre
-ented when Mr. Armstrong was satisfied that the
Empire was In "possession and control of tho
governmental power and tho territory of the na?
tion, the usual conditions precedent In all ease.
of recognition hy the l'nlted Stntes Government."
A similar course was followed upon the abdication
of Napoleon and tho restoration of the monarchy
of ISM.
Tho next radical change In tho form of tho
French Government was the republic of IMS. The
Provisional Government was proclaimed on the
morning of February Sf,, 1848, and was recognized
hy Mr. Rush, the American Minister, on the 2<*th
by an address to the members of tho new Govorn
ment. New credentials were sent to Mr. Rush, nnd
the President expressed his approval of tho Min?
ister's course In being first to recognize, the new
republic.
"Within a few years." continues the memornn
lum, "lt became again necessary for the American
Government to signify Its view of another revolu?
tion of power In France In the decree of the
Second Empire rind the, accession of Napolpon III.
This recognition wns effected by an Instruction to
that effect and a new audience In the usual way
to Mr. Rives, our Minister at Paris, with a renewal
of assurance that the l'nlted States gladly recog?
nized the right of every nation to determine thc
form of Its own government."
At the close of the Franco-German war, the de?
position of Napoleon III nnd the proclamation of
the republi- by Gambetta, Minister Wnshburne
was authorized by telegraph to recognize the re?
public? 1870. Mr. Davis. Acting Secretary of State,
first Instructed Mr. Washburne to recognize the
Provisional Government If "in possession and con?
trol"; his second dispatch was unconditional and
directed recognition; the third instructed him to
tender the Presidents congratulations upon tho
establishment of a republican government when the
proper moment should arrive to communicate them.
March ll. Mil, Mr. Fis}: telegraphed Mr. Wash?
burne to "recognize the elovernment of M. Thiers."
THE SOUTH AMERICAN STATES.
The independent States of South America were
recognized by President Monroe, who dlspate .,pd
Ministers to the Argentine Republic, January 27,
1&23; Chill, January 27, 1823, and Mexico, January
27, 1823. Colombia was recognized by the Presi?
dent*' reception of 8amuel Torres as Charg6
d'Affalres. January IS or 19, 1822. At this time Co?
lombia consisted of what afterward became
Ecuador. New-Granada and Venezuela by separa?
tion.
Brazil declared independence September 7. 1822.
and Pedro I. son of King John VI, of Portugal, was
proclaimed Emperor December 1, 1S22. The Inde?
pendence of the Empire was recognized by the
President's reception of Senor Reb-Mlo as Minister
to the United States, May 2(5, 1824.
November 17, 1889. Mr. Adams telegraphed that
the Imperial family sailed that day and that a
Government^de facto, with Ministry, had been
established and perfect order maintained. Two
days later a dispatch from Mr. Maine instructed
Mr. Adams to maintain diplomatic relations with
the Provisional Government of Brazil, and so soon
as the majority of the people hod signified thejr as?
sent to the establishment of the republic, to give to
lt, on behalf of the United States,, ,-i formal and
cordial recognition.
The Federation of Central American States was
recognized by the President's reception of Mr.
Cancz as Minister, August 4, I5-.'. Prior to that
date two commissioners, diplomatic In character,
had visited Washington, but thc records of the De?
partment do not disclose* any act of the Qor.rn
ment of the United States Involving recognition or
the instruction to recognize. This federation con?
sisted of the States of Honduras, Guatemala and
Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Salvador.
The kingdom of Hawaii was recognized in 1S26
when Captain Thomas Ap Gatenby Jones was sent
there to negotiate a treaty which was slgneel by
the King December 23, 1826. The Provisional Gov?
ernment of Hawaii was recognized by the negotia?
tion of tho anneaatlOB treaty of February 14, 3893.
Loren A. Thurston, Minister from Hawaii, was re?
ceived by the President Juno !>. 1893, and Mr. Willis
was commisslonc-el as Minister to the Hawaiian
Islanels Septe-mber 13. 1893. the President having
previously sent a commissioner. Mr. Mount, to re?
port upon the revolution.
Belgium, by tho revolution of 1830, became inde?
pendent of Tho Netherlands, and a separate State
was organized in July, 1831. Following the treaty
of peace In November, 1831, the United States rec?
ognized tho Independence of Belgium by the issu?
ance of an exequatur to tho Belgian Consul In
New York January 6. 1832.
The Independence of Toxns was recognized by
the sending of Mr. La Brandie as Charge d' Af?
faires March 7. 1837, after the President had satis?
fied himself that the newly organized Government
was In possession and control and capable of main?
taining Its status and after Matteo*, attempted in?
vasion had been abandoned.
By the revolution of 1821-'27 Greece became,
through the Intervention of the European Powers.
Independent of Turkey; a republic was established
In 1828, and a kingdom la 1832. Tbe L'nlted States
recognized the Independence of Greece by empow?
ering Mr. Stevenson, the American Minister at
London, November 7, 1837, to negotiates a treaty
with that Power.
While the Independence of Hungary was not
achieved and the revolution of iMs-'ia was su-i
preeeed by the intervention of Russia, tbe action
of this Government with a view to prompt recog?
nition in the event of success ls well worth exam?
ination, says the memorandum. President Tayle.r
sent Dudley Mann to Europe to inquire fully Into
tho sltuntlon and confided to him wlelo discretion
respecting the Hungarian revolutionists and the
willingness of the I'nlted States to recognize the
new Government (which had elected a President
and chosen a Legislature) ns soon as Its power to
maintain Its independence should be evinced.
HAYTI AND LIBERIA.
The Republic of Hayti was recognized by the
Government through sending a commissioner ami
Consul-General there-Benjamin F. Widden. July 12,
1862. Tbe act of July J. 18t*2. approved by Mr. Lin?
coln, authorised the President to appoint diplo?
matic representatives to the Republics of Haytl
and Liberia snd fixed the rank of such agents.
