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IN ANOTHER ACTOR'S PART.
A WORD ABOUT UNDERSTUDIES.
THEIR TEMPORAHY GREATNESS IS NOT QKITE
KILLED WITH PLKASl'KKS-A HARD ROAD
IP THE HUJ> OF KAMK.
In UM pro.it blather hoed of the actor people.
wini their j.k tur.-s'iu.- and varied lives, theta is a
humble member whose lot is full of ehaage aad
perplexity anil anno*.ame snil plrusuri', even for
nu a.mr. ile is tbe head of the company nnd he lu
the tall of the company; h.- la a-daslred and he is
? ia i.etti.i aad hs la hated: he lu gat*
? m. tolerated and neglected; his merits are- ex
sggerated sad iris faults condoned; oreiybody la
.:?. -ippoime.1 when in- appears on the stage, he gets
< i. thal does, not belong to him anil the credit
Sosa belong ;.> hint la gitan t.i -somebody olam.
This ls the hard lot of thc understudy.
The understudy, as everybody knows who knows
> bing about tha languagi of ii"' stag* ?l "ll- ls
i..- actor wini tahoe the place of another a.-tor
wliea ho is unable for ans cause to give his per
t rats ires. Baeapi the ports played by mar actors
t iere la scarcely s part lhal anybody plays which
aomobody else is not ready to piny al any minute,
t an cannot '?-. re understudies, aaa general thing,
pf course, because lbs audience is supposed to bs
l lying Ita money to see lhe s'.ir inure- than for
:.. vlhirrt; els- The NW! ls merely Ihe Surrounding,
lhe embellishment ol tire st.ir, and if lhe rtar can*
' -t he produced ll li of no us< lo try to do any*
? .. ard til- performanct haa i" be given up.
Thoro ls Bcnrcoly any railing in life, exeepl that
,..' thi -" - tl--, musician, thal requires tbs
i wini f..;invvs n io be so promptl) ami regu?
larly on han.I ni bia place nf business ns that of
actor. If ti.e- merchant has a touch of rheu
v At Ism he .an stay at home ami liis partner or
I is manag'T or Iris aasUtant can look after ail tin?
ti uln-nss for >i few days iunl nobody knows the
itttTerance Th-? tinD-vier can lie flat on his bach
.-. ?! concoct s.?hemes and titree; ot hera iii carrying
i out. The la wv er ran Btudy papers al home.
Bren the physician, usually a model nf long suffer
i re and faithfulness, '-arr. lu extreme eases, semi
another physician around to Bee his patients, ami.
though they may nol lil'.'- it. they submit.
Hut 'ne whole business "f tia- actor is ibo actor
1 -li". The people wiro .leal with him pav their
money 'rt see him. and if they cannot Bee him ihey
v. to pay til.-ir money somewhere e.se. More
- hs must i" .ri liam! at a particular hour?a
particular minute ii- cannot postpone sny part
of his work lill tire next elay wfieti lie m.iv '. . l
bruer, ns many snot Iht business ?.r professional
man can 'b>
Hi; ACTA WHIMS UK can STAND,
Kor this re.i>on actors of'.n .lo their work In
I ' leal conditions thal would keep persons it:
ot .r walks of life oul of tl..- w.ilkn altogether and
In bad. Air actor staya on the stage and does Ma
part, as a mi.-, irs long r's h.. can aland up. and he
cnn st mil np, ton. longer than mos: people, aa a
r .Iii- not uncommon for an actor to play his
part on the stace through a long pl.iv when lu'
i i- to hgvi i physician in constant attendance all
trse um-- thal be i-e not a.-tu.illy before ih" audi
. when he cannot walk without aaslatancs off
ths Btage, and winn be bsa to be k. pi up all
through tie- evening with restoratives and stlmu
Tbs Bick actor whose presence on the stage ls
essential to the play ls brough! to the theatre In a
<arr'. -.fa and be baa a nan lo help him dress and
make ap )?, - far.?<?. Any one who ls poetically in?
clined may "morallie thii spectacle." The sunhen
?hollows of th*' eyes are colored to mak". Hum look
healthy, and the brightness ot lhe eyes themselves
ls brought out by dark lines around th. m. The
pale .-he. ks are reddened and the hair is arran/g"^!
t<> lo, k attractive and ima rt The audience tvili
lot know the difference, but for any one wi,,, ?. **,
. the disguise so on Ihe effeel ls ghastly, . winn it
I I- time for tr,.- Bctor to K" on the itas-p his atten
" dani or his Mend leads bim to I ,. wing and
launches him, aa if were, before ti'' audience. ile
m-ir have lo count hil Steps RcfOSB the s-rtge
pn-tty carefully and hold on hj '->,,. fnr, ii ur-ns he
goea, bm he hldoa ii all bb;*well ns he can and
j.rK.s through hw part. >'so ,-ome-s off the stage
-. his attendant rffecelvea him snd noes to
work .ii him to gel f,\m rei.lv for his n.-xt en?
trance, j, '
While he is befool ibe eyea of ihe people lhere li
nn tiispir.itii.ii ''i/it supports him. He knows how
It wll] rum everything if he falls, snd *o he 'loe's
rot fall. Even his voice romes back sometime!
when lu- has none at all off the stage, The
thought that h.- is before the audience and that he
must ko thn ugh his part takes bini through i':
hut it is a stimulant of the same nature as other
htimuiants, and be has to pay afterward for iak
HOTING HP Tn m.i. THK OAFS.
Hut then are times whe-n even an actor ls so
Sick that im cannot do his part, and then it ls the
turn of the understudy. Ile ls usually a minor
member of tha company. Bometlmci he- is the
actor who-has lha part imxt In Importance to that
of the ono who ls sick. In thal case somebody else
bas lo play his put If '-ri- second understudy ls
slso a regular actor lu tiift play lt becomes neces?
sary for another io take las part. So ihe dis?
ability of uno in.-iiu.<-r of a l ompati.v will often
mak" naoesaary three or four changes In it.
