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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 24, 1897, Image 3

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Th-* Joint Legislative Committee which ls In?
vestigating tho workings of trusts resumed its
labors IB the Council Chamber of the City Hall
yesterday morning. As tho oommtttes must
PtsWattt Its rtport to the Legislature on March
1. the final session will he held to-morrow. It ls
not probable that any other trust will be taken
up after Senator Lexow gets through with the
American Tobacco Company, whose president
was on the stand yesterday. It ls anticipated
that if the committee dives deepl) enougb int"
tho history and methods <>f the American To
-..?100.-- Company more interesting discoveries a in
l>.- hr.>ucht to i:ghr than even In the cases nf the
Rubber and Sugar trusts. As a trust it has been
particularly hold, ami its operations have b*jen
SECh as to bring it to the attention nf the Grand
Jury. On account of the meeting of the Boan]
of Aldermen yesterday afternoon, the committee
wa? enabled to hold only one session. G. Wald..
Smith, the president of the Wholesale Grocers'
Association, was the first witness called, and h.*
made an energetic defence of the action of the
Sugar Trust in Axing the price of sugar by means
of factors' agreements. He corroborated the as?
sertion of Mr. Searles that these agreements
were resolved upon only at the solicitation of the
Wholesale Grocers' Association: but ho was
forced to admit that the trust by the agree?
ments practically stifled competition.
James B, Duke, the president of the American
Tobacco Company, was In tho chair fur less
than an hour; but In that time he admitted that
his corporation had obtained control of DO per
c. nt of the cigarette trmle. and was, to all In?
tents, a monopoly, Inasmuch as only about lo
per cent of the trade was left for about a
hundred other concerns that wore engaged in
the manufacture of cigarettes. It was ascer?
tained also fi om Mr. Duke that tho trust had
dosed down three of the factories lt had ac?
quired, resulting in the discharge of several
hundred men and women.
It is possll.lo that the committee may occupy
Itself further with the affairs of the Rubber
Trust. Senator Lexow was Informed yester
dav morning that Joseph Ranlgan, of No. Wi
chambers-st., a former president of the Knited
States Rubber Company, was anxious to testify
before the committee. Mr. Banlgan was the
owner of the Woonsocket Rubber'Company De?
ft re It was acquired hy the trust. His relations
with some members of tho trust's directorate
have not been of the pleasantest nature for
some months, and it ls reported that he profioses
to start another rubber factory at Olneyvllle,
}\. I., for the purpose of fighting the trust, con
uently if he ls called to the stand to-day or
to-morrow, Mr. Barigan may have much of
Inp rest to tell the committee.
The first witness csllM before thc committee
yest rday morning was G. Waldo Sn-lth, president
of the Wholesale Grac-rs' Association. Replying
to Mr. Lexow. he sa'.l tnat the association was
not incorporated. Th** -ha: rm .in also questioned
the witness as to ths formation ?f the association,
Its scope, the territory lt covered, and facts relat?
ing to Its membership. In the course of hts ox
it lon Mr. Smith said that tho association
lurisdlctlon In the South, nnd explained
that thc grocers and Jobbers of the South were
organized under tho title of the Southern Grocers'
Asso i it lon.
It may be remembered that Mr. Searles, In giving
evidence as to the Sugar Trust, said that the fac?
tors' agreements, under whVh the product of the
trust WSB distributed, w-.-re Insisted upon by the
Wholesale Grocers" Association, because tho latter
as.-erted that unless the price of refined BUgar
w maintained at a fixed level lt was Impossible
to obtain a profit from its sale. The onus In fact
of these agreements and of the fixing of prlce-i
was cast upon the Wholesale Grocers' Association.
Y'esterday. however. In reply lo one of Senator
DexjWs inquiries, Mr. Smllh stated that the asso?
ciation neither fixed nor controlled the price of
sugar In any way. All the association did was to
send out notices of the change, of prices in sugar.
It was true, however, he said, that the same
courso was not rak<n In regard to other goods,
and explained this distinction by saying that sugar
waa the most important product sold by the asso?
ciation. The sugar refiners adopted certain terms
of sale, nnd, in order to benefit by thos^ terms,
the secreti.ry was instructed to send out notices
cf any I bange In price. These terms, Mr. Smith
s ;hl, were made between the officers of the Whole
aale' Grocers' Association. Mr. Searles, Mr. Have*
meyer and other sugar refiners, but he could not
remember the names ot tho latter.
?Where ooen your association get the price of
??From the sugar refineries."
"Dont you know that your secretary gets the
price from th<* American Sugar Refining Com?
? I have cn Impression tho price ls hung up In
th.-ir office, end tne secretary goes there and gets
"Don't you know that ne ls ordered to go there
and get lt?"
"1 don't know anything about lt.
Tho witness said that lb* rules of tho Wholesale
Grocers' Association had been drawn up nina
years ago. and never changed since then
' Now did not the American Sugar Refining Com- j
puny draw up thc rules that govern your assocla- j
?Not to my knowledge.??
"Now, be careful. Will you swear that company
not pay for ihe printing of tho rubs?"
I do not know; I don't think so."
? Do you mean to say you are losing money by
g sugar?"
Yes, slr; that la so. I am speaking of my own
? Notwithstanding you get 3-16th of a cent per
pound as ;i rr hate?"
Yes, slr."
"Do you want to be understood that the American
Buger Refining Company ls responsible for tho code
of rules putting the price of sugar m an equality
everywhere, and not the Wholesale Grocers' Asso?
"The Whol.-ale Grocers' Association had nothing
to do with that rub to my knowledge "
"Did your association solicit the American Sugar
Relining Company to fix the pricesP'
?'Our a-svoiatlon had nothing to do with the fixing
of prices since five cr six yean ago."
Mr. Smith said his firm bought goods from the
American Bugsi Refining Company and from the
Mollenhsuer < tompany.
"And you g.t th.- same documents from both rom
pani- rs?"
"Yes, sir."
?Then tb- product of the MoUenhauer company
is Axed by the quoted p-p-es ?r ti,,- American sugsi
Ri nlng Company?"
1 have no knowledge of any such thing."
Mut don't you fix the price asked?"
' V's. dally, as telegraphed hy our brokers "
".Ww," said Senator Lexow. rising in his seat
and blinding Mr. Smith a copy of the factors'
agr**sasnt, "J am sorry we should know mora
alon your business than you do."