This act. however, did not specify a contingency
of evidence, of the Independence of Haytl and
Liberia. It appears from a footnote that Henry
"Winier Davis avers in House report No. 129.
XXXVIIIth Congr_Hs, first session, on the Joint
resolution on Mexican affairs, that both Haytl ami
Liberia were recognized by the act of July 5, Wi.
The Republic of Liberia, whose Independence wa*
recognized In 1848 by the European Powers about a
year after Its proclamation, was recognized by the
United States In 1862. September 23. at London Mr
Adams being at that date empowered to conclude a
treaty with Liberia.
The United States recognised the Independence of
THE WAR OX FILIBUSTERS.
ASSISTANT iBCRBTART WI K K'S INVES?
TIGATIONS IN FLORIDA.
ON ACCOCNT OF THE OENKRAL BTMPATHT
with the e-tnvN3. f'.Hl'.AT DlfTlCX'LTT
IS KOOMI IN' SITPRESPINC, i:x
IT.TitTIONS.
[nr I-R-MnaM TO THR Tr.lEfN-E.l
Washington. Jan. 5. -Assistant Becretary Wlke re
Bumed his duties al this Treasury Department ihis
morning, after ? two we eks' vi* lt to Florida, when
he maele a quiet investigation of tho metboels em?
ployed by Cuban filibusters. His principal business
was at Jackaonvtlle, Key West anil Tampa, al?
though he also maele visits to smaller ports. In an
Informal talk to-day Mr. Wike salel that, outside
of a number of leaellr.g cigar manufacturers In
Tampa, the sentiment throughout Florida, both
American and native Cuban, was almost entlre-ly
with tho Insurgents. ,(m account cf this senti?
ment tho Government odie, rs flcel lt difficult to
make much headway in their efforts for the sup?
pression Of Ill-lei"'!, ring expeditions. The inhabi?
tants not only purpos ly mislead tho officers, but
In many cases give mat. rial aid to tho filibusters
In their work.
Mr. Wlke said that he believed tb; officers w - i -
doing their best unebr thee, adeena drenmataneet
to upholel thi' law, but not, be admitted, with min h
success. Ho sahl that li' bael an interview with
the owner of the Dauntless, who complained of
his treatment by Government ollie, rs, especially
by the Collector of ''ustoms at Jackson-Hlle. Hit
veaeel, the owner of the Dauntleaa aald, often had
been detained anel subjected to search, unwar?
ranted by law, and he aaked that instructions h.
given to the- (.finials to CWM v. hat he termed
their "unwarranted Interference" with him and hil
vessel. Mr, Wike replied that the owner's actions
with respect to tlie- law had not been of a char?
acter to Inspire eontldence as to his future In?
tentions, and that he saw nothing In tb. e.induct
of tlie officials to warrant censure, at least, not
for over-zealou.'-lis-'-'e.
According to Mr. Wlke's observations, lt ls Im?
possible auder existing conditions to ship arm;: iii.d'
ammunition to th. Insurgents without a notation
of th., neutrality laws, fur tue reason that lt is
Impossible to deliver the good, t,. the insurgents
without carrying nun t., Cuba lor that purpose.
at.el such a ..mi*-, in his opinion, would be
trary t . th.- law aifain.it military expedition.. .Mr.
Win. said thal it v.;.- almost Impossible for the rill -
buateri to tranafer th.-ir .-.irgo.-s to the Insurgent*
ut any pull.' mi tl.lost, ami even If the) made
a landing without dlacovery by th- Spanish block?
ading fl.- t, it woubl be mci ?*?-..rv t i sei I th. anns
and ammunition to the Insurgents overland. Thu
could nm be einne without men, nnel while it ts law?
ful to shin am.-* and ammunition, it was not law?
ful to tak- mea f<>r the purpose or delivering them
to the Insurgents.
Mr. Wlke waa merely expressing his personal
opinion on the subject. His \ i-.it te. Florida was
si ml-officlal in chara- ter, and he doe. not ex?
pect to make any report to the Department. He
stnnds renely. however, I . give any Information In
his possession to th- F-il. ral authorities In this
city in case they deslr- lt.
- 4,
BXCITIEO FIBEOS shoot AT BOXEM CAELO
Monte Carlo. Jun. L?An exciting plgeon-shootlm,
match was held here to-.lay between Mr. Robin.?>
an American, and Mr. Beresford, an Englishman.
The match, which was for ?!u0 a s'de. 100 bird*
was won by Mr. Robinson, who trilled ii bird.:
Mr, Beresford killed M.
?he Dominican Republic by Issuing an exequatur
to J. XX. Currier as Consul-Oeneral of Santo Do?
mingo at New-York on September '., IS*!. Prior to
that dnte the President had sent a commissioner
and special agent to the country to Inquire con?
cerning Its political condition In February. 18'->. and
again a speclil agent had been sent to tho t_la;id
In IKil to act with the representatives of France and
Great Britain In their efforts to bring about pence
^tween Haytl and the Dominican Republic.
Tho Independence of the Kingdom of Corea was
recognize.! in the appointment of George F. Sew?
ard. Consul-General at Shanghai, to negotiate a
I commercial ;md claims treaty with the? King on
January 27. IMS. Mr. Freilnghuvsen regarded Co?
rcan Independence ol China r.SS.) as an established
fact.
The present Kmplro of Germany was recognized
by the United States through a letter from the^
President to tho Emperor on March Ifi. 1871. Z1
The recognition of tho Congo Free State was ef?
fected through authority given to Mr. Edgecombe.
United States Consul at Cape Town, to negotlato
a treaty on June 21, 1871. '
The recognition of tho Principality of Rumania
Rooms tO have been a subject of some question In
the mind of Mr. Bvarta, who wrote, on March 9,
1880, to Mr. Kasson. American Minister at Vienna,
at some length on the subject, in whlcb he- says:
"Meanwhll. lt ls hardly i.essery io observe that.
