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?? Tons of Roses
tj\J Years' Success. Colgate's Soaps and Perfumes. " PLATE MATTER" GRATIS THE NKW-YORK REFORM CLUB'S TARIFF CAMPAIGN. REl'UEr-KNTAT'.v?: QBOSVElfOlt POINTS OCT ??0811 or m i-\u>itii?? of TRI t.t-ttp? strich Tin; Rsjfvr>iunei?a WmW ?nueADnfa wio.m?'\st. [ny t??.?G.????? t? -run TaiBVSrS-] Washington. April 4?Members of the Ways and Mean.? Cosnasluee have been receiving during tho last few days copies of a letter thai is being *em broadcast 10 the newspapers of the country by tho Tariff Reform Committee of the Reform Hub of New-York, ln which thnt committee propose? to fur Bish m rill newspapers which will SCCeptthem free of charge "plat" matter, or ready prlnta" attaeking the Dingley Tariff bill, which Ihe letter desipn^tc? a? "??* tally dealgned to help trusts and monopolies.'' The fact that this rommltt'?e. composed l.irftely of Import??? nnd others whose business Interest? are directly opposed to ? protective tariff, is r?ro ?????? t<? nood Ih? country with free literature on the tariff ?? ? >?? ? is not criticised by the friends of th.? Dingley bill: bu; the fact that ?vea tin- lettei offeriiiK this matter teems with false statements reitardiim the bill ami Its effect nn the interests of the people las 1. d members of the Wajrs and Means Committee to lei It? assertions in mor: vigor?os terms, if the matter proposed to v- r rnlahed gratis to the newspaper.-, of the coun? try . nd to the per : ? !<. ..s ?rtaleading as th? state m'trrts ?,;? the letter Itself, the public and intendinft publishers on al ert dy to be forewarned. The letter say?: ? Th.. rropose.i (Dingley) tariff ftjipears to be esp tlally designed to help trusts and mon poihs. It takes several dollari from the ; ? ? U of the people for every one that it turns into our Nation.?; Treasury, As a whole, it will confer over, irr? .? - fita up t, privileged Indus? tri s than did the McKinley idi its.'f. This partly i ? -? nut.y duties are hit; ? r ? '.i ? -t'tly because the same duties sre prohibitive, now that manu? facturer? nave b ed by lower duties ? ? Improve th.-lr machinery and methods to compete with foreign manufacturera, in man) thoufrl. Increasing tie burden of tax..-: creases the Income from customs ditas. The only Important tacreai ? es ted arc from sugar and wool?two ?.:' easary to health .nal com? fort, which ? v. . ,;?. all in times of . or while ?: is possible to ut:.liu sufficient r. v.?? . fr? ::: ? Tin? threat whl. 'a this Tariff bill holds I our h I ? I, .,:.?! over the three-fourths of our Industries which t possi? bly derive any benefit from protection, mah - II Incumbent upon thi? como : | what it can to oppos? ? lion. I'? aus? we know that It will Increase the tax burdens ..f our ? wo propose to agit?t? against this bill until it is dead or we hav? ? ? every mrana of tlon. We hope to be prepared In a few days to furnish you tariff reform piatc-s. free of ? h , r^e." ?;? ?-.<rrl OrocYonor. of tiro Ways and Mean? Com? mittee, corr?rnentinc; upon this remarkable letter, ssld: "This emanation come? from certain Kree Traders and inr; orti r- : ri N? w-York. Kr? e Tr.: '..rs. of cour?e. in ? ? with a proti live tariff. That la all right The Committee on Tariff R of the Reform Club is mad.? u] rgely of gentlemen who Import goods Into I nti ? i they, of course, re exceeding ci.'i ? dettes. Were ? that sott of Importer, ! would have as mu h -rri.-r aa they bave. But the fact is. and ? may as well understand It. that the statement is without foundation In and only a few ? mente would brat ? the who:.? document tel; fais? and abi h iu only ne tea? iry to mak- ont I : statement and follow it by a few Illustra? tions to Bbow how unfair?, unjust and untruthful this whole ?.-? ? ult i ? Th?.? ? test -rust? in this country to-day. us ; ; ling is, ani I think It is con act, are l Sugai rust and I 81 I ? ; oil Trust. Will tl en p] er this question; 1'' thi Ways and Meat male a. bill arri Introduci 1 i: ara! -? red it? j tas .;? . ? trusts and mo rm t o t h? c.: these two greatest ? uste? And yet tt..? fa 't is tl in this bill, : 'ti tular In? terei t, fai heaviest u ?ugai rusl ind th? ird Oil Trust. It may be said that the . . a trust and l do not that it la, but It 1 ? ? in one way ? .? monopoly, ti.? >. rr? oi the age "Now, what h.r - W? refused to lev} duties ?> i tugar upon tho principle Inaiati d upon bj t!;?? Bui t. Thi ?- well anown, r an ad valorem ibtless ? mdlng s know that m .sk.-.i und. r ar, al. duty is a , ntial, arid Mr Dingley gives u ;.s iri-- o] Inlon that ? m or differ? ential, then l ' 'east a full ? ??!' G >'?' 8 C? ' t li. ?lu le i .n that 'iff. "The Reform Cli ? of New-York favors ?d valo? rem duties. In tl : they are behind all Intelligent people "i the w irld. There l? not row a tariff In };,;r ?: ?? ? ? sort to BpeClflC d Iti? ?? hen ?. r ,t specific : I levied certain Imiiort? rs ale lys crj ? ? t- ?? )?? rf. ???!