Mr, Smith examined rhe document carefully and
th<n reniark-d: "All mai ls in thal agreement ls
ti..C we muk,- nu i.tthl.ivlt to inuiniulri rh.- price
of sug ir "
"is that nil?" ask.d Senator Lexow, quietly.
li at's all, to my knowledge. I never ?|gne<]
ll." uflldiivlt."
"Who signs the affidavit for you?"
"Mi. Sill.-"
"Now. h : tr..- -how you the affidavits you make
Do these all,davits not state the conditions under
liich you n-ci-i.,- th.* sugar?"
"No, slr; we found wc wire handling auger at
il coat, which meant ruin. W* went t-> the augar
eflners with certain proposals. They aald: 'Now
ve will gu., you a list of our customers, nnd If
.'on can get 99 per cent of them to Join'in your
request are will grant H.' "
"Then lt wis the American Sugar Refining f'om
>nny which proposed the organization of the
Wholesale Orocers' AsaocMtton?"
'No association was formed at that time, lt was
rimply an agreemeni. We asked for a rebate
nhteh would prevsnl the cutting of prices."
"Then you were grimed what yon naked?"
' Yes. sir. We asked ihe American Sugar He
tlnlns Company to lix a price, and to maintain
lh.it price, in otb. r worOa, we nske.l for pro
leetlon. and they gave tt to us"
Senator LexOW then asked the wltnes* If he he.
li.v.d ihnt factors' agreement*, r\\.) not ,ieStroy
"Without competition the who'e ir.nle of the
Knited States would be destroyed.' bs said, r.n.1
In almost the same breath he contended thal com?
binations were n benefit lo the consumer, as they
were to trade
"But how do you rtoeount for the fad thal trade
went on for IJM yean of the Christian .ia prior to
ll ? Organisation of these syndical. aT
"Simply because twenty-Sve years ago not r. per
cern f ail tbe goods sold In tbe retail stores wera
of uniform quality and price, Now 71 per cen! are
Of uniform quality, erst and price."
"Now. ls n not a fact that the Wholesale Gro- |
ors- Association is | tail lo the kite Of 'h" Anuri- ;
can Buger R< nneryf
"No. sir."
Mr. Sml!h rontlni ed to defend ihe miking of I
factor agreement! by the trusts, without the ,x- .
Istence of the sgrajements he said lt would be poasl
ble for one man In a hundred to eu; the price of !
SUgsr and consequently to work to Ihe detriment
Of the other ninety-nine. He maintained, as did
Mr. Sear eS. thal no factor agreemeni wai .vcr
refused to nnv dealer, unless lhere was doubl Bl
to his financial ability to meet his obligations.
Senator McCarren then examined the wltneai al 1
some length, and compared the ay it em by which
rogar was sold with thal by which other staple
groceries were handled by the r. tailers Mr. Smith
explained that each class <>f goods w.-is aold on a
different basis, but in at least sixty cases the gooda
were sold on what pla. th illy amounted to B factor
agreement, although no written agreement existed.
Rebates were granted on condition thal there
should be no cut lu prices.
Before ending his evidence. Mr. Smith, as many
of the trust promoters w-ho have given testimony,
found an opportunity to denounce tho interference
by Legislative bodi.-s with commercial corpora?
When Mr. Smith left the stand Senator LexOW
ai i ounced that the committee would next take up
the American Tobacco Company. Jamel H. Duke,
the president of the company, which ls popularly
known as the Tobacco Trust, was the tlrst witness
called to testify to tbe operations of this company.
H.* informed the committee that the American To
luifco ("omi).my was formed in USO, and was In?
corporated nnd..r tho laws of New-Jersey, Mr.
Duke a! the outset was unable to BUpplj the Com?
mittee with any satisfactory r.ason why the com?
pany should have been organized in New-Jersey,
but eventually Senator Lexow forced him to admit
thal the rea-'.n was to !,.- found in ihe fact that
the laws of New-Jersey were mure considerate .md
favorable to trusts than the laws of any other
State in the country. That fact has been before
demonstrated in tho case of tbe Sugar and Rubber
When the tobacco company was first organized,
lt was brought out. the'.following companies were
amalgamated: Allen Sr ("inter, of Virginia: W.
Duke. Sons & Co. of North Carolina; W. S Kim?
ball & Co., of Rochester; Goodwin & c0., New
York, and the Kinney Tobacco Company, of New
Tork. Subsequently the trust acquired these addi?
tional concerns: The National Tobacco Works, of
Louisiana; E. Whitlock & Co., Richmond. Yu.; G.
w. Qail at Ax and Marburg Brothera. of Rich?
mond; Hernsheim Brothers* Co., of New-Or leena;
Thomas IL Hall. Consolidated cigarette com;,any.
H. Ellis * Co., of Baltimore, und .'.. H. Martin <*4
Co., of Non li Carolina.
Having o'.,tamed Ihe names of these subsidiary
o ii:; anies now controlled by the American To?
bacco Com].any, Mr. LexOW reverted to the motive
that urged th.* New-Jersey Incorporation.
"1 will repeat,'' he saul, "the i|U*?stion thal I
asked you before, and that ls. What was the
nature of the situation that justified the organiza?
tion of a company in the state of New Jersey, no
department of which was slnmied in that Stu!*,
and wb< re it has consequently no interest ai dis?
tinguished from the four States In which it owned
"Well." replied Mr. Duke, wi'h considerable hesi?
tation, "for one thing ihe taxei acre lower, and
then, again, counsel advised ui lo organize in New
"Do you mean," continued Mr. Lexow, "that
the preliminary laxes were made lowerT"
"Yes, and the yearly taxes also," answered Mr.
"ls lt not a fact that the primary reason for the
organizing of the American Tobacco Company In
New-Jersey was that the laws of that State per?
mit one company to sequin the stocks nnd se?
curities of other companies transacting substan?
tially the same business'.'"
"That did not move us. because we did not me.m
to own any stocks in other companies."
"Were ym principally concerned in the maklng
up of the corporation of which you are now presi?
"I was."
"Then, so far as you aro pcrsorally concerned,
the primary object for organizing In New-Jersey
was the- question of taxation?"
"Yes. slr."
Then Mr. Lexow branched off In the direction of
Inquiring as to the amount of business controlled
hy the American Tobacco Company. Mr. Duke, in
reply to questions, admitted that his company had
a monopoly of actually about 90 per cent of the
cigarette trade of the country. In what are known
as the "all-tobacco" brands of cigarettes, he testi?
fied that the trust made- about 60 or 70 per cent nf
th" entire output.
