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WAIieeAIVWWieAI\AAIWVVA/WVAMI>AM^VVI*AnA*/ VCAPRUT O*" MTSIO?SIR?Straight from tha B>art. \MDRICAN THEATHE * -i*et-?a1n Impudence. .?U.IOl.'-H:l5?Oiurted lnt,> l\>urt '.moAHWAT THHATRy- 8.1tv--8hamu* O'Brien. i'A8INi>-?:10~An American Beauty. iMU'MBt'9 THKATR1'.- s;15--The Woman tn Black. DALT'S THBATRIvV 41:15? Much Ado Ab^ut Nothing. KIMON MIHEE -8-Waxwork* and lAoncert KV Pl RE THEATRE 8:80?Under the Hod Rot*. FI1TH AVFIXI'B THEATRE-8:l&?A -social High? wayman. .'.ARDEN THHATRR- 8:Ul~Heart*?as*. CARRIi-K TTIRATKW?SlrV-Serret Service i'.RaMHRi'T LYr-BrjI-l lo 10 p. m.-Baby Show. ? HtANI> OPERA IP USE -S--Minstrels ilu:i,r.M OPERA HOU8B?S:15?Two Uttla Vagrant? HERALD SgU ARE THEATRE?g:UW-TM Obi from Tarts HOTTS TIIKATRg-?S:30?A fentsnled Woman. IRVtM*. PLACX THKATRE -0:15?Wer War* KNtrKK?Rl>*KKR THEATRE?S:1!!~-Taste. K.iSTER tc B1AI.R -8--Vaudeville. I.Yi'Bt'M THEATRE s IO When a Man* MarricJ and the Kirs: Oemleman of Europe. Ml'RRAY HIM. THEA IKE B The War of Wealth. NEW METROPOLITAN OPERA HOl'SK-*-R-mw et In netta OLYMPIA MUSIC HAM/-- s Ri,-Vaudeville. IMSTOHI* 12.SU to 11 p ir. -Vaudeville. W\I.l,Ai*KS S:19 ivnliellne MTU street TllKATUK sir, -Sweet Innlscsrra. Jnbcjt to Q-idurrliecitifnts. !**?, Col.' I-agel'Dl. Arr.usPTT.Mlts .11 tl LBCtOrse d Meeting*.11 *. Ann.iuncemenls . Il .'? l^gal MsttSBB ... ,11 ?"' Hank, rs 0 ISi-K-rs 11 4 MarrlaB" & lreaih*. 7 ?' r...?r,I uni Rnoms... S 2 Mlsrellatievus l? 2 Dividend Notice* .11 4 iv-an Steamers .....lt P.-m Si's Wanted. '.? .'. T Pianos * Organs.... B 1 I'unctng Bonn's. . * I Paoli* Notice* . ri .1 l>T*a**R*Blng.V 2 Rallr. <nl? . 8 .'- U E?euralon?.h .1 R-h! Estats . H r. european Als . ,10 ?'- Rellgioua Noticea ... h :i rmannal Elections. .11 4 Behool Agenrlea . s Kina*i<*lal . 11 3 4 r?l-eclHl Notices. i ?? Fer Sh!".fl 1 BtaambcatS . H I Help Wanted ...... ? 2S Stnruge . '? 1 Hot-ll . s c\ W'n-.-r Resorts.ll 4.'. Instruction ..'.. * 2 ?'! Work Wanted.... ? 8-.'i OllBlltCSS Xotufs. .itlHi'NK TERMS K) MAH. BUBaCRIBBRS. Diitv. lp; a vear. tl per mcnlh. Ilnilv alli ni Sundiv. t8 I vear 9u rents p-r rmnt.v S-m-lav Trlb-ine. $2 n year Weekly, fl. Semi Weekly. t2. ?pCipTAOE. Extra postage ls charil-1 to foreign countries. exoe-t Meston ?ni Canada, and os the gaily In New V rk i I'v REMITTANCES. If sent In cash, unregistered, will ba at ?>;e owner's risk Ri; VMM rrr-rVVN OKEKE. 1.242 Broadway. Down town Ofltee. lf>4 Nassau st. AMERICANS Aliltmii wig find Th* Trlb-na at: l^nd-n niflr* if The Tribune, 75 Elect Ht.. B. C Morton, Rose A Co.. Bartholomew Ho.ise. E C. ni-mn lin std tc To . m Niew-Oxfoid st. *i'hf.maa ?'.--.lt A Snns. T/uitjcat* -.'Ircua. Tf - 1 Monroe * r, .. 7 Rue Scrlhe. finn ngcer * Co. 38 Rup Pe Provence. Morgan, Marjon tc Ca. 81 Boulevard 'laussmann. '--lr LvennalB, Bureau <1?s E'ranters. Tromai conn st Snr.. 1 Plaea ile I'Opera (leneva Irmhsrd O-ller ft O. aid Paton Bsr-k. rVren-e Wh'thv ft Co. vienn.v Angle Anetrtaa Bank, f. rv-r-1- :r?- Credit I.vonnals. Th* Ix.nd.-n i-.ftVe of The Tribune ls a convenient piara to ]oa.e ac-.'er'lsemer.s and suhscrlpti ns Coplea af The Ti irvine m*v ve henani In T/ondon from ?i .^-. sn?- ft i/??. ?- Kottbuntberland-av*.. directly op Boatt* the Grand Hotel FOUNDED BY HORACE GREELEY MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 1S1>7. THE .VElT.s' 777 r.? HORS ISO. Vt IRRION.- Several engagements t.etvyern the Rpanlards ami thc Cuban Insurgents ar.- re ported fr-ini Havana The rebels ure sahl to have inst thirty-seven men. The Spanish loss ?v;is Insignificant. Count nfurnvlest, th. Russian Minister <-f Fnreign Affairs, will visit iMris and dis- n*s Turkish policies with President Faun- The French Resilient General in Madagascar has levied a per < spit* tax on all \siaticH and Ethiopians on the island. === Re preeeJve measures against the Boclaliete in Ger inany are favored ly Emperor William. DOMESTIC?Lyman J (.ape is considered likelv to l>e a menihor of .McKinley's Cabinet. stat- Controller Roberts urges the Legis? lature t-i practise economy, ind recommends a graduated Inheritance tax Extremely low temperatures ar*- reported In the Northwest. a large party of members ol Congress started on s tour ol Inspection of river and harbor Improvements. t 'pinion in AVashins tun is not favorable to a reciprocity treaty with Canada. ? 'ITV AND SUBURBAN.?Archbishop Marti? ni Iii. the itapal Delegate, celebrated pontifical high mass In Pt. Apnes's Church. ?== A great ? oner epa t ion gathered at St tJeorpe's Church in \ the expectation that l>r. Rainsford would make .-' further reference to the Hradl.y-Martln hall, but f he rijii not tuiich upon the subject. ^-Three more bodies were washed ashore near Quogue. l.-'iijr island, from the wreck Of the Nahum i 'hapin. THF. WEATHER.?Forecast for to-day: Fair and colder. The temperature yesterday; High? iet. '_".? degrees; lowest. 13; average. '_"_'V PUBLIC DEFENDERS. Senator < lindy luis in trod mod in the Lefia lature nt Albany a bill to create the ofBce of Public Difendi-r. provide for his election and fix big ennipi-tiKiition in the several rounties of the State. The text of this measure has been submitted to The TrIbtUM with the request that we plve lt our npproT.il and support. AVe rannot. however, comply with this request. On Hie contrary, wc feel constrained to advise acainst its passage; for on examination it ap pcar,? to be a bill which will serve no useful public pcupoae and will work against the best interests of the State. li is prujioseil to create sixty new officers to be elected next November for terms of three yearn. Those sixty Public Defenders are to re? ceive salaries undoubtedly fat ones fixed by the several Hoards of Supervisors, are to have ?