>? well ka iwn thai the Bugar ?? the American Bugar Refining Company, a?k."l for a differential of one-fourth of ? ceni Thi? bill gire? them bul . ? eie l , Ek> l am con Ing that demands of thi Sugar Trust was complied with, and the preciae reverse of everything they aaked was given. This la the same body of ?p??;? who through ihe Wilson law ?elsed upon Imn nd benefit which hav? made them enoi rich. "Now. to ? ? ' m? tiopolv of th<? Standard nil. The first time In the history of the legislation ol ;h!s country for many >? .r? we luv.? repealed, so far as the action of the House of Rcpr? ? ? - concerned, th? drawback upon tin exported with American products, .-.ml thr^ haa be.? don? ajraiir-?: tbe protest of every representative of the Stai.- ny. It hai noi been done ?:-, uny spirit vt opposition or hostility to that great and successful organ Is tl .? as a matter <?? principle, believing that, now that we are produc? ing such vael quantities of tin In the United ? ' - with a prospect of a greatly In? rea sed prod? uct, it would b perfectl'/ fair to gel rid, step by ? n p. of th< ?? ' ks. ?? i, ; ?.-. twenty-flv? or thirty products of American Industry said to be and.?!' the of ti it snd combinations, But the requests, of these combinations to the committee vv??. ? the ein ular i- uttei ;>? f?;?.? arai without foundation In fai I ' Congressman Doll i ver, discussing the letter, said: \ni.?: i.-aii people h v< had aa much to do with the tariff vtewi oi Thomaa ?;. Sh? irm m? ri associate l with him in ? he ..f tariff rei ? reasonable regard f..r their dependent families will wan 1 ? .fore, In my Judgment, tin- tariff lit. rature furnished by these apostles <>f National bankruptcy will make no Impression on the public mind, evi ? when fur? nished on electrotype ?dates, gratis, exr.r. '.aid." THI TARIFF ON AKTIQUITIE& IT rteOTWCn no ???????? ANS INTnuVUSg WITH AMgaUCAN PCHOI.AP.cilIP. To tl ? - : The Tribune. ?Irt The suecess of the protest .n;ido by you and by oth.r.? agalnal certain features in the new Tariff bui which affect scholarship encourage? ni<- .? e;,ii your attention t?. another similar point whieh vi ry Men need? ?saesktlsaent. ? refer t.. that which puts a tax on antiquities Let BBS tak.?. for Illustration, IhOBS la w hi. h I am lnt?rsst?d namely, th?? sjoausaents obtslned from ancient Babylonia and Etrypt Tins.? rrom Baby? ionia coiaste! largely of tablets in ths old cur riforn? ebaraetera I brought a considerai, collection of Babylonian tabi-ts seal cylinders, eta, for the Metropolitan Mrs. urn, and a large Collection has been obtained situ??? then for tbe University of 50 Highest Awards OVER ALL AMERICAN AND T0 LLkUl'LAN COMPETITORS Benson's the best POROUS PLASTER ???l<r?\?V'jrml.'?t* ,!r'mii?1"_fTrt" fl?"--*-?'?".? ?1.., In?),. ot .uB.rrr, tSmiA ? , * l"?ctit- ?"id tin. tbou??e,1? U..y will ?lieve tSTTtLfZLlT?B?7"?< WWW ?*??? ?J** i RMbK frlc??Cu, Pennsylvania; and now there Is sufficient Interest tn the matter so that Columbia College, the fnlver slty of New-York, the General Th??.logical Semi? nan of this cltv and other Institutions are begin? ning to secure what Is. the most Important material for the development of American Oriental scholar? ship. Hitherto American scholar? have had to ko t.? the British Museum and to Germany hy the doten for their opportunity of original research. Now we tre beginning to have the opportunity t-? do this work in this country. It is an intent American Induatry." Ibis Ortnids^i^rB. and Is In danger of Leint? seriously Injured DJ a tarn which discourages the few wealthy men ?no car be persuaded to purchase such objects and ?? them to our museums. A number of men have been working hard for som- y-ars to encourage '??'"? ' scholarship In this country and to si??'?re tn?? in a terial for study, und a considerable number ol young men thoroughly educated In Germany are now Instructing In our coll. gea andtheologies seminaries, un.I are anxious to do what original 1 do earnestly hope that Confrreas will not pul an unnecessary tax on the industry of American scholars The tax protects nothing; it burdens scholarship. The report of the .(?mmlttee ??,?.??? to lmplv that It was necessary to Impose true tax for the'purpose of preventina the Importation ot fraudulent antique furniture. I trust that the mis? erable forgeries of furniture will not be mad.? an excise for interfering with the legitimate ano non? oral.I- nmhitlon of our young American scnoiara, WILLIAM 1??* B8 W AHD. Formerly President of the American?Oriental So? ciety and Director of the Wolfe Expedition to Babylonia. New-York, March 85, Iff". WATCHING THE TARIFF BILL. now IT TP VIEWED BT REPRESENTA TTVEfl OF OTHER NATK'NS. to the mensure, as a means of Informing English manufa turer? of the new ^piiii":-.