"The committee would like to know," suggested
Mr. Lexow, "whether all the factories that you
have named as being bought up are now running?"
"No, sir; vv.. closed down ihe factories of Goodwin
& Co., the Han factory and the Consolidated cigar?
ette factory. We closed down th.se f sc torlea; but
I would liku to explain that the brands that were
manufactured there were removed to other fac?
tories which wo owned, and are now being made
In these places. You s. a the American Tobacco
o.in;, my. In these instances, did not buy the build?
ing! Ol factoriea, bul simply bought up the brands.
Those brands, as I have s,tjii, we are now making
in sf.me oi' .ur other factories."
?'How many mm were discharged by tho dosi lg
of the Goodwin factory?"
"It was only a small concern. I cannot exactly
say how many people were employed there; but
lt'was pribablv not more than ISO. When we
moved die brand to our Rochester factory :'or
manufacture, wc employed more people there."
"How many employes were tbs, barged from
Halls factory?"
"I cannot say."
"Have you no figures which will show- even ap?
proximately how manv lian.ls were discharged?
"Well, as a guess, 1 should say from about ISO to
"Now, was the number not som- thing like. CO.
"I don't think it was as many bi that."
However, when pressed more closely on this
point. Mr. Duke felt hims, if oonstrllned to ne
knowledge lhal In the busj season Hali's factory
miirht have employed as many as 4.,u m> 11 and
giri- He thoimlit. also, aft.r considerable qu *s
1 lonlng. that the Consolidated cigar, ti.- factory
mlght have employed 100 hands. He admitted,
als., ilia! th.- Ellis factory. In Baltimore, was
shu! flown, but he sai.i thal its ti.,.I. had ba n
removed to another factory which the ti isl owned
In Baltimore. He explained, als,., that the manu
ti re of the Consolidated company's brand bad
Len removed to Baltimore, and that marv ..: thil
company's employ.-- had received offers of placet
In Baltimore. He was unable to suv, however,
how manv of Hu -rn w-.n- abb- to avail themaelvea
of the off.-r. Mr. Duke added that since the en?
largement of the Tw. nty-s< ...rid-si. factory, owned
by the company, tin- number of hands had been
Th.- terms under which the American Tobacco
Company Bella t?. Its fa. tors, or agenta, was next
dwell upon by tbe committee.
"You have established B system for the sale of
your gooda through the agency of factors, with
whom vou have agreements, have you not?- was
asked. "
"We hav a consignment agreemeni
"And ><>'i constitute those dealing In tobacco
in different parti of tho country as consignees
nn.i.-r this ago ? mentf"
??We do 1,"t in the csse of earerybedy.
?I understand thal you reserve the right to di?
crimtnate?" ... ... ...
"Yes, we flo." snswered Mr. Duke with some
. nu.bar-is. . ,
??How long has this form of agreement been in
Op. ration?"
??Since the lalter Dart of IMO.
"You said in gnawer to a former question, that
the concerns thal were Incorporated in Dis eom
pa ny represented an outpul of about 90 per rent of
the cigarette trade?" _
?Well, that ls more or kai Of fl guess. I COUld
not aay definitely at this moment."
"But you have reason to think thal that esti?
mate la approximately correct?"
I think ll la " , . m_ ,__
?? .\ftcr ihe consolidation of tbe firms that von
ha,-., named as being acquired, hon many compet?
ing concerns wera then- left?"
competing CONCERNS LEFT.
?Te rf venue returns, I think, show thsl tb're
ar.- about fl hundred "
??Then on your own showing, these firms pro?
duce among 1 h.-rn only about 10 per cent of the
cigarette trade""'
"Are anj of Hum In the Stat.* of New-York?
"Ya s, quite a number "
"Do you sell or consign cigarette! pn un- othei
1, nus (hun those mentioned In th'.* sgreement?"
"1 think are do."
Senator Lexow seemed surprised si lbs 1 srei
and almost j.nth.tl, ,llv asked
Now. Mr. Duke, ls lt rmi an establish, d tem
of your business no. to consign your gooda < Keep!
under th.- conditions mentioned la inls rei nie ..r
percentage agreement?"
Wllh some seemina r*lurlance Mr Duke cpl!*.!
that Senator Lexow', view asa thi eui rot one
^thomattar that ,h" ,rU81 dld not "e" <1,rw,,1>'
|Tl*t___r,t_*J__! Jhen made n slgnlficnn't admission.
ir-.Lr ui i i .. y. M,,l,w'-. "-at the only condition
u.'i. r will, 1, Hie trust sold Us cigarettes was under
BO <i.iisi,.n.n,-n, agreement. Now. in answer to
fiuestioti by Senator Lexow. he said that this
vi'-.-ment had been withdrawn from consignees
"?cause of a violation ?f some of Its t-rms. Tin?
nier reason for this withdrawal, he frankly Ba?
ir.ci waa l.auae some of the consignees "cut
ne prices of cigarettes."
lb. three moat Important sections in the oon
iignment agreement wet* read hy Senator Lexow,
is follows:
. - ''' ' If -,i,u .io not discriminate against our
?iirurett.-s i,, favor of those of other manufacture,
.nu if you do not s.-ii or dispose of any cigarettes
it less thnn the Hst pi lee; and If In all respects
"' comply with tn.* i.-tms of this agreement, ns
rill pay ymi ;i commission of "?; per rent on the
imount realised by you from the sale of tb* cigar
(tte* Which sr* may consign to you.
'"Bec L If. however, von bundi.* cigarettes of our
nanufacture exclusively, nnd do not sdi or dlstrib
iti. or in any waj sid la th.- ania or distribution
if cigarette* ot other manufacture, snd if you.
n nil respects fully comply with the terms snd
-onditlona of thia agreement, we will pey you .-in
iddltlona! commission of T'* per cent on the
.mount realised by you from Cha sale of cigarettes
shiel! we may consign io you.
"S.-c ii The righi ls r.-s.-rv.-d hy us at any time
o iieciine t.. consign to you nay more rigarettea
ind t-> withdraw the cigarette* already consigned
o yon upon repaying to you ail yout legitimate
idvan.es thereon and the right is le?rved to rou
it any time to decline to *d further for us, Biter
laving delivered to us all cigarettes tV-n In your
ianda, and paring over tn us the proceeds of all
-al'-s of on;- cigarettes Bl list pri.-is."