BO far as the Executive Government of tho I'nlted
States could recognize* thnt of Hum.mia without
nctual diplomatic representation, it was .lone hy
tho lotter of the President of August li, 1878. to
Prince Charla., touching the appointment, etc., of
a Consul." Eugene Schuyler was commissioned
diplomatic agent ami Consul-General at Bucharest
on January fl, Itt As a Kingdom the- recognition
was effected by the formal congratulations of the
President to the King.
In the case of Servla a similar course was fol?
lowed.
Tho newly organized Congo Free Plate was recog?
nized through a declaration by Secretary of Stat"
Fre-llnghuvsen al Washington on April 22. 1884.
After the disintegration of th- Federation of
Central America anel the' separate, establishment of
the five States eif which it hael been eomooed,
these Individual reptiblies were recognized bv tho
I'nlted Sta'oi; as followf. Feline Molina. Charg.
d'Affalrea from the He-public of Costa Rica, re?
ceived by th,, rr.-i.lout March M, ttl; Guatemala.
by the issuance of an exequatur to Consul-Oeneral
Antonio I)." Aviu??na. April .'.. IIB: Honduras, by
tho dispatch of Solon Borland as Minister to Hon?
duran Costa Rica anil San Salvador, Ai.ril IS,
ISM; Nicaragua, bv the reception of Eduardo ear?
ache as Charge d'A ff aires. Dee-ember 24. IMli; Sd
vador. l.y a power and credence lei QeonN E.
Squter, uf N-w-York. as charge} d'Affalrea to
Guatemala, io negotiate a treaty of commerce
and navigation with Salvador. Ma.' 1. l8t"j.
THE LATEST INSTANCE
The Greeter Republic of Central America. 1830.
was recognized by tho President at a reception em
December 21, :*%, of its Minister. Mr. Rodriguez,
with the understanding that no existing obligations
of any of the State, compoelng tho new nation?
Honeluras, Nicaragua and Salvador rilOUld h. rc
giireled as lapsed. The President had been ad
vis.-d by ceremonial letter of September "-'. IMA, eif
the decree esttibi'shing tho new Government.
The separate republic, of South America have
been treated In much lhe same way as th. lr north?
ern neighbors in th,- matter of recognition bv ino
l'nlted Stat"? since th. original recognition e.f tbe
various republic aral the empires of Braal! an.l
Mexico. Bolivia was separately recognised by the
appointment of a Chargt d'Affalrea tn thal repub?
lic, Mav W, i**;**, Ecuador by the appointment of a
Charge d'Affalrea, June ;:,. itt, to negotiate a
treaty of eomrnerre; Paraguay was recognised
after a esommlssion of Inquiry, June IO, 181.*., and a
"?ul.sequent declaration of Independence, by a
power to negotiate a commercial treaty, given
April 27. UM; Peru, by thc appointment of a
charge** d'Affalrea, Mav :, itt, ;,nd th- Peru-Boliv?
ian confederation by lhe appointment of a Charge?
d'Affalrea. Jun- 9, Itt; Uruguay, by the- Issuance
of an exequatur to the Consul-General In Kew
York. January SS, Itt; Venezuela, by til- Issuance
of an exequatur to a conaul in New-York, Febru?
ary tt, Itt; N.'W-i 'ramula, by th. humane. ..f an
exequatur to the- Consul-General. September 1**.
Itt,
Diplomatic relations between th. United States
arni the Independent States nf the- American con?
tinental system have been substat.t la Hy, though
not actually, continuous since the-ir first aaaump
tion. The' unions and confederation, that have
arisen, the separations thal have occurred anel
the Qovernmenta resulting from lhe revolutions
nnel counter-revolutions in Central nnel South
America have all, from the' point of view e.f recog?
nition, ti-en treated in the almnlesl way. When
the establishment of a new Oovernmenl bas been
satisfactorily proven and Its Mal lilly has been
ascertained to bo sufficiently tixed in th** will of th.
people. Ita recognition haa followed by direct ic
st ru ct lon to th. American Minister on the ground,
as a rule, or by a moim credence; the recition of a
diplomatic agent by the- President of the l'nlte-il
Staffs, or an exequatur to a consul.
FOREIGN REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENTS.
Pocognltlon of foreign revolutionary or reaction?
ary governments "is held to he one exclusively
for the Executive, and cannot be determined Inter -
natlorally by CongToa.luil.1 action." Instructions
to Aelams and Conger. P.razil. lill and IttJatu
BtrUOtlena to Egan, chill. UM and W2. The King?
dom pt Samoa was recognized by an instruction to
eiur Consul at Apia to recognize Mali, toa as King,
Janilar> M JW).
Tho me-rrtorandum elos.es with a note which nays
that the facts narrated have bo-n gathered In an
examination of the- records of thc Btate Depart?
ment. *J; ber authorities on methods of recogni?
tion hav)> also been consulted. I'pon the point of
sending a Minuter to initiate diplomatic relation.
with a new State Hall and Cam) (both eminent
authorities) agree that the declaration should he
addi*.seed to tbe new state Ko rule* has been
found requiring that the- diplomatic agent of the
recognizing power should, tri complete recognition,
be received officially or formally by ihe Star. r.???