-? with whl A cr*NFT*?T. rr.iv.tsr. THAT THR LTtlTED VTATB? cax MAKE BOCa ? TARIT? At it ???????. Waahtngton, April t-The foreign embassli legations in Washington sre watching the pr oT the Tariff Mil with great c.re. as :t materially affecta all commercial natlona. Reports sre being : rv, ri.i to the various foreign offices, an ? in turn are being made public abroad for th? formation of concerna shipping goods to the Unit? ? States, Naturally the feeling among the diplo? mats is no; favorable to the measure. - r. strict many of the linea of foreign trade with ountry. Am ?ng the representatlvi ? larger countries thi expression Is genera! thai then will oe a large decrease in Imports, and that thla In turn will ho followed by an Increase of d i galnst Am? ?-lean goods Tl ? '?:?" ..r nations most concern" ? with reciprocity do ? l regard the reciprocity features of the present bill wi'h favor. Withoui exception, however, members of ? ?e Dip? lomatic Corps are refraining from exerting any In fluenci t.v,aid keeping down 1 ie dut es. The prin? cipie is accepted on all h.mis inai this Govern? ment haa the rieht to frame Its tariff as it sees ? ? thai it is purely a domestic affair, with which foreign Ministers have no righi to ?oncern themselves. Up to the present time no prol have been Bled from any source, although II Is said that certain repr?sentations from the Argen? tine Government ar.? on the way lo Its M Some or the Ministeri navi talk? : dally with Secretary Sherman as to the general character o? the bill, bul they have become ii?? 1 thai Ihe executli ? br in ?h ha It ? to es <-rt influence on the legislative branch toward keep? ing down tariff rates. Th.? British Embassy strictly adheres to the rule that it has no concern with matters ol Internal leg? islation, A full reper? on the Mil Is being made London Foreign Office, and the Govern? ment will take step- to ^ive the widest publicity they must deal. These ate] owei r, are en? tirely for the purpose of Informing the home Gov? ernment and the people, ?Vhlle#Ei trade Is more affected hy the bill than thai of any ol ? no representa tl tests of anj kind . , . been made by the Bngllsh Government. Al? tiioiigii Canada Is a British colony. Il makes in owt tariff laws, rvhlch operate ; ? - England as w< .: as the l'nlti i Si ites. The talk ? I : on ? he pari ol ? 'anada is confini l to Don quarters, and such retaliation, if re?ort< ? to noi require I he appi ??? u ? ol ? he bom? .;??.? p ? the German Lini...ss;, no Insti have been received from the home Govei relative ? ? the Tariff i.iil. and thero Is no the view that the form ttl : of a tariff Is et a domestic matter. Al t.? ?am time, the great jti ,??.: made by Germany a- an Indu tria ? ? ? ? nil? Rtslatlon, 11 will aff? ?? man] line ? .Is coming to this country, l? Ii ron-l lered lik? that a mereiai warfare will result, s . may lead to ? Increase of tariff ? t? ? In Germany. As Austria? Hungary la closely alii? ? writ Germany In corn da ! thai ? laviiT '? Germany wo ild be Imitate 1 ! y Austria?! ? ingui y and oth< ? Europee tri? ?, The i'?? n ffl . 'is hi re are an Senate, anJ regai the preaenl di:i ui ol the measure as verj imperi taki the same view as the British and German . - that thi re !?: ?? ? ground foi pr ?t? ?t, be ? ? irlfl Is ? dorn? I r. It Is fi that the efl f the bill a ill be pan . ? ?. on the thi'? wooll? ? go id* ai : ?ilk ; : ?p Fran ??. ;?. I I an dm mainly to 1 ? ? ira i?? beta ? en t'uba and thi Fnlte.l State? toba ico, ? ' ? Th is fai how- ? er, the off! ?I il been too busy nrlih affairs retatine lo the Insur? rection to | ? m ich lim? ti * \ ?, on the ? 111 ?.??." be sen: to Madrid, mal purpose of Information, for here t , there is no ? " 11 i ? tr the rls ?iintry I ..- i? a? ? - fit. Thi South American countries are mos' affeeti ' bv the t.? iproelty feat ires b | the Ministers from ?? ? that little la ei ? ' ol pi 'tieni r?*ciproclty from the pi. m. ,?. ut'? Brasil i- ma rilj affected In it- products of :>? rubber and hi le?, arel the Arge it ne r U wo il nnd h li s FTess reports from tl ?? Argentine state thai representations coi ?? Tariff .,?. been forwai led to ta,? Ministe* : ut up to the pr?sent time ? ?? ? have ,,,,? been re ? Ived. The Mini ? r, Dr. M? roti ha no protest, and his talks with Government off!? .p V, ashlngton have hi ? ? unofficial ?'?'? '?.thorltles f? that i orne of their Industries, principally ?Ilk han Ikcr. ? ? ? an i lute rugs, will s iff, ,? ?even h h; pili. They have tae?e no protest, however, al? though the extern of th? mutual trade gradually ??? g nulli .?? between I ie two countries ma: ??