Mr Duke arserted that h" considered a vi.cation
.f any of the foregoing subdivisions us a BUf*
Iclenl reason for withdrawing rh.* agreement from
rn: factors, hy refusing to nay th.-m any rakaia
ind thus practically preventing th.-ir selling the
piroducts of the American Tobacco company. He
iilmltted that the object of the trust wus to get
ill the to',nico dealers to handle Us goods exclu?
sively, nnd thai tit* obied of the consignment
igreeraent was ro maintain 'he pries Sx*d by th*
"ls lr not n fact, also." askul Senator LCXOW,
"that no man engaged In Cue tobacco business can
luccessfully compete with others unless lu- handlea
lour products, so great have been the demand*
for th'-m?"
"He cnn compete In the business, bul he cannot
nuke ra much money, People have tried to throw
our goods out of th.* market, but they have not
succeeded "
"lt amounts to this, thal vour brands ar.- BO well
known tha! i tobacco dealer cannot extol except by
ih liing vmir brands""
"1 don't kinw about that. All 1 know ls that
they 'ki sdi our brenda"
"In vour opinion Mr Hake, does not attch a stnte
of thltir.-s Inevitably had to a monopoly'?"
"No. We almply sell certain brenda that belong
to us. Other people. If they wish, can make braids
ard take them into the msrket, and if people want
their goods, they can ge! plenty "f jobbers to dis?
tribute them "
"Hut have you not air-,olv agreed thst so great
ls thc demand for vour product thal thfl small mer?
chant must lake your brands in ordei.lo busi?
ness? Ami do yo-, not. hy thia system of rebates
uiui discounts, practically secure a monopoly of
the market""
"No sit because von can take f.ne Johbi r In tn*
cltv of New-York and he will bc able to supply the
whole business with any particular brand that the
public wants For our own part, we would sooner
have fewer jobbers than we now have"
At this point tha committee adjourned until io
o'clock this morning.
Manhattan Island has had a little sunshine this
w-.-.-k, snd the cycling world looks brighter till
around. A f-w more dapa of lim- weather, and the
rl.l.-rs will take to the roads end the dealers will
wipe sway ell traces of dlaaattefadton and discon?
tent and will begin to hustle and muko money.
Th-re bsa I.ti a little timidity displayed by manu?
facturers in some quarters regarding the placing of
contracta, bul this will in all probability disappear
us soon ns the sun geta In Its warm work and the
army of rid- rs tuke n> the roads, some of the larg*
eat concerns, who placed larg.- advertising con?
tracta at thia time last rear, ar>* holding bsi k now
nnd - em inclined to wilt and se., what th.-ir neigh?
bors ai- going to do, New-York ploys sn Impor?
tant part i:i the business world, and metropolitan
approval ls ns necessary to thc cycling ir.du.-try as
lt ls to the theatrical buslniss.
Th" Brooklyn BhOW, wt oh open* in the old 13th
Regiment amory, at Flutbush-av\ and Hanson
Place, OB March .I, promises to bo Interesting. The
fact that lt ls bring handl.-d this year hy the Long
Isl,.nd Hoard of Trade ls making a marked differ?
ence In tlie Interest the manufacturers and agents
are taking in lt. Already IM of thc isl spaces hnve
been sold, and th-* menages* ara confident thnt the
den and will exceed tho supply before the appointed
.Int.- ls r- a 'bed. Many of the well-known mntiu
fscturera will use the -ame elaborate decorations
nnd cb Ctrl.- signs In Brooklyn r,^ were s.-.-n In th. lr
sp.to- 1 ut th" National 'liows, and In many t SSC*
new fe itur- s will be Introduced by their local rep?
resent nive--, a number of cycle manufacturer*
and Bundrlea makers who did not get their samples
out in tim* to appesr at the big shows will be st
this coming one tn Brooklyn, and tl ere is promise,
if un abundance ot novelty, iven for tho** who ri**
ind the New-York exhibition. The flavor thnt will
tie given to the show by assigning nights for the
flood Roads Ase-fdstlon, the i.. a. \v. and th" locu!
clubs will further aid In giving lt Individuality.
The following ls Hie standing of the teams In the
Associated Cycling Clubs of New-Jersey bowling
club. Won.
. t>
./. 0
. lt
. ll
. 13
?linen. D
'ai ?
Atiilanla Wr-.eelmer
Cattle Point .
(?athel:- Chit.
cn . Wheelmen _
T-nrlst c. c.
l'li'.-iii County WI.,
It ls generally COIIC?ded that the question of
whether or not the big National cycle snows are
continued every year will be largely determined 'Li?
the success which attenda th* local shows thst are
now held regularly in .-v.-rv city of any considerable
alee. If the local show a develop to aufflclent propor?
tions lt will li" comparatively easy to discontinue
the National affairs held in New v,-rk and Chicago,
and m.ik" the shows at those place, purely local ex?
hibitions, the sam.* as -is. where. Judging by the
reports of -ncc ss from the local shows now in
progress al Boston, Philadelphia and Pittsburg, this
developmenl seems poss!bli
The new points In bicycle Improvements which at?
tracted much attention at tin* cycle show w?-re the
revolving ill-ks In place of points on th" sprocket
wheel and the cushion spring set in the rear of the
frame. The tirst i.s.?ns the friction and the second
tha vibration.
The expected meeting of the new Executive tVm
mitt** of th.- League of American Wheelmen, sched?
uled to be h-ld Iii this city y.-st. r.lay, wus post?
poned until to-day. Th.- meeting win be tn ' 1 this
morning st the local L. a. w. beadquartera, In the
Vanderbilt Building. Pr. shh nt Putter returned
yesterday from Hartford, where he trent to help to
defeat a bill which had he.-n Introduced to abolish
th.* State Highway Commission He thinks thal
the committee will report to retuin the commission
Those who . xpect that th ? nam,-.- of those who .in?
to h.,id certain L. A W. committees will ba an?
nounced to-day will be di-.ip,?.-?lute,!. President
Potter said yesterday -.hat no appointments would
be mn.le possibly for two week*.
A t.h grum wus received from Burley B. Ayres, of
th.- liiinms Division, yesterday, that a bill had been
Introduced In the Legislature of that Stats com?
pelling the railroads to carry bicycles as baggage
Mr. Ayr..- is ,,f opinion that must of the railroads
will allow tin- bill to pass without milking ., light
to di feat li.
