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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 03, 1897, Image 6

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ACADEMY OF MI St.- t?8:18 Siramht from thc He-art.
AMERICAN THEATRIC I Neal York.
BiH M - a:lft CVturted Irv. i', .nrt
HROADWAY TH KATHE s L'. -i.'inmua O'Hrlrn.
CASINO 9:10 Kn An rican Beauty,
e-a-HMIvt s THEATRE 2 a-.!5 \t Hay Ceney Ialanfl.
DALT'S THEATRE 2 it-- OelBha 8:18 -Mvi.h Aelo
Al . tit N thing.
EDEN Ml'SF.K " W'-txta-.-rks and roncert.
EMPIRE THEATRE 2 8:3 I'nder lha Red Boa*.
KIETH AVENfK -.'? Lr rlau.llllB.
GARDEN THEATRE - .'" -Ha arise as*.
CARRICK THEATRE - I.', H.t Henrie*.
iiUAXii OPERA li... HE - i t radar tha r ur gtar.
HARLEM opera in" si: - i:. Klamct.
HER AM > Si*>l'ARE THEATRE .' s:13 Tlc dirt fr. m
L ' -.
MOTT'S THEATRE ?:? \ Conteateal Worran,
lin -v., i-:.-.. . i.K v Th* Butterfly.
KN'ICKRHROe'KKR THEATRE 1:13 Cast*.
KOSTER \ KIAL'S ' \ audevlll ?.
LTCEVM THEATRE S:io He- Plral 0*ntleman cf
Bar
MADISON SQl'ARE OAR1 EN 2 to ll -<"!aa Espoaltktn.
METROPOLITAN OPERA HOVSE H L'AWtcsli**.
Mt'RRAY mu. THEATRE 1! 8 V-.rtr.-rn Ugh ta
OLYMPIA MESH HALL 8:13 Vaudeville.
P a Ul P :. .-? '.U p. in Yian la.vl'le.
f-T. Nii-H"! VS RINK Da] anal Kv.i.ni; BkatlnC.
WA1.I..MK 8 h IS . - ii
WTH street th:' VTUE 2 *-1"' BareM I anti
Intel to 3torrtiscinn.ts.
Pac* . : paga '
An)tia?m?-t? . . i 8 Lector** t.- Meelina*. . 4
AaaouBcemaanta : a S Legal s ill ??? -,, I ,;
?V ...HIL .al anal r mn 1...... 8 *
.? Bi kera.. B fl Marriages ,s Death! T 6
CK* Hotela . a 4 Miscellaneous . 8 4
gauntry r. n-d. 4 2 Mil .14 S-fl
rt and i... I 4 Ocean Hteamera.ll ii
Bui ? e.. e *hianre>*.... 4 4 Pre .pe stall . 1' 6
Copartnership Noticea 9 6 Public Notices. s 1
Pli-ilen* Notice*. P B Railr Bela . X 4.'.
: - I.. 4 0-7 Seal Batata. I I 4
l>ar.clr,a; Pchooll. H 1 Ri ttl Ul N trcea. I 4
Excursions.8 A - h . Asenclea . 8 1
I" ? Bl lal . le S-B Sta tmb ata . 9 fl
lor sile. 4 4 BpeclU Nolle**. 7 fl
0 Carriages.. 8 4 Winier Resorts. 4 'J
Inatrucl a.8 1 Work Want"!. 4 f. rt
ZVr^-TJorkilmlv) Sritaiir.
FOUNDED BY HORACE GREELEY
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1*07.
TBS NEWS THIS MORNING.
CONGRE88.?Both branches in session. *-==
lunate': Debate on tnt- NicaraKua Canal bill
proceeded without any progress toward a rots
i.ein,; made; the conference report on ihe bill
to restrict Immigration was discussed, i-?
House: Th? Diplomatic and Consular Appro
prlatL.n Lill was passed.
FOREION.?Prince de Chlmay obtained a de?
cree of divorce in Biussela =r^? The Duchess
of Montpensler died In Madrid. = -= Baron de
Boubeyran died in Paris. ., It ls announced
that the Emperor ol Austria win visit Kt. Peters?
burg In April.
DOMESTIC?-The Anglo-Venezuelan Arbitra?
tion treaty was signed at the Butte Department
ly S.r Julian Pauncefote rind Baffler Andrade.
s== The Btate Capitol of Pennsylvania was
Asst roy ed I y Are, many members of thc- Legis?
lature narrow!) escaping with their lives. ?=r=
The Stats 8 nate confirmed the nomination of
Louis F. Payn to be Insurance Superintendent
by a sots of L'7 to 20, nins Republicans voting
In th.? negative. : = Tin- funeral of Oeorge B.
Roberta late president of the Pennsylvania
Railroad ('"mpany. took place in Philadelphia.
* ? ? Senator Hlgble introduced s comprehen?
sive Good Roads bill at Albany.
CITY?The first annual dinner of the General
Court of the Order of the Pounders and Pa?
triots of America was held nt the Hotel Man?
hattan. -?- Th? ant,uni Charity Ball was held
at the Metropolitan Opera House. ----- An ar
rangement la being completed for harmonious
relations between the Union Pacific, Northern
Pae-ifle and Or<-'at Northern railroads. ?
Stocks were weak snd duli
THE WltATHER?Forecast for to-day:
Thre-af-nlnp. probably with snow. The tempera?
ture yesterday: Highest, .'*" degrees; lowest, 80;
average, .">?">.
>
The Greater AVs ? York number rf THE TRIBUNE
itsutd last Saturday, whick trot virtually an tntyclt
.-, ttatistital, gt rrupkieal and historical, af the
tmlai tmitti ? .>:>t throngk it; first edition be/on
> ?>: tf the day ofpublication. Tat demand/or ad'
nali ' - 'amt at one* imperative; ene order fer
hmo tkotuand eopiei for circulation abroad taos received
directly ofter the nr t edition was exkausted, and tak
tm Saturday afternoon the various pusses needed t.i
product ike i. lortd ,.-?; I Hack and wk I 'e j t .':??):' tf t'..'
' ' .'"' " re put in motion/or a second delivery
? ? treatt ri, Tkt stream , f orders received -.ll
tnday and 1 tterdayt nsumed tkt second edition
? it was ogf tkt presses, and work uf-.-n a thud
, i n was immediately begun. Beyond tku no further
. fia can bt issued. While the supply taits single
topic, m ? Wained at THK TRIBUNE oj l r
tin cents, five cent extra if sent by mail.
lill: CONFIRMATION OF PAYS.
The nomination of I-ouls 1\ Payn fl-1 Super
Intendcni of Insurance was confirmed yesterday
by tho Senate, as waa generally expected. Tho
opinion of Th.- Tribune regarding this appoint?
ment is already w.-n known to its? readers. From
i very polnl of rlew ll seems to The Tribune to
be a deplorable mistake. First, .ind above all.
b'-'-aiiM- ot public considerations. Mr. Payn'i
?totoriety a^ i lobbyist?even tbougta ii bs true,
?acclaimed by bis friends, thal ba baa nol boen
convicted of bribery e.r corruption In thai rela?
tion?could not bo considered otherwise than as
a poaltlve disqusliflcatlon, won. ho in other re*
?pacts qualified by familiarity with ihe business
of Inaurance, by training or ezperieace, for iiu
delicate and responsible duties of tho ofbVe. That
ka haa not these qualifications, ls wall i<n >wn.
lu this view vf tba appointment?thal is, of its
positive unfitness as wal] as lack of fitness lt
was subversive of public morals. Even if the
j:ross, ;? charges against Mr. Payn's character
arc unfounded, sad be be, ns slleged, the- vi.-tim
nf unreasoning newspaper clamor, the fad re?
mains that In the public Judgment what ls
known and undented concerning bis career as
? itali.... i.iii and lobbyist disqualifies bim for lbs
place. The appointment is accordingly s.-t down
as an unfit ann-, made >.>le!y for political res
sana, fiy ? large majority <.f voters it will b,>
considered as ? prostitution of office ta base uses
and tba violation of a sacred trust by the Gov?
ana**.