With a musical company this is !.->s iik-i> to he
the ease. Sii.pei's ara le-^s versatile lhan adora
Tbe head of the company, for Instance, ls probably
a soprano. If sh?? ls unable to appear he-r pince
cannot ho taken by the rn-v woman In the om?
pany, because ahe ls probably a contralto. The
next ono to her perhaps itas ? soprano voice, but
el ? playa soubrette puns and cann ?-. do anything
slse, .uni the vacan .- li In a aerlous part. So the
understudy ls likely to h.- somebody pretty well
?town along tbe line, perliaps even In the chorus, or
little better, in such s t-^yr as this the under?
study ordinarily t\> ts $,* a performance In addition
to regular salary, snd nil tii"> praise ami contempt
that go with the playing vf eomebod) .-ise's pan
With regard to the provision for understudies
tba methods of companies eiirr.-r. Sometimes the
work e>f the understudies ls regularly laid oul t?
tore they are ni ded, and special ie-hearsals are
hold for them. Sometimes lt ls only when there
seems to hs danger of an actor breaking down
?? ,t li.e understudy ls thought of, and then there
I- 9 hurrp.1 rehearsal, if there is timt> for one.
That ls what makes the other actors In tho rora
j ^nv hate- ibe understudy. Il is a dreaeiful nu:
?? t<> have to go through a long and tiresome
re hearaal for just one actor, after the play has
boen running for six weeks and everybody clsu is
The public take's fwo opposite views of the un
-t.dy. Tile- audle-nce is always dlsapIHiintf-d
vv hen ii gets to tba theatre and linda that lt ls
*,r.\ ?,i we tin- actor Whoa it had counted on Ree Int;,
hut one who ls presumably inferior. When that
f.-eling has passed away the audience usually nc
r ept fl the understudy good naturedly and looks
with favor on everything that he lines, as le-lng
the effort of one who is Struggling with a harder
rem than he would ordinarily Le intrusted with,
Thia vi.-w of 'ri'* -ase often prompts those who
commont on Ihe performance- lo give lt more credit
than lt really .i.s. ives, anel sven thoughtlessly to
say that lt ls ln-tt'-r than the performance of the
a'tor who regularly plrivs the- part. This ls usually
?ui..! ist, though not always, but lt is almost always
WHT THK PRINCIPAL PISUKKS HIM.
Bul lt is this gemra! tendency to tn-at tha under*
. | kindly thal makes the regular actor of the
I r- hate tr;.- understudy, ne- knows tbal as soon
ti' he |?4l ruo body else play hlfl I'.irt somebody
w II say that it is dont better than he does lt,
v thar it r es sot Moreover, tbe fear of di?ap
p- ,r Ung the audlen i often leads the manager to
; ? -..- ? m< of ' ? regular actor on tbe Mil
?a .en an understudy is playing Hie part. This lg
obvto .- - v- Ii ia unjust to the audience, be
. ll ls a slarepresentatloa of whai t-- off. red
for ai li i ' isl to ihe regular actor.
i t brtngi on bim 'he- blame fer the un*
.: ? i. - irtromtngi wiih persona who do nol
knoa has bsai made, it is unjust
t ? id) t..cause !? deprives him of the
? ???lit foi .v'..,r ? - (? does win And li all
? ling of th.- regular ..< inr towards
the undi rstud).
ti gi eral thing l understudy Imitates the
i ilur actor, and thia ls general!; regarded
prop ii him lo laka, He li nol playing
.\ 'i pal L bul ? r il'-. 1.1.j. pi should be
ii mik lie ibsen.' bli principal as little BO*
ticed as possible. If tue former actor leaves the
.r.y .j ii,.- undera) idy la pul Into the pan
pcrmane mother thing. Then h.- is ii
liberty I i ulr hli own 'conception of th. part," bul
acting lt merci) ai tha substitute foi
somebody el :...- ahould make sa little dtaturbance
:,. tba regu ir progresi of the pla) aa ho can.
it is lint to I ? supposed lhal the- understudy is
alwnys sn Inferior er even sn Indifferent sort of
. ? The heel of acton sra likely to need under?
studies, sud they must bs persona of ability, or
t .- fall will be uni greal fe.r ths public to simd
As has been explained, ? gr si eiar cannot ordi?
narily nave i'n understudy, In the naturi- of things.
bul Miss KUen Terry bal one snei lately even
Henry irvi-.g haa Indulged In the luxury. Miss
Terry's understudy is ordinarily i person who .?
?qu'te capable Of Toing a very phssnble star h.-r
t,flf. end sometimes one who has i>-en In the last
"H> eke of Lawrence Harrell's life John I..rn... an
c.v. Slier.: a.il.', w..*. pia-, i elly hia understody.
Mr. Barrett was a star of the flrst msgnltude. but
he could have an understudy, because when he was
out of Hie bill Mr. Itooth was still in it and sup?
plied the need of a star.
The path of the understudy ls often B thorny
i one. hut often, too, lt leads to fine heights, for the
abilities of many a line actor have- been eilse-ov
! i-red ami exploited through the accident of lils
I having to play for a night or two a part that ba*
I longed to lome'body else.
STUDIES OF THK BOSTON MYCOLOOICAL
: Krom The American KU hen Magazine.
I?urlng the last two or three years ther,. hal been
a fcr.-ai Increase in the amount of attention given
to the value- of fungi as food. Kor many years i
few enthusiasts?either scientific b tanlsts 'Ike Pro
j 1. ,-i.ir l'e.-k. of Albany. N. Y . or mycophagtstfl like
I Captain Palmer, of Booton, or Captain Mcllvalne,
of Hael.ioiitieiei. N. j.-have- persistently experi?
mented on tho edibility ol fungi, and by letteri bi d
! articles In varloua periodicals, a> areli aa by other
publications, have- endeavored la gel people gem r
nlly to foil,nv their example, in c.n.ii Britain and
i throughout tin- Continent many klr.di of loadstooli
appear In th.- markets fresh during the season, dry
i In the winter, anel form a familiar ami essential
, pin of the food supply ofthe people, being valued
not only aa delicacies, but -is cheap, abm..1.ur ind
1 nutritious food.