Th-* Hudson County Sportsmen's Association win
hold a carnival of -ports it I'nion Hill, N J on
july ,i, 4 and a. Cycle racing win be on.- of tbe
feu tu r<.-.
in the bicycle races nt Ban Praaetoco on Monday
W. K. Becker defeated Horace Sliter In a mab h
r I.-, and -sr.iiiish.il a new worid'a competition rec?
ord, making riv.* miles in 1:14 3-."..
A dispatch rrom Bradford, ontario, received last
night, announced tbs! Johnson, the racing man
S - , :- Buffering from an attack of pneumonia wis
nol anv wors,-. ii:s physician haa strong honea of
; l- r. overy.
The farmers Of Long [aland, and particularly
th -? In tbe Hempetead and Jamaica districts, will
make an effort t-. hive cycle road raring discon?
tinued this v. ir. Thi y urgii,- thal the public high
s . vs m.- no place for su-v conti sis of apt i .1
The final iie iring .,u the Bicycle Bi (gags Mil be
for. Hw New-Jeraej .'. gislallve Commlttei will i,e
i,.1,i In Trenton, al I p. m.
Cyclists desiring to join the League of American
Wheelmen may ol.tum rvi printed Information
m. mbcrshlp li mks by Bending num. - and idrlr.
io the '' Ina Editor. Tribuni
Ctali ago !' i. I in tbe sls-d ty bicycle r ice
Bchlner will fell short ol tbs forty-eight-hour rec?
ord made .ai Niw-Yorii it is conceded thal Hali
cannot w.n. but ins trainer hopes that ihe leaders
maj fall .hov :i Th,- n p. m score H: Bcbtnei ti
mles. Aahlnger, M7; Miller, BM; Lawaon, BM; Smith"
Ut; Stewart, 83; Hale Ml; Hansen, :,:,. Bradla
llutiiiuiii. .V.3. Blakeelee, 138: Fleming, MM; Meir
stein, 4W; Leslie, MC, IJalbrci.il. KO; HIH. 2U.
?riNNSSS 1SS1SSDAY TKP.HiF.no. point
THK RINO?manv wirla, known
The seeond day of the dog show of thi West?
minster Kennel club siw no abatkment either of
iii.r. si or of attendance, except such as waa to be
expected when lt was remembered that Monday
Bras fl lioli.I iv. and that consequently Ihe whole
Itv was then looking for something to do. A goad
part of it. however, evidently Buttered from tbs
same complaint yesterday, and found i's way :.
the Garden to see its good frienda the .Lits who were
qi arter..! there. Thi dogs ar. ra apparently glad io
aa ? th.* people, leo. At lenst, they said th. > were,
lu their doggish linguage, nnd, what ls more, they
looked what th.y said, which ls more than you caa
Hlty Of BOSae p'-o, ie
lt is on* of th*- hopeful things about goo.! breed?
ing among dogs.' as among human kind. Liar ll
makes folks better tempered end conduces to good
nature and smiles, and a csnlne smi!.? li one of
'or Boston terrier.*. The Boston Terrier Club'a Breel
nffl Trophy, value 1100, for the bett Boston terrier
tared and owned by an exhibitor was awarded by
Mr. Astley to the Sunflower Kennel-. Monte.
George J. Gould's pointer Ightfield Diana won first
:>rlze In ..pe of the pointer classes, and in the hull
lerrler class Mrs. Frank K Dole won .a prize of 12')
'or the hes! exhibit of four.
The beautiful Irish setters gave the Judge* a go iJ
Lal of trouble in coming to their dedsi ms. In the
?hallenge class, however, the Oak Grave Kenn, l's
Ki'dsre won first prize. James B. Blossom h.id a
lumber nf likely winn ts. both in these riSSBSS and
im ins the Gordon setters Tlc Mepal Kennels had
four ia-.-.mir,,i inti., cocker ?pauiei* whi.-h Bron a
Irtae ur t?) for the beal forlr of tli-lr kimi.
The tiriv ones canto io tha rm**-, some of them In
h-ir owner's pockets when their turn came. They
ser? all lintier seven pounds |,, Height, and they
icted aa If th.-, wer.. colo and frightened, T. Har*
-Hintons Ma k II took first Balee In (his class, and
ook lt v.ry quickly.
An animal who was named Yellow Kid, and who
ook.d as i' he lound it impossible to get over his
llsgust at the name, 'ook i prize 'or being th'* best
mg puppy. Th. ii .ame an army of fashionable pat
?panlela, Blenheim! ami Rubys and King Cbarlsaii.
o Bay nothing ot the microscopic Japanese spaniel
?ailed Nassau. Ile is the s,na,esl In thc show and
nelongs io Mrs. K. Benn,
Th** graceful greyhounds competed fur several
^rlz.s, one, the club medal for the beal greyhound,
{.uni; to Dr. j. H. Lyke'i Southern Rhymer.
There erst some trouble over one of the awards
In ihe pointer .-lass. Only on- dog appeared and
lie prise was awarded io him Subsequently lt was
omi I that another do.- was eligible, but happened
ihe most delightfully big-henrtcl things In the
world tf you csa only understsnd ic
The early hours of the morning yer-terl.iv were
given over for the most part to :li" knowing ones,
who thoughtfully brought their Ignorant Wendi
along -o explain -o them how much they didn't know
about dog! Bul thf-r- als,, waa pres,.;.- then i large
number of professions! log breeders and fanciers, to
say nothing i f many amateur exhibitors, w h-. nish, r]
to look affer ihe comfort of their exhibit! Earlj
in the day the judges went ro work again, and ihey
kept turning out the awards until fi o'clock, winn
tii-y had practically completed their lib.irs foi
year'a show. Perhspa tba biggest lr liri lu*; prize?
winner yesterday was George J. Gould, whose ex?
hibit of pointers has been one of the mos* attractive
?pot! in tho Garden *,v.*r sine* the doors opened. Mr
Gould'I dogs took at least a half dosen prises, and hie
luccess in the pointer competitions wsa a'.mosi ai
mark, d .is was J. Pierpont Morgan's arith hla
on the day before. Mr. Morgan's dogs, by the way,
are still tho observed of ni! observers, and the at
lend.inf ls kept busy pointing oat Masterpiece and
Hornpipe to the Interested.