- many assistants and clerks as the Super \ "-ins grill permit, are to have offices furnished to timi), ami are to establish public machines of afKiut the same magnitude as the District Attorney s offices, only with a reverse action. The effect of this would bi to multiply enor? mously thc number of offices In the State, and mid greatly to the public expenditures to oe ? oinplish no work which is not now done as well at almost no expense to the taxpayer. When an accused person lias no counsel now the Court assigns, g member of the Har to de fi-ml him. and. except In rare cases, the county doge not pay him anything. The lawyer looks gjpggj this work as one of the duties properly devolving upou him as an officer of thc court. Ile fins compensating privileges which snake it only just that he should render such service. Moreover, the young lawyer get* training from such cases, and is generally glad To undertake them for the sake of experience and to defend ilicui With /eal In hopes of making a reputa? tion. Ii would lie a waste of money to compel The taxpayers lo pay a great corps of public otfiicrs to do what is now done for nothing. Moreover, lt would deprive the young criminal laa-yer of Hie chance To Take the first steps in his profession. Nor is there any reason to sup? pose Mint the salaried staff of a public office aould l?e more diligent in looking after the in Ti-n-MB of thc p<M?r wretches who reciive coun-, sel services as a public charity, than would the Individual lawyer lo whom such work would not be mere official routine. An establishment for the defence of ,-riuie. besides multiplying offices extravagantly, would. If it were at all efficient, increase the difficul? ties of enforcing the law. And certainly it mouM bc a ridiculous thing for the State to prosecute with one hand and defend with the cher the violation of its own statute* The w bole scheme smacks of a comic revival of the 'Devil's Advocate" With the present safe? guards Thrown about person* | rc thud of crime conviction ls over-difficult. (Jraml Jurie- do not liidicl generally without reason Mom m^n brought to trial are guilty, but many of them escape. A public functionary devoted to free lng Hie rest would In- a public scandal. He cmild become ciinnnouslv proficient, and with thc official power at his disposal could exercise a^ riiiuli authority over the criminal riggers ns dues n District-Attorney. A ilNhom.st maa pescssed of all thc seci-t> of different ?timi nala could hsve Immense forces at his rjoga. niand and could bring one criminal tc the aid of another and organize a public trust In law? breaking. This may secru fanciful, but a nv bodv who stops to think how public ..ftVes gg. fore now hare boen put In possession of those ?who would uso them to protect thieving will realize the foree of this objection. If the Public. Defender did his work carelessly he would leave his clients Improperly defended. If he were really zcalotu he would luive ut Ids command resources which could practically nullify the activities of the Public Prosecutor, lhere i? not UM slightest med for hil serviles. THE AST1 PLATT 8BSTIMEST. Tn a communication whick appears elsewhere In rills paper, touching the election ul' Mr. Ptatt as 1'uited States Senator, tin- writer. Mr. John e. Whiteford. gives expression no doubt to the sentiments on that subject of many Tribune readers. And. although his opposition to Mr. l'lutt is somewhat strongly slated, it is liv no means pertala that a majority nf tiie Republican voters of the State would not. If the question were brought to the test of an actual vote, anice willi him in the main in his characterisation of tiie action of tiie legislature. Pot*, great as is Mr. Plait's apparent popularity with the active Kepublican politicians who hold the ofltces .uni control the movements of the party machine, 00 one who is at all conversant witli public opinion as represented by tlie mass of voters has any doubt that in a poll of the Republican party the number of hil opponent! would be found to be largely in excess of his supporters. Indeed, very few even of his most devi.ted followers would ever dream of suggesting to him that he should venture a test of his popularity by offering him? self for an elective ofttce to the popular suf? frages. His disinclination to such a test in tiie last State election, when his nomination for Gov? ernor was at least Within tho range of possibili? ties, under conditions phenomenally favorable for the success of any Kepublican candidate, may be taken ns a somewhat significant, ns well ns candid, disclosure of his own views on that subject dur correspondent mildly criticises the atti? tude of The TTibune toward Mr. Platt as lack? ing in earnestness. Mild as lt is?and express? ing, perhaps, the views of other Tribune read? ers. nnti-Platt men, whose hostility to that gentleman is permitted to outweigh broader con? siderations of the whole political situation it ls undeserved. 'Ihe time to oppose Mr. Plat t's ambition for the Senatorsliip. or the ambition of his friends to elevate him to that position whichever lt was was before the election of members of the Iveglslatnre. The place was in the primaries where these members were chosen. It is all very well to SSS now that it ought to have been done then and there. The answer to that is that Mr. Plan's followers were too shrewd to permit the issue to be raised. Any attempt on the part of hil opponents to intrude lt Into a canvass Involving questions of mo? mentous consequence to the business interests of the whole country would have been immedi ately drowned In the demand for harmony and an outcry against factional disturbance. Tito Tribune was not unaware of the probability that Mr. Plait's devoted followers would take advantage of the situation to perfect arrange? ments for gratifying his ambition. And it was not without careful consideration and due de? liberation that it reached the conclusion that it was better, upon the whole, to take the chances of Mr. Platt'B election to the Senate than to put at risk the success of the Presidential ticker. It may be said. In answer, that there was never any doubt about the electoral vote of this State, ns shown by the returns. True, but tbe effect of factional divisions in .New Voil, upon doubtful States, whore the margin of Republican majority was small, could not lie calculated, and might lia ve been disastrous. Tho election past, tho business was prac? tically settled. Mr. Plat ts followers had the game in their own hands. And