The poor Immigrants from the o::ier side nf the
Atlantic, particularly from Italy, hove not been
slow in discovering and making use of the very
I abundant crop of fungi to be- bad for the picking
everywhere throughout om emu.irv. Hut evi n these
exiles from ? fungus-eating land recognise the
value of only a few kinds. They g..th<-r the Bole tl
nml dr) them for winter as.; they borapete with
the tn.-n wno from August on make tin rounds of
I the pastures to gather ihe common mea dow mush?
room for market and tney glean from city dump
h.-ups ami waste land, among the tin cans, ashel
aird burdock bush's, every button, .vu th.- imsll
est, of the autumn supply of "Bhaggymanes" er
AMERICANS ARE AFRAID.
On the other hand, "native Americans." as Pr
1 Parlow, professor of cryptlgamlc botan) In llnr
i varel University, has said, "are not often fungus
eaters, tor. apart from their dread ol being poi?
soned, fungi are mn to th. ir taste, especially Wiien
' submitted lo the treatment of the ordinal*) Ameri
: can e-ook. There ls, how vcr, a constantly incre is
: lng .lass of well-to-do America ni who are begin
' lung to make use of our native fungi for Ihe table,
? and they frequently ask for Information ai m the
means nf distinguishing the edible from tin poison
; ons species."
In Hoston. In the sum/ncr of ???'?'.. lin re were
: many letters io tin- papers from p. .ipi.- wishing 'o
I know how ihey could Bnd help In th- itu Boon
I a few men e-once|ve-d the- notion of displaying the
better-known fungi at the free public exhibition! of
i fruit ami Mowers held every Baturday through the
I ,-rmmer by the- Massachusetts Horticultural Bode?
ty. This svi.t-. cordially r-econded tin- propi il, ai
I w.'ll as another to give houseroom on Baturda) tor
a meeting of tims, who mlghl wish t" talk about
Un- fungi exhibited That these people should ..t
once recognUe the lmporta.ii.f :, permanent as?
sociation is a simple mailer tci understand.
in consequence of th.- suggestions made by
W. e- |:,it .s and others, favor, il by Captain Julius
A. Palmer, ions known as an eater ol fungi
and ns a writer em the subject, a dosen
or more gentlemen and eur.- lad) mel on August 21,
I?5, in th.. I'pp-r Hall. After a brief informal talk
it vvas voted that tims., present should unite in the
formation of an association, t>. be called the Hoston
My. ologlcal Club.
Til- officers chosen were: President, Julius A.
Palmer, jr.; vice-president, William C, Dates; secre?
lary ami treasurer, Holli* Webster.
As stat'd in the constitution, ile- obj. ct-i ()f thi'
club ar.- io bring together nil those Interested eco?
nomically ot sclentlflcall) in edible fungi; to study
? ?iii.!., mushrooms ami loadstooli at d ibose noxious
and poisonous kimi-* whleh l'.v.iv i.e mistaken for
Ihem: to collect nml disseminate all valuable In?
formation concerning ih'-'.v.. t.. nrci-se a wider ap?
preciation of the vnp.... ol i .leap ami abundant
food supply, which, |h In America comparatively
neglected; ami by. exhibitions, lectures ami publica?
tions to make t>asy and certain ile- recognition "f
ih.. f-w fungi ih-ii are poisonous nml ni tin many
Hint ire d.Hj, lous nml substantial fi.oel.
'I'ii.- .-luh hopes further to gather In regard to the
habitat, feeason nnd distribution i-f Hu- tungus flori
partlctjiarly of New-England, Information that may
i ?? :.'. scientific vain.- Th.- -im- are Axed at $1 a
yeiir, in ord' r th.it iln- membersl lp might be large
DELICIOUS MEALS NEGLECTED.
Sinee* iis formation Hm club, with a rap;.liv grow?
ing membership (now about iwo hundred!, has i.i
exceedingly active on Ihe lims laid down. Dillina
Ihe - anon all obtainable kimi- of i dlble and poison?
ous fungi have been displayed at the week I) exhibi?
tions of lhe llortleiiltiir.il Bodety. So far Bl possi?
ble with surety, each kind ba" been mimed and Its
character stated. In this way hundreds eif si.les
have been brouahl log.-ther where th.-y could I.,
examined by the curious, by students of botsny
anel by thor-.- who wish lo know what fungi to ern
and what tc avoid. In support of lhe ..1 ? i- Pta of lh<3
Mycoloslcal flub, the Hostlcultural Boote ts Ap?
pointed three prise d.ivs for mushrooms, in July,
August and September Ot this year, each lime
awarding prises fur tin i,.-t collections Moreover.
tin y have generously allowed the .lub lhe u of
om-ot th. halls for their summer meetings.
The ati.-ml.in 'e Bl these exhibitions and meetings
has been large and Interested Man) have been tho
expreaslom of surprise fruin g tod people ol Intelli?
gence on barning thal for years the) hav- 1....I .!??
liclous .linn, rs and supp, rs growing neglected at
th. ir very doors, and often trampled under foot
"ls that irr.-.t thing good i" eat?" asked i farm
? ?-'.- wife on Saturday, pointing to i. puffball as big
ns n watermelon thal iv on one ? ?' thi platters.
"Why, my boy found one e.f those in lhe barnyard
righi by the wat. ring trough, and smasbed it with
Ins lists. We ma.I.- him Wa-di his h.m.ls In a pail
nf water, ami then we wouldn't Iel the Inns, drink
ii.u of the pall, for fear he'd be poisoned
other visitors expressed themselves ii, similar
characteristic ways Many went .iw.iv n-lth an In
< re.inion- smile tnaiiv wi'i] a feeling of nmazeme n
lhal woulei last nnlil lhe) COUld tell vvli.-t v.ii
ot- In the eily to ihelr friends at home; bul many
mi<.> went .iw:i> w Ith Interest aroused, and > ame
i.a.k eager for Information and guidon ??-.