The fox lerrlers are proving popular With the CSI ?
crowd who don't know much ai.our dogs in particular
hut who lovo them In general, and their section at
the Kourth-ave. end of the Garden ls seldom with?
out a throng of visitors. August Belmont lias a
numb.-r of fine animals In this exhibit, and several
of them hay., taken valuable and significant prises,
It might have been though; that Ibo di ks would
tire themselves out after i day ,.r two of incessant
howling, but Illus far there h.ts not been a quiet
moment In !ho Garden. Not that they all lu.wi all
the time; they have got lt systematized. They do
lt In shifts. Some of them sleep while the rest
keep the dog watch, so to speak, nnd any of the
whole Lo1"} In perfectly willing to stop howling and
talk with any well-disposed passer-by wiri can ap?
preciate lits conversation. Th.* dog* have a curious
way of howling by sections. There is always some?
thing to start lt. as a rub*. Sometime?) lt begins
when a big dog la led between rows of small dogs,
nnd sometimes the clamor arises between
two adjacent dogs who take a dislike to each
other nnd try' vainly Jo bite through the wiro
si reens, while all that row of dogs applauds tho
would-be tighter*. Occasionally one of the Utile
fellows ties himself up In his chain and informs
the community of his calamity, but, from whatever
cause, there ls never any quiet. The only dogs that
don't howl aro the two Esquimau dogs, which
sleep calmly through all the din.
The pleasant w-athor yesterday attracted a larine
crowd of fashionable people to tho show, and the
big amphitheatre was well till..! afterthelunchei.il
hour with men and women w-.ll known In society
Soma of those In the crowd were Mr. an.l Mrs P.
Lortllard Ronalda, Mr. and Mrs. i. Townsend Bur?
den, Mr. an.l Mrs. John E. Alexandre, Alis- Barnes,
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Smith Ha,Iden. Mr. and Mrs,
Peter Cooper Hewitt, the Misses Hewitt, Mr. and
Mrs. J. Clinch Smith. Alfonso do Navarro, Mrs.
Frederic'Neilson, Miss Belle Neilson, Arthur Kemp,
Mrs Burke Roche, Mr. and Mrs William Kent,
Mr. and Mrs. C, Alb. rt Stevens. Mr. and Mrs.
Jamel H. Beckman, Mr. and Mis. Henry g.
Trevor. John W A Davis. Mr. and Mrs. Frederic
K.bv, Mr. and Mrs. J. Frederic Tams. Mr. and
Mrs Pan; Gtbert Tie-baud, Mlaa Burden,
Mr. nnd Mrs. K. K. Pendleton, Mr and Mrs Jamel
p. Kernochan, Mr. and Mrs. Jain.-s Lorin.ml Ker?
nochan, th.* Miss.-s Outrace, Miss Morgan, Miss
Winthrop, Mr and Mrs. Belmont Tiffany, William
Lalmbe, r. Mr and Mrs Reginald Rives, Mrs. Led.
yard, Mr. and Mrs. J. Borden Harrtmau, Mr. and
Mm. (Uiver Harrimnn, Jr., K Appleton Smith, W
Starr Miller, Charles Oelricha, James J. Yan Abn.
Charles A. Munn. Dwight Porter, David W.
Bishop. Mrs Charles Crocker. William T El?
dridge, Frank K. Sturgls, Mrs. C. .lories. Mr .m.!
Mrs Thomai Terry, Daniel Lord. Mrs. Henry
CleWB, Miss Mar!.. [. , Montague, Miss Amy Baker,
MPs Grace Churchill, Miss Anabel Oreen, Mrs.
Jos.-ph Larocquo ar, . Mrs. Henry ("hamplln Tinker.
In the class for curly poodle! Mrs. Woodruff But?
ton'! Choc.1.C.. was adjudged yesterday to be the
ll n.-st of th MO blSS !'?'"? animals, but vv Inn lt rame ( t
th.- ipectali in this class the freaktesi ipeclmeni
appeared The Brat special prise of .*'?>? for the i? .-L
poodle In th.* show was taken by IL G. Trevor s
Mina. Th.- same own r's Marquise look the prise
for the best poodle bitch, and tbl 'UdgOl thOUghl
Ml? M rear. I P. Solder's /.lp the best American
bred i.m..Ile l.itt-h owned by a n eml?r of the club.
Th.* b.-st of th.* g.-t of champion Milo iin.i Emperor
BiSO gol special prizes.
The fox lerri.r. came out for Judgment early In
the day. <". W. ll. Ritchie*! loving cup for the best
An..-rl-aii-hr.-d Wire-haired fox terrier was taken
bv a a McDonald's Aldon Roaster; ll ll Hunne
weii. ir., got the Westminster Club's prize ,,f too f,,r
th- DOSI f'Hf wire-haired fox terriers, and (h.*
judges decided that I. <<?.? w. Rutherford*! Warren
Sentence vvas iii., best fox terrier in (he abow.
Tbs Oreel Danes attracted much attention when
th.y .iiiere,i th. ring, and a bandsome, clever lot
they w.t., too. Marcus Antonius took Hie firs!
prize in th.- challenge class
The l.rrlers wen a lively, yelping exhibition arbon
ih.y appeared In th.* ring fur judgm.-nt. Counting
all the classes, there wu a seemingly llmltleaa
number of them, and while the ju.lg. s wu. Biging
BP their line points Ihey showed all the qualities of
?prigbtllneM .md affection that have m.,de them
BUCk favorites for pels The br.vv ult lh-yellOW
Scottish terrier, with his honeal face and !.:? harsh,
hair, has b. . ii gn wing in favor wi'!) fish
ional,!?? folk .,f I lie, and lils admiran w.c preaeni
iii full for,-.- at the ringside yesterday, in tbs
cballeni.isa for thoo. .1. ?-? two ,,f Oliver Ames's
dogs captured first and second prize.*.
A number of valuable ipecUl prises were offered '
to he off his bench when th.- award was made.
Phe trial was ordered over again and the original
absentee won out on the second judgment.
c//l7" IN THE CAFES.
Th.- eli ii weathf.-r f yesterday caused the train*
i ra al the local tracks to give their horses some out?
door exercise. No'wtthstanding the severe snow?
storm and the Inclement weather winch prevailed
thi- winter, it is generally believed by horsemen
thal the horses will not be backward In their train?
ing and will be tit , nd ready to race when the bugle
bli w - io ill th- in to th* post on the open.ng day
of tin- racing season.