/i.? "",on Pi !ome representations, mainly for the purposes 0f Information PROTECTION POR TRUE ART. DR. MORTON THINKS A SPECIFIC DUTY WOULD Ri-SRPOVT BAD MCTl'RRfl AND HAVH ?.????,G. EI-TECT ON 01 I ID ?"?NTS. To the Editor of Th.- Tribune. sin in the articles which ? have re ??nth? read ?. on the subject of duties on plct? ?i-.s their authors seem ?? ? pectof thi questi m which is vitally Impon m In its practical results. The srtlsts of Ame, , '?? ????'? ot the protection which mighl be led to a new and feebl ? Industry bul tl | should hav? protection from unfair business com? petition si the hands of those who are noi artisl ? und have no Interest In the subject beyond the en? largement of their own profita ? have no wish to criticise or find fault with Ibi . who carry on th.? purchaae and sale of plet? uve,; just aa they would the purchaae and aale of any other commodity. Such trading is as legiti? mate as thai in drygooda <.r groceries; bul I do maintain that such business should noi be fostered st the expense and to the Injury ol the great ma? jority of American artists. i?t me explain in a specific manner what I understand t<? be the state of tin. .as,, n ?s ?f eour?.?, th.? natural and I? Iti. mate objeel of the dealer to buy In the cheapest market and to sell at the highest price, and to avoid anything lending to disturb tins relation. Now suppose such s dealer t.. look around blm and compare bis chances in profitable dealing In American and foreign pictural if he purcl from American artists al a low figure and sells tt,- same pictures al a large advance he runs two risks; First, the artist will hear of the high price which his picture bas brought and will put up his prie,, next time, or the cuatotner will see the works of the ertisi In som.? Academy exhibition or the like .-'t..i And thai be can do better by going ? tly to the aitisi. Anything mon than a mod? ?;,:.- .ononidi.,,, li, the way of profil is therefore Pong ran American pictures In the . t'i'.iV'i'u? ',','' ",r"s 1,|M ""G"""? to a foreign soun e ol supply, the proepeci Is different, lie can purchase a foreign picture of merit, by aome ertisi noi rei famous, ror .. few hundred dollars, and *???? it for as many thousands, and neither artist nor ens toper wll] know anything a bou I thla proportion lh.? opportunities thus off. ?red t., the bua.m man in this direction ,'?r?? therefore manifestly attractive and we cannot ?sk blm to rorego this opportunity t?r rapid acquisition because it win discourage the majority of rising American nrtlsts. As a matter of fact, it is no secret thai al tin present time Immense stocks of cheap foreign plct. uns hav? been Imported and an ready to Hood th.? market as soon as u general Improvement in business gives prospecl of activity among tl?.? pur? ? basing public, Such being tho difficulty, how can II be remedied? Not by an H.i valorem duty, which will be a trifling tax on th*? ?h.ap foreign picture Imported for ttade onlj ..nd a huge burden on the picture? of approved valu? Imponed in the true Interests of art, hut by a sp?cifie duty ?.f s,,v pen on eseh plot tir,? of a certain sise, which ??in be a serious load on the cheap trade commodity, i.ut uiterij Inaia? ?l.Ileaiil 111 tl,.? ,;,..,. ?f ,|?. lX,(In,,j? ,,f h|Ktl iirt |m. ported for ???t?? gicat publl? or private Kallery. 1 hough nslthtr a grtut seilest*** nor aa artist, I Easter Offerings. To thoso Intending to m a ko offerings (to lilt' (*hnrch at Batter wo extend a cordial invitation to examine our largo stock of Church plato, and other articles suitable for Memorials, etc. Our stock of Lectnrns, Crosses, etc., is the largest in the country. GORHAM MFG. CO., Broadway and 10th street, New York. believe thel l know what ? run talking about, be? cause l have ? elncere love for pictures, and have all my lif.? enjoyed the friendship of many of our American srtfsts, snd have been able t.? m.ik.? a amali collection, mainly of their works, In whieh I lake a legitimate ?>ri.I.-. All this has brought 10 my personal knowledge the depressing effect ? American art which has resulted from the un? favorable conditions under which American artists have suffered In this son of business competition for many years past. HENRY MORTON. Stevens Institute .>f Technology, Hoboken, X. J.. March 21 I8S7. TBE RETROA CTI VE ('LA USE GENERAL 0RO8VENOR DEFENDS THR DINGLEY BILL AMENDMENT. ??? G????G?-??? THAT SUCH I.ROISI.ATION 18 Cl>N ??? "ItONAL ASO VAiAO- AN ,?'.'.? i'.\ G WBICn SEEMS TO ?USS ??? ??.?G, POINT AT I ? B. fnv t?: I OS ? ? >H ? THI ? '"'? 'KB.] W. i.iv-ron, April ?. l: . ?'