Nor li it a sufficient answer to ibis linn the
iiisiir.niio t*ompanles of tbs Btate, wlii.-li have
enormous interests si stake snd naturally s
powerful motive io secure the sppointmenl of u
Bupetintendeni bi wi:.un they have confidence,
have offered no Opposition to Mr. Payn. The
repri-iiitative's of ibese corporations ure um well
aware of tba opportunities enjoyed by an un
fr,e-ndly bead eif the Insurance Department foi
annoyance, obstruction nnd Interference in their
business to run th.- :-.-k of offending any one
who had a ressonsble chance for the appoint.
Kent Ami they are entally will .aware that
any active interiVretiei. on iln'ir parr la forward?
ing or oppaalBg tba appointment of an oflleer
whose fniH-tioii it ls io superrlsa Ibalr business
-..?.?.iis.-ir-ri.iiis would j.i-.-jn.l!.-*- them in public
estimation. The amoniit oi' capita] Invested In
and controlled by Insurance corporations h
probably granter tbsn La any oilier Bingle form
of investment, lt Bjanlfcsta In proportion th.
proverbial timidity of capital. The silence of
the Insuranca companies themselves during tie
peiuleney of this sppolBtmeni lias tbarefors no
BafnlilfSnif It nitiy also be sal.l thal if all the
reports of Mr. Pavn's capacity for resentment
are inn- tlo-v will have BO l-MSOfl to rapt nr Ibell
noBr-lnterferanea,
gaj bi tin- effe-'-t upon tbs Republican party, bo
oue wiO have tba hardihood to deny thai it rnnsi
be flamaglng, lt lowan the standard of qnalifl
eatlofl for public otu.?.. so erldently, ind wi
may almost -ay BakaiUaalassly, thai Ibegraat budy
of Bepnbllcan voters, who have believed in Um
party's professions of devotion to pura politics:
and high standards, win say they have- been bc
trayeti. and withdraw their confidence aael -up
port, it is hardly necessary b> say thal the lie
publican party cannot alford tea airtv.. off these
mm to gratify tba active politicians who bold
or seek the oltiaa?. The ve.ry men who have
lieen harpinj- upou ile- Baad af harmony lo
limp li i ve ci vin it B moat ReHoun and perhaps
dlBUbiroiis blow. Tho whole proceeding otTcra a
new illiistr.ition of what experience has so ofton |
demonstrated, that a party is never ia such peril j
as when lt serins so strong that Its lenders CSU j
venture upoa experiments on tho credulity nn.l ;
i;,.o(i naturo of tho people. BeUertng thoroughly
in tho prlnoiiiles of the Republican pstty, and
that its continued nsoendfincy is essential to tire
general welfsre, Tin* Tribone cammi refrain
from expressing well-fronnded fears iiiat such
ascendancy has been greatly endangered hy iii''
action of the Governor ami the Senate
Of course, it lies in the power of Mr. Payn to
eonfonnil tho prognostications nf his enemlea nnd
rladleste tin- Judgment of lils friends rspeclally :
.,f Governor Black, who bsa ventured so much
on him hy discharging the linties of Insurance
Superintendent xx ith integrity .ami fidelity, in the
Intereeta of tho pnblk snd not of party ur fac?
tion. H.- lias every incentive to do li. Not thc
letti is r.ie obligation <>f gratitude to Governor
Black, who has become in ibe Isrgeal sens.* pos
alble lils bondsman snd surety. His tucccaa in
office may relieve tin- Governor <>f tlie odium of
his appointment. His failure would be as fatal
!,, ii,.vernor Hinch as lo himself.
AM ENDING THE TREATY.
Mr. Cleveland cannot complain that his polit?
ical antagonists do nut mingle praise arith
Maine. He invariably receives from ih"ni gen*
ii'.ois support whenever his course approxi?
mates tn rightness. The Republicans in Con?
gress aini throughout the Nati.'ii gave most cor
dial commendation to nil that xxas good in bis
Yeuesuela Messag**. ami they aro now proving
themselves his beal friends in the matter of
tin* Arbitration Treaty with Great Britain.
The must prompt ami hearty recognition of tho
good features of Hint measure has eoine from
Republicans, ami ih.- most violent denunciation
nf it from the President's own party. It was
therefore not surprising to timi, on Saturday
last, live out nf six Republican Senators of the
Committee on Foreign Relations voting tn re?
port the treaty favorably, ami three out of four
Democrats toting against it. in the senate
Itself, there is every reason to ex peet, the cam*
pnlgn for ratifying the treaty xviii he leil by
RepuMlenna mid the opposition campaign by
Democrats.
The Republicans have, it la true, made some
amendments to the text of the treaty, hut that
ls a fact for which Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Ol?
ney have cause fur gratitude rather than re?
sentment. For Consideration xviii surely shoxv
them that the amendments. Instead of weaken?
ing and Injuring the treaty, really improve and
strengthen it, and mako it far more practicable
than before. There aro two Important amend?
ments. One strikes out oil reference to Hip
King of Sweden and Norway as an umpire.
With all possible respect for that monarch, it
must he said that this change is wiso, in view
cf tlie peculiar relations uoxv or former!*/ exist?
ing lietxveen his Covernmcnt and that of Great
Britain. Those ri lntions xvere established, it
| is true, for n temporary purpose, to serve the
exigencies of the Crimean War, and have per?
haps long since fallon Into desuetude. Never?
theless an umpire should he absolutely Inde?
pendent of both panics tn the dispute, and not
one who ls ur has recently been under obliga?
tions to one of them for the Integrity nf his
oxen dominions. Ir is a pity Mr. (liney did not
see that point before he signed and published
I the texi of the treaty containing King Oscar's
i name, fur it ls an awkward tiling tn withdraw
I such an Invitation when mice ii is given ami
I sccepted, But 'he King will no doubi sppre
| date the situation, and understand thal nol the
j slight'-s' personal dleeetecm ?.f him is menin ,,r
j felt
Tho other chief amendment is even inure ob
viously proper and necessary, despite the wild
! clamor of indignation it lins evoked, it simply
j provides that "no question xviii, ii affects the
' "foreign ur domestic policy of either of tbe blgb
I "contra.-Ung parties or tbe relations of eltb.?r
1 "xvith any other state ..r Power by treaty or
"otherwise shall be subject to srbitration nn
j "der this treaty, except by sj.ini agreement.*'
: And why not! Does Great Britain want to
challenge and call Into srbitration toe United
, states tariff and Immigration laws, or the
i treaties tliis Government may mako xvith the
I Central mid South American States? Does she
| want to meddle with our port charges contro*
| v..rsx- xvith Germany, or xvith our currency prob?
lem? Assuredly not. Then what harm xviii ll
do to sny so in the treatyl Does the United
Suites want to arbitrate Crear Britain's rela?
tions wit ii tlie Transvaal, or challenge her
Egyptian policy, or Judicially review her Irish
land legislation or ber new education bill'.' it
is Inconceivable. Then why will it, as some
suv. "finally emasculate the treaty" to say lu
it. specifically, that no such questions are to be
brought und.-r its operation?