St nilen ts and tn.w and then i - pei la I Isl In '
also found their own reasons I. Interested jp the
eollectloni of Ihe club A III ' ipecle ? [hlblti-d,
II it could b" accurately made, would glvi i fairly
complete Bccounl or ihe fungi n.o-t common about
Boston. I'.-a-.- lally during the vv. t season ihb
year, some species ord.ril) rare were found In
? an mi .riv. abunda nee. A * ar: Instil nee t
may be mentioned tha" ciirioui fungus with ron
eentrio gills, i yclomyces green ll. Thli w.is i.
poitid from various places und exhibited several
Frequently. In ronnecilon vvu:-. il ? exhibl
t.ilks were given, Illustrated l.v Ihe fungi H.. rn
selves The distinctive characteristics of the v iri
ons species, parib ulai ly of the dnngen u vn ? n..
group, were pointed emt Hgain and again. Instruc
lions were repeatedly given ai to the habitat >.! the
more desirable edible species, as well ns ij the lu st
methods of preparing Bnd cooking Hu ur.
Particular care has been taken lo thow Ihat the
popular rules for guidance In distinguishing edible
fr.mi poisonous toadstools an- entlrel) fallacious
and unsafe. The traditional notions abo il ?
high color, blackening i.f silver spoons nnd the lil;.
have been held up lo criticism nnd i Ile , . and in?
dividual knowledge eif each species ol and for Use ii
has been Insisted on.
In addition to ihe elementary and somei mes
technical information necessary for those new lo
the eubject Incidental notes ..f personal experi?
ence have been contribute! bj th.- speakers and
ofte-n volunteered by som., one in the audience In
this way the meetlnga have- been more than in?
structive; they have been entertaining
Toward the end of ti,, season, In October and
November Horticultural ll.iii w,,^ practically
abandoned on Saturdays to ths club, omi tr.Ik.
BOmetlmsa two In i-m- . ay. were given cv. rv Satur
elay. On October tl, b- PUggesllen of some Ol W*
ladles, there -.v.is a chntlug-ellsh demons! rat bm. I *"'1
kinds e.f mii-hrnnmi. unfamiliar to mosi I'*'"1 ' '
I'olivbia velutlnes niel a yellow Hygrophorus. were
dalntll) cooked .md distributed in xniall guawwi
for Ha. people present to taste. mpm
At int ovals . v unions have- liei-n mad" bv mm
l.rs nf et,, , (nt. ami f'lelieis In '?likely spot*-.Ott ?
acquaintance has been maele with the. fungi m wa
1 airing Ihe winter, on ope P ..f-lnn, an Illustrated
lecture was given, together with a paper ou <"
r'ru.-in-, of a toadstool; on aiiedher. numprrs "
mi.-re,i drawings were exhibited iv some- stu.pius
Of tungi, who nie artist! BS Will, ll I- b"P"l
mak.- Hi. meetings f.-r the coming winter as useiui
as possible to th.- merni., il Plans for lectures ami
conferences are already under war. .
un October l". bj Invitation nf the manager <'
tb.- li,.m.- Congress, Hr- club conducted an ex ii mi
llon, fellowed bv miks, ut the M-echanlea Bunn?
ing, in connection v. nb tbe rood Fair Al sucn
opportunities for educating the public up '? '"'
appreciation of Ihe value of fungi will i? cagen.
accepted b, ihe club, lt hopi- next Benson lo con?
duct similar exhibitions and talk- In various e-ni. s
and towe.- , f New-Kngland,
Tin- . bib has been "f use in another way. It nas
glmliv :? ...: consignments of fungi senl in ">
|.-..pi- at a distance, and supplied identifications
anel Information Blioul them. Ami the Becretsrj 'is
alwayi ready *o furnish any Information al ms
command about fungi senl to him.
The ? lib meeta with some unexpected dltncuities
In ii- work Chief of these sre, flrst, the difference
of oplnle r; and freqw nt uncertalnt) bs to tne Iden?
tity of less known fungi; Second, the lack of com?
pendious book- adapted to lhe use nf American stu?
dents. The flrst ot Iheae difficulties will long re?
main bul it does not stand In the wriy of lhe al?
li mpt of the- . lub lo spread accurate Information
about commoner speclet long known In appenranee
anel character. Th.- second difficulty ls relieved
rom. what bv the abundant works of reference in
viii..us libraries, a list ..f which ls being prepared.
ami win undoubtedly he removed al no distant day
l.v the appearance ol ? systematic work in anawer
ii. thc Increnslna -bin.md. ll is possible that tho
.lui. may publish nn analytical k. >? with diagrams
to the genera of the Hymenomyretes.
to _ .-- ?
I WANDERER ON THE EAST SIDE.
XS THE INTERVAL! OF HER QUEST A MIX
Comparatively few of the occupants of the tene?
ment-" were ,,ti the sidewalks, foi Ilie '-vening was
damp and cold fei I hlldien played on the steps
leading lo basements, or In wagons th.v. regardless
of law, stood "ii the iWes "f the street.
a vv in.hi with bleeding lace rushed fr.un a cellar
way, pursiied by fl drunken man. A crowd closed
aboui her, and. amid Shouts, blows and oaths, she
waa separated Hom h< r pursuer. No policeman ap?
pa a?' i and the man si "ape I,
A ? ?. !. veiled woman approached tha sobbing
creatt ? e,
"Don't erv-." sim sail gently, "Cnmo with me into
this drug store, Ah, i: lfl hard lg be treated so!"
When the two went into the store the stranger
lifted her veil, ihe wu- not young; there were depths
of sorrow In thi dark eyes and the p.v.hetii- linos
about her mouth, yet her face had a rare beauty.