? If Qroavenor, of Ohio, hai written t,. "The Po '." of this rit?.?, rm Interesting letter iti reply t<? r-'.m.? re? rltlrl?ms In that papi r of the so ralli d "n tro actlve" amendment carried In the Dingley bill, Ills argument ? direct? d ? hl? fly to eel validity snd constitutionality ??: rrtroactlvi ? .? bout which, Inde? d, thi re can bi ? ? lerlot question. Mr, < Ii o ? ? il ? ? in lo nr, ? ? in his . rgumi nt, hoe evei Ih? real critici ,n aim? d al hla ami ndmi I?that II ecke to ? tv. ? confili linai seti ( tariff ratea operative sain?? time. Nun.? of Ih? reti pectlv? which he criticises ai contained In the Wllson-Gor man law did this, as i.>> Federal Income laa ej ted at the time of the on? agi f the s ol It H, ml the tax on bond d whisk? y was not du uni ; the good ? had been taken oui of bond. A< ordlng to the Supreme Court's deci ion whlskej taken ? bond before Augii I 28, ISM, was entitled ? ? release at the McKinley law ral fixed I :? the Wl '.?::.? law. Mr. On let . : - fo lows: Mi y ? a-k vani to give me ? ! that I think, u;ion un exai the qm -? Ion, \ oil a ill namij -? nd b :,.ri "i . nl.!.? of tids moi nil g on Ihe ? ubji ? t uf retrospe ?live I. glslatlon In thi v? r?.- brief ? peech l had ? lunlty to maki In support of the . nmmlttee which became Section 27 of tn? Dingley bill, i o ? ? an, , elaborate thi ni?.usivi? I i -,,ns whj y..ur crtliclsm do? - .. il ai ? ?|) tu ? he i't"'. i .- ,.? t h. unii mimi nl Th - noi ? \ |.i.-t fai ?.? In 1* "? ? mosl dal.:???!. ja.ii Ini lntcrpret.il leniti pectlun ol the < 'oiistltutlon ? .? il ni ? mm ,'i lt., lai?? 112: "No Ri ite ?hall ?ny >?\ posi facto Ina or law ?rn: obligation "f c intracte.'" giipri me ? "i l"nlt??d Stiit? ? ikub ,? illn ? n> -- that ?? ? ' I used these words; "V tut lo hav? .? retrospective operation unless ti.? so ? li ' . - il ' ???? " a ' ?? imi?? rat ? ? ? hat ?.th? , : Ina. cai li? amn ?ed to tlon .?; ? ? ? l*cgl latur? cannot Ix? other? fl< d." And in ? ha t ? ? -?? wh.-n ? h.???<1?? i< ],. ar, il, the ? '..mi ? di eldei ,? ?? ond illspute 11 . ? he ?..,v pr to lia km retri Moa il ! - B ta ti o I I ? I ' ? Ir, ? ha Vi r.. -. throui ? their Hui ? ??? ini. ? ? ,? ?on, alai tin .-' ., r. m? L'eu f loi . -? nut? hell: "A reti "-? ? live lav Brirlly ? r.. ci imlni ' ' ? .? - ? is mu k. t W hen doue cri ci Im? . hier? is. t he punish mi nt, or r ><lm ? the - thereof." Bo the plication to il.pon a ' than it has upon the risina und ful ply ana solely to ? ? the matt- r .,? .unii! il I Now, th? ?. : h? pow< r of Ci lo ? rei ? d. nli ? ri ' ? d cite nil In the I'lilted do - . ? held am ? ? imma! is? ,? ? ? . Coo Ilona! : 1er the in Ive Law ," ..', pa Re I r? ?re mimei ' " ' ?? vv:? are noi obnoxn instil utlonul ? h |? whl e In others thej v? id. ? ... ... versi ties In t I ...? rent pi In. I p|? - applicatile. There Is ? I right of the legislature to ? fl baek ? : . han?:?? or imxll ? ? is, provid? d retrospects la,Id. ?. ? ? : imi ? by the Hi Itutl \ ? ? ,,?,?],?.-? furth. no oth?*r ohj? ? ? ? th? m th ? their ret Now thai la ai .?.? II - ith -? to be the Ian -?? ? enerril pro?.. ?. I \? . nnd ? wo sink? four, 11 I dictui, ? Ii,?- never been ? ... ?nrttti .?? appro*; ? i. by ali tri? oiinti Very man) ol thi State! ot the Cnlon have pro? vis Ioni In th?*lr com litution? foi I ?,, pnss ? troaciiv?? or reti??? ?? ctlv? tl? n, but tii.-i?.? is no au tlon ol na I'nlicil State?, and it is singular to me that any one rould ? ? Ibi tlon ar'.iiii- ? r ai ins ? "bill oi al lindi r" ? ? facto law should t th? powi r of r? ? to pas* retro I ? ? on In a mat? t. ! Of taxai Mon tnndlni - rtrown up In ? <? ird 11? tti' decision of the Supreme Court ol th? I'nlted State? com rnlng th? matter of the Wilson law Sinn,; ?' and sol? ly what the Bupn me ? 'ourt did hold wai thai th?? Wilson law, which w.m Into eff, ? . - . ? 28, and wai inid lo take effeel fr..tn August noi repeal the McKln'.ej law until the il ij when it was pa .-?.:. and how any boil j could have loubl nhoul thnt ? p mysterj to m? . but the Supremi Court did ?..?: hold that the Iona line uf retrospect Ivi legislation in th? Wl on law waa not approved 'i hat ?a .?. liristi. I m li h ?, trospectlvc legisla t ion. Whlskej in bond and noi in bund that had ?? ? ? manufactured nnd depo ?,,! In the bonded warehouses, or wai on thai day deposited Bt ? tas ai ? cei ??? Immedla tel) ? als? ?? ?.? \', w bonde wer ? re?iuln il, lin wl ? ? , remodelled, but no lawyer in th. L'nlted Btatea ever disputed til?? power of ? lo ?,ass ju.-r ich an en ictm? nt The ? ? ?? of the popular ite ol tin-' rctroapectlv? tlon I* found In thel ? ? ; the vosi body of importers, who pre? vi the ver) b< l li gal ..i'i, .? at their command, have all accepted a? conclusive that < 'on g re is ha? thai poa ? r, \ n:\VS m?' ??-8?????? PUOH. Ex-Benator James L, Pugh of Alabama, makes the following reply to Ihe foregoing Liter, als., in "The Po t"; Congre Minn Orosvenor haa clearl) and correctly stated th? ??? vv m relation t" the iiower ol Congrei ? 