A blllii iii tournament at cushion enroms was be?
gun al at; uptown hotel yesterday, In which the
following eontestants took part: charles Hrineman,
Orlando Jones, Andrew Welch, Georgs Dickinson
and Matthew Corbett.
John J. Hyland waa in the cl y lust week to cou?
ll oculist, who perforni.il n successful op. ra?
tion upon one of the popular trainer's eye*. Mr.
Hyland reports thal the horse* at Babylon are in
Rn* condition, ind says thal ii expecta Hastings to
r.-tri.ve his laurels iii the all-ages - lass thia var.
Ji mea lt Keen* wus st Sheepshead Buy on lion
day and saw lils two-year-olds trot and emiter.
Many of th* horse-owners Snd lt difficult to select
n imes thal have not beea claim id for their young?
There |s much gossip about ? noteworthy social
affair that i*- to take pine- In Ihe near future. A
committee haa i.n appointed to arrange the invl
t.itK.n-, and in thur purr of the etty In th.- neigh?
borhood of Pourte iith-st. iimi sixth-.ive. wagers
ar- being made that the Barney Martin ball iwtth
out a hyphen) will excel any affair held In this city
fur several years. The costumes will be of tb* era
of Brinn Boru.
Many llveryme.i, truckmen and stablemen of all
grnd< s itt. n.i the sole of htsrncas bi lng held In Ni W
nrk by the Pel ira it Calhoun Co. lhere ls a large
and varied Stock Of hanns- and saddles to be dis
posed of. The sale begins each day al IO o'clock, at
No isis Broad-at., Newark, N. J. , and will continue
from dav to day Jtitll th* entire stock is disposed
Adolf Nelson's imported stallion Potentate is quar?
tered at oden Bowie's stock tarni in Maryland.
H K. Vlngut has decided to mate his valuable
thoroughbred mare, Augusta Belle, with PBverdale,
Mr. Vlngut'a lillies m England are extremely prom?
ising, and they are well engaged in the two-year
old stakea.
C. Pellowes, Be?retr.ry of the Coney Island Jockey
Club, yesterday Bent out the following atatement:
"The following have been declared out of the Bub
urban Handicap: Bright Phoebus, HI: Ben Holla
ii.iy. 104; Algol, 100; loki. 10B; Arbuckle, :-.".. and
W, C, Daly's chestnut horse, Pearl Song, fl pounds."
j. ciirk Reed, secretary of th.* Berkeley Athletic
Association, said yesterday, regarding the special
meeting to be held at the company's ofAce, No. 19
W'.-sr Kortv-foiirth-st.. on March !: "The Berkeley
Athletic Aasoclatlon is a separate corporation and
has nothing to do with the Berkeley School or the
li. rk. ley oval. The corporatli n was formed about
seven years ago. Now are are confronted with the
question of discontinuing the association, and that
is the question to be decided al thia meeting. I
h.iv,* no Idci what will be done."
Boston. Feb. 'Jo -The trial debate to choose Har?
vard's representatives to sp.-:ik against Yale on
Mur.h SO was h'i.l this evening. The candidates
Were allowed tO s|?ak on each side of the question
on which Harvard will have the affirmative, "Re?
solved, That the United Sccs should definitely
adopt the single gold stun.lard, nnd should dedin*
to .iit.r a bimetallic league, even If Great Britain,
Prune.- uiul Germany should be willing to enter
such -i league." The nun who were chosen were
Fletcher Dobyns, 'US, of Oberlin, ohio, who hus
been one of Harvard'a victorious representatives
in two Princeton degates; O, ll. Dorr, 'fl, a new
man, of Orange, N. J., and B. H. Wrlghtlngton,
'Hi of Fall River, who spoke tor Harvard In th.*
Princeton debate lasl December. W. H. Conroy,
?'.hi of Philadelphia was chosen aa alternate. Tho
.!. but.* will h.- held In Sun hrs' Theatre March -'i.
Detroit, -Mich., Feb. M.?The Republicen State
Convention mel her-' UMlaj and nominated the fol?
lowing ticket:
Justice cf the Supreme Court?Charles D. Long,
Regents of the University?W. J. Cocker, of
Adrian, renominated; Charles (J. Lawton, of Van
Bunn County.
Theie wus ii contest over th* nomination of the
second Regent, Law to1 bring accepted as s eom
prcmlse candidate on the third ballot.
Oeneral Russell A. Alger mad.- his last public ap?
pearance before Blurting for Washington, and acted
aa chairman. There was no contest over the reso?
lutions, the following being adopted:
Th.- Republican party ol Michigan, in convent! in
lissi mi.ii d, congratulates the country on tba mng
nlfleent victory of November h.st and on the return
of th.- Republican party to power. We r.-nrrtrm the
prlnclplea told down in tbe lust National platform,
and w ? belli ve that th< triumph of Ri publican prin?
ciples will reston il. tountrj t.. that condition of
prosperity whl. h lt has alwsya enjoyed under Re?
publican supremacy." t
Corning, N. v.. E.-b ?".: -The annual grand sn*
c.imptnent of <>'H P*llOW* of New-York Slate be?
gun In this city this morning The election of
sr..tc officer* resulted as foll nra: Grand patriarch,
E. c. Shafer, Buffalo: grand high pried, ll.
Walker, Brooklyn, grund semor warden, W. ll.
M ieher. Binghamton; grand treai-urer, D. II. Qund*
man. New-York; grand representative, w. C, Lee,
New-York; grand Juill n- warden. J. p. Victory
Ni w-York.
Si- i'i Oi- KO. I. '---.I i.v *fl IMlT
To das To day.
fl*! -har .il i-t.hir . BS
U.-.I .* Belcher. 'il Iv'-.st. ll
i -hollar .'.si Sav..a.-. :..
i n '.il fr Va . -'*? -l-rr.i N-v.id.i . lt
? fl vvn p. In! . J" I rub .is;
(tould tt Curry.tn Val ... laeke! . 2'.