She pave the- woman to tin- care of the druggist,
slipped a piece of mon'y Into hi r hand, and wein out
Th.- ob erver had sees her a numbei of tiim--i on
these itresta ihe had always appeared to be search
ing for romethlng tbal she could not find. Manj
times she had gone Into tenements, and hid come
oul with Isgglng itepa at i an Bppi ir un'-of fruitless
A group ? f girls RtOOd at a street corner, l.vighlnar
rm.| talking loudly. Tin ; ill woman said something
to them, .md one answered:
"(1 ighl to i-i wife at home al this houri I gue=s if
you'd been work in' in a f.ictory all day. you wouldn't
wain to st.iv home evenings, an' never hive a bit
Of fun "
I know i- li hard Tau need ."ignace where you
?ai mgh and make merry: but these streets are aol
ti: foi thal v\.ilk -i little vv iv witta me and tell m<
now v.ui live."
u. mostl* sra Iii about evenln'a." said one
"Sometimes vv. gel to a dance oi g concert. Mamie
an' nm tx longs ia the inturday evenln' dances st the
"Oh, they're respi 'table quite toney," Bald i
"Corni t.. the Hull.l to-morrow night." said the
d.in?? -?lu', girl, cordially. "It'll be the cookin'
class. We're goin lo raak, broth and broil beef
-r k We . ii, i- 10k lin ? now "
"Thank you, nol to-morrow, bul i ahall try to
come nome time "
Words ..? i. ? w.. I that the observer did not hear.
l'ti-.-ii'iv rangei md her group wenl lo n
little shop whei earn li rrvi d,
When they cami-oul ihe woman said: "And now.
won't you promise m as ll von wei - nmg listen
e.f min thal you will tr) :.. be more quid on lhe
? ? ind hal ron will mn form aco.ii tin! i
?-? ? gi i or wh -rn v .ni know noi bing'.' i
li.iv-- v.i n pitiful results from such thoughtless
The promise wa trangei led a car
and vv..- los! t ? llghl The observer kn-w from
itlon of ihe gil li th it she had nride
many Inqiiti li
"I'll bel she'i dlfferenl from whai -dm looki lo
be " i lld one ? I gm is --!, -'a goin' about In dis?
till! lt's not fur fun."
"No il fur fun." ? ? r ihi 'a lookln'
me girl 'li ur,'- ,,;.i aa us. Hui lt
eouliln'i i>. her >.wn daughter, 'wa) down
? mil! ii" I'm sun she v. i- n me o' ihem deaeon
? .a i.i fur church wuri.
she h . m Sew-York long, l know thal
: r .rn - melli ld."
"I've cen hei .? kin* *i id here nlghl - an'
nights. Sh. 's lookln' fur i ri-1, an I m ??? lie lt's I ?:
...v ?.. ill no!-, . v, I,- n We ' ...I '?? r how?
th! died he I
' . I .... a a a . a r ' l I - ? ? , | . | g , a.
.1 blessed thing for lil- mother lo Um.v. ahe w t
For many evenlngi r? rd thi .rver I
? -' range I idy, le ..... .,,... fhe
nelghhoi . . not ie . who ahe
v ? ? ame from; mot. than one kni vv
t hal ? he ?? is seeking tidings ol h girl, bm not nne
could ny If alp .. .i '
vu / / ////; roi: iii xi.
Cym ?? IK; i corn spondi ni u ul The ' 'I le-ago
'rom --lb raid
I "h ii le - I- ? ? chi) die d .1 mu irv- ?
He i.w ni il rn ve ral plantations In Han Ison i
nml lr ul l? ? :. a V'-rv pro p. I oils mm all his life
Kl i v ? tlmati lie Was wot - -? 11, *,,.
H. w.:- . greal reade: and i i rh 11
notions of ile ..-.?.ii Interment from the hlatoriei ol
i ?:- pt.
About fl fte. rs ago he Ired a si
in ison t.' rn i. him a sari onhagui ol K< ni nek*
blue i tm itoiu v. hlch b much more dura bl
murhli tit I - "n.? inn, ..... |, ,.,..1
a barrel ol lu I old Ho ii I on lhe Btate co I
produce ind ord red thar at his death Hie whiskey
bhould ta : his hod) aftet ri was pl.ici d
111 H.- '1 ' ' ??:?'-. g . v, i- I hell to
be he rn ? raled and | lu ? ? In i grave ne il?
All hli directions have been followed to the letter
and he ls to lie bfirled to-morrow li win t.k.- .,
numbe' of - roni horst lo c irry hil boil) in Ila
rn av vi., ;,:., I, to thi gr ive nlreud) ,v. Hint; for
it One cannot bul think of tin ai-.-- r.. come when
tigular . iffln ihall i- um arihi .1 and the r. -
n ? tposi a to the t of w-.. .(? rina men Thi
tombs foUnd r.rrtl.v In Ktypt will nol 1.lore
curious, even li they ara more elaborately carved
in..ini- i ? > ? ,,f apple brand)
and ne ?? r Iel ill v. Itho it a ii.isk full In
pocket. III; b-"iv waa almost r.a.Iv for ipon
? ? I '? de ath, and v. t none
e-v. r saw him loo ?. oxlcated to atti nil to
business and to talk sensibly on an) and nil
<? ? i
.'/J-'' a r.'a itf :' .V
V a ? 7 "a -j^ '
- a ?
.UTKIl THE IXOfEST.
??.sHl'.*:". THK Vl-.I.I'I'T WV- ..-.I.' TUU'ERAK* INSANITY. AM) THE MAN VV 1 I; liv I.I.
?Al N'T ::.Vii; avvav vvu. HIMSKLJ
THE TERRIBLE FAFNER.
HOW HE PLAYS HIS PART AT THK
MAKING THg STAelK PH Tl II ES FOIt "glMOgRIED"
?THK GDMIKO "KKK AT THK TH KATHE.*".
Thero ls prohahly no one net In the whole cur?
rent oper.itle repertory thal would afforel more
entertnlnment tn an Inexperienced visitor to the
wonderland of the stags than tim second sci ol
"Siegfried." The space in.hind, ihe curtain line is
always Charmed Country tO those who do not live
In lt. nor, as B rule, go those who live In lt ever
fpilte lose the ehnrm. Kxplorers have always luen
so eager to tsll their experiences thai such or?
dinary things as flies nnel flats and elrops and
traps ar., familiar to everybody who reads papers
nml macazln.-s. The fairy piny ls usually selected
bb the occasion when a description of the magic
of the modern stage is tfl lie given, while more
serious works of theatrical art nre commonly
found to he more simple ir. their mechanical con?