1.1 pass a tariff law to ..??? ? t?? retrospectively. But it seems to me thai the distinguished gentle? man takes for granted whal Is the must ? question that would ari>?? under the late lb,as.? Tariff bill should the retrosi.tlve action m tlon b< enacted Is this power of Congresi ab-..int.? ami unlimited? The existing Tsfrift laa Is now In force, and wail remain so until fhe raw act is ap? proved by the President, While the ? slating law is In force all ertici? ? Imported and subject t,> taxa? tion must pay Borne dutv \\'i,at duty: Certainly the duty Imposed by the law lu operation when the Imports are landed. What other law than ths existing law can the collector of the pori enforce? it the collector of the pori ?- humid by the exist? ing law. it la clear that the Importer can only be p quired to i1 ij the duty fixed by thai law, Suppose ini)?irt- subject to taxation are landed the trrr-t day of April and before the new Tariff lavs is approved b) the President, can the collector of the pori compel the payment of s duty under prospective I? ili itlon which may nevei be enacted? it must ??? admitted that the collector liar, in. such Buttiotlt) and can collect no duty except that Imi.I by the existing lav?.?. || ana except iii.it imposi d b) the existing law Is paid by th.? importer, what is the legal effi ? of Buch payment? Doei it place the Importe] in the position of being fr??? and exempt from sny power ,,f Congress to Impose upon tn?? same article? an additional and h Ignei rate ,.f dut; than that ],,,. ??. ??! .I actually collected under .. tariff law Which was the onl) law In force when the good? were landed and Ihe dull collected? lias ??,, Ihe p?.v.r. under the Constitution, t., pas? a re? trospective law sgalnsl the vested righi ..f thi Im? porter, acquired under sn existing tariff law by which the Importer can be compelled t.. i??v' ,,?, th.- sain?? Bi*tlcles a higher nta? additional rat? of duty? When the Importer pays or ..rr.r* to pay the duty Imposed on his goods b) tin law In operation whi u Ini ? are ?.led In oui poi is, nr.? mit ,,? the reach of Congres? io levy and ? oi? led a hlghei rat? ol duty Su. h .?.li. t,, ?,-. m?? subject of Indirect taxation wnen thej are de? livered to the Importi r on th? pa) m? nl of ti,.? only duty h.? can ??? requin d to pa) w h< p Ih? ar? if ? am m error In U) construction, it follows ?-irlly that after ,.?- are landed in our purls free of duty, snd delivered to the Importer under the free lint, they in u.t t.. ?., taxed bv Congre?? To Ulti ? ? ?;? , , ,? ?,,,,? ,? ,/,? ported und? r the free Ils! and manufactured into cloth before the new Tariff la? I approved by th* Pr?sidant, s dutv ran be levied and collect??! Would mich a diity be ?nforced against ths cloth or only against tho Importer 7 WASHINGTON NEWS NOTES. Washington, April I. PICKPOCKET! IN THE HOUSE it may leem inexp.di nt and unti.' ?'i.v, # ???? soinewh.it cruel, n exclude from the floor of lh" HOUSS Of Repraseatatlvas before and after the daily sit tiOgS of tliat body all persons who ate no: entitled ? th?? privileges of the lloor when ta?? House is In .-essi.m. hut many prominent ani Influential Representatives are of the contrary opinion. One of them sail; "Ti,.? Senate was compelled t<> Iahe thai action several years ago as a measure "t safety. Since th?? beginning of the presenl session t,.r,? have hecn a number <>( complaints <>f pocket-pick? ing, and t:?..? locks of the desk? <>f s.v. ral members have '.., ? forced and articles sbstracted there from." <>f course, h ? ?uld seem rude and ungra? cious to esclude any respectable person win? lives here or who Is ? visitor from any Other part of the country. Many thousands of persons risii Wash? ington every year, and ihe number i* steadily and rapidly Ineraaatng. \ large proportion of these vi?ltors naturally and properly ?lesirc t,? ylew the ;.M,.r as well ns the exterior of the Capitol .?nd other great public hull,lings, and tn?? percenl of pickpockets and other thieves among thi m ;-? undoubtedly Insignificant, t?.? aame remark ap? plies to the resi,], ats ,,f Washington. And ye! there sre a .'.?>? of the clssses mentioned,?and they appear t,. have plied their respective vo? itlons with con?ltlerabip buco??*? In the Representative*' Hall, noi only tris year, bul for a number of yeara past. When it la consider.i lhat as many as l.tOO strangers, members end employes ar?? frequently seen In the hall before th.? dally sitting begins, and aa many or more after it ends, ?md thai the narrow aisles are often crammed with people to ?u -h s degree that ? ?? ? rough them Is im? p?a, ??:?? ii i.?, ,? ?in ?.? ? high a premium la offere ? to ? ie ? THEY WERE BCIIOOLDOYS TOGETHER This Is a email world, iftcr all. Mme yeara atro tir?,- boy? areni to school t gether In the little town of Hebron, Mo., In which State all of them win? horn. One of the boys liked politics, another id ...??? ind th? rd I ? to be a lawyer. One of the hoy: was ? : ? '? no? it ? -; ?Naval ? 