it must be said that they have played it with uncom? mon secret!veness and shrewdness. Within twenty-four hours after the jxillticnl complexion of tho Assembly was known it was as certain as it is now that Mr. Platt could have the Sen? atorsliip for the asking. Indeed, it was so well fixed that ho did not have even to ask for lt. lt fell lo him. The situation was as clear as tho sun at noonday without a cloud on the horizon. That a majority of the party wai strenuously opposed to his election is undoubtedly true, but the majority was unorganized, formless. Incho? ate, and the candidacy of Mr. Ghosts, creditable as lt was to the pure motives and high purpose! of those who brought it about, was foreseen from the beginning to have only tiie weight of .1 pro? test. In these circumstances The Tribune, after restating, ns was perhaps unnecessary, its own unchanged and unchanging attitude toward Mr. Platt and his following, their methods, prac? tices and policies, prepared to accept tbs inevi? table, if not cheerfully, with becoming resigna? tion, lt did not practise upon the credulity of its readers liv holding out false hopes, nor did it weary them with constant repetition of arguments against Mr. Platt with which every? body was familiar. When ho was nominated, instead of dwelling upon the possibility or even probability of his disgracing the State, it took occasion to point out how he might redeem his reputation and make himself, if not a great statesman, at least a useful public servant. Ami in rho event of his doing so. it promised him its steadfast friendship. As why should it notl In its code of ethics there ls no unpardonable political sin that cannot be repented of, no past tlmt cannot be retrieved and lived down. TBADR COMBINATIONS ASD DVTIB8. There ls one phrase of very common use. In comments on tho work of the Ways and Means Committee In framing a new tariff, which ll not often used with S definite idna of its mean? ing. Men say that duties should be so adjusted as not to promote or defend monopolies, and the purpose commands respect. Kilt it is fre? quently an open question whether a monop? oly ls or can lu- assisted or strengthened by any duty whatever. The organization most fre? quently mentioned as having complete control of the oil market certainly did not acquire nor does it retain such control in any measure be? cause of a duty on oil. crude or relined. Its command of sources of production, of means of transmutation and of processes for refining would be equally effertive, lt is probable, If there WCTS HO duty affecting the business lu any way. In some other instances lt is possible that duties have some influence, although even for the most skilled experts it ii extremely dif? ficult to be quite certain that the Influence is of appreciable Importance. With respect to certain other snides, tho question may with reason be asked whether a strongly protective duty on foreign products may not tend more effectively lhan other in? fluence to break up domestic combinations, ThJl appears paradoxical to some who have u .t closely followed Industrial development*. I*he rupture of several important combination* In the iron and steel industry, since the late elec? tion] gave lasmrsnce thai mote effect ire duties were to be imposed, was In no means thc iir?t illustration of the kind. Whenever lhere ls soi enough business in ihe country to keep an the works fairly employed, there i< stronger tempts lion than nt any other time lo combine, and by regulating tiie product and -ale- i,, pre vent destructive competition, if managed with any sense whatever, thc combination .?? care? ful ai sii.li a tune not io sdvsuce prices so i< io still further diminish tin.nsumlug dem.uni. already Inadequate. The concerni which are not managed with any sense whatever are likely to go down before long, no mailer what the exterior conditions may he. But when then comes prospect of a general revival of business, so that marly or quite the full capacity of works In a particular depart- | Ulellt is likely IO l>e employed, theil at Once the j on.ems cast shout them io see how they can : secure the burges! possible itara of the busi? ness. Those which tare bes! facilities and ; lamest plain*, or most opportunity for exton- J ' sion of (heir bushes*, |ben lind eve.tingly irk- ^ j hom.- if not absolutely Intolerable the restrain) which all manage o> bear when it is necessary j for self -preservation. The works which are I comparative!! new. with latest and highly per? fected machinery, are si such limes snxloos to secure i Isrger shan- of the future trade, bul would be prevented by any rigid rcs! rici ion, either as lo output or as io prices. So the bil? let pool and tiie nail association, ami the bar : a-sueiatiou. ami other combinations which were formed to prevent excessive competition under ! the Wilson bill, when all iii- demand in the j country was m.; enough to keep tl.stablish ments in full operation, have gone io pieces, ol? by mutual consent have ceased to restrain Buy biidy. without walline until new duties are actually Imposed ot- prosperity is fully revived, because tliey reason that mi tin- coming period thore will be work enough for all. but Immense .advantage for those who atc early enough to get the cream of it. lt is by no means inti lided to imply tint duties restricting foreign competition have at nil times an immediate influence to break up combinations of home manufacturers. Kui in tho long run such duties do stimulate domestic competition, induce additional concerns to put enterprise and capital into any branch in which prices appear to be unnaturally high, and there? fore tend with groat force to bring about such conditions that monopolies and injurious com? bination! cannot be maintained. 