There is, Indeed, the strongest reason for mak?
ing just such a declaration, for the treaty's and
arbitral inn's own sake. Nothing could dis
credit the treaty nnd tim whole principle of nr
bitrafiun mure than lim bringing nf impractica?
ble cases before the tribunal, cases over wblcb
it had im proper Jurisdiction and in xviii.-ii it
could imt render a valid and acceptable verdict.
Under the treaty as originally drawn np such
c.'is,.s. xvith resulting mistrials or disngicements.
might bave bein brough! forward in great
numbers, until Die whole business became a
relation and a laugblng-atock, ami the cause
of true arbitration was set back a whole gen*
oration This nmendmenl in tero.s mies not
all sn.'h cases, .'md confines tlie operation of
the treaty to enses over which tin* tribunal may
properly have Jurisdiction ami in which lhere
is a possibility and a strung probability nf ifs
rendering a valid and satisfactory decree. The
adoption of it by the Benate Committee xxas a
good iii".-.- uf xv-,ri,, good alike for tlie treaty
mid fur the cnuse ot' arbitration, and it is
scarcely tu be conceived thal either tin- Ameri?
can Executive or tbe British Government xviii
object tu ii. True, ii limit:- the scope nf tlie
treaty within ihe sanguine anticipations ol'
soine orer-enthnslastlc prophets nf au impend?
ing millennium. But ii merely rules out ibe
Impossible, ami strengthens lin- practicable.
And, niter nil. it is far belier lu try lu arbi?
trate n few things and sneer ed> than tn trj tu
arbitrate all things sud fail.
A GOOD BILL TO SUPPLEMENT.
Senator Rlgbie's i!?",.! nords bill, Introduced
in tin Legislature yesterday, is a wise and lime
ly measure. In iii.- matter of highway* tlc- state
has nol kept abreast of civilisation. Porty years
ngn th.- Southern Australian colonies bsd bet?
ter roads than New Vork his now, They were
ma,l.- by il..- Botany Hay convicts, while nins
have b, -:i I, !"? f..;- the farmers in "xx ort OUl road
taxes" ..a Experience : ,.> amply proved thu
tbe rural citizen, though in- uses ibe roads more
than anybody else and pratts directly from
their Improvement, cann >t bc Induced rn lake
lue Initiative a Knendlng money for highways,
lb- grumbles al haring ;?> turn um with lila
te.iiti in work .ni ihe roads, ami performs Ibis
labor xviiii nu Intern! and small int >il!gence.
If we are tu nave any adequate ami systematic
Improvement ii mnsi br nuder ibe supervision
.,f some central antin ty
Tim present I.;1! creates tli.it authority, and
ge. ;i powers which nre llkelj io result ia
activity io every section >.f tbe State, Nearly
half a minion dollars la lo be raised annually
by taxation, and is to i.ipended in the differ?
ent counties ai eonjnnctlon with an equal
amount nf money to be raised l-.Mifc. Such a
scheme eeiii !,.? a powerful incentive tn action
on the purr of H.innis of Supervisors wini xviii
we their constituents paying a Slate highway
tux which w ill be used for tho bSMtt of other
communities lillies.- they come forward and
keep the money at home by raising mein- to n*i
with lt. The same motive will doubtless oper?
ate em bodies of cittaens whs will bo able to get
both tin- State and tin- COttBty to help lliein build
roads in certain casts by contributing ir. per
i .nt of th.'st themselves.
in general provisions iiiis measure seems cal?
culated to accomplish nu- di sired results. Only
oin- thing is needed for hs rorapleteuese, That
i> ,i supplementary bill which shall add convict
labor t.i the' resources of the Btate Highway
Commission. lu ibis way the money raised by
taxation can be made to accomplish perhaps
double the results, ind much-needed employ*
mani will be furnished to prisoners, in man)
places ii might not be practicable t" sat thc
convicts ''it work, bm in many others i: would
I..- entirely feasible. Senator Hlgbie'i bill calls
bu- work nuder contract, with th.- provision ihat
towns or counties may take the contracts them?
selves. This sltowance should ba - (tended to
permit convict labor either under srrsngemtnl
to have iin- pi's,ni authorities .lo the work or
by l. uini; mu io lowtts and counties til" use
of prison ;?-. When the Btate ls shoot la un
dertake a grcal public work common-sense ss
weil as economy demands that tin- great body
eif laborers in the Institutions who need employ?
ment should l"1 utilised to make ile- money ac?
complish the most good. Le! us have the Im?
provements as .Mr. Hlgbia proposes, but let us
also have use made for ile- enterprises of :'i"
inmates of mir pris.ms.
Tm: FIRST STEP.
The first question for thc extra session of
Congress to consider, when lf meets in Haren,
is whether tba desired relief of the Treasury.
e.f trade alni of Industries shall come fully tl is
year or In ls;,Sl- Tba settled and solid pros?
perity for which the country longs cannot fully
strive, a- psinfui experience has taught, nulli
the labor ol' tin- country is tully employed a:
fair wau'.-, so ihat lin- millions are enabled to
buy freely. Hut t'lb cannot come until exces?
sive* competition with cheaper foreign labor has
ceased to deprive American works or half the
American marketi in some brancben, and in
others io depress 11 ?? cs anl wages toward ih"
foreign level. Lawmakers can bring about
that result at once, or by mistaken Judgment
may fix things so tba' American irarkets shall
be occupied during nearly the whola year 1807
as largely tis they have- been with foreign prod?
ucts.
The poeid people of ibis country aro not usually
behind other nations in practical methods for
protecting their own interest.-. But they .'in
far behind Qreat Britain and some' other coun?
tries in suffering foreign competition t" take
advantage ed coming changes ff revenue laws
while those changes .arc pending. The shaping
nnd enactment of a tariff bill cannot bc com*
pleted in .a ureek or a month. With a Benate
closely divided, Bnd nearly half i's members
eager for partisan reasons to delay the return
of prosperity, or in lin- inte.'vst e.f Importing
constituents to defer legislation until American
warehouses can be crammed with foreign
goods, a tariff bill is liable to lu- delayed two
months or mon' in tin- Semite. In two months
foreign competitors can place in this market, ai
present hov dutie-s, enough goods of many kinds
to meet six lnemtlis' consumption. This point
was not covered in 1890, anel in tho two months
June and -Inly about fl 10,000,000 worth of du
tlsble foreign goods were brought in. though in
tin- subsequent yean 1801 and I8JTJ the dutiable
imports for each entire year fell below 1X15,
I tl ll M M ll I,
The Tribune discussed some weeks sgo two
metbodH of preventing this partial defeat of
legislation by anticipatory Imports lin- tem?
porary "t- permanent withdrawal of a*nrehouse
fs elli ties Would work hardship tn many Amen
cans not in the Importing trade, and would
to a large ext.tit fail to n.t th. didi. oby.
A material port of tie- Importing, in some
branches much the greater part, is now done
through consignment io concerns in ie which
are in fact mere agents or clerks e.f foreign es?
tablishments. \o payment need be exacted
from them for goods forwnrded, ts ken emt of
warehouse and .-b red until they can 1m- sold
In effect, th" foreign msnufactun rs could pro?
vide ile- rapital for paying tl ? prcacnt low du?
lles and carrying goods mit,; profits could be
rea li zi d.