Ognlaed. No law of congress exercising a power
of recognition by Congreaa haa been found among
th- rolls deposited tn the State Department, not?
withstanding th.' statement ..f Wharton, nnd re
P-ate-.i by other., thai P: alden! Jackson ion
March ti. 1H7, sign-d a resolution of Congress for
the recognition of the Independence of Texas. Tho
Diplomatic Appropriation bill Of March ;<,, K'17, con?
tained an Item "for the oiittlt and salary of a
diplomatic agent to be sent to the Ri*puhlic of
Texas whenever the President may receive salle
factory evidence that Texas la an Independent
P.,wer. and shall deem H expedient to appoint
such Minister." lt may have been an eel of ree
Ognltion when this Government, on October lt,
l>)7a. directeil Mr. Armstrong, our Consul at Hom-,
who had received an exequatur from the Papal
Slates, to apply f"r a new one from th. King upon
the deere, of the same elate uniting tho Roman
provinces, but lt hardly appeals so. while nearly
all If ned all. ItiatanCM e.f recognition by the
l'niteel States, hav.- been examined, a report or
notes upon event one has during this Investigation
not proved practicable, and no deviation of method
from the rules indicated has been found.
HEARING FOR AGRICULTURE
IMMENSE INTERESTS REPRESENTED
BEFORE THE WATS AND MEANS
COMMITTEE.
MEXICO'S. OAMAGINO ceiMPETITlON' WITH WE8T
F.ttX STOCK RAIFEPS- A fJENERAIs MEMAXD
FOR SPEe-II'IC PCTIES-REPRESENTA?
TIVE* OE THE VARPH'3 AC.RKTl.T
IRAI. INTKKKSTS GIVE
THEIR VIEWS.
[BT TELnOUAPH TO Tltn TRIBUKt* 1
Washington. Jan. .'..-The multifarious Industries
and lntore-sts Included In tho schedule of agricul?
tural products and provisions were well nnd
strongly represented at the hearing Ivfore the
Committee on Ways and Means to-duy. which was
an exceedingly lnterc"*llng one, ns the large nt
teneWinoe during the entire day attested. The num?
ber of written statements nnd memorials filed In
relation to the various Industries concerned was
unusually Inrge, ns al?o was the number of per
Bons who desired to submit oral statements and
arguments. As on previous days, the demand for
?pedfk rates of duty to take the place of ad
valorem rates Imposed In ISl-l cut a prominent fig?
ure The request, for Increase of duties wen
mainly for a restoration of th" rates of Itt al?
though In a Mw cases even higher rates were
Hskr.l and a strong showing made in support of
the' advance. This Wgl especially true in thc case
af the fruit and nut Industties of California, which
were ably and faithfully represented bf Senator
Perkins and Representative Howers, of that State.
The hearing dil not pass without another demand
for higher protection from the South. This tlmo
it was the rl-*e Industry of the Carolinas, Ceorgia,
Louisiana and Texas that made tho demand, which
was represented hy a man who hailed from Charles?
ton, S. C. Neither diel tho day pass without lively
?parring between tho re*prese*ntatlves of Importers
ind merchant, on the ono hand and domestic pro
luntfl on the other. Arguments wore also heard In
favor of export bounties on agricultural products.
A NEW FIGURE EN* TARIFF DLfCUMIONft,
The hearing wns opened In behalf o' low elutles
gt ad valorem rates on an agricultural product
which has probably never fi^uroi] before In tariff
discussions as "raw material." F. II. Rockwell,
of Warren, Pentt., hihI M. IC Sherman, of Salina,
Kan., aral later In the' da** W. R. Sutton, formerly
In tho I'nlted Katee Consular Service In Mexico,
appeared to advocate tho retention of the oxlst
Ing ail valorem rate of 2*) per cent on Imported
live cattle. It may bo remembered that a spee'lflo
rate of $10 a h^nel on cattle more than one year old
and $2 a head on all one year old or loss was im?
posed by the gd of Itt.
lt appeared that Messrs. Rockwell snd Sherman,
who wore formerly In the- cattle-ralalng business in
Arizona, moved their cattle across the border Into
Mexico, where they bought a range which was bet?
ter In some reapeeta than the one from which I hoy
Ind removed In Arizona. The duty on cattle then
was 20 p *r ci'iit ad valorem, and they fouuel the
business of cal tic-raising In Mexico fur export to
tho l'nlted States a profitable one?cattle, land nnd
labor all being extremely cheap. Tho Imposition
of the specif!" duty In lSOO, howerer, made lt Im
possihlo for Cern to ship their rattle either to the
cornfield, of Kansas to be fattened for the Ameri?
can market or to tho gre.it establishments In Chi?
cago and Kansas City to be worked up Into canned
l.ccf and shipped ro Europe for consumption.
The restoration of the obi ad valorem rates In
ISI I, therefore, was an almost priceless boon not
only to Messrs. Rockwell and Sherman and other
American, who wer. engaged In the production of
"raw material" for beef In Mexico, but also to
Mexicans who were engaged In the same lnelustry.
Long trains of railway cars loaeled with this "raw
material" from Mexican ranches at once began to
steam northward?some stopping In tho cornfields
o' Kansas and others pushing on to the stockyards
of Chicago ami Kansas City. Hetween August 28,
UH and June rti, isa;,, more Ulna UMM head of
Mi xi ni "raw material" were thus exported to the
United States -the average* invoice valm- being un*
der $?> B head?and 1m the year1 ond:d June 3D. I"****,
the. number of Mexican cattle thu.-i e-xporteel to the
United State, was shout tld,W head, of the aver
ago invoice value of JO S9 a head, to compete In the
domestic markets with cattle raised on thc ranges
In the Western States and Territories.
A conaid.rahl. proportion of this imported "raw
material" appears to have boen Immediately sent
to the ahamblfifi ono part bein,; converted into
canned beef ami tho other part sold in the local
markets for immediate, consumption. Another
proportion, and Messrs. Rockwell, Sherman anil
Sutton all Instated that lt was far the larger pro?
portion, was stoppeel in Kansas to be fattened for
market "on Kansas corn l.y American labor." The
procoM of fattening occupies from six to eighteen
months, ac inling to tile age and condition of tho
Imported "raw material." and Involves the con?
sumption of large Quantities of corn as well as the
employment of considerable labor. Theso consid?
erations were strongly urged In behalf of the re?
tention of cxlstlny duties. Mr. Rockwell said that
his linn, which imports 6,000 to 7,01") hoad of "raw
material'1 from Mexico each year, paid 122,000 for
corn last year to Kansas farmers, anel woulei pay
them ttsttt this year, besides $!<V?*0 more for labor
in caring for tho "raw material."