'ommllte? th? eeond was Samuel < ; II now of ? ' illfoi nl ?, nnd u mi mis r ..:' t he 11 ni?. third was .lohn I?, i. mg, now ? M ti nd the Secretary of the N il y In McK Ii A THIS ; OP BEAI TV, G ? last Repri ? to the I.Vth Congi to 1 eal In the House was James Hamilton Lewis, the new Democratic mem hi from ? Btate of VN'.fii Ington, who appear? i ? ? terday snd took the oath ime down the e? nl ? ? ali I? he waa m of lo? ? line**, s,, t , -.ik. for he ara nd ei ri pointed pat ? nl ??? ithcr shoes to parted auburn Ir he w u ? ? if beauty, and, lei . ? ?pe, y 11 ? lieht ti , tere ? ? ?.? r> a ?? 1 until the) voulu ut ? hl Prl \ ?? was smoothly pressed, there was ? ? lite martin? gale a k, a ? u? lei waistcoat Il i'rotit was ..cil? ? b nen th .. puff tie of ?. Ili daini) ' ? pair ol t ) ellow g? ?vi - and 1 ?s :???.??. ?? ? with u bifki rs o me ? ?lor H it .Mr. !.. u Is Is s u.lini ? n a mere il? a suce? le was ad? ? ? ? . ? , t ... ,, ?,? tu'?, . n year- ag ?, t tl lin 1 r. :;,,? ? I ... W ., ? ilngton II ? State 8? : h? Is non n l'.epi??-? ntatl ? (? ?? -- M :? ??p? I a '. "?m. itlon ?? ? 'ongi ?-- r. 1X90 \? s ? , imlnati I for ? ???? mor ? ? ? ? : ? he nomln il ?-?? h? h 1 I l ?? platfoi ?n: one of th ' the G? Iti il Stati s Sona I ln the Chi ntlon ..f ?* '? he . ? ? ? i -? enteen vot? u csndl late for ; ie \ ? e-Hn ?Idi ut.ai nom ? ? NOVELTY I.V RAILROADING The latest ? in railroading Is the Belgian hospital car, ? obj? ? of .? ? pei lai repon t,, the g) Department b) foni .1 Morris al Ghent I* e ? ?? p? the event of n s? rlo'is acetileni al?n..- the line ii may run to the sp*t, where the v. oundi ?' m ? be gal hi ? r t r ea 11 p a d o f lefi io ;, " leti incus of ?uff? ring al tut ion wild?? awaiting surgi. ' . t l; also enables tl lo tran ? poi ; .n ge numbi ? ? io health : ? ori or ; ptlgrlmai ',' ? ? ?? ? ear will ? ?? ? rvice on the 1 ^ April 17, Tl I ? a malt ? I, a cor rid id t wo : ? : ? ; ; rooms ..? th? en ? The In .:? romps ? imi ' I hospital pr.'i"!?, ind ?.????? ? , oint, d .? pvw. ti il ;,? IngH, putii u? lu s in ? ron ? ?? ? ? ?? Utili ?? :?.???.?.? which ma) be opened at will. Karri bed Ii provided with a movable table, and ?? net erven to hold ? I ? all ariteli s ??, ? util m m ij .I, Th? ?rrld >r I? ads to ? imeni, , ? . p,!- roon nor of the hosptt ?., , . id, and l?elo? It rapilo? r -. ? irtwui '?' ' for.I In ?.;?? latiur.-to' ni fill ? ? Kllllllly, as lomnry In 1 worship is provided, The ear will I ? f ,? surgeon, doctor and ? urs. . and win '? , ..; ?,, , irrj Invalids I rom 11< Igiiim dir. ? t ? ?? "' I..I. The f.nsll.llltj of Introilii rallronds dm s noi the ? riti, -tIon. If run, for I dm season bel \ and wel known Soul . .j,?,? a d I e wel patronlz? d AN EXPOSITION AT LIMA TI e I at will open a permanent ei ? , \ .in_ ' July In ? in ? be ? i ft ,- ,,; main on eahlbll on for >x m int lu .? AN OPEN LETTER TO MOTHERS. WH ARE ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR RIGHT TO THE EXCLUSIVE USE OP THE WORD "CABTOBIA," AND "PITCHER'SCASTORIA? AS OUR TRADE MARK. I, DR SAMUEL PITCHER, of Hyannia, Massachusetts, was tho origi? Dator of '? PITCHER'S CASTORI A," the game thai haa borne and dot? now bear the fac-simil? Signatare of /iff y/7>? 7"Z """ on every wrapper. This ?s the original "PITCHER'S CASTORIA," which hns been need in tho home? <?f the motben of America for over 30 years. LOOK CAREP?LLT ut tlif wrapper and see that it 1? the kind you have always bought* ami has the Signatare of Czi^&f??s G on 1!|? ???*??>?>?:?? *? oae has authority from me ti? ose my name except The Centaur Company, of which Chas. ?. Fletcher is President ??***s?1S97? od.?/?/?*-*..,,. DO NOT BE DECEIVED/ Do not endanger tho life of your child hy accepting a cheap substitute which some druggist may offer you (because he makes a few moro pennies on it), the ingredients of which EVEN HE ?loes not know. THE KINO YOU HAVE ALWAYS BOUGHT Hears the Facsimile Signature of ?fl ??e\\\\\??^1 .tW**&~mT?&~ Insist on having THE KIND THAT NEVER FAILED YOU. -- ?t ., .. || N...... y rk (-:[y THE CKKTAL'R C*OMPAXT, M .?: ?y specially provided by the Government. ' .'.'?? .? copy of the decree to t.?. Si ite Department ETHICAL CULTURE CRITICISED. DR. QOTTilEII/fl SERMON ON THE MOVEMEN. AT TEMPLE EMANU El* The Ft? v. Dr. < : dot II, of ?? m\ le En El, In l i- .