8BS8B IB DE LAW A HE. Down In Delaware they have hit tlc nail on the hoad. That State has unenviable notoriety as a land where bribery flourishes and roten are purchased like sheep. Tte Constitutions! Convention now in session had before it tte oilier day a proposition to punish liribe takers by tine and Imprisonment and to try thom be ! fore a board of Judges instead of submitting j their enses to juries. This, of course, was de i OOO need hs "monstrous." but by a vote of 1!' to I 5 it was carried, and an article denying tte right of a witness to refuse io give testimony I on tte ground that ho might 1m? incriminated j for a similar olfonce was also carried. This denial of trial by jury is a radical step, but it marks a distinct understanding of tte conditions which have made political corrup? tion so prevalent, and in Delaware have given a standing invitation for tho wealthy adven? turer to buy the State. The real ren*on that vote buying and every other form of dishonest politics flourishes ls that the people are willing they should flourish. No caucus would be packed and no ballot-box stuffed and no bribe giver sent to the Legislature if the voters in tho precincts whore these practices aro per? fectly well known renlly eared to stop them. On the contrary, they find it inconvenient to oppose the bribe-giver because he cnn get bills passed to their liking, and they cannot be in? duced to convict a bribe-taker because too often they have engaged in tte same occupation. At least that is thc experience in Delaware Voters would not repudiate corruption and juries would not convict coiTUptlonlStS. There they have the coinage to face the situation squarely. They do not make any question of saying in their convention Hint the electorate is almost hopelessly corrupt and that the only way to preserve the State is to save the voters from themselves long enough to permit them to outgrow their bad habits. It is hoped that severe penalties, enforced by judges and not left to jurors, will revive the latent honesty and manhood of the Delaware citizenship. It is a sad stale of affairs, but there is hope for a community which, instead of Indulging in humbug, gets right at tbe point of its troubles. It is not flattering to a people devoted to tnii \ei-sal suffrage to be told that their politics aro corrupt because the Individual citizens encour? age corruption. Kut that siatoment exactly lits the situation in other Stales than Dela? ware. We Indulge in a great deni of pious non? sense about our wicked politicians who give us bad laws. It is the handful of voters in each community, with Ihe power to control its vote in every case if they will. who. year after year, permit the wicked politician to reign, because they fear to prosecute crimes committed for him and want his favor for their personal schemes. It is they who invite bad govern? ment, Just as it ia tho purchasable voters of Delaware who invite the purchaser. MOSEY ASD BUBISE88. Nearly eighteen y -nra ago there hegnn an Increase of T'"> per cent In the volume of busi? ness within three years. Hut then was shown for months th- same Impatient humor which prompts children to pull up their plants every day to se.- if the root! have sprouted yet, and which. In tlcse dayl, prompt! disci niented nvn to s-Ml things and change their plans because ile expected does not conic quickly enough "The Financial Chronicle" began its leading editorial Mar.li s, 1870, as follows: We have now entered upon our third month sine- the resumption of specie payments "Where is the prosperity The Chronicle' prom Ised with that event?" ls the question fre? quently coming up t.. us fi,.rn certain points of th- Interior. "Wheal is no higher, tobacco is "no higher. Cotton is no higher. There is no "money in any Af th" earth's products. Where "ls your promised prosperity?" That Journal then went on to answer such questions, even as men have been answering similar Inquiries of lat.-; Hut not In a day or in a month or In many months is all this t. reallied, . . The assumption that there is no improvement yet observable is unquestionably Incorrect, Ever sin..- resumption v.a-- assured there lias been progress. . . Beyond a doubt, g.-neral i.usi nesa is decidedly Improving, enterprise is re* viving. and the outlook is. as every on.- ,i i mlts, hy far more favorable than a year ago. in fact, to us .him now there seems to bs grester probability of a too rapid and specu? lative development than of its being to., slow. The results went far to Justify this suggestion. Tte- average of railway s;-., ks ros- from $33 per shar- at the end of lsTs t(, Sty; i?.f,,r,. tril. ,.n,| ,,f 1879, and to $0213 in DM. Investment stocks rose 42 par cent in three years, manufacturing stocks lo per cent and hank stocks 20 per cent. Y.t long after specie resumption had been ac. compllshed, When months had --lapsed after Hs sue. .-ss was demonstrated, there were h.-ar.l complaints because the fun measure or pros? perity had not v.-t 1.p reached. By the month of May the lacrosse in volume of business com pai.fi with the previous year had become 40.6 p.-r cut. and lbs earning- ..f railroads had be? gun that expansion from 1400,000,000 In 1878 to 1735,000,000 in 1881, which brought for s.. many handsome dividends instead of banhruptcy! Every da] the Impatience and disi ..ntent s bich were -.nsiderable .arly lu ts"'.? are again displayed. Yet the evidences ol gradual in crease ni business accumulate ami are lireetst lblj convincing, bul i.pie ar.- not Battened be* cause the Improvement is gradual Apparently the) desire another Benson >>f eras) inflation of \alti.s. win. ii ought io bs prevented if possible, and are displeased because tbs Republican tariff policy does not begm ,,, produce fruits before th-- i.iii has .-v.n been Introduced Last sreeh some i..- -pie soi.! out Burlington, Roch island .h.-I Reading declined Ht or more, and st Paul Nashville and Atchiaon fl or more ai-.ut a third "f u,,. >ai,.s ,, ,.r,. ,,f ,,,,,, Trust stocks i little over i third of the eight mool active rail road stocks, and th-- satire operations covered hm intie over ii minion shares, which fairly Indicates the character of ihe mark-t. There was nol room for 'Looming" N heal last Break, and the actual chance was another de r-llne of about one cent, while corn lost a little i.ver half a cent The fact upon which people have reason tc fix attention in these .lavs is that, with Atlantic eancrttcf e\aOB.M8 bushels i,r cern alone in three week* cf January, ectu ally greater than tin- Atlantic exports of wheal und flour together B.010.0JB bushels thc corn seiiinp ai less than 29 cents, erith wheat over Bl canto, there is even reason '<? egpeel th.'' corn will large!) i?k? the place i-f wheal In foreign . ii!.siui!