Th.- other method .?;' prevention would be pf.
fectlve. Congress could declare by a short
bill, which lt should ucl take a week to nasa,
that it was about to make a general advance
of duties in order io raise an adequate revenue
ailei bt jrjve- belter p|ota-a-| ion bi IUdU?t I'll s, lind
therefore that all goods thereafter Imported
should be tilkeli ont of CUStom houses or W.'ll'e
houses only upon bond in pay the additional
duties when fixed by Congress. ]'.;: this pro?
cedure tho coming determination of Congress:
as to rab-s needed on particular goods would
co into practical effect at ?.t. .ind ihe evasion
of expected duties by anticipatory Imports would
be avoided. Imports for Immediate sale, within
ihe two or three months possibly required foi
Du- maturing and enactment of a new tariff,
would be no more embarrassed than under tin
prevslllng method while ? tariff bill is pend?
ing, while- imporis for future distribution UUdct
new linties when '-mo-ted would not be embar?
rassed a' all. Tin- borne markets would be tn a
Cleat extent secured to Amii'.,un producers
and ihe- demand t'"r American labor would rn
onie be- stimulated
It is said nt Washington, where ibis subject
is under consideration, that th.- ftjft-i tba!
<;r';it Britain adopts a simihr method maj
have some weight. But no foreign precedent
ls needed for th" measure, if it i< plainly cul
culated, to secure for ibe Treasury a revenui
of wbich ii won!.| otherwise be deprived ''?
anti.-ii story iui|K>rtK, in secure the bi. mar
kel to American producers this roar ii-t ad
of in xr. ami lo hasten the full restoration ni
prosperity for which workingmen ind praet]
. .ii businnws n ', of ali parties have been pray
lng. lt ei,? s noi y,.t appear thal any objection*
or Inconveniences Involved Iq this measure an
of weight in eoiiiimriaon with ihe great ndvnn
taco to bc trnli ??''.
Ti;.' fire ai Harrisburg suggests again, int
forcibly, the desirability of making all publli
buildings absolutely ftreproof
- rn
The groundhog who doesn'l succeed In seelni
bis shadow on ,-..?? :-v lg 1 Kpccti d to sta]
ont e.f h\? bole thereafu r In e ii.-, rf ul rMsuranecn
of an early sprlif**. fi terdaj was th.- day, bu
tis groundhog a-ho didn't know enough to ga li
out ot ti,.- wet yesterday isn't flt foran appoint
men! In ih Weather Bureau under th ? next Ad
mini ti.it: n.
- - ?
We welt oms thc pi -i ? el thal .-i maa ?>
' ie rgj and I ts ls I Icely lo be ap| olnb di thi
in the Br toklyn iii: ii.-. Board, ant
fleeted ss Mr Howell's successor In th- pi
'i'ii-" The affairs ot tbs Bridge have ls
running In a i il for a lons time There ough
t.. I-- i . tun There srll) be a chai
Mayor Ww uer out th- i ig-ht s-." ot mat
As .i i lei s of ? i... ring lb* Bridge is a i u|
success; sa ii railroad enterprl ? lt bas i
t"???!:? --' ii 'I being s 'allure. After man]
long and weat int he p sm I r duubllni
the number of tra i i are on the point o
completion. The Introduction ?>' ibe ne*
lem erlll i"- ? great gain, > il ths people a
Brooklyn alli nol gel what they are entitle!
to out of lha Bridge ur.t.i they can cross th.
river srlthoul ehangs of oars, A grcal oppor
ttinily Iles before ? maa "f thc right stamp, i
au'b n man taken hold of th- l!r:'i;;c In emt ?? t
"Beautiful blow" la costing; this city a preltj
penny this winter: but there's -fftnethtog to show
fur every penny it cost;*.
BOW well K.-nntur Wolcott ls satlslhil xvith tho
results "f his bimetallic mission to Strops evin
bs known after his return-, bul the fad thal be
:s 9 remarkably expeditious traveller is obvious
Th ? celerity <>r Ms movements la worth the at?
tention of leglalatlve committees and other pub?
lic i?:siins wboaa skill in waatlng time is th.-ir
i hi.f dlatlnction.
Tii.-u any professedly marina Jonrnal ahould
claim ih.it Senator Frye alma i<> real in Bogging
al I is- eery droll. As well charge McKinley
with aiming at fr-' trade, Frye is the cbam*
pion or shipping and seameo, and such shot
will '*iarc from him ns harmlessly aa r-ioii
fmni a turret, ii" simply procured such Sen?
ate amendments to tha Shipping bill, which
i i itv ii,,os., at tha Instance nf gatton'
unions, as in make lt operafYve for the ship,
while benefiting Hie seamen, There i.; scarcely
a provision in extorting law bearing hardly upon
sail,irs thal Mr. Prye has nut modified in his
inii Y>t. because h.-limits iii,, nae of necessary
force against a refractory crew by the phrase
"Justifiable caiiv," therefore sen iHevyoys di :x xv
foe i-,.,in, ti,i nd abaurdum that with Justifiable
rauae lin- captain may ting, it is enough tu say
that flogging is prohibited by law.
PERSONAL.
Th.* present Oovernor of Maryland is tho first
OOO in nearv e-, irs who xe.s lu,rn outside <>f the
Btate. At om^ im- 'in- Oovernors cf Maryland,
Ivanla "-,l Delaware wera nil natievi< nf
;. i They ev. r. Governor Pattison nf Penn
.-.le :...i. Got -.ir, i Bigga <.f Delaware and Oov?
ernor Lloyd ,,: Ma ry la nil. all of whom wera born
en ile !:.!-??. rn Shorer uf Maryland.
Mr. Monly hires Tremont Temple, Rosfon. on his
own account, aol takes up a collection at each me t
Ing ti defray the eapenaa Tlie collections, however,
,1 l Il.l! lil, . I til,' !"llt.
Il ls laid thal T'r. Nansen, tire Noree-o^lm rxploror,
.i much annoyed ee i>n rte s*-. s himself referred to
ns a Sex.- :.-.
En-Governor Morriu of Kansas baa fin American
fun thai xxiii li" his winding ?beet, it srss cleon to
him by aome old Midlers of the Leavenworth lloma
Although C'or.-'r*>s?mnn Halnslia A. OrOW ls SSV*
rnte--:!r<-o yeal* Did, flo wrlto* Without gtasaSS,
K:np**ror Pranel* Joseph of Austria is having his
portrait painted i,y th" Viennese art:** Eduard Hero
eeiiz. He pits for -fi" ;ii-lsi in tho III?rtnrlo.ii Art
Museum, where the directors' office has boan fitted
r 11 - f,ir Hip liar;...sh.
The Rev. Julia? H. Wari (Episcopal), for many
yais an editorial writer for "Tha Boston Herald," ls
teri inly lil. His inr?** hr,my, which he haa 'oren
collecting tor thirty years, will soon ba I '.
O. r. Clemens, who haa Just been mada a reporter
for -fi" Kansas Supreme Court, la a cousin of Mark
Ts sb
Mr-. Paret, tho rx-ifo of Bishop Paret, of Balli*
more, who died on Monday, xx ia a daughter el tb
late Isaac Peck, of Flushing, i.tik Island, snd
was well known aocially In Flushing nnd Brooklyn.
Some years ago the wrote .1 "Catechism for Chil?
dren," which bore the Inscription, "By the Wife
ol a l 'i' rte m.ri." Bhe organised .i "Band ot
Mercy" for th" protection of dumb animals soiik
time ago ;,t Towson, Md., where she had her
country home.