COMPETITION WITH MEXICO DIFFICULT.
In responses to Governor Steele, who desired to
know why the "raw material" could not he produced
as easily and cheaply on ranges In the United States
as In Mexico, Mr. Rockwell said that they found
better water end grass In the latter country and en?
joyed other advantages which made it exceedingly
difficult for the Western ranchmen lo compete with
them.
Mr. Sherman also urged that this comparatively
new but Important Industry was entitled to special
consideration at the; hands of the committee and of
Congress on account of the fact that a large propor?
tion of the capital Invested In it In Mexico was Ameri?
can capital and that the ranches and herd. Were
owned hy American citizens. In fact, the entire
trade, h. said, was virtually in tlie hands of Ameri?
can citizens. This consideration did not *ee'm to bo
regarded as a weighty uno by members of the com?
mittee, several of whom suggested rhat the s?ini.'
argument might be urged With equal weight In behalf
e.f American manufacturers who might tranafer their
capital and plants to foreign countries where labor
was cheaper and other advantages might be en
Joyed. Slr. Sherman, however, (halaled that "the
l'nlted States has the- cheapest labor In the world."
and that lt costs as much or more than as much to
produce In Mexico ihe "raw material" In which he
ls Interested as lt does in the United States. To a
gueatlon as to why. If that was the ease, he preferred
Mexico and a 20 per cent duty to the I'nlte.l Sta tea
as a theatre of operations, he gave no satisfactory
reply.
APPEAL! FOR WESTKRN FARMERS.
Representatives Curtis and F!'.ue. of Kansas, and
Bower**, of California, replied in vigorous language
to the advocates of the Mexican Industry and con?
troverted the statements made by them. Colonel
niue declared that the duty on Mexican cattle ought
to be prohibitory in older to prevent i.ie deterioration
of American herds thal la alreadj apparent as a
result of the importation In large numbers of the In?
ferior Mexican ?oek. Mr. Bowen, who waa for
ei^ht years a collector of customs near the Mexican
border eif Lower California, declared that the im?
portation of inferior Mexican cattle had demoralised
snd almost ruined ths cattle industry of Southern
California and that nin- -tenths of the cattle thus Im?
port.*.! hail gone into Immediate consumption in the
California markets. The law of itt had encouraged
thc California farmers, but before they had fairly got
on tlKir feel again in this branch of agricultural
Industry arni production Um legislation of iv.'l had
dealt them a staggering blow.
In behalf Of t.i-' Kansas farmers Mr. Curtis ael
vocatad tho restoration of the specific duties on
e-iiltle Imposed by the- act -.f IVjO. He declared that
they hud all been Injured hy the enormous im?
portation of ch. ap and Inferior Mex!'ar. e'.ttile. In
his district a largo p.r.,portion or these cattle are
fed and fattened for market, and the unanimous
Verdict of both farmers nnd feeders was ihat the
bualneaa had been seriously detrimental to them.
The heavy importations of inferior cattle hael
.-.-.used a Berloui deterioration of the native herds,
nnel nobel-, had been benefited except the Im?
porters. Pricea Of beef to consumers had not been
lowe red, "an.l," he added, "they have eaten poorer
boot during tho last two years thnn they ev. r .lid
before."
"Bul we. derived M8.0N of revenue from these
importation. In ISIS and l".%." said Judge Turne-r.
of (b-orjrla, "and revenue is m-eded. How are- you
going lo make up the lots I? you restore the spe?
cific duties* on cattle?"
"<*h, that will be easy. We might put back tho
duty on wool for one thing, that wns taken off In
1SIM and yielded Ill.iXO.ei".. a year. And we might
increase the unties on hay. oats, flaxseed, pota?
toes and ninny other agricultural producta which
were reduced in lin." replb.1 Mr. Curtis.
"And ori eilyer," suggested Mr I'ay ne.
"Yea. on sliver. I would l.e In favor of putting a
heavy duty on thal '.-1 cents an ounce. If r.eces
?arv,' responded Mr Curtis, who ls un ardent free
.liver man.
CALIFORNIA FRUIT-GROWERS HEARD.
Repr.se ritatlve Rowers, of California, who had a
large roppply of s; mples of California an.l foreign
fruits, r.exr addreoned 'he committee in behalf of
the fruit-growing and nut-producing Industries of
the Pacific Canst. These were tho leading Indus?
trie* of California, he sahl, and had not received
adeejuato protection either under existing law or
the law of li!*). /Thi* waa e?poMnlly true of the
citrus (rulla. HA advocated a dyity of 25 cents a
THEODORE B* STARR.
Temporary Removal
TO
218 Fifth Avenue, cor. 26th Street
(Opposite Delmonico's),
While Repairing Damage by FIRE on
the 30th ult. in his Salesrooms,
206 Fifth Avenue, through to 1126 B'way.
DIAMONDS, PEARLS, FINE JEWELRY. WATCHES, SOLID SILVERWARE.
coble foot on oranges In boxes and $2 50 a thouaand
on orang"* in bulk. In the tlrst nine months of
tho cal.tular year 1806 tho Importations of fruits
anel oula int.. "the L'nlted Sta tea amounted In value
tei tlt.tt-jtt, every dollar's worth ot which could
have. Leen produced In the l'nlted States under a.
tariff sufficient to protect the domestic Industry.