|iiitin mid demand during the rest of the ri np rear. The supply of corn ls so enormous that an advance in Its price can hardly bc ex? pected, bul the Influence on tin- wheat inarki I is Hallie to Increase as the season advances In January thus far receipts ><t wheal al the chief Western marketa have been only 4,510,710 bushels, against 7,008,079 in the came weeks last year, ami the total exports from both coasts have i.n inn s,'.>7:!."i4'-. bushels, timir Included, against li?,.Y4.'!.i'7ii. i-f which an unusual share this year has gone from Pacific ports. In De? cember thc Pacific exports were 4,tHB,20B bushels, floor Included, and the Atlantic ll :U7, 3X2 bushela The cotton market advanced S sixteenth, but it ia iiiffieiiit to timi warrant fur much rise In the domcctlc movement or in the manufacture AbOUl 1*0,800 hales have come into sight since January I In excess of last year's receipts, but 283,300 less than In the same weeks of 1803 from the pi latest crop on record ny Feb? ruary 1 thc receipts will probably have fallen a full million bales below those of 1806. A similar shrinkage of receipts to that of January thus far would cut down the aggregate for this crop vear to aliniu 8,230,000 bales; l>ut whether such decrease will continue lg the vexed ques? tion, and meanwhile the unprecedented ac cumulatlon of poods, which causes so much trouble In the market for print cloths, does not give promise that future consumption of cotton will he very large. Material reductions were made last week In some Important branches of | bleached goods, and the tendency now appears to be toward reorganization of prices, that goods and the material may run more In har? mony. The purehaaea of wool at Boston alone last week were reported as ll.STiU.OOO pounds, but were mainly in advance of consuming needa or orders fur goods and to anticipate future duties. Western holders are growing stiffer, and without improvement In the demand for goods these also remain steady In price. The shoe manufacture, on the other hand, has yielded a little on some qualities, although no change appears In prices of leather. The ln creaaed production of pig-iron seems to outrun fur the moment the demand for finished prod? ucts, so that Bessemer pig ls a shade lower at Pittsburg, although In structural and bridge work and In plates there ls reported somewhat more business. The competition of new con? cerns has again slightly depressed prices of wire and cut nails. Considering that the out? put of pig has Increased ."VI per cent and of coke Kill per cent since October 1. lt ls not st.ange that prices are glow to advance. The money markets are favorable to develop? ment of business and Industries, as there ls more ready sale for commercial paper, without much advance In rates. One loan of Sl.fMHI.tHHt was made by a trust company to the Illinois Steel Company, while some other manufacturing loans hy foreign ban ki rs In October and Novem? ber have been pal 1 off. Foreign exchange tunis weaker, and the holding back of long bills ls not at present encouraged by lower London arid Herman rates of interest. The course of foreign trade does not seem to promise speedy liquida? tion of the account by merchandise balances. The Imports in three weckg of January at New Torfe have b.-en about ll per cent smaller than last year, with exports about $1,000,000. or J per cent, larger, and the exports of cotton in January have exceeded last year's by 170,000 bales, or nearly 43 p--r cent. While the figures indicate no such extraordinary excess of exports as was Been in December, the balance In favor of the country on merchandise nccount will evidently be quite large for this month, probably not far frmn |2T>,000,000. "B ib" Taylor, Just Inaugurated as Governor of Tennessee for the third time, ls far too good a man for a place the title IC which is fouled with fraud. He should leave such Jobs to states? men of the "Old Bete" Turney stripe. -4) We are pleased tosee that Mayor Strong fapors the plan for extending Riverside Drive north? ward to connect with the Boulevard Lafayette, which has Its beginning ar Ope-hundred-and fifty-seventh-st., Just abm- Audubon Bark. This can be done without incurring the large expense that would lie necessary If the suggestion of a boulevard aluna* the river to thc upper limits of the city were carried out. The Mayor dong not commit himself unreservedly to the larger project, but approves the proponed viaduct across ; the ifannattanvUle Valley and the ..pining -if a road that Will virtually hf a continuation of the present Riverside Drive for shout a mlle and a half. Such a road ls needed, noi only for pleas? ure travel, but to opt n up a desirable section of the city fur residences. ? - a The Dunkards, or funkers, of whom the newt Qovernor of Kansas ls g representative, bilung to a sect founded in I70A al Bchwarsenau, Hhi many, by Alexander Mack und seven Othera, who rejected the j.ninnes of paedo-bapUsm. The name is a nickname, derived from the German Tooker--to dip; members of the sect gtyltng tln-mseives Brethren. Persecution drove the founders to Holland, and between 171!l and 17-.".! they ali emigrated thence tc America. They are found in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Ohio and Indiana, and ir is apparent that gome have found their way further West, but their numbers all told are nm great. Their church discipline is marly the same as that of other Baptists, except that every brother is allowed to exhort Men found apt to teach are ordained ministers, and tbs oldest teat hers Bishop* Th-- Dunkards affect great plainness .if speech and dress, uk- the Quakers, Neither take oaths, tight nor go to law. and formerly they took no interest They Celebrate thc taking of the sacrament with love feasts, washing of feet, the kiss of charity and the right hand of fellowship, ai olnt the sick with ? ?ii for recovery, and practise complete immer? sion, wiih laying on of hands and prayer even while the person baptized is |n the water. Anoth.