BtructkMi. and hones less productive ct Buhjecta
Bul "Siegfried," and particularly the BSCOnd act.
bodies Inslele the dragon's body, nnd hsve heen
elaborately f.iste-ne.l there bv tim stage lionels. They
Waddle along tO the opening lu tim drop, they
Mink', the head and Hu law atui the- feel.-rs of the
haast, Hm man at Hi., electric wire brightens anel
darkens ile- eyes, the ono ni the steam pip" nuns
on tin breath, and Pnfner ls in rmi ae-tmn.
There ire- half a dOSen ine-n III Hie- eave- lo make
suggestions to Hu- dragon, to steady bira if lm
needs lt. snd tn se.- timi everything goes ilght.
Blegfti .1 plunges fearlessly Into the eave- snd strug
gles with Un- eirai.'eiii Then he gives hi- sword i"
one of Hm crowd i<> hold, while be goes out lo Iel
himself be seen again and reassure tim nnxtous
audience, The crowd pushes the dragon, and he
rolls over on his side. The roles of Si I'astclmsry
ami his speaking trumpet are h.-ard again, tho
dragon rlse-s t,, his full stature once more, and
then rolls on bis side, and lt ls all over with him.
Th.- stage hands at ..m.- go tn work i.v extricate
lils ie-i,-s from tin lr uncomfortable position.
The bird H going lo sing Bgalll, It will not sing
with a lim. pipe from th. orchestra (his time, for
Hlegfrled bas tasted the- dragon's blood now. snd
the blrel must ing something vv r h words to it. The.
VOlce of tim blrel this tim.- ls Miss Shilling. Sh.,
-dis on a high platform, with ? long Righi of steps
I'l lt. al the- left e,f tl,.- Stage. Sin Ira- In r notes
befe.re. her. ami Mt Si .1 st .mis al tim loee! of Hu?
rst, ps te. .llr.-.-t Inr. watching his inu.-d.- ..ml lls
t. ning io th.- orchestra sharply, res before.
This bird appeals |M a surprising var! ty of forms
It ls liva- birds, mi fart, I ii I ? ? tha' ran lu- sim.
the. voice from the Inge .md the voice from the
orchestra winn ile- timi romes for I; to ne seen
as well a< heard ... ? of 'ii- visible birds Rutters
a. toss Hm stat;.- on a v.- ir- from lift to righi
lt ha-- clockwork Inside ll nnd when it starts the
clockwork is s.-t In motion and makes the- wings
and Iii5 PeE-T
HOW H? 15 W0RKF-r
is full of picturesque Matre expedients, and more
over, they ar.- not th.- everyday ones, bul Bre for
i h. moil part peculiar to this work, or nearly ro
Tw.. outsiders, one who wrlti i nnd om- who draws,
were permitted bj Mr. I'arry. the- stage manager
a' lhe M. Hon.iltt Ul. lo gel a rh.-.- vl'W of the
dragon the ..th.-r night, nml they found him and
hi- companion accessories of the oners sltogether
fascinating .'.ml often not a little amusing.
Som. persons who eh. not appreciate ihe genius
of the great master >.r the modern lyric dramu
h.iv.- sometimes admitted thai they found even
lids wi.mb lin act a lillie -low. ll i-r true thal lt j
oeeupie .. considerable time, and lhal through
the i reate i pal * of ii onl - oi ?? pi rformi r I- risible
lo the aiidleti ? Bul behind the seems thi re ii
nothing sion aboui ir. and there are r -nod manj
more people and several more things to be seen
lhere than from the front.
Of course, the dragon ls the chief centre of In?
terest I'l'rr-r Iles on ,1 raised platform, off at
the righi of tho hole In the drop which is tin
mouth e.r his .av.', ami through which be ls lo ap?
pear when ile- tims comes. There ls no sign of
life iboul him except that now and then l.t.- eyes
light up and then go ont sleepily, ;i< some unOC
cupled stagehand piny with the wires Unit serve
him int- optic nerves For ti... dragon is rather a
pel with Hi.' stagehands, and they like to gather
urm i d him nml study lils accomplishments.
COMPONENT PARTS <>K THE DRAOON.
The- act ls Jusi beginning, and the drsgon will
i,..t have t.. pl.iy his parl foi -.inn- little time, so
lhere I- opportunity for his maker, Kdward gledle,
tin property man, to explain how he li made nml
(JOW he Works. Iii? body ls of cloth and lils hi.nl
,;:' paper, iii- legs and feel ari roi attached to
him. Illa feel or, rather, Hu- bodies that are at?
tached r.i iii. tn are sining near by, walting for
the tiru- I., loin timms.-Ives lo tin- dragon. These
are iwo young nun. With ihe big, ugly legs ami
:??? nd claws eif the dragon pulled on like two
pairs ni' Combination overalls and hoots. They
are i.tg enough to go on ove-r their own shoes, and
bo this beast ls supposed ta be the only specimen
of tin- anuna! kingdom that wears shoes inside its
The man who plays the part of the forefeet of
the dragon wears a heavj belt, wi'h hooks on the
Idi to carry ure wlrea i.v which tiie eyes are
illuminated ard the rubber hose l.y whleh Hu
dragon breathes out his breath of steam. This
hose Ia connected with ste un pipes that .-onie .ip
through ihe stag... ami 'hr i.H.nh la turned on
ind ott' l.v a mun who Blands In lin- wing and
watches lo see when tm- dram.ni.' effect requires
'iii- tin- dragon sin.nld breathe, .-\ long lever "f
Iron i um from tn.- creature's head back through
the body, and by means ..f this the man wno
plays the html legs moves the head up and down
Independent!) ..f th:s. the man rn tin- forelegs
moves the lower Jaw ami itu- feelers about the
Tim fore- and lim hind I. gs are ready long be?
fore the) .ir-- wsnted, bul In the- m.-un tim. -.um -
Hung .-I-- I- going o.;. li ls lim.- for Kafnei ? >
h.gin singing The programme -iv- that Kafner
i- .vi ' 'a-t. linn v I-, fact, M fastelmary li
ih.. voice of Panter Jusi her,- a difference is ob
-.?iv.il.:.. between ihe m.Hons ,,f justice of Richard
-\ ignei a id ? ,.-.- "f Kdw nd K. Kl.... Nobody
vi-.. hon ?!.. dragon li constructed can help
remembering Ihe heifer lu "Evangeline." But on
Wagner' progi .nun. onlj Ihe voice of the dragon
leti an) i-redli while ibe fore end hind legs are
forgotten On Mr Rici - programme the actors
nf tbs f .1- and bind legi of the le if- r are men?
tioned, and nothing i- said about in) vole*
VOICES ul-" Till. Wll.li PORKST.