,x marble buat of Clara Schumann, by Professor
Han mann, l >* been *et up In tho concert-room
of '''! - Me -'?'.-.' ii' I'r ink:' r'-n:;-'' ? M.-.o
evie-!.-, on January ZJ, IM1, sfio cloaed her public
careel ia n planlal with a performance of i. r
husband'* plano quartet,
THE TM.K OE THE DAY.
i .--rr Blaise's riny, snd tho ceremony of
hici lng throat* xxiii tske place In aome Catholic
church! Si. Dla laius, or Bis Iso, xv ,s an Ar
men in Bl hop, nnd ?uttered martyrdom in the
er.riv centuries. While In prison he cured a boy
,,," ,, rerious threat trouble, ano has been r
i!i7**?1 n the apecial aalnt evin, may be prayed to
f,,r help i". obtaining cures for diseases of tho
throat. Ha is abai the patin n saint of ee-...>i
combera, from the fact thal Iron combs were used
in tearing his ii--h when he was being put to
dent!
.xi the ..;.:???;.? i election In lift, il which Mr.
,, ? lin hi* *? al fmni the I'nlvi r tx. hla op*
,,,-.? i >. .Mi Hardy The practice th *n sra* for
, ,. . i.-,-...r t*e r,-.-..r,l hi- vote Ly xs<,r? l of mouth
bi fore i. Iii rs for ? a h pa ??? Rifting In the onx'oi a*
lion . "?? ? or -? ane other suitable place of m< I
The lan Profr**or Henry Smith wai actina a*
t.-ll*-r f,.r- Mr. Oladstone e\h> i an uncouth country
pai on enter I ind to tl uaual que tlon for whom
. i io re "rd hi* vote, n pill d In hi* confu?
sion! "i rot< for Mr. Olad l nean for 'Aide." "I
claim thal vote," quietly pul In Professor Bmlth,
"No, ii"." protested tho old clergyman; "l didn't
(Ininti ti,- ii in. " "V,,'i didn't .-'..n !?<?*-:11. tho
other." xx i- ;ii" professor's dry retort A si.,rv is
told of an eminent legal pru itltloner who -.e.is .if
il;.-t.-<i with a -imii.ir difficult! in pronouncing his
saplratei mnnj ?? ii ago. il had i particular
dislike to a lal,- I,'ml t'haneellor evin, had pub?
lished a book of hymns. Coon seeing ids rival en?
ter tim ,-,,'irt on one occasion he ee.ts overheard to
mutter: "'Ere 'e comes, 'umming 'ts 'ymn tunes;
'..iy hold 'umbug, 'nev I da 'ate 'im'' (wi itmlnster
Ossette.
A bill has been li tr luci l In the Stats Senate of
Tennese*-<* forbid lin? any person to Unger or loiter
on any atreet alley, road or lane in the vicinity of a
young ia lies' b larding i ta ? ??? Neither *hall sny ona
try '" communicate secretly with the inmate-; . ( ,,-.-.
?uch Institution, nor loaf, lurk and loiter where the
Inmates of snrii Institution ara likely to bs f
MAN', TIIR KICKER.
Iii xxlirtor. When tho cold xx Irids blow,
Mun kicks.
Ho doesn't like the || o aral tn0W,
He hates to se* tbe mmury ko
To zero; If lt rails bell xv
1!,- kl ks,
r>h, how he kl,-ks:
In summer evh.-n tho Blssards aizz,
Man kick*,
Ha groans: "Ob, Lord, how hot lt ls!M
A- ir no miser; i quailed hi*.
Then, as bs wipes his itreamlng phiz
He kl. ks.
(di. hoxv he kirk*!
And so lt I i, if cold or hot.
Man kl ks
He's never pleased xer'h what he's got,
Bul growl* and furn. I, aird sxe sra il lJt,
And ee hi! i ? ' ll ls rl?hi or aol
li- kicks.
Oh, hi xv ii" ki k ?'
?(Somerville Journal.
Mrs. Susan Wlnans, of Santa Anna. Cal., li aald
to f ?? tb* ? nie- known nirvtvor ot tha Pori Dearl orn
m ? -ro in isp.'. T ie Chi igo Hurt irlcai Society has
: ki i iii" Cnlted States Government tn >,-ie" ii'r a
pi ns n.
"Hello!" exclaimed Tommy; "there goes 'm.* of
then horn, le** . nrrlages."
? xx',. ii'."' (houted Aunt Marta, rushing to ths
window.
"Why right 'cross the way, aunty; don'l you nee
that it ls drawn bj mules?" (Boston Tran* rlpt.
"The Churchman" rep rt* thal tha 'laughter of
the principal notary of Placlnaa, Italy, waa found to
have la mr ttomach an accumulation uf ni",law of
, Msdonns locally celebrated for powers ol cure in
cancer. Sha had iwallowed a nnd.il >-.i h day for a
xe <-? ls ,,r: ., lei.-, of li'-r C lOfeSSOT,
.Nn e-.-ont of national Importance will shortly take
place in France, li is tbs r. tlremenl of M. Delb*
lt r. the executioner, e?bo. noev that he has imii
lotlned SO! criminals, ti.inki* it high tims hi* buc
,. ?or e*. is appointed Ile ls atxtv-three years "f
?;? . md ha* i.?-" forty years in his country's
m i vi,-, il*- <i.,.i hts apprenticeship eeith Roch,
l is predecessor, usslatli g In eight) two i xt ntl.,ns.
? I ...ll-*-.:. .. ,.!.??.
A Scotch clergyman in Melbourne, Australia, they
any, ha* arrayed his male choristers in Highland
? ir- - . while the women r? 11 tit. .i in ths > ostumes
Of tba lane- nf Ihe l.lk--" Til" hemiis I p* lung
I tba bagpipe, and iht < horeb |*>
crowd ,i
Tl ? v w Ml il:* r six hours' si. j, |( rmough for
' any mun.
The .xi.-"ii. Mb. l- I Deacon ';,..?i gracious! Von
don'l preach us long as tii.it. do eon" (Yonkers
man,
! A Mil has been Introduced In tbe Pennsylvania
. nure prohibiting tba wearing of high hat in
theatres, under penalty of i ana of nol mora than
V. "r Imprisonment >>f noi nen-, than See daya.
i .e.mi.i dara nythtng for i on, Oeorgs " sin- mm
? lo .k-.i up Into ms eyes with s glad smile
R* illyr* he **kt*d.
Rei ll) snd truly," ihi answered, -; w..ni,i
h iai? a. noi him
; y\ di y ni clop- with in- to-night?" he Inqul ed
\\ llllnaly, rf If lt .:? i .? ." un,i Mh, looked
" ?louelj oul of Ihe window.
Of eouree the lin must be drawn somewhere even
in un ii .i woman will dare for the man -n.- lovea
(Chicago Chronicle
teboui two hundred New-Jersey .-.iimr* win vi*n
Raleigh,|N. C., aboot tbe nrm ot April.
Tba Olddy Vonna Thlag?Wbat i? thal proverb
aio.it t,,.r. being po n,.-,rrelnK m heaven?
The Chronic '-ncbelor? Poola nmh In where an?
sel* fear to t -d.-dtidlanapoll* Journal.
NEW Ol FT TO TIIE UV fi BUU OF t/.T.