-r Japanese steamship line across tha Pacific has been established. At the present rate our Pacific carrying trade will soon be as much in Japanese hands as that on the Atlantl ? has ne,-n In British hands. An arbitration treaty with Fiance after ti... pattern of the one propose,) with England would nut h.- likely to meet opoattion here, ami as the report is that she desires it. as ought to recipro? cate her amicable inclinations and draw gp the document without delay. -? Tirv, ard th- clone of tin- seventeenth century th-- then Emperor of Calna appointed a com? mission i-i reprint in one compilation ali native wilks of Importance ami interest. The com? pilation, "Kln-Tlng-Koc in Koo n.B00 Tselh Ching" ("Illustrated Imperial Collection of An? cient and Modem Literature") contained fl loo volumes Only a --mail edition uas printed umi through 'ie ravages nf mu.' und tin- moat nf th.- copies have b n destroyed a complete Bel h.is turn. . I up in Peking which might in )? ?-.?' un d fur our areal consi.lldat.il library. But tin- iiinie alert bibliophiles of other countries ai- likely lo -.i.p in aluad ..f ns. If China ian be persuaded tn pan with guch a m murnea! nf Its literary glories e The Kentu'k> mgu* has not srew lille ranked high in eeanoertoon with hts d?n elsewhere lils mt Inn's are rude, and he blu.vs a bullying blast of proclamation before him when he goes forth on his depredations, which genially leads to their defeat. Moreover, the Blue t;ras* fluid with which he ls wont to fortify himself upon his enterprises, while lt Imparts vigor, ls fatal to that fineness of touch and dSSterfty which high practitioner! of the order must preserve. Noa and then, however, one of them makes a creditable showing, as recently befell In Louis? ville, when a patient rushed Into a doctor's of? fice saying that h. had Just swallowed a pint ..f cider in which his wife had aocldentall) de? posited -i quantity of arsenic. Th.- doctor fled on wings of wind to th.- kit-hen range for hot water, ami when he returned th- patient had gone, taking the stomach pump pr-pared fol? ios relief with him. In th- rogues' calendar of the Commonwealth this one certainly deserves a high place. With a metropolitan field before him such as exists her.-, he would qualify him? self for membership in Tsmmanj n?n within , -, i : -. -four hours. PEBBOSAL. >??? ? In nat us Heine Miller, better ki.own as Joaqu ti Miii.r. wi ira in Cincinnati to-night. "The Chicago Tohnes-Herald" says: "Alarming re? ports cn,, ruing the hes Uh of Professor Herman von Hoist, load professor of the department of history at the University of Chicago, have been re celved by his friends In Chicago. Pearl are ox pressed by ths professor*! most Intimate friends that the distinguished historian mav bs unable to i. Mime his i..hors at the university this spring, and that he may even be compelled to stay away f-om the rigorous climate of Chicago altogether Pro? fessor von Holst is now In Naples. Italy, where he. has I-.-.,, with his family since last fall. Ihe uni? versity authorities have expected him hachaoins time in April and have so far not been ?**??*"? the contrary. To a friend of the family., however the Intelligence has i.n conveyed that Dr. von Moist has hoi another relapse, which resulted ina hemorrhage and a serious weahi Mug of the system in g.n.rai Should he survive the present ettacs, nothing but the Iron will of the man Will make him risk i return voyage to America. ??The Philadelphia Tress" says: "A Chicago genealogist, having ventured to thr< id th" Intri? cate labyrinth of ths McKinley genealogy in York County, nol v. ry successfully. Mr. Spengler comes to the rescue of historical accuracy and gives the 1...1 reeta of ths McKinley! of York. Mr. ?pangler DOlntl out that 'it ls true that I'r.si.l.-iii-el? t Mc? Kinley is a descendant (gr.-at-grnndKOnl of David McKinley, who was horn In Chunceford Township, York County, -May IS WM; but it is not true that David was the son of lames McKinley, hom about 1131. The courthouse records of Tort show, beyond dlaputation, that the said David McKinley was the son of .ioho McKinley, who was the son of David McKinley weaver, wno w.is an immigrant, and -.1 lied In <"h alie. lol,! Township about ITU.' These forebears of the President-elect were honest, well to-.io citizens, snd Mr. Spengler notes that 'lt ls easy to construct a genealogy or formulate ti Revolutionary record if the Imagination is drawn upon for meta President-elect Mi Kinley is a man or sens*, and does not desire any one to strain, tincture or pervert the truth in order to enhance the antiquity, dignity or honors of his family.' " Among the n.-wly created Knights of the Legion of Honor are th.- Commandants Patrice Mac Mahon and Chaney. MacMahon. Duke of Ma? genta, la the ion of the late field Marshal atj-> President MacMahon. He is forty-one years o. ag.-, and married last March Princess Marguerite Of Orleans, daughter of th>? Duke of Chartres. He is In the corps known ri rh.- Chasseurs I pied, formerly the Chasseurs d'Orleans, of which his father, the Marshal, eras the first commander. Ile distinguished himself .luring ths Madagascar campaign, and was attached to the person of the Ular at the time <?f the r-view at Chelona on Oe lober '.'. I'omm.mdant Chanay also had i hrilllant .are.r Iii Madagascar at tie- head of lils battalion In the 180th Regiment, Infantry. The Connecticut n .ard of Educetloo is to celebrate the eighty-seventh birthday anniversary of Henry Barnard.the veteran educator of thar State,who was horn on January M, lill. A public meeting win be hell at rh* Capitol ir-. Hartford to-day, ol which addresses will be made hy prominent educators from various section-" of the country Thc list ol >P- ikers Includes William T. Harris. Catted States Commissioner of (education: Professor William Q, Sumner, of Val.