The bo<u raisins In thc world are now produceel
In California, and tho best Brade, whie-h ls aold In
Washington at 21 eenta a pound at retail, a sample
of windi lie exhibited to the .ommlttee, waa fully
equal to the- "sample- of Spanish raisins, which he
also exhlblieel. and f.r which he paid 40 cents a
pound at retail in Washington. With an adequnte
duty to encourage home production, these raisins
could be produced, he- tala, so as to noll at 12 cents
a pound, anel cheaper grades as low as 8 an.l 5
cents a pound. Ile" said that the dury on raisins
(of which California even now produce*, nearly
enough for domestic consumption), plums, prunes
and other drleil fruits should be Incroase-d to J cents
a pound. Such a rate* we.uiel encourage home pro?
duction and lower prle*es to consumers. He also
made a strong argument, fortified by an exhibition
of samples e.f fruit both domestic and foreign, to
show that the proposed Increase of the duty on
oranges would not Increase, but woulei eventually
lower, prices to consumers.
donate.r Perkins follow.td Mr. Rowers, devoting
his rcmarka .-liieiiy to the extensive nut Industries
of ali'ornla. which need Increased protection.
Ho also submitted a written memorial In behalf of
the fruit and nut Industries, lu which he said that
the people of thirty counties In California?one-half
of the- whole number-are Interested. Ha also spoke
briefly but effectively In behalf of increased duties
..ii chicory, lima beana and pearl bailey, and of re?
storing copra, or elried cocoanut, to the free Hst.
"Almost everything under the sun can bo raised in
California," he said, "but we have never yet suc
ceeded In ralelng cocoanut* except tn our imagl
t, iflen." He.fore' the Imposition of a eluty In 1*?H
tho trade lu copra with the South Sea Islands was
an SXtenslve erne, and was the basis of profltaole
lnelustrlen In California, where tho oil was ex?
pressed anel desiccated cocoanut prepared for the
Bantam market These inelustries had been trans
ferred to Europe since the imposition of the duty
In UM,
T. II. Armstrong, a California almond-grower,
strongly advocated an increase of eluty. About
112,000,000 Ot capital ls iivs ed In this Industry, and
(h.- Krowera are* <>n the verse of ruin on account of
the Inadequate protection given to them by exist?
ing law. He bad been engaged in almond-growing
for nine v..irs, had tXii.Ow invested In lt, and had
not yet received one cent of profit from lt. He u<\
vu. a ted a rate of c, cents a pound. Hy the act of
ISM the rate was fixed at j cents, and in 1S34 lt was
i. du. d to I lents a pound. About 5,100,000 poumls
of almonds were produced In tho United States last
year, and about 10,000,000 pounda were Imported.
Kxport bountlea em agricultural products were' ad?
vocated by David Lubln, of California, whose reso?
nant tones might have been beard at the other end
of the Capitol, and wno seemed to bc fiercely In
earnest: by Colonel Hoe, naster of tho Pennsyl?
vania State Orange, Patrons of Husbandry; by
State Senator Hrown, of the same State, who read
re-solutions unanimously adopted at a recent State
convention composed of (-ranee deleeatea, aad by
A. J, Wedderburn, master of the Virginia State
(ira n ge.
INTEREST-! OF THK SEEDSMEN.
Tho Interests of the seed Krowera, merchants and
Importers wore represented by D. Landreth, of
Philadelphia, who submitted a schedule of rates
proposed hy them as the result of a recent confer?
ence. It was as follows: Five cents per pound on
all seed of table beets, sugar beets, kale, leek, let
tuee, mangel wurzel, parsley, radish, rutabaga,
rape, spinach, turnip, and on all vegetable seeds
not otherwise provided for: 10 rents per pound on
nil soeels of carrot, celery, onion and salsify; 20
cents per pound on all seeds of cabbage, cauli?
flower ar.d tomato; ll cents per bushel of sixty
pounds on potatoes; 40 cents per bushel of sixty
pounds on all beans nnel peas; _o per cent on all
ilow-r seeds; $5 per 1,000 packets on seeds ot every
kind In packets. The free list to Include mushroom
spawn, canary, mustard, aromatic seeds, clover,
flax, pot herbs, grnss seed, poppy, medicinal seeds,
hemp, sorghum, castor beans, tree, oilseeds, cotton,
tobacco nml vetches
The propriety of placing cloverseed and the seeds
of some oth.-r grasses, like timothy, on the free
list was Questioned by Mr. Dolllver, of Iowa, and
some of tne other W.-stern members of the com?
mittee, and the criticism was admitted to he just
bv Mr. Landreth, who also remarked that tho
potato-growers favor S higher duty on potatoes, to
which the seed-growers would offer no objection.
He strongly urged the substitution of soeclflc for
ad valorem rates of duty on all seeds. The reduc?
tion of 10 per cent ad valorem by the Hct of 1*1*1
had dealt the industry a Btaggerlltg blow. Mr.
Landreth referred tei tne stress o' Canadian com?
petition and the probability that foreign growers
would Boon establish awed depots In the I'nlted
States ir' the preaent rates of duty should be con?
tinued in reply to queatione by Mr. Tawney ho
made som.* Interesting statements respecting the
adulteration of seeda bj* foreign producers and ex?
porters for the American market.
Kdward ll. Loomis, a produce merchant nnd Im?
porter of Saw-York, advocated lower duties on
Bermuda onions and potatoes, which, he said, did
not compete with those' produced In the I'nlte.l
States, and he controverted some of th" statements
In behalf of the Bermuda industry made to the
Committee on Ways and Means in UM hy Mr.
Watson, an official representative of that colony,
especially tho ono to tho effect that the Bermuda
producers paid the duty when they imported their
products Into tho T'nited States.
NEW-YORK*! HAT AND HOP INTEKESTS.
Representative Wilber, of New-York, submitted
| a memorial of tho hay and hop producers in favor
I of a restoration of the duties of 1W0 on those
j products, and Representative Sherman, of the Utica
! district, also spoke o' the needs of the hop-growers
and invited the attention of tho committee to the
elaborate* argument and statistics submitted to the
. Committee on Ways anel Means of the List Con?
gress In behalf of that Industry.