IT IR A COIX-flsUL PICCI OF HTATt -auy nv
OBOROs. ORatT BARNARD, AND Tin-;
PRRgENT OP ALFRED CORNING
CLARK'! WIDOW,
lu ..:k-of the outbuildings or the Mstropolltsn sfu*
si sm "f Art is n jil see of statuary concerning wi.in
nm a tins ii."ii mitten an.i said abroad. Il kt ;l
colossal crone ny the young American sculptor,
Oeorgs -ir. y Barnard, and !' bsa hern presented te
th.- museum hy Mri; BIKabe th B. nark, ne- erldow
of Alfred Corning Clark, In memory of her" husband.
Tie- statue hus seen the property of tbs museum
for more than two months, bul nothing bas been
published with regard te li until now. At tie- No
\ nab* r meetli g .>r ths trasti es of the museum the
Committee on Sculpt uri reported favorably re?
tarding thi acieptai a "t the gift, sad the trustees
roted unanimously to accepl it, directing the seers
til rv of tin- corporation to i xpnsa to Mrs. Clark
th. lr- tin.nks for ih- sift.
\ Tribune reporter yesterday saw the group in itu
temporary resting place. Ita titi,. u "Thees are
two naturea struggling within me," and thi green*
represents two men struggling for supremacy, One
of ths fi^r? ir?. ii- s prone upon the ground, while tha
oiler bends abovs him, struggling vstnlj to ti ir
himself from hui grasp, The sttltuds of the two
figures expresses Fupreme effort, snd the two faces
i Intended to I ?? symbolic of ihe K""d snd the
evil Hiirlts thal the sculptor has regarded man as
Lavina,- one fi.frank, open, visibly distressed; tie
otha having sinister features that ar- shadowed
NV Hil il H. owl.
The group is the iari-est piece of ststuary thsl the
muse iiin ,,<....-.., in fact, it ls so large thal the
bit I ld I ns now haa no el""r through which i' cen be
taken f'onai i ntly lt reposes Ingloriously In sa
oiithulldinR. General .ll Cesnots says that it erlll
probRbly Hta; there until ths new wing af iii" mu*
a..ute ls completed,
<;>..roe Grey Barnard, the sculptor of Hie ^roup,
la .. young American who la now scarcely m ir. than
twenty-one rears old, but his work, particularly
tie- example thal haa come to his i stive land, ten
? v lied much prelate from European sri critics, both
In iv stand and on the Continent.
LOY M. CHESHIRE ALUMNI.
ANNUAL PINNRB at Tin: WALDOBf?THB IPBABT
Etta ASD THEIB TOASTS.
gi me slaty loyal alumni of tho obi Episcopal
Academy e,f Connecticut, familiarly known ns
Cheshire Academy, mel In the Waldorf benejuet
room hist night at the dinner of Ihe Alumni a.
Bocistlon. Cyrus Ls Rue Munson, presldenl of the
association, occupied the chair, on the table in
fr".u of him reposed a snow bank of roses, with
n hine border and trimmings of green. It hore
the. motto, "Eec," between th<> elates "iT'ei" end
"HST," iti revi Bowers, and forme.1 the- conspicuous
floral el.tr.-itioii ol tbs room. Th> r. .;. to
the toasts e>f tue evening were warmly received,
snd both speakers and hearers took occasion more
than once to express their hearty eeteem for Pro?
fessor Woodbury, ths principal of the academy,
who wai present. Wilford Witter.., Georgs Se**.
m'"ir Lenoi snd C, H. Hawley, of the clsss ol
? Ided to the evening's pleasure by their solos, ;i"..i
the kui.sts rounded u;> the pr..gmmme later with
s hearty chorus of "Auld Lang Syne."
Mr. Munson responded to the first toast, "Ths
Alumni Association," with n forceful tribute to
th .1. in vi mi nts of old Cheshire students In mlll
tary, naval, legal, ecclesiastical and artistic fields
of action. Ile w.i' followed by Professor Bri David?
son Woodbury, who answered to "Ths Cheshire
.\' e!--ri v.- Professor W.Ibury refi -rn .1 to ths
r. tent sdvsnces In the Cheshire curriculum, snd
to the strides which the academy alumni have
taken alncs their graduation. Hi closed by ex
lendlns the ru eta a warm Invitation to revisit
their old . I. il, Profi ??or Luther, of Trinity i ol
i-i.-", then responded to "The Trustees," ..;..i Pro.
f< - or a. \v. Phillips, ot i ale University,
Informal!} on "Modern Science." Herbert B.
furner men spoke on "Education and Politics."
lie referred io the struggle* of the laat campaign,
and advised the leachii - ot honesty und morality
in pul.M.- Bchoola, ;.. educate the people above i h
sn Idea aa wilful repudiation of dent, it. il. li.
' iirtls responded t.. "The Boya. Old and Voung."
? nd a digi ? ? ii "American Art," ev A'llliatn Ord
w.i;. Partridge, who waa prrvented from attend?
ing, w.t- read. Mr, Partridge aald In part: "Our
National greatness In sri will r.ot bc tne result of
il .' li i." original. ... i ml) rn the.
produi lng ol great men shall wc bc able tu produce
anything great In art."
Among thone present wero Charles Wiener, the
Rev. John Williams, M. K. Stone, W. B. Chester,
Royland A. Hobbins, Arthur H Abernethy, Harold
tl. Corlis, Walter Jones Hewlett, Or. A, M.
Thomar., Harold Talbot, W. H. Barnes, T. A.
Matthewta, W, T, Matthews, Dr. ,'. W. Murray,
Kdward Varian, Dr. W. K. Simpson, Dr. li. Hol?
brook Curtis, iian.-i-: .). Cogswell, Joseph W. Har?
dman, Lenox Pa ber, Rudolph C. K.l., r. .1. M.
Roaevear, T R, Roaevear. Charles W, Rosevear,
Kal nv mel B. ItOHCvenr, thc Rev. J, Newton Perkins
the Rev. In- Oeorge S. Mall ry, ''h.eries lt. Haw?
ley, A. B Cook, ile- Rev. George S. Rennltt, Kel?
win.! ,i. McCrossIn and Howard k. Kins la d,
lill: AMEEU l\ SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA.
The audience that w a.- present last evening in
Chlckering Hall st the si.nd concert of tbs
American Bympl.y Bot lety gave evidence of be?
ing brought thither by something more than s
friendly Intere t In a new undertaking by young
rm There were not m.my who braved the storm,
but they showed a lively ai predation of tho play*
lng of the orchestra snd gave fredjbent signs of
their approval. The programme was matte i i cele?
brate the 100th anniversary of Schubert's
birth by Including Qutraud's Intrumentatlon
of the military march, op. .".!. Ko, i; his
unfinished symphony and two of hil Bongs, There
wr.- some who regretted thal lt did hot occur to
the director of the orchestra t.. produce some
..ne. of the earlier snd entirely unfamiliar sympho
of 8 '???. iberi at a tribute to the mist-r's rn "fl?
ory that would honor it .pii'.- ss much ;.; the In?
terminable repetition of his two greatest works
that has been going on ail over the world for ths
lasi fortnlgnt ar io, snd add the Interesl of nov?
elty, As this rn ???? not to be, it remains only to
observe that the audience was treated to sn es*
tremel) vigorous and robust performance of the
symphony, vv.;; ih >ught oui and w-.-li balanced, but
one thal did not penetrate verj far Into the
transporting poesy of the composition. The pr -
gramme contained the two movements by Pro
[-,?.--. Ma< bowell on the Bona of Roland, "Die
Barasenen" and "Die Schttne Alda" one of his
most .-'i.--?sfiil snd Interesting achievements In
orchestration, but not ai lils highest level of really
musical thought.