- L'nlverslty: Charles R. Skinner, Sic rlntendenl of Schools of the state of N'ew Voik. and T. R. Pynchon, acting president of Trinity College in the evening h complimentary banquet will be given in honor of Dr. Barnard. Secretary Hine of the Connecticut Hoar.! of Education has arrange.i to have the day appropriately observed in the pnhlic schools of that State. |)r. Barnard was graduated from Vale in 1 vi<\ and was the first Commissioner or Education of the United State thi: talk of tin: dat. One of the fnest houses In Southern Knglind la Penhurst Place, the birthplace of Sir Philip Sidney, now for aale. Cnder tiie trees of i;s park Edmund Waller paid his addresses to the haughty Lady Doro ?' a. whom he celebrated a j Sacharisaa. But the heart of Lady Dorothea Sidney?who was the most beautiful woman of her time- was untouclM i bj Waller's amatory verses, and sue rejected ;ne poet in favor of the Kiri of Sunderland. Many years afterward the Countess met Waller and, reminding him sentimentally of the old days st Penhurst. asked him when he would again write verses aloin her. "When, Madame," said the poe;, rudely, "you ar. ai young snd as handsome as you were then." Fuddy- Von say that Biglin gfts ? salary of I'"."... And ih-re is positively nothing In Bllgtn - hi ls no; an educated man. and ns has no natural abilities. Doddy Except the ability to get a salary of $10,000 a year.?(Boston Transcript. In ?. recent lecture on the X rays In London. Pro? fessor Silvanus P. Thompson remarked that I n.wly discovered radiance would much more . penetrate genuine diamonds ind other Jewels than false .ties, and therefore rendered li possible to distinguish between them. Ile exhibited a ph.no graph of the hand of Lord Kelvin, In connection with this point, and remarked playfully thar thi audience would p> ic. ive thal the diamond In the linger ring was the real thing. If the people <>f Kansas les!re prosperity they can g?i || where others get .i. where ths hustler gets it But they can't gel prosperity by aliasing the people whose money they borr iw< 1 to build up the Sm;.' on Now ls the time ;>> ch ose between business and polll ? between horse sense and horse play. Kansas i bi tndlng ai il.reasroada (Emporia asset) ? Puring th.- las; few yt ira a number of mountain stations for mateorologlcsl purposes have, been estab? lished In various puts of ths w .rid. Clement \\ i igge, who was active In promoting the schemi for such an observatory on Ben Nevis, ;he highest peak In Oreel Britain, ls endeavoring to Be? in a similar Institution for tho summit of M mnl Wellington, near Hobart, in Tasmsnls. This dosi la -oily i.un feel high, or VI feel lower than that on Ben Nevis But Mr. Wragge bones eventually :> ~.e other observatories on such heights in Auati . t as M..un: cork, which has an elevation of 13.000 fee Lord Kelvin and fr. Buchan, the lb Ingulshed Scottish meteorologist, nave expressed heart) ap? proval of Ihe Idea, "You hov,, au ir..-n constitution, bsvsn't vou Pudger?" ?W.H. I started out willi one. but tiie world treated me so roughly thal I found it necessarv t., substitute brass."?<Chlcsgo Record! ' ' ?The Northwood <N. D.) Uleaner" says: 'Som,, cf the papers are agitating the divorce Lew again. ? , ( tims desiring to maka s longer residence necessary Let the law alone, lt is all right. Tile shorter the residence the better, as we gel rid of nslserablf. rltl sena sooner than If tba term waa lengthened.' Mis. Kate Young bj a candidate for the oiric- sf ...i Inspector In St. Joseph, Mo. The oiric.. M worth J: MN I year, and a psM ol.tk does all the w -rk They ars t.-iimg s wicked .tory downtown oh , '..ui\ert.d "rounder" known throughout the First m. i Twenty-sixth words ...- "Reddy (he Kilter" Thi trade of k.liing people in that quarter of ihe ,. , i, ?', Ina become somewhat precarious. "Reddy" ea ber i^ i-nced b hangs ol heart and louted the Salving Anny During the progress o! the exercise? if h j "han... ks" ., few nlghta ago the chimney of ?, Kero sene lamp n s bracket alongside of ti,,, platform broke and tue flam.- shot up In an alarming wa One of the army officer-, m attempting rn ,em\.v- f' lamp, ii ipped il upon the floor, and the mi ..'.,'. I gaited, starting ., .:i?h? blase.' Vnumher1 T" .';" .ons rushed forward, anions them ? h?,i,i. ?? p.,' ' ?': hr??trmts>d ;, set H.My who ". o. de neem In courage, made a da^h or two ni hut .ell l,,ck. Slid the Stater Who Weirs the t,ll ofl ; tenant exctelmed: Pick li up. Broth.- r 'ju ? i ,, ?: ! be afraid' Tue Lord won'l let ll bur,, you^Rsddv' mads anothi r gi ih al the Mazing lamp, jumped ul\ Lbw on his hands, and blurted out T J i tie , won't!" (Philadelphia Record. "* \ Popuiui member sf lbs Kansas ioglslslsu kee introduced a bill prohibiting alt kinds of profane swearing "Lesa euaatn' ..nd mora Stacuastn' " la his mott,. After .. cable-car conductor bad miss me sev ;?''."??" Without isklng for MIN 'are. tOUChvd ?.j. .rm ..nd , ivs him a nickel a tew minute. ",rf- '" ' '?" "'??, '?"?? I round him ..;, the r. ir Platform alone Don't ever do that again." he UM. If jj .o,?|,i, ,..,- ?,,-..- you, don'l bum bim up Ile doeeni wanl rou io do ll If I miss ., , '? '"? chances . about avon thal no one v^i'szrrairrisrtupagt iiTutSS: JrYSWiS Uss, ra."^*SK: The next time lave your nickel?lt may h.]. 3 save my position."-(' hlcsgo TtmeB-Herald. ?*? "A middle-aged man of rather -llitlnguliheij lm. pearan'-e,' ?ays 'The Chicago Chronicle," "wa;*^ up to th* desk in the Palmer House yesterday tr4 wro-e on th* register Oreel Beott, Baitimor*.* -jv. clerk smiled when he -.iv. the rum* and looicM j. quiring.y at th* gm-t W-, lr ls rather ? peculiar ri.line.' remarked the man, OCttetrulnfl the ci^-. smile aj an inipilry. 'My family name g- .S^-ott, an* my father, was sssaewhsl of ?? bussortst \Vh?n i *. is boin he apol.i.l tu me as a name >h? Timrnon eapressieu cf lurpriae, Bad t nave borne toa rmrne patiently an-i witu dignity.' Mr. H< ,tr ii a prosjunat merchsnl nf ftalttasori " A Dor* of Their Usn Ifedtetae Trier* rame a sharp rilli; ut die doorbi ? The caller nos a me.^*.-riger from the telephona company, bearing the following nun-. m Heir M.id,iiii ? Permit Ul OB ?? aK-iin *o-all you* attention to om account of ti JO f u telephone ?? ?, win. h -lill remalm unpaid IV* have waited pei . '_ ly a long time for I ito, sn I ra i* ?