Hale a Morcroaa.LOO Munda rd . | aa
M- il ..ii ..di
Uveipooi. yeo. BB, :i IB p ra Beet v.ea india amm
?tull at :.s? Sd; prime mess .tull ai 4Ss isl. Rm. -Prime
in-sa, We-rttrn nnc, dull at t'.?. do m-Mium dull al 3**? lsd
96* 1897-1847
people Who
" Don't have any
Luck with Flowers"
are just the on?s who need our
To commemorate our fiftieth
business year, we have pre?
pared the most beautiful and
valuable SEED and PLANT
CATALOGUE the gardening
world ha:*> ever sre:i. Every
copy costs us 25cts. to produce,
but in honor of this our "JU*
rj Bll.EE " year, we will send lt
this season pppC to any one
on receipt iiVCCof ioc. (in
stamps) to cover postage and
mailing. This "JIB IL EC'
nificent book of 170 pages, on
which are displayed over 500
beautiful illustrations of Seeds
and Plants, the work of our
own artsts. Also six full-size
colored pi..tes which in artistic
beauty have probably never
been equaled, certainly never
VENIR "will also bc sent without I
:harge to all applicants for thc
Catalogue who will state where |
they saw this advertisement
'75.74,73777 71 '70 '69
??(Vii /.Mtri *C*?3?I ?? '
If v.ni ju.' od tin* fence, or in other
ords, undecided, yon ran experiment
t our expense. Your money back or
year's guarantee is the protecttoi
re give!
Om- reduction sale of "Winter poods
nds Saturday. s?ii to order, $1260.
'rousers, $350. Oveiroata, ?SiI 00.
Yoi'kinansliij' and trimming! of our
tandard quality.
Broadway & 9th St.
Htaling, eoorh-.na*.
Beautify las', abu
't aeptle
iMtsiaa ?<f.?Butatry, ian,
We lii-lie* p ll !.? lie tlif* IIF.ST SOAP IM THI
V Ililli) lol nil personal tiara.
Health Food Co., 61 5th Ave,
IB I Bil Lruisilte.
>o llri'iikfit., lalilc complete vii flinn I my 43
ii.*n.I <>f Cage e. ?<? Tews iiion.e thc ladlee
in nell hm mi ll Mien.ls llvvnv* u ii i lorin lu
nullity hikI ll nv ur. Se nil for price Hal al
linleo l"n in il) a.rnerrlrt.
Burt, ]? :.. ' 'il ,n in St Kemp.
41 and ll Vena, Bt,
(nickiv .'itel ii ? ? rid ind relUM. P*ebed*y M?*lic?l
nsiinite. Nt-., 4 Bnlflfirl Wren .opp lit* Btrtis H.-utri.
lottos, i-j-i-ii ii-i ? -I in I*.... .- i.'. ..I. ultlnc ph, Bl r aaa
ra. ? tlnrvarn M ll il .""lits*, ? - l-vi Aataar ea
?? fl kr.f Lif.-. r>r Srlf-l'i?rvatl n th. Pru* E??ay.
, BOOK FOB EVERY MAN Price eely ll. by mall,
ral*.,! pamphl*! pi i-m "i-. PBEE. S.n.I sow. I'onsul
| et -
.*:? w Tort.
)r. B,
li live, im Kraal pi* ..-ur- te eotantarlly state that your
'ills .-.re much ibp*rl i io othera i lu.* vi- \ Brina
restly tr.ui>l?.l with b.adarh. end - f And
liat th'-y Hiv** m. inttsat reie f. trhlch othtr Lill- cull
IBM North B-trond Bt.. Philadelphia. Pt.
PllirC CDCC * Bartel s'Hrtttl .r nlv* tm < -"lb*
0HB1X0 mCL (.,!',,mirv K. |..*r?'-'..-.K?-iy|?)'i!try
,-fti-* r ?.*? mi- ibl* i.-:*'!i-t^ poultr, |-*ap*-r. Iti-tpi* fr-e.
Aii.ir.s- Po. i.tki KsavaaOi?.,Isa 24 vaiaasastaji Pe.
hint's Fine Furniture7~
Delightful Designs.
Shaving itands, $7.00.
Un nc lc 3.
Qm, Agts. Metropolitan District,
Lim-. Shorl eui bI ui U to IIB-, ti-,., ,, He gi lu.-.n
("timberland I tfl to ?'?" rt>. rited) ,,t xTa; itiort
lb .0 til SI e. Jl S| tUtd) .'lt Ila ??!. lo,IK .le.ir llllil
II*., ii<lu. taos! :i". i ? IB rt., tread) b. Ut ii-1 i Ba -Itr
n.ddlr*. h.- ?v v tb ul BB ( i". n titsdy m iii- ..I aflMUt
.i ?! Ih i, heavy, attest ?,*. to ;*? n.. tttadj ti 21.;
?l.-u- I. -lt.... thou, ll ? lin. dull ..t '-'.;?. Sd; sh uil.l.rt'
il...ui 12 lo 14 li. etas.iv hi gie :i Lu ! Murd w.?t*r-i
? t. i.i ii, fliw*. wiut. and
?,.!.>re.| .lull h! tte .:?! Talton I'litne .'?., ,,?.. tl j^
? e.! ,11 I.n.r, ! ,.?!.,.e.I flrBBBI IS. Sd Spirit* of
turpentine firm ..< SM Sd Boola >' rub b *t?s4j nt br
i\ h-a, -No 1 Nartii -n -piiii-r atesdy ut ?!* .'?!. ' ...rn?l
Mimed Western ip t, n.-w. .trad) ,, ;:.. >.-,., ii s,,.,.\ ?.
.'* ii'?;? i. y.braan -??..!? at ta <;"? l March tteadj *t 2.
Hid: Iprll tl 2* .-,?? I u, s- u ?,. , l!lt v wln_
er .lull ..! Kt i.i Hopi .-.* I. n.l.in I-, . araa aa
-.-ol*..",- m
Ri ? pta il Sea I Li f.t tfae week essSsg k. in-ny
1I..V sn
'I' .,1- T
Hii<I>.rn Liv. , Kulr a,I . ? mm
en. it..ii,osd . g -.'?'*?
-. nn.ylv tai i Ball. ! ZS
.. .|.? ne Lackawanna! vv-- ra Baliroad ai
- i- h...ii ...i .'; -*?.,
-.blah \ all.) Kalli td
ij.iiiiu..r.. and < thin it,
>ntsrl bim] Weall n* I*, ul,.ad .
'e,)ir.ii ,.f Nea ler?ey K.uir. i.i
S. V . N. II. *: Mai:''!.I ll.lliaa.l
, '"*?''*- .d.li.) jj>
Rtetipii of baa na- ?^ek. is;,,',. **]bj ,ZZ:
tame wetij iSb . . tfeS &
arti af bey tor ?e.-u. l-.-u b*T*.
""??"?*-????. ?.;:u:?ihaiS
SH Ul-ra

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