The soloist waa Mis? Marguerite Hall, who fur
ther contributed to the memorial to Schubert
by singing his songs, "Memnon" and "Ochclmes"
with the plano accompaniments set over tor or*
,-li,'.'t:i b\ Brahms. The orchestration cf ac
nintenta so native lo the plano ar- these la
a doubtful experiment, and Ii was not proved alic
,?? Vol last evening, though lt ls hardly fair to
iii.!-;., of ihem ur 'il they an ha ird with :? singer
who ? -ri do fuller Justice to the vocal part than
jjflsa Hall. She was more at home In songs by
a. Goring Thomas,
THE LIBBEY ART SALE.
Th" sale of pictures owned by the late William
Libbej v. closed st thi Fifth Avenue Art Osl*
1,'ii'a yesti rday. Ths minor art works. Including
engravings, etchings, photographs, piioioi.-iiiv.ires,
etc.. brought some *?',"?'. Including Monday's an.i
yesterday's sessions, "Trinity Church and Cus?
tom House, IMS" (after wade Dougal), and Two
Views Old New-York, Presbyterian Church and
Blackwell's Island," each brought MS, which was
th.- highest price paid.
At the evi sing sals there wss a i.ir^e- atti ndance,
bm competition wss not strong, snd low prices
were realised fer most of the pictures, which eon*
slated ii, itn'.v of oil paintings. Some "f the princi?
pal sales were ns follows: "Reverie," by .1. O.
' i-eiu.-i $i>"; "T!i>- ie.ld. n Oate, Sun Kiiinelsco,
Cal " by A. Hl.-rstil.it. IBM); "Near evening," by
George 'Inn. ss. $;>'-'. "Sehevenlngen." by K. ii.
Knemmerer. JHO; "The Sheep-Fold." bi Charles
J., axu " $o?>: "A Clint Dav on Hie Mani.," by
Pterre ?> Clays, BsW' "Spearing Ktsh by Torchlight,
Kali.- Tahoe. Cal.," bi A. Blerstadt. WS; "Pur
Bued by Wolves," bv Wlerns Alfred Kowalski, law;
?Tutti.- ;ti the Tyrolese Highlands," h\ William
Prey, S2S5; "Dolce f;ar .Vent.." bj William Kray
*S85; "The Bight "f *'*??" bj O. Washington, *.:..?,
? The bookworm." by walter dray, ?.'.'..
LECTURES AT YALE.
N.'-V'llav,::, Conn., Peb. I?Atrangesaents hilve
been completi 1 at Yale for the m ?s: notal le e^our-ee
of lectursa ever glvsn al the university. Kn lei tbs
lusptces of the Union, the alenatini* society of the
academic d partment, tbs following spesken have
consented to ippear ImaMdlatelg: Oeorge W, lanai*
;.v, Yiile-. '.-,:l. Charles HOBklBS Clark. Yal- '71. ot
Hartford: Dav hi a. Walla, eif Norwieh. and Howard
.1 Phelps, e?*Mtnlster to Bagtand, lt d probable
thai Mr. Phelps will speak of the Arbitration
Treaty with England, and thal Mi amalle) also
will touch on that topic, The committee of the v. .
Union are 'orrespondlng with Mark a. Hanna,
ltourk.' Cockran, Charles A Dana and i'm.tan
A. T. M.ilia.i. ni.itive to lecturing ai Tale, bul noth?
ing ls known of their Intentions,
URE. BEECHER'S CONDITION.
Stamford, Cobb,, Pub, ! Mr.. Hears Wsrd
Beecher's condition d unchanged from la*t night.
Hbe became somewhat worse yesterday afternoon,
but ihs bsd symptoms hiv.- not increased.
CORSE LU s VANDERBILT IS WASBIXGTOS.
Washington, rob, I, CeraeUua VasderblU, sf
Na wTork, an.1 his servants arrive..l hera. IO>ntghl
and were driven at otve to the Lowery HottSS at
Vermont-ave, and K-st., N. \V., whleh he baa
*eased.
ALBERT DURER.
Tiirc COMPLKTI OOLLBGTIOM op ma en.
OttAVUICM at thi: QROLICH CLUB,
For thirty day* the 'over of old print*, han a gal|ga
opportaalty al bis disposal in tho gaiipry of tn*
? ,'rolier Clttb, There a rernarhahlo. eoller-tion of
leirer'B onfrravlii,,'? ha* b?on hiinu, tho mr.nt oom
plats ever displayed !n tm* eoontry, or. fir that
matt"r. In aay Of the artistic capitela 0f tho world.
Mot only hag ox-ory known plata been ObtalBad for
th.- exhibition, bat in maw oases thora ir* ?o- o-jj
pi inf s grouped, *o a* to show how unpreoalooa vary
.'-. .1 aim and velvety tone. Wi- 1 tho aid ot photo
graphs and ether dal ,.- ra a?semiii**ri rho imdeal
may ohnfrxe in a -.erv t.rjr;Ms way the tafluea ? of
tho aatlSJiia and o' fra i.m art upon the northam
mast...-; anl. linaiiy. a IIMIp ?iih-oolloet|r,n of [or.
traits .md views Illustrates the biography of r> ,r*r
in reviving the personalities ol himsoif and his fim
Ujr, Altogether li rs a lymmetrical Katherina- of ny*.
ur<3, ona or those exhIMtlona which ree*a! an .ir-m
at 'oil lenna, it is ima thu' tfi*. sbstnc* of mirror
ons specimens of lmr.-r'. drawings,' pelattagi aid
woodcuts leaves !.fs full stature onllluetfated in
any concrete aenee, hut the get hla of tba una Iii
fully expressed ,:i fi.- engravmga Bindy af
.If.-.-;..?, s ;iii of the pecull ir qualities ui.iih ranee hi*
nam** arith the names ,.f Rembrandt and M: haei
Angelo and I.e..i;.ir.'
I" rcr ri tba Pr-r of tho Rroafemt ;n tho h rory
of art, yet, mora than any <if tbe old ma?ter*. h*
abldea apart from tbe ram There may he iir.ks
between lim and bia prodoceasora, il" waa not
Insensitive to the Influence <,f -ome of his ",n.
temporaries, ii.* learned from his master, Wolge*
mut. from !ho xv.,rkt< of H.-honsraner and '"rana"h
and Lucas van der Leyden, and * specially did h*
protit i.y the example of thc [tallang, Jacope di
H.irt.arl and Mantegna. Y> t th*-r.> i? something
algnlftcant of his fundamental Independenes in
Certain written records why-h We have on ths
subject of his studlea. When Mantegna ev tying
at Mantua he heard thal Durer waa ia Italy, ar.1
teni fur him In ordet "thal I." might fortify rd*
facility and certainly of hand with iclenttna
knowledge nn.l principles." The Inst xv.,rd* ar?
eloquent "fldenttflo knowledge and prim Iptas,"
these Durer could and wjuM derive from othefe,
an.l his enormous Industry waa only agu iliad hy
the humility xvith which he sat at tho tee, of **i?
superior* li thi* point or that of artistic learning
or technique, Hut you may look In vain fer any
organic changes In ld* art Indloative of forotgr,
preesure. Thus it ls Interesting to follow, with the
help of Mr. Km !,!? r's sehilarly catalogue for thi*
exhibition, the evolution of [Mirer's 'Adam and
Eve" plate iNo. Ul. Tho figure of Adam ts reedm
traceable through ff.*' matter's own famous draw*
lng or Apollo back to tho Apollo Belvidere, Th*--,
ar., other episodes ol a similar nature In tbs hi*.
tory "f le.r-'.-'s nrt. Tho close itudent of hil
drawings will recall one little picture of a re?
clining; infant, which i* liffo.i bodily from a frcu
lar panel by Lorensodl Credl In th*- rtflzi But t'.-.e
..mi" itudent nedda to ba warned agali ? ? >-.*
allurement of such hypo*, he asa as iprtng ir.--antiy
from oaeh testimony of foreign influen ? in i'lrer-j
work. Th.-v have a .-urtous iri.r. t, they assist tc
an understanding of tha master'* growth, hut
once reognlsed they need to ba ',-? isly in
their proper place. Dtirer max- t,*- admitted to haw*,
felt the force of southern precedent, i t not si
the evidence on that point that can v-o a< im-,later
is sufficient to affect the Binnularttjr *,f hi* ixl Hi
bad the sensitiveness of any srr-.t atttat, rh*
catholicity of taste, tbe readiness to u whatevei
? ame to hla hand. Eager to learn ss ho was
thirsty to acquire exact knowledge, then ar*.