Thomas Harker, of Charleston. 8. C., submitted a
1 strong argument in behalf of the rice-growing and
rice-.-leaning industries of the Southern rloe-pro
dUClng States, Which, he said, were absolutely de?
pendent for their existence on a sufficiently protec
1 live tariff. The rat.s lixed by the law of 1SD4 were
wholly Inadequate, anel the legislation of that year
ha.i dealt these Industries a severe blow, in fact.
they "were Undergoing a prOCSSB of disintegration."
It! reply to question---. Mr. Harker said the prospect
I that tile United States could produce rice enough
for homo consumption under adequate protection
I was a certain one.
K. J. Krnst, of New-Orleans, followed in an argu
1 ment in the sun.' behalf.
Andrew J. Toomey, a member of the New-York
, Produce Exchange and a manufacturer of mace
, roni, advocated a restoration of the duty of UM on
that article. This manufacture, ho said, consumes
about .I.OeJU.ooo bushels of er hast annually, and lt
' could be largely increased under adequate rates ot
duty, lt came Into exlsten.**? In the t'nited States
under the encouragement offered by t.ie act of UM.
Mr. Tootney advocated specific rates of duty on ac?
count Of tao enormous fraudulent undervaluations
of foreign Invoices. In 1SJ3 the production In the
T'nited State-, amounted to about M,OQO,000 pounds.
but the production hud greatly diminished since the
enactment of the law of ism.
THI SALT INDCSTUV.
The consideration of the salt Industry provoked
? a lively and somewhat acrimonious discussion by
the representatlve-s of the Importers and domestic
producers respectively. The bull was ope'ned by
: Franklin Woodruff, of Hrooklyn, one of the largest
ImporteTs of salt, who received effective assistance
from Mr. Hazard, a Hoston salt merchant and Im?
porter. Mr. Woodruff violently opposed the relm
posltlon of a eluty on salt, declaring that lt was
unnSCSSSSry for the nn te-ctlon of the domestic pro
dueer and would be detrimental to the interests of
domestic consumera. Foreign -alt, he said, could
: not compete with tho domestic ?alt ten miles from
the' seaboard except Iil the Southern States, a
statement which was Mlarply questioned by Mr.
frayne and General Qreevenee. The latter asked if
Mr. Woodruff didn't know that foreign salt en
teivd al th. port of New-Orleans was carried up
the Mississippi and Ohio rivers as far as cincin?
nati ami St. Louts, and even higher, and Mr. Wood?
ruff replied that he did not know lt.
Mr. Payne' and Mr. Woodruff had a lively tilt
over the question of freight rat.s on foreign and
domestic Mit respectively, anel the former scorned
to have" rather the better of the argument. In re?
ply to questions by Mr. Payne, the Hrooklyn Im?
porter, who drawc his luppllea chiefly from the
Mediterranean or from Turk's Island, admitted that
the Liverpool salt market ls controlled by a British
syndicate or trust, which tlxes the prices of salt
on board fo- Liverpool elestlneel for the American
market, the Australian market and other foreign
markets. As an Importer of Turk's Island salt Mr.
Woodruff was asked by Mr. Payne If an export
duty was not levied und collected on ll. and the
latter replied that he elle] not know, but "If such a
eluty was Imposed lt was a small on*, merely to
piy expenses ot th* Oovernmenl," an anawer which
provoked considerable merriment. Mr. Woodruff
app.'.'reu to be considerably concerned about the
welfare of tho American merchant marine, and re?
marked that h.* had to-day 10.QQO tons of aall on
Its way from the Mediterranean In American bot?
toms
W. A. Hazard, of Booton, an Importer, said that
I i
THE USUAL, AFTER BEA SON'S saLB
OK THE UlsERTY" KLRNISIIINOS.
H?for* th* annual Refurnishing
of their Exhlblrtnn R/x.m* with novel
PAI'ERH. ITU****, AND FURNITURR,
Which ar* ne.w being pr*par*el Abroad
MK.-* SK.-*. JO.IEPH P. McHI'eJH 9 <0.
offer th* n*ianc* sf th* Importation* and Models
made 'or the Fall snd Winter Seacin*. at
tht very favorable and aubitantlal Discount at
Ililli HIE PER CENT.
from th* Prk* plainly marked on ?acti ArtWfe
The raHsctlea emhrac**
DECORATIVE FURNITt'RE
IN THE E.VOLI8H FASHION*
Forest Oreen, Brown, Rlack and Sealing Waa,
Red Oak. Oreen A?h and Honduras Mahogany!
t'pholstered Pieces made by
HAMPTON 9 8ON8. OF LONDON.
la f.r?t Co .-eringa or In th* "Liberty" Velvet*
WAIsIs PAPERS AND STt'EFS
op EXr-Kl.lsENT RTYIs*-*..
Which are only dl*place<l by tba
many new Thin** looked io arrive.
DELFT. "URKRTY" and "IiEI.I.A RORRTA"
POTTERY. DCTe*H HAMMERED BRAM AND
ILLUMINATED COPPER Wa RE.
and a Variety nf the Interentlna; odd Hits tot
Home Decoration charact**rl*ttc of
THE ?POI'II.AR SHOP."
fKvtry Objtrt in th* fMleMM it dttignti ot
ttltel'd by Mr. Me Hugh )
"CTTImelj- Innpectton Cordially Invited.
(TrndtrmmrKi Heg'd.l
42b St. tD. at 5tl) Tut.
I have
never sold a dollar article where the people parted with
their money so readily a*, lor Booth's ??Hyomei"
Pocket Inhaler Outfit, lt is for cold*, catarrh
and bronchitis.
Kalish Pharmacy, 4th Ave., cor. 23d St., N.Y.
IVI Uk 1 \ WK \ rn A delicious break
V\*\\LI*\VV\e fast Cereal. Fifteen
cents' worth, when
cooked, provides 23 lbs. of perfect Food.