This I- a digression M. Caatelmary stands in
rh.- wing. -.in. w iv in fr.ml of Hie ..ive. with his
mOUth -I' Ci- lilli'- .ral ..I ,1 big hot n. ClOSfl tO
aim ls a cabinet organ Mi B ii Islam
conductor, -i: ,,i ti,.- ..ig.'ti The voice of the
. ii - iii-- m.!. - i. ton bim ""i i ? ni'ih io
n .1 the rn .-V Mi. Si..i ha- his notes bi fore
him and I vv o ramil.- to read them I'V The
ives ??: billi arc Intent on tin- notes, a i
ine eal ? nf Mr Sa ir sre Intent on ihi
i.i "in deux, irolB." s.iv- Mr. Baar, he
.m.-in ? .: I, | ??; tl.avan. .md then Un- voice ..i
Kafner mil oul i hrougn ' ? lores) He beats
In ? w . ., i.ti. ..n.l then listens to
h.- or. lie ira ., ..in Ile wal ? ... ti -. ami
.1 .'??? ? M ? '.i-r lm ii .. ii rt the) were afraid thal
..m.. of Ihem would gel away, "I n, deux, trots,'
ind ile- roar "t ths guardian ..f the Rhine gold
. indi .galil
The for, -i bud ls singing, down lu the on li.-lt..
ind i un. '. lan . ..tm-s and lakes his place near the
role* "f Ihe dragon Hs ls the voice of the pipe
>f reed lhal Siegfried blows io Imitate the votes ..f
he bird Then Blegfrled'i born stirs the echoes,
md the dragon si lasl I- roused in Hus time ihe
v.u yoong liiuii e. hu play the legs have got their
flap. Another bird, the isms to the audience, but
not ih-- mime really, then crosses th-' stage on an?
other wire, from light to left, further back, and
flnallv a third erne hovers down from tim left, fur?
ther away still, and this one Siegfried folios
away toward tim rock of Mm vValkllrie, ns the cur?
tain fulls on ihi- wonderful ucl a wonderful act
fruin every possible point of view.
TWO OHANOKS '-I-' HI r.i..
Th.-r.- will no; I..- many changes of hill amore
th- theatreieaof tin- cit) thin* ek. Tin most Im?
portant om- will h.- ai ii.-- Knickerbocker Theatre,
where John llai.- will h.- --? ? :i for tim drat time
Inr.. In T. IV. Knn.it on'- 'Taste." Long ago Mr.
Han- played the pal t ol' H..tn Gerrldge In this
play, in- -on Hilbert Hare, i: . tris parl now,
ami tt.. elder Mr. ll.n-- wr1: upposir ai Eccles
which lu- never pl.iv.-1 till r.-cently, when he acteel
ll n ilm Garrick Theatn-. landon The welcome
announcement ts mail thal before the eli
the present engigeirient Mr Hare will put "A
Pair "f Spectacles" on I ....tin, so tbat the
run ol' "i aste" ir lii-e-lv to be short.
At th-- Fifth Avenue Thi itre to-morrow night
t',.- Holland lirothe rs will revl' ? "A Bo ; il ;
wnvman." In which the) Appeared with much ?ui
cess at thc ll irrlek Theatn it the beginning of Ins!
Henson, when t'mv began thi'lr cai er as st;
NOTES OF TUE WEEK,
Otero, thi Bpanlsh dancer, who was seen set
yesra ago al the Bden M ? ? . will reappear to?
morrow night ai Koster & nial's music hall. Sim
liss attracted i good al m In Kurop ?
?Ince she h-i t this i on nt rv.
'.rfv^.rx, --1.'*<**,'2 ?
*fr- mp. i
The Marco Twins will also mak r A ? ri in
d. hut al this house this week md Mareela ami
Millay, who perform feal of gym nu iles, have
Im.'ti I i. n to-morroa evenlns i'm- B
Merrilees, I..-w Dockstader. Hie Zedora*, ihe Krom
mann Prothen the Osrsnl Troupe and Mardo
clown Juggler, ?.iplete the list
The Nea v..iu public, whleh I - i reputation I
knowing g.-rd things when ll -???- them, -? ?? n
hiv-- recognise I one in "Bhamus O'ltrlen." al the
Uroadway Thi un Th ? ? ell ls ol i rathei
rn ir r. in son from lhe usual i imii opera offerins -
ind the mai i ern :.I thal it woulei take
time to establish Itu lm li ,,,.,.,, to ha! e ,
taken rm Immediate hold of the popular taste.
Ti. ? Late Mr Castella ' with the one act play
"Th.- White Plower." will lie given for only ons
week mon al the Lye um Theatre .\ w.rk from
to-morroa nlghl ii new play, wi tt?n b) Mra Pran?
ces Hodgson Iturniti and ii-norge Mernina ind
?ailed " i in- Uri t Gentle mun ol i. ii ipi h ill be
Miss Millan Ru - . ll pn ei ii the American
'?? ' il ? In the operetta ..; thai ii ime, ls still lo bs
'?iiiov. d al lhe i 'aslno
Miss Johnstone Bennett md s Miller Kent will
return to the Pleasure Palace Hus W..-K 10 piny
a yui-t Evening al Home." In the mom bin om
inch feature* na the Profiter* Horn In
I.lfe": Herr Ur,ls and his donkey :.nd%u^.'?'
bale on; Ando Omni" ariel Alright PhnT ii *n
Katherine Gyles, club higgler; Prances ll .rr lln,?";
her bli. k l.'.vs. 'j. .ti no,- Hay ne* Hughes m******
rou. the Adall Twins, vi, , (;.,, .?, ?**A*
.:.-?'-... ;.n.l Hauy lt. S" ;,!r-ri... Tl,, , /r?!Z_7ttlk
urea to-.'r,v Include Sam -I. Ryan, th- i "o?m?iwJr.*''
Trio. Waterbury Brothers and TenneyoXHP
Haynes, Jam's McDuff ltd the Brothers'WbMil
"Heartsease" will he continued at th? Oar*..