*? demand '^n immeiliate settlement." The woman nf rin- house tai dows ?.! orate tn a leisurely way this r- ply "Gentlemen: I uni glad to '.earn ?ha* yan ttgfm waited patiently fur that M-'" Mani a \r:;<-. ??,? ?i du.- been compelled to svall raj ell f your tele, phone 'service,' sod save aaited r ., central iiftlce had finished rn . ?0m? friend, I have not been bi pe lent, perhaps, as J ? i ighl to have been, bur I asll I I had I -Aalr. Are you waiting? Are you walting patiently gentlemen? Ali riKhr. Wall ?? little while longer."!, (Chicago Tribune. Tlnre I* a possibility that thre* r.'w (lii-ssa^ Sheffield, Leeds and Hull, Will BOOB be created la England. Kleetrlcal Supply Agent-Ton ought tn have g burglar-alarm system in your house to that you would in- instantly awakened If any nt ruder *,*.-6 to step inside one of the doers or wlndowa Mr. Voungtove?tty dear sir, wc don t need ar./, thin*? of the son. We am weaning jr baby,? ('"leyeland Leader. ROUND ABOUT EU ROPE, icBiun iom?*\oi from the princi OF WALES TO HIS FELLOW COUNTRYMEN. JAPANKSE DEMAND ItKCALt OF Cr-RMANT'S gS> lltjl ? gat I PK 11 WI THE LEGION OF H llggg IN* Igggg ? 11*1 XIII TO DISBAND HIS PALATINE Gl.'ARD ? A. tgsjflHj IMVBMllQsr, A seml-offleiHi notification has been issued hy the I'rince of Wal.-s r< commending that the KhOBOJ on the part of the psopte destined to i ? brats in a Utting manner the slxrleth anniversary * tag Queen's accession to the throne should take th? form of "work* of mercy smOOg the ll * ' Nf. rertng, and of enterprises that mny te- i te brigham and ameliorate the condition of tl, ? ibjeggj of Her Majesty." _ The German Emperor has beei, -. by the Japaases Oovernsaenl to recall his v, Baron von Qutschmtdt, fr->m TCaUO, In conaequeasg of his having, while .IrlvInK through thi Stn II si rh- Mikado'* capital, lashi-d With his whip 'he fae? of a Student who had not in the ?av of bli '.Tiara The affair has produced Intense e? I I . the native press. Much dismay has been caused In Fi tag rigid enforcement of the cow n - arith re gard to the distribution of the Ordei if the Ingles of Honor Henceforth only half of t es that occur among the insights ot I ? ides are to be Ulled up This M done with thi * of restoring the value of this natli I has becoens somewhat impair* i i? J profustoh and lack of dlw ria ? -i it had been distribute 1. It ls Bisertfd in Pontifk il -st j the 1'ope l? about to dlsbai ? km an ss the Palatine Guard of the Vat r to a scandalous scene which took i <o at the Church i-f Angeli Custod ? ?rial service for the Pot killed kl lift, The scene in question was an improper attempt on the par Guard to assert th-ir miii-? t i over the Swiss contingent of the P _ A revulsion of i"-! liar feeling, wi l to the ?r.'int 0f ;i pardon, ls now taking ;?'-?? In Egg* land in favor ot .Jabez Half.mr. tb mem - sf Parliament who some rim- ago was gentei -.1 to a long term cf penal servitude for fraud* 'Eui to have been perpetrated in connection with shat van known as his "Liberator" companies ' , ** of which ??:? us'ii Buch widespread rm- i- momcs ' as nearly every one of bis undertakl sa sag In i the h.uuls of the truotees of the ul:i mare!v resulted In large profit* tl have actually yielded os much ai t. ever ii I ib.ive the amount ???.?-? n has arisen that he haa h..... unjust!) . thal he had no Intention to defra id hi* i ? * an-! thal his embarrassment* -.- ? r*m pera ry character due to thi hi li ?ni**. Thia is precisely what he alleged fence Tin- igitatton ti- "ii ly iu prog! see kt favor of the liberation of the P towshl who In IM7 was sentenced I -*ison nuiit for shooting at the fgar In B^u logne al Parla, has led to the d at the man who noa been languishing I years In the penal colony of Nea ? mil Bal now become Insane, and thai would i ?? of no benefit a The recent elections whlcl ? re ls Franc- have >.rv. I to i all i itt ? nsl*> able indifference of the nopulatl tera. In thru s of the moe! li ? i of Prance less than 19 per cent scribed on the regtai vs took t - tb.- p.,Us, while In the department* 1 ni -'1 of the Doun* ton:.d necessary, as nene or the i ii ll led the ? number of votes required I "?? r1"" noni.'ti.i-i m appan nt in Ital) ri i constitutes a somewhal ri mark ' ' ? ? nt.--..h i nion of tl., champ on* t fi mis of government. v arding to the budg BC. waka have lust been publlsl ? I .-: st r r I M .a invite Oovernmenl baa ?:? -ided lo I mm cf ni lesa than MW.i to the com ' rall roads Curios: the current \- ? Advices received In 1 reel attention to a MMttewl ll knott) ? ' t,'?', colonial govei imii nts hal BP** t0 settle, Borne tim. ago nitl I I of putting a ? lop -" - 'lui ese and Japat ? "' ht* ' ore.i Races Ui stn. nun stat il '? aR* ; the question has now arleen is to tl ,w affects the lyrian ind Armi niau ? from the i Turkish Empire, who havi I n bbbbs si I the direction of the antipodes ''??'?-J ; authorities ot, being appealed i i .-."ref the hdmlsalon of ;> ,r ohl ids tnke the opposite \-.. w ???? ' renUy have maiie up th. ii mui.is to rcndi i "?'?? for a stranger t.? iel fool upon A iitralli ri rirtiiory dependent upon bis oomplexton Russia's penal statistics lust pu - "-: ?"? Petersburg show thal In tin domlnloi thsOBsl tin- women crime, '.- outnumber the men by ssaflf BO p?- cm. |uat the contrai*) jf* '?* othei countries Mnst .>i the e in i rlmii >'s iT* unmarried, and the ma jori t) , m lah-jr lng claeses In the clttei The timi ? abes psi Russian woman ls m it egi mpt from ? rhns I* oe tween ber eighteenth and twentieth yi a iii^-hu iri'i Minus apparatus eaued th*" ?'" vt matophor" baa been Invented st Vleaaa. i1* ? Jrj u io ,-n.ibie iniii. rs Stubbs sad ethers H l'r''*' without dlfkculty when surrouoded by :|f"'r ? J mu..kc from Bree ot other nosJeas rggsss. i* satchel read) for use li trelghi only f'iu'rr,llt S grammes furnlehei ?ulhcl<-ni slr f??r J ''',i,'i^-t*<i three quarter* of an hour, sud ha* been ?""'l'lr-..Jirt. to mos sever- teaU by the VI." 'sj' ''' ulBl0*t iiient .m.i ?, gili -i..1, .i.ii mujee *??lh sss uv si, ??? -ij.