HEALTH FOOD CO., 61 5th Ave,
uunitn,
RELIABLE AHrnotIv*. -Mitten**. Barral*.
l?rti-e>N. Mea Mn rr- your room.
COW PERTH WAIT'S
RELIABLE Attractive'
lirlie-H. M
C ADPFTC LONG CREDIT.
?vrtKrCIS, IO-4 Weet 14th Street.
A ll I*-1" tl (Naas hair If Vant re*rnov*d at jBBh..
lS|||'p K h'm" ,,y depilatory; I' heavy l.y LSam
WWI Rall el. .-.ric needle. p.-mii!..;..i:l?: tt_*_|
Woodbury, 127 W. 4_d ?t.. .V V. Beauty book fer wAyF
a clamp. L'?e Facial *-<e>ap. ^^
he would submit a printed statem-ent In opposition
to any duty on salt, which, he remarked, was
wholly unnecessary.
The domestic salt producers wera represented by
E. VV. Brown, in behalf of ti.e New-York manufac?
turers, and P.. R. Baek<T. In behalf of the Michigan
and Ohio manufacturer*. The former promised t1*
submit a brief in favor of a restoration of the
duties of 1890. Mr. Baeker advocated the same
rates, nnd gave some interesting tacts relating tr
the cost of manufacture an.l the condition of the
industry in Michigan, the output of whie*h last year
fell to ?.075,000 pounds, which was a reduction o'
about 50 per cent from the previous year.
THE DUTIES ON FISH.
The duties on fish provoked another brisk dis?
cussion, marked by some bitterness, between thu
representatives of the Importers and the American
fishermen respectively. Charles M. McCue, of
Gloucester, Mass., r-ald that there were 151,000 peopl**
engaged In the fisheries of the Unlte.l Statea In IttJ*,
according to the report of the United Stat*--* Fis i
Commissioner. Of these, J7.S00 were empioyeel li
the deep-sea fisheries. In which fi,4"? vessels wer ?
also employed. l*e ndvocateel ? duty of three
quarters of a cent a pound on mackerel, which wi i
now handicapped by the competition of the Iris i
fisheries; of one-quarter of a cent a poiinvi on cod.
and a differential rate of half a cent a pound or:
boned and skinned Ash. He dwelt on the stress oi
e'anadlan competition anel the advantages whlcb
the Canadian enjoyed. Including the bounties pall
by the British Government, which have amount*c
to the snug sum of I2.3M.000 since the Halifa-.
award, the Interest on which goes to the tlsherme"
In the shape of bounties to vessel-owners aad crews,
that the United States actually pay to them far
competing with our own fishermen. H.- referred
also to the French fishing bounty, and to the fart
that the co-operative plan generally prevails arnon*
the fishermen of New-Kngland, the crews sharin*
In the profits of the catch.
F, DoButts. of Boston, a fish Importer, fierce]*
contested almost every statement mada In hehal'
of the fishermen, and declared tha: tho Gloucester;
fisherman did not represent more than 15 per <*-en.
of the persons engaged In the fishery Industrie-.
He declared that most of them were "foreigner
who are not and never will become American clt'
zens." The existing du les were ample. "As for
tho lights of American fishermen, that Is an oM
story an.1 everybody ls tired of lt." he exclaimed
Mr. DeButts talked li a large and lmpretslv
way. which was calculated to make persons wbo
heard him believe that he was extensively er
gaged In the fishing ta-Uitrj*. That belief -?a,
quickly dissipated, however, by Sylvanus 8ml*r.
who followed him nnel who quietly remarked that
Mr. DeButts, who had formerly been engaged ja
the fishing Industry, was now an Importer of fist.
Mr Smith -fdded: "T believe he does own one ol?
fishing vessel, for he told me last night that h?
would sell her the flrst chane*e he got."
In the collrae of the discussion th.re was sottia
light sparring between Chairman Dingley and Mr.
McMlllln. of Tennessee, on the subject of fishing
bounties and other concessions to fishermen. Mr.
Dingley showing, somewhat to Mr. McMlllln's con?
fusion, that one of the first advocates and pro
motera of the bounty system for American flsher
men wus Thomas Jefferson.
Representative Bouts!'**, of Maine, declined to oe
cupy the attention of the committee, as the hour
wns late, and simply asked for the restoration ol
the status of 1890. ... . _ . ,. _ .,_.
The committee to-morrow will hear the Btate
ments of the representatives of American wool,
growers whose Industry was virtually ruined by
tha legislation of 1W?
_.-*
ABEY ABB BAU EETISKEEXT8.
FIVE OEVERAf.S AND THREE ADMIRAI-I WTIJi
W OUT 0**" AIT1VF. SERVICE THIS YEAR.
Washingtoa. Jan. 5.-Flve high officers of tba
Army and titree of the Navy will retire, on reach?
ing the age limit. In the preaent year. Tha first ot
these. Brigadier-General Michael R. Morgan, ths
Commissary-General of Subsistence, goes ofl tho
active list on the 18th of tho present month, when
'he will, without doubt, be succeeded by Colonel
Thomas C. Sullivan, hla aaslstant and next in
rank. The other staff retlrementa are thoae of Gen
eral Wt P* Cratghlll. Chief of Engineers, on July I
and General Rugglea. Adjutant-General, on Sep?
tember ll. Oeneral CralghlUa place will fall to
Colonel H. M. Robert, now atatlcned at New-Tort
City or Colonel Jojin M. Wilson, stationed at
Washington, both of whom retire In 1901. In the
suoresBlon to General Ruggles. while General
Greene, now at San Fran-ls-o. and General Breck.
(?merni Mllea'a chief of staff, are the ranking offi?
cers, both of them retiring next year, they would
ordinarily be expected to secure the promotion, but
the Impression ls atrong in Army and political
CASTORIA
For Infra* and Children.

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