-? rmon yest? rda; mot ? rd thi . thi? al n."V ? "?? nt of the ? I I Ideas of Ihi Bo I? ly f ir Btl Culture, is I);?. i'. Hg ,\ le ider, ha ; in. II wa - a friendly ? tita i-'n. but It. < ? II he pr? ?? ? .? d out-and?oui athel m to t t|.?!? m ol ' ? ' leal ? ulturlsts, which, he s.,i I ?,,,? bold ? positive on the great qui ? ' Ion vv hi I her t h< re : rnlt; lie asked I ih. t the ? thi? al cui ? wen against natural science and materialism, and the practical ?id ml? s Ion th t there was a power outsido of hun ? |S, together with the decrease ot tic assertion? in late years, did not dei I return ? * ? ? the part of thinking m? ?: to rm orthodox l. lief iti religion ,is m p u il Dr. Ootthell m contained m a pamphlet giving an account b) the lea er of the Kthli al Ci Iture ??'.. let) of the Ethical Congress held lust summer. Dr. Ootthell w< I the pol : r ? n detail, nnd then said: What I : .?.?? -.1.1 Will be sufficient to If w ? refused ? ? ffing ourselv. - In and iwlm current ol I r? ason - for it and If vv ?? vv ? lid not trumpet call jl indon our indent sanctuary and wish for the ? ?-.?. light, held before us, we wen Just if) d in car m u ,i.i.. ?.?,, -. by tho duty ol - Pur. those thing for which no substitute was offi r? d, and which mu ? bi m irti y ol preaerv tl ... ?e? Ing ' hat ? he) vi ? ? r nos w ho -"tn" years ago would ? - ?. w Nor un 1 unwilling to accord the Just meed ol pralsi fi ? the ?.? ? have don ? it) obj? ctlon Is onl) ?Hi cted I ?ward the ml principle ? hat moralltj. In ? nier ??> bu true to and fulfil It ^ mlssloi ? ? ?:? musi drl\ ?? out u r.u ? ;, .?! fi. >m our -..,? ,,?. s..-, and place the grave befo ?? is the ? all and eno all of our existence, must declare war against the established rellgl ? ? ha?., deplo ? .:...avs. .n.1 deplore now, the aulagonl m im mied by u mo, rim nt ?? I I . advocating ? make f..:? : . at Ion. Th? her? ald of peace should not be clud In the armor of war. To eartedi ? ?? vledgipeni of thi ? m . li ? ve thlcul mot pment of the world ? -, an? still i- - ? hl? t promoti rs th? -? ar? ,'l? 11 !> ?- v h we cu widen ? ri ? ? I orison look fin ?.,? ? Into Ihe ?? ? md ? ring ? particular spheres that deeper Inspitation whl need ta r work th? ? ? ?elf-sucri fle?. und the proi ? on the destini ? PASSENGERS FROM TUL MEDITERRANEAN. ? , . I the Han ? ri an ste imshlp Filr it Blsm? 11\. d here from < lenoa and Ulbraltai . .?-? ir? re: The Ret. l > W li BenJ in Johi i'? elaj and M -- Mary I^oulee Barclay, Mr. and Mrs. H. < 'hnmplln. Mr in ! Mr. Will him I'iiisli.ilm and Mis* Jean A ? dm, Mr. and Mr* lMn. nd B, ''lark. Mr. ..??? ?? A ,; CAPPE! T. iM.STEWART? y ****'*? ' 326 7th Avo., CLEANING si iti 98TH stufet. i:?li,l>li>l>r<l IfMS, Tcli-phoiif?. 1.I1KI ".???li 1*. sI'.MI M>H flllf ? mi. THE "GRIP." lai H ???G. Dr V. ? Iwsjr ? Co,, a ? ? rem R Italie.? r r m r- ttian twentj llvs ?'?:. anil sa i<-h .?-?.? foi i..? ilrlppe i ? in nia, ? ??.?-., | ? f ?- ' -und ?ing every tlms Ks peci I. V. I'.AVMON'D. Si Crescent st.. M ? R fMM N ? mattet t the pala the ? Ieri Infirm, Cripple* X?rvoua, Nau .? . ::??? msy ?'.fT>r. hadwa? * ftrlief will afford Inatant ease. Bold COWPERTHWAIT'S RELIABLE "'?,? ?'?"""'?????* <?? ?*???*>? m ? ?*? (. a, ,-,,?...., Iirlres? n r?? niiiktni; mnny hnppjr ..'?Kr L I b ??,,???,.-?.....|(?G?. ?.???. < REDIT. nil ?\ ewt Ulto ?>tre?>t. An office without telephone service ?s in the business world but not of ?t mat I ri? ? Vil \v?,? ?.'. .-? I e?m I tt h ?ampi? ..< - ! . . ?? . F irlal . r- ,:n & ?, i\ <?. Ortigan, Uniti I States Army; G \ M t In Consul for tus? timore; Lambert B lydam*. ?? and Urs Joan b 8hertn.ni Mi ? Mrs !?:? son B. Tutti? and Mr. M D " \//.'?.? OF THE CITY MISSION SOCIETY. Th? i :' it ? -? ? the \,\?-? mt City Mission Society, i>:? I upon its work yesterday Church of th? ! !.. KlngtOtWYf T..i mim ? I - ")le Of ?? .. , -; :???!?> ih.? '!' im - C. ?on to .-*;'. lions : - ' tw?*nty ml ? ? sound. ... I thousand pi ? p . ., ..' ?.,?? ? Ktent ot ? fi m tha fa? ' that it mulni lins ind holds 1 :???. - g . . the H? sr ? f th and - Q? iman- nations U ? s; the Tomi ? and ?. ? How 9 teil Jail: In thi ? the dtjr an l on ih? glands, and rtducts, among other schools, ill's Island. C ntrl? ? may be sent to ? V. Boynton, tn ?- \ ? Blei ?iter-st - H ? ?, m "The Social Life of the President" In the April number of The Ladies' Home Journal is the second article in ex-President Harrison's unique series. He describes in a most interesting way the receptions, dinners and many other social functions of which the Executive head of the Government is the central figure, presenting a view ot them which the general public never sees. The next and find article in this scries appears in tlie May issue, and portray? " Tbe Domestic Side of the White House," felling how the President's hmts arc spent when alone with his tannivi how the While House is Conducted) ft and what part the President*! wire takes in its management. j Send One Dollar tor a Year's ?Subscription j Any Newsdealer will supply you regularly Ij One Dollar a Year or Ten Cents a Copy ? rac Cants Pnblishlnf I span*.. Phils Istphla ?^t?tt'?ttt?t?t^?t?t^? r**! a-> _ r?S t 4 ?Si f?.