Theatre, with tm -ompany lacludlag tu '*"'
ler, Nelson -.\"h at.-rofl. I*. Ii |,
Kimba!), Mrs. |?ul*e Thor.
Mi.-..! Naneit- Comstock.
At the Irving Placs Theatre the first three nl*M
of thia raak win ba devoted to repetitions sf-5
Elnmalelns." On Thursday "Wer v-.r ..?? ..., .
Played, and lt will bj recited on Kday'Sj*
noon end evening a, ror.rled will appear on tm.
day evening as I >r. Klauas. ' "*?
U >u Icaalt
Proctor's Twenty-third Btreel Theatn ibi
new tin. he.-,,).,i p.- .ion,, Mason snd Marisa MaJ.
ia. The ailnsersttls pr . nt bi roi stle work _____?th.
Brothera w-hi. Mend mirth with melody. TtJJ*
sre two ramo i col >i d t< in . WtUam
and Hodges and Launchmere, nd th r--ii ai-*-, jT
eludes George j >. Melville snd M ade e--?.
Oddetta, eccentric dar er, ? ****.
Hmk- ami Belmont. In incl -k',.,,'
snd Bt. Clair, Ra) i. :: . - i ,\ ?*!?*
I. Mar, ami Murrav and Alden Por the ?,!''}**
cor cert there are such -p- ria ;\**T
JndrW?ear,r|>;?J K ^'^ ' ??* *
Hr. t Jl.trte'v "Sue." which I ''"I early ta
the season at Hoyt- The ire, tiona
through Hm eorni-:..- week -.t the Harlen r,r.c.
ll.mse. with Miss Annie Russell sim ,, , '["J*
part, and with Guy Standing, Theodore UnhH*
Horace l^wls, Bamuel Recd " .,?
In the eaat ' **
Mr.*. Chariea H. Hoyt appi ra b< Hoyt'i Thutm
In "A Contented VVo-TiJn." snd goo ,, ?.
nightly diverted b)
ably remain for som- tinm
w farce ,
"The oirl From Parla" la i irried on with maru
dash and vigor at tim Herald Iquari Theatre and
a farce anel the mus!- which ?? ? it >M
apparently mue h enjoy d by I . ks wh
attend the performance ?
At th* Grand Opera House this week "Thi ftpoft
Ing Duchess" will be pres. nted. Ths titi* part WM
he played hy Miss Hose Coghlan, ul the .omntae
will Include j. II. Btoddart, Miss Cora Tanner. Jwl
of Tne \
Rill i Pn ? ir ' Ula ii rr) Lacy. M -And
R. A Robt rts.
The wax croup*, tl.- m..-. . ? I frORI thfl
. /ii the long 1.1-rr. ? '
ih- Hungarian < rchi strs ir
li.-iriu attractions at the Kden M . ?'? whei
.rr- enjoye d every el.-;.
Carroll nnd Kerker*s operetta "Kl?met " will bs
presented for one week mora -it ^v illack'i
?I-. with Mi-s i'.ililli;- l>.\rv;.:e In ' "?
Ml m Msy Irwin draws big eros ' to t - '"'
Theatre, where si ?? ap ?? in n her fai :
H.to i 'our! ' Sin- var:- - the in .: "
-; ? -ings from tirm to tim - B largB
repertor) of them to draa from
Chauncey Olcott will appear at the Columbui
rh.-.in-.- thia vv, ii ,,s the familial
mantle Irish drama and will slug 1
dvllght th. ? ms ol his admlrei - a I ?'*
The n. i,.dr .rn i "I . I ? ? e." gi -"flea
he taste "f the fri \
ire, -ind w iii com ' - r
Th.-re \% eontinue Pastors
rin Aire, with free ' ?'''
This week thi enterinli m< nt li ''*
Harrigan, the ii.imp luggle M M '? >'"
w ri.mic; 1-- ' ' "r
Inger*; Lawrance end il ?
,,... .lohn and Be i.i;-I Ul ?
Miss Bessie ailbert, cori etlst; 1 ! '"k":
. ? s iron). lb ii ? d Nins '' ,rt
iud Nettle Bi ms, Ihe GI. M " '?
|-|o?sle lin. in IN url ick dal i *"*
il alv a tr. I I". , .
a. :. ? M h v.. i About N "'"'
, ., -num " "'f
afternoon. Thr Geisha ' will he pl '>--! ??
Motulav Wi dm --.I iv und Krlda) "?**
i,iv ?,i rms
Vartoui pie '['A*
? . .. is i: Monda) "I*
. ? i and '.'av all-.i.e K
i v "Carmen ; I rid - We) * ?'!a''
md "1 i di '?""?";r.;
. sm i rd av evenlns "1 ....
. i i avalirtl.i Rustlcana " ' ,,,.,.
unceri to-nlghi will b Hub. ? * ,^,
-I. Mme I.uv Inn- VI S llgl tl ' U'.un*"
ind M. i'i ii on.
i |er it-' Red Rots I i ? JJ
i\ ,,i th. Kmplre "?* J
mw think thal they ma) I.le to ? ' '
. :, th.- greater p Vv
Vi. I':..hm ?? .v III foi tu a . ' J '
h. ,-r .ii Hm Boston Mun um I ?"tum
Borne we ki .I - 7j^ ^
lervl - woul I remain nt Hm '1 ' ; '* ^
Uar. li I li in- m.i lo t mv ? caa bs
ri- hiipe ls i.ow glowing that ?"'? "^"''"Vj'Jand th?t
nadffur k. ? ping ll rn Si ? fork evm h^sass
line/ peilmpb tor Hit- whole BSasOSk