I laaagea in him which ipeak of other minda Bui
they ar*- onie paaaage*, arel they fade Into r.oth
eas before his rv.ii powerful IndlvtduaUty
Plr ? and lael lie was content to be him* If
Thal Northern aelf of his typlAes a tronsitleaal
?tate. Ha stands with one foot Unaly renting or
the archaic austerity of the MlddM Abos ar.d thi
Oothlc tradition, xvith th<* other pi arning tenta
tie-, ie- on Into the a rmer, m'.r. humane world ol
the Renaissance. Ile eva- born In UTI, ho glad ls
IMS, and hence ha was the contemporary of ?o
poetic a painter ai Botticelli, ol so many aided a
aa r{:t,;i ni. But his rs s and his ctn um
atences am 'ted him in tha development of mch
tast.-s and Impulses si he may have had ii ,-om
mon xvith thone two. Tiny burgeoned out beneath
the italian sun and achieved the lower of art
beanty, Hla inspiration xxas congealed aadd th*
conditions of lils native Germany and through th*
passionless contemplation of Ms own natur*. He
lust mimed achieving beauty. He obtained instead
an extraordinary psychological guallty and i Ms*
Unction of atyle xviii, h might have made him th*
envy nf the greatest niaster of pure loveltnaoa ii
the South. Leonardo himself, with his Infinitely
mote refined imagination, could produce no subtler
work than Darer's; r."r ??,,-. the touch ol tbs Ml
lanese master ever more dlstingi Ishi I, moreortgl*
ital. These two quallth . - ty snd ityla, the
mimi and tfie hard, were rans d by Don r -r> a pleas
of supreme authority, Bi usu., is bi auty, tha beauty
of imagination, bs tu ret could hope to capture, but
Within his ,,wn ev!,!*? limitations h" txris a macnlfl*
ci n- ruler, irreaking himself open his tbemes wita
*omethinB near to grandeur. The best iiiustrr>.tioni
of his genius aro to lo* found In tho flo],] of por
tratture; ths ', ? sn. though not, perhaps, the most
suggestive. A plate like tho "Melsnchotti ' la mon
profoundly Interesting than arc mch portraltaaatM
Erasmus," tho "Melancthon," tha "Hrk ..-?.mer",
or the "Albert of Brandenburg" (the plats known ai
tho -T.iifie Cardinal'*). But In tba '?Melancholia" a
veli |g hun* between the artist ead tba sreeld**-hu
meaning is ealgeaatle; while ir. the portraits he
han the transparency of tha highest art We think.
ind rad, that the portraits named above, arith or.e or
two other*, are on all accounts worthier of long
study thin destgna upon which Mr. Koeblar sbssm
disposed to Huger, in tba "Braam ni' al a - poe t*1
fur moro than in "The uroat Fortune" or any other
of the allegorical plates brilliant though they may
he?the. measure of Ie.ir.-r's analytic mind, th*
flavcof hi.s metap iy I temperament sad genius.
WheU ho la allegorical he rs following a ci r-amitfe
loi i Inatlnct for mystery, fantosticsUty, fer ths
painfully purchased Bights of Northern baagssa*
tlon?which is too questioning ex r to Lu at n* ea..*s
among marvels and dreams B it whei ..-- ls la ths
prosen<*o of character bis art has - ;? UsMl
hs is imo to himself in the lt i well SS la
the greatest matters, .n-A in placi of grotesque fig*
urea ri :; x >i superbly dm ? ? la bm ? *
place of meanlnglesa acct aorli I .^ lb* -orm
and pressure of tbe litter's nvlronment, In ptocs of
.-yes that "do bend on meaney, ? '>',s ss
?trange gods and Impoa Me pl ? liav*>
tha penetrating ?aze . ? ? :- lm*
mortal aoula Durer was no ieee, ind bis tavern
lions, ii!;,- ti;.' ??:.:? lb "!oB
il . -u a trackless arasti Bul be had ?> teasssa*
dons grip on character and s gift ' laaaa*
'ini of i; which was equally strong >\ ? ?'??> not
mean to Ignore the quality ot lm ginni i idaokf
In bim. lt la, In fact, s deep muree of en '''??
meat. Bul the potnl needs io be emphasised thm
Dtirer found bis trite level In portraiture an J to
scenea of domesticity, of realism Ills Martngi ?r*
his own; no one els,, ever produced anything galts
Ilk.* his "Death and the Lanaqoenet," or ;'??<? "-a*
an,dioiia." or "Tfi" Oreel Fortune," bul othersMB
heat iihu an that line, while no ?? n<>*
avon Holbein or Bembran li could quit** aiirsssa
him la tho internet tatton of atrtctty buaaaa thamsa
lie mw Ma personages xe uh a piercing .ye. sad as
delineated them vx':'h tha bm I of a c wisawaal
painter
T'.-.e last epithet mae s-.-in lll-choasa, and r*
peclally tinea tbe |.!-.-<.-.it aihlMtlaa sukes no
pretence of Illustrating Dur. r's ee.uk with "1*
l,rush Bul his ,-ivr.i ve,I work ls ? r ? ?? rt> 1 r.. tl t I*T
tba work of o painter, being full el color, fun at
Mif.-|. modelling, full of the masslvs Mraaftt
which line alone could hardly bs eapeeted to rta\9
in ? paaaage uk*- thal In the evin*: ,( Th- (Hem
Fortune" thor.* is all of tha rartety Bli ot tb*
dellcati modulation, whkxh ls looked for ta th*
brushing of s ssaster af oil palatlagi sad, nw
pualy, ;h* effects which Dflrsr semetlaaea missal
in hrs actual expsrimeati with eeles bs sseawi
?moHi without -rion, m.- ll sswns. tn Ms mm
Klaxeil i.liil*-* In -eh ii plate l> I h" ^;r?,??l,f','
Son or ll'. .,tn,us fl loromo" hs ''^ripaus
the moderns In hts handing ol "*-"> res ja a. xm
turo, ... hi* PU) ot llghl and ahmA*. ? g?
i.t.na-i'fe :n- ti mn which na
extenuate His wesiism, we >-r;- ^ ,.ivwi.d
thoa. nmmeiH- lr. e* ??,.*? h he lm inls, d (;u J-j^
fancy, hts whim f.?r Bm smnesu, -*?
Sit.lr
In his usual mo*
ujjvii ki* aubjec-t
Shaarui *?B,"*a a ss
?> ? \

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